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A TRIP TO BULGARIA

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@uranus.eng.auth.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency Documents in ASCII Greek Directory

"KALVSHRUATE KYRIE PROEDRE" MIA EPISKECH STO MAKEDONIKO INSTITOYTO THS SOFIAS

toy Iakvboy Mixahlidh, ypochfioy didaktora Istorias sto Aristoteleio Panepisthmio Uessalonikhs

H ypodoxh poy moy epifylaxuhke htan uermh. Den eixe kamia sxesh me tis klimatologikes synuhkes poy epikratoysan sth Sofia (eixe poliko kryo kai to brady arxise na xionizei). Me synodoys enan Boylgaro kauhghth istorias sto Panepisthmio ths Sofias kai ena apo ta ekatontades "paidia toy paidomazvmatos" thn epoxh toy ellhnikoy Emfylioy, poy zoyn shmera sth boylgarikh prvteyoysa, briskomoyn sto perifhmo Makedoniko Institoyto ths Sofias (M.I.). Gia to istoriko ths idryshs kai ths anasystashs toy Makedonikoy Institoytoy ths Sofias, mporei o anagnvsths na anazhthsei perissoteres plhrofories sto endiaferon aruro toy kauhghth ths istorias Slabikvn lavn sto Aristoteleio Panepisthmio Uessalonikhs (A.P.U.), k.Faidvna Maligkoydh, sta ypo ekdosh praktika toy synedrioy poy pragmatopoihuhke sth Flvrina ton Oktvbrio toy 1995.

Elaxistoi Ellhnes exoyn ftasei evs ekei, isvs malista na hmoyn o deyteros istorikos poy to episkefthke. Afoy jenaghuhka syntoma stoys anetoys xvroys toy idrymatos katelhja sto grafeio toy grammatea toy Institoytoy Stogian Gkermanof, yfhghth istorias sto Panepisthmio ths Sofias. O Gkermanof apotelei typiko paradeigma Boylgaroy me prosfygikh taytothta (o pateras toy katagetai apo tis Serres kai h mhtera toy apo thn Axrida). Sth syzhthsh pareyriskotan kai o proedros toy M.I., Petar Sapkaref, kauhghths Mauhmatikvn sto Panepisthmio Kyrilloy kai Meuodioy ths boylgarikhs prvteyoysas. Ogdonta epta etvn shmera o kauhghths Sapkaref einai eggonos toy gnvstoy Boylgaroy idelogoy Koysman Sapkaref, poy edrase vs ekpaideytikos sth Makedonia prin apo ekato xronia peripoy. Meta thn antallagh tvn typikvn filofronhsevn h syzhthsh strafhke anapofeykta sto Makedoniko Zhthma. Oi apoceis tvn Boylgarvn synomilhtvn moy htan staueres kai gnvstes. H gevgrafikh Makedonia kai to istoriko pareluon toy slabofvnoy h prvhn slabofvnoy plhuysmoy ths einai kauara boylgariko. Oi shmerinoi katoikoi ths P.G.D.M. den einai para Boylgaroi oi opoioi exoyn ypostei "plysh egkefaloy" apo mia hgetikh tajh. Prospauhsa na toys apanthsv tekmhrivmena gia to abasimo, se polla shmeia, tvn isxyrismvn toys. Me akoysan me eygeneia alla htan profanes oti to xasma apocevn htan shmantiko.

H syzhthsh diakophke apotoma, otan jafnika anoije h porta kai emfanisuhke enas hlikivmenos kyrios. "Akoysa pvs exei eruei enas filos apo thn Ellada kai hrua na ton synanthsv" moy eipe kauvs moy esfigge to xeri. Eprokeito gia ton Stogian Mpogiantzief proedro toy eunikistikoy kommatos B.M.R.O.- Envsh tvn makedonikvn syllogvn ths Boylgarias. O nomikos Mpogiantzief katagetai apo ta Anv Poroia kai einai gnvstos gia th sfodrothta me thn opoia kata kairoys exei epikrinei thn Ellada. H dikh moy empeiria den htan kalyterh. "H ellhnoboylgarikh filia einai myuos" moy eipe kai prin prolabv na pv otidhpote lou edeije ena aruro poy eixe gracei sthn ebdomadiaia efhmerida toy B.M.R.O., Makentonia 15 Noembrioy 1995.

