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bosnet-digest V5 #65 / Tuesday, 13 February 1996

From: Dzevat Omeragic <dzevat@EE.MCGILL.CA>

Bosnia-Herzegovina News Directory


CONTENTS

  • [01] VOA: Yugoslavia: Death of a nation

  • [02] CEGRE Programme In Czech Republic

  • [03] Working For Peace In The Balkans: A Guide To US Orgs


  • [01] VOA: Yugoslavia: Death of a nation

    Source: Voice of America

    DATE=2/9/96

    TYPE=CLOSEUP

    NUMBER=4-08898

    TITLE='YUGOSLAVIA: DEATH OF A NATION'

    BYLINE=PAMELA TAYLOR TELEPHONE=619-1101 DATELINE=WASHINGTON

    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES

    INTRO: ONE OF THE MORE IMPORTANT BOOKS ABOUT THE DISINTEGRATION

    OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA WAS JUST RELEASED IN

    CONJUNCTION WITH THE WIDELY ACCLAIMED TELEVISION

    DOCUMENTARY 'THE DEATH OF YUGOSLAVIA'. THE BOOK, WRITTEN

    BY JOURNALISTS LAURA SILBER OF LONDON'S FINANCIAL TIMES

    AND ALLAN LITTLE OF THE BBC, IS TITLED 'YUGOSLAVIA:

    DEATH OF A NATION'. IT WAS PUBLISHED BY T-V BOOKS IN NEW

    YORK. VOA'S PAMELA TAYLOR TALKED WITH LAURA SILBER ABOUT

    THE BOOK CRITICS ARE CALLING A DAMNING PORTRAIT OF MEN

    WHO FANNED THE FLAMES OF NATIONALISM AND WAR OUT OF A

    REALIZATION THEY COULD NOT STAY IN POWER A FREE-MARKET

    DEMOCRACY.

    PT: LAURA, AS YOU KNOW A LOT OF REVIEWERS HAVE PRAISED THIS

    BOOK AND SAID THAT NOT ONLY DOES IT -- AND THE TV

    DOCUMENTARY --PROVIDE A UNIQUE AND DAMNING HISTORY OF

    HOW THIS TERRIBLE WAR GOT STARTED, BUT YOUR BOOK SHOWS

    HOW SERBIAN PRESIDENT SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN

    MILOSEVIC WAS THE PRIME MOVER. AS IN THE TV

    DOCUMENTARY, YOU MANAGED TO DO THIS BY USING THE WORDS

    OF SERB LEADERS THEMSELVES. WHICH INTERVIEWS SURPRISED

    YOU THE MOST BY WHAT THE PERSON YOUR WERE TALKING TO

    INADVERTENTLY REVEALED?

    LS: WELL, I WOULD SAY THAT WITHOUT A DOUBT THAT WAS BORISAV

    JOVIC [YOH-VITCH], ONE OF MILOSEVIC'S CLOSEST AIDES

    SINCE HIS RISE TO POWER. I'M NOT SURE HE INADVERTENTLY

    REVEALED IT, I THINK HE DECIDED TO REVEAL IT BECAUSE HE

    SENSED MILOSEVIC WAS GOING TO TURN HIS BACK ON HIM.

    TIME AND TIME AGAIN WE CONDUCTED FROM 15 TO 16 HOURS OF

    OFF THE RECORD INTERVIEWS WITH BORISAV JOVIC AND THEN

    FILMED HIM AS WELL LATER ON. AND IT WAS AMAZING TO SEE

    JUST HOW MUCH HE WAS WILLING TO TALK ABOUT, HOW MUCH IT

    WAS 'WELL, MILOSEVIC AND I DID THIS AND SLOBO AND I DID

    THAT' AND THERE WERE TIMES HE REALLY GAVE US REAL

    INSIGHT INTO HOW DECISIONS WERE MADE AND WHAT STEPS THE

    DECIDED TO TAKE AT A CERTAIN POINT. EVEN BEFORE THE

    WAR, THE DECISION TO WAGE WAR. HE REALLY GAVE US THE

    MOST INSIGHT OF ANYONE WE TALKED TO.

