Read the Treaty Establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957) Read the Convention Relating to the Regime of the Straits (24 July 1923) Read the Convention Relating to the Regime of the Straits (24 July 1923)
HR-Net - Hellenic Resources Network Compact version
Today's Suggestion
Read The "Macedonian Question" (by Maria Nystazopoulou-Pelekidou)
HomeAbout HR-NetNewsWeb SitesDocumentsOnline HelpUsage InformationContact us
Sunday, 4 December 2022
 
News
  Latest News (All)
     From Greece
     From Cyprus
     From Europe
     From Balkans
     From Turkey
     From USA
  Announcements
  World Press
  News Archives
Web Sites
  Hosted
  Mirrored
  Interesting Nodes
Documents
  Special Topics
  Treaties, Conventions
  Constitutions
  U.S. Agencies
  Cyprus Problem
  Other
Services
  Personal NewsPaper
  Greek Fonts
  Tools
  F.A.Q.
 

Voice of America, 13 September 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - SEPTEMBER 13, 1995 !!!

  • [02] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [03] BOSNIA/FIGHTING (L) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

  • [04] BOSNIA / NATO ATTACKS BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (LONDON)

  • [05] BOSNIA / SERBS (S-ONLY) BY WAYNE COREY ( VIENNA)

  • [06] BOSNIAN WOMEN DELEGATION BY STEPHANIE HO (BEIJING)

  • [07] CROATIA-SLAVONIA (L ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [08] CROATIA / KILLINGS BY KYLE KING (KNIN)

  • [09] ISLAMIC/BOSNIA OVERNITER (L) BY DAN ROBINSON (KUALA LUMPUR)

  • [10] KOHL / BOSNIA (S-ONLY) BY MALLORY SALESON (JOHANNESBURG)

  • [11] MACEDONIAN ACCORD (L) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

  • [12] MACEDONIA TALKS (S ONLY) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

  • [13] PERRY/BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [14] PERRY - BOSNIA (L) BY DAVID SWAN (PENTAGON)

  • [15] U-S/ALBANIA (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [16] U.S. POLICY IN BOSNIA BY ED WARNER ( WASHINGTON)

  • [17] U-S / BOSNIA (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [18] YUGO REVIEW (L ONLY) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

  • [19] YUGO SITREP (L-UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY ( VIENNA)


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - SEPTEMBER 13, 1995 !!!

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=
    VOA DIGEST - SEPTEMBER 13, 1995 THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    BOSNIA / FIGHTING -- BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT TROOPS HAVE SEIZED SEVERAL KEY SERB CONTROLLED TOWNS IN CENTRAL AND NORTHERN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, AND CROAT TROOPS HAVE REPORTEDLY SEIZED LARGE AMOUNTS OF TERRITORY IN EASTERN BOSNIA. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO UN OFFICIALS SAY THE SERBS MAY HAVE LOST AS MUCH AS FOUR-PERCENT OF BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IN THE PAST TWO DAYS. (9/13)

    BOSNIA / FIGHTING -- THE UNITED NATIONS SAYS BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT AND ETHNIC CROAT FORCES HAVE MADE IMPORTANT GAINS IN FIGHTING WITH SERBS IN CENTRAL BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (9/13)

    BOSNIA / SERBS -- BOSNIA'S SERB LEADER, RADOVAN KARADZIC, SAYS NATO RAIDS HAVE LED TO FEW CIVILIAN CASUALTIES ALTHOUGH BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY LEADERS, THE YUGOSLAV NEWS MEDIA AND RUSSIA HAVE BEEN SAYING NATO ASSAULTS HAVE MADE VICTIMS OF CIVILIANS. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (9/13)

    KOHL / BOSNIA -- GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL SAYS DAMAGE FROM NATO RAIDS ON BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS COULD BE STOPPED IMMEDIATELY IF BOSNIAN SERBS COMPLIED WITH UN DEMANDS TO WITHDRAW THREATENING WEAPONS, AND ALLOW THE OPENING OF THE AIRPORT AND SARAJEVO. THE CHANCELLOR DISCUSSED THE CONFLICT DURING HIS VISIT IN JOHANNESBURG WHERE CORRESPONDENT MALORY SALESON REPORTED HIS NEWS CONFERENCE REMARKS. (9/13)

    BOSNIA / NATO ATTACKS -- A TOP DEFENSE STRATEGIST IN LONDON, MICHAEL CLARK, SAYS NATO HAS ABOUT TEN DAYS TO TWO WEEKS TO GET RESULTS IN ITS RAIDS ON BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS BECAUSE AFTER THAT ITS POLITICAL POSITION WILL BEGIN TO DETERIORATE. CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA REPORTS MR. CLARK PREDICTS THE BOSNIAN SERBS WILL PULL THEIR ARMAMENTS CLOSER TO CIVILIAN CENTERS TO PROTECT THEM FROM ATTACK BUT THE ATTACKS WOULD STOP IF THE BOSNIAN SERBS COMPLIED WITH DEMANDS TO REMOVE THE WEAPONS ALTOGETHER. (9/13)

    PERRY / BOSNIA -- US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY SAYS BOSNIAN-SERB AIR DEFENSES HAVE BEEN DEVASTATED BY NATO AIRCRAFT AND CRUISE MISSILES. HE SAYS NATO WARPLANES WILL BE ABLE TO FLY HIGH OVER BOSNIA WITH IMPUNITY IN A MATTER OF DAYS. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS MR. PERRY ALSO DISMISSES RUSSIAN CHARGES NATO IS COMMITTING GENOCIDE AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. (9/13)

    RUSSIA / BOSNIA -- THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL WEDNESDAY WILL HOLD MORE PRIVATE DISCUSSIONS ON A RUSSIAN DRAFT RESOLUTION CALLING FOR AN IMMEDIATE END TO NATO AIR STRIKES IN BOSNIA. BUT IT ALREADY APPEARS THAT THE RUSSIAN DEMAND HAS VIRTUALLY NO SUPPORT. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS. (9/12)

    US / BOSNIA -- THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS BEGUN PRELIMINARY CONSULTATIONS WITH THE US CONGRESS OVER A CONTRIBUTION TO A POSSIBLE BOSNIA RECONSTRUCTION FUND. US OFFICIALS HOPE IT WOULD GIVE THE WARRING PARTIES MORE INCENTIVE TO AGREE TO A COMPREHENSIVE PEACE SETTLEMENT. YET AT THE SAME TIME, THE ADMINISTRATION IS CONTINUING TO PURSUE NATO'S MILITARY STRATEGY, WHICH WAS ENDORSED TUESDAY BY A VISITING EUROPEAN LEADER. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS. (9/12)

    CLINTON / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON IS REJECTING RUSSIAN CHARGES NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS AMOUNT TO GENOCIDE. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA HAS THE LATEST. (9/12)

    SENATE / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON MEETS WITH US CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS TO DISCUSS THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AND THE UPCOMING STRUGGLE OVER CUTTING THE FEDERAL BUDGET. CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS THAT REPUBLICAN LAWMAKERS HAVE A LOT OF QUESTIONS ABOUT THE ADMINISTRATION'S MORE AGGRESSIVE POLICY SHIFT ON BOSNIA. (9/12)

    BOSNIAN DELEGATION / WOMEN'S CONFERENCE -- THREE-AND-A-HALF YEARS OF BITTER CIVIL WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAVE TAKEN A HEAVY TOLL ON THE PEOPLE OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIAN STATE. AS CORRESPONDENT STEPHANIE HO REPORTS, THE HEAD OF THE BOSNIAN DELEGATION TO THE UNITED NATIONS FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN SAYS IT IS HER COUNTRY'S WOMEN WHO SUFFER MOST, AND ALSO MOST FERVENTLY HOPE FOR PEACE. (9/13)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / DOCUMENT -- WRANGLING OVER WORDING OF THE FINAL DOCUMENT OF THE UN WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEIJING CONTINUES. JANE KUCZYNSKI REPORTS ON THE OBSTACLES AND THE PROCESS. (9/13)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / VIOLENCE -- VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN HAS BEEN A HOT TOPIC AT THE UN CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN BEIJING. CORRESPONDENT JANE KUCZYNSKI REPORTS LANGUAGE DEPLORING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE WILL BECOME A PART OF THE CONFERENCE'S FINAL DOCUMENT. (9/13)

    US / ADAMS -- PRESIDENT CLINTON'S NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER ANTHONY LAKE MEETS WEDNESDAY WITH THE VISITING HEAD OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY'S POLITICAL WING, SINN FEIN GERRY ADAMS, WHO IS IN WASHINGTON FOR A FOUR-DAY VISIT. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS US OFFICIALS ARE HOPING FOR NEW MOMENTUM IN THE STALLED NORTHERN IRELAND PEACE PROCESS. (9/12)

    SINN FEIN / US -- GERRY ADAMS, THE LEADER OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY'S POLITICAL WING, SINN FEIN, SAYS HE HOPES THE UNITED STATES WILL TAKE A MORE ACTIVE ROLE IN THE NORTHERN IRELAND PEACE PROCESS, WHICH HE SAYS HAS REACHED A CRISIS POINT. HE THANKED THE US GOVERNMENT FOR ITS "EVEN HANDED" APPROACH TO THE NORTHERN IRELAND QUESTION, BUT BLASTED THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT FOR SLOWING THE PROCESS DOWN. REPORTER JOHN PITMAN HAS MORE. (9/12)

    MACEDONIA / TALKS -- TALKS BETWEEN THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF GREECE AND THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA HAVE FAILED SO FAR TO GET OFF THE GROUND -- WITH BOTH SIDES STILL DISCUSSING SEPARATELY WITH A UNITED NATIONS MEDIATOR DETAILS OF AN AGREEMENT AIMED AT IMPROVING RELATIONS. THE EFFORT CONTINUED INTO THE WANING HOURS OF TUESDAY, WITH UN SOURCES DESCRIBING THE REMAINING ISSUES AS MINOR. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS. (9/12)

    US / ALBANIA -- ALBANIA'S PRESIDENT SALI BERISHA MEETS WITH US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY BEFORE TRAVELING TO NEW YORK AND BOSTON DURING HIS CURRENT US VISIT. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS MR. BERISHA, IN TALKS TUESDAY AT THE WHITE HOUSE, EXPRESSED STRONG SUPPORT FOR THE NATO BOMBING RAIDS AGAINST BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS. (9/12)

    PALESTINIANS / ISRAEL -- PALESTINIAN LEADER YASSER ARAFAT AND ISRAELI FOREIGN MINISTER SHIMON PERES HAVE PUT OFF, AT LEAST UNTIL THURSDAY, THEIR NEXT ROUND OF TALKS ON EXPANDING PALESTINIAN SELF-RULE IN THE WEST BANK. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST IN CAIRO REPORTS THE NEGOTIATIONS, WHICH WERE TO HAVE RESUMED WEDNESDAY, ARE HUNG UP OVER SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE VOLATILE WEST BANK CITY OF HEBRON. (9/13)

    CHRISTOPHER / MIDEAST -- ISRAEL AND SYRIA APPEAR DEADLOCKED IN US MEDIATED NEGOTIATIONS BUT SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER SAYS THE UNITED STATES STILL HAS HOPE PROGRESS CAN BE MADE BEFORE THE END OF THE YEAR. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS. (9/12)

    RWANDA / DEAD -- A RWANDAN BORDER VILLAGE NEAR ZAIRE HAS BEEN RIPPED BY VIOLENCE. UN AUTHORITIES REPORT 108 DEAD AND 16 HOSPITALIZED AFTER AN ATTACK OF UNCERTAIN ORIGIN. CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA REPORTS FROM RWANDA'S CAPITAL, KIGALI. (9/13)

    SUDAN / UNREST -- TWO DAYS OF RIOTING BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN KHARTOUM BRINGS A PROMISE OF A CRACKDOWN IN THE SUDAN. GOVERNMENT TROOPS ARE PATROLLING THE CITY WHERE GOVERNMENT POLICIES ARE BEING PROTESTED BY STUDENTS. FOOD SUPPLIES AND RIGID ISLAMIC POLICES ARE BEING CRITICIZED. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (9/13)

    SAF / KOHL -- GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL CONCLUDES HIS STATE VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA. CORRESPONDENT MALLORY SALESON REPORTS FROM JOHANNESBURG THE GERMAN LEADER HAS PRAISED SOUTH AFRICA'S LEADERSHIP FOR ITS EFFORTS TO ACHIEVE RECONCILIATION, PEACE AND UNITY. (9/13)

    GERMANY / SUDANESE -- OPPOSITION POLITICAL LEADERS AND HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS IN GERMANY ARE CRITICIZING THE GOVERNMENT FOR PERMITTING THE DEPORTATION OF SEVEN SUDANESE REFUGEES AFTER WEEKS OF LEGAL DISPUTE OVER THEIR FATE. AS STAFFER DAGMAR BREITENBACH REPORTS FROM BONN, GERMANY CONSIDERS SUDAN A SAFE COUNTRY, BUT HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS SAY THE SUDANESE GOVERNMENT ROUTINELY IMPRISONS AND TORTURES POLITICAL OPPONENTS. (9/13)

    CONGRESS / CARIBBEAN TRADE -- THE US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES WILL NOT VOTE ON LEGISLATION TO GIVE ADDITIONAL TRADE BENEFITS TO THE CARIBBEAN, AT LEAST NOT ANYTIME SOON. CORRESPONDENT PAULA WOLFSON REPORTS THE REPUBLICAN LEADERSHIP HAS PULLED A CONTROVERSIAL CARIBBEAN TRADE MEASURE FROM A WIDE-RANGING BUDGET BILL. (9/12)

    SENATE / TIBET -- TIBET'S SPIRITUAL LEADER, THE DALAI LAMA, MET WITH US CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS AT THE US CAPITOL TUESDAY. CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS THAT MEMBERS OF CONGRESS CONTINUE TO EXPRESS STRONG SUPPORT FOR THE PEOPLE OF TIBET. (9/12)

    US / DALAI LAMA -- THE DALAI LAMA, TIBET'S EXILED SPIRITUAL AND POLITICAL LEADER AND THE WINNER OF THE 1989 NOBEL PEACE PRIZE IS TO BE GUEST AT THE WHITE HOUSE WEDNESDAY. HE IS TO MEET WITH VICE-PRESIDENT AL GORE. WHILE THERE, PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL MAKE A BRIEF APPEARANCE. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS THE DALAI LAMA IS EXPECTED TO URGE THE VICE-PRESIDENT TO PRESS FOR TALKS BETWEEN HIS GOVERNMENT IN EXILE AND CHINA ON THE FUTURE OF TIBET. (9/12)

    US / DALAI LAMA -- WEDNESDAY VICE-PRESIDENT AL GORE MEETS THE DALAI LAMA, TIBET'S EXILED SPIRITUAL AND POLITICAL LEADER AND THE WINNER OF THE 1989 NOBEL PEACE PRIZE. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS THE DALAI LAMA IS EXPECTED TO URGE THE VICE-PRESIDENT TO PRESS FOR TALKS BETWEEN HIS GOVERNMENT IN EXILE AND CHINA ON THE FUTURE OF TIBET. (9/12)

    SRI LANKA / PLANE CRASH -- SRI LANKAN MILITARY AUTHORITIES SAY AN AIR FORCE TRANSPORT PLANE WITH 81 PEOPLE ABOARD HAS CRASHED. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE REPORTS, MILITARY OFFICIALS SAY THE PLANE WAS CARRYING SOLDIERS AND AIRMEN TO A NORTHERN BATTLE FRONT WHEN IT WENT DOWN IN THE SEA OFF THE WEST COAST OF SRI LANKA. (9/13)

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA / PACIFIC NUCLEAR -- THE LEADERS OF SOUTH PACIFIC NATIONS ARE HOLDING AN ANNUAL MEETING IN THE CAPITAL OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA. AS MAX RUSTON REPORTS, DISCUSSION OF FRANCE'S NUCLEAR TESTS UNDER MURUROA ATOLL ARE ALREADY DOMINATING THE THREE-DAYS OF TALKS. (9/13)

    INDIA / CHICKEN -- THE USE OF A FLAVOR ENHANCER HAS LED TO THE CLOSURE OF A KENTUCKY FRIED CHICKEN RESTAURANT IN INDIA. THE RESTAURANT HAS BEEN A TARGET OF PROTESTS BY THOSE WHO OPPOSE MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS IN INDIA. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI. (9/13)

    HONG KONG / GOING TRILINGUAL -- THE HONG KONG GOVERNMENT SAYS WEDNESDAY IT PLANS TO SPEND MORE THAN 17-MILLION DOLLARS DURING THE NEXT YEAR TO IMPROVE THE CHINESE LANGUAGE SKILLS OF ITS CIVIL SERVANTS. AS WE HEAR FROM CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON, THE MOVE IS PART OF HONG KONG'S EFFORTS TO PREPARE FOR MID-1997, WHEN SOVEREIGNTY OVER THE TERRITORY REVERTS TO CHINA. (9/13)

    CANADA / STAND-OFF -- A FOUR-WEEK STAND-OFF BETWEEN NATIVE INDIAN ACTIVISTS AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE CONTINUES IN WESTERN CANADA. THE DISPUTE, OVER OWNERSHIP OF A PIECE OF LAND THE INDIANS SAY IS SACRED, ERUPTED INTO GUNFIRE MONDAY. STRINGER CRAIG MCCULLOCH REPORTS A LAWYER FOR THE ACTIVISTS HAS ACCUSED AUTHORITIES OF USING UNNECESSARY FORCE TO TRY TO EVICT THE INDIANS. (9/12)

    RUSSIAN / ARMENIAN ORGANIZED CRIME -- FEDERAL AUTHORITIES HAVE BROKEN A MAJOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ORGANIZED CRIME RING ALLEGEDLY OPERATED BY EMIGRES FROM RUSSIA AND ARMENIA. THE ARREST OF THE BOSS AND NINE HENCHMEN WAS ANNOUNCED TUESDAY IN LOS ANGELES WHERE CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN HAS THE STORY. (9/12)

    US / SWEATSHOPS -- THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION IS ENLISTING THE HELP OF THE RETAIL APPAREL INDUSTRY TO STEP UP THE DRIVE TO END SO-CALLED SWEATSHOP CONDITIONS IN THE UNITED STATES. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS THE RENEWED EFFORTS FOLLOW LAST MONTH'S RAID IN CALIFORNIA THAT FOUND MORE THAN 70 THAI IMMIGRANTS EARNING LESS THAN ONE DOLLAR AN HOUR WORKING UP TO 22 HOURS A DAY. (9/12)

