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Voice of America, 6 September 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - 9/6/95

  • [02] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [03] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT !!!

  • [04] BOSNIA/MLADIC (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [05] BOSNIA / BOMBING (L) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

  • [06] BOSNIA / NATO (S) BY KYLE KING (ZAGREB)

  • [07] BOSNIA / SERBS (S UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [08] BOSNIA TALKS (S UPDATE) BY KYLE KING (ZAGREB)

  • [09] NATO / BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [10] PERRY-BOSNIA (S-ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (PENTAGON)

  • [11] U-N / BOSNIA (L) BY KYLE KING (ZAGREG)

  • [12] U-S-BOSNIA (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [13] YUGO SITREP (L-O UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - 9/6/95

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 9/6/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    NATO / BOSNIA -- WEATHER HAMPERED AIR ATTACKS ON SERB POSITIONS IN BOSNIA BUT NATO AERIAL ASSAULTS HAVE RESUMED. THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE DECLINED TO MEET DEMANDS TO WITHDRAW THEIR ARTILLERY WHICH THREATENS BOSNIAN CENTERS. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS FROM VIENNA ON A NATO COMMANDER'S ASSESSMENT. (9/6)

    BOSNIA / NATO -- AIR ATTACKS RESUME OVER BOSNIA AFTER A LAPSE DUE TO WEATHER. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING IN ZAGREB REPORTS ON THE RESUMPTION OF AIR ATTACKS AGAINST SERBS WHO HAVE NOT COMPLIED WITH INSTRUCTIONS TO WITHDRAW THEIR ARMAMENTS. (9/6)

    BOSNIA TALKS -- US DIPLOMAT RICHARD HOLBROOKE SAYS IT'S TOO EARLY TO TELL IF DIPLOMACY WILL WORK IN THE CONFLICT BETWEEN SERBS AND THEIR NEIGHBORS. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS FROM ZAGREB WHERE MR HOLBROOKE MET WITH CROATIA'S PRESIDENT. (9/6)

    KARADZIC / RESISTANCE -- THE BOSNIAN SERBS SAY THEY CAN'T QUIT BECAUSE TO WITHDRAW ARMS FROM PLACES THEY HOLD IN BOSNIA WILL MAKE SERB RESIDENTS VULNERABLE TO ATTACKS. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY IN VIENNA REPORTS THE SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC CLAIMS HIS ARSENAL IS DEFENSIVE. (9/6)

    UN / BOSNIA -- THE UNITED NATIONS AGREES WITH NATO'S ASSESSMENT OF SERB COOPERATION IN BOSNIA. DEFIANCE OF THE ALLIES CONTINUES, SO THE NATO AIR ATTACKS CONTINUE. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (9/6)

    PERRY / BOSNIA -- US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY JOINS THE CHORUS OF ALLIES WHO SAY THE ATTACKS ON SERB POSITIONS IN BOSNIA WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERBS WITHDRAW THEIR ARMAMENTS FROM THREATENING POSITIONS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS FROM THE US DEFENSE DEPARTMENT. (9/6)

    UN / BOSNIA -- UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST ROUND OF AIR STRIKES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL THEY ARE SATISFIED SERB WEAPONS HAVE BEEN PULLED BACK FROM SARAJEVO. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS UN OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE NOT SURE HOW LONG THAT MIGHT BE, BUT THEY ARE PREPARED TO CONTINUE MILITARY ACTION AGAINST THE SERBS FOR AS LONG AS IT TAKES. (9/5)

    CLINTON / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS EXPRESSED HIS SUPPORT FOR RENEWED NATO AIR STRIKES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. MR CLINTON MADE HIS COMMENTS AS HE WRAPPED UP A VISIT TO CALIFORNIA ON TUESDAY. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (9/5)

    US / BOSNIA TALKS -- THE UNITED STATES IS GOING AHEAD WITH PLANNING FOR PEACE TALKS FRIDAY IN GENEVA EVEN WHILE NATO AIR STRIKES CONTINUE AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS FOR THEIR DEFIANCE OF UNITED NATIONS DEMANDS. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS. (9/5)

    BOSNIA / BOMBING -- THERE HAS BEEN RENEWED SHELLING OF SARAJEVO AS NATO JETS CONTINUE AIR ATTACKS ON BOSNIAN SERBS POSITIONS AROUND THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL AND IN NORTHERN BOSNIA. INITIAL REPORTS SAY SIX SHELLS LANDED IN THE CITY, SEVERAL NEAR THE UN HEADQUARTERS, AT LEAST TWO PEOPLE WERE INJURED INCLUDING A SMALL CHILD. THE SHELLING IS THE FIRST BOSNIAN SERB ATTACK ON SARAJEVO SINCE NATO RESUMED ITS CAMPAIGN OF AIR STRIKES ON THE BOSNIAN SERBS AFTER THEY FAILED TO COMPLY WITH A UN AND NATO DEADLINE TO REMOVE THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS FROM AROUND THE CITY. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS. (9/5)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / US ADDRESS -- THE PRINCIPAL US REPRESENTATIVE AT THE UN CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN BEJING, MADELEINE ALBRIGHT CRITICIZES CHINESE RESTRICTIONS THAT HAVE HINDERED THE WOMEN DELEGATES. CORRESPONDENT JANE KUCZYNSKI REPORTS FROM BEIJING. (9/6)

    HILLARY / CHINA REACT -- HILLARY CLINTON RECEIVED APPLAUSE FROM THE AUDIENCE AT THE WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEJING BUT THE CHINESE OFFICIAL MEDIA IGNORED HER. CORRESPONDENT GIL BUTLER REPORTS FROM BEIJING THAT MRS CLINTON'S REMARKS WERE A REBUFF TO CHINESE POLICIES TOWARD WOMEN AND FAMILIES. (9/6)

    CLINTON / NGO FORUM -- MRS. HILLARY CLINTON ADDRESSED A FORUM OF WOMEN MEETING IN CHINA IN A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION CONFERENCE. SHE PRAISED THE ACTIVIST WOMEN FOR THEIR PERSEVERANCE IN OVERCOMING OBSTACLES THAT APPEARED TO BE PLACED UPON THEM BY CHINESE OFFICIALDOM. CORRESPONDENT STEPHANIE HO FROM BEIJING REPORTS. (9/6)

    FRANCE / NUCLEAR -- THERE HAS BEEN A STRONG REACTION AROUND THE SOUTH PACIFIC TO THE DETONATION OF THE FIRST OF A PLANNED SERIES OF FRENCH NUCLEAR TESTS. FRANCE NOW SAYS THE CURRENT SERIES OF TESTS WILL BE ITS LAST. BUT THAT HAS NOT DIMINISHED THE ANGER OF MANY PACIFIC NATIONS, AS STRINGER JULIAN O'BRIEN REPORTS FROM WELLINGTON. (9/6)

    FRANCE NUCLEAR -- FRANCE SAYS ITS NUCLEAR TEST IN THE PACIFIC IS NO THREAT TO THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE REGION. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS FROM PARIS. (/6)

    EU NUKES -- LEADERS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION SAY THE ORGANIZATION WAS UNABLE TO TAKE ACTION TO OPPOSE FRENCH NUCLEAR TESTING IN THE PACIFIC BECAUSE IT LACKS AUTHORITY TO DO SO. STRINGER JOHN FRASER REPORTS FROM BRUSSELS. (9/6)

    JAPAN / NUKE PROTEST -- A JAPANESE GOVERNMENT PROTEST WAS HANDED TO THE FRENCH AMBASSADOR IN TOKYO WEDNESDAY. THE PROTEST CRITICIZED THE FRENCH NUCLEAR TEST IN THE PACIFIC. CORRESPONDENT JERRY MCKINNEY REPORTS FROM TOKYO (9/6)

    SOUTH AFRICA / NUCLEAR -- THE GOVERNMENT OF SOUTH AFRICA HAS JOINED IN THE CONDEMNATION OF FRENCH NUCLEAR TESTING IN THE PACIFIC. CORRESPONDENT MALLORY SALESON FROM JOHANNESBURG REPORTS ON A FOREIGN MINISTRY STATEMENT THERE. (9/6)

    FRENCH NUKE TEST -- A NEW ZEALAND NAVAL VESSEL, NEAR MURUROA ATOLL IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC, HAS CONFIRMED THAT FRANCE HAS EXPLODED THE FIRST OF ITS PLANNED NUCLEAR TESTS. PARIS HAS ANNOUNCED THE TEST HAS TAKEN PLACE. STRINGER JULIAN O'BRIEN REPORTS. (9/5)

    US / FRANCE / NUKES -- THE UNITED STATES HAS JOINED THE INTERNATIONAL CHORUS OF CONDEMNATION FOLLOWING THE ANNOUNCEMENT FRANCE HAS DETONATED THE FIRST OF A SERIOUS OF UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR TESTS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC. CORRESPONDENT VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS GREENPEACE ENVIRONMENTALISTS IN WASHINGTON VOW TO CARRY ON THEIR EFFORTS TO DISRUPT THE TESTING. (9/5)

    SIERRA LEONE / IVORY COAST -- SIERRA LEONE FOREIGN MINISTER ALUSINE FOFANAH SAYS THE PROSPECTS FOR PEACE IN SIERRA LEONE ARE NOW BETTER THAN EVER FOLLOWING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A PEACE ACCORD IN NEIGHBORING LIBERIA. BUT HE SAYS HE HAS BEEN UNABLE TO MEET REPRESENTATIVES OF THE REVOLUTIONARY UNITED FRONT IN THE IVORIAN COMMERCIAL CAPITAL, ABIDJAN. CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK REPORTS. (9/5)

    CAMBODIA / US -- CAMBODIAN LEADERS SAY THEY WILL TAKE BACK A FORMER KHMER ROUGE DIPLOMAT WHO HAS BEEN LIVING IN THE UNITED STATES IF THE UNITED STATES WISHES TO DEPORT HIM. THE CO-PRIME MINISTER SAYS HE CAN LEAD A SIMPLE LIFE IF HE'S NOT ON ANY BLACK LIST IN PHNOM PENH. STRINGER SUSAN POSTLEWAITE REPORTS FROM PHNOM PENH. (9/6)

    US / CAMBODIA -- THE UNITED STATES IS TRYING TO FIND LEGAL WAYS TO EXCLUDE A FORMER REPRESENTATIVE OF THE KHMER ROUGE FROM HIS AMERICAN RESIDENCE. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS. (9/5)

    NORTH KOREA CASUALTIES -- RECENT FLOODS IN NORTH KOREA HAVE TAKEN AN ENORMOUS TOLL IN LIFE AND PROPERTY. STRINGER SHIN NA IN SEOUL REPORTS ON THE CASUALTIES FROM THE HEAVY RAINS IN JULY AND AUGUST. (9/6)

    RUSSIA / CHECHNYA -- FOUR YEARS AFTER A DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE FROM RUSSIA, CHECHENS REMAIN UNHAPPY AND RUSSIAN TROOPS REMAIN IN PLACE. THE ANNIVERSARY WAS MARKED IN GROZNY WHERE CHECHEN REBEL LEADER DZHOKHAR DUDAYEV WAS PRAISED LIBERALLY ALTHOUGH HE IS IN HIDING. CORRESPONDENT PETER COLLINS REPORTS FROM MOSCOW. (9/6)

    RUSSIA ECONOMY -- RUSSIA'S ECONOMIC POLICY CHIEF SAYS RUSSIA IS ON THE BRINK OF GROWTH. WESTERN ANALYSTS SAY THE ECONOMY THERE IS PICKING UP SPEED. CORRESPONDENT PETER COLLINS REPORTS FROM MOSCOW. (9/6)

    PLO / ISRAEL -- THE EGYPTIAN PORT OF TABA IS THE SEEN FOR FURTHER TALKS BETWEEN P.L.O. REPRESENTATIVES AND ISRAELI DELEGATES DISCUSSING SELF RULE FOR PALESTINIANS. STAFFER PEYMAN PEJMAN REPORTS FROM CAIRO THE CONCLUSION OF DETAILS IN NEGOTIATIONS ARE ALREADY A YEAR BEHIND SCHEDULE. (9/6)

    SRI LANKA FERRY -- HIJACKERS OF A FERRY IN SRI LANKA HAVE RELEASED ABOUT 130 PASSENGERS WHO HAVE BEEN HELD HOSTAGE FOR NINE DAYS. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI THAT THE RED CROSS SAID THE HOSTAGE TAKERS CONTINUE TO HOLD CREW MEMBERS OF THE FERRY BOAT. (9/6)

    INDIA ECONOMY -- INDIA'S FINANCE MINISTER SAYS INDIA'S ECONOMY IS PERFORMING WELL AND GROWING AND INCREASINGLY ATTRACTIVE TO OVERSEAS INVESTORS. STAFFER ANJANA PASRICHA REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI URGES POLITICAL RIVALS TO PULL TOGETHER TO KEEP UP THE MOMENTUM. (9/6)

