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Voice of America, 96-10-09

Voice of America Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)
  • [02] CYPRUS / QUAKE (L ONLY) BY JENNIFER GRIFFIN (NICOSIA)
  • [03] GERMANY / BOSNIA REFUGEES (L) BY KYLE KING (BONN)
  • [04] THE E-U CHALLENGES HELMS-BURTON BY LINDA CASHDAN (WASHINGTON)
  • [05] TURKEY/PRIME MINISTER (L-ONLY-RERUN) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)
  • [06] U-S/BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)
  • [07] U-S / BOSNIA PULLOUT (S-O) BY DAVID GOLLUST (PENTAGON)

  • [01] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/09/96
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09822
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9TH //

    INTRO: AMERICA'S PRESS THIS WEDNESDAY IS FOCUSING EDITORIAL ATTENTION ON THE VICE PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE TONIGHT BETWEEN AL GORE AND REPUBLICAN CHALLENGER JACK KEMP. THERE ARE ALSO EDITORIALS ON THE TALEBAN VICTORY IN AFGHANISTAN AND WHAT IT MEANS; POLITICAL TURMOIL IN TURKEY; SOME FRUSTRATION OVER PEACE TALKS IN THE MIDEAST; THE BOMBING IN IRELAND AND THE CONTINUED DICTATORSHIP IN NIGERIA. NOW, HERE WITH A CLOSER LOOK IS ___________________ AND TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: TONIGHT, AMERICAN VOTERS GET A CHANCE TO SEE HOW THE MEN RUNNING FOR THE SECOND-MOST IMPORTANT JOB IN THE COUNTRY, JUST A HEARTBEAT AWAY FROM THE PRESIDENCY, HOLD UP IN DEBATE. VICE PRESIDENT AL GORE WILL MEET REPUBLICAN CHALLENGER JACK KEMP IN A 90-MINUTE TELEVISED DEBATE AT ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA. THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS SAYS IN ITS EDITORIAL HEADLINE WHAT MANY OBSERVERS ARE SUGGESTING, WHEN IT CALLS THE DEBATE A "SNEAK PREVIEW." THE DAILY NEWS ADDS:

    VOICE: "TUNE IN ... TONIGHT TO SEE THE FRONT-RUNNERS IN THE [YEAR] TWO-THOUSAND PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. YEP, TWO-THOUSAND. THAT'S WHEN AL GORE AND JACK KEMP UNDOUBTEDLY WILL BE RUNNING FOR THE OVAL OFFICE, REGARDLESS OF WHO WINS THIS YEAR'S RACE."

    TEXT: THE NEW YORK POST SAYS, WHILE THE GORE-KEMP DEBATE MAY BE "ENTERTAINING TELEVISION," IT TALKS MAINLY ABOUT NEXT WEEK'S SECOND PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE BETWEEN BOB DOLE AND PRESIDENT CLINTON, AND URGES MR DOLE TO SEIZE THE MOMENT.

    VOICE: "[MR.] DOLE WOULD DO WELL TO ASK VOTERS TO CONSIDER HOW [MR.] CLINTON -- ABSENT THE CONSTRAINTS OF A FUTURE ELECTION -- WILL LIKELY CONDUCT HIMSELF. WE SUSPECT HE'LL REVERT TO [LEFT-LIBERAL] FORM... THE FACT THAT CLINTON AND COMPANY WILL BE ENMESHED IN WHITEWATER FROM DAY ONE IS IMPOSSIBLE TO IGNORE. DO AMERICANS WANT THE BUSINESS OF GOVERNMENT NEGLECTED WHILE THE CLINTONITES FACE THE SQUALID ISSUES TO WHICH WHITEWATER GIVES RISE? ... THESE ARE THE QUESTIONS ON WHICH BOB DOLE NEEDS TO DWELL A WEEK FROM TONIGHT"

    TEXT: THE WALL STREET JOURNAL, ON THE OTHER HAND, IS CALLING ON JACK KEMP TO ATTACK MR. CLINTON'S CHARACTER IN TONIGHT'S DEBATE.

    VOICE: "IN THE BROADEST SENSE, MR. KEMP NEEDS TO DISSECT MR. CLINTON'S CHARACTER FOR THE SAKE OF HIS OWN OPTIMISTIC POLITICAL PRINCIPLES. THE KEMP WORLDVIEW HAS ALWAYS BEEN ROOTED IN WHAT IS BEST FOR THE COMMON GOOD... THE SAME PRINCIPLES MEAN THERE IS AN OBLIGATION TO THE TRUTH, AND A WHITE HAT [A MAN WITHOUT BLEMISH], MR. KEMP IS THE IDEAL PERSON TO UTTER IT."

