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Voice of America Digest, 8 November 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 8, 1995


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 8, 1995

    DATE=11/8/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 11/8/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    US / RUSSIA / BOSNIA -- THE UNITED STATES AND RUSSIA HAVE REACHED A COMPROMISE ALLOWING FOR RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION IN THE BOSNIA PEACEKEEPING FORCE BEING ASSEMBLED BY NATO. AT LEAST ONE THOUSAND RUSSIAN SOLDIERS WILL TAKE PART, BUT NOT DIRECTLY UNDER NATO COMMAND. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST HAS DETAILS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS IN BRUSSELS. (11/8)

    US / RUSSIA / MEET -- US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTER PAVEL GRACHEV ARE MEETING IN BRUSSELS IN ANOTHER ATTEMPT TO FIND A WAY TO BRING RUSSIAN TROOPS INTO A NATO-LED PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE IN BOSNIA. MOSCOW HAS RESISTED THE US DEMAND THAT ANY RUSSIAN COMBAT UNITS IN BOSNIA BE UNDER NATO COMMAND. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM BRUSSELS. (11/8)

    TUDJMAN / DAYTON -- CROATIAN PRESIDENT FRANJO TUDJMAN IS FLYING TO THE UNITED STATES TO REJOIN PEACE TALKS ON THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. INTERNATIONAL MEDIATORS ARE REMAINING IN CROATIA TO TRY TO NEGOTIATE A PEACE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT AND REBEL CROATIAN SERBS. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (11/8)

    BOSNIA / JOURNALIST -- BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE FREED A DETAINED AMERICAN JOURNALIST WHO REPORTED A SERB MASSACRE OF BOSNIAN MUSLIMS EARLIER THIS YEAR. THE SERBS SAY HE HAS BEEN RELEASED AS A GOODWILL GESTURE. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (11/8)

    YUGO TRIBUNAL / APPEAL -- THE PRESIDENT OF THE WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, ANTONIO CASSESSE HAS APPEALED TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO PROVIDE MORE SUPPORT IN BRINGING SUSPECTS TO JUSTICE. IN A SPEECH TO THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY, MR CASSESSE COMPLAINED THE FAILURE OF GOVERNMENTS TO COOPERATE AND TO FINANCE THE TRIBUNAL IS HAMPERING ITS WORK. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS. (11/7)

    US / BOSNIA / WAR CRIMES -- THE UNITED STATES SAYS IT IS COOPERATING WITH THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS THAT DOES NOT MEAN THE CHIEF PROSECUTOR GETS EVERYTHING HE NEEDS FOR PROSECUTION OF SUSPECTED WAR CRIMINALS. (11/7)

    POWELL DECISION -- RETIRED GENERAL COLIN POWELL HAS SCHEDULED A NEWS CONFERENCE WEDNESDAY TO ANNOUNCE WHETHER OR NOT HE WILL RUN FOR PRESIDENT. POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTSGENERAL POWELL CHOSE TO ANNOUNCE HIS DECISION AT A SUBURBAN WASHINGTON HOTEL. (11/8)

    COLIN POWELL PROFILE -- RETIRED GENERAL COLIN POWELL DISCUSSED HIS POLITICAL FUTURE WEDNESDAY. THE GENERAL HAS A LONG RECORD OF SERVICE TO HIS COUNTRY, AND NOW, A BEST-SELLING BOOK. CAPITAL HILL CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS ABOUT COLIN POWELL'S CAREER. (11/8)

    ISRAEL / RABIN -- ISRAEL'S CABINET HAS DECIDED TO SET UP A COMMISSION OF INQUIRY TO INVESTIGATE THE ASSASSINATION OF PRIME MINISTER YITZHAK RABIN. CORRESPONDENT AL PESSIN IN JERUSALEM REPORTS THE DECISION CAME AFTER A PRELIMINARY REPORT WAS ISSUED AND SEVERAL SECURITY OFFICIALS RESIGNED OR WERE SUSPENDED. (11/8)

    EGYPT / HUMAN RIGHTS -- THE EGYPTIAN ORGANIZATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS HAS ISSUED A REPORT ON THE GOVERNMENT CRACKDOWN ON ISLAMIC MILITANTS TRYING TO TOPPLE THE ADMINISTRATION AND REPLACE IT WITH A PURE ISLAMIC STATE. CORRESPONDENT LAURIE KASSMAN REPORTS FROM CAIRO ON THE GROUP'S COMPLAINTS THAT THE GOVERNMENT'S TOUGH CRACKDOWN IS UNNECESSARILY EXTENDING TO THE PRESS AND OPPOSITION POLITICIANS. (11/8)

    OKINAWA / RAPE TRIAL -- THREE US SERVICEMEN ADMITTED IN COURT TO HAVE PARTICIPATED IN THE RAPE OF A 12-YEAR-OLD JAPANESE GIRL. THE CRIME HAS PROMPTED LOCAL RESIDENTS TO DEMAND THAT AMERICAN FORCES BE MOVED FROM THE ISLAND OF OKINAWA. STRINGER RUTH LIU REPORTS. (11/7)

    US / JAPAN TRIAL -- FAMILIES OF THREE US SERVICEMEN ON TRIAL IN JAPAN FOR RAPING A TWELVE-YEAR-OLD OKINAWA GIRL INSIST THE MEN ARE INNOCENT. CORRESPONDENT VICTOR BEATTIE SAYS THE US GOVERNMENT HAS AGAIN OFFERED AN APOLOGY FOR THE ASSAULT LAST SEPTEMBER AND EXPRESSED CONFIDENCE THE TRIAL WILL BE FAIR. (11/7)

    EAST EUROPE /POLITICS -- THE NEW TRANSITION REPORT OF THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT (EBRD) FINDS THAT WAGE RATES IN THE TRANSFORMING ECONOMIES ARE LAGGING BEHIND OVERALL ECONOMIC GROWTH. CORRESPONDENT BARRY WOOD REPORTED THE FIGURES MAY EXPLAIN WHY VOTERS ARE EXPRESSING DISSATISFACTION IN RECENT ELECTIONS. (11/8)

    RUSSIA / POLITICS -- THE GOVERNMENT OF RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN IS UNDER INCREASING CRITICISM, JUST ONE-MONTH AHEAD OF PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT IN MOSCOW REPORTS THAT A POOR ECONOMY, AND A PRESIDENT WEAKENED BY HEALTH PROBLEMS SEEM TO BE GIVING A BOOST TO HARDLINE AND COMMUNIST FORCES. (11/8)

    GEORGIAN ELECTIONS -- THE PARTY OF GEORGIAN LEADER EDUARD SHEVARDNADZE HAS GAINED A MAJORITY IN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. STRINGER SELINA WILLIAMS REPORTS FROM TBILISI. (11/7)

    NATO CHIEF -- NATO AMBASSADORS MET TWICE TUESDAY IN BRUSSELS, BUT FAILED TO AGREE ON A NEW SECRETARY GENERAL TO HEAD THE ALLIANCE. THE POST BECAME VACANT LAST MONTH WITH THE RESIGNATION OF BELGIAN WILLY CLAES, WHO FACES CORRUPTION CHARGES. STRINGER JOHN FRASER REPORTS. (11/7)

    FRANCE / POLITICS -- FRANCE'S RESHUFFLED CABINET HAS MET IN FULL SESSION FOR THE FIRST TIME. POLITICIANS OF ALL PARTIES ARE DOUBTFUL THAT PRIME MINISTER ALAIN JUPPE'S NEW TEAM WILL REGAIN PUBLIC CONFIDENCE. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS FROM PARIS. (11/8)

