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Voice of America, 23 August 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - 8/23/95 !!!

  • [02] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [03] CLINTON / BOSNIA ONITER (L-O) BY DAVID GOLLUST (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [04] CLINTON/BOSNIA (L) BY DAVID GOLLUST (WASHINGTON)

  • [05] U-N / YUGO / HUMAN RIGHTS (L ONLY) BY DOUGLAS ROBERTS (GENEVA)

  • [06] U-S/BOSNIA TALKS (S) BY DAVID GOLLUST (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [07] YUGO SITREP (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - 8/23/95 !!!

    DATE=8/23/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 8/23/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    RWANDA / REFUGEES -- UN OFFICIALS ARE EXPRESSING FEAR A DISASTER COULD BE IN THE MAKING IN AND AROUND RWANDAN REFUGEE CAMPS IN EASTERN ZAIRE. EAST AFRICA CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA REPORTS THE WARNING COMES AS ZAIREAN AUTHORITIES CONTINUE ROUNDING UP REFUGEES AND FORCING THOUSANDS OF THEM OVER THE BORDER INTO RWANDA, WHILE OTHERS FLEE INTO THE COUNTRYSIDE. (8/22)

    UN / RWANDA -- UN OFFICIALS ARE VOICING ALARM OVER THE FORCIBLE EXPULSION OF RWANDAN AND BURUNDIAN REFUGEES FROM ZAIRE. ZAIREAN ARMY TROOPS HAVE DEPORTED MORE THAN TEN THOUSAND REFUGEES FROM CAMPS IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE COUNTRY OVER THE PAST FEW DAYS, AND THE EXPULSIONS ARE CONTINUING DESPITE STRONG PROTESTS FROM THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES. CORRESPONDENT DOUGLAS ROBERTS REPORTS FROM GENEVA. (8/22)

    RWANDA / UN INTERVIEW -- ZAIREAN AUTHORITIES ARE CONTINUING TO FORCE RWANDAN REFUGEES OUT OF THEIR CAMPS IN EASTERN ZAIRE AND OVER THE BORDER BACK INTO RWANDA. THE OPERATION HAS CAUSED THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES TO FLEE IN PANIC INTO THE ZAIREAN COUNTRYSIDE. EAST AFRICA CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA SPOKE WITH PETER KESSLER OF THE NAIROBI OFFICE OF THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES. HE ASKED MR. KESSLER WHAT CAN BE DONE TO RESOLVE THE NEW CRISIS. (8/22)

    HILLARY CLINTON / WOMEN'S CONFERENCE -- THE WHITE HOUSE HAS NOT DECIDED WHETHER HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON SHOULD ATTEND THE UN CONFERENCE ON WOMEN NEXT MONTH IN BEIJING. SOME WORRY IT WILL SEND THE WRONG SIGNAL TO CHINA, WHILE OTHERS NOTE MRS CLINTON HAS MUCH TO OFFER THE CONFERENCE. STRINGER MICHELE KELEMEN REPORTS ON THE ONGOING DEBATE. (8/22)

    BURMA / UN -- BURMA'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT IS REPORTED TO HAVE DENIED A VISA FOR A THAI ORGANIZER OF THE UPCOMING NGO WOMEN'S FORUM NEAR BEIJING. CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON SAYS THE THAI LEGISLATOR PLANNED TO TRAVEL TO RANGOON TO HELP BURMESE DEMOCRACY LEADER AUNG SAN SUU KYI VIDEOTAPE AN ADDRESS TO BE PRESENTED TO WOMEN ATTENDING THE NGO FORUM. (8/22)

    BOSNIAN SERBS / SHELLING -- THE NEW INTERNATIONAL RAPID REACTION FORCE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAS GONE INTO ACTION FOR THE FIRST TIME AFTER THE SERBS SHELLED A UNITED NATIONS OBSERVATION POST. CENTRAL EUROPE CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS, FRENCH SOLDIERS OF THE RAPID REACTION FORCE RETALIATED WITH HEAVY ARTILLERY AFTER BOSNIAN SERB FORCES SHELLED EGYPTIAN TROOPS DEPLOYED IN A SARAJEVO SUBURB. (8/23)

    FRANCE / NUCLEAR -- FRANCE HAS TOLD AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND THAT THEIR CAMPAIGN AGAINST FRANCE'S NUCLEAR TESTS IN THE PACIFIC SHOULD NOT BE MORE HARSH THAN THEIR REACTIONS TO A CHINESE TEST LAST WEEK. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTED FROM PARIS. (8/22)

    US / NUCLEAR SAFETY -- A US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HAS OPENED HEARINGS ABOUT WHAT CHAIRMAN RICHARD LUGAR SAYS IS A GROWING DANGER OF NUCLEAR TERRORISM DIRECTED AGAINST THE UNITED STATES. THE PANEL HEARD EXPERTS TESTIFY THE BREAKDOWN OF DISCIPLINE WITHIN THE RUSSIAN MILITARY IS A KEY FACTOR IN THE PROBLEM. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS. (8/22)

    NEW ZEALAND / US -- A TOP AMERICAN MILITARY COMMANDER SAYS NEW ZEALAND'S ANTI-NUCLEAR POLICY WILL HAVE TO CHANGE BEFORE IT CAN TAKE PART IN JOINT MILITARY EXERCISES WITH THE UNITED STATES. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF IN THE PACIFIC, ADMIRAL RICHARD MACKE MET NEW ZEALAND PRIME MINISTER JIM BOLGER TUESDAY, AS STRINGER JAMES WEIR REPORTS FROM WELLINGTON. (8/22)

    JORDAN / IRAQ -- CHIEF UN INSPECTOR ROLF EKEUS HAS MET WITH A TOP-RANKING IRAQI DEFECTOR IN AMMAN, JORDAN. THE DEFECTOR, GENERAL HUSSEIN KAMEL HASSAN HAD DIRECTED IRAQ'S SECRET WEAPONS PROGRAMS, WHICH THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL WANTS DESTROYED. CORRESPONDENT LAURIE KASSMAN HAS MORE FROM CAIRO. (8/22)

    SAO TOME / COUP -- SAO TOME'S PRESIDENT MIGUEL TROVOADA SAYS HE BELIEVES LAST WEEK'S COUP WAS MOTIVATED BY POLITICS RATHER THAN ECONOMICS AS MILITARY OFFICERS CLAIMED. MR TROVOADA WAS RESTORED TO POWER TUESDAY AFTER GRANTING AMNESTY TO MILITARY OFFICERS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE COUP. WEST AFRICA CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK REPORTS. (8/23)

    FRANCE / TERROR -- FRENCH ANTI-TERRORIST INVESTIGATORS BELIEVE AN ALGERIAN ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALIST DETAINED IN SWEDEN MAY HAVE BEEN A PART OF THE TEAM THAT PLANTED A BOMB ON THE PARIS SUBWAY LAST MONTH KILLING SEVEN PEOPLE. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS FROM PARIS. (8/22)

    ISRAEL / BOMB AFTERMATH -- ISRAEL AND THE PLO SAY THEY WILL CONTINUE THEIR PEACE TALKS DESPITE MONDAY'S BLOODY SUICIDE BOMB ATTACK IN JERUSALEM. AS STRINGER PATRICIA GOLAN REPORTED FROM JERUSALEM, THE MILITANT PALESTINIAN ISLAMIC GROUP HAMAS TOOK RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE BLAST THAT KILLED FIVE PEOPLE AND WOUNDED 100. (8/22)

    INDIA / KIDNAP -- INDIA SAYS FOUR FOREIGN HOSTAGES HELD BY ISLAMIC MILITANTS IN INDIAN KASHMIR ARE ALIVE AND WELL AS NEGOTIATIONS CONTINUE TO WIN THEIR RELEASE. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI. (8/22)

    CAMBODIA / JAPAN -- JAPAN'S FOREIGN MINISTER, YOHEI KONO, HAS PLEDGED MORE THAN 20-MILLION DOLLARS IN NEW ASSISTANCE TO CAMBODIA. CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON REPORTS, THE AID PLEDGE CAME DURING MR. KONO'S BRIEF VISIT WEDNESDAY TO PHNOM PENH, WHERE HE ALSO HELD TALKS WITH GOVERNMENT LEADERS AND CAMBODIA'S KING NORODOM SIHANOUK. (8/23)

    BURMA / NARCOTICS -- SOUTHEAST ASIA'S OPIUM KINGPIN, KHUN SA, IS QUOTED AS SAYING HE IS READY TO STEP DOWN AS LEADER OF HIS REBEL ARMY IF BURMA'S MILITARY AND WESTERN GOVERNMENTS ALLOW HIM TO RETIRE PEACEFULLY. SOUTHEAST ASIA CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON SAYS THAT RECENT REPORTS HAVE SPOKEN OF A LEADERSHIP STRUGGLE IN KHUN SA'S MONG TAI ARMY, AMID A CONTINUING OFFENSIVE BY BURMESE GOVERNMENT FORCES. (8/23)

    JAPAN / SOUTHEAST ASIA -- JAPANESE FOREIGN MINISTER YOHEI KONO IS IN THAILAND AT THE START OF A REGIONAL TOUR. CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON REPORTS THE JAPANESE OFFICIAL IS DISCUSSING TRADE AND OTHER ECONOMIC ISSUES WITH THAI LEADERS, BEFORE A ONE-DAY VISIT WEDNESDAY TO CAMBODIA. (8/22)

    TAIWAN / PRESIDENT -- AS THE NATIONALIST PARTY OPENED AN IMPORTANT CONFERENCE, PARTY LEADER LEE DENG HUI CALLED FOR PARTY UNITY AND THE SMOOTH NOMINATION OF A CANDIDATE FOR THE FIRST DIRECT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN TAIWAN. STRINGER RUPERT HAYES REPORTS FROM TAIPEI THERE IS GROWING DISSENT WITHIN THE PARTY ABOUT WHO SHOULD BE NOMINATED AND HOW TO CARRY OUT THE NOMINATION PROCEDURE. (8/22)