    TEXT: THE TALEBAN TAKEOVER IN AFGHANISTAN, FOLLOWED BY RADICAL ISLAMIC CHANGES IN THE CITY'S DAILY LIFE, HAVE THE ATTENTION OF TODAY'S MIAMI HERALD, WHICH ASKS -- IN ITS WORDS -- "WHAT PRICE, PEACE?"

    VOICE: "THE UNITED STATES SHOULD JOIN THE UNITED NATIONS IMMEDIATELY IN WARNING THE RAPIDLY ADVANCING TALEBAN ARMY IN AFGHANISTAN THAT THE OPPRESSION OF AFGHAN WOMEN WILL NOT BE TOLERATED. THE TALEBAN'S EXTREME FANATICISM SURPASSES, BY FAR, THAT OF ANY FUNDAMENTALIST REGIME NOW IN POWER ANYWHERE. [OPT] IT HAS BANNED MUSIC; FORCED MEN AT GUNPOINT INTO MOSQUES FOR PRAYERS, AND USED AMPUTATIONS AS PUNISHMENT FOR THEFT... UNDER TALEBAN RULE -- WHICH NOW INCLUDES ALL BUT A FEW PROVINCES NORTH OF KABUL -- WOMEN WORKERS, EVEN DESPERATELY NEEDED DOCTORS AND NURSES, HAVE BEEN FORCED TO STAY HOME.... [END OPT] TRUE, THE TALEBAN ARMY HAS BROUGHT PEACE TO MOST OF AFGHANISTAN ... BUT AT WHAT COST? THE FREEDOM OF HALF THE COUNTRY'S POPULATION IS AN UNCONSCIONABLE PRICE."

    TEXT: THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR URGES OTHER THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO THINK TWICE BEFORE RECOGNIZING THE NEW AUTHORITY IN AFGHANISTAN:

    VOICE: "... ANY ACCEPTANCE [OF THE TALEBAN] BY THE COMMUNITY OF NATIONS WILL DEMAND SWIFT ABANDONMENT OF BRUTAL METHODS. [OPT] SO FAR, THE TALEBAN DISMISSES WESTERN CRITICISM ON GROUNDS THAT AFGHAN SOCIETY IS DIFFERENT FROM THE WEST. [END OPT] ... IF THEY ... PUSH A THEOCRATIC AGENDA ABOVE ALL ELSE, AND CONTINUE THEIR MILITARY THRUST INTO PARTS OF THE COUNTRY STILL HELD BY OTHER GROUPS, AFGHANISTAN'S TRAGIC CACOPHONY WILL ONLY INTENSIFY."

    TEXT: AND STILL IN THE REGION, THE NEW YORK TIMES IS UPSET AT THE LATEST TURN OF EVENTS WITH TURKEY'S NEW, PRO-ISLAMIC PRIME MINISTER AND HIS FORAY INTO LIBYA. THE TIMES SAYS "TURKEY [IS] ADRIFT."

    VOICE: "TURKEY'S NEW PRIME MINISTER, NECMETTIN ERBAKAN, IS NOT LIKELY TO RETURN TO LIBYA ANYTIME SOON. IN A DISASTROUS ENCOUNTER LAST SATURDAY ... COLONEL GADHAFI GREETED MR. ERBAKAN WITH A CAUSTIC INDICTMENT OF TURKEY, INCLUDING ITS MEMBERSHIP IN NATO AND THE USE OF ITS AIR BASES BY AMERICAN FORCES. FOR GOOD MEASURE, THE COLONEL ENDORSED KURDISH SEPARATISM, A CAUSE LONG OPPOSED BY TURKEY. [OPT] MR. ERBAKAN LEFT LIBYA WITHOUT OFFERING A FORCEFUL REJOINDER, ASSURING A FROSTY WELCOME WHEN HE RETURNED TO ANKARA. [END OPT] ... IF HIS GOVERNMENT SURVIVES THE RESULTING FUROR ... MR. ERBAKAN WOULD BE WISE TO RECONSIDER AN IMPULSIVE DIPLOMATIC STRATEGY THAT FAR EXCEEDS THE LIMITED ELECTORAL MANDATE OF HIS ISLAMIC-ORIENTED WELFARE PARTY..."

