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BosNet Digest V5 #30 / Jan. 19, 1996

From: Nermin Zukic <n6zukic@SMS.BUSINESS.UWO.CA>

Bosnia-Herzegovina News Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] MASS GRAVES IN BOSNIA, CONCENTRATION CAMPS IN SERBIA

  • [02] CIA ESTABLISHED INTELLIGENCE NETWORK IN B-H

  • [03] ANOTHER TWO MASS GRAVES - DISCOVERED

  • [04] DONATION FOR MACHINE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF VICTIMS - ESSENTIAL

  • [05] ON CRIMES COMMITTED IN "KRAJINA" STOLEN

  • [06] FROWICK ON ELECTIONS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

  • [07] ANOTHER BOSNIAN SERB ARRESTED IN GERMANY

  • [08] UNHCR: THREE STAGES FOR THE RETURN OF REFUGEES

  • [09] WHAT A CITY LOOKS LIKE AFTER SERBS CLEANSE IT


  • [01] MASS GRAVES IN BOSNIA, CONCENTRATION CAMPS IN SERBIA

    Sarajevo, Jan 19, 1996 (Press TWRA) - British IFOR supervise the Ljubija mine, southwest of Prijedor, west Bosnia where the death camps, now mass graves were organized what "The New York Times" wrote about. In the nearby Sanski Most, more mass graves have been found and a smaller one near Vozuca in central Bosnia where Serbs killed a group of civilians early in summer 1992. The area was liberated last autumn.

    Washington, The Hague - Pentagon estimates the number of mass graves in Bosnia to be higher than 2O. The Hague Tribunal deputy prosecutor, G. Blewitt announced excavating the graves as soon as possible, probably early this spring stressing that in the meantime is crucial to prevent the removal of evidence.

    Brussels - NATO commander, the US gen. Joulwan says IFOR cannot watch the graves and prevent removing the evidence but can secure protection for civil groups guarding the graves.

    London - Author of the book on the war in B-H "Seasons in Hell", journalist Ed Vulliamy ("La Stampa", "The Observer", "The Guardian"), released in "Guardian" the existence of concentration camps in Serbia where Bosniacs from east Bosnia, mainly from Zepa and Srebrenica were placed. In a hilly and lonely camp nearby the village of Sljivovica, 8O km from Bosnian border and 5O km southeastern from Uzice and another secret camp in Serbia, Mitrovo Polje, there are 8OO detained Bosniacs. Tim Butcher wrote about the camp Mitrovo Polje in "The Telegraph". 24 persons recoveringg in Irish capital of Dublin, have been released so far. The states ready to provide accommodation for the others are USA, Australia, Italy, France, Ireland, Belgium and Sweden and their release has been negotiated by ICRC and the Belgrade authorities for some time. Western govts. and ICRC, which knew about the camps, have not released the truth hoping for the solution to be reached by secret diplomacy. ICRC spokeswoman admitted ICRC's accepting Serb condition not to inform the public on the existence of the camps in FR Yugoslavia and in return, the ICRC officials were allowed to visit the camps every fortnight. As some of the detainees were maltreated and starved, ICRC mentioned in its internal report that "some abnormalities were observed". Camp at Sljivovica is placed in the former railway hangars. "The Guardian" reports the evidence stating the guards used to beat up detainees severely and for no reason. A survivor from Serbrenica, Safet Ilic says he fled from the town with 2,OOO more people, many of them killed in artillery and heavy machine gun fire. Some groups fled to the free B-H territory and some to Serbia. They were arrested in Serbia and put to concentration camp. Before they left eastern Bosnia, many had been cought up, slaughtered with knives, axes or fire arms. Karadzic's Serbs had a mobile torturing device: a blade cutting the victim's chest while his legs were tied up against the chair. Delegation of the Hague Tribunal is sent to Dublin to record the evidence of the former detainees of Serbian camps. Belgrade does not let the Hague Tribunal approach to the places in question. /end/ A.S.

