THE TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS
SIGNED AT SÈVRES
AUGUST 10, 1920
The aircraft of the Allied Powers shall have full liberty of passage and landing over and in the territory and territorial waters
of Turkey, and shall enjoy the same privileges as Turkish aircraft, particularly in case of distress by land or sea.
The aircraft of the Allied Powers shall, while in transit to any
foreign country whatever, enjoy the right of flying over the
territory and territorial waters of Turkey without landing,
subject always to any regulations which may be made by Turkey
with the assent of the Principal Allied Powers, and which shall
be applicable equally to the aircraft of Turkey and to those of
the Allied countries.
Al. aerodromes in Turkey open to national public traffic
shall be open for the aircraft of the Allied Powers, and in any
such aerodrome such aircraft shall be treated on a footing of
equality with Turkish aircraft as regards charges of every description, including charges for landing and accommodation.
In addition to the above-mentioned aerodromes, Turkey undertakes to establish aerodromes in such localities as may be designated by the Allied Powers within one year from the coming into
force of the present Treaty. The provisions of this Article will
apply to such aerodromes.
The Allied Powers reserve the right, in the event of the provisions of this Article not being carried out, to take all necessary
measures to permit of international aerial navigation over the
territory and territorial waters of Turkey.
Subject to the present provisions, the rights of passage, transit
and landing provided for in Articles 318, 319 and 320 are subject
to the observance of such regulations as Turkey may consider
it necessary to enact, but such regulations must be approved
by the Principal Allied Powers and shall be applied without distinction to Turkish aircraft and to those of the Allied countries.
Certificates of nationality, air-worthiness or competency and
licences, issued or recognised as valid by any of the Allied Powers,
shall be recognised in Turkey as valid and as equivalent to the
certificates and licences issued by Turkey.
As regards internal commercial air traffic the aircraft of the
Allied Powers shall enjoy in Turkey most-favoured-nation treatment.
The benefit of the provisions of Articles 318 and 319 shall not,
without the consent of the Allied Powers, be extended by Turkey
to States which fought on her side in the war of 1914-1919 so
long as such States have not become Members of the League of
Nations or been admitted to adhere to the Convention concluded
at Paris on October 13, 1919, relating to Aerial Navigation.
No concession or rights in a concession relating to civil aerial
navigation shall be granted by Turkey, without the consent of
the Allied Powers, to nationals of States which fought on her side
in the war of 1914-1919 so long as such States have not become
Members of the League of Nations or been admitted to adhere
to the Convention concluded at Paris on October 13, 1919, relating to Aerial Navigation.
Turkey undertakes to enforce the necessary measures to ensure
that all Turkish aircraft flying over her territory shall comply
with the rules as to lights and signals, rules of the air and rules
for air traffic on and in the neighbourhood of aerodromes, which
have been laid down in the Convention concluded at Paris on
October 13, 1919, relating to Aerial Navigation.
The obligations imposed by the provisions of this Part shall
remain in force until Turkey shall have been admitted into the
League of Nations or shall have been authorised, in accordance
with the provisions of the Convention relating to Aerial Navigation concluded at Paris on October 13, 1919, to adhere to that