The seaside settlement of Agia Pelagia is situated on the northeastern part of the island, 26 km from Kythera. It is the harbour of the village of Potamos and the main port of the island, the construction of which began in 1933. In recent years, Agia Pelagia's touristic development has been significant, attracting many visitors during the summer.
The seaside settlement of Avlemonas is situated 26 km northeast of the island's capital. In 1802, the "Mendor" which England's Lord Elwin had transport carvings from the Parthenon, was shipwrecked here. The settlement's few houses are built in a style which combines traditional and modern architecture. At the port's entrance, one can see the ruins of a Venetian castle, built in 1565.
In Avlemonas, one can visit the area of Palaiopoli, where excavations brought to light several significant findings. Also worth seeing are the churches of Agios Georgios Vounou and Agia Moni.
The seaside settlement of Kapsali is situated 3 km east of Kythera. It is the second largest port on the island, next to Hora's harbour. Kapsali is built on the edge of a small natural bay, on the peninsula where the picturesque chapel of Agios Georgios stands. During the Venetian Rule, in 1363, the town was entrenched to protect itself from constant pirate raids. Today, there is almost nothing left from these walls. The settlements' significant sights are the "Lazaretto" (1817) and the "Aqueduct", built by the English Commissioner Mackvel.
From Kapsali, one should visit the monastery of Agios Ioannis Theologos (16th century), which is built on a steep slope. According to tradition, Ioannis Theologos lived here as a monk.
The picturesque village of Karavas is built 27 km north of Kythera. A few houses are built among plane, almond and eucalyptus trees. Karavas is famous for its springs of crystal-clear water. The area's significant sights are the churches of Agios Haralambos, Agios Prokopios and Panagia Despina.
KYTHERA / HORA / TSIRIGO
The town of Kythera (alias Hora, alias Tsirigo) is situated on the southern part of the island and has a population of 600 inhabitants. It is a beautiful and picturesque town with small white houses, alleys and arches in a Cycladean rather than Ionian architectural style.
On top of the hill where the town is built, the scenery is dominated by a famous Venetian castle surrounded by small Byzantine churches.
The town's central square, Dimitrios Stais, is the center of economic and cultural activity. One should also visit the churches of Estavromenos and Agia Anna. The town's school, built in 1921, is also very interesting. In the town, a small Archaeological Museum is open to tourists and, in summer, a number of interesting cultural events are organized.
Milopotamos is a small settlement of 100 inhabitants situated 15 km northwest of Hora. The area of Milopotamos also includes the settlement of Kato Hora, Arei and Piso Pigadi. Milopotamos's traditional houses, built among dense vegetation and an abundance of crystal-clear water, are of striking beauty. In the centre of the settlement stands the fountain of Kamari. According to tradition, the fountain was sprung for the first time when St Sozondas touched the rock with his stick. In the area one can also admire the Venetian castle which is a testament to the settlement's glory during the Venetian rule. Another sight worth seeing is the church of Agios Haralambos.
Other sights near this area are the cave of Agia Sofia, the monastery of Panagia Orfani and "Neraida" falls.
Potamos, the second largest city in the island, has a population of 400 inhabitants and is situated 19 km north of the island's capital. The area is famous for the fighters for the Greek Revolution, such as P.Koroneos who had a significant role in the Cretan Revolution.
The houses are lovely and traditionally built, while entering the town, the visitors comes across a beautiful small pine-forest. The dominating sight-seeings in the town are the byzantine church of Agios Theodoros, the church of Panagia Irariotissa, Agia Anastasia and Agios Ioannis. Other significant buildings are the Hospital, the Home for the Aged, and the school for Girls, all of them being charity donations. From Potamos one should visit the castle of Palaiohora / castle of Agios Dimitrios.