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Voice of America Digest, 21 November 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 21, 1995


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - NOVEMBER 21, 1995

    DATE=11/21/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 11/21/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    CLINTON / BOSNIA ACCORD -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS ANNOUNCED THAT US LED PEACE TALKS AMONG THE PRESIDENTS OF BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, CROATIA, AND SERBIA HAVE RESULTED IN A PEACE AGREEMENT TO END THE BOSNIAN WAR, THE BLOODIEST EUROPEAN CONFLICT SINCE WORLD WAR II. MR CLINTON SAYS HE WILL NOW ASK CONGRESS TO SUPPORT THE DEPLOYMENT OF AMERICAN TROOPS TO BOSNIA TO TAKE PART IN MONITORING THAT PEACE AGREEMENT. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (11/21)

    BOSNIA / PEACE TALKS -- THE PEACE AGREEMENT BEING INITIALED IN DAYTON, OHIO, BY THE PRESIDENTS OF BOSNIA, CROATIA, AND SERBIA WAS NOT ASSURED UNTIL A SHORT TIME AGO. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS HOW THE BOSNIA PEACE TALKS ESCAPED COLLAPSE. (11/21)

    CONGRESS / BOSNIA REACT -- MEMBERS OF THE US CONGRESS HAVE WELCOMED THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF PEACE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, BUT MANY BELIEVE US SOLDIERS SHOULD NOT BE SENT TO HELP ENFORCE THE ACCORD. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN HAS DETAILS. (11/21)

    US / BOSNIA FORCE -- ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BOSNIAN ACCORD HAS SET IN MOTION INTENSIVE PREPARATIONS FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF THE NATO-LED PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE. ADVANCE ELEMENTS OF THE SIXTY THOUSAND MEMBER FORCE ARE EXPECTED TO BE ON THE GROUND IN BOSNIA WITHIN A FEW DAYS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS. (11/21)

    BOSNIA TROOPS / GERMANY -- WHEN THE ORDERS COME THROUGH FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF NATO FORCES TO KEEP THE PEACE IN BOSNIA, SOME OF THE FIRST TROOPS WILL COME FROM US MILITARY UNITS BASED IN GERMANY. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS. (11/21)

    BOSNIA / EURO REACT -- EUROPEAN GOVERNMENTS ARE APPLAUDING THE BOSNIA PEACE AGREEMENT. CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS. (11/21)

    BOSNIA / SARAJEVO -- THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT WAS WELCOMED BY THE PEOPLE OF SARAJEVO, WHO HAVE ENDURED SEEMINGLY ENDLESS HARDSHIP AND TERROR FOR MORE THAN THREE-AND-A-HALF-YEARS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID FOLEY REPORTS THERE IS STILL A GREAT DEAL OF SKEPTICISM THAT LASTING PEACE HAS FINALLY COME TO BOSNIA. (11/21)

    DAYTON / UN -- THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL IS PREPARING TO SUSPEND SANCTIONS ON YUGOSLAVIA AND SLOWLY LIFT AN ARMS EMBARGO ON THE BALKAN REGION, IF THE PEACE TALKS IN DAYTON, OHIO ARE SUCCESSFUL. THE UNITED STATES, GERMANY, BRITAIN, FRANCE AND RUSSIA, THE SO-CALLED CONTACT GROUP, HAVE PREPARED TWO RESOLUTIONS FOR A VOTE WITHIN A DAY OR SO AFTER A PEACE DEAL. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS. (11/20)

    BOSNIA PEACE TALKS --THE BOSNIA PEACE TALKS ARE STILL UNDERWAY DESPITE AN EARLIER AMERICAN-IMPOSED DEADLINE. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM DAYTON, OHIO, THE UNITED STATES IS STILL WORKING FOR A COMPREHENSIVE PEACE AGREEMENT WITH BALKAN LEADERS. (11/20)

    POLAND ELECTION / TUESDAY -- POLAND'S MINISTERS OF DEFENSE, INTERIOR, AND FOREIGN AFFAIRS SAY THEY WILL STEP DOWN NEXT MONTH WHEN PRESIDENT LECH WALESA'S TERM ENDS. CORRESPONDENT BARRY WOOD REPORTS. (11/21)

    POLAND ELECTION / UPDATE -- PRESIDENT LECH WALESA HAS CONCEDED DEFEAT IN SUNDAY'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, WHICH HE WAS EXPECTED TO WIN. CORRESPONDENT BARRY WOOD REPORTS MUCH OF POLAND IS STUNNED BY THE VICTORY OF A FORMER COMMUNIST TO TAKE MR WALESA'S PLACE. (11/20)

    US / POLAND ELECTIONS -- THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION IS CONGRATULATING THE WINNER OF SUNDAY'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN POLAND, FORMER COMMUNIST ALEKSANDER KWASNIEWSKI. AS WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS, ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS DO NOT APPEAR TO BE CONCERNED BY MR KWASNIEWSKI'S COMMUNIST PAST. (11/20)

    ISRAEL / RABIN -- ISRAELI POLICE SUMMONED THE PARENTS OF THE CONFESSED ASSASSIN OF YITZHAK RABIN FOR QUESTIONING TUESDAY, AND RELEASED THEM THREE HOURS LATER. CORRESPONDENT AL PESSIN REPORTS. (11/21)

    ISRAEL / POLITICS -- ACTING ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER SHIMON PERES HAS ANNOUNCED THE MAKEUP OF HIS NEW GOVERNMENT, TAKING THE DEFENSE PORTFOLIO FOR HIMSELF AND PROMOTING RECENTLY RETIRED GENERAL EHUD BARAK TO THE POST OF FOREIGN MINISTER. CORRESPONDENT AL PESSIN REPORTS. (11/21)

    NIGERIA / DEMONSTRATION -- TENS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE HAVE GATHERED IN THE NIGERIAN CAPITAL, ABUJA, TO SUPPORT THE MILITARY REGIME OF GENERAL SANI ABACHA. THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN ISOLATED BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY OVER THE EXECUTION OF WRITER KEN SARO-WIWA AND EIGHT OTHER MINORITY RIGHTS ACTIVISTS. CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK REPORTS. (11/21)

    EU / NIGERIA -- THE EUROPEAN UNION HAS AGREED ON A PACKAGE OF SANCTIONS TO PUNISH NIGERIA BECAUSE OF ITS HUMAN RIGHT ABUSES. HOWEVER, THE STEPS TAKEN DID NOT INCLUDE AN OIL EMBARGO OR A FREEZE ON THE ASSETS OF NIGERIAN LEADERS IN BANK ACCOUNTS IN EUROPE. STRINGER JOHN FRASER REPORTS FROM BRUSSELS. (11/20)

    BRAZIL / BLACK MARCH -- THOUSANDS IN BRAZIL MARCHED IN THE COUNTRY'S FIRST BLACK POWER DEMONSTRATION. THE EVENT MARKED THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEATH OF THE LEADER OF A REBEL SLAVE COMMUNITY. CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK REPORTS FROM RIO DE JANEIRO. (11/20)

    CENTAM / HAITI -- A GROUP OF HAITIAN LAWMAKERS HAS BEGUN A WEEK-LONG VISIT TO COSTA RICA AND PANAMA TO LEARN HOW THESE NATIONS ARE RUN WITHOUT AN ARMY. AS CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS REPORTS FROM THE COSTA RICAN CAPITAL, THE VISIT IS AIMED AT HELPING LAWMAKERS DECIDE WHETHER HAITI SHOULD FORMALLY ABOLISH ITS MILITARY. (11/20)

