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The Constitution of the Republic of Turkey

Text copied from http://turkey.org/turkey/p_consti.htm.

INDEX

PREAMBLE

PART ONE - GENERAL PRINCIPLES

  • I.Form of the State
  • II.Characteristics of the Republic
  • III.Integrity of the State, Official Language, Flag, National Anthem, and Capital
  • IV.Irrevocable Provisions
  • V.Fundamental Aims and Duties of the State
  • VI.Sovereignty
  • VII.Legislative Power
  • VIII.Executive Power and Function
  • IX.Judicial Power
  • X.Equality before Law
  • XI.Supremacy and Binding Force of the Constitution
PART TWO - FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES

CHAPTER ONE - GENERAL PROVISIONS

  • I.Nature of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
  • II.Restriction of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
  • III.Prohibition of Abuse of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
  • IV.Suspension of the Exercise of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
  • V.Status of Aliens
CHAPTER TWO - THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE INDIVIDUAL
  • I.Personal Inviolability, Material and Spiritual Entity of the Individual

  • II.Prohibition of Forced Labour
  • III.Personal Liberty and Security
  • IV.Privacy and Protection of Private Life
    • A.Privacy of the Individual's Life
    • B.Inviolability of Domicile
    • C.Freedom of Communication
  • V.Freedom of Residence and Movement
  • VI.Freedom of Religion and Conscience
  • VII.Freedom of Thought and Opinion
  • VIII.Freedom of Expression and Dissemination of Thought
  • IX.Freedom of Science and Arts
  • X.Provisions Relating to the Press and Publication
    • A.Freedom of the Press
    • B.Right to Publish Periodicals and Nonperiodicals
    • C.Protection of Printing Facilities
    • D. Right to Use Mass Media other than the Press Which Are Owned by the Public Corporations
    • E.Right of Rectification and Reply
  • XI.Rights and Freedom of Assembly
    • A.Freedom of Association
    • B.Right to Hold Meetings and Demonstration Marches
  • XII.Right of Property
  • XIII.Provisions Relating to the Protection of Rights
    • A.Freedom to Claim Rights
    • B.Guarantee of Lawful Judge
    • C.Principles Relating to Offences and Penalties
  • XIV.Right to Prove an Allegation
  • XV.Protection of Fundamental Rights nd Freedoms
CHAPTER THREE - SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS AND DUTIES
  • I.Protection of the Family
  • II.Right and Duty of Training and Education
  • III.Public Interest
    • A.Utilisation of the Coast
    • B.Land Ownership
    • C.Protection of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Persons Engaged in These Activities
    • D. Expropriation
    • E.Nationalisation
  • IV.Freedom to Work and Conclude Contracts
  • V.Provisions Relating to Labour
    • A.Right and Duty to Work
    • B.Working Conditions and Right to Rest and Leisure
    • C.Right to Organise Labour Unions
    • D.Activities of Labour Unions
  • VI.Collective Bargaining, Right to Strike, and Lockout
    • A.Right of Collective Bargaining
    • B.Right to Strike, and Lockout
  • VII.Guarantee of Fair Wage
  • VIII. Health, the Environment, and Housing
    • A.Health Services and Conservation of the Environment
    • B.Right to Housing
  • IX.Youth and Sports
    • A.Protection of Youth
    • B.Development of Sports
  • X.Social Security Rights
    • A.Right to Social Security
    • B.Persons Requiring Special Protection in the Field of Social Security
    • C.Turkish Nationals Working Abroad
  • XI.Conservation of Historical, Cultural, and Natural Wealth
  • XII.Protection of Arts and Artists
  • XIII. The Extent of Social and Economic Right
CHAPTER FOUR - POLITICAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES
  • I.Turkish Citizenship
  • II.Right to Vote, to be Elected, and to Engage in Political Activity
  • III.Provision Relating to Political Parties
    • A.Forming Parties, Membership, and Withdrawal from Membership in a Party
    • B.Principles to be Observed by Political Parties
  • IV.Right to Enter the Public Service
    • A.Entry into the Public Service
    • B.Declaration of Assets
  • V.National Service
  • VI.Obligation to Pay Taxes
  • VII.Right of Petition
PART THREE - FUNDAMENTAL ORGANS OF THE REPUBLIC

