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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL STRATEGY REPORT, MARCH 1996

United States Department of State

Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs


INTERNATIONAL TRAINING

International anti-narcotics training is managed and funded by INL, and carried out by the DEA, U.S. Customs Service, and U.S. Coast Guard. Major objectives are: contributing to the basic infrastructure for carrying out counternarcotics law enforcement activities in countries which cooperate with the U.S.; improving technical skills of drug law enforcement personnel in these countries; and increasing cooperation between U.S. and foreign law enforcement officials. Over 5,000 persons participated in the U.S. Government's international narcotics control training program in FY 1995.

INL training has become increasingly focused on encouraging foreign law enforcement agency self-sufficiency through infrastructure development. The effectiveness of our counternarcotics efforts overseas should be viewed in terms of what has been done to bring about the establishment of effective host country enforcement institutions, thereby taking drugs out of circulation before they begin their journey toward the U.S. U.S. law enforcement personnel stationed overseas are increasingly coming to see their prime responsibility as promoting the creation of host government systems which are compatible with and serve the same broad goals as ours. Many U.S. Embassies and foreign governments commented during the course of the year on the benefits of INL-sponsored training, in terms of both the effect it had on assisting to form more professional foreign law enforcement institutions, as well as increasing the number of successful narcotics investigations and seizures.

During FY 1995, law enforcement training devoted increased attention to the development and support of infrastructure building, particularly in the CAS (as evidenced by the participation of the five countries in numerous in-country and regional training programs). In addition, law enforcement training addressed the continuing problem of heroin trafficking and abuse. Programs were provided to opium production and transit countries where USG access has improved recently (e.g., Burma, Cambodia and Vietnam).

INL-funded training will continue to support the major U.S. and international strategies for combatting narcotics trafficking worldwide. Emphasis will be given to promoting training on a regional basis, and to contributing to the activities of international organizations, such as the UNDCP and the OAS. Through the meetings of major donors, the Dublin Group, UNDCP and other international fora, we will coordinate with other providers of training, and urge them to shoulder greater responsibility in providing training which serves their particular strategic interests.

Programs dealing with financial crimes (i.e., methods for promoting asset seizure and combatting money laundering) will continue to expand. INL will maintain its role of coordinating the activities of U.S. law enforcement agencies in response to assistance requests from U.S. Embassies. This will avoid duplication of effort, and ensure that presentations represent the full range of U.S. Government policies and procedures.

TRAINING STATISTICS

                                    Number of            Number of
                                   Participants          Programs 

Drug Enforcement Administration

Training in U.S.:

 Executive Observation Program            40                  8
 Special Observation Program              15                  8
 International Visitors Program          514                  6
 Forensic Chemist Seminar                 40                  2
 Int'l Narcotics Enf. Mgt. Seminar        97                  4

Training in Host Countries:

 In-Country Drug Enforcement Seminar     384                 11
 Advanced Drug Enforcement Seminar       203                  7
 Regional Executive Leadership Sem.       18                  2
 International Asset Forfeiture Sem.     133                  4
 Airport Operations                      108                  3
 Methods of Instruction                   35                  2
 Other                                   253                 12

Subtotal                               1,840                 69

U.S. Customs Service

Training in U.S.:

 Executive Observation Program             38                 8
 International Visitor Program            516               131
 Mid-Management Seminar                    17                 1

Training in Host Countries:

 Overseas Enforcement Training            581                21
 Contraband Enforcement Team              127                 4
 Train-the-Trainer Workshop               140                11
 Money Laundering Seminar                  90                 2
 Carrier Initiative Training              966                11

Subtotal                                2,475               189

U.S. Coast Guard

Training in Host Countries:

 Maritime Law Enforcement                 604                29
 Port Security and Safety Course           62                 3

Subtotal                                  666                32

Other INL-Sponsored Training

 Narcotics Detector Dog Training           17                 5

TOTAL INL TRAINING FY 95                4,998               295
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