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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
1994 APRIL: PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM, 1993

Department of State Publication 10136

Office of the Secretary
Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism


INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ACTION AGAINST TERRORISM


The UN Security Council continued its support for American, British, and French efforts to contain Libyan terrorism.

The year's accomplishments built upon two historic UN Security Council Resolutions: 731 passed in January 1992 and 748 passed in March 1992. Resolution 731 endorsed the demands of the United States, the United Kingdom, and France in connection with the destruction of Pan Am Flight 103 and UTA Flight 772. Resolution 748, for the first time in the history of the United Nations, imposed Chapter VII sanctions against a state accused of acts of international terrorism.

On 11 November 1993, the Council approved Resolution 883 by an even greater margin than Resolution 748 (11 in favor, none opposed, four abstentions). The resolution:

  • Froze funds and financial resources owned or controlled by the Government of Libya.
  • Forbade states to provide Libya with oil, transportation, and refining equipment.
  • Closed several loopholes in the civil aviation and diplomatic presence provisions of Resolution 748.
  • Offered to suspend the sanctions if Libya complied with the first of the Security Council demands--ensuring the appearance for trial of the suspects in the Pan Am Flight 103 case, and cooperating with French officials in the UTA Flight 772 case. The sanctions would only be permanently lifted when Libya complied fully with the UN's requirements.
These new sanctions took effect on 1 December.

The sanctions mandated under Resolutions 748 and 883 have been widely applied throughout the world. The United States, in cooperation with France and Britain, has been especially active in assisting other nations to enforce the sanctions through exchange of information and technical advice on implementation.

During the year, the Secretary General continued his efforts to secure full Libyan compliance with both resolutions. Libya has yet to satisfy any of the requirements imposed by Security Council Resolution 731.

Technical experts from a number of nations that produce plastic explosives continued to meet under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization to review various marking chemicals to be included in plastic explosives in accord with the terms of the Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for Purposes of Detection. That convention, completed in Montreal in 1991, has been signed by the United States and 45 other nations. In November 1993, the US Senate gave its advice and consent to ratification of the treaty. US ratification will be completed when Congress passes enacting legislation, expected in 1994.

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