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Voice of America, 98-11-06

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] KOSOVO / CLASH (L ONLY) BY PHILIP SMUCKER (KOSOVO)
  • [02] KOSOVO AID BY PAMELA TAYLOR (WASHINGTON)
  • [03] E-U / COMPUTER PRIVACY (L ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [04] U-S / ITALY TALKS (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING (STATE DEPARTMENT)
  • [05] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)
  • [06] SENATE-NATO EXPANSION (L-ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (CAPITOL HILL)

  • [01] KOSOVO / CLASH (L ONLY) BY PHILIP SMUCKER (KOSOVO)

    DATE=11/6/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-241310
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: SERB POLICE UNITS CLASHED FRIDAY WITH ETHNIC ALBANIAN GUERRILLA FIGHTERS NEAR A TOWN (ORAHOVAC) IN CENTRAL KOSOVO -- YUGOSLAVIA'S TROUBLED SOUTHERN PROVINCE. PHILIP SMUCKER REPORTS FROM PRISTINA.

    TEXT: THE SERBIAN MEDIA CENTER REPORTED THE POLICE KILLED FIVE ETHNIC ALBANIANS WHO WERE WEARING CLOTHING WITH THE INSIGNIA OF THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY (K-L-A). THE ALBANIAN KOSOVO INFORMATION CENTER CONFIRMED THAT A CLASH HAD TAKEN PLACE, BUT DID NOT MENTION CASUALTIES.

    WESTERN DIPLOMATS WHO VISITED THE SITE OF THE INCIDENT SAID THE FINAL DEATH TOLL COULD BE SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER THAN FIVE.

    THE CLASH WAS THE WORST SINCE A U-S BROKERED CEASEFIRE AND SERB WITHDRAWAL AGREEMENT TOOK EFFECT LAST MONTH. AND IT COMES AS THE ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE (O-S-C-E) IS SETTING UP ITS TWO-THOUSAND MEMBER OBSERVER MISSION IN THE PROVINCE IN YUGOSLAVIA. MEANWHILE, ETHNIC ALBANIAN LEADERS MET FRIDAY WITH U-S SENIOR MEDIATOR CHRISTOPHER HILL TO PRESS THEIR DEMANDS FOR AN ETHNICALLY-MIXED POLICE FORCE IN THE TROUBLED PROVINCE.

    A SPOKESMAN FOR MR. HILL SAID THAT HE DID NOT EXPECT FACE-TO-FACE TALKS BETWEEN THE ETHNIC ALBANIANS AND SERBS TO BEGIN IN THE NEAR FUTURE. THE SPOKESMAN CONFIRMED THAT U-S OFFICIALS WERE MEETING WITH ADEM DEMACI WHO CLAIMS TO BE THE K-L-A'S CHIEF POLITICAL REPRESENTATIVE IN PRISTINA. MEANWHILE, O-S-C-E SPOKESMAN MANS NYBERG SAID THAT A POLITICAL SETTLEMENT IS AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF THE O-S-C-E'S OBSERVER TEAM, CALLED OFFICIALLY THE "KOSOVO VERIFICATION MISSION," -- OR K-V-M.

    /// NYBERG ACT ///

    I THINK PEACE -- RATHER LETS SAY AN AGREEMENT ABOUT A POLITICAL SETTLEMENT -- IS CRUCIAL TO THE SUCCESS OF THE K-V-M VERIFICATION MISSION.

    /// END ACT ///

    BUT WESTERN OFFICIALS ADMIT PRIVATELY THAT A LONG-TERM AGREEMENT ON KOSOVO'S TERRITORIAL STATUS AND ITS LEVEL OF AUTONOMY IS NO CLOSER TODAY THAN IT WAS NINE MONTHS AGO WHEN THE GUERRILLA WAR BROKE OUT IN THE PROVINCE (SIGNED)
    NEB/PS/JWH/JO
    06-Nov-98 12:39 PM EST (1739 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] KOSOVO AID BY PAMELA TAYLOR (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/6/98
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-41791
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // RE-RUNNING TO ADD DROPPED FIRST-REFERENCE TO OGATA //

    INTRO: THE FIGHTING HAS STOPPED IN YUGOSLAVIA'S KOSOVO PROVINCE AND SOME ETHNIC ALBANIANS ARE SLOWLY RETURNING TO THEIR HOMES. THE U-N REFUGEE AGENCY (U-N-H-C-R) SAYS AN ESTIMATED 10-THOUSAND REFUGEES WHO HAD BEEN LIVING IN THE OPEN HAVE SO FAR RETURNED TO THEIR VILLAGES OR FOUND SHELTER IN KOSOVO. AND DESPITE REPORTS OF HARASSMENT OF AID WORKERS, OFFICIALS SAY AID DISTRIBUTION IS ON TARGET. V-O-A'S PAMELA TAYLOR REPORTS.

