U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
1996 APRIL: PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM, 1995
Office of the Secretary
Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Philip C. Wilcox, Jr.
Chronology of Significant Terrorist Incidents, 1994
- 8 January
Armed assailants attempted to kill two priests, one French and one
Swiss, belonging to the order of the White Fathers. The priests escaped
unharmed. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) is suspected in the attack.
- 12 January
Suspected members of al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group or IG)
opened fire on a passenger train. Six passengers, including two
Argentine tourists, were injured.
- 15 January
A US tourist was killed and her husband was seriously wounded when Khmer
Rouge rebels attacked their sightseeing convoy. A tour guide also was
killed when the assailants fired a rocket at the van.
- 18 January
Members of the People's Liberation Army kidnapped a US citizen, working
as an administrative support officer for Cerrejon Coal Mine of Riohacha,
in La Guajira.
Five Europeans and at least three Sierra Leoneans were kidnapped by
Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels. All of the victims were
employed by the Swiss-owned Sierra Leone Ore and Metal Company
- 22 January
Gunmen shot and killed a Frenchman as he drove through a park. A woman
also was injured in the attack. The GIA is suspected.
- 24 January
- United Kingdom
An unidentified assailant shot and killed a Sikh newspaper editor, a
known advocate for an independent Sikh state. No one claimed
responsibility for the attack.
- 25 January
- Sierra Leone
The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) raided a mission near the Guinea
border, taking 100 hostages. Seven nuns - six Italians and one Brazilian -
were among the captives.
- 26 January
Seven guerrillas of the National Liberation Army (ELN) kidnapped three
Venezuelan Corpoven engineers and killed a fourth near La Victoria.
- 31 January
Suspected guerrillas kidnapped two Brazilian engineers at an abandoned
hydroelectric dam. The engineers are employed by the Swiss Company,
- 14 February
Three gunmen shot and killed a former Afghan Brigadier at his residence.
The victim was affiliated with the moderate, pro-Afghanistan Council for
Understanding and National Unity (CUNA). No group claimed
responsibility, but Gulbuddin Hikmatyar's Hizb-I-Islami organization is
- 24 February
A French diplomat posted to the French Embassy was shot and wounded by
two assailants while he was sightseeing with his wife. No group claimed
responsibility for the attack.
- 27 February
Khidir Abd al-Abbas Hamza, a defecting Iraqi former nuclear scientist,
was abducted in Athens while he was attempting to call a newspaper
office from a phone booth. The Iraqi Ambassador in Athens has denied any
Iraqi involvement, but the incident is similar to other Iraqi Government
- 28 February
An explosive device containing about 500 grams (one pound) of dynamite
detonated on the sidewalk across the street from the US Embassy in Lima.
- 3 March
A Palestinian student attending the Algerian Arab College was murdered
by an armed group who stormed the area where he and his family lived.
The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) is suspected.
- 8 March
Two unidentified gunmen armed with AK-47 assault rifles opened fire on a
US Consulate van in Karachi, killing two US diplomats and wounding a
third. The Pakistani driver was not hurt.
- 27 March
A Pakistani man burned to death when a video store was set on fire. No
group claimed responsibility for the attack.
- 31 March
One Israeli civilian was killed and 20 others were wounded when
suspected Hizballah members fired Katyusha rockets into western Galilee.
- 5 April
Morazanist Patriotic Front (FPM) guerrillas claimed responsibility for a
leaflet propaganda bomb that exploded in front of a Tegucigalpa building
that houses US, German, and Spanish press agencies. The attack caused
minor damage to nearby buildings.
- 9 April
- Gaza Strip
A suicide bomber crashed an explosive-rigged van into an Israeli bus,
killing a US citizen and seven Israelis. Over 50 other persons,
including two US citizens, were injured. The Palestine Islamic Jihad
(PIJ)-Shaqaqi Faction claimed responsibility for the attack.
Assailants attacked the T'bilisi residence of the Russian special envoy
and the headquarters of Russian troops in the Transcaucasus. There were
no injuries. A group calling itself the Algeti Wolves claimed
responsibility for the attack in revenge for events in Chechnya and for
the signing of the treaty on Russian military bases in Georgia.
- 19 April
Members of the National Liberation Army (ELN) kidnapped two Italian oil
workers from their car and killed their Colombian driver near
- 21 April
An attempted car bombing in front of the Iranian Consulate General in
Istanbul killed a tow truck driver. The illegally parked vehicle was
towed to an open parking lot where it detonated, killing the driver and
damaging 18 other vehicles. No group has claimed responsibility.
- 22 April
Two Turkish citizens were shot by Kurdish extremists at a coffeehouse in
The Hague. Four men were arrested in connection with the attack.