    US / INFLATION -- CONSUMER PRICES IN AUGUST IN THE UNITED STATES WERE VIRTUALLY UNCHANGED FROM JULY, SUGGESTING INFLATION IS NO THREAT TO THE AMERICAN ECONOMY. ECONOMICS WRITER LAURIE NEFF REPORTS ON THE PRICE INDEX FROM THE LABOR DEPARTMENT. (9/13)

    NY / ECONOMY -- STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES WERE UP STRONGLY TUESDAY WITH LEADING INDEXES CLOSING AT RECORD HIGHS. CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS. (9/12)

    US / DRUG USE -- THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SAYS TEENAGERS IN THE UNITED STATES ARE REDISCOVERING THE USE OF MARIJUANA. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS NEARLY TWICE AS MANY YOUNG PEOPLE ARE SMOKING MARIJUANA NOW THAN IN 1992. (9/13)

    SENATE / WELFARE BILL -- THE US SENATE IS HAVING A DIFFICULT TIME AGREEING ON HOW TO REFORM THE NATION'S WELFARE SYSTEM. CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS THERE WERE MORE SIGNS TUESDAY THAT THE DIFFERENCES OVER HOW TO REFORM THE NATION'S WELFARE SYSTEM MAY BE TOO WIDE TO BRIDGE. (9/12)

    SHUTTLE / SATELLITE PROBLEM -- AN ELECTRONICS RESEARCH SATELLITE DEPLOYED FROM THE US SPACE SHUTTLE "ENDEAVOR" MONDAY WILL STAY IN ORBIT ONE DAY LONGER THAN PLANNED AS THE RESULT OF A TECHNICAL PROBLEM THAT HAD INTERFERED WITH THE PROJECT. CORRESPONDENT DAVID MCALARY REPORTS THAT THE PROBLEM HAS BEEN SOLVED. (9/12)

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER -- MIAMI CORRESPONDENT JIM TEEPLE TAKES LISTENERS INSIDE THE KENNEDY SPACE CENTER AT CAPE CANAVERAL FOR THE LAUNCH OF ANOTHER SPACE SHUTTLE -- THE ENDEAVOR. (9/13)

    SAN FRANCISCO / MUSIC -- WEST COAST CORRESPONDENT GREG FLAKUS SHARES SOME IMPRESSIONS ABOUT SAN FRANCISCO WHICH HE DESCRIBES AS A CITY WITH STREET MUSICIANS ON PRACTICALLY EVERY CORNER, WHO PLAY YEAR ROUND FOR BOTH TOURISTS AND LOCALS. (9/13)

    FILM LEGEND / CHARLTON HESTON -- ACTOR CHARLTON HESTON HAS COMPLETED AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY ABOUT HIS CAREER THAT ENCOMPASSES OVER 70 FILMS, SCORES OF PLAYS AS WELL AS SUPPORT FOR NUMEROUS POLITICAL CAUSES. HESTON RECENTLY TALKED ABOUT HIS NEW BOOK,"IN THE ARENA," AT THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. CURRENT AFFAIRS' ROBIN RUPLI REPORTS. (9/13)

    HUNTER RENO / FROM SUPERMODEL TO STUDENT -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' KEMING KUO MET WITH HUNTER RENO EARLY ONE MORNING AS SHE PRACTICED ROWING ON THE POTOMAC AND TALKED ABOUT HER "SECOND LIFE" AS A COLLEGE STUDENT FOLLOWING 14 YEARS AS A FULL-TIME MODEL. MS. RENO, WHOSE FACE HAS APPEARED ON VOGUE, MADEMOISELLE, SELF AND OTHER MAGAZINE COVERS, NOW REPRESENTS AND DOES COMMERCIALS FOR L'OREAL COSMETICS. (9/13)

    BOOK WORLD -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' NANCY BEARDSLEY REPORTS ON "NOBODY DON'T LOVE NOBODY," BY STACY BESS, AN ACCOUNT OF HER YEARS TEACHING AT A SCHOOL FOR HOMELESS CHILDREN. (9/13)

    FARMING / SPY SATELLITES -- CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH REPORTS THAT FARMERS MAY FIND COLD WAR SPY SATELLITES USEFUL FOR SURVEYING THEIR FIELDS. (9/13)

    PRECISION FARMING -- CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH TALKED TO EXPERTS AT PURDUE UNIVERSITY ABOUT "PRECISION FARMING" -- USING COMPUTERS, GLOBAL POSITIONING SATELLITES AND OTHER TOLLS TO MAXIMIZE CROP YIELDS. (9/13)

    CIA / CHALLENGES -- CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY DIRECTOR JOHN DEUTSCH HAS CALLED FOR GREATER COOPERATION AMONG DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES TO COUNTER SECURITY CHALLENGES IN THE POST COLD-WAR ERA. CORRESPONDENT JANE BERGER REPORTS MR. DEUTSCH SPOKE WITH REPORTERS TUESDAY AT THE NATIONAL PRESS CLUB IN WASHINGTON. (9/12) (9/13)

    US / CROP PRODUCTION DOWN -- THE US GOVERNMENT IS PROJECTING THAT THE SIZE OF THE 1995 MAIZE, WHEAT AND SOYBEAN HARVESTS IN THE UNITED STATES WILL BE DOWN SHARPLY FROM LAST YEAR'S RECORD CROPS. BUT AS CURRENT AFFAIRS' ROB SIVAK REPORTS, AGRICULTURE OFFICIALS SAY THE US WILL REMAIN COMPETITIVE IN GLOBAL MARKETS DESPITE THE SMALLER HARVESTS. (9/12)

    OJ SIMPSON / GLOVES -- IN THE LOS ANGELES MURDER TRIAL OF OJ SIMPSON, A PROSECUTION EXPERT SAID PHOTOS OF THE DEFENDANT SHOW HIM WEARING GLOVES IDENTICAL IN STYLE AND COLOR TO THE NOW-FAMOUS "BLOODY GLOVES." A GLOVE POLICE DISCOVERED AT OJ SIMPSON'S ESTATE MATCHED ONE FOUND NEAR THE BODIES OF HIS EX-WIFE AND HER FRIEND IN JUNE 1994. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS. (9/12) VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    NEW YORK / CHINESE IMMIGRANT KILLED -- STAFFER CHIEN WEI INTERVIEWED NEW JERSEY STATE UNIVERSITY CRIMINOLOGY PROFESSOR COLIN CHEN FOR A REPORT ON THE SHOCKING SLAYING OF A CHINESE IMMIGRANT IN NEW YORK AND THE LACK OF COOPERATION BETWEEN US AND CHINESE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS. ON SEPTEMBER 2, AN ABDUCTED CHINESE IMMIGRANT WAS KILLED BY HER CAPTORS, WHO HAD DEMANDED RANSOM FROM HER FAMILY IN FUJIAN, CHINA. (MANDARIN 9/13)

    NGO / PALESTINE ISSUE -- AT UN HEADQUARTERS, SOME NGOS SAY THEY DEPLORE ISRAEL'S CLOSURE OF SOME PALESTINIAN ORGANIZATIONS IN EAST JERUSALEM. STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 9/12)

    UN / WESTERN SAHARA -- UN SECRETARY GENERAL BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI, RECOMMENDED THE EXTENSION OF THE REFERENDUM MISSION IN WESTERN SAHARA UNTIL NEXT JANUARY. STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 9/12)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    CHAD / VIOLENCE -- FIVE PEOPLE DIED IN VIOLENCE BETWEEN CATTLE RAISERS AND FARMERS IN A REGION OF CHAD SOME 300 KILOMETERS SOUTH OF THE CAPITAL, NDJAMENA. REPORTER MAHAMAT ADAMOU SPOKE WITH CHAD'S MINISTER OF TERRITORIAL SECURITY, NGARNYAL ABOUT THIS RECURRING CONFLICT. (FRENCH 9/12)

    ETHIOPIANS / BEIJING WOMEN'S CONFERENCE -- HAUSA STAFFER, HADIZA WADA INTERVIEWED ONE OF THE ETHIOPIAN DELEGATES AT THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEIJING, KELLY SEIFU YOHANNES, WHO REPRESENTS THE ETHIOPIAN NGO "HOPE FOR WOMEN." AMHARIC STAFFER KONJIT TAYE INTERVIEWS MS YOHANNES. (AMHARIC 9/13)

    ETHIOPIA / AMERICAN PEACE CORPS -- TWENTY FOUR AMERICAN PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS ASSIGNED TO TEACH ENGLISH IN ETHIOPIAN SCHOOLS AT WERE SWORN IN AT THE US EMBASSY IN ADDIS ABABA. PRESENT WERE THE US AMBASSADOR, IRVIN HICKS AND THE ETHIOPIAN MINISTER OF EDUCATION, GENNET ZEWDIE. AMHARIC STRINGER TAFESSE KFILE REPORTS FROM ADDIS ABABA. (AMHARIC 9/13)

    BEIJING CONFERENCE -- DELEGATES TO THE UN CONFERENCE ON WOMEN CONTINUE TO WORK ON THE FINAL COMMUNIQUE. REPORTER LUISA PIETTE DISCUSSED THE MAIN POINTS OF THE DOCUMENT. (FRENCH 9/12)

    BEIJING WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / SPECIAL REPORT -- STAFFER MAIMOUNA MILLS REPORT ON SOME OF THE ISSUES TO BE COVERED IN THE FINAL CONFERENCE DOCUMENT - INCLUDING WOMEN'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, WOMEN'S CONTROL OVER THEIR SEXUALITY, ABORTION, EDUCATION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS AND THE ROLE OF THE VATICAN AND ISLAMIC COUNTRIES IN THE CONFERENCE. THE REPORT INCLUDED INTERVIEWS WITH ALI AHMAD OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION, GERTRUDE MONGELLA, SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE CONFERENCE AND DANIELE BENJAMIN, UN REPRESENTATIVE FOR CHILDHOOD ISUES FOR CAMEROON AND EQUATORIAL GUINEA. THE FOURTH ANNUAL UN CONFERENCE ENDS ON 9/14. (FRENCH 9/13)

    BEIJING / AFRICAN WOMEN -- A KEY BENEFIT TO ATTENDING THE FOURTH UN CONFERENCE ON WOMEN IN BEIJING IS NETWORKING. REPORTER LUISA PIETTE SPOKE WITH PRINCESS ALBERTA MCCARTHY OF THE STOCKHOLM-BASED FOUNDATION FOR AFRICAN WOMEN'S ADVANCEMENT. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/12)

    RWANDAN PRISONS / UN -- ACCORDING TO THE UN, MORE THAN 50,000 PEOPLE ARE NOW IN RWANDAN PRISONS OR DETENTION CENTERS, MANY OF THEM INMATES HELD IN CONNECTION WITH GENOCIDE AND WAR CRIMES. THE CENTRAL PRISON IN KIGALI - INTENDED FOR 1500 INMATES - NOW HOLDS OVER 9,000. REPORTER SAMUEL KIENDREBEOGO SPOKE WITH VENAMADI ZOUAWI, DIRECTOR OF UN RADIO ABOUT THE UN'S PLANS TO LESSEN OVERCROWDING IN RWANDAN PRISONS. (FRENCH 9/13)?

    RWANDA / DEPORTATION -- A DEPORTATION HEARING RESUMES WEDNESDAY IN MONTREAL FOR LEON MUGESERA, A FORMER RWANDAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL. HE'S ACCUSED OF INCITING ETHNIC VIOLENCE AND CALLING FOR THE ASSASSINATION OF A FORMER PRIME MINISTER. REPORTER JOE DECAPUA SPOKE TO REPORTER ALEXANDER NORRIS OF THE MONTREAL GAZETTE, WHO'S COVERING THE CASE. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/12)

    NIGERIA / WOMEN'S CONFERENCE -- THE NIGERIAN WOMEN'S DELEGATION, THE LARGEST AT THE WORLD WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN CHINA, ARE APPARENTLY BUSIER SHOPPING AND SIGHT-SEEING THAN DELIBERATING SERIOUS WOMEN ISSUES. HAUSA STRINGER HADIZA I WADA AND ALIYU MUSTAPHA, REPORT THAT DESPITE THE MORE THAN ONE BILLION NAIRA SPENT TO SEND THEM TO CHINA AS WELL AS THE ELABORATE ARRANGEMENTS MADE FOR THEM BY THE NIGERIAN EMBASSY IN BEIJING, THE WOMEN HAVE NOT BEEN ACTIVELY PARTICIPATING IN THE CONFERENCE. (HAUSA 9/13)

    NIGERIA / FIRST LADY -- MARYAM ABACHA, WIFE OF NIGERIAN MILITARY LEADER SANI ABACHA, GIVES HER VIEWS ON WOMEN IN NIGERIA. SHE WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER HADIZA WADA IN BEIJING. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/12)

    NIGERIA / RIOT -- SECURITY FORCES HAVE DETAINED AT LEAST 50 PEOPLE IN CONNECTION WITH A RIOT IN ABUJA. REPORTS SAY AT LEAST FIVE PEOPLE WERE KILLED WHEN POLICE AND MARKET TRADERS CLASHED OVER PLANS TO REMOVE ILLEGAL STALLS. REPORTER CHINEDU OFFOR HAS DETAILS FROM LAGOS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/13)

    VIOLENCE / CHILDREN -- A FORUM OF CHILD PSCHOLOGISTS DISCUSSED HOW VIOLENCE AFFECTS CHILDREN AND WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE TO REVERSE THOSE EFFECTS. REPORTER RODRICK MURRAY HAS DETAILS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/12)

    OAU / CONFLICT RESOLUTION -- A STATEMENT BY THE OAU CONDEMNS THE ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT ON PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK OF EGYPT. THE MINISTERS ALSO DISCUSSED THE SITUATION IN BURUNDI AND LIBERIA. STAFFER OVIDIO PEQUENO REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 9/13)

    OAU / BURUNDI SECURITY -- THE ORGANISATION OF AFRICAN UNITY'MET IN ADDIS ABABA TO DISCUSS THE EXPLOSIVE SITUATION IN BURUNDI, AS WELL AS THE CONFLICT IN LIBERIA AND THE ASSASINATION ATTEMPT AGAINST EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK LAST JUNE. STRINGER TEDLA GETACHEW REPORTS FROM ADDIA (FRENCH 9/12)

    OAU / SUDAN -- THE ORGANIZATION OF AFRICAN UNITY CALLS ON SUDAN TO HAND OVER THREE SUSPECTS IN THE ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT ON EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK. REPORTER LAEKE MARIAM DEMESSIE HAS DETAILS FROM ADDIS ABABA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/12)

    ZAMBIA / MERIDIAN BANK -- ZAMBIAN DEPOSITORS REACT ANGRILY TO THE NEWS THE MERIDAN BIAO BANK HAS BEEN CLOSED. REPORTER KELLYS KAUNDA HAS DETAILS FROM LUSAKA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/12)

    MOZAMBIQUE / UNIVERSITY -- BRAZAO MAZULA, A FORMER ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIEST WAS NAMED RECTOR OF EDUARDO MONDLANE UNIVERSITY, THE COUNTRY'S OLDEST INSTITUTE OF HIGHER LEARNING. BRAZAO MAZULA PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN ENSURING THAT MOZAMBIQUE? S FIRST MULTI-PARTY ELECTIONS LAST YEAR WERE FREE AND FAIR. CORRESPONDENT SALOMAO MOYANA REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 9/13)

    TANZANIA / ELECTIONS -- MEMBERS OF THE TANZANIA ELECTORAL COMMITTEE WILL BE VISITING VARIOUS REGIONS IN TANZANIA TO INSPECT PREPARATIONS FOR THE OCTOBER GENERAL ELECTIONS. PASCAL SHIJA REPORTS FROM DAR-ES-SALAAM. (SWAHILI 9/12)

    KENYA / OUKO MURDER -- THE KENYA OPPOSITION PARTY, FORD-KENYA HAS ANNOUNCED ITS PLANS TO REVEAL IN THE PARLIAMENT INDIVIDUALS IT CLAIMS WERE INVOLVED IN THE MURDER OF FORMER FOREIGN MINISTER ROBERT OUKO. M G JOEL REPORTS FROM NAIROBI. (SWAHILI 9/12)

    UGANDA REBELS -- THE LEADER OF ONE OF UGANDA'S OPPOSITION GROUPS, THE HOLY SPIRIT MOVEMENT, ALICE LAKWENA IS REPORTEDLY IN SUDAN WHERE SHE MET WITH LEADERS OF ANOTHER REBEL GROUP "LORD'S RESISTANCE ARMY." MIKE ARERENG REPORTS FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 9/12)

    AFRICA / GAMES -- SOME 6,500 ATHLETES FROM SOME 40 COUNTRIES ARE REPRESENTED AT THE ALL-AFRICA GAMES OPENING THIS WEEK IN HARARE, ZIMBABWE. SPORTS STRINGER YVES PINAUD REPORTS FROM HARARE. (FRENCH 9/13)

    NIGER / ALL-AFRICA GAMES -- NIGER HAS DESPATCHED FIVE ATHLETES WHILE NIGERIA SENT OVER THREE HUNDRED TO HARARE, ZIMBABWE, TO PARTICIPATE IN THE ALL-AFRICA GAMES. MEANWHILE, NIGER'S NEWLY CONSTITUTED FOOTBALL FEDERATION HELD ITS FIRST MEETING. HAUSA STRINGER LAWAL BOUCAR REPORTS. (HAUSA 9/13)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    JORDAN / SPAIN -- KING HUSSEIN OF JORDAN AND SPAIN'S PRIME MINISTER GONZALES HELD A JOINT PRESS CONFERENCE AT THE CLOSE OF THEIR TALKS IN AMMAN. THEY STRESSED THE IMPORTANCE OF THE EU'S ROLE IN SUPPORTING THE PEACE PROCESS IN THE MIDDLE EAST. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/12)

    JORDANIAN OPPOSITION / IRAQ -- BASSAM LE'MOUSH, A MEMBER OF THE JORDANIAN PARLIAMENT AND SECRETARY OF THE ISLAMIC ACTION FRONT WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER ZEINAB ABDELRAHMAN ON JORDANIAN OPPOSITION STATEMENTS CRITICIZING THE GOVERNMENT'S POSITION OF IRAQ. (ARABIC 9/12)

