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Voice of America Digest, 1 November 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 1, 1995


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 1, 1995

    DATE=11/1/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 11/1/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    BOSNIA / PEACE TALKS -- BOSNIA PEACE TALKS OPEN AT WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE OUTSIDE DAYTON, OHIO. US SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER IS MEETING SEPARATELY WITH THE PRESIDENTS OF BOSNIA, CROATIA AND SERBIA. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM DAYTON. (11/1)

    OGONI TRIAL / REACT -- INTERNATIONAL AND NIGERIAN HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS HAVE REACTED WITH OUTRAGE TO THE DEATH SENTENCE IMPOSED ON MINORITY RIGHTS CAMPAIGNER KEN SARO-WIWA. AS STRINGER CINDY SHINER REPORTS FROM LAGOS, SARO-WIWA WAS ACCUSED OF INCITING MEMBERS OF HIS OGONI ETHNIC GROUP TO KILL FOUR PROMINENT OGONI CHIEFS LAST YEAR. (11/1)

    SAF ELECTIONS -- SOUTH AFRICANS STREAMED TO THE POLLS WEDNESDAY TO ELECT LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS TO HELP COMPLETE THE COUNTRY'S TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY. CORRESPONDENT MALLORY SALESON VISITED POLLING STATIONS AND REPORTS THE DAY WENT MOSTLY SMOOTHLY. (11/1)

    RWANDA / RED CROSS -- TENS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE ARE NOW HELD IN PRISONS IN RWANDA, SUSPECTED BY THE TUTSI-LED GOVERNMENT OF INVOLVEMENT IN THE SLAUGHTER LAST YEAR BY THE THEN DOMINANT HUTU OF UP TO ONE MILLION PEOPLE. CORNELIO SOMMARUGA, PRESIDENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS, THE ICRC HAS JUST RETURNED TO GENEVA FROM RWANDA, AND STRINGER GORDON MARTIN SPOKE WITH HIM. (11/1)

    BURUNDI / INCIDENT -- THERE HAS BEEN ANOTHER BLOODY INCIDENT IN NORTHERN BURUNDI, IN WHICH GOVERNMENT TROOPS APPARENTLY KILLED HUTU CIVILIANS IN RETALIATION FOR RECENT REBEL ATTACKS. CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA REPORTS. (11/1)

    SENATE / PALESTINIANS -- THE US GOVERNMENT HAS, FOR THE MOMENT, LOST THE ABILITY TO GIVE FINANCIAL AID TO PALESTINIANS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS THE MONEY IS BEING HELD UP BY AN UNRELATED PARTISAN BATTLE IN THE SENATE. (11/1)

    RUSSIA / YELTSIN -- AILING RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN HAS RESUMED WHAT ONE KREMLIN SOURCE CALLS ACTIVE WORK, MEETING WITH A TOP AIDE AND SIGNING SEVERAL DOCUMENTS. BUT AS CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM MOSCOW, THE PRESIDENT'S ABSENCE FROM THE PUBLIC EYE AT A TIME OF POLITICAL TURMOIL HAS SOME OBSERVERS WONDERING IF HE IS MORE ILL THAN AIDES SAY. (11/1)

    RUSSIA / CHECHNYA -- THE MOSCOW-BACKED GOVERNMENT IN CHECHNYA IS SAID TO BE DENYING REPORTS IT BROADENED THE POWERS OF THE REGION'S PRIME MINISTER. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM MOSCOW. (11/1)

    TURKEY / RUSSIA -- TURKEY SAID IT WILL RE-EVALUATE ITS TIES WITH RUSSIA IN LIGHT OF A MEETING HELD BY KURDISH SEPARATISTS IN MOSCOW. STRINGER AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA. (11/1)

    TURKEY / PRIME MINISTER -- TURKISH PRIME MINISTER TANSU CILLER WARNED EUROPEAN GOVERNMENTS WEDNESDAY, SHOULD A CUSTOMS UNION DEAL WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION BE VETOED, IT WOULD STRENGTHEN ISLAMIC RADICALS NOT ONLY IN TURKEY, BUT THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE REGION. STRINGER AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA. (11/1)

    AFGHAN / PEACE TALKS -- AN AFGHAN GOVERNMENT DELEGATION HAS RETURNED FROM THE EASTERN CITY OF JALALABAD AND TALKS ABOUT POSSIBLE ROOTS TO A SOLUTION FOR AFGHANISTAN'S CONFLICT. AS STRINGER TIM JOHNSTON REPORTS FROM KABUL, EFFORTS TO ACHIEVE PEACE HAVE BEEN GIVEN NEW EMPHASIS BY OPPOSITION THREATS TO LAUNCH AN ATTACK AGAINST THE CAPITAL. (11/1)

    PERRY / KOREA / ONITER -- US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY THURSDAY FLIES TO SOUTH KOREA AFTER TALKS IN JAPAN. THE TOKYO TALKS WERE AIMED AT EASING TENSIONS CAUSED BY THE RAPE OF AN OKINAWAN SCHOOLGIRL BY THREE US SERVICEMEN. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM THE JAPANESE CAPITAL, MR. PERRY HAS MADE A PROFUSE PUBLIC APOLOGY ABOUT THE OKINAWA INCIDENT. (11/1)

    KOREA / ROH / SUMMONS -- FORMER SOUTH KOREAN PRESIDENT ROH TAE-WOO WAS QUESTIONED BY PROSECUTORS WEDNESDAY ABOUT A LARGE POLITICAL FUND HE RAISED WHILE HE WAS IN OFFICE FROM 1988 TO 1993. STRINGER SHIN NA REPORTS. (11/1)

    CZECH DOCTORS -- CZECH DOCTORS WENT ON STRIKE WEDNESDAY DEMANDING HIGHER PAY AND CHANGES IN HEALTH SERVICE FINANCING. STRINGER ALENA KENCLOVA REPORTS FROM PRAGUE. (11/1)

    US ECONOMY -- NEW REPORTS ON THE US ECONOMY, ONE REFLECTING CURRENT CONDITIONS, AND ANOTHER LOOKING AT THE FUTURE, INDICATE A CONTINUATION OF MODERATE EXPANSION WITH LOW INFLATION. ECONOMICS EDITOR JOE SUMMERS REPORTS ON THE FACTORS THAT MONETARY AUTHORITIES WILL BE CONSIDERING WHEN THEY MEET LATER THIS MONTH TO DISCUSS INTEREST RATE POLICIES. (11/1)

    US ECONOMY -- THE INDEX USED BY THE US GOVERNMENT TO PREDICT THE ECONOMY'S FUTURE DIRECTION HAS TURNED DOWNWARD AGAIN. EDITOR JOE SUMMERS REPORTS THAT THE INDEX OF LEADING INDICATORS APPEARS TO CONTRADICT OTHER EVIDENCE THAT THE NATION'S ECONOMY IS EXPANDING. (11/1)

    TRAVEL / SAN FRANCISCO -- REPORTER TED LANDPHAIR TAKES LISTENERS WITH HIM ON A JOURNEY THROUGH THE HAIGHT-ASHBURY SECTION OF SAN FRANCISCO, MADE FAMOUS IN THE 1960S AS A HAVEN FOR HIPPIES AND "FLOWER POWER." (11/1) NETWORK NEWSWOMEN / CAMPAIGN '96" - CURRENT AFFAIRS' TOM MAHONEY EXCERPTS HIS INSIDE USA PANEL DISCUSSION FEATURING THREE WOMEN WHO WILL PLAY A LARGE ROLE IN THEIR TELEVISION NETWORKS' COVERAGE OF POLITICS, CANDIDATES AND THE ISSUES FROM NOW UNTIL NEXT NOVEMBER'S ELECTIONS. GUESTS INCLUDE BARBARA COCHRAN, EXECUTIVE PRODUCER OF POLITICAL COVERAGE FOR CBS NEWS; ROBIN SPROUL, VICE PRESIDENT AND WASHINGTON BUREAU CHIEF FOR ABC NEWS; AND EMILY ROONEY, DIRECTOR OF POLITICAL COVERAGE FOR FOX NETWORK NEWS. THEY OFFER THEIR INSIGHTS ON A RANGE OF POLITICAL ISSUES AND DISCUSS THE IMPACT OF TELEVISION IN COVERING CAMPAIGN '96. (11/1)

