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Voice of America, 27 November 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] MONDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- NOVEMBER 27, 1995

  • [03] BOSNIA BY DAN NOBLE (WASHINGTON)

  • [04] BOSNIA / SERBS (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [05] BOSNIA PEACE / L-A REACT (L ONLY) BY ALAN SILVERMAN (LOS ANGELES)

  • [06] BOSNIA / SARAJEVO (L ONLY) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

  • [07] CLINTON EUROPE TRIP SCENESETTER BY DAVID BORGIDA (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [08] CLINTON / BOSNIA SPEECH UPDATE (L) BY DAVE BORGIDA (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [09] CONGRESS / CLINTON / BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (SENATE)

  • [10] U-S/BOSNIA SPEECH O'NITER (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [11] U-S / BOSNIA SERBS (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)


  • [01] MONDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09290
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-S-T ON MONDAY, NOVEMBER 27TH //

    INTRO: AS WE BEGIN THE FINAL WEEK IN NOVEMBER, THE NATION'S NEWSPAPER EDITORIAL WRITERS ARE EXTREMELY DIVERSE IN THEIR SELECTION OF SUBJECTS THIS MONDAY. AMONG THE ISSUES ARE PRESIDENT CLINTON'S UPCOMING NATIONAL ADDRESS ON BOSNIA; THE ON-GOING AMERICAN DEBATE ON ABORTION; CHINA'S JAILING OF A DISSIDENT; THE U-S BUDGET IMPASSE, AND WHO'S GOING TO PAY FOR THE GROWING AMOUNT OF ELECTRONIC MAIL RUSHING FROM ONE COMPUTER TO ANOTHER. NOW, HERE IS ______________ WITH A CLOSER LOOK IN TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: PRESIDENT CLINTON ADDRESSES THE NATION TONIGHT ON NATIONAL TELEVISION TO OUTLINE HIS PLAN TO SEND AMERICAN TROOPS TO BOSNIA AS PART OF THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE THERE. "USA TODAY", THE NATONAL PAPER, OFFERS THIS PRE-SPEECH COMMENTARY:

    VOICE: "PRESIDENT CLINTON ... WILL USE THE PUNCH [PRESTIGE] OF AN OVAL OFFICE ADDRESS TO MAKE THE BIGGEST PITCH [ARGUMENT] YET FOR HIS BOSNIAN POLICY. HIS GOAL: STRONG DOMESTIC BACKING FOR PLANS TO SEND 20-THOUSAND U-S TROOPS TO HELP KEEP PEACE IN BOSNIA. IT'S A TOUGH SELL [A DIFFICULT POSITION TO ARGUE]. PUBLIC SUPPORT LAGS, AND CONGRESSIONAL OPPOSITION REMAINS. [OPT] NOW HAITIAN PRESIDENT JEAN-BERTRAND ARISTIDE'S LOOSE LIPS HAVE ADDED A NEW COMPLICATION. [MR.] CLINTON WANTED TO USE THE SUCCESS OF PEACEKEEPING IN HAITI TO ARGUE FOR U-S INTERVENTION IN BOSNIA. ... BUT EVEN AS THE BOSNIAN SPEECH WAS BEING WRITTEN, THE ADMINISTRATION HAD TO GO ON THE DEFENSIVE ON HAITI -- TRYING TO CONVINCE EVERYONE ... [PRESIDENT] ARISTIDE DIDN'T REALLY MEAN IT WHEN HE ... SUGGESTED HE MIGHT RENEGE ON HIS PROMISE TO STEP DOWN AS PRESIDENT. ... EVEN WITH ITS PROBLEMS, HAITI PROVED THAT PEACEKEEPERS CAN BRING HOPE WHERE THERE HAS BEEN NONE BEFORE. THAT'S THE MESSAGE FOR PRESIDENT CLINTON TO CONVEY." [END OPT]

    TEXT: AS FOR THE SITUATION IN HAITI, "THE WASHINGTON TIMES" IS CONCERNED THAT PRESIDENT ARISTIDE MIGHT INDEED CONSIDER SETTING ASIDE THE SCHEDULED DECEMBER 17TH ELECTIONS TO REMAIN IN POWER, AND THE POSSIBLE IMPLICATIONS IT COULD HAVE FOR PRESIDENT CLINTON'S BOSNIA PLAN.

    VOICE: "THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION, WHICH HAS POINTED TO HAITI AS A FOREIGN POLICY SUCCESS, IS MIGHTILY CONCERNED BY THESE (RECENT) DEVELOPMENTS... MR. CLINTON DISPATCHED NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER ANTHONY LAKE TO PORT-AU-PRINCE PRESUMABLY TO TALK ABOUT THE RISING VIOLENCE. IT NOW APPEARS THAT AMERICAN AND OTHER U-N TROOPS WILL CONTNUE TO POLICE HAITI EVEN AFTER THE OFFICIAL END OF THE U-N MISSION IN FEBRUARY. THIS COULD NOT COME AT A WORSE TIME FOR THE ADMINISTRATION. AS MR. CLINTON LOOKS TO SEND A PEACEKEEPING FORCE TO BOSNIA, MR. ARISTIDE'S OUTBURSTS MUST BE MOST UNWELCOME."

    TEXT: TWO NEW ENGLAND PAPERS ARE CONCERNING THEMSELVES WITH THE ON-GOING ABORTION DEBATE IN CONGRESS, SPECIFICALLY THE RECENT HOUSE AND SENATE MOVES TO OUTLAW A RARE FORM OF LATE-TERM ABORTION [DILATION AND EVACUATION]. FIRST "THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR:"

    VOICE: "THE RECENT HOUSE AND SENATE DEBATE OVER WHETHER TO BAN A RARELY USED ABORTION PROCEDURE SHOWS THAT THE MOST EXTREME VIEWS ON BOTH SIDES STILL DOMINATE. EXTREME ABORTION OPPONENTS BELIEVE LIFE BEGINS AT CONCEPTION AND ANY ABORTION IS THEREFORE MURDER. EXTREME ADVOCATES OF LEGAL ABORTION SAY A WOMAN SHOULD HAVE A RIGHT TO ABORT AT ANY TIME IN A PREGNANCY. PUBLIC-OPINION POLLING, HOWEVER, SAYS MOST AMERICANS HOLD A POSITION SOMEWHERE IN BETWEEN... IF CONGRESS PASSES A BILL REGULATING THE PROCEDURE ... PRESIDENT CLINTON SHOULD VETO IT."

    TEXT: WHILE IN MAINE, "THE PORTLAND PRESS HERALD," ADDS:

    VOICE: "SENATORS ARE SCHEDULED TO VOTE TODAY ON AN ANTI-ABORTION EFFORT AIMED AT CRIMINALIZING A RARE FORM OF LATE-TERM ABORTION. THE VOTE THEY SHOULD CAST IS 'NO'. ABORTION SHOULD BE RESOLVED BY WOMEN AND THEIR DOCTORS."

    TEXT: TODAY'S "POST-DISPATCH" IN SAINT LOUIS IS CRITICAL OF CHINA FOR ITS CONTINUED DETENTION OF A LEADING DISSIDENT, AND SUGGESTS THE UNITED STATES SHOULD NOT STAND BY AND WATCH IT HAPPEN.

    VOICE: "WHY HAVE CHINESE COMMUNIST LEADERS TRUCK NOW AGAINST WEI JINGSHENG, A LEADING DEMOCRACY IDSSIDENT, BY CHARGING HIM WITH TRYING TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT AND THE COMMUNIST SYSTEM? IF CONVICTED, AS THE CHINESE SYSTEM OF 'JUSTICE' SURELY WILL DO, MR. WEI WILL BE SLAMMED INTO PRISON AGAIN. AS LONG AS THE PRESENT GOVERNMENT ATTITUDE EXISTS, HE HAS LITTLE CHANCE OF EVER SEEING THIS SIDE OF FREEDOM... MR. WEI HAS BEEN HELD WITHOUT (FORMAL) CHARGE SINCE APRIL 1994, SO HOW COULD HE HAVE BEEN TRYING TO OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT... COUNTRIES SUCH AS THE UNITED STATES MUST PRESSURE THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT INTO GIVING MR. WEI HIS PROPER DAY IN COURT. [OPT] IF CHINA EVER IS TO BECOME A RESPECTED NATION ON THE GLOBAL SCENE, IT MUST ACCEPT THE RULE OF LAW. IT MUST ESTABLISH A FAIR JUDICIAL SYSTEM AND TOLERATE DISSENT.. [END OPT]

    TEXT: ON ANOTHER OVERSEAS TOPIC, "THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS" TODAY CALLS LECH WALESA OF POLAND A "HERO" AND COMMENTS ON HIS RECENT ELECTION DEFEAT:

