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Voice of America Digest, 2 November 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 2, 1995


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 2, 1995

    DATE=11/2/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 11/2/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    BOSNIA / PEACE TALKS -- THE BOSNIA PEACE TALKS ARE UNDERWAY IN DAYTON, OHIO. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS THERE ALREADY HAS BEEN A TENTATIVE AGREEMENT ON ONE ISSUE. (11/1)

    CLINTON / CONGRESS / BOSNIA -- A GROUP OF BIPARTISAN CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS MET WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON AT THE WHITE HOUSE WEDNESDAY TO TALK ABOUT BOSNIA. THEY SAY MR. CLINTON ADMITS HE HAS MUCH WORK TO DO TO CONVINCE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TO SUPPORT SENDING US TROOPS TO BOSNIA TO TAKE PART IN A POSSIBLE PEACEKEEPING MISSION THERE. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (11/1)

    BOSNIA JOURNALIST -- THE UNITED NATIONS HAS CONFIRMED THAT BOSNIAN SERBS ARE HOLDING AMERICAN JOURNALIST DAVID ROHDE, WHO HAS BEEN MISSING SINCE SUNDAY. REPORTER MICHELE KELEMEN SAYS THE JOURNALIST FROM THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR MAY HAVE ANGERED THE SERBS WITH HIS REPORTING ABOUT WAR CRIMES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. (11/2)

    BOSNIA PANELISTS / OHIO TALKS -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' PAMELA TAYLOR REPORTS ON COMMENTS BY BALKAN EXPERTS ATTENDING THE RECENT AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SLAVIC STUDIES (AAASS) CONFERENCE. (11/2)

    RUSSIA / YELTSIN -- RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN IS STILL SEEING ONLY A SELECT FEW VISITORS, ONE WEEK AFTER BEING RUSHED TO THE HOSPITAL WITH HEART TROUBLE. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT IN MOSCOW REPORTED THE COUNTRY'S PRIME MINISTER HAS NOT SEEN THE PRESIDENT, RAISING FEARS OF A POWER VACUUM AS THE NATION PREPARES FOR PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. (11/2)

    ZHIRINOVSKY PROFILE -- OPINION POLLS IN RUSSIA INDICATE ULTRANATIONALIST VLADIMIR ZHIRINOVSKY'S LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY IS LIKELY TO DO WELL IN DECEMBER'S PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. STRINGER PETER HEINLEIN IN MOSCOW REPORTS MR ZHIRINOVSKY LAUNCHED HIS CAMPAIGN THIS WEEK WITH A RAMBLING AND RAUCOUS NEWS CONFERENCE. (11/2)

    CLINTON / CONGRESS / DEBT -- A MEETING BETWEEN PRESIDENT CLINTON AND A BIPARTISAN GROUP OF CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS AT THE WHITE HOUSE WEDNESDAY DID NOT SUCCEED IN BREAKING A STALEMATE OVER THE ISSUE OF RAISING THE US DEBT LIMIT. BOTH SIDES HOPE TO MEET AGAIN NEXT WEEK, SHORTLY BEFORE THE UNITED STATES RUNS OUT OF ITS AUTHORITY TO BORROW MONEY TO MEET ITS FINANCIAL COMMITMENTS. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (11/1)

    FRANCE / BOMB -- FRENCH POLICE SAY THEY HAVE DETAINED AN ALGERIAN SUSPECTED OF BEING ONE OF THE LEADERS OF AN ISLAMIC EXTREMIST GROUP RESPONSIBLE FOR BOMB ATTACKS IN FRANCE IN THE PAST THREE MONTHS. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS FROM PARIS. (11/2)

    WEST BANK / AUTONOMY -- THE FIRST 20 PALESTINIAN POLICE OFFICERS RODE INTO THE WEST BANK TOWN OF JENIN AND TOOK CONTROL OF A POLICE STATION, IN THE LATEST STEP IN THE EXPANSION OF PALESTINIAN AUTONOMY. CORRESPONDENT AL PESSIN REPORTS FROM JERUSALEM. (11/2)

    DIVISION OVER THE PEACE PROCESS -- THE DIVISION IN ISRAELI OPINION ABOUT THE PEACE PROCESS IS MIRRORED IN THE UNITED STATES. SURVEYS INDICATE A SOLID MAJORITY OF AMERICAN JEWS SUPPORT THE ACCORD, THOUGH THEY MAY HAVE MISGIVINGS ABOUT THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION. REPORTER ED WARNER INTERVIEWED BOTH SIDES OF THE DEBATE. (11/2)

    AFGHANISTAN / RAPHEL -- A SENIOR US STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL IS URGING WARRING AFGHAN FACTIONS TO AGREE ON A CEASE-FIRE BUT ALSO WARNS AGAINST GROWING INFLUENCE BY IRAN IN AFGHANISTAN. ISLAMABAD CORRESPONDENT DOUGLAS BAKSHIAN REPORTS THE OFFICIAL IS ON A REGIONAL TOUR THAT INCLUDES AFGHANISTAN, PAKISTAN, AND INDIA. (11/2)

    INDIA / KASHMIR ONITER -- EFFORTS TO HOLD ELECTIONS IN STRIFE-TORN INDIAN KASHMIR REMAIN IN LIMBO AFTER INCONCLUSIVE TALKS BETWEEN INDIA'S PRIME MINISTER PV NARASIMHA RAO AND A PROMINENT KASHMIRI POLITICIAN. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI. (11/2)

    SAF ARREST -- SOUTH AFRICA'S FORMER DEFENSE MINISTER MAGNUS MALAN AND 10 OTHER FORMER SECURITY FORCE OFFICERS OF SENIOR RANK APPEARED IN COURT ON CHARGES RELATING TO A MASSACRE IN KWA-ZULU NATAL IN 1987. STRINGER DELIA ROBERTSON REPORTS FROM JOHANNESBURG THE CASE WAS POSTPONED UNTIL NEXT MONTH. (11/2)

    LIBERIA / AID -- THE UNITED NATIONS HAS SUSPENDED RELIEF OPERATIONS IN CENTRAL LIBERIA BECAUSE OF CONTINUED REBEL ACTIVITY. AS CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK REPORTS, AID GROUPS RESUMED RELIEF CONVOYS IN AUGUST AFTER THE SIGNING OF A NEW PEACE AGREEMENT DESIGNED TO END LIBERIA'S CIVIL WAR. (11/2)

    BURUNDI VIOLENCE -- BURUNDI'S CAPITAL REMAINED TENSE THURSDAY AS SOLDIERS SEALED OFF THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF BUYENZI AND SEARCHED FOR WEAPONS FOLLOWING OVERNIGHT VIOLENCE. THE LATEST TROUBLE COMES AS AUTHORITIES LAUNCHED AN INVESTIGATION INTO A SEPARATE MASSACRE LAST WEEK IN NORTHERN BURUNDI, WHERE MORE THAN 100 PEOPLE WERE KILLED. CORRESPONDENT SONYA LAURENCE GREEN REPORTS. (11/2)

    THAI MONEY LAUNDERING -- WESTERN LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES SAY FOR MANY YEARS THAILAND HAS BEEN A MAJOR CENTER FOR MONEY LAUNDERING, INVOLVING PROFITS FROM NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING, WEAPONS SMUGGLING, AND PROSTITUTION. AN INITIATIVE AGAINST INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME OUTLINED BY PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON AT THE UNITED NATIONS LAST MONTH, FOCUSED RENEWED ATTENTION ON STEPS BEING TAKEN TO DEAL WITH MONEY LAUNDERING. CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON REPORTS. (11/2)