    PT: AND SPECIFICALLY HE SAID SOMETHING I CERTAINLY HADN'T

    HEARD SPELLED OUT SO CONCRETELY BEFORE, AND THAT IS WHEN

    HE SAID A DECISION WAS TAKEN IN BELGRADE TO ARM THE

    BOSNIAN SERBS AND THE SERBS IN KRAJINA?

    LS: I THINK ONE OF THE REASONS THE SERBIAN REGIME DOESN'T

    LIKE THIS DOCUMENTARY PARTICULARLY IS IT REMINDS THEM

    WHAT HAPPENED 5 YEARS AGO, 6 YEARS AGO AND RIGHT NOW ALL

    THE REGIMES IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA ARE LOOKING FOR A

    CASE OF COLLECTIVE AMNESIA. AND SO WHAT HAPPENED IN

    THIS PARTICULAR INSTANCE IS THAT JOVIC IS TELLING US,

    'WELL WE MADE THIS DECISION. WE MADE THE DECISION TO

    HAVE REALLY WHAT AMOUNTED TO A PHONY PULLOUT OF THE

    YUGOSLAV ARMY IN APRIL 1992, MAY 1992, AFTER THE WAR HAD

    ALREADY STARTED IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA.' WHAT THEY

    DID WAS TRANSFER ALL THE SERB ARMY OFFICERS WHO WERE

    NATIVES OF BOSNIA BACK TO BOSNIA AND ALONG WITH THEIR

    EQUIPMENT. SO WHEN THE YUGOSLAV ARMY PULLED OUT IN MAY

    1992, THEY LEFT AN ARMY THERE READY TO WAGE WAR.

    PT: YOU ALSO SAID SOMETHING ABOUT WHAT YOU CALLED 'THE

    RADIANT GLARE OF NATIONALISM BEING MORE ATTRACTIVE TO

    ORDINARY SERBS THAN THE PROMISE OF AN IMPROVED ECONOMY,

    NEW CARS, FOREIGN TRAVEL ETC. TELL US ABOUT THAT.

    LS: AT THAT TIME YUGOSLAVIA HAD SORT OF A BURST OF

    PROSPERITY AND THERE WERE A LOT OF EXPORTED GOODS IN

    YUGOSLAVIA. THERE WAS REALLY A SENSE THAT MAYBE ECONOMIC

    CRISES COULD BE PUT BEHIND THEM. YUGOSLAVIA SEEMED AT

    THAT POINT VERY WELL POSITIONED TO MAKE THE TRANSITION

    IN EUROPE. SO WHAT HAPPENED WAS THAT PRESIDENT

    MILOSEVIC WAS STIRRING UP NATIONALISM, HE GAVE THEM AN

    ALTERNATIVE. HE SAID TO THEM, 'WELL, THIS WAS ALL

    SURPRESSED FOR SO LONG AND NOW YOU HAVE THE OPTION TO

    SAY YOU ARE SERBS AGAIN'. AND THAT'S WHAT THESE PEOPLE

    FELT WAS SURPRESSED. MILOSEVIC DIDN'T CREATE THE

    NATIONALIST SENTIMENTS. THEY WERE THERE BUT HAD NEVER

    BEEN DIFUSED OR DEALT WITH UNDER TITO'S COMMUNIST

    REGIME. SO MILOSEVIC WAS JUST MANIPULATING THEM AND

    IGNIGHTING FEARS AND SAYING 'IF YOU MAKE THIS CHOICE AND

    SACRIFICE EVERYTHING YOU WILL HAVE NATIONAL DIGNITY'.

    NEB/PAM/PCH

    09-Feb-96 4:04 PM EST (2104 UTC) NNNN


    Opinions expressed/published on BosNews/BosNet-B do NOT necessarily always reflect the views of (all of the members of) Editorial Board, and/or moderators, nor any of their host institutions.

    Murat Erkocevic <ErkocevicM@aol.com>

    Dzevat Omeragic <Dzevat@ee.mcgill.ca>

    Davor Wagner <DWagner@mailbox.syr.edu>

    Nermin Zukic <N6Zukic@sms.business.uwo.ca>


    [02] CEGRE Programme In Czech Republic

    The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education (CERGE) is a research and educational institute of Charles University. CERGE offers a Ph.D program in theoretical and applied economics, working in close cooperation with the University of Pittsburgh (USA), Princeton University and the Economics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Research on economic transformation in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe is an integral part of CERGE's activities.

