bosnet-digest V5 #79 / Monday, 26 February 1996
From: Dzevat Omeragic <dzevat@EE.MCGILL.CA>
 NYC Bosnia-related cultural activities in April
 NEWS: Feb 23, 1996 (Koschnik OUT; UNHCR Criticizes; HVO-ABiH In US, Bugojno...)
 NYC Bosnia-related cultural activities in April
CALL FOR ENTRIES
Hope & Horror from the Ashes of Yugoslavia:
AN ART EXHIBITION IN SOLIDARITY WITH THE PEOPLE OF BOSNIA
Bosniac Cultural Center, 45 W. 38th St., Suite 2R, New York, NY 10018
April 1 thru April 26
An exhibition of works by local, national, and inter-national artists will
be held at the Bosniac Cultural Center in mid-town Manhattan, to coincide
with the world premier of Turkar Coker's new multimedia play, "Sarajevo
Mon Amour,"at La MaMa ETC Theater.
The Bosnia Solidarity Committee has organized a month-long series of
events in April 1996 in support of and in solidarity with the people of
Bosnia in their struggle of resistance against genocide. The events will
include performances, panel discussions, films, concerts, a book fair, and
Bosnian Cultural Performances.
Volunteers are needed to contribute to and assist with all of these
activities. For more information, leave message at (212) 686-9554.
Art Exhibition Calendar
March 8 Slide/Entry Deadline
March 15 Notification to artists
March 22 -23 Receipt of accepted works
March 30 Opening reception: 6-8 pm
April 1-26 Exhibition runs
April 27-28 Removal of work:
2- and 3-dimensional original works in all media, relevant to the theme of
this exhibition. There is no limit to the number of entries. One slide
per entry. Label slides on side from which work will be viewed (as shown).
2D works must not exceed 72 inches in width and 96 inches in height. 3D
works must not exceed 30 inches by 72 inches by 96 inches or exceed 100
lbs. in weight.
Notification of selection will be by postcard. (** Artists may also
receive notification by e-mail, if addresses are submitted).
2-Dimensional works must suitably framed and wired for hanging. Display
space for freestanding 3D works and sculptures may be of limited
availability, therefore artists may be required to supply pedestals.
Submitted work must be available for the entire exhibition.
Receipt and Removal of Work
Works selected must arrive by March 23. Mailed artworks must be sent in
reusable shipping containers and prepaid return shipping provided
20% of any sales will go to Bosnian children relief agencies (names?).
All works must be priced accordingly or marked not for sale.
Fill out the form below. Include self-addressed, stamped envelope for
return of slides.
Bosnian Art Exhibition
c/o James Nova
240 E. 27th St., #17D
New York, NY 10016
Submission of an entry to this exhibition, along with the signed form
below, constitutes acceptance of all conditions stated and provides
permission to reproduce any work for publicity.
The committee, the center, and their volunteers will not be responsible
for any loss or damage
ENTRY FORM (FILL OUT COMPLETELY) PLEASE PRINT
Last Name First Name
City State Zip
Day phone Evening phone
Attach copy of this form for additional entries.
ENTRIES Title Media ( HxWxD) Price
 NEWS - Feb. 23-5, 96
KOSCHNICK: "I AM LEAVING ON JULY 23, 1996, AT THE LATEST"
Mostar, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - EU administrator to Mostar H.
Koschnick told "Bildt Am Sonntag" he would leave his current post
by July, 23, 1996 at the latest, regardless of the situation in
Mostar, conditions offered to him and the fact whether the EUAM
mandate would be extended. "I promised it to my wife. I will go
before July if proper person is found to replace me." /end/ A.S.
REPRESENTATIVES OF HVO AND BOSNIAN ARMY IN THE USA
Sarajevo, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - BH Army & HVO high officers
left for the USA to visit several military bases and academies
including West Point. They will talk about reinforcement and
modernization of the B-H Federation armed forces. /end/ A.S.
STATE DEPARTMENT CRITICIZES BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT
Washington, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA) - "Joint Serb and the B-H
Federation patrol should be accompanied by the international
police. As it was not done, IFOR and UN seriously criticized the
B-H government. B-H government set up some check-points in
Vogosca not being allowed and sent its police patrols without the
international attendance. IFOR has the information that about 1OO
to 15O foreign soldiers are still in Bosnia and the B-H
government has duty to deport them.
Serb leaving Sarajevo continues despite the calls to stay
there. I believe that sanctions against Bosnian Serbs will be
suspended in some way as they comply with the military annex of
the peace agreement. Situation in Mostar has stabilized, so
beside some street incidents, general progress has been achieved
in the unification of the town," said the State Department
spokesman Nicholas Burns. /end/ A.S.