    VOICE: "POLISH PRESIDENT ... WALESA, WHO SLEW COMMUNISM BY STARING DOWN ITS GUNS AND TANKS, HAS LOST REELECTION TO A FORMER COMMUNIST APPARATCHIK. ASTONISHING... UNLIKE FELLOW HEROES-TURNED-PRESIDENTS VACLAV HAVEL AND NELSON MANDELA -- WHO APPEAL TO THEIR NATIONS' DREAMS -- WALESA PLAYED TOO OFTEN TO POLAND'S FEARS... [HOWEVER] HIS FAILURES DO NOT ERASE HIS ACCOMPLISHMENTS. "

    TEXT: ON THE SAME TOPIC, "NEWSDAY" FROM LONG ISLAND NOTES:

    VOICE: "... LIKE OTHER HEROES IN HISTORY, (LECH WALESA) WAS BETTER SUITED BY TEMPERAMENT TO THE DRAMA -- AND THE STARK SIMPLICITIES -- OF A MAJOR UPHEAVAL THAN TO THE MUNDANE DETAILS OF RUNNING A COUNTRY. [MR.] WALESA WAS AN INEPT ADMINISTRATOR, A BLUNDERING POLITICIAN WITH NO FEEL FOR THE SUBTLE MANIPULATIONS AND COMPROMISES NEEDED TO DEAL WITH A FRACTIOUS PARLIAMENT. [OPT] IN HIS FIVE YEARS IN OFFICE, HE MANAGED TO FRITTER AWAY [WASTE] MUCH OF THE MORAL CAPITAL HE HAD BUILT UP AS THE HERO OF THE COUNTERREVOLUTION." [END OPT]

    TEXT: RETURNING TO DOMESTIC ISSUES, "THE SUN" IN BALTIMORE IS STILL WATCHING THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET DEBATE THAT CAUSED THE GOVERNMENT TO PARTIALLY SHUT DOWN TWO WEEKS AGO. THE PAPER NOTES:

    VOICE: "... IT IS TIME TO FOCUS ON WHAT MAY BE -- AND SHOULD BE -- THE CRUX ISSUE: TAXES. ... THE REPUBLICANS PROPOSE TO CUT TAXES OVER THEIR PRIZED SEVEN-YEAR PERIOD BY A STAGGERING 245-BILLION DOLLARS. MR. CLINTON, ALWAYS THE HALFWAY KID, OFFERS RIVAL REDUCTIONS OF 105-BILLION DOLLARS. WHAT CITIZENS SHOULD REALIZE IS THAT EVERY DOLLAR OF REVENUE LOST MAKES BUDGET BALANCING HARDER TO ACHIEVE AND INCREASES THE SPENDING CUTS REQUIRED TO GET THERE."

    TEXT: LONG ISLAND'S "NEWSDAY" IS CONCERNED ABOUT ANOTHER FACET OF THE SAME DEBATE, RAISING THE NATIONAL DEBT CEILING.

    VOICE: "... EVEN THOUGH A DEAL HAS BEEN STRUCK THAT MOVES BUDGET NEGOTIATIONS FORWARD, THE TREASURY IS STILL HAVING TO TAKE EXTRAORDINARY STEPS TO AVOID DEFAULT. THAT'S BECAUSE THE MUCH-BALLHOOED AGREEMENT THAT TEMPORARILY RESTORED FUNDING FOR ROUTINE GOVERNMENT SERVICES FAILED TO INCLUDE A PROVISION TO RAISE THE STATUTORY DEBT LIMIT. ...THIS SILLY WRONG CAN BE RIGHTED EASILY. WHEN CONGRESS RETURNS FROM ITS THANKSGIVING BREAK THIS WEEK, IT CAN -- AND ABSOLUTELY SHOULD -- PASS A STAND-ALONE MEASURE THAT LIFTS THE DEBT CEILING."

    TEXT: AND LASTLY, TODAY'S "MIAMI HERALD" DISCUSSED THE IMPLICATIONS OF A NEW RAND CORPORATION STUDY THAT SUGGESTS A WIDENING GAP BETWEEN RICH AND POOR IN THIS SOCIETY OVER ACCESS TO INFORMATION IN THE NEW ELECTRONIC GENERATION.

    VOICE: "... THE GAP THAT RAND CITES MAY BE DAUNTINGLY HARD TO BRIDGE. IT'S NOT DEFINED BY INCOME OR NET WORTH, AS IN THE PAST, BUT BY ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION THAT SO OFTEN TRANSLATES INTO WEALTH AND POWER... THE REPORT ... WARNS THAT ACCESS TO E-MAIL OUGHT TO BECOME UNIVERSAL. OTHERWISE, THE UNITED STATES MAY WELL FACE A FUTURE MARKED BY 'INFORMATION APARTHEID' IN WHICH THE GAP BETWEEN HAVES AND HAVE-NOTS WIDENS."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT NOTE OF SOCIAL COMMENTARY WITH A TECHNOLOGICAL BACKDROP, WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF SAMPLING OF EDITORIAL OPINION ON THIS LAST MONDAY OF NOVEMBER.

    NEB/ANG/PCH
    27-Nov-95 11:21 AM EST (1621 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- NOVEMBER 27, 1995

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- 11/27/95 THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING ON BOSNIA BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA NEWS SERVICES:

    BOSNIA / SERBS -- A SENIOR BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIAL, WHO MAY REPLACE SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC, IS REPORTED TO HAVE PRAISED THE NEW PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (11/27)

    US / BOSNIA -- THE UNITED STATES HAS RULED OUT THE IDEA OF REOPENING THE BOSNIAN PEACE TREATY, AS BOSNIAN SERBS DEMAND. THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION IS ALSO LAUNCHING A CAMPAIGN TO BUILD PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR THE USE OF THOUSANDS OF US TROOPS AS PEACEKEEPERS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS FROM WASHINGTON. (11/26)

    BOSNIA / SARAJEVO -- BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS CALLED FOR THE RENEGOTIATION OF THE DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT TO AVOID THE HANDOVER OF SERB-HELD PARTS OF SARAJEVO TO BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT CONTROL. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL. (11/26)

    CLINTON / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON IS DEFENDING PLANS TO SEND US TROOPS TO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, SAYING THE UNITED STATES HAS A CRUCIAL ROLE TO PLAY IN ENSURING A PEACE AGREEMENT IS IMPLEMENTED THERE. MR CLINTON'S COMMENTS, IN HIS SATURDAY RADIO ADDRESS, ARE A PREVIEW OF A NATIONALLY TELEVISED ADDRESS HE IS TO DELIVER MONDAY. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM WASHINGTON. (11/25)

    BOSNIA / SARAJEVO -- RESIDENTS OF A SERB SUBURB OF SARAJEVO DEMONSTRATED AGAINST THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL THAT UNDER THE AGREEMENT MOST SERB-CONTROLLED AREAS OF SARAJEVO WILL REVERT UNDER GOVERNMENT CONTROL. (11/25)

    US / BOSNIA -- AS PRESIDENT CLINTON PREPARES FOR TWO BROADCAST APPEARANCES TO RALLY PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR US PARTICIPATION IN A BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING FORCE, THE WHITE HOUSE HAS RELEASED LETTERS FROM THREE BALKANS PRESIDENTS ENSURING THE TROOPS' SAFETY. CORRESPONDENT VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS A SKEPTICAL CONGRESS IS PREPARING FOR HEARINGS ON THE DEPLOYMENT OF TWENTY THOUSAND TROOPS. (11/24)

    BOSNIA / FEDERATION -- THE PRESIDENT OF THE MOSLEM-CROAT FEDERATION IN BOSNIA, KRESIMIR ZUBAK, DOES NOT AGREE WITH THE PEACE AGREEMENT REACHED IN DAYTON. HE SAID UNLESS THE PARLIAMENT OF THE FEDERATION ACCEPTS HIS POSITION, HE WILL RESIGN. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 11/26)

    SARAJEVO / BOSNIAN SERBS -- BOSNIAN SERBS WHO LIVE IN PARTS OF SARAJEVO UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE PALE GOVERNMENT DO NOT ACCEPT THE PEACE PLAN REACHED IN DAYTON. THE ACCORD CALLS FOR A UNIFIED CAPITAL UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT. STRIGNER DUSKO MASIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 11/26)

    BOSNIAN PRESIDENT / ADDRESS -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC ADDRESSED THE NATION UPON HIS RETURN FROM THE PEACE TALKS IN DAYTON, OHIO. STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC QUOTES MR IZETBEGOVIC AS SAYING THAT SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC HAS TO CONVINCE THE BOSNIAN SERBS TO ACCEPT THE PEACE AGREEMENT. (CROATIAN 11/23)

    BOSNIA / REACTIONS -- BOSNIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MUHAMED SACIRBEGOVIC AND CROATIA'S UN AMBASSADOR MARIO NOBILO COMMENT ON THE LATEST SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS ON FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. STRINGER IVICA PULJIC REPORTS MR NOBILO SAYING THAT THE MOST IMPORTANT RESOLUTION FOR CROATIA IS THE ONE REGARDING EASTERN SLAVONIA, THE REGION OF CROATIA STILL HELD BY REBEL SERBS. (CROATIAN 11/23)

