State Department: Cyprus - Consular Information Sheet, April 8, 1999
Cyprus - Consular Information Sheet
April 8, 1999
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Cyprus is a developed
Mediterranean island nation divided "de facto" into two areas. The
government of the Republic of Cyprus is the internationally recognized
authority on the island but, in practice, its control extends only to the
Greek Cypriot southern part of the island. The northern area operates
under an autonomous Turkish Cypriot administration. In 1983, this
administration declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus,"
which is recognized only by Turkey. Facilities for tourism in the Republic
of Cyprus are highly developed; most facilities in northern Cyprus, while
adequate, tend to be smaller and less modern. The Cyprus Tourism
Authority's home page is http://www.cyprustourism.org.
ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: A passport is required. Tourist
and business visas are issued at the port of entry for a stay of up to
three months. For additional information concerning entry requirements for
Cyprus, travelers can contact the Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus at 2211
R Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20008, Tel: (202) 462-5772, or the Consulate
in New York, 13 E. 40th St., New York, New York, 10016, Tel: (212) 686-
6016. Overseas, travelers should contact the nearest embassy or consulate
Since 1974, the Cypriot government has designated Larnaca and Paphos
international airports, and the seaports of Limassol, Larnaca, and Paphos
as the only legal points of entry into and exit from Cyprus. These ports
are all in the government-controlled southern part of the island. Entry or
exit via any other air or seaport is not authorized by the Cypriot
government. It is possible for visitors to arrive at non- designated
airports and seaports in the north, but they should not expect to cross the
United Nations-patrolled "green line" to the government-controlled areas in
the south. Such travel is not permitted by the government of Cyprus, even
for transit purposes. Visitors arriving through designated ports of entry
in the south normally are able to cross into the north for day trips.
Policy and procedures regarding such travel are subject to change.
MEDICAL FACILITIES: Good medical facilities are
available. U.S. medical insurance is not always valid outside the United
States. The Medicare/Medicaid program does not provide payment for medical
services outside the United States. Travelers have found that in some
cases, supplemental medical insurance with specific overseas coverage has
proved to be useful.
Check with your own insurance company to confirm whether your policy
applies overseas, including provision for medical evacuation. Ascertain
whether payment will be made to the overseas hospital or doctor or whether
you will be reimbursed later for expenses you incur. Some insurance
policies also include coverage for psychiatric treatment and for
disposition of remains in the event of death. Useful information on
medical emergencies abroad, including overseas insurance programs, is
provided in the Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs brochure
"Medical Information for Americans Traveling Abroad," available via its
home page and autofax service.
Information on vaccinations and other health precautions may be obtained
from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention9s international
traveler9s hotline at 1-877-FYI-TRIP (1-877-394-8747), via their autofax
service at 1-888-CDC-FAXX (1-888-232-3229), or its Internet home page at http://www.cdc.gov.
CRIME INFORMATION: Cyprus has a low rate of crime. The
loss or theft abroad of a U.S. passport should be reported immediately to
the local police and the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate. Useful
information on safeguarding valuables and protecting personal safety while
traveling abroad is provided in the Department of State9s pamphlet "A Safe
Trip Abroad." It is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, via the Internet at http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/,
DRUG PENALTIES: U.S. citizens are subject to the laws
of the country in which they are traveling. In Cyprus, the penalties for
possession, use, and dealing in illegal drugs are strict, and convicted
offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.
TERRORIST ACTIVITIES: While civil disorder is uncommon
in Cyprus, demonstrations sometimes occur, and there have been occasional
violent incidents along the "green line" dividing the two sides of the
island. Terrorist groups from the Middle East have occasionally used
Cyprus as a site for carrying out acts of terrorism against third-country
DUAL NATIONALITY: U.S. citizens whom the Cypriot
government considers to be Cypriot citizens may be subject to compulsory
military service and other aspects of Cypriot law while in Cyprus. Those
who may be affected should inquire at the Cypriot Embassy regarding their
status. U.S. citizens whom the Turkish-Cypriot authorities consider to be
"citizens" may be subject to compulsory military service in northern
Cyprus. In some instances, dual nationality may hamper U.S. Government
efforts to provide protection abroad.
ROAD CONDITIONS/TRAFFIC SAFETY: Cyprus has a modern
highway system linking major cities and towns. Secondary roads, however,
especially in mountainous areas, tend to be narrow and winding and are less
well maintained. Traffic moves on the left. Visitors to Cyprus should
drive defensively, as Cyprus has one of the highest road fatality rates in
Safety of Public Transportation: Good
Urban Road Condition/Maintainance: Good
Rural Road Condition/Maintenance: Fair
Availability of Roadside Assistance: Fair
AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct
commercial air service by local carriers at present, or economic authority
to operate such service between the United States and Cyprus, the
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed Cyprus9s civil
aviation authority for compliance with international aviation safety
standards for oversight of Cyprus9s air carrier operations. For further
information, travelers may contact the Department of Transportation within
the U.S. at 1-800-322-7873, or visit the FAA Internet home page at http://www.faa.gov/avr/iasa.htm.
The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) separately assesses some foreign air
carriers for suitability as official providers of air services. For
information regarding the DOD policy on specific carriers, travelers may
contact the Pentagon at (703) 697-7288.
Y2K INFORMATION: U.S. citizens contemplating traveling
or residing abroad in late 1999 or early 2000 should be aware of potential
difficulties. They may wish to consider taking practical precautions
against possible disruptions of services triggered by the Y2K computer
phenomenon. Monitor the home page of the Department of State for updates
on Y2K issues.
REGISTRATION AND EMBASSY LOCATION: U.S. citizens are
encouraged to register at the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy and
obtain updated information on travel and security in Cyprus. The
U.S. Embassy in Nicosia is located at Metochiou and Ploutarchou Street,
Engomi, telephone (357)(2) 776-400; Internet address: http://www.americanembassy.org.cy.
The U.S. Government also maintains an office in northern Cyprus at 6 Saran
Street, Kaymakli, Nicosia, telephone (392) 225-2440.
Department of State travel information publications are available at
Internet address: http://travel.state.gov/.
U.S. travelers may hear recorded information by calling (202) 647-5225 from
a touchtone telephone, or receive information by automated telefax by
dialing (202) 647-3000 from their fax machine.
This replaces the Consular Information
Sheet issued January 16, 1998, to update information on country
description, entry requirements, medical facilities, dual nationality, road
conditions, aviation safety oversight, Y2K information, and