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Voice of America, 27 September 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - SEPTEMBER 27, 1995 !!!

  • [02] WEDNESDAY'S HEADLINES BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [03] BOSNIA AND THE NATO SCHOOL (CORRECTED VERSION) BY FRANCIS RONALDS (WASHINGTON)

  • [04] BOSNIA SITREP (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [05] BRITAIN / EUROCOURT (L-ONLY) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA ( LONDON)

  • [06] CLINTON / YELTSIN / BOSNIA (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [07] CONGRESS/BOSNIA (L ONLY) BY JIM MALONE (SENATE)

  • [08] ROMANIA LOOKS TO THE WEST BY ED WARNER ( WASHINGTON)

  • [09] RUSSIA / NATO BY ELIZABETH ARROTT (MOSCOW)

  • [10] TURKEY / POLITICS (L ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - SEPTEMBER 27, 1995 !!!

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=
    VOA DIGEST - SEPTEMBER 27, 1995 THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    BOSNIA / SILAJDZIC -- THE BOSNIAN PRIME MINISTER HARIS SILAJDZIC HAS SAID THE AGREEMENT IN NEW YORK WILL PROTECT BOSNIAN DEMOCRACY, BUT HE HAS CALLED FOR AMERICAN GUARANTEES THAT THE BOSNIAN SERBS WILL NOT BE ABLE TO SECEDE AND JOIN WITH SERBIA. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS. (9/26)

    PENTAGON / BOSNIA -- WHILE BOSNIAN PEACE TALKS ARE UNDERWAY IN NEW YORK, NATO IS MAKING PLANS TO ENFORCE A POTENTIAL AGREEMENT, AND REPORTING A POSSIBLE VIOLATION OF BOSNIA'S NO-FLY ZONE. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS. (9/26)

    CLINTON / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS THE AGREEMENT BY REPRESENTATIVES OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLICS ON PRINCIPLES FOR A NEW BOSNIAN CONSTITUTION BRINGS THE PARTIES A STEP CLOSER TO A GENUINE PEACE IN BOSNIA. AND, IN ANNOUNCING CONTINUED US DIPLOMACY IN THE BALKANS, HE IS REASSURING ALLIES AND REMINDING CONGRESSIONAL REPUBLICANS OF HIS INTENTION TO INCLUDE US FORCES IN ANY EVENTUAL NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS. (9/26)

    BOSNIA / CONTACT GROUP -- IN NEW YORK, THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF BOSNIA, CROATIA AND SERBIAN-DOMINATED YUGOSLAVIA HAVE AGREED ON CONSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES OF A NEW BOSNIAN STATE. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS ELECTIONS WAS THE MOST CONTROVERSIAL ISSUE. (9/26)

    MIDEAST / FRANCE -- PALESTINIAN LEADER YASSER ARAFAT HAS COMPARED THE NEW AGREEMENT BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINIANS ON THE WEST BANK WITH FRANCE'S PEACE WITH ITS FORMER COLONY, ALGERIA. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY IN PARIS REPORTS. (9/27)

    PACIFIC / GREENPEACE -- FRENCH SOLDIERS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC HAVE SEIZED A THIRD SHIP BELONGING TO THE INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP GREENPEACE. CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS THE SAILING VESSEL "VEGA" WAS BOARDED AND IMPOUNDED AFTER IT ENTERED A MILITARY EXCLUSION ZONE AROUND MURUROA ATOLL, WHERE FRANCE RECENTLY RESUMED NUCLEAR TESTING. (9/27)

    MIDEAST / PEACE -- THE LEADERS OF ISRAEL, THE PLO, JORDAN AND EGYPT HEAD TO WASHINGTON FOR THURSDAY'S SIGNING OF THE AGREEMENT EXPANDING PALESTINIAN SELF-RULE. PLO CHIEF YASSER ARAFAT GOES WITH ONLY A LUKEWARM ENDORSEMENT OF THE ACCORD FROM THE ORGANIZATION'S LEADERSHIP. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (9/27)

    US / MIDEAST -- THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION IS HOPING TO KEEP THE MOMENTUM GOING IN THE MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS FOLLOWING THIS THURSDAY'S SIGNING AT THE WHITE HOUSE OF AN ISRAELI-PLO ACCORD EXTENDING PALESTINIAN SELF-RULE INTO THE WEST BANK. PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL USE THE OCCASION OF THE SIGNING CEREMONY TO MEET SEPARATELY WITH MIDDLE EAST LEADERS WHO WILL BE ATTENDING THE EVENT IN AN EFFORT TO KEEP THE PEACE PROCESS ON TRACK. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (9/26)

    RUSSIA / JAPAN -- THE RUSSIAN COAST GUARD OPENED FIRE AT A JAPANESE FISHING BOAT APPARENTLY WOUNDING THE CAPTAIN. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT IN MOSCOW REPORTS THE INCIDENT IS THE LATEST IN A SERIES THAT HAS STRAINED RUSSIAN-JAPANESE RELATIONS. (9/27)

    US / JAPAN AVIATION -- THE CHAIRMAN OF ONE OF AMERICA'S TOP AIRLINES HAS CRITICIZED JAPAN FOR ATTEMPTING TO CREATE WHAT HE CALLS A "BAMBOO CURTAIN" BLOCKING AMERICAN ECONOMIC EXPANSION INTO THE ASIAN MARKET. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS THE EXECUTIVE'S STATEMENT COMES AS THE UNITED STATES AND JAPAN HOLD TALKS IN TOKYO AIMED AT REVISING A 43-YEAR OLD BILATERAL AIR CARGO AGREEMENT. (9/27)

    US / JAPAN -- THE UNITED STATES AND JAPAN ARE NEARING A DECISION ABOUT BETTER IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATUS OF AMERICAN FORCES IN JAPAN. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NEW YORK THE ISSUE WILL BE DISCUSSED IN A MEETING TODAY OF THEIR FOREIGN AND DEFENSE MINISTERS. (9/27)

    JAPAN / UN -- JAPAN HAS JOINED A HOST OF COUNTRIES AT THE UNITED NATIONS CRITICIZING FRANCE AND CHINA FOR DEFYING CALLS TO BAN NUCLEAR TESTING. JAPANESE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER YOHEI KONO SPOKE TUESDAY AT THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS. (9/26)

    CLINTON / APEC -- PRESIDENT CLINTON MAY BE FORCED TO CHANGE HIS PLANS TO ATTEND THE UPCOMING ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION SUMMIT IN OSAKA, JAPAN BECAUSE OF THE POTENTIAL BUDGET CRISIS. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS THE PRESIDENT IS HEADING TOWARD A SHOWDOWN WITH THE REPUBLICAN-CONTROLLED CONGRESS IN NOVEMBER OVER THE ISSUE OF RAISING THE GOVERNMENT'S DEBT CEILING LIMIT. (9/27)

    CHINA / SELLING WOMEN -- ALTHOUGH THE CONSTITUTION OF MODERN-DAY CHINA GUARANTEES WOMEN EQUAL STATUS WITH MEN, IT IS APPARENT THAT IN AN INCREASINGLY LIBERAL SOCIETY MORE TRADITIONAL WAYS OF THINKING ARE MAKING A COMEBACK, ESPECIALLY IN RURAL AREAS. AS CORRESPONDENT STEPHANIE HO REPORTS, THERE IS A GROWING INCIDENCE OF WHAT, IN CHINA, IS CALLED AN ANCIENT CRIME, THE BUYING AND SELLING OF WOMEN. (9/27)

    KOREA / TALKS -- REPRESENTATIVES FROM ARCH-RIVALS NORTH AND SOUTH KOREA HAVE BEGUN A THIRD ROUND OF TALKS IN BEIJING ABOUT FOOD AID FOR THE FLOOD-STRICKEN NORTH. CORRESPONDENT STEPHANIE HO IN BEIJING REPORTS THE ONLY APPARENT RESULT IS BOTH SIDES HAVE AGREED TO CONTINUE THE MEETING FOR AT LEAST A SECOND DAY. (9/27)

    SOUTH KOREA / RIOT -- SOUTH KOREAN STUDENTS TOOK TO THE STREETS FOR THE THIRD DAY IN A ROW WEDNESDAY TO DEMAND PUNISHMENT FOR TWO EX-PRESIDENTS INVOLVED IN THE VIOLENT SUPPRESSION OF A PRO-DEMOCRACY UPRISING 15 YEARS AGO. AS STRINGER SHIN NA REPORTS FROM SEOUL, STUDENTS ARE PLANNING RALLIES AND OTHER EVENTS TO PRESSURE THE GOVERNMENT TO INDICT THE TWO MEN WHOM THEY ACCUSE OF MURDER. (9/27)

    THAILAND / MILITARY -- A RESHUFFLE OF MILITARY POSTS IN THAILAND, ANNOUNCEMENT OF WHICH WAS DELAYED FOR SEVERAL WEEKS, HAS PROVOKED RENEWED DISCUSSION AMONG POLITICAL ANALYSTS AND MILITARY OBSERVERS. CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON REPORTS FROM BANGKOK. (9/27)

    KARACHI / VIOLENCE -- GUNMEN HAVE KILLED TWO SONS OF A SENIOR POLICE OFFICIAL IN KARACHI, PAKISTAN'S STRIFE-TORN PORT CITY. CORRESPONDENT DOUGLAS BAKSHIAN REPORTS THE ATTACK IS ONE OF THE DEADLIEST ON KARACHI POLICE IN RECENT WEEKS. (9/27)

    KASHMIR / SPLIT -- A SENIOR KASHMIRI LEADER HAS WARNED THAT A CIVIL WAR IS BREWING AMONG ARMED FACTIONS FIGHTING INDIAN FORCES IN INDIAN KASHMIR. CORRESPONDENT DOUGLAS BAKSHIAN HAS MORE ON THE STORY. (9/27)

    INDIA / OUTLAW -- INDIAN POLICE SAY THE BROTHER AND TWO ASSOCIATES OF ONE OF INDIA'S MOST WANTED MEN HAVE COMMITTED SUICIDE WHILE IN POLICE CUSTODY. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE HAS DETAILS FROM NEW DELHI. (9/27)

    LIBYA / PALESTINIANS -- LIBYA DENIES PLANNING TO EXPEL THE ESTIMATED 30-THOUSAND PALESTINIANS LIVING THERE. BUT, AS DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM CAIRO, UN AND EGYPTIAN OFFICIALS ARE STILL CONCERNED ABOUT A POSSIBLE EXPULSION BY LIBYA TO PROTEST THE ISRAELI/PLO SELF-RULE AGREEMENT. (9/27)

    SAF / LANDMINES -- A SOUTH AFRICAN ANTI-WAR GROUP HAS CALLED ON THE GOVERNMENT TO STOP THE PRODUCTION AND SALE OF ALL LANDMINES. CORRESPONDENT MALLORY SALESON IN JOHANNESBURG REPORTS THE APPEAL FOLLOWS A GOVERNMENT DECISION TO DEVELOP SO-CALLED "SHORT-LIFE" ANTI-PERSONNEL WEAPONS. (9/27)

    ANGOLA / AID -- A SHOW OF UNITY FROM THE TWO LEADERS OF ANGOLA HAS WON THEM ONE BILLION DOLLARS IN PLEDGES FROM THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. THE MONEY HAS BEEN PLEDGED AT A DONORS' MEETING IN BRUSSELS. STRINGER JOHN FRASER REPORTS. (9/26)

    COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT QUESTIONED -- COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT ERNESTO SAMPER WAS QUESTIONED FOR NINE HOURS TUESDAY BY A CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE INVESTIGATING ALLEGATIONS THAT HIS POLITICAL CAMPAIGN ACCEPTED OVER FIVE-POINT-EIGHT-MILLION DOLLARS FROM DRUG TRAFFICKERS. THE ALLEGATIONS HAVE LED TO COLOMBIA'S WORST POLITICAL CRISIS IN DECADES. CORRESPONDENT PAMELA MERCER REPORTS. (9/26)

    SALVADOR / NAFTA -- EL SALVADORAN PRESIDENT ARMANDO CALDERON SOL SAYS HE SENT PRESIDENT CLINTON A LETTER TUESDAY ASKING THE US ADMINISTRATION TO BEGIN ELIMINATING TRADE BARRIERS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND CENTRAL AMERICA. CORRESPONDENT BARBARA SCHOETZAU REPORTS. (9/26)

    US / IMMIGRATION -- THE US GOVERNMENT HAS ANNOUNCED ITS LARGEST OPERATION EVER AGAINST THE EMPLOYMENT OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS IN THE AMERICAN SOUTHEAST. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS MOST OF THE MORE THAN FOUR-THOUSAND ILLEGALS DISCOVERED IN THE SWEEP THROUGH SIX STATES HAVE BEEN SENT HOME. (9/26)

    US POLITICS / POWELL -- RETIRED JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF CHAIRMAN COLIN POWELL SAYS HE IS INTRIGUED BY TEXAS BILLIONAIRE ROSS PEROT'S PLANS TO FORM A THIRD POLITICAL PARTY AND WANTS TO SEE HOW IT DEVELOPS. REPORTER VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS MR. POWELL, WHO IS CURRENTLY ON A NATIONWIDE TOUR PROMOTING HIS BOOK "MY AMERICAN JOURNEY," CONTINUES TO STIR WIDE PUBLIC INTEREST ABOUT A POTENTIAL RUN FOR THE PRESIDENCY NEXT YEAR. (9/27)

    SENATE / AMBASSADORS -- DEMOCRATS IN THE US SENATE ARE CALLING ON THE REPUBLICAN CHAIRMAN OF THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE TO LET THE SENATE MOVE AHEAD ON SEVERAL AMBASSADORIAL NOMINATIONS AND TWO IMPORTANT ARMS CONTROL AGREEMENTS. SENATE DEMOCRATIC LEADER TOM DASCHLE COMPLAINED ABOUT THE STALLING TACTICS OF FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN JESSE HELMS TUESDAY. CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS. (9/26/95)

    FEDERAL RESERVE -- POLICYMAKERS AT THE US CENTRAL BANK HAVE DECIDED NOT TO CHANGE SHORT-TERM INTEREST RATES. CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES SAYS THE ACTION WAS EXPECTED AFTER A RECENT FAVORABLE ECONOMIC REPORT BY THE HEAD OF THE CENTRAL BANK. (9/26/95)

