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Voice of America, 30 August 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - 8/30/95 !!!

  • [02] WEDNESDAY'S HEADLINES BY DAN NOBLE (WASHINGTON)

  • [03] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT !!!

  • [04] BOSNIA / MOSCOW (S UPDATE) BY ELIZABETH ARROTT (MOSCOW)

  • [05] BOSNIA/NATO STRIKE (S-ONLY) BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON )

  • [06] BOSNIA / EURO REACT (S-ONLY) BY KYLE KING (BONN)

  • [07] BOSNIA / BOMBING / L BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

  • [08] BOSNIA / U.S. DIPLOMACY (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [09] BOSNIA DIPLOMACY (S ONLY) BY JULIAN NUNDY (PARIS)

  • [10] BOSNIA SERB REACT / S-O BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [11] CLINTON/BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY DEBORAH TATE (JACKSON HOLE)

  • [12] U.S.- BOSNIA (L) BY ART CHIMES (WASHINGTON)

  • [13] U.S. / BOSNIA / ANALYSTS BY ART CHIMES (WASHINGTON)

  • [14] YUGO SITREP (L UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [15] YUGO TALKS (S ONLY) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - 8/30/95 !!!

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 8/30/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    BOSNIA / RAIDS CONTINUE -- NATO AIRCRAFT AND UN HEAVY ARTILLERY ARE CONTINUING TO ATTACK BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS ACROSS BOSNIA. THE OPERATION BEGAN BEFORE DAWN IN THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL, AS NATO JETS ATTACKED NUMEROUS SERB TARGETS. BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HAVE WELCOMED THE CAMPAIGN. UN OFFICIALS SAY THE ATTACKS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL THE THREAT TO UN-DECLARED SAFE AREAS BY THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAS BEEN LIFTED. THE BOSNIAN SERBS RESPONDED BY LAUNCHING ROCKETS INTO THE CAPITAL. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / EURO REACT -- EUROPEAN LEADERS QUICKLY ENDORSED THE NATO DECISION TO LAUNCH PUNITIVE AIR STRIKES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL HAS CALLED THE RAIDS A NECESSARY AND LOGICAL RESPONSE TO MONDAY'S DEADLY SERBIAN ARTILLERY ATTACK ON SARAJEVO. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING IN BONN REPORTS. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / DIPLOMACY -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC PAID AN UNEXPECTED VISIT TO FRANCE'S PRESIDENT, JACQUES CHIRAC, TO THANK HIM FOR FRANCE'S ROLE IN THE OPERATION TO SILENCE THE ARTILLERY AROUND SARAJEVO. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY IN PARIS REPORTS. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / MOSCOW -- MOSCOW IS APPARENTLY TAKING A STRONG STAND AGAINST THE NATO AIR STRIKES ON BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM THE RUSSIAN CAPITAL ON THE KREMLIN'S GROWING RIFT WITH OTHER MEMBERS OF THE EIGHT-NATION CONTACT GROUP ON THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. (8/30)

    GERMANY / BOSNIA SEMINAR -- MORE THAN 100 INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS MEET THIS WEEK IN BONN TO DOCUMENT EVIDENCE OF CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY IN BOSNIA. PARTICIPANTS INCLUDE PROMINENT HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS, WITNESSES, AND SURVIVORS OF WAR CRIMES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. IN BONN, STAFFER DAGMAR BREITENBACH REPORTS. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / BOMBING -- NATO AIRCRAFT BOMBED BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS AROUND SARAJEVO. NATO OFFICIALS IN ITALY HAVE CONFIRMED THE RAIDS HAVE TAKEN PLACE BUT SAY THEY CAN NOT RELEASE ANY INFORMATION BECAUSE THE MISSION IS STILL UNDERWAY. THERE IS NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE YET ON WHAT TARGETS WERE HIT BY THE PLANES OR HOW WIDESPREAD THE AIR RAIDS HAVE BEEN. THE ATTACKS COME IN RESPONSE TO MONDAY'S BOSNIAN SERB ATTACK ON SARAJEVO'S MAIN MARKET WHICH KILLED ALMOST FORTY PEOPLE. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS. (8/29)

    US / BOSNIA -- THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS GIVEN A POSITIVE REACTION TO THE BOSNIAN SERBS' PROPOSALS FOR PEACE IN BOSNIA THAT BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS SENT TO FORMER US PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS THE UNITED STATES WILL FOLLOW UP THOSE POSITIVE ELEMENTS WHILE STILL PUSHING FOR A MILITARY RESPONSE TO MONDAY'S SHELLING IN SARAJEVO. (8/29)

    BOSNIAN SERBS / RETALIATION -- THE BOSNIAN SERBS FACE THE THREAT OF INTERNATIONAL RETALIATION FOR SHELLING SARAJEVO AND KILLING NEARLY 40 PEOPLE ON MONDAY. IN AN APPARENT EFFORT TO AVOID UNITED NATIONS OR NATO ACTION AGAINST THEM, THE SERBS ARE MAKING CONCILIATORY STATEMENTS ABOUT NEGOTIATIONS ON A PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (8/29)

    BOSNIA / TALKS -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC SAYS HE IS WITHDRAWING FROM PEACE TALKS UNTIL THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY RETALIATES FOR MONDAY'S SHELLING OF A SARAJEVO MARKET. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS. (8/29)

    BOSNIA / CONTACT GROUP -- THE BOSNIA CONTACT GROUP, MEETING IN PARIS, HAS ENDORSED MILITARY ACTION AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS FOR MONDAY'S ATTACK ON SARAJEVO THAT KILLED 37 PEOPLE. EARLIER, BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC THREATENED TO WITHDRAW FROM PEACE TALKS UNTIL THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY RETALIATES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS. (8/29)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS -- AMONG THE MANY SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS ATTENDING THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN CHINA ARE MANY HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS. CORRESPONDENT GIL BUTLER IN BEIJING HAS TALKED WITH LEADERS OF TWO HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS ABOUT THEIR HOPES FOR THE BEIJING CONFERENCE. (8/30)

    HONG KONG / CHINA WOMEN -- A CHINESE DISSIDENT, WHO NOW HEADS A LABOR RIGHTS GROUP IN HONG KONG, ISSUED A REPORT WEDNESDAY DENOUNCING CHINA'S TREATMENT OF WOMEN. CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON IN HONG KONG REPORTS DISSIDENT HAN DONGFANG RELEASED THE REPORT AS THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE GATHER IN BEIJING TO OPEN ONE OF THE WORLD'S LARGEST MEETINGS OF INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S GROUPS. (8/30)

    JAPAN / WOMEN'S CONFERENCE -- NEARLY SIX THOUSAND JAPANESE WOMEN ARE PLANNING TO ATTEND A FORUM OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS TO BE HELD NEAR BEIJING, CHINA, IN PARALLEL WITH THE FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN. STRINGER KYOKO KANEKO IN TOKYO REPORTS. (8/30)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / CAMBODIA -- CAMBODIAN DELEGATES DEPARTING FOR BEIJING FOR AN INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S CONFERENCE WEDNESDAY SAID THEY WILL BE TELLING THE WORLD THAT CAMBODIA IS STILL AT WAR. STRINGER TRICIA FITZGERALD REPORTS FROM PHNOM PENH. (8/30)

    US / CHINA / WOMEN -- THE UNITED STATES HAS CRITICIZED CHINA FOR ITS LIMITS ON DEMONSTRATIONS AT THE UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON WOMEN. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS DESPITE A WARMING TREND IN RELATIONS, DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND CHINA CONTINUE. (8/29)

    GEORGIA / SHEVARDNAZE -- ONE DAY AFTER SURVIVING AN APPARENT ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT, GEORGIAN LEADER EDUARD SHEVARDNAZE HAS ANNOUNCED HE WILL RUN FOR PRESIDENT LATER THIS YEAR. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM MOSCOW. (8/30)

    ISRAEL / PALESTINIANS -- ISRAEL IS LIFTING ITS EIGHT-DAY CLOSURE OF THE WEST BANK CITY, JERICHO. ISRAEL HAD DEMANDED THAT THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY TURN OVER SUSPECTS IN LAST WEEK'S SUICIDE BOMBING IN JERUSALEM. STRINGER PATRICIA GOLAN REPORTS. (8/29)

    KAZAKHSTAN / ISRAEL -- ISRAELI FOREIGN MINISTER SHIMON PERES IS ON A ONE-DAY VISIT TO KAZAKHSTAN TO SIGN AGREEMENTS IN THE AREAS OF SCIENCE, CULTURE AND AVIATION. CORRESPONDENT DOUGLAS BAKSHIAN IN ALMATY REPORTS, MR. PERES PRAISED KAZAKHSTAN FOR TAKING STEPS TOWARD DEMOCRACY AND FOR SHELTERING JEWS DURING THEIR TIMES OF HARDSHIP. (8/30)

    INDONESIA / HUMAN RIGHTS -- THE INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT HAS RESPONDED TO A RECENT REPORT BY AN ASIAN-BASED HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION CRITICIZING RIGHTS CONDITIONS IN THE COUNTRY. CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON IN BANGKOK REPORTS INDONESIA SAYS THE ORGANIZATION'S REPORT FOCUSED ON NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF INDONESIA'S DEVELOPMENT WHILE IGNORING HUMAN RIGHTS DIFFICULTIES IN OTHER COUNTRIES. (8/30)

    PACIFIC / NUCLEAR TEST -- FRANCE SAYS IT WILL CARRY OUT ITS PLANNED NUCLEAR TESTS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC, IN SPITE OF THE PRESENCE OF ALMOST A DOZEN PROTEST SHIPS NEAR THE TEST SITE. CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS PEOPLE ON BOARD THE PROTEST SHIPS SAY THEY WILL CONTINUE THEIR EFFORTS TO BLOCK THE TESTS. (8/30)

    LANKA FERRY -- SRI LANKAN MILITARY OFFICIALS SAY TAMIL SEPARATIST GUERRILLAS HAVE HIJACKED A PASSENGER FERRY WITH MORE THAN 120 PEOPLE ABOARD. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI. (8/30)

    GERMANY / IRAN -- AFTER NEARLY A WEEK OF UNCONFIRMED PRESS REPORTS THAT GERMANY AND IRAN HAD EXPELLED EACH OTHER'S DIPLOMATS, NOW BOTH COUNTRIES HAVE BROKEN THEIR OFFICIAL SILENCE AND DENIED ANY EXPULSIONS TOOK PLACE. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS. (8/29)

    ECUADOR / IMPEACHMENT -- ECUADOR'S CONGRESS HAS FIRED THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT AND IS MOVING TOWARD IMPEACHMENT OF THE VICE-PRESIDENT, AS THE POWER STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT HEATS UP. WE HAVE DETAILS FROM CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK. (8/29)

    AT&T / EUROPE -- THE US TELECOMMUNICATIONS GIANT AT&T IS EXPECTED TO ASK THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO HALT AN ALLIANCE BETWEEN COMPETITOR SPRINT AND TWO STATE-OWNED EUROPEAN COMPANIES, FRANCE TELECOM AND DEUTSCHE TELEKOM. STAFFER VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS AT&T ARGUES THE FRENCH AND GERMAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKETS ARE CLOSED AND THE DEAL WILL ONLY REWARD EXISTING MONOPOLIES. (8/29)

    SCIENCE BUDGET -- AS CONGRESS TRIES TO BALANCE THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET, PROGRAMS THAT SUPPORT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY HAVE COME IN TO VIEW FOR THEIR SHARE OF CUTS. BUT SCIENTISTS AND EDUCATORS SAY THE PROPOSED CUTS THREATEN TO UNDERMINE ONE OF AMERICA'S BIGGEST COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES. CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES REPORTS. (8/29)

    US / ECONOMY -- THE US GOVERNMENT SAYS THE NATION'S ECONOMIC GROWTH DID NOT SLOW DOWN AS MUCH AS PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT DURING THE SECOND QUARTER. ECONOMICS STAFFER JOE SUMMERS IN WASHINGTON REPORTS THAT THE UPWARD REVISION MAY DAMPEN FINANCIAL MARKET EXPECTATIONS OF LOWER INTEREST RATES. (8/30)

    HARRY WU / HOMECOMING -- WHEN HARRY WU WAS ARRESTED IN CHINA IN JUNE, HIS NEIGHBORS AND FAMILY IN MILPITAS, CALIFORNIA PUT YELLOW RIBBONS ALL OVER TOWN AND WORE THEM ON THEIR CLOTHING, VOWING NOT TO TAKE OFF THE RIBBONS UNTIL THE CHINESE-BORN HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST CAME HOME FREE. AT AN OFFICIAL WELCOME HOME CEREMONY TUESDAY, HARRY WU JOINED MILPITAS OFFICIALS TO CUT DOWN THE YELLOW RIBBONS. STRINGER JAN SLUIZER REPORTS. (8/29)

    OJ SIMPSON / MORE FUHRMAN TAPES -- OBSCENITIES AND RACIAL SLURS UTTERED BY A KEY PROSECUTION WITNESS WERE THE MAIN TOPIC TUESDAY IN THE LOS ANGELES MURDER TRIAL OF OJ SIMPSON. THE ATHLETE-TURNED-ACTOR IS ACCUSED OF KILLING HIS EX-WIFE AND HER FRIEND IN JUNE 1994. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS ON THE COURT HEARING ABOUT WHETHER THE JURY SHOULD HEAR THE SO-CALLED 'FUHRMAN TAPES.' (8/29)

