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TO INTERNET DEN EINAI PANAKEIA

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@uranus.eng.auth.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency Documents in ASCII Greek Directory

SYGXRONES EPIKOINVNIAKES DYNATOTHTES KAI APODHMOS ELLHNISMOS

toy Dhmhtrh Mhtropoyloy

Fetos to kalokairi eixa thn tyxh na breuv sto Panepisthmio Stanfornt sthn Kalifornia. Ekei parakoloyuhsa ena seminario diarkeias dyo peripoy ebdomadvn, me uema tis sygxrones epikoinvniakes dynatothtes. Plhroforiodromoi poy xarh stis optikes ines ua diauetoyn megalh xvrhtikothta kai ychles taxythtes metadoshs dedomenvn. Chfiakh thleorash 500 kanalivn. Hlektronikes efhmerides sto World Wide Web to tmhma toy Internet poy diauetei hxo kai eikona. CD-ROM kai optikoi diskoi. To Stanfornt brisketai sthn kardia ths Silicon Valley. Oi paroysiaseis poy eixa thn eykairia na parakoloyuhsv, epibebaivsan thn entypvsh oti "to mellon exei fuasei, estv ki an einai akomh anisa dianemhmeno".

Prin epistrecoyn stis etaireies toys sto Menlo Park h to Palo Alto, oi perissoteroi omilhtes eixan thn eilikrineia na dhlvsoyn oti "h eykrinhs uea den prepei na sygxeetai me thn kontinh apostash". Koinvs, mporei to mellon tvn thlepikoinvnivn na diagrafetai kauara ston orizonta, omvs ayto den shmainei kiolas oti ua to synanthsoyme sthn epomenh strofh toy dromoy. Pisteyv loipon oti einai xrhsimo na parei kaneis ta pragmata apo thn arxh kai, prin fuasei na milhsei gia ton Apodhmo Ellhnismo, na dieykrinisei ti shmainei akribvs ayto to "sygxrones epikoinvniakes dynatothtes" toy titloy.

Den yparxei amfibolia oti ta nea hlektronika mesa ua allajoyn toys oroys ths epikoinvnias. Parte, paradeigmatos xorin, to Internet: to kostos dhmioyrgias mias hlektronikhs efhmeridas sto World Wide Web einai amelhteo mprosta sta kefalaia poy apaitoyntai gia th dhmioyrgia mias efhmeridas h enos thleoptikoy staumoy. Stis Hnvmenes Politeies, paradeigmatos xarin, to jekinhma enos neoy periodikoy proypouetei elaxisto kefalaio 5 ekat. dolarivn. To "George", to nevteriko politiko periodiko toy yioy Kenenti poy jekinhse prosfata, sthrixuhke se arxikh ependysh 20 ekat. dolarivn.

Antiuetvs, mia "selida" sto World Wide Web exei elaxisto kostos 5.000 dolaria kai meso kostos 100.000 dolaria. Ena arxiko kefalaio 500.000 dolarivn mporei na "kanei uaymata" kai na apodvsei idiaitera ekleptysmena apotelesmata. Prosueste oti h yparjh toy diktyoy lynei to problhma kai ta ejoda ths dianomhs: oyte forthga, oyte periptera, oyte taxydromeia kai syndromhtes. To diktyo ejasfalizei prosbash se ena pagkosmio koino. Uerapeyei ton ponokefalo tvn kyklikvn ayjhsevn ths timhs toy xartioy - deite, paradeigmatos xarin, ti ginetai sthn paroysa sygkyria me ayjhseis ths tajevs toy 30 kai 40%. Telos, ta links, oi "syndeseis" toy Web, ejasfalizoyn aneth kai synexh epikoinvnia me alles synafeis "selides", env zvntaneyoyn kai tis diafhmiseis.