    NY / ECON WRAP -- THE LEADING INDEX OF STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES WAS SLIGHTLY LOWER TUESDAY FOLLOWING NEWS OF THE US CENTRAL BANK'S DECISION NOT TO CUT US INTEREST RATES. CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (9/26)

    DAIWA / ARREST -- US PROSECUTORS TUESDAY FILED A COMPLAINT AGAINST A FORMER EMPLOYEE OF JAPAN'S DAIWA BANK LIMITED, CHARGING HIM WITH FALSIFYING BANK RECORDS TO CONCEAL MORE THAN ONE BILLION DOLLARS IN LOSSES. CORRESPONDENT MICHELE KELEMEN REPORTS AUTHORITIES SAY AN INVESTIGATION IS UNDERWAY. (9/26)

    OJ SIMPSON / PROSECUTION -- IN LOS ANGELES TUESDAY, THE PROSECUTION BEGAN SUMMING UP ITS CASE AGAINST OJ SIMPSON, THE FORMER SPORTS HERO ACCUSED OF KILLING HIS EX-WIFE AND HER FRIEND. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS ON THE START OF CLOSING ARGUMENTS IN THE SENSATIONAL CASE. (9/26)

    SOUTH AFRICAN / ELECTIONS -- CORRESPONDENT MALLORY SALESON, TALKS TO SOUTH AFRICANS IN CITIES, SUBURBS AND TOWNSHIPS ABOUT WHAT THEY EXPECT FROM NOVEMBER'S LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS. (9/27) ASIA / BOOM TOWN CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON SHARES HIS OBSERVATIONS ABOUT AN ASIAN BOOM TOWN, KUALA LUMPUR, THE CAPITAL OF MALAYSIA. (9/27)

    THE CONSTITUTION -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' FRANCIS RONALDS LOOKS AT THE CONSTITUTION'S MOST ORIGINAL AND VITAL ELEMENT, THE SEPARATION OF POWERS. REPORT INCLUDES THE VOICES OF ASSOCIATE SUPREME COURT JUSTICE SANDRA DAY O'CONNOR, FORMER SOLICITOR GENERAL REX LEE, AND WRITER AND COMMENTATOR NORMAN ORNSTEIN. (9/27) WORLD LANDMINE BAN: PRO AND CON" ACCORDING TO SOME ESTIMATES, OVER 100 MILLION LANDMINES LIE BURIED IN UP TO 64 COUNTRIES WORLWIDE. WHILE OFTEN USED AS A MILITARY WEAPONS, THESE CHEAP, READILY AVAILABLE DEVICES CONTINUE TO MAIM AND KILL CIVILIANS LONG AFTER MILITARY CONFLICT IS OVER. A WORLDWIDE BAN HAS BEEN PROPOSED BY THE SECRETARY GENERAL AT THE UN SPONSORED MEETING TAKING PLACE NOW IN VIENNA. CURRENT AFFAIRS' ADAM PHILLIPS LOOKS AT THE PROS AND CONS OF SUCH A BAN. (9/27)

    FEMALE CIRCUMCISION -- AT THE RECENT UNITED NATIONS WOMEN'S CONFERENCE IN BEIJING, DELEGATES AGREED THAT FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION POSES GRAVE HEALTH RISKS AND SHOULD BE BANNED. FEMALE CIRCUMCISION HAS LONG BEEN PRACTICED IN MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD. MILLIONS OF WOMEN LIVING TODAY HAVE UNDERGONE THE RITUAL, FOR WHICH RELIGIOUS, CULTURAL AND MEDICAL JUSTIFICATIONS ARE CITED. CURRENT AFFAIRS' MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS ON A RECENT DISCUSSION ON THE PRACTICE THAT TOOK PLACE ON THE VOA "TALK TO AMERICA" PROGRAM. (9/27)

    WORLD FARM / ANIMALS DAY -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' ROB SIVAK REPORTS ON THIS YEAR'S WORLD FARM ANIMALS DAY (OCTOBER 2), THE 13TH ANNUAL EFFORT BY PRIVATE ANIMAL WELFARE GROUPS TO PROMOTE BETTER TREATMENT OF LIVESTOCK ANIMALS. (9/27)

    DES MOINES / IOWA CAUCUSES -- EVERY FOURTH FEBRUARY THE MIDWESTERN STATE OF IOWA BUSTLES WITH UNUSUAL ACTIVITY. THIS IS THE TIME OF THE IOWA CAUCUSES -- AN IMPORTANT STEP IN THE PROCESS OF CHOOSING THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT. DURING A RECENT VISIT TO IOWA'S CAPITAL DES MOINES CURRENT AFFAIRS' ZLATICA HOKE TRIED TO FIND OUT THE IMPORTANCE OF THE CAUCUSES FOR THE STATE. (9/27)

    NATIVE ALASKA / WOODCARVER -- CORRESPONDENT GREG FLAKUS REPORTS ON ONE NATIVE ALASKAN WHO IS WORKING TO PRESERVE THE OLD WAYS AND CRAFTS PASSED DOWN THROUGH THE GENERATIONS. (9/27)

    NATIVE ALASKA / THEATER -- CORRESPONDENT GREG FLAKUS, WHO RECENTLY VISITED ALASKA, HAS A REPORT ON A NATIVE ALASKAN THEATER THAT TRIES TO EDUCATE NATIVES AND TOURISTS ALIKE TO THE HISTORY AND TRADITIONS OF THE NATIVE TRIBES. (9/27) VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    AMERICAN POLLSTERS -- POLLING HAS BECOME AN INCREASINGLY IMPORTANT TOOL IN US POLITICS. CANDIDATES USE THEM TO ASSESS THEIR ELECTORAL CHANCES AND CHART THEIR POSITIONS ON ISSUES. BUT DOES THAT STRATEGY FORM THE BASIS OF GOOD PUBLIC POLICY? TALK TO AMERICA WELCOMES DEMOCRATIC POLLSTER STANLEY GREENBERG. MR GREENBERG DISCUSSES THE CURRENT USE OF POLLING INFORMATION, AND EXPLAIN THE TECHNIQUES FOR CONDUCTING SUCH SURVEYS. (ENGLISH 9/27)

    IRANIAN CULTURAL TRADITIONS -- STAFFER MOHAMMAD RAZAVI INTERVIEWS DR DAVID BIVAR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LONDON, WHO WAS VISITING LOS ANGELES. DR BIVAR, A SPECIALIST IN THE HISTORY OF PRE-ISLAMIC IRAN, TALKED ABOUT THE COUNTRY'S ANCIENT HISTORICAL TRADITIONS. (FARSI 9/27)

    UN LAND MINES / CONFERENCE -- MORE THAN 50 COUNTRIES ARE PARTICIPATING IN VIENNA AT THE UN-SPONSORED CONFERENCE ON LAND MINES. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER ANA GUEDES, FARIDA GULAMO SPOKE OF THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF LAND MINES ON THE LIVES OF CIVILIANS. MS. GULAMO IS A REPRESENTATIVE OF ADEMO, AN NGO THAT WORKS WITH PERSONS WHO WERE DISABLED BY THE WAR IN MOZAMBIQUE. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 9/27)

    US / PRESIDENTIAL RACE -- STAFFERS CLAUDE PORSELLA AND FERDINAND FERELLA REVIEWED THE MAIN ISSUES OF THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN SOME THIRTEEN MONTHS BEFORE THE 1996 US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. (FRENCH 9/26)

    GLOBAL LAND MINES -- REPORTER JOHN PITMAN SPEAKS TO ROBERT MULLER, THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE VIETNAM VETERANS OF AMERICA FOUNDATION, ABOUT A TWO-YEAR STUDY THE VVAF JUST COMPLETED ON THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND HUMANITARIAN COSTS OF LAND MINES AROUND THE WORLD. HE SAYS THE ONLY WAY TO ACHIEVE A GLOBAL BAN ON LAND MINES IS TO CONVINCE ARMIES THAT IT IS A HUMANITARIAN IMPERATIVE. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/26)

    UN / CHINA / HONG KONG -- CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTER QIAN QICHEN CRITICIZED THE UN'S USE OF FORCE IN SETTLING REGIONAL CONFLICTS. THE CHINESE OFFICIAL ALSO MET WITH FOREIGN MINISTERS OF OTHER COUNTRIES. MEANWHILE, THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER SAID IN A CONFERENCE THAT CHRIS PATTERN'S APPEAL TO GRANT PASSPORTS TO HONG KONG RESIDENTS DOES NOT REFLECT THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT'S POINT OF VIEW. STAFFER BAO SHEN COVERS THE 50TH UN SESSION IN NEW YORK. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    UNGA / BANGLADESH -- BANGLADESH FOREIGN MINISTER MOSTAFIZUR RAHMAN IN HIS SPEECH AT THE UNGA TUESDAY SAID THAT HIS COUNTRY SUPPORTS THE REFORM EFFORTS THAT HAVE BEEN INITIATED TO REVITALIZE AND RESTRUCTURE THE MAIN ORGANS OF THE UN AND THE ACHIEVEMENT OF A MORE DYNAMIC INTERRELATIONSHIP AMONG THEM. STAFFER ZIAUR RAHMAN REPORTS ON THE SPEECH. (BANGLA 9/26)

    YUGO / TALKS -- THE "POLISH PRESS AGENCY'S" UNITED NATIONS CORRESPONDENT, KRYSTYNA ROGOZINSKA, DISCUSSED THE FIRST DAY OF UN-SPONSORED YUGOSLAVIA PEACE TALKS WHICH OPENED IN NEW YORK, WITH POLISH SERVICE STAFFER MAREK KRZYZANSKI. (POLISH 9/26)

    PERU / HONDURAS / UNGA -- PERUVIAN FOREIGN MINISTER FRANCISCO TUDELA TOLD THE 50TH UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY ABOUT THE POLITICAL EXPERIENCE IN HIS COUNTRY DURING THE LAST TWO DECADES AND THE PROCESS OF ECONOMIC RECUPERATION. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. HONDURAS FOREIGN MINISTER, IN TURN, TALKED ABOUT CENTRAL AMERICAN NATIONS EFFORTS TO FULL INTEGRATION IN THE NEW WORLD ECONOMIC ORDER. ANOTHER SPEAKER, SPAIN'S FOREIGN MINISTER, OFFERED A VIEW OF THIS COUNTRY'S SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP WITH LATIN AMERICA. (SPANISH 9/26)

    KOZYREV / UN -- RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER ANDREY KOZYREV CALLED FOR A NUCLEAR TEST BAN IN A SPEECH AT THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY. ALEC BATCHAN REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (RUSSIAN 9/26)

    SPACE SHUTTLE / LAUNCH -- NASA AUTHORITIES SAID EVERYTHING IS READY TO LAUNCH THE COLUMBIA SPACE SHUTTLE THURSDAY. CORRESPONDENT JORGE WEHBY REPORTS FROM MIAMI. (SPANISH 9/26)

    CHESS CHAMPIONSHIP / NEW YORK -- GARY KASPAROV, REIGNING WORLD CHESS CHAMPION LOST THE NINTH GAME OF THE CHAMPIONSHIP TO CHALLENGER VISHI ANAND. STAFFER ALEC BATCHAN REPORTS THAT THIS RESULT WAS TOTALLY UNEXPECTED AMONG THE CHESS COGNOSCENTI. (RUSSIAN 9/26)

    OJ SIMPSON / TRIAL -- PROSECUTOR MARCIA CLARK MADE A STRONG CLOSING ARGUMENT IN THE MURDER TRIAL OF FORMER FOOTBALL STAR OJ SIMPSON, ASKING JURORS TO IGNORE THE "SMOKE SCREEN" RAISED BY THE DEFENSE. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ REPORTS FROM LOS ANGELES. (SPANISH 9/26)

    POLISH ART DEALER / PHILADELPHIA -- STAFFER WITOLD SULKOWSKI INTERVIEWED MALGORZATA BERCZYNSKA, A POLISH ART DEALER FROM PHILADELPHIA. (POLISH 9/22)

    POLISH-AMERICAN ORGANIZATIONS / NEW YORK -- STRINGER MALGORZATA KALUZA, REPORTS ON THE "PILSUDSKI INSTITUTE" AND THE " POLISH INSTITUTE OF ART AND SCIENCES" IN NEW YORK. BOTH INSTITUTIONS WERE ESTABLISHED BY POLISH INTELLECTUALS WHO ESCAPED FROM POLAND AFTER THE NAZI INVASION IN 1939. (POLISH 9/25)

    STACEY KEACH -- STAFFER BOGDAN WOCIECHOWSKI INTERVIEWED POPULAR TV AND STAGE ACTOR STACEY KEACH, AND HIS POLISH WIFE, MALGORZATA THOMASSI, ABOUT KEACH'S WASHINGTON PERFORMANCES IN "MACBETH". (POLISH 9/25)

    CHICAGO / DRUG PROGRAM FOR POLISH TEENAGERS -- STAFFER ANDRZEJ ZWANIECKI INTERVIEWS KRYSTYNA LUKAWSKA FROM THE "POLISH WELFARE ASSOCIATION" IN CHICAGO ABOUT DRUG ADDICTION PREVENTION PROGRAMS FOR YOUNG POLISH IMMIGRANTS. (POLISH 9/26)

    NEW YORK / POPE'S VISIT -- STRINGER MALGORZATA KALUZA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK ON HOW THE CITY IS GETTING READY TO WELCOME THE POPE. (POLISH 9/22)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    RWANDA / REFUGEES -- STAFFER FERDINAND FERELLA INTERVIEWS FRANCIS KPATINDE WHO IS IN CHARGE OF RWANDAN AFFAIRS AT THE UNHCR. MR. KPATINDE EXPRESSED CAUTIOUS OPTIMISM FOR THE REPATRIATION FROM ZAIRE OF MORE THAN ONE MILLION REFUGEES FOLLOWING A MEETING HELD IN GENEVA BETWEEN THE ZAIREAN AND RWANDAN FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTERS AND THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES. THE ZAIREAN GOVERNMENT HAD SAID IT WANTS ALL RWANDAN AND BURUNDIAN REFUGEES OUT OF ZAIRE BY THE END OF THE YEAR. (FRENCH 9/26)

