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Voice of America, 99-06-07

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] ARMENIA RESIGNATION (L-ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [02] CHINA / GERMANY/ KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY ROGER WILKISON (BEIJING)
  • [03] CLINTON / KOSOVO WRAP (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [04] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)
  • [05] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)
  • [06] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)
  • [07] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)
  • [08] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)
  • [09] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)
  • [10] K-L-A FIGHTING (L) BY PENTAGON (JIM RANDLE)
  • [11] KOSOVO PEACE BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)
  • [12] KOSOVO-GREECE-MARINE(S&L) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [13] KOSOVO/DIPLOMACY Q&A - UPDATE BY SUZANNE KELLY (KUMANOVO, MACEDONIA)
  • [14] MONDAY'S EDITORIALS BY RALPH ECKHARDT (WASHINGTON)
  • [15] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)
  • [16] NATO / KOSOVO (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [17] NATO-KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [18] NATO/BOSNIA WAR CRIMES (S / L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [19] RUSSIA/KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [20] TURKEY-KURDS (S/L VER) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)
  • [21] U-S / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [22] U-S/KOSOVO (S UPDATE) BY DEBORAH TATE (WASHINGTON)

  • [01] ARMENIA RESIGNATION (L-ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250321
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ARMENIA'S REFORMIST PRIME MINISTER HAS SUBMITTED HIS RESIGNATION JUST ONE WEEK AFTER ANTI-REFORM FORCES SWEPT TO VICTORY IN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. VOA'S PETER HEINLEIN HAS DETAILS FROM MOSCOW.

    TEXT: ARMENIAN PRESIDENT ROBERT KOCHARYAN'S OFFICE CONFIRMS THAT PRIME MINISTER ARMEN DARBINYAN HAS OFFERED TO QUIT. A SPOKESMAN SAY MR. KOCHARYAN WILL DECIDE IN A DAY OR TWO WHETHER TO ACCEPT THE OFFER.

    THE PRIME MINISTER'S RESIGNATION FOLLOWS LAST WEEK'S SWEEPING VICTORY BY OPPOSITION FORCES IN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. THE "UNITY" BLOC -- HEADED BY THE INFLUENTIAL DEFENSE MINISTER VAZGEN SARKISYAN AND ARMENIA'S SOVIET ERA LEADER KAREN DEMIRCHYAN -- FINISHED FIRST WITH MORE THAN 40-PERCENT OF THE VOTE. COMMUNISTS CAME IN SECOND WITH 12 PERCENT.

    THE REUTERS NEWS AGENCY QUOTES GOVERNMENT SOURCES AS SAYING PRESIDENT KOCHARYAN IS LIKELY TO NAME MR. SARKISYAN TO HEAD A NEW GOVERNMENT.

    THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION WAS A SETBACK FOR PRESIDENT KOCHARYAN, WHO DEFEATED THE SOVIET ERA LEADER, MR. DEMIRCHYAN IN A HARD FOUGHT ELECTION LAST YEAR AFTER PROMISING TO PUSH AHEAD WITH FREE MARKET REFORMS.

    BUT WITH MR. DEMIRCHYAN AND ALLIES DOMINATING IN PARLIAMENT, THE MOVE TOWARD A MARKET ECONOMY IS LIKELY TO BE SLOWED. THE UNITY BLOC BASED ITS PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION CAMPAIGN ON PROMISES TO EASE THE BURDEN OF POST-SOVIET REFORMS AND REVERSE THE COUNTRY'S DECLINING LIVING STANDARDS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/PCF
    07-Jun-99 10:59 AM EDT (1459 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] CHINA / GERMANY/ KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY ROGER WILKISON (BEIJING)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250310
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: A SENIOR GERMAN DIPLOMAT WAS IN BEIJING MONDAY TO SEEK CHINESE SUPPORT FOR A PLANNED UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION AIMED AT SETTLING THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO. BUT, AS V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ROGER WILKISON REPORTS, CHINA STILL INSISTS THAT NATO MUST HALT ITS BOMBING OF YUGOSLAVIA BEFORE IT WILL SUPPORT ANY PEACE PLAN.

    TEXT: GUENTHER PLEUGER, THE POLITICAL DIRECTOR OF THE GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTRY, TOUCHED DOWN IN BEIJING JUST AS TALKS BETWEEN YUGOSLAV AND NATO MILITARY LEADERS OVER A PULLOUT OF YUGOSLAV FORCES FROM KOSOVO COLLAPSED.

    MR. PLEUGER BRIEFED ASSISTANT FOREIGN MINISTER WANG GUANGYA AND OTHER CHINESE OFFICIALS ON A PEACE PLAN TO END THE KOSOVO CRISIS. THE PLAN, WHICH IS SPONSORED BY THE G-7 GROUP OF LEADING INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS AND RUSSIA, CALLS FOR A U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION.