    TEXT: REBELS OF THE SEPARATIST KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY (K-L-A) BRIEFLY HARASSED U-N AID WORKERS IN KOSOVO THIS WEEK (11/3). DESPITE THIS INCIDENT, THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES, SADAKO OGATA, TOLD V-O-A THAT HER AGENCY'S WORK IN THE REGION IS GOING FORWARD WITHOUT PROBLEMS.

    // OGATA ACT //

    THE HUMANITARIAN SITUATION HAS EASED CONSIDERABLY. WE ARE ALREADY ON AN ASSESSMENT MISSION TO KNOW WHO HAS WHAT HOUSES TO REPAIR, WHO REQUIRES OTHER ACCOMMODATION -- THE SHELTER NEEDS. THERE ARE HOUSES THAT ARE TOTALLY DESTROYED, THERE ARE HOUSES PARTIALLY DESTROYED. THIS IS WHAT WE'RE TRYING TO EXAMINE.

    // END ACT //

    MS. OGATA SAYS HER AGENCY HAS BEGUN DISTRIBUTING THREE-THOUSAND SHELTER KITS, WHICH INCLUDE PLASTIC SHEETING, NAILS AND TOOLS, TO ENSURE THAT EVERY FAMILY HAS AT LEAST ONE INHABITABLE ROOM.

    ASKED ABOUT THE REFUGEE SITUATION IN NEIGHBORING ALBANIA, MS. OGATA SAID THERE ARE STILL SOME 20-THOUSAND KOSOVAR ALBANIAN REFUGEES THERE, BUT THAT HER AGENCY IS CONCENTRATING ON KOSOVO FOR THE MOMENT:

    // OGATA ACT //

    I THINK THEY REQUIRE THE MOST URGENT ATTENTION. AND THAT IS WHERE WE ARE FOCUSING. FOR THOSE WHO HAVE GONE TO ALBANIA AND MONTENEGRO (YUGOSLAVIA'S SECOND REPUBLIC ALONG WITH SERBIA), IF THEY HAVE ACCOMMODATION FOR THE WINTER, I THINK THEY PREFER TO STAY THERE AND SEE HOW IT GOES (IN KOSOVO) BECAUSE THE WINTER IS ALREADY THERE.

    // END ACT //

    BUT ONE INTREPID BRITISH AID WORKER IN ALBANIA IS PLANNING TO TAKE A CONVOY OF UP TO 130 REFUGEE CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS TO ENGLAND AND THE UNITED STATES NEXT WEEK FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT. SALLY BECKER OF THE PRIVATE BRITISH AID GROUP 'ANGELS OF MERCY' SAYS THE REFUGEES SHE IS ASSISTING INCLUDE FAMILIES SHE WAS WITH LAST JULY WHEN THEY CAME UNDER FIRE FROM SERB PARAMILITARY FORCES.

    SALLY BECKER WAS ARRESTED AT THAT TIME FOR ENTERING SERBIA ILLEGALLY, SOMETHING SHE SAYS SHE WAS FORCED TO DO BECAUSE SERB AUTHORITIES DENIED HER VISA REQUEST TO DISTRIBUTE AID TO ETHNIC ALBANIAN CHILDREN. NO ONE WAS KILLED IN THE ATTACK BUT MANY WERE WOUNDED, INCLUDING CHILDREN, AS THEY FLED INTO THE HILLS AND EVENTUALLY FOUND THEIR WAY TO ALBANIA.