    HONG KONG / WINDOWS PIRACY -- AS THE AMERICAN COMPUTER SOFTWARE COMPANY MICROSOFT PREPARES TO RELEASE ITS NEW OPERATING SYSTEM, ITS REPRESENTATIVES IN EAST ASIA ARE DEVELOPING NEW MEASURES TO PREVENT ILLEGAL COPIES OF THE PROGRAM FROM REACHING RETAIL OUTLETS. FROM HONG KONG, CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS SOFTWARE COMPANY OFFICIALS SAY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS PIRACY REMAINS A SERIOUS PROBLEM IN THE REGION DESPITE PROGRESS MADE DURING THE PAST TWO YEARS. (8/23)

    RUSSIA / CHECHNYA -- RUSSIAN OFFICIALS PROMISE TO CONTINUE WITH PEACE EFFORTS IN CHECHNYA, DESPITE A BLOODY CLASH BETWEEN REBEL FIGHTERS AND RUSSIAN FORCES IN A CHECHEN TOWN, ARGUN. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM MOSCOW. (8/22)

    NATO / EXPANSION -- THE 16-NATION NATO ALLIANCE IS CLOSE TO AGREEMENT ON RULES FOR ADMITTING NEW MEMBERS FROM CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE. BUT STRINGER JOHN FRASER IN BRUSSELS REPORTED THERE IS STILL NO AGREEMENT ON HOW SOON NATO WILL OPEN ITS DOORS TO NEW ARRIVALS. (8/22)

    SLOVAKIA / ECONOMIC REFORM -- SLOVAKIA IS IN THE MIDST OF A PERIOD OF ECONOMIC UNCERTAINTY AFTER THE GOVERNMENT RECENTLY ABOLISHED A POPULAR METHOD OF PRIVATIZING STATE ENTERPRISES. CORRESPONDENT BARRY WOOD IN BRATISLAVA REPORTS THE SUSPENSION OF THE VOUCHER PRIVATIZATION THREATENS THE GROWTH OF SLOVAKIA'S NEW AND FRAGILE STOCK MARKET. (8/22)

    GUATEMALA / CEASEFIRE -- GUATEMALA'S LEFTIST GUERRILLAS HAVE ANNOUNCED A UNILATERAL CEASE-FIRE FOR THE LAST TWO WEEKS LEADING UP TO THE NOVEMBER 12TH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN GUATEMALA. AS CENTRAL AMERICA CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS REPORTS, THE CEASE-FIRE ANNOUNCEMENT HAS BEEN WELCOMED BY THE GUATEMALAN GOVERNMENT'S PEACE NEGOTIATOR. (8/23)

    US / MICROSOFT -- A FEDERAL JUDGE HAS CLEARED AWAY A MAJOR LEGAL HURDLE FOR THE GIANT COMPUTER SOFTWARE FIRM MICROSOFT CORPORATION. STAFFER VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTED THE JUDGE'S RULING COMES AT THE END OF A 13-MONTH ANTI-TRUST REVIEW OF MICROSOFT BY THE GOVERNMENT, AND REQUIRES THE COMPANY TO CHANGE ITS BUSINESS PRACTICES. (8/22)

    ABC / TOBACCO APOLOGY -- THE ABC TELEVISION NETWORK HAS ISSUED A FORMAL APOLOGY FOR A NEWS REPORT IN WHICH ABC ALLEGED THAT TWO AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANIES ADD EXTRA NICOTINE TO THEIR CIGARETTES. IN NEW YORK, CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTED THE NETWORK WILL ALSO PAY SEVERAL MILLION DOLLARS IN LEGAL EXPENSES INCURRED BY THE TOBACCO FIRMS. (8/22)

    INTEREST RATES -- POLICYMAKERS FROM THE US CENTRAL BANK, THE FEDERAL RESERVE HAVE DECIDED NOT TO CHANGE INTEREST RATES. CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES SAYS THE MOVE HAD BEEN EXPECTED. (8/22)

    CONGRESSMAN REYNOLDS / GUILTY -- IN CHICAGO, A JURY FOUND US CONGRESSMAN MEL REYNOLDS GUILTY OF A MULTI-COUNT CRIMINAL INDICTMENT WHICH FOCUSED ON SEXUAL MISCONDUCT AND OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE. CHICAGO CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH REPORTS MR. REYNOLDS FACES A MINIMUM SENTENCE OF FOUR YEARS IN PRISON, YET FOR THE MOMENT, HE RETAINS HIS CONGRESSIONAL SEAT. (8/23)

    OJ SIMPSON / TV -- JUDGE LANCE ITO HAS AGAIN THREATENED TO HALT LIVE TELEVISION BROADCASTS OF THE OJ SIMPSON TRIAL. THE FORMER AMERICAN FOOTBALL STAR IS ACCUSED OF KILLING HIS EX-WIFE AND HER FRIEND IN JUNE 1994. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS. (8/22)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    CHANDRASEKHAR / OBIT -- REPORTER SUSAN CLARK TALKS TO EUGENE PARKER OF THE PHYSICS DEPARTMENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, ABOUT HIS COLLEAGUE SUBRAMANYAN CHANDRASEKHAR, WHO WON THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR PHYSICS. MR. PARKER EXPLAINS MR. CHANDRASEKHAR'S THEORY THAT STARS WITH A MASS GREATER THAN THAT OF THE SUN MUST EVENTUALLY COLLAPSE, FORMING BODIES OF ENORMOUS DENSITY. HIS WORK IMPLIED THE EXISTENCE OF NEURON STARS AND BLACK HOLES. MR. CHANDRASEKHAR DIED MONDAY. (ENGLISH 8/22)

    HARRY WU / N CALIFORNIA RELATIONS -- CONCERNED CITIZENS OF SILICON VALLY URGED CONGRESS TO "RETURN TO SANITY REGARDING CHINA" IN A LETTER PREPARED BY THEM WHICH URGED RATIONAL RELATIONS WITH CHINA. NINE SILICON VALLEY PROFESSIONALS WITH BUSINESS OR PERSONAL INTERESTS IN CHINA EXPRESSED THEIR DIFFERENT VIEWPOINTS ON THE HARRY WU INCIDENT. INTERVIEW WITH NORMAN MATLOFE, PROFESSOR, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT DAVIS; DING YUAN, SPOKESPERSON, SILICON VALLEY FOR DEMOCRACY IN CHINA. (MANDARIN 8/23)

    APPARITIONS / VIRGIN MARY -- THE SEEMINGLY UNEXPLAINABLE REPORTS APPEAR REGULARLY IN DIVERSE PLACES AROUND THE WORLD. IN ONE CHURCH, AN ICON OF THE VIRGIN MARY SEEMS TO CRY. AT ANOTHER, SHE BLEEDS. AND IN SOME PLACES, THE DEVOUT CLAIM THAT SHE HEALS. WHAT DO THESE REPORTS MEAN? ARE THEY MESSAGES FROM GOD? WEDNESDAY'S TALK TO AMERICA GUESTS ARE AUTHORS AND EXPERTS WHO STUDY THESE PHENOMENA. AUTHOR OF THUNDER OF JUSTICE, TOM FLYNN, AND FATHER ALEXANDER WEBSTER, AUTHOR OF PRICE OF PROPHESY, OFFER THEIR VIEWS AS WE DISCUSS REPORTS OF THESE EPISODES AND THEIR MEANING. (ENGLISH 8/23)

    RUSSIAN JOURNALISTS / US -- RUSSIAN JOURNALISTS DISCUSS THEIR EXPERIENCES IN THE US IN A ROUNDTABLE ANCHORED BY NATALIE CLARKSON. PARTICIPANTS WERE ZULFIA AKHMETOVA FROM ULYANOVSK, LARISSA KNOLL FROM OMSK, AND RUSTEM ENGALYCHEV FROM MOSCOW. (RUSSIAN 8/22)

    SCOTUS / ARMENIA -- SUPREME COURT JUSTICE ANTONIO SCALIA TALKED TO ARMENIAN STAFFER KEN VARTANIAN ABOUT HIS VISIT TO ARMENIA, HIS MEETINGS WITH HIS ARMENIAN COUNTERPART, AND HIS VIEWS ABOUT THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM OF ARMENIA. (ARMENIAN 8/21)

    CZECH DISSIDENT ART / US -- STAFFER ZDENEK SADLON REPORTS FROM CHICAGO ON AN EXHIBIT OF CZECH DISSIDENT ART WHICH IS MAKING A TOUR OF US CITIES, INCLUDING CHICAGO, NEW YORK, ALBUQUERQUE, AND CEDAR RAPIDS. THE EXHIBIT INCLUDES ART OBJECTS AND ARTIFACTS REFLECTING THE LIFE OF CZECH DISSIDENTS UNDER THE COMMUNIST REGIME PRIOR TO 1989. VISITORS FIND IT INTERESTING, BUT SOME HAVE CALLED IT RATHER DEPRESSING. (CZECH 8/18)

    CLINTON / MEMORIAL SERVICE -- PRESIDENT CLINTON INTERRUPTED HIS VACATION TO ATTEND A MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR THREE US DIPLOMATS KILLED IN A CAR ACCIDENT ON A TRACHEROUS MOUNTAIN ROAD NEAR SARAJEVO. PRESENT WERE OTHER HIGH LEVEL US OFFICIALS. STAFFER IVANA KUHAR REPORTS FROM FORT MYER. (CROATIAN 8/23)

    US / BRADLEY RESIGNATION -- STAFFER MACIEJ WIERZYNSKI INTERVIEWS CZESLAW KARKOWSKI OF A POLISH LANGUAGE NEWSPAPER IN NEW YORK ABOUT BILL BRADLEY'S DECISION NOT TO RUN FOR THE US SENATE AND HIS POSSIBLE PRESIDENTIAL BID. (POLISH 8/21)

    POLAND / US UNIVERSITY -- STAFFER TADEUSZ WALENDOWSKI INTERVIEWS TOMASZ WIELICKI, A PROFESSOR OF MANAGEMENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SAN DIEGO, ABOUT HIS EXPERIENCE AS A TEACHER AT THE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT ORGANIZED BY THE NATIONAL LOUIS UNIVERSITY IN THE POLISH CITY OF NOWY SACZ. (POLISH 8/18)

    CENTRAL EUROPE / DEMOCRACY -- JAN KUBIK, A POLITICAL SCIENTIST AT RUTGERS UNIVERSITY TALKS ABOUT A CONFERENCE ON LOCAL DEMOCRACY HELD IN KRAKOW. BASIC FINDINGS SHOW THAT AFTER AN EXPLOSION OF ACTIVITY IN 1990, CENTRAL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES, INCLUDING POLAND AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC ARE EXPERIENCING DIFFICULTY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND LOCAL DEMOCRACY. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER MACIEJ WIERZYNSKI. (POLISH 8/22)