    FINNISH PRESIDENT MARTTI AHTISAARI-- WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN PERSUADING YUGOSLAVIA TO ACCEPT THE PEACE PLAN-- DECIDED SUNDAY TO POSTPONE HIS OWN VISIT TO BEIJING. A FINNISH DIPLOMAT SAYS MR. AHTISAARI DELAYED HIS TRIP BECAUSE THE OUTCOME OF THE MILITARY TALKS WAS STILL UNCERTAIN.

    THOSE TALKS HAVE SINCE BROKEN DOWN, AND MR. PLEUGER FOUND HIMSELF IN BEIJING WITH LITTLE TO SHOW THE CHINESE OTHER THAN THE DETAILS OF THE PLAN. THE PROPOSAL CALLS FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF YUGOSLAV FORCES FROM KOSOVO AND THE ENTRY INTO THE PROVINCE OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE THAT WOULD OVERSEE THE RETURN OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES. CHINA, WHICH IS ONE OF FIVE VETO-WIELDING MEMBERS OF THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL, HAS BEEN ADAMANT IN ITS OPPOSITION TO NATO'S BOMBING OF YUGOSLAVIA. THE CHINESE HAVE NOT DIVULGED THEIR POSITION ON THE WESTERN AND RUSSIAN PEACE PLAN EXCEPT TO SAY THAT NATO ATTACKS MUST BE HALTED BEFORE THE SECURITY COUNCIL CAN CONSIDER THE PROPOSAL. A CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTRY OFFICIAL SAYS MR. WANG REITERATED THAT POSITION IN HIS TALKS WITH MR. PREUGER. THE OFFICIAL SAYS CHINA ALSO WANTS ANY SETTLEMENT OF THE KOSOVO CONFLICT TO RULE OUT THE PROVINCE'S SECESSION FROM YUGOSLAVIA.

    GERMANY HAS TAKEN THE LEAD IN TRYING TO PERSUADE THE CHINESE TO SUPPORT THE PEACE PLAN. ON FRIDAY, CHANCELLOR GERHARD SCHROEDER CALLED CHINESE PREMIER ZHU RONGJI TO EXPLAIN THE PROPOSAL. BUT CHINESE DIPLOMATS SAY MR. ZHU WAS INSISTENT THAT THE BOMBING HAS TO STOP IMMEDIATELY.

    NATO INSISTS THE BOMBING WILL STOP ONLY WHEN YUGOSLAV FORCES BEGIN TO LEAVE KOSOVO. FOLLOWING THE COLLAPSE OF THE MILITARY TALKS, THE UNITED STATES SAID NATO AIRSTRIKES WILL CONTINUE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RW/GC/PLM
    07-Jun-99 5:58 AM EDT (0958 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] CLINTON / KOSOVO WRAP (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250348
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON CALLED RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN MONDAY TO TRY TO BOOST DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO END THE YUGOSLAV WAR. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: THE 10-MINUTE CONVERSATION CAME ON THE SAME DAY THAT TALKS BROKE OFF BETWEEN RUSSIA AND THE SEVEN MAJOR INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS IN A DISAGREEMENT OVER NATO'S ROLE IN A PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN KOSOVO.

    FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THE SO-CALLED G-8 NATIONS MEETING IN BONN AGREED TO RESUME THEIR DISCUSSIONS (IN COLOGNE) ON THE TEXT OF A U-N RESOLUTION ON KOSOVO TUESDAY.

    BUT WHITE HOUSE OFFICIALS SEE THE BREAK IN THE TALKS AS JUST A BUMP IN THE ROAD TOWARD A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE YUGOSLAV CONFLICT. THEY SAY THEY ARE OPTIMISTIC ABOUT THE OUTCOME OF THE MEETING - CITING A COMMITMENT MR. CLINTON RECEIVED FROM MR. YELTSIN DURING THE PHONE CONVERSATION TO PUSH THE DIPLOMATIC EFFORT ALONG. MEANWHILE, U-S OFFICIALS BELIEVE HIGH-LEVEL TALKS BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS ON A SERB TROOP PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO WILL NOT RESUME UNTIL THE DISAGREEMENT IN BONN IS RESOLVED.

    YUGOSLAVIA HAS INSISTED ON A U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BEFORE ALLOWING ANY FOREIGN PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO ENTER KOSOVO.

    // REST OPT FOR LONG //

    IN THE MEANTIME, WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN JOE LOCKHART EMPHASIZED THAT NATO'S AIR CAMPAIGN OVER YUGOSLAVIA WOULD CONTINUE.

    // LOCKHART ACTUALITY //

    THERE ARE A VARIETY OF INTERESTS AND VIEWS THAT ARE BEING REFLECTED IN SEVERAL CAPITALS, BUT LET ME FOCUS ON WHAT THE UNITED STATES' AND NATO'S VIEWS ARE: WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THE NATO CAMPAIGN CONTINUES UNTIL WE SEE THE BEGINNINGS OF A VERIFIABLE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES. THAT IS WHAT OUR BOTTOM LINE IS.