    TEXT: TURNING TO THE RESUMED PEACE TALKS BETWEEN PALESTINIANS AND ISRAEL, NEWSDAY, ON NEW YORK'S LONG ISLAND, IS IMPATIENT WITH THE LACK OF PROGRESS SINCE LAST WEEK'S SUMMIT IN WASHINGTON. IT WARNS:

    VOICE: "THE TALKS MUST RESULT QUICKLY IN MUTUAL COMPROMISES AND SOME FORM OF AGREEMENT OVER ISRAEL'S UNKEPT PROMISE TO PULL TROOPS BACK FROM THE WEST BANK TOWN OF HEBRON ... THE ALTERNATIVE IS UNTHINKABLE: NOT SIMPLY A DISSOLUTION OF THE PEACE PROCESS ON WHICH SO MUCH HOPE HAS RESTED, BUT A DESCENT INTO OPEN WARFARE."

    TEXT: MOVING TO NORTHERN EUROPE'S KEY TROUBLE SPOT, TODAY'S BOSTON GLOBE ASKS IF IT'S: "BACK TO WAR IN NORTHERN IRELAND?"

    TEXT: "PEACE TOOK A GIANT STEP BACKWARD ... MONDAY WHEN TWO CAR-BOMBS EXPLODED, WOUNDING 31 PEOPLE AT A BRITISH ARMY BASE IN A BELFAST SUBURB. YESTERDAY, THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY CLAIMED RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE TWO BLASTS. [OPT] ... IT WAS THE FIRST ATTACK BY THE I-R-A IN NORTHERN IRELAND SINCE IT UNILATERALLY BROKE THE CEASE-FIRE IN FEBRUARY. [END OPT] ... IT IS LIKELY THAT THE I-R-A TERRORISTS WHO SET OFF MONDAY'S BOMBS WANTED TO FORCE THE PROTESTANT PARAMILITARIES BACK INTO THE KILLING GAME. IF THIS CAN BE ACHIEVED, IF THE HARD MEN WHO PREFER VIOLENCE AND REJECT THE DRAWN-OUT PROCESS OF PEACE NEGOTIATIONS GET THEIR WAY, THEN EVERYONE MIGHT GO BACK TO THE BOMB AND THE GUN."

    TEXT: AND LASTLY, THE LOS ANGELES TIMES SAYS OF THE CONTINUING MILITARY DICTATORSHIP IN NIGERIA, THAT THE "CONTINENT'S DEMOCRACIES SHOULD OSTRACIZE THE PARIAH NATION" TO COUNTER WHAT THE PAPER CALLS THE INATTENTION OF THE U-S GOVERNMENT AND ITS WESTERN ALLIES.

    VOICE: "SECRETARY OF STATE ... CHRISTOPHER IS MOVING THROUGH AFRICA, PROMOTING DEMOCRACY IN COUNTRIES THAT BROKE FREE OF COLONIALISM DECADES AGO AND PRODDING GOVERNMENTS TO ISOLATE THE REPRESSIVE MILITARY REGIME IN NIGERIA. THE FIVE-NATION TOUR ... RAISES THE PROFILE OF A CONTINENT THAT HAS LARGELY FALLEN OFF THE RADAR OF U-S FOREIGN POLICY... WITH CALCULATED RISK, NIGERIA'S NEIGHBORS SHOULD STEP UP THE PRESSURE, AN AFRICAN ANSWER TO AN AFRICAN PROBLEM."

    TEXT: WITH THAT COMMENT FROM CALIFORNIA'S LEADING DAILY, WE END THIS BRIEF SAMPLING OF EDITORIALS IN SOME OF TODAY'S U-S NEWSPAPERS.
    NEB/ANG/PCH
    09-Oct-96 11:34 AM EDT (1534 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [02] CYPRUS / QUAKE (L ONLY) BY JENNIFER GRIFFIN (NICOSIA)

    DATE=10/9/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-204374
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: A POWERFUL EARTHQUAKE CENTERED NEAR THE MEDITERRANEAN ISLAND OF CYPRUS HAS SHAKEN A WIDE AREA OF THE MIDDLE EAST. ON CYPRUS, JENNIFER GRIFFIN REPORTS BUILDINGS IN THE CAPITAL, NICOSIA, TREMBLED FOR ABOUT TWO MINUTES. BUT LITTLE SERIOUS DAMAGE OCCURRED IN THE CITY.

    TEXT: IT WAS LIKE A SCENE FROM A HOLLYWOOD MOVIE. THE WALLS SUDDENLY BEGAN TO SHAKE. GLASSES RATTLED AND PLASTER CRACKED.

    BUT THE BUILDINGS WERE NOT THE ONLY THINGS THAT TREMBLED. PEOPLE THROUGHOUT THE CITY RAN OUTSIDE FROM THEIR HOMES AND EVACUATED OFFICE BUILDINGS, FOR FEAR THE STRUCTURES MIGHT COLLAPSE.