    FRANCE / NEW CABINET -- FRENCH PRIME MINISTER ALAIN JUPPE HAS SHUFFLED HIS CABINET AFTER ONLY SIX MONTHS IN OFFICE. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS MR JUPPE'S DECISION TO CHANGE HIS TEAM IS A CLEAR SIGN HIS GOVENRMENT IS IN TROUBLE. (11/7)

    FRANCE/TERRORISM -- FRANCE HAS ISSUED AN INTERNATIONAL ARREST WARRANT FOR AN ALGERIAN THAT IT BELIEVES DIRECTED A TERRORIST BOMBING CAMPAIGN ON FRENCH SOIL. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS THE SUSPECT IS HELD BY THE BRITISH POLICE. (11/8)

    INDIA/KASHMIR -- THE INDIAN ELECTION COMMISSION VISITED THE STRIFE-TORN KASHMIR REGION BEFORE DECIDING WHETHER TO GO FORWARD WITH A GOVERNMENT RECOMMENDATION TO HOLD POLLS THERE IN MID-DECEMBER. CORRESPONDENT MICHAEL DRUDGE REPORTED A GENERAL STRIKE GREETED THE THREE COMMISSIONERS WHEN THEY STOPPED IN SRINAGAR. (11/8)

    CAMBODIA POLITICAL -- THE CAMBODIAN GOVERNMENT'S MOST VOCAL CRITIC, ANTI-CORRUPTION CAMPAIGNER SAM RAINSY, WILL LAUNCH HIS NEW POLITICAL PARTY WITH A RALLY THURSDAY. GOVERNMENT LEADERS SAY MR RAINSY IS FREE TO ESTABLISH THE PARTY, BUT HAVE REFUSED TO LEGALIZE IT. STRINGER TRICIA FITZGERALD REPORTS FROM PHNOM PENH MR RAINSY HAS RECEIVED PERSONAL THREATS. (11/8)

    NIGERIA / COMMONWEALTH -- NIGERIAN HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS ARE URGING LEADERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH ORGANIZATION TO SUSPEND NIGERIA FROM THE GROUP'S MEETING IN NEW ZEALAND AND TO IMPOSE SANCTIONS AGAINST NIGERIA'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT UNTIL DEMOCRACY IS RESTORED. CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK REPORTS. (11/8)

    RWANDA FIGHTING -- RWANDAN TROOPS FOUGHT THIS WEEK WITH FORMER GOVERNMENT MILITIAMEN ON A SMALL ISLAND ON LAKE KIVU, ALONG RWANDA'S BORDER WITH ZAIRE. IT WAS THE FIRST MAJOR MILITARY CLASH WITH FORCES LOYAL TO THE FORMER GOVERNMENT SINCE THE CIVIL WAR ENDED IN AUGUST, 1994. STRINGER CHRIS TOMLINSON VISITED THE ISLAND AND REPORTS. (11/8)

    AFRICA / CHILDREN -- CHILD SOLDIERS AND OTHER YOUNG VICTIMS OF WAR IN WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA ARE THE FOCUS OF HIGH LEVEL TALKS THIS WEEK IN THE IVORIAN COMMERCIAL CAPITAL, ABIDJAN. WEST AFRICA CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK REPORTS. (11/8)

    ENGLISH / THE QUEBEC LESSON -- LAST MONTH'S REFERENDUM IN QUEBEC THAT BROUGHT CANADA TO THE BRINK OF A BREAKUP REINVIGORATED A DRIVE BY SOME US LEGISLATORS TO PROCLAIM ENGLISH THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF THE UNITED STATES. THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, NEWT GINGRICH HAS REITERATED HIS SUPPORT FOR THE MEASURE, SAYING IT IS ESSENTIAL TO GLUE TOGETHER VARIOUS ETHNIC GROUPS IN THE UNITED STATES. BUT AS STRINGER MAXIM KNIAZKOV REPORTS THE INITIATIVE FACES STIFF OPPOSITION. (11/8)

    CUBAN EXILE CONFERENCE -- A CONFERENCE BRINGING TOGETHER MODERATE CUBAN-EXILES AND CUBAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS FOR FOUR DAYS OF MEETINGS HAS ENDED IN HAVANA. CORRESPONDENT JIM TEEPLE REPORTS THAT SHORTLY BEFORE THE CONFERENCE ENDED, THE CUBAN GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCED IT WILL EASE RESTRICTIONS ON CUBAN-EXILES WHO WISH TO VISIT THEIR HOMELAND. (11/7)

    HAITI / PRIME MINISTER -- HAITI'S NEW PRIME MINISTER, CLAUDETTE WERLEIGH WAS FORMALLY INSTALLED ON TUESDAY, AFTER WINNING OVERWHELMING APPROVAL OF BOTH HAITI'S SENATE AND CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES EARLIER THIS WEEK. CORRESPONDENT JIM TEEPLE REPORTS MS WERLEIGH TAKES OFFICE AS HAITIAN ELECTION OFFICIALS HAVE SCHEDULED HAITI'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION FOR DECEMBER 17TH. (11/7)

    CHILE / REBEL -- A JAILED GUERRILLA LEADER, ACCUSED OF SMUGGLING WEAPONS INTO CHILE IN A PLOT TO KILL FORMER DICTATOR AUGUSTO PINOCHET, HAS BEEN RELEASED ON BAIL. CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK REPORTS. (11/7)

    CENTAM / VICE PRESIDENTS -- THE NATIONS OF CENTRAL AMERICA HAVE RECEIVED SOME PLEDGES OF INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN THEIR BORDER ZONES, BUT NO FIRM COMMITMENTS FOR FUNDING. THIS WAS THE RESULT OF A TWO-DAY MEETING IN COSTA RICA OF THE REGION'S VICE PRESIDENTS AND REPRESENTATIVES OF INTERNATIONAL LENDING AGENCIES AND DONOR COUNTRIES. CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS REPORTS. (11/7)

    G-15 MEETING ENDS -- REPRESENTATIVES FROM DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (ASIA, AFRICA AND LATIN AMERICA) WHO MET IN BUENOS AIRES DECIDED TO COLLECTIVELY INVEST MORE IN HIGH TECHNOLOGY. STRINGER DAWN MAKINSON REPORTS ON THE LATEST APPROACH OF THE GROUP OF FIFTEEN TO LIGHTEN THE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF ITS MEMBERS. (11/7)

    BENTSEN / WHITEWATER -- FORMER TREASURY SECRETARY LLOYD BENTSEN HAS DENIED ANY WRONGDOING IN THE WAY HIS DEPARTMENT HANDLED THE WHITEWATER CASE. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS A SENATE COMMITTEE IS HOLDING MORE HEARINGS ABOUT THE AFFAIR, WHICH CENTERS ON PRESIDENT AND MRS. CLINTON'S PERSONAL FINANCES. (11/7)

    ONLINE CHALLENGES / INTERNET -- USE OF THE INTERNET, THE WORLDWIDE NETWORK OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS, IS BOOMING AND HAS RAISED CHALLENGES FOR COMPANIES TRYING TO PROVIDE INFORMATION AND SERVICES OVER THE SYSTEM. CORRESPONDENT ANDREW BAIRD HAS THIS REPORT. (11/7)

    R & D DEFICIENCY -- A PRIVATE AMERICAN RESEARCH GROUP SAYS THAT A SHRINKING COMMITMENT TO RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MAY THREATEN THE ECONOMIC FUTURE OF THE UNITED STATES. CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (11/7)

    STATE FINANCES -- FINANCIAL OFFICERS FROM THE FIFTY US STATES SAY THEIR BALANCE SHEETS ARE IN GOOD SHAPE, THANKS TO ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POLICIES AIMED AT DOWNSIZING GOVERNMENT. BUT AS WE HEAR FROM CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES, THE PROSPECT OF CHANGE IN POLICIES AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL HAVE CREATED A CLIMATE OF UNCERTAINTY IN THE STATE CAPITALS. (11/7)

    INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS / US -- THE NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES CONTINUES TO GROW, ACCORDING TO A NEW SURVEY, BUT THE RATE OF GROWTH IS THE SLOWEST IN 10 YEARS. CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (11/7)

    US / ELECTIONS -- GOVERNORS' RACES IN KENTUCKY AND MISSISSIPPI ARE BEING WATCHED CLOSELY AS AMERICANS IN SEVERAL STATES GO TO THE POLLS IN OFF-YEAR ELECTIONS. CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS REPUBLICANS ARE HOPING TO BUILD ON THE SUCCESSES OF LAST YEAR'S CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS TO WIN CONTROL OF STATE LEGISLATURES. (11/7)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    IRANIAN JEWS / RABIN REACT -- STAFFER MOHAMMAD RAZAVI REPORTS ON MEMORIAL SERVICES FOR SLAIN ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER RABIN, SPONSORED BY THE IRANIAN-AMERICAN JEWISH COMMUNITY IN LOS ANGELES. RAZAVI TALKED WITH PARTICIPANTS WHO PRAISED RABIN AS A MAN OF PEACE AND DESCRIBED HIS MURDER AS A TRAGEDY NOT ONLY FOR ISRAEL, BUT FOR THE ENTIRE WORLD. (FARSI 11/8)

    RABIN / REACT -- POLISH STAFFER INTERVIEWS BUSINESSMAN AND POLITICAL OBSERVER FROM JERUSALEM, SIMHA ROTEM, AND AMERICAN JOURNALIST ABRAHAM BRUMBERG ON THE ASSASSINATION OF ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER RABIN. BOTH SPOKE OF THE SENSE OF SHOCK AND DISBELIEF, AND EXPRESSED THE OPINION THAT THIS TRAGEDY WILL CONSOLIDATE POPULAR SUPPORT FOR THE PEACE PROCESS. (POLISH 11/6)

    MORE RABIN REACT -- REPORTER TOM CROSBY TALKED WITH STEVE GROSSMAN, THE PRESIDENT OF AIPAC (THE AMERICAN ISRAEL PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE) THE MAJOR PRO-ISRAEL LOBBY GROUP IN WASHINGTON, SHORTLY AFTER HIS RETURN FROM ISRAEL AND THE RABIN FUNERAL. HE EXPECTS HIS JOB OF LOBBYING ON CAPITOL HILL WILL BE EASIER NOW BECAUSE HE FOUND CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS IN THE OFFICIAL US DELEGATION TO THE RABIN FUNERAL MORE COMMITTED THAN EVER TO STRENGTHENING ISRAEL. (ENP 11/7)

    JAPAN / US / DAIWA & JAPAN'S ECONOMY -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH KAREN SHAW PETROU, PRESIDENT OF THE ISD SHAW PRIVATE BANKING CONSULTING FIRM IN WASHINGTON, ABOUT THE DAIWA BANKING SCANDAL. JAPAN'S TOP ECONOMIC PLANNER HAD SAID THE DAIWA CASE COULD DELAY ECONOMIC RECOVERY IN JAPAN. MS PETROU SAYS JAPAN'S OVERALL BANKING DIFFICULTIES ARE DRAGGING THEIR ECONOMY DOWN. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 11/7)

    IMMIGRATION REFORM / HISPANICS -- HISPANIC ORGANIZATIONS IN LOS ANGELES ARE FIGHTING WHAT THEY CALL A CAMPAIGN AGAINST IMMIGRANTS THAT IS SHAPING UP IN WASHINGTON AFTER A CONTROVERSIAL BILL BY CONGRESSMAN LAMAR SMITH WAS APPROVED TWO WEEKS AGO. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ REPORTS. (SPANISH 11/8)

    NEW YORK / UNITED NATIONS -- THIS WEEK THE UNITED NATIONS WILL VOTE TO ELECT THE FIVE NONPERMANENT MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL. IT IS EXPECTED THAT CHILE WILL TAKE ARGENTINA'S PLACE IN THE COUNCIL. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS. (SPANISH 11/8)

    TURKIC LANGUAGES -- PROFESSOR TIMUR KOCAOGLU OF KOC UNIVERSITY IN ISTANBUL, SAYS THERE IS GROWING INTEREST IN TURKISH AND TURKIC LANGUAGE STUDIES IN THE US AND OTHER COUNTRIES. KOCAOGLU IS OF UZBEK DESCENT AND A SPECIALIST IN LANGUAGES. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER HULYA POLAT, THE EXPERT SHARES HIS VIEWS ON RECENT TRENDS IN STUDIES OF LANGUAGES SPOKEN IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION, INCLUDING RUSSIAN AND TURKIC LANGUAGES. (TURKISH 11/8)

    US / SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES -- PROFESSOR MK VERMA, ASSOCIATED WITH THE LINGUISTICS AND SOUTH ASIAN STUDIES DEPARTMENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, TALKS ABOUT THE INTEREST AMONG AMERICAN STUDENTS IN SOUTH ASIAN LANGUAGES AND RELATED STUDIES. HE IS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER ASHOK SARIN. (HINDI 11/7)

    US / TURKEY / BIG EMERGING MARKETS -- THE US COMMERCE DEPARTMENT PUBLISHED A BOOK TO INFORM US BUSINESSES ABOUT THE BIG EMERGING MARKETS INITIATIVE. DAVID ROTHKOPH, THE ACTING UNDERSECRETARY OF COMMERCE FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE, INTRODUCED THE BOOK TO THE MEDIA IN WASHINGTON. MR ROTHKOPH SAID TURKEY'S STRATEGIC AND GEOPOLITICAL IMPORTANCE AS WELL AS ITS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN RECENT YEARS PROMPTED THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION TO INCLUDE TURKEY IN THE BIG EMERGING MARKETS INITIATIVE. STAFFER HALE EBIRI REPORTS. (TURKISH 11/8)

    HANNAH ARENDT / BIOGRAPHY -- ELZBIETA ETTINGER, PROFESSOR OF HUMANITIES AT MIT TALKS ABOUT HER RECENTLY PUBLISHED BIOGRAPHY OF HANNAH ARENDT. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER JAROSLAW ANDERS. (POLISH 11/7)

    IRANIAN-AMERICAN SINGER -- NEW IRANIAN-AMERICAN POP SENSATION MANSOUR, WHOSE FIRST CD HAS BEEN A GREAT SUCCESS, IS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER HOSSEIN N KANGARLOO. (FARSI 11/8)

    VIET POET ARRIVES IN US -- STRINGER THANH PHUONG REPORTS ON THE ARRIVAL IN SAN FRANCISCO OF NGUYEN CHI THIEN, REGARDED AS VIETNAM'S BEST LIVING POET, WHO WAS IMPRISONED IN HANOI FOR TWENTY SEVEN YEARS. (VIETNAMESE 11/8)

    POVERTY CONFERENCE / AFRICA -- THE GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IS TAKING PLACE THIS MONTH IN LAS VEGAS, NEVADA. THE ORGANIZER OF THE MEETING, PROFESSOR VALENTINE JAMES, SPOKE WITH REPORTER RODRICK MURRAY. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/7)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    NIGERIA / SARO WIWA -- THE HUMAN RIGHTS GROUP 'CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS' HAS FILED A CASE IN THE LAGOS HIGH COURT AGAINST NIGERIA'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT. THE GROUP IS ASKING THE COURT TO STOP THE EXECUTION OF KEN SARO WIWA AND EIGHT OTHERS SENTENCED TO DEATH LAST WEEK. A SIMILAR CASE HAS ALSO BEEN FILED IN GAMBIA, THE HEADQUARTERS OF 'HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH AFRICA.' STRINGER AHMED MOHAMMED KWALLAMHAS REPORTS FROM LAGOS. (HAUSA 11/7)

