Search our News Archive A)? GHT="50">
Compact version
Today's Suggestion
Read The "Macedonian Question" (by Maria Nystazopoulou-Pelekidou)
HomeAbout HR-NetNewsWeb SitesDocumentsOnline HelpUsage InformationContact us
Friday, 22 November 2019
 
News
  Latest News (All)
     From Greece
     From Cyprus
     From Europe
     From Balkans
     From Turkey
     From USA
  Announcements
  World Press
  News Archives
Web Sites
  Hosted
  Mirrored
  Interesting Nodes
Documents
  Special Topics
  Treaties, Conventions
  Constitutions
  U.S. Agencies
  Cyprus Problem
  Other
Services
  Personal NewsPaper
  Greek Fonts
  Tools
  F.A.Q.
 

OMRI Daily Digest II, No. 239, 11 December 1995

From: "Steve Iatrou" <siatrou@cdsp.neu.edu>

Open Media Research Institute Directory

CONTENTS

  • [1] FRANCE'S ULTIMATUM ON PILOTS RUNS OUT.

  • [2] OSCE APPROVES BOSNIAN MISSION.

  • [3] BOSNIAN SERB LEADERSHIP WANTS KARADZIC IN PARIS.

  • [4] IZETBEGOVIC REASSURES SARAJEVO'S SERBS.

  • [5] BELGRADE MINISTER INTENSIFIES INTEGRATION EFFORTS.

  • [6] ROMANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER ON UKRAINE, BOSNIA.

  • [7] HUNGARIANS PROTEST ROMANIAN EDUCATION LAW.

  • [8] MOLDOVA ABOLISHES CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.

  • [9] BULGARIAN JOURNALISTS FORM UNION.

  • [10] SLOVAK PRIME MINISTER IN BULGARIA.

  • [11] BULGARIAN BUDGET DEFICIT EXCEEDS PROJECTION.

  • [12] BERISHA PARDONS JOURNALIST IN SLANDER CASE.


  • OMRI DAILY DIGEST

    No. 239, Part II, 11 December 1995

    SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

    [1] FRANCE'S ULTIMATUM ON PILOTS RUNS OUT.

    The London meeting on the reconstruction of Bosnia was overshadowed by a French demand that the Bosnian Serbs free the two downed airmen by 10 December or face unspecified consequences. The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung the next day said that his colleagues were supportive of the French foreign minister, and Germany's Klaus Kinkel pointed out that 50 of the 200 foreign casualties in the conflict have been French. The French have used tough but vague language to describe what they would do if the Serbs did not comply. CNN said that the Serbs remained silent as the deadline went past, and AFP noted that the usually loquacious Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic refused to give an interview. -- Patrick Moore

    [2] OSCE APPROVES BOSNIAN MISSION.

    The OSCE, at a two-day meeting of its foreign ministers in Budapest on 7-8 December, has taken on its greatest challenge in its 20-year history by agreeing to oversee elections, arms control, and human rights in Bosnia, Western agencies reported. But it failed to agree on an individual to head its mission, with France opposing the U.S candidate. Many delegates expressed doubts as to whether the OSCE, which has few resources of its own, is up to the job. "Even if the military operation succeeds to the extent that you can establish security on the ground, it will not succeed if you don't manage to get elections going, to get the reconstruction of civil society," OSCE Secretary-General Wilhelm Hoynck said. -- Michael Mihalka

    [3] BOSNIAN SERB LEADERSHIP WANTS KARADZIC IN PARIS.

    Speaker of the Bosnian Serb legislature Momcilo Krajisnik said in Banja Luka on 9 December that the leadership of the Republika Srpska insists that its head, Radovan Karadzic, attend the peace conference in Paris on 14 December and sign the final peace agreement, AFP and Nasa Borba reported on 11 December. He said that his government's delegation has not been consulted about the final version of the Dayton treaty and has not signed it. He also said that "no integral Bosnia" will exist after Dayton, claiming that the "full political independence" of the Republika Srpska has been agreed to. Meanwhile, Karadzic again warned the international community that having Sarajevo's Serbs under Moslem authorities would create "a Beirut," the BBC reported on 11 December. -- Daria Sito Sucic

    [4] IZETBEGOVIC REASSURES SARAJEVO'S SERBS.

    Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic promised that all foreign Islamic fighters in his country will be sent home within 30 days, the International Herald Tribune reported on 11 December. He added that his government will work to reassure the 60,000-70,000 Sarajevo Serbs who will pass from Pale's to government control under the Dayton agreement. He added that the anxious population "is not fully informed of the provisions" of the treaty. Nasa Borba noted that the Croats and Muslims under Pale's rule have not asked for special guarantees, and that General Ratko Mladic offered none for the 70,000 Bosnian Serbs who remained loyal to the Bosnian government when Mladic's men shelled the city. The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung pointed out that traditionally Sarajevo has not had ethnic ghettos, which are a concept of the nationalists. Elsewhere, Hina said on 10 December that the Bosnian Croat parliament approved the Dayton treaty, albeit with misgivings over northern Bosnia. -- Patrick Moore

    [5] BELGRADE MINISTER INTENSIFIES INTEGRATION EFFORTS.