    SLOVENE JOURNALIST / USA -- SLOVENE STAFFER INTERVIEWS A YOUNG JOURNALIST FROM TELEVISION SLOVENIA IN LJUBLJANA WHO HAS JUST ARRIVED TO THE UNITED STATES TO SPEND AN ACADEMIC YEAR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE IN KNOXVILLE. SHE EXPLAINED HOW SLOVENE JOURNALISTS CAN QUALIFY FOR A SCHOLARSHIP IN THE UNITED STATES. (SLOVENE 8/23)

    INDIA DAY / NEW YORK -- THE INDIAN COMMUNITY IN NEW YORK CELEBRATED THE 48TH ANNIVERSARY OF INDIA'S INDEPENDENCE WITH A GRAND PARADE INCLUDING COLORFUL FLOATS, BANDS, DANCE AND MUSIC. STRINGER AMBALIKA MISRA REPORTS. (HINDI 8/22)

    CZECH EXHIBIT / DC FESTIVAL -- STAFFER HANA PALEC INTERVIEWED ZDENA SADLIKOVA, WHO SUPERVISED THE PREPARATION OF CZECH FOOD AT THE 'FOLK LIFE FESTIVAL' IN WASHINGTON. MRS. SADLIKOVA REPORTS THAT THE EXHIBIT FEATURED CZECH CHRISTMAS AND EASTER TRADITIONS. SHE NOTED THAT SOME OF THE CZECH FOODS WERE HARD TO PREPARE DUE TO THE DIFFERENCES IN INGREDIENTS, SUCH AS THE TYPE OF AVAILABLE FLOUR. (CZECH 8/19)

    STATE DEPARTMENT / INTERPRETER -- STAFFER MAGDA ZALAN INTERVIEWS LASZLO SZIMONISZ, THE OFFICIAL HUNGARIAN INTERPRETER FOR THE STATE DEPARTMENT. THEY TALK ABOUT THE ROLE OF THE TRANSLATOR, AND THE VISITS BY PRESIDENTS BUSH AND CLINTON TO HUNGARY. (HUNGARIAN 8/23)

    MIROSLAW ROGALA / MULTIMEDIA ARTIST -- STAFFER ANDRZEJ ZWANIECKI INTERVIEWED MIROSLAW ROGALA, WHO TALKS ABOUT HIS MULTIMEDIA PERFORMANCE WHICH WAS APPLAUDED BY THE 'CHICAGO TRIBUNE.' ROGALA COMBINES COMPUTER GRAPHICS WITH SOUND AND LIGHT. (POLISH 8/18)

    POLISH WOMEN / KUNG-FU CONTEST -- STAFFER MARGARET DEA INTERVIEWS TWO POLISH GIRLS WHO ARE PARTICIPATING IN A MARTIAL ARTS CONTEST IN BALTIMORE. (POLISH 8/22)

    US / SOCCER -- MORE AND MORE US COLLEGES OFFER SCHOLARSHIPS TO SOCCER PLAYERS. STAFFER HULYA POLAT INTERVIEWS JEZMI TURHAN, A TURKISH-AMERICAN AND A TEXAS STATE SOCCER COACH WITH CLASS A LICENSE FROM THE USSF. TURHAN, A MEMBER OF THE SELECTING COMMITTEE FOR THE US NATIONAL SOCCER TEAM, DISCUSSES THE INCREASING POPULARITY OF SOCCER IN THE US AND THE WAYS IN WHICH COLLEGES LOCATE AND SELECT SOCCER PLAYERS. (TURKISH 8/23)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    KENYA / GANGSTERS -- POLICE AUTHORITIES HAVE OFFERED A REWARD OF ABOUT 2000 DOLLARS FOR INFORMATION LEADING TO THE ARREST OF THREE GANGSTERS WHO KILLED POLICE OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS IN NAIROBI. MG JOEL REPORTS FROM NAIROBI. (SWAHILI 8/22)

    UGANDA / REBEL LEADER KILLED -- MAJOR JOHN MUKASA, A REBEL COMMANDER FOR THE LORD'S RESISTANCE ARMY HAS BEEN KILLED BY THE NRA ARMY. (SWAHILI 8/22)

    ZIMBABWE / ELEPHANTS -- AS THE DROUGHT SITUATION IN ZIMBABWE GETS WORSE, ELEPHANTS FROM MOZAMBIQUE HAVE INVADED MUZARABANI DISTRICT, DESTROYING FARMS AND THE ENVIRONMENT. SEVERAL PEOPLE WERE ALSO INJURED. REPORTER ACADOGA CHILEDI HAS DETAILS FROM HARARE. (SWAHILI 8/22)

    ANGOLA / ECOLOGY -- ANGOLA'S NEARLY 20-YEAR CIVIL WAR HAS CAUSED SEVERE DAMAGE TO THE COUNTRY'S ECOLOGY. REPORTER JOE DECAPUA SPOKE TO PROFESSOR BRIAN HUNTLEY OF SOUTH AFRICA'S NATIONAL BOTANICAL INSTITUTE IN CAPE TOWN, WHO STUDIED THE PROBLEM. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/23)

    ANGOLA / CHILDREN -- STRINGER MOHAMED ELBOU REVIEWED A REPORT RECENTLY PUBLISHED BY UNICEF ON THE HEALTH OF ANGOLAN CHILDREN WHO ARE OFTEN THE VICTIMS OF POVERTY, THE UNAVAILABILITY OF ADEQUATE HEALTH SERVICES, AND LANDMINES LEFT BY YEARS OF CIVIL WAR. (FRENCH 8/22)

    ZAIRE / REFUGEES -- INTERNATIONAL AID WORKERS SAY ZAIRE'S EXPULSION OF RWANDAN REFUGEES IS SEPARATING FAMILIES. REPORTER WILLIAM EAGLE SPOKE WITH THE GOMA, ZAIRE, REPRESENTATIVE OF THE UNHCR, CHRIS BOWERS, AND WITH SOPHIE BONEFELD, A SPOKESWOMAN FOR THE INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS BASED IN KIGALI, RWANDA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/22)

    ZAIRE / REFUGEES -- STRINGER JEAN-RENE MPUTU BIDUYA INTERVIEWED GERARD KAMANDA WA KAMANDA, ZAIREAN VICE-PRIME MINISTER AND MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS. MR. KAMANDA SPOKE OF THE REASONS HIS COUNTRY DECIDED TO START FORCIBLY REPATRIATING RWANDAN REFUGEES STAYING IN CAMPS IN ZAIRE. (FRENCH 8/22)

    LIBERIA / PEACE ACCORD -- LAST WEEK LIBERIAN WARRING FACTIONS SIGNED A NEW PEACE ACCORD TO END SIX YEARS OF CIVIL WAR. PROFESSOR AMOS SAWYER IS THE FORMER INTERIM PRESIDENT OF LIBERIA. HE DISCUSSES THE AGREEMENT WITH REPORTER JAMES BUTTY. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/23)

    LIBERIA / TAYLOR ON NEW ACCORD -- LAST WEEK, LIBERIA'S WARRING FACTIONS SIGNED A NEW PEACE ACCORD TO END NEARLY SIX YEARS OF CIVIL WAR. CHARLES TAYLOR IS LEADER OF THE LARGEST REBEL FACTION, THE NATIONAL PATRIOTIC FRONT OF LIBERIA. HE DISCUSSES THE AGREEMENT AND HIS POLITICAL FUTURE WITH REPORTER JAMES BUTTY. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/23)

    EBOLA / BLOOD -- DOCTORS IN ZAIRE SAY THEY'VE FOUND A CURE FOR EBOLA -- AN INJECTION OF BLOOD FROM SURVIVORS INTO OTHER EBOLA PATIENTS. THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION IN ATLANTA, GEORGIA, SAYS IT'S AN INTERESTING DEVELOPMENT BUT NEEDS CORROBORATION. REPORTER COLE MALLARD INTERVIEWS CDC SPOKESMAN TOM SKINNER. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/22)

    RWANDA REFUGEES / GOMA -- ON THE THIRD DAY OF ZAIRE'S FORCED REPATRIATION OF RWANDAN REFUGEES, VINCENT FABER OF MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERS IN GOMA GIVES REPORTER CATHERINE MADDUX AN UPDATE ON THE SITUATION. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/23)

    NIGERIA / MUGABE / MUSEVENI -- ZIMBABWE PRESIDENT ROBERT MUGABE AND UGANDA'S PRESIDENT YOWERI MUSEVENI MET WITH NIGERIA'S GENERAL SANI ABACHA IN ABUJA. THE TWO VISITORS EXPRESSED SATISFACTION WITH THE MILITARY GOVERNMENT'S POLITICAL PROGRAM TO RETURN NIGERIA TO DEMOCRACY. HAUSA STRINGER SANI ABDULLAHI TSAFE REPORTS THAT THEY ALSO DISCUSSED THE ISSUES OF GIVING CLEMENCY TO THOSE FOUND GUILTY OF A COUP CONSPIRACY. MEANWHILE, FORMER CIVILIAN PRESIDENT ALHAJI SHEHU SHAGARI EXPRESSED HIS DISAGREEMENT WITH THE CURRENT PUBLIC DEBATE ON THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROPOSAL WHICH HE TERMED A WASTE OF TIME AND A PLOY BY THE MILITARY TO EXTEND ITS STAY IN POWER. (HAUSA 8/22)

    NIGERIA / COMMITTEE ON CIVIL SERVANTS' PERFORMANCE -- A COMMITTEE THE MILITARY GOVERNMENT SET UP EARLIER THIS YEAR TO LOOK INTO THE PERFORMANCE AND CONDITIONS OF CIVIL SERVANTS IN COMPARISON TO THE PERFORMANCE OF PRIVATE SECTOR EMPLOYEES HAS RECEIVED REPORTS FROM SUB-COMMITTEES. HAUSA STRINGER AHMED MOHAMMAD KWALAM REPORTS THAT, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE COMMITTEE WAS TO LOOK INTO THE FACTORS THAT LED TO POOR PERFORMANCE BY THE COUNTRY'S CIVIL SERVANTS AND SUGGEST SOLUTIONS. (HAUSA 8/22)