    IVORY COAST / POLITICS -- IVORIAN OPPOSITION LEADER LAURENT GBAGBO TOLD STAFFER PIERRE POUILLON THE OPPOSITION WILL NOT BOYCOTT LEGISLATIVE ELECTIONS SCHEDULED THIS MONTH. MR GBAGBO EXPLAINED WHY THE OPPOSITION, WHICH BOYCOTTED THE RECENT PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, DECIDED TO TAKE PART IN THE PARLIAMENTARY POLL. REPORTER POUILLON ALSO TALKED TO LAURENT DONAN FOLOGO, SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE RULING PDCI PARTY. HE SAYS HIS PARTY WELCOMES THE OPPOSITION'S PARTICIPATION. (FRENCH 11/7)

    TANZANIA / BURUNDI -- STAFFER FERDINAND FERELLA INTERVIEWS THE PRIME MINISTER OF BURUNDI, ANTOINE NDOUAYO, ABOUT STATEMENTS BY TANZANIAN OFFICIALS REGARDING BURUNDI. THE TANZANIAN GOVERNMENT SAYS IT MIGHT TAKE MILITARY ACTION IF BURUNDIAN FORCES CONTINUE THEIR INCURSIONS INTO ITS COUNTRY. (FRENCH 11/7)

    TANZANIA / ELECTION -- OPPOSITION PARTIES IN TANZANIA SAY LAST WEEK'S ELECTION WAS RIGGED BY THE RULING PARTY AND SHOULD BE NULLIFIED. REPORTER SHAKA SSALI SPOKE WITH ABDULRAHMAN BABU, ADVISOR OF THE OPPOSITION PARTY, NCCR-MAGEUZI. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/7)

    GENOCIDE CONFERENCE / DOSSIER -- STAFFER FERDINAND FERELLA PREPARED AN IN-DEPTH REPORT ON THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GENOCIDE HELD RECENTLY IN KIGALI, RWANDA. HE INTERVIEWED LEE WOODYEAR, SPOKESPERSON FOR THE UN COMMISSIONER OF HUMAN RIGHTS, WHO SAID THE DELEGATES' RECOMMENDATIONS ARE DESIGNED TO MOVE THE JUDICIAL PROCESS FORWARD. THE RWANDAN MINISTER OF TRANSPORTATION AND COORDINATOR FOR THE CONFERENCE, CHARLES MULIGANDE, EXPLAINED WHICH OF THE MANY RECOMMENDATIONS CAN BE IMMEDIATELY IMPLEMENTED. YVES DUTRIO, SPOKESPERSON FOR THE FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTRY, REACTED TO ONE THAT SUGGESTS THE UN, FRANCE AND BELGIUM PAY REPARATIONS TO THE VICTIMS OF GENOCIDE. (FRENCH 11/7)

    MADAGASCAR / PRESIDENT INTERVIEW -- UN RADIO JOURNALIST VICTOR ANDRIANANJASON INTERVIEWED PRESIDENT ZAF ALBERT OF MADAGASCAR. HE SPOKE OF HIS COUNTRY'S PRIORITIES AND ITS RELATIONS WITH THE US AND ITS NEIGHBORS. (FRENCH 11/7)

    ETHIOPIA PRESIDENT / INTERVIEW -- THE ERITREAN NEWSPAPER 'ERITREAN PROFILE' INTERVIEWED ETHIOPIAN PRESIDENT NEGASSO GIDADA ON THE QUESTION OF THE FEDERAL SYSTEM IN ETHIOPIA AND RELATIONS BETWEEN ETHIOPIA AND ERITREA. THIS IS THE FIRST INTERVIEW THAT MR. NEGASSO HAS GIVEN TO A FOREIGN NEWSPAPER SINCE HE BECAME PRESIDENT. STRINGER TAFESSE KIFLE REPORTS ON THE INTERVIEW. (AMHARIC 11/8)

    RWANDA / CHILDREN -- TENS OF THOUSANDS OF CHILDREN HAVE BEEN DISPLACED BY LAST YEAR'S RWANDAN CIVIL WAR. THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS IS TRYING TO REUNITE THEM WITH THEIR PARENTS. REPORTER RODRICK MURRAY SPOKE WITH RED CROSS SPOKESWOMAN NINA WINQUIST IN RWANDA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/7)

    GAMBIA / HUMAN RIGHTS -- GAMBIA'S MILITARY RULER, CAPTAIN YAYAH JAMMEH, HAS CLAMPED DOWN ON PRESS FREEDOMS AND EXPELLED THE HEAD OF THE AMERICAN NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTE. STRINGER WAGADOU GAANA REMME REPORTS FROM BANJUL. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/8)

    SUDAN / REBELS -- SUDAN HAS CALLED FOR MOBILIZATION TO FIGHT WHAT IT SAYS IS A UGANDA-BACKED OFFENSIVE BY THE REBEL SPLA. REPORTER SHAKA SSALI SPOKE WITH SUDANESE GOVERNMENT SPOKESMAN MOHAMAUD ALKORONKY FROM LONDON. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/8)

    UGANDA / MEDIA COUNCIL -- A BILL BEFORE UGANDA'S PARLIAMENT PROPOSES CREATING A MEDIA COUNCIL. IT WILL BE IN CHARGE OF ISSUING LICENSES FOR PRIVATE RADIO AND TELEVISION OPERATIONS. THE COUNCIL WOULD ALSO BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DIRECTIVES REGARDING THE ELECTRONIC MEDIA. REPORTER MICHAEL ARERENG HAS THE STORY FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 11/8)

    UGANDA / IDI AMIN -- FORMER UGANDAN PRESIDENT IDI AMIN, LIVING IN EXILE IN SAUDI ARABIA, DENIED ALLEGATIONS BY PRESIDENT YOWERI MUSEVENI THAT MR AMIN'S ADMINISTRATION WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR UGANDA'S CURRENT ECONOMIC WOES. FROM KAMPALA, MICHAEL ARERENG REPORTS. (SWAHILI 11/8)

    AFRICA / US INTERESTS -- THE US CONGRESS IS EXPECTED TO SLASH FOREIGN SPENDING, INCLUDING FUNDS FOR AFRICA. REPORTER CATHERINE MADDUX SPOKE TO WILLIAM SCHULZ OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL USA, WHO SAYS THE UNITED STATES IS IGNORING AFRICA AT ITS OWN RISK. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/8)

    NOVEL / ETHNIC WARS -- THARCISSE KABAGEMA-MIRINDI, A ZAIREAN HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGER AND AUTHOR OF A NOVEL ON ETHNIC WARS, IS INTERVIEWED BY REPORTER ROGER-GUY FOLLY. M. KABAGEMA-MIRINDI'S BOOK ANALYZES THE ROOTS OF ETHNIC CONFLICT AND HOW TO MOVE TOWARD RECONCILIATION. (FRENCH 11/7)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    MUBARAK / ARAFAT -- ONE DAY FOLLOWING THE FUNERAL OF SLAIN ISRAELI PRIME MINSTER RABIN , EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK AND PALESTINIAN LEADER YASSER ARAFAT MET IN CAIRO TO EVALUATE THE SITUATION. STRINGER IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (AARABIC 11/7)