- 29 April
A foreign businessman was killed near Chisimayu by Islamic
- 5 May
Suspected members of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) attacked employees of
a pipeline company, killing two Frenchmen, a Briton, a Canadian, and a
Tunisian. One Algerian security guard was also killed and at least six
other guards were injured.
Hizballah launched at least eight Katyusha rockets that struck near
Qiryat Shemona. Four Israeli civilians were wounded in the attack.
- 7 May
Armed assailants ambushed a two-vehicle advance for a convoy of
foreigners, including Britons and Canadians, being escorted from a
worksite to their accommodation camp. Several security forces were
killed or wounded, but there were no foreign casualties.
- 15 May
Five alleged Sendero Luminoso (SL) members held up a bus near Chimbote
and robbed some 50 passengers, including three US citizens. The
assailants, wearing ski masks painted with a red hammer and sickle,
threatened passengers with machineguns and grenades.
- 22 May
Approximately one kilo of dynamite detonated under a metal security door
of a Dunkin Donuts restaurant in Bogota. The damage was estimated at
$18,000. No injuries were reported and no group has claimed
responsibility for the attack.
- 23 May
- Sierra Leone
Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels abducted three Lebanese
businessmen during attacks on towns in the Lebanese community of the
diamond district of Kono.
- 24 May
Presumed members of Sendero Luminoso (SL) detonated a 50-kg car bomb in
front of the Maria Angola Hotel in a suburb of Lima, killing three hotel
employees and a passerby. About 30 others were injured.
- 31 May
Seven National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas kidnapped a US citizen
and three Colombians at the Verde Limon Gold Mine in Zaragoza. Shortly
afterward, the Colombian Army freed the captives in a confrontation that
left one Colombian hostage and two guerrillas dead.
- 5 June
Three members of the Recontra 380 occupied the Chilean Embassy in
Managua and took hostage the husband of Ambassador Laura Sota. The
abductors left a package they claimed was a bomb and fled without making
any reported statements or demands. The kidnap victim was released
unharmed a few hours later.
- 7 June
Suspected members of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) shot and killed a
French couple in Algiers. No one claimed responsibility for the attack.
- 24 June
Unknown guerrillas abducted the son of a British Exxon employee in
Formeque and demanded a ransom of $500,000. On 12 August, during the
course of negotiations, the victim's body was found.
- 25 June
Five gunmen kidnapped three German engineers and a Pakistani driver in
the North-West Frontier Province. The kidnappers demanded a ransom of
ten million rupees. One of the Germans and the Pakistani were released
on 3 July, at which time the kidnappers added the release of four
prisoners in Peshawar to their demands. The other two hostages were
freed unharmed on 13 July. It does not appear that the demands were met.
- 26 June
Al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya claimed responsibility for a failed
assassination attempt against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Addis
Ababa. As his motorcade headed from the airport to a meeting of the
Organization of African Unity, two vehicles tried to block the road, and
several gunmen fired at his armored limousine. President Mubarak was not
injured. Two Ethiopian military guards died and one was wounded in the
exchange of gunfire; two gunmen were killed and two others captured. The
Palestinian Ambassador to Ethiopia also was injured.
- 3 July
Attackers smashed the windows of three vehicles at a Chrysler car
dealership in Kassel. They also broke the salesroom window and scrawled
graffiti protesting the scheduled execution of Mumia Abu Jamal, a
convicted murderer, in Pennsylvania.
- 4-8 July
Six tourists - two US citizens, two Britons, a Norwegian, and a German -
were taken hostage in Kashmir by the previously unknown militant group
Al-Faran, which demanded the release of Muslim militants held in Indian
prisons. Al-Faran may be part of the Kashmiri separatist group Harakat
ul-Ansar based in Pakistan. One of the US citizens escaped on 8 July. On
13 August, Al-Faran murdered the Norwegian; his decapitated body was
found with the name Al-Faran carved on his stomach and a note stating
that the other hostages also would be killed if the group's demands were
not met. The Indian Government has refused to comply with their demands.
- 11 July
Two assailants assassinated a cofounder of the Algerian Islamic
Salvation Front and his bodyguard in a Paris mosque. No one claimed
responsibility for the murders. Earlier this year Algerian publications
reportedly received a communique from the Armed Islamic Group (GIA)
listing their priority targets, including the victim.
- 13 July
Kurdish separatists abducted a Japanese tourist at a rebel checkpoint
near Siirt. No demands were made, and the kidnappers released the
hostage unharmed on 17 July. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is
- 25 July
A bomb detonated aboard a Paris subway train as it arrived at St. Michel
station, killing seven commuters and wounding 86.
- 5 August
A small improvised bomb detonated at a Citibank branch in Athens,
causing minor damage. The Anti-Regime Nuclei (ARN) later claimed
- 10 August
Assailants firebombed a vehicle parked at a US-owned Chrysler dealership
in a small German city. No one was injured. A letter left at the scene
identified the perpetrators as members of the Anti-Imperialistic Group
Liberty for Mumia Abu Jamal.