    ANGOLA / AID -- AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE PLEDGED NEARLY ONE BILLION DOLLARS TO HELP ANGOLA RECOVER FROM 20 YEARS OF WAR. WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY MIKE MCCURRY WELCOMED SAVIMBI'S COMMITMENT TO PLAY A CONSTRUCTIVE ROLE IN POST WAR ANGOLA AND SAID IT BODE WELL FOR ANGOLA'S FUTURE. IN A PRESS CONFERENCE HELD AFTER THE CONCLUSION OF THE ROUND TABLE, UNITA'S LEADER JONAS SAVIMBI SAID THERE IS MUTUAL TRUST BETWEEN HIM AND ANGOLAN PRESIDENT EDUARDO DOS SANTOS. THE CARDINAL OF LUANDA, D ALEXANDRE DO NAXIMENTO ALSO MET IN BRUSSELS WITH THE NEW US AMBASSADOR TO ANGOLA. STAFFERS ANA GUEDES, STRINGER JOSE GONCALVES AND PORTUGUESE JOURNALIST JOSE RUI CUNHA REPORT. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 9/27)

    ANGOLA / UNDP -- DELEGATES TO A MEETING OF DONOR COUNTRIES ORGANIZED IN BRUSSELS BY THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM HAVE AGREED TO GRANT NEARLY ONE BILLION DOLLARS TO ANGOLA IN SUPPORT OF ITS RECONSTRUCTION EFFORT. STAFFER JEAN-CLAUDE ANDRE INTERVIEWED JEAN-JACQUES GRESSE, ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR FOR RESOURCES AND EXTERNAL RELATIONS AT THE UNPD ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY'S WILLINGNESS TO HELP REBUILD ANGOLA AFTER TWENTY YEARS OF CIVIL WAR. (FRENCH 9/26)

    ANGOLA / CABINDA -- PRESIDENT PASCAL LISSOUBA OF CONGO ANNOUNCED HIS INTENTIONS TO CALL FOR AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CABINDA, TO BE ORGANIZED BY THE UNITED NATIONS WITH FULL PARTICIPATION OF ALL INTERESTED PARTIES. LISSOUBA WAS RECENTLY IN LUANDA WHERE HE MET WITH ANGOLAN PRESIDENT EDUARDO DOS SANTOS AND CONFIRMED THAT DISCUSSIONS FOCUSED ON THE CABINDA ISSUE. STAFFER OVIDIO PEQUENO REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 9/27)

    SAO TOME PRINCIPE / ARREST -- THE MAYOR OF SAO TOME CITY HAS BEEN ARRESTED ON CHARGES OF CORRUPTION. MRS. FERNANDA MARGATO, WHO IS ACCUSED OF EMBEZZLING SOME 16.000 US DOLLARS, IS A MEMBER OF THE RULING PARTY WHICH HAS BEEN ACCUSED OF CONDONING CORRUPTION. STAFFER OVIDIO PEQUENO REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 9/27)

    SAF / NATAL / VIOLENCE -- STRINGER GENEVIEVE MAURER REPORTS ON A VIOLENT OUTBREAK IN KWAZULU-NATAL WHERE FOUR POLICE OFFICERS WERE KILLED, APPARENTLY IN REPRISAL FOR THE DEATH OF A LOCAL KWAZULU LEADER. (FRENCH 9/26)

    AFRICAN STUDENTS / HUMAN RIGHTS -- THE CHAIRMAN OF THE INTER-AFRICAN UNION FOR HUMAN AND PEOPLE'S RIGHTS, HALIDOU OUEDRAOGO TOLD STAFFER SAMUEL KIENDREBEOGO THAT WEST AFRICAN STUDENTS LIVING ON PONIATOWSKI BOULEVARD IN PARIS HAVE BEEN REPEATEDLY ATTACKED BY FRENCH FAR-RIGHT MILITANTS. MR. OUEDRAOGO'S NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION WHICH IS BASED IN OUAGADOUGOU, BURKINA FASO, SENT A LETTER OF PROTEST TO FRENCH PRESIDENT JACQUES CHIRAC AND CALLED ON ALL HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS TO HELP IN STOPPING THE ALLEGED ATTACKS. (FRENCH 9/26)

    NIGERIA / TRIAL -- STRINGER MOHAMED ELBOU REPORTS A DECLARATION BY NIGERIA'S MILITARY RULER SANI ABACHA IS RAISING CONCERN AS TO THE FATE OF SOME 40 PEOPLE ACCUSED OF PLOTTING TO OVERTHROW THE CURRENT REGIME. IT HAD BEEN HOPED THAT GENERAL ABACHA WILL GRANT THEM AMNESTY BUT HE DECLARED THEIR FATE WILL BE DECIDED BY THE RULE OF LAW. THE SENTENCES WHICH INCLUDE THE DEATH PENALTY ARE CURRENTLY BEING REVIEWED BY THE RULING MILITARY COUNCIL. (FRENCH 9/26)

    TANZANIA / CAMPAIGN -- IN PREPARATION FOR THE UPCOMING GENERAL ELECTIONS IN MAINLAND TANZANIA, FORMER PRESIDENT JULIAS NYERERE AND PRESIDENT ALI HASSAN MWINYI, WHO IS ALSO THE CHAIRMAN OF THE RULING PARTY CHAMA CHA MAPENDUZI, WILL SOON START CAMPAIGNING FOR BENJAMIN MKAPA, THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE FOR THE RULING PARTY. STRINGER PASCAL SHIJA REPORTS FROM DAR ES SALAAM. (SWAHILI 9/27)

    NAMIBIA / STRIKES -- NAMIBIA'S PERSISTENT STRIKES ARE AFFECTING THE ECONOMY AND THE LIVES OF WORKERS. STRINGER WILLIAM NYOKA REPORTS FROM NAMIBIA. (SWAHILI 9/27)

    UGANDA / DOCTORS STRIKE -- UGANDA'S PRESIDENT YOWERI MUSEVENI MET WITH SENIOR DOCTORS AND HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS WHO DO NOT SUPPORT THE MEDICAL WORKERS' STRIKE IN KAMPALA. THE MEDICAL WORKERS' STRIKE HAS NOW ENTERED ITS SECOND WEEK. STRINGER MIKE ARERENG REPORTS FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 9/27)

    KENYA / HUMAN RIGHTS -- THE KENYA HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION HAS CONDEMNED GROWING POLICE BRUTALITY, POLITICAL REPRESSION AND OTHER ABUSES IN ITS QUARTERLY REPORT. STAFFER TOM ATANDI SPOKE WITH NJERI KABEBERI ONE OF THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS BODY. (SWAHILI 9/27)

    ZAMBIA / POLITICS -- ABOUT FOUR MONTHS AFTER ZAMBIA'S CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW COMMISSION RELEASED ITS REPORT, THE GOVERNMENT HAS ANNOUNCED ITS OFFICIAL RESPONSE. IT'S TAKEN CONTROVERSIAL POSITIONS ON THE QUALIFICATIONS OF PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES, AND THE METHOD OF ADOPTING THE COUNTRY'S NEW CONSTITUTION. FROM LUSAKA, REPORTER KELLYS KAUNDA HAS DETAILS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/26)

    MALAWI / PRISONERS -- IN MALAWI, OVER 800 MURDER SUSPECTS SAY THEIR HUMAN RIGHTS ARE BEING VIOLATED. THEY'RE DEMANDING THE GOVERNMENT SPEED UP THEIR TRIALS. SOME HAVE BEEN IN PRISON UP TO 8 YEARS AWAITING THEIR DAY IN COURT. REPORTER JULIUS KALIYA HAS MORE ON THE STORY FROM BLANTYRE. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/26)

    ANGOLA / CONFERENCE -- AN UNPRECEDENTED INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ANGOLA ENDED WEDNESDAY IN BRUSSELS, WITH NEARLY ONE BILLION DOLLARS PLEDGED IN SUPPORT. REPORTER JOE DECAPUA SPOKE WITH ELLEN JOHNSON-SIRLEAF, DIRECTOR OF THE AFRICA BUREAU OF THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM, A SPONSOR OF THE EVENT. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/27)

    NIGERIA / PROVISIONAL RULING COUNCIL -- NIGERIA'S PROVISIONAL RULING COUNCIL IS MEETING TO DECIDE THE EXIT DATE OF THE COUNTRY'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT. REPORTER CHINEDU OFFOR HAS DETAILS FROM LAGOS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 9/27)

    NIGERIA / CONVENIENCE STORE OPENS -- STRINGER SANI ABDULLAHI TSAFE REPORTS THAT THE KADUNA COOPERATIVE SHOP WAS DECLARED OPEN BY THE COUNTRY'S HEAD OF STATE GENERAL SANI ABACHA. IN HIS OPENING ADDRESS, HE REITERATED HIS GOVERNMENT'S INTENTION TO FIGHT INFLATION BY SUBSIDIZING THE PRICE OF ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES. HE SAID THERE ARE SOME UNPATRIOTIC ELEMENTS WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR MOST OF THE DEBACLE FACING THE NATIONAL ECONOMY. (HAUSA 9/26)

    ETHIOPIA / CARTER / SYMPOSIUM -- FORMER US PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER IS IN ETHIOPIA CHAIRING A SYMPOSIUM ORGANIZED BY SASAKAWA GLOBAL 2000, AN INTERNATIONAL WELFARE ORGANIZATION WHICH HE LEADS. MR. CARTER AND ETHIOPIAN PRIME MINISTER MELES ZENAWI SPOKE AT THE OPENING OF THE CONFERENCE. AMHARIC STRINGER TAFESSE KIFLE REPORTS. (AMHARIC 9/27)

    AFRICA / TRADITIONAL PRACTICES -- STAFFER KONJIT TAYE INTERVIEWS MS. BERHANE RAS WORK, PRESIDENT OF INTER-AFRICAN COMMITTEE FOR THE ERADICATION OF TRADITIONAL PRACTICES IN AFRICA WHO WAS A PARTICIPANT AT THE RECENTLY HELD NGO FORUM ON WOMEN NEAR BEIJING. (AMHARIC 9/27)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    LEBANON / ISRAEL CLASHES -- CLASHES IN SOUTH LEBANON HAVE BEEN RENEWED BETWEEN ISRAELI FORCES AND LEBANESE RESISTANCE. MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/26)

    LEBANON / US -- A LEBANESE AVIATION OFFICIAL SAYS MIDDLE EAST AIRLINES HAS BEEN AUTHORIZED TO SELL PASSENGER TICKETS IN THE US SOON. REPORTER JUMANA TAMIMI HAS DETAILS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/26)

    SYRIA / PALESTINIAN ACCORD -- SYRIA RESUMED TUESDAY ITS VERBAL ATTACKS AGAINST THE PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI AGREEMENT ON SELF-RULE. CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/26)

    POW'S / EGYPT -- EGYPTIAN OFFICIALS SAY A SPECIAL FILE IS BEING PREPARED ON PRISONERS OF WAR REPORTED KILLED BY ISRAELI SOLDIERS IN THE 1956 AND 1967 WARS. IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/26)

    MUBARAK / LE FIGARO -- IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO THAT PRESIDENT MUBARAK GAVE THE FRENCH PAPER "LE FIGARO" AN INTERVIEW IN WHICH HE TALKED ABOUT SEVERAL ISSUES ESPECIALLY THE SELF-RULE AGREEMENT. (ARABIC 9/26)

    AGREEMENT / ARAFAT / TUNIS -- PALESTINIAN LEADER YASSER ARAFAT FLEW TO TUNIS TO BRIEF THE PALESTINIAN LEADERSHIP ON THE AGREEMENT WITH ISRAEL BEFORE GOING TO WASHINGTON TO SIGN THE ACCORD. IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/26)

    FAO-IRAQ / FOOD CRISIS -- STRINGER ALI MAAN REPORTS FROM VIENNA THAT THE FOOD AND HEALTH ORGANIZATION HAS WARNED THAT IRAQ MAY FACE A HUMAN CATASTROPHE SOON DUE TO FOOD SHORTAGES. (ARABIC 9/26)

    US / IRAQ / GULF -- A SENIOR US MILITARY OFFICER NOTED DURING A VISIT TO BAHRAIN TUESDAY THAT IRAQ CONTINUES TO HAVE STRONG MILITARY POTENTIAL. STRINGER HANAA BOUHIJJI REPORTS FROM MANAMA. (ARABIC 9/26)

    IRAQ-KUWAIT / TALKS ON POW'S -- KUWAITI AND IRAQI EXPERTS HELD A MEETING ON THE IRAQI SIDE OF THE BORDER TO SOLVE THE ISSUE OF HUNDREDS OF KUWAITIS MISSING DURING THE IRAQI OCCUPATION OF KUWAIT. JUMANA TAMIMI IN AMMAN REPORTS. (ARABIC 9/26)

    KUWAIT / KAMEL -- KUWAIT BELIEVES THAT THE IRAQI DEFECTOR TO JORDAN, GENERAL HASSAN KAMEL, HAS PERSONALLY GIVEN ORDERS TO SET OIL WELLS IN KUWAIT ON FIRE. ZEINAB ABDELRAHMAN INTERVIEWS SALAH SHEIKHLY, SPOKESMAN FOR THE IRAQI NATIONAL CONGRESS. (ARABIC 9/26)

    KUWAIT / IRAQ -- KUWAITI FOREIGN MINISTER SHEIKH SABAH AL AHMED AL SABAH SAYS IRAQ STILL HAS TO IMPLEMENT UN RESOLUTIONS BEFORE THE LIFTING OF SANCTIONS IS CONSIDERED. IN NEW YORK, REPORTER MOHAMED ATTIA HAS DETAILS. (ARABIC 9/26)

    KUWAIT / LOANS -- KUWAIT SAYS IT IS OFFERING SYRIA, MOROCCO AND ERITREA MORE THAN 90 MILLION DOLLARS IN SOFT LOANS TO FINANCE HYDRAULIC PROJECTS. JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 9/26)

    LIBYA / SECURITY COUNCIL -- MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK THAT LIBYA STILL INSISTS ON CONSIDERING ITS CANDIDACY TO THE COUNCIL'S MEMBERSHIP BY THE AFRICAN COUNTRIES BLOC. (ARABIC 9/26)

    LIBYA / PALESTINIANS -- LIBYA BEGAN EXPELLING A NEW WAVE OF PALESTINIANS FROM THE COUNTRY IN AN EXPRESSION OF OPPOSITION TO THE PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI AGREEMENT. IBRAHMI ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 9/26)

    UNSC / 50TH ANNIVERSARY -- FOREIGN MINISTERS PARTICIPATING IN THE SECURITY COUNCIL MEETINGS HAVE AFFIRMED THE NEED TO CONSOLIDATE THE UN ROLE IN FACING CHALLENGES. MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 9/26)

