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Treaty Establishing the European Community

as Amended by Subsequent Treaties

ROME, 25 March 1957


His Majesty The King of the Belgians, the President of the Federal Republic of Germany, the President of the French Republic, the President of the Italian Republic, Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Her Majesty The Queen of the Netherlands,

Determined to lay the foundations of an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe,

Resolved to ensure the economic and social progress of their countries by common action to eliminate the barriers which divide Europe,

Affirming as the essential objective of their efforts the constant improvement of the living and working conditions of their peoples,

Recognising that the removal of existing obstacles calls for concerted action in order to guarantee steady expansion, balanced trade and fair competition,

Anxious to strengthen the unity of their economies and to ensure their harmonious development by reducing the differences existing between the various regions and the backwardness of the less favoured regions,

Desiring to contribute, by means of a common commercial policy, to the progressive abolition of restrictions on international trade,

Intending to confirm the solidarity which binds Europe and the overseas countries and desiring to ensure the development of their prosperity, in accordance with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Resolved by thus pooling their resources to preserve and strengthen peace and liberty, and calling upon the other peoples of Europe who share their ideal to join in their efforts,

Have decided to create a European Economic Community and to this end have designated as their Plenipotentiaries:

His Majesty The King of the Belgians: Mr. Paul-Henri Spaak, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Baron J. Ch. Snoy et d'Oppuers, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Head of the Belgian Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference;

The President of the Federal Republic of Germany: Dr. Konrad Adenauer, Federal Chancellor, Professor Dr. Walter Hallstein, State Secretary of the Federal Foreign Office;

The President of the French Republic: Mr. Christian Pineau, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Maurice Faure, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;

The President of the Italian Republic: Mr. Antonio Segni, President of the Council of Ministers, Professor Gaetano Martino, Minister for Foreign Affairs;

Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Luxembourg: Mr. Joseph Bech, President of the Government, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Lambert Schaus, Ambassador, Head of the Luxembourg Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference;

Her Majesty The Queen of the Netherlands: Mr. Joseph Luns, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. J. Linthorst Homan, Head of the Netherlands Delegation to the Intergovernmental Conference;

Who, having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, Have agreed as follows:

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