    NORIEGA / TRIAL -- THE LAWYERS OF DEPOSED PANAMANIAN LEADER MANUEL NORIEGA, SERVING A 40-YEAR DRUG-RELATED SENTENCE IN A US JAIL, ARE DEMANDING A NEW TRIAL FOR THEIR CLIENT. CORRESPONDENT VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS THAT NORIEGA INSISTS HE IS INNOCENT AND WAS THE VICTIM OF A CONSPIRACY BETWEEN THE US GOVERNMENT AND A DRUG TRAFFICKER. (11/20)

    GRINKOV DIES -- WORLD AND OLYMPIC SKATING CHAMPION SERGEI GRINKOV FROM RUSSIA COLLAPSED AND DIED OF A HEART ATTACK IN LAKE PLACID, NEW YORK( MONDAY WHILE SKATING WITH HIS WIFE DURING A PRACTICE SESSION. CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (11/20)

    QUEBEC POLITICS -- A LEADER OF THE QUEST FOR QUEBEC INDEPENDENCE FROM CANADA SAYS HE WILL SEEK THE LEADERSHIP POST IN THE QUEBEC GOVERNMENT. STRINGER BARRY BROWN REPORTS. (11/21)

    SHUTTLE ATLANTIS LANDS -- THE SHUTTLE ATLANTIS IS SAFELY BACK ON THE GROUND AT THE KENNEDY SPACE CENTER IN FLORIDA, AFTER AN EIGHT-DAY FOUR-HOUR PLUS MISSION DURING WHICH IT LINKED UP WITH THE RUSSIAN MIR SPACE STATION. CORRESPONDENT BOB WITTEN REPORTS FROM THE KENNEDY SPACE CENTER THIS IS THE FINAL SHUTTLE FLIGHT FOR 1995. (11/20)

    KASSEBAUM RETIRES -- THE LONGEST-SERVING WOMAN IN THE US SENATE HAS ANNOUNCED SHE PLANS TO RETIRE NEXT YEAR AFTER THREE TERMS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS ON THE CAREER OF REPUBLICAN NANCY KASSEBAUM. (11/20)

    BUDGET AGREEMENT -- THE US CONGRESS HAS NOW APPROVED AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE WHITE HOUSE AND REPUBLICAN LEADERS, PROVIDING MONEY TO RUN THE GOVERNMENT AND SETTING DOWN TERMS FOR TALKS ON A BALANCED BUDGET. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS, THOSE DISCUSSIONS ARE EXPECTED TO BE DIFFICULT. (11/20)

    BRITAIN / DIANA -- AN ESTIMATED FIFTEEN MILLION PEOPLE WATCHED AS THE PRINCESS OF WALES GAVE HER FIRST EVER, ONE-ON-ONE INTERVIEW, BROADCAST LATE MONDAY NIGHT OVER THE BBC. IN LONDON CORRESPONDENT ANDREA DE NESNERA WAS ONE OF THOSE WHO WATCHED AND HE FILED THIS REPORT. (11/20)

    PROPOSITION 187 RULING -- A FEDERAL JUDGE IN LOS ANGELES HAS THROWN OUT MOST OF PROPOSITION 187, THE CONTROVERSIAL ANTI-ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION MEASURE PASSED BY CALIFORNIA VOTERS ONE YEAR AGO. CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS ON THE RULING MONDAY BY US DISTRICT JUDGE MARIANA PFAELZER. (11/20)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    DREAMS AND WHAT THEY MEAN -- POETS AND ORACLES, PHILOSOPHERS AND SCIENTISTS THROUGH THE AGES HAVE SOUGHT MEANING IN DREAMS. 'TALK TO AMERICA' GUESTS DR PAUL MEIER AND ROBERT WISE ARE CO-AUTHORS OF A BOOK ON DREAMS, AND JOIN US TO EXPLORE THE TERRAIN OF THE DREAMWORLD, AND OFFER SOME ADVICE ON WHAT'S TO BE FOUND THERE. (ENGLISH 11/21)

    INTERNET -- WRITER DR SAEED BOZORGI NESBAT OF SUN COMPUTERS DISCUSSES THE INTERNET AND HOW LISTENERS IN IRAN CAN CONNECT WITH IT. INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER SETAREH SIEG. (FARSI 11/21)

    BEIJING / FOLLOW-UP -- STAFFER FARAH JAHANGIRI LOOKS AT THE RECENT AMERICAN UNIVERSITY CONFERENCE ON HOW TO IMPLEMENT WHAT WAS AGREED UPON AT THE BEIJING WOMEN'S CONFERENCE. WALLY N. DOW OF THE UN HABITAT PROJECT, EDUCATION SPECIALIST MAY REYHANI, AND UN POPULATION EXPERT, KATHERINE PIERCE COMMENT. (FARSI 11/21)

    US BUDGET -- MIRON WOLNICKI, PROFESSOR OF ECONOMICS AT VILLANOVA UNIVERSITY DISCUSSES THE ONGOING PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE CURRENT BALANCED BUDGET DISPUTE. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER MIREK KONDRACKI. (POLISH 11/20)

    BUSINESS / MARKETING -- STAFFERS JEAN-CLAUDE ANDRE AND ELIZABETH MONNAC INTERVIEW BERNARD DUBOIS, PROFESSOR AT GROUP HEC IN FRANCE AND CO-AUTHOR WITH NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR PHILIP KOTLER OF A BOOK ENTITLED MARKETING MANAGEMENT. (FRENCH 11/20)

    US / SHUTDOWN -- IN A SIDEBAR TO THE US BUDGET DEBATE STAFFER IDRISSA FALL REPORTS ON THE END OF THE PARTIAL GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN PROMPTED BY A DISAGREEMENT OVER FUNDING BETWEEN THE WHITE HOUSE AND CONGRESS. STAFFER FALL ASKED JOHN FRANKLIN OF THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION TO DESCRIBE HIS FEELINGS REGARDING THE SHUTDOWN AND THE RETURN TO BUSINESS AS USUAL ON MONDAY. (FRENCH 11/20)

    RULING / PROPOSITION 187 / CHINESE REACT -- STAFFER KUO-FU SHU IN LOS ANGELES REPORTS THAT A FEDERAL JUDGE IN CALIFORNIA HAS RULED THAT MANY PROVISIONS IN PROPOSITION 187, BANNING SOCIAL BENEFITS TO ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS, ARE UNCONSTITUTIONAL. CHINESE COMMUNITY LEADERS EXPRESSED MIXED FEELINGS ABOUT THE RULING. INTERVIEWS WITH ZHANG MANJUN, CALIFORNIA STATE SPECIAL EDUCATION COMMISSION, MA DAWEI, PRESIDENT OF CHINESE AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES ORGANIZATION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AND HUANG WANRUO, PACIFIC RIM COMMITTEE CHAIR OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CHINESE AMERICAN LAWYERS ASSOCIATION. (MANDARIN 11/21)

    ADVERSE RULING ON 187 -- A FEDERAL JUDGE IN CALIFORNIA RULED AGAINST EXTENSIVE SECTIONS OF THE CONTROVERSIAL PROPOSITION 187 WHICH BAN SOCIAL SERVICES TO ILLEGAL ALIENS, DECLARING SUCH PARTS UNCONSTITUTIONAL. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ MEJIA REPORTS FROM LOS ANGELES. (SPANISH 11/20)

    ATLANTIS / RETURNS -- THE US SHUTTLE ATLANTIS LANDED IN FLORIDA AFTER A SUCCESSFUL JOINT SPACE MISSION WITH RUSSIAN SPACE STATION MIR. CORRESPONDENT JORGE WEHBY REPORTS FROM MIAMI. (SPANISH 11/20)