    // END ACT //

    TALKS BETWEEN SENIOR NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS BROKE DOWN SUNDAY OVER WHAT U-S OFFICIALS CALL 'SEQUENCING EVENTS'. THEY SAY THE YUGOSLAVS REJECTED NATO'S TIMETABLE FOR A SERB WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO AND THE DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING FORCE.

    MR. LOCKHART SAYS THE CONDITIONS SET BY NATO ARE NOT NEGOTIABLE:

    // LOCKHART ACTUALITY //

    WE THINK THE SEQUENCING ISSUES ARE IMPORTANT, BECAUSE WE DO NOT WANT EVENTS TO UNFOLD THAT WOULD CREATE A SECURITY VACUUM IN KOSOVO.

    // END ACT //

    KOSOVO IS EXPECTED TO TOP THE AGENDA WHEN PRESIDENT CLINTON MEETS TUESDAY AT THE WHITE HOUSE WITH THE PRESIDENT OF HUNGARY, ARPAD GONCZ, WHOSE COUNTRY FORMALLY GAINED MEMBERSHIP IN NATO THIS YEAR. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/PHW/PT
    07-Jun-99 6:38 PM EDT (2238 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250305
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE SEARCH FOR A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO SHIFTS TO GERMANY FOR TALKS AMOUNG THE MINISTERS OF THE GROUP OF SEVEN LEADING INDUSTRIAL NATIONS PLUS RUSSIA. FROM COLOGNE, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE PURPOSE OF THE MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE IS TO WORK OUT A UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION THAT WILL AUTHORIZE A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO.

    IN ADDITION G-8 MINISTERS WILL DISCUSS THE ORGANIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN ADMINISTRATION THAT CAN MOVE INTO KOSOVO WITH THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE G-8 MINISTERS WILL ALSO TRY TO RESOLVE THE APPARENT BREAKDOWN IN TALKS ON A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST SERB PROPOSALS DID NOT GUARANTEE THE SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES AND WERE NOT CONSISTENT WITH AGREEMENTS THEY MADE LAST WEEK.

    SERB OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED TO BE DEMANDING THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BE PASSED BEFORE THEY AGREE TO THE TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY NATO AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PLM
    07-Jun-99 4:25 AM EDT (0825 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250305
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE SEARCH FOR A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO SHIFTS TO GERMANY FOR TALKS AMOUNG THE MINISTERS OF THE GROUP OF SEVEN LEADING INDUSTRIAL NATIONS PLUS RUSSIA. FROM COLOGNE, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE PURPOSE OF THE MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE IS TO WORK OUT A UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION THAT WILL AUTHORIZE A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO.

    IN ADDITION G-8 MINISTERS WILL DISCUSS THE ORGANIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN ADMINISTRATION THAT CAN MOVE INTO KOSOVO WITH THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE G-8 MINISTERS WILL ALSO TRY TO RESOLVE THE APPARENT BREAKDOWN IN TALKS ON A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST SERB PROPOSALS DID NOT GUARANTEE THE SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES AND WERE NOT CONSISTENT WITH AGREEMENTS THEY MADE LAST WEEK.

    SERB OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED TO BE DEMANDING THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BE PASSED BEFORE THEY AGREE TO THE TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY NATO AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PLM
    07-Jun-99 4:25 AM EDT (0825 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250305
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE SEARCH FOR A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO SHIFTS TO GERMANY FOR TALKS AMOUNG THE MINISTERS OF THE GROUP OF SEVEN LEADING INDUSTRIAL NATIONS PLUS RUSSIA. FROM COLOGNE, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE PURPOSE OF THE MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE IS TO WORK OUT A UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION THAT WILL AUTHORIZE A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO.

    IN ADDITION G-8 MINISTERS WILL DISCUSS THE ORGANIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN ADMINISTRATION THAT CAN MOVE INTO KOSOVO WITH THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE G-8 MINISTERS WILL ALSO TRY TO RESOLVE THE APPARENT BREAKDOWN IN TALKS ON A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST SERB PROPOSALS DID NOT GUARANTEE THE SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES AND WERE NOT CONSISTENT WITH AGREEMENTS THEY MADE LAST WEEK.

    SERB OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED TO BE DEMANDING THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BE PASSED BEFORE THEY AGREE TO THE TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY NATO AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PLM
    07-Jun-99 4:25 AM EDT (0825 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250305
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE SEARCH FOR A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO SHIFTS TO GERMANY FOR TALKS AMOUNG THE MINISTERS OF THE GROUP OF SEVEN LEADING INDUSTRIAL NATIONS PLUS RUSSIA. FROM COLOGNE, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE PURPOSE OF THE MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE IS TO WORK OUT A UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION THAT WILL AUTHORIZE A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO.

