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U-N / CYPRUS / RESOLUTION (L-ONLY) BY CHRIS SIMKINS/UNITED NATIONS

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

DATE=6/23/95

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

NUMBER=2-180964

TITLE=U-N / CYPRUS / RESOLUTION (L-ONLY)

BYLINE=CHRIS SIMKINS

DATELINE=UNITED NATIONS

CONTENT=

VOICED AT:

INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL TODAY (FRIDAY) UNANIMOUSLY APPROVED A SIX MONTH EXTENSION WAS FOR THE U-N PEACEKEEPING MISSION IN CYPRUS. THE EXTENSION WAS THE ONE THOUSANDTH RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE SECURITY COUNCIL SINCE THE UNITED NATIONS WAS FOUNDED 50 YEARS AGO. V-O-A'S CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS FROM U-N HEADQUARTERS IN NEW YORK.

TEXT: THE SECURITY COUNCIL UNANIMOUSLY APPROVED A RESOLUTION EXTENDING THE MANDATE FOR THE U-N PEACEKEEPING MISSION IN CYPRUS UNTIL THE END OF THE YEAR. THERE ARE CURRENTLY 12-HUNDRED U-N PEACEKEEPERS IN CYPRUS. THE U-N FORCES -- MADE UP MAINLY OF TROOPS FROM ARGENTINA, AUSTRIA, AND BRITAIN -- PATROL A BUFFER ZONE STRETCHING ACROSS THE MEDITERRANEAN ISLAND. THE U-N HAS HAD PEACEKEEPERS STATIONED IN CYPRUS SINCE 1964. THE SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION CALLS FOR A REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF TURKISH TROOPS ON THE ISLAND AND A CUT IN DEFENSE SPENDING.

SECRETARY GENERAL BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI HAS SAID THE PEACEKEEPING MISSION IN CYPRUS IS NEEDED BECAUSE THE NORTHERN PART OF THE ISLAND -- WITH 30-THOUSAND TURKISH TROOPS AND FOUR THOUSAND TURKISH CYPRIOT TROOPS -- REMAINS ONE OF THE MOST HIGHLY MILITARIZED AREAS IN THE WORLD, IN TERMS OF THE RATIO BETWEEN THE NUMBER OF SOLDIERS AND CIVILIANS. THE GOVERNMENT OF CYPRUS HAS BEEN VIRTUALLY CUT OFF FROM THE REST OF THE ISLAND SINCE TURKEY INVADED AND OCCUPIED THE NORTHERN PART OF THE ISLAND IN 1974.

IN APPROVING THE EXTENSION OF THE U-N PEACEKEEPING MISSION IN CYPRUS THE SECURITY COUNCIL URGED BOTH SIDES TO MAKE EFFORTS TO FIND COMMON GROUND FOR A RESUMPTION OF DIRECT PEACE TALKS AND PROMOTE AN ATMOSPHERE OF TOLERANCE AND RECONCILIATION IN CYPRUS.

                        /// REST OPT ///

THE RESOLUTION ON CYPRUS WAS THE ONE THOUSANDTH ADOPTED BY THE SECURITY COUNCIL SINCE THE UNITED NATIONS WAS FOUNDED IN 1945. IN THE UNITED NATIONS FIRST 45 YEARS THE COUNCIL PASSED 646 RESOLUTIONS. IN THE LAST 5 YEARS IT ADOPTED NEARLY HALF THAT NUMBER, 324. U-N OFFICIALS SUGGEST THE INCREASING NUMBER INDICATES THAT THERE HAS BEEN A GROWING CONSENSUS IN THE COUNCIL TO RESPOND TO THREATS TO SECURITY AND PEACE AROUND THE WORLD.

(SIGNED)

NEB/NY/CS/LSF/PT

23-Jun-95 5:42 PM EDT (2142 UTC)

NNNN

Source: Voice of America

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