    GREEK / IMMIGRANTS -- GREECE IS STEPPING UP EFFORTS TO STEM A SHARP INCREASE IN ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION. STRINGER ANTHEE CARASSAVAS IN ATHENS REPORTS THE MOVE FOLLOWS PUBLICATION OF A REPORT SHOWING MORE THAN ONE-MILLION ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS HAVE ENTERED INTO GREECE IN THE PAST FOUR YEARS. (11/2)

    US / NORTHERN IRELAND -- THE HEAD OF NORTHERN IRELAND'S LARGEST PROTESTANT POLITICAL PARTY SAYS HE IS WORRIED THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS NOT APPLIED CONSISTENT PRESSURE ON THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY TO LAY DOWN ITS ARMS. AT THE SAME TIME THE VICE-PRESIDENT OF SINN FEIN, THE IRA'S POLITICAL WING, WANTS MR CLINTON TO APPLY PRESSURE ON THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT FOR TALKS. CORRESPONDENT GARY THOMAS REPORTS MR CLINTON FACES PRESSURE FROM BOTH SIDES OF THE POLITICAL DIVIDE IN NORTHERN IRELAND AS HE PREPARES TO VISIT THE BRITISH PROVINCE LATER THIS MONTH. (11/1)

    CLINTON / IRELAND -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS MET WITH THE LEADER OF THE LARGEST PROTESTANT PARTY IN NORTHERN IRELAND, ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY CHIEF DAVID TRIMBLE. MR CLINTON PROMISED HE WOULD CONTINUE TO PRESS SINN FEIN, THE POLITICAL WING OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY, TO DISCUSS THE ISSUE OF DISARMING. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (11/1)

    UN / CENTAM DEVELOPMENT -- A TOP UN DEVELOPMENT OFFICIAL SAYS THE COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AMERICA NEED MORE INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FOR THEIR EFFORTS TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, IF THIS FORMULA IS TO SUCCEED. CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS REPORTS THE OFFICIAL SPOKE TO REPORTERS IN SAN JOSE WEDNESDAY ABOUT THE URGENT DEVELOPMENT NEEDS OF THE REGION. (11/1)

    ECUADOR / DEATH -- AN ECUADORIAN STUDENT WAS KILLED DURING AN ANTI-GOVERNMENT DEMONSTRATION IN QUITO. CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK REPORTS. (11/1)

    MEXICO / PESO -- THE MEXICAN CURRENCY CONTINUED ITS SLIDE DOWNWARDS AGAINST THE US DOLLAR WEDNESDAY, FOR THE SECOND CONSECUTIVE DAY. FEARS OVER INFLATION AND A WEAKENING ECONOMY SPURRED THE PESO'S DECLINE -- AS WE HEAR FROM CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS. (11/1)

    REFORM PARTY / CALIFORNIA -- TEXAS BILLIONAIRE ROSS PEROT HAS SUCCEEDED IN QUALIFYING HIS NEW REFORM POLITICAL PARTY FOR THE BALLOT IN CALIFORNIA. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS VOTERS IN AMERICA'S MOST POPULOUS STATE WILL NOW BE ABLE TO REGISTER OR AFFILIATE WITH ANY OF EIGHT POLITICAL PARTIES. (11/1)

    HUMAN CAPITAL -- CRITICS HAVE SAID THE WORLD BANK HAS TRADITIONALLY FOCUSED ON HUGE INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS SUCH AS STEEL MILLS RATHER THAN SMALLER PROJECTS THAT ARE MORE HUMAN-SCALED, MORE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY. ONE WAY THE WORLD BANK HAS RESPONDED IS TO INCREASE LENDING FOR NUTRITION, HEALTH AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS. CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES REPORTS ON PROGRAMS TO INCREASE SO-CALLED 'HUMAN CAPITAL.' (11/1)

    TRANSSEXUAL BRAIN -- DUTCH RESEARCHERS HAVE FOUND THAT MALE TRANSSEXUALS, MEN WHO WANT TO BE WOMEN, HAVE A MAJOR BRAIN DIFFERENCE FROM NORMAL MEN. CORRESPONDENT DAVID MCALARY REPORTS MALE TRANSSEXUAL BRAINS ARE MORE LIKE THOSE OF WOMEN IN ONE RESPECT. (11/1)

    CAMPAIGN '96 STATUS REPORT -- MORE SPECULATION ABOUT COLIN POWELL'S POLITICAL FUTURE AND SOME NEW RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRESIDENTIAL DEBATES HIGHLIGHTED THIS WEEK'S POLITICAL NEWS. POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE HAS THE WEEKLY LOOK AT THE 1996 PRESIDENTIAL RACE. (11/2)

    MIAMI / SCHOOL BUS HIJACK -- A SCHOOLBUS CARRYING ELEVEN DISABLED CHILDREN WAS HIJACKED THURSDAY MORNING IN MIAMI. CORRESPONDENT JIM TEEPLE REPORTS THE MIAMI POLICE SAY THE HIJACKER WAS KILLED AFTER THE HIJACKING ENDED IN FRONT OF A RESTAURANT IN MIAMI BEACH. (11/2)

    ISLAM IN AMERICA -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' JUDITH LATHAM REPORTS ON THE GROWTH AND INFLUENCE OF MUSLIM STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS ON AMERICAN COLLEGE CAMPUSES AND THEIR PREPARATIONS FOR THE UPCOMING ISLAM AWARENESS WEEK BEGINNING NOVEMBER 13TH. AND, STAFFER SALAH-UD DIN AHMAD PROFILES AN AMERICAN-BORN EDUCATOR AND SCHOLAR OF ISLAM WHO CONVERTED TO THE FAITH AS AN ADULT. (11/2)

    THE MAGIC DAUGHTER / A MEMOIR OF MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' CAROLYN WEAVER INTERVIEWS THE PSEUDONYMOUS JANE PHILLIPS, A LITERATURE PROFESSOR, WHO TELLS ABOUT EVERYDAY LIFE STRUGGLING WITH THIS BIZARRE DISORDER: GETTING LOST IN HER OWN TOWN, FOR EXAMPLE, BECAUSE EVEN HER PERCEPTUAL MEMORIES WERE PARCELED OUT AMONG HER INNER SELVES. MS PHILLIPS SAYS SHE IS WELL ON THE WAY TO RECOVERY FROM THE DISORDER. (11/2)

    VIRGINIA / FESTIVAL OF AMERICAN FILM -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' KEMING KUO ATTENDED THIS YEAR'S FILM FESTIVAL IN CHARLOTTESVILLE AND REPORTS THAT THE FOCUS WAS ON MOVIES FEATURING IMMIGRATION AND RACIAL ISSUES. EXCERPTS FROM INTERVIEWS WITH ACTOR AND MUSICIAN RUBEN BLADES AND DIRECTORS DESMOND NAKANO AND MYRA PACI ARE INCLUDED IN THE SPOT. (11/2)

    NEW YORK / ARTS -- CORRESPONDENT MARTIN BUSH WILL HAVE A REPORT ON HISTORIAN DAVID MCCULLOUGH'S EXPLANATION OF HOW NEW YORK CITY BECAME A WORLD ARTS CAPITAL. (11/2)

    ART -- LOIS MAILOU JONES, ONE OF THE COUNTRY'S BEST-KNOWN AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMAN ARTISTS, IS CELEBRATING HER 90TH BIRTHDAY ON NOVEMBER 3. MS. JONES, WHO HAS HOMES IN WASHINGTON, DC, AND HAITI, IS STILL ACTIVELY PAINTING, AND THERE ARE THREE CURRENT EXHIBITIONS OF HER WORK. CURRENT AFFAIRS' MARILYN SILVEY REPORTS ON MS JONES' LIFE AND CAREER. (11/1)