    OZONE / CFCS -- IN 1987, THE UNITED STATES AND 70 OTHER COUNTRIES SIGNED A TREATY IN MONTREAL, PLEDGING TO PHASE OUT PRODUCTION OF OZONE-DEPLETING CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS, OR CFCS, BY THE YEAR 2000. LATER THIS MONTH DELEGATES TO THE MONTREAL PROTOCOL WILL MEET IN VIENNA TO REVISE THE TREATY FOR THE THIRD TIME. MOST SCIENTISTS AGREE THAT CFCS ARE A MAJOR CAUSE OF OZONE LAYER DEPLETION, AND RECENT RESEARCH INDICATES INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO RESTORE THE LAYER ARE WORKING. CURRENT AFFAIRS' TERRI KEEFE REPORTS. (11/1)

    THE BEST YEARS OF OUR LIVES / WORLD WAR TWO -- FIFTY YEARS AGO ON THIS VETERANS DAY, STILL KNOWN AS ARMISTICE DAY IN 1945, WORLD WAR II VETERANS WERE BEGINNING THEIR ADJUSTMENT TO CIVILIAN LIFE. FOR MANY, IT WAS A DIFFICULT ADJUSTMENT, ONE THAT WOULD SOON BE REFLECTED IN A DRAMATIC FILM DIRECTED BY WAR VETERAN WILLIAM WYLER. CURRENT AFFAIRS' CHUCK RICH TELLS US ABOUT THAT ACCLAIMED 1946 PRODUCTION, "THE BEST YEARS OF OUR LIVES." (11/1)

    RACE RELATIONS -- THE RECENT MILLION MAN MARCH IN WASHINGTON, DC, WAS ONE OF THE LARGEST DEMONSTRATIONS IN AMERICA'S HISTORY. WHAT IS THE LEGACY OF THE MARCH - AND WHAT IMPACT WILL IT HAVE ON BLACK MEN IN THE UNITED STATES? WILL IT IMPROVE THEIR STATUS, OR ADD TO RACIAL POLARIZATION? CURRENT AFFAIRS' MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS ON THE VIEWS OF TWO AFRICAN-AMERICAN EXPERTS. (11/1)

    US / MID-LEVEL EDUCATION -- THE NATIONAL MIDDLE SCHOOL ASSOCIATION CALLS FOR MAJOR CHANGES IN AMERICAN MIDDLE SCHOOLS IN ORDER TO MEET THE SPECIFIC NEEDS OF 10-15 OLDS. CURRENT AFFAIRS' ZLATICA HOKE REPORTS AMERICAN EDUCATORS RECOMMEND TWELVE CONDITIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT. (11/1)

    CIA -- FOR A SUPPOSEDLY SECRET AGENCY, THERE'S A LOT OF PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE WORKINGS OF THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY. A NEWLY-PUBLISHED BOOK BY EVAN THOMAS IS ENTITLED, "THE VERY BEST MEN: FOUR WHO DARED, THE EARLY DAYS OF THE CIA." IT GIVES NEW REVELATIONS OF THE ACTIONS OF FOUR FORMER HIGH OFFICIALS OF THE AGENCY. CURRENT AFFAIRS' MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS. (11/1)

    BOSNIA / PEACE PROSPECTS -- AS THE WARRING FACTIONS IN THE BOSNIA WAR OPEN PEACE IN OHIO, CURRENT AFFAIRS' PAMELA TAYLOR HAS ASSEMBLED A PANEL OF BALKAN ANALYSTS, ACADEMICS AND GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES TO DISCUSS THE PROSPECTS FOR A LASTING AGREEMENT. (10/31)

    US / RACISM -- A PANEL OF CLERGY WILL LOOK AT THE SO-CALLED RACIAL DIVIDE IN THE US IN LIGHT OF ATTACKS ON AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL AGENDA, SIMPSON VERDICT, MILLION MAN MARCH ON WASHINGTON AND PRESIDENT CLINTON'S SPEECH. THE PANEL DISCUSSED WHAT THE US RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY, AS WELL AS POLITICAL LEADERS, CAN DO TO BRIDGE THE DIVIDE. CURRENT AFFAIRS' DEBORAH COOPER REPORTS. (10/31)

    TERRY WAITE / TAKEN ON TRUST -- ON JANUARY 20, 1987, TERRY WAITE, AN ENVOY OF THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, BECAME ONE OF MORE THAN 50 PEOPLE WHO WERE TAKEN HOSTAGE BY IRANIAN BACKED ISLAMIC EXTREMISTS IN LEBANON. CURRENT AFFAIRS' DEBORAH COOPER REPORTS THAT HE HAS WRITTEN ABOUT HIS FIVE YEARS IN CAPTIVITY IN HIS RECENT AUTOBIOGRAPHY. (10/31)

    CHATHAM COLLEGE / 125 YEARS -- THIS YEAR CHATHAM COLLEGE, A SMALL LIBERAL ARTS WOMEN'S COLLEGE IN PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, CELEBRATES ITS 125TH ANNIVERSARY. AND A CELEBRATION IS CERTAINLY IN ORDER. UP UNTIL RECENTLY, CHATHAM WAS EXPERIENCING A SEVERE BUDGET CRUNCH AS WELL AS A SHARP DECLINE IN ENROLLMENT. BUT AS STRINGER SUSAN MORRIS REPORTS, CHATHAM HAS A NEW ACADEMIC PROGRAM THAT IS ATTRACTING A RECORD NUMBER OF STUDENTS. (10/31)

    OLYMPICS PREVIEW / THE PARALYMPICS -- BY NOW, MOST PEOPLE IN THE WORLD HAVE PROBABLY HEARD THAT THE OLYMPIC GAMES WILL BE HELD IN THE SUMMER OF 1996 IN ATLANTA, GEORGIA. BUT FEW PEOPLE KNOW THAT JUST AFTER THE OLYMPICS END, OTHER WORLD-CLASS ATHLETES FROM 120 COUNTRIES WILL BE IN ATLANTA TO TAKE PART IN A SECOND COMPETITION -- THE PARALYMPIC GAMES. CURRENT AFFAIRS' MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS. (10/31)

    WHEAT / WORLD'S NUMBER-ONE GRAIN -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' ROB SIVAK REPORTS ON PREDICTIONS BY THE CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH THAT WITHIN 10 YEARS, WHEAT WILL REPLACE RICE AS THE WORLD'S MOST IMPORTANT AND WIDELY-CONSUMED FOOD CROP. (10/31)

    WORLD CLASS / GLOBAL ECONOMY -- HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL PROFESSOR ROSABETH MOSS KANTER'S NEW BOOK TALKS ABOUT THE ECONOMY OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND WHAT IT WILL TAKE TO COMPETE SUCCESSFULLY IN IT. CURRENT AFFAIRS' CAROL PEARSON REPORTS THAT SHE SAYS HOW WELL WE PARTICIPATE IN THIS NEW ECONOMY IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR IN DECIDING HOW WELL OFF WE WILL BE. (10/31)

    SPORTS WHEELCHAIRS -- WHEELCHAIRS USED TO BE PRETTY MUCH THE SAME - BULKY, HEAVY, AND MADE FROM CHROME-PLATED METAL. BUT CURRENT AFFAIRS' MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS THEY NOW COME IN DIFFERENT COLORS, SIZES, AND WEIGHTS, FOR DIFFERENT USES, ESPECIALLY FOR SPORTS. (10/31)

    STRIP MINING LAND / FOREST -- CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS IN NEW YORK REPORTS ON AN ENVIRONMENTAL ARTIST WHO IS TRANSFORMING ABANDONED STRIP MINING LAND INTO A FOREST. (10/31)