    IRAN MEETING -- IRAQ'S NEIGHBORS, IRAN, SYRIA AND TURKEY, CONTEMPLATE DEVELOPMENTS IN BAGHDAD. COMMON ISSUES AMONG THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES INCLUDE A SIGNIFICANT KURD POPULATION AND RELIGIOUS DIVISION AMONG SHIITES AND SUNNI MUSLIM SECTS. STAFFER PEYMAN PEJMAN REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (9/6)

    UGANDA EDITOR -- THE COMMITTEE TO PROTECT JOURNALISTS, BASED IN NEW YORK, COMPLAINS ABOUT THE DEATH OF AN EDITOR SUPPOSEDLY IN POLICE CUSTODY IN UGANDA. CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA IN ABIDJAN REPORTS THE COMMITTEE URGES UGANDA'S PRESIDENT TO OPEN AN INVESTIGATION IN THE DEATH OF HUSSEIN MUS NJUKI. (9/6)

    SAF HEALTH STRIKE -- A STRIKE BY NURSES IN SOUTH AFRICA LEAVES THE SICK IN JEOPARDY. THE GOVERNMENT COMPLAINS THAT LIVES ARE BEING ENDANGERED BY WORKERS WHO WANT MORE MONEY. CORRESPONDENT MALLORY SALESON IN JOHANNESBURG REPORTS ON THE LABOR DILEMMA. (9/6)

    SOMALIA / AIDEED -- SOMALIA LEADER MOHAMED FARAH AIDEED EXPRESSES CONCERN ABOUT OPPONENTS AGAIN. HE SAYS RESISTANCE TO THE PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT BROUGHT ABOUT BY HIS GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE CRUSHED. CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA REPORTS FROM NAIROBI REPORTS SOME DIPLOMATS REPORT GROWING RESISTANCE TO AIDEED'S HEAVY HANDED LEADERSHIP. (9/6)

    SLOVAK NUKE -- THE SLOVAK GOVERNMENT COMPLAINS ABOUT A NUCLEAR POWER PLANT PLANED NEAR BRATISLAVA. THE GOVERNMENT SAYS BIDS BY THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT AND A FRENCH PARTNER ARE TOO HIGH AND THE JOB CAN BE DONE MORE CHEAPLY BY A RUSSIAN AND CZECH CONSORTIUM. CORRESPONDENT BARRY WOOD REPORTS FROM PRAGUE. (9/6)

    SLOVAK POLITICS -- THE SLOVAK PARLIAMENT OPENS. PRESIDENT MICHAL KOVAC COMPLAINS ABOUT THE POLITICAL DIVISION IN THE COUNTRY. CORRESPONDENT BARRY WOOD REPORTS FROM PRAGUE. (9/6)

    GERMANY REFUGEES -- MORE THAN HALF OF ALL ASYLUM SEEKERS IN EUROPE HEAD FOR GERMANY BUT THAT COUNTRY ACCEPTS ONLY A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF THOSE WHO SEEK POLITICAL ASYLUM. CORRESPONDENT DAGMAR BREITENBACH REPORTS FROM BONN THAT MOST OF THE REFUGEES ARE ARRIVING FROM TURKEY BUT THERE ARE MANY FROM FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, AFGHANISTAN AND SRI LANKA. (9/6)

    US / JAPAN AUTOS -- TRADE OFFICIALS UNVEIL A PLAN TO BRING ABOUT JAPANESE COMPLIANCE WITH AN AUTOMOBILE TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND TOKYO. CORRESPONDENT LAURIE NEFF IN WASHINGTON REPORTS EXPECTATIONS THAT JAPAN WILL LIVE UP TO COMMITMENTS TO A TRADE AGREEMENT IN THE AUTO INDUSTRY. (9/6)

    BRITISH / IRISH SUMMIT -- THE PRIME MINISTERS OF BRITAIN AND IRELAND HAVE HIT SNAGS IN TALKS ABOUT DISARMING PARAMILITARY ORGANIZATIONS IN NORTHERN IRELAND. CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA REPORTS ON TALKS FROM LONDON. (9/6)

    QUITO / SUMMIT -- LATIN AMERICA'S MAJOR POLICY FORUM, THE FOURTEEN-NATION RIO GROUP, HAS ENDED A TWO-DAY SUMMIT IN QUITO, ECUADOR, WITH A PLEDGE TO COOPERATE IN COMBATTING CORRUPTION. WE HAVE DETAILS FROM CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK. (9/5)

    QUITO SUMMIT -- THE ANNUAL SUMMIT MEETING OF THE RIO GROUP, LATIN AMERICA'S MAJOR POLICY FORUM, HAS GIVEN A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE TO COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT ERNESTO SAMPER, WHO IS TRYING TO SHAKE OFF ALLEGATIONS THAT HE RECEIVED CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS FROM DRUG TRAFFICKERS. THE STATEMENT WAS ISSUED AT THE END OF THE TWO-DAY SUMMIT IN QUITO. WE HAVE DETAILS FROM CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK. (9/5)

    ANDEAN PACT -- THE PRESIDENTS OF BOLIVIA, COLOMBIA, ECUADOR, PERU, AND VENEZUELA, THE FIVE NATIONS OF THE ANDEAN PACT, HELD A MINI-SUMMIT IN THE ECUADORIAN CAPITAL FOLLOWING THE SUMMIT OF THE RIO GROUP. CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK REPORTS. (9/5/95)

    CHILE / COSTA RICA -- THE LEADERS OF CHILE AND COSTA RICA HAVE AGREED TO WORK TOGETHER TO IMPROVE TRADE AND INVESTMENT TIES, AND HOPE TO REACH ACCORDS IN THESE AREAS NEXT YEAR. THIS ANNOUNCEMENT CAME FOLLOWING A BRIEF VISIT TUESDAY TO SAN JOSE BY CHILE'S PRESIDENT DURING WHICH HE STRONGLY CONDEMNED THE FRENCH NUCLEAR TEST IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC. CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS REPORTS. (9/5)

    MEXICO / PEACE TALKS -- THE PEACE TALKS BETWEEN THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT AND ZAPATISTA REBELS HAS RESUMED TUESDAY IN SAN ANDRES LARRAINZAR IN THE STATE OF CHIAPAS. THIS IS THE FIRST MEETING BETWEEN THE TWO SIDES SINCE A RECENT GRASSROOTS POLL REVEALED AN OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF VOTERS WANT THE ZAPATISTAS TO BECOME A POLITICAL FORCE IN THE COUNTRY. STRINGER CINDY LAVANDEROS REPORTS. (9/5)

    INTELLECTUAL / PROPERTY -- A REPORT FROM THE US GOVERNMENT SAYS CHANGES ARE NEEDED IN LAWS PROTECTING SO-CALLED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY BECAUSE OF TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES IN COMPUTERS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS. CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES REPORT OFFICIALS SAY MORE COPYRIGHT AND PATENT PROTECTION COULD GENERATE MORE JOBS AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES. (9/5)

    CLINTON / CONGRESS -- PRESIDENT CLINTON TALKS TOUGH ON BUDGET ISSUES. HE SAYS THIS IS NO TIME TO GUT EXPENDITURES FOR EDUCATION IN ORDER TO SAVE MONEY TAX CUTS AND DEFENSE GRANTS. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS. (9/6)

    SENATE DEFENSE BILLS -- THE US SENATE APPROVES AN ELABORATE DEFENSE SYSTEM AGAINST MISSILES BUT SUSPENDS DEPLOYMENT. THE BILL ADDS 600 MILLION DOLLARS TO AN ADMINISTRATION DEFENSE APPROPRIATION MEASURE. CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS FROM THE SENATE. (9/6)N THE BUDGET AND EDUCATION. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (9/5)

    CLINTON / O'NITER -- PRESIDENT CLINTON, RETURNING TO WASHINGTON AFTER A SUMMER VACATION FACES A TOUGH BUDGET BATTLE WITH THE REPUBLICAN-CONTROLLED CONGRESS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS THE OPERATIONS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT COULD BE SHUT DOWN IF THE TWO SIDES FAIL TO REACH AGREEMENT SOON. (9/5)

    DOLE TAX PLAN -- SENATE MAJORITY LEADER AND REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE BOB DOLE CALLED FOR MORE SIMPLIFIED TAX FILING PROCEDURES AND AN AMENDMENT TO THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION TO LIMIT ATTEMPTS BY CONGRESS TO RAISE THE TAX ON INCOME. HE MADE THE REMARKS TUESDAY BEFORE A BUSINESS GROUP IN CHICAGO. CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH REPORTS. (9/5)

    SENATE / RETURNS -- THE US SENATE RETURNED TO WORK TUESDAY AFTER A THREE-WEEK BREAK. CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS THAT LAWMAKERS ARE ALREADY BRACING FOR WHAT COULD BE A LENGTHY AND DIFFICULT FIGHT OVER CUTTING THE SIZE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. (9/5)

    OJ SIMPSON / FUHRMAN TAPE -- IN THE LOS ANGELES MURDER TRIAL OF OJ SIMPSON, THE JURY HEARD A TAPE-RECORDING OF OFFENSIVE, RACIAL SLURS BY KEY PROSECUTION WITNESS MARK FUHRMAN. DEFENSE ATTORNEYS ACCUSE THE FORMER POLICE DETECTIVE OF PLANTING EVIDENCE TO FRAME [UNJUSTLY ACCUSE] THE CELEBRITY DEFENDANT FOR KILLING EX-WIFE AND HER FRIEND IN JUNE 1994. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS. (9/5)

    TERROR / TRIAL -- AFTER MORE THAN EIGHT MONTHS OF TESTIMONY, CLOSING ARGUMENTS BEGAN TUESDAY IN THE TERROR CONSPIRACY TRIAL IN NEW YORK OF EGYPTIAN SHEIK OMAR ABDEL RAHMAN AND NINE OF HIS FOLLOWERS. THE MEN ARE ACCUSED OF PLOTTING TO BLOW UP THE UNITED NATIONS AND OTHER NEW YORK CITY LANDMARKS. CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS. (9/5)

    HURRICANE LUIS -- HURRICANE LUIS DRIFTS AWAY FROM THE CARIBBEAN NORTHWESTWARD. JIM TEEPLE IN MIAMI REPORTS THE COURSE AND THREAT FROM THE LARGE ATLANTIC STORM. (9/6)

    SCHOOL DISCIPLINE, SCHOOL COURSES -- AN AMERICAN TEACHER UNION LEADER CALLS FOR MORE DISCIPLINE AND TOUGHER COURSES IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN ORDER TO REINSTATE EDUCATION VALUES THAT ERODED DURING THE PAST 25 YEARS BECAUSE OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TRENDS. DON HENRY REPORTS FROM WASHINGTON ABOUT A CAMPAIGN BY UNION PRESIDENT AL SHANKER OF THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS. (9/6)

    CAL RIPKEN / RECORD TIED -- BASEBALL STAR CAL RIPKEN OF THE BALTIMORE ORIOLES HAS TIED THE ALL-TIME MAJOR LEAGUE RECORD FOR CONSECUTIVE GAMES PLAYED OF 2,130 HELD BY FORMER NEW YORK YANKEES STAR LOU GEHRIG. SPORTS EDITOR PARKE BREWER WAS ON HAND FOR THE HISTORIC GAME TUESDAY NIGHT IN BALTIMORE AND HAS A REPORT. (9/6)

    THAI WORKERS / LAWSUIT -- THAI GARMENT WORKERS FREED FROM A SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 'SWEAT-SHOP' FILED A FEDERAL LAWSUIT TUESDAY AGAINST THEIR ALLEGED CAPTORS. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS THE SUIT DEMANDS MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN BACK WAGES AND DAMAGES. (9/5)

    AFRICA / A PERSONAL VIEW -- CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK TAKES LISTENERS WITH HIM ON A VERY PERSONAL JOURNEY TO GOREE ISLAND, OFF THE COAST OF SENEGAL, FROM WHERE MANY AFRICAN SLAVES - POSSIBLY INCLUDING PURNELL'S OWN ANCESTORS - WERE SHIPPED OFF TO THE NEW WORLD. (9/6)

    CONGRESS / A LIGHTHEARTED LOOK -- SENATE CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE SHARES SOME OF THE LIGHTER MOMENTS HE'S NOTED IN HIS YEARS COVERING BOTH HOUSES OF THE US CONGRESS. (9/6)