    IN ADDITION G-8 MINISTERS WILL DISCUSS THE ORGANIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN ADMINISTRATION THAT CAN MOVE INTO KOSOVO WITH THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE G-8 MINISTERS WILL ALSO TRY TO RESOLVE THE APPARENT BREAKDOWN IN TALKS ON A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST SERB PROPOSALS DID NOT GUARANTEE THE SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES AND WERE NOT CONSISTENT WITH AGREEMENTS THEY MADE LAST WEEK.

    SERB OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED TO BE DEMANDING THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BE PASSED BEFORE THEY AGREE TO THE TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY NATO AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PLM
    07-Jun-99 4:25 AM EDT (0825 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250305
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE SEARCH FOR A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO SHIFTS TO GERMANY FOR TALKS AMOUNG THE MINISTERS OF THE GROUP OF SEVEN LEADING INDUSTRIAL NATIONS PLUS RUSSIA. FROM COLOGNE, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE PURPOSE OF THE MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE IS TO WORK OUT A UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION THAT WILL AUTHORIZE A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO.

    IN ADDITION G-8 MINISTERS WILL DISCUSS THE ORGANIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN ADMINISTRATION THAT CAN MOVE INTO KOSOVO WITH THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE G-8 MINISTERS WILL ALSO TRY TO RESOLVE THE APPARENT BREAKDOWN IN TALKS ON A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST SERB PROPOSALS DID NOT GUARANTEE THE SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES AND WERE NOT CONSISTENT WITH AGREEMENTS THEY MADE LAST WEEK.

    SERB OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED TO BE DEMANDING THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BE PASSED BEFORE THEY AGREE TO THE TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY NATO AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PLM
    07-Jun-99 4:25 AM EDT (0825 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] G-8 / KOSOVO (S) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250305
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE SEARCH FOR A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO SHIFTS TO GERMANY FOR TALKS AMOUNG THE MINISTERS OF THE GROUP OF SEVEN LEADING INDUSTRIAL NATIONS PLUS RUSSIA. FROM COLOGNE, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE PURPOSE OF THE MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE IS TO WORK OUT A UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION THAT WILL AUTHORIZE A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO.

    IN ADDITION G-8 MINISTERS WILL DISCUSS THE ORGANIZATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN ADMINISTRATION THAT CAN MOVE INTO KOSOVO WITH THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE G-8 MINISTERS WILL ALSO TRY TO RESOLVE THE APPARENT BREAKDOWN IN TALKS ON A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE LATEST SERB PROPOSALS DID NOT GUARANTEE THE SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES AND WERE NOT CONSISTENT WITH AGREEMENTS THEY MADE LAST WEEK.

    SERB OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED TO BE DEMANDING THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BE PASSED BEFORE THEY AGREE TO THE TROOP WITHDRAWAL. U-S OFFICIALS SAY NATO AIR STRIKES WILL CONTINUE UNTIL SERB FORCES BEGIN PULLING OUT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PLM
    07-Jun-99 4:25 AM EDT (0825 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [10] K-L-A FIGHTING (L) BY PENTAGON (JIM RANDLE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250342
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PENTAGON SPOKESMAN KEN BACON SAYS INTENSE FIGHTING CONTINUES BETWEEN K-L-A REBELS AND YUGOSLAV FORCES ALONG THE KOSOVO-ALBANIAN BORDER. BOTH SIDES ARE SENDING ADDITIONAL FORCES INTO THE STRUGGLE. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: PENTAGON SPOKESMAN KEN BACON SAYS AT LEAST TWO BATTLES ARE UNDERWAY, ONE NEAR JUNIK, ANOTHER NEAR MOUNT PASTRIK. HE SAYS THE REBEL KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY HAS SENT REINFORCEMENTS TO BOTH FIGHTS, HOPING TO HANG ON TO RECENT GAINS.

    /// BACON ACT 110 ///

    IN THE JUNIK AREA, THE K-L-A CONTINUES TO HOLD TERRITORY AS IT HAS FOR A NUMBER OF DAYS DESPITE OF A FAIRLY AGGRESSIVE SERB COUNTER OFFENSIVE. AND IN THE MOUNT PASTRIK AREA, THE K-L-A ALSO CONTINUES TO HOLD SOME TERRITORY, ALTHOUGH THEY HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO ADVANCE AS MUCH AS THEY WOULD HAVE LIKED TO BECAUSE THE SERBS HAVE BROUGHT IN REINFORCEMENTS.

