THE TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS
SIGNED AT SÈVRES
AUGUST 10, 1920
FRONTIERS OF TURKEY.
I. In Europe, the frontiers of Turkey will be laid down as
1. The Black Sea:
from the entrance of the Bosphorus to the point described below.
2. With Greece:
From a point to be chosen on the Black Sea near the mouth of
the Biyuk Dere, situated about 7 kilometres north-west of Podima, south-westwards to the most north-westerly point of the
limit of the basin of the Istranja Dere (about 8 kilometres northwest of Istranja),
a line to be fixed on the ground passing through Kapilja Dagh
and Uchbunar Tepe;
thence south-south-eastwards to a point to be chosen on the
railway from Chorlu to Chatalja about 1 kilometre west of the
railway station of Sinekli,
a line following as far as possible the western limit of the basin
of the Istranja Dere;
thence south-eastwards to a point to be chosen between Fener
and Kurfali on the watershed between the basins of those rivers
which flow into Biyuk Chekmeje Geul, on the north-east, and the
basin of those rivers which flow direct into the Sea of Marmora on
a line to be fixed on the ground passing south of Sinekli;
thence south-eastwards to a point to be chosen on the Sea of
Marmora about 1 kilometre south-west of Kalikratia,
a line following as far as possible this watershed.
3. The Sea of Marmora:
from the point defined above to the entrance of the Bosphorus.
II. In Asia, the frontiers of Turkey will be laid down as follows:
1. On the West and South:
From the entrance of the Bosphorus into the Sea of Marmora
to a point described below, situated in the eastern Mediterranean
Sea in the neighbourhood of the Gulf of Alexandretta near
the Sea of Marmora, the Dardanelles, and the Eastern Mediterranean Sea; the islands of the Sea of Marmora, and those which
are situated within a distance of 3 miles from the coast, remaining
Turkish, subject to the provisions of Section IV and Articles 84
and 122, Part III (Political Clauses).
2. With Syria:
From a point to be chosen on the eastern bank of the outlet of
the Hassan Dede, about 3 kilometres north-west of Karatash Bu-
run, north-eastwards to a point to be chosen on the Djaihun Irmak about 1 kilometre north of Babeli,
a line to be fixed on the ground passing north of Karatash;
thence to Kesik Kale, the course of the Djaihun Irmak upstream;
thence north-eastwards to a point to be chosen on the Djaihun
Irmak about 15 kilometres east-southeast of Karsbazar,
a line to be fixed on the ground passing north of Kara Tepe;
thence to the bend in the Djaihun Irmak situated west of Duldul Dagh,
the course of the Djaihun Irmak upstream;
thence in a general south-easterly direction to a point to be
chosen on Emir Musi Dagh about 15 kilometres south-south-west of Giaour Geul
a line to be fixed on the ground at a distance of about 18 kilometres from the railway, and leaving Duldul Dagh to Syria;
thence eastwards to a point to be chosen about 5 kilometres north of Urfa
a generally straight line from west to east to be hxed on the
ground passing north of the roads connecting the towns of Bagh-
che, Aintab, Biridjik, and Urfa and leaving the last three named towns to Syria;
thence eastwards to the south-western extremity of the bend
in the Tigris about 6 kilometres north of Azekh (27 kilometres
west of Djezire-ibn-Omar),
a generally straight line from west to east to be fixed on the
ground leaving the town of Mardin to Syria;
thence to a point to be chosen on the Tigris between the point
of confluence of the Khabur Su with the Tigris and the bend in
the Tigris situated about 10 kilometres north of this point,
the course of the Tigris downstream, leaving the island on
which is situated the town of Djezire-ibn-Omar to Syria.
3. With Mesopotamia:
Thence in a general easterly direction to a point to be chosen
on the northern boundary of the vilayet of Mosul,
a line to be fixed on the ground;
thence eastwards to the point where it meets the frontier between Turkey and Persia,
the northern boundary of the vilayet of Mosul, modified, however, so as to pass south of Amadia.
4. On the East and the North East:
From the point above defined to the Black Sea, the existing
frontier between Turkey and Persia, then the former frontier
between Turkey and Russia, subject to the provisions of Article 89.
5. The Black Sea.
The frontiers described by the present Treaty are traced on
the one in a million maps attached to the present Treaty. In
case of differences between the text and the map, the text will
prevail. [See Introduction.]
Boundary Commissions, whose composition is or will be fixed
in the present Treaty or in Treaties supplementary thereto, will
have to trace these frontiers on the ground.
They shall have the power, not only of fixing those portions
which are defined as "a line to be fixed on the ground," but also,
if the Commission considers it necessary, of revising in matters of
detail portions defined by administrative boundaries or otherwise.
They shall endeavour in all cases to follow as nearly as possible
the descriptions given in the Treaties, taking into account, as far
as possible, administrative boundaries and local economic interests.
The decisions of the Commissions will be taken by a majority,
and shall be binding on the parties concerned.
The expenses of the Boundary Commissions will be borne in
equal shares by the parties concerned.
In so far as frontiers defined by a waterway are concerned, the
phrases "course" or "channel" used in the descriptions of the
present Treaty signify, as regards non-navigable rivers, the
median line of the waterway or of its principal branch, and, as
regards navigable rivers, the median line of the principal channel
of navigation. It will rest with the Boundary Commissions provided for by the present Treaty to specify whether the frontier
line shall follow any changes of the course or channel which may
take place, or whether it shall be definitely fixed by the position of
the course or channel at the time when the present Treaty comes
In the absence of provisions to the contrary in the present
Treaty, islands and islets Iying within three miles of the coast are
included within the frontier of the coastal State.
The various States concerned undertake to furnish to the
Commissions all documents necessary for their tasks, especially
authentic copies of agreements fixing existing or old frontiers, all
large scale maps in existence, geodetic data, surveys completed
but unpublished, and information concerning the changes of frontier
watercourses. The maps, geodetic data, and surveys, even if
unpublished, which are in the possession of the Turkish authorities must
be delivered at Constantinople, within thirty days from
the coming into force of the present Treaty, to such representative
of the Commissions concerned as may be appointed by the
principal Allied Powers.
The States concerned also undertake to instruct the local
authorities to communicate to the Commissions all documents,
especially plans, cadastral and land books, and to furnish on
demand all details regarding property, existing economic conditions, and other necessary information.
The various States interested undertake to give every assistance to the Boundary Commissions, whether directly or through local authorities, in everything that concerns transport, accommodation, labour, materials (sign-posts, boundary pillars) necessary for the accomplishment of their mission.
In particular the Turkish Government undertakes to furnish
to the Principal Allied Powers such technical personnel as they
may consider necessary to assist the Boundary Commissions in
the accomplishment of their mission.
The various States interested undertake to safeguard the
trigonometrical points, signals, posts or frontier marks erected
by the Commissions.
The pillars will be placed so as to be intervisible; they will be
numbered, and their position and their number will be noted on a
The protocols defining the boundary and the maps and documents attached thereto will be made out in triplicate, of which
two copies will be forwarded to the Governments of the limitrophe
States, and the third to the Government of the French Republic,
which will deliver authentic copies to the Powers who sign the