    // BECKER ACT //

    WE HAVE SOME TEENAGE BOYS, ONE WITH A BULLET IN HIS NECK. THEN WE'VE GOT A CHILD WHO WAS BURNED BY A GRENADE, HE'S THREE YEARS OLD. WE'VE GOT A YOUNG CHILD WHO'S SUFFERING FROM SHELL SHOCK AND DESPERATELY NEEDS TRAUMA THERAPY. WE HAVE THREE CHILDREN FROM ONE FAMILY WHO WERE BEATEN BY SERB PARAMILITARY FORCES AND NEED ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY (AGED 7, 9 & 11). AND WE'VE GOT SIX OTHER CHILDREN WHO DESPERATELY NEED OPERATIONS THEY CANNOT GET IN ALBANIA BECAUSE THEY DON'T HAVE THE FACILITIES.

    // END ACT //

    SALLY BECKER SAYS THE ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE (O-S-C-E) IN ALBANIA HAS AGREED TO ESCORT HER CONVOY FROM THE NORTHERN TOWN OF TROPOJE TO THE CAPITAL, TIRANA, NEXT WEEK. MS. BECKER SAYS WITHOUT SUCH ESCORTS, MOST REFUGEES ARE TOO AFRAID TO RISK THE DIFFICULT JOURNEY HOME.

    // BECKER ACT //

    THEY WANT A SAFE ESCORT BECAUSE THEY'RE FRIGHTENED. THEY KNOW THE BORDER IS MINED. THEY'RE AFRAID BECAUSE ONE FAMILY WAS SHOT NEAR THE BORDER TRYING TO CROSS, A WHOLE FAMILY WAS EXECUTED THREE WEEKS AGO. AND SO THEY'RE FRIGHTENED. THEY WANT AN ESCORT AND THEY'VE SAID THE ONLY ORGANIZATION THEY TRUST IS THE O-S-C-E.

    // END ACT //

    SALLY BECKER SAYS THE GREEK GOVERNMENT HAS OFFERED TO FLY ABOUT 65 CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS TO ENGLAND WHILE SOME 35 OTHERS WILL BE FLOWN TO DALLAS, TEXAS -- A TRIP SHE SAYS IS PAID FOR BY AN ALBANIAN-AMERICAN BUSINESSMAN. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PAM/RRM
    06-Nov-98 5:58 PM EST (2258 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] E-U / COMPUTER PRIVACY (L ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=11/6/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-241309
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS: FIRST USE OF THIS REPORT IN ENGLISH IS FOR THE 'DATELINE' PROGRAM ///

    INTRO: THE EUROPEAN UNION HAS ISSUED A DIRECTIVE DESIGNED TO PROTECT THE PRIVACY OF PEOPLE IN THE 15 MEMBER STATES ON THE INTERNET. V-O-A'S RON PEMSTEIN IN BRUSSELS REPORTS THE RULES MAY ALSO AFFECT DATA COMMUNICATIONS OUTSIDE THE UNION.

    TEXT: WHAT THE EUROPEAN UNION WANTS TO DO IS TO PREVENT COMPANIES FROM SELLING DATA ABOUT EUROPEAN CONSUMERS WITHOUT THEIR CONSENT. THAT IS WHY THE RULE CONTAINS A PROVISION BARRING COMPUTER TRANSMISSIONS TO A COUNTRY OUTSIDE THE EUROPEAN UNION IF THAT COUNTRY DOES NOT PROVIDE SIMILAR PROTECTIONS OF PRIVACY. IN THEORY, ANY E-U NATION CAN BLOCK INDIVIDUAL DATA TRANSFERS TO THE UNITED STATES. A EUROPEAN CAN PROTEST THE RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THEMSELVES IF IT IS DONE WITHOUT THEIR CONSENT. THE EUROPEAN UNION ALLOWS CONTROLS OF DATA CONCERNING AN INDIVIDUALS' HEALTH, THEIR ETHNIC ORIGIN, THEIR RELIGIOUS OR POLITICAL BELIEFS, OR THEIR SEX LIFE.

    EUROPEAN COMMISSION OFFICIALS SAY THE RULES ARE DESIGNED TO PREVENT RECURRENCE OF A RECENT CASE IN THE UNITED STATES WHERE MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT PEOPLE WAS PROVIDED BY PHARMACIES TO MEDICINE SUPPLIERS. THEY RIDICULE SUGGESTIONS THAT NORMAL DATA TRANSMISSIONS FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION TO A THIRD COUNTRY WILL BE DISRUPTED.

