Treaty Establishing the European Community
as Amended by Subsequent Treaties
ROME, 25 March 1957
Part Five. Institutions of the Community
TITLE II. FINANCIAL PROVISIONS
Part Five. Institutions of the Community
TITLE II. FINANCIAL PROVISIONS
Article 199. All items of revenue and expenditure of the Community,
including those relating to the European Social Fund, shall be included
in estimates to be drawn up for each financial year and shall be shown in
The administrative expenditure occasioned for the institutions by the
provisions of the Treaty on European Unity relating to common foreign and
security policy and to co-operation in the sphere of justice and home
affairs shall be charged to the budget. The operational expenditure
occasioned by the implementation of the said provisions may, under the
conditions referred to therein, be charged to the budget.
The revenue and expenditure shown in the budget shall be in balance.
Article 200. [repealed]
Article 201. Without prejudice to other revenue, the budget shall be
financed wholly from own resources.
The Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the Commission and
after consulting the European Parliament, shall lay down provisions
relating to the system of own resources of the Community, which it shall
recommend to the Member States for adoption in accordance with their
respective constitutional requirements.
Article 201a. With a view to maintaining budgetary discipline, the
Commission shall not make any proposal for a Community act, or alter its
proposals, or adopt any implementing measure which is likely to have
appreciable implications for the budget without providing the assurance
that that proposal or that measure is capable of being financed within
the limit of the Community's own resources arising under provisions laid
down by the Council pursuant to Article 201.
Article 202. The expenditure shown in the budget shall be authorised for
one financial year, unless the regulations made pursuant to Art. 209
In accordance with conditions to be laid down pursuant to Art. 209, any
appropriations, other than those relating to staff expenditure, that are
unexpended at the end of the financial year may be carried forward to the
next financial year only.
Appropriations shall be classified under different chapters grouping
items of expenditure according to their nature or purpose and subdivided,
as far as may be necessary, in accordance with the regulations made
pursuant to Art. 209.
The expenditure of the European Parliament, the Council, the Commission
and the Court of Justice shall be set out in separate parts of the
budget, without prejudice to special arrangements for certain common
items of expenditure.
- The financial year shall run from 1 January to 31
- Each institution of the Community shall, before 1 July, draw up
estimates of its expenditure. The Commission shall consolidate these
estimates in a preliminary draft budget. It shall attach thereto an
opinion which may contain different estimates.
The preliminary draft budget shall contain an estimate of revenue and an
estimate of expenditure.
- The Commission shall place the preliminary draft budget before the
Council not later than 1 September of the year preceding that in which
the budget is to be implemented.
The Council shall consult the Commission and, where appropriate, the
other institutions concerned whenever it intends to depart from the
preliminary draft budget.
The Council acting by a qualified majority, shall establish the draft
budget and forward it to the European Parliament.
- The draft budget shall be placed before the European Parliament not
later than 5 October of the year preceding that in which the budget is to
The European Parliament shall have the right to amend the draft budget,
acting by a majority of its members, and to propose to the Council,
acting by an absolute majority of the votes cast, modifications to the
draft budget relating to expenditure necessarily resulting from this
Treaty or from acts adopted in accordance therewith.
If, within forty-five days of the draft budget being placed before it,
the European Parliament has given its approval, the budget shall stand as
finally adopted. If within this period the European Parliament has not
amended the draft budget nor proposed any modifications thereto, the
budget shall be deemed to be finally adopted.
If within this period the European Parliament has adopted amendments or
proposed modifications, the draft budget together with the amendments or
proposed modifications shall be forwarded to the Council.
- After discussing the draft budget with the Commission and, where
appropriate, with the other institutions concerned, the Council shall act
under the following conditions:
- (a) The Council may, acting by a qualified majority, modify any of the
amendments adopted by the European Parliament;
- (b) With regard to the proposed modifications:
- where a modification proposed by the European Parliament does
not have the effect of increasing the total amount of the
expenditure of an institution, owing in particular to the
fact that the increase in expenditure which it would involve
would be expressly compensated by one or more proposed
modifications correspondingly reducing expenditure, the
Council may, acting by a qualified ma.iority, rqect the
proposed modification. In the absence of a decision to reject
it, the proposed modification shall stand as accepted;
- where a modification proposed by the European Parliament has
the effect of increasing the total amount of the expenditure
of an institution, the Council may, acting by a qualified
majority, accept this proposed modification. In the absence
of a decision to accept it, the proposed modification shall
stand as rejected; where in pursuance of one of the two
preceding sub-paragraphs, the Council has rejected a proposed
modification, it may, acting by a qualified majority, either
retain the amount shown in the draft budget or fix another
The draft budget shall be modified on the basis of the proposed
modifications accepted by the Council.