    AMERICANA / NEW HAMPSHIRE -- STAFFER WORK AFERAHU KEBEDE HAS A FEATURE REPORT ON THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. HE GAVE A BRIEF HISTORY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, ITS RELATION TO THE REST OF THE USA AND ITS UNIQUE ROLE AS THE FIRST STATE OF PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES. (AMHARIC 11/21)

    SAXOPHONIST / BONEY JAMES -- BONEY JAMES HAS CREATED A MASTERFUL NINE-SONG ALBUM THAT SHOWCASES HIS STRONG SONGWRITING SKILLS AND COMMAND OF THE TENOR AND SOPRANO SAXOPHONE. REPORTER RITA ROCHELLE INTERVIEWS HIM ABOUT HIS LATEST CD, BACKBONE. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/21)

    DESTA TRAVELS INC -- ALTAYU DESTA IS AN ETHIOPIAN WHO WORKED FOR THE ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES TICKET OFFICE FOR TWENTY ONE YEARS IN ADDIS ABABA BEFORE SHE IMMIGRATED TO THE USA NINE YEARS AGO. FIRST, SHE OPENED AN ETHIOPIAN RESTAURANT, AND NOW SHE HAS INAUGURATED HER OWN TRAVEL AGENCY CALLED DESTA TRAVELS INC. STAFFER ADDISU ABEBE INTERVIEWS HER. (AMHARIC 11/21)

    SOUTH AFRICA / BASKETBALL -- A BLACK SOUTH AFRICAN BASKETBALL TEAM IS CURRENTLY TOURING THE UNITED STATES, PLAYING COLLEGE TEAMS AND COLLECTING PLEDGES OF SUPPORT FOR ATTEMPTS TO INTRODUCE THE SPORT INTO BLACK COMMUNITIES IN THE REPUBLIC. REPORTER BARRY MAUGHAN TALKED WITH COACH ALBERT MOKOENA AND TOP PLAYER BILLY BANDA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/17)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    CAPE VERDE / ELECTIONS -- CAMPAIGNING BEGINS IN THE CAPE VERDE ISLANDS FOR PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS ON DECEMBER 17. POLITICAL ANALYSTS EXPECT A CLOSE RACE AS THE RULING PARTY BATTLES HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT AND CORRUPTION SCANDALS. STRINGER FRANKLIN PALMA REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/21)

    SAO TOME / CORRUPTION -- SAO TOMEAN PRIME MINISTER, CARLOS DA GRACA SAYS IT IS VIRTUALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO FIGHT CORRUPTION IN HIS COUNTRY DUE TO EXISTING FAMILY LINKS. CARLOS DA GRACA ALSO STATED THAT IT HAS BEEN DIFFICULT TO OBTAIN DOCUMENTATION AND WITNESSES TO TESTIFY AGAINST CORRUPTION CASES AND PERSONS INVOLVED. STAFFER OVIDIO PEQUENO COVERED. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/21)

    SAO TOME / CANDIDATES -- THE RULING PARTY IN SAO TOME HAS FIELDED TWO CANDIDATES FOR THE UPCOMING PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN THAT COUNTRY TO BE HELD BEFORE MARCH 1996. THE FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE RULING PARTY AND FORMER HEAD OF STATE, MANUEL PINTO DA COSTA HAS ASKED THE PARTY TO SUPPORT HIS CANDIDACY. THE CURRENT SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE PARTY AND PRIME MINISTER, CARLOS DA GRACA, HAS ALSO PUT FORWARD HIS CANDIDACY FOR THE PRESIDENCY. STAFFER OVIDIO PEQUENO REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/20)

    ANGOLA / TROOPS -- THE UN VERIFICATION MISSION IN ANGOLA STARTED THE PROCESS OF QUARTERING UNITA AND GOVERNMENT TROOPS, ONE YEAR AFTER SIGNING THE ANGOLA PEACE AGREEMENT IN LUSAKA. STAFFER LUIS COSTA REPORTED. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/20)

    ANGOLA / PORTUGAL -- PORTUGUESE PRESIDENT MARIO SOARES WILL VISIT ANGOLA IN DECEMBER THIS YEAR. IT WILL BE THE FIRST VISIT OF MARIO SOARES TO THAT COUNTRY. THE ANGOLAN AMBASSADOR IN LISBON, JOSE PATRICIO, TOLD VOA THAT CONDITIONS NOW EXIST FOR AN OFFICIAL VISIT BY A PORTUGUESE HEAD OF STATE. STAFFER LUIS COSTA REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/20)

    MOZAMBIQUE / INVESTMENT -- MOZAMBIQUE AND MALAWI WILL INVEST US $30 MILLION NEEDED FOR THE REHABILITATION OF THE NACALA CORRIDOR. SOME COUNTRIES IN THE SOUTHERN AFRICA REGION ARE ALSO INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE PROCESS. CORRESPONDENT TERESA LIMA REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/20)

    ANGOLA / INFORMATION MINISTER -- ONE YEAR AFTER THE SIGNING OF THE LUSAKA PEACE ACCORDS, ANGOLAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS ARE TRYING TO REBUILD THEIR COUNTRY. REPORTER JOE DECAPUA CONTACTED ANGOLA'S INFORMATION MINISTER, PEDRO HENDRIK VAL NETO, IN LUANDA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/21)

    LIBERIA / EXECUTION -- THE LIBERIAN GOVERNMENT SAYS IT CANNOT CONFIRM REPORTS THAT A REBEL GROUP, THE LIBERIAN PEACE COUNCIL, HAS EXECUTED SEVEN OF ITS OWN COMMANDERS. REPORTER RICHARD KOTEY SPOKE WITH LIBERIA'S JUSTICE MINISTER, FRANCIS GARLAWOLU, FROM MONROVIA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/21)

    NIGERIA / CLANDESTINE RADIO -- A CLANDESTINE, ANTI-GOVERNMENT RADIO STATION IN NIGERIA HAS RESUMED BROADCASTING, AIRING WHAT IT SAYS ARE INTERVIEWS WITH HUMAN RIGHTS LEADER, KEN SARO-WIWA WHO WAS LATER EXECUTED. ENGLISH TO AFRICA. REPORTER CHINEDU OFFOR HAS THE STORY FROM LAGOS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/21)

    NIGERIA / CHIJUKA -- NIGERIAN MILITARY SPOKESMAN, MAJOR GENERAL FRED CHIJUKA SAID THAT THE ABACHA GOVERNMENT IS MAKING EFFORTS TO ENSURE THAT NIGERIANS ARE PROTECTED FROM ANY HARDSHIP THAT THE COUNTRY MIGHT FALL INTO AS A RESULT OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS PLACED ON IT. STRINGER AHMED MOHAMMED KWALAM REPORTS FROM LAGOS. (HAUSA 11/16)

    SARO WIWA / AFRICAN WRITERS REACT -- THE AFRICAN WRITERS' ASSOCIATION HAS CONDEMNED THE RECENT HANGING BY NIGERIAN AUTHORITIES OF PLAYWRIGHT KEN SARO WIWA AND EIGHT MEMBERS OF THE MOVEMENT FOR THE SURVIVAL OF OGONI PEOPLE. IN A STATEMENT ISSUED AT ITS HEADQUARTERS IN ACCRA, GHANA, THE ORGANIZATION SAID THE DEATH OF SARO WIWA IS A GREAT LOSS TO AFRICA. STRINGER ABDULMALIK DANBIRNI REPORTS FROM ACCRA. (HAUSA 11/16)