    CROATIAN OPPOSITION / DAYTON AGREEMENT -- THE CROATIAN OPPOSITION DENOUNCED THE DAYTON AGREEMENT. STRINGER SLAVICA LUKIC REPORTS THAT THE SECRETARY OF THE SOCIAL-LIBERAL PARTY, BOZO KOVACEVIC SAID THE AGREEMENT AMOUNTS TO THE FINAL DIVISION OF BOSNIA. (CROATIAN 11/23)

    SERBS / SARAJEVO -- BOSNIAN SERBS IN SARAJEVO CONTINUE TO HOLD PROTEST MEETINGS AGAINST THE DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT UNDER WHICH THE WHOLE CITY IS TO BE GOVERNMENT-CONTROLLED. MEANWHILE, THE UNPROFOR IN SARAJEVO REPORTS THAT BOSNIAN CROATS ARE BURNING AND LOOTING HOUSES IN AREAS WHICH WILL COME UNDER SERB CONTROL. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (SERBIAN 11/24)

    BOSNIAN CROATS / LOOTING AND BURNING -- STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC QUOTES A UN SPOKESMAN IN SARAJEVO AS SAYING THAT BOSNIAN CROATS IN TWO WESTERN TOWNS ARE LOOTING AND SETTING HOUSES ON FIRE IN PROTEST AGAINST THE PROVISIONS OF THE DAYTON PEACE PLAN TO TO TURN THE AREA OVER TO THE SERBS. (CROATIAN 11/24)

    DAYTON AGREEMENT / BOSNIAN CROATS REACTIONS -- CROATS LIVING IN THE AREA OF BOSNIA WHICH IS TO BE TURNED OVER TO THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE CONDEMNED THE DAYTON AGREEMENT. STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS THAT ONE OF THEIR LEADERS, VITOMOIR COSKOVIC, SAID HE WILL NEVER ACCEPT THE AGREEMENT. (CROATIAN 11/23)

    CROATIA / PREVLAKA PENINSULA -- CROATIAN MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS MATE GRANIC DID NOT REJECT THE IDEA THAT CROATIA WILL SWAP PREVLAKA PENINSULA FOR HINTERLAND OF DUBROVNIK. HOWEVER HE STRESSED THAT SUCH A DECISION SHOULD BE MADE BY THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT AND BY THE CITIZENS OF CROATIA. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 11/25)

    MACEDONIA / LIFTING OF THE SANCTIONS -- SKOPJE HAS REACTED WITH GREAT RELIEF THE LIFTING OF THE SANCTIONS AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA. THE DELEGATION OF THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF SERBIA ARRIVED TO SKOPJE FOR AN OFFICIAL VISIT. STRINGER ZELJKO BAJIC REPORTS FROM SKOPJE. (SERBIAN 11/25)

    MONTENEGRO / SANCTIONS -- PUBLIC REACTIONS IN MONTENEGRO ON LIFTING OF UN SANCTIONS AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA RANGE FROM INDIFFERENCE TO CAUTIOUS OPTIMISM. ANALYSTS PREDICT HARD TIMES, SPECIALLY FOR THE MONTENEGRIN ECONOMY. STRINGER BOSKO DJUKIC REPORTS FROM PODGORICA. (SERBIAN 11/24)

    BOSNIAN SERB MEDIA / PEACE TALKS IN DAYTON -- BOSNIAN SERBS SAY THEY WILL GIVE OFFICIAL RESPONSE AFTER THEIR NEGOTIATING TEAM RETURNS, WHILE MAIN BOSNIAN PARTY OF DEMOCRATIC ACTION HAILS THE DAYTON AGREEMENT AS HISTORIC. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (SERBIAN 11/23)

    TUDJMAN / UNCRO -- AT TALKS WITH UN SPECIAL ENVOY KOFI ANNAN CROATIAN PRESIDENT FRANJO TUDJMAN REJECTED PROPOSED EXTENSION OF MANDATE FOR UN FORCES IN WESTERN CROATIA, BUT SAID THEY COULD BE INCLUDED IN NEW UN FORCES FOR EASTERN CROATIA. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 11/24)

    CROATIA / UN -- SPECIAL UN ENVOY FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, KOFI ANNAN MET WITH CROATIAN PRESIDENT TUDJMAN IN ZAGREB. STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS THAT THE TWO MAIN ISSUES WERE THE DAYTON AGREEMENT AND EASTERN SLAVONIA. AT THE SAME TIME THE CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE CROATIAN PRESIDENT MET WITH UNHCR OFFICIAL DENIS MCKENZIE. (CROATIAN 11/24)

    DAYTON AGREEMENT / BOSNIAN POLL -- STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS THAT ACCORDING TO A POLL CONDUCTED BY TELEPHONE AROUND BOSNIA, MORE THEN 65 PERCENT OF BOSNIANS ARE SATISFIED WITH THE PEACE AGREEMENT, AND BELIEVE THAT THE REAL PEACE IS COMING. (CROATIAN 11/24)

    MIROLJUB LABUS / ACCORD -- CHAIRMAN OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY IN SERBIA, MIROLJUB LABUS AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE COMMITTEE FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS ILIJA DJUKIC, RECENTLY VISITED BRITAIN. STRINGER RIJALDA SEBEK REPORTS ON THEIR TALKS WITH BRITISH OFFICIALS AND THE FUTURE OF YUGOSLAVIA AFTER BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT. (SERBIAN 11/23)

    GERMAN PRESS / PEACE FOR BOSNIA -- GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL IS WELCOMED THE PEACE AGREEMENT REACHED IN DAYTON AS A GREAT SUCCESS. GERMANY HAS PROPOSALS TO ESTABLISH PEACE IN THE BALKANS. THESE PROPOSALS ARE PRIMARILY DEALING WITH DISARMAMENT OF THE WARRING SIDES. STRINGER DRAGAN BISENIC REPORTS FROM BONN. (SERBIAN 11/25)

    GERMANY / BOSNIA -- THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT IS PREPARING THE DEPLOYMENT OF A 4000 STRONG PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR DUTY IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. STRINGER IVICA LOVRIC REPORTS THAT ALL IS NEEDED NOW IS THE APPROVAL OF THE PARLIAMENT. (CROATIAN 11/25)

    BRITISH PRESS / DAYTON AGREEMENT -- THE LONDON TIMES NOTES THAT PRESIDENT CLINTON ON THE LAST DAY OF NEGOTIATIONS IN DAYTON MANAGED TO GET WRITTEN GUARANTIES FROM THE BOSNIAN SERBS THAT THEY WILL NOT ENDANGER SECURITY OF THE NATO PEACE FORCES. LONDON PAPERS BELIEVE THAT ASSURANCE WILL HELP THE PRESIDENT CONVINCE CONGRESS TO APPROVE THE SENDING OF AMERICAN TROOPS TO BOSNIA. STRINGER RIJALDA SEBEK REPORTS FROM LONDON. (SERBIAN 11/25)

    BRITAIN / BOSNIA -- BRITISH COMMENTATORS SAY THAT BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC IS THE BIGGEST LOSER AT THE DAYTON PEACE TALKS, WHILE CROATIAN PRESIDENT TUDJMAN IS THE ABSOLUTE WINNER. STRINGER RIALDA SEBEK REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/24)

    SERBIA / RECOVERY -- A PANEL OF LEADING YUGOSLAV EXPERTS AT THE DEMOCRACY CENTER IN BELGRADE ASSESSED PROSPECTS OF ECONOMIC RECOVERY FOR YUGOSLAVIA AFTER THE LIFTING OF UN SANCTIONS. THE EXPERTS AGREED THAT THE ROAD WILL BE BUMPY, AND SAID THAT YUGOSLAVIA WILL NEED TEN YEARS TO REACH THE ECONOMIC LEVEL IT HAD IN 1989. STRINGER DUSAN MASIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/24)

    FORMER YUGOSLAVIA / RECONSTRUCTION -- THE EU MEDIATOR FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, CARL BILT ANNOUNCED THAT A CONFERENCE ON THE RECONSTRUCTION OF BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WILL TAKE PLACE ON DECEMBER 18THE AND 19TH IN BRUSSELS. HE SAID THAT A SIMILAR CONFERENCE ON CROATIA WILL BE HELD SOMETIME IN FEBRUARY. (CROATIAN 11/24)

    BOSNIA / INDEPENDENCE DAY -- BOSNIANS CELEBRATED INDEPENDENCE DAY. STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS THAT THE NEW NATIONAL ANTHEM WAS PLAYED ON THIS OCCASION FOR THE FIRST TIME PUBLICLY, HAVING BEEN APPROVED BY THE PRESIDENCY OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA ON FRIDAY. (CROATIAN 11/25)

    MOSCOW / PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA -- MOSCOW OFFICIALS WELCOME THE DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT. BUT THEY STRESS RUSSIA'S OWN ROLE IN NORMALIZING THE SITUATION IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. STRINGER RISTO BAJALSKI REPORTS FROM MOSCOW. (SERBIAN 11/25)