    OJ SIMPSON / VICTIM FATHER -- IN LOS ANGELES TUESDAY, THE FAMILY OF MURDER VICTIM RON GOLDMAN HARSHLY CRITICIZED THE JUDGE'S DECISION TO AIR THE SO-CALLED 'FUHRMAN TAPES' IN THE TRIAL OF ACCUSED KILLER OJ SIMPSON. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS THE TRIAL SHIFTED FOCUS TO BECOME, IN EFFECT, THE CASE AGAINST MARK FUHRMAN. (8/29)

    TENNIS / US OPEN -- FIRST ROUND ACTION CONTINUED AT THE US OPEN TENNIS TOURNAMENT IN NEW YORK TUESDAY. MOST OF THE TOP SEEDED PLAYERS ADVANCED TO THE SECOND ROUND INCLUDING THE WORLD'S NUMBER ONE RANKED PLAYERS STEFFI GRAF AND ANDRE AGASSI. CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS. (8/29)

    US IMMIGRATION -- REPORTER TOM CROSBY TALKED WITH JEFFREY PASSEL, AN IMMIGRATION SPECIALIST AT THE URBAN INSTITUTE IN WASHINGTON, REGARDING A NEW US CENSUS WHICH SHOW THE IMMIGRATION POPULATION OF THE US TO BE AT ITS HIGHEST LEVEL SINCE THE END OF WW II. HE SAYS IN SOME CASES IMMIGRANTS ARE PUTTING MORE BACK INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE FORM OF TAXES THAN THEY ARE TAKING OUT IN TERMS OF WELFARE AND EDUCATION COSTS. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 8/29)

    UNITED STATES / LABOR DAY -- REPORTER LINDA CASHDAN LOOKS AT THE STATE OF THE LABOR MOVEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES IN ADVANCE OF LABOR DAY, SEPT. 4. (CURRENT AFFAIRS 8/30)

    LABOR DAY 1995 -- ALTHOUGH THE US ECONOMY IS BOOMING, THE US WORK FORCE FINDS ITSELF WITH LITTLE TO CELEBRATE. STAFFER ROBIN RUPLI REPORTS ON THE MOVEMENT ESTABLISHED MORE THAN A CENTURY AGO TO HELP GUARANTEE AMERICANS A FAIR WAGE FOR THEIR WORK -- THE US TRADE UNION MOVEMENT. (CURRENT AFFAIRS 8/30)

    POLITICS '96 / A WOMAN'S PLACE -- AFTER A WEEKEND OF CELEBRATIONS IN WASHINGTON MARKING THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF WOMEN WINNING THE RIGHT TO VOTE, REPORTER TOM MAHONEY EXPLORES THE APPARENT LACK OF DESIRE BY WOMEN TO RUN FOR THE NATION'S HIGHEST OFFICE. THE POLITICAL ROUNDTABLE INCLUDES JOSETTE SHINER OF THE WASHINGTON TIMES, NBC'S BRIAN WILLIAMS AND ELEANOR CLIFT OF NEWSWEEK. (CURRENT AFFAIRS 8/30)

    SECOND CHANCE FOR TEEN MOTHERS -- STAFFER MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS ON A "SECOND CHANCE" HOME, WHERE TEENAGE MOTHERS LIVE WITH ADULT SUPERVISION, WHILE LEARNING TO BE GOOD PARENTS AND GOOD CITIZENS. (CURRENT AFFAIRS 8/30)

    MAKING DEMOCRACY WORK: SHUTTING DOWN THE GOVERNMENT -- STAFFER MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS ON PREPARATIONS TO SHUT DOWN THE GOVERNMENT ON OCTOBER 1 IF CONGRESS AND THE PRESIDENT HAVEN'T AGREED TO SPENDING BILLS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996 BY THEN. (CURRENT AFFAIRS 8/30)

    AGRICULTURE TODAY: PIGGING OUT ON LOW FAT FOODS -- STAFFER ROB SIVAK REPORTS THAT ONE FOOD EXPERT BELIEVES THE ANSWER TO AMERICANS' LOSING BATTLE AGAINST BULGING WAISTLINES IS TO READ FOOD PACKAGE NUTRITION LABELS MORE CAREFULLY -- AND COUNT CALORIES, NOT FAT. (CURRENT AFFAIRS 8/30)

    AUTHOR / BARACK OBAMA -- AUTHOR BARACK OBAMA PUBLISHES THE STORY OF A SEARCH FOR HIS PAST. HE IS THE CHILD OF A BLACK AFRICAN FATHER AND A WHITE AMERICAN MOTHER, AND HIS NEW BOOK DETAILS THE COMPLEX CULTURAL HISTORY THAT PROPELLED HIM THROUGH HARVARD UNIVERSITY. WEDNESDAY'S 'TALK TO AMERICA' GUEST, BARACK OBAMA, DISCUSSES HIS EXPERIENCES. (ENGLISH 8/30)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    LONG ISLAND FIRE / EXTINGUISHED -- STRINGER VICTOR BOROVSKY REPORTS FROM WESTHAMPTON, LONG ISLAND, NY ABOUT THE SELFLESS EFFORTS BY HUNDREDS OF FIREFIGHTERS AND VOLUNTEERS FROM ALL OVER THE NATION IN FIGHTING THE WORST FIRE THERE IN THE LAST 50 YEARS. HE EMPHASIZED THAT MANY FOUGHT THE FIRE WITHOUT ANY FINANCIAL REWARD. (UKRAINIAN 8/29)

    NY CONSPIRACY TRIAL -- THE DEFENSE IN THE NEW YORK CONSPIRACY TRIAL IS ABOUT TO FINISH PRESENTING FINAL ARGUMENTS SO THAT JURORS COULD BEGIN CONSIDERING THE CASE IN TWO WEEKS. STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA REPORT FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 8/29)

    NEW YORK AIRPORTS / BOMB THREAT -- A PHONE CALL BY AN UNIDENTIFIED PERSON CAUSED HAVOC AND PANIC AT THREE AIRPORTS IN NEW YORK. STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTED FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 8/29)

    US / UKRAINE AMBASSADOR -- STAFFER PHIL STARUCH REPORTS ON THE OBSERVANCE OF UKRAINE'S INDEPENDENCE DAY AT THE LOCAL UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC NATIONAL SHRINE OF THE HOLY FAMILY. UKRAINE'S AMBASSADOR TO THE US, YURIY SHCHERBAK ADDRESSED THE CONGREGATION, RECALLING THE DAY OF DECLARATION OF UKRAINE'S INDEPENDENCE. (UKRAINIAN 8/29)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    UN WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / AFRICA -- THOUSANDS OF WOMEN ARE GATHERING IN BEIJING TO DISCUSS AND APPROVE A NON-BINDING DOCUMENT DESIGNED TO IMPROVE WOMEN'S LIVES. REPORTER LUISA PIETTE PREVIEWS THE EVENT. SHE INTERVIEWED SENIOR WORLD BANK OFFICIAL, NGOZI OKONJO IWEALA AND INTERNATIONAL FOOD PRODUCTION AND RESEARCH POLICY ANALYST AGNES QUISUMBING. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/30)

    NIGERIA / ABIOLA -- THE HEALTH OF NIGERIA'S DETAINED OPPOSITION LEADER, CHIEF MOSHOOD ABIOLA, IS REPORTEDLY IMPROVING. REPORTER RICHARD KOTEY SPOKE WITH THE PRESIDENT OF THE NIGERIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, DR. BONIFACE OYE-ADENIRAN, FROM LAGOS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/30)

    NIGERIA / EMBASSY PROTEST -- TRANSAFRICA AND A NUMBER OF PROMINENT AFRICAN AMERICANS DEMONSTRATED IN FRONT OF THE NIGERIAN EMBASSY IN WASHINGTON. REPORTER JAMES BUTTY REPORTS FROM THE DEMONSTRATION SITE. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/30)

    NIGERIA / POLICE TRIAL -- THE TRIAL OF A TOP NIGERIAN POLICE OFFICER, CHARGED WITH MASTERMINDING SEVERAL VIOLENT ATTACKS, HAS OPENED IN KEBBI STATE. REPORTER CHINNEDU OFFOR HAS DETAILS FROM LAGOS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/29)

    TANZANIA / ZANZIBAR -- ZANZIBAR'S MAIN OPPOSITION PARTY, THE CIVIC UNITED FRONT, APPOINTS IBRAHIM LUMPUMBA AS ITS CANDIDATE FOR TANZANIA'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. REPORTER RICHARD KOTEY SPOKE WITH A ZANZIBARI POLITICAL ANALYST, SALIM SAID-SALIM, FROM ZANZIBAR. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/29)

    MALAWI / BANDA -- ELEVEN PEOPLE WHO SAY THEY WERE ORDERED TO KILL OPPONENTS OF MALAWI'S FORMER PRESIDENT IN 1983 ARE BARRED FROM TESTIFYING IN THE TRIAL AGAINST HIM. PROSECUTORS SAY THEY STILL HAVE A CASE. REPORTER JULIUS KALIYA HAS DETAILS FROM BLANTYRE. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/29)

    KENYA / MEDIA -- ONE OF EAST AFRICA'S OLDEST INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPERS, THE STANDARD, OF KENYA, HAS BEEN SOLD TO A NEW COMPANY THAT ALLEGEDLY HAS TIES TO THE SON OF PRESIDENT DANIEL ARAP MOI. STAFFERS ARE THREATENING TO STRIKE AMID SIGNS THEY ARE BEING PUSHED OUT. REPORTER CATHERINE MADDUX SPOKE WITH STANDARD REPORTER GEORGE MUNGI. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/30)

    ZAMBIA / RWANDA REFUGEES -- THIS WEEK, FOUR HUTU GOVERNMENT MINISTERS WERE DISMISSED FROM THE RWANDAN CABINET. RWANDAN REFUGEES IN ZAMBIA SAY THEY FEAR THE SITUATION WILL INCREASE TENSIONS BETWEEN THE COUNTRY'S HUTU AND TUTSI ETHNIC GROUPS. REPORTER KELLYS KAUNDA SPOKE TO FORMER RWANDAN TELEVISION EDITOR GERALD GATARE AND FORMER TEACHER ANN MUKASANO. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 8/30)

    BURUNDI / MINISTER -- THE BURUNDIAN MINISTER OF POSTAL TRANSPORTATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS, INNOCENT NIMPAGARIKSE, TOLD STAFFER SAMUEL KIENDREBEOGO HE FLED BURUNDI WHERE HE SAID HE WAS UNDER CONSTANT SURVEILLANCE AND FEARED FOR HIS LIFE. (FRENCH 8/29)

    RWANDA / CABINET -- FOLLOWING THE RESIGNATION / FIRING OF RWANDAN PRIME MINISTER FAUSTIN TWAGIRAMUNGU AFTER A NO-CONFIDENCE VOTE, FOUR OTHER MINISTERS, THE MINISTERS OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR, JUSTICE, INFORMATION AND THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS, WERE RELIEVED OF THEIR POSTS. STAFFER FERDINAND FERELLA REPORT A NUMBER OF OBSERVERS SAID THE IMPORTANT CABINET RESHUFFLE AT THIS TIME COULD ENDANGER THE NATIONAL RECONCILIATION PROCESS, AS WELL AS THE RETURN OF REFUGEES. (FRENCH 8/29)

    ZAIRE / RWANDA / UNHCR -- STAFFER JEAN-CLAUDE ANDRE INTERVIEWED ARNAUD AKUJENO, UNHCR HEAD OF OPERATIONS FOR EASTERN AFRICA ABOUT THE OUTCOME OF THE MEETING BETWEEN ZAIREAN PRIME MINISTER KENGO WA DONDO AND THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES SADAKO OGATA. PRIME MINISTER KENGO SAID ALL THE REFUGEES MUST BE OUT OF ZAIRE BY THE END OF 1995. THE HCR HAS SAID THAT IS NOT POSSIBLE. (FRENCH 8/29)

    ADB / PRESIDENT -- STAFFER ELIZABETH MONNAC INTERVIEWED OMAR KABBAJ, THE NEWLY-ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK. THE MOROCCAN-BORN KABBAJ TAKES OVER FROM BABACAR NDIAYE WHOSE TENURE WAS MARRED BY FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES FOR THE ADB AND MISMANAGEMENT ISSUES. MR. KABBAJ WAS ELECTED AFTER SEVERAL ROUNDS OF VOTING AT A SPECIAL MEETING HELD BY THE BOARD OF THE ADB WHO HAD FAILED TO ELECT A PRESIDENT AT THEIR ANNUAL CONFERENCE EARLIER THIS YEAR. (FRENCH 8/29)

    LIBERIA / MONROVIA -- STRINGER MOHAMED ELBOU WHO RECENTLY VISITED MONROVIA, REPORTS ON THE DEVASTATION THAT YEARS OF CIVIL WAR HAVE CAUSED THE LIBERIAN CAPITAL. (FRENCH 8/30)

