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BOSNEWS digest 496 - 12/12/95

From: Dzevat Omeragic <>

Bosnia-Herzegovina News Directory


  • [01] Bosnia peace framework set by London conference

  • [02] World Bank says $4.9 billion needed for Bosnia

  • [03] Eastern Slavonia?

  • [01] Bosnia peace framework set by London conference

    The Bosnian Peace conference in London created the Peace Implementation Council (PIC). Its non-military framework for ensuring a lasting peace in former Yugoslavia: - The PIC will comprise the 42 nation states and 10 international organizations represented at the London meeting and will meet every six months. - It will have a steering board chaired by High Representative Carl Bildt that will comprise the G7 countries plus Russia, the country holding the European Union presidency and European Commission and Organization of the Islamic Conference representatives. - The steering board will probably hold formal meetings monthly but have contacts on an almost daily basis. - It will invite representatives of organizations like the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to attend meetings when required. - Bildt will take his political guidance from the steering board. His task will be to liaise with NATO to ensure the two flanks of the operation mesh and oversee all non-military aspects of implementing peace and of reconstruction. - Bildt will be in close contact with the OSCE and its head of mission, who has yet to be named. - The OSCE will be responsible for organizing democratic elections within six to nine months in Bosnia, monitoring human rights and demilitarization. - Bildt will be based in Brussels but will have a sizeable staff in Sarajevo led by his deputy, who is expected to be Germany's Michael Steiner. - Bildt will also liaise with the UNHCR refugee agency, the only U.N. agency to be given a formal mandate under the Dayton accord. It will try to repatriate or resettle three million displaced people and refugees in former Yugoslavia. - A U.N. civilian police force dubbed the ``international police task force'' will consist of 1,500 men. Their main task will be to train Bosnia's police force. - It is not yet clear who will be given the task of hunting down and arresting war criminals indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal in the Hague.

    [02] World Bank says $4.9 billion needed for Bosnia

    James Wolfensohn, the president of the World Bank said on Saturday Bosnia needed $4.9 billion over the next three years to repair its shattered economy and pledged a $600 million emergency package as soon as possible.

    The immediate priorities were to restore food production and agricultural distribution, rebuild roads, schools and hospitals, get power stations restarted and provide for the return of teachers and medical staff.

    Mr. Wolfensohn said: "You have a country with a problem here...This is a country which is not functioning." "The objective in the first quarter of next year is to get the country functioning."

    "If the World Bank is to be effective we cannot be the sole financier. We're prepared to coordinate and put in the lead financing. We'll do this as long as others come along."

    "We're there to help them -- they will run the plan."

    Wolfensohn said the debt, combined with the proposed aid package, amounted to $8.1 billion. "That is nothing like the loss in the country has suffered. It will not get it back to where it was before the war, but will restart it,"

    Nine out of 10 people were living on state aid, 80 percent of power generation potential had been destroyed and two-thirds of housing had been damaged.

    [03] Eastern Slavonia?

    Diplomats say that with NATO's energies devoted to a huge peacekeeping task in Bosnia, conflict in Croatia may erupt again.

    NATO powers ruled out sending troops to oversee Eastern Slavonia's transition as Tudjman sought and the U.N. hoped, since it has run out of money for peacekeeping.

    The loss of peace momentum in Eastern Slavonia was brought home on Saturday when Belgium said it would withdraw its 700 U.N. peacekeepers there next month without a sensible solution.

    The only other peacekeepers are 800 Russians, discredited by years of alleged black-marketeering with the rebel Serbs.

    Croatian Foreign Minister Mate Granic warned: "The U.N. is history for us already. Even if no other international forces come by January 15, the U.N. will have to leave by then."

    Senior European diplomats commented the Eastern Slavonia: "Eastern Slavonia is getting short shrift now with all attention focused on NATO in Bosnia, and that's dangerous." "Things will have to be clinched in Paris on December 14 and the Security Council must act fast after that." "Milosevic must deliver or we will have a crisis. The local (Slavonian) Serbs will not really budge unless pressured by their master, Milosevic."

    The diplomats say no one really knows how to fulfil the Basic Agreement's pledge to put Croats back in their homes without violence or prevent a mass Serb exodus defeating the very purpose of the pact -- to restore Slavonia's multi-cultural character.

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