    HOW AMERICANS SPEND THEIR TIME -- A RECENT SURVEY OF 3,000 AMERICANS CONDUCTED BY A ILLINOIS-BASED RESEARCH ORGANIZATION PRODUCED AN HOUR-BY-HOUR BREAKDOWN OF HOW AMERICANS SPEND THEIR TIME. CURRENT AFFAIRS' ROBIN RUPLI INTERVIEWED THE DIRECTOR OF THE SURVEY WHO TALKED ABOUT OUR MOST POPULAR ACTIVITIES AND SOME OF THE TRENDS HE SEES AHEAD. (11/2)

    AFRICA / EDUCATING GIRLS -- THE IDEA THAT EDUCATING GIRLS HAS A MORE POSITIVE IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT THAN EDUCATING BOYS IS SPREADING THROUGH THE DEVELOPING WORLD. YET, IN AFRICA, GIRLS' SCHOOL ATTENDANCE RATES ARE ALARMINGLY LOW. A NEW, HIGH-LEVEL NGO, BASED IN NAIROBI, IS WORKING TO CHANGE THE SITUATION. CURRENT AFFAIRS' JANE KUCZYNSKI REPORTS. (11/2)

    CAMP DAVID / MARYLAND'S SHANGRI-LA -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' TED LANDPHAIR TELLS US ABOUT A PATCH OF FOREST ONLY 100 KILOMETERS NORTH OF THE WHITE HOUSE THAT WAS ONCE CALLED "SHANGRI-LA." IT WAS A RETREAT THAT HAS PLAYED HOST TO PRESIDENTS AND WORLD LEADERS AND IS TODAY BETTER KNOWN BY THE NAME THE DWIGHT EISENHOWER GAVE IT IN HONOR OF HIS GRANDSON: "CAMP DAVID." (11/2)

    NBA PREVIEW -- THE 1995-96 NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION SEASON IS SET TO BEGIN FRIDAY WITH SOME TOP PLAYERS OUT WITH INJURIES, A NEW FACE ON THE CHICAGO BULLS, TWO NEW TEAMS BASED IN CANADA AND REPLACEMENT REFEREES. SPORTS EDITOR PARKE BREWER PREVIEWS THE SEASON OPENER. (11/2)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    BUREAUCRATS IN BUSINESS / TALK TO AMERICA -- WORLD BANK REPRESENTATIVES MARY SHIRLEY AND PHILLIP KEEFERE JOIN 'TALK TO AMERICA' TO REVEAL FINDINGS OF A NEW WORLD BANK REPORT ON GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT IN BUSINESS ENTERPRISES. THE ANALYSTS SAY GOVERNMENTS SHOULD STAY OUT OF BUSINESS, INSTEAD DIRECTING THEIR EFFORTS TOWARD SOCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL NEEDS. (ENGLISH 11/2)

    US / NEW IMMIGRATION TACTICS -- INS COMMISSIONER DORIS MEISSNER EXPLAINS NEW PROCEDURES TO CONTROL IMMIGRATION FLOWS, INCLUDING USE OF COMPUTERS TO VERIFY STATUS OF FOREIGNERS WHO APPLY FOR EMPLOYMENT IN THE UNITED STATES. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ MEJIA REPORTS. (SPANISH 11/1)

    QUEBEC REFERENDUM -- STRINGER IMRE SOOAAR REPORTS ON THE RESULTS OF THE QUEBEC REFERENDUM. SHE NOTED THAT THERE IS A RELATIVELY LARGE COMMUNITY OF ESTONIANS IN QUEBEC, WHO VOTED MAINLY 'NO.' (ESTONIAN 11/1)

    FOOD / RISING PRICES -- THE WORLD'S FOOD SUPPLY IS GETTING SMALLER AND PRICES ARE INCREASING. REPORTER RODRICK MURRAY TALKS WITH LESTER BROWN, THE PRESIDENT OF THE GLOBAL POLICY GROUP THE WORLDWATCH INSTITUTE AND THE AUTHOR OF AN ARTICLE ENTITLED "FACING FOOD SCARCITY." (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/31)

    QUEBEC REFERENDUM / REACTION -- REPORTER WORK AFERAHU KEBEDE DISCUSSES THE OUTCOME OF THE QUEBEC REFERENDUM WITH POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR PAULOS MILKIAS OF CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY IN MONTREAL, CANADA. PROFESSOR PAULOS SAYS AFRICAN COUNTRIES CAN LEARN A LOT ABOUT DEMOCRACY FROM THE WAY THE REFERENDUM WAS CONDUCTED IN QUEBEC. (AMHARIC 11/2)

    QUEBEC / REFERENDUM AFTERMATH -- JACQUES PARIZEAU, QUEBEC'S PRIME MINISTER AND LEADER OF THE PARTI QUEBECOIS, WILL REPORTEDLY RESIGN WITHIN THE NEXT TWO MONTHS FOLLOWING LAST SUNDAY'S REFERENDUM IN WHICH, BY A SLIGHT MARGIN, VOTERS DEFEATED QUEBEC INDEPENDENCE. STAFFER GAEDIG BONABESSE INTERVIEWED EDOUARD CLOUTIER, DIRECTOR OF THE POLITICAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTREAL. (FRENCH 11/1)

    BOSNIA / TALKS -- STAFFER JEAN-CLAUDE ANDRE REPORTS ON THE PEACE TALKS ON BOSNIA HELD IN DAYTON, OHIO. HE INTERVIEWED PASCAL BONIFACE, DIRECTOR OF THE INTERNATIONAL AND STRATEGIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE IN PARIS. (FRENCH 11/1)

    ESTONIAN PRESIDENT / US -- STAFFER NEEME RAUD INTERVIEWS THE CHANCELLOR OF THE ESTONIAN FOREIGN MINISTRY, INDREK TARAND, WHO IS TRAVELING WITH ESTONIAN PRESIDENT LENNART MERI IN THE US. (ESTONIAN 11/2)

    WALLENBERG HONORED -- STAFFER VERONIKA LUDMER REPORTS THE CEREMONIAL UNVEILING OF A BUST OF RAOUL WALLENBERG IN THE ROTUNDA OF THE US CONGRESS. SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE NEWT GINGRICH, SENATORS ROBERT DOLE AND TOM DASCHLE, AND CONGRESSMAN TOM LANTOS (WHO'S LIFE WAS SAVED BY WALLENBERG), ATTENDED, ALONG WITH ZOLTAN GAL, THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUNGARIAN PARLIAMENT, THE PRESIDENTS OF THE SWEDISH AND ISRAELI PARLIAMENTS, AND NINA WALLENBERG, THE STEP SISTER OF RAOUL WALLENBERG. (HUNGARIAN 11/2)

    AFRICA / CONFERENCE -- THE 38TH ANNUAL AFRICAN STUDIES ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE IS BEING HELD NEAR ORLANDO, FLORIDA, FROM NOVEMBER 3RD THROUGH THE 6TH. REPORTERJOE DECAPUA SPOKE WITH THE ASA'S CURRENT PRESIDENT, DR. GORAN HYDEN, ABOUT THIS YEAR'S MEETING. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/3)

    NERVE AND BRAIN DISORDERS -- STAFFER HAIDAR SAMADANI INTERVIEWS NEUROLOGIST DR MARIAM REZABEGZADEH, ABOUT THE TREATMENT OF BRAIN AND NERVE DISORDERS. (FARSI 11/2)

    HIGH TECH JOB MARKET -- STAFFERS ANDRZEJ ZWANIECKI AND WITOLD SULKOWSKI INTERVIEW MAREK HOLYNSKI FROM 'SILICON GRAPHICS,' WHO TALKED ABOUT THE ASTONISHING SUCCESS OF IMMIGRANTS IN THE FIELDS OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS. (POLISH 11/1)