    GABON / INTERPOL CONFERENCE -- STRINGER FRITZ KOUM REPORTS FROM LIBREVILLE, GABON WHERE THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF INTERPOL, THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF POLICE, WAS HELD IN THE LAST FEW DAYS. DELEGATES FROM SIXTEEN COUNTRIES EXAMINED WAYS TO FIGHT CRIMINAL ACTIVITY ACROSS BORDERS AS WELL AS WHITE-COLLAR CRIMES INVOLVING ILLEGAL FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES. (FRENCH 8/29)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    IRAQ / UN / DEFECTOR -- IRAQ SAYS GENERAL HUSSEIN KAMEL HASSAN, WHO DEFECTED TO JORDAN, SOUGHT TO SABOTAGE IRAQ'S RELATIONS WITH THE UN SPECIAL COMMISSION ON IRAQ. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 8/29)

    KUWAIT / IRAQ / MEETING -- IRAQI AND KUWAITI EXPERTS HELD A MEETING IN THE DEMILITARIZED ZONE BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES TO DISCUSS THE FATE OF HUNDREDS OF MISSING KUWAITIS AND OTHERS. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS. (ARABIC 8/29)

    KUWAIT / MISSING AND PRISONERS OF WAR -- DR. DALAL AL-ZABIN, A MEMBER OF THE KUWAITI NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR MIS AND POW AFFAIRS WAS INTERVIEWED IN KUWAIT BY STAFFER AMINA BISHLAWY ON THE WORK OF THE COMMITTEE. (ARABIC 8/29)

    LEBANON / ISRAEL -- LEBANESE ARMY TROOPS FOILED A MISSILE ATTACK BY LEBANESE FIGHTERS AGAINST THE ISRAELI OCCUPIED BORDER STRIP IN SOUTHERN LEBANON. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS. (ARABIC 8/29)

    US ENVOY / ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN TALKS -- US MIDDLE EAST ENVOY DENNIS ROSS SAYS ISRAELI AND PALESTINIAN NEGOTIATORS ARE EARNESTLY WORKING TOWARDS AN AGREEMENT ON THE NEXT PHASE OF EXTENDING THE PALESTINIAN AUTONOMY. STRINGER KHALIL ASSALI REPORTS FROM JERUSALEM. (ARABIC 8/29)

    ISRAEL / PALESTINIANS -- COLONEL GEBREEL AL-ROJOUB, PALESTINIAN DIRECTOR OF SECURITY IN JERICHO WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER HAYAT ALKHATEEB ON ISRAELI CLOSURE OF JERICHO AND THE ARAFAT-ROSS MEETING. (ARABIC 8/29)

    EGYPT / ISRAEL / POWS -- EGYPT CONTINUED ITS CRITICISM OF ISRAEL FOR NOT INVESTIGATING THE REPORTS ABOUT THE KILLING OF EGYPTIAN PRISONERS OF WAR. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 8/29)

    MOROCCO / EU / FISHING -- MOROCCO SAID IT WILL NOT ALLOW THREATS BY THE EUROPEAN UNION TO FORCE IT TO CAPITULATE AFTER THE FAILURE OF FISHING NEGOTIATIONS IN BRUSSELS. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS. (ARABIC 8/29)

    MOROCCO / EU/ FISHING AGREEMENT -- THE SIXTH ROUND OF TALKS BETWEEN MOROCCO AND THE EU TO RENEW THE FISHING AGREEMENT ENDED IN FAILURE. STRINGER MOHAMED BENDEDDOUCHE REPORTED FROM RABAT. (ARABIC 8/29)

    TUNISIA / INTERNATIONAL CONCERN -- TUNISIAN PRESIDENT ZEIN AL-ABEDEEN BIN ALI STRESSED THAT SECURITY AND PROSPERITY OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY DEPEND ON SEVERAL FACTORS, AMONG THEM THE ELIMINATION OF TERRORISM AND ORGANIZED CRIME. (ARABIC 8/29)

    KUWAIT / MEDIA -- KUWAIT'S MINISTER OF INFORMATION, SAUD NASSER AL-SABAH, WAS INTERVIEWED IN KUWAIT BY STAFFER AMINA BISHLAWY ON KUWAITI MEDIA. (ARABIC 8/29)

    FIRST EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT / REVOLUTION -- STAFFER IMAN RAFI INTERVIEWS EGYPTIAN MILITARY HISTORIAN GAMAL HAMMAD ON THE ROLE OF EGYPT'S FIRST PRESIDENT, MOHAMED NAGUIB, IN THE JULY 23RD REVOLUTION. (ARABIC 8/29)

    MOROCCO / TRACK CHAMP -- MOROCCO WON THE NINTH FIELD AND TRACK CHAMPIONSHIP AMONG ARAB COMPETITORS, COLLECTING 32 MEDALS. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 8/29)

    PARLIAMENTARIAN / UN -- UN SECRETARY GENERAL MET WITH FAT-HI SROOR, SPEAKER OF EGYPT'S PEOPLES ASSEMBLY AND PRESIDENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL PARLIAMENTARY UNION TO DISCUSS THE UNION'S CONFERENCE AT THE UN HEADQUARTERS. (ARABIC 8/29)

    SAUDI ARABIA / HISTORY / POLITICS -- STAFFER IDRISSA FALL REPORTS ON SAUDI ARABIA. HE REVIEWED THAT COUNTRY'S HISTORY, ITS POSITION IN THE MIDDLE EAST TODAY AND ITS POLITICAL FUTURE. HE ANALYZED THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ISLAM, POLITICS AND AN ECONOMY BASED ON OIL EXPORTS. INTERVIEWED WERE ALAIN GRESH, SENIOR EDITOR OF LE MONDE DIPLOMATIQUE AND OLIVIER DALLAGE, FRENCH JOURNALIST AND AUTHOR OF A BOOK ON POLITICS IN SAUDI ARABIA. (FRENCH 8/29)

    AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS / SAFETY -- MOHAMMED ABDALLAH ALI, REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ORGANIZATION OF PESTICIDE PRODUCING COMPANIES IN THE SUDAN WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER GEBRIL ON AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS SAFETY. (ARABIC 8/29)

    CONTRASTING ORIENTAL ART FORMS -- CAIRO CORRESPONDENT LAURI KASSMAN PROVIDES A FIRST-HAND ACCOUNT OF THE FINE ART OF BELLY DANCING, CONSIDERED A LOWLY PROFESSION BY SOME AND AN ORIENTAL ART BY OTHERS. AND REPORTER JENNIFER GRIFFEN TAKES LISTENERS WITH HER TO SOUTHEASTERN JORDAN, TO VIEW ANOTHER TYPE OF ORIENTAL ART: THE ANCIENT TOWN OF PETRA, CARVED FROM ROSE RED ROCK AND CAPITAL OF THE NABATAEANS IN THE 2ND CENTURY. (CURRENT AFFAIRS 8/30)

    GERMANY / IRAN / TRIAL -- STAFFER HESHMAT MOBASHER INTERVIEWS PARVIZ DASTMALCHI, AN IRANIAN ACTIVIST WHO LIVES IN GERMANY. DASTMALCHI TALKED ABOUT A GERMAN COURT'S DECISION TO RELEASE TWO LEBANESE NATIONALS WHO WERE AMONG FIVE INDIVIDUALS ON TRIAL FOR THE 1992 ASSASSINATION IN A BERLIN RESTAURANT OF IRANIAN KURDISH OPPOSITION LEADER DR. SHARAFKANDI. DASTMALCHI WAS WITH THE KURDISH LEADER WHEN HE WAS KILLED. HE SAID THE TWO PERSONS RELEASED HAD BEEN CHARGED WITH ASSISTING THE ASSASSINS IN THEIR ESCAPE. THE THREE REMAINING DEFENDANTS, ONE IRANIAN AND TWO LEBANESE, ARE CHARGED WITH THE ASSASSINATION ITSELF. (FARSI 8/30)

    IRAN / TURKEY -- A GROUP OF 161 IRANIAN REFUGEES ARE BEING DEPORTED FROM TURKEY TO IRAN. MOST OF THESE REFUGEES TERM THEMSELVES POLITICAL ACTIVISTS AND REPORT THAT THEIR LIVES WOULD BE IN DANGER IF DEPORTED. STRINGERS ABOLFAZL BAHADORI AND HASAN JAVADI HAVE TALKED TO TWO MEMBERS OF THE GROUP. (AZERI 8/30)

    US / KURDS -- NICHOLAS BURNS, SPOKESMAN FOR THE US STATE DEPARTMENT, RESPONDED TO QUESTIONS ON REPORTS OF CLASHES BETWEEN KURDISTAN DEMOCRATIC PARTY, AN IRAQI KURDISH GROUP AND THE PKK (KURDISH WORKERS PARTY), OUTLAWED IN TURKEY. BURNS SAID INCREASED STABILITY AMONG THE KURDS IN NORTHERN IRAQ WAS NEEDED TO DETER PKK TERRORIST OPERATIONS IN THE AREA. STAFFER TACLAN SUERDEM REPORTS. (TURKISH 8/29)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    UZBEKISTAN / THIRD SESSION OF ALIY MAJLIS -- STAFFER ABDUL MANNAN KAISKEN, WHO IS ON A REPORTING ASSIGNMENT IN UZBEKISTAN, HAS COVERED THE THIRD SESSION OF ALIY MAJLIS OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN ON AUGUST 30 AND REPORTS THAT A DOZEN DRAFT LAWS, INCLUDING UZBEKISTAN'S MILITARY DOCTRINE, HAVE BEEN ADOPTED. (UZBEK 8/30)

    HINDUKOSH ENVIRONMENT -- PARTICIPANTS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HINDUKOSH CULTURE HAS CALLED FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION TO PROTECT FORESTS AND THE WILD LIFE OF THE HINDUKOSH GEOGRAPHIC ZONE THAT COVERS AFGHANISTAN AND MOUNTAINOUS TRACTS IN TAJIKISTAN AND PAKISTAN. THE FIVE-DAY MEETING IN THE NORTHWESTERN PAKISTANI DISTRICT OF CHITRAL WAS ATTENDED BY NEARLY 100 SCHOLARS FROM ASIA, EUROPE AND AMERICA. DARI STRINGER ABDUL HAI WARSHAN REPORTS THAT THE CONFERENCE ALSO DECIDED TO ESTABLISH A HINDUKOSH RESEARCH CENTER TO FOSTER PRESERVATION OF THE AREA'S TRADITIONS AND CULTURAL HERITAGE. (DARI 8/27)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    INDIA / KASHMIR -- INDIA'S MINISTER OF STATE FOR KASHMIR AFFAIRS, BHUVNESH CHATURVEDI DENIED A CLAIM BY THE LOCAL KASHMIR GOVERNMENT THAT MILITANTS WILL BE PAID DESIGNATED SUMS OF MONEY FOR SURRENDERING ARMS TO THE AUTHORITIES. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER BHAGWAN PRAKASH, MR. CHATURVEDI ALSO CONFIRMED HIS CONTACT WITH THE AMERICAN HOSTAGE, ONE OF THE FOUR WESTERN CAPTIVES BEING HELD BY MILITANTS IN KASHMIR. (HINDI 8/29)

    BEIJING / INDIAN NGOS -- STAFFER SUMAN GUPTA INTERVIEWS SHUMITA GHOSH, A MEMBER OF THE NGO COORDINATION UNIT, ON INDIAN NGOS ATTENDING THE WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN BEIJING. SHE ALSO INTERVIEWED DEPUTY CHAIRPERSON OF THE UPPER HOUSE OF INDIAN PARLIAMENT, NAJMA HEPTULLAH, AND INDIAN SOCIAL WORKER ILA BHATT ABOUT THE ISSUES TO BE RAISED IN BEIJING. (HINDI 8/29)

    INDIA / SPORTS DAY -- IN HONOR OF LEGENDARY HOCKEY PLAYER DHYAN CHAND, WHO WAS THE FORCE BEHIND INDIA WINNING THE GOLD MEDAL IN FIELD HOCKEY IN THE 1926, 1932 AND 1936 OLYMPICS, INDIA INAUGURATED AUGUST 29TH -DHYAN CHAND'S BIRTH DAY- AS ITS NATIONAL SPORTS DAY. STRINGER JASDEV SINGH REPORTS THAT A BRONZE STATUE OF DHYAN CHAND HAS BEEN ERECTED IN FRONT OF THE NEW DELHI STADIUM. (HINDI 8/29)

    INDIAN CRICKET STAR -- THE DARLING OF INDIAN CRICKET FANS, KAPIL DEV WAS INTERVIEWED BY STRINGER AMBALIKA MISRA WHILE HE WAS IN NEW YORK FOR CRICKET MATCHES ORGANIZED IN NEW YORK, CHICAGO, AND ONTARIO, CANADA. (HINDI 8/29)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    CHINA / NGO FORUM OPENS -- JENNIFER CHOU IN BEIJING AND NAN WANG IN WASHINGTON REPORT THE MUCH ANTICIPATED NGO WOMEN'S FORUM OPENED IN BEIJING WITH FANFARE AND SPEECHES BY VARIOUS VIPS. DESPITE THE EUPHORIA, MUCH OF THE CONTROVERSY AROUND CHINA'S ARRANGEMENTS CONTINUED TO SURFACE. DELEGATES AND JOURNALISTS WERE UNHAPPY ABOUT RESTRICTIONS ON THE NUMBER OF PARTICIPANTS ALLOWED TO ATTEND THE OPENING CEREMONY. THERE MAY BE RESTRICTIONS ON POSSIBLE DEMONSTRATIONS AND SOME DELEGATES INCLUDING HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS HAVE NOT YET RECEIVED THEIR VISAS. AFTER THE OPENING CEREMONY THE MEETING WILL MOVE TO HUIAROU COUNTY, WHERE SHABBY AND INCOMPLETE CONSTRUCTION WORK IS REPORTED. THE SIZE OF THE MEETING UNDERSTANDABLY CONTRIBUTED TO THE HOST'S POOR PREPARATION. INTERVIEWED FOR THE REPORT WERE CHEN MU-HUA, CHAIRWOMAN, ALL CHINA WOMEN'S FEDERATION; MRS MENGELLA, SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE 4TH UN WOMEN'S CONFERENCE; IRENE SATIAGO, NGO EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR; SOPHIE WOODMAN, HUMAN RIGHTS IN CHINA & NGO FORUM DELEGATE. (MANDARIN 8/30)