    EUROPEAN UNION / MACEDONIA -- MINISTERS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION GAVE GREEN LIGHT FOR THE NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND MACEDONIA. A PROPOSED BLUEPRINT CALLS FOR THE FINANCIAL HELP IN THE AMOUNT OF 150 MILLION ECUS. STRINGER ZELJKO BAJIC REPORTS FROM SKOPJE. (SERBIAN 11/26)

    MACEDONIA / PERRY VISIT -- VISITING US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY MET WITH MACEDONIAN PRESIDENT KIRO GLIGOROV IN SKOPJE. THE US OFFICIAL ALSO VISITED US TROOPS IN MACEDONIA. STRINGER ZELJKO BAJIC REPORTS FROM SKOPJE. (SERBIAN 11/23)

    MONTENEGRO / ABDUCTED MOSLEMS -- THREE YEARS AGO NINETEEN MUSLIMS WERE ABDUCTED FROM THE TRAIN RUNNING BETWEEN BELGRADE AND BAR. THEIR DESTINY IS STILL UNKNOWN. THE MONTENEGRIN OPPOSITION HAS ASKED THE PARLIAMENT IN PODOGORICA TO GIVE WIDER POWER TO THE COMMISSION WHICH IS INVESTIGATING THAT CASE. STRINGER BOSKO DJUKIC REPORTS FROM PODGORICA. (SERBIAN 11/26)

    CROATIA / ELECTION IRREGULARITIES -- THE CROATIAN OPPOSITION IS DEMANDING THE RESIGNATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT, JADRANKO CRNIC. STRINGER SLAVICA LUKIC REPORTS THAT THE REQUEST CAME AFTER THE TWO RULINGS OF THE COURT REGARDING THE LATEST ELECTIONS IN CROATIA. (CROATIAN 11/24)

    CROATIA / SYMPOSIUM -- A TWO DAY SYMPOSIUM AGAINST FASCISM, INTOLERANCE, XENOPHOBIA, AND RACISM HAS ENDED IN ZAGREB. STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC REPORTS THAT ONE OF THE PANELISTS SAID THE DEGREE OF TOLERANCE IS NOT DIRECTLY CONNECTED TO THE LEVEL OF VIOLENCE IN A SOCIETY. (CROATIAN 11/23)

    BOSNIA AGREEMENT / WINNERS AND LOSERS -- JOSHUA MURAVCHIK, RESEARCHER AT THE AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE CRITICIZED THE PEACE PLAN FOR BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, SAYING THAT IT REWARDS PERPETRATORS OF ETHNIC CLEANSING. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER BOJAN KLIMA, MR MURAVCHIK ARGUED THAT NATO PEACE ENFORCEMENT IS GOING TO BE VERY DIFFICULT. (CROATIAN 11/26)

    US / BOSNIA FORCE -- JOSHUA MURAVCHIK, RESEARCHER AT THE AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE, JOSHUA GOLDSTEIN, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AT AMERICAN UNIVERSITY, JOSEPH MONTVILLE, DIRECTOR OF THE CENTER FOR PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY AT THE CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES, AND WILLIAM ODOM, FORMER DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY DISCUSS THE PEACE PLAN FOR BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND PRESIDENT CLINTON EFFORTS TO SEND US TROOPS TO BOSNIA. STAFFER BOJAN KLIMA REPORTS. (CROATIAN 11/26)

    DAYTON AGREEMENT / AMERICAN REACTIONS -- JANOS BUGAJSKI, DIRECTOR OF THE EAST-EUROPEAN STUDIES AT CSIS SAID THAT THE SERBS BENEFITED THE MOST FROM THE DAYTON AGREEMENT. HE ALSO ADDED THAT THE POLITICAL IMPLEMENTATION IS THE CRITICAL MOMENT. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER DZEILANA PECANIN. (CROATIAN 11/23)

    BOSNIA / EUROPE -- FOR AN ANALYSIS OF THE BALKAN PEACE AGREEMENT SIGNED IN DAYTON, OHIO AND WHAT THE FUTURE MAY HOLD FOR THE REGION, STAFFER IDRISSA FALL INTERVIEWED XAVIER BOUGAREL, AT THE CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IN PARIS. ACCORDING TO MR BOUGAREL, THE DAYTON ACCORD WILL NOT BE FULLY IMPLEMENTED BUT THE WAR WILL END; AND HE SAID THE WINNERS ARE THE NATIONALISTS AND THE LOSERS ARE THE FORMER NATION OF YUGOSLAVIA AND THE POPULATION. (FRENCH 11/23)

    BOSNIA / NATO / EUROPE -- STAFFER JEAN-CLAUDE ANDRE INTERVIEWS BERTRAND BADIE, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AT THE PARIS INSTITUTE OF POLITICAL SCIENCE. MR BADIE REVIEWS HOW THE NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE WITH US AND EUROPEAN ELEMENTS WOULD IMPLEMENT THE BALKAN PEACE AGREEMENT, BUT HE ALSO EXPRESSED SKEPTICISM AS TO THE SUCCESS OF THE OPERATION. (FRENCH 11/23)

    BOSNIA REFUGEES -- REPORTER TOM CROSBY TALKS WITH BILL FRELICH, SENIOR POLICY ANALYST AT THE US COMMITTEE FOR REFUGEES. HE EXPECTS THE BOSNIAN PEACE ACCORD WILL RESULT IN ANOTHER MASS MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE DISPLACED BY THE FIGHTING AND THE ETHNIC CLEANSING. HE ANTICIPATES NUMEROUS PROBLEMS AS THESE PEOPLE TRY TO RETURN HOME AND TRY TO RECLAIM THEIR HOMES. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 11/24) 27-Nov-95 6:23 PM EST (2323 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [03] BOSNIA BY DAN NOBLE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=U-S COLUMNISTS ROUNDUP: BOSNIA #1
    NUMBER=6-09292
    TELEPHONE=619-1014
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    (NOTE: THIS IS A SPECIAL SERIES ON DEVELOPMENTS IN BOSNIA AND THE REACTION OF SELECTED AMERICAN NEWSPAPER COLUMNISTS. IT WILL BE UPDATED AS NECESSARY.)

    INTRO: TALKS IN DAYTON, OHIO, LAST WEEK PRODUCED AN AGREEMENT THAT MAY LEAD TO PEACE BETWEEN THE WARRING PARTIES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. AS A RESULT, PRESIDENT CLINTON WANTS TO DEPLOY SOME 20-THOUSAND AMERICAN SOLDIERS IN THE REGION AS THE MAJOR CONTINGENT OF A U-N PEACE-IMPLEMENTATION FORCE. AMERICAN NEWSPAPER COLUMNISTS ARE EXPRESSING A RANGE OF VIEWS ON THE SUBJECT. ______________ HAS THIS DIGEST OF COMMENTS APPEARING IN SOME OF AMERICA'S LEADING DAILIES.

    TEXT: WARREN CHRISTOPHER, THE U-S SECRETARY OF STATE, USED THE OP-ED PAGE OF TODAY'S (MONDAY'S) NEW YORK TIMES TO WRITE THAT "THE AMERICAN ROLE IN REACHING A COMPREHENSIVE SETTLEMENT WAS ESSENTIAL. BUT AT CRUCIAL MOMENTS, THE PRESIDENTS OF SERBIA, CROATIA AND BOSNIA SOUGHT EACH OTHER OUT IN DIRECT TALKS AND REACHED HARD-FOUGHT COMPROMISES." MR. CHRISTOPHER SAYS "AMERICAN AND ALLIED RESOLVE, COMBINED WITH WAR, FATIGUE, SELF-INTEREST, FEAR OF CONTINUED CARNAGE AND AN EYE TOWARD HISTORY'S VERDICT, PRODUCED A SOUND AGREEMENT." THE SECRETARY ADDS THAT "THE ACCORD WILL NOT ERASE THE PAST OR GUARANTEE THAT THE FABRIC OF BOSNIAN SOCIETY WILL BE RESTORED. BUT IT CAN BRING PEACE. THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY MUST HELP THE PARTIES TAKE THE STEPS TO CARRY OUT THE SETTLEMENT." AND, SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER NOTES THAT, "AFTER FOUR YEARS OF VIOLENCE AND DOZENS OF BROKEN AGREEMENTS, THE BOSNIANS NEED CONFIDENCE THAT PEACE WILL ENDURE." HE SAYS, "THAT IS WHY A NATO FORCE IS NEEDED. AMERICA, THE SOURCE OF NATO'S STRENGTH, MUST PARTICIPATE IN THAT FORCE."