CASSESE - COTTI
Bern, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - In the talk with the foreign
minister of Switzerland Flavio Cotti, the ICTY president, judge
Antonio Cassese repeated: "The states in which are hidden the
suspects of war crimes in ex-Yugoslavia, charged by ICTY, have
duty to arrest and extradite them to ICTY." So far indicted,
mainly Serbs from B-H, are believed to stay occasionally, some of
them permanently, in the states of central and western Europe,
including Switzerland. /end/ A.S.
KOSCHNICK ON JOINT POLICE FORCES, EU COMMISSION ON KOSCHNICK
Mostar, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Hans Koschnick's deputy,
Klaus Metscher announced that Koschnick and EUAM decided that in
the first ten days, combined police should be patrolling only in
the very center of Mostar and from March 1, in the whole town.
Brussels - "Situation in Mostar is still worrying", said the
president of the European commission, Jacques Poos, after the
meeting of EU Commissary for foreign affairs, specially appointed
for eastern and southeastern Europe, Hans van den Broek and Hans
Koschnick. Koschnick informed the European Parliament Commission
for foreign affairs on Bosniaks and Croats' demand for extension
of his and EUAM mandate in Mostar till Dec 31, this year and on
his willingness to meet the demand if EU agreed on it. Due to
still high tension in Mostar, European Commission does not want
to make any decisions on likely extension of the EUAM mandate. At
the meeting of the EU diplomacy heads (EU Ministry Council) to be
held in two days, Hans van den Broek will propose postponement of
the decision "for which the time has not come yet." /end/ A.S.
KLARSFELD EXPELLED FROM PALE
Pale, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - French lawyer and experienced
hunter on hiding Nazi criminals from WWII, Serge Klarsfeld
arrived at Pale last night announcing his intention to persuade
Karadzic and Mladic to voluntarily surrender to the International
Tribunal. Klagersfeld was questioned for two hours by Serb police
and then "asked" to leave. /end/ A.S.
YELTSIN LIFTED SANCTIONS AGAINST KARADZIC'S SERBS
Moscow, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - By last night's presidential
decision, Boris Yeltsin lifted the sanctions against Karadzic's
Serbs. Yeltsin's explanation of his decision was: "Bosnian Serbs
have met the conditions defined by the UN resolution 1O22, by
withdrawing from the demarcation lines in Bosnia."
Washington - State Department expressed regret due to
Russian decision on lifting sanctions against Karadzic's Serbs.
The statement reminds the decision came "too soon". /end/ A.S.
THE USA CONCERNED OVER MUJJAHIDS AND MLADIC'S THREATS
Washington, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - The US strengthened
precautions for the IFOR troops in B-H due to Serb gen. Mladic's
threats and further presence of Islamic mercenaries & volunteers
in Bosnia. "Intelligence services and media warn that R. Mladic,
in retaliation for arrest and extradition of his two officers,
ordered Serb soldiers to take the NATO soldiers hostages. We do
not know what Mladic is going to do - he has threatened a lot so
far. Yet, his threats are taken seriously," says the Pentagon
spokesman Ken Bacon. The State Department spokesman N. Burns says
that Clinton's administration started investigation in Mladic's
threats but so far, they have not been proved to be true. Burns
says that 4 more strongholds of Islamic forces have been
discovered representing potential threat to the IFOR security.
Sarajevo - Head of the intelligence operations of the IFOR
HQ, gen. John Silvester says that about 1OO to 15O more persons
should leave B-H, according to the Dayton agreement. /end/ A.S.
IZETBEGOVIC'S HEALTH CONDITION IMPROVING
Sarajevo, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Physicians have announced
that health condition of the president Izetbegovic is improving.
He feels better and medical findings show stabilizing condition.
IFOR commander, US Adm. Leighton Smith said that NATO was
ready to provide any medical assistance needed in the treatment
of Izetbegovic any moment, shouldn it be necesary.
Washington - State Department spokesman N. Burns said that
on hearing the news on Bosnian president's heart disorders, the
Secretary of State Christopher Warren sent a message wishing him
soon recovery. "In the implementation of the Dayton agreement,
president Izetbegovic has an important role. Even if he had to
resign due to health problems, Sarajevo should comply with the
duties he took over, specially with regard to foreign fighters'
leaving B-H. Iranian fighters and instructors are still present
in B-H," said Burns, denying the allegations of Iranian foreign
minister Ali Akbar Velayati who two days ago said that only
Iranians performing humanitarian tasks on request of Bosnian
government, had remained to Bosnia. /end/ A.S.