    ANXIOUS HOTEL GUESTS AT THE NICOSIA HILTON, A FIVE-STAR HOTEL, RUSHED TO THEIR BALCONIES. THOSE CLOSER TO THE GROUND FLOOR RACED OUTSIDE, ONLY TO SEE THE LIGHT FIXTURES SHAKING AND THE CRYSTAL BLUE WATER IN THE OUTDOOR POOL SLOSHING OVER THE SIDES.

    BELL-HOPS ASSISTING NERVOUS GUESTS WITH THEIR BAGS TRIED TO ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO WAIT OUTSIDE FOR THE NEXT HOUR IN CASE A POWERFUL AFTERSHOCK FOLLOWED.

    IN OFFICES AROUND THE CITY, FILE CABINETS FLEW OPEN AND ELEVATORS JAMMED. BUT A QUICK DRIVE THROUGH THE CITY -- HOME TO NEARLY 200-THOUSAND PEOPLE -- REVEALED LITTLE DAMAGE. MOST WINDOW DISPLAYS IN DOWNTOWN SHOPS REMAINED INTACT, AND FEW BUILDINGS HAD ANY OBVIOUS DAMAGE.

    AN HOUR AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE SHOOK NICOSIA FOR ABOUT TWO MINUTES, AN AFTERSHOCK LASTING ONLY A FEW SECONDS AGAIN RATTLED THE TOWN.

    THE U-S GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SAYS THE EARTHQUAKE HAD A PRELIMINARY MAGNITUDE OF SIX-POINT-FOUR (ON THE RICHTER SCALE), AND WAS CENTERED ABOUT ABOUT 32 KILOMETERS OFF WESTERN CYPRUS, NEAR THE TOWN OF PAPHOS.

    THE EARTHQUAKE ALSO WAS FELT BY RESIDENTS OF SEVERAL NEARBY GREEK ISLANDS, AND ACROSS THE MIDDLE EAST, INCLUDING ISRAEL, SYRIA, AND EGYPT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JG/JWH/MMK
    09-Oct-96 11:36 AM EDT (1536 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [03] GERMANY / BOSNIA REFUGEES (L) BY KYLE KING (BONN)

    DATE=10/9/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-204366
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // RE-RUNNING TO FIX TYPOS IN FIRST GRAF OF TEXT //

    INTRO: GERMANY'S PLANS TO BEGIN FORCIBLY REPATRIATING SOME BOSNIAN REFUGEES AS EARLY AS THIS WEEK HAVE RUN INTO NEW CRITICISM -- THIS TIME FROM BOSNIAN OFFICIALS AS WELL AS FROM HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS. V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS FROM BONN.

    TEXT: WHEN GERMAN STATE INTERIOR MINISTERS MET IN BONN LAST MONTH AND DECIDED TO BEGIN SENDING BOSNIAN REFUGEES HOME, THEY LEFT IT UP TO THE INDIVIDUAL STATES TO DECIDE WHEN AND HOW BEST TO CARRY OUT THE CONTROVERSIAL PROCESS.

    SOME OF THE 16 GERMAN STATES HAVE DECIDED TO MOVE SLOWLY AND TO TRY TO CONVINCE PEOPLE TO LEAVE VOLUNTARILY. BUT OFFICIALS IN BERLIN AND BAVARIA HAVE TAKEN A DIFFERENT APPROACH.

    OFFICIALS IN BERLIN HAVE ALREADY INFORMED ABOUT 15-HUNDRED UNMARRIED REFUGEES AND CHILDLESS COUPLES THAT THEY WILL HAVE TO RETURN TO BOSNIA BY THE END OF THE MONTH.

    IN BAVARIA, OFFICIALS SAYS THEY WILL START SENDING PEOPLE BACK THIS WEEK.

    TILMAN ZULCH, THE HEAD OF A GERMAN RIGHTS GROUP THAT HAS WORKED CLOSELY WITH REFUGEES, SAYS MOST ARE MUSLIMS WHOSE HOMES ARE NOW CONTROLLED BY SERBS.

    /// ZULCH ACT ///

    THIS SHOWS IN A WAY THAT BAVARIA IS ACCEPTING WHAT (FORMER BOSNIAN SERB LEADERS) RADOVAN KARADZIC AND RATKO MLADIC PLANNED AND REALIZED, TO CREATE ETHNICALLY PURE ZONES.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE CRITICISM WAS ECHOED IN BONN, BY THE VISITING MAYOR OF THE NORTHERN BOSNIAN TOWN OF TUZLA, WHO SAID THE PROBLEM OF REFUGEES CANNOT BE SOLVED BY SIMPLY CHASING PEOPLE OUT OF GERMANY.

    THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT'S SPECIAL COMMISSIONER FOR FOREIGNERS, CORNELIA SCHMALZ-JACOBSEN, AGREED. SHE TOLD REPORTERS THE MOST IMPORTANT GOAL SHOULD BE RESETTLING THE REFUGEES SAFELY AND NOT SENDING THEM BACK IN ONE BIG PUSH.

    TILMANN ZULCH SAYS MANY OF THE REFUGEES ARE TERRIFIED.

    /// ZULCH ACT ///

    NOW THEY HAVE THE FEELING THAT THEY ARE ABSOLUTELY LOST, THAT THEY ARE ABSOLUTELY HOMELESS, THAT FROM ONE DAY TO THE NEXT SOME GERMAN POLICEMAN CAN TAKE THEM AND SEND THEM SOMEWHERE.

    /// END ACT ///

    WHILE THERE IS STILL WIDESPREAD SYMPATHY FOR THE REFUGEES IN GERMANY, SOME GERMAN STATES SAY THEY SIMPLY CANNOT AFFORD TO INDEFINITELY FEED AND HOUSE THEM.

    REFUGEE AGENCY OFFICIALS SAY IT WILL TAKE YEARS BEFORE HOMES CAN BE FOUND FOR THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES AND INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE.

    HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS SAY THAT BECAUSE OF ITS UNIQUE HISTORY, GERMANY SHOULD BE CAREFUL TO SEND THE REFUGEES BACK WITH DIGNITY AND IN A STEP-BY-STEP MANNER. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/JWH/RRM
    09-Oct-96 11:09 AM EDT (1509 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [04] THE E-U CHALLENGES HELMS-BURTON BY LINDA CASHDAN (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/9/96
    TYPE=CLOSEUP (ECONOMICS)
    NUMBER=4-09387
    TELEPHONE=619-2443
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT= // INSERTS AND VOICED VERSION IN AUDIO SERVICES //

    INTRO: THE EUROPEAN UNION IS ESCALATING ITS BATTLE AGAINST THE U-S HELMS-BURTON LAW, WHICH CALLS FOR SANCTIONS AGAINST FOREIGN COMPANIES IN CUBA THAT USE PROPERTY CONFISCATED

    FROM AMERICANS BY THE CASTRO GOVERNMENT. VOA'S LINDA

    CASHDAN REPORTS THE EUROPEANS ARE CLAIMING THAT HELMS-BURTON VIOLATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAWS AND ARE THREATENING TO RETALIATE.

    TEXT: THE U-S LEGISLATORS WHO OVERWHELMINGLY PASSED THE HELMS-BURTON LAW EARLIER THIS YEAR DID SO IN ANGER AFTER CUBA SHOT DOWN TWO U-S CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT LAST FEBRUARY, KILLING THE TWO PILOTS. HOWEVER, U-S STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESPERSON LEE MCCLENNY SAYS THE HELMS-BURTON LAW IS A LOGICAL OUTGROWTH OF PRIOR U-S POLICY, WHICH HAS BEEN TO ESTABLISH AN ECONOMIC EMBARGO TO DENY CUBA HARD CURRENCY.

    TAPE: CUT #1 -- MCCLENNY "HELMS BURTON IS A VARIATION OF A THEME ON THE EMBARGO, TRYING TO PREVENT, IN ITS SIMPLEST FORM, TRYING TO PREVENT COMPANIES THAT ARE DOING BUSINESS WITH STOLEN U-S PROPERTY -- PROPERTY EXPROPRIATED FROM U-S COMPANIES OR INDIVIDUALS FOR WHICH THEY'VE RECEIVED NO COMPENSATION FROM THE CUBAN GOVERNMENT. THESE FOREIGN COMPANIES ARE DOING BUSINESS WITH THIS PROPERTY INSIDE CUBA, MAKING MONEY THEMSELVES AND PROVIDING MONEY TO THE REGIME IN HAVANA. WE THINK THAT'S WRONG, AND WE'RE DEAD SET AGAINST IT."

    TEXT: QUITE A DIFFERENT ARGUMENT IS MADE BY ELLA KRUKOFF, SPOKESPERSON FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION. SHE SAYS IT IS ONE THING FOR THE UNITED STATES TO TAKE ACTION AGAINST CUBA, AND YET ANOTHER TO FORCE COMPANIES IN OTHER NATIONS TO TAKE SIMILAR ACTION.