    [02] CIA ESTABLISHED INTELLIGENCE NETWORK IN B-H

    Washington, Jan 19,1996 (Press TWRA) - As one CIA high official reported, on the press conference, US established the big intelligence network in B-H. The operational part has been left over to CIA and US Army, which for the first time cooperate in such operation. The aim of this intelligence network is to provide the information for US and other IFORs in order to forewarn them about potential terrorists and other dangers. The information will be give in a form of satellite photographs, data provided by land sensors and reports of CIA teams working on the ground. The CIA officials, who wanted to stay anonymous, confirmed that NATO and British intelligence services and other sources will also participate in this action. The part of collected material could be in the investigation on war crimes committed in B-H. "Such information is of great importance for every commander", said one official. (end) S.K.

    [03] ANOTHER TWO MASS GRAVES - DISCOVERED

    Boston, Jan 19,1996 (Press TWRA) - Another two mass graves with several hundred bodies have been found in B-H. According to "Christian Science Monitor" journalist, John Landale, report the mass graves are in Glogova, situated several kilometers north-west from Srebrenica. Landale who has visited Glogova reported that human bones are scattered all around the place. He also reported that near the graves is storehouse drilled with bullets which fits in the story of one of the survivors. That Bosniak witnessed that Bosnian Serbs killed hundreds of Bosniaks in Glogova on July 13, 1995. The Glogova village has been completely destroyed in May 1992.

    Washington - US decided to accept 214 Bosniaks who, after the fall of Srebrenica and Zepa, had been detained in Serbian camps and give them refugee status. "It is horrible that those people besides being captured during the bloodshed in Srebrenica had to spend at least another two months in Serbian detention camps under dreadful condition", said State Department spokesman N. Burns. Burns emphasized that at least 8OO men out of 8O OOO people who have been expelled from their homes after the fall of Srebrenica and Zepa had been taken to Serbia. (end) S.K.

    [04] DONATION FOR MACHINE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF VICTIMS - ESSENTIAL

    Tuzla, Jan 19,1996 (Press TWRA) - During the recent meeting with Governor of Tuzla-Podrinje canton I. Hadzic the representatives of Tuzla's regional Commission for exchange of WPs emphasized the necessity to purchase the machine for identification of corpses, reported our corespondent. Such machine has a wide usage in forensic medicine, and there is only one on the Balkan in Zagreb. In order to conduct more accurate identification of great number of remains of victims of Serbian genocide it is of utmost importance that Tuzla Clinical center obtain such machine as soon as possible. The identification of only one killed person in Zagreb costs about 3 OOO DEM which is very expensive, in relation to the fact that only on the territory of north-east Bosnia there are about 24 OOO "missing" persons out of 3O OOO in whole Bosnia. (end) S.K.

    [05] ON CRIMES COMMITTED IN "KRAJINA" STOLEN

    Zagreb, Jan 18, 1996 (Press TWRA) - The UNPF spokesman Ph. Arnold said that theft at the UNPF seat in Zagreb was a routine aimed at stealing computer equipment, not data stored in it. Theft could be done only by UN employee as others have no access to the post, said Arnold. Stolen equipment includes data on arson, and killing of Serb civilians in autumn 1995 after Croatian army liberated the former UN North & South sector (so-called Krajina). /end/A.S.

    [06] FROWICK ON ELECTIONS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

    Sarajevo, Jan 18, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Supervising temporary electoral commission for B-H will have been appointed by the end of January which should accept the rules of the elections till mid-February, said the head of the OSCE mission to B-H, the US diplomat Robert Frowick. The task of the mission is to organize and carry out the elections in B-H, to support the observance of human rights in that state and to organize negotiations on the arms control. Ambassador Frowick did not want to comment the claims that the term to organize elections is not realistic but reminded that the international community was ready to assist in fair, free elections including all citizens of B-H. /end/ A.S.

    [07] ANOTHER BOSNIAN SERB ARRESTED IN GERMANY

    Bonn, Jan 18, 1996 (Press TWRA) - German police arrested a Bosnian Serb Novislav D. suspected of killing 27 Bosniacs in eastern Bosnia three and a half years ago. According to the report, Novislav D. and other members of the rebel Serb military around Foca, captured 5O Bosniacs killing 13 of them in front of their houses and nearby woods in the villages of Djedjevo and Trnovaca. Later, due to death of two Serb soldiers caused by contact mines, they killed 14 more Bosniacs who were not in position to plant the mines. /end/ A.S.