    AS ONE OFFICIAL PUTS IT, A DECISION TO BLOCK A DATA TRANSFER WOULD APPLY ONLY TO A SINGLE TYPE OF TRANSFER, NOT TO ALL TRANSMISSIONS TO A COUNTRY. IF AN INDIVIDUAL CONSENTS TO A TRANSFER OF INFORMATION, TO OBTAIN A JOB FOR INSTANCE, THE NEW RULE WILL NOT STOP THE DATA.

    THE INTENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION LEGISLATION IS TO HARMONIZE THE 15 COUNTRIES' APPROACH TO DATA SO BARRIERS ARE NOT PUT UP BY DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. THE EUROPEAN UNION SEES PRIVACY AS A HUMAN RIGHT, SO THE RULE IS DESIGNED TO TAKE A SINGLE MARKET APPROACH TO THE TRANSMISSION OF DATA ABOUT INDIVIDUALS.

    THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION HAS BEEN TALKING TO AMERICAN OFFICIALS, TRYING TO REACH A COMMON UNDERSTANDING ON THE DATA ISSUE. BANKS, AIRLINES AND INSURANCE COMPANIES ARE ALWAYS TRANSMITTING DATA ABOUT POTENTIAL CLIENTS BACK AND FORTH ACROSS THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. AND THERE IS STILL NO UNDERSTANDING ON HOW THE EUROPEAN RULES ARE GOING TO BE ENFORCED. THE UNITED STATES HAS LITTLE INTEREST IN PUTTING CONTROLS ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB.

    THE EUROPEAN UNION HOPES AN AGREEMENT CAN BE REACHED WHERE DATA TRANSMISSIONS CAN CONTINUE TO THE UNITED STATES WITH COMPANIES THAT SIGN UP TO PRIVACY PRINCIPLES ISSUED BY THE U-S DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE.

    THE COMMISSION HOPES THIS AGREEMENT CAN BE NEGOTIATED BY THE END OF THE YEAR. IN THAT WAY, EUROPEAN OFFICIALS SAY COMPUTER DATA TRANSMISSIONS WILL NOT BE DISRUPTED AND THE PRIVACY OF EUROPEAN CONSUMERS WILL BE PROTECTED. (SIGNED)

    /// EDS: FIRST USE OF THIS REPORT IN ENGLISH IS FOR THE 'DATELINE' PROGRAM ///

    NEB/RDP/JWH
    06-Nov-98 12:33 PM EST (1733 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [04] U-S / ITALY TALKS (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=11/6/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-241323
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S SECRETARY OF STATE MADELINE ALBRIGHT AND VISITING ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER LAMBERTO DINI HAVE URGED IRAQ TO ALLOW INTERNATIONAL WEAPONS INSPECTORS TO RESUME THEIR TO WORK. THE SUBJECT WAS ONE OF SEVERAL KEY ISSUES DISCUSSED BY THE U-S AND ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTERS DURING TALKS AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT. VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: SECRETARY OF STATE ALBRIGHT SAYS THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL HAS NOW SENT A STRONG MESSAGE TO SADDAM HUSSEIN THAT HE MUST LIVE UP TO HIS OBLIGATIONS, AND ALLOW INTERNATIONAL WEAPONS INSPECTIONS TO RESUME.

    ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER LAMBERTO DINI, WHO IS IN WASHINGTON TO DISCUSS IRAQ AND OTHER TROUBLESPOTS AROUND THE WORLD, SAID MR. HUSSEIN HAS NO CHOICE BUT TO COMPLY WITH U-N DEMANDS.

    // DINI ACT //

    WE MUST MAKE THE MAXIMUM EFFORT TO HAVE SADDAM HUSSEIN BACK DOWN FROM HIS LATEST ATTEMPT TO BLOCK, AS HE DOES, THE INSPECTIONS, THAT MUST CONTINUE. HE HAS NO ALTERNATIVE TO THAT.

    // END ACT //

    MS. ALBRIGHT SAID AGAIN THAT ALL OPTIONS REMAIN ON THE TABLE AND SHE SAID THE UNITED STATES CONTINUES TO CONSULT ITS ALLIES ABOUT THE CRISIS IN IRAQ.