    IRAQ / JORDAN -- IRAQ AND JORDAN HAVE REACHED AGREEMENT ON CONSTRUCTION OF AN OIL PIPELINE AND A REFINERY IN AQABA. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/12)

    ASSYRIANS / IRAQ -- STAFFER HAIDER KARIM INTERVIEWED NINOS BITYO, SECRETARY OF THE ASSYRIAN DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT IN IRAQ, WHO IS CURRENTLY ON A VISIT TO THE US. ASSYRIANS CONSIDER THEMSELVES NOT A MINORITY BUT A SMALL NATION. ASSYRIANS NUMBER ABOUT 4 MILLION IN TURKEY, SYRIA, IRAQ AND IRAN. THE DELEGATION WILL BE CONTACTING ASSYRIAN ORGANIZATIONS IN THE US, WHERE ABOUT 100,000 PEOPLE ARE ASSYRIAN. ASSYRIANS IN THE MIDDLE EAST ARE WORKING FOR DEMOCRATIC AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, ESPECIALLY THE RIGHT TO SCHOOLING IN THEIR OWN LANGUAGE. (KURDISH 9/11 & 9/12)

    DUBAI / SHOPPING FESTIVAL -- PREPARATIONS ARE UNDERWAY IN DUBAI FOR THE SHOPPING FESTIVAL TO BE HELD IN MID FEBRUARY 1996. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/12)

    DISPLACED PALESTINIANS / MEETING -- THE PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI-JORDANIAN-EGYPTIAN COMMITTEE ON REFUGEES BEGAN ITS MEETINGS IN AMMAN. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/12)

    OMAN / ACCIDENT -- SULTAN QABOOS OF OMAN ESCAPED A CAR ACCIDENT IN WHICH A DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER WAS KILLED. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/12)

    ALGERIA / ELECTIONS -- CAIRO CORRESPONDENT, IBRAHIM ABDIN INTERVIEWED SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE ALGERIAN LIBERATION FRONT, ABDEL-HAMEED MIHRI, ON THE UPCOMING PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS AND SECURITY IN ALGERIA. (ARABIC 9/12)

    ALGERIA / ELECTIONS -- THE FORMER HEAD OF THE STATE COUNCIL IN ALGERIA, ALI KAFI, WHO IS NOW THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE NATIONAL MUJAHIDEEN ORGANIZATION, SAID THE SUCCESS OF THE UPCOMING PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IS ESSENTIAL TO END THE PRESENT CRISIS. STAFFER USAMA FARAG REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/12)

    ARAFAT / MUBARAK -- PLO LEADER, YASSER ARAFAT MET IN ALEXANDRIA WITH EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK, IN PREPARATIONS FOR HIS MEETING TOMORROW WITH THE ISRAELI FOREIGN MINISTER. STAFFER USAMA FARAG REPORTED FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/12)

    OAU / SUDAN -- AT THE END OF THEIR SESSION IN ADDIS ABABA, THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THE OAU EXPRESSED THEIR INDIGNATION AT THE FAILED ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT AGAINST PRESIDENT MUBARAK. STAFFER USAMA FARAG REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/12)

    SUDAN / DEMONSTRATION -- RIOT POLICE IN SUDAN USED TEAR GAS TO DISPERSE STUDENTS WHO WERE DEMONSTRATING FOR A SECOND DAY AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT. STAFFER USAMA FARAG REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/12)

    ISRAEL / OSLO ACCORD ANNIVERSARY -- THE ISRAELI MINISTER OF ECONOMY, YOSSI PELED, WHO IS ONE OF THE ARCHITECTS OF THE OSLO ACCORD WITH THE PALESTINIANS DESCRIBED THE ACCORD AS REVOLUTIONARY, ALTHOUGH IT CREATED A GROUP OF EXTREMISTS AMONG JEWISH SETTLERS. THE SETTLERS SAY THEY WILL FORM AN ARMY TO FIGHT AGAINST PALESTINIAN AUTONOMY. STRINGER KHALIL ASSALI REPORTS FROM JERUSALEM. (ARABIC 9/12)

    MOROCCO / CONSTITUTION -- THIRTEEN MILLION MOROCCAN VOTERS GO TO THE POLLS NEXT FRIDAY IN A REFERENDUM ON MODIFYING SOME ARTICLES IN THE CONSTITUTION. STRINGER MOHAMED BENDEDDOUCHE REPORTS FROM RABAT. (ARABIC 9/12)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / SYRIAN ADDRESS -- SYRIAN MINISTER OF HIGHER EDUCATION, DR. SALIHA SENQAR, ADDRESSED THE WOMEN'S CONFERENCE ON BEHALF OF THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT. STAFFER WASSILA BELDI REPORTS FROM BEIJING. (ARABIC 9/12)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS -- THE SPOKESWOMAN FOR AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL HELD A NEWS CONFERENCE IN BEIJING, WHERE SHE POINTED OUT THAT SHE HAD COME TO BEIJING TO PRESSURE PARTICIPATING GOVERNMENTS TO IMPROVE ITS HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD AND WOMEN RIGHTS IN PARTICULAR. STAFFER WASSILA BELDI REPORTS FROM BEIJING. (ARABIC 9/12)

    WOMEN'S CONFERENCE / PLATFORM FOR ACTION -- THE BEIJING WOMEN'S CONFERENCE CONTINUED DEBATING ITS PLATFORM FOR ACTION IN PREPARATION FOR THE SIGNING OF THE DOCUMENT NEXT THURSDAY. STAFFER WASSILA BELDI REPORTS FROM BEIJING. (ARABIC 9/12)

    PALESTINE NATIONAL COUNCIL / US ROLE IN MIDDLE EAST PEACE -- MR. SALEEM ZA'NOON, SPEAKER OF THE PALESTINIAN NATIONAL COUNCIL CALLED ON THE US TO PLAY A MORE ACTIVE ROLE IN THE PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI NEGOTIATIONS. STAFFER MOHAMED SHINNAWI REPORTS. (ARABIC 9/12)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    BEIJING CONFERENCE / TURKEY -- DR. FATMAGUL BERKTAY OF ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY, A PARTICIPANT IN THE WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEIJING, TALKS ABOUT THE FINAL DECLARATION, THE MAIN ISSUES, THE POLITICAL POWER STRUGGLE AMONG DELEGATIONS AND TURKEY'S POINT OF VIEW. ALSO AN ADVISOR TO THE WOMEN AFFAIRS MINISTER, BERKTAY DISCUSSES PROBLEMS OF WOMEN IN THE WORLD AND IN TURKEY AND HOPES GOVERNMENTS WILL PROMPTLY IMPLEMENT THE DECISIONS REACHED AT THE CONFERENCE FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF WOMEN'S STATUS. STAFFER HULYA POLAT INTERVIEWS MS. BERKTAY. (TURKISH 9/13)

    US / TURKEY / AID -- THE SENATE FOREIGN OPERATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE VOTES TO RESTORE THE AMOUNT OF FY '96 ECONOMIC AID TO TURKEY TO THE LEVEL PROPOSED BY THE ADMINISTRATION. THE PROPOSED ECONOMIC AID TO TURKEY HAD BEEN CUT BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES FROM 46 MILLION DOLLARS TO 21 MILLION. TURKISH STAFFER TANJU AKERSON REPORTS. (TURKISH 9/13)

    TURKEY / CORRUPTION -- TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL, A BERLIN-BASED WATCHDOG GROUP OF BUSINESS LEADERS, POLITICIANS AND ACADEMICS, RANKS TURKEY AS THE 13TH MOST CORRUPT AMONG 41 COUNTRIES. ACCORDING TO THE SURVEY, COUNTRIES WHOSE GOVERNMENTS ARE MORE CORRUPT THAN THAT OF TURKEY'S INCLUDE CHINA, BRAZIL, INDIA, ITALY, MEXICO AND GREECE. THE US IS RANKED 26TH. STAFFER TANJU AKERSON REPORTS. (TURKISH 9/13)

    AFGHAN REFUGEE WOMEN -- A REPRESENTATIVE OF DISPLACED AFGHAN WOMEN AT THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEIJING SAYS WOMEN AND CHILDREN ARE THE HARDEST HIT VICTIMS OF THE CONTINUOUS WAR AND INSTABILITY IN AFGHANISTAN. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH PASHTO'S SPOZHMAI MAIWANDI, MS. JAMILA WAHEDI ALSO SAID THAT AFGHAN WOMEN GROUPS HAVE REPEATEDLY CALLED FOR A PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE FACTIONAL WAR IN THE COUNTRY. THERE ARE MORE THAN THREE MILLION AFGHAN REFUGEES LIVING IN PAKISTAN AND IRAN WHILE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS MORE HAVE BECOME INTERNALLY DISPLACED. (DARI 9/13)

    AZERBAIJAN / WOMEN'S CONFERENCE -- REPORTER SPOZHMAI MAIWANDI INTERVIEWED ONE OF THE MEMBERS OF THE AZERI DELEGATION TO THE WOMEN'S CONFERENCE, PROFESSOR ELMIRA SULEYMANOVA, ABOUT AZERI WOMEN AND THE ISSUES THAT THEY HAVE DISCUSSED IN THE CONFERENCE. (AZERI 9/13)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    NEPAL / NEW GOVERNMENT -- SHER BAHADUR DEUBA, WHO TOOK THE OATH OF OFFICE AS THE NEW PRIME MINISTER OF NEPAL, WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER BHAGWAN PRAKASH. MR. DEUBA REPLACES PRIME MINISTER MAN MOHAN ADHIKARI, WHOSE COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT FELL IN A NO CONFIDENCE VOTE JUST AFTER NINE MONTHS IN POWER. PRAKASH ALSO INTERVIEWED MR. ADHIKARI, WHO IS RECUPERATING IN A NEPAL HOSPITAL FROM INJURIES SUFFERED IN A CAR ACCIDENT. (HINDI 9/12)

    BEIJING CONFERENCE / INDIAN REPRESENTATIVES -- STAFFER NIRMALA JOSHI INTERVIEWS PRAMILA DANDWATE OF THE INDIAN PARLIAMENTARY GROUP; STAFFER WASSILA BELDI INTERVIEWS GEETA MENON OF 'MAHILA JAGRITI' COMMITTEE AND JAYA LAXMI OF THE INDIAN COORDINATIONS UNIT. REPORTER SUMAN GUPTA INTERVIEWS KOMAL SRIVASTAVA OF 'GYAN-VIGYAN SAMITI' OF INDIA. THESE WOMEN ARE AMONG THOSE REPRESENTING INDIA AT THE BEIJING CONFERENCE. (HINDI 9/12)

    COMMEMORATING VIVEKANANDA -- THE ART COUNCIL OF CHICAGO JOINTLY WITH THE INDIAN CONSULATE UNVEILED A PLAQUE IN MEMORY OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA OF INDIA WHO GAVE A MOVING DISCOURSE AT THE SAME SPOT IN CHICAGO MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. STAFFER SUBHASH VOHRA REPORTS FROM CHICAGO. (HINDI 9/12)

    AUTHOR OF "ARRANGED MARRIAGE' -- CHITRA BENNERJEE DEVAKARUNI, AN INDIA BORN WRITER WHOSE BOOK 'ARRANGED MARRIAGE', DEPICTING TALES OF THE IMMIGRANT EXPERIENCE, HAS RECENTLY COME OUT IN THE US. STAFFER UMESH AGNIHOTRI INTERVIEWED THE AUTHOR. (HINDI 9/12)

    NEW YORK / INDIAN TV -- A HINDI TELEVISION SERIAL, 'MAUSAM,' IS BEING SHOWN ON THE INDIAN TV CHANNEL IN NEW YORK. STRINGER AMBALIKA MISRA INTERVIEWS THE DIRECTOR OF THE SERIAL, SUNIL HALI WHO DESCRIBES THE PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES HE FACED IN FILMING THE THIRTEEN EPISODES OF THE SERIAL. (HINDI 9/12)

    CRICKET -- BRIJ MOHAN MEHTA OF NEW DELHI, A FORMER CRICKET PLAYER OF CLUB LEVEL, COMPARES THE TECHNIQUES EMPLOYED BY MODERN PLAYERS WHICH MAKE TODAY'S CRICKET GAMES DIFFERENT THAN THOSE PLAYED SOME YEARS AGO. STAFFER PUSHPA AGNIHOTRI INTERVIEWED MR. MREHTA. (HINDI 9/12)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    TAIWAN / WHITE PAPER -- STEPPING UP ITS EFFORTS TO PROMOTE A UN ENTRY BID, TAIWAN ISSUED A WHITE PAPER EXPLAINING ITS POLICY ON JOINING THE UN. STAFFER YANG FAN REPORTS THAT MR. WARD, ACTING ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE, SAID AT A NEWS CONFERENCE THAT THE US STILL INSISTS THERE IS ONLY ONE SEAT IN THE UN, AND THAT THE SEAT BELONGS TO CHINA. (MANDARIN 9/13)

    CHINA / HOMOSEXUALITY -- FROM HONG KONG STAFFER HE PING REPORTS ON HOMOSEXUALITY IN MAINLAND CHINA. SINCE HOMOSEXUALITY IS DENOUNCED BY THE PUBLIC, HOMOSEXUAL ACTIVITIES STILL REMAIN SECRET IN CHINA. RECENTLY, A FEW HOMOSEXUAL ORGANIZATIONS HAVE EMERGED. DURING THE UN WOMEN'S CONFERENCE SOME ORGANIZERS MET WITH REPRESENTATIVES OF FOREIGN HOMOSEXUAL ORGANIZATIONS. (MANDARIN 9/13)

    DALAI LAMA / US SENATORS -- THE DALAI LAMA MET WITH MEMBERS OF THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE YESTERDAY. STAFFER WANG ZI REPORTS THE DALAI LAMA URGED THE US TO CULTIVATE GOOD RELATIONS WITH CHINA SO AS TO BETTER INFLUENCE CHINA TO EMBARK ON THE DEMOCRATIZATION PROCESS. (MANDARIN 9/13)

    DALAI LAMA / SENATE LEADERS -- STAFFER CHANGCHUB DOLMA REPORTS ON A MEETING OF HIS HOLINESS WITH US SENATE AND OTHER CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS, INCLUDING SENS. DOLE, HELMS, PELL, AND OTHERS, AT THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE, AND THE SUBSEQUENT PRESS CONFERENCE, INCLUDING HIS HOLINESS' STATEMENT THAT AIMING TO 'CONTAIN' CHINA IS BOTH IMPRACTICABLE AND MORALLY WRONG. (TIBETAN 9/12)

    DALAI LAMA / CHINA -- IN AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH VOA CHINA BRANCH REPORTER WANG ZI, THE DALAI LAMA TALKS ABOUT, AMONG OTHER TOPICS, HOW HE VIEWS HIMSELF, WHAT HE THINKS OF THE LATE 10TH PANCHEN LAMA AND HOW HE INTERPRETS TIBET'S HISTORICAL TIES WITH CHINA. THE DALAI LAMA DENIED THAT TIBET HAS LONG BEEN AN INTEGRAL PART OF CHINA AS CLAIMED BY OFFICIAL CHINESE HISTORIANS. (MANDARIN 9/13)

    DALAI LAMA / BOSTON -- STAFFER PASANG YANGKYI REPORTS ON HIS HOLINESS' PUBLIC ADDRESS AT WANG CENTER. INCLUDES PORTIONS OF THE ADDRESS AS WELL AS REMARKS BY MASSACHUSETTS STATE SENATE PRESIDENT WILLIAM BULGER. (TIBETAN 9/11)

    DALAI LAMA / ART PRESERVATION -- STAFFER DORJE TSETEN ACCOMPANIES HIS HOLINESS ON A TOUR OF THE ASIAN ART AT THE SMITHSONIAN'S SACKLER MUSEUM. HIS HOLINESS USES THE OPPORTUNITY TO TELL VOA TIBETAN LISTENERS ABOUT THE PARTICULAR NEED TO PRESERVE OLD ART AND ARTIFACTS IN TIBET. (TIBETAN 9/13)

    SMUGGLING PREGNANT WOMEN / HONG KONG -- THE NUMBER OF PREGNANT WOMEN ILLEGALLY ENTERING HONG KONG TO GIVE BIRTH TO THEIR BABIES HAS INCREASED SOME 30 PERCENT OVER LAST YEAR. STAFFER LAWRENCE NG VISITED BORDER TOWN SHA TOU, WHERE "SNAKEHEADS" BRING THEIR HUMAN CARGO FROM CHINA, AND INTERVIEWED SENIOR IMMIGRATION OFFICER K. K. CHEN, BORDER DISTRICT COMMANDER LUK HUNG QUAN, ASST. DIVISIONAL COMMANDER KERRY TSE, AND HO HAI WAH, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, HONG.KONG FEDERATION OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS. (CANTONESE 9/13)

    SOUTH KOREA / NORTH KOREAN FLOODS -- THE SOUTH KOREAN GOVERNMENT IS MAPPING OUT PLANS TO PROVIDE RELIEF AIDS TO NORTH KOREA AS A UNITED NATIONS FACT-FINDING TEAM RELEASED ITS REPORT ON THE DAMAGE CAUSED BY RECENT FLOODS IN THE NORTH. A GOVERNMENT SPOKESMAN SAID SEOUL MAY SEND MEDICINE AND CLOTHING THROUGH THE UN OR RED CROSS. THE UN REPORT SAID ABOUT 75 PERCENT OF THE LAND AND AT LEAST 25 PERCENT OF THE 22-MILLION PEOPLE WERE AFFECTED BY THE FLOODS. CORRESPONDENT YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 9/13)

    SOUTH / NORTH KOREA / REFUGEE CAMPS -- SOUTH KOREA IS DRAWING UP EMERGENCY PLANS FOR A POSSIBLE MASS INFLUX OF REFUGEES FROM NORTH KOREA IN THE EVENT OF SEVERE FOOD SHORTAGE. A UNIFICATION MINISTRY OFFICIAL SAID POSSIBLE MEASURES INCLUDE ESTABLISHING REFUGEE CAMPS ON EASTERN AND WESTERN COASTS. HE SAID HIS GOVERNMENT HAS STUDIED THE REFUGEE PROBLEM IN GERMANY BEFORE ITS REUNIFICATION. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 9/13)