    IMMIGRATION DEBATE -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' ANDREW BAROCH EXAMINES THE DEBATE OVER IMMIGRATION IN LIGHT OF SURPRISING NEW FINDINGS BY THE US CENSUS BUREAU; INCLUDES INTERVIEWS WITH DAN STEIN, FEDERATION FOR AMERICAN IMMIGRATION REFORM, AND FRANK SHERRY, THE NATIONAL IMMIGRATION FORUM. (9/6)

    THE GREEK / MACEDONIA DISPUTE -- THE GOVERNMENTS OF GREECE AND MACEDONIA HAVE AGREED TO MEET IN NEW YORK NEXT WEEK FOR TALKS TO TRY TO RESOLVE A DISPUTE THAT HAD THREATENED TO ERUPT INTO ANOTHER BALKAN WAR. CURRENT AFFAIRS' PAMELA TAYLOR LOOKS AT THE ORIGINS OF THE FOUR YEAR OLD DISPUTE. (9/6)

    SPOTLIGHT / DES MOINES -- IOWA'S CAPITAL, DES MOINES, WITH LESS THAN 400 THOUSAND PEOPLE, HAS ALL THE AMENITIES OF THE BIG CITY BUT WITHOUT THE PROBLEMS OF A BIG CITY. CURRENT AFFAIRS' ZLATICA HOKE REPORTS ON DES MOINES PEOPLE, ATTRACTIONS AND VISIONS FOR THE FUTURE. (9/6)

    SPOTLIGHT / MONTANA -- 119 YEARS AFTER THE BATTLE OF THE LITTLE BIGHORN WAS FOUGHT, IT'S STILL CONTROVERSIAL. EVERY YEAR, THE BATTLE IS REENACTED IN HARDIN, MONTANA, THE TOWN CLOSEST TO THE BATTLEFIELD. CURRENT AFFAIRS' CAROL PEARSON INTERVIEWED THE ACTORS WHO PORTRAY GEORGE ARMSTRONG CUSTER, LEADER OF THE SEVENTH US CAVALRY AND SITTING BULL, THE VISIONARY SIOUX MEDICINE MAN, ABOUT WHY THE BATTLE WAS SO IMPORTANT AND WHY IT'S STILL CONTROVERSIAL TODAY. (9/6)

    EUROPEAN ART -- CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH REPORTS ON A JUST-OPENED EXHIBITION AT CHICAGO'S MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART, FEATURING WORKS BY SOME OF EAST AND CENTRAL EUROPE'S BEST YOUNG ARTISTS FROM THE POST-COMMUNISM PERIOD. (9/6)

    KENNEDY CENTER / HONOREES NAMED -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' KEMING KUO REPORTS THAT THIS YEAR'S HONOREES HAVE BEEN SELECTED: BALLET DANCER/TEACHER JACQUES D'AMBOISE, CLASSICAL SINGER MARILYN HORNE, BLUES MUSICIAN B.B. KING, FILM ACTOR SIDNEY POITIER, AND PLAYWRIGHT NEIL SIMON. (9/6)

    US OPEN / DAY NINE -- AT THE US OPEN, AMERICAN MICHAEL CHANG HAS SMASHED HIS WAY INTO THE QUARTER-FINALS WITH A FOUR-SET WIN OVER AUSTRALIAN MICHAEL TEBBUTT. STAFFER MICHELE KELEMEN REPORTS THE BIG UPSET OF THE DAY WAS BYRON BLACK'S VICTORY OVER GERMANY'S MICHAEL STICH. (9/5)

    US OPEN / DAY NINE -- AT THE US OPEN,14-SEED JIM COURIER HAS BLASTED HIS WAY INTO THE QUARTER FINALS TO PLAY FELLOW AMERICAN MICHAEL CHANG. STAFFER MICHELE KELEMEN REPORTS BOTH MEN HAD BIG WINS AT THE TOURNAMENT TUESDAY. (9/5)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    US / UZBEKISTAN / FAMILY EXCHANGE -- IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER FIRDEVS MAMUR, THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UZBEK NATIONAL SOCIAL STABILITY ORGANIZATION, NASIBA USMANOVA, AND HER AMERICAN HOST SANDY CLEMENT TALK ABOUT AN EXCLUSIVE EXCHANGE PROGRAM WHICH PROMOTES FRIENDSHIP AND CULTURAL TIES BETWEEN UZBEKISTAN AND THE UNITED STATES. NINE UZBEK WOMEN, INCLUDING MRS USMANOVA, RECENTLY VISITED WASHINGTON DC AND STAYED WITH AMERICAN HOST FAMILIES. (UZBEK 9/6)

    FUNDAMENTALIST AND MODERNIST ISLAM -- LOS ANGELES STAFFER MOHAMMAD RAZAVI REPORTED ON A LECTURE BY RAND CORPORATION MIDDLE EAST SPECIALIST DR JOSEPH KESHISHIAN, ABOUT THE CONFLICT BETWEEN TRADITIONALIST, FUNDAMENTALISTS, AND MODERNISTS IN THE MUSLIM WORLD. AN EXAMPLE OF THIS CONFLICT IS THE DEBATE IN IRAN BETWEEN THE MODERNIST PHILOSOPHER, ABD AL-KARIM SORUSH, AND ISLAMIC LAWYERS, WHOSE AUTHORITY HE CHALLENGES. (FARSI 9/6)

    LOVERS FOR LIFE / TALK TO AMERICA -- ONCE YOU'RE HAPPILY MARRIED, WHAT'S THE SECRET TO MAKING IT LAST? 'TALK TO AMERICA' GUESTS, DANIEL ELLENBERG AND JUDITH BELL ARE BOTH COUNSELORS AS WELL AS A SUCCESSFULLY AND HAPPILY MARRIED COUPLE. THEY JOIN 'TALK TO AMERICA 'TO SHARE THE EXPERIENCE OF THEIR PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL LIVES ALONG WITH THEIR CO-AUTHORED HANDBOOK ON HOW TO BUILD A LASTING AND FULFILLING PARTNERSHIP. (ENGLISH 8/6)

    ROCK AND ROLL HALL OF FAME -- STAFFER WOJTEK ZORNIAK REPORTED EXTENSIVELY ON THE OPENING OF THE "ROCK AND ROLL HALL OF FAME" IN CLEVELAND, OHIO. AMONG OTHERS, ZORNIAK INTERVIEWED RHYTHM AND BLUES STAR JAMES BALDWIN. (POLISH 9/5)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    FREE PRESS AND NATIONAL SECURITY -- WORLD NET TV HELD A PANEL DISCUSSION ON THE QUESTION OF FREE PRESS AND NATIONAL SECURITY. THE PARTICIPANTS FROM WASHINGTON WERE DIRECTOR OF PRESS RELATION FOR THE STATE DEPARTMENT, JOHN DINGLL AND PUBLISHER OF THE AFRO-AMERICAN NEWSPAPER, FRANCIS MURPHY. JOURNALISTS FROM ETHIOPIA, ZAMBIA, NAMIBIA AND SIERRA LEONE ALSO PARTICIPATED IN THE PANEL. AMHARIC STRINGER TAFESSE KIFLE REPORTS FROM ADDIS ABABA. (AMHARIC 9/5)

    ETHIOPIAN / AMERICANS -- SUCCESSFUL ETHIOPIAN-AMERICAN BUSINESSMEN IN ATLANTA, GA., HAVE FORMED A MUTUAL AID ASSOCIATION CALLED "ABAYE ETHIOPIANS." AMHARIC STAFFER ADDISU ABEBE INTERVIEWED THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE ASSOCIATION, DR. NEGASH GEBREMEDHIN. (AMHARIC 9/6)

    SIERRA LEONE / FOOD CRISIS -- SEVERE FOOD SHORTAGES ARE THREATENING THE POPULATION OF WAR-TORN SIERRA LEONE. FRENCH TO AFRICA INTERN PIERRE MVEMBA DIZOLELE INTERVIEWED MICHEL BLEUIAC OF MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES. (FRENCH 9/5)

    AFRICA / AIDS -- STAFFER ELIZABETH MONNAC REPORTS ON THE OPENING OF THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN LIBREVILLE, GABON. GABONESE MINISTER OF HEALTH SERBE M'BA BEKALE SPOKE OF EFFORTS IN HIS COUNTRY AND IN AFRICA TO FIGHT THE SPREAD OF AIDS. (FRENCH 9/5)

    EBOLA VIRUS -- STAFFER ELIZABETH MONNAC INTERVIEWS DEOGRACIAS BARAKAMFITIE OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION'S OFFICE IN BRAZZAVILLE, CONGO, WHO SPOKE OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT OF EBOLA VIRUS INFECTIONS. (FRENCH 9/5)

    KENYA / BY-ELECTIONS -- A DEMOCRATIC PARTY CANDIDATE, SUPPORTED BY OTHER OPPOSITION PARTIES, OVERWHELMINGLY DEFEATED BY ABOUT 7,000 VOTES A KANU CANDIDATE IN PARLIAMENTARY BY-ELECTIONS IN CENTRAL KENYA. THE STUNNING RESULT INDICATES WHAT COULD HAPPEN IN NEXT YEAR'S GENERAL ELECTIONS SHOULD OPPOSITION PARTIES JOIN FORCES AGAINST THE RULING PARTY. SWAHILI STRINGER M G JOEL REPORTS. (SWAHILI 9/6)

    NAMIBIA / ANGOLA PEACE -- ANGOLA IS SENDING 200 SOLDIERS TO JOIN THE UN PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN ANGOLA. STRINGER JOHN NYOKA REPORTS. (SWAHILI 9/6)

    SAF / STRIKE -- STAFFER ABDULSHAKUR ABOUD INTERVIEWED POLITICAL ANALYST DR. NYANG'ASI REGARDING THE NURSES' STRIKE IN SOUTH AFRICA. DR. NYANG'ASI INDICATED THAT THE NURSES' COMPLAINTS ARE LEGITIMATE SINCE EVEN HIGHLY QUALIFIED NURSES PAY IS MINIMAL. (SWAHILI 9/6)

    TANZANIA / POL -- TANZANIA'S PRESIDENT MWINYI IS TOURING THE COUNTRY TO BID FAREWELL TO THE PEOPLE AFTER RULING THE COUNTRY FOR TEN YEARS. HE STEPS DOWN SOON AFTER ELECTIONS IN OCTOBER. MEANWHILE, IN ZANZIBAR ELECTIONS CAMPAIGNS ARE IN FULL SWING. SWAHILI STRINGERS PASCAL SHIJA AND ABDUL MALIK REPORTED FROM DAR ES SALAAM AND ZANZIBAR RESPECTIVELY. (SWAHILI 9/6)

    TANZANIA / VOTER REGISTRATION -- TANZANIA'S ELECTORAL COMMISSION EXTENDS THE DEADLINE FOR VOTER REGISTRATION TO SEPTEMBER 14TH DUE TO POOR RESPONSE. REPORTER RICHARD KOTEY SPOKE WITH A TANZANIAN POLITICAL ANALYST, AHMED RAJAB. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/6)

    ZAMBIA / PRESS -- ONE OF ZAMBIA'S LEADING INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPERS HAS LOST MOST OF ITS EDITORIAL STAFF. THEY QUIT THE SUN AFTER ITS OWNER SOLD THE PAPER TO A POLITICALLY-CONNECTED BUSINESSMAN INSTEAD OF GIVING THE EMPLOYEES A CHANCE TO BUY IT THEMSELVES. REPORTER KELLYS KAUNDA HAS DETAILS FROM LUSAKA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/5)

    RWANDA / UN REFUGEES -- THE PRESIDENT OF RWANDA HAS ANNOUNCED A NEW EFFORT TO CONVINCE THOUSANDS OF RWANDAN REFUGEES TO RETURN HOME. REPORTER CATHERINE MADDUX DISCUSSED THE ISSUE WITH AMBASSADOR SHAHARYAR KHAN, THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE TO THE UN PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN RWANDA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/6)

    GHANA / ECOMOG MEETING -- COMMANDERS OF THE ECOMOG PEACE KEEPING FORCE IN LIBERIA HELD A MEETING IN ACCRA TO DISCUSS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DISARMAMENT PROVISIONS OF THE ABUJA ACCORD BY VARIOUS LIBERIAN FACTIONS. IN HIS OPENING REMARKS, THE COMMANDER OF THE GHANAIAN ARMY, AIR MARSHALL HARRY DUMASHI EXPLAINED THAT, SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT ON SEPTEMBER 1, THERE HAS NOT BEEN ANY OUTBREAK OF WAR IN LIBERIA. STRINGER ABDULMALIK DAN BIRNIN HAS DETAILS FROM ACCRA. (HAUSA 9/6)

