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Voice of America, 98-10-10

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] B-52'S-KOSOVO (S) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [02] KOSOVO DIPLOMACY BY ART CHIMES (PRISTINA)
  • [03] KOSOVO DIPLOMACY UPDATE (S / L) BY ART CHIMES (PRISTINA)
  • [04] NATO-KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [05] NATO-KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

  • [01] B-52'S-KOSOVO (S) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=10/10/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-240033
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED STATES TOOK ANOTHER STEP TOWARD BOMBING YUGOSLAVIA SATURDAY, AS DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN DISPATCHED HEAVY BOMBERS FROM THE UNITED STATES TO A BASE IN BRITAIN. THE MOVE PUTS THE LUMBERING BOMBERS --- AND THE 120 CRUISE MISSILES THEY CARRY --- MUCH CLOSER TO TARGETS IN KOSOVO.

    TEXT: AT THE BOMBER'S HOME BASE IN LOUISIANA, STAFF SERGEANT DALE YATES SAYS THE B-52'S ARE DESIGNED TO HAUL THEIR HIGHLY ACCURATE MISSILES CLOSE ENOUGH TO HIT YUGOSLAV MILITARY TARGETS, BUT STAY OUT OF REACH OF AIR DEFENSES.

    /// YATES ACT ///

    BE ABLE TO LAUNCH ITS MUNITION FROM A LOW THREAT AREA AND THEN BACK OFF.

    /// END ACT ///

    U-S DEFENSE OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE MOVING THE BOMBERS TO BE READY IF NATO DECIDES TO ENFORCE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL DEMANDS WITH FORCE. THE ORDER ALSO MOVES A RECONNAISSANCE PLANE AND A NUMBER OF AERIAL REFUELING TANKERS CLOSER TO YUGOSLAVIA.

    NATO IS DEMANDING THAT YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC STOP ATTACKING ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN THE SERBIAN PROVINCE OF KOSOVO. THE ALLIANCE ALSO DEMANDS THAT PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC START TALKS WITH THE REBELS, ALLOW REFUGEES TO RETURN HOME AND ALLOW AID TO REACH THE NEEDY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JR/CBL/SD
    10-Oct-98 7:47 PM EDT (2347 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] KOSOVO DIPLOMACY BY ART CHIMES (PRISTINA)

    DATE=10/10/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-240011
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE HAS RETURNED TO KOSOVO (TODAY, SATURDAY) FOR TALKS WITH ETHNIC ALBANIAN LEADERS AS HE CONTINUES A FINAL EFFORT TO REACH A DIPLOMATIC SETTLEMENT IN THE KOSOVO CRISIS. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES REPORTS FROM THE KOSOVO CAPITAL, PRISTINA.

    TEXT: SATURDAY'S TALKS FOLLOW A LATE NIGHT MEETING WITH YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC IN BELGRADE. AS USUAL, MR. HOLBROOKE DECLINED TO GO INTO DETAIL, BUT HE SAID THE TALKS WERE SERIOUS AND THE SITUATION IS SERIOUS.

    UNLESS THERE IS AN AGREEMENT BY BELGRADE TO IMPLEMENT UNITED NATIONS DEMANDS INCLUDING A WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO, NATO IS WARNING OF AIR STRIKES TO FORCE COMPLIANCE.

    MR. HOLBROOKE RETURNS TO BELGRADE LATER SATURDAY FOR ANOTHER SESSION WITH PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC.

    THE CRISIS BEGAN MORE THAN SEVEN MONTHS AGO WHEN SERBIA BEGAN A CRACKDOWN ON GUERRILLAS OF THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY. THE REBELS HAVE BEEN FIGHTING FOR AN INDEPENDENT KOSOVO, WHERE 90-PERCENT OF THE POPULATION IS ETHNIC ALBANIAN.

    // REST OPT FOR LONG VERSION //

    SERBIA OPPOSES INDEPENDENCE, AS DOES THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. KOSOVO ENJOYED CONSIDERABLE AUTONOMY UNTIL 1989, BUT SINCE THEN THE PROVINCE HAS EFFECTIVELY BEEN RULED FROM BELGRADE.

    MR. HOLBROOKE'S NEGOTIATIONS WITH YUGOSLAV OFFICIALS ARE FOCUSING ON U-N SECURITY COUNCIL DEMANDS INCLUDING AN END TO VIOLENCE IN KOSOVO, WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES, FREE ACCESS FOR HUMANITARIAN AGENCIES AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES TO THEIR HOMES.

    MONTHS OF FIGHTING IN KOSOVO DROVE MORE THAN A QUARTER-MILLION KOSOVO RESIDENTS FROM THEIR HOMES. TENS OF THOUSANDS ARE STILL LIVING OUT IN THE OPEN, AFRAID TO RETURN HOME. THOUSANDS OF HOMES AND FARMS HAVE BEEN SERIOUSLY DAMAGED OR DESTROYED. THE PLIGHT OF THE REFUGEES HAS TAKEN ON INCREASED URGENCY AS THE HARSH BALKAN WINTER APPROACHES.