    SOUTH KOREA / NEW ZEALAND -- THE NEW ZEALAND FOREIGN MINISTRY SAID THAT IT WANTS SOUTH KOREA TO APPOINT A NEW AMBASSADOR TO WELLINGTON. THE SOUTH KOREAN GOVERNMENT TUESDAY RECALLED ITS AMBASSADOR TO PROTEST NEW ZEALAND'S HANDLING OF A POLITICAL ASYLUM CASE. FOREIGN MINISTER DON MCKINNON REPORTEDLY SAID WEDNESDAY IN WELLINGTON THAT SOUTH KOREA HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH NEW ZEALAND'S REVIEW OF THE CASE. FORMER SOUTH KOREAN DIPLOMAT CHOI SUNG JIN CAUSED A POLITICAL ROW IN SOUTH KOREA BY LEAKING DOCUMENTS ALLEGING THE GOVERNMENT WAS TRYING TO POSTPONE LOCAL ELECTIONS BECAUSE IT FEARED DEFEAT. MR. CHOI IS SEEKING POLITICAL ASYLUM IN NEW ZEALAND. CORRESPONDENT YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 9/13)

    NORTH-SOUTH KOREA / JAPAN / US / NUCLEAR TALKS -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE AND CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON IN KUALA LUMPUR TALK ABOUT THE THE MULTINATIONAL NUCLEAR TALKS. NORTH KOREA, SOUTH KOREA, JAPAN AND THE UNITED STATES HAVE BEEN MEETING FOR TWO DAYS TO DISCUSS PROVIDING NORTH KOREA WITH NEW NUCLEAR REACTORS. IT IS NOT CLEAR HOW MUCH PROGRESS WAS MADE. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/12)

    NEPAL / NEW PRIME MINISTER -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH LEO ROSE, PROFESSEOR EMERITUS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKLEY AND EDITOR OF "THE ASIA SURVEY" JOURNAL, ABOUT NEPAL'S NEW GOVERNMENT. MR. ROSE MET THE NEW PRIME MINISTER, WHO WAS SWORN IN TUESDAY. MR. ROSE IS OPTIMISTIC THE NEW PRIME MINISTER WILL TAKE A STEADY COURSE TOWARD ECONOMIC REFORMS IN THE NATION. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/12)

    CHINA / WOMEN'S CONFERENCE -- STAFFER CHOU YUNTING IN BEIJING INTERVIEWED WU QING, FOUNDER OF THE WOMEN'S STUDY FORUM, UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR AND A BEIJING MUNICIPAL PEOPLE'S CONGRESS DEPUTY. MS. WU DISCUSSED INEQUALITY BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN IN CHINA. MS. WU SAID SHE DID NOT SEE ANY HEAVY-HANDED SECURITY AND SURVEILLANCE OF WOMEN ATTENDING THE WOMEN'S CONFERENCE. (MANDARIN 9/13)

    BEIJING WOMEN'S CONFERENCE --- REPORTERS IMANI CROSBY AND JANE KUCZINKSKI IN BEIJING REPORT ON THE DAY'S EVENTS. KUCZINSKI TALKS TO US DELEGATE BONNIE CAMPBELL WHO DETAILS FORMERLY TABOO TOPICS THAT ARE NOW OPENLY DISCUSSED. KUCZINSKI ALSO GIVES INSTANCES OF SURVEILLANCE AND HARASSMENT OF CONFEREES BY BEIJING AUTHORITIES. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/12)

    BEIJING / CONFERENCE -- STAFFER PALMO KHEDRUP REPORTS FROM BEIJING ON A PRESS CONFERENCE BY THE OFFICIAL DANISH DELEGATION HIGHLIGHTING THE HUAIROU EXPERIENCES OF TIBET EXILE PARTICIPANTS, INCLUDING GESANG WANGMO AND DORJE DOLMA FROM AUSTRALIA. PALMO REPORTS THAT THE TIBETANS AT THE PRESS CONFERENCE WERE ESCORTED AWAY UNDER GUARD BY THE DANISH DELEGATION AFTER CHINESE SECURITY TRIED TO BREAK UP THE PRESS CONFERENCE AND WARNED THE TIBETANS NOT TO SPEAK. (TIBETAN 9/12)

    BEIJING / CONFERENCE -- STAFFER MOTABAR SHIRWANI REPORTS ON AN INTERVIEW WITH PAKHSHAN ZANGANEH OF THE KURDISH WOMEN'S COMMITTEE OF IRAQ. THE COMMITTEE IS CONCERNED WITH THE PROBLEMS OF MISSING MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN SINCE THE 1988 ANFAL CAMPAIGN OF IRAQ AGAINST THE KURDS. ZANGANEH SAID THE FATE OF KURDISH WOMEN IS TIED TO THE POLITICAL SITUATION IN KURDISTAN. WOMEN AND ESPECIALLY CHILDREN ARE OFTEN VICTIMIZED, EG, BY CHEMICAL ATTACKS. ACTUALITIES SUPPLIED BY SPOZHMAI MAIWANDI OF THE PASHTO SERVICE. (KURDISH 9/11)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    NATO BOMBINGS / SERBS -- UNPROFOR IN SARAJEVO SAYS SERBS HAVE NOT PULLED OUT THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS AND THE NATO MISSION IS CONTINUING, BUT SERBIAN SOURCES SAY THERE WERE NO NATO BOMBINGS WEDNESDAY. MEANWHILE CROATIAN FORCES ENTERED SIPOVO IN CENTRAL BOSNIA BUT THERE'S NO OFFICIAL CONFIRMATION OF THE FALL OF DONJI VAKUF. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 9/13)

    RUSSIA / NATO BOMBINGS -- STAFFER MAREK KRZYZANSKI INTERVIEWED MICHAEL LOMONOWSKI, MOSCOW CORRESPONDENT OF LEADING POLISH DAILY "GAZETA WYBORCZA", ABOUT THE IMPACT OF NATO'S BOMBINGS ON RUSSIAN DOMESTIC POLITICS. (9/13)

    BOSNIA PEACE / BILDT -- EU MEDIATOR CARL BILDT EXPRESSED CAUTIOUS OPTIMISM TOWARD THE PEACE PROCESS IN BOSNIA. AFTER TODAY'S TALKS WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC IN BELGRADE, MR. BILDT SAID THAT THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE CURRENT UNFORTUNATE SITUATION IN BOSNIA RESTS WITH GENERAL MLADIC. STRINGER MILICA KUBUROVIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 9/12)

    MONTENEGRO / DISSATISFACTION -- DISSATISFACTION IN MONTENEGRO IS GROWING WITH WHAT IS PERCEIVED AS "SERBIAN-MONTENEGRIN REGIME'S BAD MANAGEMENT" WHICH BROUGHT THE COUNTRY TO THE EDGE OF BANKRUPTCY AND ENDANGERED THE EXISTENCE OF THE SERBIAN PEOPLE. OPPOSITION PARTIES PLAY DOWN THE BREAKTHROUGH IN GENEVA SAYING IT HAS BEEN DONE TO THE DISADVANTAGE OF BOSNIAN SERBS. STRINGER BOSKO DJUKIC REPORTS FROM PODGORICA. (SERBIAN 9/13)

    MACEDONIA / ALBANIA -- CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE ALBANIAN ARMY SEME KOSOVA VISITS MACEDONIA. IN A STATEMENT, MACEDONIAN GOVERNMENT EXPRESSED GREAT INTEREST IN SENDING ITS ARMY OFFICERS TO PARTICIPATE IN JOINT US-ALBANIAN MILITARY EXERCISES. STRINGER ZELJKO BAJIC REPORTS FROM SKOPLJE. (SERBIAN 9/12)

    POLAND / WALESA CAMPAIGN -- MIECZYSLAW GWOZDZ, WALESA'S SENIOR PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN ADVISOR PREDICTS WALESA'S VICTORY IN UPCOMING ELECTIONS. GWOZDZ BLAIMED MEDIA FOR WALESA'S LOW RATINGS IN PUBLIC OPINION POLLS, AND SAID HE WAS CERTAIN THAT WALESA WOULD WIN. STRINGER WOJTEK MINICZ REPORTS FROM WARSAW. (9/13)

    US / POLISH TV -- POLISH TELEVISION INAUGURATED SATELITE BROADCAST OF ITS 18-HOUR PROGRAM TO AMERICA. SIGNAL IS AVAILABLE VIA PANAMSAT. POLISH TELEVISION USA PRESIDENT BOGDAN SOPINSKI TOLD STAFFER ANDRZEJ ZWANIECKI, HE HOPES POLISH TV AUDIENCE IN AMERICA WOULD REACH 500.000 BY THE YEAR 2000. (9/13)

    US AMBASSADOR / EASTERN SLAVONIA -- AFTER TALKS WITH CROATIAN SERB LEADERS, THE US AMBASSADOR IN CROATIA, PETER GALBRAITH SAID SERBS ARE NOW READY FOR A POLITICAL COMPROMISE. MEANWHILE, RUSSIAN ENVOY IGOR IVANOV TALKED WITH CROATIAN PRESIDENT TUDJMAN AND SAID THAT THERE WILL BE NO RESOLUTION OF THE CRISIS IN BOSNIA WHILE NATO CONTINUES TO BOMB BOSNIAN SERBS. STRINGER FROM ZAGREB STEVICA SUSA REPORTS. (SERBIAN 9/12)

    FRANCE JAPAN / NUCLEAR TESTING -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE AND CORRESPONDENT JULIAN NUNDY IN PARIS REPORT ABOUT A SPEICAL JAPANESE ENVOY TRAVELING TO THE FRENCH CAPITAL TO PROTEST THAT NATION'S NUCLEAR TESTS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC. MR. NUNDY ALSO TALKS ABOUT HOW THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT IS FARING UNDER INTERNATIONAL AND LOCAL CRITICISM OF ITS NUCLEAR TESTING POLICY. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/12)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    RUSSIA / MEDIA -- DIRECTOR OF THE INDEPENDENT RUSSIAN TV NETWORK NTV IGOR MALASHENKO, POLITICAL ANALYST ARIEL COHEN OF HERITAGE FOUNDATION AND STAFFER NATALIE CLARKSON DISCUSS THE CURRENT STATE OF THE MEDIA IN RUSSIA. (RUSSIAN 9/12)

    RUSSIA / ELECTIONS -- BORIS ZOLOTUKHIN, A MEMBER OF EGOR GAIDAR'S RUSSIA'S CHOICE PARTY TALKED TO CORRESPONDENT ALEC BATCHAN ABOUT THE UPCOMING PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN RUSSIA. (RUSSIAN 9/12)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    CARIBBEAN / TRADE -- REPORTER MICHAEL LELAND TALKS WITH BYRON BLAKE, THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY GENERAL FOR REGIONAL TRADE FOR CARICOM -- THE CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY. MR. BLAKE SAYS THE DECISION IN A US HOUSE COMMITTEE TO DROP CONSIDERATION OF A BOOST IN TRADE BENEFITS FOR THE CARIBBEAN WILL HURT THE REGION, WHICH HAS BEEN AT A DISADVANTAGE TO MEXICO SINCE NAFTA WENT INTO EFFECT. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/12)

    DREYFUS / FRAMED -- REPORTER TOM CROSBY TALKED WITH AARON BREITBART, A RESEARCHER AT THE SIMON WIESENTHAL CENTER IN LOS ANGELES WHO SPECIALIZES IN JEWISH HISTORY. HE SAYS THE FRENCH MILITARY ADMISSION THAT THE MILITARY IN 1894 FRAMED ARMY CAPTAIN ALFRED DREYFUS ON SPY CHARGES SAYS A LOT ABOUT THE ANTI-SEMITISM OF THE TIME. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/12)

    POLITICAL UNREST IN CHILE -- THE GOVERNMENT OF CHILE INVESTIGATES MONDAY NIGHT'S VIOLENT RIOTS WHICH LEFT ONE PERSON DEAD, FIVE INJURED AND 169 UNDER ARREST, ON THE 22ND ANNIVERSARY OF THE MILITARY COUP. STRINGER PATRICIO VARGAS REPORTS FROM SANTIAGO. (SPANISH 9/12)

    OJ SIMPSON / TRIAL -- AN EXPERT SAID THAT GLOVES USED BY OJ SIMPSON IN TELEVISION BROADCASTS ARE OF THE SAME STYLE THAT THOSE USED BY THE KILLER OF HIS ESTRANGED WIFE NICOLE BROWN AND HER FRIEND RONALD GOLDMAN. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ MEJIA REPORTS FROM LOS ANGELES. (SPANISH 9/12) 13-Sep-95 5:23 PM EDT (2123 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=09/13/95
    TYPE=U-S OPINION ROUNDUP
    NUMBER=6-09168
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=NEAL LAVON
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 13TH //

    INTRO: AMERICA'S DAILY PAPERS ARE CARRYING EDITORIALS ON A WIDE ARRAY OF TOPICS THIS WEDNESDAY, INCLUDING THE GROWING MEDIA FRENZY OVER THE POSSIBLE POLITICAL FUTURE OF RETIRED ARMY GENERAL COLIN POWELL. SOME OTHER TOPICS INCLUDE RUSSIAN PROTESTS OF NATO'S BOMBING OF BOSNIAN SERBS; [BEGIN OPT] SAVING THE AMERICAN PACIFIC SALMON [END OPT]; THE REVELATIONS OF SENATOR BOB PACKWOOD'S DIARIES; GEORGE BUSH IN CHINA AND THE LACK OF PRESS FREEDOM IN SINGAPORE. NOW, HERE WITH A CLOSER LOOK IS _________________AND TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: SEVERAL PAPERS ARE NOTING THE GROUNDSWELL OF NEWS MEDIA COVERAGE SURROUNDING RETIRED ARMY GENERAL COLIN POWELL AS HE BEGINS A NATIONWIDE TOUR PROMOTING HIS MEMOIRS. THERE IS SO MUCH COVERAGE, WITH MUCH OF IT CENTERED ON HIS POSSIBLE PRESIDENTIAL BID, THAT SOME EDITORIAL WRITERS HAVE BEGUN TO COMMENT. FOR EXAMPLE, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES" WROTE:

    VOICE: "ONE AGAIN, A PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN HAS BEGUN WITH A NOTABLE LACK OF POPULAR ENTHUSIASM FOR ANY OF THE PROSPECTIVE MAJOR PARTY NOMINEES. .... THIS LACK OF EXCITEMENT ABOUT WHAT THE TWO MAJOR PARTIES HAVE TO OFFER IS NOT NEW TO U-S PRESIDENTIAL POLITICS; TODAY AS BEFORE, THE DISENCHANTMENT HAS SOMETHING TO DO WITH THE PERSONALITIES OF THE CANDIDATES. ..... WHICH BRINGS US TO COLIN POWELL. ..... HE JUST MAY BE THE INSTRUMENT TO RE-ENERGIZE A PUBLIC FED UP WITH THE NASTINESS, THE PHONINESS AND THE CYNICISM OF POLITICS."

    TEXT: "THE NEW YORK TIMES" MEANWHILE, TAKES NOTE OF THE CHANGING NATURE OF THE MAN BY CALLING HIM COLIN ONE AND COLIN TWO IN TODAY'S EDITORIAL, WHICH MAKES THIS POINT ON HIS EMERGING POSITIONS:

    VOICE: " [OPT] ... WE DO NOT CARE WHAT PARTY LABEL GENERAL POWELL CHOOSES, BUT HIS LATEST REVELATIONS MAY BE A JOLT IN SOME QUARTERS. ..... HE HAS UNVEILED A SET OF INCLINATIONS THAT COULD BE TOTED COMFORTABLY BY A LUKEWARM DEMOCRAT. [END OPT] ..... THE POWELL EXPEDITION HAS ENTERED A NEW PHASE. HERETOFORE, HE HAS BEEN ABLE TO WIN ACCOLADES FROM THE REPUBLICANS BY ALIGNING WITH THEM ON THE EASY PART OF THEIR AGENDA. ... BUT ..... HE CANNOT PASS THE RIGHT-WING LITMUS TESTS ON ABORTION, AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, GUN CONTROL AND SCHOOL PRAYER."

    TEXT: AND OF THE SO-CALLED MEDIA MANIA SWEEPING THE COUNTRY, "THE WASHINGTON POST" WRITES:

    VOICE: "NEWS MAGAZINES RACE TO BE THE FIRST TO HAVE HIM ON THEIR COVERS. EVERY TELEVISION INTERVIEW SHOW WANTS MR. POWELL AS A GUEST. INDEED, HE IS NOW VASTLY OUTDOING THE EVER TELEVISED SENATOR BOB DOLE, WHOSE MONOPOLY IS LIMITED TO THE SUNDAY TALK SHOWS. AND GENERAL POWELL IS USING HIS OPPORTUNITIES WELL, [OPT] SLOWLY GIVING THE PUBLIC A GLIMPSE OF WHAT HIS POLITICAL VIEWS ARE WHILE NEITHER RULING IN A RACE FOR PRESIDENT NOR RULING IT OUT..... [END OPT] ON THE WHOLE, POWELLMANIA IS NOT [ITALICS FOR EMPHASIS] A TROUBLING PHENOMENON."

    TEXT: WHILE IN TEXAS, "THE DALLAS MORNING NEWS" ADDS:

    VOICE: "MR. POWELL'S RECITATION OF PRAGMATIC BELIEFS MAY NOT WIN HIM THE AFFECTION OF THE PEOPLE WHO NORMALLY DELIVER GOP NOMINATIONS WHOSE VIEWS ARE MORE DOCTRINAIRE. BUT PERHAPS MR. POWELL CALCULATES THAT HIS FAME AND AURA OF LEADERSHIP ARE ENOUGH TO OVERCOME THEIR MISGIVINGS. ..... OR PERHAPS [HE] THINKS VOTERS CAN TAKE OR LEAVE HIM AS HE REALLY IS. NOW, WOULDN'T THAT BE REFRESHING?"

    TEXT: TURNING TO THE ON-GOING NATO AIR STRIKES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AND THE CURRENT PEACE TALKS, "THE ORLANDO SENTINEL" SAYS THE "AIRSTRIKES IMPERIL PEACE" ADDING:

    VOICE: "A CONTINUED SHOW OF FIREPOWER COULD DISRUPT ATTEMPTS TO REACH A PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT IN BOSNIA AND EVEN JEOPARDIZE RELATIONS BETWEEN NATO AND RUSSIA. .... IS THE MILITARY CAMPAIGN WORTHWHILE AND PRODUCTIVE? FRANKLY, NO."