    CONFERENCE ON WOMEN / MEDIA -- STAFFERS HENRY FRANCISQUE AND LUISA PIETTE TALKED ABOUT US MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE BEIJING CONFERENCE ON WOMEN. (FRENCH 9/5)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / LIBERIA -- A LIBERIAN PARTICIPANT IN THE UN WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEIJING SAYS THE MOST IMPORTANT GOAL FOR WOMEN IN HER COUNTRY IS PEACE. REPORTER LUISA PIETTE SPOKE WITH ROSE ROSS OF THE ORGANIZATION, WOMEN UNITED FOR THE RESTORATION OF LIBERIA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/5)

    CHINA CONFERENCE / CONSERVATIVES -- AN AMERICAN ANTI-ABORTION ACTIVIST SAYS SHE OPPOSED MUCH OF THE PLATFORM OF ACTION OF THE UN FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN. REPORTER LUISA PIETTE SPOKE TO JUDY MADSON JOHNSON OF THE TRUE MAJORITY ANTI-ABORTION GROUP. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/5)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    ABU DHABI / OIL -- UNITED ARAB EMIRATES PLANS TO INVEST EIGHT BILLION DOLLARS OVER THE NEXT TWO YEARS IN PROJECTS FOR INCREASING ITS OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/5)

    SHURA ASSEMBLY / SUDAN -- THE ARAB AFFAIRS AND NATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE OF THE SHURA COUNCIL IN EGYPT ISSUED A STATEMENT ABOUT SUDAN'S INVOLVEMENT IN THE FAILED ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT AGAINST PRESIDENT MUBARAK IN ETHIOPIA. STAFFER USAMA FARAG REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/5)

    IRAQ / SYRIA -- IRAQ HAS PRAISED SYRIA FOR WHAT IT CALLS POSITIVE STATEMENTS BY SYRIAN PRESIDENT ASSAD REGARDING THE DEFECTION OF A SENIOR IRAQI OFFICIAL TO JORDAN LAST MONTH. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/5)

    SYRIA / ISRAEL -- SYRIA HAS CRITICIZED ISRAEL FOR LACK OF PROGRESS IN THE SYRIAN-ISRAELI PEACE NEGOTIATIONS. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/5)

    LEBANON / CURRENCY -- THE BANK OF LEBANON HAS RAISED THE INTEREST PRICES SO THAT THE NATIONAL CURRENCY WOULD NOT BE SUBJECTED TO POLITICAL PRESSURES DURING THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/5)

    LEBANON / ISRAEL -- A PALESTINIAN WAS KILLED IN A CLASH BETWEEN PALESTINIAN FIGHTERS AND ISRAELI TROOPS IN SOUTHERN LEBANON. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. ( ARABIC 9/5)

    EGYPT / ISRAEL / POWS -- ISRAELI DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER, ELI DAYAN, MET IN CAIRO WITH EGYPT'S FOREIGN MINISTER, AMR MOUSSA TO DISCUSS THE EGYPTIAN PRISONERS OF WAR ISSUE. CORRESPONDENT IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO. ( ARABIC 9/5)

    EGYPT / YEMEN TRAINING AGREEMENT -- EGYPT AND YEMEN HAS SIGNED AN AGREEMENT TO TRAIN YEMENI CIVIL ENGINEERS. STAFFER USAMA FARAG REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/5)

    EGYPT / SUDAN -- EGYPTIAN JOURNALIST, MAHMOUD MOURAD, WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER MOHAMED SETOUHI ON EGYPT'S ANNOUNCEMENT THAT IT HAS EVIDENCE THAT SUDAN WAS INVOLVED IN THE FAILED ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT AGAINST PRESIDENT MUBARAK IN ETHIOPIA LAST JUNE. STAFFER USAMA FARAG REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/5)

    EGYPTIAN MILITARY COURTS / MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD -- CORRESPONDENT IBRAHIM ABDIN IN CAIRO TALKS ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT'S DECISION THAT MILITARY COURTS TRY ABOUT FIFTY MEMBERS OF THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD. (ARABIC 9/5)

    MOROCCO / ASILAH CULTURAL FESTIVAL -- THE CULTURAL FESTIVAL OF ASILAH WAS CANCELLED THIS YEAR BECAUSE OF FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES. STRINGER MOHAMED BENDEDDOUCHE REPORTS FROM RABAT. (ARABIC 9/5)

    MOROCCO FLOODS -- NEW THUNDERSTORMS AND SWEEPING FLOODS HIT THREE PROVINCES IN MOROCCO, KILLING 39 PEOPLE AND CONSIDERABLE LOSS OF CATTLE. STRINGER MOHAMED BENDEDDOUCHE REPORTS FROM RABAT. (ARABIC 9/5)

    AFGHAN DEMONSTRATION -- IN THE AFGHAN CAPITAL, KABUL, THOUSANDS OF PROTESTERS STORMED THE PAKISTANI EMBASSY AND SET IT ON FIRE. DARI STRINGER ABDUL HAI WARSHAN REPORTS THAT THE DEMONSTRATORS CONDEMNED WHAT THEY CALLED PAKISTANI MILITARY INTERFERENCE IN THE AFGHAN CIVIL WAR. SEVERAL PEOPLE, INCLUDING EMBASSY STAFF, WERE REPORTED KILLED OR WOUNDED. AZIZ MURAD, A SPOKESMAN OF PRESIDENT BURHANUDDIN RABANI, ACCUSED ISLAMABAD OF SUPPORTING THE TALEBAN STUDENTS MILITIA WHICH SEIZED CONTROL OF SEVERAL WESTERN AFGHAN PROVINCES FROM FORCES LOYAL TO PRESIDENT RABANI. (DARI, PASHTO 9/6)

    AFGHAN POLITICS -- AN AFGHAN PRESIDENTIAL DELEGATION, HEADED BY ACTING PRIME MINISTER AHMAD SHAH AHMADZAI, ARRIVED IN THE EASTERN CITY OF JALALABAD. THE GROUP HELD MEETINGS WITH PROVINCIAL LEADERS, INCLUDING THE HEAD OF KHALES HEZB-E-ISLAMI, MAWLAWI YUNUS KHALES,, ON RECENT MILITARY DEVELOPMENTS IN THE WESTERN PROVINCE OF HERAT. DARI STRINGER ABDUL HAI WARSHAN SAYS THAT NO PROGRESS HAS BEEN REPORTED IN THE TALKS. (DARI, PASHTO 9/6)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    AFGHANISTAN / FALL OF HERAT -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH THOMAS GOUTIERRE, DEAN OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND PROGRAMS AND DIRECTOR FOR THE CENTER FOR AFGHANISTAN STUDIES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA AT OMAHA, ABOUT THE FALL OF HERAT, AFGHANISTAN, TO THE TALIBAN. MR. GOUTIERRE SAYS THE DEVELOPMENT IS TRAGIC. HE ALSO TALKS ABOUT THE FACTIONAL SPLIT IN AFGHANISTAN AND DESCRIBES TALIBAN'S OBJECTIVES. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/5)

    BEIJING CONFERENCE / NGO'S -- FARAH JAHANGIRI FILED TWO REPORTS, ON MADELEINE ALBRIGHT'S ADDRESS TO THE NGO'S AND A DETAILED REPORT ON HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON'S APPEARANCE AND ADDRESS AT THE NGO SITE. (FARSI 9/6)

    WOMEN CONFERENCE / AFGHANISTAN -- AN AFGHAN WOMEN RIGHTS ACTIVIST, FATMA GAILANI, REGRETS HER COUNTRY'S DECISION NOT TO SEND A DELEGATION TO THE WORLD WOMEN CONFER


    [02] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=09/06/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09157
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6TH //

    INTRO: AT MIDWEEK, MANY OF AMERICA'S NEWSPAPER EDITORIAL WRITERS ARE SPEAKING OUT ON THE ISSUE OF AN OFFICIAL U-S LANGUAGE -- ENGLISH -- RAISED IN A SPEECH RECENTLY BY SENATOR BOB DOLE, THE LEADING REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE. OTHER TOPICS FINDING THEIR WAY INTO THE EDITORIAL COLUMNS INCLUDE HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON'S SPEECH TO THE WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN CHINA; THE BOSNIAN WAR; THE DEATH OF NATIONALLY-KNOWN ATTORNEY WILLIAM KUNSTLER, AND A FAMED PROFESSIONAL BASEBALL RECORD THAT IS ABOUT TO FALL. NOW, HERE IS _________________WITH A CLOSER LOOK IN TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE AND SENATE MAJORITY LEADER BOB DOLE HAS CAUSED A FLURRY OF EDITORIALS OVER REMARKS HE MADE TO AN AMERICAN LEGION (VETERANS) CONVENTION, SUGGESTING THAT ENGLISH SHOULD BE MADE THE NATION'S OFFICIAL LANGUAGE. THAT PROMPTS THIS CRITICAL RESPONSE FROM "NEWSDAY" ON LONG ISLAND:

    VOICE: "SENATE MAJORITY LEADER ... DOLE MUST BE RUNNING SCARED. AFTER DECADES IN GOVERNMENT, THE REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL FRONT-RUNNER IS TRYING TO SHED HIS WASHINGTON INSIDER'S SKIN AND SLITHER OUT A BORN-AGAIN RIGHT-WINGER. HOW ELSE TO EXPLAIN HIS RECENT ATTACK ON BILINGUAL EDUCATION ..."

    TEXT: "THE WASHINGTON POST" SAYS IT WAS THE "TONE" OF THE DOLE SPEECH, RATHER THAN ITS INDIVIDUAL THOUGHTS, THAT IS DISQUIETING.

    VOICE: "TAKEN ONE SENTENCE AT A TIME, MOST OF WHAT SENATOR ... DOLE HAD TO SAY IN INDIANAPOLIS ... ABOUT THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS UNOBJECTIONABLE. WHY IS IT THEN, THAT THE WHOLE COMES ACROSS AS HOSTILE TO NEW IMMIGRANTS, [OPT] MANIPULATIVE OF THE GENUINE PATRIOTIC FEELINGS OF HIS AUDIENCE ... AND GENERALLY DIRECTED AT THAT EDGE OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY THAT HE HAS RECENTLY, AND ALMOST DESPERATELY, BEEN SHOWERING WITH BOUQUETS? [END OPT] ...WHAT IS DISTURBING ABOUT SENATOR DOLE'S EMBRACE OF THE ENGLISH-ONLY CAUSE IS THAT IT APPEARS TO BE TOTALLY MOTIVATED BY NOMINATION POLITICS."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: IN NEW ENGLAND, "THE BOSTON GLOBE" ALSO TAKES EXCEPTION, REMARKING:

    VOICE: "ENGLISH IS STILL A POWERFUL LANGUAGE AROUND THE WORLD. IN THE ERA OF MODERN COMMUNICATIONS, AMERICANS WHO THINK THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE NEEDS THE LAW TO BOLSTER ITS POSITION BETRAY A STRANGE LACK OF CONFIDENCE IN ITS INFLUENCE AND APPEAL."

    TEXT: WHILE IN FLORIDA, "THE MIAMI HERALD" QUESTIONS THE WISDOM OF THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IDEA THIS WAY:

    VOICE: "THE SENATOR SHOULD KNOW BETTER. ... TAKING ON 'MULTICULTURALISM' AND 'LIBERAL ELITES' IN SUCH A TRANSPARENTLY OPPORTUNISTIC MANNER MAY WIN SENATOR DOLE SOME VOTES. BUT IT ALSO HELPS IMPOVERISH A NATIONAL DEBATE ON AMERICAN IDENTITY ... THAT COULD BENEFIT FROM FAIR-MINDEDNESS..."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: TURNING TO INTERNATIONAL ISSUES, SEVERAL PAPERS HAVE COMMENTS ABOUT FIRST LADY HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON'S TOUGH SPEECH ON WOMEN'S RIGHTS TO THE U-N WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN CHINA. HERE IS SOME OF WHAT "THE PORTLAND PRESS-HERALD" HAS TO SAY:

    VOICE: "LIKE ELEANOR ROOSEVELT BEFORE HER, [MRS.] CLINTON SHOWED THE CONFERENCE CONSIDERABLE COURAGE AND THE COMMITMENT TO PUT IT TO WORK FOR HUMAN RIGHTS. HER ADDRESS TO THE INTERNATIONAL GATHERING WAS A STELLAR MOMENT FOR [MRS.] CLINTON AND FOR THE FREE NATION SHE REPRESENTED. ... AS MIGHT BE EXPECTED, THE MEN WHO RULE CHINA REACTED TO HER WORDS WITH SILENCE. THE WOMEN THERE, AS IN SO MANY COUNTRIES, HAVE YET TO BE HEARD."