    IF THE SEARCH FOR A NEGOTIATED STAND-DOWN OF THE CRISIS IS SUCCESSFUL, THERE IS WIDESPREAD BELIEVE IT WOULD INVOLVE SOME SORT OF INTERNATIONAL POLICE PRESENCE ON THE GROUND AS A GUARANTEE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/ART/PLM
    10-Oct-98 6:36 AM EDT (1036 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] KOSOVO DIPLOMACY UPDATE (S / L) BY ART CHIMES (PRISTINA)

    DATE=10/10/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-240020
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    // UPDATES WITH HOLBROOKE COMMENTS AFTER PRISTINA MEETING. MILOSEVIC MEETING SCHEDULED FOR 1500 UTC (5:00 PM IN BELGRADE).
    //

    INTRO: U-S ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE IS CONTINUING HIS SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY IN YUGOSLAVIA AS HE CONTINUES A FINAL EFFORT TO REACH A DIPLOMATIC SETTLEMENT IN THE KOSOVO CRISIS. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ART CHIMES REPORTS FROM THE KOSOVO CAPITAL, PRISTINA.

    TEXT: MR. HOLBROOKE MET WITH YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC IN BELGRADE, THEN FLEW TO PRISTINA FOR TALKS WITH ETHNIC ALBANIAN LEADERS.

    MR. HOLBROOKE IS TRYING TO WIN AGREEMENT FROM YUGOSLAVIA TO COMPLY WITH UNITED NATIONS DEMANDS TO WITHDRAW FORCES FROM KOSOVO AND ALLOW REFUGEES TO RETURN HOME.

    // OPT // // HOLBROOKE ACTUALITY //

    THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT IS NOT IN COMPLIANCE WITH THAT RESOLUTION AND ON THE BASIS OF THAT FACT IN ANOTHER PART OF EUROPE OTHER PEOPLE ARE PLANNING ANOTHER WAY TO DEAL WITH THAT PROBLEM. AND THAT IS NOT WHAT WE'RE HERE FOR. WE'RE HERE TO FIND A TOTALLY VIABLE, CREDIBLE, VERIFIABLE AND IRREVERSIBLE COMPLIANCE WITH THE U-N RESOLUTION.

    // END ACTUALITY // // END OPT//

    (AS MR. HOLBROOKE SUGGESTS) IF A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION CAN NOT BE FOUND, NATO COULD ORDER AIR STRIKES ON SERB MILITARY TARGETS. MR. HOLBROOKE DESCRIBED THE SITUATION AS "SERIOUS" AND "VERY DIFFICULT."

    THE SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY CONTINUES IN BELGRADE SATURDAY EVENING WITH MORE TALKS WITH PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC.

    // REST OPT FOR LONG VERSION //

    THE CRISIS BEGAN MORE THAN SEVEN MONTHS AGO WHEN SERBIA BEGAN A CRACKDOWN ON GUERRILLAS OF THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY. THE REBELS HAVE BEEN FIGHTING FOR AN INDEPENDENT KOSOVO, WHERE 90-PERCENT OF THE POPULATION IS ETHNIC ALBANIAN.

    SERBIA OPPOSES INDEPENDENCE, AS DOES THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. KOSOVO ENJOYED CONSIDERABLE AUTONOMY UNTIL 1989, BUT SINCE THEN THE PROVINCE HAS EFFECTIVELY BEEN RULED FROM BELGRADE.

    AFTER HIS TALKS IN PRISTINA, MR. HOLBROOKE PRAISED ETHNIC ALBANIAN LEADER IBRAHIM RUGOVA FOR HIS MODERATE LEADERSHIP IN A SITUATION, IN HIS WORDS, "WHERE ALL SIDES INCREASINGLY HAVE RESORTED TO VIOLENCE." THE U-S AMBASSADOR TO NEIGHBORING MACEDONIA, CHRISTOPHER HILL, IS STAYING IN KOSOVO TO CONTINUE TALKS WITH THE ETHNIC ALBANIANS HERE.

    IF THE SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY FAILS, NATO COULD DECIDE WITHIN DAYS TO ORDER MILITARY STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA. BUT WHILE THE UNITED STATES AND SOME OTHER MEMBERS ARE COMMITTED TO THE ATTACK IF NECESSARY, SOME OTHER NATO ALLIES, INCLUDING ITALY AND GREECE, ARE RELUCTANT TO PROCEED WITHOUT A GO-AHEAD FROM THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL. RUSSIA, WHICH OF COURSE IS NOT A NATO MEMBER, HAS THREATENED TO VETO ANY SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING AIR STRIKES ON YUGOSLAVIA.