    SENATOR / MANDELA REACT -- A VISITING FORMER NIGERIAN SENATOR IN THE ABORTED THIRD REPUBLIC, SENATOR IBRAHIM KAZAURE HAS DENOUNCED PRESIDENT NELSON MANDELA FOR HIS CALL ON THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO IMPOSE SANCTIONS ON NIGERIA'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT. THE FORMER SENATOR RECALLED HOW NIGERIANS CONTRIBUTED LARGE AMOUNTS OF MONEY FOR THE ANC/MANDELA CAMPAIGN AFTER HIS RELEASE FROM PRISON. HE SAID NIGERIANS WILL NOT FORGIVE HIM IF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ACCEPTS HIS CALL FOR SANCTION ON THEIR COUNTRY. STAFFER INTERVIEW. (HAUSA 11/17)

    NIGERIA / PLANE CRASH VICTIM -- ONE OF THE SURVIVORS OF THE FATAL NIGERIA AIRWAYS PLANE CRASH AT KADUNA AIRPORT, ALHAJI MOHAMMADU WAIRANGA JADA, GAVE A DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF HOW THE PLANE CRASH LANDED AT KADUNA AIRPORT. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH HAUSA STAFFER ALIYU MUSTAPHA,ALHAJI MOHAMMDU WAIRANGA SAID MOST OF THE INJURED WERE LEFT UNATTENDED FOR SOME TIMES BY THE AIRPORT AUTHORITIES. (HAUSA 11/17)

    NIGER / STUDENTS -- SOME STRIKING TEACHERS RETURNED TO CLASS MONDAY TO SUPERVISE EXAMINATIONS BY PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS DESPITE A CALL BY THE TEACHERS' UNION FOR THEM TO BOYCOTT THE EXAMINATIONS. STRINGER LAWAL BOUCAR IN NIAMEY REPORTED ON WHAT THE UNION PLANS TO DO WITH THE MEMBERS IT DESCRIBED AS DISSIDENTS AND WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THE EXAMINATION SCRIPTS WRITTEN BY THE STUDENTS. (HAUSA 11/21)

    RWANDA / CARTER -- FORMER PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER TOLD A NEWS CONFERENCE IN KIGALI, RWANDA, THE RWANDAN PRESIDENT HAS AGREED TO TAKE PART IN A CONFERENCE TO DISCUSS WAYS TO BRING PEACE TO CENTRAL AFRICA. THE LEADERS OF ZAIRE, UGANDA AND BURUNDI ARE SCHEDULED TO ATTEND THE CONFERENCE TO BE HELD IN CAIRO, EGYPT ON NOVEMBER 28TH. STAFFER SAMUEL KIENDREBEOGO INTERVIEWS JEAN PIERRE BIZIMANA, COMMUNICATION MINISTER OF RWANDA. (FRENCH 11/20)

    BURUNDI / CARTER -- FORMER PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER ARRIVED IN BURUNDI FROM RWANDA WHERE HE MET WITH THE PRESIDENT. IN BUJUMBURA, PRESIDENT CARTER MET WITH ANTOINE NDUWAYO, BURUNDI'S PRIME MINISTER TO DISCUSS THE UPCOMING CONFERENCE. MR CARTER IS EXPECTED NEXT TO GO TO GOMA, ZAIRE WHERE SOME 700 000 RWANDAN REFUGEES ARE STILL LOCATED. STAFFER FERDINAND FERELLA ASKED MR. NDUWAYO HOW HIS GOVERNMENT VIEWS PRESIDENT CARTER'S PEACE INITIATIVE. (FRENCH 11/20)

    NIGERIA / HAVALANGE -- FIFA PRESIDENT JOAO HAVALANGE HAS OFFERED THE 1997 WORLD YOUTH CHAMPIONSHIPS TO NIGERIA, PROMPTING MUCH SURPRISE IN FOOTBALL CIRCLES. REPORTER BARRY MAUGHAN SPOKE TO THE EDITOR IN CHIEF OF AFRICA SOCCER MAGAZINE, EMMANUEL MARADAS, ABOUT PRESIDENT HAVALANGE'S REMARKS AND THE IMPLICATIONS. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 11/15)

    AFRICA / SPORT / WRAP -- STAFFER CLAUDE PORSELLA, IN COOPERATION WITH LIBREVILLE STRINGER FRITZ KOUM AND PARIS STRINGER YVES PINAUD, REPORTS ON THE LATEST SCORES AND MAJOR SPORTS EVENTS IN AFRICA, EUROPE AND THE US. (FRENCH 11/20)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    EMBASSY EXPLOSION / REACTION -- STRINGER IMAN RAFI IN CAIRO LOOKS AT THE EGYPTIAN AND ARAB REACTION TO THE BOMBING OF THE EGYPTIAN EMBASSY IN ISLAMABAD. THE REPORT INCLUDES INTERVIEWS WITH EGYPTIAN AND ARAB PERSONALITIES,AND POLITICIANS ABOUT HOW THEY VIEW THE INCIDENT, ITS IMPLICATIONS AND ITS RELATION TO THE CURRENT WAVE OF MOSLEM VIOLENCE. (ARABIC 11/20)

    JIHAD CLAIM -- STRINGER IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO ABOUT MILITANT GROUPS CLAIMING RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ISLAMABAD BOMBING. HE SAYS THE ISLAMIC JIHAD DISCLOSED IN A STATEMENT IN CAIRO DETAILS OF HOW THE BOMBING WAS CARRIED OUT. (ARABIC 11/20)

    PAKISTAN / EGYPT BLAST -- EGYPTIAN AND PAKISTANI AUTHORITIES ARE INVESTIGATING THE SUICIDE BOMBING OF THE EGYPTIAN EMBASSY IN ISLAMABAD. JOURNALIST IN THE PAKISTANI CAPITAL MUWAFFAK ZEIDAN SHEDS SOME LIGHT ON THE INVESTIGATION. AN INTERVIEW BY STAFFER ZEINAB ABDELRAHMAN. (ARABIC 11/20)

    EXPLOSION / JIHAD -- STRINGER IBRAHIM ABDIN REPORTS FROM CAIRO DETAIL OF THE ATTACK ON THE EGYPTIAN EMBASSY IN ISLAMABAD AS REPORTED BY THE ISLAMIC JIHAD GROUP WHICH CLAIMED RESPONSIBILITY OF THE BOMBING. (ARABIC 11/20)

    ALGERIAN ELECTIONS -- FORMER EGYPTIAN AMBASSADOR TO ALGERIA, IBRAHIM YUSRI, COMMENTING ON THE ELECTIONS SAYS THE RESULT IS GIVING LEGITIMACY FOR THE REGIME, BUT ELECTIONS ARE NOT EXPECTED TO END THE BLOODY POLITICAL STRUGGLE. INTERVIEW BY STRINGER IBRAHIM ABDIN IN CAIRO. (ARABIC 11/20)

    SYRIA / LEBANON / PEACE -- AS THE EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT WARNED AGAINST THE STALEMATE IN THE MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS, SYRIAN FOREIGN MINISTER FAROUQ EL SHARA SAYS SYRIA WILL DO ITS BEST TO HALT ATTACKS AGAINST ISRAEL FROM LEBANON WHEN PEACE IS ACHIEVED AND ISRAEL WITHDRAWS FROM SOUTH LEBANON. STRINGER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. Z(ARABIC 11/20)

    IRAQ / UN -- UN CHIEF INSPECTOR ROLF EKEUS, SAID ON A VISIT TO KUWAIT THAT CONSENSUS AMONG SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERS IS THAT IRAQ MUST HONOR ALL UN DEMANDS, AND THAT BAGHDAD DISCLOSE ALL INFORMATION CONCERNING DANGEROUS WEAPONS. STRINGER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS. (ARABIC 11/20)