    BETA on 9 December quoted Foreign Minister Milan Milutinovic as saying at the London Conference on Bosnia-Herzegovina that Belgarde has given "a big boost to the [Balkan] peace process" and for that reason should have "the right to suitable relations with the EU, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and other institutions." Milutinovic also used the opportunity to aruge once again that Belgrade was a victim of circumstances and not involved in instigating and supporting the war. "I would say that [the rump] Yugoslavia, because of the war in its neighborhood and because of the sanctions it was subjected to, has endured serious economic hardships," he added. -- Stan Markotich

    [6] ROMANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER ON UKRAINE, BOSNIA.

    Returning from London, where he participated in the international conference on the Dayton agreement, Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu told Radio Bucharest on 9 December that he and his Ukrainian counterpart have decided to prepare a summit meeting between the two countries' prime ministers to discuss "steps that may be conducive to the conclusion of the bilateral treaty" between the two countries. Melescanu added that Romania has expressed its readiness to contribute to the NATO peacekeeping force with non- combat units. NATO's secretary-general approved his proposal and details are to be worked out soon, he said. Melescanu also noted that Romania wanted to contribute to the group of experts that will oversee the implementation of the human rights provisions of the Dayton agreements. -- Michael Shafir

    [7] HUNGARIANS PROTEST ROMANIAN EDUCATION LAW.

    Thousands of ethnic Hungarian high-school students protested Romania's controversial education law, which, they say, discriminates against their language, Romanian and international media reported on 8 December. An estimated 3,000 pupils from the Transylvanian town of Sfantu Gheorghe demanded equal rights, equal chances, and education in [their] mother tongue." The protesters also demanded the return of Church property seized by the communists. Meanwhile, the Hungarian minority announced it will suspend its protest actions, started at the beginning of the school year, until after the winter holidays. -- Matyas Szabo

    [8] MOLDOVA ABOLISHES CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.

    The Moldovan parliament on 8 December voted unanimously to abolish the death penalty, Moldovan and international agencies reported. Sentences ranging from 25 years to life will be meted out for such crimes as high treason, murder, terrorism, desertion during war, and rape of minors. "This is an important step toward bringing Moldovan legislation in line with that of other European countries," Deputy Parliamentary Speaker Dumitru Diacov said. Since 1991, 21 death penalties have been handed out. None has been carried out in Moldova, but an unknown number of people have been sent to Russia and Ukraine for execution. -- Matyas Szabo

    [9] BULGARIAN JOURNALISTS FORM UNION.

    Some 64 journalists working for Bulgarian National Radio (BNR) on 7 December formed a trade union called Svobodno Slovo (Free Word), Demokratsiya reported. Most belong to the group of journalists who have accused BNR's management of censorship (see OMRI Daily Digest, 27 November 1995). Representatives of the new union met with BNR Director-General Vecheslav Tunev to talk about procedural rules under which they will hold talks with the BNR management. Tunev on 8 December declared on BNR that the dissenting journalists have no desire for a constructive dialogue and that they have served the interests of all systems--from the communist era to the present day--"with the same servility." -- Stefan Krause

    [10] SLOVAK PRIME MINISTER IN BULGARIA.

    Vladimir Meciar, on a visit to Sofia from 7-8 December, met with his Bulgarian counterpart, Zhan Videnov, and parliamentary chairman Blagovest Sendov, RFE/RL reported. The two premiers signed five bilateral agreements, including one calling for the elimination of tariffs between the two countries within three years. Videnov and Meciar told the press that they have agreed on coordinated efforts toward European integration. During a visit to Slovenia earlier last week, Meciar won Slovenian support for Bulgarian membership in the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). On returning to Bratislava, Meciar said that as a result to his visit to Ljubljana and Sofia, his country now has "an open road to three seas"--the Baltic, the Adriatic, and the Black Sea. -- Stefan Krause

    [11] BULGARIAN BUDGET DEFICIT EXCEEDS PROJECTION.

    By the end of November, Bulgaria's budget deficit had reached 54 billion leva ($766 million), as compared with the projected deficit of 48 billion leva ($681 million), Leff Information Service quoted Finance Minister Dimitar Kostov as saying on 7 December. This puts the deficit at close to 7.5% of GDP. Kostov also predicted that December-to-December consumer price inflation for 1995 would be 35%. In a commentary in 24 chasa on 11 December, the opposition deputy Ventsislav Dimitrov pointed out that the increase in the deficit is due to the government's decision in April to help improve the balance sheets of two ailing state commercial banks. -- Michael Wyzan

    [12] BERISHA PARDONS JOURNALIST IN SLANDER CASE.

    Albanian President Sali Berisha has pardoned Aleanca chief editor Blendi Fevziu, who was found guilty of slander, Koha Jone reported on 9 December. Fevziu was fined $2,000 for publishing an article that suggested that the head of the State Control Commission was involved in corruption (see OMRI Daily Digest, 6 December 1995). Meanwhile, the Constitutional Court has ruled that the protocols of Supreme Court Chief Judge Zef Brozi's trial will be made available to the parliament. Deputies from the Democratic Alliance and the Socialist Party had demanded to see the documents. -- Fabian Schmidt

    This material was reprinted with permission of the Open Media Research Institute, a nonprofit organization with research offices in Prague, Czech Republic.
    For more information on OMRI publications please write to info@omri.cz

    Back to Top
    Copyright 1995-2016 HR-Net (Hellenic Resources Network). An HRI Project.
    All Rights Reserved.

    HTML by the HR-Net Group / Hellenic Resources Institute
    news2html v2.13 run on Monday, 11 December 1995 - 22:13:21