    TEXT: IN ITS LEAD EDITORIAL, "THE NEW YORK TIMES" OFFERS THIS GLOWING ASSESSMENT:

    VOICE: "HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON PROVED TO BE JUST THE TONIC FOR THE BESIEGED MEETING OF WOMEN IN BEIJING. WITH THEIR SURLY CHINESE HOSTS TRYING TO STIFLE DEBATE AND SPONTANEITY, THE WOMEN NEEDED A LEADER PREPARED TO CHALLENGE THE CONSTRAINTS AND DEFEND THE PRINCIPLE OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS. MRS. CLINTON DELIVERED ON BOTH COUNTS ... IN AN UNFLINCHING SPEECH THAT MAY HAVE BEEN HER FINEST MOMENT IN PUBLIC LIFE."

    TEXT: MRS. CLINTON'S SPEECH WAS LESS WELL RECEIVED IN GEORGIA, AT LEAST BY "THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION", WHICH SUGGESTS:

    VOICE: FOR THOSE WHO EXPECTED HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON TO STIR UP A SENSATION IN BEIJING AT THE U-N ... CONFERENCE, ... HER FORMAL REMARKS ... MAY BE A LETDOWN. SHE DIDN'T SAY MUCH TO ALIENATE THE GATHERING'S CHINESE HOSTS ... NEITHER DID SHE OFFER HER TRADITIONALIST CRITICS MUCH AMMUNITION TO USE AGAINST HER AND WHAT THEY PERCEIVE AS THE CONCLAVE'S ULTRA-FEMINIST AGENDA."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: AND LASTLY IN CALIFORNIA, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES" NOTES:

    VOICE: "HER SPEECH ... HELPED TO REFOCUS ATTENTION ON CONFERENCE MATTERS: EDUCATION, HEALTH CARE, REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS, VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS AND DENIAL OF HUMAN RIGHTS. AT THE SAME TIME, THE FIRST LADY PUT BEIJING ON NOTICE THAT ITS HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD AND OTHER REPRESSIVE POLICIES HAD NOT GONE UNNOTICED DURING THE U-N - SPONSORED GATHERING."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: SEVERAL NEWSPAPERS HAVE THOUGHTS ON THE RESUMED NATO AIR ATTACKS AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS, INCLUDING LONG ISLAND'S "NEWSDAY", WHICH SUGGESTS THE OFFENSIVE IS AN ACT OF DESPERATION:

    VOICE: "... ALL PARTIES, ESPECIALLY THE MUSLIMS, OUGHT TO UNDERSTAND THAT THE NATO MANEUVERS (ATTACKS) ARE A LAST-GASP ATTEMPT TO PREVENT MORE BLOODSHED. IF THE PEACE INITIATIVE FALLS NOW, THE UNITED NATIONS' PEACEKEEPING FORCES OUGHT TO BE WITHDRAWN AND THE ARMS EMBARGO ENDED. CALL IT A POLICY OF 'LIFT AND LEAVE."

    TEXT: "THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS" TAKES A SOMEWHAT DIFFERENT VIEW:

    VOICE: "THE RENEWED BOMBING OF THE BOSNIAN SERBS YESTERDAY PUT MILITARY MIGHT ON THE SIDE OF RIGHT AND RESTORED FAITH IN THE POTENCY OF THE NATO ALLIANCE AFTER YEARS OF PAPER THREATS AND EMPTY ULTIMATUMS. THANKFULLY, AIR STRIKES ... COULD BE THE FULCRUM FOR PEACE IN THE BLOODY BALKANS."

    TEXT: WHILE IN THE NATION'S CAPITOL, "THE WASHINGTON POST" CALLS THE RESUMPTION OF AIR STRIKES "THE RIGHT MOVE", ADDING:

    VOICE: "ON NATO'S RESTORATION OF AT LEAST A MINIMAL CREDIBILITY REST THE PROSPECTS OF PEACE IN BOSNIA, AND MUCH MORE."

    TEXT: SEVERAL PAPERS ARE MARKING THE DEATH OF FAMED CIVIL RIGHTS LAWYER WILLIAM KUNSTLER, AT AGE 76. HE WAS NOTED FOR TAKING CASES THAT WERE A MAJOR CHALLENGE AND FOR DEFENDING CONTROVERSIAL CLIENTS. "THE NEW YORK POST" SAYS OF HIM IN ITS LEAD EDITORIAL:

    VOICE: "[MR.] KUNSTLER WAS THE EPITOME OF A RADICAL LEFT LAWYER; HE CHOSE HIS CLIENTS ON THE BASIS OF RACE AND POLITICAL IDEOLOGY AND USED THE JUDICIARY TO HEIGHTEN DISHARMONY IN A SOCIO-ECONOMIC SYSTEM HE DETESTED. IT WAS HARD NOT TO LIKE WILLIAM KUNSTLER PERSONALLY. ... BUT [MR.] KUNSTLER WASN'T THE EVER-AVAILABLE ATTORNEY FOR THE DAMNED ... DESCRIBED IN THE VARIOUS MISTY-EYED OBITUARIES... CLARENCE DARROW HE WAS NOT."

    TEXT: IN COLORADO, "THE DENVER POST" CALLS WILLIAM KUNSTLER "THE LEGAL SYSTEM'S HAIR SHIRT", ADDING:

    VOICE: [MR.] KUNSTLER NEVER MELLOWED TOWARD THE SYSTEM HE ATTACKED SO REPEATEDLY, SAYING HE NEVER STOOD UP FOR THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE 'BECAUSE IT IS NOT TRUE'. THE UNITED STATES, HE SAID, DOES NOT PROVIDE 'JUSTICE FOR ALL.' YET, WHILE THE U-S MAY NOT PERFECTLY REALIZE THAT IDEAL, IT COMES AS CLOSE TO REACHING IT AS ANY NATION ON EARTH. AND ONE REASON IT DOES, OF COURSE, IS THAT THE SYSTEM FINDS ROOM WITHIN IT FOR MILITANT DISSIDENT SUCH AS WILLIAM KUNSTLER."

    TEXT: AND LASTLY, SEVERAL PAPERS, LED BY "THE SUN" IN BALTIMORE, PAY TRIBUTE IN THEIR EDITORIAL COLUMNS TO THE BALTIMORE ORIOLES SHORTSTOP CAL RIPKEN. MR. RIPKEN LAST NIGHT TIED LOU GEHRIG'S RECORD FOR CONSECUTIVE GAMES PLAYED BY A MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL PLAYER AT TWO-THOUSAND-131, AND WILL BREAK THAT 57-YEAR-OLD RECORD TONIGHT, BARRING ANYTHING UNFORSEEN. ABOUT WHICH "THE SUN" COMMENTS:

    VOICE: "WHAT A CITY THIS WOULD BE, WHAT A STATE, WERE THOSE OF US WATCHING AND CHEERING TO GO FORTH, AFTERWARD, BENT ON CREATING SOME KIND OF EXCELLENCE AND DECENCY STREAK OF OUR OWN."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT HISTORIC NOTE, WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF LOOK AT SOME OF THE EDITORIALS AMERICANS ARE PONDERING THIS WEDNESDAY AT THE START OF SEPTEMBER.

    NEB/ANG/PCH

    06-Sep-95 10:44 AM EDT (1444 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT !!!

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT

    9/6/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING ON BOSNIA BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA NEWS SERVICES:

    NATO / BOSNIA -- WEATHER HAMPERED AIR ATTACKS ON SERB POSITIONS IN BOSNIA BUT NATO AERIAL ASSAULTS HAVE RESUMED. THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE DECLINED TO MEET DEMANDS TO WITHDRAW THEIR ARTILLERY WHICH THREATENS BOSNIAN CENTERS. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS FROM VIENNA ON A NATO COMMANDER'S ASSESSMENT. (9/6)

    BOSNIA / NATO ATTACKS -- AIR ATTACKS RESUME OVER BOSNIA AFTER A LAPSE DUE TO WEATHER. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING IN ZAGREB REPORTS ON THE RESUMPTION OF AIR ATTACKS AGAINST SERBS WHO HAVE NOT COMPLIED WITH INSTRUCTIONS TO WITHDRAW THEIR ARMAMENTS. (9/6)

    BOSNIA TALKS -- US DIPLOMAT RICHARD HOLBROOKE SAYS IT'S TOO EARLY TO TELL IF DIPLOMACY WILL WORK IN THE CONFLICT BETWEEN SERBS AND THEIR NEIGHBORS. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS FROM ZAGREB WHERE MR HOLBROOKE MET WITH CROATIA'S PRESIDENT. (9/6)

    KARADZIC / RESISTANCE -- THE BOSNIAN SERBS SAY THEY CAN'T QUIT BECAUSE TO WITHDRAW ARMS FROM PLACES THEY HOLD IN BOSNIA WILL MAKE SERB RESIDENTS VULNERABLE TO ATTACKS. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY IN VIENNA REPORTS THE SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC CLAIMS HIS ARSENAL IS DEFENSIVE. (9/6)

    UN / BOSNIA -- THE UNITED NATIONS AGREES WITH NATO'S ASSESSMENT OF SERB COOPERATION IN BOSNIA. DEFIANCE OF THE ALLIES CONTINUES, SO THE NATO AIR ATTACKS CONTINUE. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (9/6)

    PERRY / BOSNIA -- US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY JOINS THE CHORUS OF ALLIES WHO SAY THE ATTACKS ON SERB POSITIONS IN BOSNIA WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERBS WITHDRAW THEIR ARMAMENTS FROM THREATENING POSITIONS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS FROM THE US DEFENSE DEPARTMENT. (9/6)

    UN / BOSNIA -- UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST ROUND OF AIR STRIKES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL THEY ARE SATISFIED SERB WEAPONS HAVE BEEN PULLED BACK FROM SARAJEVO. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS UN OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE NOT SURE HOW LONG THAT MIGHT BE, BUT THEY ARE PREPARED TO CONTINUE MILITARY ACTION AGAINST THE SERBS FOR AS LONG AS IT TAKES. (9/5)

    CLINTON / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS EXPRESSED HIS SUPPORT FOR RENEWED NATO AIR STRIKES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. MR CLINTON MADE HIS COMMENTS AS HE WRAPPED UP A VISIT TO CALIFORNIA ON TUESDAY. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (9/5)

    US / BOSNIA TALKS -- THE UNITED STATES IS GOING AHEAD WITH PLANNING FOR PEACE TALKS FRIDAY IN GENEVA EVEN WHILE NATO AIR STRIKES CONTINUE AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS FOR THEIR DEFIANCE OF UNITED NATIONS DEMANDS. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS. (9/5)

    BOSNIA / BOMBING -- THERE HAS BEEN RENEWED SHELLING OF SARAJEVO AS NATO JETS CONTINUE AIR ATTACKS ON BOSNIAN SERBS POSITIONS AROUND THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL AND IN NORTHERN BOSNIA. INITIAL REPORTS SAY SIX SHELLS LANDED IN THE CITY, SEVERAL NEAR THE UN HEADQUARTERS, AT LEAST TWO PEOPLE WERE INJURED INCLUDING A SMALL CHILD. THE SHELLING IS THE FIRST BOSNIAN SERB ATTACK ON SARAJEVO SINCE NATO RESUMED ITS CAMPAIGN OF AIR STRIKES ON THE BOSNIAN SERBS AFTER THEY FAILED TO COMPLY WITH A UN AND NATO DEADLINE TO REMOVE THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS FROM AROUND THE CITY. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS. (9/5)

    TUDJMAN / HOLBROOKE -- CROATIAN PRESIDENT TUDJMAN TALKED WITH US ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE IN ZAGREB. MEANWHILE, A UN SPOKESMAN IN ZAGREB SAYS THAT UN PEACEKEEPERS ARE NOT TAKING SIDES IN THE CIVIL WAR IN BOSNIA. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 9/6)

    MILOSEVIC / HOLBROOKE -- AFTER THE LATEST ROUND OF TALKS IN BELGRADE WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC, US ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE SAID THAT THE TALKS WERE PRODUCTIVE AND ANOTHER STEP TOWARDS PEACE IN THE BALKANS. MR MILOSEVIC'S SPOKESMAN ALSO EXPRESSED SATISFACTION WITH THE TALKS. STRINGER FROM BELGRADE MILICA KUBUROVIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 9/5)

    UN BOMBING CAMPAIGN / BOUTROS GHALI -- UN GENERAL SECRETARY BOUTROS-GHALI SAYS NATO BOMBARDMENTS AGAINST BOSNIAN SERBS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERBS COMPLY TO UN DEMANDS REGARDING HEAVY WEAPONS AROUND SARAJEVO. MR BOUTROS-GHALI ALSO SAID THAT UN CONTINUES TO CATALOGUE CROATIAN ABUSE OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN FORMERLY SERB-HELD KRAJINA REGION.STRINGER DRAGISA BOSKOVIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SERBIAN 9/5)