    ALGERIA / UNGA -- THE ALGERIAN FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS HIS COUNTRY IS COMMITTED TO THE DEMOCRATIC PROCESS AND ECONOMIC REFORM. MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 9/26)

    PROTEST / BAHRAIN HUMAN RIGHTS -- PROTESTERS DEMONSTRATED IN FRONT OF THE BAHRAIN EMBASSY IN WASHINGTON DENOUNCING BAHRAIN FOR VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS AND CALLING FOR THE RESTORATION OF DEMOCRACY. (ARABIC 9/26)

    AMNESTY / BAHRAIN -- SPOKESMAN FOR THE HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL, KAMEL EL SAMMARY SAYS THE BAHRAIN GOVERNMENT HAS KILLED SEVERAL CIVILIANS AND USED TORTURE AND INCARCERATION TO QUELL OPPOSITION. REPORTER ZEINAB ABDELRAHMAN HAS DETAILS. (ARABIC 9/26)

    MIDEAST PEACE / PALESTINIAN OPPOSITION -- REPORTER JOHN PITMAN SPEAKS TO HANNA FREIJ, A PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH, ABOUT PROBLEMS SOME PALESTINIANS HAVE WITH THE PEACE AGREEMENT BETWEEN ISRAEL AND THE PLO. HE GIVES A POINT-BY-POINT ANALYSIS OF THE DEAL: WITHDRAWAL, ELECTIONS, PRISONER RELEASES, HEBRON. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/26)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    AFGHAN / POLITICS -- UN SPECIAL ENVOY FOR AFGHANISTAN, MAHMOOD MESTIRI, AFTER MEETING WITH THE WARRING FACTIONS IN AFGHANISTAN, RETURNED TO ISLAMABAD. HE TOLD REPORTER ZEBA ZAHER THAT HE HAD HELD A MEETING WITH AMBASSADORS OF THE FIVE PERMANENT MEMBERS OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL STATIONED IN ISLAMABAD AND ASKED THEM TO SUPPORT HIS VIEWS FOR PEACE IN AFGHANISTAN IN THE SECURITY COUNCIL. MR. MESTIRI LEAVES FOR IRAN TO TALK ABOUT IRANIAN INTERFERENCE IN AFGHANISTAN. (PASHTO 9/27)

    AFGHANISTAN / MUSICAL ARTS -- A WELL-KNOWN AFGHAN VOCALIST SAYS AFGHAN MUSICIANS AND FOLK MUSIC HAVE BEEN ADVERSELY AFFECTED IN THE PAST SEVENTEEN YEARS OF STRIFE IN THE COUNTRY. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER JALIL GHANI, WAHAB MADADI, LONG ASSOCIATED WITH RADIO AFGHANISTAN IN THE PRE-COMMUNIST ERA, SAID THAT MUCH OF AFGHAN MUSIC AND LYRICS WERE POLITICIZED DURING THE COMMUNIST REGIMES, AND THE FORMER MUJAHIDIN HAS BANNED MOST MUSICAL BROADCASTS FROM RADIO AND TELEVISION SINCE THEY CAME TO POWER IN APRIL OF 1992. MR. MADADI, WHO RESIDES IN TEHRAN, IRAN, ALSO SAID HE IS CURRENTLY COMPLETING HIS BOOK ON THE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY MUSIC IN AFGHANISTAN. (DARI 9/27)

    IRANIAN / OPPOSITION ABROAD -- STAFFER HESHMAT MOBASHER INTERVIEWED DR. HASSAN MASALI, A GERMANY-BASED IRANIAN OPPOSITION FIGURE, WHO WAS VISITING WASHINGTON. IN JULY, MOBASHER COVERED AN OPPOSITION CONFERENCE IN GERMANY ORGANIZED BY MASALI, WHICH, FOR THE FIRST TIME, BROUGHT TOGETHER DIVERSE GROUPS, INCLUDING MONARCHISTS AND LEFTISTS. MOASALI SAID THAT CONTACTS MADE AT THE CONFERENCE HAVE DEVELOPED INTO A WORKING RELATIONSHIP, WHICH, HE BELIEVES, IS A POSITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN IRANIAN OPPOSITION POLITICS. (PASHTO 9/27)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    DELHI / BLASTS -- TWO BOMB BLASTS IN CROWDED AREAS OF DELHI WERE FOLLOWED WITHIN 24 HOURS WITH TWO MORE BLASTS TARGETING RAILWAY STATIONS IN THE SUBURBS OF THE INDIAN CAPITAL. STAFFER BHAGWAN PRAKASH INTERVIEWS CHIEF MINISTER OF DELHI, M L KHURANA ON THE SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS. (HINDI 9/26)

    VOA STRINGER / WINS AWARD -- STRINGER K L NANDAN, IN INDIA, WON THE 'GOODWILL' AWARD FOR HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO BALANCED AND FAIR JOURNALISM. THE AWARD WAS PRESENTED BY NOBEL PRIZE WINNER MOTHER TERESA. STAFFER UMESH AGNIHOTRI INTERVIEWED MR NANDAN. (HINDI 9/26)

    UN / 50TH -- AS A PART OF THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS OF THE UN, A 'ONE WORLD, ONE MUSIC' FESTIVAL WAS HELD IN NEW YORK. STRINGER AMBALIKA MISRA REPORTS THAT INDIA'S MASTER VIOLINIST, L SUBRAMANYAM WAS AMONG THE PROMINENT PARTICIPANTS. (HINDI 9/26)

    INDIA / CHESS CHAMP -- THE YOUNG INDIAN CHALLENGER, VISHWANATH ANAND MOVED AHEAD WITH A 5-4 LEAD BY SCORING A VICTORY OVER WORLD CHAMPION GARRY KASPAROV IN THE NINTH MATCH OF THE WORLD CHESS CHAMPIONSHIP IN NEW YORK. STAFFER PUSHPA AGNIHOTRI REPORTS. AND, STRINGER AMBALIKA MISRA INTERVIEWS THE FATHER OF MR. ANAND WHO HAS COME FROM INDIA TO WATCH HIS SON PLAY. (HINDI 9/26)

    BANGLA / POLITICS -- THE OPPOSITION GROUPS CONTINUED TO PRESS FOR THEIR DEMAND TO HOLD PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS UNDER A CARETAKER, NEUTRAL GOVERNMENT THROUGH MEETINGS AND RALLIES. STRINGER MATIUR RAHMAN CHOWDHURY REPORTS. (BANGLA 9/26)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    SOUTH / NORTH KOREA TALKS -- SOUTH AND NORTH KOREAN DELEGATES RESUMED A THIRD ROUND OF TALKS IN BEIJING WEDNESDAY, BUT FAILED TO REACH AN AGREEMENT ON HOW TO PROVIDE SOUTH KOREAN AID FOR NORTH KOREA'S FLOOD DAMAGE. THE SOUTH KOREAN FOREIGN MINISTRY SAID THE SOUTH DEMANDED THE RELEASE OF A FISHING BOAT NORTH KOREA SEIZED BEFORE ANY AID CAN BE PROVIDED, WHILE THE NORTH INSISTED IT IS AN IRRELEVANT ISSUE. HOWEVER, THE TWO SIDES AGREED TO MEET THURSDAY AGAIN. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS. (KOREAN 9/27)

    US / KOREA AUTO TALKS -- THE SOUTH KOREAN MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE SAID SEOUL'S FINAL SUGGESTION ON AUTO TRADE WILL BE PRESENTED TO THE US IN WASHINGTON THURSDAY. THE MINISTRY HINTED SOUTH KOREA MAY ACCEPT US DEMANDS TO LOWER TARIFFS AND LOCAL TAXES ON US MADE CARS IMPORTED BY KOREA. THE TWO COUNTRIES ARE CONTINUING AUTO TRADE TALKS SINCE LAST WEEK IN WASHINGTON. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS. (KOREAN 9/27)

    SOUTH KOREA / RUSSIA -- THE RUSSIAN PRIME MINISTER IS TO ARRIVE IN SEOUL WEDNESDAY TO DISCUSS BILATERAL ISSUES WITH SEOUL OFFICIALS. MR CHERNOMYRDIN WILL MEET SOUTH KOREAN PRESIDENT KIM YOUNG SAM AND PRIME MINISTER LEE HONG KOO ON THURSDAY FOR TALKS ON STRENGTHENING BILATERAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS. (KOREAN 9/27)

    OKINAWA / US -- PEOPLE OF OKINAWA RALLIED TO PROTEST AGAINST CRIMES INVOLVING US SOLDIERS STATIONED THERE, INCLUDING THE RAPE OF A 12-YEAR-OLD JAPANESE GIRL. DEMONSTRATORS DEMANDED THE STATUS OF FORCES AGREEMENT BE AMENDED. LOCAL POLITICAL LEADERS DESCRIBED THE POST-WAR HISTORY OF OKINAWA AS ONE OF DISGRACE. STRINGER KWANG HO CHOO REPORTS. (KOREAN 9/27)

    HONG KONG / BUSINESS -- TWENTY OF HONG KONG'S BUSINESSMEN HAVE FUNDED THE BETTER HONG KONG FOUNDATION. THE FOUNDATION HAS THE APPROVAL OF BEIJING AND WILL PROMOTE HONG KONG'S IMAGE AFTER 1997. ANALYSTS SAY IT IS A MOVE ON THE PART OF THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY TO BOOST FOREIGN INVESTORS' CONFIDENCE IN POST 1997 HONG KONG. STAFFER CHOU YUNTING INTERVIEWS XU ZERONG, DIRECTOR, HK INSTITUTE OF CHINA & THE WORLD, LIU PEIQIONG, DIRECTOR, CHINA BUSINESS CENTER, HK POLYTECHNIC, AND ZHU YOU LIN, HONG KONG BUSINESSMAN. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    PRESS / CHINA / HONG KONG / TAIWAN -- JOURNALISTS AND COMMUNICATION EXPERTS DISCUSS THE PRESS IN CHINA, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN AT A SEMINAR SPONSORED BY ZHUHAI COLLEGE IN HONG KONG. STAFFER CHOU YUNTING INTERVIEWS JOSEPH CHAN, JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATION DEPT. CHAIR, CHINESE UNIV. OF HK, YU YUANNUO, JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATION DEPT. CHAIR, ZHUHAI COLLEGE, PROF. YU XU, HK BAPTIST COLLEGE, AND PROF. PENG JIAFA, NATIONAL CHENG CHI UNIV., TAIWAN. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    TAIWAN / THAI IMMIGRANTS -- TAIWAN HAS DECIDED TO ALLOW DESCENDENTS OF KMT SOLDIERS FROM NORTHERN THAILAND GET HOUSEHOLD REGISTRATION IN TAIWAN. STAFFER TIEN KANGLIN TALKS TO ZHAO LIN, SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE COMMISSION ON OVERSEAS CHINESE AFFAIRS, AND TAIWAN LEGISLATOR WEI YONG ABOUT THE NEW POLICY. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    HONG KONG CITIZENS / TAIWAN -- RESIDENTS FROM DIAOJINGLING, HONG KONG HAVE ASKED TAIWAN TO HELP THEM RESETTLE BEFORE 1997. DIAOJINGLING RESIDENTS ARE KMT LOYALISTS WHO FLED THE MAINLAND AFTER THE COMMUNISTS TOOK POWER, AND NOW ARE WORRIED ABOUT THEIR FUTURE. TAIWAN'S LEGISLATIVE YUAN HELD A HEARING TO DISCUSS POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS. STRINGER FAN DAOZHUANG IN TAIPEI INTERVIEWS NEW PARTY LEGISLATOR CHEN HUIMIAO, AND DIAOJINGLING RESIDENTS HUANG MING AND LIU DUAN. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    CHINA / PECC MEETING -- THE PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION CONFERENCE OPENED ITS THREE-DAY MEETING IN BEIJING WITH 500 DELEGATES FROM 37 COUNTRIES AND REGIONS ATTENDING. THE 70-MEMBER US DELEGATION IS AMONG THE LARGEST, AND VIETNAM HAS BEEN ACCEPTED AS A MEMBER. TAIWAN SENT A 33-MEMBER DELEGATION, THE FIRST SINCE CHINA'S MISSILE TESTS LAST SUMMER. STAFFER CHOU YOUKANG INTERVIEWS THE HEAD OF THE TAIWAN DELEGATION. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    CHINA / HONG KONG / XI YANG -- WEDNESDAY IS THE SECOND ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARREST OF HONG KONG JOURNALIST XI YANG IN CHINA. THE HONG KONG JOURNALIST ASSOCIATION HAS SENT AN APPEAL TO RELEASE XI YANG TO CHINESE OFFICIALS IN HONG KONG. REPORTEDLY, XI YANG IS NOT IN GOOD HEALTH. STAFFER CHOU YUNTING INTERVIEWS TAN ZHIQIANG, A MEMBER OF HK JOURNALIST ASSOCIATION AND WANG JIAN, DEPUTY EDITOR AT HK ECONOMIC TIMES. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    HONG KONG / SELECTED WORKS OF WAN LI -- ON OPENING DAY OF THE FIFTH PLENUM, CHINA ANNOUNCED THAT THE SELECTED WORKS OF FORMER VICE PRESIDENT WAN LI WOULD BE PUBLISHED SOON. WAN LI RESIGNED AFTER JUNE 4 TIANANMEN MOVEMENT. STRINGER SHI LEI IN HONG KONG TALKS WITH EXPERTS ON CHINESE POLITICAL AFFAIRS ABOUT THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS ANNOUNCEMENT AND THE ISSUE OF LEADERSHIP SUCCESSION IN BEIJING: WANG SHAN, AUTHOR OF "LOOKING AT CHINA WITH A THIRD EYE;" LIU SHUISHAO, COMMENTATOR ON CURRENT AFFAIRS; PROF. ZHENG YUSHUI, HK MUNICIPLE UNIV. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    CHINA / 9TH FIVE YEAR PLAN -- EXPERTS THINK THAT IN THE FIFTH PLENUM, THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT WILL DECIDE TO GRADUALLY GIVE FOREIGN INVESTORS MORE ACCESS TO FINANCIAL BUSINESS, INCLUDING BANKING, STOCK EXCHANGES AND INSURANCE. STAFFER HE PING IN HONG KONG INTERVIEWS PROF. ZHAOU HANMIN, SHANGAI FOREIGN TRADE UNIV., AND PROF. ZHENG GUOHAN, HONG KONG SCIENCE & TECH. UNIV., WHO BELIEVE THAT THIS WILL BE DONE AS PART OF CHINA'S ATTEMPT TO GAIN ADMISSION TO GATT. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    CHINA / DISSIDENT SEEKS MEDICAL TREATMENT IN US -- A LEADING SHANGHAI DISSIDENT IS ON HIS WAY TO THE UNITED STATES FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT. YANG ZHOU, 51, WHO HAS CHAMPIONED DEMOCRACY FOR NEARLY 20 YEARS, SUFFERS FROM A THROAT TUMOR AND OTHER ILLNESSES. ANALYSTS SAY THIS MAY BE ANOTHER SIGN OF EASING US-CHINA TENSIONS BEFORE THE EXPECTED SUMMIT IN OCTOBER. STAFFER SUN CHENG INTERVIEWS LIU QING, CHAIRMAN OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN CHINA. (MANDARIN 9/27)