    CHINA / LABOR -- INTERVIEW WITH HAN DONGFANG OF CHINA'S LABOUR EDUCATION & INFORMATION CENTER IN HONG KONG. STRINGER HE PING REPORTS FROM HONG KONG THAT THE CENTER ISSUED TWO REPORTS ON WOMEN WORKERS' STATUS IN CHINA. HANG DONGFANG, HEAD OF THE CENTER SAID THAT ACCORDING TO OFFICIAL STATISTICS PUBLISHED IN THE PAST TWO YEARS, THE STATUS AND GENERAL BENEFITS OF WOMEN WORKERS IN CHINA HAVE BEEN DETERIORATING. (MANDARIN 8/30)

    NGO DEMONSTRATIONS / CHINA -- SHOCKED BY SIXTEEN EXECUTIONS DURING THE RUN UP TO THE UN WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN, AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL CRITICIZED CHINA'S HUMAN RIGHTS POLICY. TIAN QIYU, THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF PUBLIC SECURITY, DECLARED IN A NEWS CONFERENCE THAT CHINA WOULD NOT ALLOW ANY DEMONSTRATIONS THAT ARE HARMFUL TO CHINESE SOVEREIGNTY OR LEADERSHIP. STAFFER CHOU YUNTING REPORTS FROM BEIJING. (MANDARIN 8/29)

    CHINA / NUCLEAR TESTING -- EXPERTS ON CHINA'S NUCLEAR PROGRAM BELIEVE THAT CHINA IS DEVELOPING MINIATURE NUCLEAR WARHEADS TO FIT ON LONG RANGE BALLISTIC MISSILES. SOME SAY CHINA MAY USE ITS NUCLEAR ARSENAL FOR THE SAKE OF INTERNATIONAL STANDING. STAFFER SUN CHENG SPOKE WITH GARY MILHOLIN, DIRECTOR OF THE WISCONSIN PROJECT ON NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL, AND HUA DI, NUCLEAR PROGRAMS EXPERT. (MANDARIN 8/29)

    ARMED INTERVENTION / TAIWAN -- THE SEMI-OFFICIAL CHINA NEWS AGENCY IN HONG KONG CARRIED A SIGNED ARTICLE WARNING THAT A VICTORY BY TAIWAN PRESIDENT LEE TENG-HUI IN NEXT YEAR'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS WOULD INEVITABLY LEAD TO AN ARMED INTERVENTION BY THE MAINLAND. STAFFER LAWRENCE NG INTERVIEWED HE CHONG, THE WRITER OF THE ARTICLE WHO CLAIMED THAT THE PIECE REPRESENTED ENTIRELY HIS PERSONAL VIEW. OTHER INTERVIEWEES INCLUDE TIMOTHY WONG, RESEARCH COORDINATOR, CHINESE UNIVERSITY; CHENG HAN LEUNG, BUREAU CHIEF, CHINA TIMES. (CANTONESE 8/30)

    NORTH KOREA / UN AID -- SOUTH KOREAN MEDIA SAID THAT NORTH KOREA REQUESTED EMERGENCY AID FROM THE UN FOR RECOVERING DAMAGES BY TORRENTIAL RAINS IN JULY AND AUGUST. THE REPORTS ALSO SAID THE UN ACCEPTED THE REQUEST AND WILL SEND OFFICIALS TO ASSESS THE DAMAGE. UN SOURCES IN GENEVA SAY OFFICIALS FROM WHO AND FAO WILL VISIT NORTH KOREA. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS. (KOREAN 8/30)

    INDONESIA / ENVIRONMENT -- STAFFER ZULKARNAIN TAJIBNAPIS REPORTS ON A PLANNED BIO-DIVERSITY CONFERENCE IN NOVEMBER. HE SPOKE WITH WIBOWO DJATMIKO, PROGRAM COORDINATOR OF LATIN, THE INDONESIAN FOUNDATION FOR TROPICAL ENVIRONMENT. (INDONESIAN 8/30)

    VIETNAM / POLITICS -- FROM BANGKOK, CORRESPONDENT SON NGUYEN REPORTS ON VIETNAM'S PRESIDENT LE DUC ANH'S SPEECH DECLARING THAT VIETNAM NEEDS ONLY ONE PARTY AND WARNING AGAINST ATTEMPTS TO UNDERMINE ITS RULE. SON ADDED THAT THE AUSTRALIAN AMBASSADOR IN HANOI HAD REPEATED HIS FOREIGN MINISTER'S CALL FOR THE RELEASE OF BUDDHIST MONKS AND DISSIDENTS SENTENCED IN RECENT TRIALS. (VIETNAMESE 8/29)

    VIETNAM / SPRATLY ISLANDS -- CORRESPONDENT SON NGUYEN REPORTS THAT VIETNAM


    [02] WEDNESDAY'S HEADLINES BY DAN NOBLE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09145
    TELEPHONE=619-1014
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    (EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30)

    INTRO: THIS WEEK, PETE WILSON, THE GOVERNOR OF CALIFORNIA, ANNOUNCED HIS INTENTION TO SEEK THE 1996 REPUBLICAN PARTY PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATION. HIS BID IS THE SUBJECT OF A NUMBER OF EDITORIALS APPEARING TODAY (WEDNESDAY) IN SOME OF NATION'S LEADING NEWSPAPERS. OTHER SUBJECTS INCLUDE TROUBLE IN KASHMIR, IRAQ AFTER SADDAM HUSSEIN, AND ALLEGATIONS OF TORTURE IN ISRAEL. NOW, ___________________ JOINS US WITH A CLOSER LOOK IN TODAY'S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: THE STATUE OF LIBERTY, IN NEW YORK HARBOR, HAS LONG SERVED AS A WELCOMING BEACON TO IMMIGRANTS COMING TO THE UNITED STATES. WITH THE STATUE AS HIS BACKDROP, CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR PETE WILSON SAID: THERE IS A RIGHT WAY TO COME TO AMERICA AND A WRONG WAY. ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION IS NOT THE AMERICAN WAY." THE NEW YORK POST COMMENTS THAT "PETE WILSON HAS A LOT TO OFFER THE CAMPAIGN". [OPT] FOR EXAMPLE, SAYS THE PAPER, "AS A FORMER BIG-CITY MAYOR AND UNITED STATES SENATOR, HE BRINGS TO THE RACE AN IMPRESSIVE WEALTH OF EXPERIENCE ENJOYED BY FEW OTHER CANDIDATES." [END OPT] AND, THE NEWSPAPER OFFERS THESE WORDS ABOUT GOVERNOR WILSON'S STANCE ON ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION:

    VOICE: "HOWEVER MUCH IT MAY PAIN THE OPEN-BORDERS CROWD, THIS NATION DOES HAVE IMMIGRATION LAWS, ILL-ENFORCED THOUGH THEY MAY BE. AND SOME STATES -- INCLUDING BOTH NEW YORK AND PETE WILSON'S CALIFORNIA -- ARE SUFFERING A CRUSHING BURDEN FROM HAVING TO SUBSIDIZE THE GROWING NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO SNEAK INTO THIS COUNTRY. SOME CONTEND THAT STRIPPING ILLEGAL ALIENS OF BENEFITS WILL ONLY INCREASE SOCIAL AND HEALTH-CARE COSTS IN THE LONG RUN -- IN EFFECT, THEY SUGGEST DECLARING BLANKET AMNESTY FOR THOSE ILLEGALS WHO HAVE MANAGED TO EVADE DETECTION. HOWEVER, THAT'S A SHORTSIGHTED REMEDY -- AND IT PROVIDES NO DISINCENTIVE FOR FURTHER ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION.... WASHINGTON ACTUALLY REWARDS THESE LAWBREAKERS BY FORCING STATES TO GIVE THEM BENEFITS PAID FOR BY TAXPAYERS. THAT, WE SUSPECT, IS A CIRCUMSTANCE LADY LIBERTY HERSELF NEVER ENVISIONED WHEN SHE BECKONED TO THE WORLD'S 'HUDDLED MASSES YEARNING TO BREATHE FREE'."

    TEXT: THE BALTIMORE SUN, COMMENTING ON GOVERNOR WILSON'S STAND ON ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION, TELLS READERS THAT "ALMOST EVERYONE AGREES WITH THAT..."

    VOICE: "...AND IN FACT MANY VOTERS AGREE THAT LEGAL IMMIGRATION NEEDS TO BE CURBED. THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS COME OUT FOR REDUCING THE NUMBER OF REFUGEES ADMITTED INTO THE COUNTRY EACH YEAR. A SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HAS APPROVED A BILL THAT WOULD CUT BACK ON LEGAL ALIENS' ACCESS TO WELFARE SERVICES. A HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE HAS APPROVED A CAP ON REFUGEES AS WELL AS OTHER CHANGES IN IMMIGRATION LAW THAT ITS SUPPORTERS SAY WOULD REDUCE THE NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS ALLOWED INTO THE COUNTRY EACH YEAR. LEADERS OF BOTH SUB-COMMITTEES SAY THAT THEY WILL GO EVEN FURTHER IN RESTRICTING IMMIGRATION IN BILLS TO BE WORKED ON THIS FALL. THESE PEOPLE ARE SERIOUS. THE HOUSE MAY FIGHT ILLEGAL ALIENS BY MANDATING A TAMPER-PROOF SOCIAL SECURITY CARD -- COMPLETE WITH FINGERPRINTS. SO GOVERNOR WILSON IS NOT GOING TO HAVE THIS ISSUE TO HIMSELF."

    TEXT: IN A RELATED ISSUE, THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS WELCOMES SOME RECENT DEPORTATIONS FROM NEW YORK AND A NEW LAW THAT MAKES IT EASIER FOR OFFICIALS TO SEND HOME UNDESIRABLES.

    VOICE: "THE 86 WERE ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS -- 85 CONVICTED DRUG DEALERS AND ONE CONVICTED FORGER -- DEPORTED TO THEIR NATIVE COLOMBIA. GOOD RIDDANCE. THEY WERE THE FIRST TO FEEL THE STING OF A MEASURE THAT SPEEDS DEPORTATION FOR NONVIOLENT OFFENDERS. THEY WILL NOT BE THE LAST.... THE CASE IS NOT PART OF THE ANTI-IMMIGRANT WAVE THAT CALIFORNIA GOV. PETE WILSON IS RIDING IN A BID TO BUTTRESS HIS SAGGING PRESIDENTIAL EFFORT. WHILE AMERICA'S BORDERS MUST BE TIGHTENED, NEW YORKERS KNOW IN THEIR BONES -- AND FAMILY HISTORIES -- THAT THIS CITY HAS BEEN THE DOOR TO OPPORTUNITY FOR HARD-WORKING, HONEST PEOPLE OF ALL NATIONS. IT ALWAYS WILL BE. BUT THE WELCOME MAT SHOULD BE RIPPED OUT FROM UNDER THOSE WHO ABUSE THIS NATION'S GRAND LIBERTIES."

    TEXT: ACCORDING TO AN EDITORIAL IN TODAY'S EDITION OF THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, "THE SEIZURE OF TOURISTS AS HOSTAGES BY A RADICAL SPLINTER GROUP IN KASHMIR, AND THE GRISLY MURDER OF ONE CAPTIVE, IS FURTHER EVIDENCE OF THE MOUNTAINOUS INDIAN STATE'S DESCENT INTO ANARCHY."