    MAHFOUZ / RABIN -- EGYPTIAN WRITER-NOBLE PRIZE WINNER NAGUIB MAHFOUZ WARNS OF MORE POSSIBLE VIOLENCE AGAINST PEACE ADVOCATES IN THE LIGHT OF THE RABIN ASSASSINATION. HE WAS INTERVIEWED BY STRINGER IMAN RAFI IN CAIRO. (ARABIC 11/7)

    SYRIAN REACTION / RABIN -- CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN THAT SYRIA BELIEVES THAT THE ASSASSINATION OF PRIME MINISTER RABIN MAY HAVE POSITIVE EFFECTS ON THE PEACE PROCESS IN THE MIDDLE EAST. (ARABIC 11/7)

    PALESTINIANS / RABIN -- THE PALESTINIAN MINSTER OF JUSTICE FREIH ABUY MEDDAINE SAYS HE BELIEVES THAT THE RABIN ASSASSINATION MAY PUSH THE PEACE PROCESS FORWARD. HE WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER HAYAT ALKHATEEB. (ARABIC 11/7)

    LIKUD / RABIN ASSASSINATION -- IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER HAYAT ALKHATEEB, ZALMAN SHOVAL, PUBLIC RELATIONS DIRECTOR OF THE LIKUD PARTY HAS DENIED THAT POLITICS OF THE PARTY AND ITS LEADER NATANYAHU HAVE HELPED CREATE AN ATMOSPHERE FOR VIOLENCE IN ISRAEL. (ARABIC 11/7)

    ISRAEL / ASSASSINATION / AFTERMATH -- STAFFER JEAN-CLAUDE ANDRE TALKS TO DAVID HAMMOU, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF OF THE ISRAELI NEWSPAPER 'ITON AHER' ABOUT HOW ACTING PRIME MINISTER SHIMON PERES WILL HANDLE THE ISSUE OF EXTREMISM IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE ASSASSINATION OF PRIME MINISTER YITZHAK RABIN. (FRENCH 11/7)

    ALGERIAN ELECTIONS -- THE FOUR CANDIDATES IN THE ALGERIAN UPCOMING PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS ARE ESCALATING THEIR CAMPAIGN AS AN ARAB LEAGUE DELGATION TRAVELS TO ALGERIA TO SUPERVISE THE ELECTIONS. STRINGER IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO. (ARABIC 11/7)

    TUNISIA ELECTIONS -- TUNISIAN PRESIDENT BIN ALI IS PLANNING TO CHANGE ELECTION PROCEDURES TO GIVE THE OPPOSITION BETTER CHANCES OF REPRESENTATION. STRINGER RASHID MABROUK REPORTS FROM TUNIS. (ARABIC 11/7)

    MOROCCO / UN / WESTERN SAHARA -- KING HASSAN OF MOROCCO WARNS THAT ANY CHANGE IN THE UN PLAN ON SAHARA WOULD LEAD HIM TO REJECT PLANS FOR REFERENDUM. STRINGER BENDADDOUCE REPORTS FROM RABAT. (ARABIC 11/7)

    VIENNA / JORDANIAN PLANE -- STRINGER ALI MAAN REPORTS FROM VIENNA THAT A REPORTED BOMB THREAT AGAINST A JORDANIAN AIRLINER TURNED OUT TO BE A HOAX. (ARABIC 11/7)

    FRANCE / ALGERIA / VIOLENCE -- FRANCE IS STEPPING UP EFFORTS TO EXTRADITE FROM BRITAIN AN ALGERIAN BELIEVED TO BE THE MASTERMIND OF THE RECENT BOMBING WAVE IN FRANCE. STAFFER RASHID JAAFAR INTERVIEWS EMAD SHAHEEN, PROFESSOR OF MAGHREB AFFAIRS AT GWU ON THE SUBJECT. (ARABIC 11/7)

    IRAQ / SANCTIONS -- THE UN CHIEF INSPECTOR REPORTED TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON LATEST DEVELOPMENTS RELATED TO IRAQ'S ADHERENCE TO THE UN RESOLUTIONS. CORRESPONDENT MOHAMED ATTIA REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (ARABIC 11/7)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    CENTRAL ASIA / WESTERN CIVILIZATION -- STAFFER RANO HABIB INTERVIEWS UZBEK EXPERT AND THE AUTHOR DR. FAZILA SULAYMANOVA ABOUT THE CENTRAL ASIAN CONTRIBUTION TO THE WESTERN CIVILIZATION. (UZBEK 11/8)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    BANGLA PARLIAMENT -- PRESIDENT ABDUR RAHMAN BISWAS OF BANGLADESH HAS CONVENED THE PARLIAMENT TO MEET BEGINNING NOVEMBER 15. MEANWHILE THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE RULING BANGLADESH NATIONALIST PARTY-BNP HAS REITERATED THE POSITION TAKEN BY PRIME MINISTER KHALIDA ZIA THAT SHE WILL RESIGN ONE MONTH BEFORE THE ELECTIONS AND A BNP PARLIAMENT MEMBER WILL REPLACE HER AS THE INTERIM PRIME MINISTER. THE OPPOSITION PARTIES ARE PLANNING TO HOLD A WEEKLONG STRIKE BEGINNING NOVEMBER 11. THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY IN BANGLADESH IS CRITICISING BOTH THE OPPOSITION AND GOVERNMENT FOR THEIR FAILURE TO END THE POLITICAL CRISIS. STRIKES AND POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY WILL ONLY HURT THE ECONOMY, THEY BELIEVE. STRINGER MATIUR RAHMAN CHOUDHURY REPORTS FROM DHAKA. (BANGLA 11/7)

    GRAMEEN BANK / EXECUTIVE -- M KHALID SHAMS, DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR OF THE GRAMEEN BANK OF BANGLADESHATTENDED A NEW YORK CONFERENCE SPONSORED BY THE ROCKEFELLER BROTHERS FUND ON THE USE OF SOLAR ENERGY IN RURAL AREAS. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER ZIAUR RAHMAN, KHALID SHAMS SAID SOLAR ENERGY COULD BE VERY USEFUL AND COST EFFECTIVE FOR THE PEOPLE OF THE THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES AND GRAMEEN BANK HAS ALREADY INITIATED A PILOT PROJECT. HE ALSO TALKED ABOUT A PROJECT BY GRAMEEN BANK TO USE CELLULAR TELEPHONES IN RURAL AREAS OF BANGLADESH. (BANGLA 11/7)

    GURU NANAK / BIRTH ANNIVERSARY -- PROFESSOR GURINDER SINGH MANN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF COLUMBIA EULOGIZED GURU NANAK FOR HIS TEACHINGS OF LOVE AND PEACE ON THE OCCASION OF GURU NANAK'S ANNIVERSARY. BORN A HINDU, GURU NANAK,FOUNDED THE SIKH RELIGION MORE THAN FOUR CENTURIES AGO IN NORTH INDIA. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER VIJAY LAXMI. (HINDI 11/7)

    WOMEN / VIOLENCE -- MS JASJIT PUREWAL, PRESIDENT OF SAKSHI, A WOMEN'S RIGHTS ORGANIZATION IN INDIA, TALKS ABOUT HER ORGANIZATION'S EFFORTS TO CONTROL SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN INDIA. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER SUMAN GUPTA. (HINDI 11/7)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    KOREA / UN SECURITY COUNCIL -- SOUTH KOREA IS CERTAIN TO BE ELECTED WEDNESDAY TO A NON-PERMANENT MEMBER OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL. A FOREIGN MINISTRY OFFICIAL TOLD REPORTERS THAT THE SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP WILL ENHANCE SOUTH KOREA'S STATUS IN THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND RAISE ITS VOICE AS WELL AS RESPONSIBILITY IN SECURING THE WORLD PEACE AND SECURITY. HE NOTED THAT SOUTH KOREA HAS CONTRIBUTED TO PEACE EFFORTS IN SOMALIA, WESTERN SAHARA, AND BOSNIA. CORRESPONDENT YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 11/8)