    SHANGHAI DISSIDENT GRANTED EXIT -- YANG ZHOU, A FOUNDER OF THE SHANGHAI HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION RELEASED FROM PRISON LAST JULY, IS FINALLY ALLOWED TO DEPART FOR THE US FOR TREATMENT OF A THROAT TUMOR. HIS RELEASE IS SEEN AS A CHINESE GESTURE TO IMPROVE RELATIONS WITH THE US. OPINIONS DIFFER, HOWEVER, AS TO WHETHER CHINESE AUTHORITIES ARE RELAXING OR TIGHTENING CONTROL ON DISSIDENTS. STRINGER LAWRENCE NG INTERVIEWED LAU SAN CHING, A HONG KONG DISSIDENT, OWEN WONG, SENIOR LECTURER, HONG KONG UNIVERSITY, AND TSUI JACK WING, CHAIRMAN, HONG KONG SOCIAL SCIENCE SERVICE CENTER. (CANTONESE 9/27)

    JAPAN / BANK LOSS -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH STEPHEN VOGEL, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF GOVERNMENT AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY, WHO RECENTLY WROTE A BOOK ON REGULATORY REFORM ACROSS A WIDE-RANGE OF SECTORS IN THE JAPANESE ECONOMY, INCLUDING BANKING. DAIWA BANK, ONE OF JAPAN'S LARGEST COMMERCIAL BANKS, HAS LOST AT LEAST ONE BILLION DOLLARS IN OVERSEAS TRADING. PROFESSOR VOGEL SAYS HE IS SURPRISED BY THE HUGE LOSS, BUT DOES NOT BELIEVE IT WILL HAVE LONG TERM AFFECTS ON THE DOLLAR-YEN RELATIONSHIP. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/26)

    US-JAPAN / AVIATION TALKS -- REPORTER ANDREW BAIRD SPEAKS WITH NAT WILSON, AIRLINE ANALYSTS AT THE AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION IN WASHINGTON ON THE PRESSURE POINTS IN THE US-JAPAN AVIATION TALKS GETTING UNDER WAY THIS WEEK. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 9/26)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    KURDS / YAZIDI RELIGION -- STAFFER KHALAF ZEBARI INTERVIEWS DR. KHALIL JUNDI FROM GERMANY ABOUT THE YAZIDI RELIGION AND ITS HOLY DAYS. YAZIDI IS THE ONLY RELIGION WHERE KURDISH IS USED IN RELIGIOUS SERVICES. IT IS AN ECLECTIC RELIGION, INCLUDING ELEMENTS FROM ISLAM, JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, AND ZOROASTRIANISM. ABOUT 70,000 KURDS ARE ADHERENTS OF THIS RELIGION. (KURDISH 9/27)

    KURDS / HUMAN RIGHTS -- STAFFER KHALAF ZEBARI INTERVIEWED YASHAR KAYA, CHAIRMAN OF THE KURDISH PARLIAMENT IN EXILE, ABOUT AN OSLO CONFERENCE ON KURDISH HUMAN RIGHTS. PARTICIPANTS INCLUDED AKIN BIRDAL, HEAD OF THE TURKISH FOUNDATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND KEMAL BURKAY, HEAD OF THE KURDISH SOCIALIST PARTY. AN ENVOY WAS SENT TO PKK (KURDISTAN WORKERS' PARTY) LEADER OCALAN IN SYRIA TO EXPRESS CONCERN ABOUT THE FIGHTING BETWEEN THE PKK AND THE KDP (KURDISTAN DEMOCRATIC PARTY) IN NORTHERN IRAQ. ENVOYS COULD NOT GO TO IRAQI KURDISTAN DUE TO THE FIGHTING THERE. (KURDISH 9/26)

    UN / BOSNIA -- YUGOSLAV, CROATIAN AND BOSNIAN FOREIGN MINISTERS AGREE ON A MEETING IN NEW YORK ON CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES FOR BOSNIA. AMONG OTHER THINGS, ALL THREE SIDES WILL HAVE EQUAL REPRESENTATION IN THE PARLIAMENT. STRINGER DRAGISA BOSKOVIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SERBIAN 9/26)

    BOSNIA / PEACE TALKS -- HIGH LEVEL DELEGATIONS REPRESENTING BOSNIAN MUSLIMS AND SERBS, AS WELL AS THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT, MET IN NEW YORK SEEKING A PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WAR. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 9/26)

    GERMANY / NATO EXPANSION -- STRINGER MAREK ORZECHOWSKI REPORTS FROM BONN ON THE DEBATE OVER NATO EXPANSION BEING CARRIED ON IN THE GERMAN MEDIA. HE QUOTES BOTH THE PROS AND CONS, BUT SAYS THAT THE DOMINANT MOOD IN THE GERMAN PRESS IS THAT OF CAUTIOUS SKEPTICISM CAUSED BY CONCERN OVER THE RUSSIAN REACTION. (POLISH 9/22)

    HUNGARY / STUDENTS DEMONSTRATION -- STRINGER JOZSEF SIMANYI REPORTS FROM BUDAPEST ON A STUDENT DEMONSTRATION AGAINST THE HIGH TUITION CHARGED BY HUNGARIAN UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. (HUNGARIAN 9/26)

    LATVIA / ELECTION CONTROVERSY -- LATVIA'S ELECTION COMMITTEE HAS STRUCK FORMER SOVIET REGIME SUPPORTER ALBERTS KAULS FROM THE LIST OF CANDIDATES IN THE UPCOMING PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, DESPITE A RULING BY THE LATVIAN SUPREME COURT TO THE CONTRARY. STRINGER AIDIS TOMSONS REPORTS ON LATVIAN REACTION. (LATVIAN 9/26)

    POLAND / PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE -- KAZIMIERZ PIOTROWICZ, A SUCCESSFUL SHOE MANUFACTURER SUBMITTED 100,000 SIGNATURES SUPPORTING HIS CANDIDACY, AND BECAME THE FOURTH CANDIDATE OFFICIALLY REGISTERED FOR THE POLISH PRESIDENTIAL RACE. PIOTROWICZ'S CANDIDACY REMINDS MANY PEOPLE OF ANOTHER MAVERICK, STAN TYMINSKI FROM CANADA, WHO MADE IT TO THE SECOND ROUND IN THE 1990 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS. STRINGER WOJTEK MINICZ REPORTS FROM WARSAW. (POLISH 9/25)

    POLAND / EUROPEAN COMMUNITY -- POLITICIANS ACROSS THE POLISH POLITICAL SPECTRUM ASSURED EUROPEAN COMMUNITY PRESIDENT JACQUES SANTER THAT POLAND IS READY TO JOIN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY. STRINGER MARIA BNINSKA REPORTS FROM WARSAW. (POLISH 9/26)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    RUSSIA / PRIVATIZATION -- DIRECTOR OF THE PSKOV PRIVATIZATION CENTER, CONSTANTIN KLYUSHKIN, HERITAGE FOUNDATION SCHOLAR ARIEL COHEN AND STAFFER VLADIMIR MATLIN ANALYZE THE SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES OF PRIVATIZATION IN RUSSIA. (RUSSIAN 9/25)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT REJECTS DRUG CHARGES -- COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT ERNESTO SAMPER REJECTED ALLEGATIONS THAT DRUG MONEY WAS USED IN HIS ELECTORAL CAMPAIGN EN 1994, IN DAY-LONG TESTIMONY TO A CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE. STRINGER JUAN ALVARO CASTELLANOS REPORTS FROM BOGOTA. (SPANISH 9/27)

    CHILE / POLITICAL FRICTION -- IN CHILE, THE OFFICIAL CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATIC PARTY ASKED ARMY CHIEF GENERAL AUGUSTO PINOCHET TO CEASE CRITICIZING THE CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT. STRINGER PATRICIO VARGAS REPORTS FROM SANTIAGO. (SPANISH 9/26)

    MEXICO / STUDENT UNREST -- STUDENTS WHO FAILED IN THEIR ADMISSION TESTS TOOK OVER FACILITIES IN MEXICO'S AUTONOMOUS UNIVERSITY, DEMANDING TO BE ACCEPTED. STRINGER HERMAN PALOMARES OVIEDO REPORTS FROM MEXICO CITY. (SPANISH 9/26)

    VENEZUELA / STUDENT UNREST -- CLASSES AT THE UNIVERSITIES IN VENEZUELA WERE SUSPENDED DUE TO VIOLENT STUDENT DEMONSTRATIONS. STRINGER URANIA MENDEZ REPORTS FROM CARACAS. (SPANISH 9/26)

    ANDEAN BLOCK / DRUG TRAFFIC -- PERUVIAN PRESIDENT ALBERTO FUJIMORI ENDED A STATE VISIT BOLIVIA WITH AN ANNOUNCEMENT ABOUT EFFORTS TO CREATE AN ANDEAN BLOCK TO FIGHT DRUG TRAFFIC. STRINGER JORGE GUZMAN REPORTS FROM LA PAZ. (SPANISH 9/26) 27-Sep-95 5:02 PM EDT (2102 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] WEDNESDAY'S HEADLINES BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=09/27/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09190
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27TH //

    INTRO: A MAJORITY OF LEADING U-S NEWSPAPERS TODAY ARE FOCUSING THEIR EDITORIAL COMMENTS ON DOMESTIC POLITICS, AND SPECIFICALLY THE IDEA OF A THIRD POLITICAL PARTY THAT WOULD RUN A PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE NEXT YEAR. ROSS PEROT HAS ANNOUNCED HE WILL FORM SUCH A PARTY, AND THERE IS A GOOD DEAL OF SPECULATION WHETHER IT MIGHT BE A VEHICLE FOR RETIRED ARMY GENERAL COLIN POWELL TO RUN FOR PRESIDENT AS AN INDEPENDENT. OTHER TOPICS INCLUDE THE ISRAELI-P-L-O AGREEMENT; A CASH WINDFALL AT THE C-I-A; THE CUBAN TRADE EMBARGO AND THE BOSNIAN PEACE PROCESS. NOW, HERE WITH A CLOSER LOOK IS _______________ AND TODAY'S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: THERE IS LOTS OF COMMENT ABOUT THE IMMINENT FORMATION OF A THIRD NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTY, ANNOUNCED THIS WEEK BY TEXAS BUSINESSMAN AND POLITICAL GADFLY ROSS PEROT. IT COINCIDES WITH A WILDLY SUCCESSFUL, NATIONWIDE BOOK TOUR BY THE RETIRED CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF, COLIN POWELL, WIDELY REGARDED AS A POTENTIAL PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE. ABOUT ALL THIS, LONG ISLAND'S "NEWSDAY" NOTES:

    VOICE: "IF ROSS PEROT IS SERIOUS ABOUT FORMING A THIRD PARTY FOR THE 1996 ELECTION, THE FIRST THING HE'D BETTER DO IS GUARANTEE [ITALICS FOR EMPHASIS] THAT HE WON'T BE ITS CANDIDATE. THE LITTLE BUCKAROO [COWBOY] IS JUST A BIT TOO WEIRD TO BE TAKEN SERIOUSLY. ... BUT HE'S GOT MONEY ... AND THE ELECTORATE IS RESTIVE, UNHAPPY WITH THE POLITICAL ESTABLISHMENT, ESPECIALLY THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY. ... THE REPUBLICANS, WHILE NOT SLIPPING IN ENROLLMENT, HAVEN'T MADE ANY REAL GAINS. MORE AND MORE PEOPLE SPEAK AND ACT LIKE INDEPENDENTS. WHAT IT ALL MEANS IS THAT IN 1996, MORE THAN AT ANY TIME SINCE TEDDY ROOSEVELT'S BULL MOOSE PARTY IN 1912, THERE IS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR A THIRD PARTY TO HAVE A LASTING EFFECT ON AMERICAN POLITICS."

    TEXT: IN THE FAR NORTHEAST, MAINE'S "PORTLAND PRESS HERALD" SAYS THERE IS GOOD REASON WHY A THIRD POLITICAL PARTY MIGHT EMERGE:

    VOICE: "... THE GROUNDSWELL OF SUPPORT FOR [MR.] PEROT AND [GENERAL] POWELL IS A REMINDER OF THE DEEP DISENCHANTMENT MANY AMERICANS FEEL WITH THE DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS... PERHAPS THE DISENCHANTMENT HAS LESS TO DO WITH STATED PARTY POSITIONS ON ISSUES AND MORE TO DO WITH THE PERCEPTION THAT WASHINGTON CARES LITTLE ABOUT THE LITTLE PEOPLE."

    TEXT: AND IN NEW YORK, "THE WALL STREET JOURNAL" ANALYZES ROSS PEROT'S ANNOUNCEMENT THIS WAY:

    VOICE: "MR. PEROT CAREFULLY NOTED THAT HE DOESN'T CONTROL HIS VOTERS, IS UNLIKELY TO BE THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE OF THE NEW PARTY AND WOULD NOT BE FINANCING IT ONCE IT BECAME ESTABLISHED. IT COULD BECOME THE VEHICLE FOR A NOTED FIGURE SUCH AS COLIN POWELL, BUT OTHERWISE ITS ULTIMATE EFFECT ON NATIONAL POLITICS IS LIKELY TO BE SLIGHT... THE NUMBER OF VOTERS WHO ARE TRULY ALIENATED FROM BOTH PARTIES HOVERS AROUND 15 PERCENT."