SMITH AND KRAJISNIK WENT FOR A WALK IN SARAJEVO
Sarajevo, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - IFOR Commander L. Smith and
"president of Republic Srpska's parliament", M. Krajisnik have
visited five residential areas around Sarajevo which should be
taken over by the B-H Federation. Adm. Smith accepted Serb trucks
to move Serb residents of Vogosca, adding that he hopes it will
lessen the tension in the area. Restoring relations between IFOR
and Karadzic's Serbs is visible elsewhere. British gen. M.Jackson
agreed with Serb high official on reopening the Mahovljani
airport near Banjaluka for the needs of IFOR since next week.
Nearly all Serbs left Vogosca by tonight, looting the ICRC
(International Red Cross) storage while leaving. /end/ A.S.
KLEIN AND SCHWARZ-SCHILLING CRITICIZES AUTHORITIES IN BUGOJNO
Bugojno, Sarajevo, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Deputy of the PIC
high official C. Bildt, Christian Klein sent a letter to Dzevad
Mlaco, the Bugojno mayor, warning him the return of 2OO displaced
Croat families had not been organized in the town as planned by
the Dayton accord. Klein calls Mlaco to summon immediately Croat
Bosnian commission and try to make a test return of the displaced
persons by the end of this month. "In Bugojno, residents are
still being maltreated, the property plundered and destroyed what
many Croats and Federal Commissary can witness," warns Klein.
International arbiter Christian Schwarz-Schilling visited
Bugojno today stressing that in accord with the accord, the head
of the County council of Bugojno must be a Croat. "If the County
council is not formed, the Bugojno county will be exempted from
the international aid," stresses Schwarz-Schilling. /end/ A.S.
PROPOSAL: THREE CANTONS WITH CROAT MAJORITY
Mostar, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA) - At the joint session behind
the closed doors, presidencies of Bosnian HDZ and the so-called
Herzeg Bosnia decided to organize the counties of Ljubuski,
Siroki, Grude and Posusje as a separate canton with Croat
majority. Another Croatian majority canton would comprise the
counties of Tomislavgrad, Kupres, Livno, Glamoc, Drvar and
Bosansko Grahovo. The third canton with Croat majority would be
in Bosanska Posavina including Orasje and Odzak separated by the
Republic of Srpska territory. Along with Odzak and Orasje, Croat
nationalists plan to attach the "Croat county of Ravne Brcko" to
the north Bosnian Croat canton. /end/ A.S.
SERBS ARE LEAVING SARAJEVO SETTING FIRE AND PLUNDERING
Sarajevo, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA) - IFOR ground troops Cmdr. M.
Walker said the affairs between IFOR & Karadzic's Serbs and the
work of combined group for two entities separation had been fully
restored. IFOR has not decided yet if the conditions for lifting
the UN sanctions against Karadzic's Serbs are met. For restoring
the IFOR-Serbs relations, important were meetings of M. Walker
with gen. Tolimir and gen. Jackson with gen. Talic and Ninkovic.
Adm. Smith said he realized that Bosnian authorities would
not approve his permit for Serb trucks to come up to the parts of
Sarajevo which Serb population was abandoning. UNHCR refused to
take part in evacuation of the Serbs from Sarajevo regarding it
as a support to ethnic cleansing being conducted in the area by
Serb authorities from Pale. IFOR does not share this view.
Withdrawing from Rajlovac, Serbs set fire to the police
station and the UNHCR storage, destroying and plundering about
6O% of the storaged food. French soldiers arrived there eight
hours after the B-H government had informed IFOR. /end/ A.S.
KINKEL REGRETS OVER KOSCHNICK'S DECISION
Bonn, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA) - German vice-chancellor and
foreign minister Klaus Kinkel expressed regret due to Koschnick's
decision to resign late in July from the EU Mostar administrator
post. Stressing that Koschnick was the right man at the right
place and time," Kinkel expressed his understanding for his
decision to return to Bremen this summer. /end/ A.S.
SOROS BANNED IN YUGOSLAVIA
Belgrade, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Work of the Open Society
Institute is banned in FR Yugoslavia after 56 months of its
activity. It was a decision of the Supreme Court in Belgrade,
annulling the registered Soros foundation. It is culmination of
anti Soros campaign when late last year, the rector of Belgrade
University said: "Soros must be stopped and his offices in
Yugoslavia closed as he demanded bombardment of Belgrade and
openly joined the foes of this state and its people." /end/ A.S.