    /// END ACT ///

    HOLDING TERRITORY IS DIFFICULT FOR A LIGHTLY ARMED GUERRILLA FORCE LIKE THE K-L-A WHEN IT FACES THE SUPERIOR NUMBERS AND HEAVIER WEAPONS OF CONVENTIONAL SOLDIERS LIKE THE SERB-DOMINATED YUGOSLAV ARMY.

    BUT THE MOST RECENT FIGHTING FORCED SERBIAN COMMANDERS TO REINFORCE THEIR POSITIONS AS WELL. IT ALSO MEANT THAT SERBIAN TROOPS AND HEAVY WEAPONS HAD TO COME OUT OF HIDING, MAKING THEM VULNERABLE TO NATO AIR ATTACKS.

    SATURDAY AND SUNDAY, NATO PILOTS FLEW FEWER THAN THE USUAL NUMBER OF BOMBING MISSIONS OVER YUGOSLAVIA, BUT MR. BACON SAYS THE NUMBER OF AIR STRIKES WILL DOUBLE OR TRIPLE IN THE NEXT DAY OR TWO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JR/ENE/WFR
    07-Jun-99 5:08 PM EDT (2108 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [11] KOSOVO PEACE BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=06/7/99
    TYPE=U-S OPINION ROUNDUP
    NUMBER=6-11326
    TELEPHONE=619-2702
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=

    /// ED'S: MATERIAL DATED AFTER 10 P-M EASTERN TIME ///

    INTRO: THE WORK THAT REMAINS TO BE DONE IN THE WAKE OF THE NATO BOMBING OF YUGOSLAVIA, AS WELL AS WHAT LESSONS THE ALLIANCE SHOULD LEARN FROM ITS FIRST WAR EVER, ARE THE SUBJECTS OF EDITORIALS IN SOME OF THE NATION'S MAJOR NEWSPAPERS MONDAY. HERE WITH EXCERPTS IS __________ WITH TODAY'S OPINION ROUND UP.

    TEXT: LAST WEEK WHEN BELGRADE AGREED TO NATO'S TERMS FOR ENDING ALLIANCE BOMBING OF YUGOSLAVIA -- IT APPEARED NATO'S AIR CAMPAIGN STRATEGY MAY HAVE SUCCEEDED. IT SEEMED NATO WAS NOT GOING TO HAVE TO PUT A SINGLE SOLDIER ON THE GROUND IN YUGOSLAVIA IN ORDER TO GET BELGRADE TO AGREE TO LET NEARLY ONE MILLION KOSOVAR ALBANIANS RETURN TO THEIR HOMES IN KOSOVO. BUT WHEN TALKS BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY LEADERS THIS WEEKEND FAILED TO PRODUCE A YUGOSLAV WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO -- THE ULTIMATE SUCCESS OF THE AIR WAR SEEMED LESS CERTAIN. U-S-A TODAY WRITES:

    VOICE: EVEN THOUGH TECHNOLOGY HAS TURBOCHARGED U-S CAPABILITIES, THE LESSONS OF WAR HAVE NOT CHANGED. SUCCESS REQUIRES NOW, AS IT DID WHEN CARL VON CLAUSEWITZ WROTE HIS CLASSIC 'ON WAR' IN THE EARLY 1800'S, STRONG GOVERNMENT AIMS, GOOD GENERALSHIP AND A PASSIONATE PUBLIC, ALL ACTING TOGETHER AND APPLYING ALL FORCE AVAILABLE AGAINST THE ADVERSARY.

    TEXT: THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS POINTS OUT THAT SUCCESS CAN NOT BE DECLARED UNTIL THE PEOPLE WHO ARE SUPPOSED TO BENEFIT FROM THE AIR WAR -- THE ETHNIC ALBANIANS OF KOSOVO -- CAN RETURN HOME.

    VOICE: ARE THERE STILL QUESTIONS? INNUMERABLE ONES. IS THERE A CHANCE THE AGREEMENT COULD FALL THROUGH? ABSOLUTELY. THIS IS, AFTER ALL, SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC, INDICTED WAR CRIMINAL, WE'RE DEALING WITH. OR , IN THE WORDS OF UNITED NATIONS SPECIAL ENVOY CARL BILDT: 'WE KNOW FROM BITTER BALKAN EXPERIENCE THAT THERE ARE DEVILS HIDDEN IN EVERY DETAIL.' AND THOSE DETAILS ARE STILL TO BE IRONED OUT.

    TEXT: THE END OF THE AIR WAR -- WHEN IT COMES -- WILL MOST LIKELY ONLY BE THE BEGINNING OF A MUCH LONGER PROCESS AND COMMITMENT, AS THE PORTLAND PRESS HERALD WRITES.