    TAPE: CUT #2 -- KRUKOFF "IT'S THE EXTRATERRITORIAL NATURE OF HELMS-BURTON THAT SAYS WHAT FOREIGN COMPANIES AND OTHER INDIVIDUALS, OTHER THAN U-S CITIZENS, CAN OR CANNOT DO THAT IS EXTREMELY OBJECTIONABLE. CAN YOU IMAGINE HOW A U-S CITIZEN OR COMPANY WOULD REACT IF FRANCE OR BRITAIN SAID: 'YOU CAN'T DO THIS OR YOU CAN'T DO THAT IN YOUR OWN COUNTRY.' THE UNILATERAL EXTRATERRITORIAL ASPECTS OF HELMS-BURTON ARE WHAT HAS REALLY POISONED THE ATMOSPHERE."

    TEXT: THE STATE DEPARTMENT'S LEE MCCLENNY AGREES THE UNITED STATES HAS NO RIGHT TO TELL COMPANIES IN OTHER COUNTRIES THEY CAN OR CAN NOT DO BUSINESS WITH CUBA. BUT HELMS-BURTON DOES NOT DO THAT, HE SAYS. HELMS-BURTON MERELY STATES: 'YOU CANNOT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF STOLEN U-S PROPERTY TO DO BUSINESS IN CUBA.'

    TAPE: CUT #3 -- MCCLENNY "AN ANALOGY WOULD BE FOR ME TO HAVE AN AUTOMOBILE THAT I'M DRIVING AROUND. IT'S TAKEN BY SOMEONE, ANOTHER ENTITY, AND A GOOD FRIEND OF MINE -- MY NEIGHBOR -- GOES TO THIS PERSON WHO'S STOLEN MY CAR AND SAYS, "GEE, THAT LOOKS LIKE A NICE CAR. I BET I COULD GET IT CHEAP, BECAUSE I KNOW YOU GOT IT FOR FREE. THEN MY NEIGHBOR BUYS THIS CAR AND PAYS THE PERSON WHO STOLE IT FROM ME MONEY. THAT'S WRONG. AND MY NEIGHBOR KNOWS ITS WRONG. THE COMPANIES THAT WE HAVE SANCTIONED ALREADY UNDER THE HELMS -BURTON LEGISLATION KNOW THAT THEY'RE DOING SOMETHING WRONG, BUT THEY FRANKLY DON'T CARE."

    TEXT: PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS POSTPONED UNTIL FEBRUARY THE LAWSUIT PROVISION OF HELMS-BURTON WHICH PERMITS U-S FIRMS OR INDIVIDUALS TO FILE COMPLAINTS AGAINST FOREIGN COMPANIES TRAFFICKING IN STOLEN U-S PROPERTY. SO, FOR THE MOMENT, AT LEAST PART OF HELMS-BURTON IS ON HOLD. HOWEVER, ELLA KRUKOFF SAYS IF THE UNITED STATES TAKES ANY ACTION WHATSOEVER UNDER THE LAW, THE EUROPEAN UNION WILL RETALIATE.

    TAPE: CUT #4 -- KRUKOFF "WE HAVE A PROPOSAL WHICH IS VERY LIKELY TO BE PASSED BY THE END OF THE MONTH. IT GIVES THE EUROPEAN UNION THE RIGHT TO RESIST U-S LAW ON ITS OWN TERRITORY. IT ESTABLISHES A WATCH LIST, LIKE THE U-S HAS ESTABLISHED. IF THE UNITED STATES BEGINS SANCTIONS, IT GIVES US THE RIGHT TO SANCTION IN RETURN."

    TEXT: THE FIRST STRIKE IN THIS POTENTIAL TRANS-ATLANCTIC CONFLICT WILL OCCUR OCTOBER 16TH, WHEN THE EUROPEAN UNION PLANS TO TAKE ITS CASE TO THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION IN GENEVA. (SIGNED)
    NEB/LC/PCH
    09-Oct-96 12:26 PM EDT (1626 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [05] TURKEY/PRIME MINISTER (L-ONLY-RERUN) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=10/9/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-204378
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    // RERUN TO DROP LINE, SECOND TO LAST GRAF OF TEXT, ABOUT U-S DENIAL. //

    INTRO: TURKEY'S PRIME MINISTER, NECMETTIN ERBAKAN IS FACING MOUNTING PRESSURE FROM OPPOSITION PARTIES TO RESIGN FOR AN EMBARRASSING INCIDENT THAT OCCURRED IN LIBYA THIS WEEK. AS AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA, TWO LEFT-WING PARTIES IN THE TURKISH PARLIAMENT HAVE SUBMITTED CENSURE MOTIONS AGAINST MR. ERBAKAN FOR ALLOWING LIBYAN LEADER MUAMMAR QADHAFI TO DENOUNCE TURKEY AND TURKISH POLICIES WHILE HE WAS VISITING LIBYA.

