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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

[Copied from: http://www.tbmm.gov.tr/anayasa/constitution.htm]

INDEX

PREAMBLE
PART ONE GENERAL PRINCIPLES I. Form of the State
II. Characteristics of the Republic
III. Integrity of the State, Official Language, Flag, National Anthem, and Capital
IV. Irrevocable Provisions
V. Fundamental Aims and Duties of the State
VI. Sovereignty
VII. Legislative Power
VIII. Executive Power and Function
IX. Judicial Power
X. Equality before the Law
XI. Supremacy and Binding Force of the Constitution
PART TWO FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES
CHAPTER ONE GENERAL PROVISIONS I. Nature of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
II. Restriction of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
III. Prohibition of Abuse of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
IV. Suspension of the Exercise of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
V. Status of Aliens
CHAPTER TWO RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE INDIVIDUAL
I. Personal Inviolability, Material and Spiritual Entity of the individual
II. Prohibition of Forced Labour
III. Personal Liberty and Security
IV. Privacy and Protection of Private Life A. Privacy of Individual Life
B. Inviolability of the Domicile
C. Freedom of Communication
V. Freedom of Residence and Movement
VI. Freedom of Religion and Conscience
VII. Freedom of Thought and Opinion
VIII. Freedom of Expression and Dissemination of Thought
IX. Freedom of Science and the Arts
X. Provisions Relating to the Press and Publication A. Freedom of the Press
B. Right to Publish Periodicals and Non-periodicals
C. Protection of Printing Facilities
D. Right to Use Media Other Than the Press Owned by Public Corporations
E. Right of Rectification and Reply
XI. Rights and Freedoms of Assembly A. Freedom of Association
B. Right to Hold Meetings and Demonstration Marches
XII. Property Rights
XIII. Provisions Relating to the Protection of Rights A. Freedom to Claim Rights
B. Guarantee of Lawful Judgement
C. Principles Relating to Offences and Penalties
XIV. Right to Prove an Allegation
XV. Protection of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
CHAPTER THREE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS AND DUTIES
1. Protection of the Family
II. Right and Duty of Training and Education
III. Public Interest A. Utilisation of the Coasts
B. Land Ownership
C. Protection of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and of Persons Engaged in These Activities
D. Expropriation
E. Nationalization and Privatisation
IV. Freedom to Work and Conclude Contracts
V. Provisions Relating to Labour A. Right and Duty to Work
B. Working Conditions and Right to Rest and Leisure
C. Right to Organize Labour Unions
D. Activities of Labour Unions
VI. Collective Bargaining, Right to Strike and Lockout A. Right of Collective Bargaining
B. Right to Strike and Lockout
VII. Guarantee of Fair Wage
VIII. Health, the Environment and Housing A. Health Services and Conservation of the Environment
B. Right to Housing
IX. Youth and Sports A. Protection of the Youth
B. Development of Sports
X. Social Security Rights A. Right to Social Security
B. Persons Requiring Special Protection in the Field of Social Security
C. Turkish Nationals Working Abroad
XI. Conservation of Historical, Cultural and Natural Wealth
XII. Protection of Arts and Artists
XIII. The Extent of Social and Economic Duties of the State
CHAPTER FOUR POLITICAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES
I. Turkish Citizenship
II. Right to Vote, to be Elected and to Engage in Political Activity
III. Provisions Relating to Political Parties A. Forming Parties, Membership and Withdrawal From Membership in a Party
B. Principles to be Observed by Political Parties
IV. Right to Enter Public Service A. Entry into Public Service
B. Declaration of Assets
V. National Service
VI. Obligation to Pay Taxes
VII. Right of Petition
PART THREE FUNDAMENTAL ORGANS OF THE REPUBLIC
CHAPTER ONE LEGISLATIVE POWER
I. The Turkish Grand National Assembly A. Composition
B. Eligibility to be a Deputy
C. Election Term of the Turkish Grand National Assembly
D. Deferment of Elections to the Turkish Grand National Assembly, and By-elections
E. General Administration and Supervision of Elections
F. Provisions Relating to Membership 1. Representing the Nation
2. Oath-Taking
3. Activities Incompatible with Membership
4. Parliamentary Immunity
5. Loss of Membership
6. Application for Annulment
7. Salaries and Allowances
II. Functions and Powers of the Turkish Grand National Assembly A. General Provisions
B. Proposal and Debate of Laws
C. Promulgation of Laws by the President of the Republic
D. Ratification of International Treaties
E. Authorisation to Enact Decrees Having the Force of Law
F. Declaration of State of War and Authorisation to Deploy the Armed Forces
III. Provisions Relating to the Activities of the Turkish Grand National Assembly A. Convening and Adjournment
B. Bureau of the Assembly
C. Rules of Procedure, Political Party Groups and Security Affairs
D. Quorums Required for Sessions and Decisions
E. Publicity and Publication of Debates
IV. Ways of Collecting Information and Supervision by the Turkish Grand National Assembly A. General Provisions