    VOICE: THE SERBS RELENTLESSLY DESTROYED THE HOMES AND BUSINESSES OF ETHNIC ALBANIANS [IN YUGOSLAVIA'S KOSOVO PROVINCE], AND A MASSIVE REBUILDING EFFORT IS NEEDED. THE ACCORD CALLS FOR GIVING KOSOVARS LIMITED AUTONOMY AND THE STRUCTURE FOR THAT NEEDS TO BE CREATED. IN ADDITION, THE INDICTMENTS FOR WAR CRIMES HANDED DOWN LAST MONTH AGAINST MILOSEVIC AND SEVERAL OF HIS TOP ASSISTANTS REMAIN IN FORCE.

    TEXT: THE ALLIANCE IS CONTINUING TO STRIKE AT SERB TARGETS SINCE NATO AND YUGOSLAVIA'S SERB NEGOTIATORS HAVE FAILED TO AGREE ON PRECISE MILITARY TERMS FOR ENDING THE CONFLICT. THE DALLAS MORNING NEWS BELIEVES THERE SHOULD BE NO CHANGE IN NATO POSTURE UNTIL THAT AGREEMENT IS COMPLETELY NAILED DOWN.

    VOICE: . . . THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION IS RIGHT TO BE WARY. THE BOMBING OF YUGOSLAV MILITARY TARGETS SHOULD CONTINUE UNTIL NATO AND YUGOSLAV COMMANDERS WORK OUT A PLAN FOR REMOVING YUGOSLAV FORCES FROM KOSOVO AND UNTIL NATO CAN VERIFY THAT SUBSTANTIAL NUMBERS OF THEM HAVE DEPARTED THE PROVINCE.

    TEXT: THAT HAS NOT YET HAPPENED. THIS CONCLUDES THIS EDITION OF THE U-S OPINION ROUNDUP FOR MONDAY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/NJS/JO
    07-Jun-99 3:08 PM EDT (1908 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [12] KOSOVO-GREECE-MARINE(S&L) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250337
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: GREEK OFFICIALS HAVE BLOCKED PLANS BY MORE THAN TWO-THOUSAND U-S MARINES TO TRAVEL THROUGH A GREEK PORT ON THEIR WAY TO MACEDONIA AS PART OF A PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON, WHERE OFFICIALS SAY THEY HOPE TO WORK OUT AN AGREEMENT TO GET THE TROOPS ASHORE SOON.

    TEXT: THE MARINES, ALONG WITH ARTILLERY, HELICOPTERS, AND VEHICLES ARE STUCK ON SHIPS OFF THE COAST, AFTER OFFICIALS IN ATHENS REVOKED PERMISSION TO LAND IN THE PORT OF THESSALONIKI (SALONIKA).

    THESSALONIKI IS THE CLOSEST MAJOR PORT TO MACEDONIA, WHERE THE MARINES WOULD JOIN THOUSANDS OF OTHER NATO TROOPS IN A PROPOSED PEACEKEEPING FORCE FOR KOSOVO.

    GREECE IS A NATO MEMBER AND HAS ALLOWED MILITARY SHIPMENTS THROUGH THE PORT, BUT ACTION PROMPTED ANTI-WAR PROTESTS THAT TEMPORARILY CLOSED THE PORT. MANY GREEKS OPPOSE THE NATO BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE SERBS, WHO ARE FELLOW ORTHODOX CHRISTIANS.

    WITH EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS LESS THAN A WEEK AWAY, GREEK OFFICIALS ASKED NATO NOT TO USE THE PORT FACILITIES DURING THIS PERIOD OF HEIGHTENED POLITICAL SENSITIVITY.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY THERE ARE NO EASY ALTERNATIVES TO THE PORT AT THESSALONIKI. NAVY SPOKESMAN, LIEUTENANT GREG GEISEN, SAYS THE MARINES PRIDE THEMSELVES ON TRAVELING LIGHT, BUT EVEN THEY CAN NOT MOVE EVERYTHING BY HELICOPTER.

    /// GEISEN ACT 040 ///

    WITH THE CAPABILITIES THAT THE M-E-U (MARINE EXPEDITIONARY UNIT) HAS TO BRING TO BE EFFECTIVE, SOME OF THAT EQUIPMENT IS VERY LARGE, AND VERY HEAVY, AND IT IS NOT PRACTICAL TO CONDUCT [AN] (HELICOPTER) AIR LIFT WITH EQUIPMENT OF THAT SIZE.

    /// END ACT ///

    LIEUTENANT GEISEN SPOKE BY PHONE FROM THE COMMAND SHIP FOR U-S FORCES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN, THE U-S-S MOUNT WHITNEY.