    ETHIOPIA / NEW PRESIDENT -- THE MINISTER OF INFORMATION IN THE NOW DEFUNCT TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT OF ETHIOPIA, NEGASSO GIDADA, IS THE NEW PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA. MEMBERS OF THE NEWLY OPENED PARLIAMENT ELECTED MR. NEGASSO ON THE SECOND DAY OF THE SESSION. THE NEW SPEAKER OF PARLIAMENT, MR DAWIT YOHANNES, WAS ALSO ELECTED THE SAME DAY. AMHARIC STRINGER TAFESSE KIFLE REPORTS. (AMHARIC 8/22)

    SMOKING / AFRICANS -- CATHOLIC CHARITIES IN SAN DIEGO RECENTLY CONDUCTED A SURVEY ON CIGARETTE SMOKING AMONG AFRICAN REFUGEE COMMUNITIES IN THE CITY. AMHARIC STAFFER TIZITA BELACHEW INTERVIEWED MR GERMA SHIFERAW GOBEZE, THE COORDINATOR OF THE SURVEY. HE DISCUSSED THE OUTCOME OF THE SURVEY AND EFFORTS TO TEACH THE HARM OF SMOKING. (AMHARIC 8/22)

    NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BLACK JOURNALISTS -- STAFFER MAIMOUNA MILLS REPORTS ON THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION AND ANNUAL CONVENTION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BLACK JOURNALISTS. MS. MILLS, WHO ATTENDED THE CONVENTION IN PHILADELPHIA DESCRIBED THE PERCY QOBOZA AWARD GIVEN THIS YEAR TO LIBERIAN JOURNALIST KENNETH BEST. SHE ALSO DESCRIBED TWO PANEL DISCUSSIONS DEVOTED TO AFRICA AND THE PRESS. (FRENCH 8/22)

    SAO TOME / COUP AFTERMATH -- STAFFER MAHAMAT AHMAT ADAMOU ASKED JOURNALIST JOSE GONSALVES TO REPORT ON THE SITUATION IN SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE WHERE PRESIDENT MIGUEL TROVOADA HAS REPORTEDLY SIGNED A DECREE GRANTING AMNESTY TO THE COUP PERPETRATORS IN EXCHANGE FOR HIS RESTORATION TO OFFICE. THE PARLIAMENT IS SAID TO HAVE VOTED THIS DECREE INTO LAW. (FRENCH 8/22)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    ISRAEL / BOMBING / SYRIA -- SYRIA SAYS THE SUICIDAL BOMBING INCIDENT IN JERUSALEM IS A PRODUCT OF IMBALANCE IN THE PEACE ACCORDS BETWEEN ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIANS AND ISRAEL AND JORDAN. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 8/22)

    ISRAEL / BOMBING REACT -- KAMAL ABDELRAOUF, MANAGING EDITOR OF CAIRO'S AKHBAR ALYUM WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER ZEINAB ABDELRAHMAN ON REACTION TO THE SUICIDAL BOMBING INCIDENT IN JERUSALEM. (ARABIC 8/22)

    ISRAEL / PEACE PROCESS -- AT UN HEADQUARTERS, ISRAEL PLEDGED TO CONTINUE COOPERATION WITH THE PALESTINIANS TO ACHIEVE A LASTING PEACE. STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 8/22)

    US / JORDAN / IRAQ -- US ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE ROBERT PELLETREAU MET WITH KING HUSSEIN OF JORDAN TO BRIEF HIM ON HIS TALKS IN KUWAIT AND IN SAUDI ARABIA ABOUT IRAQ. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS. (ARABIC 8/22)

    IRAQ / UN -- ROLF EKEUS, HEAD OF UN COMMISSION ON IRAQ MET WITH IRAQI GENERAL HUSSEIN KAMEL HASSAN WHO DEFECTED TO JORDAN. A TEAM OF UN ARMS EXPERTS ARRIVED IN BAGHDAD TO VERIFY THE INFORMATION GIVEN BY IRAQ TO THE UN COMMISSION. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 8/22)

    IRAQ / UN / SHIPS -- IRAQ ASKED THE UN TO INTERVENE IN ORDER TO PREVENT US AND BRITISH SHIPS FROM VIOLATING IRAQI TERRITORIAL WATERS. STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 8/22)

    EGYPTIAN POWS / ISRAEL -- GENERAL HASSAN ABU SAADA, FORMER EGYPTIAN AMBASSADOR TO BRITAIN WAS INTERVIEWED BY CORRESPONDENT IBRAHIM ABDIN ON THE KILLING OF EGYPTIAN POWS BY ISRAELI TROOPS IN THE 1956 AND 1967 WARS. (ARABIC 8/22)

    EGYPT / HUMAN RIGHTS GROUP -- THE EGYPTIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION SAYS IT FEARS THE EGYPTIAN GOVERNMENT MIGHT USE THE CONTROVERSY REGARDING THE LEGAL STATUS OF THE ORGANIZATION TO CLOSE IT DOWN. STAFFER THABET BARDICY REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 8/22)

    BEIJING CONFERENCE / AL-AZHAR -- A STATEMENT BY AL-AZHAR ATTACKED THE DOCUMENT OF BEIJING WOMEN'S CONFERENCE AS BEING AGAINST WOMEN. STAFFER IMAN RAFI REPORTED FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 8/22)

    JORDAN / IMF LOAN -- THE IMF HAS AGREED TO GRANT JORDAN THIRTY THREE MILLION DOLLARS IN CREDITS TO IMPLEMENT ECONOMIC REFORMS. MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 8/22)

    KUWAIT / BUDGET -- THE KUWAITI PARLIAMENT APPROVED THE GOVERNMENT'S BUDGET FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1995-96. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS. (ARABIC 8/22)

    ALGERIA / PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS -- PROFESSOR MARIAM DAL OF ALGERIA UNIVERSITY WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER ZEINAB ABDELRAHMAN ON THE UPCOMING ALGERIAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. (ARABIC 8/22)

    LEBANON / UN DEPOSITORY LIBRARY -- THE UN CHOSE TWO LIBRARIES TO DEPOSIT ITS DOCUMENTS AND PUBLICATIONS FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE PUBLIC. (ARABIC 8/22)

    US / SANCTIONS / IRAN -- FARSI STAFFER MANSOUR FRACYON INTERVIEWED THOMAS STAUFFER, AN OIL ECONOMIST WITH THIRTY YEAR'S OF EXPERIENCE STUDYING THE IRANIAN OIL INDUSTRY. DR STAUFFER BELIEVES THAT THE US SANCTIONS HAVE HAD MINIMAL IMPACT ON IRANIAN OIL SALES. IRAN IS SUCCEEDING IN FINDING NEW CUSTOMERS FOR ITS OIL, STAUFFER SAYS. HE BELIEVES THAT THE REFUSAL OF THE EUROPEAN ALLIES TO JOIN THE SANCTIONS IS THE MAJOR REASON BEHIND THEIR LACK OF IMPACT. (FARSI 8/23)

    IRANIAN SINGER -- STAFFER HOSSEIN N KANGARLOO INTERVIEWED SINGER NASSER MASSOUDI, WHO SPECIALIZES IN THE FOLK SONGS OF HIS NATIVE GILAN PROVINCE ALONG THE CASPIAN COAST. MASSOUDI, RECENTLY SENT SEVERAL OF HIS CASSETTES TO MR. KANGARLOO, BUT HAS NOT PERFORMED PUBLICLY SINCE THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION OF 1979. (FARSI 8/23)

    TEHRAN / EXPOSITION / CONFERENCE -- STAFFER KATAYOUN BEGLARI REPORTS ON THE FOURTH TEHRAN INTERNATIONAL RUG CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION. SHE TALKED WITH TEHRAN PUBLISHER SADEGH SAMII, WHO ATTENDED THE OPENING CEREMONIES. SAMII SAID THAT FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE THE FOUNDING OF THE EVENT, NO AMERICANS ATTENDED. (FARSI 8/23)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    PRIVATIZATION / AZERBAIJAN -- AZERBAIJAN WILL AUCTION OFF SOME STATE ENTERPRISES IN OCTOBER AS PART OF ITS ONGOING PRIVATIZATION PROGRAM. AZERBAIJANI STRINGER RAFAEL HUSAINOV, IN BAKU, INTERVIEWED CUMSHUD NURIYEV, HEAD OF THE PRIVATIZATION COMMITTEE OF THE AZERBAIJANI PARLIAMENT. (AZERBAIJANI 8/23)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / BISHKEK -- ACCORDING TO SARAH NUTTALL, THE UNESCO CONSULTANT TO WOMEN IN MEDIA NETWORK FOR CENTRAL ASIA, DELEGATES FROM UZBEKISTAN, WHERE THERE IS NO FREEDOM OF PRESS, WERE VERY WILLING TO TALK AND EXPRESS THEIR CONCERNS TO THE PARTICIPANTS OF THE BISHKEK CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN THE MEDIA, HELD IN THE KYRGYZ CAPITAL THIS WEEK. MS NUTALL WAS INTERVIEWED BY UZBEK STAFFER FIRDEVS MAMUR AND ALI JALALI OF THE DARI SERVICE. (UZBEK 8/23)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    INDIA / TRAIN WRECK -- STAFFER BHAGWAN PRAKASH INTERVIEWED CL COW, OF THE INDIAN RAILWAY BOARD ABOUT MONDAY'S TRAIN ACCIDENT IN INDIA WHICH RESULTED IN HUNDREDS OF DEATHS AND INJURIES. MR COW EXPLAINED THE CIRCUMSTANCES, AND STEPS TAKEN TO PREVENT SUCH MISHAPS IN THE FUTURE. (HINDI 8/22)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / INDIA -- STAFFER SUMAN GUPTA INTERVIEWED INDIAN FEMINIST KAMLA BHASIN WHO WILL BE REPRESENTING WOMEN'S GROUP 'JAGORI' AT THE UPCOMING BEIJING CONFERENCE AND WILL CHAIR AN NGO PANEL ON 'WOMEN AND MEDIA'. (HINDI 8/22)