    ELEANOR ROOSEVELT / HILLARY CLINTON -- HISTORIAN DORIS KEARNS GOODWIN DESCRIBES THE IMPACT OF A SAVVY, OUTSPOKEN, ENERGETIC, POWERFUL, INVOLVED FIRST LADY AND THE PUBLIC'S REACTION TO HER. HILLARY CLINTON? YES AND NO. CURRENT AFFAIRS' JANE KUCZYNSKI ASKS THE AUTHOR OF THE RECENT BIOGRAPHY OF FDR AND ELEANOR ROOSEVELT TO COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE TWO FIRST LADIES, THE WAY THEY ENLARGED THE JOB AND THE PUBLIC'S REACTION TO THEM. (10/31)

    RUSSIA / SUCCESSORS -- CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA TALKS WITH SOME OF BRITAIN'S LEADING SCHOLARS ON RUSSIA ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY RUSSIAN PRIME MINISTER VIKTOR CHERNOMYRDIN OR RETIRED GENERAL ALEXANDER LEBED, AMONG OTHER RUSSIAN POLITICAL FIGURES, MIGHT SUCCEED PRESIDENT YELTSIN IF HE SHOULD BECOME INCAPACITATED OR DIE. (10/30)

    POST-YELTSIN SCENARIO -- TWO EXPERTS ON RUSSIAN POLITICS, ARIEL COHEN OF THE HERITAGE FOUNDATION AND DAVID KRAMER OF THE CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE, DISCUSS THE IMPLICATIONS FOR NEXT YEAR'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IF HEALTH PROBLEMS FORCE RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN TO STEP DOWN. CURRENT AFFAIRS' NEAL LAVON REPORTS. (10/30)

    LEAVING THE RAT RACE -- MANY AMERICANS ARE GETTING TIRED OF LONG WORKING HOURS, LACK OF FAMILY LIFE AND THE STRESS OF COMPETITION. CURRENT AFFAIRS' ZLATICA HOKE REPORTS ON SOME OF THE SOLUTIONS PEOPLE HAVE FOUND FOR LEAVING THE RAT RACE. (10/30)

    SPOTLIGHT / ATLANTIC CITY OVERVIEW -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' ANDREW BAROCH GIVES AN OVERVIEW OF ATLANTIC CITY, NJ -- IMMIGRANT WORKERS, GLITZY CASINO HOTELS, PLANS TO REBUILD DEPRESSED DOWNTOWN, AND MEMORIES OF GLORY DAYS IN THE '40'S. (10/30)

    TYSON POSTPONES FIGHT -- FORMER WORLD HEAVYWEIGHT BOXING CHAMPION MIKE TYSON HAS POSTPONED THE NEXT FIGHT IN HIS COMEBACK BECAUSE OF A BROKEN RIGHT THUMB. CORRESPONDENT ROY CLARK REPORTS TYSON BROKE HIS THUMB ABOUT THREE-WEEKS AGO, AND REFRACTURED THE BONE IN THE PAST TWO DAYS WHILE TRAINING FOR SATURDAY'S FIGHT IN LAS VEGAS WITH BUSTER MATHIS JUNIOR. (11/1)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA AND CANADA:

    QUEBEC / POLISH PERSPECTIVE -- TWO MEMBERS OF THE POLISH COMMUNITY IN QUEBEC, TERESA ROMER AND PROFESSOR JOZEF LITYNSKI EXAMINE THE ISSUE FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE NATIONAL DIVIDE. MRS ROMER IS AN ADVOCATE OF INDEPENDENCE, WHILE PROFESSOR LITYNSKI REPRESENTS THE FEDERALIST OPTION. BOTH BELIEVE THAT THE QUEBEC SOCIETY APPROACHED THE REFERENDUM WITH MATURITY AND RESTRAINT, ALTHOUGH SOME POLITICIANS ON BOTH SIDE SHOWED LESS TEMPERANCE. INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED BY TADEUSZ WALENDOWSKI AND JAROSLAW ANDERS. (POLISH 10/31)

    QUEBEC REFERENDUM -- STAFFER JARMILA CECH INTERVIEWS VIKTOR LABSKY OF MONTREAL, ABOUT THE RESULTS OF THE QUEBEC INDEPENDENCE REFERENDUM AND ITS POSSIBLE EFFECTS. MR LABSKY PREDICTED YEARS OF NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN THE CANADIAN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE QUEBEC LEADERSHIP, AND A NEW MOVEMENT BY THE SEPARATISTS. (CZECH 10/31)

    QUEBEC / DOSSIER -- STAFFER JEAN-CLAUDE ANDRE REPORTS ON CANADA ONE DAY AFTER THE REFERENDUM ON QUEBEC'S INDEPENDENCE. FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTREAL, POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR ANDRE BLAIS DISCUSSED THE EARLY LESSONS HE SAW IN THE REFERENDUM, RADIO CANADA'S WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT PIERRE LEON LAFRANCE REVIEWED THE ROLE QUEBEC PLAYS IN THE ECONOMY OF THE WHOLE COUNTRY, AND OUSEYNOU DIOP, PRODUCTION DIRECTOR AT RADIO CANADA IN MONTREAL EXPLAINED WHY THE SITUATION COULD REMAIN DIFFICULT AS THE ISSUE OF QUEBEC'S INDEPENDENCE HAS NOT REALLY BEEN SETTLED. (FRENCH 10/31)

    CANADA / QUEBEC UPDATE -- STAFFER HOSSEIN N KANGARLOO INTERVIEWS DR YZADANFAR, AN IRANIAN PUBLISHER AND ECONOMIST WHO LIVES IN TORONTO, FOR AN UPDATE ON THE AFTERMATH OF MONDAY'S QUEBEC REFERENDUM, INCLUDING THE RESIGNATION OF QUEBEC PREMIER JACQUES PARIZEAU. (11/1)

    QUEBEC REFERENDUM -- THERE ARE SEVERAL THOUSAND BANGLADESHI IMMIGRANTS IN QUEBEC AND MOST OF THEM VOTED AGAINST SEPARATION OF QUEBEC PROVINCE FROM CANADA. STRINGER MAHMUDUL HASSAN INTERVIEWS TWO CANADIANS OF BANGLADESH ORIGIN WHO LIVE IN MONTREAL. (BANGLA 10/31)

    QUEBEC REFERENDUM / DAY AFTER -- REPORTER JOHN PITMAN SPEAKS TO STEVEN ZUCCHI, A 25-YEAR-OLD ANGLOPHONE QUEBECKER WHO VOTED 'NO' TO SEPARATION. HE SAYS THE NO-VICTORY WAS A GREAT RELIEF. HE EXPLAINS WHY, AND WHAT KINDS OF WORRIES ANGLOPHONES HAVE ABOUT AN ALL-FRENCH QUEBEC. HE SAYS HE THINKS THE FRANCOPHONES WOULD TRY TO ASSIMILATE EVERYONE, NOT ACCOMODATE THEM. (ENP 10/31)

    MORE QUEBEC REFERENDUM -- REPORTER JOHN PITMAN SPEAKS TO CHARLES DORAN, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AT JOHNS HOPKINS SAIS, ABOUT THE REFERENDUM AND ITS FALLOUT. HE SAYS ANYONE WHO DOESN'T BELIEVE FRENCH IS THE OPERATIVE LANGUAGE IN QUEBEC IS NAIVE. WHETHER THIS IS ENOUGH FOR INDEPENDENCE, THOUGH, IS ANOTHER QUESTION. SAYS A YES VOTE WOULD HAVE HAD REPERCUSSIONS FAR BEYOND THE BORDERS OF QUEBEC AND CANADA. (ENP 10/31)

    QUEBEC / REFERENDUM -- STAFFER WANG ZE AND CHINA BRANCH'S TORONTO STRINGER DISCUSS THE REFERENDUM IN QUEBEC WITH RAYMOND CHEN, MEMBER OF CANADIAN'S RULING PARTY AND A SENIOR OFFICIAL OF CANADIAN FOREIGN MINISTER. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    US LABOR'S IRE OVER JOB EXPORTS -- THE US TRADE REPRESENTATIVE'S OFFICE IS LOOKING INTO CLAIMS BY THE MACHINISTS UNION THAT BOEING'S PRODUCTION OF AIRCRAFT PARTS IN CHINA LEADS TO A SIGNIFICANT LOSS OF US JOBS AND TECHNOLOGY. BOEING HAS SOLD ABOUT 100 JETS TO CHINA SINCE 1993. BOEING OFFICIALS HAVE SAID THEY HAVE TO OFFER SOME CHINESE DOMESTIC PRODUCTION TO GAIN SALES, BUT THAT NONE OF THE COMPANY'S CORE TECHNOLOGIES WILL BE SHIFTED OVERSEAS. STAFFER CHOU YUNTING SPOKE TO PROFESSOR XU DIANQING, UNIVERSITY OF WEST ONTARIO, CANADA, ABOUT THE UNION'S CLAIM. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    PHILADELPHIA ART SHOW -- FARSI STAFFER KATAYOUN BEGLARI REPORTS ON THE PHILADELPHIA MUSEUM OF ART'S EXHIBITION OF THE WORK OF SCULPTOR CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI. (FARSI 10/26)