    GREEK GOVERNMENT SOURCES HAVE REPORTEDLY SAID THEY WANT NATO'S BOMBING TO STOP BEFORE NATO TROOPS MOVE THROUGH THE COUNTRY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JR/RAE
    07-Jun-99 2:43 PM EDT (1843 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [13] KOSOVO/DIPLOMACY Q&A - UPDATE BY SUZANNE KELLY (KUMANOVO, MACEDONIA)

    DATE=6/6/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250301
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: A NATO SPOKESMAN SAYS THE ALLIANCE WILL INTENSIFY ITS BOMBING CAMPAIGN AFTER TALKS ON A PLAN FOR WITHDRAWING SERB TROOPS FROM KOSOVO BOGGED DOWN. THE TALKS -- AT KUMANOVO IN NORTHERN MACEDONIA -- WERE HELD BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICERS. SUZANNE KELLY IS AMONG THE REPORTERS AT THE SCENE COVERING THE TALKS, AND SPOKE WITH VOA NEWS NOW (VNN) A SHORT TIME AGO.

    TEXT: KELLY: AFTER FIVE AND ONE-HALF HOURS ON SATURDAY, AND NEARLY 18 HOURS STRETCHING FROM SUNDAY TO MONDAY LIEUTENANT GENERAL MIKE JACKSON OF NATO FINALLY DELIVERED THE NEWS EVERYONE WAS WAITING FOR AND THAT IS THAT NATO WILL INTENSIFY ITS BOMBING CAMPAIGN BECAUSE THE YUGOSLAV DELEGATION REFUSED TO SIGN THE DETAILS OF THE PEACE AGREEMENT THAT NEGOTIATED IN BELGRADE LATE LAST WEEK. VNN: ARE OFFICIALS SAYING THAT THE TALKS ARE OVER, OR BOGGED DOWN OR DELAYED? WHAT ARE THEY ACTUALLY SAYING? KELLY: AS FAR AS NATO IS CONCERNED THEY DID NOT ACCOMPLISH THEIR GOAL THIS WEEKEND, WHICH WAS TO GET A SIGNATURE TO THIS PLAN. THERE WAS A RUSSIAN DELEGATION THAT CAME IN LATE SUNDAY TO TRY TO SORT OF MEDIATE A BIT, AND THEY SAID THAT THE MEETINGS WERE CONSTRUCTIVE AND THEY STILL HELD OUT HOPE THAT SOME SORT OF PEACE SETTLEMENT WITH THE MILITARY DETAILS WOULD BE REACHED SOON. VNN: SUZANNE, DIPLOMATIC SOURCES IN MACEDONIA QUOTED BY THE FRENCH NEWS AGENCY SAY YUGOSLAVIA WANTS A U-N RESOLUTION ON KOSOVO BEFORE IT WILL SIGN A DOCUMENT. WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THAT? KELLY: WELL, THIS IS SOMETHING NEW THAT HAS BEEN BROUGHT INTO THIS MEETING, AND THIS IS NOT SOMETHING THAT NATO HAD AGREED TO AHEAD OF TIME. SO NATO HAS MADE IT VERY CLEAR FROM THE BEGINNING THAT THIS IS NOT A NEGOTIATION PROCESS AND IN FACT THE YUGOSLAV DELEGATION HAS VERY LITTLE TO ASK FOR HERE. THIS WAS SIMPLY EXPLAINING THE RULES OF THE GAME AND OF THE PEACE SETTLEMENT THAT WAS AGREED TO IN BELGRADE TO THE YUGOSLAV DELEGATION. SO THIS IS SOMETHING THAT, ACCORDING TO NATO, HAS NO PLACE HERE. VNN: CAN THIS BE IRONED OUT OR IS THIS GOING TO END IT RIGHT NOW? KELLY: I HAVE TO TELL YOU AFTER THIS WEEKEND, WAITING FOR SOMETHING TO COME OUT OF THESE TALKS AND TALKING A LOT WITH THE NATO SPOKESMEN, YOU CAN DEFINITELY SEE THE PATIENCE WEARING THIN ON NATO'S SIDE. THEY STARTED OUT VERY POSITIVE ON SATURDAY, VERY MUCH LOOKING FORWARD TO A QUICK EXPLANATION, A QUICK MEETING, AND A QUICK SIGNATURE BUT AS THE HOURS GREW LATE ON SUNDAY YOU COULD SEE THAT NATO WAS GROWING A BIT MORE FRUSTRATED -- SAYING THIS WILL HAVE TO COME TO AN END AT SOME POINT AND NOW, OF COURSE, WE'VE JUST HEARD GENERAL JACKSON SAYING THAT NATO WILL INTENSIFY ITS AIR STRIKES. NOW, OF COURSE, NATO IS NOT CLOSING ANY DOORS TO ANY FURTHER SETTLEMENT. ITS PRETTY CLEAR THAT NATO WOULD PREFER TO GO IN PEACEFULLY, THEY DON'T WANT TO SEND IN THEIR TROOPS INTO A HOSTILE SITUATION BUT IT LOOKS LIKE, AFTER THIS WEEKEND, THEY ARE WILLING TO DO THAT IF THAT'S WHAT IT TAKES.
    NEB/SK/WFR
    06-Jun-99 10:15 PM EDT (0215 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [14] MONDAY'S EDITORIALS BY RALPH ECKHARDT (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=06/7/99
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-11325
    TELEPHONE=619-2702
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=