    BOSNIA / NATO -- STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS FROM A TOWN OUTSIDE SARAJEVO ON THE ATMOSPHERE AROUND THE CITY AT THE TIME OF THE NATO ULTIMATUM FOR THE BOSNIAN SERBS EXPIRES. SHE WATCHED WHILE UN TANKS MOVED INTO THE CITY AND HEARD THE UN OFFICIALS SAYING "THE SERBS ARE NOT COMPLYING." (CROATIAN 9/5)

    NATO / BOSNIAN SERBS -- WHO WILL OUTSMART WHOM? STAFFER MIRJANA DEDAIC INTERVIEWED POLITICAL SCIENTIST DIJANA PLESTINA, WHO SAYS THE WEST HAS TO BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL IN THE NEGOTIATIONS AFTER THE BOMBING. THEY HAVE TO REMEMBER THEY ARE DEALING WITH SOMEONE WHO IS CRAFTY, HAS NO SCRUPLES AND PLANS TO WIN AGAIN, SAYS MS. PLESTINA, PROFESSOR AT THE COLLEGE IN WOOSTER, OHIO. (CROATIAN 9/5)

    BOSNIA / NATO -- STRINGER IVICA PULJIC REPORTS THAT UN SECRETARY GENERAL BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI SUPPORTS AIR STRIKES ON BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS. MR. BOUTROS-GHALI SAID THE CHOICE IS NOW IN SERB HANDS. CYRUS VANCE ALSO SPOKE AT THE UN NEWS CONFERENCE, EXPRESSING HOPES THAT THE MACEDONIAN-GREEK NEGOTIATIONS WILL BE SUCCESSFUL. (CROATIAN 9/6)

    US / BOSNIA / SERBIA -- ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE TALKED WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC, BUT SAID THAT MORE TALKS SHOULD BE HELD. STRINGER JADRANKA KRONJA REPORTS. (CROATIAN 9/6)

    BOSNIAN REFUGEES / NEW YORK -- A MOTHER AND HER SICK DAUGHTER FROM ZENICA BOSNIA WAIT IN NEW YORK FOR A DONOR TO PAY FOR THE GIRLS HEART OPERATION WHILE HER CONDITION IS WORSENING EVERY DAY. THEY TALK ABOUT THEIR LIVES IN NEW YORK AS REFUGEES. STAFFER DZEILANA PECANIN REPORTS. (CROATIAN 9/6)

    CROATIA / GERMANY -- THE CROATIAN AMBASSADOR TO THE UNITED NATIONS IN GENEVA AND SPECIAL ENVOY TO THE CROATIAN PRESIDENT MIOMIR ZUZUL HELD TALKS WITH STAFFERS IN GERMAN CHANCELLOR KOHL'S OFFICE IN BONN. STRINGER IVICA LOVRIC ALSO REPORTS FROM BONN THAT CROATIAN PRESIDENT TUDJMAN IN THE INTERVIEW WITH A GERMAN WEEKLY SAYS THAT HE MAY CONSIDER GIVING UP PART OF THE STRATEGIC PENINSULA OF PREVLAKA IN RETURN FOR THE AREA AROUND DUBROVNIK. (CROATIAN 9/6)

    BOSNIA AIR STRIKES -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADO BILIC REPORTS THAT IN WEDNESDAY'S NATO STRIKES A SIGNIFICANT BOSNIAN SERBS TV TOWER NEAR TUZLA WAS DESTROYED. HE QUOTED THE UN SPOKESWOMAN FROM TUZLA SAYING THAT A COMMUNICATION BETWEEN BELGRADE AND BOSNIAN SERBS WAS DISABLED. (CROATIAN 9/6)

    CROATIA / US ENVOY -- US ENVOY FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA RICHARD HOLBROOKE BRIEFED CROATIAN PRESIDENT TUDJMAN ABOUT HIS TALKS WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC. STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC REPORTS THAT MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS THAT PROGRESS IS UNLIKELY AT THE GENEVA MEETING SCHEDULED FOR FRIDAY. (CROATIAN 9/6)

    BOSNIAN CROATS / WAR CRIMES -- THE FIRST BOSNIAN CROAT HAS BEEN INDICTED BY THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL IN THE HAGUE. STRINGER LADA STIPIC-NIZETEO REPORTS FROM THE HAGUE THAT IVICA RAJIC IS ACCUSED OF WAR CRIMES IN THE MUSLIM VILLAGE OF STUPNI DO IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. (CROATIAN 9/6)

    NATO BOMBARDMENTS / SERBS -- BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY SOURCES SAY NATO AIR STRIKES AIMED MOSTLY AT CIVILIAN TARGETS BUT THE SOURCES DO NOT CITE ANY SPECIFIC CASUALTIES. MEANWHILE, A HIGH RANKING BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIAL SAYS SERBS WILL REMAIN DEFIANT UNTIL THE UN GUARANTEES THAT THE BOSNIAN ARMY WILL NOT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE SERBIAN PULL-OUT. STRINGER FROM BELGRADE MILICA KUBUROVIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 9/6)

    BOSNIA / UN -- THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL HAILED NATO AIR STRIKES AROUND SARAJEVO. STRINGER IVICA PULJIC ALSO REPORTS FROM UN HEADQUARTERS IN NEW YORK THAT UNCRO FORCES STARTED THEIR PULLOUT FROM CROATIA. (CROATIAN 9/5)

    SARAJEVO / PROVOCATION -- THE UNPROFOR COMMAND IN SARAJEVO HAS ACCUSED THE BOSNIAN ARMY OF FIRING TWO SHELLS AT BOSNIAN SERBS FROM A POSITION NEAR THE UNPROFOR HEADQUARTERS. THE BOSNIAN ARMY DENIED IT. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (SERBIAN 9/6)

    BOSNIA / AIR STRIKES -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADIMIR BILI?C REPORTED ON THE NATO AIR ATTACKS SAYING THAT THERE ARE NO NATO OR UN OFFICIAL ESTIMATES YET, BUT THE BOSNIAN ARMY HQ SAYS THAT MUCH OF THE SERB COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WAS HIT AND DESTROYED. (CROATIAN 9/5)

    LATEST NATO AIR STRIKES / BOSNIA -- PROFESSOR MILAN VEGO OF THE NAVAL WAR COLLEGE IN NEWPORT,RI, SAYS A SERIOUS MISTAKE WAS MADE WHEN THE FIRST ROUND OF AIR STRIKES WAS HALTED ON FRIDAY. IN THE INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER ZDENKO NOVACKI, MR VEGO SAID THAT THE REQUESTED EXCLUSION ZONE IS INADEQUATE, BECAUSE SERBS HAVE POWERFUL HEAVY WEAPONS WITH A RANGE OF MORE THEN 20 KILOMETERS. (CROATIAN 9/5)

    BOSNIA / NEGOTIATING / ASSESSMENT -- SERBS ARE PRETENDING THAT THEY ARE NEGOTIATING, BUT STILL IT IS IMPORTANT TO KEEP NEGOTIATIONS ALIVE SAYS PROFESSOR DIJANA PLESTINA OF THE COLLEGE OF WOOSTER. IN THE INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER MIRJANA DEDAIC MS. PLESTINA WARNED THE WEST TO BE CAREFUL IN NEGOTIATING WITH THE BOSNIAN SERBS AFTER THE AIR STRIKES. (CROATIAN 9/5)

    MONTENEGRO OPPOSITION / BOMBARDMENTS -- THE OPPOSITION IN MONTENEGRO SAYS THE NATO BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST BOSNIAN SERBS IS A RESULT OF SERBIAN PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC'S BAD NEGOTIATING. THE OPPOSITION SAYS THAT THE POLICY OF YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT IS HARMFUL TO ALL SERBS. STRINGER FROM PODGORICA, BOSKO DJUKIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 9/6)

    MOSCOW / NATO / BOSNIA -- RUSSIAN REPRESENTATIVE IN THE CONTACT GROUP, A. ZOTOV SAID THAT FORTHCOMING GENEVA MINISTERIAL MEETING ON BOSNIA IS OF GREAT IMPORTANCE FOR THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. AT THE SAME TIME, RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER, A KOZIRYEV CONDEMNED CONTINUED NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS. STRINGER BAJALSKI REPORTS FROM MOSCOW. (SERBIAN 9/5)

    BOSNIA / AIR STRIKES / REACT -- STAFFER MAHAMAT AHMAT ADAMOU ASKED UNPROFOR SPOKESPERSON MAJOR MYRIAM SOCHAKI, HOW THE POPULATION HAS REACTED TO THE NATO AIR STRIKES. (FRENCH 9/5)

    BOSNIA / TURKEY / UK -- BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY MALCOLM RIFKIND DISCUSSES BOSNIAN DEVELOPMENTS WITH TURKISH LEADERS IN ANKARA. WHILE MR RIFKIND DEFENDS HIS GOVERNMENT'S POSITION AGAINST LIFTING THE ARMS EMBARGO ON THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT, TURKISH LEADERS REPEAT THEIR VIEW THAT THE EMBARGO SHOULD BE LIFTED. STRINGER ZEYNEP TINAZ REPORTS FROM ANKARA. (TURKISH 9/6)

    BOSNIAN REFUGEES / US -- STAFFER DZENITA MEHIC INTERVIEWS A MOTHER AND A DAUGHTER EXPELLED FROM THE SERB CONTROLLED PART OF SARAJEVO, NOW RESETTLED IN WASHINGTON DC. (CROATIAN 9/5)

    DUMA / KOZYREV -- THE COUNCIL OF THE LOWER HOUSE OF RUSSIAN PARLIAMENT SENDS RECOMMENDATIONS TO PRESIDENT YELTSIN TO FIRE FOREIGN MINISTER KOZYREV CITING BAD RESULTS IN RUSSIAN DIPLOMACY TOWARDS THE BALKAN CONFLICT. BUT PRESIDENT YELTSIN IS UNLIKELY TO FOLLOW THE ADVICE INSPIRED BY THE EXTREME PARTIES. STRINGER RISTO BAJALSKI REPORTS. (SERBIAN 9/6) 06-Sep-95 6:35 PM EDT (2235 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] BOSNIA/MLADIC (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/5/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184819
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY COMMANDER RATKO MLADIC -- IN AN INTERVIEW APPEARING ON U-S PUBLIC TELEVISION (LATE TUESDAY) -- EXPRESSES SURPRISE AT WHAT HE CALLS THE UNPRECEDENTED BRUTALITY OF THE NATO AND U-N RAPID REACTION FORCE ATTACKS ON HIS FORCES. V-O-A'S VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS GENERAL MLADIC CALLS BOTH UNFAIR AND UNREALISTIC U-N DEMANDS HE REMOVE HIS HEAVY WEAPONS FROM A 20-KILOMETER EXCLUSION ZONE AROUND SARAJEVO:

    TEXT: SPEAKING THROUGH AN INTERPRETER FROM AN UNDISCLOSED LOCATION IN EASTERN BOSNIA THE BOSNIAN SERB COMMANDER SAYS THE NATO AND U-N ASSAULT SURPASSES EVEN THE GERMAN BOMBARDMENT OF BELGRADE IN 1941. HE WAS ASKED IF THE NATO/U-N ATTACKS WILL FORCE HIM TO REMOVE HIS HEAVY WEAPONS:

    /// MLADIC ACTUALITY ///

    IT'S NOT LOGICAL TO LEAVE OUR PEOPLE -- ABOUT 120-THOUSAND SERBS -- UNPROTECTED IN SARAJEVO. IN AND AROUND SARAJEVO THERE ARE 55-THOUSAND ARMS MUSLIMS AND CROATS.

    /// END ACTUALITY ///

    GENERAL MLADIC INSISTS THE BOSNIAN SERBS ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR THE AUGUST 28TH MORTAR ATTACK WHICH KILLED 38 PEOPLE IN A SARAJEVO MARKETPLACE. HE CALLS THE NATO REPRISAL WITH HIGH EXPLOSIVES OUT OF PROPORTION AND NOT DIRECTED EXCLUSIVELY AT MILITARY TARGETS:

    /// MLADIC ACTUALITY ///

    WE HAVE PROOF THAT THE SHELL WAS NOT FIRED FROM OUR SIDE. IN MY TALKS WITH (U-N PEACEKEEPING COMMANDER BERNARD) JANVIER I TOLD HIM THAT THEY HAD BEEN BOMBARDING SOME TARGETS IN HEAVILY-POPULATED AREAS.

    /// END ACTUALITY ///

    COMMANDER MLADIC -- WHO HAS BEEN INDICTED FOR WAR CRIMES BY AN INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL -- WARNS IF NATO OR U-N TROOPS ATTACK THEY WILL BE SENT BACK IN BODY BAGS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/VB/LWM
    05-Sep-95 10:18 PM EDT (0218 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] BOSNIA / BOMBING (L) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184853
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO OFFICIALS SAY AIR STRIKES HAVE RESUMED AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS AFTER AN OVERNIGHT DELAY. THE SENIOR NATO COMMANDER IN CHARGE OF THE OPERATION SAYS THE AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE. MEANWHILE, UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS SAY THERE IS STILL NO SIGN THE BOSNIAN SERBS ARE COMPLYING WITH U-N AND NATO DEMANDS TO MOVE THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS OUT OF RANGE OF SARAJEVO. DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL.