    TEXT: IN BALTIMORE, "THE SUN" DISAGREES:

    VOICE: "... THERE IS A STRONG CONSENSUS AMONG POLITICAL PROFESSIONALS THAT A PEROT-TYPE THIRD PARTY CANDIDATE WOULD HURT THE REPUBLICAN TICKET NEXT YEAR. MAYBE FATALLY... THE ONLY THING WE WOULD PREDICT IS THAT 1996'S POLITICS JUST GOT EVEN MORE UNPREDICTABLE."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: AND FROM "THE WASHINGTON TIMES," THESE THOUGHTS:

    VOICE: HERE'S A SIMPLE EXPLANATION FOR WHY ROSS PEROT ANNOUNCED, OUT OF THE BLUE [UNEXPECTEDLY], THAT HE IS FORMING A PARTY OF HIS OWN: ALL THE FAWNING PRESS COVERAGE HEAPED ON COLIN POWELL IS JUST TOO MUCH FOR THE TEXAS BILLIONAIRE TO STOMACH [STAND]... ANY POWELL CANDIDACY WOULD DEMOLISH MR. PEROT'S CHANCES OF POSITIONING HIMSELF AS THE DARLING OF THE DISAFFECTED."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: TURNING TO INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, "THE NEW YORK POST" IS STILL VERY SKEPTICAL ABOUT THE LATEST ISRAELI-P-L-O PEACE ACCORD, NOTING:

    VOICE: "WE'RE SURE WE'RE NOT ALONE AMONG ISRAEL'S FRIENDS IN EXPERIENCING A SENSE OF TREPIDATION, RATHER THAN EXHILARATION, AT EACH NEW STAGE IN THE ISRAEL-P-L-O PEACE PROCESS. SUCH, AT ANY RATE, IS OUR REACTION TO THE INTERIM AGREEMENT... AFTER ALL, ISRAEL'S CONCESSION -- LAND -- IS HIGHLY TANGIBLE... IN RETURN, THE P-L-O CONTINUES TO PROMISE AN END TO THE 'ARMED STRUGGLE' (I.E., TERRORISM) -- A PROMISE ON WHICH IT HAS, THUS FAR, BEEN UNABLE TO DELIVER."

    TEXT: RETURNIG TO DOMESTIC MATTERS, "THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION" IS EXPRESSING WONDERMENT AT A ONE-BILLION-DOLLAR-PLUS CASH HOARD RECENTLY DISCOVERED AT A C-I-A-CONTROLLED SATELLITE AGENCY.

    VOICE: "EVEN GOVERNMENT SPOOKS [INTELLIGENCE-GATHERING OFFICIALS] WITH LICENSE TO DO MOST ANYTHING SHOULDN'T KEEP THAT KIND OF MONEY LYING AROUND. SO LEADERS IN CONGRESS ARE MOVING SWIFTLY AND CORRECTLY TO PARE THE N-R-O'S BUDGET ACCORDINGLY... AMERICAN TAXPAYERS HAVE THE NEW DIRECTOR OF THE C-I-A, JOHN DEUTCH, TO THANK FOR THE BILLION-DOLLAR REVELATION."

    TEXT: WITH REGARD TO MOVES IN CONGRESS TO INCREASE RATHER THAN RELAX THE ECONOMIC BOYCOTT OF CUBA, TODAY'S "NEWSDAY" SUGGESTS THAT IS A BAD IDEA:

    VOICE: "AN ILL-CONSIDERED BILL THAT WOULD TIGHTEN THE U-S ECONOMIC EMBARGO ON CUBA BEYOND ITS ALREADY POINTLESS LIMITS HAS SAILED THROUGH THE HOUSE, THANKS LARGELY TO SPEAKER NEWT GINGRICH. THE SENATE SHOULD SEE THAT THE MEASURE DIES A QUIET DEATH. IF THAT FAILS, PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON MUST VETO IT, AS THREATENED. [OPT] ... THE INSISTENCE BY THE REPUBLICAN RIGHT WING ON PUNISHING CUBA FOR THE SINS OF COMMUNISM BORDERS ON THE IRRATIONAL... [OPT] IT'S TIME TO BEGIN ENDING THE TRUCULENT FREEZE WITH CUBA. "

    TEXT: AND IN LEAD EDITORIALS, BOTH "THE MIAMI HERALD" AND "NEW YORK TIMES" SEE SOME LIGHT AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL REGARDING PEACE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, COMMENTING ON TUESDAY'S AGREEMENT IN NEW YORK ABOUT THE SHAPE OF A NEW BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT. FIRST, "THE HERALD."

    VOICE: "'BOSNIA WILL REMAIN A SINGLE, INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED STATE,' SAID A PLEASED AND CONFIDENT PRESIDENT CLINTON YESTERDAY, AS HE ANNOUNCED A U-S-BROKERED AGREEMENT ON THE OUTLINES OF A FUTURE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT. HE HAD EVERY REASON TO BE PLEASED; IT WAS A REMARKABLE ACHIEVEMENT NOT ONLY FOR THE UNITED STATES AND ITS LEAD NEGOTIATOR ... BUT ALSO FOR MR. CLINTON PERSONALLY... YESTERDAY'S AGREEMENT ... AT LEAST CONJURES THE VISION OF A LASTING CESSATION OF WAR IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. THAT IS NOT THE SAME AS PEACE. BUT IT IS VASTLY BETTER THAN THE ALTERNATIVE..."

    TEXT: "THE NEW YORK TIMES" IS ALSO OPTIMISTIC:

    VOICE: "THE AGREEMENT ... OFFERS REASON TO HOPE THAT BOSNIA, WHILE DIVIDED ETHNICALLY AND GEOGRAPHICALLY, CAN BE GOVERNED EFFECTIVELY AND CAN BE A SINGLE NATION IN NAME, IF NOT FACT... THERE WILL BE TWO LINKED BUT SEPARATE ETHNIC REPUBLICS, RUNNING THEIR OWN AFFAIR... THIS DE FACTO PARTITION HAS BEEN ACCEPTED IN THE HIGHER INTEREST OF SAVING LIVES."

    TEXT: AND FINALLY, SOME WORDS OF ADVICE FROM "THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR" ABOUT THE VASTLY IMPROVED STATE OF U-S - RUSSIAN RELATIONS IN THE PAST TEN YEARS, AND THE CONTINUING TENDENCY TO RECOIL AT THE TEMPORARY UPS AND DOWNS, AS RUSSIAN DEMOCRACY EVOLVES.

    VOICE: "RUSSIA IS AN EMERGING DEMOCRACY, WITH STRESS ON EMERGING... PANICKING ABOUT THE STATE OF U-S - RUSSIAN RELATIONS EVERY TIME THERE'S A BUMP IN THE ROAD ISN'T GOING TO HELP [IMPROVE THEM MORE]. VIEWED AS A WHOLE, THOSE RELATIONS CONTINUE TO BE GOOD. COMPARED WITH TEN YEARS AGO, THEY'RE ALMOST FRATERNAL."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT HOPEFUL NOTE WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF SUMMARY OF SOME OF THE NATION'S LEADING EDITORIALS FOR THIS LAST WEDNESDAY IN SEPTEMBER.

    NEB/ANG/PCH

    27-Sep-95 10:43 AM EDT (1443 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [03] BOSNIA AND THE NATO SCHOOL (CORRECTED VERSION) BY FRANCIS RONALDS (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=CLOSEUP
    NUMBER=4-08618
    TELEPHONE=619-3937
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT= // ACTUALITIES AVAILABLE FROM AUDIO SERVICES //
    //NOTE TO EDITORS: RERUNNING TO CORRECT PHRASE ON PAGE THREE, FIRST PARA, THIRD LINE, WHICH SHOULD READ "ARE TACTICAL SKILLS" NOT, RPT NOT, "ATTACK THE SKILLS."//

    INTRO: THE NEGOTIATIONS IN NEW YORK TO DEVELOP A NEW GOVERNMENTAL FRAMEWORK FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA RAISE THE DISTINCT POSSIBILITY THAT AN INTERNATIONAL PEACE-KEEPING FORCE WILL BE CREATED TO POLICE THE ACCORD, IF AND WHEN IT IS SIGNED. IN THE WEST IT HAS BEEN ASSUMED THAT NATO WOULD COMMAND SUCH FORCES, ALTHOUGH UNITED NATIONS PROTECTION FORCES ALREADY DEPLOYED THERE INCLUDE TROOPS FROM RUSSIA AND A NUMBER OF OTHER NON-NATO COUNTRIES. RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN IS EXPECTED TO PROPOSE A JOINT NATO-RUSSIAN COMMAND FOR BOSNIA WHEN HE ADDRESSES THE U-N GENERAL ASSEMBLY NEXT MONTH. THESE DEVELOPMENTS INCREASE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE NATO SCHOOL IN SOUTHERN GERMANY, WHICH FOR SEVERAL YEARS HAS TAUGHT COURSES TO MILITARY OFFICERS FROM THE 26 PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE

    NATIONS, AS WELL AS THE 16 MEMBER STATES OF NATO. VOA'S

    FRANK RONALDS RECENTLY VISITED THE NATO SCHOOL AND HAS THIS REPORT.

    TEXT: THE NATO SCHOOL, LOCATED IN THE TOWN OF OBERAMMERGAU, IN THE SCENIC BAVARIAN COUNTRYSIDE JUST NORTH OF THE GERMAN ALPS, WAS ORIGINALLY AN AMERICAN SCHOOL DESIGNED TO TEACH TECHNICAL BATTLEFIELD SKILLS, INCLUDING HOW TO DEAL WITH SUCH PROBLEMS AS CHEMICAL WARFARE. ITS COURSES CONCERNED NOT ONLY THE EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS, BUT ALSO THE MEDITERRANEAN AND AFRICA AS WELL.

    IN THE MID-1970S, THE SCHOOL WAS PUT UNDER SHAPE -- SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED POWERS, EUROPE -- AND ITS SCOPE WAS ENLARGED TO PERMIT INSTRUCTION FOR TRAINING OFFICERS TO TAKE ON RESPONSIBILITES AS PART OF THE NATO STAFF. OVER THE PAST TWO OR THREE YEARS, OFFICERS AND SOME CIVILIANS FROM EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE AND THE FORMER SOVIET UNION HAVE BEEN INVITED TO ATTEND CLASSES THERE AS WELL.

    THE COMMANDANT OF THE NATO SCHOOL IS U-S MARINE COLONEL RICHARD JAMIE. EVERY YEAR NOW, HE SAYS, THE SCHOOL TEACHES A TOTAL OF FIVE-THOUSAND FIELD GRADE OFFICERS -- AT THE MAJOR, LIEUTENANT COLONEL AND COLONEL LEVEL -- AS WELL AS SOME CIVILIANS INVOLVED IN SUCH PROGRAMS AS MONITORING THE C-F-E AGREEMENT -- THAT IS, THE EAST-WEST AGREEMENT ON CONVENTIONAL FORCES IN EUROPE:

    TAPE: CUT ONE -- JAMIE "IN THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS, WE HAVE HOSTED SOME 370 OFFICERS FROM WHAT ARE CALLED PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE NATIONS. THEY ARE SHARING AN EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY TOGETHER. AND MUCH OF THE EDUCATION HAPPENS IN THE DISCUSSION PERIOD, OVER LUNCH OR DINNER, IN THE CLASSROOM DISCUSSIONS THAT FOLLOW WITH QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. THEY TRUELY LEARN ONE ANOTHER'S THOUGHTS, PERSPECTIVES, IN AN ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT WHERE THEY ARE FREE TO QUESTION, FREE TO CHALLENGE THOUGHTS AND IDEAS THAT MAY HAVE BEEN HELD FOR MANY YEARS. WE DISPEL A LOT OF MYTHS AND RUMORS IN THIS SCHOOL."

    TEXT: THE NATO SCHOOL HAS A FULL-TIME FACULTY OF 100 TEACHERS, PLUS UP TO 300 GUEST LECTURERS, SOME FROM EASTERN EUROPE, EVERY YEAR.

    TAPE: CUT TWO -- JAMIE "OVER THE YEARS, WE HAVE ADDED MANY COURSES. THE COURSES NOW INCORPORATE EVERYTHING FROM OLD WEAPONEERING-TYPE COURSES, WHICH ARE TACTICAL SKILLS; WE HAVE OPERATIONAL COURSES; WE TALK ABOUT PROCESSES AND PROCEEDURES FOR STAFF, HOW YOU DEAL WITH ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN TODAY'S NEW ENVIRONMENT. PEACE-KEEPING IS ONE OF OUR COURSES WHERE WE ARE ATTEMPTING TO CAPTURE THE LESSONS THAT WE'VE LEARNED AND PASS THOSE ON, USE IT AS A FORUM FOR DISCUSSION AND MUTUAL LEARNING. MANY OF THE NATIONS THAT ARE NOT IN NATO HAVE PARTICIPATED IN PEACE-KEEPING. AND WE LEARN FROM THEM, AS MUCH AS THEY LEARN FROM US."

    TEXT: UPON REQUEST, MEMBERS OF THE FACULTY AT THE NATO SCHOOL WILL ALSO TRAVEL TO NATO AND PARTNERSHIP COUNTRIES:

    TAPE: CUT THREE -- JAMIE "THE NATO SCHOOL HAS SENT MOBILE TRAINING TEAMS TO A NUMBER OF COUNTRIES, INCLUDING RUSSIA. IN FACT, MY DEPUTY, WHO IS A GERMAN COLONEL, HAS JUST THIS LAST YEAR TRAVELLED TO RUSSIA WITH A MOBILE TRAINING TEAM, INCLUDING SOME WIVES IN IT, SO THAT WE COULD TALK TO FAMILIES AS WELL AS JUST SOLDIERS AND OFFICERS. WE HAVE HAD MOBILE TRAINING TEAMS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC THREE DIFFERENT TIMES; WE'VE HAD TEAMS IN HUNGARY AND LITHUANIA, BELARUS AND POLAND, AND WE WOULD LIKE TO SEND MORE TEAMS AS THE OPPORTUNITIES ARISE."