    CRICKET -- INDIA WAS OFF TO A GOOD START IN ITS CRICKET TOUR OF KENYA. IT WON THE FIRST MATCH OF THE SERIES, PLAYED IN NAIROBI, DEFEATING THE KENYAN TEAM BY NINE WICKETS. INDIAN VICE CAPTAIN VIKRAM RATHORE'S SCORE OF 91 RUNS WAS PIVOTAL FOR INDIA'S VICTORY IN THE ONE DAY MATCH. STRINGER REPORT. (HINDI 8/22)

    BANGLA FILM STAR / NY -- BANGLA FILM STAR CHAMPA WAS INTERVIEWED BY NEW YORK STRINGER ZAKIA KHAN ON HER FILM CAREER AND EXPERIENCES AS A STAR OF BENGALI FILMS IN BANGLADESH AND INDIA. (BANGLA 8/23)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    VIETNAM / FOREIGN INVESTMENT -- REPORTER SON NGUYEN INTERVIEWS VICE MINISTER OF TRADE NGUYEN MAI RECENTLY IN HANOI ABOUT THE STATUS OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN VIETNAM AND EFFORTS TO IMPROVE THE INVESTMENT CLIMATE. (VIETNAMESE 8/23)

    SINGAPORE LEADER / US-CHINA RELATIONS -- THE PRIME MINISTER OF SINGAPORE GAVE A SPEECH DURING NATIONAL DAY CELEBRATIONS, IN WHICH HE EXPRESSED UNEASINESS OVER WORSENING SINO-AMERICAN RELATIONS AND TENSION ACROSS THE TAIWAN STRAITS. STRINGER LIN GUANGHUI REPORTS. (MANDARIN 8/22)

    CHINA-TAIWAN VISAS -- THE VISA APPLICATION OF ANNEPPE LU, LEGISLATOR OF DPP OF TAIWAN, HAS BEEN REJECTED. SHE WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO GO TO BEIJING AND ATTEND THE NGO FORUM OF THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S CONFERENCE. MEANWHILE, AIZHEN MA, THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE NATIONAL CONGRESS OF KMT, AND HER DELEGATION OF SOME FORTY PEOPLE, HAVE OBTAINED PERMISSION TO ENTER CHINA FOR THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S CONFERENCE. ACCORDING TO THE CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTRY, ONLY THOSE WHO THREATEN THE SAFETY OF CONFERENCE PARTICIPANTS OR THOSE WHO ARE AGAINST THE PRINCIPLES OF THE UN, WILL BE REFUSED TO ATTEND THE CONFERENCE. ASSERTING THAT SHE IS NOT GOING TO BEIJING TO ADVOCATE THE INDEPENDENCE OF TAIWAN, ANNEPPE LU REPRIMANDED THE CHINESE AUTHORITY'S DECISION AS ABSURD. HOWEVER, AIZHEN MA FEELS THAT IT IS LU'S POLITICAL STAND OF PROMOTING TAIWAN'S INDEPENDENCE THAT HAS MADE HER UNWELCOME TO BEIJING. INTERVIEW WITH ANNEPPE LU, LEGISLATOR OF DPP AND AIZHEN MA, REPRESENTATIVE OF NATIONAL CONGRESS OF KMT. (MANDARIN 8/23)

    KMT PLENARY SESSION -- IN ADDITION TO COVERING LEE TENG-HUI'S ADDRESS AT THE 14TH KMT PLENARY SESSION, STRINGER FAN DAOZHUANG ALSO LOOKED AT THE LIKELIHOOD OF LEE'S NOMINATION AS KMT'S PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE. (MANDARIN 8/22)

    CHINA / DENG BIRTHDAY & THE FUTURE -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH PROFESSOR EDWARD FREIDMAN, FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN AT MADISON, ABOUT WHY CHINESE LEADER DENG XIAOPING'S 91ST BIRTHDAY WAS NOT MORE WIDELY CELEBRATED IN BEIJING. THE PROFESSOR ALSO DISCUSSES WHAT HE BELIEVES WILL HAPPEN AFTER MR DENG'S DEATH, A STRUGGLE FOR POWER. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 8/22)

    SOUTH KOREAN CLERGYMAN / NORTH KOREA -- A SOUTH KOREAN PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER IS VISITING NORTH KOREA AT THE INVITATION OF THE (NORTH) KOREAN CHRISTIAN FEDERATION. SOUTH KOREA'S NATIONAL UNIFICATION BOARD SAID THAT DURING HIS NINE-DAY STAY, REV. KWAK SON HUI WILL DISCUSS RELIGIOUS COOPERATION WITH NORTH KOREAN CHRISTIANS AND MEET WITH HIS FAMILY INCLUDING A NEPHEW HE WAS SEPARATED FROM DURING THE KOREAN WAR. CORRESPONDENT SUCK TAE KO NOTED THAT REV. KWAK IS THE FIRST SOUTH KOREAN RELIGIOUS LEADER TO VISIT NORTH KOREA WITH SEOUL'S APPROVAL, SINCE THE BEGINNING OF THE KIM YOUNG SAM'S GOVERNMENT IN 1993. (KOREAN 8/23)

    PRESIDENT KIM / SENIOR POLITICIANS -- SOUTH KOREAN PRESIDENT KIM INVITED SENIOR POLITICIANS TO THE PRESIDENTIAL RESIDENCE TO DISCUSS THE NATIONAL AGENDA FOR THE SECOND PART OF HIS FIVE-YEAR TERM. MR. KIM URGED THEM TO COOPERATE FOR HIS POLICY OF CHANGE AND REFORMS. MR. KIM DAE JUNG, LEADER OF THE JUST-FORMED MAJOR OPPOSITION PARTY, STRESSED THE NEED FOR A BI-PARTISAN APPROACH TO THE NATIONAL REUNIFICATION ISSUE AND PLEDGED HIS FULL COOPERATION IF THE G


    [02] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=08/23/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09134
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23RD //

    INTRO: MONDAY'S TERRORIST BOMBING IN ISRAEL AND A PUBLIC APOLOGY BY THE AMERICAN BROADCASTING COMPANY TO TWO OF THE NATION'S LARGEST TOBACCO COMPANIES TOP THE EDITORIAL COLUMNS OF SEVERAL U-S NEWSPAPERS TODAY (WEDNESDAY). OTHER TOPICS INCLUDE THE DEATH OF THREE U-S DIPLOMATS IN BOSNIA; THE DEBATE OVER FIRST LADY HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON'S POSSIBLE TRIP TO CHINA; THE NEW REFUGEE CRISIS IN RWANDA AND MEXICO'S GROWING DRUG PROBLEM. NOW, HERE WITH A CLOSER LOOK IS ________________ AND TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: TODAY'S "MIAMI HERALD" QUESTIONS WHETHER THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN PEACE TALKS SHOULD BE CONTINUED IN LIGHT OF THE RECURRING TERRORIST ATTACKS, AND SAYS ISRAELIS ARE RIGHT TO ASK IF THE PEACE PROCESS IS WORTH THE GRIEF:

    VOICE: "[OPT] LAST MONTH, AFTER A TERRORIST BOMB IN TEL AVIV KILLED SIX ISRAELIS AND WOUNDED AT LEAST 30, ISRAELI PRESIDENT EZER WEIZMAN ADVISED PRIME MINISTER YITZHAK RABIN TO 'STOP AND THINK ABOUT THE PEACE PROCESS.' IT WAS GOOD ADVICE. MONDAY'S SUICIDE BOMBING IN JERUSALEM LENDS EVEN GREATER WEIGHT TO MR. WEIZMAN'S GOOD COUNSEL. [END OPT] .... ISRAELIS HAVE GOOD REASON TO QUESTION THE ALLEGED FRUITS OF A 'PEACE' THAT SEEMS TO BRING ONLY DEATH AND UNCERTAINTY. THEY NEED REASSURING, AND THEIR PATIENCE IS UNDERSTANDABLY THIN."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: THE "NEW YORK POST" ECHOES "THE MIAMI HERALD'S" SKEPTICISM, BUT IN EVEN STRONGER TERMS.

    VOICE: "YET AGAIN, ISRAEL IS BURYING THE VICTIMS OF PALESTINIAN TERROR... RESPONSIBILITY FOR THIS LATEST OUTRAGE WAS QUICKLY CLAIMED BY HAMAS, THE FACTION OF MURDEROUS ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISTS BENT ON ISRAEL'S DESTRUCTION. THIS AGAIN PUTS THE LIE TO ASSERTIONS THAT P-L-O CHAIRMAN YASSER ARAFAT HAS MANAGED TO CRACK DOWN ON PALESTINIAN TERROR IN GENERAL AND ON HAMAS IN PARTICULAR... [MR.] ARAFAT'S PERFORMANCE VIS-A-VIS HAMAS HARDLY INSPIRES CONFIDENCE ABOUT ISRAEL'S LONG-TERM SECURITY. AS A RESULT, THE SENSE OF FRUSTRATION EXPERIENCED BY ISRAEL AND ITS FRIENDS ABROAD CONTINUES TO DEEPEN."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: TODAY'S "NEW YORK TIMES" OFFERS A CONTRASTING VIEW, CONCLUDING THAT THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN DIALOGUE MUST CONTINUE, DESPITE THE TERRORISM:

    VOICE: "PRIME MINISTER YITZHAK RABIN OF ISRAEL AND CHAIRMAN YASSER ARAFAT OF THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION CAME UP WITH EXACTLY THE RIGHT RESPONSE TO THE LATEST SUICIDE BOMBING BY A HAMAS FANATIC... THEY BOTH CONDEMNED THE MURDEROUS ATTACK AND, AFTER ISRAEL HAD BURIED ITS DEAD, RESUMED NEGOTIATIONS ON EXTENDING PALESTINIAN SELF-RULE. .. THE WISEST COURSE IS NOT TO BREAK OFF THE AUTONOMY TALKS BUT TO CONCLUDE THE PRESENT ROUND AS RAPIDLY AS POSSIBLE."