    ART STUDIES IN AMERICA -- WOJCIECH ZORNIAK INTERVIEWS A POLISH-AMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHER MACIEK MACAK. THEY DISCUSSED THE TEACHING OF THE VISUAL ARTS IN THE UNITED STATES AND IN POLAND, AS WELL AS THE AMERICAN MARKET FOR ART PHOTOGRAPHY. (POLISH 11/1)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    BURUNDI / MASSACRE -- BETWEEN 100 AND 200 HUTU CIVILIANS WERE REPORTEDLY KILLED BY THE ARMY IN NORTHERN BURUNDI LAST WEEK IN REPRISALS FOR ATTACKS BY HUTU MILITIAMEN, A CHARGE DENIED BY THE GOVERNMENT. FROM BUJUMBURA, MIKE JANSSENS, DIRECTOR OF MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES, BELGIUM TOLD REPORTER FERDINAND FERELLA ABOUT WHAT HIS STAFF IS DOING TO HELP THE WOUNDED. (FRENCH TO AFRICA 11/1)

    BURUNDI / UN COMMISSION -- THE UN INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF INQUIRY INTO THE DEATH OF PRESIDENT MELCHIOR NDADAYE AND ITS AFTERMATH HAS ARRIVED IN THE CAPITAL, BUJUMBURA. REPORTER CATHERINE MADDUX SPOKE WITH THE CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMISSION, EDILBERT RAZAFINDRALAMBO, AND HAS A REPORT. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/2)

    RWANDA / GENOCIDE CONFERENCE -- AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GENOCIDE IS BEING HELD IN KIGALI, RWANDA. REPRESENTATIVES FROM COUNTRIES THAT HAVE SUFFERED FROM GENOCIDE AND MASSIVE HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS ARE MEETING UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE UNITED NATIONS. REPORTER FERDINAND FERELLA SPOKE WITH LEE WOODYEAR, SPOKESPERSON FOR THE UN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS. (FRENCH 11/1)

    NIGERIA / SARO-WIWA TRIAL -- FROM LAGOS, HAUSA REPORTER AHMED MOHAMMED KWALAM REPORTS THAT HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST KEN SARO-WIWA AND EIGHT OTHER LEADING MEMBERS OF MOVEMENT FOR THE SURVIVAL OF THE OGONI PEOPLES WERE SENTENCED TO DEATH BY HANGING. THEY WERE CONVICTED OF INVOLVEMENT IN THE MURDERS OF THEIR POLITICAL OPPONENTS. (HAUSA 11/1)

    SARO WIWA / WRITERS -- AFRICAN AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL WRITERS ARE RALLYING AROUND CONDEMNED NIGERIAN ACTIVIST AND PLAYWRIGHT KEN SARO-WIWA. REPORTER WILLIAM EAGLE SPOKE WITH UGANDAN JOURNALIST AND PLAYWRIGHT VINCENT MAGOMBE AND WITH JOURNALIST KEN WIWA, THE SON OF CONDEMNED WRITER KEN SARO-WIWA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/2)

    HUMAN RIGHTS / NIGERIA -- HAUSA REPORTER AHMED KWALAM SPOKE WITH OSA DIRECTOR, A HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST AND EDITOR OF LAGOS TELL MAGAZINE. MR. DIRECTOR WAS ARRESTED AND INTERROGATED BY THE POLICE IN LAGOS FOR ALLEGEDLY PUBLISHING FALSE AND DAMAGING REPORTS THAT COULD TARNISH THE IMAGE OF SANI ABACHA'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT. (HAUSA 11/1)

    TANZANIA / ELECTIONS -- SWAHILI REPORTER ABDUSHAKUR ABOUD SPOKE WITH AUGUSTINE MREMA, THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE FOR THE OPPOSITION PARTY NCCR MAGEUZI, ON ITS APPEAL IN THE HIGH COURT REGARDING SUNDAY'S PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. MR MREMA SAID ALL THE OPPOSITION PARTIES IN MAINLAND TANZANIA WANT THE ELECTIONS TO BE ANNULLED. THE PARTIES SAY THERE WERE SEVERAL IRREGULARITIES DURING THE VOTING PROCESS. (SWAHILI 10/1)

    TANZANIA / ELECTIONS -- ELECTION OFFICIALS IN MAINLAND TANZANIA CONTINUE TO ANNOUNCE RESULTS OF SUNDAY'S PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. PROBLEMS WITH THE BALLOTING HAVE LED TO A TENTATIVE RE-SCHEDULING OF THE VOTE IN SOME AREAS NEXT WEEK. STRINGER KABENDERA SHINANI COMPILED A WRAP UP. (SWAHILI 11/2)

    ZANZIBAR / SWEARING IN -- THE NEW GOVERNMENT IN ZANZIBAR WAS SWORN IN THURSDAY. STRINGER SALIM ALI SALIM REPORTS FROM ZANZIBAR. (SWAHILI 11/2)

    ETHIOPIA/ MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS -- IN ETHIOPIA, THE RULING EPRDF AND OTHER POLITICAL GROUPS HAVE FIELDED CANDIDATES FOR MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS. AMHARIC STRINGER TAFESSE KIFLE REPORTS. (AMHARIC 11/2)

    KENYA / PARIS MEETING -- IMF AND WORLD BANK OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE NOT SATISFIED WITH KENYA'S POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC REFORMS. THIS LED TO THE POSTPONEMENT OF NEXT MONTH'S PARIS MEETING. IT IS NOW PLANNED FOR NEXT YEAR. STRINGER MG JOEL REPORTS FROM NAIROBI. (SWAHILI 11/2)

    UGANDA / JOURNALIST -- UGANDAN JOURNALIST HARUN KANABI, WHO WAS ARRESTED LAST MONTH FOR PUBLISHING A SEDITIOUS ARTICLE, NOW FACES NEW CHARGES OF PUBLISHING FALSE INFORMATION. STRINGER MIKE ARERENG REPORTS FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 11/2)

    NIGERIA / SHELL OIL -- THE SHELL OIL COMPANY SAYS IT HAS NO PLANS TO RETURN TO NIGERIA'S TROUBLED OGONI REGION UNTIL RELATIONS WITH THE COMMUNITY IMPROVE. REPORTER WILLIAM EAGLE SPEAKS WITH SHELL SPOKESMAN JULIAN BARNES IN LONDON. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/1)

    LIBERIA / UN -- THE UNITED NATIONS SAYS INTERNATIONAL DONORS HAVE PLEDGED ALMOST 146 MILLION DOLLARS TO SUPPORT THE PEACE PROCESS IN LIBERIA. REPORTER SCOTT STEARNS ASKED THE UN UNDER SECRETARY GENERAL FOR HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS, PETER HANSEN, HOW THE MONEY WILL BE SPENT. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/1)

    ERITREA / SUDAN -- ERITREAN PRESIDENT ISAYAS AFEWORKI DENIED A CHARGE BY SUDANESE RELIGIOUS LEADER EL TURABI THAT SOME COUNTRIES PRESSURED ERITREA TO TURN AGAINST SUDAN. MR. ISAYAS COUNTERCHARGES THAT SUDAN AND MR. TURABI ARE SPREADING UNSTABILITY IN THE REGION BECAUSE THEY WANT TO ESTABLISH ISLAM IN NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES, INCLUDING ERITREA. REPORTER NEGUSSIE MENGESHA, WHO INTERVIEWED BOTH LEADERS RECENTLY, REPORTS FROM JERUSALEM. (AMHARIC 10/31)

    UGANDA / MP -- MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT IN UGANDA SAY THEY DO NOT HAVE ANY POWER, MAKING IT HARD FOR THEM TO CONTINUE REPRESENTING THE PEOPLE. REPORTER MIKE ARERENG REPORTED FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 11/1)