    TEXT: COLONEL JAMIE SAYS THAT SOLDIERS -- AND HE INCLUDES MARINES, AIRMEN AND SAILORS IN THAT GENERAL CATEGORY -- SPEAK A COMMON LANGUAGE WHEREVER THEY COME FROM:

    TAPE: CUT FOUR -- JAMIE "WHEN A SOLDIER FACES ANOTHER SOLDIER, REGARDLESS OF THE UNIFORM, THEY SHARE COMMON TASKS, THEY SHARE COMMON CONCERNS, THEY WANT TO TAKE CARE OF THEIR PEOPLE, THEY WANT TO ACCOMPLISH THEIR MISSIONS, THEY WANT TO PROTECT THEIR NATION'S SECURITY. AND WHEN SOLDIERS SHARE THOSE VIEWS WITH ONE ANOTHER, IT'S VERY INTERESTING THAT SOLDIERS CEASE TO BE ENEMIES AND BECOME COMRADES VERY QUICKLY. SO THE MISSIONS THAT HAVE BEEN PICKED UP BY PARTNER NATIONS -- WHICH ARE PEACE-KEEPING, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, EVACUATION OPERATIONS -- ALL ARE THINGS THAT WE ALREADY CAN DO TOGETHER. AND WE'RE LEARNING HOW TO DO IT BETTER. SOLDIERS LEARNING FROM SOLDIERS, BUILDING THOSE BONDS OF COOPERATION AND UNDERSTANDING, IS WHAT WE DO HERE. AND IT'S AN IMPORTANT PART OF ENSURING PEACE AND SECURITY IN AN EXPANDING EUROPEAN SECURITY ENVIRONMENT."

    TEXT: DECISIONS ABOUT THE MAKEUP OF A PEACE-KEEPING FORCE FOR BOSNIA -- IF AND WHEN AN ACCORD IS REACHED -- WILL BE POLITICAL ONES. BUT ONCE THE DECISIONS ARE MADE, THE COURSES AT THE NATO SCHOOL, AND THE CONTACTS THAT HAVE TAKEN PLACE BETWEEN OFFICERS THERE, INCREASE THE POSSIBILITY THAT THE PEACE-KEEPING OPERATION WILL BE A SUCCESS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/FR/PCH
    27-Sep-95 4:42 PM EDT (2042 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [04] BOSNIA SITREP (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185989
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS HAS CONDEMNED BOSNIAN SERB SHELLING ATTACKS ON AT LEAST FOUR TOWNS IN CROATIA. IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, CONTINUED FIGHTING IS REPORTED ON THE NORTHWESTERN BATTLEFRONTS. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE UNITED NATIONS REGIONAL HEADQUARTERS IN ZAGREB SAYS THE SHELLING ATTACKS DEMONSTRATE WHAT ONE SPOKESMAN CALLS THE BOSNIAN SERBS' CALLOUS DISREGARD FOR HUMAN LIFE.

    U-N SPOKESWOMAN LEAH MELNICK SAYS THE CROSS-BORDER SHELLING, IN WHICH EIGHT PEOPLE WERE INJURED, WAS NOT AIMED AT MILITARY TARGETS.

    /// MELNICK ACT ///

    WE WERE ABLE TO CONFIRM THAT THE TOWNS OF KUTINA, NOVASKA, IVANIC GRAD, AND POZEGA CAME EITHER UNDER ROCKET FIRE, IN ONE CASE, A CLUSTER BOMB FROM AN ORKAN WAS DETERMINED TO BE THE WEAPON THAT WAS USED. CERTAINLY, THIS TYPE OF CROSS-BORDER SHELLING IS WHAT WE'VE BEEN SEEING OVER THE PAST FEW WEEKS. IN THE CASE OF THESE FOUR TOWNS, HOWEVER, IT WAS, CLEARLY, DELIBERATE TARGETTING OF RESIDENTIAL AND INDUSTRIAL AREAS. THESE WERE NOT MILITARY TARGETS.

    /// END ACT ///

    MS. MELNICK SAYS THE BOSNIAN SERBS WERE PROBABLY RETALIATING FOR THE CROATIAN ARMY'S RECENT INVOLVEMENT IN SUPPORTING A MUSLIM AND CROAT OFFENSIVE AGAINST THE SERBS IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA.

    ALTHOUGH U-N OFFICIALS SAY THERE IS A LULL IN THE FIGHTING IN THAT AREA, THE BOSNIAN ARMY COMMANDER SAYS HIS FORCES ARE MAKING SMALL BUT STEADY TERRITORIAL GAINS.

    THE COMMANDER, GENERAL RASIM DELIC, SAYS THE BOSNIAN ARMY IS CAPTURING A FEW MORE VILLAGES AND MORE LAND EVERY DAY. HE ADDS THAT THE SERB STRONGHOLD OF BANJA LUKA IS WITHIN ARTILLERY RANGE.

    THE SERBS REPORT CONTINUING MUSLIM AND CROAT ATTACKS AGAINST THEIR POSITIONS NORTH AND WEST OF BANJA LUKA. BUT THE SERBS SAY THEIR DEFENSES ARE HOLDING AND THAT NO TERRITORY IS BEING LOST. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/JWH/BG
    27-Sep-95 11:38 AM EDT (1538 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [05] BRITAIN / EUROCOURT (L-ONLY) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA ( LONDON)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185986
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS HAS CONDEMNED BRITAIN FOR THE 1988 KILLINGS IN GIBRALTAR OF THREE UNARMED IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY TERRORISTS. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA REPORTS FROM LONDON.

    TEXT: THE STRASBOURG-BASED COURT RULED BY THE SLIMMEST OF MARGINS -- 10 VOTES TO NINE -- THAT THE KILLINGS SEVEN YEARS AGO WERE UNNECESSARY AND VIOLATED THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS. IN MARCH, 1988, BRITISH SPECIAL FORCES SHOT AND KILLED THREE MEMBERS OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY AS THEY WERE ON A RECONNAISSANCE MISSION ON THE ROCK OF GIBRALTAR. BRITISH INTELLIGENCE SERVICES BELIEVED TERRORISTS WERE PLANNING AN ATTACK THERE. THE SPECIAL FORCES KILLED THE THREE TERRORISTS, BELIEVING THEY WERE ARMED AND CARRYING A REMOTE-CONTROLLED DETONATOR.

    AN INQUEST AT THAT TIME FOUND THE THREE WERE NOT ARMED, BUT RULED THE BRITISH SOLDIERS ACTED LAWFULLY IN KILLING THE TERRORISTS. THE FAMILIES OF THE THREE TOOK THEIR CASE FIRST TO THE EUROPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION, WHICH RULED IN FAVOR OF THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT.

    WEDNESDAY'S RULING BY THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS WAS THE LAST CHANCE FOR THE FAMILIES TO WIN THEIR SEVEN-YEAR LEGAL BATTLE.

    THROUGHOUT THE LEGAL PROCEDURES, THE FAMILIES NEVER DENIED THE THREE WERE ON AN I-R-A MISSION. BUT THEY ARGUED THEY SHOULD HAVE BEEN ARRESTED AND NOT SHOT.

    IN RENDERING ITS DECISION, THE EUROPEAN COURT ORDERED THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT TO PAY THE FAMILIES' LEGAL COSTS. AT THE SAME TIME, IT REJECTED THEIR DEMAND FOR COMPENSATION.

    BRITISH DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER MICHAEL HESELTINE TOLD BRITISH RADIO THE COURT'S RULING DEFIES COMMON SENSE AND IS TOTALLY INCOMPREHENSIBLE.

    /// HESELTINE ACT ///

    WE WILL PURSUE OUR RIGHT TO FIGHT TERRORISM, TO PROTECT INNOCENT PEOPLE WHEREVER WE HAVE JURISDICTION AND WE WILL NOT BE SWAYED OR DETERRED IN ANY WAY BY THIS LUDICROUS DECISION OF THE COURT.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. HESELTINE SAID THE CABINET WILL DECIDE WHETHER TO ABIDE BY THE COURT'S DECISION TO PAY THE FAMILIES' LEGAL COSTS.

    LAWMAKER KEN MAGINNIS -- SECURITY SPOKESMAN FOR THE PROTESTANT ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY -- SAYS THE DECISION SENDS A SIGNAL TO TERRORISTS.

    /// MAGINNIS ACT ///

    IF THE COUNTRIES OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AND THEIR POLICE SERVICES AND OTHER SECURITY SERVICES ARE BOUND BY THIS DECISION TO ARRIVE AT A CONCLUSION THAT THEY CAN NOT TAKE PREEMPTIVE ACTIONS AGAINST TERRORISTS WHERE THE INTELLIGENCE INDICATES THE CIVILIAN POPULATION IS IN REAL DANGER, THEN, OF COURSE, WE ARE LOSING OUR SENSE OF PERSPECTIVE. WE REALLY ARE PROVIDING WHAT I CALL A TERRORISTS' CHARTER.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. MAGINNIS ALSO SAID THE DECISION WILL HAVE NO BEARING ON THE OVERALL SEARCH FOR PEACE IN NORTHERN IRELAND. (SIGNED)

    NEB/ADEN/JWH/BG
    27-Sep-95 11:16 AM EDT (1516 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [06] CLINTON / YELTSIN / BOSNIA (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186005
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS TELEPHONED RUSSIAN PRESIDENT YELTSIN TO DISCUSS THE U-S BROKERED AGREEMENT REACHED BY REPRESENTATIVES TO THE BOSNIAN CONFLICT TO ESTABLISH A JOINT PARLIAMENT AND PRESIDENCY AND FREE ELECTIONS IN BOSNIA. MR. CLINTON TOLD MR. YELTSIN THE UNITED STATES WOULD WELCOME RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION IN A PEACEKEEPING FORCE THAT WOULD HELP IMPLEMENT A FUTURE PEACE ACCORD. V-O-A'S WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS.

    TEXT: TUESDAY'S AGREEMENT REACHED AMONG THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF BOSNIA, CROATIA AND YUGOSLAVIA IS CREDITED IN LARGE PART TO U-S DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS.

    BUT PRESIDENT CLINTON -- MINDFUL OF RUSSIA'S INFLUENCE AS A TRADITIONAL SERB ALLY -- WOULD LIKE RUSSIAN COOPERATION IN AN INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN BOSNIA IF A PEACE ACCORD IS REACHED.

    // OPT //

    THE UNITED STATES HAS AGREED TO SEND UP TO 25-THOUSAND TROOPS TO SERVE AS PEACEKEEPERS IN BOSNIA.

    // END OPT //

    BUT WHILE RUSSIA HAS EXPRESSED AN INTEREST IN BEING PART OF SUCH AN OPERATION, IT WANTS ITS TROOPS UNDER THE COMMAND OF THE UNITED NATIONS, NOT NATO, AS THE UNITED STATES HAS PROPOSED.

    WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY INDICATED THE ISSUE WAS NOT RESOLVED IN THE DISCUSSIONS BETWEEN THE RUSSIAN AND AMERICAN PRESIDENTS.

    // MCCURRY ACTUALITY //

    WE WOULD WELCOME RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION IN A NATO-LED FORCE. THAT HAS BEEN THE RUSSIAN UNDERSTANDING OF THE U-S VIEW AS WE HAVE PUBLICLY STATED IT FOR SOME TIME.

    // END ACT //

    BUT MR. MCCURRY SAID THE RUSSIAN LEADER TOLD MR. CLINTON THE TWO COUNTRIES WOULD WORK TOGETHER TO REACH WHAT HE CALLED "AN AGREEABLE APPROACH" TO THE MATTER.

    // REST OPT //

    THE WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN SAYS THE TWO LEADERS ALSO DISCUSSED A NUMBER OF BILATERAL ISSUES, AS WELL AS THEIR UPCOMING MEETING IN NEW YORK NEXT MONTH, WHEN THEY BOTH WILL BE ATTENDING CEREMONIES MARKING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS.

    MR. MCCURRY SAYS WEDNESDAY'S PHONE CALL CAME AFTER A RECENT PERIOD OF WHAT HE CALLED "ACTIVE CORRESPONDENCE" BETWEEN THE TWO PRESIDENTS.(SIGNED)

    NEB / DAT / BD/PT
    27-Sep-95 4:37 PM EDT (2037 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [07] CONGRESS/BOSNIA (L ONLY) BY JIM MALONE (SENATE)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185996
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: REPUBLICANS IN THE U-S SENATE ARE DEMANDING TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S PLANS FOR THE USE OF AMERICAN TROOPS FOR PEACEKEEPING IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA IF ALL SIDES AGREE TO A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT. V-O-A SENATE CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS ON GROWING REPUBLICAN CONCERNS ABOUT THE POSSIBLE DEPLOYMENT OF U-S TROOPS.

    TEXT: SENATE MAJORITY LEADER BOB DOLE AND NINE OF HIS REPUBLICAN COLLEAGUES IN THE SENATE HAVE WRITTEN TO THE PRESIDENT WARNING THAT HE DOES NOT HAVE PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR DEPLOYING U-S TROOPS AS PEACEKEEPERS IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA.

    SENATOR DOLE IS CALLING FOR CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS ON THE ADMINISTRATION'S MILITARY PLANS IN THE BALKANS. HE IS COMPLAINING THAT TOO OFTEN CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS HAVE BEEN INFORMED, BUT NOT CONSULTED ABOUT THE U-S MILITARY ROLE IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA IN THE EVENT OF A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT.

    /// DOLE ACT ///

    MR. PRESIDENT, THE POINT OF CONSULTATIONS IS TO HAVE INPUT BEFORE THERE IS A FINISHED PLAN, BEFORE THE CONGRESS IS HANDED A FAIT ACCOMPLI. WE DO NOT WANT TO BE TOLD AFTER THE FACT THAT IT IS A BRIEFING, NOT A CONSULTATION. WE HAVE HAD PLENTY OF THOSE WHERE WE ARE JUST INFORMED, WE ARE NOT CONSULTED, WE ARE TOLD.

    /// END DOLE ACT. ///

    IT HAS BEEN MORE THAN TWO-YEARS SINCE THE PRESIDENT PROMISED UP TO 25-THOUSAND U-S GROUND TROOPS AS PART OF A NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN THE EVENT OF A PEACE AGREEMENT. SENATOR DOLE SAYS IT IS TIME FOR THE ADMINISTRATION TO ANSWER A NUMBER OF QUESTIONS ABOUT THE POSSIBLE DEPLOYMENT OF U-S TROOPS. REPUBLICANS CRITICAL OF PAST U-N PEACEKEEPING EFFORTS ARE ESPECIALLY CONCERNED WITH THE COMMAND AND CONTROL ASPECTS OF THE OPERATION.

    /// DOLE ACT. ///

    WE MUST KNOW WHAT THE ADMINISTRATION IS TELLING THE BOSNIANS, THE SERBS AND OUR NATO ALLIES. WHAT PROMISES AND WHAT THREATS ARE BEING MADE? WE ALSO NEED TO KNOW WHAT COMMITMENTS ARE BEING MADE TO THE RUSSIANS WITH RESPECT TO THEIR PARTICIPATION. IN PARTICULAR, WHAT IS THE ADMINISTRATION RESPONSE TO RUSSIAN DEMANDS TO SHARE COMMAND WITH NATO IN AN ENFORCEMENT OPERATION? WILL U-S FORCES BE UNDER UNIFIED NATO COMMAND AT ALL TIMES?