    BUT, ADAM CHRISTMANN, WRITING IN THE WASHINGTON TIMES, POSES A QUESTION. HE ASKS: "WHEN AMERICAN MILITARY FORCES ARE SENT ABROAD TO SEPARATE COMBATANTS AND 'KEEP THE PEACE', WHAT IS THE EFFECT UPON THE MORALE OF THESE FORCES?" MISTER CHRISTMANN SAYS THAT "BASED UPON DATA GATHERED FROM THE EXPERIENCES IN HAITI, SOMALIA, NORTHERN IRAQ AND MACEDONIA, A SERIOUS EROSION OF COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS (AND SOMETIMES MORALE) RESULTS FROM PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS." AND, CONTINUES MISTER CHRISTMANN, "IF THE UNITED STATES IS TO RETAIN ITS STATUS AS 'THE ONLY SUPERPOWER', IT WILL CERTAINLY CONTINUE TO SEND TROOPS ABROAD ON PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS. THE CHALLENGE FOR THE NATION'S MILITARY LEADERSHIP IS TO FIND A WAY TO PREVENT THESE MISSIONS FROM BLEEDING THE STRENGTH AND EFFICIENCY OF OUR ARMED FORCES."

    JIM HOAGLAND, WRITING IN THE WASHINGTON POST, TELLS READERS THAT, "YES, THE BOSNIA PEACE ACCORD IS ALL THE INSTANT ANALYZERS SAY: TECHNICALLY FLAWED, MILITARILY RISKY, MORALLY DUBIOUS AND NOT CERTAIN TO LONG ENDURE. IT IS BUILT ON MUTUAL DISTRUST. BUT," CONTINUES MISTER HOAGLAND, "THE AGREEMENT IS ALSO THE ONLY GAME IN TOWN. IT IS WORTH TRYING IF ONLY FOR THE RESPITE IT PROMISES IN BALKAN BLOODLETTING. THE ACCORD'S DIPLOMATIC GODFATHER, RICHARD HOLBROOKE, HAS PURCHASED A GOOD SHOT AT A YEAR -- PERHAPS TWO -- OF RELATIVE PEACE AND REGROUPING ON THE BOSNIAN BATTLEFIELD. CONGRESS AND THE AMERICAN PUBLIC SHOULD NOT REJECT THE U-S COMMITMENT IT INVOLVES BECAUSE THE ACCORD IS NOT PERFECT NOR RISK-FREE."

    JAMES A. SCHEAR, A RESIDENT ASSOCIATE AT THE CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE, IN WASHINGTON, D-C, AGREES WITH JIM HOAGLAND OF THE WASHINGTON POST THAT THE AGREEMENT "ISN'T PERFECT." BUT, IN AN ARTICLE APPEARING IN THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, MISTER SCHEAR SAYS -- IN HIS WORDS -- "WE HAVEN'T YET FACED UP TO THE DIFFICULT TASKS OF SECURING THE PEACE. WHAT WOULD AMERICAN G-IS ACTUALLY DO IF THEY WERE DISPATCHED TO BOSNIA." AND, WRITES THE CARNEGIE RESIDENT ASSOCIATE: "FROM THE PENTAGON'S STANDPOINT, THE MILITARY'S ROLE IN IMPLEMENTING A SETTLEMENT IN BOSNIA IS TO SEPARATE THE WARRING FACTIONS. BUT THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION MUST ACKNOWLEDGE, RIGHT NOW, THAT THE RANGE OF POTENTIAL TASKS FOR THE NATO-LED 'IMPLEMENTATION FORCE' IS FAR BROADER THAN SIMPLY PATROLLING A NO-MAN'S LAND." ACCORDING TO MISTER SCHEAR, THE OTHER MISSIONS INCLUDE "IMPLEMENTING ARMS REDUCTION," "SUPERVISING THE DISBANDING OF PARAMILITARY GROUPS," AND "MONITORING BOSNIA'S INTERNATIONAL BORDERS." HE CONCLUDES THAT "IT WOULD BE DEEPLY UNFORTUNATE IF CONGRESS WERE TO STYMIE AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN AN OPERATION THAT MAY GIVE BOSNIA ITS BEST SHOT AT PEACE IN A LONG TIME. AT THE SAME TIME," HE SAYS, "LET'S NOT UNDERSTATE THE MAGNITUDE OF THE JOBS TO BE DONE OR OUR ROLE IN DOING THEM. TO DO SO IS TO COURT DISASTER."

    JAMES A. SCHEAR IS A RESIDENT ASSOCIATE AT THE CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE. HIS COMMENTS APPEARED IN A RECENT EDITION OF THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR.

    THIS CONCLUDES THE FIRST OF A SPECIAL VOICE OF AMERICA SERIES ON AMERICAN NEWSPAPER COMMENTS ON DEVELOPMENTS IN BOSNIA.

    NEB/DN/PCH
    27-Nov-95 11:47 AM EST (1647 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [04] BOSNIA / SERBS (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189145
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT HAS JOINED THE UNITED STATES IN REJECTING BOSNIAN SERB DEMANDS FOR CHANGES IN THE NEW PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. A SENIOR BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIAL, WHO COULD REPLACE HARD-LINE SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC, HAS ALSO PRAISED THE AGREEMENT. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: YUGOSLAV FOREIGN MINISTER MILAN MILUTINOVIC SAYS THERE IS NOTHING IN THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT THAT SHOULD LEAD TO DISPUTES OR TO FEAR AMONG THE WARRING FORCES.

    IN AN INTERVIEW WITH A BELGRADE NEWSPAPER (POLITIKA), MR. MILUTINOVIC SAYS IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT NONE OF THE PEACE DOCUMENTS, INITIALLED IN THE UNITED STATES, SHOULD BE CHANGED AT THE CONFERENCE IN PARIS WHERE THE PEACE AGREEMENT WILL BE SIGNED.

    THE YUGOSLAV FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS SOME OTHER ISSUES COULD BE DISCUSSED IN PARIS. BUT, HE SAYS THE PEACE AGREEMENT CANNOT BE REVISED, AMENDED, OR ALTERED.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAID ON SUNDAY THERE WILL BE NO RENEGOTIATION OF THE AGREEMENT AS DEMANDED BY THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER, RADOVAN KARADZIC.

    MR. KARADZIC SAYS SERBS IN SARAJEVO CANNOT ACCEPT THE PLANNED MUSLIM/CROAT FEDERATION CONTROL OVER THE SUBURBS WHERE THEY LIVE. HE ALSO SAYS THE NATO ROLE IN ENFORCING THE PEACE AGREEMENT NEEDS TO BE CLARIFIED.

    THE VIEW IN BELGRADE IS THAT MR. KARADZIC IS YESTERDAY'S LEADER AND THAT THE WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IS OVER. THERE HAVE BEEN YUGOSLAV PRESS REPORTS THAT SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC HAS A SUCCESSOR TO MR. KARADZIC IN MIND.

    IF THE REPORTS ARE ACCURATE, THE NEW BOSNIAN SERB LEADER WOULD BE NIKOLA KOLJEVIC, WHO IS NOW A VICE PRESIDENT OF THE BOSNIAN SERB REPUBLIC.

    THE YUGOSLAV NEWS AGENCY, TANJUG, SAYS MR. KOLJEVIC TOLD A RADIO STATION IN SERBIA THE PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA GIVES THE SERBS IMPORTANT BENEFITS.

    HE SAYS THE SERBS HAVE BEEN GRANTED A DEGREE OF STATEHOOD AND THAT THEY ARE NOT TREATED AS A NATIONAL MINORITY. HE ALSO SAYS HE BELIEVES SERBS AND OTHER ETHNIC GROUPS IN BOSNIA CAN HAVE NORMAL RELATIONS IN PEACETIME.

    MR. KOLJEVIC WAS A MEMBER OF THE BOSNIAN SERB TEAM INVOLVED IN THE NEGOTIATIONS ON THE PEACE AGREEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES. HE HAS NOT, PUBLICLY, COMPLAINED ABOUT ANY OF THE AGREEMENT'S PROVISIONS.

    MR. KOLJEVIC ALSO IS NOT AN INDICTED WAR CRIMINAL, LIKE RADOVAN KARADZIC. SO HE COULD HOLD ELECTIVE OFFICE UNDER THE TERMS OF THE PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/JWH/MMK
    27-Nov-95 10:28 AM EST (1528 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [05] BOSNIA PEACE / L-A REACT (L ONLY) BY ALAN SILVERMAN (LOS ANGELES)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189159
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // EDS: PLEASE UPDATE INTRO AFTER CLINTON REMARKS TONIGHT //

    INTRO: AS PRESIDENT CLINTON PREPARES TO GO ON THE AIR SEEKING PUBLIC APPROVAL OF HIS DECISION TO SEND AMERICAN PEACE-KEEPING TROOPS TO BOSNIA, BOSNIAN EMIGRES AND EXPATRIATES IN THE UNITED STATES ARE WATCHING THE REACTIONS OF THEIR NEIGHBORS. V-O-A'S ALAN SILVERMAN SPOKE WITH A BOSNIAN-BORN, LONGTIME RESIDENT OF THE LOS ANGELES AREA WHO QUESTIONS WHETHER THE DAYTON ACCORD CAN SUCCEED:

    TEXT: SUBHA SULEJMANAGIC [SOOB'-HA SOO'-LAY-MAHN-A-GITCH'] EMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1964 AND THE NATIVE OF BIHAC [BEE'-HATCH] INSISTS PEACE FOR HER HOMELAND MUST ALSO BRING JUSTICE; IN HER VIEW, SERB LEADERS ARE BEING REWARDED FOR THEIR AGGRESSION:

    // SULEJMANAGIC ACTUALITY //

    I THINK IT WILL _NOT_ BE PEACE OVER THERE IF IT IS _NOT_ JUST PEACE. IN DAYTON, IT LOOKS LIKE THEY PUT JUSTICE ASIDE; UNDER ANY COSTS THEY WANTED TO SIGN SOME KIND OF AGREEMENT, BUT THEY ARE GIVING THE AGGRESSORS HALF OF BOSNIA. I HOPE FOR PEACE, BUT _NOT_ UNDER THESE CIRCUMSTANCES // OPT //... UNTIL THEY TRY THESE WAR CRIMINALS. YOU CAN _NOT_ FORGET. IF YOU DON'T TRY THESE CRIMINALS, IT WILL REPEAT BECAUSE THIS IS THE TENTH GENOCIDE OF THE PEOPLE IN BOSNIA. // END OPT //

    // END ACTUALITY //

    MS. SULEJMANAGIC SAYS PRESIDENT CLINTON FACES AN UPHILL [DIFFICULT] STRUGGLE TO WIN SUPPORT FOR A U-S MILITARY ROLE IN BOSNIA:

    // SULEJMANAGIC ACTUALITY //

    I HAVE TWO SONS AND I AM BOSNIAN. MY SONS ARE BORN HERE. AND, BELIEVE ME, I WOULD _NOT_ SEND THEM THERE BECAUSE THERE IS _NO_ PEACE TO KEEP UNLESS IT IS A JUST PEACE. // OPT // IT IS VERY RISKY JUST TO SEND 20-THOUSAND YOUNG MEN. THE ONLY THING BOSNIANS EVER ASKED WAS TO LIFE THE EMBARGO AND LET THEM DEFEND THEMSELVES. THEY REALLY DO _NOT_ NEED ANY TROOPS TO BE THERE. // END OPT //

    // END ACTUALITY //

    SUBHA SULEJMANAGIC ORGANIZES COMMUNITY EFFORTS AND, WITH HELP FROM THE LOS ANGELES ISLAMIC CENTER, HER "BOSNIAN HUMANITARIAN AID" HAS HELPED RESETTLE SOME OF THE ESTIMATED ONE-THOUSAND BALKAN WAR REFUGEES CURRENTLY IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. (SIGNED)

    NEB/ADS/ART
    27-Nov-95 2:18 PM EST (1918 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [06] BOSNIA / SARAJEVO (L ONLY) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189151
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THERE IS GROWING CONCERN THE BOSNIAN SERB POLITICAL LEADERSHIP MAY REJECT THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT. BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS CALLED FOR THE RE-NEGOTIATION OF THE AGREEMENT, BUT U-S OFFICIALS SAY THERE WILL BE NO CHANGES TO THE PEACE PLAN. U-N OFFICIALS IN BOSNIA SAY IT IS THE BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY LEADERS THAT WILL DECIDE IF THE AGREEMENT WILL COME INTO EFFECT. DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: MR. KARADZIC HAS WARNED THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT COULD COLLAPSE IF CONCESSIONS ARE NOT MADE OVER THE FUTURE OF SERB-HELD AREAS OF SARAJEVO. HE SAID THAT WITHOUT CHANGES TO THE AGREEMENT, THE BOSNIAN SERB PARLIAMENT WILL NOT RATIFY THE DEAL, AND NATO TROOPS WILL NOT BE ALLOWED ON BOSNIAN SERB TERRITORY.

    THE PEACE PLAN CALLS FOR MOST SERB-HELD AREAS OF SARAJEVO TO BE HANDED OVER TO GOVERNMENT CONTROL. BUT THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE PROPOSED THREE ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS FOR THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL, ALL OF WHICH ARE UNLIKELY TO BE ACCEPTABLE TO THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT. AND U-S OFFICIALS HAVE INSISTED THERE WILL BE NO RE-NEGOTIATION OF ANY KIND.

    IT IS NOT CLEAR IF MR. KARADZIC, WHO IS UNDER ENORMOUS POLITICAL PRESSURE, COULD ACTUALLY SCUTTLE THE PEACE PLAN.

    THE U-N SPOKESMAN IN SARAJEVO, ALEX IVANKO, SAYS IT IS THE BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY LEADERSHIP WHICH IS IN CONTROL:

    /// IVANKO ACT ///

    THE POLITICAL LEADERSHIP OF THE BOSNIAN SERB SIDE DOESN'T HAVE MUCH LEVERAGE. AND IT IS BASICALLY THE BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY THAT IS RUNNING THE SHOW. AND IT IS THE BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY, BY THE WAY, THAT HAS STATED THEY ARE SOLIDLY BEHIND THE DAYTON AGREEMENT. AND THAT IS WHAT COUNTS.

    /// END ACT ///

    BUT THE RESIDENTS OF SERB-HELD SARAJEVO SAY THE AGREEMENT IS A BETRAYAL OF ALL THEY HAVE FOUGHT FOR DURING THE THREE-AND-ONE-HALF-YEAR WAR. AND THEY SAY THEY WILL NEVER LIVE UNDER BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT CONTROL.

    /// IVANKO ACT ///

    WE ARE TALKING ABOUT 40 (THOUSAND) TO 60-THOUSAND PEOPLE THAT ARE VERY UNHAPPY WITH THE DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT. THESE PEOPLE HAVE -- I HAVE TO ADMIT -- LEGITIMATE CONCERNS. AND I THINK IT IS UP TO THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT TO TRY TO REASSURE THESE PEOPLE THAT THEY HAVE NOTHING TO WORRY ABOUT.

    /// END ACT ///

    GOVERNMENT-CONTROLLED MEDIA HAVE BEGUN A CAMPAIGN TO CONVINCE THE SERBS TO STAY IN SARAJEVO. BUT THE BOSNIAN PRESIDENT, ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC, HAS SAID BOSNIAN SERB SOLDIERS WILL HAVE TO LEAVE AREAS THAT COME UNDER GOVERNMENT CONTROL.

    MOST SERB MEN ARE IN THE ARMY, AND THEY ARE NOT WILLING TO LEAVE THEIR FAMILIES IN GOVERNMENT HANDS. THE U-N REFUGEE AGENCY SPOKESMAN, KRIS JANOWSKI, SAYS THE BOSNIAN SERBS WILL HAVE LITTLE CHOICE.

    /// JANOWSKI ACT ///

    THERE'S BEEN SO MUCH PROPAGANDA AND THERE HAS BEEN SO MUCH HOSTILITY AND SO MUCH HATRED, THAT I DON'T THINK THEY WILL BE TAKING CHANCES. I THINK THEY SIMPLY WILL LEAVE.

    /// END ACT ///

    IF THE BOSNIAN SERBS DO FORMALLY REJECT THE PEACE PLAN, THERE IS LITTLE HOPE THE NATO DEPLOYMENT WOULD GO AHEAD. AND WITHOUT A MASSIVE NATO TROOP PRESENCE IN BOSNIA, THERE WILL BE LITTLE TO STOP A QUICK RETURN TO WAR. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DF/JWH/BG
    27-Nov-95 12:15 PM EST (1715 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [07] CLINTON EUROPE TRIP SCENESETTER BY DAVID BORGIDA (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31750
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON'S TRIP THIS WEEK TO BRITAIN, IRELAND, NORTHERN IRELAND, GERMANY AND SPAIN IS BEING VIEWED BY U-S OFFICIALS AS A REAFFIRMATION OF THE STRONG TIES BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND EUROPE. WHILE BILATERAL RELATIONS ARE ON THE AGENDA, TOP INTERNATIONAL ISSUES, MOSTLY BOSNIA BUT ALSO THE NORTHERN IRELAND PEACE PROCESS, WILL DOMINATE THE HEADLINES. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA IS TRAVELING WITH THE PRESIDENT.

    TEXT: THERE WILL BE TWO "FIRSTS" ON THIS TRIP. IT IS THE FIRST TIME BILL CLINTON ACTUALLY VISITS LONDON AS PRESIDENT, THE FIRST TIME HE WILL GO TO TEN DOWNING STREET THERE TO SPEAK WITH PRIME MINISTER JOHN MAJOR. AND IT WILL ALSO BE THE FIRST TIME ANY U-S PRESIDENT HAS BEEN TO NORTHERN IRELAND.

    SO MUCH FOR THE HISTORY - - FOR ON THIS TRIP, PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL BE WORKING HARD TO MAKE PROGRESS ON TWO CURRENT PROBLEMS PREOCCUPYING EUROPE --- THE SEARCH FOR PEACE IN BOSNIA AND, TO A LESSER EXTENT, IN NORTHERN IRELAND.

    U-S OFFICIALS SUCH AS CLINTON SPOKESMAN DAVID JOHNSON SAY IT IS AN OPPORTUNITY TO TALK WITH FRIENDS.