Mia teleytaia, alla dioloy ashmanth leptomereia: H dhmografikh synuesh toy koinoy toy Internet, aytvn tvn 30 ekat. xrhstvn pagkosmivs poy diarkvs ayjanontai, einai idiaitera elkystikh - antibainei de sth synhuh eikona tvn pitsirikadvn poy jenyxtane antalassontas e-mail (hlektroniko taxydromeio) kai mh diabazontas ta mauhmata tour. Symfvna me ta yparxonta stoixeia, oi xrhstes einai se pososto 70% arrenes, me mesh hlikia ta 30 xronia, apofoitoi kata 70% ths anvtaths ekpaideyshs, env to 60% exei mesa h kai ychla eisodhmata. Shmeivste akomh oti aytoi poy einai fanatikoi xrhstes toy diktyoy apodeiknyontai kai fanatikoi ths enhmervshs: diabazoyn systhmatika efhmerides, blepoyn thleorash klp. Exoyme dhladh na kanoyme me mia elit ths epikoinvnias.

Xamhlo kostos, pagkosmio eklekto koino, syndyasmos eikonas, keimenoy kai hxoy. Me tetoia dedomena, eylogo einai h ejormhsh sto Internet na uymizei ton "pyreto toy xrysoy" poy xarakthrise prin enan aivna thn Agria Dysh. Oloi ueloyn na proseggisoyn to koino poy molis perigracame. Ta paradosiaka MME (efhmerides, periodika h thleoptikoi staumoi) exoyn etoimo enhmervtiko "periexomeno" na anakyklvsoyn kai uevroyn thn epektash toys sto diktyo aytonohth. Oi megales etaireies ueloyn na diafhmistoyn sto koino toy diktyoy prosblepontas sthn agorastikh toy dynamh. Vs gnvston h GenerationX - milame gia triantarhdes - den exei oyte spiti, oyte oikogeneia, alla katanalvnei kata koron. Oi kybernhseis epizhtoyn na probaloyn tis xvres poy ekprosvpoyn. Oi poikiles organvseis na broyn ta dikaia toys. Sto Internet briskei kaneis apo toys "New York Times" mexri to Galliko Ypoyrgeio Politismoy mexri th CIA, thn Kentrikh Yphresia Plhroforivn tvn Hnvmenvn Politeivn. H CIA diathrei "Selida" sto diktyo, opoy dieykrinizei metajy allvn oti "den kataskopeyei toys amerikanoys polites".

Vstoso, h genikh ayth eyforia metriazetai apo orismenoys sobaroys paragontes. Se o,ti afora ta MME exei katastei fanero oti h ejormhsh toys ston Kybernoxvro, para to xamhlo kostos, den einai pros to paron kerdofora. Einai dyskolo ena MME na einai oikonomika bivsimo, an yparxei mono me hlektronikh morfh sto diktyo. Oloi sxedon oi organismoi sthrizontai sto xarti. H prosbash tvn xrhstvn stis hlektronikes efhmerides den xrevnetai. Ta esoda apo tis diafhmiseis den eparkoyn. Den exei epishs breuei tropos na metrhuei h syxnothta prosbashs stis "selides", vste na exoyme metrhseis, opvs oi metrhseis thleueashs (ta gnvsta ratings) poy kauodhgoyn diafhmistes kai diafhmizomenoys. Akomh xeirotera: to periexomeno tvn "selidvn" xreiazetai synexh ananevsh. To diktyo den einai akomh toso texnologika ejeligmeno, en sxesei me ta alla mesa, me apotelesma to periexomeno toy na einai statiko. Oi pio ekleptysmenes prospaueies proskroyoyn sthn periorismenh pros to paron xvrhtikothta tvn thlefvnikvn grammvn. To gegonos ayto kanei th metadosh megaloy ogkoy dedomenvn (fvtografies, film h grafika) ejairetika argh. Opvs legetai sarkastika, pros to paron to Internet "einai ena telej poy paristanei to faj".