    /// END DOLE ACT. ///

    U-S OFFICIALS HAVE SAID THE OPERATION WOULD BE UNDER THE CONTROL OF NATO, NOT THE UNITED NATIONS. BUT SENATOR DOLE AND THE OTHER REPUBLICANS SAY CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS ARE THE BEST WAY TO ADDRESS THE MANY QUESTIONS THEY HAVE ABOUT THE DETAILS OF U-S INVOLVEMENT IN ANY PEACEKEEPING MISSION IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. (SIGNED) NEB/RAE 27-Sep-95 1:05 PM EDT (1705 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [08] ROMANIA LOOKS TO THE WEST BY ED WARNER ( WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31222
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ON A TRIP TO WASHINGTON THIS WEEK TO TALK TO PRESIDENT CLINTON AND OTHER U.S. OFFICIALS, ROMANIAN PRESIDENT ION ILIESCU STRESSED THE NEED FOR HIS COUNTRY TO BE MORE CLOSELY TIED TO THE WEST, IN PARTICULAR NATO. V-O-A'S ED WARNER ATTENDED A SPEECH GIVEN BY THE ROMANIAN LEADER (TUESDAY, 9/26), AND HAS THIS REPORT.

    TEXT: ROMANIAN PRESIDENT ION ILIESCU SAYS ROMANIA SUFFERED UNDER A HARSH DICTATORSHIP AND STILL HAS PLENTY OF PROBLEMS, BUT ITS PROGRESS SHOULD BE RECOGNIZED. HE MADE THE PLEA IN AN ADDRESS TO THE CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN WASHINGTON THIS WEEK.

    MR. ILIESCU SAID RADICAL CHANGE IS OCCURRING IN HIS COUNTRY:

    // ILESCU ACTUALITY //

    OUR NATION, IN EFFECT, WAS REBORN. ALL OF OUR INSTITUTIONS HAVE BEEN BUILT ANEW: THE PARLIAMENT AS A GENUINE EXPRESSION OF THE POPULAR WILL, PARTIES AS INDEPENDENT POLITICAL STRUCTURES, FREE ELECTIONS AS THE FOUNDATION OF POLITICAL FREEDOM -- ALL HAVE BEEN REINVENTED IN THE LAST SIX YEARS.

    // END ACT //

    PRESIDENT ILIESCU SAID THIS PROGRESS WAS DUE IN PART TO OUTSIDE HELP FROM FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS LIKE THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND THE WORLD BANK. HE ADDED THAT ROMANIA IS A MEMBER OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE, HAS AN ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION AND HAS JOINED NATO'S PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE PROGRAM.

    HE SAID HE LOOKS FORWARD TO FULL MEMBERSHIP IN NATO, AND WAS ENCOURAGED BY HIS CONVERSATION WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON:

    // ILIESCU ACTUALITY //

    WE ARE CONFIDENT THAT ROMANIA HAS ITS PLACE IN THE WIDENED STRUCTURES OF SECURITY, PROVIDED BY AN ENLARGED NATO. IN ROMANIA, THERE IS A LARGE POLITICAL CONSENSUS ON THIS STRATEGIC GOAL. ALL POLITICAL FORCES SHARE THE BELIEF THAT OUR INTEGRATION WITH EUROPE AND EURO-ATLANTIC INSTITUTIONS IS WHERE OUR PRESENT AND FUTURE LIE. WE ARE PREPARED TO TAKE THE NECESSARY STEPS TO BE ACCEPTED AS A FULL MEMBER OF NATO AT THE EARLIEST OPPORTUNITY.

    // END ACT //

    PRESIDENT ILIESCU WENT ON TO SAY THAT ROMANIA HAD LAUNCHED A DIPLOMATIC INITIATIVE TO RESOLVE THE PROBLEM OF MINORITIES WITH NEIGHBORING HUNGARY: HUNGARIANS IN ROMANIA AND ROMANIANS IN HUNGARY. BETTER RELATIONS WITH HUNGARY, HE SAID, WOULD HELP BOTH COUNTRIES GAIN MEMBERSHIP IN NATO.

    WHILE WELCOMING PRESIDENT ILIESCU'S APPEAL, SOME OBSERVERS QUESTIONED ROMANIA'S PROGRESS TO DATE AND CITED THE INFLUENCE IN THE GOVERNING COALITION OF EXTREMIST PARTIES WELL POPULATED BY FORMER COMMUNISTS. REPUBLICAN CONGRESSMAN DAVID FUNDERBURK, A FORMER U.S. AMBASSADOR TO ROMANIA, CIRCULATED A LETTER SAYING MOST FAVORED NATION STATUS SHOULD NOT BE RENEWED FOR ROMANIA UNTIL IT ESTABLISHES MORE FREEDOMS AND PROPERTY RIGHTS AND CURBS THE ACTIVITIES OF THE SECRET POLICE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/EW/MMK
    27-Sep-95 9:02 AM EDT (1302 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [09] RUSSIA / NATO BY ELIZABETH ARROTT (MOSCOW)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31232
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS: WATCH C-N WIRE AND UPDATE INTRO WHEN REPORT IS RELEASED ///

    INTRO: RUSSIA IS INCREASINGLY UPSET ABOUT NATO PLANS TO ACCEPT NEW MEMBERS FROM EASTERN EUROPE -- AND A DETAILED PROPOSAL FOR NATO'S EASTERN EXPANSION, DUE OUT THURSDAY (RELEASED THURSDAY) IS ONLY LIKELY TO FURTHER WORSEN RELATIONS. V-O-A'S ELIZABETH ARROTT HAS SPOKEN WITH THE DIRECTOR OF THE U-S-A CANADA INSTITUTE IN MOSCOW, SERGEI ROGOV, WHO EXPLAINS SOME OF RUSSIA'S OBJECTIONS TO NATO CREEPING TOWARD ITS BORDERS.

    TEXT: THE REAL THREAT TO RUSSIA, SAYS SERGEI ROGOV, IS NOT AN ATTACK FROM POLAND OR, SAY, SLOVAKIA ANY TIME IN THE NEAR FUTURE. THE DIRECTOR OF THE U-S-A CANADA INSTITUTE SAYS THE PROBLEM IS POTENTIALLY MUCH MORE SERIOUS -- THE ISOLATION OF RUSSIA AND THE END OF ANY DREAM OF A NEW WORLD SYSTEM UNITING THE ANTAGONISTS OF THE COLD WAR YEARS.

    /// ROGOV ACT ///

    IT IS VERY UNFORTUNATE THAT IT IS NATO -- WHICH IS A COLLECTIVE DEFENSE ORGANIZATION, THUS OF A POLITICAL/MILITARY NATURE -- THAT IS AT THE SPEARHEAD OF (LEADING) THE WESTERN DRIVE TO THE EAST. SO WHAT WE SEE IS THE EXPANSION OF THE MILITARY ORGANIZATION CLOSER TO THE BORDERS OF RUSSIA WHEN PRESUMABLY RUSSIA AND NATO ARE PARTNERS.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE UNITED STATES HAS TRIED TO EASE RUSSIAN FEARS ABOUT THE EXPANSION, BRIEFING OFFICIALS IN ADVANCE OF THE RELEASE OF THE PLAN AND ASSURING THEM NATO WILL FIND FOR RUSSIA WHAT WAS CALLED A PROPER PLACE IN THE ALLIANCE.

    BUT CLEARLY, MR. ROGOV SAYS, THE ARGUMENTS HAVE FAILED TO REASSURE MANY IN RUSSIA. IF THE WEST WANTS TO SPREAD DEMOCRACY, HE ASKS, WHY USE THE MILITARY. IF IT WANTS TO BRING STABILITY, HE SUGGESTS A SWIFT EXPANSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. MOREOVER, MR. ROGOV SAYS, THE TIMING COULD NOT BE WORSE, WITH RUSSIA UNDERGOING A SEVERE CRISIS OF IDENTITY.

    /// ROGOV ACT ///

    RUSSIA, AS A EURASIAN COUNTRY WHICH HAS INTERESTS IN BOTH EUROPE AND IN ASIA, TODAY FACES A SITUATION WHERE IT IS EXCLUDED NOT ONLY FROM A NEW CONSOLIDATED EUROPEAN ECONOMIC, POLITICAL AND DEFENSE COMMUNITY, BUT ALSO FROM THE ASIA PACIFIC REGION. LAST YEAR AT THE SUMMIT OF THE ASIAN PACIFIC ECONOMIC COMMUNITY -- APEC -- RUSSIA WAS NOT INVITED. NEW GUINEA WAS INVITED. RUSSIA WAS NOT.

    /// END ACT ///

    IT WOULD BE A MISTAKE, HE SAYS, TO DISMISS THESE FEELINGS OF INSECURITY AS PARANOIA. EVENTS IN BOSNIA, MR. ROGOV ARGUES, SHOW RUSSIA HAS NO LEGITIMATE SAY IN DECISIONS CONCERNING SECURITY IN EUROPE. PARTLY, HE ARGUES, THAT IS RUSSIA'S FAULT. MOSCOW CEDED RIGHTS IN THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL TO NATO, AND CONTRIBUTES ONLY A TOKEN FORCE TO PEACEKEEPING EFFORTS THERE NOW. BUT THE USA-CANADA INSTITUTE DIRECTOR BELIEVES THE BALKANS WOULD BE A GOOD PLACE FOR RUSSIA TO TRY TO REALIZE ITS PLANS OF BECOMING AN INTERNATIONAL POWER ONCE AGAIN. HE THINKS THAT MAY BE BEHIND A RUSSIAN PROPOSAL FOR A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA LED JOINTLY BY RUSSIA AND NATO.

    /// ROGOV ACT ///

    THIS KIND OF BEHAVIOR MIGHT BETTER CORRESPOND TO THE NOTION OF RUSSIA AS A GREAT POWER. FOR, AS YOU KNOW, MANY RUSSIAN POLITICIANS LIKE TO TALK ABOUT RUSSIA AS A GREAT POWER, AND AT THE SAME TIME THEY ASK THE WEST TO PAY FOR ANYTHING WHICH INVOLVES AN EXTRA EFFORT BY RUSSIA.

    /// END ACT ///

    RUSSIA, ARGUES MR. ROGOV, MAY NOT BE ACTING LIKE A GREAT POWER RIGHT NOW, AND IT CERTAINLY IS NOT BEING TREATED LIKE ONE, BUT THAT COULD CHANGE.

    RECALLING HOW EUROPE PUNISHED GERMANY AFTER WORLD WAR ONE FOR THE SINS OF ITS PREDECESSORS, MR. ROGOV WARNS OF ISOLATING RUSSIA IN THE POST-COLD WAR WORLD. HE SAYS IT IS A DANGEROUS COURSE, AND AT THE VERY LEAST, IT WILL FUEL THE FLAMES OF NATIONALISM IN RUSSIA -- PRESUMABLY SOMETHING NATO DOES NOT WANT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/EA/JWH/MMK
    27-Sep-95 1:57 PM EDT (1757 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [10] TURKEY / POLITICS (L ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=9/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-185987
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TURKISH PRIME MINISTER TANSU CILLER SAYS TALKS BETWEEN HER TRUE PATH PARTY AND THE MAIN OPPOSITION MOTHERLAND PARTY TO FORM A CONSERVATIVE COALITION GOVERNMENT HAVE ENDED WITHOUT AN AGREEMENT. AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA.

    TEXT: MRS. CILLER BLAMED MOTHERLAND PARTY LEADER MESUT YILMAZ FOR THE FAILURE OF THE TALKS, SAYING HE HAD NOT ACCEPTED HER CONDITIONS FOR FORMING A CONSERVATIVE COALITION GOVERNMENT.

    MRS CILLER TOLD REPORTERS MR YILMAZ WAS, IN HER WORDS, NOT SINCERE BECAUSE HE HAD SAID EARLIER HE WAS PREPARED TO GO ALONG WITH HER DEMANDS, IF SHE AGREED TO SOME OF HIS. THESE INCLUDED HOLDING EARLY ELECTIONS NEXT JUNE AND GIVING MR YILMAZ'S MOTHERLAND PARTY EIGHT CABINET POST, INCLUDING THE FOREIGN MINISTRY.

    BUSINESS CIRCLES REACTED WITH DISMAY TO NEWS THE COUNTRY'S TWO MAIN RIGHT WING PARTIES HAD FAILED TO AGREE ON FORMING A GOVERNMENT. SHARE PRICES ON THE ISTANBUL STOCK EXCHANGE DROPPED BY TWO-POINT-THREE-PERCENT ON NEWS THE COALITION HAD FAILED TO MATERIALIZE.

    THE COUNTRY'S LEADING INDUSTRIALISTS HAVE BEEN PRESSING BOTH SIDES TO COME TOGETHER IN THE HOPE A STRONG CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT WOULD HELP SPEED UP THE COUNTRY'S PRIVATIZATION PROGRAM. THEY ALSO WANT THE GOVERNMENT TO COMPLETE DEMOCRATIC REFORMS NECESSARY FOR THE FINALIZATION OF A PROPOSED CUSTOMS UNION WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION SCHEDULED TO COME INTO EFFECT NEXT YEAR.

    POLITICAL ANALYSTS SAY MRS. CILLER WILL MOST LIKELY TURN TO SMALLER POLITICAL PARTIES REPRESENTED IN THE 450-MEMBER TURKISH PARLIAMENT WITH A VIEW TO FORMING A MINORITY GOVERNMENT. THE MOST PROBABLE CANDIDATES, THEY ADD, ARE BULENT ECEVITS' DEMOCRATIC LEFT PARTY AND ALPARSLAN TURKES'S EXTREME RIGHT-WING NATIONALIST ACTION PARTY. BOTH LEADERS HAVE EXPRESSED SUPPORT FOR PRIME MINISTER CILLER.

    MRS CILLER'S FOUR-YEAR COALITION WITH THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS BROKE DOWN LAST WEEK AFTER SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC LEADER DENIZ BAYKAL DECIDED TO WITHDRAW FROM THE GOVERNMENT BECAUSE OF POLICY DIFFERENCES. (SIGNED)

    NEB/AZ/JWH/RAE
    27-Sep-95 11:28 AM EDT (1528 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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