    ETHIOPIAN PREMIER / CHINA VISIT -- ETHIOPIAN PRIME MINISTER MELESE ZENAWI IS ON A STATE VISIT TO CHINA FOLLOWING HIS BRIEF STAY IN THE UNITED STATES LAST WEEK. STRINGER TAFESSE KIFLE REPORTS ON MR MELES' CHINA VISIT. (AMHARIC 10/31)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    AFGHAN / ASSASSINATION -- UNIDENTIFIED MEN SHOT AND KILLED ABDUL HAKIM KATAWAZI, THE GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE PESHAWAR-BASED AFGHAN NATIONAL UNITY AND UNDERSTANDING COUNCIL, OUTSIDE HIS OFFICE THURSDAY. STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARI REPORTS THAT THE COUNCIL SAID IT WAS NOT IMMEDIATELY KNOWN WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MURDER. IN A RECENT INTERVIEW WITH VOA, KATAWAZI SAID THE AFGHAN CRISIS SHOULD BE SOLVED THROUGH UN-SPONSORED NEGOTIATIONS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE TRADITIONAL LOYA JIRGAH OR GRAND ASSEMBLY. (PASHTO, DARI 11/2)

    ASSASSINATION REACT -- IN A TELEPHONE INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER OMAR MALIKYAR, AFGHAN POLITICAL LEADER SAYED ISHAQ GAILANI SAYS THE ASSASSINATION OF GENERAL ABDUL HAKIM KATAWAZI, A LEADER OF A CENTRIST POLITICAL GROUP IN AFGHANISTAN, IS A MAJOR BLOW TO THE CAMPAIGN FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A BROAD-BASED NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN THE STRIFE-RIDDEN COUNTRY. MR.KATAWAZI, SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE COUNCIL FOR UNDERSTANDING AND SOLIDARITY, WAS SHOT DEAD BY UNIDENTIFIED GUNMEN IN THE PAKISTANI BORDER TOWN OF PESHAWAR. IN ANOTHER INTERVIEW, FORMER AFGHAN MINISTER OF JUSTICE, SAYED SHAMSUDDIN MAJROH, SAYS PAKISTAN HAS FAILED TO TAKE EFFECTIVE ACTIONS AGAINST THE PROLIFERATION OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN THE EXILED AFGHAN COMMUNITY IN PESHAWAR. (DARI, PASHTO 11/2)

    ISLAMIC JIHAD -- FARSI STAFFER MANSOUR HATEFI INTERVIEWED LONDON-BASED IRANIAN-BORN JOURNALIST ALI REZA NURIZADEH ABOUT THE ISLAMIC JIHAD ORGANIZATION AND ITS LEADER, FATHI SHAQAQI, WHO WAS KILLED IN MALTA LAST WEEK. NURIZADEH SAID SHAQAQI RECENTLY VISITED LIBYA. (FARSI 11/2)

    AFGHAN / US -- US ASSISTANCE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR SOUTH ASIAN AFFAIRS, ROBIN RAPHEL, MET WITH REPRESENTATIVES OF HEKMATYAR'S HEZB-E-ISLAMI IN ISLAMABAD. PASHTO STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARAI REPORTS THAT HAJI MANGAL HUSSIEN OF HEZB-E-ISLAMI SAYS THEY DISCUSSED ALL ASPECTS OF THE AFGHAN ISSUE AND RAPHEL EMPHASIZED THAT THE US SUPPORTS THE UN PEACE EFFORTS IN AFGHANISTAN. (PASHTO, DARI 11/1)

    AFGHAN / US -- THE US ASSISTANT SECRETARY ROBIN RAPHEL MET AHMAD SHAH MASSOUD AT THE BAGRAM AIRBASE. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER TIM JOHNSTON MS RAPHEL SAID THE US SUPPORTS THE UN PEACE EFFORTS IN AFGHANISTAN AND THAT AND THE PEACEFUL TRANSFER OF POWER WERE AMONG THE MANY ISSUES THAT SHE DISCUSSED WITH AHMAD SHAH MASSOUD. RAPHEL SAID THE UN, US, AND OTHER COUNTRIES CAN WORK WITH AFGHANS AS FACILITATORS, BUT AT THE END OF THE DAY THE AFGHANS WHO HAVE TO SOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS. (PASHTO, DARI 10/30)

    AFGHAN / US TALKS -- THE GOVERNOR OF THE EASTERN AFGHAN PROVINCE OF NENGRAHAR, HAJI ABDUL QADIR SAYS THAT HE AND THE NENGRAHAR COUNCIL MET WITH THE US ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE ROBIN RAPHEL AND TALKED ABOUT THE CURRENT SITUATION IN AFGHANISTAN. HAJI QADIR TOLD STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARAI THE COUNCIL BELIEVES THAT PRESIDENT RABBANI AND HIS ALLY ABDUL RAB RASUL SAYAF SHALL LEAVE THE PRESIDENCY AND DEFENSE MINISTRY WITHOUT ANY CONDITIONS TO A QUALIFIED JIHADI PERSONALITY. (PASHTO, DARI 10/30)

    AFGHAN / TALKS -- PRESIDENT RABBANI'S DELEGATION HEADED BY RASUL SAYAF ENDED ITS TALKS ON THE TRANSFER OF POWER WITH SOME AFGHAN LEADERS IN THE EASTERN AFGHAN CITY OF JALALABAD. PASHTO STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARAI REPORTS THAT THE DELEGATION TALKED WITH MAWLAWI KHALES, MAWLAWI MOHAMMADI AND SOME MEMBERS OF NENGRAHAR SHURA AND DECIDED TO SEND A DELEGATION TO KANDAHAR FOR TALKS WITH TALEBAN. (PASHTO, DARI 11/1)

    AFGHAN / POLITICAL -- PRESIDENT RABBANI'S ALLY ABDUL RAB RASUL SAYAF WHO IS IN JALALABAD AT THE HEAD OF A GOVERNMENT DELEGATION CONTINUES HIS CONSULTATIONS WITH AFGHAN LEADERS MAWALI KHALES AND MAWLAWI MOHAMMADI. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARAI, SAYAF SAID THE PURPOSE OF HIS TALKS IS TO FIND A WAY OUT OF THE CURRENT SITUATION. COMMENTING ON THE UN PEACE EFFORTS, SAYAF SAID IF THE AFGHANS THEMSELVES CAN'T FIND A SOLUTION IT WOULD BE EXTREMELY DIFFICULT FOR OTHERS TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM. (PASHTO, DARI 10/30)

    AFGHAN / FIGHTING -- THE HEZBE WAHDAT OFFICE IN PESHAWAR SAYS FIGHTING IS GOING ON BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND HEZBE WAHDAT FORCES IN THE KATARE KHAK AND PARONJA AREAS NORTHWEST OF KABUL. STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARAI REPORTS THAT HEZBE ISLAMI HAS ALSO REPORTED FIGHTING IN THE SORKHE PARSA AREA. (PASHTO 10/29)