    ISRAEL / SYRIA -- CORRESPONDENT MAHMOUD ZAWAWI REPORTS FROM AMMAN THAT SYRIAN FOREIGN MINISTER FAROUQ AL-SHARAA SAYS SYRIA WILL BE READY TO WORK WITH LEBANESE RESISTENCE TO STOP ATTACKS AGAINST ISRAEL ONCE PEACE IS ACHIEVED AND ISRAEL WITHDREW FROM SOUTH LEBANON. (ARABIC 11/20)

    HAMAS / POLITICAL PARTY -- MAHMOUD AL-ZAHHAR, HAMAS SPOKESMAN COMMENTS ON REPORTS THAT THE ISLAMIC ORGANIZATION IS PLANNING TO FORM A POLITICAL PARTY. HE SAYS THE PARTY WILL BE OPEN TO ALL GROUPS, BUT THIS DOES NOT MEAN THAT HAMAS IS GOING TO BE DISSOLVED. INTERVIEW BY USAMA FARAG. (ARABIC 11/20)

    UNSC / EXPANSION -- AS EGYPT PREPARES TO TAKE ITS SEAT AS A ROTATING MEMBER OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL NEXT YEAR, STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA INTERVIEWS THE CHIEF EGYPTIAN UN DELEGATE NABIL AL-ARABI ON EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF MEMBERS WITH VETO VOTING RIGHT. (ARABIC 11/20)

    AFGHAN / UN PEACE -- SPECIAL UN ENVOY TO AFGHANISTAN MAHMOUD MESTIRI SAYS HIS PROPOSED LIST OF 28 NAMES FOR THE TRANSFER OF POWER IS A BASIS FOR NEGOTIATION AND SUBJECT TO MODIFICATIONS. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER SPOZHMAI MAIWANDI, MESTIRI REJECTED THE NOTION THAT THE LIST IS DOMINATED BY RABBANI SUPPORTERS AND SAID THE LIST IS NOT FINAL. (PASHTO, DARI 11/21)

    AFGHAN / UN REACTION -- IRAN HAS REACTED FAVORABLY TO THE LIST OF NAMES PROPOSED BY THE UN PEACE MISSION FOR THE TRANSFER OF POWER IN AFGHANISTAN. STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARI REPORTS THAT IRANIAN DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER ALAUDIN BOROJERDI HAS CALLED THE UN PROPOSAL A FIRST STEP TOWARD PEACE. BUT THE FOREIGN MINISTER OF PAKISTAN SARDAR ASEF ALI HAS CRITICIZED THE PROPOSAL AND URGED MESTIRI TO COME UP WITH A BETTER PLAN. (PASHTO, DARI 11/20)

    AFGHAN / OIC -- THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE, IBRAHIM BAKR IS IN ISMALABAD. QUOTING THE AFGHAN EMBASSY SOURCES IN ISLAMABAD, STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARAI REPORTS THAT BAKR WILL VISIT KABUL AND JALALABAD. (PASHTO, DARI 11/20)

    AFGHAN / POLITICS -- DR TALEB, THE SPOKESMAN OF THE AFGHAN COORDINATING COUNCIL WHICH OPPOSES PRESIDENT RABBANI, SAYS THE LIST OF NAMES FOR THE TRANSFER OF POWER MECHANISM PROPOSED BY THE UN IS ONE SIDED AND CANNOT SOLVE THE AFGHAN CONFLICT. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER ZAMEN MOHMAND, TALEB SAID THE COORDINATING COUNCIL AND OTHER AFGHAN FACTIONS WERE NOT CONSULTED AND THE LIST IS NOT ACCEPTABLE BECAUSE 50 PERCENT OF THE NAMES PROPOSED ARE THE SUPPORTERS OF PRESIDENT RABBANI. (PASHTO 11/19)

    AFGHAN / TRANSFER OF POWER -- THE ANTI-GOVERNMENT AFGHAN SHIIAT PARTY HEADED BY KARIM KHALILI HAS REJECTED THE UN ANNOUNCED LIST OF NAMES FOR THE TRANSFER OF POWER MECHANISM. STRINGER EKRAM SHINWARI REPORTS THAT THE OFFICE OF HEZBE WAHDAT IN PESHAWAR SAYS THE LIST IS FULL OF PRESIDENT RABBANI FOLLOWERS AND SUPPORTERS. (PASHTO, DARI 11/18)

    OPEC -- STAFFER HESHMAT MOBASHER INTERVIEWS JOURNALIST SAFA HAERI OF THE INDEPENDENT AND L'EXPRESS ABOUT THE OPEC MEETING IN VIENNA. THEY DISCUSS THE QUESTION OF OPEC PRODUCTION LIMITS AND HOW TO GET COUNTRIES STICK TO THOSE LIMITS. THEY ALSO TALKED ABOUT GABON'S DECISION TO LEAVE OPEC. (FARSI 11/21)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    AZERBAIJAN / ELECTIONS -- STAFFER INTERVIEW WITH GERALD ROBBINS OF FREEDOM HOUSE WHO WAS ONE OF THE INTERNATIONAL OBSERVERS TO THE NOVEMBER 12TH ELECTIONS IN AZERBAIJAN. UNLIKE MOST OTHER OBSERVERS WHO CLAIM THAT FRAUD WAS WIDESPREAD, MR ROBBINS SAYS THAT AZERBAIJAN HAS NOT HAD THE EXPERIENCE OF HAVING ELECTIONS ACCORDING TO WESTERN STANDARDS, AND THE OUTCOME IS A RESULT OF LACK OF EXPERIENCE RATHER THAN DELIBERATE FRAUD. (AZERBAIJANI 11/21)

    CHINESE EDUCATIONAL POLICY / XINJIANG -- HISTORY PROFESSOR BATIR RASHIDDIN OF UIGHUR STUDIES INSTITUTE, KAZAKSTAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES TELLS STAFFER RANO HABIB THAT, ALTHOUGH CHINESE COMMUNIST LEADERS HAVE LONG INSISTED ON THE IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION, THE ILLITERACY RATE IN XINJIANG-UIGHUR AUTONOMOUS REGION OF CHINA REMAINS VERY HIGH AND THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION VERY LOW. (UZBEK 11/21)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    INDIA / LANKA / TERRORIST -- THE GOVERNMENT OF SRI LANKA HAS INFORMED INDIA THAT A FEMALE TERRORIST OF THE TAMIL TIGERS GROUP HAS ENTERED INDIA SECRETLY WITH THE AIM OF ASSASSINATING INDIAN PRIME MINISTER RAO. MEANWHILE AN INDIAN SECRET SERVICE AGENT HAS EXPRESSED CONCERN ABOUT THE LAXITY OF SECURITY DETAIL FOR THE INDIAN PRIME MINISTER. STRINGER NANDAN REPORTS. (HINDI 11/20)

    INDIA / ENRON -- THE US ENRON CORPORATION, WHICH IS STILL EMBROILED IN CONTROVERSY ABOUT A HUGE POWER PLANT IN MAHARASHTRA, HAS WON APPROVAL FROM THE GOVERNMENT OF RAJASTHAN TO BUILD A SOLAR ENERGY PLANT IN THE INDIAN STATE. RAJASTHAN IS ALSO RULED BY BJP, THE COALITION PARTNER IN THE GOVERNMENT OF MAHARASHTRA WHICH HAD CANCELLED THE ENRON DEAL. STRINGER KRANTI REPORTS. (HINDI 11/20)