    TEXT: HOWEVER "THE WASHINGTON POST" TAKES A VERY DIFFERENT VIEW, COMMENTING:

    VOICE: "RUSSIA IS HOTLY PROTESTING NATO'S BOMBARDMENT OF THE BOSNIAN SERBS. ... ITS DISMAY REINFORCES ITS ANXIETY ABOUT ALLIANCE PLANS TO EXPAND NATO MEMBERSHIP INTO THE OLD EASTERN EUROPE. ... LET THERE BE NO SCRAMBLING TO SMOOTH OVER DIFFERENCES. ... MOSCOW - - NOT TO SPEAK OF SOME JITTERY WEST EUROPEANS - - NEEDS TO KNOW EXACTLY WHY THE BOMBARDMENT IS PROCEEDING. ..... IT IS FOR THE BOSNIAN SERBS' GROSS AND MURDEROUS, REPEATED AND RECENT ATTACKS ON CIVILIANS, SPECIFICALLY THEIR 40-MONTH SIEGE OF SARAJEVO."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: THE NATIONAL WEEKDAY PAPER, "USA TODAY," IS WORRIED ABOUT A DOMESTIC PROBLEM, THE TEN-YEAR DECLINE IN THE POPULATION OF NORTHWEST SALMON. "USA TODAY" CALLS FOR LOWERING WATER LEVELS IN THE RESERVOIRS BEHIND THE COLUMBIA AND SNAKE RIVERS. THAT, IN EFFECT, WOULD ACCELERATE THE RIVER FLOW AND END WHAT AMOUNTS TO A MULTI-MILLION DOLLAR FEDERAL SUBSIDY ON BOTH ELECTRICITY RATES AND WATER SUPPLIES. THE SUBSIDY WENT TO RESIDENTS AND BUSINESSES IN THE AREA AT THE EXPENSE OF THE SALMON THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION. THE PAPER CALLS THE SUBSIDIES "MORE WESTERN-STATES SOCIALISM AND CORPORATE WELFARE." [ END OPT] TURNING TO CAPITOL HILL, "THE SAINT LOUIS POST-DISPATCH" TALKS ABOUT THE REVELATIONS OF SEN. BOB PACKWOOD'S (R-ORE.) DIARIES, AND CALLS FOR AN END TO "SOFT MONEY [POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS USED FOR POLITICAL PARTY ACTIVITIES] NOW,"ADDING:

    VOICE: "THE DISGRACED SENATOR BOB PACKWOOD WILL PROBABLY BE REMEMBERED MOST FOR HIS SEXUAL MISDEEDS - - PERHAPS ALSO FOR HIS INCREDIBLY REVEALING DIARIES AND THE BRAZEN WAY IN WHICH HE FALSIFIED THEM ... UNFORTUNATELY, A VERY PRACTICAL POINT MAY BE MISSED IN ALL THE SOUND AND FURY. MR. PACKWOOD WAS UP TO HIS NECK [FULLY INVOLVED] IN SOMETHING CLOSE TO CRIMINAL: THE USE AND ABUSE OF SO-CALLED SOFT MONEY TO FINANCE POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS. SOFT MONEY ..... GIFTS TO NATIONAL AND STATE POLITICAL PARTIES ... IS THE CAMPAIGN FINANCE SYSTEM'S BIGGEST LOOPHOLE, ONE THAT ALMOST INVITES CANDIDATES AND THEIR FRIENDS TO BREAK THE LAW."

    TEXT: [BEGIN OPT] ON THE SAME SUBJECT, "THE NEW YORK TIMES" IS CALLING FOR "A RIGOROUS, INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF WHETHER SENATOR PHIL GRAMM (R-TEXAS) AND MR. PACKWOOD DELIBERATELY VIOLATED THE CAMPAIGN FINANCE LAWS." THE PAPER CITES A DIARY ENTRY IN WHICH SENATOR PACKWOOD TALKS ABOUT RECEIVING A POTENTIALLY ILLEGAL CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTION OF 100-THOUSAND DOLLARS COURTESY OF SENATOR GRAMM. [END OPT] ELSEWHERE IN THE TIMES' EDITORIALS, FORMER PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH WAS CRITICIZED FOR A REMARK HE MADE ABOUT THE FEMINIST LEADER AND FORMER NEW YORK CONGRESSWOMAN, BELLA ABZUG. MS. ABZUG IS IN CHINA ATTENDING THE U.N.'S FOURTH CONFERENCE ON WOMEN. MR. BUSH IS ON A PRIVATE TOUR OF ASIA FOR AN AMERICAN BANK.

    VOICE: "ON HIS OWN VISIT TO CHINA THIS WEEK, THE FORMER PRESIDENT TOLD A GATHERING OF FOOD EXECUTIVES, 'I FEEL SOMEWHAT SORRY FOR THE CHINESE HAVING BELLA ABZUG RUNNING AROUND IN CHINA.' THE THOUGHTLESS REMARK ... BETRAYS A BAFFLING INSENSITIVITY TO CHINA'S CRUDE EFFORTS TO MUZZLE THE WOMEN. IT UNDERCUTS HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON'S STRONG CRITICISM OF THE CHINESE CONDUCT LAST WEEK. ..... AS A FORMER PRESIDENT ... HE SHOULD BE AWARE THAT THE CHINESE WEIGH HIS WORDS CAREFULLY..."

    TEXT: AND FINALLY, IN "THE SUN" OF BALTIMORE, OUTRAGE IS EXPRESSED AT THE SECOND PENALTY IN SINGAPORE AGAINST THE "INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE" FOR WHAT THE PAPER DESCRIBES AS A "MILD COMMENT" ABOUT SINGAPORE'S POLITICAL AFFAIRS.

    VOICE: "SINGAPORE'S PRESSURES MEAN TO RESTRICT WHAT IS SAID ABOUT IT NOT ONLY ON THE ISLAND BUT ELSEWHERE IN ASIA AND THE WORLD. TRYING TO CONTROL ITS IMAGE BY FORBIDDING UNAUTHORIZED OBSERVATION IS A LOSING BUSINESS IN THE DAYS OF INTERNET AND FAX AND SATELLITE. SINGAPORE IS SHOOTING ITSELF IN THE FOOT."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT NOTE, WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF LOOK AT SOME OF THE EDITORIALS ACROSS THE UNITED STATES THIS WEDNESDAY.

    ANG/NL

    13-Sep-95 11:31 AM EDT (1531 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] BOSNIA/FIGHTING (L) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185243
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS SAY THE BOSNIAN ARMY AND CROAT TROOPS BACKED BY THE CROATIAN ARMY HAVE MADE SIGNIFICANT GAINS AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS IN SEVERAL AREAS IN BOSNIA. U-N OFFICIALS SAY THE SERBS MAY HAVE LOST AS MUCH AS FOUR PERCENT OF BOSNIA IN THE LAST TWO DAYS. DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: U-N MILITARY OFFICIALS SAY THE SERB CONTROLLED TOWN OF VOZUCA, IN NORTHERN BOSNIA, HAS FALLEN TO THE BOSNIAN ARMY. BY TAKING THE TOWN, GOVERNMENT TROOPS HAVE OPENED A KEY ALL- WEATHER SUPPLY ROAD BETWEEN THE MAJOR CITIES OF TUZLA AND ZENICA. THE OFFICIALS ALSO SAY IT IS "HIGHLY LIKELY" GOVERNMENT TROOPS HAVE SEIZED CONTROL OF THE CENTRAL BOSNIAN TOWN OF DONJI VAKUF, WHICH WAS THE GOAL OF A LENGHTY UNSUCCESSFUL GOVERNMENT ARMY OFFENSIVE LAST MONTH. IF DONJI VAKUF HAS NOW FALLEN, THE BOSNIAN ARMY IS IN POSITION TO LAUNCH AN ATTACK NORTH TOWARD JAJCE, WHICH CONTROLS THE MAJOR SUPPLY ROUTE TO SERB AREAS IN WESTERN BOSNIA AND IS THE SITE OF KEY HYDRO-ELECTRIC FACILITIES.

    U-N OFFICIALS SAY THEY CAN NOT CONFIRM BOSNIAN CROAT REPORTS THAT THEIR FORCES, BACKED BY THE CROATIAN ARMY, HAVE SEIZED OVER ONE-THOUSAND-FIVE-HUNDRED SQUARE KILOMETERS OF TERRITORY FROM THE SERBS IN WESTERN BOSNIA, INCLUDING THE TOWN OF SIPOVO. IF SIPOVO HAS FALLEN, CROAT UNITS COULD LAUNCH A JOINT ATTACK ON JAJCE WITH THE BOSNIAN ARMY. U-N OFFICIALS SAY IF ALL THE REPORTS ARE TRUE, THE SERBS MAY HAVE LOST AS MUCH AS FOUR PERCENT OF BOSNIA IN THE LAST 48 HOURS.

    U-N OFFICIALS INSIST NATO AIR ATTACKS HAVE NOT DIRECTLY CAUSED THE SERB SETBACKS. THE OFFICIALS SAY NATO AIR ATTACKS HAVE BEEN LARGELY CONCENTRATED IN EASTERN BOSNIA AND OTHER THAN WEAKENING THE SERB'S COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, THE OFFICIALS SAY THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN COULD NOT HAVE HAD SUCH AN IMMEDIATE EFFECT ON THE BATTLEFIELD.

    U-N MILITARY OFFICIALS SUGGEST THE SERBS MAY BE WITHDRAWING FROM SOME AREAS BECAUSE, UNDER THE CONTACT GROUP PEACE PLAN, THE AREAS HAVE BEEN AWARDED TO THE CROAT-MUSLIM ALLIANCE. ONE U-N MILITARY OFFICIAL SAID "THE SERBS ARE UNLIKELY TO WANT TO DIE FOR TERRITORY THEY ARE ABOUT TO GIVE AWAY." MEANWHILE, THE NATO BOMBING CAMPAIGN IS CONTINUING ACROSS BOSNIA. BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS TOLD REPORTERS THERE HAVE BEEN "VERY FEW CIVILIAN CASUALTIES" AS A RESULT OF NATO AIR ATTACKS AND U-N ARTILLERY FIRE, DESPITE CHARGES BY RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS THAT NATO WAS COMMITTING "GENOCIDE" AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS.

    U-N OFFICIALS HERE HAVE CONFIRMED BOTH NATO AND U-N COMMANDERS MUST AGREE BEFORE NATO AIRSTRIKES CAN BE HALTED. BUT THE OFFICIALS SAY IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY WITHDRAWAL OF SERB HEAVY WEAPONS FROM AROUND SARAJEVO IN ORDER TO COMPLY WITH U-N AND NATO DEMANDS, THE AIRSTRIKES WILL CONTINUE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DF/ADEN/BG
    13-Sep-95 10:41 AM EDT (1441 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] BOSNIA / NATO ATTACKS BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (LONDON)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31108
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO HAS VOWED TO CONTINUE BOMBING BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS UNTIL THE BOSNIAN SERBS WITHDRAW THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS FROM AROUND SARAJEVO. IN THIS BACKGROUND REPORT FROM LONDON, V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA LOOKS AT HOW LONG NATO CAN SUSTAIN SUCH ATTACKS AND HOW LONG THE BOSNIAN SERBS CAN WITHSTAND THE BOMBARDMENT.

    TEXT: FOR NEARLY TWO WEEKS NOW, NATO WARPLANES HAVE BEEN POUNDING BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS HITTING AIR DEFENSE SYSTEMS, COMMUNICATIONS CENTERS, AND AMMUNITION DEPOTS. NATO HAS EVEN BROUGHT IN THE SOPHISTICATED "TOMAHAWK" CRUISE MISSILE INTO PLAY.

    MICHAEL CLARK, A DEFENSE EXPERT WITH THE CENTER FOR DEFENSE STUDIES AT KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON, SAYS IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO MAKE AN ACCURATE ASSESSMENT OF THE DAMAGE CAUSED TO GENERAL RADKO MLADIC'S BOSNIAN SERB ARMY. BUT HE SAYS WHAT THE ATTACKS HAVE FAILED TO DO IS DESTROY MANY OF THE 300 OR SO HEAVY GUNS AROUND SARAJEVO.

    // CLARK ACT //

    MY GUESS IS THAT GENERAL MLADIC HAS PROBABLY PRESERVED THE VAST MAJORITY OF HIS GUNS, BUT HIS COMMUNICATIONS ARE VERY BAD, THE AIR DEFENSE SYSTEM HAS CLEARLY TAKEN A LOT OF VERY SEVERE HITS AND ONE GUESSES THEY ARE LOSING AMMUNITION DUMPS. MORE IMPORTANTLY, THEY ARE LOSING AMMUNITION DUMPS WHICH ARE NEAR THE GUNS. SO IF YOUR AMMUNITION IS A LONG WAY AWAY -- THE READY AMMUNITION, THE STUFF THAT YOU NEED -- AND THE COMMUNICATIONS ARE BAD, THEN CLEARLY THE GUNS ARE GOING TO BE SHORT OF AMMUNITION AND I THINK THAT IS SOMETHING THAT IS PROBABLY WORRYING (GENERAL) MLADIC QUITE A LOT.

    // END ACT //

    THE BRITISH DEFENSE EXPERT SAYS NATO'S DECISION TO FIRE CRUISE MISSILES AT BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS REPRESENTS AN ESCALATION IN NATO'S MILITARY STRATEGY -- A STRATEGY MADE CLEAR DURING A RECENT BRIEFING GIVEN BY SENIOR NATO COMMANDERS AND ATTENDED BY MR. CLARK.

    // 2ND CLARK ACT //

    THEY SAID WE ARE NOT BOMBING NEARLY THE NUMBER OF TARGETS WE COULD BOMB AND WE HAVE AN ESCALATION LADDER AND WE ARE VERY, VERY CONSCIOUSLY GOING UP ONE RUNG AT A TIME. SO THE BOMBING HAS ACTUALLY BEEN VERY LIMITED AT THE MOMENT -- LIMITED TO CERTAIN TARGETS. AND WE HAVE WIDER AND WIDER AND WIDER SETS AND MORE AND MORE TECHNOLOGY TO BRING ON STREAM, SO, IT IS A VERY DELIBERATE ACT OF MOVING UP THE LADDER STEADILY, IN A GRADUATED WAY, PAUSING NOW AND AGAIN FOR THE SERBS TO GET THE MESSAGE.

    // END ACT //

    MR. CLARK SAYS ALL OF THAT MAKES PERFECT MILITARY SENSE. BUT HE SAYS NATO'S PROBLEM IS WHETHER IT HAS POLITICAL TIME TO CARRY OUT THAT STRATEGY AND KEEP WALKING UP THE LADDER. HE SAYS MILITARILY NATO CAN CONTINUE THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN INDEFINITELY -- BUT POLITICALLY MR. CLARK GIVES NATO 10 DAYS TO TWO WEEKS.

    // 3RD CLARK ACT //

    THE LONGER NATO CARRIES ON WITH THE POLICY, IF IT IS NOT SEEN TO WORK, THERE WILL BE MORE MUTTERINGS, BOTH WITHIN NATO CIRCLES AND THE DOMESTIC PUBLICS OF THE WEST THAT THIS IS FAILING, THAT THIS IS A PUNITIVE POLICY. AND THE RISKS GO UP, THE RISKS OF HITTING CIVILIANS, OF PARTICULARLY CRUISE MISSILES GOING WING-OVER AND HITTING A HOSPITAL : THAT WOULD KILL THE WHOLE OPERATION IN ONE FELL SWOOP. RISKS TO NATO PERSONNEL -- EVENTUALLY MORE AIRCRAFT WILL PROBABLY GO DOWN TO RANDOM GROUND FIRE, ENGINE FAILURE, THAT SORT OF THING.

    // END ACT //

    FROM THE BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY POSITION, MR. CLARK SAYS GENERAL MLADIC CAN HOLD ON LONGER THAN NATO CAN CONTINUE THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN.

    // 4TH CLARK ACT //

    HE CAN HOLD ON AGAINST NATO ATTACKS FOR SEVERAL WEEKS, EVEN A COUPLE OF MONTHS. IN A WAY, THAT IS NOT HIS PROBLEM BECAUSE HE HAS HUNKERED DOWN, HE HAS BURIED THE AMMUNITION AS FAR AS HE CAN. HE HAS MOVED HIS ARTILLERY PIECES CLOSE TO RESIDENTIAL AREAS WHEREVER POSSIBLE IN ORDER TO POSE NATO THE PROBLEM OF HITTING CIVILIANS AND THAT IS A CLEAR TACTIC.

    // END ACT //

    THE BRITISH DEFENSE EXPERT SAYS THE PROBLEM FACING GENERAL MLADIC IS NOT WITHSTANDING NATO ATTACKS. IT IS THE POSSIBILITY OF THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT AND THE CROATS LAUNCHING FRESH ATTACKS AGAINST HIS TROOPS KNOWING THAT HIS WAR MACHINE HAS BEEN CRIPPLED BY THE NATO AIR STRIKES. MR. CLARK SAYS GENERAL MLADIC'S GREATEST WORRY IS THAT THE DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE NATO ATTACKS WILL ALLOW HIS ENEMIES ON THE GROUND TO GET THE BETTER OF HIM. (SIGNED)

    NEB/ADEN/JWH/CF
    13-Sep-95 8:15 AM EDT (1215 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] BOSNIA / SERBS (S-ONLY) BY WAYNE COREY ( VIENNA)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185239
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS CONTRADICTED SERB CLAIMS THAT NATO AIR ATTACKS ON HIS FORCES HAVE RESULTED IN MANY CIVILIAN CASUALTIES. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: MR. KARADZIC SAYS THE NATO AIR STRIKES AND THE SHELLING OF BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS BY INTERNATIONAL RAPID REACTION FORCE ARTILLERY HAVE LED TO VERY FEW CIVILIAN CASUALTIES.

    HE MADE THE COMMENT IN WEST CENTRAL BOSNIA WHERE MUSLIM-LED GOVERNMENT AND ETHNIC CROAT FORCES ARE MAKING GAINS IN FIGHTING WITH THE SERBS. HIS ADMISSION THAT NATO AND U-N FORCES HAVE INFLICTED VERY FEW SERB CIVILIAN CASUALTIES DIRECTLY CONTRADICTS WHAT THE BOSNIAN SERBS, THE YUGOSLAV PRESS AND RUSSIA HAVE BEEN SAYING.