    LEADING BAHA'I PERSONALITY -- FARSI STAFFER GUITTY SEDAGHAT INTERVIEWS RUHIYE RABBANI, WIDOW OF BAHA'I LEADER SHOGHI EFFENDI. SHE ATTENDED THE CONFERENCE ON GLOBAL UNITY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND. (FARSI 10/31)

    NEW ECONOMIC FEDERALISM -- REPORTER ANDREW BAIRD SPEAKS WITH PROFESSOR DONALD KETTL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN IN MADISON. PROF. KETTL DISCUSSES NEW REPUBLICAN PROPOSALS WHICH HAVE PASSED THE HOUSE WHICH WOULD DEVOLVE ECONOMIC POWER TO THE STATES FOR SOCIAL SPENDING PROGRAMS SUCH AS WELFARE, MEDICAID, HEALTH CARE, JOB TRAINING. (ENP 10/31)

    POLITICS OF NEW FEDERALISM -- REPORTER ANDREW BAIRD SPEAKS WITH PROFESSOR RICHARD NATHAN OF THE ROCKEFELLER INSTITUTE IN ALBANY, NEW YORK, ON THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE NEW FEDERALISM AS SET OUT BY REPUBLICAN LEGISLATION IN THE HOUSE. (ENP 10/31)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    TANZANIA / ELECTIONS -- STAFFER MWAMOYO HAMZA SPOKE WITH THE CHAIRMAN OF THE ELECTORAL COMMISSION IN MAINLAND TANZANIA REGARDING THE ANNULMENT OF THE DAR ES SALAAM REGION ELECTION. THE JUDGE SAID CITY VOTERS WILL AGAIN VOTE ON NOVEMBER 12 AND THE COMMISSION IS INVESTIGATING THE IRREGULARITIES THAT LED TO THE ANNULMENT. (SWAHILI 10/31)

    TANZANIA / ELECTIONS REACT -- STAFFER JEROME KASSEMBE SPOKE WITH FRANK CHITEJI, PROFESSOR OF AFRICAN STUDIES AND HISTORY AT GETTYSBURG COLLEGE, PENN STATE, ON THE TANZANIA ELECTIONS. CHITEJI SAID HE DOES NOT EXPECT THE MAINLAND TANZANIA ELECTIONS TO BE FREE AND FAIR. HE SAID BECAUSE OF INEXPERIENCE IN DEMOCRACY, ELECTION OFFICIALS MAY STILL FEEL THAT THEY ARE SUPPOSED TO BE LOYAL TO THE RULING PARTY CCM. (SWAHILI 10/31)

    TANZANIA / ELECTION -- TANZANIAN OPPOSITION PARTIES GO TO COURT SEEKING NULLIFICATION OF THE COUNTRY'S FIRST MULTI-PARTY ELECTIONS. REPORTER SHAKA SSALI SPOKE WITH THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE OF THE OPPOSITION PARTY NCCR-MAGEUZI, AUGUSTINE MREMA, FROM DAR ES SALAAM. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/1)

    NIGERIA / IGONI -- NIGERIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST KEN SARO-WIWA HAS BEEN SENTENCED TO DEATH BY HANGING. STRINGER CHINEDU OFFOR REPORTS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/31)

    NIGERIA / SARO-WIWA TRIAL -- THE MILITARY TRIBUNAL IN PORT-HARCOURT, NIGERIA HAS RULED THAT KEN SARO-WIWA, THE LEADER OF MOVEMENT FOR THE SURVIVAL OF THE OGONI PEOPLES, AND THREE OTHER LEADING MEMBERS OF THE ORGANIZATION ARE TO HANG FOR THEIR INVOLVEMENT IN WHAT THE TRIBUNAL CHAIRMAN JUSTICE IBRAHIM AUTA CALLED THE MURDERS OF THEIR POLITICAL OPPONENTS. HAUSA CORRESPONDENT AHMED MOHAMMED KWALAM REPORTS FROM LAGOS. (HAUSA 10/31)

    NIGERIA / HUMAN RIGHTS -- HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS IN NIGERIA AND SOME WESTERN COUNTRIES HAVE CONDEMNED THE DEATH SENTENCE FOR NIGERIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST KEN SARO-WIWA. STRINGER CHINEDU OFFOR REPORTS FROM LAGOS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/1)

    NIGERIA / SARO WIWA REACT -- THE LONDON-BASED HUMAN RIGHTS GROUP ARTICLE 19 IS CALLING FOR THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT TO GRANT CLEMENCY TO ACTIVISTS WHO'VE BEEN CONDEMNED TO DEATH FOR ALLEGEDLY MURDERING FOUR LEADERS OF OIL-PRODUCING OGONILAND. REPORTER WILLIAM EAGLE SPOKE WITH ARTICLE 19 DEPUTY DIRECTOR MALCOLM SMART. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/31)

    SUDAN / REBELS -- FIGHTING CONTINUES BETWEEN THE SUDAN PEOPLES LIBERATION ARMY AND SUDANESE GOVERNMENT TROOPS. THE KHARTOUM GOVERNMENT HAS ACCUSED UGANDAN NRM FORCES OF SUPPORTING THE SPLA TROOPS FROM IT'S BOARDER BUT UGANDAN AUTHORITIES DENY THE ALLEGATIONS. SWAHILI STRINGER MIKE ARERENG REPORTS FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 10/31)

    UNHCR / REPORT -- UNHCR SENIOR INFORMATION OFFICER BARBARA FRANCIS REPORTS THAT 600 MORE REFUGEES FROM ZIMI IN SOUTHEASTERN SIERRA LEONE HAVE ARRIVED IN CAPE MOUNT, LIBERIA. THEY WERE FLEEING REBEL ATTACKS ON THEIR TOWN. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/31)

    SIERRA LEONE / WORLD FOOD PROGRAM -- A WORLD FOOD PROGRAM OFFICIAL SAYS MORE ASSISTANCE IS NEEDED TO COPE WITH WIDENING HUNGER AND MALNUTRITION IN SIERRA LEONE. REPORTER WILLIAM EAGLE SPOKE WITH FRANCIS MWANZA, AN INFORMATION OFFICER FOR THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ROME. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/31)

    KENYA / ASSASSINATION -- STAFFER TOM ATANDI SPOKE WITH NAIROBI MAYOR JOHN KINGORI ABOUT THE ATTEMPT ON HIS LIFE. THE MAYOR CLAIMED THAT SOME RICH PEOPLE AND GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS IN KENYA WHO ARE GRABBING PROPERTY ARE TRYING TO SILENCE HIM BECAUSE HE IS FIGHTING CORRUPTION. (SWAHILI 10/31)

    KENYA / BANK -- STANDARD BANK EMPLOYEES WHO WERE ON STRIKE FOR THE LAST THREE DAYS HAVE AGREED TO RESUME WORK. THE STRIKE PARALYZED BUSINESS IN NAIROBI. SWAHILI STRINGER M G JOEL REPORTS. (SWAHILI 10/31)

    UGANDA / CANDIDATES -- ONE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES FOR THE COMING GENERAL ELECTIONS IN UGANDA HAS ASKED THE UGANDAN GOVERNMENT TO PROVIDE FOUR BILLION UGANDA SHILLINGS TO EACH INDIVIDUAL CANDIDATE. THE MONEY WILL BE USED TO COVER THEIR CAMPAIGN EXPENSES. THE CANDIDATE SAID THE TEN MILLION OFFERED BY MUSEVENI'S GOVERNMENT WAS NOT ENOUGH. SWAHILI STRINGER MIKE ARERENG REPORTS FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 10/31)