    BHOPAL / GAS VICTIMS -- THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA HAS CHIDED THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA FOR DELAYING AND IN SOME CASES SUSPENDING THE PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION TO THE VICTIMS OF THE TEN YEAR OLD BHOPAL GAS TRAGEDY. THE COURT HAS WARNED THAT IF THE GOVERNMENT APPOINTED RELIEF COMMITTEE FAILS TO RESOLVE THE CASES SOON, THE COURT WILL ISSUE A RULING ON ITS OWN. STRINGER REPORT FROM NEW DELHI. (HINDI 11/20)

    VETERAN SOUTH ASIAN SINGER -- NOOR JEHAN, WHO WAS THE MOST POPULAR SINGER AND FILM STAR OF INDIA BEFORE SHE WENT TO PAKISTAN WHEN THAT COUNTRY WAS CREATED IN 1947, HOLDS THE DISTINCTION OF BEING CONSIDERED THE "QUEEN OF MELODY" BY BOTH INDIA AND PAKISTAN. STAFFER VIJAY LAXMI INTERVIEWS THE EVERGREEN NOOR JEHAN IN LAHORE. (HINDI 11/19)

    US GOVT SHUTDOWN / INDIA REACT -- THE IMPACT OF THE PARTIAL CLOSING OF THE US GOVERNMENT WAS FELT AS FAR AWAY AS INDIA. THE SHUTDOWN RESULTED IN CURTAILMENT OF ACTIVITIES AT THE US EMBASSY IN NEW DELHI AND CONSULATES IN BOMBAY, CALCUTTA AND MADRAS, CAUSING DELAYS IN GETTING VISAS AND FORCING MANY TRAVELERS TO CHANGE THEIR PLANS TO TRAVEL TO AMERICA. STRINGER REPORT. (HINDI 11/17)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    SOUTH KOREA / POLITICAL FEUDS -- THE RULING AND OPPOSITION PARTIES IN SOUTH KOREA HAVE STEPPED UP ACCUSATIONS AT EACH OTHER INVOLVING FORMER PRESIDENT ROH TAE WOO'S FINANCIAL SCANDALS. THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE GOVERNMENT PARTY SAID HE HAS EVIDENCE THAT OPPOSITION LEADER KIM DAE JUNG RECEIVED MORE THAN $2.5 MILLION, AND THAT MR KIM ADMITTED HE SO DID. AT THE SAME TIME, THE OPPOSITION CAMP CALLED FOR PROSECUTORS TO INVESTIGATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF PRESIDENT KIM YOUNG SAM INCLUDING HIS SECOND SON WHO ARE SUSPECTED OF ENGAGING IRREGULAR BUSINESS DEALS. STRINGER TAE SOO KIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 11/21)

    SOUTH KOREA / US / STATUS OF FORCES AGREEMENT -- A SOUTH KOREAN FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN SAYS THAT A SPECIAL COMMITTEE IS EXPECTED TO BE FORMED THIS WEEK TO CONSIDER REVISION OF THE US-KOREAN STATUS OF FORCES AGREEMENT. THEY WILL DISCUSS SOUTH KOREAN JURISDICTION OF CRIMINAL CASES INVOLVING AMERICAN SOLDIERS IN SOUTH KOREA. THE OFFICIAL PREDICTS THAT THE US WILL ASK SOUTH KOREA TO IMPROVE POOR FACILITIES AT DETENTION CENTERS AND INVESTIGATIVE PRACTICES. STRINGER TAE SOO KIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 11/21)

    AMERICAN CONSULAR BUSINESS BACK TO NORMAL -- CONSULAR BUSINESS AT THE AMERICAN EMBASSY IN SEOUL WAS BACK TO NORMAL TUESDAY AS THE WHITE HOUSE AND CONGRESS AGREED TO END THE PARTIAL SHUTDOWN OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. KOREAN STRINGER TAE SOO KIM REPORTS THAT ALL CONSULAR FUNCTIONS INCLUDING VISA INTERVIEWS HAVE RESUMED TUESDAY MORNING. (KOREAN 11/21)

    CHINA / REACTION TO WEI JINGSHENG'S ARREST -- STAFFER SUN CHENG TALKS WITH HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST HARRY WU AND DREW LIU, DIRECTOR OF THE CHINA STRATEGIC INSTITUTE, ABOUT THE ARREST OF DISSIDENT WEI JINGSHENG. CHINA HAS ANNOUNCED FORMAL INDICTMENT OF THE COUNTRY'S MOST PROMINENT DISSIDENT ON CHARGES OF SUBVERSION AFTER DETAINING HIM FOR MORE THAN 19 MONTHS. (MANDARIN 11/21)

    HONG KONG REACTS TO WEI JINGSHENG'S ARREST -- STAFFER DING LI TALKS TO CHINESE LABOR ACTIVIST HAN DONGFANG AND HONG KONG DEMOCRACY ACTIVIST SETO WHA ON THE ARREST OF CHINESE DISSIDENT WEI JINGSHENG. (MANDARIN 11/21)

    CHINA / TARIFF CUTS -- STAFFER TIAN YE INTERVIEWS TWO ECONOMISTS WHO COMMENT ON CHINA'S RECENT TARIFF CUTS. THE ECONOMISTS BELIEVE THAT CHINA'S COMMITMENT SLASHING CUSTOM DUTIES WILL NOT REDUCE ITS INCOME BECAUSE CHINA'S HIGH NOMINAL IMPORT DUTIES ARE ALREADY SHORTCHANGED BY PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT THAT EFFECTIVELY LOWER THE TARIFF RATE. INTERVIEWS WITH PROF. HUANG WEIPING, PEOPLE'S UNIV., AND NICOLAS LARDY, BROOKINGS INSTITUTION. (MANDARIN 11/21)

    CHINA'S COMPUTER INDUSTRY -- CHINA'S COMPUTER INDUSTRY HAS BEEN DEVELOPING RAPIDLY IN THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS. SALES OF PERSONAL COMPUTERS INCREASED 30% IN THE FIRST HALF OF THIS YEAR, AND COULD INCREASE 40% NEXT YEAR, ACCORDING TO THE MINISTRY OF ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY OF CHINA. C STAFFER CHEN JIAN INTERVIEWS CINDY ZHENG, SENIOR ENGINEER AT SUPERCOMPUTER CENTER IN SAN DIEGO ON CHINA'S COMPUTER INDUSTRY OUTLOOK. (MANDARIN 11/20)

    CHINA / SALARY / INFLATION -- HONG KONG STRINGER SHI LEI INTERVIEWS WU JUHAU, CHIEF RESEARCHER AT JAPAN GENERAL INSTITUTE HK, PROFESSOR CHENG ZHIXIAN, JINAN UNIV., AND GAO JIAN, GENERAL MANAGER OF GUANGZHOU GUOWEI PIPELINE GAS DEVELOPMENT CO, ON MEANS USED BY THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT TO FIGHT INFLATION. IN THE PAST, THE GOVERNMENT HAS CONTROLLED SALARY INCREASES TO COMBAT INFLATION, BUT ANALYSTS SAY THIS SHORT-TERM SOLUTION WOULD NOT BE VIABLE IN A MARKET ECONOMY. (MANDARIN 11/20)

    APEC / FINAL DECLARATION -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON IN OSAKA ABOUT THE WEEKEND'S APEC SUMMIT. THEY DISCUSS THE BILATERAL TALKS DURING THE SESSION AND THE IMPACT OF PRESIDENT CLINTON NOT ATTENDING THE MEETING. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 11/20)

    ASIA / APEC SUMMIT -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE TALKS TO LARRY WOLKEN, A SENIOR LECTURER IN THE FINANCE DEPARTMENT AT TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY, ABOUT THE JUST CONCLUDED APEC SUMMIT IN OSAKA, JAPAN. HE IS VERY SUPPORTIVE OF THE ADOPTION OF A PLAN OF ACTION FOR ACHIEVING REGIONAL FREE TRADE BY THE YEAR 2020. BUT HE IS ALSO CONCERNED THAT ASIA SHOULD NOT SHUT ITSELF OUT OF OTHER TRADE REGIONS. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 11/20)