    AFGHAN / HEALTH -- THE DEAN OF THE NENGRAHAR MEDICAL SCHOOL SAYS THE GRADUATES OF HIS SCHOOL ARE IN DEMAND IN AFGHAN PROVINCES BECAUSE CURRENTLY IT IS THE ONLY MEDICAL SCHOOL THAT IS OPEN IN AFGHANISTAN. THE DIRECTOR OF THE NENGRAHAR PUBLIC HOSPITAL ASHRAF HAZRATI SAYS THIS HOSPITAL RECEIVES PATIENTS FROM FAR AWAY REGIONS OF AFGHANISTAN BECAUSE MANY OTHER HOSPITALS ARE EITHER DESTROYED IN THE FIGHTING OR LACK MEDICINE AND DOCTORS. STAFFER KHAN ALAMI REPORTS. (PASHTO 11/1)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    AZERBAIJAN / POLITICS -- STAFFER HABIB AZARSINA INTERVIEWED ARAZ ALIZADEH, THE LEADER OF THE AZERBAIJAN SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY, ABOUT ELECTIONS AND THE IRREGULARITIES THAT HAVE HAPPENED SO FAR. MR ALIZADEH TALKED ABOUT THE SHORTCOMINGS OF THE ELECTION LAWS AND HOW THE GOVERNMENT INFLUENCES THE ELECTION PROCESS. (AZERI 11/2)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    AFGHAN / PAKISTAN -- PRIME MINISTER BENAZIR BHUTTO OF PAKISTAN REJECTED CLAIMS THAT PAKISTAN INTERFERES IN AFGHAN AFFAIRS. SHE SAID PAKISTAN'S POLICY IS TO KEEP ITS RELATIONS WITH ALL AFGHAN PARTIES AND PUT PRESSURE ON THEM TO SUPPORT UN EFFORTS AIMED AT THE FORMATION OF A TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT. STAFFER SULTAN YUSAFZAI REPORTS ABOUT AN INTERVIEW WITH PRIME MINISTER BHUTTO IN WHICH SHE ALSO TALKED ABOUT THE KASHMIR ISSUE. (PASHTO, DARI 10/29)

    KOREA / BANGLADESH -- LEADER OF THE VISITING SOUTH KOREAN TRADE DELEGATION SAID IN CHITTAGONG, BANGLADESH THAT ABOUT 30 SOUTH KOREAN COMPANIES WILL SET UP INDUSTRIES IN CHITTAGONG. THEY WILL SET UP THESE INDUSTRIES IN A SEPARATE EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE FOR KOREANS ONLY. KOREANS WILL ALSO BUILD A SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE IN DHAKA. STRINGER ZAHURUL ALAM REPORTS. (BANGLA 11/2)

    ASIAN ART EXHIBITION / BANGLADESH -- AN ASIAN ART EXHIBITION WAS INAUGURATED IN DHAKA THURSDAY BY STATE MINISTER FOR WOMEN'S AFFAIRS JAHANARA BEGUM AND IRANIAN CULTURAL MINISTER MUSTAFA. THIRTY ASIAN COUNTRIES AND AUSTRALIA ARE PARTICIPATING IN THE EXHIBITION. STRINGER ZAHURUL ALAM REPORTS. (BANGLA 11/2)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    DEFENSE SECRETARY PERRY / KOREA -- SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WILLIAM PERRY'S KOREA VISIT WAS COVERED BY CORRESPONDENT YONG KYUN LIM IN SEOUL. SECRETARY PERRY REAFFIRMED US COMMITMENT TO THE DEFENSE OF SOUTH KOREA, SAYING THAT THE UNITED STATES WILL KEEP ITS TROOPS IN SOUTH KOREA AS LONG AS THE SOUTH KOREAN PEOPLE WANT THEM TO STAY. HE AGREED TO REVIEW PROPOSED CHANGES IN THE LEGAL STATUS OF AMERICAN SERVICEMEN BASED IN SOUTH KOREA. (KOREAN 11/2)

    US / CHINA / MILITARY -- SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS HAVE SAID THAT CHINA POSES NO MILITARY THREAT TO THE US AND THE US SHOULD ADOPT A POLICY OF ENGAGEMENT RATHER THAN CONTAINMENT TOWARD CHINA. STAFFER WANG ZE INTERVIEWS BRETT LIPPENCOTT OF THE HERITAGE FOUNDATION ON SINO-US MILITARY RELATIONS. ASSISTANT DEFENSE SECRETARY JOSEPH NYE IS SCHEDULED TO VISIT CHINA LATER THIS MONTH. (MANDARIN 11/2)

    CHINA / TIANJIN ECONOMY -- STAFFER CHOU YOUKANG IN HONG KONG INTERVIEWS WANG SHUZU, DIRECTOR OF THE TIANJIN COMMISSION ON FOREIGN ECONOMIC RELATIONS AND TRADE. TIANJIN'S FOREIGN TRADE IN THE FIRST SIX MONTHS OF THE YEAR IS ABOUT 10% OF CHINA'S TOTAL FOREIGN TRADE. TIANJIN HAS ATTRACTED $10.3 BILLION IN FOREIGN INVESTMENT, ABOUT $2 BILLION OF WHICH IS FROM THE US. FOREIGN COMPANIES AND JOINT VENTURES PRODUCE ABOUT 33% MORE THAN CHINESE ENTERPRISES IN TIANJIN. (MANDARIN 11/2)

    US / CHINA / JOINT PRODUCTION -- THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS IS HOSTING THE WORLD PREMIER OF A CHINA CENTRAL TV AND A DISCOVERY CHANNEL JOINT PRODUCTION, "FORBIDDEN CITY: THE GREAT WITHIN." STAFFER LUO LAN INTERVIEWS REP. STEVEN HORN, REP. CONNIE MORELLA, JAMES SASSER'S WIFE AND DAUGHTER MARY AND ELIZABETH SASSER, AND GARY TSAI OF CHINA TV, WHO ATTENDED THE PREMIER. THE PRODUCTION IS PART OF THE LONG-TERM EXCHANGE BETWEEN CCTV AND THE DISCOVERY CHANNEL. (MANDARIN 11/2)

    CHINA / HONG KONG HUMAN RIGHT LAWS -- WANG FENGCHAO, DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF CHINA'S HONG KONG AFFAIRS OFFICE, SAID SIX HONG KONG HUMAN RIGHT LAWS WILL BE ABOLISHED AND RESTORED TO THEIR ORIGINAL COLONIAL FORM ADOPTED BY THE BRITISH COLONIAL GOVERNMENT TO REGULATE THE MEDIA, FREEDOM OF ASSEMBLY, AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES. THESE WERE REVISED TO CONFORM WITH HONG KONG'S HUMAN RIGHTS LAW PASSED IN 1991 AND TWO INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS ON HUMAN, CIVIL AND SOCIAL RIGHTS. THE CHINESE CLAIM THE REVISIONS CONFLICT WITH EXISTING LAWS AND WILL INFRINGE ON THE AUTHORITY OF THE HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION. STRINGER LAWRENCE NG INTERVIEWED TAM YIU CHONG, DAB MEMBER; LEUNG KWONG CHEUNG, DEMOCRATIC LEGISLATOR, ALBERT HO, DEMOCRATIC LEGISLATOR. (CANTONESE 10/31)

    CHINA / TIANJIN UNIVERSITY -- STAFFER CHOU YOUKANG IN HONG KONG INTERVIEWED TIANJIN UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT LI GUANGQUAN ON THE OCCASION OF THE UNIVERSITY'S 100TH ANNIVERSARY. (MANDARIN 11/2)

    COLLEGE / ENGLISH REQUIREMENTS LOWERED -- ENGLISH LEVELS OF MANY HONG KONG STUDENTS HAVE DECLINED, FORCING COLLEGES TO LOWER ENGLISH REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION. THE CHANGEOVER TO CHINESE RULE IN 1997, THE LOCALIZATION OF THE CIVIL SERVICE SYSTEM, AND THE INTRODUCTION OF CHINESE AS AN OFFICIAL LANGUAGE MAY BE A CAUSES FOR THE DECLINE. STAFFER SHEILA TANG AND STRINGER LAWRENCE NG INTERVIEW WAT HAWK, SPOKESMAN, HONG KONG UNIVERSITY ADMISSION OFFICE; LEUNG WING KWANG, INTENSIVE ENGLISH UNIT, CITY UNIV. (CANTONESE 11/2)

