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bosnet-digest V5 #60 / Feb 09, 1996

From: Nermin Zukic <n6zukic@SMS.BUSINESS.UWO.CA>

Bosnia-Herzegovina News Directory


CONTENTS

  • [01] WUS Initiative; Bosnian Libraries & UNESCO

  • [02] CIJ: Detainees Controlled Logistics, Supplies

  • [03] "Serbia's Secret War" By Roger Cohen


  • [01] WUS Initiative; Bosnian Libraries & UNESCO

    Via Cuprija & UnivBiH

    [ From: wolfgang.benedek@balu.kfunigraz.ac.at (Wolfgang Benedek) ]

    I would like to inform you that from about 10 February 1996 our "manual on cooperation with the University of Sarajevo", co-authored by the University, will be available in form of a paper edition of about 390 pages and - shortly after - also on two diskettes.

    -o-o-o-

    The manual on cooperation with the University of Sarajevo aims at presenting the situation at the University after three and half years of war and destruction and at describing the concrete needs of the different faculties. Despite substantial difficulties the University has nonetheless managed to operate throughout the whole period of the siege of the city. The first part gives the basic information about each faculty and University-affiliated institution. It tells the history of the different members of the University, and estimates the costs of damages suffered during three and half years of war.The second part - the documentation of needs - indicates the needs of the 24 faculties of the University of Sarajevo. According to the questionnaire, each faculty of the University provided a list of its needs as follows:

    1. laboratory equipment 2. computer equipment 3. projection and video equipment 4. office and communications equipment 5. office material (for one academic year) 6. special material (for one academic year) 7. audio equipment 8. books and magazines 9. furniture for lecture's theatre 10. technical equipment for the building 11. equipment specifically for the faculty

    Says Prof. Nedzad Mulabegovic, rector of the University of Sarajevo in his forword: "This document is addressed to all those, who, led by friendship, academic or human solidarity or altruism, goodwill or any other motive, have the wish and the ability to assist in the reconstruction and rebuilding of the University of Sarajevo. You will assist a university whose professors and students have, through three and half years, been exposed to genocide just as well as the rest of the citizens of Sarajevo and Bosnia. Whose buildings and equipment have been either destroyed or heavily damaged in an urbicide not remembered in Europe after World War II. You will assist your colleagues and the students of the university, who, through living in a complete informational blockade, in circumstances imposed on them completely unacceptable in terms of civilization and humantiy, have succeeded to maintain the continuity of their work and to keep the university itself alife as an institution. Through your constructive engagement and goodwill you will enable the young generation, which has unfortunately grown up in the war, to continue their education at the university at conditions at least similar to those of their colleagues at other European universities.We want you to help us and show your solidarity. We will know how to appreciate this and how to respond in our turn in an appropriate way.

    Prof. Wolfgang Benedek, chairperson of WUS Austria, writes in his introduction: "The manual on cooperation with the University of Sarajevo is intended to be a major source of information on the University of Sarajevo in general as well as on the most important needs of the faculties. It is our hope that this manual, which appears at a moment, when international reconstruction programmes for Bosnia and Herzegovina finally take shape, will assist all those ready to help and accelerate the process of international assistance to the reconstruction and full rehabilitation of the University of Sarajevo. As one of the organisations, which tried to assist the continuation of higher education at universities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, WUS Austria is ready to facilitate support by offering assistance to communications with the university and to give transport assistance to those who want to send donations.

    The manual will be sent out on request only and we will ask those who want a copy to make a voluntary contribution of about US$ 20.- or DM 30.- or the approximate equivalent in other currencies (half price for individuals) as a contribution to the costs of our clearing house, which tries to match the needs indicated by the faculties with offers from universities and institutions world-wide.