    INDONESIA / APEC -- INDONESIAN PRESIDENT SUHARTO CONFERRED WITH JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER MURAYAMA AT THE ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION (APEC) FORUM SUMMIT IN OSAKA. STAFFER RUBEN DANGIN HAS A SPECIAL REPORT. (INDONESIAN 11/18)

    AIDS / SOUTHEAST ASIA -- REPORTER LE LAI IN BANGKOK TAKES A SPECIAL LOOK AT THE SPREAD OF THE AIDS VIRUS IN THAILAND, VIETNAM, AND OTHER NATIONS OF THE AREA. (VIETNAMESE 11/21)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    DAYTON / FINISHING LINE -- WITH A BOSNIA PEACE AGREEMENT FINALLY CONCLUDED, STAFFER DJORDJE PUTIC REPORTS ON THE NEGOTIATORS' DAY AT WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR BASE AND ON THE SIGNING CEREMONY. (SERBIAN 11/21)

    EU / NATO / BOSNIAN PEACE -- THE EUROPEAN UNION AND NATO WELCOME THE DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA-HERCEGOVINA, PLEDGING AID FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND STABILIZATION IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC. BRUSSELS STRINGER DRAGAN BLAGOJEVIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/21)

    UN / PEACE AGREEMENT -- UPON RECEIVING NEWS OF THE DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT, THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL STARTED CONSULTATIONS ABOUT TWO DRAFT RESOLUTIONS RELATED TO THE AGREEMENT: SUSPENSION OF SANCTION AGAINST SERBIA/MONTENEGRO, AND ON THE ARMS EMBARGO TO BOSNIA. NEW YORK STRINGER DRAGISA BOSKOVIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/21)

    BELGRADE / PEACE AGREEMENT -- ALL YUGOSLAV POLITICAL LEADERS REACTED POSITIVELY TO DAYTON AGREEMENT CONCLUSION, EXCEPT THE LEADER OF THE NATIONALIST SERBIAN RADICAL PARTY WHO CONDEMNED IT AS A BETRAYAL OF SERBIAN INTERESTS. BELGRADE STRINGER DUSAN MASIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/21)

    ZAGREB / PEACE AGREEMENT -- CROATIA'S UN AMBASSADOR MARIO NOBILO SAYS THAT ZAGREB SHOULD BE SATISFIED WITH THE RESULTS OF DAYTON TALKS, WHILE THE CROATIAN MEDIA CAUTIOUSLY STRESSES THE POSSIBLE HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF DAYTON AGREEMENT. ZAGREB STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/21)

    SARAJEVO PROTEST / PEACE TALKS -- WHILE ANTICIPATING DAYTON TALKS CONCLUSION, CITIZENS FROM TWO DISPUTED BOSNIAN AREAS, WHICH ARE SUBJECT OF BITTER CONTENTION BETWEEN THE SERB AND THE BOSNIAN DELEGATIONS IN OHIO, GATHERED IN SARAJEVO, TO DEMAND UNITARY BOSNIA. SARAJEVO STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/20)

    EU / DAYTON -- EUROPEAN UNION FOREIGN MINISTERS MEETING IN BRUSSELS AGREED IN PRINCIPLE ON AID PLAN FOR THE COUNTRIES OF EX-YUGOSLAVIA. HOWEVER, REALIZATION OF THIS PLAN DEPENDS ON THE EXPECTED PEACE AGREEMENT BEING WORKED OUT IN DAYTON, OHIO. BRUSSELS STRINGER DRAGAN BLAGOJEVIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/20)

    BELGRADE / OHIO TALKS -- THE PUBLIC IN SERBIA/MONTENEGRO IS GLUED TO TELEVISION AND RADIO AWAITING THE CONCLUSION OF THE OHIO TALKS. A PEACE AGREEMENT WOULD MEAN THE SUSPENSION OF UN SANCTIONS WHICH IS AS IMPORTANT AS THE PEACE ITSELF, REPORTS BELGRADE STRINGER DUSAN MASIC. (SERBIAN 11/20)

    ZAGREB / OHIO TALKS -- OFFICIAL CROATIAN MEDIA PROCLAIMS ZAGREB'S DIPLOMATIC SUCCESS, WHILE POLITICAL ANALYSTS PREDICT A PARTIAL AGREEMENT WILL EMERGE FROM DAYTON CONFERENCE. POSAVINA CROATS DECRY WHAT THEY CALL A TUDJMAN-MILOSEVIC DEAL ON REPORTED WIDENING OF SERB-HELD CORRIDOR. ZAGREB STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/20)

    DAYTON / LATEST -- THROUGHOUT THE DAY, STAFFER DJORDJE PUTIC IS REPORTING FROM DAYTON ON THE LATEST ANNOUNCEMENTS BEING ISSUED AT WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR BASE, AS WELL AS ON THE TENSE ATMOSPHERE AMONG THE JOURNALISTS WHO WONDER WHETHER HISTORY IS IN THE MAKING BEHIND THE CLOSED DOORS. (SERBIAN 11/20)

    BOSNIA TALKS / WATCH AT UN -- THE SECURITY COUNCIL PONDERS SEVERAL RESOLUTIONS ON BOSNIA LINKED TO THE PEACE TALKS IN OHIO. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 11/20)

    POLAND / ELECTION OVERTURNS WALESA -- EX-COMMUNIST ALEKSANDER KWANSNIEWSKI UPSET PRESIDENT LECH WALESA AND NOW STANDS TO BECOME POLAND'S NEXT PRESIDENT. WHILE CHINESE TROOPS STORMED TIANANMEN SQUARE ON JUNE 4, 1989, ON EXACTLY THE SAME DAY POLISH PRO-DEMOCRACY FORCES, HEADED BY WALESA'S SOLIDARITY TRADE UNION, WRESTED POWER FROM POLISH COMMUNISTS IN THE COUNTRY'S FIRST FREE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION IN ALMOST 50 YEARS. STAFFER QI FENG INTERVIEWS PROF. LESZEK BALCEROWICZ, CHAIRMAN OF THE CENTER FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH, WARSAW, AND DR MAKSYMILIAN BEREZOWSKI, NEWS COMMENTATOR FOR 'POLAND UNDER ARMS' IN WARSAW, AND PROFESSOR LIBOR BROM, OF DENVER UNIVERSITY. (MANDARIN 11/21)

    POLAND ELECTION -- JANUSZ ONYSZKIEWICZ, NOW A DEPUTY IN THE POLISH PARLIAMENT, AND FORMER POLISH DEFENSE MINISTER SAID, IN AN INTERVIEW WITH CORRESPONDENT ALEC BATCHAN THAT THE ELECTION TO THE PRESIDENCY OF FORMER COMMUNIST ALEXANDER KWASNIEWSKI DOES NOT MEAN THAT POLAND WILL TURN BACK ON THE ROAD OF REFORM OR DEMOCRACY. (RUSSIAN 11/20)

    POLAND / ELECTION -- REPORTER WOJTEK MINICZ, AND STRINGER MARIA BNINSKA REPORT ON PRESIDENT LECH WALESA'S PRESS CONFERENCE AND PRESIDENT-ELECT ALEKSANDER KWASNIEWSKI'S TV ADDRESS. MINICZ INTERVIEWS POLITICAL CONSULTANT ALEKSANDER SMOLAR, THE CHAIRMAN OF THE SOROS FOUNDATION OF POLAND. (POLISH 11/20)