    /// JOHNSON ACT ///

    THE PRESIDENT BELIEVES THIS IS AN IMPORTANT OPPORTUNITY TO GIVE EXPRESSION TO THE STRONG TRANSATLANTIC TIES WE HAVE WITH THE GOVERNMENTS AND THE LEADERS THAT HE WILL BE VISITING WITH WHILE HE'S IN EUROPE.

    /// END ACT ///

    BUT WHAT WILL OCCUR THIS WEEK WILL BE LESS CEREMONY AND POMP AND MORE THE HARD WORK OF DIPLOMACY AS PRESIDENT CLINTON--FACING A SKEPTICAL CONGRESS--SEEKS EUROPEAN ASSURANCES HIS DECISION TO INCLUDE U-S TROOPS IN THE NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN BOSNIA IS THE RIGHT ONE. IN LONDON, PRESIDENT CLINTON MEETS WITH PRIME MINISTER MAJOR TO UNDERSCORE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SOMETIMES TENSE BILATERAL RELATIONSHIP-- BUT THE FOCUS WILL BE ON BOSNIA AND NORTHERN IRELAND. IN WHAT SENIOR OFFICIALS ARE BILLING AS A MAJOR FOREIGN POLICY ADDRESS ON BOSNIA WEDNESDAY, PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL STRESS THE COMMON BRITISH-U-S GOALS, THE NEED TO BUILD ON THE SACRIFICES OF WORLD WAR TWO AND TO AGREE THAT NOW THAT THE WAR HAS BEEN WON, THE PEACE HAS TO REMAIN SECURE. THURSDAY, IT'S ON TO BELFAST, A TRIP U-S OFFICIALS ARE CALLING SIGNIFICANT NOT BECAUSE THE PRESIDENT BRINGS A SPECIAL NEW PLAN OR NEW IDEAS TO THE STALLED NORTHERN IRELAND PEACE PROCESS, BUT BECAUSE OF HIS MERE PRESENCE. ONE U-S OFFICIAL CAUTIONS AGAINST EXPECTING THE PRESIDENT TO, IN HIS WORDS, "PULL A RABBIT OUT OF A HAT." (OR PRODUCE A MIRACLE) AND THE OFFICIAL REJECTS THE DESCRIPTION IN SOME NEWS ACCOUNTS THAT THE PRESIDENT IS ENGAGING IN SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY, SAYING IT IS UNREALISTIC TO EXPECT THE PRESIDENT TO NEGOTIATE DETAILS.

    BUT THERE IS HOPE WITHIN THE ADMINISTRATION THAT ITS TWIN-TRACK APPROACH ON NORTHERN IRELAND-- GETTING STALLED TALKS UNDERWAY WHILE PURSUING THE DECOMMISSIONING (OR TURNING IN) OF WEAPONS-- CAN BE FRUITFUL. THE U-S OFFICIAL SAYS THERE HAVE BEEN A LOT OF TALKS BETWEEN U-S OFFICIALS AND THE INVOLVED PARTIES TO TRY TO MOVE THE PROCESS FORWARD.

    CLINTON SPOKESMAN JOHNSON SAYS WHETHER OR NOT PROGRESS IS MADE AS A RESULT OF THE CLINTON VISIT, THERE IS STILL MUCH TO CELEBRATE.

    /// JOHNSON ACT ///

    WE'RE GOING TO BE CELEBRATING THE 15-MONTH-LONG CEASEFIRE. WE BELIEVE THAT THERE'S BEEN A RADICAL CHANGE TOWARD A NORMAL LIFE IN BELFAST AND IN NORTHERN IRELAND IN THE LAST 15 MONTHS, THAT THERE ARE PEOPLE THAT ARE LITERALLY ALIVE TODAY BECAUSE OF THE EFFORTS THAT HAVE BEEN UNDERTAKEN TO PURSUE PEACE THERE.

    /// END ACT ///

    IN BELFAST, PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL ALSO SPEAK AT A LOCAL METAL PLANT AND LIGHT THE LOCAL CHRISTMAS TREE, A GIFT FROM ITS U-S SISTER CITY, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE. IN DUBLIN, THE IRISH CAPITAL, THE PRESIDENT MEETS WITH PRESIDENT MARY ROBINSON AND THEN WITH PRIME MINISTER JOHN BRUTON TO AFFIRM THE TRADITIONAL TIES OF THE UNITED STATES WITH A MODERN IRELAND. BUT THE NORTHERN IRELAND PEACE PROCESS AND BOSNIA WILL BE ON THE TOP OF THAT AGENDA, TOO.

    THEN FOR THE PRESIDENT -- WHAT NO DOUBT WILL BE A TOUGH PERSONAL MOMENT, PERHAPS HIS TOUGHEST OF THIS TRIP-- MEETING IN GERMANY WITH U-S TROOPS TO BE SENT TO BOSNIA. HE KNOWS THEY FACE POTENTIAL DANGER AND A ROUGH BOSNIAN WINTER. GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL IS EXPECTED TO BE THERE, TOO.

    PRESIDENT CLINTON WINDS UP THIS TRIP SATURDAY WITH A STOP IN MADRID, SPAIN, FOR A U-S EUROPEAN UNION SUMMIT, AS WELL AS A BILATERAL MEETING WITH SPANISH PRIME MINISTER FELIPE GONZALEZ. THERE, THE PRESIDENT WILL UNDERSCORE THE U-S COMMITMENT TO EUROPE AND THE NEED FOR MORE COOPERATION, AND HE WILL CALL FOR SPECIFIC ACTION TO FIGHT INTERNATIONAL CRIME AND DRUG SMUGGLING. BUT BOSNIA REMAINS HIGH ON THE AGENDA. SPAIN HAS MORE THAN ONE-THOUSAND TROOPS THERE.

    ALL THROUGH THIS TRIP, THE PRESIDENT WILL MONITOR DEVELOPMENTS IN THE U-S CONGRESS, WHICH IS PREPARING TO VOTE SOON ON WHETHER TO ENDORSE THE U-S TROOP DEPLOYMENT. THE PRESIDENT IS PREPARED TO MOVE AHEAD WITHOUT A CONGRESSIONAL VOTE OF SUPPORT, BUT WITH THE 1996 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION APPROACHING, CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT ON THIS WOULD HELP HIS PROSPECTS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/BORG/CB/SKH
    27-Nov-95 6:07 PM EST (2307 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [08] CLINTON / BOSNIA SPEECH UPDATE (L) BY DAVE BORGIDA (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189160
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS PUTTING THE FINISHING TOUCHES ON HIS ADDRESS TO THE NATION LATER (8 PM EST) ON WHY U-S TROOPS SHOULD BE PART OF A NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN BOSNIA. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS HE IS CONFIDENT HE CAN MAKE HIS CASE TO SKEPTICAL AMERICANS AND THEIR ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS.

    TEXT: PRESIDENT CLINTON SPENT MUCH OF THE EARLY PART OF HIS DAY WORKING ON THE 15-MINUTE SPEECH HIMSELF, WITH SOME INPUT FROM ADVISERS SUCH AS DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER ANTHONY LAKE. BOTH OF THEM CONTINUED TO PRESS THE ADMINISTRATION'S HIGH-PROFILE CASE FOR U-S PARTICIPATION IN THE NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR BOSNIA SUNDAY, WHEN THEY APPEARED ON TELEVISION INTERVIEW PROGRAMS.

    THE PRESIDENT'S NATIONALLY-BROADCAST ADDRESS FROM THE OVAL OFFICE WILL DEMONSTRATE, ACCORDING TO SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY, THAT THE ADMINISTRATION IS -- IN HIS WORDS -- "ABSOLUTELY CONVINCED" THIS IS THE RIGHT POLICY. MANY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FEAR SENDING 20-THOUSAND AMERICAN TROOPS TO BOSNIA, AS PART OF THE 60-THOUSAND STRONG NATO PEACEKEEPING MISSION, COULD BE DISASTROUS. THEY FEAR CASUALTIES AND WHAT IS CALLED "MISSION CREEP" -- A TROOP COMMITMENT THAT BEGINS WITH A ONE YEAR TIME FRAME BUT EXTENDS WELL BEYOND THAT.

    BUT BEFORE HIS EVENING SPEECH, THE PRESIDENT SAID HE IS CONFIDENT THAT ONCE HE MAKES HIS CASE, AMERICANS WILL HAVE THE ANSWERS THEY ARE DEMANDING.