    IN BRUSSELS, NATO AMBASSADORS ARE DISCUSSING THE ALLIANCE'S BOMBING CAMPAIGN. THERE ARE INDICATIONS SOME NATO MEMBERS WOULD LIKE A COMPROMISE WITH THE SERBS TO ENABLE THE BOMBING TO STOP. BUT, THE U-N COMMANDER IN BOSNIA, BRITISH GENERAL RUPERT SMITH, OPPOSES ANY NEGOTIATIONS WITH OR CONCESSIONS TO THE BOSNIAN SERBS CONCERNING THE WITHDRAWAL OF THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS FROM SARAJEVO.

    HIS SPOKESMAN IN SARAJEVO SAYS GENERAL SMITH IS FIRMLY TELLING THE UNITED NATIONS AND NATO THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN SHOULD CONTINUE UNTIL THE HEAVY WEAPONS ARE PULLED BACK. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/ADEN/CF
    13-Sep-95 9:33 AM EDT (1333 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] BOSNIAN WOMEN DELEGATION BY STEPHANIE HO (BEIJING)

    DATE=9/12/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31105
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THREE-AND-A-HALF YEARS OF BITTER CIVIL WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAVE TAKEN A HEAVY TOLL ON THE PEOPLE OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIAN STATE. AS V-O-A'S STEPHANIE HO REPORTS, THE HEAD OF THE BOSNIAN DELEGATION TO THE UNITED NATIONS FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN SAYS IT IS HER COUNTRY'S WOMEN WHO SUFFER MOST -- AND ALSO MOST FERVENTLY HOPE FOR PEACE.

    TEXT: DESPITE THE TROUBLES BACK HOME, BOSNIAN JASNA BAKSIC-MUFTIC CAME ALL THE WAY TO BEIJING TO REPRESENT HER WAR-TORN COUNTRY AT THE U-N WOMEN'S CONFERENCE.

    IN A SPEECH TO THE GENERAL PLENARY, SHE LISTED A CATALOG OF HORRORS RESIDENTS OF BOSNIA HAVE HAD TO FACE EVERY DAY.

    // BAKSIC-MUFTIC ACTUALITY //

    TODAY, WHEN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IS MENTIONED, IT IS BEING ASSOCIATED WITH EXPULSION, DEATH, ETHNIC CLEANSING, GENOCIDE, CONCENTRATION CAMPS, THE LONGEST SIEGE IN HISTORY AND MASSACRES ON THE CIVILIAN POPULATION. WHEN WOMEN IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA ARE MENTIONED, WORDS OF SUFFERING, MASS RAPE, MANIPULATION WITH MOTHERHOOD AND FORCED PREGNANCIES COME TO ONE'S MIND.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    MS. BAKSIC-MUFTIC -- WHO LEADS A DELEGATION OF TWO PEOPLE -- SAYS REFUGEES FLEEING THE FIGHTING TAKE NOTHING BUT THEIR MISFORTUNE. THE BOSNIAN DELEGATE SAYS WOMEN HAVE REMAINED STRONG IN THE FACE OF ADVERSITY. SHE SAYS THEY ARE NOT PASSIVE VICTIMS, BUT TAKE AN ACTIVE PART IN BOSNIAN SOCIETY.

    // OPTIONAL BAKSIC-MUFTIC ACTUALITY //

    THERE ARE 50 WOMEN'S ORGANIZATIONS OR GROUPS WITH A WIDE RANGE OF ACTIVITIES -- INCLUDING RESEARCH WORK ON VARIOUS PROJECTS, EDUCATION, INFORMATION AND MEDIA ACTIVITIES, HUMANITARIAN ACTIONS DIRECTED AT OFFERING ASSISTANCE TO THE TRAUMATIZED WOMEN AND CHILDREN AND ASSISTANCE TO CHILDREN WHO HAVE LOST THEIR PARENTS TO WAR.

    // END OPTIONAL ACTUALITY //

    THE BOSNIAN DELEGATE SAYS IT IS ALSO THE WOMEN WHO KEEP FAMILIES TOGETHER.

    // OPTIONAL BAKSIC-MUFTIC ACTUALITY //

    THEY REPRESENT THE MAIN PILLARS OF LIFE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. DESPITE THE WAR, THEY HAVE MANAGED TO MAINTAIN THE ILLUSION OF NORMAL LIFE IN THEIR HOMES. EVEN WHEN THERE IS NO RUNNING WATER, ELECTRICITY AND GAS, THEY HAVE MANAGED TO MAINTAIN THEIR HOUSES CLEAN, THEIR FAMILIES FED, AND THEIR WORK DONE. [OPT] WHEN IT WAS IMPOSSIBLE TO ALLOW CHILDREN TO GO OUT BECAUSE OF THE INCESSANT SHELLING, THEY WOULD INVENT GAMES AND TELL STORIES IN AN ATTEMPT TO PROTECT THE CHILDREN THEY LOVE.

    // END OPTIONAL ACTUALITY //

    IN THESE MOST DIFFICULT DAYS -- AS MS. BAKSIC-MUFTIC CALLS THEM -- THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT HAS STILL PLACED A PRIORITY ON TRYING TO IMPROVE CONDITIONS FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN.

    SHE URGED OTHER DELEGATES TO HELP SUPPORT HER COUNTRY'S EFFORTS TO REALIZE THE CONFERENCE'S THREE THEMES OF EQUALITY, DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE. AMONG THESE, SHE SAYS, FOR BOSNIA, PEACE IS THE FIRST PRIORITY. (SIGNED)

    NEB / HO / KK / WOD
    12-Sep-95 11:56 PM EDT (0356 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [07] CROATIA-SLAVONIA (L ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185258
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: CROATIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MATE GRANIC SAYS HIS COUNTRY IS WILLING TO ACCEPT A NEGOTIATED TRANSITION ARRANGEMENT TO REINTEGRATE SERBIAN-OCCUPIED EASTERN SLAVONIA UNDER CROATIAN GOVERNMENT CONTROL. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT ON THE CROATIAN TERMS FOR SUCH A TRANSITION.

    TEXT: FOREIGN MINISTER GRANIC CLOSED HIS THREE DAYS OF TALKS IN WASHINGTON WITH ASSURANCES THAT THE BOSNIA CONTACT GROUP WILL TRY TO WIN AGREEMENT ON PRINCIPLES FOR A COMPREHENSIVE PEACE THAT INCLUDE RECOGNITION OF CROATIA'S SOVEREIGNTY OVER ALL OF ITS INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED TERRITORY.

    EASTERN SLAVONIA, BORDERING SERBIA, IS THE LAST PART OF CROATIA STILL OCCUPIED BY REBEL SERBS WHO REJECT CROATIAN CONTROL. SERBIA HAS NOT ACCEPTED A UNITED NATIONS PLAN FOR A TRANSITION PERIOD LEADING TO CROATIAN CONTROL. THE SERBIAN-DOMINATED YUGOSLAV ARMY CAPTURED THE OIL-RICH AREA IN 1991 AND DEVASTATED VUKOVAR, THE REGION'S LARGEST TOWN.

    SPEAKING TO THE NATIONAL PRESS CLUB AT THE CLOSE OF HIS U-S VISIT, FOREIGN MINISTER GRANIC SAYS CROATIA WILL ACCEPT TRANSITION ARRANGEMENTS FOR ONE YEAR IN EASTERN SLAVONIA. SERBIA CALLS FOR THREE OR FOUR YEARS OF UNITED NATIONS CONTROL.

    THE FOREIGN MINISTER'S CONDITIONS FOR TRANSITION ARE STIFF. CROATIA WANTS SERBIA TO RECOGNIZE CROATIAN SOVREIGNTY AND ALL SERBIAN SECURITY FORCES TO BE DISARMED. MR. GRANIC SAYS CROATIAN AND HUNGARIAN REFUGEES MUST BE ALLOWED TO RETURN TO THEIR HOMES.

    /// GRANIC ACT///

    THIS PROCESS WILL BE NATURALLY WITH ALL THE REFUGEES RETURNING HOME BECAUSE 90 THOUSAND CROATS WERE EXPELLED FROM THIS REGION, ETHNICALLY CLEANSED FROM THIS REGION. IT IS NECESSARY TO DISARM THE PARA-MILITARY FORCES, WITHDRAW THE HEAVY ARTILLERY AND IT IS NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH POLICE, LOCAL POLICE FORCES WHO WILL REFLECT THE NATIONAL COMPOSITION ON THE CENSUS, 1991. AS YOU KNOW, IN 1991, THERE WERE 65 PERCENT CROATS AND HUNGARIANS AND 35 PERCENT SERBS IN THIS REGION.

    ///END ACT///

    WHILE NEGOTIATIONS ON THESE POINTS COULD LAST FOR YEARS, CROATIA HAS THREATENED TO TAKE THE AREA BY FORCE IF THE PEACE PROCESS ERODES OR IF A SATISFACTORY SOLUTION IS NOT FOUND FOR EASTERN SLAVONIA. BECAUSE SERBIA IS JUST ACROSS THE DANUBE RIVER, CROATIA WILL FACE POTENTIAL OPPOSITION FROM THE SERBIAN ARMY IF IT DECIDES TO TAKE THE WAR OPTION. SERBIA WAS NOT IN A POSITION TO RESIST WHEN CROATIAN TROOPS EXPELLED REBEL SERBS FROM KRAJINA ON THE BOSNIAN BORDER LAST MONTH.

    THE UNITED STATES HAS EXPRESSED CONCERN TO CROATIA ABOUT ITS TREATMENT OF SERBS THAT REMAIN IN THE RECAPTURED AREAS. MR. GRANIC BLAMES REVENGE ACTIONS BY CROAT REFUGEES RETURNING TO KRAJINA TO FIND THEIR CHURCHES AND HOMES BURNED. THE FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS THE AREA IS OPEN TO ALL HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS AND ANY CRIMES WILL BE PROSECUTED. (SIGNED)

    NEB/RP/MMK
    13-Sep-95 12:35 PM EDT (1635 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [08] CROATIA / KILLINGS BY KYLE KING (KNIN)

    DATE=9/12/95
    TYPE=CLOSEUP
    NUMBER=4-08589

    TELEPHONE 619-2009 (EDITOR) EDITOR=NANCY SMART
    CONTENTS = INSERTS IN VOICED VERSION

    INTRO: IT HAS NOW BEEN FIVE WEEKS SINCE THE CROATIAN ARMY RECAPTURED THE SERB HELD KRAJINA AND FORCED MORE THAN 150-THOUSAND SERBS TO FLEE THE COUNTRY. BUT DESPITE THE ARMY'S CLEAR VICTORY, U-N OFFICIALS SAY CROATIAN TROOPS CONTINUE WHAT APPEARS TO BE A CAMPAIGN OF HARASSMENT AND INTIMIDATION AGAINST THE FEW ELDERLY SERB CIVILIANS WHO

    REMAINED BEHIND. AS VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS FROM THE

    PLEVNO VALLEY REGION OF KRAJINA, THE SERBS NOW LIVE IN FEAR OF MARAUDING CROATIAN TROOPS AND CIVILIANS WHO LOOT AND BURN THEIR HOMES.

    TEXT: MARKO AND MANDA TINTOR, AN ELDERLY SERB COUPLE WHO LIVE IN A TINY VILLAGE JUST A FEW KILOMETERS OUTSIDE KNIN, SAY THEY ARE READY TO GIVE UP THEIR SMALL FARM AND GO TO A UNITED NATIONS CAMP WHERE THEY WILL FEEL SAFER.

    TAPE CUT ONE: INTERPRETER

    ALMOST EVERY DAY CIVILIANS ARE COMING BUT THEY ARE DRESSED IN UNIFORMS AND THEY ARE STEALING AND SEARCHING HOUSES, STEALING EVERYTHING THEY HAVE FOUND.

    TEXT: LIKE THE REMAINING HANDFUL OF SERBS IN OTHER VILLAGES AROUND THE PLEVNO VALLEY 65-YEAR-OLD MARKO TINTOR AND HIS WIFE STAYED BEHIND WHEN CROATIAN TROOPS RETOOK THE REGION LAST MONTH. NOW THEY SAY THEY LIVE IN FEAR OF THE TROOPS.

    TAPE CUT TWO: INTERPRETER

    FIRST WHEN THEY COME INSIDE THE HOUSES THEY WERE LOOKING FOR WEAPONS, THEN THEY TRIED, THEY SAID THEY WERE LOOKING FOR MONEY FOR DEUTSCH MARKS, DOLLARS.

    TEXT: ALUN ROBERTS, A UNITED NATIONS SPOKESMAN WHO HAS BEEN MONITORING THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION AROUND KNIN, SAYS THE TINTORS, LIKE THE OTHER REMAINING SERBS, HAVE GOOD REASON TO BE AFRAID.

    TAPE: CUT THREE: ROBERTS

    CERTAINLY WHEN WE WERE HERE ON TWO PREVIOUS OCCASIONS, VERY SIMILAR STORY OF PEOPLE COMING. ON ONE OCCASION THEY SAID THEY HAD GUNS AND THREATENED THEM AGAINST THE WALL. SAYING THEY WOULD COME BACK LATER. THIS WAS ABOUT TWO WEEKS AGO. (OPT) SO WE HAVE KEPT A CLOSE WATCH ON THIS PARTICULAR HAMLET BECAUSE THEY ARE ON A MAIN ROAD, ITS AN OBVIOUS PLACE, PEOPLE GOING THROUGH TO THE PLAVNO VALLEY ABOUT TEN KILOMETERS FURTHER DOWN, AND YOU CAN SEE DOWN THE ROAD THERE YOU CAN SEE SOME SOLDIERS LOOTING A GARAGE AND SO ON. SO ITS QUITE ACCESSIBLE FOR THEM. (END OPT)

    TEXT: ASKED WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THEIR HOUSE IF THEY LEAVE, THEY SAY THEY DON'T CARE.

    TAPE: CUT FOUR: TINTOR

    WE DON'T CARE AND WE DON'T KNOW. MAYBE, MAYBE THEY WILL TEAR IT DOWN OR MAYBE PUT FIRE ON IT, I DON'T KNOW BUT WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE SORRY.

    TEXT: PETRO ROMASSEV, A UNITED NATIONS CIVILIAN POLICE MONITOR, SAYS THERE ARE MANY SIMILAR CASES.

    TAPE: CUT FIVE: ROMASSEV

    I CAN NOT EVEN COUNT ABOUT THESE CASES, BUT YOU CAN SEE ANY VILLAGE, ANYWHERE YOU MEET PEOPLE YOU CAN SEE SOMETHING LIKE THIS.

    TEXT: FURTHER DOWN THE ROAD, SOLDIERS CAN BE SEEN LOOTING A GARAGE IN PLAIN SIGHT. NEARLY EVERY HOUSE HAS BEEN BURNED, THE CONTENTS SPILLED OUT ONTO THE YARD AND PICKED THROUGH.

    IN THE NEXT VILLAGE THE STORIES ARE MUCH THE SAME.

    TAPE: CUT SIX: INTERPRETER

    SHE IS AGAIN REPEATING THE STORY OF HER HUSBAND WAS KILLED. HE WAS STANDING IN FRONT OF HIS HOUSE. HE WAS 77 YEARS OLD. SOLDIERS WERE PASSING BY AND THEY ASKED HIM, DO YOU HAVE UNIFORMS? IF HE WAS IN A-R-S-K (KRAJINA SERB) ARMY? AND HE SAID I WAS NOT IN THE ARMY, I AM 77 YEARS OLD, BUT THEY JUST KILLED HIM IN FRONT OF HIS HOUSE.

    TEXT: U-N OFFICIAL ALUN ROBERTS HAS HIS INTERPRETER ASK THE WOMAN WHEN THE SOLDIERS WERE LAST HERE.

    TAPE: CUT SEVEN: INTERPRETER

    SHE SAID MAYBE TEN MINUTES BEFORE WE CAME SOME SOLDIERS WERE HERE. (OPT) .THEY WERE NOT COMING TO HER HOUSE BUT THEY WERE IN THE HOUSE OF THIS LADY, THEY WERE SEARCHING. YESTERDAY THE WHOLE DAY THEY WERE HERE. (END OPT)

    TEXT: BESIDES LOOTING THE HOUSES, SHE SAYS THE SOLDIERS ALSO THREATENED HER.

    TAPE: CUT EIGHT: INTERPRETER

    ONE OF THE SOLDIERS TOLD THEM THEY SHOULD GO TO LIVE IN THE BUSH, THAT IF THEY WANT TO SURVIVE THIS PLACE THEY SHOULD LEAVE THIS HOUSES AND GO TO THE BUSH.

    TEXT: CROATIAN OFFICIALS DENY THEY ARE TRYING TO FORCE ALL THE SERBS OUT OF THE AREA. VESNA SKARE OZBOLT, A SPOKESWOMAN FOR THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT SAYS THOSE WHO LEAVE DO SO BECAUSE THEY WANT TO.

    TAPE: CUT NINE: OZBOLT

    I WILL TELL YOU ONE THING, NOBODY THROW THEM OUT, SERBIAN POPULATION OUT OF THEIR HOMES, THEY VOLUNTARILY WENT, GO TO SERBIA, BOSNIA.

    U-N SPOKESMAN CHRIS GUNNESS DISAGREES.

    TAPE: CUT TEN: GUNNES

    THAT'S PALPABLE NONSENSE REALLY, THE CROATIANS KNOW VERY WELL THIS IS GOING ON. THEY HAVE BLOCKED OUR ACCESS TO AREAS WHERE IT IS GOING ON IN WHAT APPEARS TO BE A QUITE WELL ORCHESTRATED CAMPAIGN TO STOP US SEEING THE FULL HORROR OF WHAT'S ACTUALLY GOING IN THE KRAJINA. (OPT) WE'VE PROTESTED IT. CROATIA'S CLOSEST ALLIES HAVE TAKEN OUR INFORMATION. IN MANY CASES BELIEVED IT AND USED IT TO LOBBY THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT. I DON'T BELIEVE THERE ARE ANY CROATIAN OFFICIALS WHO ARE IN ANY DOUBT AS TO WHAT'S GOING ON. (END OPT)

    TEXT: DESPITE EYEWITNESS ACCOUNTS OF CROATIAN TROOPS LOOTING AND SETTING FIRE TO SERB HOUSES, THE CROATIAN SPOKESWOMAN SAYS IT IS LARGELY THE SERBS THEMSELVES WHO ARE DOING IT.

    TAPE: CUT ELEVEN: OZBOLT

    WE HAVE SEVERAL GROUPS WHO ARE BURNING THESE HOUSES. SERB PARAMILITARY, THE GROUPS WHO ARE STILL IN THE MOUNTAINS. WE HAVE REFUGEES WHO CAME BACK. THIS IS NOT CROATIAN POLICY, DEFINITELY, WE DON'T HAVE ANY REASON TO BURN THESE HOUSES, BECAUSE WE NEED EVERY HOUSE.