Etsi, paroysiazontai hdh fainomena ypoxvrhshs. To periodiko TIME, eixe dhmioyrghsei me polles fanfares th "selida" Pathfinder sto Internet. Dystyxvs, h epandysh den apedvse ta anamenomena. Prosfata enas apo toys epikefaleis toy periodikoy apekalese to Pathfinder "mayrh trypa" - apo oikonomikhs apocevs. O arxikos enuoysiasmos exei ypoxvrhsei kai sto synetairismo ths News Corp toy Rupert Murdoch me ton amerikaniko kolosso ths yperastikhs tgkevym_ar MCI. Murdoch kai MCI eixan anakoinvsei th synergasia toys thn perasmenh anoijh me skopo na anaptyjoyn yphresies enhmervshs gia to diktyo. Prokeitai gia dyo mono paradeigmata apo thn trexoysa eidhseografia.

Bebaivs, h drasthriothta sto xvro tvn thlepikoinvnivn synexizetai. Opoios parakoloyuei tis jenes efhmerides gnvrizei oti o tomeas exei dyo me treis eidhseis thn hmera. En toytois, h drasthriothta ayth apoblepei pros to paron se enan kyrivs logo: to perifhmo positioning. Oloi ueloyn na briskontai sto diktyo. Gia na prosuesoyn ajia kai thn aiglh toy kainoyrgioy sthn epvnymia toys. Gia na peiramatisuoyn me tis dynatothtes toy. Gia na einai etoimoi, otan, me thn ejelijh ths texnologias, ginei to megalo mpoym: otan oi tvrines texnologikes dysxereies jeperastoyn kai kinoymenes eikones, fvtografies, keimena kai hxos ginoyn ena, dinontas ston oro polymesa thn pragmatikh shmasia toy.

Se o,ti afora oxi ta MME, alla tis kybernhseis kai toys poikiloys organismoys poy exoyn egkatastauei sto diktyo, to problhma den einai h elleich kerdvn - aytes einai allvste alloy eidoys ependyseis. To problhma egkeitai sto xaos poy einai to diktyo. Sto Internet, h epikoinvnia den einai "enos pros polloys", dhladh enas idiokthths efhmeridas h thleoptikoy staumoy metadidei periexomeno pros to koino. H epikoinvnia einai "pollvn pros polloys" - afoy, me dedomeno to xamhlo kostos kai ton "anoixto" xarakthra toy diktyoy, kauenas mporei na na dhmioyrghsei mia hlektronikh efhmerida h mia "selida" sto Internet.

Sxediasmeno prin 25 xronia apo to amerikaniko Ypoyrgeio Amynas gia na syndeei panepisthmiakoys, ereynhtes kai strativtikoys "akomh kai an tmhma toy diktyoy axrhsteyotan apo pyrhnikh katastrofh", to Internet einai kataskeyasmeno "xvris kentrikh ejoysia. Kaneis den to katexei, kaneis den to dieyuynei, kaneis den mporei na ekdivjei oloklhrvtika ton allo. Den yparxei diakopths poy na mporei na katebasei kapoios kai na kleisei to diktyo se mia epeigoysa periptvsh". O Kybernoxvros den epidexetai elegxo h logokrisia. Malista, to diktyo antilambanetai th logokrisia vs blabh kai thn parakamptei. Plai sthn kybernhsh mias xvras mporei na breuei mia akraia omada poy na diastreblvnei tis apoceis ths. Plai se mia polyeunikh, as poyme thn Koka Kola, poy uelei na probalei thn eikona ths, mia omada idiorryumvn xrhstvn toy proiontos ths poy dhmioyrgoyn th dikh toys lesxh sto diktyo.