    The manual addresses itself to all agencies, universities, governmental and non-governmental institutions or individuals, who would like to assist in addressing the enormous needs of reconstrution and rehabilitation of the University of Sarajevo. A further manual on cooperation with the University of Tuzla, elaborated by Foundation Youth Support Former Yugoslavia (YSY), Amsterdam and the University of Tuzla will soon also be available.

    Copies of the manual or diskettes can be ordered from WUS Austria, Maiffredygasse 11, A-8010 Graz, Austria; Fax: 43-316-38-22-584, Tel: 43-316-38-22-58; e-mail: wus.austria@graz.telecom.at or wolfgang.benedek@kfunigraz.ac.at

    -o-o-o-

    May I use this opportunity to inform you that WUS Austria soon intends to offer a homepage on its "Academic Lifeline for Bosnia and Herzegovina", which should inform about all relevant activities in this context as well as WUS activities and activities of other organisations in order to better coordinate our efforts.

    Wolfgang Benedek - ----------------------------------------------------------- UNESCO has opened a special account for donations to be used for the revival of the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina. These donations can be transferred:

    (a) by cheque to the order of UNESCO addressed to:

    The Director Division of the General Information Programme UNESCO 1, rue Miollis F - 75732 PARIS Cedex 15

    Important: please indicate code 416 BIH 60

    (b) by bank transfer to UNESCO account:

    949-1-191558 Chase Manhattan Bank N.A. International Money Transfer Division 1 New York Plaza, 5th Floor NEW YORK, NY 10015 U.S.A.

    Important: please indicate code 416 BIH 60

    (c) by bank transfer (French Francs) to UNESCO account:

    00037291180 Cle RIB 58; Code banque 30003; code guichet 03301 Societe generale Agence Paris-Saint Dominique 106, rue Saint-Dominique 75007 PARIS

    Important: please indicate code 416 BIH 60

    For more information on UNESCO's assistance programme, please contact: Mr Wolfgang Loehner, Director, Division of the General Information Programme, UNESCO 7, place Fontenoy, 75007 Paris telephone 33.1.45.68.45.00; telefax 33.1.44.49.00.58; e-mail pipla@frunes21

    - -------------------------------------------------------------------

    Ongoing international projects for rebuilding Bosnian archives and libraries:

    Academic Lifeline for Bosnia Established in the United Kingdom by the Association of University Teachers (AUT), with the World University Service and other associations. Aims to give immediate welfare support to Bosnian academics and, when the war ends, to provide books and equipment to re-establish Sarajevo and Tuzla universities. Please send contributions, made payable to "WUS Bosnia Appeal" to:

    WUS (UK)

    20 Compton Terrace

    London W1 2UN

    United Kingdom For offers of books and equipment and suggestions for academic links, please contact: Dr. Zoran Pajic Tel: 44-171-8732023 Fax: 44-171-8732465

    Associacio de Bibliotecaris, Arxivers i Documentalistes de les Illes Balears (ABADIB) Raising money to support fellow librarians in Sarajevo, and planning an exhibition on Bosnian libraries. Virgili Paez, President Apartat de Correus 1318 07080 Palma de Mallorca Illes Balears Spain E-mail: vcpaez@ibm.net

    Association pour la renaissance de la Bibliotheque nationale a Sarajevo (ARBNS) Solicits donations of funds and books for Bosnian libraries. An exhibition and video on the National Library is available. ABRNS 94, boulevard Auguste Blanqui 75014 Paris France Tel: 33-1-43 37 52 18 Fax: 33-1-43 31 62 33 E-mail: iutoz@unesco.org

    Bosnia-Herzegovina Heritage Rescue U.K. Accepts contributions to support material and technical assistance for urgent conservation needs in Bosnia. Dr. Marian Wenzel 9 Canterbury Mansions Lymington Road London NW6 2EW United Kingdom Tel: 44-171-4331142