NO PURCHASER FOR "GALEB"
Podgorica, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Montenegrian government
auctioned the ship "Galeb" on which the late president J. B. Tito
travelled abroad. Nobody has appeared as a purchaser, reports
AFP. The price is DEM 3 million. The ship is 118 m long, 15.6 m
wide with two diesel engines, 1839 kW each, and does the speed of
16 knots. It is provided with a few cannons and anti aircraft
rockets, can accommodate 18O persons and transport 1,OOO
soldiers. Tito sailed by it to India, Africa, Indonesia and
Britain and at the ship drawing room he received N. Hruiscov,
G.A. Naser, M. Gadafi, Hu Kuo Feng and N. Sihanuk. /end/ A.S.
TUDJMAN: PRAISES TO HDZ, THREATS TO THE OTHERS
Zagreb, Feb 25, 1996 (Press TWRA)- First session of the HDZ main
board is held in Zagreb this weekend. President of the Party and
Republic Franjo Tudjman first addressed to the gathering and then
foreign & defence ministers, Granic and Susak, respectively, the
B-H HDZ delegate Bozo Rajic ("Herzeg Bosnian" extremist), deputy
of the diplomacy head Hidajet Biscevic, deputy prime minister
Borislav Skegro and then Franjo Tudjman again.
When the session started-the first 2 hours, only journalists
of the state's and media close to governing party were allowed to
be present. Afterwards, some other journalists were allowed, too.
Tudjman said: "We have made our promise-we have a sovereign
state, developed democracy. Yet, we are exposed to fabricated
assaults from inside and abroad. We were first described as a
party of dire intents, then as being under too great influence of
Herzegovinian lobby and allegedly wrong policy towards B-H.(...)
My message to the workers is not to be the tools in battle
against Croatian freedom and democracy: Do not be an instrument
of those who want to overthrow democratically elected government!
Among the railroad workers are old communists & syndicalists who
want to oust Croatian democratic government.(...) Among Croatia's
population there are between 15% and 2O% of those who want to
restore Yugoslavia or to push Croatia into association named
Euroslavia or alike.(...) Why the blames that I, as the state
president, am surrounded by toadies and incapable people, when,
on the contrary, I have succeeded with capable and respectable
people in achieving a great reputation for Croatia?" (end) A.S.
CRISIS OF THE ZAGREB AUTHORITIES CONTINUES
Zagreb, Feb 24, 1996 (Press TWRA) - New elections for the Zagreb
town & county assemblies are likely to be held. Political rivalry
so far has remained within the law and constitution. I believe it
will be settled in a democratic way. Opposition will not accept
any person appointed as the mayor & the Zagreb county head by F.
Tudjman after his rejection of two our candidates" said chairman
of the Zagreb Assembly, Z. Tomac at the meeting with a delegation
of the British Parliament. The talks were held in the presence of
the representatives of the ruling party (president of Sabor's
(the Croatian parliament) foreign policy Board Zarko Domljan,
president of Sabor's Board for the interparliamentary cooperation
Zdravka Busic) and of the opposition (representative of the Serb
minority Milan Djukic, vice-president of Sabor Stjepan Radic and
liberal Bozo Kovacevic). British parliamentarians inquired in the
chances for Croatian Serb refugees return. Z. Domljan said return
was possible for all Serbs being Croatian citizens who had not
committed any war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Chairman of Croatian Peasant Party Zlatko Tomcic said this
week that HDZ had decided to appoint Franjo Greguric as the
Zagreb mayor who, during the war from 1991 to 1992, was a prime
minister of so far only Government of national unity. Greguric
alone opposes the decision but he is exposed to a great pressure
to accept it, says Tomcic reminding the opposition coalition
would not accept either Greguric or any other candidate of HDZ.
Seven-party coalition with the majority in the Zagreb
Assembly addressed a public letter to the director of Croatian
TV, Mudrinic editor in chief Hloverka Novak Srzic and editor of
the news program Obrad Kosovac due to reports on the dispute
between the opposition and F. Tudjman. The opposition parties
stress that their letter addressed to Tudjman was commented
incorrectly, then partly retold while Tudjman's reply was reread
several times without being shortened or commented. /end/ A.S.