- 12 August
Members of the Jaime Bateman Cayon Front, a remnant of the 19 April
Movement, kidnapped a British diplomat and a Colombian colleague along a
highway near Tolima Department. On learning of the British official's
diplomatic status, the terrorists demanded an unspecified ransom to free
him. They released the Colombian national.
- 17 August
A nail-filled bomb detonated in a trash bin near a subway entrance in
Paris injuring 17 people. Among those injured were four Hungarians, four
Italians, three Portuguese, one German, and one Briton. Authorities
determined a similar explosive device was used in the Paris subway
bombing on 25 July.
- 20 August
Assailants threw a molotov cocktail at a building in Paris that houses a
Turkish sporting and cultural association, injuring six persons and
causing minor damage. Witnesses reported seeing three people flee the
scene. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) may be responsible for the
- 21 August
A bomb exploded on a bus in Jerusalem, killing six persons, including
one US citizen, and wounding two other US citizens and over 100 others.
The Izz al-Din al-Qassem Brigades, the military wing of the Islamic
Resistance Movement (HAMAS), claimed responsibility.
- 24 August
Sixteen men armed with steel pipes and at least one gun vandalized the
BBC office in Islamabad. The attackers destroyed equipment and files,
bombed the entry hall, and destroyed two cars. The BBC chief
correspondent, a Canadian, and a Pakistani BBC staff member escaped with
minor injuries. The radical Sunni organization Sipah-I-Sahaba Pakistan
(SSP) claimed responsibility, although the group's leader stated that he
had ordered only a peaceful demonstration to protest the BBC airing of a
documentary about the group.
- 27 August
Arsonists in San Sebastian doused a car bearing French license plates
with gasoline and ignited it. There were no injuries. Authorities
believe a support group of the Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) is
- 1 September
Guerrillas intercepted and kidnapped a US businessman and his Colombian
partner in Cali. The captors, five armed masked men, took the two men to
a jungle camp. The Colombian negotiated a $30,000 ransom for his US
partner, who was released on 22 September. No group has claimed
In Santa Marta, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas
destroyed containers of bananas belonging to the US company Dole.
- 2 September
Suspected Armed Islamic Group (GIA) militants shot and killed an Italian
national in Oran.
- 3 September
Unidentified assailants shot and killed two nuns in the Belcourt
district of Algiers. One of the victims was French and the other
Maltese. Authorities suspect the Armed Islamic Group (GIA).
- 5 September
- West Bank
Unknown assailants stabbed to death an Israeli settler of British origin
and wounded his US-born wife in the settlement of Ma'ale Mikmas, near
Ram Allah. An anonymous caller claimed responsibility in the name of the
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). The caller stated
the attack was in retaliation for the arrest of three PFLP activists and
the continued detention of a PFLP politburo member, imprisoned for three
Arsonists attacked two Turkish-owned facilities. In Luebeck, arsonists
set fire to a bistro. Two persons died and 20 were injured. Arsonists
also firebombed a nightclub in Freital. There were no injuries.
Authorities suspect the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
- 7 September
A woman claiming to be from the militant group Dukhtaran-e-Millat
delivered a parcel bomb to the office of the BBC in Srinagar, Kashmir.
The bomb exploded later in the hands of a free lance photographer for
Agence France-Presse, who died on 10 September from his injuries. The
blast wounded two others and caused major damage. Dukhtaran-e-Millat
denied responsibility for the bombing.
- 13 September
Unidentified assailants fired a rocket-propelled grenade at the US
Embassy in Moscow, causing minor damage to a sixth-floor office. No
injuries were reported. Authorities suspect the attack was in
retaliation for US participation in NATO airstrikes against Bosnian Serb
- 20 September
In Vienna, assailants attempted to firebomb a German pharmaceutical
firm, but the molotov cocktails failed to ignite. The German firm was
hosting a US delegation and had raised the US flag outside the building.
- 21 September
Assailants threw lit bottles containing heating oil and paint thinner
into two rooms of the American International School in Vienna. There
were no injuries. The Austrian press later received a letter in which
the Cell for Internationalism claimed responsibility. Authorities
believe there may be a connection with the previous day's bombing.
- 13 October
A letter bomb sent to the Italian Embassy in Bogota exploded when opened
by a staff member, who was wounded. The injured employee is responsible
for Italian cooperation with Colombia under their countries' economic
drug-fighting agreements. No group has claimed responsibility for the
- 20 October
A car bomb detonated outside the local police headquarters building in
Rijeka, killing the driver and injuring 29 bystanders. The Egyptian al-
Gama'at al-Islamiyya claimed responsibility, warning that further
attacks would continue unless authorities released an imprisoned Gama'at
militant, Tala'at Fuad Kassem, who had been arrested in September 1995.