    Bosnian Manuscript Ingathering Project Collects information on the current whereabouts of copies (microfilms, photographs, photocopies, etc.) reproducing rare or unique books and documents, as well as other monuments of Bosnia's cultural heritage (architecture, works of art), the originals of which have been destroyed since 1991. The resulting database will serve as a tool for the rebuilding of libraries and archival collections, and for the reconstruction of ravaged historical buildings. Information is available via the Ingathering Project's home page (http://www.applicom.com/manu/ingather.htm) or by contacting: Andras J. Riedlmayer Fine Arts Library Harvard University Cambridge, MA 02138 USA Tel: 617-495-3372 Fax: 617-496-4889 E-mail: riedlmay@fas.harvard.edu

    Committee for the Reconstruction of the National Library of Sarajevo Collecting for the library's reconstruction and has an exhibition available. For details, please contact: Radojka Miljevic School of Slavonic and East European Studies University of London London United Kingdom Tel: 44-171-6374934

    Fund for the Revitalization of the Oriental Institute in Sarajevo Please send financial contributions, marked "for the Oriental Institute in Sarajevo (acct. No. 7260-052)" to: Vakufska banka DD Sarajevo via Deutsche Bank A.G. Frankfurt am Main Germany

    Helsinki Citizens' Assembly Solicits donations of funds and books for Bosnian libraries; seeking help with transportation and book storage facilities. For information on this project, contact: Tony Bloomfield HCA-UK 11 Goodwin Street London N4 3HQ United Kingdom Tel: 44-171-2729092 Fax: 44-171-2723044 E-mail: eurodialog@gm.apc.org The Headquarters of the Helsinki Citizens' Assembly is: HCA International Secretariat Milady Horakove 108 160 00 Praha 6 Czech Republic Tel: 42-2-323259 Fax: 42-2-323538 E-mail: hca@hca.cz

    IFLA/Solidarity with the Librarians in Sarajevo Under the aegis of the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA). Calling for donations to help support the 150 librarians still in Sarajevo and their families; all funds received will be distributed equally among the Sarajevo librarians, through the good offices of the UNESCO Representative in Sarajevo and the Library Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Donations should be marked "416 BIH 60 SOLIDARITY WITH LIBRARIANS" and may be sent:

    By bank transfer to the IFLA account: 51 36 38 911

    ABN-AMRO, NV

    The Hague

    Netherlands

    By check to the order of UNESCO, addressed to:

    The Director

    Div. of the General Information Programme, UNESCO

    1, rue Miollis

    75732 Paris

    France By bank transfer to UNESCO accounts:

    949-1-191558 Chase Manhattan Bank N.A.

    International Money Transfer Division

    1 New York Plaza, 5th Floor

    New York, NY 10015 USA

    00037291180, Cl RIB 58, Code banque 30003;

    code guichet 03301 (for donations in French francs)

    Societe generale, Agence Saint Dominique

    106, rue Saint-Dominique

    75007 Paris, France

    For more information on this initiative, contact: International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) P.O. Box 95312 2509 CH The Hague Netherlands Tel: 31-70-3140884 Fax: 31-70-3834837 E-mail: ifla.hq@ifla.nl

    National Library of Canada - Bibliotheque nationale du Canada Has a project underway to collect copies of Bosniaca (works written by Bosnians or about Bosnia-Herzegovina, including coverage of the war in the Canadian media) published in Canada since 1990. These materials will be added to the collection of Bosnia's National and University Library when it is rebuilt. Please contact: Helen Jelich Director, Applications Management Information Technology Services National Library of Canada Ottawa, Ont. K1A 0N4 Canada Tel: (819) 997-7991 E-mail: helen.jelich@nlc-bnc.ca

    The Sarajevo Fund Is accepting donations of funds and electronic resources for Bosnian libraries; tax deductible contributions should be made payable to: "Sarajevo Fund/National Library Account." Book donations cannot be accepted at present. P.O. Box 1640 Cathedral Station New York, NY 10025 USA

    T.C. Milli Kutuphane The National Library of the Republic of Turkey is surveying its holdings for Bosnia-related materials with the aim of making copies available for libraries in Bosnia; is interested in coordinating and consulting with other libraries wishing to engage in similar efforts. Dr. Altinay Sernikli, Director T.C. Milli Kutuphane 06490 Ankara Turkey Tel: 90-312-2223812 Fax: 90-312-2224148

    If you know of any other projects dedicated to rebuilding the cultural institutions of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and particularly its libraries and archives, please send e-mail to: riedlmay@fas.harvard.edu).