    IF THE SEARCH FOR A NEGOTIATED STAND-DOWN OF THE CRISIS IS SUCCESSFUL, THERE IS WIDESPREAD BELIEF IT WOULD INVOLVE SOME SORT OF INTERNATIONAL POLICE PRESENCE ON THE GROUND AS A GUARANTEE.

    MONTHS OF FIGHTING IN KOSOVO DROVE MORE THAN A QUARTER-MILLION KOSOVO RESIDENTS FROM THEIR HOMES. TENS OF THOUSANDS ARE STILL LIVING OUT IN THE OPEN, AFRAID TO RETURN HOME. THOUSANDS OF HOUSES AND FARMS HAVE BEEN SERIOUSLY DAMAGED OR DESTROYED. THE PLIGHT OF THE REFUGEES HAS TAKEN ON INCREASED URGENCY AS THE HARSH BALKAN WINTER APPROACHES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/ART/DW
    10-Oct-98 10:38 AM EDT (1438 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] NATO-KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=10/10/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-240017
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO AMBASSADORS HAVE HELD AN UNUSUAL WEEKEND SESSION TO DECLARE THAT YUGOSLAVIA HAS NOT COMPLIED WITH UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTIONS TO END THE VIOLENCE IN ITS KOSOVO PROVINCE. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM BRUSSELS, THE AMBASSADORS HEARD A BRIEFING ON THE PLANNED AIR STRIKE.

    TEXT: NATO STILL HAS NOT AGREED ON AN ACTIVATION ORDER AUTHORIZING AN AIR STRIKE ON YUGOSLAVIA. NATO SECRETARY-GENERAL JAVIER SOLANA SAYS ALL THE TECHNICAL ISSUES HAVE BEEN CLEARED AWAY.

    ///SOLANA ACT///

    THE COUNCIL TODAY HAS CLEARED ALL THE DECISIONS THAT HAVE TO BE TAKEN PRIOR TO THE FINAL ONE, WHICH IS THE ACT ORD. (ORDER). LET ME SAY TO FINALIZE THAT WE STILL HAVE AN EASY WAY OUT OF THIS CONFLICT. IT IS FOR (YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT) MILOSEVIC TO COMPLY. IF MILOSEVIC DOES NOT COMPLY, I CAN TELL YOU THAT NATO IS READY, ALL THE ALLIES ARE READY TO ACT.

    ///END ACT///

    NATO AMBASSADORS HEARD DETAILS OF THE PLANNED BOMBING CAMPAIGN AND REPORTS THAT SERBIAN SPECIAL POLICE HAVE NOT REDUCED THEIR FORCES IN KOSOVO. NATO OFFICIALS SAY AS SOON AS GERMANY AND ITALY COMPLETE THEIR CONSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES, ONLY A QUICK MEETING WILL BE NEEDED TO ORDER NATO PLANES INTO ACTION. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RDP/DW/JO
    10-Oct-98 8:57 AM EDT (1257 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] NATO-KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=10/10/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-240017
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO AMBASSADORS HAVE HELD AN UNUSUAL WEEKEND SESSION TO DECLARE THAT YUGOSLAVIA HAS NOT COMPLIED WITH UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTIONS TO END THE VIOLENCE IN ITS KOSOVO PROVINCE. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM BRUSSELS, THE AMBASSADORS HEARD A BRIEFING ON THE PLANNED AIR STRIKE.

    TEXT: NATO STILL HAS NOT AGREED ON AN ACTIVATION ORDER AUTHORIZING AN AIR STRIKE ON YUGOSLAVIA. NATO SECRETARY-GENERAL JAVIER SOLANA SAYS ALL THE TECHNICAL ISSUES HAVE BEEN CLEARED AWAY.

    ///SOLANA ACT///

    THE COUNCIL TODAY HAS CLEARED ALL THE DECISIONS THAT HAVE TO BE TAKEN PRIOR TO THE FINAL ONE, WHICH IS THE ACT ORD. (ORDER). LET ME SAY TO FINALIZE THAT WE STILL HAVE AN EASY WAY OUT OF THIS CONFLICT. IT IS FOR (YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT) MILOSEVIC TO COMPLY. IF MILOSEVIC DOES NOT COMPLY, I CAN TELL YOU THAT NATO IS READY, ALL THE ALLIES ARE READY TO ACT.

    ///END ACT///

    NATO AMBASSADORS HEARD DETAILS OF THE PLANNED BOMBING CAMPAIGN AND REPORTS THAT SERBIAN SPECIAL POLICE HAVE NOT REDUCED THEIR FORCES IN KOSOVO. NATO OFFICIALS SAY AS SOON AS GERMANY AND ITALY COMPLETE THEIR CONSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES, ONLY A QUICK MEETING WILL BE NEEDED TO ORDER NATO PLANES INTO ACTION. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RDP/DW/JO
    10-Oct-98 8:57 AM EDT (1257 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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