    AS SHE AND THE ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER WERE MEETING, U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN WAS WRAPPING UP A TRIP TO THE MIDDLE EAST AND TURKEY, WHERE HE SAID HE HOPED THE IRAQI PRESIDENT WOULD RECONSIDER HIS ACTIONS.

    IRAQ SPARKED THE LATEST CRISIS, WHEN IT SUSPENDED COOPERATION WITH U-N WEAPONS INSPECTORS LAST SATURDAY.

    // OPT //

    DURING THEIR TALKS IN WASHINGTON, MS. ALBRIGHT AND HER ITALIAN COUNTERPART ALSO DISCUSSED THE SITUATION IN KOSOVO, WHERE SHE SAID PROBLEMS PERSIST, DESPITE AN OVERALL IMPROVEMENT IN THE SITUATION.

    // ALBRIGHT ACT //

    SERB COMPLIANCE WITH U-N RESOLUTIONS IS NOT YET COMPLETE. THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY HAS NOT FULLY MET ITS OBLIGATIONS TO OBSERVE A CEASE FIRE AND INSURE FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL OBSERVERS. AND WE CONTINUE TO FACE SUBSTANTIAL OBSTACLES IN OUR WORK TOWARD A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT THAT WILL SECURE THE LEGITIMATE RIGHTS OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF KOSOVO.

    // END ACT //

    FOREIGN MINISTER DINI SAID ITALY WAS CONCERNED ABOUT EVENTS IN KOSOVO, BECAUSE OF ITS PROXIMITY AND THE POSSIBILITY THAT THE CONFLICT COULD SPILL OVER THE BORDER.// END OPT //

    IN ADDITION TO IRAQ AND KOSOVO, THE ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER AND MS. ALBRIGHT ALSO USED THEIR MEETING TO DISCUSS THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PT
    06-Nov-98 3:48 PM EST (2048 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)

    DATE=11/6/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-241330
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES WERE UP AGAIN TODAY (FRIDAY) TO END A VERY POSITIVE WEEK ON WALL STREET. V-O-A'S CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK.

    TEXT: THE DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE CLOSED AT 89 HUNDRED 75, UP 60 POINTS. FOR THE WEEK, THE INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE GAINED 383 POINTS OR MORE THAN FOUR PERCENT. THE STANDARD AND POOR'S 500 INDEX CLOSED FRIDAY AT 11 HUNDRED 41, UP SEVEN POINTS.

    ANALYSTS SAY THERE WAS BASICALLY NO REASON FOR TRADERS NOT TO BUY, BUT SOME WALL STREET EXPERTS ALSO SAY THE EXPLOSIVE RALLY SINCE MID-OCTOBER CAN NOT CONTINUE INDEFINITELY AND THEY PREDICT A MODEST DOWNWARD CORRECTION.

    ///BEGIN OPT///

    RON DURAN OF THE C-L KING INVESTMENT COMPANY SAYS THERE MAY BE ANOTHER MOVE DOWNWARD BEFORE THE END OF THE YEAR BUT AVERAGE INVESTORS SHOULD FEEL CONFIDENT.

    ///DURAN ACT///

    ///OPT///

    I THINK WE MAY HAVE SOME TROUBLED WATERS TO GO THROUGH BEFORE THE END OF THE YEAR BUT, FOR THE LONGER-TERM INVESTOR, THINGS ARE STILL BRIGHT. JUST KEEP PUTTING MONEY IN THE MARKET AND, OVER TIME, YOU SHOULD BE ALL RIGHT.

    ///END ACT///END OPT///

    IN BUSINESS NEWS, THE BARNES AND NOBLE BOOK STORE CHAIN WILL PAY 600 MILLION DOLLARS TO BUY THE INGRAM COMPANY, A LEADING AMERICAN WHOLESALER OF PAPERBACK BOOKS. UNILEVER, THE ANGLO-DUTCH CONSUMER PRODUCTS COMPANY, REPORTED A 37 PERCENT INCREASE IN QUARTERLY PROFITS. ANALYSTS SAY THE GAIN IS ESPECIALLY IMPRESSIVE IN LIGHT OF WEAKNESS IN ASIAN AND LATIN AMERICAN MARKETS.

    /// REST OPT ///

    THE STOCK OF THE GERON BIOTECHNOLOGY COMPANY MORE THAN DOUBLED AFTER COMPANY-SPONSORED RESEARCH DEVELOPED A WAY TO GROW HUMAN CELLS WHICH COULD LEAD TO ADVANCES IN ORGAN TRANSPLANTS AND GENE THERAPY.