    TEXT: MEMBERS OF THE "SOCIAL DEMOCRAT REPUBLICAN PEOPLE'S PARTY" AND THE "DEMOCRATIC LEFT" PARTY HAVE CALLED ON THE PRIME MINISTER TO RESIGN FOR FAILING TO RESPOND TO COLONEL QADHAFI'S CRITICISMS AND DEMANDS.

    AT A JOINT NEWS CONFERENCE NEAR TRIPOLI, MR. QADHAFI STUNNED MR. ERBAKAN BY CONDEMNING TURKEY'S TIES TO NATO AND ISRAEL AND BY CALLING FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDEPENDENT KURDISH STATE. MR. ERBAKAN -- TURKEY'S FIRST ISLAMIC PRIME MINISTER -- LISTENED SILENTLY AND DID NOT DISASSOCIATE HIMSELF FROM MR. QADHAFI'S REMARKS. THE INCIDENT HAS SET OFF A FIRESTORM IN TURKEY.

    THE TURKISH PARLIAMENT IS LIKELY TO CONVENE NEXT WEEK TO DEBATE THE CENSURE MOTIONS -- AND DECIDE WHETHER TO GO AHEAD WITH A VOTE OF NO CONFIDENCE AGAINST THE COALITION GOVERNMENT OF MR. ERBAKAN'S PRO-ISLAMIC "WELFARE" PARTY AND FOREIGN MINISTER TANSU CILLER'S CONSERVATIVE "TRUE PATH" PARTY.

    POLITICAL ANALYSTS SAY IT IS UNLIKELY THAT THE OPPOSITION WILL MUSTER THE VOTES NEEDED TO TOPPLE THE GOVERNMENT, WHICH COMMANDS 281 SEATS IN THE 550-SEAT PARLIAMENT. THEY ADD, HOWEVER, THAT SHOULD THE NO CONFIDENCE VOTE TAKE PLACE, IT WILL WEAKEN THE THREE-MONTH-OLD GOVERNMENT.

    MR. ERBAKAN'S EFFORTS TO STEER TURKEY TOWARD CLOSER TIES WITH COUNTRIES SHUNNED BY THE WEST HAVE RAISED CONCERNS BOTH DOMESTICALLY AND ABROAD.

    ON TUESDAY, U-S STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN NICHOLAS BURNS URGED ANKARA TO RETHINK ITS ECONOMIC DEALS WITH LIBYA AND JOIN THE U-S GOVERNMENT'S OPPOSITION TO COLONEL QADHAFI.

    BUT THE TURKISH PRIME MINISTER IS SHOWING NO SIGNS OF BACKING DOWN. SPEAKING AT A NEWS CONFERENCE WEDNESDAY AFTER HIS RETURN HOME, MR. ERBAKAN DESCRIBED HIS TRIP ABROAD AS A HUGE SUCCESS. HE ALSO LASHED OUT AT HIS OPPONENTS FOR FAILING TO CONDEMN WESTERN COUNTRIES, WHICH, HE SAID, ALSO HAVE ATTACKED TURKISH POLICY TOWARD THE KURDS.

    MR. ERBAKAN REFERRED REPEATEDLY TO THE UNITED STATES, AND HE ACCUSED WASHINGTON OF ALLOWING KURDISH SEPARATISTS TO BROADCAST TELEVISION MESSAGES USING U-S COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES.

    DIPLOMATIC OBSERVERS SAY THE PRIME MINISTER'S LATEST REMARKS WILL FURTHER DAMAGE RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED STATES, WHICH REMAINS TURKEY'S PRINCIPAL ALLY AND FINANCIAL BACKER. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AZ/PCF/RRM
    09-Oct-96 12:06 PM EDT (1606 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [06] U-S/BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/8/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-204343
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE FIRST ELEMENTS OF THE FIRST INFANTRY DIVISION'S SECOND BRIGADE ARE EN ROUTE TO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WITH THE MISSION OF PROTECTING THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE NATO-LED PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE -- OR I-FOR. V-O-A'S VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS THE NEW FORCE WILL ARRIVE AS THE FIRST UNITS OF THE U-S PEACEKEEPING MISSION PULL OUT OF BOSNIA TODAY (WEDNESDAY):

    TEXT: A U-S ARMY SPOKESMAN IN TUZLA, NORTHERN BOSNIA SAYS TWO UNITS HAVE ALREADY LEFT BOSNIA. THE MANDATE FOR I-FOR'S 60-THOUSAND TROOPS IN BOSNIA, DEPLOYED AFTER THE DAYTON PEACE ACCORDS WERE SIGNED LATE LAST YEAR, TERMINATES DECEMBER 20TH.

