U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
1994 APRIL: PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM, 1993
Department of State Publication 10136
Office of the Secretary
Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ACTION AGAINST TERRORISM
The UN Security Council continued its support for American, British, and
French efforts to contain Libyan terrorism.
The year's accomplishments built upon two historic UN Security Council
Resolutions: 731 passed in January 1992 and 748 passed in March 1992.
Resolution 731 endorsed the demands of the United States, the United
Kingdom, and France in connection with the destruction of Pan Am Flight 103
and UTA Flight 772. Resolution 748, for the first time in the history of
the United Nations, imposed Chapter VII sanctions against a state accused
of acts of international terrorism.
On 11 November 1993, the Council approved Resolution 883 by an even
greater margin than Resolution 748 (11 in favor, none opposed, four
abstentions). The resolution:
These new sanctions took effect on 1 December.
- Froze funds and financial resources owned or controlled by the
Government of Libya.
- Forbade states to provide Libya with oil, transportation, and
- Closed several loopholes in the civil aviation and diplomatic
presence provisions of Resolution 748.
- Offered to suspend the sanctions if Libya complied with the first of
the Security Council demands--ensuring the appearance for trial of
the suspects in the Pan Am Flight 103 case, and cooperating with
French officials in the UTA Flight 772 case. The sanctions would only
be permanently lifted when Libya complied fully with the UN's
The sanctions mandated under Resolutions 748 and 883 have been widely
applied throughout the world. The United States, in cooperation with France
and Britain, has been especially active in assisting other nations to
enforce the sanctions through exchange of information and technical advice
During the year, the Secretary General continued his efforts to secure
full Libyan compliance with both resolutions. Libya has yet to satisfy any
of the requirements imposed by Security Council Resolution 731.
Technical experts from a number of nations that produce plastic
explosives continued to meet under the auspices of the International Civil
Aviation Organization to review various marking chemicals to be included in
plastic explosives in accord with the terms of the Convention on the
Marking of Plastic Explosives for Purposes of Detection. That convention,
completed in Montreal in 1991, has been signed by the United States and 45
other nations. In November 1993, the US Senate gave its advice and consent
to ratification of the treaty. US ratification will be completed when
Congress passes enacting legislation, expected in 1994.