    VOICE: "IN AN ATMOSPHERE DOMINATED BY VIOLENCE -- MUCH OF IT SPILLING OVER FROM REBELS WHO FOUGHT IN AFGHANISTAN'S INTERMINABLE CONFLICT-- MODERATION AND COMPROMISE CAN SEEM VOICELESS. BUT A SETTLEMENT MAY STILL BE ATTAINABLE. INDIA HAS SAID IT WILL NEVER LET KASHMIR GO. BUT INDIA'S POLITICS IN RECENT YEARS HAVE SEEN THE ASCENT OF REGIONAL, CULTURALLY-BASED PARTIES IN STATES LIKE TAMIL NADU AND WEST BENGAL. THESE PARTIES HAVE OPERATED WITH A GOOD DEAL OF INDEPENDENCE FROM THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN NEW DELHI. INDIA'S CONSTITUTION RECOGNIZES KASHMIR AS PART OF THE COUNTRY WITH A PECULIAR NEED FOR AUTONOMY, GIVEN ITS HISTORY OF CONFLICT AND ITS MUSLIM MAJORITY, UNIQUE AMONG INDIAN STATES... PRIME MINISTER P.V. NARASIMBA RAO HAS INDICATED HE'S WILLING TO CONSIDER GREATER AUTONOMY FOR KASHMIR. POLITICALLY RISKY AS THAT NOW IS FOR HIM, IT'S TO BE HOPED HE WILL PURSUE SOME KIND OF STEP-BY-STEP MOVES TOWARD GREATER AUTONOMY. [OPT] THAT COULD BE A PLUS FOR INDIAN DEMOCRACY AND FOR TRAVELERS EVERYWHERE WHO WOULD LIKE TO PUT KASHMIR'S NATURAL SPLENDORS BACK ON THEIR MUST-SEE LIST." [END OPT]

    TEXT: THE WASHINGTON POST BEGINS ITS LEAD EDITORIAL BY COMMENTING THAT "IRAQ'S GOVERNMENT, UNDER SADDAM HUSSEIN, HAS OUTSMARTED ITSELF". THE POST NOTES THAT IN THE HOPE THE UNITED NATIONS WILL LIFT SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAQ, BAGHDAD HAS TURNED OVER A HUGE COLLECTION OF DOCUMENTS DESCRIBING ITS EFFORTS TO DEVELOP ILLICIT WEAPONS.

    VOICE: "THIS MATERIAL IS FULL OF UGLY SURPRISES. IT NOT ONLY STRENGTHENS THE ARGUMENT THAT PRESIDENT HUSSEIN WILL HAVE TO RELINQUISH POWER AS PART OF ANY SETTLEMENT WITH THE UNITED NATIONS. IT ALSO SUGGESTS THAT THE UNITED NATIONS CANNOT SAFELY LIFT THE SANCTIONS UNTIL IT GETS BROAD LEGAL AUTHORITY TO MAINTAIN SURVEILLANCE OVER THE REGIME THAT SUCCEEDS HIM... [OPT] IF SADDAM HUSSEIN WERE TO BE FORCED OUT OF OFFICE, IT'S BY NO MEANS CERTAIN, OR EVEN PROBABLE, THAT HIS SUCCESSOR WOULD VOLUNTARILY COOPERATE WITH THE UNITED NATIONS. HIS MOST CONSPICUOUS OPPONENT AT PRESENT IS THE DEFECTING GENERAL, WHO SERVED HIS FATHER-IN-LAW FAITHFULLY FOR MANY YEARS AND WHO MIGHT WELL CONTINUE TO SEE WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AS THE SHORT ROUTE TO WORLD POWER. [END OPT] IRAQ IS AGAIN CALLING ON THE UNITED NATIONS TO END THE SANCTIONS. BEFORE THAT HAPPENS IT WILL HAVE TO MEET SEVERAL KINDS OF CONDITIONS, INCLUDING SOME ASSURANCE OF BETTER TREATMENT OF THE UNFORTUNATE PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN THAT COUNTRY."

    TEXT: AN EDITORIAL IN NEW YORK'S LONG ISLAND NEWSDAY DEALS WITH TORTURE IN ISRAEL. THE NEWSPAPER SAYS THAT LAST WEEK, WHILE THE GOVERNMENT OF ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER YITZHAK RABIN DECIDED NOT TO SANCTION THE USE OF POTENTIALLY LETHAL PHYSICAL FORCE AGAINST TERRORISTS, THE DAMAGE TO ISRAEL'S IMAGE WAS ALREADY DONE.

    VOICE: "IT WAS COMPOUNDED BY (PRIME MINISTER) RABIN'S DEFENSIVE REACTION: HE CALLED FOR ISRAEL'S LEGAL AND SECURITY ESTABLISHMENTS TO STOP ARGUING IN PUBLIC ABOUT THE USE OF TORTURE DURING INTERROGATION. THE OBVIOUS IMPLICATION WAS THAT CERTAIN THINGS SHOULD BE DISCUSSED AND PERFORMED IN SECRET, BUT NOT AIRED OUT. BUT THAT'S NOT THE WAY A DEMOCRACY WORKS, EVEN WHEN THAT DEMOCRACY IS UNDER SIEGE FROM ENEMIES INTENT ON DESTROYING IT BY ANY MEANS."

    [ OPT ]

    TEXT: WITH MANY U-S PUBLIC SCHOOL'S OPENING FOR A NEW ACADEMIC YEAR, THE MIAMI HERALD CAUTIONS THAT "THE FREEDOM TO LEARN IS STILL UNDER ATTACK..."

    VOICE: "WHEN A PARENT TELLS A TEACHER, 'I THINK THIS BOOK THAT YOU TOLD MY KID TO READ IS TRASH', MOST TEACHERS WISELY MODIFY THAT CHILD'S ASSIGNMENT, AND LIFE GOES ON. MOREOVER, IF THE COMPLAINANT SEEMS SINCERE AND IS CIVIL, THE TEACHER MAY EVEN APPRECIATE THE SHOW OF CONCERN. AFTER ALL, PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT NOWADAYS IS SCARCE AND SHOULD NOT BE DISCOURAGED, EVEN IF THE TEACHER PRIVATELY BELIEVES THAT THE PARENT IS WRONG. THERE'S A LIMIT, HOWEVER. WHEN A PARENT OR AN ACTIVIST TELLS A TEACHER OR A SCHOOL BOARD, 'I THINK THIS BOOK IS TRASH AND SHOULDN'T BE AVAILABLE TO ANY KID', MOST EDUCATORS RIGHTLY RESIST. SUCH ACTIONS -- OFTEN ACCOMPANIED BY STRIDENT DEMANDS THAT SOMEBODY BE FIRED -- GO FAR BEYOND PROPER PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT. THEY BECOME THE BASIS FOR HARMFUL CENSORSHIP OF TEXTBOOKS, CURRICULA, AND LIBRARY MATERIALS."

    [ END OPT ]

    TEXT: AND ON THAT NOTE, WE CONCLUDE THIS SAMPLING OF EDITORIAL TOPICS AROUND THE NATION ON THIS LAST WEDNESDAY IN AUGUST.

    NEB/DN/PCH
    30-Aug-95 10:28 AM EDT (1428 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT !!!

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT

    8/30/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING ON BOSNIA BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA NEWS SERVICES:

    BOSNIA / RAIDS CONTINUE -- NATO AIRCRAFT AND UN HEAVY ARTILLERY ARE CONTINUING TO ATTACK BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS ACROSS BOSNIA. THE OPERATION BEGAN BEFORE DAWN IN THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL, AS NATO JETS ATTACKED NUMEROUS SERB TARGETS. BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HAVE WELCOMED THE CAMPAIGN. UN OFFICIALS SAY THE ATTACKS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL THE THREAT TO UN-DECLARED SAFE AREAS BY THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAS BEEN LIFTED. THE BOSNIAN SERBS RESPONDED BY LAUNCHING ROCKETS INTO THE CAPITAL. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / EURO REACT -- EUROPEAN LEADERS QUICKLY ENDORSED THE NATO DECISION TO LAUNCH PUNITIVE AIR STRIKES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL HAS CALLED THE RAIDS A NECESSARY AND LOGICAL RESPONSE TO MONDAY'S DEADLY SERBIAN ARTILLERY ATTACK ON SARAJEVO. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING IN BONN REPORTS. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / DIPLOMACY -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC PAID AN UNEXPECTED VISIT TO FRANCE'S PRESIDENT, JACQUES CHIRAC, TO THANK HIM FOR FRANCE'S ROLE IN THE OPERATION TO SILENCE THE ARTILLERY AROUND SARAJEVO. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY IN PARIS REPORTS. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / MOSCOW -- MOSCOW IS APPARENTLY TAKING A STRONG STAND AGAINST THE NATO AIR STRIKES ON BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM THE RUSSIAN CAPITAL ON THE KREMLIN'S GROWING RIFT WITH OTHER MEMBERS OF THE EIGHT-NATION CONTACT GROUP ON THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. (8/30)

    GERMANY / BOSNIA SEMINAR -- MORE THAN 100 INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS MEET THIS WEEK IN BONN TO DOCUMENT EVIDENCE OF CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY IN BOSNIA. PARTICIPANTS INCLUDE PROMINENT HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS, WITNESSES, AND SURVIVORS OF WAR CRIMES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. IN BONN, STAFFER DAGMAR BREITENBACH REPORTS. (8/30)

    BOSNIA / BOMBING -- NATO AIRCRAFT BOMBED BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS AROUND SARAJEVO. NATO OFFICIALS IN ITALY HAVE CONFIRMED THE RAIDS HAVE TAKEN PLACE BUT SAY THEY CAN NOT RELEASE ANY INFORMATION BECAUSE THE MISSION IS STILL UNDERWAY. THERE IS NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE YET ON WHAT TARGETS WERE HIT BY THE PLANES OR HOW WIDESPREAD THE AIR RAIDS HAVE BEEN. THE ATTACKS COME IN RESPONSE TO MONDAY'S BOSNIAN SERB ATTACK ON SARAJEVO'S MAIN MARKET WHICH KILLED ALMOST FORTY PEOPLE. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS. (8/29)

    US / BOSNIA -- THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS GIVEN A POSITIVE REACTION TO THE BOSNIAN SERBS' PROPOSALS FOR PEACE IN BOSNIA THAT BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS SENT TO FORMER US PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS THE UNITED STATES WILL FOLLOW UP THOSE POSITIVE ELEMENTS WHILE STILL PUSHING FOR A MILITARY RESPONSE TO MONDAY'S SHELLING IN SARAJEVO. (8/29)

    BOSNIAN SERBS / RETALIATION -- THE BOSNIAN SERBS FACE THE THREAT OF INTERNATIONAL RETALIATION FOR SHELLING SARAJEVO AND KILLING NEARLY 40 PEOPLE ON MONDAY. IN AN APPARENT EFFORT TO AVOID UNITED NATIONS OR NATO ACTION AGAINST THEM, THE SERBS ARE MAKING CONCILIATORY STATEMENTS ABOUT NEGOTIATIONS ON A PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (8/29)

    BOSNIA / TALKS -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC SAYS HE IS WITHDRAWING FROM PEACE TALKS UNTIL THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY RETALIATES FOR MONDAY'S SHELLING OF A SARAJEVO MARKET. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS. (8/29)

    BOSNIA / CONTACT GROUP -- THE BOSNIA CONTACT GROUP, MEETING IN PARIS, HAS ENDORSED MILITARY ACTION AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS FOR MONDAY'S ATTACK ON SARAJEVO THAT KILLED 37 PEOPLE. EARLIER, BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC THREATENED TO WITHDRAW FROM PEACE TALKS UNTIL THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY RETALIATES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS. (8/29)

    SARAJEVO / BOMBING -- STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS ON THE SITUATION IN THE CITY DURING THE NATO ATTACK EARLY WEDNESDAY. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    BOSNIA / PRIME MINISTER -- BOSNIAN PRIME MINISTER HARIS SILAJDZIC SAYS THE NATO ATTACKS ON SERBIAN POSITIONS SHOW THAT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IS DETERMINED TO BRING THE SERBS TO THE NEGOTIATING TABLE. STRINGER SLAVICA LUKIC SAYS MR SILAJDZIC TOLD A NEWS CONFERENCE IN ZAGREB THAT THIS IS THE FIRST STEP TOWARD THE PEACE IN BOSNIA. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    BOSNIA / GERMANY REACTIONS -- GERMANY WELCOMES THE NATO ATTACKS ON SERBIAN POSITIONS IN BOSNIA. STRINGER IVICA LOVRIC REPORTS THAT FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL SAID THAT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY CAN NO LONGER WATCH WHAT IS GOING ON AND MUST TAKE APPROPRIATE ACTIONS. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    SARAJEVO / NATO ACTION -- STAFFER DZEILANA PECANIN TALKED WITH STRINGER VLADO BILIC IN SARAJEVO WHO REPORTS ON HOW THE NATO ACTION WAS PERFORMED OVER SARAJEVO, AND THE REACTIONS OF THE LOCAL PEOPLE. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    BOSNIA MILITARY / NATO -- HIGH-RANKING BOSNIAN ARMY OFFICER FERID BULJBASIC GIVES THE FIRST ESTIMATES OF THE NATO ACTION AND WHAT HAS BEEN THE RESULTS SO FAR. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER DZEILANA PECANIN. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    NATO / AIR STRIKES -- STAFFER BOJAN KLIMA TALKS TO JOHN FOREMAN, PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICER IN THE NATO SOUTHERN REGION HEADQUARTERS IN NAPLES, ITALY. MR FOREMAN REPORTED ABOUT THE BEGINNING OF THE NATO AIR STRIKES ON SERBIAN POSITIONS AROUND SARAJEVO. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    AIR STRIKES / REACTION -- ZAGREB STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC INTERVIEWSFRAN VISNAR, INDEPENDENT MILITARY ANALYST FROM ZAGREB. HE DISCUSSED THE RECENT NATO BOMBING RAIDS ON THE SERBIAN POSITIONS AROUND SARAJEVO. MR. VISNAR ARGUED THAT MASSIVE AIR ATTACKS AGAINST BOSNIAN SERBS WERE LONG OVERDUE. (CROATIA 8/30)