    TEXT: TODAY'S TOP DOMESTIC ITEM IS AN APOLOGY BROADCAST BY THE AMERICAN BROADCASTING COMPANY (ABC) FOR A NEWS REPORT LAST YEAR THAT ACCUSED PHILIP MORRIS AND R-J REYNOLDS, TWO OF THE NATION'S LARGEST CIGARETTE MAKERS, OF "SPIKING", OR ADDING NICOTINE TO, THEIR CIGARETTES. THE TWO CIGARETTE MAKERS HAD FILED A TEN-BILLION DOLLAR LIBEL SUIT AGAINST A-B-C. OPINION ON ABC'S APOLOGY, AND AN AGREEMENT TO PAY SEVERAL MILLION DOLLARS IN LEGAL FEES FOR THE CIGARETTE MAKERS, IS MIXED, TO SAY THE LEAST. "THE NEW YORK TIMES" SAYS THE INDUSTRY'S PRODUCTION METHODS ARE STILL SUSPECT.

    VOICE: "IF 'SPIKING' A PRODUCT MEANS ADDING SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF NICOTINE FROM OUTSIDE SOURCES, THE NEWS ORGANIZATION'S FORMER 'DAY ONE' PROGRAM MAY HAVE OVERSTATED THE CASE AGAINST THE INDUSTRY, WARRANTING A CORRECTION. ... EVEN SO, THAT ADMISSION LEAVES THE COMPANIES VULNERABLE TO THE GRAVE CHARGE THAT THEY CONTROL THE DOSE OF ADDICTIVE NICOTINE IN CIGARETTES TO KEEP THEIR CUSTOMERS HOOKED [ADDICTED]."

    TEXT: TAKING THE OPPOSITE VIEW IS "THE WASHINGTON TIMES", WHICH SUGGESTS:

    VOICE: "FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION CZAR DAVID KESSLER, WHO INTERPRETED THE ORIGINAL ... BROADCAST AS AN INVITATION TO REGULATE THE CIGARETTE INDUSTRY, OUGHT TO TAKE A CLOSE LOOK AT THE APOLOGY'S LANGUAGE: 'PHILIP MORRIS AND REYNOLDS STATE THAT ... THEIR FINISHED CIGARETTES CONTAIN LESS NICOTINE THAN IS FOUND IN THE NATURAL TOBACCO FROM WHICH THEY ARE MADE ..... 'ABC DOES NOT TAKE ISSUE WITH THOSE ... STATEMENTS.' GOT THAT, DR. KESSLER? LESS NICOTINE."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: HOWEVER "THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS" ECHOES THE "NEW YORK TIMES" SENTIMENTS, BUT IN MORE COLORFUL LANGUAGE.

    VOICE: "ONE OF AMERICA'S BIGGEST DRUG PUSHERS, PHILIP MORRIS COMPANY IS CROWING [BRAGGING] THAT IT FORCED A-B-C NEWS TO APOLOGIZE FOR A REPORT DAMNING BIG TOBACCO'S EVIL WAYS. ... WELL... IT'S NOTHING TO GLOAT OVER. THE APOLOGY WAS FOR ONLY A SMALL ERROR IN AN OTHERWISE SOUND REPORT. THE NETWORK'S CHARGES WERE EXPLOSIVE, AND .... A-B-C'S AIM WAS RIGHT ON TARGET. ... IT CONTINUED TO STAND BY THE THRUST OF ITS REPORT."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: "THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION" LEADS ITS EDITORIAL SPACE WITH PRAISE FOR WHAT IT CALLS "THE HEROES AMONG US", INCLUDING ED GANNAWAY, PILOT OF A SMALL COMMUTER AIRLINE WHO DIED WHILE STEERING HIS CRIPPLED CRAFT AWAY FROM HOUSES AND ONTO A FIELD IN GEORGIA. MOST OF THE PASSANGERS SURVIVED. THE PAPER GOES ON TO MENTION THE THREE U-S DIPLOMATS KILLED IN A ROAD ACCIDENT IN BOSNIA.

    VOICE: "NELSON DREW, ROBERT FRASURE AND JOSEPH KRUZEL ... THE THREE U-S DIPLOMATS WHO DIED ... WHEN THEIR ARMORED VEHICLE TUMBLED OFF A TREACHEROUS MOUNTAIN ROAD IN BOSNIA ... WERE THE HEART AND THE HOPE OF THE PLAN FOR PEACE IN THE WAR-TORN REGION. [OPT] THE LIST GOES ON. EARLIER THIS MONTH, SEAN RYAN, 23 AND PHILLIP OTIS, 22 - - YOUNG [U-S NATIONAL] PARK RANGERS -- PLUMMETED TO THEIR DEATHS WHILE ATTEMPTING TO RESCUE A CLIMBER ON MOUNT RAINIER IN WASHINGTON. ... THEY BRAVED HOWLING WINDS AT SUB-ZERO TEMPERATURES ... BEFORE FALLING TO THEIR DEATHS. ... [END OPT] WE MAY NEVER HAVE HEARD OF ... THE MEN WHO DIED ... BUT EVEN IN DEATH, THEIR LIVES HAVE TOUCHED US -- THROUGH THEIR COURAGE, THEIR HONOR, THEIR SELFLESSNESS."

    TEXT: IN SAN FRANCISCO, "THE CHRONICLE" SAYS OF THE THREE DIPLOMATS: "ARMED ONLY WITH IDEAS AND A FIERCE DETERMINATION TO MAKE REASON AND JUSTICE PREVAIL AGAINST HATRED AND GREED, THEY FOUGHT FOR THEIR NATION'S PRINCIPLED CAUSE ON THE FRONT LINES OF ONE OF THE UGLIEST WARS OF THEIR LIFETIMES. THEY DO TO THEIR GRAVES AS TRUE HEROES OF PEACE." "THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION" ADDS ITS VOICE TO THE CHORUS OF PAPERS SUGGESTING THAT HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON NOT GO TO THE U-N WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN CHINA, ASKING:

    VOICE: "...WHAT EXACTLY IS THE POINT OF GOING TO A CONFERENCE THAT HAS BARRED MOST WOMEN FROM COMING? MRS. CLINTON'S PRESENCE IN BEIJING WOULD ONLY ADD LEGITIMACY TO A TOTALITARIAN GOVERNMENT THAT WANTS TO CRUSH THE CONFERENCE INSTEAD OF ALLOWING WOMEN TO SPEAK FREELY ABOUT THEIR CONCERNS."

    TEXT: WHILE, IN OKLAHOMA, "THE DAILY OKLAHOMA" SUGGESTS TAKING THE BOYCOTT A STEP FURTHER:

    VOICE: "THE UNITED STATES SHOULD NOT SEND A DELEGATION TO NEXT MONTH'S UNITED NATIONS WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEIJING, CHINA ... THIS IS ONE CONFERENCE THE UNITED STATES SHOULD SKIP [MISS]."

    TEXT: MEANWHILE, LONG ISLAND'S "NEWSDAY" HAS SOME STRONG WORDS OVER CHINA'S RECENT SABER RATTLING TOWARD TAIWAN:

    VOICE: "THERE'S NOT MUCH TO BE DONE IF THIS IS ALL JUST BLUSTER AND BREAST-BEATING ... BUT IF CHINA WERE TO STEP OVER THE LINE WITH A MILITARY ATTACK ON TAIWAN, THEN THE OLD MEN OF BEIJING WOULD QUICKLY BECOME THE PARIAHS OF EAST ASIA."

    TEXT: TURNING TOWARDS AFRICA, AND ONE OF THE CONTINENT'S MOST TROUBLED AREAS, RWANDA, "THE BALTIMORE SUN" NOTES:

    VOICE: "A NEW ROUND OF TRAGEDY BEGAN IN AFRICA AS ZAIRIAN TROOPS UPROOTED AT LEAST 85-THOUSAND REFUGEES FROM CAMPS ... IN RECENT DAYS AND PUSHED THEM TOWARD BORDERS, MOST TO RWANDA AND SOME TO BURUNDI. ... THE LATEST EXPULSIONS OF DESPERATE PEOPLE TO THE BUSH WHERE MANY WILL DIE OF THIRST OR DISEASE, LIKE MOST GREAT ATROCITIES, RESULT FROM A GOVERNMENT'S POLICY AND NOT SPONTANEOUS HUMAN BEHAVIOR. A REFUGEE CAMP ANYWHERE IS A PROBLEM AND NOT A SOLUTION."

    TEXT FINALLY, ON THE GROWING ILLEGAL DRUG TRADE IN MEXICO, "THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR" NOTES:

    VOICE: "... THE PROBLEM ISN'T CONSUMPTION, [AS IN THE U-S] BUT DRUG-RELATED CORRUPTION ON A SCALE THAT THREATENS TO ENGULF THE COUNTRY -- EVEN AS IT STRUGGLES TO STOP AN ECONOMIC DOWNDRAFT AND REALIZE SOME OF THE PROMISE OF THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT. ... BUT EVEN INTENSIVE COOPERATION BETWEEN U-S AND LATIN AMERICAN AUTHORITIES HAS SO FAR BEEN INADEQUATE TO STOP THE FLOW OF DRUGS TO U-S CONSUMERS."

    TEXT: THAT CONCLUDES THIS BRIEF REVIEW OF SOME OF THE ISSUES AND CONCERNS ADDRESSED IN TODAY'S EDITORIALS FROM AROUND THE UNITED STATES. NEB/ANG/PCH

    23-Aug-95 11:49 AM EDT (1549 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] CLINTON / BOSNIA ONITER (L-O) BY DAVID GOLLUST (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=8/23/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184138
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS MOVED TO RE-START THE U-S DIPLOMATIC INITIATIVE ON BOSNIA -- NAMING NEW MEMBERS TO A NEGOTIATING TEAM DEPLETED BY A FATAL ROAD ACCIDENT LAST WEEKEND. SENIOR U-S OFFICIALS WILL RETURN TO EUROPE FOR TALKS EARLY NEXT WEEK. V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT.

    TEXT: ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTS CAME LESS THAN AN HOUR AFTER PRESIDENT CLINTON LED MOURNERS AT MEMORIAL SERVICES FOR THE THREE SENIOR OFFICIALS KILLED IN BOSNIA SATURDAY. MR. CLINTON SAYS THE BEST WAY TO HONOR THE MEMORY OF THE DIPLOMATS IS TO PRESS FORWARD WITH THE U-S PEACE INITIATIVE, AND HE HAS ORDERED THE RECONSTITUTED U-S TEAM TO LEAVE FOR EUROPE AND MORE TALKS SUNDAY.