A spokesman for the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Kris
Janowski, said Bosnia's Federation police were helping fan panic among
the Serbs: ``What we are concerned about is the house calls the
federation police are making, which is very badly received by the local
population, who are already quite scared... The whole Sarajevo issue is
at stake here. And it's not only a Sarajevo issue, it's the issue of
multi-ethnicity for the whole country... The fewer Serbs (who) remain
in Sarajevo the worse it bodes for the efforts here to piece the country
together again. The ultimate responsibility will be with the Bosnian
Janowski noted there had been no evidence of intimidation by federation
police. ``But considering how paranoid these (Serb) people are, how afraid
they are, what may be a harmless house call by the federal police may tip
the balance, may be perceived as harrassment.''
Janowski also criticized nationalist Bosnian Serb leader Momcilo Krajisnik:
``What Krajisnik is doing is fairly outrageous and extremely manipulative...
Krajisnik is one of the showmasters behind this hype in the media on the
Bosnian Serb side... The problem is that he basically gave us a lot of
trouble by scaring those poor people, by manipulating the media and now
of course he wants to take them out because every Serb staying in Sarajevo
is an insult to him or a challenge to him... ''
``The main problem that we're seeing at the moment is a certain vacuum
situation in those neighbourhoods, with the previous establishment
leaving and the new establishment not yet arriving. That refers to medical
services, communal services... What we're trying to do is to get in some
emergency aid to fill in the gap and also to ask non-government organisations
to come in and take over some medical facilities and bring in medicines and
so forth,'' Janowskli added.
According to Lt.-Gen. Sir Michael Walker, the NATO ground force commander
in Bosnia, nationalist Bosnian Serb military will reestablish link with
IFOR. ``We've just had a very successful meeting... Gen. Tolimir has given
me his assurance those links are now formally re-established. The ones that
had been frozen are now unfrozen.''
``We have talked about security and safety ... in the areas of transfer,''
Gen. Tolimir commented. ``We have agreed upon better communications between
IFOR and the Army of the Republic of Srpska. We came to agreement on all
``Quite clearly with military vehicles coming into the areas of transfer
they've got to be clearly under the control of IFOR, they've got to be
clearly absent any military equipment,'' Gen. Walker said. ``I suspect
they're going to have be be driven by civilian drivers and they're going
to have be used in a manner which is not threatening.''
EJUP GANIC TEMPORARILY REPLACES ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC
Sarajevo, Feb 23, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Presidency of the Republic
of Bosnia-Herzegovina at today's session appointed its member
Ejup Ganic as as acting president till recovery of the president
Alija Izetbegovic. Meanwhile, Izebegovic's health condition has
improved but he still needs rest. /end/ A.S.
GANIC AND MAJOR ON EXTENSION OF THE IFOR MANDATE
Sarajevo, Feb 23, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Ejup Ganic said that Serb
leadership at Pale was to blame for tension in Vogosca and other
parts of Sarajevo to be taken over by the B-H Federation
authorities. "We make effort to persuade Serb population to stay,
but Pale is doing all it can to achieve the opposite. IFOR must
do its best to arrest Karadzic and Mladic and hand them over to
the International Tribunal. In that case extension of IFOR
one-year mandate would be acceptable," said Ganic.
London - British Prime Minister Major said it was not likely
for IFOR to meet all duties as scheduled (before the end of this
year). "If the job is not done on time, we should reconsider what
should be done to accomplish it," said Major. /end/ A.S.
MASS EXODUS OF SERBS FROM VOGOSCA
Sarajevo, Feb 23, 1996 (Press TWRA) - Along with Bosnian interior
minister Avdo Hebib and the chief of staff of the International
police Peter Fitzgerald, at today's entering of 44 Federal
policemen and founding of the Public Security Station in Vogosca
was present Sejfo Sejfic the head of the Police section in the
Security Service Center to Sarajevo. On the Serb population they
found there, he said: "Those frightened people look miserable and
poor. We found out that 5O more buses and trucks arrives today to
take them to Visegrad and elsewhere. They hesitate whether to go
or not. They do not know what to do. There are some who decide to
leave and get on the bus and then change their mind and return."
Late last year till the Dayton accord, about 1O,OOO people
lived in Vogosca, mainly Serbs. According to the 1991 census,
Vogosca, north-western suburb of Sarajevo had 24,7O7 residents,
5O.8% (12,549) Muslims (Bosniaks), 35.8% Serbs (8,843), 4.3%
Croats (1O74), 9.1% "Yugoslavs" and others (2241). The Vogosca
County occupies 72 sq km, half of it being private, the second
half state property.
Geneva - UN is dissatisfied with slow deployment of the
international police forces, the UN spokesman to Geneva stated:
"That is why Serb civilians are leaving the suburbs of Sarajevo.
We call on the states which agreed to join their policemen in the
international contingent, to step up sending them." /end/ A.S.