    NORTH KOREAN SPY / CONTACT -- SOUTH KOREAN POLICE ARRESTED AN OPPOSITION POLITICIAN WEDNESDAY ON CHARGES THAT HE FAILED TO REPORT ILLEGAL CONTACT WITH AN ALLEGED NORTH KOREAN SPY. POLICE SAY MR HUH IN-HOE, A MEMBER OF THE MAIN OPPOSITION PARTY LED BY KIM DAE JUNG, WAS NAMED BY A NORTH KOREAN AGENT WHO TOLD POLICE THAT HE MET WITH HUH AND THREE OTHERS AFTER IDENTIFYING HIMSELF AS A NORTH KOREAN SPY, WEEKS BEFORE HE WAS CAPTURED BY AUTHORITIES LATE OCTOBER. MR HUH IS SAID TO DENY THE ALLEGATIONS. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 11/8)

    KOREAN SCANDALS / SWISS BANKS -- THE SOUTH KOREAN FOREIGN MINISTRY BEGAN ITS OWN INVESTIGATION INTO A FOUR-DAY UNOFFICIAL TRIP TO SWITZERLAND BY FORMER PRESIDENT AND MRS ROH TAE WOO IN 1989 WHILE ROH WAS IN OFFICE. THE FORMER PRESIDENT IS SUSPECTED TO HAVE HIDDEN PART OF A LARGE SLUSH FUND IN FOREIGN BANKS, PARTICULARLY IN SWITZLAND. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 11/8)

    FREED US CITIZENS DENY HANOI CHARGES -- REPORTER LE LAI IN BANGKOK INTERVIEWED TWO VIET-AMERICANS RELEASED SUNDAY FROM PRISON IN VIETNAM. NGUYEN TAN TRI AND TRAN QUANG LIEM DENIED CHARGES OF PLOTTING TO OVERTHROW THE HANOI GOVERNMENT, AND SAID THEY WENT TO THE SRV TO ATTEND A MEETING TO DISCUSS PEACEFUL CHANGE. THE TWO WERE RELEASED AS A US TRADE DELEGATION ARRIVED IN HANOI. (VIETNAMESE 11/7)

    INDONESIA / POLITICS -- A FORMER PARLIAMENTARIAN, SRI BINTANG PAMUNKGAS, HAS GONE ON TRIAL IN INDONESIA FOR ALLEGEDLY INSULTING PRESIDENT SUHARTO. JAKARTA REPORTER YENNI DJAHIDIN SAYS THE CASE IS TIED TO ANTI-SUHARTO DEMONSTRATIONS DURING THE INDONESIAN LEADER'S VISIT TO GERMANY EARLIER THIS YEAR. (INDONESIAN 11/8)

    CHINA'S PUBLIC RELATION / US -- CHINA IS TRYING TO IMPROVE ITS PUBLIC RELATIONS IN THE US AND HAS REPORTEDLY REINFORCED ITS EMBASSY STAFF RESPONSIBLE FOR LOBBYING ON CAPITOL HILL. THIS COMES AFTER PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN ADMITTED THAT CHINA FARED POORLY IN PR WITH THE AMERICAN PRESS LAST MONTH, AND THAT TAIWAN GAINED A PR VICTORY WITH LEE TENG-HUI'S US VISIT LAST SUMMER. STAFFER QI FENG INTERVIEWS XUE HAIPEI, EXEC. DIR, US-CHINA AFFAIRS COUNCIL, AND PROF. WANG SHAOGUANG, YALE UNIVERSITY. (MANDARIN 11/8)

    COMMUNISM / POST-MORTEM -- HAVING ABANDONED LENINISM, COMMUNIST PARTIES IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION EXIST IN NAME ONLY. HOWEVER, SOVIET AFFAIRS SPECIALIST ROBERT CONQUEST TOLD A HERITAGE FOUNDATION LUNCHEON, THAT POST-SOVIET NON-COMMUNISTS COULD BE JUST AS DISRUPTIVE IF THEY EMBARK ON A WRONG COURSE. CHINA IS INCREASINGLY USING NATIONALISM AS A TOOL IN ITS DEALINGS WITH TAIWAN AND THE US, ACCORDING TO DREW LIU, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE CHINA STRATEGIC INSTITUTE. HE SAID THE POST-DENG PERIOD COULD BE EITHER A CONTINUATION OF THE COMMUNIST DICTATORSHIP AND EXTREME NATIONALISM, OR ANARCHY, OR AN UNEASY STATE OF COMPROMISES AMONG VARIOUS GROUPS VYING FOR POWER. STAFFER SHEILA TANG REPORTS. (CANTONESE 11/8)

    DEBATE ON IMPORTED LABOR -- BESIDES ADVOCATING A CUT IN WAGE HIKES, THE GENERAL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE IN HONG KONG ALSO PROPOSED THAT THE GOVERNMENT REMOVE ALL IMPORT QUOTAS ON FOREIGN LABORERS. THE PROPOSAL RAISED A SHARP DEBATE IN THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL BETWEEN THOSE ON THE SIDE OF LABOR AND THOSE REPRESENTING EMPLOYERS. STRINGER LAWRENCE NG INTERVIEWED LABOR LEGISLATORS LEE KAI MING AND LEE CHEK YAN, DAB LEGISLATOR CHAN YUEN HAN, AND INDUSTRY LEGISLATOR PAUL CHENG. (CANTONESE 11/8)

    CHINA / UNEMPLOYMENT -- STRINGER SHI LEI IN HONG KONG REPORTS ON PROPOSALS TO SOLVE THE URBAN UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN CHINA. SENDING THE UNEMPLOYED TO THE COUNTRYSIDE TO DEVELOP THE RURAL ECONOMY IS ONE PROPOSAL, BUT IT IS ARGUED THAT THIS OUT-OF-DATE MEASURE IS NO SOLUTION. INTERVIEWS WITH WANG SHAN, AUTHOR OF THIRD EYE ON CHINA, PROF. LIANG XIAOMIN, BEIJING INST OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT, YANG JIANWEN, SHANGHAI ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE, AND ZHOU PO, SHANGHAI CHEMICAL LTD MANAGER. (MANDARIN 11/8)

    CHINA / MILITARY / WESTERN COUNTRIES -- CHINA HAS RESUMED ACTIVE MILITARY EXCHANGES WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THROUGH THESE CONTACTS, CHINA'S ARMY COULD IMPROVE ITS IMAGE IN THE WORLD AND HAVE MORE ACCESS TO ADVANCED MILITARY TECHNOLOGY OF WESTERN COUNTRIES AND BOOST ITS ARMS SALES TO THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES. WESTERN COUNTRIES ALSO WANT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA'S MILITARY THROUGH INCREASED CONTACT. STAFFER TIAN YE INTERVIEWS PROF LIN ZHONGBIN OF TAIWAN ZHONGSHAN UNIVERSITY. (MANDARIN 11/7)

    SINO-US TRADE -- THE US CONSUL GENERAL IN HONG KONG, RICHARD MUELLER SAID THE US DEPUTY TRADE REPRESENTATIVE WOULD RAISE THE ISSUE OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PROTECTION AGREEMENT DURING HIS VISIT TO BEIJING THIS WEEK. THOUGH CHINA CLOSED MANY FACTORIES PRODUCING PIRATED PRODUCTS AFTER US AND CHINA SIGNED THE AGREEMENT LAST FEBRUARY, SOME OF THEM HAVE REOPENED AGAIN. STAFFER HE PING IN HONG KONG COVERS ACTUALITIES OF MR. MUELLER. (MANDARIN 11/7)