    TEXT: U-N SPOKESMAN CHRIS GUNNESS SAYS THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT HAS GOOD REASON TO BE CONCERNED ABOUT THE ISSUE.

    TAPE: CUT TWELVE: GUNNESS

    THEY HAVE TO SAY IT PUBLICLY BECAUSE SOON THERE WILL BE TALK ABOUT RECONSTRUCTION MONEY. THERE WILL BE TALK ABOUT REBUILDING THE KRAJINA. THEY CAN'T ADMIT THAT THEIR ARMY IS COMPLETELY OUT OF CONTROL IN AREAS WHICH ARE BEING DESTROYED BY THAT ARMY, IN WHICH THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY IS LIKELY TO BE ASKED TO REBUILD VERY SOON.

    TEXT: PEGGY HICKS, A HUMAN RIGHTS EXPERT AT THE UNITED NATIONS CRISIS CELL IN ZAGREB, SAYS ONE OF THE THINGS THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT COULD DO NOW TO END THE ABUSES IN THE KRAJINA WOULD BE TO BRING CIVILIAN POLICE IN TO TAKE OVER FROM THE MILITARY.

    TAPE: CUT THIRTEEN: HICKS

    THE SECOND IS TO GIVE CLEAR INSTRUCTIONS TO ALL OF THEIR COMMANDERS AND MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT THIS TYPE OF BEHAVIOR WILL NOT BE TOLERATED. TO MAKE A MUCH MORE AGGRESSIVE EFFORT THAN THEY HAVE TO DATE STOP THE CIVILIAN LOOTING AND BURNING OF HOUSES THAT'S GOING ON AS WELL.

    TEXT: UNTIL THAT HAPPENS, THE FEW REMAINING SERBS IN THE KRAJINA WILL BE FORCED TO LEAVE THEIR HOMES OR DEPEND ON THE UNITED NATIONS FOR PROTECTION. (SIGNED)

    NEB/KDK/NES
    13-Sep-95 4:39 PM EDT (2039 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [09] ISLAMIC/BOSNIA OVERNITER (L) BY DAN ROBINSON (KUALA LUMPUR)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185253
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    ///// ED'S: MAKE TAPE CONFORM TO TEXT. /////

    INTRO: FOREIGN AND DEFENSE MINISTERS OF ISLAMIC COUNTRIES MEET IN KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA LATER TODAY (THURSDAY) TO ENDORSE PROPOSALS FOR ASSISTANCE TO THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON REPORTS, MALAYSIAN OFFICIALS SAY CONCRETE PROPOSALS WILL EMERGE FROM THIS WEEK'S TALKS, BUT IT REMAINS UNCLEAR IF A FINAL STATEMENT WILL INCLUDE A COMMITMENT TO FUTURE MILITARY AID:

    TEXT: ISLAMIC COUNTRIES WOULD LIKE TO SEE DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO BRING PEACE TO BOSNIA SUCCEED. BUT THEY ARE WARY OF THE AGREEMENT REACHED IN GENEVA, AND SAY THE WELL-ARMED BOSNIAN SERBS WILL REMAIN A THREAT TO ANY AGREEMENT.

    MALAYSIA -- A KEY CRITIC OF THE WEST AND THE UNITED NATIONS -- SAYS THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT REMAINS MILITARILY WEAK, AND ISLAMIC COUNTRIES SHOULD TAKE CONCRETE ACTION TO LEVEL THE PLAYING FIELD.

    IT IS NOT YET KNOWN WHAT SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS THE ISLAMIC NATIONS WILL MAKE WHEN THEY CONCLUDE A WEEK OF DISCUSSIONS FRIDAY.

    /// OPT ///

    AMONG THOSE ATTENDING THE KUALA LUMPUR TALKS ARE THE EIGHT MEMBERS OF THE ISLAMIC CONTACT GROUP -- MALAYSIA, IRAN, MOROCCO, EGYPT, PAKISTAN, SAUDI ARABIA, SENEGAL, AND TURKEY. THEY ARE JOINED BY INDONESIA, BANGLADESH, AND JORDAN -- TROOP CONTRIBUTING COUNTRIES. ALL HAVE BEEN BRIEFED BY BOSNIAN REPRESENTATIVES IN KUALA LUMPUR. /// END OPT ///

    A MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT SPOKESMAN (AHMAD KAMIL JAAFAR) THIS WEEK HAS REFUSED TO SAY WHETHER A FINAL STATEMENT WILL INCLUDE A CALL FOR MILITARY AID. BUT HE SAID THERE WAS NO QUESTION OF ISLAMIC NATIONS REVERSING THEIR NON-RECOGNITION OF THE EMBARGO.

    /// OPT ///

    ON WEDNESDAY, A MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT COMMENTARY SAID, IN ITS WORDS -- THE SETTLEMENT BEING PROPOSED BY THE UNITED STATES AND NATO SHOULD IN NO WAY BE AT THE EXPENSE OF THE BOSNIAN MUSLIMS. IT SAID THE UNDERLYING PRINCIPLE SHOULD BE ACHIEVING A BALANCE OF POWER. /// END OPT ///

    ISLAMIC OFFICIALS ARE EXPECTED TO COMMIT THEMSELVES TO A SUBSTANTIAL ECONOMIC AID PACKAGE FOR THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT -- ON THE HOPE THE LATEST WESTERN PEACE EFFORTS SUCCEED.

    BOSNIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MUHAMED SACIRBEY WAS DUE IN KUALA LUMPUR WEDNESDAY TO TAKE PART IN THURSDAY'S TALKS. ALSO EXPECTED WERE THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF IRAN, INDONESIA, AND PAKISTAN. (SIGNED) NEB/RAE 13-Sep-95 12:04 PM EDT (1604 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [10] KOHL / BOSNIA (S-ONLY) BY MALLORY SALESON (JOHANNESBURG)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185241
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL WEDNESDAY JOINED THE UNITED STATES AND NATO IN REJECTING A RUSSIAN STATEMENT THAT NATO IS WAGING A CAMPAIGN OF GENOCIDE AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS. V-O-A'S MALLORY SALESON REPORTS FROM JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, WHERE THE GERMAN CHANCELLOR HAS BEEN MAKING A STATE VISIT.

    TEXT: THE GERMAN CHANCELLOR DESCRIBED THE RUSSIAN STATEMENT AS UNACCEPTABLE. HE WAS REACTING TO A RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT STATEMENT TUESDAY THAT ACCUSED NATO OF CARRYING OUT A CAMPAIGN OF GENOCIDE AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. MR. KOHL'S COMMENTS CAME AT A NEWS CONFERENCE IN JOHANNESBURG AS HE WRAPPED UP A STATE VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA.

    MR. KOHL EXPRESSED HIS FULL SUPPORT FOR THE UNITED NATIONS AND NATO POLICY IN BOSNIA. HE SAID THE WHOLE DISCUSSION WOULD NEVER HAVE TAKEN PLACE IF, WHAT HE CALLED, THE VERY REASONABLE DEMANDS MADE TO THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO WITHDRAW THEIR HEAVY WEAPONS HAD BEEN MET.

    MR. KOHL SAID HE MET RUSSIAN LEADER YELTSIN IN MOSCOW JUST A FEW DAYS AGO. HE SAID MR. YELTSIN WILL SOON BE INVOLVED IN AN ELECTION CAMPAIGN, ADDING EVERYONE KNOWS DURING AN ELECTION CAMPAIGN POLITICIANS DO NOT USUALLY ADOPT A WELL-MEASURED OR REASONABLE TONE. HE SAID HE DOES NOT THINK ANYONE SHOULD MAKE A BIG NOISE ABOUT THE ISSUE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/MLS/JWH/CF
    13-Sep-95 9:43 AM EDT (1343 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [11] MACEDONIAN ACCORD (L) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185284
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: GREECE AND THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA SIGNED AN ACCORD AT THE UNITED NATIONS WEDNESDAY AIMED AT NORMALIZING THEIR RELATIONS. THE EVENT, OFFERING A RARE GLIMMER OF HOPE IN THE TROUBLED BALKANS, IS THE CULMINATION OF MORE THAN TWO YEARS OF MEDIATION BY FORMER AMERICAN SECRETARY OF STATE CYRUS VANCE. VOA CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS:

    TEXT: THE AGREEMENT PAVES THE WAY FOR GREECE TO LIFT AN ECONOMIC EMBARGO IT IMPOSED ON MACEDONIA LAST YEAR. THE BAN WAS INTENDED TO FORCE THE LANDLOCKED FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC TO ELIMINATE ALL SYMBOLS OF NATIONHOOD THAT GREECE SAYS IMPLY CLAIMS ON ITS OWN MACEDONIAN REGION.

    MACEDONIA HAS PLEDGED TO REMOVE FROM ITS FLAG AN ANCIENT GREEK SYMBOL DATING BACK TO PHILIP OF MACEDON -- THE FATHER OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT. IT HAS ALSO AGREED TO CHANGE PARTS OF ITS CONSTITUTION. THE CONTROVERSY OVER THE NAME -- BY MUTUAL CONSENT -- WILL BE TAKEN UP IN FUTURE DISCUSSIONS.

    FOR ITS PART, GREECE HAS AGREED TO REPLACE THE CRIPPLING TRADE BAN IN 30 DAYS FROM NOW WITH AN OPEN ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP. THE TWO NEIGHBORS HAVE REAFFIRMED THEIR COMMON FRONTIER AS AN INTERNATIONAL BORDER AND WILL OPEN LIAISON OFFICES IN THEIR RESPECTIVE CAPITALS.

    U-N MEDIATOR CYRUS VANCE SAYS THE ACCORD ESTABLISHES A NEW RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO NEIGHBORS:

    /// VANCE ACT ///

    THIS IS AN HISTORIC AGREEMENT. IT WILL HAVE VERY BROAD SCOPE AND DEEP MEANING. WE AND THEY ARE LOOKING FORWARD TOWARD A GOOD NEIGHBOR POLICY IN THIS VITAL REGION, WHICH HAS BEEN THE SCENE OF TRAGIC EVENTS SO OFTEN IN THE PAST.

    /// END ACT ///

    THERE IS ONE POSSIBLE STICKING-POINT. THE MACEDONIAN PARLIAMENT WILL LIKELY HAVE TO RATIFY THE CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES. DISMISSING SUGGESTIONS FROM JOURNALISTS THAT BALKAN AGREEMENTS DO NOT SEEM TO HOLD UP VERY LONG, MR. VANCE SAID HE IS CONFIDENT BOTH SIDES WILL ACT IN GOOD FAITH.

    GREEK FOREIGN MINISTER KAROLOS PAPOULIAS AND HIS MACEDONIAN COUNTERPART STEVO CRVENKOVSKI SIGNED THE AGREEMENT IN THE PRESENCE OF THE U-N SECRETARY-GENERAL. THEY HAVE BEEN IN NEW YORK SINCE MONDAY BUT REFUSED TO MEET FACE-TO-FACE UNTIL FINAL DETAILS OF THE ACCORD WERE WORKED OUT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/EJ/LWM
    13-Sep-95 6:14 PM EDT (2214 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [12] MACEDONIA TALKS (S ONLY) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=9/12/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185215
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TALKS BETWEEN THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF GREECE AND THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA HAVE FAILED SO FAR TO GET OFF THE GROUND -- WITH BOTH SIDES STILL DISCUSSING SEPARATELY WITH A UNITED NATIONS MEDIATOR DETAILS OF AN AGREEMENT AIMED AT IMPROVING RELATIONS. THE EFFORT CONTINUED INTO THE WANING HOURS OF TUESDAY, WITH U-N SOURCES DESCRIBING THE REMAINING ISSUES AS MINOR. V-O-A'S CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS FROM NEW YORK:

    TEXT: U-N MEDIATOR CYRUS VANCE SPOKE WITH BOTH PARTIES BY TELEPHONE THROUGHOUT THE DAY. HE HAD HOPED TO BRING THEM FACE-TO-FACE FOR THE FORMAL SIGNING OF AN AGREEMENT SETTLING MOST OF THE DISPUTES THAT DIVIDE THE TWO COUNTRIES.

    EVEN SECRETARY-GENERAL BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI -- WHO HAS BEEN CONFINED TO HIS SICK BED WITH THE FLU FOR THE LAST TWO WEEKS -- SAID HE WOULD ARRIVE AT U-N HEADQUARTERS AT ANY TIME OF THE DAY OR NIGHT TO WITNESS THE SIGNING.

    U-N OFFICIALS ARE AFRAID TO LOSE MOMENTUM. THE DISPUTE BETWEEN MACEDONIA AND GREECE HAS THREATENED TO UNRAVEL A RELATIVELY QUIET POCKET OF THE BALKANS. GREECE IMPOSED AN ECONOMIC EMBARGO ON ITS LAND-LOCKED NEIGHBOR LAST YEAR TO FORCE IT TO CHANGE ITS NAME, ITS FLAG AND PARTS OF ITS CONSTITUTION WHICH GREECE SAYS IMPLY TERRITORIAL AMBITIONS ON ITS OWN REGION OF MACEDONIA.

    AN AGREEMENT -- WHICH WOULD NOT IMMEDIATELY DEAL WITH THE NAME CONTROVERSY -- WOULD SET THE STAGE FOR THE LIFTING OF THE TRADE BAN. (SIGNED) NEB/PT 12-Sep-95 8:24 PM EDT (0024 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [13] PERRY/BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/12/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185220
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // CORRECTING INTRO OF CR 2-185219 //

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY SAYS BOSNIAN-SERB AIR DEFENSES HAVE BEEN DEVASTATED BY NATO AIRCRAFT AND CRUISE MISSILES. HE SAYS NATO WARPLANES WILL BE ABLE TO FLY HIGH OVER BOSNIA WITH IMPUNITY IN A MATTER OF DAYS. V-O-A'S VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS MR. PERRY ALSO DISMISSES RUSSIAN CHARGES NATO IS COMMITTING GENOCIDE AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS:

    TEXT: DEFENSE SECRETARY PERRY SAYS -- AS A RESULT OF NATO AIR ATTACKS SINCE LATE AUGUST -- THE BOSNIAN-SERB AIR DEFENSE SYSTEM IN EASTERN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAS BEEN RENDERED COMPLETELY INEFFECTIVE. HE SAYS THE SAME WILL BE TRUE IN WESTERN BOSNIA IN A MATTER OF DAYS.

    MR. PERRY SAYS NATO WARPLANES WILL SOON BE ABLE TO FLY HIGH OVER BOSNIA WITHOUT FEAR OF BEING SHOT DOWN:

    ///PERRY ACTUALITY///

    THEY CAN FLY WITHIN A FEW DAYS WITH IMPUNITY OVER ANY BOSNIAN SERB PLACE, PROVIDED THEY'RE FLYING HIGH ENOUGH SO THEY'RE NOT SUBJECTED TO GROUND FIRE -- MANNED PORTABLE SYSTEMS WHICH ARE NOT BEING ATTACKED AND WHICH YOU WOULD NEVER KNOW EXACTLY WHERE THEY'RE LOCATED.

    ///END ACTUALITY///

    THE DEFENSE SECRETARY SAYS BOSNIAN SERB COMMAND AND CONTROL CAPABILITY HAS BEEN DRAMATICALLY REDUCED AND MANY AMMUNITION DUMPS HAVE BEEN DESTROYED.

    MR. PERRY FLATLY REJECTS RUSSIAN CHARGES NATO IS COMMITTING GENOCIDE -- POINTING TO THE TARGETS SELECTED AND THE ACCURACY OF THE WEAPONS USED:

    ///PERRY ACTUALITY///

    I HAVE SEEN LITERALLY HUNDREDS OF BOMB-DAMAGE-ASSESSMENT PICTURES. AS EFFECTIVE AS WE WERE IN DESERT STORM (THE GULF WAR) WITH THESE PRECISION-GUIDED MUNITIONS WE ARE MORE EFFECTIVE TODAY.

    ///END ACTUALITY///

    HE SAYS THERE IS NO EVIDENCE BOSNIAN SERB CIVILIANS HAVE BEEN KILLED AND SAYS NATO IS PREPARED TO CONTINUE ITS CAMPAIGN FOR WEEKS -- AT LEAST UNLESS A DIPLOMATIC PEACE AGREEMENT IS REACHED. (SIGNED).

    NEB / VB / WOD
    12-Sep-95 11:51 PM EDT (0351 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [14] PERRY - BOSNIA (L) BY DAVID SWAN (PENTAGON)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185256
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY SAYS HE DOES NOT PLAN TO STEP UP THE BOMBING IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA ANYTIME SOON. HE ALSO SAYS THAT WHILE THE CAMPAIGN CONTINUES FOR NOW, IT SHOULD NOT GO ON INDEFINITELY. V-O-A'S DAVID SWAN REPORTS,

    TEXT: AFTER ALMOST TWO WEEKS OF POUNDING BY NATO PLANES AND AMERICAN CRUISE MISSILES, THE BOSNIAN SERBS ARE STILL REFUSING TO MOVE THEIR TANKS AND ARTILLERY AWAY FROM SARAJEVO. BUT FOR NOW AT LEAST, MR. PERRY SAYS HE SEES NO REASON TO EXPAND THE BOMBING TO A WIDER RANGE OF TARGETS, LIKE FACTORIES OR BOSNIAN SERB TROOP CONCENTRATIONS. HE ALSO SAYS THE MISSION SHOULD NOT LAST FOREVER.

    // PERRY ACT //

    I WOULD NOT WANT THE BOMBING TO CONTINUE INDEFINITELY. I THINK THE BOMBING IS FOR A LIMITED PURPOSE, A LIMITED OBJECTIVE AND ONCE WE ACHIEVE THAT OBJECTIVE WE SHOULD STOP IT. WE ARE NOT ANXIOUS TO BOMB THE BOSNIAN SERBS JUST FOR THE SAKE OF BOMBING THEM.

    // END ACT //

    THE PENTAGON IS ANXIOUS TO DEPLOY "STEALTH" FIGHTERS TO KNOCK OUT BOSNIAN SERB AIR DEFENSES WITHOUT BEING TARGETED BY SERB RADARS. SO FAR, ITALY DECLINES TO HAVE THEM BASED ON ITALIAN SOIL, WITH THE GOVERNMENT DEMANDING A BIGGER ROLE IN THE BOSNIAN PEACE PROCESS.