"Polloi pros polloys", sxetika xamhlo kostos egkatastashs kai sxedon anejelegkth epikoinvnia dhmioyrgoyn aytomatvs problhma nomimopoihshs kai genikhs ajiopistias. Mia katastash ligo san toys peiratikoys radiostaumoys paliotera. H eydokimhsh akrodejivn omadvn kai pornografvn sto diktyo einai xarakthristikh kai sygxronvs to dysfhmei. Antistoixa, h eykolh metabash apo "selida" se "selida" dhmioyrgei fainomena san to zapping ths thleorashs. Pvs na sygkrathsei kaneis thn prosoxh enos koinoy me mikro orio prosoxhs poy phda diarkvs apo to ena sto allo; Sto Internet ola, h estv ta perissotera, parexontai dvrean. "Den yparxei", opvs legetai, "mera h m}wta - mono endiaferon h bareto".

To symperasma; Kai sthn periptvsh Kybernhsevn, organismvn h megalvn etaireivn - opvs symbainei kai me ta MME - h paroysia sto diktyo exei pros to paron na kanei me logoys positioning. Einai aytoskopos. Ueloyn na briskontai ekei.

Kontologis - para th syzhthsh gia "nees epikoinvniakes dynatothtes" TO DIKTYO DEN PREPEI NA YPERTIMATAI. PLAI STA PLEONEKTHMATA TOY YPARXOYN MEIONEKTHMATA. TA NEA MESA EINAI AKOMH SE FASH EJELIJHS.


To uema "Sygxrones Epikoinvniakes Dynatothtes kai Apodhmos Ellhnismos" prepei na diereynhuei, exontas sto noy mas thn episkophsh poy molis prohghuhke. Para ta meionekthmata kai tis texnologikes ateleies, einai gegonos oti gia thn Ellada ta nea mesa apoteloyn istorikh eykairia.

Xvris amfibolia, ta nea hlektronika diktya dhmioyrgoyn aisuhma koinothtas metajy Elladitvn kai Apodhmvn. Me to miso sxedon apo to synoliko Ellhnismo ektos synorvn h shmasia mias tetoias proseggishs einai peripoy aytonohth. H symbolh ths Diasporas sthn istoria mas einai allvste gnvsth. Apo thn yposthrijh tvn eyporvn Ellhnvn toy ejvterikoy pros ton Eleyuerio Benizelo vs th uaymasth drasthriopoihsh tvn Omogenvn meta thn Toyrkikh eisbolh sthn Kypro to 1974. Asfalvs, h epikoinvnia metajy Elladitvn kai Omogenvn pragmatopoieitai hdh. Omvs oi organismoi poy exoyn eiseluei ston kybernoxvro (efhmerides h praktoreia), einai amfibolo an mporoyn na prosdokoyn kerdh apo th drasthriothta toys ayth. H pragmatikothta ayth ua prepei isvs na lhfuei ypocin (kai na problefuoyn epidothseis endexomenvs) en ocei toy kontinoy h apvteroy mellontos - otan o arxikos enuoysiasmos endexetai na kvpasei.

Antistoixa, h epikoinvnia Elladitvn kai Apodhmvn ston Kybernoxvro einai moiraio oti den ua dieluei mono apo kratikoys foreis h tis "selides" tvn MME h tvn omogeneiakvn organvsevn, alla kai ta newsgroups h tis omades syzhthshs h kai memonvmena. O xarakthras kai ta oria ths epafhs ayths den mporei oyte na orisuoyn ek tvn protervn oyte na monopvlhuoyn apo kapoioys foreis. O dialogos Elladitvn kai Apodhmvn ypokeitai ki aytos stis xavdeis synuhkes toy diktyoy. As ypenuymisoyme mono oti to xaos ayto mporei na einai kai gonimo.