    Opinions expressed/published on BosNews/BosNet-B do NOT necessarily

    always reflect the views of (all of the members of) Editorial Board,

    and/or moderators, nor any of their host institutions.

    Murat Erkocevic <ErkocevicM@aol.com>

    Dzevat Omeragic <Dzevat@ee.mcgill.ca>

    Davor Wagner <DWagner@mailbox.syr.edu>

    Nermin Zukic <N6Zukic@sms.business.uwo.ca>


    [02] CIJ: Detainees Controlled Logistics, Supplies

    Via TWatch

    Coalition for International Justice

    740 15th Street, N.W.

    Washington, D.C. 20005-1009

    Telephone: (202) 662-1595

    Telefax: (202) 662-1597

    FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    The Coalition for International Justice called today on the United States, the European Union, and IFOR Commander Admiral Leighton Smith to support any decision that the International War Crimes Tribunal may make to detain and transfer Bosnian Serb General Djordje Djukic and Colonel Aleksa Krsmanovic to The Hague.

    "The credibility of the Bosnian peace process is at stake," said Coalition special counsel Tom Warrick. "General Djukic was in charge of logistics for the Bosnian Serb army. As such, he was at Mladic's side during the planning and execution of the worst atrocities in Europe since the Nazis. Colonel Krsmanovic was in charge of logistics for the Bosnian Serb forces besieging Sarajevo. He was responsible for supplying the snipers' bullets that targeted children at play. If these men have a defense, the world should hear it," said Warrick.

    The Tribunal has the legal authority to require the Bosnian government to hold Djukic and Krsmanovic. Under Article 18, paragraph 2, of the Tribunal's statute, the Prosecutor may "seek the assistance of the State authorities concerned" when investigating and preparing an indictment. "It would violate the Bosnian Peace Agreement and the Bosnian constitution for the Bosnian government to release Djukic and Krsmanovic before the Tribunal decides whether to indict them. The best course of action is for IFOR, acting under the authority given the Tribunal in the Bosnian constitution, to transfer Djukic and Krsmanovic to The Hague," said Warrick.

    Under international law, the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Republika Srpska have the obligation to cooperate fully with the international tribunal in its investigations. This obligation was reaffirmed in the Bosnian Peace Agreement, initialed at Dayton and signed in Paris on December 14, 1995. The new Bosnian constitution, which was part of the Bosnian Peace Agreement, says in Article II, section 8:

    All competent authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina shall

    cooperate with and provide unrestricted access to . . . the

    International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (and in

    particular shall comply with orders issued pursuant to

    Article 29 of the Statute of the Tribunal) . . . .

    The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska agreed in Article III, paragraph 3(b), that "The Entities and any subdivisions thereof shall comply fully with this Constitution, which supersedes inconsistent provisions of the law of Bosnia and Herzegovina and of the constitutions and law of the Entities, and with the decisions of the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina." Thus, compliance with orders issued pursuant to Article 29 of the Tribunal's statutes is enshrined in the law of the land of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    Article 29, paragraph 1, of the Tribunal statutes says that "States shall cooperate with the International Tribunal in the investigation and prosecution of persons accused of committing serious violations of international humanitarian law." Rule 40 of the Tribunal's Rules of Procedure specifically refers to Article 29:

    Rule 40

    Provisional Measures

    In case of urgency, the Prosecutor may request any State:

    (i) to arrest a suspect provisionally;

    (ii) to seize physical evidence;

    (iii) to take all necessary measures to prevent the escape

    of a suspect or an accused, injury to or intimidation

    of a victim or witness, or the destruction of evidence.