    SOUTH AFRICA / ELECTIONS -- SOME PARTS OF SOUTH AFRICA ARE NOT PARTICIPATING IN LOCAL ELECTIONS, INCLUDING CAPETOWN. REPORTER DEBORAH BLOCK DISCUSSED THE REASONS WITH WILMOT JAMES, HEAD OF THE INSTITUTE FOR DEMOCRACY FOR SOUTH AFRICA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/31)

    SUNDAY / FIGHTING -- MILITARY CLASHES BETWEEN THE REBEL SUDAN PEOPLES LIBERATION ARMY AND SUDANESE GOVERNMENT FORCES IN SOUTHERN SUDAN HAVE INTENSIFIED IN THE LAST FEW DAYS. REPORTER JOSIAH OBAT IN NAIROBI INTERVIEWS P'AGAN AMUM, THE SPLA'S SECRETARY FOR INFORMATION ABOUT THE SITUATION AT THE FRONT. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/31)

    SENEGAL / CASAMANCE -- SOME ONE HUNDRED SEPARATIST REBELS FROM THE CASAMANCE AREA OF SENEGAL WERE REPORTED KILLED IN RECENT FIGHTING WITH THE SENEGALESE ARMY. STAFFER IDRISSA FALL ASKED DAKAR JOURNALIST ABDOURAHMANE CAMARA WHETHER SUCH REPORTS OF FIGHTING WERE CONFIRMED BY SOURCES IN THE SENEGALESE CAPITAL. (FRENCH 10/31)

    ICRC / RWANDA -- THE PRESIDENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS, CORNELIO SOMARRUGA HELD A NEWS CONFERENCE IN GENEVA AFTER A FIVE-DAY VISIT TO RWANDA. HE DEPLORED THE OVERCROWDING OF PRISONS IN RWANDA, AND EMPHASIZED THE URGENT NEED FOR THE COUNTRY'S JUDICIAL SYSTEM TO BE RESTORED. (FRENCH 10/31)

    ANGOLA / SMUGGLING -- THE ANGOLAN GOVERNMENT IS RESTRICTING ACCESS TO TWO EASTERN PROVINCES IN THE COUNTRY IN AN ATTEMPT TO CUT DOWN ON DIAMOND SMUGGLING, WHICH LUANDA SAYS IS COSTING THE GOVERNMENT HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN LOST REVENUE. THE PROBLEM IS THAT MUCH OF THE DIAMOND AREA IS CONTROLLED BY UNITA. STAFFER LUIS COSTA REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/1)

    CAPE VERDE / ELECTIONS -- CAMPAIGNING FOR DECEMBER'S GENERAL ELECTIONS IN CAPE VERDE IS UNDERWAY. BUT, THERE HAS BEEN A RUNNING CONTROVERSY OVER A CHANGE IN THE ELECTIONS LAW. STAFFER NELSON HERBERT INTERVIEWS LAWYER RUI ARANJO, WHO HAS WRITTEN AN OPEN LETTER TO CAPE VERDE'S LEADERSHIP SAYING THE NEW ELECTORAL LAW IS ILLEGAL. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/1)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    TURKEY / AMMAN ECONOMIC SUMMIT -- STAFFER HALE EBIRI INTERVIEWS SERIF EGELI, CHAIRMAN OF THE TURKISH-JORDANIAN BUSINESS COUNCIL, WHO REPRESENTED TURKEY AT THE AMMAN ECONOMIC SUMMIT. MR EGELI COMPLAINED ABOUT A LACK OF INTEREST SHOWN BY THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT IN THE MEETING. NEVERTHELESS, HE SAID THE TURKISH BUSINESS COMMUNITY IS DEEPLY INTERESTED IN INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE WEST BANK AND THE MIDDLE EAST IN GENERAL. (TURKISH 11/1)

    KURDS / WRITERS -- STAFFER OMAR DIZEYEE INTERVIEWS DR IZZADDIN MUSTAFA RASOUL, PRESIDENT OF THE KURDISH WRITERS' UNION AND MEMBER OF THE KURDISH PARLIAMENT IN NORTH IRAQ. THE ONLY PRESS AND PUBLISHING HOUSE IN KURDISTAN GIVES PRIORITY TO PARTY MATERIALS; WRITERS AND POETS HAVE A VERY MINOR SHARE. THERE IS NO KURDISH ACADEMY TO STANDARDIZE LANGUAGE. NEW WORDS ARE COINED MAINLY BY MEDIA WORKERS. (KURDISH 10/28)

    KURDS / TURKEY -- STAFFER MICHAEL CHYET INTERVIEWS YAVUZ ONEN, HEAD OF THE TURKISH HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, WHO RECEIVED THE ROGER BALDWIN AWARD FOR LIBERTY IN NEW YORK RECENTLY. HE SAYS IT IS UNCLEAR IF THE PKK IS REALLY DOING ALL THE THINGS ATTRIBUTED TO THEM, THAT EMERGENCY RULE IN SOUTHEAST TURKEY WILL NOT BE LIFTED FOR FINANCIAL REASONS, THAT MED-TV IS POPULAR BECAUSE IT IS A KURDISH LANGUAGE CHANNEL, THAT THE KURDISH MPS MAY BE RELEASED FROM PRISON, AND THAT THE KURDISH LANGUAGE IS IN BETTER SHAPE THAN 10 YEARS AGO. (KURDISH 10/30)

    KURDS / LITERATURE -- STAFFER KHALAF ZEBARI INTERVIEWS BESHIR BOTANI, A KURDISH WRITER AND SINGER NOW LIVING IN SWEDEN. BOTANI DISCUSSED HIS NEW BOOK ON KURDISH SONGS AND HIS ACTIVITIES IN THE FOLKLORE AREA. (KURDISH 11/1)

    IRAN / ETHNIC MINORITIES -- FARSI STAFFER BEHRUZ NIKZAT TALKED WITH SOCIOLOGIST DR. KHOOBROO, OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BERNE ABOUT HIS SUGGESTIONS FOR A HISTORICAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF IRAN'S ETHNIC MINORITIES. DR. KHOBROO RECENTLY PUBLISHED A BOOK ON THE ETHNIC MINORITIES IN EASTERN EUROPE. (FARSI 10/29)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    AZERBAIJAN / POLITICS -- CHINGIZ GHANIYEV, HEAD OF THE COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS OF AZERBAIJAN IS INTERVIEWED BY AZERI STRINGER ABOUT REPORTED IRREGULARITIES IN THE EARLY STAGES OF THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS OF AZERBAIJAN. GHANIYEV CRITICIZED THE ELECTION PROCESS AND PINPOINTED SOME IRREGULARITIES. (AZERI 11/1)

    ISLAM / TAJIKISTAN -- FARSI STAFFER ABBASS MALAYERI INTERVIEWS THE DEPUTY IMAM OF TAJIKISTAN. THE TAJIK CLERIC TALKS ABOUT HOW INDEPENDENCE HAS AFFECTED THE LIVES OF HIS COUNTRY'S MUSLIM COMMUNITY. BEFORE INDEPENDENCE AT MOST ONE OR TWO TAJIKS WERE ABLE TO MAKE THE PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA, LAST YEAR OVER ONE THOUSAND TAJIKS MADE THE HAJ. (FARSI 10/31)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    OPPOSITION REPLIES BANGLA PM -- BANGLADESH OPPOSITION LEADER SHEIKH HASINA HAS REPLIED TO A PROPOSAL BY PRIME MINISTER KHALIDA ZIA, SAYING THAT THE OPPOSITION IS PREPARED TO MEET WITH THE GOVERNMENT PARTY, BUT THE BASIC PRINCIPLE OF HOLDING THE ELECTIONS UNDER A CARETAKER GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE ACCEPTED. SHEIKH HASINA CONGRATULATED THE PRIME MINISTER FOR TAKING INITIATIVE IN RESOLVING THE NINETEEN MONTH OLD POLITICAL CRISIS THROUGH DIALOGUE. STRINGER MATIUR RAHMAN CHOUDHURY REPORTS FROM DHAKA. (BANGLA 11/1)