Ajioshmeivth einai kai h proanaferueisa dhmografikh synuesh toy koinoy toy Internet, h opoia mas parexei endeijeis gia thn taytothta tvn Apodhmvn poy to xrhsimopoioyn: eyporoi, nearhs sxetika hlikias, me panepisthmiakh morfvsh. Kauvs se polles jenes xvres, katejoxhn de stis Hnvmenes Politeies, h Omogeneia brisketai pleon sthn trith h thn tetarth genia kai exei th uesh ths sthn koryfh ths oikonomikhs, koinvnikhs kai politikhs pyramidas, h prosbash mesv toy diktyoy sth merida ayth tvn Apodhmvn einai idiaitera shmantikh. Den einai mono h synthrhsh toy desmoy toys me thn Ellada, deslo} poy sthn trith h thn tetarth genia mporei na exei arxisei na xalarvnei mesa apo tis diadikasies ths entajhs se mia jenh koinvnia kai tis pragmatikothtes ths monimhs egkatastashs makrya apo thn Ellada. Einai kai h dynatothta na eruei kaneis se epafh me Apodhmoys me ychlh morfvsh poy syxna katexoyn neyralgikes ueseis. Ena aplo paradeigma: oi synenteyjeis toy Nikolas Negkroponte (mesv e-mail) se ellhnikes efhmerides. To diktyo mporei na katasthsei amesh thn epikoinvnia toy Elladikoy xvroy me ta pio epilekta stelexh ths Omogeneias.

H pragmatikothta ayth anoigei neoys dromoys. Giati na ajiopoihsei kaneis tis sygxrones epikoinvniakes dynatothtes mono gia na ferei konta toys Omogeneis sthn Ellada h antistrofvs; Giati na mhn epistrateysei th stadiodromia tvn Omogenvn sto ejvteriko, th diplh ypostash toys vs atomvn ellhnikhs katagvghs kai politvn jenvn kratvn; Giati to periexomeno poy dioxeteyetai sto diktyo na einai stena ellhnikoy endiaferontos kai prosanatolismoy, topikistiko an uelete, giati dhladh na fvtografizei toys Apodhmoys mono sthn ellhnikh toys ypostash; Kai giati na einai mono elladikhs proeleyshs;

To diktyo einai ena meso, poy, opvs eipame, ejasfalizei prosbash se ena eklekto pagkosmio koino me sxetika xamhlo kostos. Giati me energoys symmetoxoys kai katalytes toys Apodhmoys na mhn dhmioyrghsei kaneis "selides" me oikoymenikoys problhmatismoys, plhrofories h cyxagvgia; Me dedomenh thn apomonvsh ths xvras apo ta paradosiaka jena MME, poy toso mas apasxolei, - giati na mhn epixeirhsei kaneis mia "nea arxh" ston dieunh xvro ths epikoinvnias. An ta nea mesa mporoyn na gefyrvsoyn th gevgrafikh apostash alla kai th diafora fashs metajy Elladas kai Apodhmvn, mporoyn epishs na apotelesoyn ena "parauyro", mia "ejodo" gia toys Ellhnes, pros to dieunh xvro ths epikoinvnias kai ths antallaghs idevn. Mia ependysh tetoioy eidoys de ua phgaine xamenh - idivs sthn epoxh mas. As mhn jexname oti "h plhfororia einai gia ton 20o aivna o,ti htan oi fysikoi poroi gia ton 19o".

To axanes topio toy Kybernoxvroy telei akomh ypo diamorfvsh. To kostos einai analogika mikro kai ta nea mesa, to diktyo, parexei dynatothtes adianohtes prin liga xronia. H Ellada mporei na symmetasxei sth nea tajh ths plhroforias poy diamorfvnetai, ths opoias ta synora, ta nea synora poy xarassontai, den einai fysika. Oi Apodhmoi, me thn pronomiakh toys uesh sto ejvterikoy mporoyn xarh sta nea mesa, poy ekmhdenizoyn xronikes kai gevgrafikes apostaseis, na symmetasxoyn isotima se ena tetoio filodojo programma. Kai o Ellhnismos na apokthsei kai pali thn oikoymenikothta toy. Menei na doyme poios mporei na ekfrasei ayto to orama.

O Dhmhtrhs Mhtropoylos zei sthn Auhna kai ergazetai vs dhmosiografos sthn efhmerida "To Bhma".

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