    NEW LABOR IMPORT SCHEME DENOUNCED -- THE HONG KONG GOVERNMENT DREW UP A SUPPLEMENTARY LABOR IMPORT SCHEME TO REPLACE THE CONTROVERSIAL GENERAL LABOR IMPORT PLAN. THE NEW SCHEME ALLOWS ONLY 5,000 FOREIGN LABORERS INTO HONG KONG EACH YEAR AND THE GOVERNMENT PROMISES TO BE FLEXIBLE IN ITS IMPLEMENTATION. STILL, REPRESENTATIVES OF LABOR IN THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL ARE DISSATISFIED AND THREATEN TO PROPOSE BILLS IN THE COUNCIL COMPLETELY STOPPING THE IMPORT OF LABOR. LAWRENCE NG INTERVIEWS LEUNG YIU CHUNG, LABOR LEGISLATOR; LEE KAI MING, LABOR LEGISLATOR; CHENG YIU TANG, CHAIRMAN, HK FEDERATION OF LABOR. (CANTONESE 11/1)

    NORTH KOREAN CATHOLICS / US VISIT -- A NORTH KOREAN CATHOLIC DELEGATION IS VISITING THE US. THEY HELD A SEMINAR IN NEW YORK TOGETHER WITH SOUTH KOREAN CATHOLICS. THE NORTH KOREANS, THEN, VISITED WASHINGTON WHERE THEY MET WITH OFFICIALS AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT AND KOREAN-AMERICAN CATHOLICS. THIS IS THE FIRST TIME SINCE THE DIVISION OF THE KOREAN PENINSULA THAT NORTH AND SOUTH KOREAN CATHOLICS EVER MET TOGETHER. STAFFER SUCK TAE KO REPORTS. (KOREAN 11/2)

    KOREA / TEAM SPIRIT -- REPORTER JILL GATHMANN SPEAKS WITH ANDY KELLY, RESEARCH ASSISTANT WITH THE CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES, ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF MORE 'TEAM SPIRIT' MILITARY EXERCISES BY THE UNITED STATES AND SOUTH KOREA. HE SAYS THEY WILL PROBABLY NOT RESUME. (ENP 11/1)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    DAYTON / BOSNIAN PEACE TALKS -- SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER FORMALLY OPENED THE BOSNIA PEACE TALKS IN DAYTON, OHIO. STAFFER ZDENKO NOVACKI REPORTS FROM WRIGHT PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE. (CROATIAN 11/1)

    BOSNIA / PEACE TALKS / POLLS -- ACCORDING TO THE LATEST PUBLIC POLLS IN SARAJEVO, BOSNIANS ARE CAUTIOUSLY OPTIMISTIC ABOUT THE PEACE CONFERENCE IN DAYTON. IN THE MEANTIME, A BRIDGE THAT SEPARATES GOVERNMENT AND SERB-HELD PARTS OF THE CAPITAL OPENED FOR THE MOVEMENT OF CIVILIANS. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (SERBIAN 11/1)

    BOSNIA / DAYTON TALKS REACT -- ZORAN PAJIC, A FORMER UNIVERSITY OF SARAJEVO LAW PROFESSOR TOLD A PANEL ON BOSNIA AT THE WOODROW WILSON CENTER, THAT HE IS VERY PESSIMISTIC ABOUT THE DAYTON TALKS, BECAUSE THE TALKS WILL FINALIZE THE PARTITION OF BOSNIA AND END THE DREAM OF A MULTI-ETHIC STATE THERE. CURRENT AFFAIRS STAFFER PAMELA TAYLOR PROVIDES THE COMMENTS OF PROFESSOR PAJIC. (ENP 11/1)

    PAJIC / PEACE TALKS -- PROFESSOR OF LAW AT KING'S COLLEGE OF LONDON UNIVERSITY, AND FORMER PROFESSOR OF LAW AT SARAJEVO UNIVERSITY, ZORAN PAJIC DISCUSSES THE CHANCES FOR THE SUCCESS OF DAYTON PEACE CONFERENCE IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER DARAKO POPOVIC. MR PAJIC BELIEVES THAT THE DAYTON TALKS WILL UNFORTUNATELY LEAD TO A DIVISION OF THE COUNTRY ALONG ETHNIC LINES. (SERBIAN 11/1)

    BOSNIAN / OPPOSITION CRITICISM -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS THAT BOSNIAN OPPOSITION LEADERS CONTINUED TO CRITICIZE THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE WAY THEY PREPARED FOR THE OHIO TALKS. (CROATIAN 11/1)

    DAYTON / KOSOVA DEMO -- SOME ONE HUNDRED ALBANIAN-AMERICAN STAGED A DEMONSTRATION WEDNESDAY OUTSIDE THE GATES OF THE WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE IN DAYTON TO PROTEST THE PRESENCE OF SERBIA'S STRONGMAN SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC AND CALL FOR THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE PROVINCE OF KOSOVA. REPORT BY STAFFER XHEVDET HOXHA. (ALBANIAN 11/1)

    MILOSEVIC / DEMOS -- A GROUP CALLED THE ACTION COMMITTEE FOR PEACE IN BOSNIA ORGANIZED DEMONSTRATION IN FRONT OF THE WHITE HOUSE AGAINST THE PARTICIPATION OF SERBIAN PRESIDENT S MILOSEVIC IN PEACE TALKS ON BOSNIA. THE PROTEST WAS ATTENDED BY ABOUT 50 PARTICIPANTS. STAFFER JOVAN DJUKANOVIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/1)

    ANTI-MILOSEVIC DEMO / WASHINGTON -- A FEW PROTESTERS GATHERED IN FRONT OF THE WHITE HOUSE TO DENOUNCE SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC'S PARTICIPATION IN DAYTON PEACE TALKS. THE LEADERS OF THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE TO SAVE BOSNIA, AND THE ACTION COUNCIL FOR THE PEACE ON THE BALKANS SAID MILOSEVIC SHOULD BE IN THE HAGUE INDICTED FOR WAR CRIMES RATHER THAN IN OHIO. STAFFER MIRJANA DEDAIC REPORTS. (CROATIAN 11/1)

    RODMAN / PEACE TALKS -- DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAM AT THE NIXON CENTER, PETER RODMAN DESCRIBES THE DAYTON PEACE CONFERENCE THE BEST CHANCE OF THE LAST FEW YEARS TO END THE WAR. HE WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER DRAGANA MILIC. (SERBIAN 11/1)

    SCHNEIER APPEAL -- RABBI ARTHUR SCHNEIER DISCUSSED HIS APPEAL OF CONSCIENCE TO LEADERS IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER DRAGANA MILIC. HE APPEALED TO THE PRESIDENTS OF CROATIA, BOSNIA, AND SERBIA TO DO THEIR UTMOST TO BRING THE PEACE TO FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. (SERBIAN 11/1)

    SARAJEVO / BRIDGE REOPENED -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS THAT CIVILIANS STARTED TO CROSS THE SARAJEVO BRIDGE THAT CONNECTS THE SERB-HELD SECTOR WITH THE REST OF THE CITY. EIGHT PEOPLE CROSSED THE BRIDGE UNDER UN ESCORT. (CROATIAN 11/1)

    CROATIAN ELECTIONS / FINAL RESULTS -- STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC REPORTS FROM ZAGREB ON THE FINAL COUNT OF THE VOTES IN CROATIAN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. THE RULING CROATIAN DEMOCRATIC UNION GOT AROUND 44 PERCENT OF THE VOTE, WHILE THE COALITION OF FIVE MODERATE PARTIES GOT 18 PERCENT. (CROATIAN 11/1)

    CROATIA / ELECTIONS -- CROATIAN MEDIA NOTE THAT PRESIDENT F TUDJMAN GAINED MORE POPULARITY IN THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION THAN HIS RULING HDZ PARTY. IT IS ALSO REPORTED THAT THE OPPOSITION PARTIES GOT MORE VOTES THAN EXPECTED. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 11/1)