"To egraca me aformh thn episkech toy Proedroy ths xvras sas k.Stefanopoyloy" moy eipe "Einai gia to kalvsorises". To aruro htan mia epiuesh enantion ths Elladas basismenh se pente shmeia-gegonota tvn teleytaivn mhnvn poy symfvna me ton k.Mpogiantzief apedeiknyan oti oi proueseis ths Elladas apenanti sth Boylgaria den htan eilikrineis. (a) h Ellada den eixe apotrecei thn eggrafh ths Boylgarias sth synuhkh Segken gegonos poy ua exei vs apotelesma th stadiakh apomonvsh ths deyterhs apo thn Eyrvph, (b) h Ellada prvtostatei stis energeies gia to kleisimo toy pyrhnikoy staumoy sto Kozlontoyi aparaithto gia th boylgarikh oikonomia, (g) h Ellada antitiuetai sthn kataskeyh ths para-Egnatias odoy diamesv Albanias, P.G.D.M., Boylgarias kai Toyrkias, ths kalyterhs odoy, symfvna me toys Boylgaroys synomilhtes moy, gia th diejagvgh toy emporioy, (d) h Auhna prosferei sth Sofia mono to 5% apo ta dikaivmata toy agvgoy Mpoyrgkas- Alejandroypolh, enanti 32% poy oi Boylgaroi epiuymoyn kai (e) oi ellhnikes efhmerides kathgorhsan orismenoys boylgarikoys kykloys oti ypagoreysan th dolofonikh apopeira enantion toy Proedroy ths P.G.D.M. Kiro Gkligkorof.

An kai gnvriza bebaia to antikeimeno tvn uematvn poy teuhkan, vstoso prepei na paradextv oti gia prvth fora eixa thn eykairia na akoysv sygkrothmenh thn apoch poy exoyn gi ayta oi geitones mas. Ki ayto giati dystyxvs ta arura ston ellhniko typo poy anaferontai sthn optikh gvnia apo thn opoia oi Boylgaroi proseggizoyn ta zhthmata poy aptontai tvn dimervn sxesevn me thn Ellada einai elaxista.

H prosvpikothta toy Stogian Mpogiantzief epidra katalytika sthn apoch poy ekferei toso to Makedoniko Institoyto ths Sofias oso kai h politikh toy proektash, to komma B.M.R.O.. Mia politikh entelvs anedafikh, ua elega, toylaxiston sthn istorikh ths diastash. Oi apoceis gia to istoriko pareluon ths meizonos Makedonias elaxista mono exoyn metablhuei apo ekeines poy yphrxan stis paramones tvn Balkanikvn Polemvn. Ki an orismenes apo aytes mporoyn na uevrhuoyn apla propagandistikes, esvterikhs katanalvshs kai telika aney oysias, yparxoyn omvs kai kapoies poy apeiloyn na yponomeysoyn tis ellhnoboylgarikes sxeseis. Einai apokalyptiko oti se prvtoselido aruro ths h efhmerida Makentonia ths 22 Noembrioy 1995 anaferomenh sthn prosfath periodeia sta Balkania ths epitrophs Karnegki apokalyce oti dyo boyleytes toy B.M.R.O. sth boylgarikh Eunosyneleysh, o Ebgenii Ekof kai o Anatolii Belitskof, promhueysan toys anurvpoys toy dieunoys aytoy organismoy me ntokoymenta poy apedeiknyan oti shmera sthn ellhnikh Makedonia zoyn 150 xiliades Boylgaroi kai sth Dytikh Urakh alles 35 xiliades.Makedonija, 22 Noembrioy 1995.

Paromoies apoceis periexontai epishs kai se meleth gnvstoy Boylgaroy istorikoy poy prokeitai na kykloforhsei stis arxes toy 1996. O Mpogiantzief malista kauvs kai to Makedoniko Institoyto (kata synepeia kai to B.M.R.O.) zhtoyn apo thn Ellada anurvpina dikaivmata gia th "boylgarikh" ayth "meionothta", glvssa, ekklhsia kai sxoleia, (Stojan Bojanziev, "Beliko e stradanieto na Makedonija" [To martyrio ths Makedonias einai megalo] sto 90 godini ilidensko-preobrazensko vastanije [90 xronia apo thn metarryumistikh ejegersh toy Ilinten] (Sofia, 1994), ss.20-21) kai epikaloyntai to gegonos oti paromoio kauestvs isxyei kai gia toys Sarakatsanoys ths Boylgarias, oi opoioi kaue kalokairi didaskontai apo Ellhnes ekpaideytikoys thn ellhnikh glvssa.

Stoys diadromoys toy idrymatos synanthsa arketa "paidia toy paidomazvmatos". Peripoy treis xiliades apo ayta, opvs moy ekmysthreythke kapoios poy katagetai apo ena xvrio ths Kastorias, briskontai shmera sth Sofia mazi bebaia me tis oikogeneies toys. Oi ueseis toys htan sxedon panomoiotypes. "Oso ki an soy fainetai periergo agapoyme thn Ellada" moy eipan "vstoso exoyme megalh pikra mesa mas. Den mas epitrepetai na episkeftoyme thn patrida mas. Giati;".

Apoxvrvntas apo to idryma prospauhsa na tajinomhsv tis empeiries moy. Apo th mia oi efhmerides na grafoyn gia thn epityxh ekbash tvn synomilivn toy Proedroy Kvsth Stefanopoyloy me ton Proedro ths Boylgarias Zelioy Zelef kai ton Prvuypoyrgo Zan Bintenof. "Oi ellhnoboylgarikes sxeseis apoteloyn paradeigma stauerothtas" sta Balkania htan o uriambeytikos prvtoselidos titlos ths efhmeridas Ntoyma epishmoy dhmosiografikoy organoy toy boylgarikoy sosialistikoy kommatos ths 21hs Noembrioy 1995.