    BANGLA POL -- BANGLA OPPOSITION LEADER SHEIKH HASINA HAS PREPARED A REPLY TO THE PROPOSAL OF PRIME MINISTER KHALEDA ZIA THAT THE TWO LEADERS MEET TO RESOLVE THE POLITICAL CRISIS IN BANGLADESH. STRINGER ZAHURUL ALAM REPORTS THAT AWAMI LEAGUE SECRETARY GENERAL ZILLUR RAHMAN IS WAITING FOR AN APPOINTMENT WITH THE PRIME MINISTER AND THAT HE IS EXPECTED TO PERSONALLY DELIVER THE REPLY. (BANGLA 10/31)

    BANGLA / ELECTION COMMISSIONER -- CHIEF ELECTION COMMISSIONER OF BANGLADESH, MUHAMMAD SADEK TOLD NEWSPAPER EDITORS IN DHAKA THAT THE GENERAL ELECTIONS IN BANGLADESH SHOULD TAKE PLACE IN MARCH 1996 AFTER RAMADAN. THIS WILL ALSO GIVE SOME TIME FOR THE ELECTION COMMISSION TO PREPARE FOR THE ELECTIONS. THE ELECTION IS DUE ANY TIME BEFORE APRIL 4, 1996. STRINGER MATIUR RAHMAN CHOUDHURY REPORTS. (BANGLA 10/31)

    CALCUTTA / MUNICIPAL ARRESTS -- CALCUTTA STRINGER GAUTAM GUPTA REPORTS ON DISSENTION WITHIN THE CALCUTTA MUNICIPAL CORPORATION DUE TO THE ARREST OF SEVERAL OFFICERS ALLEGEDLY FOR CORRUPTION. (BANGLA 10/31)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    TAIWAN / CONTROVERSIAL PHRASE -- A CONTROVERSY IS BREWING OVER THE PHRASE "THE END OF WAR,"DESCRIBING THE VICTORY ENDING THE JAPANESE INVASION AND OCCUPATION OF TAIWAN IN WW II. THE PHRASE ANGERS NEW PARTY AND KMT OFFICIALS, WHILE THE PRO-INDEPENDENCE DPP SAYS THE PHRASE IS NEUTRAL. OFFICIALS FROM THE OTHER PARTIES TOLD CORRESPONDENT TIEN KANGLIN IN TAIWAN THAT THIS IS JUST ANOTHER EFFORT BY THE DPP TO PROMOTE ITS AGENDA. INTERVIEWS WITH PENG MINGMIN, DPP PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE, ZHU GAOZHENG, NEW PARTY LEGISLATOR, DING SHOUZHONG, KMT LEGISLATOR. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    TAIWAN / PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION -- TAIWANESE POLITICIAN LIN YANGGANG IS REPORTEDLY SEEKING OUT ZHANG FENGXU, CHAIRMAN OF TAIWAN'S OLYMPIC COMMITTEE, AS HIS PRESIDENTIAL BID PARTNER, CORRESPONDENT TIAN KANGLIN REPORTS FROM TAIWAN. BOTH ARE KMT MEMBERS. A PARTY OFFICIAL WARNED THAT THEY WILL BE DISCIPLINED BY THE PARTY IF THEY ENTER THE RACE SINCE PRESIDENT LEE TENG-HUI IS ALREADY THE KMT PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE FOR NEXT YEAR'S ELECTION. INTERVIEWS WITH XU SHUIDE, KMT CENTRAL COMMITTEE GENERAL SECRETARY. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    US / CHINA / TRADE -- REP. PHILIP CRANE, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE TRADE SUBCOMMITTEE, SAID AT A HERITAGE FOUNDATION NEWS BRIEFING THAT HE BELIEVES CHINA PROBABLY WILL NOT BE ADMITTED TO THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION IN 1996. HE SAID CHINA SHOULD BE TREATED AS A DEVELOPED COUNTRY FOR THE PURPOSE OF ENTRY INTO THE WTO, BECAUSE OF ITS ROBUST ECONOMY. CHINA HAS ALREADY REJECTED AS UNACCEPTABLE THE CONDITIONS SET BY WESTERN COUNTRIES FOR CHINA'S ENTRY INTO WTO. FIELD COVERAGE BY STAFFER QI FENG. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    HONG KONG / PROSTITUTION -- ABOUT 80% OF HONG KONG'S PROSTITUTES COME FROM MAINLAND CHINA AND THE REST FROM SOUTHEAST ASIAN COUNTRIES. THESE PROSTITUTES ARE USUALLY BROUGHT INTO HONG KONG BY UNDERGROUND GANGSTERS WHO ACTUALLY RUN THE WHOLE INDUSTRY, STAFFER CHOU YOUKANG IN HONG KONG SPOKE TO SENIOR HONG KONG POLICE OFFICER PENG SHUXIONG ABOUT RECENT CAMPAIGN LAUNCHED BY POLICE TO CRACKDOWN ON PROSTITUTION AND PORNOGRAPHY. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    CHANGES IN QUEMOY -- QUEMOY, PART OF TAIWAN, IS ONLY ABOUT 4 KILOMETERS AWAY FROM XIAMEN CITY, FUJIAN PROVINCE. PEOPLE THERE INTEND TO BUILD A BRIDGE BETWEEN BIG QUEMOY AND SMALL QUEMOY. AS MANY RESIDENTS HAVE THEIR ANCESTORS' GRAVES IN XIAMEN, THEY HOPE THAT PEOPLE ON BOTH SIDES OF THE STRAITS WILL BE ALLOWED TO START CORRESPONDENCE, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMERCIAL DEALINGS. CORRESPONDENT TIEN KANGLIN IN QUEMOY INTERVIEWS QUEMOY RESIDENT LIN DENGPEI. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    US / CHINA MILITARY COOPERATION -- AFTER PERRY URGED CHINA TO SEND "RIGHT MESSAGES "ON SECURITY ISSUES AND ACT RESPONSIBLY AS IT BECOMES A MAJOR INTERNATIONAL POWER, A BEIJING'S SPOKESMAN CALLED FOR CLOSER MILITARY TIES BETWEEN BEIJING AND WASHINGTON. HOWEVER, EXPERTS DO NOT THINK MILITARY COOPERATION WILL MAKE MUCH PROGRESS BEFORE THE TAIWAN ISSUE IS PROPERLY DEALT WITH. STAFFER CHIEN WEI INTERVIEWS PROFESSOR GODWIN, US DEFENSE UNIVERSITY, AND PROFESSOR JUNE DREYER, MILITARY EXPERT, UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    CHINA / SOFTWARE / COPYRIGHT CASE -- THE BEIJING INTERMEDIATE PEOPLE'S COURT HAS FOUND THE JU REN COMPUTER COMPANY GUILTY OF COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT. A MICROSOFT CORP REPRESENTATIVE SAID THAT THEY WERE PLEASED WITH THE DECISION. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER CHEN JIAN, ERIC SMITH, PRESIDENT OF INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ALLIANCE, SAID THAT IT IS TOO EARLY TO TELL IF CHINA'S LEGAL PROTECTION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IS COMPLETELY RELIABLE. IN THE PAST, COPYRIGHT VIOLATORS HAVE BEEN GIVEN VERY MILD PUNISHMENTS, AND AMERICAN SOFTWARE IS STILL BEING PIRATED. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    HONG KONG / CHINA / BILL OF RIGHTS DEBATES -- PEOPLE IN HONG KONG HAVE OPPOSED THE SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION COMMITTEE'S ANNOUNCEMENT THAT BEIJING WILL FORSAKE PARTS OF THE HK BILL OF RIGHTS. BEIJING SENT THREE LEGAL EXPERTS TO HONG KONG TO EXPLAIN THE ANNOUNCEMENT, BUT SPOKE ONLY TO A FEW PRO-BEIJING OFFICIALS. STAFFER HE PING IN HONG KONG INTERVIEWS ALLEN LEE PENG FEI, HK LEGISLATOR, AND HU JUREN, HK COMMENTATOR. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    US / CHINA AFTER THE SUMMIT -- IN AN ON-GOING SERIES OF PANEL DISCUSSIONS BY CHINESE EXPERTS PROFESSOR SHAOGUANG WANG, DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, YALE UNIVERSITY, PROFESSOR DING XUELIANG, SCHOOL OF ASIAN AND PACIFIC STUDIES, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF AUSTRALIA, AND WILLY LAM, CHINA EDITOR AT SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST, THE EXPERTS DISCUSSED ISSUES RELATED TO TWO EVENTS: JIANG ZEMIN'S SPEECH AT THE UN AND HIS MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON. ALTHOUGH THE PANELISTS AGREE THAT JIANG'S SPEECH, THE FIRST BY A CHINESE PRESIDENT TO THE UN, DOES NOT CONTAIN ANY NEW MESSAGES ABOUT THE COUNTRY'S FOREIGN POLICY, THEY DO DETECT A STRONG TONE OF PROTEST AGAINST THE SO-CALLED NEW HEGEGEMONY BY THE US, AND A RESTATEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT'S HARDLINE POSITION ON TAIWAN. STAFFER ZHANG JING MODERATED THE DISCUSSION. (MANDARIN 11/1)