    AMERICAN AIRLINES SAYS IT WILL SLOW ITS RATE OF GROWTH NEXT YEAR BY RETIRING 10 AIRCRAFT EARLIER THAN PLANNED AND DEFERRING NEW SERVICE ON SOME INTERNATIONAL ROUTES. AMERICAN CITES UNCERTAINTIES IN SOME INTERNATIONAL MARKETS FOR THE CUTBACKS.

    THE BURGER KING CORPORATION WILL OPEN ITS 10 THOUSANDTH RESTAURANT IN PENRITH, AUSTRALIA, THIS WEEKEND. BURGER KING HAS PUT INCREASING EMPHASIS ON INTERNATIONAL GROWTH BUT STILL HAS A LONG WAY TO GO TO MATCH MCDONALD'S WHICH NOW HAS MORE THAN 24 THOUSAND RESTAURANTS IN 114 COUNTRIES.(SIGNED) NEB/NY/BA/LSF/PT
    06-Nov-98 5:30 PM EST (2230 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] SENATE-NATO EXPANSION (L-ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (CAPITOL HILL)

    DATE=11/6/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-241319
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE HEAD OF NATO'S PARLIAMENTARY GROUP IS URGING THE ALLIANCE TO INVITE SLOVENIA TO JOIN, BUT NOT TO CONSIDER ANY OTHER NEW MEMBERS JUST YET. V-O-A'S DAVID SWAN HAS DETAILS FROM CAPITOL HILL.

    TEXT: REPUBLICAN SENATOR WILLIAM ROTH, THE OUTGOING CHAIRMAN OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC ASSEMBLY, SAYS NATO SHOULD FOLLOW UP ON ITS HISTORIC EASTWARD EXPANSION. THREE FORMER WARSAW PACT STATES -- POLAND, THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND HUNGARY -- WILL BE FORMALLY INDUCTED AT THE ALLIANCE'S WASHINGTON SUMMIT IN APRIL. IN A NEW REPORT (ISSUED FRIDAY), MR. ROTH SAYS NATO SHOULD ALSO USE THAT MEETING TO INVITE SLOVENIA TO OPEN TALKS ON ADMISSION.

    // ROTH ACT //

    ITS READY, ITS ENTITLED TO BE INVITED, AND IT DOES MAKE IT CLEAR THAT THE OPEN-DOOR POLICY IS IN EFFECT. I THINK THAT'S CRITICALLY IMPORTANT.

    // END ACT //

    SLOVENIA'S GOVERNMENT IS ANXIOUS TO ENTER NATO. ITS PRIME MINISTER (JANEZ DRNOVSEK) SAYS HE RECEIVED BROAD SUPPORT FOR THE REQUEST DURING A VISIT TO WASHINGTON THIS WEEK.

    BUT OTHER STATES ALSO WANT TO JOIN, ESPECIALLY ROMANIA -- WHOSE BID WON STRONG SUPPORT FROM FRANCE AND OTHER ALLIES LAST YEAR. SENATOR ROTH'S REPORT DOES NOT RULE OUT ANY POTENTIAL NEW MEMBER. BUT HE SAYS ROMANIA IS NOT FULLY PREPARED.

    // ROTH ACT //

    THEY CERTAINLY HAVE MADE GREAT PROGRESS IN ESTABLISHING A DEMOCRACY. THEY HAVE DONE A GREAT DEAL IN THE MILITARY. I THINK THEY HAVE SOME PROBLEMS WITH THEIR ECONOMY AT THIS TIME.

    // END ACT //

    THE SENATE OVERWHELMINGLY APPROVED THE ADMISSION OF THE FIRST THREE NEW NATO COUNTRIES. AT THE SAME TIME, A SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF LAWMAKERS CALLED FOR A THREE-YEAR FREEZE ON ANY NEXT ROUND OF EXPANSION. HOWEVER, MR. ROTH BELIEVES THE SENATE WILL GO ALONG IF NATO CHOOSES SLOVENIA TO BE ITS NEXT POST-COLD WAR MEMBER. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DS/JO
    06-Nov-98 2:06 PM EST (1906 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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