    THE FIRST OF FIVE-THOUSAND U-S TROOPS BASED IN GERMANY LEFT THEIR BASES TUESDAY BY TRAIN AND ARE EXPECTED TO TAKE SIX WEEKS FOR COMPLETE DEPLOYMENT. THEY BRING WITH THEM TANKS, HELICOPTERS AND ARMORED VEHICLES. THEY ARE TO STAY UNTIL THE END OF MARCH AS A COVERING FORCE FOR THE WITHDRAWING I-FOR TROOPS.

    MILITARY ANALYST WILLIAM TAYLOR OF THE WASHINGTON-BASED CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES SAYS, HOWEVER, IT IS NOT A COVERING FORCE IN A MILITARY SENSE:

    ///TAYLOR ACTUALITY///

    IT'S A POLITICAL FORCE. IT'S FINDING A WAY TO GET THE TROOPS OF THE I-FOR OUT WHO HAVE DONE A VERY FINE JOB, BY THE WAY, (AND) COULD STAY THERE AND DO THE JOB IN THE FUTURE, MILITARILY. BUT, IT'S A POLITICAL WAY OF A TRANSITION FROM NOW UNTIL THE (NOVEMBER FIFTH U-S) ELECTIONS TO WHAT THIS ADMINISTRATION WANTS TO DO NEXT.

    ///END ACTUALITY///

    A U-S ARMY SPOKESMAN SAYS THE U-S WITHDRAWAL WILL PICK UP ONCE THE MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS ARE HELD NOVEMBER 22ND. DESPITE SOME STRONG CONGRESSIONAL OPPOSITION TO ANY EXTENSION OF THE U-S PRESENCE IN BOSNIA, DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY INSISTS THE ADDITIONAL TROOPS WILL BE PHASED OUT COMPLETELY BY THE END OF MARCH. (SIGNED).
    NEB/VB/KL
    08-Oct-96 10:19 PM EDT (0219 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [07] U-S / BOSNIA PULLOUT (S-O) BY DAVID GOLLUST (PENTAGON)

    DATE=10/9/96
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-204377
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE U-S DEFENSE DEPARTMENT SAYS THE WITHDRAWAL OF AMERICAN TROOPS FROM BOSNIA IS OFFICIALLY UNDERWAY -- WITH THE DEPARTURE OF MORE THAN 200 SOLDIERS BOUND FOR GERMANY. HOWEVER, THOUSANDS OF NEW U-S TROOPS WILL BE MOVING INTO THE COUNTRY DURING THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS, WITH THE STATED MISSION OF PROTECTING THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE NATO-LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE -- OR I-FOR. V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST HAS MORE FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: OFFICIALS HERE SAY THE WITHDRAWAL PROCESS BEGAN WHEN ABOUT 240 MILITARY POLICEMEN AND SOLDIERS OF THE FIRST ARMORED DIVISION LEFT BOSNIA BY CONVOY ON A JOURNEY THROUGH CROATIA. THEY ARE HEADED TO HUNGARY AND EVENTUALLY BACK TO THEIR HOME BASES IN GERMANY.

    HUNDREDS MORE WILL FOLLOW IN THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS. BUT THE PACE OF WITHDRAWAL OF U-S AND OTHER MEMBERS OF I-FOR WILL NOT GAIN REAL MOMENTUM UNTIL AFTER BOSNIA'S MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS IN LATE NOVEMBER.

    MOST I-FOR TROOPS ARE TO BE OUT OF BOSNIA BY THE TIME THE PEACEKEEPING MANDATE EXPIRES DECEMBER 20TH. HOWEVER, ABOUT FIVE-THOUSAND U-S SOLDIERS -- MAKING UP WHAT IS TERMED A "COVERING FORCE" -- ARE ALREADY ON THEIR WAY TO BOSNIA FROM GERMANY. THEIR MISSION IS TO PROTECT THE I-FOR WITHDRAWAL.

    DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY DREW SHARP CRITICISM FROM REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS LAST WEEK WHEN HE DISCLOSED THAT MEMBERS OF THE COVERING FORCE WILL REMAIN IN BOSNIA UNTIL MID-MARCH. THE ADMINISTRATION INITIALLY PROMISED THAT ALL U-S TROOPS WOULD BE OUT OF BOSNIA BY YEAR'S END.

    BUT AN EVEN LONGER U-S AND NATO PRESENCE IN BOSNIA REMAINS A POSSIBILITY -- AS THE ALLIANCE STUDIES OPTIONS FOR A SUCCESSOR PEACEKEEPING OPERATION. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAG/BD/RRM
    09-Oct-96 12:03 PM EDT (1603 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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