    MR. CLINTON'S SPECIAL ENVOY FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA ROBERT FRASURE DIED IN THE ROAD ACCIDENT OUTSIDE SARAJEVO AS DID DEFENSE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL JOSEPH KRUZEL AND NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL AIDE NELSON DREW.

    AT THE MEMORIAL CEREMONY AT THE FORT MYER CHAPEL NEAR WASHINGTON, MR. CLINTON CALLED THE THREE MEN QUIET HEROES WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES SO THAT OTHERS MIGHT KNOW A FUTURE OF PEACE:

    /// CLINTON ACTUALITY ///

    THEY WERE EXTRAORDINARY AMERICANS WHO MADE REASON THEIR WEAPON, FREEDOM THEIR CAUSE AND PEACE THEIR GOAL. BOB, JOE AND NELSON WERE IN BOSNIA BECAUSE THEY WERE MOVED BY THE TERRIBLE INJUSTICE AND SUFFERING THERE. AND THEY WERE THERE BECAUSE THEY BELIEVED IT COULD AND MUST BE CHANGED.

    /// END ACT ///

    THOSE NAMED TO THE NEW NEGOTIATING TEAM INCLUDE WASHINGTON LAWYER AND FORMER STATE DEPARTMENT LEGAL ADVISER ROBERTS OWEN -- WHO HAS BEEN SERVING AS ARBITRATOR FOR THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIAN MUSLIMS AND CROATS -- AND JAMES PARDEW, DIRECTOR OF THE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT'S BALKANS TASK FORCE.

    THEY WILL JOIN ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE ON THE OVERSEAS MISSION THAT WILL FIRST TAKE THEM TO PARIS FOR TALKS MONDAY WITH BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA ITZETBEGOVIC AND ANOTHER MEETING OF THE FIVE-NATION BOSNIAN CONTACT GROUP.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE RECENT DRAMATIC CHANGES ON THE GROUND IN BOSNIA PRESENT THE BEST CHANCE FOR PEACE SINCE THE CONFLICT BEGAN THERE FOUR YEARS AGO. HOWEVER, BOSNIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MOHAMED SACIRBEY SAID HERE THE CURRENT WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY MAY ONLY LAST A MONTH OR TWO -- AFTER WHICH THE LIFTING OF THE U-N ARMS EMBARGO AGAINST BOSNIA, AND FORCE, MIGHT BE NECESSARY TO GET THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO ACCEPT A SETTLEMENT:

    /// SACIRBEY ACT ///

    WE ENVISION A TIME FRAME OF LET'S SAY A MONTH OR OR TWO MONTHS WHERE THERE WILL BE AN OPTIMUM OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE CURRENT SITUATION, THE CURRENT ENVIRONMENT. IF IN FACT WE DO NOT REACH SUCCESS BY THEN, THEN WE THINK THIS ENVIRONMENT ONCE AGAIN WOULD HAVE BECOME STALE, AND THAT WE MUST LOOK TO A NEW ENVIRONMENT CONSISTENT WITH THE DOLE-LIEBERMAN BILL, CONSISTENT OTHER MORE FORCEFUL MEASURES TO COMPEL THE SERBIANS TO ACCEPT PEACE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. SACIRBEY SAID HIS GOVERNMENT WILL PULL OUT OF THE PEACE TALKS UNLESS THE BOSNIAN SERBS HALT WHAT HE CALLED THE TERRORIST SHELLING OF SARAJEVO AND GORAZDE. AND, HE SAID ANY PEACE DEAL MUST INCLUDE SUBSTANTIAL INTERNATIONAL AID TO REBUILD BOSNIA'S SHATTERED ECONOMY. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAG/BD/LWM
    23-Aug-95 6:30 PM EDT (2230 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] CLINTON/BOSNIA (L) BY DAVID GOLLUST (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=8/23/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184126
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON LED MOURNERS AT MEMORIAL SERVICES NEAR WASHINGTON TODAY (WEDNESDAY) FOR THE THREE SENIOR U-S OFFICIALS KILLED IN A ROAD ACCIDENT WHILE ON A PEACE MISSION TO BOSNIA. THE PRESIDENT -- WHO INTERRUPTED HIS WESTERN VACATION TO ATTEND THE SERVICES -- PROMISED THE UNITED STATES WILL CARRY ON THEIR EFFORTS FOR PEACE IN THE BALKANS. V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST HAS DETAILS.

    TEXT: THE PRESIDENT HEADED AN EXTRAORDINARY GATHERING OF ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS, FOREIGN DIPLOMATS, AND FAMILY MEMBERS WHO HONORED THE MEMORY OF THE THREE AMERICANS KILLED IN BOSNIA LAST SATURDAY.

    MR. CLINTON POSTHUMOUSLY AWARDED PRESIDENTIAL CITIZENS MEDALS TO ROBERT FRASURE, THE SPECIAL U-S ENVOY TO THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, AND TO HIS COLLEAGUES JOSEPH KRUZEL AND NELSON DREW -- ALL OF WHOM DIED WHEN THE ARMORED VEHICLE IN WHICH THEY WERE RIDING PLUNGED OFF A MOUNTAIN ROAD NEAR SARAJEVO.

    MR. CLINTON DESCRIBED ALL THREE MEN -- WHO HAD LONG CAREERS IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS -- AS QUIET AMERICAN HEROES WHO SHARED A PASSION FOR THE SEARCH FOR PEACE:

    /// CLINTON ACTUALITY ///

    THEY WERE EXTRAORDINARY AMERICANS WHO MADE REASON THEIR WEAPON, FREEDOM THEIR CAUSE, AND PEACE THEIR GOAL. BOB, JOE AND NELSON WERE IN BOSNIA BECAUSE THEY WERE MOVED BY THE TERRIBLE INJUSTICE AND SUFFERING THERE. AND THEY WERE THERE BECAUSE THEY BELEIVED IT COULD AND MUST BE CHANGED. THE SORROW WE FEEL HERE REMINDS US OF THE SUFFERING BOB, JOE, AND NELSON SOUGHT TO EASE THERE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. CLINTON PLEDGED TO THE AUDIENCE AT THE FORT MYER CHAPEL THAT THE ADMINISTRATION WOULD CARRY ON THEIR PURSUIT OF A BOSNIAN SETTLEMENT.

    MANY OF THOSE AT THE MEMORIAL SERVICE EARLIER ATTENDED A MEETING HERE OF THE FIVE-NATION CONTACT GROUP FOR BOSNIA -- INCLUDING RUSSIA, FRANCE, BRITAIN AND GERMANY -- WHICH REVIEWED THE U-S PEACE INTIATIVE TEMPORARILY HALTED BY THE FATAL ACCIDENT.

    THE DIPLOMATS, INCLUDING EUROPEAN UNION SPECIAL SPECIAL MEDIATOR KARL BILDT AND U-N ENVOY THORVALD STOLTENBERG, HEARD A BRIEFING FROM ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE ON THE BALKANS SHUTTLE MISSION HE CUT SHORT AFTER SATURDAY'S CRASH.

    MR. STOLTENBERG SAYS HE AGREES THE U-S INITIATIVE, WHICH BUILDS ON THE YEAR-OLD CONTACT GROUP PEACE PLAN, HAS MADE HEADWAY, BUT THAT HE IS LEERY ABOUT SAYING A BREAKTHROUGH IS AT HAND:

    /// STOLTENBERG ACTUALITY ///

    I HAVE AT LEAST BELIEVED ONCE OR TWICE THAT WE HAD A PEACE AGREEMENT THAT WOULD LAST AND COULD BE IMPLEMENTED. SO I -- AFTER THIS EXPERIENCE -- I DON'T BELEIVE ANYTHING UNTIL I SEE IT IMPLEMENTED. BUT I THINK WE ARE AT THE PRESENT -- THANKS TO THE AMERICAN INITIATIVE -- ON AN IMPORTANT TRACK. AND I CERTAINLY HOPE THIS PROCESS WILL CONTINUE SOON.

    ///END ACT///

    PRESIDENT CLINTON ANNOUNCED AFTER THE MEMORIAL SERVICE THAT HE IS SENDING MR. HOLBROOKE BACK TO EUROPE WITH A RECONSTITUTED U-S NEGOTIATING TEAM THAT WILL INCLUDE STATE DEPARTMENT LEGAL AFFAIRS EXPERT ROBERTS OWEN. THE NEGOTIATORS WILL MEET BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC IN PARIS MONDAY TO RESUME THE MEDIATION EFFORT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAG/MMK
    23-Aug-95 2:51 PM EDT (1851 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] U-N / YUGO / HUMAN RIGHTS (L ONLY) BY DOUGLAS ROBERTS (GENEVA)

    DATE=8/23/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184110
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE OUTGOING U-N HUMAN RIGHTS INVESTIGATOR FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA HAS ISSUED HIS FINAL REPORT. THE REPORT BY FORMER POLISH PRIME MINISTER TADEUSZ MAZOWIECKI CONTAINS A CHILLING ACCOUNT OF THE FALL OF SREBRENICA AND THE EXPULSION OF ITS MUSLIM RESIDENTS. HE IS ALSO CRITICIZES THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY'S FAILURE TO PROTECT THE SO-CALLED SAFE AREAS IN BOSNIA. V-O-A'S DOUGLAS ROBERTS REPORTS FROM GENEVA.

    TEXT: FOR TADEUSZ MAZOWIECKI, THE FALL OF SREBRENICA AND ZEPA SIGNIFIED MORE THAN THE LOSS OF TWO ISOLATED MUSLIM POCKETS IN SERB-CONTROLLED EASTERN BOSNIA. IT SIGNALED THE COLLAPSE OF THE ENTIRE CONCEPT OF U-N SAFE AREAS IN BOSNIA, SERIOUSLY UNDERMINING THE CREDIBILITY OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL, THE SECRETARY GENERAL AND THE WHOLE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM.

    THE FALL OF THE TWO ENCLAVES PROMPTED MR. MAZOWIECKI TO RESIGN HIS POST AS HUMAN RIGHTS INVESTIGATOR, SAYING HE FOUND IT IMPOSSIBLE TO PURSUE HIS MANDATE AFTER THE HORRENDOUS TRAGEDY OF SREBRENICA AND ZEPA AND WHAT HE TERMED THE SLOW AND INEFFECTUAL RESPONSE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO THE BLATANT HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN BOSNIA.

