State Department: Cyprus - Consular Information Sheet, January 16, 1998
Cyprus - Consular Information Sheet
January 16, 1998
Country Description: Cyprus is a developed
Mediterranean island nation divided "de facto" into two areas. The
government of the Republic of Cyprus is the internationally recognized
authority on the island but, in practice, its control extends only to the
Greek Cypriot southern part of the island. The northern area operates
under an autonomous Turkish Cypriot administrative zone supported by
Turkish troops. In 1983, this section declared itself the "Turkish
Republic of Northern Cyprus," which is recognized only by Turkey.
Facilities for tourism in the southern sector are highly developed; those
in the northern Turkish-controlled zone, while adequate, tend to be smaller
and less modern.
Entry/Exit Information: A passport is required.
Tourist and business visas are issued at the port of entry for a stay of up
to three months. Proof of an AIDS test is required of certain
entertainers. For additional information concerning entry requirements for
Cyprus, travelers can contact the Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus at 2211
R Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, tel. (202) 462-5772, or the
Consulate of the Republic of Cyprus in New York, 13 E. 40th St., New York,
New York, 10016; tel. (212) 686-6016. Overseas, travelers should contact
the nearest embassy or consulate of Cyprus.
Since 1974, the Cypriot government has designated Larnaca and Paphos
international airports, and the seaports of Limassol, Larnaca, and Paphos
as the only legal points of entry into and exit from Cyprus. These ports
are all in the government-controlled southern part of the island. Entry or
exit via any other air or seaport is not authorized by the Cypriot
government. It is possible for visitors to arrive at non-designated
airports and seaports in the northern sector, but they should not expect to
cross the United Nations-patrolled "green line" to the government
controlled areas in the south. Such travel is not permitted by the
government of Cyprus, even for transit purposes. Visitors arriving through
designated ports of entry in the south may be able to cross into the north
for short day trips. Policy and procedures regarding such travel are
subject to change.
Medical Facilities: Good medical facilities are
available. U.S. medical insurance is not always valid outside the United
States. The Medicare/Medicaid program does not provide payment for medical
services outside the United States. Travelers have found that in some
cases, supplemental medical insurance with specific overseas coverage has
proved to be useful. Further information on health matters can be obtained
from the Centers for Disease Control's international travelers hotline at
(404) 332-4559, or Internet: http://www.cdc.gov.
Crime Information: Cyprus has a low rate of crime. The
loss or theft abroad of a U.S. passport should be reported immediately to
the local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. U.S. citizens
can refer to the Department of State's pamphlet "A Safe Trip Abroad" for
ways to promote a more trouble-free journey. The pamphlet is available
from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402.
Drug Penalties: U.S. citizens are subject to the laws
of the country in which they are traveling. In Cyprus, the penalties for
possession, use, and dealing in illegal drugs are strict, and convicted
offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.
Terrorist Activities: While civil disorder is uncommon
in Cyprus, demonstrations sometimes occur, and there have been occasional
violent incidents along the "green line" dividing the two sides of the
island. Terrorist groups from the Middle East have occasionally used
Cyprus as a site for carrying out acts of terrorism against third country
Dual Nationality: U.S. citizens whom the Cypriot
government considers to be Cypriot citizens could be subject to compulsory
military service and other aspects of Cypriot law while in Cyprus. Those
who may be affected should inquire at the Cypriot Embassy regarding their
status. In some instances, dual nationality may hamper U.S. Government
efforts to provide protection abroad.
Road Conditions/Traffic Safety: Cyprus has a modern
highway system linking major cities and towns. Secondary roads however,
especially in mountainous areas, tend to be narrow and winding, and are
less well maintained. Traffic moves on the left. Visitors to Cyprus
should drive defensively because Cyprus has one of the highest road
fatality rates in Europe.
Registration/Embassy Location: U.S. citizens are
encouraged to register at the Consular Section of the U.S. Embassy and
obtain updated information on travel and security in Cyprus. The U.S.
Embassy in Nicosia is located at Metochiou and Ploutarchou Street, Engomi;
telephone (357)(2) 776-400; Internet address:
This replaces the Consular Information Sheet issued October 16, 1996, to update information on
medical facilities, the U.S. Embassy telephone number, and the Internet.