    SARAJEVO NATO / REACTION -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADO BILIC REPORTS ON NATO ACTION OVER SARAJEVO, SAYING THAT THERE ARE ALREADY DATA AVAILABLE OF WHAT HAS BEEN DESTROYED HE ALSO QUOTED BOSNIAN OFFICIAL SAYING THAT THE ACTION IS A GOOD CHANCE FOR THE AMERICAN INITIATIVE TO CONTINUE. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    BOSNIA / RAPID REACTION FORCE -- COLUM MURPHY, SPOKESMAN FOR THE RAPID REACTION FORCE IN BOSNIA (RRF) SAYS NATO AND THE RRF TARGETED ONLY MILITARY FACILITIES OF BOSNIAN SERBS. DURING A PRESS CONFERENCE IN THE CROATIAN PORT OF SPLIT, MR. MURPHY SAID THE ATTACKS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL HEAVY SERBIAN ARTILLERY IS REMOVED FROM THE SARAJEVO AREA. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    US / BOSNIA -- US SPECIAL ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOK MEETS IN BELGRADE WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. STRINGER JADRANKA KRONJA REPORTS THAT BEFORE THE MEETING, MR HOLBROOK SAID THAT HE HAD PRODUCTIVE TALKS WITH BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC IN PARIS. AFTER THE FIRST ROUND OF TALKS ON WEDNESDAY WITH THE SERBIAN PRESIDENT, THE US ENVOY SAID THE MEETING WAS SUCCESSFUL. (CROATIAN 8/30)

    ALBANIA / SANCTIONS / YUGOSLAVIA -- ALBANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER ALFRED SERREQI, DURING THE VISIT OF HIS EGYPTIAN COUNTERPART AMR MOUSSA, REPEATED CALLS THAT SANCTIONS AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA SHOULD NOT BE LIFTED UNLESS THE KOSOVO CONFLICT IS RESOLVED. MOUSSA AND SERREQI SAID BOTH COUNTRIES HAD IDENTICAL VIEWS ON THE CRISIS IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. MOUSSA ADDED THAT EGYPT CONSIDERS THE SETTLING OF SERBIAN REFUGEES IN KOSOVO AN "ATTEMPT TO ALTER THE DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE IN KOSOVO WHICH IS UNACCEPTABLE." MOUSSA ALSO MET WITH PRESIDENT SALI BERISHA AND PRIME MINISTER ALEKSANDER MEKSI. STRINGER MERO BAZE REPORTS. (ALBANIAN 8/29)

    IZETBEGOVIC / CHIRAC -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT A. IZETBEGOVIC SAID THAT HIS TALKS WITH FRENCH PRESIDENT J CHIRAC WERE FRANK AND VERY POSITIVE. HOWEVER, THE BOSNIAN LEADER EXPRESSED HIS DISPLEASURE WITH THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY BECAUSE IT DID NOT IMMEDIATELY REACTED TO THE LATEST MASSACRE IN SARAJEVO. STRINGER R SEBEK REPORTS FROM PARIS. (SERBIAN 8/29)

    MILOSEVIC / FOREIGN LEADERS -- PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC OF SERBIA MET SEPARATELY WITH SEVERAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY, INCLUDING UN ENVOY Y AKASHI, EU NEGOTIATOR T STOLTENBERG, AND US SENATOR R KERRY. THE US PEACE PLAN FOR BOSNIA WAS THE SUBJECT IN EACH OF THE MEETINGS. STRINGER M. KUBUROVIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 8/29)

    SARAJEVO / MARKET -- UNPROFOR REPRESENTATIVES IN SARAJEVO CONFIRMED THAT A MORTAR SHELL WHICH KILLED OR WOUNDED MORE THAT A HUNDRED PEOPLE WAS FIRED FROM BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS. IT WAS ALSO ANNOUNCED THAT SOME KIND OF MILITARY ACTION WOULD BE TAKEN AFTER CONSULTATIONS BETWEEN NATO AND UN COMMANDERS. STRINGER B KONTIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (SERBIAN 8/29)

    UN / BOSNIA -- THE UN BLAMED THE BOSNIAN SERBS FOR THE DEADLY ATTACK ON SARAJEVO AND PROMISED APPROPRIATE ACTION SOON. STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 8/29)

    TUDJMAN / KRAJINA CASUALITIES -- THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT HAS RELEASED THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE NUMBER OF MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CASUALTIES DURING THE TAKEOVER OF KRAJINA. IN THE MEANTIME, UN SOURCES SAY THAT A CEASEFIRE AGREEMENT IN EASTERN SLAVONIA IS HOLDING. STRINGER S SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 8/29)

    SARAJEVO / TURKISH DIPLOMAT -- TURKEY'S AMBASSADOR IN SARAJEVO, SUKRU TUFAN, BELIEVES THAT THE LATEST NATO AIR STRIKES HELPED RENEW SARAJEVANS' TRUST IN THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY'S DETERMINATION TO PROTECT UN SECURITY ZONE AROUND THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL. INTERVIEWED BY TURKISH STAFFER MEHMET ILHAN, THE DIPLOMAT SAYS LIFE IN SARAJEVO IS STILL EXTREMELY HARSH AND HOPES FOR EARLY PEACE ARE DIM. (TURKISH 8/30)

    BOSNIA / NATO AIR ATTACKS -- FOLLOWING THE INITIAL NATO AIR ATTACKS AGAINST SERBIAN MILITARY TARGETS AROUND SARAJEVO, THE CITY CENTER WAS QUIET, WITH PEOPLE BEING URGED TO STAY INDOORS. THIS, ACCORDING TO AN EYEWITNESS INTERVIEW WITH MR. TARIK DRECA, A BOSNIAN MUSLIM RESIDENT AND AN EMPLOYEE OF AN HUMANITARIAN AID FOUNDATION. STAFFER TACLAN SUERDEM INTERVIEWED MR. DRECA FROM SARAJEVO. (TURKISH 8/30)

    TURKISH INTELLECTUALS IN BOSNIA -- MORE THAN 70 TURKISH ARTISTS, WRITERS, ACADEMICIANS AND POLITICIANS RETURNED FROM A TOUR OF BOSNIA AND CROATIA. THE TOUR AIMED AT DRAWING MORE INTERNATIONAL ATTENTION TO THE SUFFERING OF PEOPLE THERE. STAFFER KEMAL AKAYDIN INTERVIEWED ERTUGRUL GUNAY, A FORMER, SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC MEMBER OF TURKISH PARLIAMENT AND ONE OF THE LEADERS OF "HUMANITY TO BOSNIA MISSION." MR. GUNAY SAID DESPITE THE LEVEL OF DESTRUCTION IN CITIES LIKE SARAJEVO, MOSTAR, ZENICA AND TUZLA, PEOPLE SURVIVE BY CLINGING TO THEIR EUROPEAN IDENTITIES, REGARDLESS OF THEIR ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS. (TURKISH 8/29)

    BOSNIA / STATUS -- GEORGE KENNEY, FORMER BALKANS OFFICIAL AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT IS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER MOHAMED SETOUHI ON BOSNIA AND THE US INITIATIVE. (ARABIC 8/29)

    UKRAINE / FORMER YUGOSLAVIA -- KIEV CORRESPONDENT ISRAEL KLEINER REPORTS ON A BRIEFING AT THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE IN KIEV DESCRIBING ACTIVITIES OF UKRAINIAN PEACEKEEPERS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. ACCORDING TO THE BRIEFING OFFICER, UKRAINIAN 'BLUE HELMETS' WERE GIVEN THE HIGHEST RECOGNITION BY UNPROFOR COMMANDERS FOR THEIR RECENT ROLE IN PROTECTING SERBIAN REFUGEES WHO WERE FLEEING CROATIAN FORCES IN KRAJINA. (UKRAINIAN 8/29) 30-Aug-95 5:37 PM EDT (2137 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] BOSNIA / MOSCOW (S UPDATE) BY ELIZABETH ARROTT (MOSCOW)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184475
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS: ADDS FOREIGN MINISTRY COMMENTS, NEW YELTSIN QUOTES ///

    INTRO: RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN IS TAKING A STRONG STAND AGAINST THE NATO AIRSTRIKES, SAYING ONLY TALKS -- NOT FORCE -- WILL BRING PEACE TO THE BALKANS. V-O-A'S ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM THE RUSSIAN CAPITAL ON THE KREMLIN'S GROWING RIFT WITH OTHER MEMBERS OF THE CONTACT GROUP ON THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA.

    TEXT: PRESIDENT YELTSIN HAS DENOUNCED THE NATO AIRSTRIKES, AS WELL AS THE SERB ATTACK THAT PROMPTED THEM. SPEAKING ON NATIONAL TELEVISION, THE RUSSIAN LEADER SAID HE REMAINS OPPOSED TO THE RESOLUTION OF THE BOSNIAN CRISIS BY FORCE.

    MR. YELTSIN ALSO CALLED AGAIN FOR A SUMMIT ON THE BALKANS, SAYING IT SHOULD BE HELD NO LATER THAN OCTOBER. EARLIER, THE ITAR-TASS NEWS AGENCY QUOTED AN AIDE TO THE PRESIDENT AS SAYING MR. YELTSIN CALLED THE NATO ATTACKS A CRUEL BOMBARDMENT.

    RUSSIA HAS IN THE PAST SPOKEN OUT AGAINST FORCEFUL INTERVENTION IN THE BALKANS. HOWEVER, THE LATEST AIRSTRIKES HAVE PROMPTED THE STRONGEST LANGUAGE YET.

    RUSSIA HAS BEEN AT ODDS WITH ITS WESTERN PARTNERS IN TRYING TO END THE WAR, OFTEN SHOWING PREFERENCE TO THE SERBS WITH WHOM RUSSIANS SHARE ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS TIES.

    BUT RUSSIA'S FOREIGN MINISTRY HAS CONDEMNED SERB LEADERS FOR THE SHELLING IN SARAJEVO. AT THE SAME TIME, IT ASKS FOR THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL TO DISCUSS THE AIRSTRIKES AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. THE FOREIGN MINISTRY SAID STRIKE FOR STRIKE TACTICS DRAW THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY INTO A VICIOUS CIRCLE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/EA/JWH/MMK
    30-Aug-95 12:51 PM EDT (1651 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] BOSNIA/NATO STRIKE (S-ONLY) BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON )

    DATE=8/29/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184432
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS NOTE; THIS CAN BE USED AS AN ALTERNATE TO THE FOLEY SHORT CR ///

    INTRO: NATO WARPLANES HAVE ATTACKED BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS AROUND SARAJEVO IN RETALIATION FOR AN ATTACK ON THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL MONDAY WHICH LEFT AT LEAST 37 PEOPLE DEAD. WE GET EARLY DETAILS ON THIS ON-GOING OPERATION FROM V-O-A'S NICK SIMEONE.

    TEXT: A NATO SPOKESMAN IN NAPLES, ITALY SAYS NATO JETS BEGAN ATTACKING BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS JUST AFTER MIDNIGHT GREENWICH MEAN TIME (WEDNESDAY).

    MONDAY'S ATTACK ON THE SARAJEVO MARKET -- WHICH BOTH THE UNITED NATIONS AS WELL AS THE UNITED STATES BLAME ON THE SERBS -- WAS ONE OF THE DEADLIEST AGAINST CIVILIANS SINCE THE BOSNIAN WAR BEGAN MORE THAN THREE YEARS AGO.

    NEITHER NATO NOR THE UNITED NATIONS IS OFFERING DETAILS ON EXACTLY WHAT TARGETS, IF ANY, WERE HIT. NATO SPOKESMAN MAJOR PHIL DURAKEDIS.

    // DURAKIDIS ACT //

    I CAN CONFIRM THAT ALL PLANES CAME BACK SAFELY FROM THE FIRST ATTACK.

    // END ACT //

    THE SOUND OF WARPLANES AND EXPLOSIONS CONTINUED TO BE HEARD IN THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL THIS MORNING BUT IT IS NOT KNOWN HOW WIDESPREAD THE BOMBING RAIDS WERE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/NJS/SKH
    29-Aug-95 10:58 PM EDT (0258 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] BOSNIA / EURO REACT (S-ONLY) BY KYLE KING (BONN)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184449
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /// CORRECTION IN INTRO ///

    INTRO: EUROPEAN LEADERS QUICKLY ENDORSED THE NATO DECISION TO LAUNCH PUNITIVE AIR STRIKES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL HAS CALLED THE RAIDS A NECESSARY AND LOGICAL RESPONSE TO MONDAY'S DEADLY SERBIAN ATTACK ON SARAJEVO. FROM BONN, V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: FOREIGN MINISTER KINKEL SAYS THE WEST CAN NO LONGER STAND BY AND WATCH WHAT IS HAPPENING IN BOSNIA.

    HE SAYS WHOEVER TERRORIZES THOUSANDS OF INNOCENT PEOPLE WITH ARTILLERY ATTACKS, SNIPER OPERATIONS, AND THE STRANGULATION OF SARAJEVO DESERVES A FIRM RESPONSE.

    BRITISH OFFICIALS HAVE ALSO ENDORSED THE NATO AIR STRIKES. PRIME MINISTER JOHN MAJOR SAYS NATO AND THE UNITED NATIONS HAD RESPONDED ROBUSTLY AND PROPERLY TO MONDAY'S RUTHLESS SERB ATTACK ON CIVILIANS.