    DIPLOMATIC TIES / BEIJING-PYONGYANG-SEOUL -- CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN IS VISITING SEOUL ON HIS WAY TO APEC MEETING IN JAPAN. THIS IS THE FIRST TIME FOR CHINA'S HEAD OF STATE TO VISIT SEOUL SINCE THE PARTITION OF KOREAN PENINSULA. STAFFER CHIEN WEI INTERVIEWS PROF WINSTON YANG, DEAN OF DEPT OF ASIAN STUDIES, SETON HALL UNIVERSITY ON BEIJING'S DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH SEOUL AND PYONGYANG. (MANDARIN 11/8)

    CHINA / ENTREPRENEURS AND POLITICS -- MANY PRIVATE ENTERPRISES HAVE BECOME VERY SUCCESSFUL, AND THE HEADS OF THESE ENTERPRISES HAVE SHOWN THEIR ABILITY TO LEAD. BUT THE CHINESE ORGANIZATION DEPARTMENT RECENTLY ANNOUNCED THAT THESE ENTREPRENEURS COULD NOT JOIN THE PARTY, IN EFFECT, BLOCKING THEM FROM PARTICIPATING IN POLITICS. STAFFER SHI LEI IN HONG KONG INTERVIEWS ZHANG WENDA, HK COLUMNIST, XU ZIDONG, HK LINGNAN UNIV., AND LI YANG, CHAIRMAN OF HK LI YANG LTD. (MANDARIN 11/7)

    TAIWAN / NEW PARTY -- THE NEW PARTY OF TAIWAN PUBLISHED A PAPER TITLED CROSS-STRAIT RELATIONS AND THE MAINLAND POLICY AS THE LEGISLATIVE ELECTION GOT UNDER WAY. STAFFER TIEN KANGLIN IN TAIPEI INTERVIEWS CHEN KUI-MIAO, THE NEW PARTY'S WHIP, ON THE OBJECTIVES OF THE NEW PARTY IN COMPARISON TO THE OTHER MAJOR PARTIES IN TAIWAN. (MANDARIN 11/8)

    INDONESIA / ENVIRONMENT -- A WORLD CONFERENCE ON BIODIVERSITY IS UNDERWAY IN JAKARTA. STAFFER ZULKARNAIN TAJIBNAPIS INTERVIEWS DR SETIATI SASTRAPRADJA, A MEMBER OF THE INDONESIAN DELEGATION TO THE CONFERENCE. (INDONESIAN 11/7)

    CHINESE MOVIE INDUSTRY -- STAFFER JACKSON CHOU TALKS TO LI QIANKUAN, A CHINESE FILM DIRECTOR AND WU GUILING, A CHINESE MOVIE STAR, ABOUT CHINA'S MOVIE INDUSTRY. (MANDARIN 11/8)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    KOSOVO / YUGOSLAVIA -- BUJAR BUKOSHI, PRIME MINISTER OF THE SELF-PROCLAIMED REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO, SAYS THERE CAN BE NO LASTING PEACE IN THE BALKANS WITHOUT PEACE IN THE PREDOMINANTLY ALBANIAN-INHABITED REGION OF KOSOVO. MR BUKOSHI URGED WASHINGTON TO MAINTAIN SANCTIONS ON SERBIA UNTIL A SOLUTION TO THE DISPUTE OVER KOSOVO IS FOUND. THE ALBANIAN LEADER WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER ELEZ BIBERAJ. (ALBANIAN 11/8)

    BUKOSHI / KOSOVO -- STAFFER DJORDJE PUTIC INTERVIEWS BUJAR BUKOSHI, PRIME MINISTER OF THE SELF-PROCLAIMED REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO. MR BUKOSHI SAID THAT KOSOVO ALBANIANS DO NOT HAVE ANY CONDITIONS FOR STARTING UP A DIALOGUE WITH THE BELGRADE REGIME, BUT THAT HE'S PESSIMISTIC ABOUT POSSIBLE EARLY CONTACTS WITH YUGOSLAV AUTHORITIES. BUJAR BUKOSHI ALSO HELD A NEWS CONFERENCE IN WASHINGTON, AND CALLED ON THE US GOVERNMENT TO MEDIATE TALKS BETWEEN BELGRADE AND ALBANIANS IN KOSOVO. (SERBIAN 11/8)

    US / RUSSIA / NATO -- TALKS IN BRUSSELS BETWEEN US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND HIS RUSSIAN COUNTERPART PAVEL GRACHEV RESULTED IN A COMPROMISE ABOUT RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION IN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS IN BOSNIA. STRINGER LADA STIPIC NIZETEO REPORTS THAT ONE THOUSAND RUSSIAN TROOPS WILL BE DIRECTLY UNDER COMMAND OF US GENERAL GEORGE JOULWAN. (CROATIAN 11/8)

    UN / BOSNIA -- REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES IN SARAJEVO EXPRESSED CONCERN THAT BOTH SIDES IN THE BOSNIAN-CROAT FEDERATION NEGLECT HUMAN RIGHTS AND DO NOT ALLOW THE RESETTLEMENT OF REFUGEES ON TERRITORIES THEY CONTROL. SPOKESMAN OF THE UNHCR, CHRIS JANOWSKI SAID THAT THERE WAS ALSO CONCERN FOR THE NON-SERBIAN INHABITANTS OF BANJALUKA. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (SERBIAN 11/7)

    CROATIA / DAYTON -- IN COMMENTING ON THE DAYTON PEACE TALKS, CROATIAN MEDIA CONCLUDE THAT PRESIDENT S MILOSEVIC OF SERBIA IS IN A VERY DIFFICULT POSITION. THE SITUATION IN EASTERN SLAVONIA IS JUDGED TO BE QUIET BUT TENSE. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 11/7)

    BOSNIA / DAYTON TALKS -- REPORTER JOHN PITMAN TALKS WITH DAN NELSON OF OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY ABOUT THE ARSENAL OF INCENTIVES AND THREATS RICHARD HOLBROOK HAS AT HIS DISPOSAL TO KEEP THE WARRING SIDES AT THE TABLE IN DAYTON. THE LIST OF INCENTIVES BEGINS WITH BOWLING AND MOVIES, THEN MOVES ONTO MORE SUBSTANTIAL OFFERINGS, LIKE SANCTIONS RELIEF. THE THREAT LIST BEGINS AND ENDS WITH AIR STRIKES. (ENP 11/7)

    SARAJEVO / ENERGY SHORTAGE -- GAS AND ELECTRICITY RATIONING HAS BEGUN IN SARAJEVO AS RESIDENTS ARE FACED WITH WINTER. STRINGER VLADIMIR BILI?C REPORTS THAT SHORTAGE IS DUE TO EXCESSIVE DEMANDS FOR HOME HEATING. (CROATIAN 11/8)

    SERBS / EASTERN SLAVONIA -- REPRESENTATIVES OF SERBS OF EASTERN SLAVONIA EXPLAIN THE REASONS FOR REJECTING THE LATEST INTERNATIONAL PLAN FOR THE AREA. AT A NEWS CONFERENCE IN VUKOVAR, THEY SAID THAT THE PROPOSAL DID NOT GARANTEE PEACE, SURVIVAL AND SECURITY OF SERBS IN EASTERN SLAVONIA. STRINGER DUSAN MASIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 11/7)

    BOSNIA / ATTACK ON UN -- IT IS STILL UNKNOWN WHO ATTACKED THE UN COMPOUND IN VRAPCICI NEAR MOSTAR. STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS THAT ALL RELEVANT SOURCES ARE STILL SILENT IN ORDER TO AVOID ANY DISTURBANCE OF ONGOING INVESTIGATION. (CROATIAN 11/8)