    The basic mission of CERGE is to train future university faculty, economic researchers and public administration representatives. The doctoral program curriculum is designed to transfer the modern Western system of Ph.D study in Economics, as it is practiced in the United States, into the academic environment of Central and Eastern Europe. Studies are conducted entirely in English. Roughly half of the staff are professors from prominent U.S. and Western Europe universities . The program offers economic education on a world standard to students from Central and Eastern Europe in centrally located Prague, without the necessity of more expensive study abroad. The best students are usually offered the opportunity to visit an appropriate university in the U.S. (Pittsburgh, Princeton, New York University, University of Maryland, Harvard) for up to one year. The duration of the program is four years; the first two years of coursework provide the theoretical basis for the independent dissertation research, which is done in the last two years.

    CERGE is especially interested in increasing enrolment for students from the Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia. The application deadline for the 1996-97 academic year is March 15.

    For more information, please contact:

    Ms Gwendolyn Albert, CERGE-EI P.O. BOX 882 Politickych veznu 7, 111 21 Prague 1 Czech Republic tel. (42-2) 240 05 137 fax: (42-2) 242 11 374 e-mail: Gwendolyn.Albert@cerge.cuni.cz


    Opinions expressed/published on BosNews/BosNet-B do NOT necessarily always reflect the views of (all of the members of) Editorial Board, and/or moderators, nor any of their host institutions.

    Murat Erkocevic <ErkocevicM@aol.com>

    Dzevat Omeragic <Dzevat@ee.mcgill.ca>

    Davor Wagner <DWagner@mailbox.syr.edu>

    Nermin Zukic <N6Zukic@sms.business.uwo.ca>


    [03] Working For Peace In The Balkans: A Guide To US Orgs

    WORKING FOR PEACE IN THE BALKANS: A GUIDE TO U.S. ORGANIZATIONS

    The Balkan War Resource Group (BWRG) is now preparing a new edition of WORKING FOR PEACE IN THE BALKANS: A GUIDE TO U.S. ORGANIZATIONS. (*)

    We have already sent paper-mail requests to many groups, inviting them to be listed in the new Guide. If you have not gotten that mail, or have not yet responded to it, we urge you to respond to this post if you would like your group to be included.

    The new directory will be paper-published in the Spring, and we will make a major effort to present it to news organizations and the media. The Guide will be available online, and all groups will be included in a searchable database.

    The countries of former Yugosavia are now poised between war and peace, and for peace to really take hold there must be renewed outreach by all the friends of a multiethnic Balkans. By listing your organization in the Guide, you will be reaching more of the U.S. public at a time when they may otherwise forget about the Balkans and the part they can play in helping move beyond the current uneasy peace.

    The following materials are available be email:

    (a) A full information sheet about the project and the BWRG (b) Questionnaire for supplying information to us via email (c) Questionnaire for supplying information to us via snailmail

    Please send your reply/request to BWRG at any of these addresses:

    Email: doriew@igc.apc.org

    Snail: BWRG c/o AFSC,

    15 Rutherford Place,

    New York, N.Y. 10003

    Tel: 212-598-0958

    Fax: 212-529-4603

    or BWRG c/o Helsinki Citizens Assembly/USA,

    Box 2391,

    New York, NY 10185

    Thanks for your interest! Balkans War Research Group - -------------------------- (*) - The current Guide is at <gopher://gopher.igc.apc.org/11/peace/yugo> or at <www.igc.apc.org/balkans> (click on the gopher link). Subscribers to peacenet/IGC/APC can go the topic in yugo.antiwar.


    Opinions expressed/published on BosNews/BosNet-B do NOT necessarily always reflect the views of (all of the members of) Editorial Board, and/or moderators, nor any of their host institutions.

    Murat Erkocevic <ErkocevicM@aol.com>

    Dzevat Omeragic <Dzevat@ee.mcgill.ca>

    Davor Wagner <DWagner@mailbox.syr.edu>

    Nermin Zukic <N6Zukic@sms.business.uwo.ca>


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