    IN BRUSSELS, NATO SECRETARY GENERAL WILY CLAES SAYS THE AIR OPERATIONS WERE INITIATED AFTER UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS CONCLUDED -- BEYOND ANY REASONABLE DOUBT -- MONDAY'S MORTAR ATTACK ON SARAJEVO HAD BEEN LAUNCHED FROM BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS.

    MR. CLAES SAYS NATO'S OBJECTIVE IS TO REDUCE THE THREAT TO THE SARAJEVO SAFE AREA AND DETER FURTHER ATTACKS. (SIGNED) NEB / KBK / WOD/BG 30-Aug-95 6:58 AM EDT (1058 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] BOSNIA / BOMBING / L BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184470
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO AIRCRAFT AND U-N HEAVY ARTILLERY ARE CONTINUING TO ATTACK BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS ACROSS BOSNIA. THE OPERATION BEGAN BEFORE DAWN IN THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL, AS NATO JETS ATTACKED A NUMBER OF KEY SERB INSTALLATIONS. BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HAVE WELCOMED THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN, AND U-N OFFICIALS SAY THE ATTACKS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL THE THREAT TO U-N / DECLARED SAFE AREAS BY THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAS BEEN LIFTED. THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE RESPONDED BY LAUNCHING ROCKETS INTO THE CAPITAL. DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: NATO JETS CONTINUE TO ROAR THROUGH THE SKIES OVER SARAJEVO, AND LOUD EXPLOSIONS CAN STILL BE HEARD FROM THE HILLS AROUND THE CITY. THE FIRST WAVES OF AIRCRAFT ATTACKED AT TWO A-M, AND BRIGHT FLASHES ILLUMINATED THE SKY. NATO AIRCRAFT HAVE ALSO STRUCK SERB POSITIONS AROUND THE U-N / DECLARED SAFE AREAS TUZLA AND GORAZDE IN THE NORTH AND EAST OF THE COUNTRY. BOSNIAN RADIO HAS REPORTED NATO ATTACKS NEAR MOSTAR IN WESTERN BOSNIA.

    THE HEAVY GUNS OF THE U-N RAPID REACTION FORCE, BASED ON MOUNT IGMAN NEAR THE CAPITAL, HAVE FIRED HUNDREDS OF SHELLS AT BOSNIAN SERB ARTILLERY AND MORTAR POSITIONS. U-N OFFICIALS SAY THE JOINT OPERATION "WILL BE ONGOING UNTIL THE THREAT TO THE CIVILIAN POPULATION OF SARAJEVO IS LIFTED."

    WELCOMING THE ATTACKS, THE BOSNIAN MINISTER RESPONSIBLE FOR RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED NATIONS -- HASAN MURATOVIC -- SAYS THE ACTION RESTORED THE CREDIBILITY OF NATO AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. HOWEVER, HE SAYS THE ACTION SHOULD HAVE TAKEN PLACE THREE-AND-HALF YEARS AGO, WHEN THE WAR BEGAN -- OR AT THE VERY LEAST, AFTER THE FIRST MARKET MASSACRE IN FEBRUARY, 1994. HE SAYS THE COUNTRY WOULD HAVE BEEN SPARED MONTHS OF WAR, AND THOUSANDS OF LIVES COULD HAVE BEEN SAVED.

    IN UNCONFIRMED REPORTS, BOSNIAN SERB TELEVISION HAS SAID THERE IS SIGNIFICANT DAMAGE TO PALE -- THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE BOSNIAN SERBS, ONLY A FEW KILOMETERS FROM SARAJEVO. THE GOVERNMENT-CONTROLLED TELEVISION ALSO SAYS THERE HAVE BEEN NUMEROUS CIVILIAN CASUALTIES. THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE ALSO REPORTED FIVE EUROPEAN UNION MONITORS HAVE BEEN KILLED IN THE ATTACKS AROUND PALE. EUROPEAN UNION SOURCES SAY THEY CANNOT CONFIRM THE REPORTS, BUT SAY THEY FEAR THE WORST. (SIGNED) NEB / DF / WOD/MMK 30-Aug-95 11:26 AM EDT (1526 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] BOSNIA / U.S. DIPLOMACY (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184481
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION IS DEFENDING THE MILITARY ACTION IN BOSNIA AS NECESSARY TO PROMOTE ITS POLITICAL GOAL OF BRINGING THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO THE NEGOTIATING TABLE. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROMTHE STATE DEPARTMENT.

    TEXT: THE UNITED STATES SEES NATO'S MILITARY ACTION IN BOSNIA AS OPENING A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY FOR AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO CONVINCE THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO NEGOTIATE WITH THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT.

    STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN NICHOLAS BURNS DEFENDS THE USE OF FORCE AS NECESSARY TO PUNISH THE BOSNIAN SERBS FOR THE SHELLING OF SARAJEVO'S MARKET AND TO RESTORE CREDIBILITY TO THE UNITED NATIONS PROMISE TO DEFEND DESIGNATED SAFE AREAS IN BOSNIA.

    // BURNS ACT //

    THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT REGRETS THAT SUCH ACTIONS WERE NECESSARY BUT WE MADE ABUNDANTLY CLEAR THAT ATTACKS ON SAFE AREAS WOULD ELICIT A DECISIVE RESPONSE. A CREDIBLE USE OF FORCE ISSOMETIMES NECESSARY TO ACHIEVE DIPLOMATIC SUCCESS.

    // END ACT //

    ON THE DIPLOMATIC FRONT, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE HAS HELD TWO SESSIONS OF TALKS WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC IN BELGRADE TO EXPLORE WHETHER THE BOSNIAN SERBS WILL NOW BE READY TO NEGOTIATE PEACE ON THE BASIS OF THE AMERICAN INITIATIVE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/RP/CF
    30-Aug-95 3:12 PM EDT (1912 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] BOSNIA DIPLOMACY (S ONLY) BY JULIAN NUNDY (PARIS)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184453
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC PAID AN UNEXPECTED VISIT TO FRANCE'S PRESIDENT, JACQUES CHIRAC, TO THANK HIM FOR FRANCE'S ROLE IN THE OPERATION TO SILENCE THE ARTILLERY AROUND SARAJEVO. JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS FROM PARIS.

    TEXT: PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC SAYS THE NATO BOMBING OF SERB POSITIONS RE-OPENED THE ROAD TO PEACE. ON TUESDAY, THE BOSNIAN LEADER HAD SAID BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WOULD NOT TAKE PART IN PEACE NEGOTIATIONS UNTIL THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY RESPONDED TO MONDAY'S ATTACK ON SARAJEVO.

    MR. IZETBEGOVIC MADE AN UNSCHEDULED CALL ON PRESIDENT JACQUES CHIRAC TO THANK HIM FOR FRANCE'S ROLE IN THE MILITARY OPERATION AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. MR. IZETBEGOVIC WAS IN PARIS TO ATTEND TUESDAY'S MEETING OF THE EIGHT-NATION CONTACT GROUP ON YUGOSLAVIA.

    THE CHIEF AMERICAN DELEGATE AT THE CONTACT GROUP MEETING, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE, LEFT THE FRENCH CAPITAL WEDNESDAY FOR BELGRADE. HE MADE NO STATEMENT BEFORE HIS DEPARTURE.

    OFFICIALS SAID HIS VISIT TO BELGRADE TO DISCUSS AMERICAN PEACE INITIATIVES WAS PLANNED BEFORE THIS WEEK'S DRAMATIC NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE BOSNIAN CIVIL WAR. (SIGNED). NEB / JN / WOD/BG 30-Aug-95 7:44 AM EDT (1144 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [10] BOSNIA SERB REACT / S-O BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184471
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS REACTED DEFIANTLY TO THE CONTINUING NATO AIR ATTACKS ON SERB POSITIONS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. V-O-A CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS.

    TEXT: MR. KARADZIC IS QUOTED AS SAYING THE SERBS WILL NOT GIVE INTO MILITARY PRESSURE. HE SAYS THE SERBS WILL WIN THE WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IN THE END.

    MR. KARADZIC SAYS THE MAJOR WESTERN POWERS HAVE MISCALCULATED IN THINKING SERB RESOLVE WILL BE WEAKENED. HE SAYS THE SERBS WILL DEFEND THEMSELVES WITH ALL AVAILABLE MEANS AND THAT THEIR INTEREST IN A SEPARATE STATE WILL ONLY BE REINFORCED BY ATTACKS AGAINST THEM.

    MR. KARADZIC EARLIER SENT OUT AN APPARENT PEACE OVERTURE TO THE UNITED STATES. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE OVERTURE CONTAINS SOME POTENTIALLY PROMISING ELEMENTS THAT NEED TO BE CLARIFIED.

    MR. KARADZIC AND THE BOSNIAN SERB ARMY COMMANDER, GENERAL RATKO MLADIC, ARE REPORTED TO HAVE GONE TO BELGRADE WHERE A SENIOR AMERICAN OFFICIAL HAS MET WITH THE SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC.

    THERE IS NO INDICATION THE SERB LEADERS MET WITH THE AMERICAN OFFICIAL RICHARD HOLBROOKE. MR. HOLBROOKE IS LEADING A U-S PEACE INITIATIVE IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/WOD/CF
    30-Aug-95 12:00 PM EDT (1600 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [11] CLINTON/BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY DEBORAH TATE (JACKSON HOLE)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184434
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS WELCOMING NATO AIRSTRIKES AROUND THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL, SARAJEVO, EARLY WEDNESDAY. HE MADE HIS REMARKS IN THE WESTERN U-S STATE OF WYOMING. V-O-A WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS.

    TEXT: PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS HE STRONGLY SUPPORTS WEDNESDAY'S NATO ACTION. HE SAYS THE AIRSTRIKES WERE AN APPROPRIATE AND NECESSARY RESPONSE TO THE SHELLING OF SARAJEVO ON MONDAY.

    A SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL, WHO DID NOT WANT TO BE IDENTIFIED, CALLED THE NATO OPERATION A SUSTAINED ATTACK, WHICH IS EXPECTED TO BE THE LARGEST ALLIED OPERATION AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS.

    MR. CLINTON TOLD REPORTERS HE DOES NOT BELIEVE THE ACTION WILL INTERFERE WITH THE PEACE PROCESS IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. HE SAYS HE HOPES THE PEACE INITIATIVE WILL BE SUCCESSFUL.

    THE PRESIDENT SPOKE ABOUT THE NATO ACTION IN THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN RESORT OF JACKSON HOLE, WHERE HE HAS BEEN VACATIONING FOR THE PAST TWO WEEKS. HE HAS BEEN KEEPING UP TO DATE WITH THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA WITH REGULAR TELEPHONE BRIEFINGS FROM HIS NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR, ANTHONY LAKE. (SIGNED) NEB/DT/KK-T/BG 30-Aug-95 12:09 AM EDT (0409 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [12] U.S.- BOSNIA (L) BY ART CHIMES (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184488
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // EDS: NEXT-TO-LAST GRAF CAN BE DELETED IF OUTDATED //

    INTRO: AS NATO JETS CONTINUE ATTACKS ON SERB TARGETS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, A SENIOR DEFENSE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL SAYS THE PLANES ARE INFLICTING SERIOUS DAMAGE. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES HAS THE DETAILS.

    TEXT: DEPUTY DEFENSE SECRETARY JOHN WHITE DECLINED TO BE SPECIFIC ABOUT THE NUMBER OF PLANES INVOLVED OR GIVE DETAILS OF THE DAMAGE INFLICTED, BUT HE SAID TARGETS INCLUDED AMMUNITION DUMPS, COMMAND AND COMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES AND BOSNIAN SERB HEAVY WEAPONS.

    // WHITE ACTUALITY //

    030

    TARGETS WERE SELECTED BASED ON THEIR POTENTIAL ROLE IN CONTROLLING OR CONDUCTING FUTURE DESTRUCTIVE ATTACKS AGAINST THE PEOPLE OF SARAJEVO. A LARGE NUMBER OF TARGETS WERE SUCCESSFULLY ATTACKED. WE HAVE PRELIMINARY INDICATIONS THAT A SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF TARGETS WERE DAMAGED -- HEAVILY IN MANY CASES.

    // END ACT //

    IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE AIR RAIDS, UNITED NATIONS RAPID REACTION FORCES FIRED ARTILLERY AT TARGETS IN THE SARAJEVO AREA.

    THE ATTACKS WERE ORDERED IN RETALIATION FOR A DEADLY BOSNIAN SERB ATTACK MONDAY ON A SARAJEVO MARKETPLACE. THE NATO MISSION INVOLVED PLANES FROM SEVERAL COUNTRIES, INCLUDING U-S JETS BASED IN ITALY AND ON THE AIRCRAFT CARRIER THEODORE ROOSEVELT IN THE ADRIATIC SEA.

    THE VICE-CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF, ADMIRAL WILLIAM OWENS, CONFIRMED TO REPORTERS THAT ANTI-AIRCRAFT SITES WERE LIKELY AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT TARGETS FOR THE NATO JETS.