    UN / BOSNIA -- THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY DISCUSSED A REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT ON WAR CRIMES IN FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. THE REPORT WAS SUBMITTED BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE COURT, ANTONIO CASSESSE, AND REPRESENTATIVES OF EIGHT COUNTRIES PARTICIPATED IN THE DEBATE. STRINGER DRAGISA BOSKOVIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SERBIAN 11/7)

    GERMANY / BOSNIA -- GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL SAYS THAT IS TOO EARLY TO ASSESS THE BOSNIAN PEACE TALKS IN DAYTON, OHIO. STRINGER IVICA LOVRIC REPORTS THAT MR KINKEL MADE THIS REMARKS DURING BUDGET DISCUSSIONS IN THE BUNDESTAG. (CROATIAN 11/8)

    NEW GOVERNMENT / LATVIA -- STRINGER AIDIS TOMSONS REPORTS ON THE PROSPECTS FOR PARLIAMENTARY APPROVAL OF PRIME MINISTER DESIGNATE MARIS GRINBLATS' NEW GOVERNMENT. (LATVIAN 11/8)

    LATVIA / GOVERNMENT -- LATVIAN PRESIDENT GUNTIS ULMANIS HAS ASKED THE RIGHTIST 'NATIONAL BLOC' LEADER, MARIS GRINBLATS, TO FORM A NEW GOVERNMENT. STRINGER AIDIS TOMSONS REPORTS IT IS UNCERTAIN IF THE PARLIAMENT WILL SUPPORT THE NEW CABINET. (LATVIAN 11/7)

    PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION / POLAND -- FORMER COMMUNIST KWASNIEWSKI AND PRESIDENT WALESA WILL COMPETE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN THE SECOND ROUND OF ELECTIONS SCHEDULED FOR NOVEMBER 19TH, ANNOUNCED WOJCIECH LACZKOWSKI, CHAIRMAN OF THE NATIONAL ELECTORAL COMMISSION. STRINGER MARIA BNINSKA REPORTS FROM WARSAW. (POLISH 11/7)

    WALESA / KWASNIEWSKI / SUPPORT -- POLAND'S MAJOR OPPOSITION PARTY, THE UNION FOR FREEDOM, DECLARED ITS SUPPORT FOR LECH WALESA IN THE FINAL STAGE OF THE ELECTIONS, WHILE FORMER COMMUNIST KWASNIEWSKI IS TRYING TO GAIN SUPPORT FROM THE PEASANT PARTY. STAFFER WOCIECH MINICZ REPORTS. (POLISH 11/7)

    MEDIA / ELECTIONS / POLAND / US -- JAN KUBLIK, A POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR AT RUTGERS UNIVERSITY DISSCUSSED THE ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN POLAND, WESTERN EUROPE, AND THE US. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER MARK K PARKER. (POLISH 11/7)

    POLISH ELECTION -- STAFFER MACIEJ WIERZYNSKI, REPORTER WOJCIECH MINICZ, AND STRINGER MARIA BNINSKA REPORTED ON THE POLISH PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION ON SUNDAY. THEIR REPORTS WERE COMPLEMENTED BY A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH EXPERTS AND OBSERVERS, BOTH IN POLAND AND THE US INCLUDING THE DEPUTY EDITOR-IN-CHIEF OF THE NEWSPAPER 'GAZETA WYBORCZA,' REPRESENTATIVES OF THE POLISH EMBASSY IN WASHINGTON AND THE POLISH CONSULATE GENERAL IN NEW YORK, A POLISH JOURNALIST IN CHICAGO, AND POLISH SERVICE STRINGER IN BRUSSELS. REACTIONS FROM THE CAMPS OF BOTH MAJOR CONTENDERS, KWASNIEWSKI AND PRESIDENT WALESA WERE INCLUDED. A SURPRISINGLY HIGH NUMBER OF VOTES WERE CAST FOR FORMER COMMUNIST ALEKSANDER KWASNIEWSKI (35 PERCENT IN THE FIRST ROUND) WHO WILL FACE PRESIDENT WALESA IN THE SECOND ROUND. (POLISH 11/5, 11/6)

    VIET REFUGEES / GERMANY -- STRINGER PHAN NGOC REPORTS FROM PRAGUE THAT VIET REFUGEES WHO FACE AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE IN GERMANY ARE APPLYING FOR RESETTLEMENT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. ONE REASON IS THAT GERMANY AND VIETNAM HAVE SIGNED AN AGREEMENT TO SEND 40,000 ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS BACK HOME. (VIETNAMESE 11/8)

    FRENCH POLITICAL TROUBLES -- EDITOR TRI HUU NGUYEN INTERVIEWS PARIS STRINGER PHAN NGOC ON PRESIDENT JACQUES CHIRAC'S CURRENT DIFFICULTIES AND THE RESIGNATION OF PRIME MINISTER ALAIN JUPPE. (VIETNAMESE 11/8)

    ALBANIA / TOURISM -- THE ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT HAS RECEIVED A GRANT FROM PHARE TO HELP THE COUNTRY'S TOURIST INDUSTRY. STRINGER RAYMOND KOLA REPORTS THAT AN INCREASING NUMBER OF TOURISTS FROM NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES, WESTERN EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES HAVE VISITED SOUTHERN PARTS OF ALBANIA. AUTHORITIES SAY LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE CONTINUES TO REPRESENT THE GREATEST PROBLEM THE EXPANSION OF TOURISM. (ALBANIAN 11/8)

    LATVIAN BASKETBALL TEAMS -- STAFFER PETER AIZUPITIS REPORTS ON THE LATVIAN MEN'S AND WOMEN'S BASKETBALL GAMES AT GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY. HE CONDUCTED POST-GAME INTERVIEWS WITH THE COACHES AND PLAYER ILZE OSE. (LATVIAN 11/7)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    RUSSIA / BUSINESS -- VADIM BIRYUKOV, EDITOR IN CHIEF OF THE MAGAZINE DELOVYE LYUDI (BUSINESS PEOPLE) TALKS TO STAFFER IRENE KELNER ABOUT THE GENERAL BUSINESS CLIMATE IN RUSSIA. HIS MAGAZINE HAS BEEN IN EXISTENCE FOR 5 YEARS, AND IS DISTRIBUTED IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION AND IN 50 OTHER COUNTRIES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD WITH A CIRCULATION OF 100,000 IN RUSSIAN AND 30,000 IN ENGLISH. (RUSSIAN 11/7)

    RUSSIA / ELECTIONS -- THE MINDSET OF THE RUSSIAN ELECTORATE IS DEBATED BY US SOCIOLOGIST VLADIMIR SHLAPPENTOKH, RUSSIAN PUBLIC OPINION SPECIALIST YURI LEVADA, AND US ANALYST ARIEL COHEN IN A ROUNDTABLE CONDUCTED BY STAFFER NATALIE CLARKSON. THEY DIFFER AS TO WHAT FACTORS ARE UPPERMOST IN THE MINDS OF THE RUSSIAN VOTERS, BUT AGREE ABOUT THEIR GENERAL DISSATISFACTION WITH EXISTING CONDITIONS. (RUSSIAN 11/7)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    BUENOS AIRES SUMMIT ENDS -- REPRESENTATIVES OF 15 COUNTRIES CONCLUDED DELIBERATIONS AIMED TO ESTABLISH A CONSTRUCTIVE DIALOG WITH INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES. FROM BUENOS AIRES SPANISH BRANCH STRINGER GUSTAVO LEVENE REPORTS. (SPANISH 11/8) 08-Nov-95 5:39 PM EST (2239 UTC)
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    Source: Voice of America

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