    MR. MAZOWIECKI'S LATEST AND FINAL REPORT -- THE 18TH DURING THE PAST THREE YEARS -- FOCUSES ON THE AFTERMATH OF THE SERB VICTORY IN SREBRENICA, AND THE EXPULSION OF THE ENCLAVE'S 40-THOUSAND MUSLIM RESIDENTS.

    IT IS BASED ON EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY FROM THOSE WHO FLED, AS WELL AS ON ACCOUNTS FROM U-N PEACEKEEPING TROOPS AND RELIEF AGENCY OFFICIALS WHO WERE IN SREBRENICA WHEN IT WAS OVER-RUN BY SERB FORCES.

    MR. MAZOWIECKI SAYS THERE IS SIGNIFICANT EVIDENCE THAT SERB FORCES CONDUCTED MASS, SUMMARY EXECUTIONS OF MUSLIM MEN -- BOTH TROOPS AND CIVILIANS -- IN SREBRENICA IN THE DAYS FOLLOWING THE CAPTURE OF THE ENCLAVE.

    HE CITES REPEATED ACCOUNTS FROM EYE-WITNESSES WHO REPORTED SEEING MANY BODIES IN AND AROUND A MAKE-SHIFT PRISON CAMP AT A FOOTBALL FIELD IN THE VILLAGE OF NOVA KASABA. HE ALSO REFERS TO U-S MILITARY SATELLITE PHOTOGRAPHS THAT SHOW INDICATIONS OF MASS GRAVES IN THE SAME AREA.

    THE U-N ENVOY NOTES THAT ABOUT 10-THOUSAND SREBRENICA RESIDENTS, MOSTLY MEN, ARE STILL LISTED AS MISSING. RED CROSS OFFICIALS HAVE BEEN GRANTED ACCESS TO ONLY 164 PRISONERS FROM THE ENCLAVE AT SERB DETENTION CENTERS.

    MR. MAZOWIECKI DOCUMENTS WHAT HE CALLS THE TRAGIC ODYSSEY OF THOSE EXPELLED FROM SREBRENICA. MANY OF THEM WERE BEATEN AND ROBBED BEFORE BEING TRANSPORTED IN TRUCKS AND BUSES TO THE EDGE OF SERB-CONTROLLED TERRITORY FROM WHERE THEY WERE FORCED TO WALK THROUGH A MINE-LADEN NO-MAN'S LAND TO GOVERNMENT LINES.

    HE CITES MANY ACCOUNTS OF RAPE, PHYSICAL ABUSE, AND WHAT HE TERMS INHUMAN AND DEGRADING TREATMENT.

    HE ALSO POINTS TO ACCOUNTS OF WIDESPREAD LOOTING AND PROPERTY DESTRUCTION AFTER THE FALL OF THE ENCLAVE, SAYING SERB SOLDIERS AND CIVILIANS FROM NEARBY TOWNS AND VILLAGES ARE REPORTED TO HAVE RANSACKED MUSLIM HOMES, STOLEN LIVESTOCK, AND DESTROYED MOSQUES.

    MR. MAZOWIECKI'S REPORT INCLUDES A LONG HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF SAFE AREAS IN BOSNIA. SREBRENICA WAS FIRST TO BE GIVEN THAT DESIGNATION BY THE U-N, AND THE FIRST TO FALL TO SERB FORCES.

    MR. MAZOWIECKI SAYS THE SECURITY COUNCIL HAS BEEN EXTREMELY RELUCTANT TO AUTHORIZE THE MEASURES NECESSARY TO DETER ATTACKS ON THE SAFE AREAS. AND THE FACTS, HE SAYS, SHOW THAT THE SAFE AREAS WERE SAFE ONLY ON PAPER. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DBR/JWH/CF
    23-Aug-95 10:14 AM EDT (1414 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] U-S/BOSNIA TALKS (S) BY DAVID GOLLUST (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=8/23/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184119
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON INTERRUPTED HIS WESTERN VACATION TO ATTEND MEMORIAL SERVICES NEAR WASHINGTON FOR THE THREE SENIOR U-S OFFICIALS KILLED LAST WEEKEND DURING A PEACE MISSION IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. THE ADMINISTRATION CONVENED A MEETING OF THE FIVE-NATION CONTACT GROUP (WEDNESDAY) -- KEEPING A PROMISE NOT TO LET THE DEATHS HALT BALKANS' PEACE EFFORTS. DAVID GOLLUST HAS DETAILS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT.

    TEXT: SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER CONVENED THE EXTRAORDINARY MEETING THAT INCLUDED SENIOR DIPLOMATS FROM THE CONTACT GROUP COUNTRIES AND INTERNATIONAL BOSNIA MEDIATORS KARL BILT AND THORVALD STOLTENBERG.

    PARTICIPANTS HEARD A BRIEFING ABOUT THE U-S BOSNIAN INITIATIVE FROM ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE, WHO BROKE OFF A BALKANS' SHUTTLE MISSION AFTER THE ROAD ACCIDENT THAT KILLED U-S ENVOY ROBERT FRASURE AND TWO COLLEAGUES.

    BOSNIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MOHAMED SACIRBEY -- WHO MET SENIOR U-S OFFICIALS BEFORE THE CONTACT GROUP MEETING -- SAID PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC WILL MEET MR. HOLBROOKE IN PARIS NEXT MONDAY WHEN U-S PEACE EFFORTS RESUME.

    THE BOSNIAN OFFICIAL WARNED HIS GOVERNMENT IS PREPARED TO PULL OUT OF TALKS IF WHAT HE CALLED TERRORIST SERB SHELLING OF THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL DOES NOT STOP:

    /// SACIRBEY ACTUALITY //

    WE WILL, IN FACT, HAVE TO MAKE A VERY CLEAR CHOICE AND THAT IS BETWEEN FURTHER TALKS AND THE SAFETY OF OUR CIVILIANS. AND I MUST ASSURE YOU THAT OUR PRIMARY CONCERN IS TO THE SAFETY OF OUR CIVILIANS.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. SACIRBEY SAID THE NEXT ONE OR TWO MONTHS REPRESENT A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY FOR DIPLOMACY -- BUT AFTER THAT HIS GOVERNMENT WILL COUNT ON AN END TO THE ARMS EMBARGO AGAINST IT TO COMPEL THE SERBS TO ACCEPT PEACE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAG/RAE
    23-Aug-95 12:49 PM EDT (1649 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] YUGO SITREP (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=8/23/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184116
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS: NOTE OPTIONAL MATERIAL (LAST THREE GRAPHS OF TEXT) IS REPORTED IN GREATER DETAIL IN U-N / YUGO / HUMAN RIGHTS (L ONLY) BY DOUGLAS ROBERTS ///

    INTRO: THE NEW INTERNATIONAL RAPID REACTION FORCE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAS BEEN USED FOR THE FIRST TIME TO PROTECT UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPERS IN THE COUNTRY. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE RAPID REACTION FORCE RESPONDED AFTER BOSNIAN SERB MORTAR ATTACKS INJURED SIX EGYPTIAN SOLDIERS AT A U-N OBSERVATION POST IN A SARAJEVO SUBURB.

    FRENCH SOLDIERS IN THE REACTION FORCE, ON STRATEGIC MOUNT IGMAN, USED THE NEWEST AND BIGGEST WEAPONS IN THEIR ARSENAL, 155-MILIMETER ARTILLERY GUNS, TO HIT THE SERBS.

    IT IS ASSUMED THE SERB MORTAR POSITION WAS DAMAGED, ALTHOUGH THE SERBS HAVE SAID NOTHING ABOUT THE INCIDENT.

    THE HEAVY ARTILLERY, BROUGHT INTO BOSNIAM WITH OTHER WEAPONS AND EQUIPMENT FOR THE RAPID REACTION FORCE, IS INTENDED TO DISCOURAGE THE SERBS OR THE BOSNIAN ARMY FROM FREELY TARGETTING U-N FORCES.

    THE SERBS SHELLED THE U-N OBSERVATION POST DURING AN EXCHANGE OF ARTILLERY FIRE WITH THE BOSNIAN ARMY IN SARAJEVO ON TUESDAY. U-N OFFICIALS SAY GOVERNMENT FORCES OPENED FIRE FIRST, AND SERB RETALIATION WAS INDISCRIMINATE AND DISPROPORTIONATE.

    IN ITS LATEST REPORT ON THE SHELLING, THE BOSNIAN HEALTH MINISTRY SAYS EIGHT PEOPLE WERE KILLED, AND 35 WERE WOUNDED.

    THE U-N REFUGEE AGENCY HAS CONDEMNED A SEPARATE SERB SHELLING ATTACK ON THE AIRPORT AT TUZLA IN CENTRAL BOSNIA. A WOMAN WAS INJURED. SHE WAS AMONG THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES FROM THE OVERRUN MUSLIM ENCLAVES OF ZEPA AND SREBRENICA WHO WERE BEING SHELTERED AT THE AIRPORT.

    A U-N REFUGEE AGENCY SPOKESMAN SAYS THE DELIBERATE SHELLING OF AN AREA WHERE THERE ARE SO MANY CIVILIANS IS TOTALLY UNACCEPTABLE.

    // OPT //

    MEANWHILE, U-N HUMAN RIGHTS INVESTIGATOR TADEUSZ MAZOWIECKI SUPPORTS CHARGES THAT THE SERBS MAY HAVE MASSACRED LARGE NUMBERS OF CIVILIANS AFTER THEY CAPTURED SREBRENICA LAST MONTH.

    // OPT //

    IN HIS FINAL REPORT TO THE UNITED NATIONS, MR. MAZOWIECKI PROVIDES A LIST OF ACCUSATIONS ABOUT AND INDICATIONS OF SERB ATROCITIES. BESIDES SHOOTING CAPTURED MUSLIMS, THE SERBS ARE SAID TO HAVE RANDOMLY PICKED OUT PRISONERS AND CUT THEIR THROATS.

    // OPT //

    THE HUMAN RIGHTS INVESTIGATOR IS QUITTING HIS JOB. HE HAS COMPLAINED THAT THE UNITED NATIONS HAS NOT REALLY TRIED TO PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. // END OPT // (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/JWH/CF
    23-Aug-95 11:00 AM EDT (1500 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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