    SOUTH KOREA / SLUSH FUND -- SOUTH KOREAN PROSECUTORS SUMMONED AND QUESTIONED FORMER PRESIDENT ROH TAE WOO WEDNESDAY ON HIS SECRET FUND AMASSED DURING HIS PRESIDENCY. THIS IS THE FIRST TIME A KOREAN PRESIDENT HAS EVER BEEN QUESTIONED BY PROSECUTORS ABOUT HIS ALLEGED WRONGDOING. CORRESPONDENT YONG KYUN LIM SAYS THE STORY COMPLETELY DOMINATED THE SOUTH KOREAN NEWS MEDIA. (KOREAN 11/1)

    KOREA / CHINA -- CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN WILL ADDRESS THE KOREAN NATIONAL ASSEMBLY AND ATTEND A RECEPTION HOSTED BY KOREAN BUSINESS GROUPS, IN ADDITION TO A SUMMIT WITH PRESIDENT KIM YOUNG SAM DURING HIS FIVE-DAY VISIT TO SOUTH KOREA NEXT MONTH. YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 11/1)

    SOUTH KOREA / DEFICIT -- THE BANK OF KOREA REPORTS THAT SOUTH KOREA RECORDED A $8.1 BILLION DEFICIT IN ITS CURRENT ACCOUNT IN THE FIRST NINE MONTHS THIS YEAR. THE KOREAN CENTRAL BANK PREDICTED THAT IF THE PACE OF INCREASE IN IMPORTS CONTINUES, THE CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT WILL BE THE LARGEST FOR THE YEAR. YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 11/1)INDONESIA / US -- THE INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT REPORTEDLY IS CONSIDERING THE PURCHASE OF 20 F-16 FIGHTER PLANES FROM THE UNITED STATES. JAKARTA REPORTER YENNI DJAHIDIN SAID THE PLANES WERE ORIGINALLY INTENDED FOR PAKISTAN, BUT THE SALE WAS BARRED BY THE US CONGRESS. (INDONESIAN 11/1)

    VIET-AMERICAN VOTERS -- ORANGE COUNTY STRINGER YEN TUYET TALKED WITH LAWYER TRAN THAI VAN OF THE VIETNAMESE-AMERICAN VOTERS LEAGUE ABOUT CURRENT POLITICAL TRENDS IN CALIFORNIA. (VIETNAMESE 11/1)

    VIET COMPUTER FIRM -- MONTREAL STRINGER TRUONG KY INTERVIEWED NGUYEN BAC HAI, HEAD OF ALCO, MONTREAL'S BIGGEST VIET COMPUTER FIRM ABOUT ITS EXPANDING BUSINESS VOLUME, INCLUDING SALES TO VIETNAM. (VIETNAMESE 11/1)CHINA SOUTH KOREA / RELATIONS -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH SAM KIM, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF THE CENTER FOR KOREAN RESEARCH AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, ABOUT THE CHINESE PRESIDENT'S UPCOMING STATE VISIT TO SOUTH KOREA. MR. KIM DOES NOT BELIEVE IT IS A SIGN OF CHANGING SINO POLICY, BUT HE DOES BELIEVE THE CHINESE ARE BEING VERY CAUTIOUS. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 10/31)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    DAYTON / PREPARATIONS -- STAFFER ZDENKO NOVACKI WAS ONE OF THE MANY JOURNALISTS WHO VISITED FACILITIES IN A MILITARY BASE OUTSIDE DAYTON, OHIO, AND DESCRIBES THE SITE OF THE NEGOTIATIONS. (CROATIAN 10/30)

    BOSNIAN PRESIDENT / PEACE TALKS -- NEW YORK STRINGER IVICA PULJIC INTERVIEWS THE PRESIDENT OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC WHO EXPRESSED HIS HOPES AND FEARS REGARDING THE TALKS IN DAYTON. MR IZETBEGOVIC SAYS HE WILL INSIST ON FREE AND DEMOCRATIC ELECTIONS BECAUSE THERE CAN BE NO PEACE IN BOSNIA AS LONG AS A PART OF THE COUNTRY IS RULED BY WAR CRIMINALS. (CROATIAN 10/31)

    CROATIAN FOREIGN MINISTER / DAYTON TALKS -- ZAGREB STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC INTERVIEWS CROATIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MATE GRANIC WHO EXPECTS THE MAJOR ISSUE OF RETURN OF EASTERN SLAVONIA TO BE PEACEFULLY RESOLVED IN DAYTON, OHIO. (CROATIAN 10/31)

    NATO / CROATIA -- THE NATO COMMANDER FOR EUROPE, AMERICAN GENERAL GEORGE JOULWAN CONFERRED WITH CROATIAN DEFENSE MINISTER GOJKO SUSAK IN ZAGREB ON PROSPECTS FOR THE PEACE TALKS IN DAYTON, OHIO. STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS. (CROATIAN 10/31)

    AKASHI / DAYTON TALKS -- IN HIS LAST SPEECH IN ZAGREB BEFORE LEAVING THE POST, UN SPECIAL ENVOY YASUSHI AKASHI EXPLAINED HIS ROLE IN BOSNIAN CRISIS AND GAVE HIS ASSESSMENT OF THE UPCOMING PEACE TALKS. STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS. (CROATIAN 10/31)

    BOSNIA TALKS REACTION -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTED THAT ORDINARY SARAJEVANS ARE MOSTLY OPTIMISTIC ABOUT COMING PEACE TALKS BETWEEN BOSNIA, CROATIA AND SERBIA AND WANT TO BELIEVE THAT FINAL PEACE WILL COME. HOWEVER OPPOSITION PARTIES IN BOSNIA COMPLAIN THAT THE BOSNIAN POSITION IS NOT BASED ON THE WILL OF THE PARLIAMENT, BUT RATHER ON THE WILL OF THE BOSNIAN RULING PARTY. (CROATIAN 10/31)

    TUDJMAN / DAYTON TALKS -- CROATIAN PRESIDENT F TUDJMAN MADE A SHORT STATEMENT FOR THE MEDIA BEFORE HIS DEPARTURE TO UNITED STATES TO PARTICIPATE IN PEACE TALKS ON BOSNIA. HE EXPRESSED HOPE FOR THE SUCCESS OF THE PEACE TALKS, INCLUDING THE RESOLUTION OF DISPUTE OVER EASTERN SLAVONIA. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 10/31)

    MILOSEVIC / DAYTON TALKS -- SERBIAN PRESIDENT S MILOSEVIC ALSO MADE A PUBLIC STATEMENT REGARDING THE FORTHCOMING PEACE TALKS IN DAYTON. BEFORE DEPARTING WITH HIS DELEGATION FROM BELGRADE, THE SERBIAN LEADER EXPRESSED OPTIMISM IN THE POSITIVE OUTCOME OF THE NEGOTIATIONS. STRINGER MILICA KUBUROVIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 10/31)