    THE BOMBING HAS ALSO OPENED A RIFT WITH RUSSIA WHICH HIGH-LEVEL U-S ENVOYS ARE TRYING TO HEAL. HOWEVER, THE ADMINISTRATION REJECTS MOSCOW'S CHARGE THAT AIR STRIKES ARE KILLING MANY CIVILIANS. THE PLANES ARE USING PRECISION-GUIDED BOMBS -- WHICH, ACCORDING TO MR. PERRY, ARE EVEN MORE PRECISE THAN THOSE USED IN THE PERSIAN GULF WAR.

    // PERRY ACT //

    I HAVE REVIEWED MORE THAN 100 BOMB DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS OF THE BOMBING THAT'S BEEN DONE TO DATE AND THEY ARE REMARKABLY ACCURATE. I COMPARE THEM WITH DESERT STORM WHEN WE HAD VERY ACCURATE BOMBING. THIS IS SUBSTANTIALLY IMPROVED OVER DESERT STORM.

    // END ACT //

    THE AIR CAMPAIGN CONTINUED WEDNESDAY WITH EARLY-MORNING STRIKES AROUND SARAJEVO. MEANWHILE, UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS SAY THE SERBS HAVE LOST GROUND TO BOSNIAN MUSLIM AND CROAT TROOPS IN SEVERAL AREAS. BUT THE OFFICIALS INSIST THE AIR RAIDS ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SERBS' SETBACKS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DS/MMK
    13-Sep-95 12:10 PM EDT (1610 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [15] U-S/ALBANIA (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/12/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185218
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ALBANIA'S PRESIDENT SALI BERISHA MEETS WITH U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY BEFORE TRAVELING TO NEW YORK AND BOSTON DURING HIS CURRENT U-S VISIT. V-O-A'S VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS MR. BERISHA -- IN TALKS TUESDAY AT THE WHITE HOUSE -- EXPRESSED STRONG SUPPORT FOR THE NATO BOMBING RAIDS AGAINST BOSNIAN SERB TARGETS:

    TEXT: MR. BERISHA TOLD REPORTERS AFTER HIS MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON THAT HE FULLY SUPPORTS THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AS A WAY OF BRINGING PEACE AND STABILITY TO THE REGION. HE HAS OFFERED ALBANIAN PORTS AND AIRFIELDS TO NATO FORCES.

    THE UNITED STATES HAS PLEDGED TO EQUIP ALBANIAN SOLDIERS TAKING PART IN NATO'S "PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE PROGRAM" FOR FORMER EAST BLOC COUNTRIES. ALBANIAN AND U-S TROOPS FOR THE FIRST TIME HELD JOINT MILITARY EXERCISES IN ALBANIA LAST JULY.

    WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN DAVID JOHNSON SAYS MR. CLINTON ENCOURAGED THE ALBANIAN LEADER TO CONTINUE DOWN THE ROAD OF REFORM PARTICULARLY AS IT RELATES TO ALBANIA'S GREEK MINORITY.

    /// JOHNSON ACT ///

    IN PARTICULAR (WE TOLD HIM) HOW MUCH WE WERE LOOKING FORWARD TO THE ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT TO BRING FURTHER STEPS IN TERMS OF MINORITY RIGHTS WITH RESPECT TO EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY, FREEDOM TO PRACTICE ONE'S RELIGION AND FREEDOM FROM DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT PARTICULARLY IN THE AREAS OF ADMINISTRATION, MILITARY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT.

    /// END ACT ///

    FOR HIS PART, PRESIDENT CLINTON PLEDGES TO SUPPORT THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN KOSOVO PROVINCE OF SERB-LED YUGOSLAVIA. ALBANIA HAS EXPRESSED CONCERN OVER WHAT IT CALLS "ANTI-ALBANIAN ACTIONS" IN KOSOVO INCLUDING THE RECENT RESETTLEMENT THERE OF SERB REFUGEES FROM CROATIA. (SIGNED)

    NEB/VB/SKH
    12-Sep-95 10:08 PM EDT (0208 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [16] U.S. POLICY IN BOSNIA BY ED WARNER ( WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31109
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: MANY CRITICS OF U.S FOREIGN POLICY HAVE LONG SAID TEH AMERICAN POLICY TOWARD THE BALKANS HAS BEEN AN UNCERTAIN ONE AT BEST. DIFFERENT VERSIONS HAVE EMERGED FROM DIFFERENT OFFICES. VOA'S ED WARNER SPOKE TO TWO ANALYSTS WHO SAY SIGNS OF COHERENCE ARE BEGINNING TO APPEAR.

    TEXT: FOR A FEW MONTHS, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE SEEMED TO BE REMOVED FROM POLICY MAKING ON BOSNIA. HE HAD CONSISTENTLY URGED MORE DECISIVE ACTION.

    NOW THAT ACTION HAS BEEN TAKEN, HE IS VERY MUCH BACK IN POLICY MAKING, LEADING THE NEGOTIATIONS FOR A PEACE SETTLEMENT. IN TURN, SOME OBSERVERS WONDER WHY SO LITTLE HAS BEEN HEARD FROM HIS BOSS, SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER.

    JOHN STEINBRUNER OF THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION TOLD "THE WALL STREET JOURNAL" SILENCE IS UNUSUAL FOR SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER. ORDINARILY, THE SECRETARY OF STATE WOULD BE TAKING COMMAND OF SUCH AN IMPORTANT POLICY. MR. STEINBRUNER SPECULATES THAT PERHAPS THE NATURE OF THE POLICY CAUSES MR. CHRISTOPHER TO PREFER MAINTAIN A DISCREET DISTANCE.

    CHARLES MAYNES, EDITOR OF FOREIGN POLICY MAGAZINE, OBSERVES THAT IT IS NOT SO UNUSUAL FOR A PRESIDENT OR SECRETARY OF STATE TO DELEGATE AUTHORITY TO SUBORDINATES. FOR EXAMPLE, PRESIDENT REAGAN LET ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE CHESTER CROCKER HANDLE NEGOTIATIONS ABOUT NAMIBIA, AND EARLIER MR. CHRISTOPHER ASSIGNED ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE ROBERT GALLUCCI TO DEAL WITH THE NUCLEAR PROBLEM IN NORTH KOREA.

    MR. MAYNES SAYS IT MAKES SENSE TO LET MR. HOLBROOKE CARRY OUT A POLICY HE HAS URGED ALL ALONG:

    // MAYNES ACTUALITY //

    AMERICANS WANT A VICTORY SO MUCH THAT THEY ARE DELCARING IT BEFORE HE HAS EVEN ROUNDED THE FIRST LAP. HE HAS GOT A LONG WAY TO GO. BUT I DO GIVE HIM A LOT OF CREDIT. I THINK FOR THE FIRST TIME, HE HAS A REALISTIC PROPOSAL ON THE TABLE. I DON'T THINK THE UNITED STATES HAS HAD ONE UNDER EITHER THE BUSH OR THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION. WE HAD RHETORICAL POSTURE BUT NOT REALLY A POLICY. AND NOW WE HAVE A POLICY. BECAUSE OF THAT, HE HAS MADE MORE PROGRESS THAN PEOPLE EXPECTED.

    // END ACT //

    MR. MAYNES NOTES THERE ARE OTHER LESS VISIBLE CONTRIBUTORS TO POLICY LIKE THE U-S MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT, SOME OF WHOSE MEMBERS ARE SAID TO HAVE BEEN UNOFFICIALLY INVOLVED IN THE CROATIAN BUILD-UP:

    // MAYNES ACTUALITY //

    THEY CONTEND THAT THEY HAVE STAYED WITHIN CERTAIN LIMITS, AND I WILL ACCEPT THEIR WORD AS THEY HAVE STATED IT. I THINK WHAT IS TRUE IS THAT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY, WHETHER WISELY OR UNWISELY, HAS TURNED A BLIND EYE TOWARD CROATIAN VIOLATIONS OF THE ARMS EMBARGO. THERE IS NO QUESTION ABOUT THAT.

    // END ACT //

    CHARLES GATI, WHO QUIT A TOP POST IN THE STATE DEPARTMENT BECAUSE OF HIS OBJECTIONS TO A LAX BOSNIAN POLICY, IS CRITICAL OF PRESIDENT CLINTON'S ROLE IN THE POLICY:

    // GATI ACTUALITY //

    WHAT I FIND ACTUALLY MORE CURIOUS IS THAT WE HAVE NOT YET HEARD FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. NATO STARTED A MAJOR SERIES OF ACTIONS THAT CANDIDATE CLINTON ADVOCATED (BEFORE THE ELECTION) AND PRESIDENT CLINTON DID NOT IMPLEMENT. NOW HE IS IMPLEMENTING. HE IS CERTAINLY PRESSING NATO TO DO SO. B UT HE HAS YET TO EXPLAIN ALL THESE TWISTS AND TURNS IN POLICY TO THE AMERICAN PUBLIC.

    // END ACT //

    MR. GATI SAYS THERE ARE BOUND TO BE AMERICAN CASUALTIES. SO IT WOULD BE BETTER FOR THE PRESIDENT TO MAKE HIS CASE NOW WHEN THINGS ARE GOING WELL. CHARLES HAYNES OF FOREIGN POLICY MAGAZINE AGREES THAT IF EXTENSIVE BOMBING IS TO CONTINUE IN BOSNIA, THE PRESIDENT OR THE SECRETARY OF STATE MUST CLEARLY EXPLAIN THE REASON FOR IT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/EW/CF
    13-Sep-95 12:26 PM EDT (1626 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [17] U-S / BOSNIA (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185278
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED STATES HAS WARNED BOSNIAN CROATS AND MUSLIMS NOT TO MAKE MILITARY ADVANCES ANYWHERE IN BOSNIA TO PROTECT THE U-S PEACE INTIATIVE. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT.

    TEXT: THE BOSNIAN ARMY'S REPORTED ADVANCE AGAINST THE SERBS IN CENTRAL BOSNIA IS CAUSING SOME EMBARASSMENT FOR THE UNITED STATES AS AMERICAN DIPLOMAT RICHARD HOLBROOKE RESUMES HIS PEACE INITIATIVE IN THE BALKANS.

    THE UNITED STATES HAS EMPHASIZED THAT NATO'S AIR STRIKES AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS ARE DESIGNED TO HALT THE SERBS' ATTACKS AGAINST BOSNIAN SAFE AREAS, NOT TO PROMOTE THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT'S MILITARY GOALS.

    STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN NICHOLAS BURNS SAYS THE RESTRAINT APPLIES EVERYWHERE IN BOSNIA.

    ///BURNS ACT///

    WE BELIEVE THAT FOREBEARANCE FROM MILITARY ACTION IS THE ONLY WAY TO ENHANCE THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR PEACE. WE WELCOME PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC'S ASSURANCES THAT THE GOVERNMENT IN SARAJEVO WOULD NOT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE CURRENT U-N AND NATO MILITARY OPERATIONS. THIS APPLIES TO ALL PARTS OF BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, NOT JUST TO SAFE AREAS.

    ///END ACT///

    SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER EMPHASIZED THE CALL FOR RESTRAINT IN HIS MEETING HERE TUESDAY WITH CROATIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MATE GRANIC. (SIGNED)

    NEB/RP/BG
    13-Sep-95 4:54 PM EDT (2054 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [18] YUGO REVIEW (L ONLY) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185270
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: SENIOR U-N PERSONNEL IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA ARE EXPECTED TO MEET WITH SECRETARY-GENERAL BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI SATURDAY IN NEW YORK TO REVIEW THE DIPLOMATIC AND MILITARY SITUATION IN BOSNIA. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS U-N SPOKESMEN DENY REPORTS OF A GROWING RIFT BETWEEN THE U-N AND NATO CAUSED BY THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN.

    TEXT: U-N ENVOY YASUSHI AKASHI, MEDIATOR THORVALD STOLTENBERG AND TOP MILITARY COMMANDER -- GENERAL BERNARD JANVIER -- HAVE BEEN CALLED IN FOR AN OVERALL REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. THE U-N SAYS THE EMPHASIS WILL BE ON THE FUTURE OF ITS DIPLOMATIC ROLE IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC. BUT CLEARLY DISCUSSION WILL ALSO FOCUS ON THE EFFECTS OF NATO'S BOMBING OF BOSNIAN-SERB TARGETS -- WHICH BEGAN LAST MONTH.

    WHILE THE U-N CONSISTENTLY DENIES IT MAY BE HAVING SOME DOUBTS ABOUT THE NATO STRATEGY -- A U-N SPOKESMAN SAYS NATO SECRETARY-GENERAL WILLY CLAES WANTS NEW YORK TO BE EMPHATIC ABOUT ITS SUPPORT. THE NATO CHIEF SPOKE WITH SECRETARY-GENERAL BOUTROS-GHALI LATE TUESDAY AND ASKED HIM TO STRESS, IN NO UNCERTAIN TERMS, THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE OF OPINION BETWEEN THE TWO ORGANIZATIONS. MEANWHILE, U-N OFFICIALS TRIED TO EASE RUSSIAN ANGER OVER BEING EXCLUDED FROM THE U-N/NATO DECISION-MAKING IN BOSNIA. THEY RELEASED TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL -- WHERE RUSSIA SITS AS A PERMANENT MEMBER -- A CONFIDENTIAL MEMORANDUM DETAILING DISCUSSIONS THAT LED TO THE ESCALATION OF THE AIR STRIKES.

    INTERNAL DOCUMENTS ARE NOT NORMALLY CIRCULATED. BUT MOSCOW HAS DEMANDED IT IN THIS CASE, SAYING THE COUNCIL HAS A RIGHT TO KNOW HOW ITS RESOLUTIONS ARE BEING CARRIED OUT.

    RUSSIA'S U-N AMBASSADOR SAYS HE HAS TO STUDY THE DOCUMENT FIRST, BUT HE ALREADY DOES NOT LIKE WHAT HE SEES IN IT. RUSSIA HAS SUBMITTED A DRAFT RESOLUTION TO THE COUNCIL CALLING FOR AN END TO THE NATO BOMBING. (SIGNED) NEB/RAE 13-Sep-95 2:47 PM EDT (1847 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [19] YUGO SITREP (L-UPDATE) BY WAYNE COREY ( VIENNA)

    DATE=9/13/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185265
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // EDITORS -- UPDATES WITH SERBS FLEEING FROM THREATENED TOWNS //

    INTRO: UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS SAY ABOUT 40-THOUSAND SERBS ARE FLEEING FROM A MUSLIM AND CROAT ADVANCE IN WEST CENTRAL BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. ONE OR TWO SERB TOWNS MAY HAVE FALLEN, AND ANOTHER IS REPORTED BEING SHELLED. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS IN ZAGREB SAY A HUGE EXODUS OF SERB CIVILIANS HAS QUICKLY DEVELOPED IN THE FACE OF A COORDINATED MUSLIM AND CROAT OFFENSIVE.

    THE UNITED NATIONS ENVOY IN ZAGREB, YASUSHI AKASHI, SAYS BOSNIAN MUSLIM AND CROAT FORCES, BACKED BY THE CROATIAN ARMY, APPEAR TO HAVE CAPTURED THE SERB-HELD TOWN OF DONJI VAKUF.

    THERE ARE ALSO UNCONFIRMED REPORTS THE MORE IMPORTANT TOWN OF JAJCE, A KEY MUSLIM AND CROAT OBJECTIVE, IS NOW BEING SHELLED.

    U-N OFFICIALS REPORT LITTLE DETERMINED SERB RESISTANCE TO THE RAPID MUSLIM AND CROAT ADVANCE. THE OFFICIALS SAY THE SERBS COULD BE CARRYING OUT A TACTICAL WITHDRAWAL OR THEY MAY JUST BE DISORGANIZED.

    SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC EARLIER INDICATED CROAT BATTLEFIELD GAINS AROUND THE TOWN OF SIPOVO COULD BE DUE TO INCOMPETENT SERB MILITARY COMMANDERS THERE. HE ADMITS SERB FORCES HAVE BEEN DRIVEN OUT OF SIPOVO.

    MR. KARADZIC ALSO SAYS NATO AIRSTRIKES AND U-N SHELLING OF SERB POSITIONS HAVE RESULTED IN VERY FEW CIVILIAN CASUALTIES. UNTIL NOW, THE SERBS HAVE CLAIMED THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN IN BOSNIA HAS KILLED OR INJURED MANY SERB CIVILIANS.

    AFTER ACCUSING NATO OF GENOCIDE AGAINST THE SERBS, THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT SAYS IT WILL STILL COOPERATE WITH THE WESTERN ALLIES IN THE SEARCH FOR PEACE IN BOSNIA.

    FOREIGN MINISTER ANDREI KOZYREV SAYS RUSSIA DOES NOT WANT AN OVERALL CONFRONTATION WITH THE ALLIES.

    SOME U-N OR NATO OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED CONSIDERING A FACE-SAVING WAY FOR NATO AND THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO END THEIR MILITARY CONFRONTATION.

    BUT THE U-N COMMANDER IN BOSNIA, BRITISH GENERAL RUPERT SMITH, IS SAID TO WANT THE NATO AIR ATTACKS TO CONTINUE UNTIL THE SERBS EFFECTIVELY LIFT THEIR SIEGE OF THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL.

    A U-N SPOKESMAN IN SARAJEVO SAYS GENERAL SMITH IS FIRMLY TELLING HIS SUPERIORS AND NATO THERE SHOULD BE NO COMPROMISE WITH THE SERB COMMANDER, GENERAL RATKO MLADIC. MEANWHILE, AMERICAN ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE HAS RESUMED THE U-S PEACE INITIATIVE IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. MR. HOLBROOKE IS HOLDING MORE TALKS IN BELGRADE WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC.

    MR. HOLBROOKE WILL VISIT ZAGREB LATER THIS WEEK. HE HOPES TO WORK OUT AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN YUGOSLAVIA AND CROATIA ON THE FUTURE OF THE CROATIAN SERB-HELD EASTERN SLAVONIA REGION. (SIGNED) NEB/WC/ADEN//MMK 13-Sep-95 1:29 PM EDT (1729 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    Back to Top
    Copyright © 1995-2022 HR-Net (Hellenic Resources Network). An HRI Project.
    All Rights Reserved.

    HTML by the HR-Net Group / Hellenic Resources Institute, Inc.
    voa2html v1.01 run on Wednesday, 13 September 1995 - 22:29:58