B. Motions of Censure
C. Parliamentary Investigation
CHAPTER TWO THE EXECUTIVE
I. President of the Republic A. Qualifications and Impartiality
B. Election
C. Taking the Oath
D. Duties and Powers
E. Presidential Accountability and Non-accountability
F. Acting
G.
H. State Supervisory Council
II. Council of Ministers A. Formation
B. Taking Office and Vote of Confidence
C. Vote of Confidence While in Office
D. Functions and Political Responsibilities
E. Ministers, and the Formation of Ministries
F. Provisional Council of Ministers During Elections
G. Regulations
H. Calling for Elections for the Turkish Grand National Assembly by the President of the Republic
I. National Defence A. Offices of Commander-in-Chief and Chief of the General Staff
B. National Security Council
III. Procedure Governing Emergency Rule A. States of Emergency 1. Declaration of State of Emergency on Account of Natural Disaster or
2. Declaration of State of Emergency on Account of Widespread Acts of
3. Rules Relating to the State of Emergency
B. Martial Law, Mobilization and State of War
IV. Administration A. Fundamentals of the Administration 1. Integral Unity and Public Legal Personality of the Administration
2. By-laws
B. Recourse to Judicial Review
C. Organisation of the Administration 1. Central Administration
2. Local Administrations
D. Provisions Relating to Public Servants 1. General Principles
2. Duties and Responsibilities, and Guarantees During Disciplinary Proceedings
E. Institutions of Higher Education and Their Higher Bodies 1. Institutions of Higher Education
2. Superior Bodies of Higher Education
3. Institutions of Higher Education Subject to Special Provisions
F. Radio and Television Administrations and State-Financed News Agencies
G. The Atatürk High Institution of Culture, Language and History
H. Public Professional Organisations
I. Department of Religious Affairs
J. Unlawful Orders
CHAPTER THREE JUDICIAL POWER
I. General Provisions A. Independence of the Courts
B. Security of Tenure of Judges and Public Prosecutors
C. Judges and Public Prosecutors
D. Publicity of Hearings and Verdict Justification
E. Organisation of Courts
F. State Security Courts
G. Supervision of Judges and Public Prosecutors
H. Military Justice
II. Higher Courts A. The Constitutional Court 1. Organisation
2. Termination of Membership
3. Functions and Powers
4. Functioning and Trial Procedure
5. Annulment Action
6. Time Limit for Annulment Action
7. Contention of Unconstitutionality Before Other Courts
8. Decisions of the Constitutional Court
B. The High Court of Appeals
C. Council of State
D. Military High Court of Appeals
E. High Military Administrative Court of Appeals
F. Court of Jurisdictional Disputes
III. Supreme Council of Judges and Public Prosecutors
IV. Audit Court
PART FOUR FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROVISIONS
CHAPTER ONE FINANCIAL PROVISIONS
I. Budget A. Preparation and Implementation of the Budget
B. Debate on the Budget
C. Principles Governing Budgetary Amendments
D. Final Account
E. Auditing of State Economic Enterprises
CHAPTER TWO ECONOMIC PROVISIONS
I. Planning
II. Supervision of Markets and Regulation of Foreign Trade
III. Exploration and Exploitation of Natural Resources
IV. Forests and the Inhabitants of Forest Villages A. Protection and Development of Forests
B. Protection of the Inhabitants of Forest Villages
V. Promotion of Cooperatives
VI. Protection of Consumers, Small Traders and Craftsmen A. Protection of Consumers
B. Protection of Small Traders and Craftsmen
PART FIVE MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS I. Preservation of Reform Laws PART SIX PROVISIONAL ARTICLES
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 1.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 2.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 3.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 4.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 5.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 6.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 7.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 8.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 9.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 10.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 11.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 12.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 13.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 14.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 15.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 16.
PROVISIONAL ARTICLE OF THE LAW NO.4709
PART SEVEN FINAL PROVISIONS
I. Amendment of the Constitution, Participation in Elections and Referenda
II. Preamble and Headings of Articles
III. Entry into Force of the Constitution
PROVISIONAL ARTICLES NOT INCLUDED IN THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY Provisional article of Law No. 4709 dated October 3, 2001
Provisional article of Law No. 4777 dated December 27, 2002 PROVISIONAL ARTICLE 1.

Previous form of the Turkish constitution

Parts of the Turkish Constitution:
Preamble, Part I, Part II: Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Part III: a, b, c, Part IV, Part V, Part VI, Part VII, Index
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