    DAYTON / SCENESETTER -- IN THE PRESS CENTER AT THE WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, OHIO, THE ATMOSPHERE BECAME SOMEWHAT MORE TENSE BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF THE DELEGATION OF THREE WARRING SIDES IN BOSNIA. THE FIRST TO ARRIVE WAS THE US NEGOTIATING TEAM, LED BY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE R HOLBROOKE. STAFFER DJORDJE PUTIC REPORTS FROM DAYTON. (SERBIAN 10/31)

    KESIC / PEACE TALKS -- OBRAD KESIC, PROGRAM DIRECTOR WITH IREX (INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH AND EXCHANGES BOARD) DISCUSSES THE CHANCES FOR THE SUCCESS OF DAYTON PEACE TALKS ON BOSNIA. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER DRAGANA MILIC, MR KESIC SAID HE BELIEVES THAT BOSNIAN SERBS ARE NOW MORE INTERESTED IN SIGNING SOME KIND OF PEACE AGREEMENT BECAUSE THE SITUATION ON THE GROUND HAS CHANGED. (SERBIAN 10/31)

    MIHAJLOV / PEACE TALKS -- PUBLICIST AND FORMER YUGOSLAV DISSIDENT, MIHAJLO MIHAJLOV TALKED ABOUT THE FORTHCOMING PEACE NEGOTIATION IN DAYTON IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER DRAGANA MILIC. MR MIHAJLOV IS CONVINCED THAT THE WARRING SIDES WOULD REACH SOME KIND OF AGREEMENT BECAUSE THEY FEEL IMMENSE PRESSURE TO BRING THE WAR IN BOSNIA TO AN END. (SERBIAN 10/31)

    CROATIA / ELECTIONS -- STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC REPORTS THAT THE LATEST RESULTS OF THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS SHOW VICTORY OF THE CROATIAN RULING PARTY, HDZ, WITH ALMOST 45 PERCENT VOTES. (CROATIAN 10/31)

    CZECH DOCTORS STRIKE -- STRINGER ALENA KENCLOVA REPORTS ON THE DOCTORS STRIKE AND PLANNED DEMONSTRATION IN PRAGUE. THE PRIVATIZATION OF HEALTH CARE IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC IS PROCEEDING VERY SLOWLY, AND THE DOCTORS ARE UNHAPPY WITH THEIR LOW WAGES AND POOR WORKING CONDITIONS. CZECH 10/31)

    LATVIAN / LITHUANIAN RELATIONS -- LITHUANIA'S RELATIONS WITH LATVIA SUDDENLY COOLED AFTER LATVIA MADE ARRANGEMENTS FOR OIL EXPLORATION IN AN AREA OF THE BALTIC SEA WHERE MINERAL RIGHTS ARE CLAIMED BY BOTH COUNTRIES. LATVIAN STRINGER AIDIS TOMSONS REPORTS FROM RIGA. (LATVIAN 11/1)

    POLISH PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN -- YET ANOTHER POLISH PRESIDENTIAL HOPEFUL, BOGDAN PAWLOWSKI PLANS TO WITHDRAW FROM THE RACE AND GIVE SUPPORT TO PRESIDENT LECH WALESA. STRINGER MARIA BNINSKA REPORTS ON THE CONTINUING PRE-ELECTION CONSOLIDATION OF THE POLISH POLITICAL SCENE. (POLISH 10/31)

    AMERICAN BUSINESS IN POLAND -- STAFFER ANDRZEJ ZWANIECKI INTERVIEWS THE POLISH REPRESENTATIVE OF A US COMPANY, 'FAILURE ANALYSIS ASSOCIATES' OFFERING ITS SERVICES IN POLAND. FAILURE ANALYSIS INVESTIGATES MAJOR THEFTS, SABOTAGE, HUMAN ERRORS AND MECHANICAL FAILURES, AS WELL AS NATURAL DISASTERS. (POLISH 10/31)

    SLOVENE ECONOMIST -- DR ALES LOKAR, AN ITALIAN-SLOVENE PROFESSOR IS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER ALENKA RICHARDSON ABOUT THE FUTURE OF SLOVENIA'S ECONOMY ONCE THAT COUNTRY BECOMES A MEMBER OF EU. THEY ALSO TALKED ABOUT DR LOKAR'S NEWLY OPENED BUSINESS COLLEGE IN LJUBLJANA. (SLOVENE 11/01)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    US / RUSSIA / KURDS -- THE SELF-STYLED KURDISH PARLIAMENT IN EXILE HOLDS A THREE DAY MEETING IN THE RUSSIAN PARLIAMENT BUILDING IN MOSCOW. THE US STATE DEPARTMENT NOTED THAT THE KPIE IS FINANCED AND DIRECTED BY THE PKK (KURDISTAN WORKERS PARTY), AND NEITHER PKK NOR THE KPIE SHOULD RECEIVE ANY LEGITIMACY. STAFFER TANJU AKERSON REPORTS THE REMARKS BY NICHOLAS BURNS, SPOKESMAN FOR THE STATE DEPARTMENT. (TURKISH 11/1)

    THE END OF YELTSIN ERA? -- IT IS STILL TO EARLY TO SAY, BUT RUSSIA IS GOING THROUGH SEVERAL REVOLUTIONS SIMULTANEOUSLY, AND YELTSIN MAY NO LONGER BE UP TO THE TASK, SAYS POLISH STRINGER LEOPOLD UNGER. HE CLAIMS YELTSIN HAS LOST HIS POLITICAL INSTINCT, AND HIS LOSS OF PRESTIGE MAY BE IRREVERSIBLE. (POLISH 10/31)

    US ROLE IN THE WORLD -- DR. GREGORY FREIDIN OF STANFORD UNIVERSITY AND RUSSIAN POLITICAL ANALYST SERGEI RYAZANOV DISCUSSED THE QUESTION OF WHETHER THE UNITED STATES SHOULD BE MORE INVOLVED OR ISOLATIONIST IN WORLD AFFAIRS WITH STAFFER NATALIE CLARKSON. BOTH PARTICIPANTS FELT THAT NO ONE WOULD BENEFIT FROM ISOLATIONISM. (RUSSIAN 10/31)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    GUATEMALA / HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT -- THE THIRD UN REPORT ON HUMAN RIGHTS CONDITIONS IN GUATEMALA WAS RECEIVED WITH DIFFERENT REACTION BY POLITICAL AND CIVIC SECTORES IN THE COUNTRY. STRINGER DIETER ERLANDER REPORTS FROM GUATEMALA CITY. (SPANISH 10/31)

    HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT ON GUATEMALA -- A UNITED NATION REPORT ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN GUATEMALA CHARGES THAT BOTH SIDES IN THE CIVIL CONFLICT ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ABUSES. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTED FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/31)

    NICARAGUA / MYSTERY DISEASE -- DOZENS OF PEOPLE HAVE DIED FROM A MYSTERIOUS DISEASE IN NORTHERN NICARAGUA. STRINGER OSWALDO BONILLA REPORTS FROM MANAGUA. (SPANISH 10/31)

    HEMISPHERIC ENERGY / SYMPOSIUM -- MINISTERS OF ENERGY OF THE AMERICAS CONCLUDED A HEMISPHERIC SYMPOSIUM IN WASHINGTON WITH A PLEDGE TO COORDINATE EFFORTS TO INTEGRATE THEIR STRATEGY, INCLUDING THE PRIVATE SECTOR. STAFFER ZULIMA PALACIO REPORTS. (SPANISH 10/31)

    QUEBEC / GINGRICH -- US HOUSE SPEAKER NEWT GINGRICH COMMENT THAT QUEBEC SEPARATISM IS A WARNING ABOUT THE DANGER OF BILINGUALISM CAUSED A CONTROVERSY IN LOS ANGELES. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ MEJIA REPORTS. (SPANISH 10/31)

    NEW NORIEGA TRIAL REJECTED -- A FEDERAL JUDGE REJECTED A REQUEST FOR A NEW TRIAL FOR FORMER PANAMA'S STRONGMAN MANUEL NORIEGA, WHO IS SERVING A 40-YEAR SENTENCE IN THE UNITED STATES ON DRUG TRAFFIC CHARGES. CORRESPONDENT JORGE WEHBY REPORTS FROM MIAMI. (SPANISH 10/31) 01-Nov-95 5:38 PM EST (2238 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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