    CROATIAN OPPOSITION / PROTEST -- STRONGEST CROATIAN OPPOSITION PARTY, SOCIAL-LIBERAL PARTY PROTESTED ALLEGED IRREGULARITIES AT THE ELECTION VOTE COUNTING. THE LIBERALS CLAIM THAT ONE OF THEIR CANDIDATES IN ZAGREB DISTRICT LOST BY SUSPICIOUSLY NARROW MARGIN, AND DEMAND A RECOUNT. STRINGER SLAVICA LUKIC REPORTS. (CROATIAN 11/1)

    LATVIAN LANGUAGE COMPETENCY -- COMPETENCY IN THE LATVIAN LANGUAGE HAS AGAIN BECOME HOTLY DEBATED IN LATVIA SINCE IT APPEARS THAT JOACHIM SIEGERIST, WHO DOES NOT SPEAK LATVIAN, MIGHT BECOME LATVIA'S NEXT MINISTER OF ECONOMICS. STRINGER AIDIS TOMSONS REPORTS FROM RIGA. (LATVIAN 11/2)

    POLAND / POLITICS -- AMONG THE MANY POLITICAL FORCES ACTIVE IN POLAND BEFORE THIS WEEKEND'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IS THE' INITIATIVE THREE QUARTERS' FROM KRAKOW, WHICH BELIEVES THAT IT IS UNIMPORTANT WHO RUNS, AS LONG AS IT IS NOT A FORMER COMMUNIST. ONE OF THE MOST SERIOUS CONTENDERS, ALEKSANDER KWASNIEWSKI IS A FORMER COMMUNIST, THEREFORE, THE INITIATIVE IS TRYING TO CONSOLIDATE ALL THE ANTI-KWASNIEWSKI VOTES, WHICH THEY THINK IS 75% OF THE ELECTORATE. REPORTER WOJCIECH MINICZ INTERVIEWED ONE OF THE LEADERS OF THE INITIATIVE, WOJTEK MODELSKI. (POLISH 11/1)

    SLOVAK MINISTER OF EDUCATION -- SLOVAK MINISTER OF EDUCATION, EVA SLAVKOVSKA, IS INTERVIEWED BY ERNEST STREDNANSKY. MS SLAVKOVSKA EXPRESSED HER FRUSTRATION AND ANGER AT THE FACT THAT MORE THAN EIGHTY PERCENT OF THE SLOVAK MEDIA IS OPPOSED TO THE PRESENT SLOVAK GOVERNMENT OF VLADIMIR MECIAR. (SLOVAK 11/2)

    ALBANIA / CONSTITUTION -- ON THE EVE OF THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEFEAT OF A NATIONAL REFERENDUM ON THE ADOPTION OF ALBANIA'S FIRST POST-COMMUNIST CONSTITUTION, THE RULING DEMOCRATIC PARTY HAS AGAIN PROPOSED THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW DRAFTING COMMITTEE. SPEAKER OF PARLIAMENT PJETER ARBNORI SAID HIS PARTY IS EAGER TO SEE THE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION BEFORE NEXT YEAR'S PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. IN INTERVIEWS WITH STRINGER ILIRIAN AGOLLI, THREE OPPOSITION PARTY LEADERS REJECTED THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY'S PROPOSAL. (ALBANIAN 11/1, 11/2)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    ECONOMIC ISSUES / UKRAINE -- STAFFER ISRAEL KLEINER REPORTS ON A PRESS CONFERENCE HELD BY VICE-PREMIER VICTOR PYNZENNYK IN CHARGE OF REFORMS, ENUMERATING PROBLEMS THAT ARE DELAYING THE PROCESS OF ECONOMIC REFORMS: WRONG APPROACHES TO PRIVATIZATION, LACK OF A STRONG CURRENCY, INFLATION, SLOWING OF INDUSTRIAL OUTPUT AND OTHER SERIOUS IMPEDIMENTS IN THE UKRAINIAN POLITICAL AND SOCIAL LIFE. (UKRAINIAN 11/1)

    FORMER PM / OPPOSITION LEADER IN ARMENIA -- IN A THREE PART INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER KEN VARTANIAN, THE LEADER OF THE LEADING ARMENIAN OPPOSITION PARTY, FORMER PRIME MINISTER VAZGEN MANOUKIAN DISCUSSED HIS MEETINGS WITH CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS AND MEMBERS OF THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION. MISTER MANOUKIAN, IN A BROADER SCALE, ALSO DISCUSSED THE POLITICAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STATE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA. (ARMENIAN 10/30, 10/31, 11/1)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    HAITI / NGO DOSSIER -- STAFFER HENRY FRANCISQUE IN HAITI PREPARED A SPECIAL REPORT ON THE SITUATION THERE OVER ONE YEAR AFTER THE RETURN OF PRESIDENT ARISTIDE. FRANCISQUE FOCUSED ON THE ROLE OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS; HE INTERVIEWED SEVERAL NGO REPRESENTATIVES, AS WELL AS THE RWANDAN-BORN DIRECTOR OF THE CHILDREN OF THE WORLD ORGANIZATION. (FRENCH TO AFRICA 11/1)

    GUATEMALA ELECTION -- REPORTER TOM CROSBY TALKS WITH LARRY HUFFORD, A POLITICAL SCIENTIST FROM SAINT MARY'S UNIVERSITY IN SAN ANTONIO, DESIGNATED AS AN OBSERVER ON HAND FOR THE NOVEMBER 12TH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN GUATEMALA. HE HAS WRITTEN EXTENSIVELY ABOUT CENTRAL AMERICAN HUMAN RIGHTS INCLUDING A CHAPTER ON GUATEMALA. HE SAYS GUATEMALA HAS A LONG HISTORY AND A CURRENT RECORD OF RIGHTS ABUSES AND SAYS IT WOULD BE A MISTAKE ON THE PART OF THE US TO ASSUME A FREE AND FAIR ELECTION NOVEMBER 12TH MEANS THESE PROBLEMS AND THEIR CAUSES WILL JUST DISAPPEAR. (ENP 11/1)

    US TRADE / ARGENTINA -- BUSINESSMEN FROM 10 US STATES VISITED ARGENTINA TO INCREASE TRADE BETWEEN THEIR COMPANIES AND THE SOUTH AMERICAN COUNTRY. STRINGER GUSTAVO LEVENE REPORTS. (SPANISH 11/1)

    CHOLERA / BOLIVIA -- THE GOVERNMENT OF BOLIVIA REPORTED AN OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA IN THE COUNTRY, WITH MORE THAN 2,000 CONFIRMED CASES AND AT LEAST 50 PEOPLE DEAD. STRINGER JORGE GUZMAN REPORTS FROM LA PAZ. (SPANISH 11/1)

    COLOMBIA'S MINISTER / WASHINGTON -- COLOMBIA'S FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER RODRIGO PARDO HELD MEETINGS IN WASHINGTON TO COORDINATE ANTI-DRUG STRATEGY IN AN EFFORT TO IMPROVE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. STAFFER BETTY ENDARA REPORTED. (SPANISH 11/1)

    UN MISSION / EL SALVADOR -- THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS DECIDED TO SEND A NEW UN MISSION TO EL SALVADOR TO VERIFY REFORM PROGRAMS IN OF LAND PROPERTY, POLICE AND ELECTION SYSTEM. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 11/1)

    JOINT ENVIRONMENT PROJECT -- FOUR US ENERGY COMPANIES AGREED TO COORDINATE AND FUND A PROGRAM IN CENTRAL AMERICA TO FIGHT POLLUTION AND GLOBAL WARMING, STAFFER FERNANDO CERVANTES VALENCIA REPORTS. (SPANISH 11/1) 02-Nov-95 5:05 PM EST (2205 UTC)
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    Source: Voice of America

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