    // CLINTON ACTUALITY //

    I THINK THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WILL RESPOND. I BELIEVE THAT THEY ARE ENTITLED TO AN EXPLANATION -- THAT OUR VALUES AND OUR INTERESTS ARE VERY MUCH AT STAKE IN THE DECISION WE MAKE. AND THEY ARE ALSO ENTITLED TO AN EXPLANATION ABOUT WHAT EXACTLY I PROPOSE TO HAVE OUR TROOPS DO THERE AS PART OF THE NATO MISSION. AND I WILL DO THAT THIS EVENING. BUT I BELIEVE THEY WILL RESPOND. THIS IS AN EXTRAORDINARY OPPORTUNITY AND WE HAVE A VERY COMPELLING RESPONSIBILITY AND I EXPECT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TO SUPPORT IT.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    // OPT //

    THE PRESIDENT MADE THOSE REMARKS (AT THE WHITE HOUSE) JUST AFTER HE ANNOUNCED NEW U-S AID FOR CHILD IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMS FOR BOSNIAN CHILDREN. // END OPT //

    CLINTON SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY SAYS THE PRESIDENT CONTINUES TO BE BRIEFED ON NATO PLANS FOR BOSNIA EVEN AS HE REFINES HIS SPEECH.

    THE PRESIDENT LEAVES WASHINGTON FOR EUROPE LATE TUESDAY, BUT ONLY AFTER HE MEETS WITH U-S CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS TO DISCUSS BOSNIA. THE ISSUE WILL LIKELY TOP THE AGENDA OF THE PRESIDENT'S UPCOMING MEETING IN LONDON WITH BRITISH PRIME MINISTER JOHN MAJOR.

    PRESIDENT CLINTON ALSO MEETS GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL SATURDAY WHEN HE VISITS U-S TROOPS TAKING PART IN THE NATO PEACEKEEPING MISSION. IN BETWEEN, HE VISITS NORTHERN IRELAND, TO TRY TO GIVE THE PEACE PROCESS THERE A DIPLOMATIC BOOST. (SIGNED)

    NEB/BORG/ART
    27-Nov-95 2:47 PM EST (1947 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [09] CONGRESS / CLINTON / BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (SENATE)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189152
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE REPUBLICANS WHO RUN THE U-S CONGRESS SAY PRESIDENT CLINTON MUST ANSWER CRUCIAL QUESTIONS ABOUT PEACEKEEPING IN BOSNIA- HERZEGOVINA IN HIS SPEECH TO THE NATION TONIGHT (MONDAY). THESE INCLUDE THE COST OF THE MISSION, THE RISK TO AMERICAN SOLDIERS, AND THE STRATEGY FOR GETTING OUT. V-O-A'S DAVID SWAN REPORTS.

    TEXT: REPUBLICANS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN WARY OF A DEEPENING U-S INVOLVEMENT IN THE BALKANS -- ESPECIALLY THE USE OF GROUND FORCES IN BOSNIA. NOW, WITH THE PRESIDENT PLANNING TO SEND 20-THOUSAND TROOPS TO HELP NATO ENFORCE A PEACE AGREEMENT, LAWMAKERS SAY PRESIDENT CLINTON MUST JUSTIFY THE MISSION TO CONGRESS AND THE COUNTRY.

    LIKE A NUMBER OF OTHER REPUBLICAN LEADERS, HOUSE SPEAKER NEWT GINGRICH SAYS HE HAS _NOT_ MADE UP HIS MIND AND IS WILLING TO LISTEN. BUT HE ADDS, THE PUBLIC IS LIKELY TO BE SKEPTICAL.

    // GINGRICH ACTUALITY //

    AND PEOPLE ARE GOING TO WANT TO KNOW WHY AT CHRISTMASTIME ARE WE SENDING OUR YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN OVERSEAS TO THIS KIND OF A RISK AND WHAT DOES IT GAIN FOR FREEDOM AND WHAT DOES IT GAIN FOR AMERICA? AND THE PRESIDENT'S GOT TO CARRY THAT ARGUMENT. I THINK HE'S GOT TO BE ABLE TO MAKE A CASE THAT IS STRONG ENOUGH THAT PEOPLE GIVE HIM THE BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    HEARINGS ON THE PEACEKEEPING PLAN BEGIN TUESDAY MORNING. WHILE SOME MEMBERS SAY CONGRESS WILL TRY TO BLOCK OR AT LEAST PLACE CONDITIONS ON THE DEPLOYMENT, OTHERS SAY THE PRESIDENT MAY TURN PUBLIC OPINION IN HIS FAVOR. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DS/ART
    27-Nov-95 1:06 PM EST (1806 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [10] U-S/BOSNIA SPEECH O'NITER (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/26/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189115
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON ADDRESSES THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TONIGHT (MONDAY -- ONE HOUR UNIVERSAL TIME TUESDAY) ON THE REASONS FOR SENDING 20-THOUSAND U-S TROOPS TO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AS PART OF A NATO PEACEKEEPING OPERATION. V-O-A'S VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH, BY ONE LAWMAKER'S ACCOUNT, WILL BE THE TOUGHEST OF HIS POLITICAL LIFE:

    TEXT: THOSE COMMENTS ARE BY REPUBLICAN SENATOR JOHN WARNER WHO SAYS HE REMAINS OPEN-MINDED BUT WITH GRAVE CONCERNS. THAT APPEARS TO REFLECT DIVIDED CONGRESSIONAL AND PUBLIC OPINION MR. CLINTON HOPES TO WIN OVER WITH THE ADDRESS.

    DEMOCRATIC SENATOR BOB KERREY WONDERS IF 20-THOUSAND TROOPS IS ENOUGH TO GET THE JOB DONE AND QUESTIONS THE TIME LIMITATION:

    /// KERRY ACTUALITY ///

    I'M DEEPLY SKEPTICAL WE CAN FINISH THIS IN A YEAR AND IT SEEMS TO ME THAT IT MAY BE DRIVEN BY PRESIDENTIAL POLITICS, NOT BY MAKING CERTAIN THAT IF THERE IS A LOSS OF LIFE THOSE LIVES WILL BE LOST IN A GREAT CAUSE.

    /// END ACTUALITY ///

    SENATOR WARNER SAYS THE PRESIDENT MUST UNDERSCORE THE NECESSITY TO REMAIN IN BOSNIA EVEN WHEN CASUALTIES ARE SUSTAINED UNTIL THE MISSION IS COMPLETE.

    IN A PREVIEW OF THE SPEECH, WHITE HOUSE NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER ANTHONY LAKE SAYS THE PRESIDENT WILL ARGUE THE OPERATION IS IMPORTANT TO STOP THE KILLING, TO STRENGTHEN NATO AND FOR AMERICAN PRESTIGE:

    /// LAKE ACTUALITY ///

    IF WE DON'T FOLLOW THROUGH HERE HOW ARE THEY (THE WORLD) GOING TO EXPECT US TO BUILD ON SUCCESSES IN THE MIDDLE EAST, NORTHERN IRELAND AND ELSEWHERE.

    /// END ACTUALITY ///

    MR. LAKE AND OTHER ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS PLEDGE TO KEEP IN CLOSE TOUCH WITH CONGRESS ON THE DEPLOYMENT. THE PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS IS TO BE CARRIED LIVE BY ALL THREE MAJOR COMMERCIAL NETWORKS AND THE CABLE NEWS NETWORK. (SIGNED)

    NEB/VB/LWM
    26-Nov-95 8:46 PM EST (0146 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [11] U-S / BOSNIA SERBS (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189163
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED STATES SAYS BOSNIAN SERB DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT ARE _NOT_ SURPRISING, BUT THERE WILL BE _NO_ CHANGES IN THE AGREEMENT BEFORE IT IS SIGNED. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT THAT THE UNITED STATES IS DEPENDING ON SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC TO DELIVER ON HIS PROMISES.

    TEXT: THE STATE DEPARTMENT HAS DISMISSED DEMONSTRATIONS AGAINST THE PEACE AGREEMENT BY SERBS WHO SAY THE REFUSE TO LIVE UNDER THE MUSLIM-CROAT FEDERATION IN A RE-UNIFIED SARAJEVO.

    STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN NICHOLAS BURNS SAYS THE UNITED STATES IS RELYING ON SERBIAN PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC TO SIGN THE PEACE AGREEMENT AND TO CREATE THE CONDITIONS FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF NATO TROOPS IN BOSNIA.

    // BURNS ACTUALITY //

    WHAT MATTERS TO US IS THAT PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC HAS INITIALED THE AGREEMENT, WILL SIGN THE AGREEMENT IN PARIS, THAT HE HAS GIVEN US IRONCLAD ASSURANCES THAT THE CONDITIONS THAT WE NEED TO DEPLOY WILL BE THERE AND THAT MR. KARADZIC, WHO AT LEAST CURRENTLY IS THE LEADER OF THE SO-CALLED REPUBLIKA SRPSKA, HAS INITIALED THE AGREEMENTS. THAT MEANS MORE TO US THAN SOME PUBLIC STATEMENTS.

    // END ACTUALITY ///

    THE SPOKESMAN SAYS DEMONSTRATIONS BY AFFECTED CIVILIANS ARE _NOT_ SURPRISING, BUT ALL THREE SIDES HAD TO MAKE FUNDAMENTAL COMPROMISES TO REACH THE PEACE AGREEMENT LAST WEEK IN OHIO. (SIGNED)

    NEB/RP/ART
    27-Nov-95 3:10 PM EST (2010 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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