If, within fifteen days of the draft budget being placed before it, the
Council has not modified any of the amendments adopted by the European
Parliament and if the modifications proposed by the latter have been
accepted, the budget shall be deemed to be finally adopted. The Council
shall inform the European Parliament that it has not modified any of the
amendments and that the proposed modifications have been accepted.
If, within this period the Council has modified one or more of the
amendments adopted by the European Parliament or if the modifications
proposed by the latter have been rejected or modified, the modified draft
budget shall again be forwarded to the European Parliament. The Council
shall inform the European Parliament of the results of its deliberations.
- Within fifteen days of the draft budget being placed before it, the
European Parliament, which shall have been notified of the action taken
on its proposed modifications, may, acting by a majority of its members
and three-fifths of the votes cast, amend or reject the modifications to
its amendments made by the Council and shall adopt the budget
accordingly. If, within this period the European Parliament has not
acted, the budget shall be deemed to be finally adopted.
- When the procedure provided for in this Article has been completed the
President of the European Parliament shall declare that the budget has
been finally adopted.
- However, the European Parliament, acting by a majority of its members
and two-thirds of the votes cast, may if there are important reasons
reject the draft budget and ask for a new draft to be submitted to it.
- A maximum rate of increase in relation to the expenditure of the same
type to be incurred during the current year shall be fixed annually for
the total expenditure other than that necessarily resulting from this
Treaty or from acts adopted in accordance therewith.
The Commission shall, after consulting the Economic Policy Committee,
declare what this maximum rate is as it results from:
- the trend, in terms of volume, of the gross national products
within the Community;
- the average variation in the budgets of the Member States; and
- the trend of the cost of living during the preceding financial
The maximum rate shall be communicated, before 1 May, to all the
institutions of the Community. The latter shall be required to conform to
this during the budgetary procedure, subject to the provisions of the
fourth and fifth subparagraphs of this paragraph.
If, in respect of expenditure other than that necessarily resulting from
this Treaty or from acts adopted in accordance therewith, the actual rate
of increase in the draft budget established by the Council is over half
the maximum rate, the European Parliament may, exercising its right of
amendment, further increase the total amount of that expenditure to a
limit not exceeding half the maximum rate.
Where the European Parliament, the Council or the Commission consider
that the activities of the Communities require that the rate determined
according to the procedure laid down in this paragraph should be
exceeded, another rate may be fixed by agreement between the Council,
acting by a qualified majority, and the European Parliament, acting by a
majority of its members and three-fifths of the votes cast.
- Each institution shall exercise the powers conferred upon it by this
Article, with due regard for the provisions of the Treaty and for acts
adopted in accordance therewith, in particular those relating to the
Communities' own resources and to the balance between revenue and
Article 204. If, at the beginning of a financial year, the budget has not
yet been voted, a sum equivalent to not more than one-twelfth of the
budget appropriations for the preceding financial year may be spent each
month in respect of any chapter or other subdivision of the budget in
accordance with the provisions of the regulations made pursuant to Art.
209; this arrangement shall not, however, have the effect of placing at
the disposal of the Commission appropriations in excess of one-twelfth of
those provided for in the draft budget in course of preparation.
The Council may, acting by a qualified majority, provided that the other
conditions laid down in the first subparagraph are observed, authorise
expenditure in excess of one-twelfth.
If the decision relates to expenditure which does not necessarily result
from this Treaty or from acts adopted in accordance therewith, the
Council shall forward it immediately to the European Parliament; within
thirty days the European Parliament, acting by a majority of its members
and three-fifths of the votes cast, may adopt a different decision on the
expenditure in excess of the one-twelfth referred to in the first
subparagraph. This part of the decision of the Council shall be suspended
until the European Parliament has taken its decision. If within the
period the European Parliament has not taken a decision which differs
from the decision of the Council, the latter shall be deemed to be
The decisions referred to in the second and third subparagraphs shall lay
down the necessary measures relating to resources to ensure application
of this Article.