    // OWENS ACTUALITY //

    ALWAYS WHEN WE FLY AIRCRAFT INTO A STRIKE AREA, WE ARE CONCERNED ABOUT THE SAFETY OF THE PILOTS. AND IN THIS CASE THE NATO MILITARY COMMANDERS, I'M SURE, TOOK THE SAME PRUDENT PRECAUTIONS WITH THE SUPPRESSION OF ENEMY AIR DEFENSES AND FOCUSED ON PROVIDING A SITUATION WHERE NATO AIRCRAFT COULD FLY WITH MINIMUM RISK TO THE PILOTS INVOLVED.

    /// END ACT ///

    ONE FRENCH PLANE WAS REPORTED DOWN, WITH NO WORD ON THE FATE OF THE CREW. NO AMERICAN LOSSES HAVE BEEN REPORTED.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY THEY BELIEVE THE ATTACKS WILL NOT HURT THE PEACE PROCESS, AS A STATE DEPARTMENT TEAM CONTINUES ITS SHUTTLE MISSION IN SEARCH OF AN END TO THE FIGHTING IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. (SIGNED)

    NEB/ART/LWM
    30-Aug-95 5:26 PM EDT (2126 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [13] U.S. / BOSNIA / ANALYSTS BY ART CHIMES (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-30992
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO BOMBING RAIDS ON SERB TARGETS IN BOSNIA- HERZEGOVINA HAVE PROMPTED INTENSIFIED DISCUSSION IN THE UNITED STATES ON AMERICA'S ROLE IN HELPING TO END THE FIGHTING AND SECURE THE PEACE. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES SAMPLED OPINION FROM SOME WASHINGTON ANALYSTS, POLLSTERS AND CONSULTANTS.

    TEXT: THOSE WHO SURVEY PUBLIC OPINION SAY AMERICANS DO NOT HAVE MUCH ENTHUSIASM ABOUT U-S INVOLVEMENT IN BOSNIA, BUT PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON COULD CHANGE THAT. INDEPENDENT ANALYST STUART ROTHENBERG SAYS THERE IS NO CONSENSUS IN THE UNITED STATES FOR MUCH ACTION IN BOSNIA RIGHT NOW.

    // ROTHENBERG ACTUALITY //

    NOW, COULD THE PRESIDENT GO ON T-V AND DEAL WITH SENIOR MEMBERS ON THE [CAPITOL] HILL AND COME UP WITH SOME SORT OF PACKAGE AND SELL IT? I THINK THE PRESIDENCY IS AN OFFICE OF PERSUASION, SO I THINK THAT'S POSSIBLE, AND I THINK WE'VE SEEN JUST SO MUCH HORROR THERE THAT IT'S HARD FOR ME TO BELIEVE THAT THE AMERICAN PUBLIC HASN'T ALREADY REACTED BY CALLING FOR ACTION.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    ANDREW KOHUT IS THE DIRECTOR OF THE TIMES MIRROR CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE AND THE PRESS, WHICH CONDUCTS FREQUENT OPINION POLLS ON AMERICANS' ATTITUDES TOWARD GOVERNMENT. HE SAYS THERE MAY BE SOME SUPPORT FOR SENDING FINANCIAL AID, BUT NOT AMERICAN TROOPS.

    // KOHUT ACTUALITY //

    I THINK THAT THE AMERICAN PUBLIC DOESN'T WANT TO PAY A LOT OF ATTENTION TO BOSNIA. BILL CLINTON'S FOREIGN POLICY RATINGS GO DOWN WHEN BOSNIA COMES UP IN THE NEWS. BUT STILL, I THINK THE PUBLIC WOULD BE WILLING TO SPEND MONEY. IT'S NOT WILLING TO SHED AMERICAN BLOOD IN BOSNIA, BUT I THINK [IT] WOULD BE WILLING TO SPEND MONEY TO HELP THAT CONFLICT BE RESOLVED.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    SENDING TROOPS INTO HARM'S WAY COULD BE A POLITICAL TIME BOMB AS THE 1996 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN BEGINS TO TAKE SHAPE. DOUG BANDOW IS WITH THE CATO INSTITUTE, A WASHINGTON THINK TANK (PRIVATE RESEARCH ORGANIZATION). HE SAYS SENDING IN GROUND TROOPS REPRESENTS A HUGE POLITICAL RISK.

    // BANDOW ACTUALITY //

    THE HALF-LIFE (LENGTH) OF ANY SETTLEMENT IN THE BALKANS COULD EASILY BE TWO WEEKS OR TWO MONTHS. SO IF WHAT YOU HAVE IS A HIGH-PROFILE PACKAGE DEAL PUT TOGETHER THAT COLLAPSES IN BLOODSHED TWO OR FOUR OR SIX MONTHS FROM NOW, IT WOULD BE AN UTTER DISASTER FOR THE PRESIDENT POLITICALLY. AND I THINK THAT WOULD HAVE TO AT LEAST WEIGH IN THE BACK OF A LOT OF PEOPLE'S MINDS: NO SETTLEMENT IS SECURE.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    SOME CRITICS HAVE SAID IN FOLLOWING RECENT U-S MILITARY SETBACKS IN HAITI AND SOMALIA THAT AMERICA APPEARS WILLING TO USE ITS MILITARY FORCES ONLY WHERE THERE IS VIRTUALLY NO RISK OF SERIOUS CASUALTIES. THAT WOULD NOT SEEM TO DESCRIBE THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND'S STEVEN KULL HAS BEEN CONDUCTING STUDIES OF ATTITUDES TOWARD POLICY ISSUES. HE SAYS AN OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF AMERICANS DO NOT WANT THE UNITED STATES TO BE THE WORLD'S POLICEMAN. THEY WANT EFFORTS LIKE THIS TO BE DONE COOPERATIVELY, WITH OTHER COUNTRIES.

    // KULL ACTUALITY //

    THIS IS SOMETIMES INTERPRETED AS ISOLATIONISM, BUT IT'S ACTUALLY SOMETHING MUCH MORE SPECIFIC: THEY WANT A COOPERATIVE ROLE. AND IN THE CONTEXT OF SOME KIND OF COOPERATIVE AID EFFORT AGAIN, IF THEY PERCEIVE THAT IT REALLY WAS CRITICAL TO ACHIEVING SUCCESS THERE, THEY WOULD PROBABLY BE SUPPORTIVE.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    IF PEACE CAN BE RESTORED TO BOSNIA, WHAT THEN? THE HEAD OF THE U-S AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, BRIAN ATWOOD, SAYS IT WILL BE CHEAPER TO MAKE PEACE IN BOSNIA THAN TO MAKE WAR, AND AMERICA WOULD BE WILLING TO HELP. BUT HE SAYS THAT BECAUSE THE IMPACT ON EUROPE IS GREATER, EUROPEANS OUGHT TO ASSUME MOST OF THE COSTS.

    // ATWOOD ACTUALITY //

    WE ARE PAYING THE COSTS EVERY DAY OF BOSNIA. AND THOSE COSTS ARE NOT GOING TO BE ANYWHERE NEAR AS MUCH AS IT WILL COST TO TRY TO CREATE PEACE IN THAT COUNTRY. AND I BELIEVE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WILL GO ALONG WITH IT IF IT LOOKS LIKE IT'S A LEGITIMATE POSITION. I ALSO FEEL THAT IT'S IMPORTANT TO UNDERSCORE THAT THE EUROPEANS ARE PAYING MUCH HIGHER COSTS FOR BOSNIA THAN WE ARE; THEREFORE, THEY OUGHT TO PAY MORE OF THE COSTS OF THE PEACE THAN THE UNITED STATES DOES.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    MR. ATWOOD AND THE OTHER ANALYSTS TOOK PART IN A PANEL DISCUSSION ON U-S AID PROGRAMS AND AMERICA'S ROLE IN THE WORLD AT A TIME WHEN THE END OF THE COLD WAR AND INCREASED BUDGET PRESSURES ARE PROMPTING A RE-EXAMINATION OF U-S OBLIGATIONS ABROAD. (SIGNED)

    NEB/ART/MMK
    30-Aug-95 2:03 PM EDT (1803 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [14] YUGO SITREP (L UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184479
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // EDS: UPDATES, NEW INTO THROUGHOUT //

    INTRO: NATO'S AIR CAMPAIGN AGAINST SERB POSITIONS ACROSS BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IS THE BIGGEST OPERATION OF ITS KIND IN NATO HISTORY. IT IS INTENDED TO STOP THE SERBS FROM SHELLING UNITED NATIONS / DECLARED SAFE AREAS. WHILE THE NATO AIRSTRIKES CONTINUED, A SENIOR AMERICAN OFFICIAL HAS BEEN DISCUSSING A NEW U-S PEACE INITIATIVE IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA WITH THE SERBIAN PRESIDENT IN BELGRADE. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: WAVES OF NATO WARPLANES HAVE SWEPT ACROSS BOSNIA, ATTACKING SERB ANTI-AIRCRAFT AND COMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES, AMMUNITION DUMPS AND COMMAND POSTS.

    A VITAL SERB COMMUNICATIONS TOWER NEAR THE GOVERNMENT-HELD TOWN OF TUZLA IS REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN HIT. BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT FORCES TRIED BUT FAILED TO CAPTURE THE TOWER EARLIER THIS YEAR.

    THE NATO AIR RAIDS HAVE BEEN SUPPORTED BY HEAVY ARTILLERY OF THE NEW INTERNATIONAL RAPID REACTION FORCE IN BOSNIA. THE BIG GUNS HAVE POUNDED POSITIONS FROM WHICH THE SERBS HAVE BEEN SHELLING SARAJEVO.

    THE U-N COMMANDER IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, FRENCH GENERAL BERNARD JANVIER, HAS WARNED THE SERBS OF CONTINUING ATTACKS UNLESS THEY PULL BACK THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS AROUND SARAJEVO AND END THEIR THREATS TO OTHER U-N / DECLARED SAFE AREAS.

    FIVE EUROPEAN UNION OBSERVERS HAVE BEEN KILLED IN SERB HELD TERRITORY, AND ONE NATO WARPLANE, A FRENCH AIRCRAFT, HAS BEEN SHOT DOWN. TWO PARACHUTES WERE SEEN, BUT THE FATE OF THE CREWMEMBERS IS NOT YET KNOWN.

    THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER, RADOVAN KARADZIC, REACTED DEFIANTLY TO THE NATO AND U-N ATTACKS ON HIS FORCES. HE SAYS THE SERBS' RESOLVE TO HAVE THEIR OWN STATE WILL ONLY BE STRENGTHENED.

    THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT SAYS THE MILITARY CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE SERBS HAS RESTORED THE CREDIBILITY OF THE UNITED NATIONS AND NATO IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. THE GOVERNMENT SAYS THE CAMPAIGN WILL LEAD TO PEACE IN THE COUNTRY.

    IN BELGRADE, A SENIOR AMERICAN OFFICIAL, RICHARD HOLBROOKE, IS DISCUSSING NEW U-S PEACE PROPOSALS WITH THE SERBIAN PRESIDENT, SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. MR. HOLBROOKE DESCRIBES HIS FIRST MEETING WITH MR. MILOSEVIC AS PRODUCTIVE AND VERY USEFUL. THE TWO MEN WERE MEETING AGAIN WEDNESDAY NIGHT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/JWH/CF
    30-Aug-95 3:03 PM EDT (1903 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [15] YUGO TALKS (S ONLY) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=8/30/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184490
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDITORS : SUBS CR. 2-184471 BOSNIA/SERB REACT (S) . THIS SPOT ALSO UPDATES RELEVANT PORTIONS OF CR 2-184477 YUGO SITREP 3RD UPDATE (S) AND CR 2-184479 YUGO SITREP (L- UPDATE).///

    INTRO: THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE CONDEMNED THE UNPREDECENTED NATO AIRRAIDS ON THEIR MILITARY POSITIONS. BUT, THE NATO OPERATIONS DOES NOT APPEAR TO BE UNDERMINING THE PEACE PROCESS FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AND MAY EVEN BE SPEEDING IT UP. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS.

    TEXT: BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC SAYS THE SERBS WILL NOT GIVE IN TO MILITARY PRESSURE. HE SAYS THEY WILL ONLY BE MORE DETERMINED TO HAVE THEIR OWN SEPARATE STATE. BUT, A SENIOR SERB OFFICIAL, MOMCILO KRAJISNIK, SAYS THERE IS A GOOD CHANCE THAT ATTEMPTS TO BRING PEACE TO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WILL CONTINUE.

    THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAS AGREED THAT THE SERBIAN PRESIDENT, SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC, SHOULD HEAD THE DELEGATION THAT WILL NEGOTIATE FOR THEM IN PEACE TALKS. THIS IS DESCRIBED AS A POTENTIALLY PROMISING STEP TOWARD PEACE IN BOSNIA BY SENIOR AMERICAN OFFICIAL RICHARD HOLBROOKE, WHO IS CARRYING OUT A NEW U-S PEACE INITIATIVE.

    MR. HOLBROOKE HAS HAD TWO MEETINGS WITH PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC IN BELGRADE. MR. HOLBROOKE CALLS THE MEETINGS PRODUCTIVE AND VERY USEFUL. MR. HOLBROOKE PLANS TO GO NEXT TO ZAGREB TO MEET WITH CROATIAN AND BOSNIAN LEADERS. MEMBERS OF HIS DELEGATION WILL HAVE FURTHER TALKS WITH PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/PT
    30-Aug-95 6:37 PM EDT (2237 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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