Eyxomai eilikrina na einai etsi. Omvs pisv apo ta prvtoselida tvn efhmeridvn kai pera apo toys logoys sta epishma geymata yparxei kai ejyfainetai h apoch mias allhs Boylgarias. Mias Boylgarias oxyrvmenhs sto pareluon ths, poy zei akomh nostalgika sthn epoxh ths "Belika Mpoylgkaria", ths "Megalhs Boylgarias" poy proskaira dhmioyrghse h Synuhkh toy Agioy Stefanoy to 1878. To eunikistiko komma B.M.R.O. kai to Makedoniko Institoyto apoteloyn thn aixmh toy doratos aytvn tvn apocevn. H xrhsh ths istorias malista apotelei, opvs se oles tis balkanikes xvres, to kalytero meso gia thn kalliergeia toys. Einai endeiktiko oti h ekdotikh paragvgh toy Makedonikoy Institoytoy einai ogkvdhs. Dekades titloi ekdidontai kaue xrono synuetontas stadiaka to chfidvto mias boylgarikhs Makedonias. Ua mporoyse bebaia na parathrhsei kaneis oti h epirroh tvn "megaloboylgarikvn" aytvn kyklvn sth shmerinh Boylgaria einai periuvriakh. Ua mporoyse na prosuesei epishs oti h shmerinh deinh oikonomikh katastash ths Boylgarias den prosferetai gia leontarismoys kai alytrvtikes bleceis. Ua prepei omvs na anaferuei oti sthn prokeimenh periptvsh ta pragmata einai diaforetika. Otan h syntriptikh pleiochfia tvn biblivn poy ekdidontai shmera sth Boylgaria kai asxoloyntai me tis ptyxes toy Makedonikoy Zhthmatos, istorikes kai sygxrones, ekfrazoyn sthn pleiochfia toys paromoies apoceis poy ypertonizoyn th spoydaiothta toy boylgarikoy paragonta sto xvro ths meizonos Makedonias, poy ypobaumizoyn tis diaforetikes istorikopolitikes proseggiseis kai adynatoyn h arnoyntai na antilhfuoyn to synolo tvn dhmografikvn, koinvnikvn kai oikonomikvn allagvn poy shmeivuhkan ston idio xvro ton teleytaio ai~ma, tote to gegonos ayto den einai periuvriako kai se kamia periptvsh den mporei na agnohuei h na ypotimhuei. Einai dynaton epishs na yposthrijei kaneis me peistika epixeirhmata oti sth sygxronh boylgarikh istoriografia elaxista einai ta deigmata anauevrhtismoy kai kritikhs proseggishs toy istorikoy pareluontos. To gegonos ayto ofeilei na mas problhmatisei. H istoria tvn Balkanivn kai eidikotera h istoria ths Makedonias exei apodeijei oti oi periodoi entashs stis sxeseis tvn omorvn xvrvn kata kanona akoloyuoyn mia allh, makra periodo bibliografikhs diamaxhs kai ekpaideytikhs stayroforias. Tetoio einai to klima poy kalliergeitai shmera, apo orismenoys kykloys, sth boylgarikh prvteyoysa.

Efyga sofoteros apo th Sofia kai ayto to aruro as einai aplvs h martyria moy. Ofeiloyn, nomizv, na gnvrizoyn oi sympatrivtes moy pvs mas blepoyn oi geitones mas. Oi anurvpoi sth Boylgaria kai kyrivs sto Makedoniko Institoyto htan idiaitera filikoi kai eygenikoi mazi moy. Den epacan malista na diakhryttoyn th sympaueia toys gia thn Ellada, na tonizoyn ton koino kindyno poy proerxetai ej' Anatolvn kai na prospauoyn na moy apodeijoyn pvs h eikona poy polloi Ellhnes exoyn gi' aytoys den einai h pragmatikh. Piuanon na htan eilikrineis. Apo thn allh bebaia, ua mporoyse na parathrhsei kaneis oti h eygeneia toys htan diplvmatikh. Mporei na einai ki etsi. Alla h kakopistia sta Balkania, h elleich prosvpikvn epafvn me anurvpoys ths allhs pleyras, h apoysia diaueshs katanohshs, h agnoia ths idiaiterothtas toy alloy kai h emmonh sta paradosiaka sxhmata peri exurvn kai filvn exei syxna anoijei toys askoys toy Aioloy. O anurvpinos ponos omvs den diaferei pote eite ta uymata einai Ellhnes, Boylgaroi h Serboi. Oi katoikoi ths gevgrafikhs Makedonias poy ezhsan kata to pareluon ton oleuro diadoxikvn polemikvn anametrhsevn to gnvrizoyn kala. Ki ayto einai kati poy oi shmerinoi apogonoi toys ofeiloyn na mhn to jexasoyn pote se opoia balkanikh xvra ki an katoikoyn.

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