Article 205. The Commission shall implement the budget, in accordance
with the provisions of the regulations made pursuant to Article 209, on
its own responsibility and within the limits of the appropriations,
having regard to the principles of sound financial management.
The regulations shall lay down detailed rules for each institution
concerning its part in effecting its own expenditure.
Within the budget, the Commission may, subject to the limits and
conditions laid down in the regulations made pursuant to Article 209,
transfer appropriations from one chapter to another or from one
subdivision to another.
Article 205a. The Commission shall submit annually to the Council and to
the European Parliament the accounts of the preceding financial year
relating to the implementation of the budget. The Commission shall also
forward to them a financial statement of the assets and liabilities of
- The European Parliament, acting on a recommendation from
the Council which shall act by a qualified majority, shall give a
discharge to the Commission in respect of the implementation of the
budget. To this end, the Council and the European Parliament in turn
shall examine the accounts and the financial statement referred to in
Article 205a, the annual report by the Court of Auditors together with
the replies of the institutions under audit to the observations of the
Court of Auditors and any relevant special reports by the Court of
- Before giving a discharge to the Commission, or for any other purpose
in connection with the exercise of its powers over the implementation of
the budget, the European Parliament may ask to hear the Commission give
evidence with regard to the execution of expenditure or the operation of
financial control systems. The Commission shall submit any necessary
information to the European Parliament at the latter's request.
- The Commission shall take all appropriate steps to act on the
observations in the decisions giving discharge and on other observations
by the European Parliament relating to the execution of expenditure, as
well as on comments accompanying the recommendations on discharge adopted
by the Council.
At the request of the European Parliament or the Council, the Commission
shall report on the measures taken in the light of these observations and
comments and in particular on the instructions given to the departments
which are responsible for the implementation of the budget. These reports
shall also be forwarded to the Court of Auditors.
Article 206. [repealed]
Article 207. The budget shall be drawn up in the unit of account
determined in accordance with the provisions of the regulations made
pursuant to Art. 209.
The financial contributions provided for in Art. 200(1) shall be placed
at the disposal of the Community by the Member States in their national
The available balances of these contributions shall be deposited with the
Treasuries of Member States or with bodies designated by them. While on
deposit, such funds shall retain the value corresponding to the parity,
at the date of deposit, in relation to the unit of account referred to in
the first paragraph.
The balances may be invested on terms to be agreed between the Commission
and the Member State concerned.
The regulations made pursuant to Art. 209 shall lay down the technical
conditions under which financial operations relating to the European
Social Fund shall be carried out.
Article 208. The Commission may, provided it notifies the competent
authorities of the Member States concerned, transfer into the currency of
one of the Member States its holdings in the currency of another Member
State, to the extent necessary to enable them to be used for purposes
which come within the scope of this Treaty. The Commission shall as far
as possible avoid making such transfers if it possesses cash or liquid
assets in the currencies which it needs.
The Commission shall deal with each Member State through the authority
designated by the State concerned. In carrying out financial operations
the Commission shall employ the services of the bank of issue of the
Member State concerned or of any other financial institution approved by
Article 209. The Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the
Commission and after consulting the European Parliament and obtaining the
opinion of the Court of Auditors, shall:
- (a) make financial regulations specifying in particular the procedure
to be adopted for establishing and implementing the budget and for
presenting and auditing accounts;
- (b) determine the methods and procedures whereby the budget revenue
provided under the arrangements relating to the Communities' own
resources shall be made available to the Commission, and determine
the measures to be applied, if need be, to meet cash requirements
- (c) lay down rules concerning the responsibility of financial
controliers, authorising officers and accounting officers and
concerning appropriate arrangements for inspection.
Article 209a. Member States shall take the same measures to counter fraud
affecting the financial interests of the Community as they take to
counter fraud affecting their own financial interests.
Without prejudice to other provisions of this Treaty, Member States shall
co-ordinate their action aimed at protecting the financial interests of
the Community against fraud. To this end they shall organize, with the
help of the Commission, close and regular co-operation between the
competent departments of their administrations.