    TEXT: THE BAD WEATHER THAT KEPT NATO BOMBERS AT BAY THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT IS CONTINUING HERE IN SARAJEVO. ALTHOUGH AN OCCASIONAL PLANE CAN BE HEARD HIGH OVERHEAD, THERE HAVE BEEN NO INDICATIONS OF RENEWED AIR ATTACKS ON BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS AROUND THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL. STILL, U-N AND NATO OFFICIALS SAY THE BOMBING RAIDS ARE CONTINUING IN A WIDER AREA AROUND BOSNIA.

    U-N OFFICIALS SAY THEY HAVE HAD NO FURTHER COMMUNICATION WITH BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY AND POLITICAL LEADERS SINCE THE AIR STRIKES RESUMED MORE THAN 24 HOURS AGO. THE OFFICIALS INSIST THEIR DEMAND FOR THE SERBS TO WITHDRAW THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS OUT OF THE 20-KILOMETER EXCLUSION ZONE AROUND SARAJEVO IS "NOT SUBJECT TO NEGOTIATION."

    U-N OFFICIALS SAY THEY HAVE SEEN NO SIGN OF BOSNIAN SERB COMPLIANCE WITH THE DEMAND. HOWEVER, THEY SAY NATO JETS AND U-N ARTILLERY WILL NOT ATTACK THE SERBS' HEAVY WEAPONS AROUND SARAJEVO AS LONG AS THEY DO NOT FIRE ON THE CITY OR APPEAR TO MOVE IN A HOSTILE WAY. U-N MILITARY OFFICIALS SAY THEY WANT TO GIVE THE BOSNIAN SERBS A CHANCE TO COMPLY, BUT THEY SAY THAT POLICY MAY CHANGE SOON. THEY WARN THEY ARE PREPARED TO CARRY ON WITH AIR STRIKES UNTIL WHAT THEY TERM "SIGNIFICANT" NUMBERS OF SERB HEAVY WEAPONS HAVE BEEN MOVED OUTSIDE THE ZONE. SO FAR, IT SEEMS THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADERSHIP HAS REMAINED DEFIANT. U-N OFFICIALS HAVE CALLED ON THE BOSNIAN-SERB POLITICAL LEADERSHIP TO EXERT CONTROL OVER THEIR ARMY AND THE BOSNIAN SERB ARMY COMMANDER RATKO MLADIC IN PARTICULAR. STILL, U-N OFFICIALS ACCEPT THEIR POLICY OF AIR STRIKES COULD FAIL TO FORCE BOSNIAN SERB COMPLIANCE.

    TUESDAY NIGHT, U-N OFFICIALS SAY THE BOSNIAN ARMY FIRED TWO MORTAR ROUNDS AT SERB POSITIONS FROM INSIDE SARAJEVO. THE SERBS, IN RETURN, FIRED AT LEAST EIGHT SHELLS BACK INTO THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL -- INJURING SEVERAL PEOPLE, INCLUDING A SIX-YEAR-OLD BOY. U-N OFFICIALS SAY THEY "INSTRUCTED" THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT TO ENSURE SUCH AN ATTACK WAS NOT REPEATED.

    // REST OPT //

    GENERAL MLADIC HAS SAID HE WILL NOT REMOVE HIS WEAPONS FROM AROUND SARAJEVO UNLESS HE HAS U-N AND NATO GUARANTEES THE BOSNIAN ARMY WILL NOT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE SITUATION BY LAUNCHING AN ATTACK. THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE FEWER MEN, BUT HAVE BEEN ABLE TO HOLD OFF RECENT GOVERNMENT ATTACKS BECAUSE OF THEIR GREATER STRENGTH IN HEAVY WEAPONS. IT IS THOSE HEAVY WEAPONS THAT PROTECT THOUSANDS OF CIVILIANS IN SERB-CONTROLLED AREAS AROUND SARAJEVO. GENERAL MLADIC INSISTS HE WILL NOT LEAVE HIS PEOPLE DEFENSELESS. (SIGNED). NEB / DF / WOD / GPT 06-Sep-95 10:56 AM EDT (1456 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] BOSNIA / NATO (S) BY KYLE KING (ZAGREB)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184840
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO JETS ARE CARRYING OUT FRESH ATTACKS AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS WHO REFUSE TO COMPLY WITH DEMANDS THEY PULL HEAVY WEAPONS BACK FROM SARAJEVO AND END ATTACKS ON U-N DECLARED SAFE AREAS. U-N AND NATO OFFICIALS SAY THE ATTACKS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL ALL THEIR DEMANDS ARE MET. FROM ZAGREB, V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: U-S ADMIRAL LEIGHTON SMITH -- THE COMMANDER OF THE NATO OPERATION -- SAYS IT IS UP TO THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO DETERMINE HOW LONG THE AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE.

    AT A BRIEFING IN NAPLES, ITALY, THE ADMIRAL SHOWED COCKPIT VIDEO TAPE OF PRECISION GUIDED BOMBS STRIKING SERB COMMUNICATIONS AND AMMUNITION DEPOTS DURING THE LATEST ROUND OF ATTACKS.

    THE NATO COMMANDER SAYS PILOTS HAVE FLOWN MORE THAN 15 HUNDRED SORTIES SINCE THE CAMPAIGN BEGAN, LAST WEEK. HE SAYS PLANES ENCOUNTERED SOME SERB ANTI-AIRCRAFT FIRE IN THE LATEST ROUND OF STRIKES BUT THERE ARE NO REPORTS NATO PLANES HAVE BEEN HIT.

    ADMIRAL SMITH SAYS BAD WEATHER FORCED THE OVERNIGHT SUSPENSION OF THE AIR STRIKES, BUT HE SAYS THE ATTACKS HAVE RESUMED AND THERE ARE STILL PLENTY OF TARGETS FOR NATO JETS TO GO AFTER. (SIGNED)

    NEB/KBK/WOD/CF
    06-Sep-95 8:28 AM EDT (1228 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] BOSNIA / SERBS (S UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184871
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /// EDS: UPDATES, NEW INFO THROUGHOUT ///

    INTRO: THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER, RADOVAN KARADZIC, SAYS THE SERBS CANNOT WITHDRAW ALL OF THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS FROM SARAJEVO, BUT SAYS THE SERBS ARE READY TO MEET OTHER UNITED NATIONS AND NATO DEMANDS. NATO SAYS ITS DEMANDS ARE NON-NEGOTIATABLE AND ITS AIR ATTACKS ON THE SERBS WILL CONTINUE UNTIL THE DEMANDS ARE MET. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: MR. KARADZIC TOLD THE C-N-N TELEVISION NETWORK SOME SERB HEAVY WEAPONS WERE BEING REMOVED FROM SARAJEVO WHEN NATO BEGAN TO ATTACK THE SERBS LAST WEEK.

    MR. KARADZIC SAYS THE SERBS CAN WITHDRAW NO MORE HEAVY WEAPONS. HE SAYS THEY ARE NEEDED TO PROTECT PEOPLE IN SERB-HELD AREAS OF THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL AND THAT THESE PEOPLE WILL NOT ALLOW THE WEAPONS TO BE PULLED OUT.

    IN AN APPEARANCE ON B-B-C TELEVISION, THE SERB LEADER ASKED NATO TO PLEASE STOP ITS BOMBING. HE SAYS THE SERBS ARE READY TO ALLOW THE UNITED NATIONS TO USE THE SARAJEVO AIRPORT AGAIN.

    THERE WAS NO IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO MR. KARADZIC'S REMARKS FROM UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS IN SARAJEVO OR IN ZAGREB. BUT A NATO SPOKESMAN REJECTS MR. KARADZIC'S STATEMENT ABOUT THE SERB HEAVY WEAPONS.

    THE COMMANDER OF THE CONTINUING NATO ATTACKS ON THE SERBS, ADMIRAL LEIGHTON SMITH, EARLIER SAID U-N AND NATO DEMANDS FOR THE END OF THE SERB THREAT TO SARAJEVO ARE NOT NEGOTIABLE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/JWH/GPT
    06-Sep-95 2:05 PM EDT (1805 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] BOSNIA TALKS (S UPDATE) BY KYLE KING (ZAGREB)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184852
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE SAYS IT IS STILL TO EARLY TO SAY IF PROGRESS WILL BE MADE AT THE BOSNIAN PEACE TALKS SCHEDULED TO TAKE PLACE IN GENEVA FRIDAY. MR. HOLBROOKE MADE THE COMMENTS DURING A VISIT TO ZAGREB, WHERE HE BRIEFED CROATIAN PRESIDENT FRANJO TUDJMAN ON HIS LATEST ROUND OF TALKS WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSOVIC. V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS THE PEACE TALKS THIS FRIDAY IN GENEVA WILL BE DIFFICULT.

    THE U-S ENVOY NOTES THE MEETING WILL BE THE FIRST TIME THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF CROATIA, BOSNIA AND SERB-DOMINATED YUGOSLAVIA WILL DISCUSS THE FUNDAMENTAL ISSUES THAT DIVIDE THEM.

    MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS HE LOOKED FORWARD TO SOME PROGRESS IN GENEVA, BUT HE SAYS IT IS STILL TO EARLY TO TELL HOW THE MEETING WILL COME OUT.

    BEFORE HIS LATEST STOP IN ZAGREB, MR. HOLBROOKE WAS IN BELGRADE FOR ANOTHER ROUND OF TALKS WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSOVIC -- THE MAN CONSIDERED THE KEY TO ANY SETTLEMENT OF THE CONFLICT.

    MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS HE HAS NOT MADE MAJOR PROGRESS ON HIS LATEST MISSION, AND HE SAYS NONE OF THE FACTIONS CHANGED POSITIONS ON THE MAJOR ISSUES.

    ALL THE PARTIES HAVE NOW ACCEPTED THE ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF A PLAN THAT WOULD GIVE THE BOSNIANS 51 PERCENT OF THE TERRITORY AND THE CROATS AND SERBS THE OTHER 49 PERCENT. HOWEVER, THERE IS LITTLE AGREEMENT ABOUT WHO WILL GET WHAT AREA. (SIGNED) NEB / KBK / WOD / MMK 06-Sep-95 10:47 AM EDT (1447 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] NATO / BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184829
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AFTER BAD WEATHER OVER BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, NATO WARPLANES HAVE CARRIED OUT MORE AIR ATTACKS AGAINST SERB MILITARY TARGETS. THE NATO COMMANDER IN CHARGE OF THE OPERATION SAYS THE ATTACKS WILL CONTINUE FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE NATO COMMANDER, ADMIRAL LEIGHTON SMITH, SAYS THE AIRSTRIKES AGAINST THE SERBS, WHICH RESUMED ON TUESDAY, ARE CONTINUING.

    HE SAYS THERE IS NO SIGN THE SERBS ARE READY TO COMPLY WITH UNITED NATIONS AND NATO DEMANDS TO STOP THREATENING SARAJEVO SO THE AIRSTRIKES WILL GO ON FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE.

    SPEAKING AT NATO'S SOUTHERN EUROPEAN COMMAND IN NAPLES, ADMIRAL SMITH SAYS THE WESTERN ALLIANCE IS NOT TAKING SIDES IN THE WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. HE SAYS NATO IS SIMPLY TRYING TO STOP SERB BEHAVIOR THAT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY HAS CONDEMNED.

    ACCORDING TO THE COMMANDER, THE NUMBER OF SERB TARGETS HAS INCREASED SINCE THE AIRSTRIKES BEGAN LAST WEEK. HE BELIEVES THE AIR CAMPAIGN HAS BEEN GENERALLY SUCCESSFUL SO FAR.

    ADMIRAL SMITH SAYS EVERY EFFORT IS BEING MADE TO LIMIT CIVILIAN CASUALTIES IN SERB-HELD TERRITORY. BUT HE SAYS SOME DAMAGE TO PRIVATE PROPERTY OR CIVILIAN CASUALTIES CAN NOT BE AVOIDED. (SIGNED) NEB/WC/KK-T/BG 06-Sep-95 5:31 AM EDT (0931 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [10] PERRY-BOSNIA (S-ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (PENTAGON)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184857
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY SAYS THE BOMBING IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WILL CONTINUE AS LONG AND AS HEAVILY AS NECESSARY. AS V-O-A'S DAVID SWAN REPORTS, THE AIR STRIKES HAVE NOT YET FORCED THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO MOVE HEAVY WEAPONS AWAY FROM SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: MR. PERRY SAYS NATO'S PRECISION-GUIDED BOMBS APPEAR TO BE EFFECTIVE AGAINST SERB TARGETS. HE WARNS THE SERBS WILL PAY A VERY HEAVY PRICE FOR IGNORING U-N AND ALLIED DEMANDS.

