U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
1995 APRIL: PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM, 1994
Department of State Publication 10239
Office of the Secretary
Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Philip C. Wilcox, Jr.
Civil wars and ethnic conflict continue to rage in Sub-Saharan Africa
(for example, Somalia, Sudan, Angola, and Liberia), and several acts of
international terrorism took place in Africa in 1994. The rightwing
South African rejectionist Afrikaner Resistance Movement detonated a car
bomb in Johannesburg in protest of South Africa's first multiracial
elections. Togolese oppositionists may have been responsible for a
grenade attack on a French-owned restaurant that wounded five French and
two Beninese citizens.
Sudan turned over the international terrorist Carlos to France in
August, but insisted that action did not represent a change in Sudanese
policy and would not affect other terrorists harbored in Sudan.
In January, rival factions of the Front for the Liberation of the
Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) claimed responsibility for a mortar attack on
the Chevron administrative facility in Malongo. FLEC has targeted
Western oil companies in the past in hopes of reducing government
revenues. In late November, FLEC-Renovada claimed credit for kidnapping
three Polish citizens employed by an Italian forestry company.
On 7 November the rebel group Revolutionary United Front (RUF) kidnapped
two British engineers working for the Voluntary Service Organization.
The group also captured four relief workers who were subsequently
There were a number of serious incidents of domestic political violence
in the runup to South Africa's first multiracial election in April 1994.
There was also one act of international terrorism on 27 April when
members of the rightwing Afrikaner Resistance Movement (AWB) detonated a
car bomb at the Jan Smuts Airport in Johannesburg. The bomb injured 16,
including two Russian diplomats and a pilot for Swiss Air.
There were a number of incidents of domestic political violence in Togo
in 1994 and one act of international terrorism. Togolese oppositionists,
retaliating for what they believe is French support for President
Eyadama, were probably responsible for a grenade attack on a French-
owned restaurant that wounded five French citizens and two Beninese.
In 1994 the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), an insurgent group operating
in northern Uganda, carried out a number of attacks against foreign
relief organizations, accusing them of collaborating with the Museveni
government. On 23 June, for example, the LRA ambushed a World Food
Program convoy belonging to the Catholic Relief Services.