    POLISH ELECTIONS / GERMANY / FRANCE / REACTION -- STRINGER MAREK ORZECHOWSKI IN BONN REPORTS THE MOSTLY FAVORABLE REACTION OF THE GERMAN PRESS AND POLITICIANS TO THE RESULTS OF THE POLISH ELECTION. IN PARIS, STRINGER JAN GRUZEWSKI REVIEWS THE REACTION OF THE FRENCH PRESS TO THE KWASNIEWSKI VICTORY. (POLISH 11/20)

    CFCE / TURKEY / RUSSIA -- FORMER FOREIGN MINISTER AND TURKEY'S UN REPRESENTATIVE FROM 1972 TO 1975, AMBASSADOR OSMAN OLCAY CRITICIZES RUSSIA'S UNWILLINGNESS TO SIGN THE CFCE AGREEMENT. OLCAY BELIEVES THAT THIS POSES A THREAT TO TURKEY AND TO THE FORMER SOVIET REPUBLICS IN CAUCASIA. AMBASSADOR OLCAY CAUTIONED THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD NOT BE PRESSURING TURKEY TO ACCEPT RUSSIA'S POSITION. STAFFER HULYA POLAT INTERVIEWS AMBASSADOR OSMAN OLCAY. (11/18)

    PM CILLER TO LONDON -- AS THE VOTING DATE IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ON THE CUSTOMS UNION AGREEMENT WITH TURKEY APPROACHES, TURKISH PM TANSU CILLER GOES TO LONDON. THE EC EXTERNAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE HEARS THE FINAL REPORT ON THE PLUSES AND MINUSES OF RATIFICATION OF THE AGREEMENT. STRINGER NUSRET OZGUL REPORTS. (11/21)

    TURKEY / PATENT AND COPYRIGHTS -- PRESIDENT OF THE NEWLY FOUNDED TURKISH PATENT INSTITUTE, MR. UGUR YALCINER BELIEVES THAT WITH THE RECENT LAWS, TURKEY HAS REACHED WORLD STANDARDS. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER HALE EBIRI, THE TURKISH OFFICIAL GAVE DETAILED INFORMATION ABOUT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ONE-YEAR OLD LAW AND HIS INSTITUTE. (11/21)

    TURKEY / ELECTIONS -- PROFESSOR OYA ARASLI OF ANKARA UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL SAYS TURKEY'S NEW ELECTION LAW BRINGS SOME FAIRNESS TO THE DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM BUT STILL LACKS SOME IMPORTANT FACTORS. MS ARASLI, WHO DECLARED HER CANDIDACY IN THE UPCOMING ELECTIONS FROM THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN PEOPLE'S PARTY, BELIEVES THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT WILL KEEP THE EARLY ELECTION DATE BUT MAY CHANGE SOME ARTICLES OF THE ELECTION LAW. STAFFER HULYA POLAT INTERVIEWS PROFESSOR OYA ARASLI. (TURKISH 11/17)

    TURKEY / POLITICS -- EARLY ELECTIONS WILL TAKE PLACE DECEMBER 24TH IN TURKEY. THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT REJECTED AN APPEAL TO DECLARE THE EARLY ELECTION LAW UNCONSTITUTIONAL. STAFFER TANJU AKERSON INTERVIEWS SEFIK K KAPTAN, OF THE TURKISH WEEKLY NEWS MAGAZINE, TEMPO, WHO SAYS THE CAMPAIGN IS ALREADY UNDERWAY. THE JOURNALIST ALSO SAYS AMONG MORE THAN TEN PARTIES PARTICIPATING IN THE GENERAL ELECTIONS, THREE FRONT RUNNERS ARE TRUE PATH PARTY OF PRIME MINISTER CILLER, PRO-ISLAMIC REFAH PARTY AND THE MOTHERLAND PARTY. (TURKISH 11/20)

    SLOVAK MINORITY / HUNGARY -- STRINGER LAJOS BURGET INTERVIEWS IMRE PACSAI, A MEMBER OF THE SLOVAK SELF-GOVERNMENT IN NYIREGYHAZA, HUNGARY, ABOUT THE STATUS AND LIVING CONDITIONS OF MINORITIES. (HUNGARIAN 11/21)

    HUNGARIAN JOURNALISTS CONFERENCE -- HUNGARIAN STRINGER JOZSEF SIMANYI INTERVIEWS ISTVAN PETAK, THE PRESIDENT OF THE 'HUNGARIAN OVERSEAS MEDIA ASSOCIATION' ABOUT THE UPCOMING CONFERENCE FOR HUNGARIAN-SPEAKING JOURNALISTS LIVING AROUND THE WORLD. THE CONFERENCE WILL BE HELD NOVEMBER 21-25 IN DOBOGOKOE, HUNGARY. (HUNGARIAN 11/20)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    JAPANESE SCHINDLER -- CORRESPONDENT ALEC BATCHAN REPORTS ON CEREMONIES AT NEW YORK'S TOWN HALL HONORING CHIUNE SIGIHARA, THE JAPANESE SCHINDLER, WHO MANAGED TO SAVE THE LIVES OF MORE THAN SIX THOUSAND JEWS IN EASTERN EUROPE DURING WW II IS BY GIVING THEM JAPANESE VISAS. (RUSSIAN 11/21)

    UKRAINE / REFORMS -- STRINGER DANYLO JANEVSKY IN KIEV REPORTS ON PRESIDENT LEONID KUCHMA'S SPEECH ABOUT REFORMS. EVEN THOUGH SOUNDING OPTIMISTIC ABOUT THEM, THE PRESIDENT ACCUSED HARDLINERS, IN HIS WORDS 'THE CLAN OF DIRECTORS OF THE COLLECTIVE FARMS AND THE DO NOTHING ELEMENTS' OF OBSTRUCTING REFORMS. PRESIDENT KUCHMA RULED OUT THE POSSIBILITY OF FORMING A PARLIAMENT OF CIS COUNTRIES. (UKRAINIAN 11/18)

    UKRAINIAN / US PROGRAMS -- STAFFER PHIL STARUCH INTERVIEWS DR ALEXANDER BILYK, PRESIDENT OF THE UKRAINIAN AMERICAN RELIEF COMMITTEE, ON THE ORGANIZATION AND ITS RELIEF ACTIVITIES IN THE USA, IN UKRAINE AND IN BOSNIA. (UKRAINIAN 11/18)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    BRAZIL / SLAVERY -- THOUSANDS OF BLACK BRAZILIANS ARE DEMONSTRATING IN THE CAPITAL TO MARK THE 300TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEATH OF A REBELLIOUS SLAVE AND TO PROTEST AGAINST DISCRIMINATION. STAFFER NELSON HERBERT REPORTS ON THE REPUBLIC OF PALMARES, AN AFRO-BRASILIAN STATE, BY INTERVIEWING ABDIAS DO NASCIMENTO, A BRAZILIAN ANTROPOLOGIST AND MARIO CLINTON, AN ANGOLAN HISTORIAN AND ANTROPOLOGIST ON THE MEANING OF THAT REPUBLIC. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 11/21)

    URUGUAY REJECTS ARGENTINE EXTRADITION REQUEST -- A JUDGE IN URUGUAY REJECTED A REQUEST FROM ARGENTINA FOR EXTRADITION OF A GROUP OF REBEL MILITARY OFFICERS KNOWN AS THE CARAPINTADAS. STRINGER JORGE MONSALVE REPORTS FROM MONTEVIDEO. (SPANISH 11/20) 21-Nov-95 4:46 PM EST (2146 UTC)
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    Source: Voice of America

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