CHAPTER ONE - LEGISLATIVE POWER

  • I.Turkish Grand National Assembly
    • A.Composition
    • B.Eligibility to be a Deputy
    • C.Election Term of the Turkish Grand National Assembly
    • D.Deferment of Elections to the Grand National Assembly, and By-elections
    • E.General Administration and Supervision of the Elections
    • F.Provisions Relating to Membership
      • 2.Oath-taking
      • 3.Activities Incompatible with Membership
      • 4.Parliamentary Immunity
      • 5.Loss of Membership
      • 6.Application for Annulment
      • 7.Salaries and Allowances
  • II.Functions and Powers of the Turkish Grand National Assembly
    • A.General Provisions
    • B.Introduction and Debate of the Laws
    • C.Promulgation of Laws by the President of the Republic
    • D.Ratification of International Treaties
    • E.Authorisation to Enact Decrees Having Force of Law
    • F.Declaration of State of War and Authorisation to Permit the Use of Armed Forces
  • III.Provisions Relating to the Activities of the Turkish Grand National Assembly
    • A.Convening and Adjournment
    • B.Bureau of the Assembly
    • C.Rules of Procedure, Political Party Security Affairs
    • D.Quorums Required for Sessions and Decisions
    • E.Publicity and Publication of Debates
  • IV.Ways of Collecting Information and Supervision by the Turkish Grand National Assembly
    • A.General Provisions
    • B.Interpellation
    • C.Parliamentary Investigation
CHAPTER TWO - EXECUTIVE
  • I.President of the Republic
    • A.Qualifications and Impartiality
    • B.Election
    • C.Oath
    • D.Duties and Powers
    • E.Presidential Accountability and Nonaccountability
    • F.Deputation for the President of the Republic
    • G.General Secretariat of the President of the Republic
    • H.State Supervisory Council
  • II.Council of Ministers
    • A.Formation
    • B.Taking Office and Vote of Confidence
    • C.Vote of Confidence while in Office
    • D.Functions and Political Responsibilities
    • E.Formation of Ministries, and Ministers
    • F.Provisional Council of Ministers during Elections
    • G.Regulations
    • H.Calling Elections for the Turkish Grand National Assembly by the President of the Republic
  • II.National Defence Offices of Commander-in-Chief and

  • 1. Chief of the General Staff
  • 2. National Security Council
  • III.Procedure Governing Emergency Rule
    • A.States of Emergency
      • 1.Declaration of a State of Emergency on Account of a Natural Disaster or Serious Economic Crisis
      • 2.Declaration of a State of Emergency on Accoun of Widespread Acts of Violence and Serious Deterioration of Public Order
      • 3.Rules Relating to the States of Emergency
    • B.Martial Law, Mobilisation, and State of War
  • IV.Administration
    • A.Fundamentals of the Administration
      • 1.Integral Unity and Public Legal Personality of the Administration
    • B.Recourse to Judicial Review
    • C.Organisation of the Administration
      • 1.Central Administration
      • 2.Local Administrations
    • D.Provisions Relating to Public Servants
      • 1.General Principles
      • 2.Duties and Responsibilities, and Guarantees During Disciplinary Proceedings
    • E.Institutions of Higher Education and Their Higher Bodies
      • 1.Institutions of Higher Education
      • 2.Superior Bodies of Higher Education
      • 3.Institutions of Higher Education Subject to Special Provisions
    • F.Radio and Television Administration and News Agencies with State Connection
    • G.The Ataturk High Institution of Culture, Language, and History
    • H.Public Professional Organisations
    • I.Department of Religious Affairs
    • J.Unlawful Orders
CHAPTER THREE - JUDICIAL POWER
  • I.General Provisions
    • A.Independence of the Courts
    • B.Security of Tenure of Judges and Public Prosecutors
    • C.Judges and Public Prosecutors
    • D.Publicity of the Hearings and Verdict Justification
    • E.Organisation of Courts
    • F.Courts of the Security of the State
    • G.Supervision of Judges and Public Prosecutors
    • H.Military Justice
  • II.Higher Courts
    • A.The Constitutional Court
      • 1.Organisation
      • 2.Termination of Membership
      • 3.Functions and Powers
      • 4.Functioning and Trial Procedure
      • 5.Annulment Action
      • 6.Time Limit for Annulment Action
      • 7.Contention of Unconstitutionality before Other Courts
      • 8.Decisions of the Constitutional Court
    • B.The High Court of Appeals
    • C.Council of State
    • D.Military High Court of Appeals
    • E.High Military Administrative Court of Appeals
    • F.Jurisdictional Conflict Court
  • III.Supreme Council of Judges and Public Prosecutors
  • IV.Audit Court
PART FOUR - FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROVISIONS

CHAPTER ONE - FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

  • I.Budget
    • A.Preparation and Implementation of the Budget
    • B.Debate on the Budget
    • C.Principles Governing Budgetary Amendments
    • D.Final Account
    • E.Auditing of State Economic Enterprises
CHAPTER TWO - ECONOMIC PROVISIONS
  • I.Planning
  • II.Supervision of Markets and Regulation of Foreign Trade
  • III.Exploration and Exploitation of Natural Resources
  • IV.Forests and the Inhabitants of Forest Villages
    • A.Protection and Development of Forests
    • B.Protection of the Inhabitants of Forest Villages
  • V.Promotion of Cooperatives
  • VI.Protection of Consumers, Small Traders, and Craftsmen
    • A.Protection of Consumers
    • B.Protection of Small Traders and Craftsmen
PART FIVE - MISCELLANEOUS
  • I.Preservation of Reform Laws
PART SIX - PROVISIONAL ARTICLES

PART SEVEN - FINAL PROVISIONS

  • I.Amendment of the Constitution
  • II.Preamble and Headings of Articles
  • III.Entry into Force of the Constitution

Parts of the Turkish Constitution:
Preamble, Part I, Part II: a, b, c, d, Part III: a, b, c, Part IV, Part V, Part VI, Part VII, Amendment 1987, Index
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