    // PERRY ACT //

    THE CAMPAIGN WILL GO ON AS LONG AS NEEDED AND AS INTENSELY AS NEEDED TO ACCOMPLISH THE OBJECTIVES.

    // END ACT //

    BUT SO FAR, THERE IS NO SIGN THE SERBS ARE READY TO STOP THREATENING SARAJEVO. AUTHORITIES SAY THEIR TANKS AND ARTILLERY ARE NOT MOVING OUTSIDE THE 20-KILOMETER EXCLUSION ZONE AROUND THE CITY. U-N OFFICIALS SAY THE SERBS SHELLED THE CAPITAL TUESDAY NIGHT, AFTER BOSNIAN TROOPS FIRED MORTARS AT SERB POSITIONS.

    NATO LAUNCHED ANOTHER DAY OF AIR RAIDS (WEDNESDAY) AFTER PAUSING DUE TO BAD WEATHER. THE ALLIED COMMANDER IN THE REGION, U-S ADMIRAL LEIGHTON SMITH, SAYS THE NUMBER OF TARGETS HAS RISEN SINCE BOMBING STARTED LAST WEEK -- AND THE ATTACKS WILL CONTINUE FOR THE FORSEEABLE FUTURE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DS/MMK
    06-Sep-95 11:13 AM EDT (1513 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [11] U-N / BOSNIA (L) BY KYLE KING (ZAGREG)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184858
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S SPECIAL ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE SAYS BOSNIAN SERB GENERAL RATKO MLADIC CAN EXPECT MORE NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST HIS FORCES AS LONG AS HE CONTINUES TO DEFY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS THE U-S OFFICIAL -- SPEAKING TO REPORTERS -- WAS CAREFUL TO SEPARATE THE NATO AIR STRIKES FROM DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO END THE CONFLICT, BUT ASSERTED THAT MILITARY ACTION WAS UNAVOIDABLE.

    TEXT: MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS THE NATO AIR STRIKES ARE A BELATED RESPONSE TO SERB ACTIONS ON THE GROUND IN SARAJEVO, AND ARE NOT AIMED AT DRIVING THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO THE NEGOTIATING TABLE.

    IF THE NATO ACTION AFFECTS THE NEGOTIATIONS HE SAID, THAT IS NOT ITS INTENT, BUT HE SAID THE AIR STRIKES WERE POLITICALLY AND MORALLY ESSENTIAL.

    BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS CALLED FOR AN END TO THE NATO AIR RAIDS, SAYING SERB FORCES HAD ALREADY PULLED SOME WEAPONS BACK FROM SARAJEVO AND WERE READY FOR TALKS ON OTHER U-N DEMANDS.

    IN AN INTERVIEW WITH A C-N-N REPORTER IN PALE, MR. KARADZIC SAID THE AIR STRIKES HAD CAUSED HEAVY DAMAGE TO SERB AREAS, BUT SAID THE SERBS WOULD CONTINUE TO DEFEND THEIR TERRITORY.

    U-N SPOKESMAN PHIL ARNOLD SAYS OTHER SERB CIVILIAN LEADERS HAVE ALSO COMPLAINED TO THE UNITED NATIONS THAT THEY ARE TRYING TO MEET U-N DEMANDS BUT HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO DO SO. MR. ARNOLD SAYS THE CONVERSATIONS NEVER LEAD TO CONCRETE ACTIONS.

    /// ARNOLD ACT ///

    BUT THEN AS THE CONVERSATIONS PROCEED THEY BECOME RATHER AMORPHOUS. WHERE IS GENERAL MLADIC? THE TELEPHONES ARE DOWN. HE'S TRAVELING. ORDERS HAVE BEEN GIVEN BUT APPARENTLY NOT BEEN CARRIED OUT. WE WANT TO ACCEPT THE INTENT OF THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADERSHIP, TO CARRY OUT THESE ACTIVITIES AND ACTIONS, BUT THE ONLY WAY WE CAN DO THAT IS BY SEEING ACTIVITIES ON THE GROUND AND WE HAVE NOT SEEN ANY ACTIVITY ON THE GROUND.

    /// END ACT ///

    U-N OFFICIALS SAY IT WOULD BE SIMPLE FOR THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO BRING A HALT TO THE AIR STRIKES BY TAKING SUBSTANTIAL STEPS TO REMOVE THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS FROM THE 20-KILOMETER EXCLUSION ZONE AROUND SARAJEVO.

    U-N GENERAL RUPERT SMITH HAS INFORMED BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY COMMANDERS OF THE PROCEDURES THEY CAN TAKE WHEN THEY ARE READY TO COMPLY. AND THE U-N SPOKESMAN SAYS THE BOSNIAN SERBS COULD WITHDRAW THEIR BIG GUNS WITHOUT FEAR OF ATTACK.

    /// ARNOLD ACT ///

    IF GENERAL MLADIC'S FORCES BEGIN TO CARRY OUT THE ARRANGEMENTS INDICATED BY GENERAL RUPERT SMITH, THEY WILL BE SAFE TO CARRY THEM OUT. WE HAVE NO INTEREST IN BOMBING WEAPONS AS THEY MOVE OUT OF THE SAFE AREA, WE HAVE AN INTEREST IN HAVING THE WEAPONS MOVE OUT OF THE AREA.

    /// END ACT ///

    NATO OFFICIALS SAY THEY HAVE BEEN AVOIDING SERB TARGETS AROUND SARAJEVO TO GIVE THE SERBS A CHANCE TO COMPLY, BUT ADMIRAL LEIGHTON SMITH, THE NATO SOUTH COMMANDER SAYS THERE ARE STILL PLENTY OF OTHER TARGETS TO GO AFTER AS LONG AS THE SERBS REFUSE TO GIVE IN. (SIGNED)

    NEB/KBK/JWH/GPT
    06-Sep-95 11:24 AM EDT (1524 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [12] U-S-BOSNIA (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184875
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED STATES HAS DISMISSED BOSNIAN SERB CLAIMS THAT THE RESUMPTION OF NATO AIR STRIKES IN BOSNIA INTERRUPTED SERBIAN ATTEMPTS TO MOVE THEIR WEAPONS AWAY FROM SARAJEVO. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT.

    TEXT: BOSNIAN SERB LEADERS, WITH SUPPORT FROM THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT, HAVE CLAIMED ON AMERICAN TELEVISION THAT THEIR FORCES WERE IN THE PROCESS OF MOVING ARTILLERY OUT OF THE 20 KILOMETER EXCLUSION ZONE AROUND SARAJEVO WHEN NATO RESUMED AIR STRIKES AGAINST THEIR POSITIONS.

    STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN NICHOLAS BURNS INSISTS THE SERBS ONLY CARRIED OUT A CHARADE.

    ///BURNS ACT///

    WHAT OF COURSE, STRUCK ME, WAS THIS CYNICAL CHARADE THAT SOMEHOW THE BOSNIAN SERBS WERE PREPARED TO WITHDRAW THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS ON MONDAY EVENING AND THEY WERE PREVENTED FROM DOING SO ON TUESDAY MORNING BY THE RESUMPTION OF THE U-N AND NATO AIR CAMPAIGN. THAT IS CYNICISM AT ITS HIGHEST.

    ///END ACT///

    THE SPOKESMAN INSISTS THE SERBS MOVED WEAPONS INSIDE THE EXCLUSION ZONE, NOT OUTSIDE IT, AND NATO FULFILLED ITS OBLIGATIONS TO PROTECT CIVILIANS IN SARAJEVO. MR. BURNS DISMISSES RUSSIA'S COMPLAINT ABOUT THE RESUMPTION OF THE AIR STRIKES AS A "TACTICAL DISAGREEMENT" AND PREDICTS RUSSIA WILL SUPPORT THE AMERICAN ATTEMPT TO START BOSNIA PEACE TALKS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/RP/MMK
    06-Sep-95 3:32 PM EDT (1932 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [13] YUGO SITREP (L-O UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=9/6/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-184884
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /// NEW INFO THRUOUT ///

    INTRO: NATO HAS CARRIED OUT MORE AIR ATTACKS AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. THE ATTACKS CONTINUED WEDNESDAY NIGHT DESPITE AN APPEAL BY THE SERB LEADER FOR A HALT IN THE BOMBING. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: NATO SOURCES SAY ALLIANCE WARPLANES HAVE BEEN IN ACTION AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS, BUT THE SOURCES WOULD NOT SAY WHAT SERB POSITIONS HAVE BEEN TARGETED.

    THE SERBS REPORT ANOTHER AIR ATTACK ON THEIR MAIN BASE IN THE SARAJEVO AREA. THE BASE IS GENERALLY KNOWN AS THE LUKAVICA BARRACKS, BUT THE SPRAWLING COMPLEX INCLUDES MANY FACILITIES.

    THE NATO SOURCES CONFIRM THAT THE AIRSTRIKES HAVE CONTINUED SINCE THE SERB LEADER, RADOVAN KARADZIC, APPEALED FOR THEM TO STOP.

    MR. KARADZIC SAYS THE SERBS CANNOT WITHDRAW ALL OF THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS FROM SARAJEVO BECAUSE THAT WOULD EXPOSE PEOPLE IN SERB-HELD AREAS OF THE CITY TO BOSNIAN ARMY ATTACKS. BUT, MR. KARADZIC SAYS HE IS READY TO ALLOW SARAJEVO AIRPORT TO REOPEN UNDER UNITED NATIONS CONTROL. HE DENIES THAT THE SERBS ARE STILL BESIEGING THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL.

    THE U-S GOVERNMENT CALLS MR. KARADZIC'S REMARKS A CYNICAL CHARADE. THE COMMANDER OF THE NATO AIR OPERATIONS AGAINST THE SERBS, ADMIRAL LEIGHTON SMITH, EARLIER RULED OUT ANY NEGOTIATIONS ON THE U-N AND NATO DEMANDS.

    U-N OFFICIALS IN SARAJEVO AND IN ZAGREB HAVE NOT YET COMMENTED ON MR. KARADZIC'S COMMENTS. THE UNITED NATIONS MAY BE TRYING TO DETERMINE IF THE SERB LEADER IS NOW GENUINELY WILLING TO DO WHAT IT WANTS HIM TO DO.

    WHILE MR. KARADZIC TRIED TO SOUND REASONABLE, THE BOSNIAN SERB ARMY ISSUED A DEFIANT STATEMENT, SAYING THE SERBS WILL DEFEND THEMSELVES. AS NATO KEEPS UP ITS AIR ATTACKS ON THE SERBS, AMERICAN PEACE ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE HAS CONTINUED HIS SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA.

    HE HAD WHAT HE CALLED USEFUL, IMPORTANT AND EXTENSIVE TALKS IN ZAGREB WITH THE CROATIAN PRESIDENT, FRANJO TUDJMAN.

    MR. HOLBROOKE WILL PARTICIPATE IN MEETINGS IN PARIS ON THURSDAY, INVOLVING THE BIG POWER CONTACT GROUP ON BOSNIA AND THE ISLAMIC NATIONS' CONTACT GROUP.

    THE DISCUSSIONS IN PARIS WILL HELP LAY THE GROUNDWORK FOR A MEETING OF THE BOSNIAN, CROATIAN AND YUGOSLAV FOREIGN MINISTERS IN GENEVA ON FRIDAY.

    MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS THE GENEVA TALKS SHOULD ESTABLISH THE BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT OF THE CONFLICTS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AND IN CROATIA.

    THE AMERICAN ENVOY DENIES THAT THE NATO BOMBING IS INTENDED TO FORCE THE SERBS TO ACCEPT A PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA. HE SAYS THE BOMBING IS INTENDED TO ENFORCE THE UNITED NATIONS' HUMANITARIAN MANDATE IN THE COUNTRY.

    /// REST OPT ///

    IN ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT, THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL IN THE HAGUE HAS FORMALLY INDICTED A BOSNIAN CROAT, IVICA RAJIC.

    HE IS THE FIRST NON-SERB TO BE FORMALLY CHARGED WITH WAR CRIMES DURING THE WAR IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. HE IS SAID TO HAVE BEEN RESPONSIBLE FOR A BRUTAL AND DEVASTATING CROAT ATTACK ON A MUSLIM VILLAGE IN BOSNIA IN 1993.

    THE BOSNIAN SERB POLITICAL AND MILITARY LEADERS ALREADY FACE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES CHARGES. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/BD/LWM
    06-Sep-95 5:57 PM EDT (2157 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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