A pipe bomb exploded outside a Coca-Cola Company warehouse in Istanbul,
causing minor damage to the building and to a vehicle. No one has
claimed responsibility for the attack.
- 27 October
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) soldiers
killed two persons and kidnapped 32 others in Lunda Norte. Four of the
hostages are South African citizens employed by the SA Export Company,
- 8 November
Islamic extremists opened fire on a train enroute to Cairo from Aswan,
injuring a Dutchman, a French woman, and an Egyptian. Al-Gama'at al-
Islamiyya (Islamic Group or IG) claimed responsibility for the attack.
- 9 November
Unidentified assailants set fire to the off-compound US Embassy
warehouse in Algiers, destroying the facility and its contents. The
Armed Islamic Group (GIA) may be responsible for the attack.
- 10 November
Unknown assailants firebombed a Turkish-owned shop in Basel, injuring
three persons and causing major damage. No one has claimed
responsibility for the attack.
- 13 November
- Saudi Arabia
A car bomb explosion in the parking lot of the Office of the Program
Manager/Saudi Arabian National Guard (OPM/SANG) in Riyadh, killed seven
persons and wounded 42 others. The deceased include four US federal
civilian employees, one US military person, and two Indian Government
employees. The blast severely damaged the three-story building, which
houses a US military advisory group, and several neighboring office
buildings. Three groups, including the Islamic Movement for Change,
claimed responsibility for the attack.
An Egyptian diplomat was shot and killed in the parking garage of his
apartment building in Geneva. On 15 November the International Justice
Group claimed responsibility for the attack.
- 15 November
An electric company employee discovered an explosive device burning on a
powerline to a US military housing complex in Sagamihara, Kanagawa
Prefecture. The explosion caused minor damage. No group has claimed
responsibility, but both the Chukaku-Ha and the Kakurokyo-Ha had
announced plans to disrupt the Asia Pacific Economic Council (APEC)
summit in Osaka, held during 13 to 19 November.
- 19 November
A suicide bomber drove a vehicle into the Egyptian Embassy compound in
Islamabad, killing at least 16 persons and injuring some 60 others. The
bomb destroyed the entire compound and caused damage and injuries within
a half-mile radius. The Japanese and Indonesian Embassies, the Canadian
High Commission, the UK housing compound, and Grindlays Bank were among
the damaged buildings. Al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group or IG),
Jihad Group, and the International Justice Group all claimed
responsibility for the bombing.
- 21 November
A powerful bomb exploded outside a restaurant in the Connaught Place
shopping area in New Delhi. The blast injured 22 persons, including two
Dutch citizens, one South African and one Norwegian, and caused major
damage to shops and parked cars. Both the Jammu and Kashmir Islamic
Front, a Kashmiri Muslim separatist group, and the Khalistan Liberation
Tiger Force, a Sikh separatist group, claimed responsibility for the
- 30 November
Four suspected Islamic extremists shot and killed two Latvian seamen and
wounded a third. No one has claimed responsibility, but the Armed
Islamic Group (GIA) is suspected.
- 9 December
Assailants in Bayonne set fire to a stolen vehicle and firebombed a bank
after the French Government expelled a member of the Basque Fatherland
and Liberty (ETA).
- 10 December
Three FARC militants kidnapped the treasurer for the Nazarine missions,
who is a US citizen. A captured member of FARC led a rescue team to a
mountainous area near Quito, where they rescued the victim. Three
kidnappers were killed and two others escaped.
- 11 December
Two letter bombs detonated inside a mailbox located outside a local post
office in Graz, wounding a passer-by. One was addressed to the UN High
Commissioner for Refugees' office. Remnants of a claimant letter were
discovered at the scene. Two other letter bombs were discovered intact.
Authorities suspect the Bavarian Liberation Army may be responsible.
- 16 December
Several bombs detonated in different areas of a department store in
Valencia, killing one person and wounding eight others, including a US
citizen. Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) claimed responsibility for
- 23 December
A bomb detonated outside an office building in Duesseldorf that housed
the Peruvian Honorary Consulate, causing major damage. On 27 December
the Anti-Imperialist Cell (AIZ) claimed responsibility for the attack in
a letter stating that the Peruvian Government's domestic policies are
"unbearable for the majority of Peruvians."
- 27 December
Twenty Abu Sayyaf militants kidnapped at least 16 vacationers, including
six US citizens, at Lake Sebu, Mindanao. Two of the hostages escaped and
four were released, carrying a ransom demand of $57,700. On 31 December
the kidnappers released the remaining hostages in exchange for
government promises of improvements in the south.
- 30 December
A bomb detonated outside a Paris branch of Citibank, causing major
damage. Suspicion centered on sympathizers of the Armed Islamic Group
(GIA) who may be responsible.