    The State concerned shall comply forthwith, in accordance with

    Article 29 of the Statute.

    Earlier this week, the chief prosecutor of the international tribunal, Justice Richard Goldstone, issued a request under Rule 40 directing the Bosnian government to hold Djukic and Krsmanovic pending a decision by the Tribunal whether to indict them. "The Bosnian government is legally required to hold them," Warrick said. "It would violate international law, violate the Bosnian Peace Agreement, and violate the Bosnian constitution if the Bosnian government were to release Djukic and Krsmanovic until the Tribunal has reached a decision whether to indict. It would be legally, and morally, wrong for any member state of the United Nations, or any official holding office as a result of the Bosnian Peace Agreement, to suggest to the Bosnian Government that Djukic and Krsmanovic should be released before the Tribunal prosecutors have made their decision."

    Warrick concluded, "The Tribunal has the authority under Rule 40 to order Djukic and Krsmanovic to be transferred to The Hague to prevent their release, escape or intimidation. The IFOR Commander is obligated under Security Council Resolution 827, paragraph 4, to comply with such an order. Djukic and Krsmanovic should be transferred to The Hague."

    The Coalition also calls upon both Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to cooperate fully with the Tribunal by turning over to The Hague those who have been indicted for war crimes.

    - ------------------------------------------------------------------------ The Coalition for International Justice is an international non-profit organization that supports the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda through public education, fundraising and technical legal assistance. The Coalition is based in Washington, D.C. and in The Hague, and has a liaison office in Brussels.


    Opinions expressed/published on BosNews/BosNet-B do NOT necessarily always reflect the views of (all of the members of) Editorial Board, and/or moderators, nor any of their host institutions.

    Murat Erkocevic <ErkocevicM@aol.com>

    Dzevat Omeragic <Dzevat@ee.mcgill.ca>

    Davor Wagner <DWagner@mailbox.syr.edu>

    Nermin Zukic <N6Zukic@sms.business.uwo.ca>


    [03] "Serbia's Secret War" By Roger Cohen

    Philip Cohen's

    "SERBIA'S SECRET WAR"

    Doctor Cohen's long-awaited book has just been announced in the Texas A&M University catalogue (ISBN 0-89096-686-5) and wil be published in the course of the Spring 1996. Phil Cohen has concentrated on rebutting the myth of Serb "antifascism" and Serb "alliance" with the West.

    "Dr. Cohen's book destroys these myths," Professor Stipe Mestrovic, the editor of Texas A&M University East EUropean Series said. "We hope that the book will be read widely and put many a historian to shame."

    Professor Mestrovic adds that the manuscript has been given raving reviews by some top scholars in the field, such as the Oxford professors Norman Stone, Marc Almond, and Noel Malcolm.

    "Dr. Cohen's book exposes some of the myths used by Serbian extremists today in the former Yugoslavia to justify a new round of genocide and 'ethnic cleansing," Stephen W. Walker, Director of the American Committee to Save Bosnia said. "As a result it will make the task of revision lets and war criminals all the more difficult."

    The book can be ordered by calling 1-800-826-8911 or by writing to:

    Texas A&M University Press, Drawer C John Lindsay Bldg. College Station, TX 77843-4354.

    The price is $32.95 plus $4.00 for shipping.


    Opinions expressed/published on BosNews/BosNet-B do NOT necessarily always reflect the views of (all of the members of) Editorial Board, and/or moderators, nor any of their host institutions.

    Murat Erkocevic <ErkocevicM@aol.com>

    Dzevat Omeragic <Dzevat@ee.mcgill.ca>

    Davor Wagner <DWagner@mailbox.syr.edu>

    Nermin Zukic <N6Zukic@sms.business.uwo.ca>


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