    [08] UNHCR: THREE STAGES FOR THE RETURN OF REFUGEES

    Geneva, Jan 18, 1996 (Press TWRA) - UNHCR yesterday released its proposal for the return of refugees to B-H and ex-Yugoslavia envisaged in three stages. The first stage is this winter when individual return should be encouraged. The second stage is spring/summer this year connected with reconstruction of apartment houses and infrastructure and the elections in B-H. The third stage is late summer this year when the most difficult cases should be settled for whose return security conditions are not met. Sadako Ogata planns return of 87O,OOO persons to B-H this year. 5OO,OOO of them are currently displaced in B-H, about 17O,OOO in other states of ex-Yugoslavia and 2OO,OOO in other European states. UNHCR humanitarian aid will be provided for 2.7 million people in B-H this year. UNHCR estimates that there are 187,OOO refugees and 18O displaced persons in Croatia. /end/ A.S.

    [09] WHAT A CITY LOOKS LIKE AFTER SERBS CLEANSE IT

    Christian Science Monitor
    January 18, 1996

    Visit to squalid Srebrenica, once home to Muslims killed in July

    By Jonathan S. Landay
    Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
    SREBRENICA, BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

    Five months after their troops defied the world and blasted their way into Srebrenica, thousands of Serb refugees have resettled in what was once a U.N.-declared "safe area" for Muslims.

    One food store, a post office, and the Calypso Cafe, where local Serb police find shelter from the cold, appear to be the only working businesses in the wreckage of this town. All of the factories and mosques have been blown up, mounds of rotting garbage and hulks of rusting cars litter the sidewalks, and the icy air echoes with chain saws and axes hewing firewood for heating and cooking.

    Four American journalists, including this reporter, on Tuesday paid the first unhampered visit by Western reporters to Srebrenica since Bosnian Serb forces last July stormed the former safe area as the international community stood by and watched.

    Under the command of the Bosnian Serb military chief Gen. Ratko Mladic, Bosnian Serb forces expelled some 40,000 Muslims they had besieged and bombarded for more than three years. Another 3,500 to 5,500 Muslims, according to a U.N. report, are missing. They are believed to have been massacred while escaping and buried in up to six mass graves in the surrounding region.

    The area is part of the operational area of the 20,000-member U.S. contingent of the NATO Implementation Force, which is policing the U.S.-brokered Bosnia peace settlement. The U.N. War Crimes Tribunal tomorrow intends to ask IFOR troops to secure the grave sites until spring, when they plan to exhume the sites.

    Bosnian Serb leaders have denied the allegations of massacres. But Milan Markovic, a Serb native of Srebrenica who helped Serb forces overrun the town in July, acknowledges otherwise.

    "Look at those hills. They used to be covered with trees, but the Muslims cut them down," he says, pointing to surrounding slopes denuded of firewood during three winters of siege. "They ruined this town. It used to be pretty. So, we killed them, we killed them all."

    The town resembles an urban wasteland. Every house and building has been scarred by shrapnel. Dogs nose through the rubble. Refugees have made less damaged homes habitable with plastic sheeting and materials taken from unsalvageable residences. They obtain electricity by jerry-rigging wires to street lights that turn on only once every few days. Running water is also intermittent.

    "It's bad here. There's worse. But it's really bad," says Simo, a grizzled refugee from the Muslim-controlled town of Bugojno. "I have no job and no chance of getting one."

    Many refugees are from Shipovo and Mrkonjic Grad, towns in northwest Bosnia that fell in October to a Bosnian Croat assault that helped turn the tide of the war against the Bosnian Serbs.

    Simo says that officials in Shipovo and Mrkonjic Grad directed residents to go to Srebrenica, the site of a famous medieval silver mine. He says he has seen no international humanitarian aid since he arrived here some months ago.

    No one knows how many refugees have resettled in this town. But it is obvious the number has begun growing with the arrivals of Serbs from Serb-held suburbs of Sarajevo that are due to revert to federation control in mid-March. Trucks and cars filled with household goods and bearing license plates from "Serb Sarajevo" sit along sidewalks or grind along Srebrenica's ash-blackened streets.

    "I came from Vogosca today," one man says, referring to a northern suburb of Sarajevo. "I can't stay there. We have no securrity from the Muslims. I had no other place to go but here."

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