    /// ED'S: MATERIAL OUTDATED AFTER 10 P-M EASTERN TIME ///

    INTRO: MONDAY FINDS U-S EDITORIAL PAGES DISCUSSING A POSSIBLE END TO THE BOMBING OF KOSOVO AND RELATIONS WITH CHINA. HERE WITH A SAMPLING OF EDITORIALS IS ___________ WITH TODAY'S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: WITH DISCUSSIONS UNDERWAY BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV OFFICIALS TRYING TO WORK OUT A KOSOVO PEACE DEAL, U-S EDITORIAL WRITERS ARE CAUTIOUSLY OPTIMISTIC AN END TO THE FIGHTING IS NEAR. BUT THEY HAVE RESERVATIONS ABOUT THE LESSONS LEARNED IN THIS CONFLICT.

    IN AN EDITORIAL TITLED "PATIENCE PROVES A VIRTUE", "THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS" SAYS THE ABILITY TO SUSTAIN THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN FOR MORE THAN 70-DAYS HAS BEEN NATO'S MOST IMPORTANT WEAPON.

    VOICE: AS THE WORLD HOLDS ITS BREATH, WAITING FOR WHAT THE NEXT FEW DAYS MIGHT BRING, IT WOULD BE THE RIGHT MOMENT TO THINK AGAIN ABOUT WHAT IS AT STAKE HERE. YES, THE POWER OF NATO AND THE UNITED STATES AS MILITARY LEADERS OF THE FREE WORLD. BUT ALSO, OF EQUAL OR GREATER IMPORT, AS THE GUARANTORS OF FREEDOM AND BASIC HUMAN DIGNITY. ...THE GUARANTEE THAT HUMAN-RIGHTS VIOLATIONS SHALL NOT BE IGNORED. AND THAT THESE RIGHTS SHALL BE PRESERVED.

    TEXT: NEW YORK'S "NEWSDAY" SAYS NATO NEEDS A CLEAR VICTORY TO BRING AN END TO STRIFE ON THE BALKAN PENINSULA. BUT IT SAYS AS IT NOW STANDS, BOTH NATO AND YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC CAN CLAIM VICTORY.

    VOICE: A WAR THAT ENDS WITHOUT OUTRIGHT MILITARY VICTORY CAN ONLY RESULT IN AN AMBIGUOUS PEACE. SUCH WAS THE CASE IN KOREA... AND SUCH MAY BE THE CASE IN KOSOVO, WHERE THE NOT-QUITE-WAR WAGED BY NATO WOULD BECOME THE NOT-QUITE-PEACE SUGGESTED IN THE AGREEMENT ACCEPTED BY ... SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC LAST WEEK. ... THE WORLD'S MORAL LANDSCAPE WILL NOT BE CLARIFIED BY THE RESOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT IN KOSOVO. ...THE VERY AMBIGUITY OF THE RESULT SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO CAUSE NATO TO RETHINK THE NEW MISSION STATEMENT THAT CALLS ON IT TO PROJECT ITS FORCE BEYOND ITS BOUNDARIES.

    TEXT: THE NATIONAL PUBLICATION "U-S-A TODAY" SAYS THERE ARE GLARING LIMITS TO AN AIR WAR, DESPITE CLAIMS IT ALONE HAS WON THE DAY.

    VOICE: SERB CAPITULATION CAME WITHOUT ANY NATO SOLDIERS SETTING FOOT ON PERILOUS GROUND. BUT OVERRATING THAT SUCCESS IS ALL TOO EASY -- AND TOO DANGEROUS. ... THIS CONFLICT HOLDS AS MANY LESSONS IN AIR POWER'S LIMITS AS ITS REACH. ...BOMBING COULD NOT SAVE 855-THOUSAND ETHNIC ALBANIANS FROM EXPULSION AND THE DESTRUCTION OF THEIR HOMES. NOR COULD IT SAVE THOUSANDS FROM MURDER, RAPE, ROBBERY AND TORTURE.

    TEXT: THE PORTLAND, MAINE, "PRESS HERALD" SAYS WHILE A KOSOVO PEACE AGREEMENT IS PROMISING, THERE IS MUCH LEFT TO DO.

    VOICE: PRESIDENT CLINTON WAS PRECISELY CORRECT WHEN HE SAID...THE PEACE AGREEMENT ACCEPTED BY THE SERBIAN PARLIAMENT...HAD TO SHOW "REAL RESULTS" BEFORE NATO FORCES WOULD HALT THEIR NINE-WEEK BOMBING CAMPAIGN. THE PACT, NEGOTIATED BY FORMER RUSSIAN PRIME MINISTER VIKTOR CHERNOMYRDIN AND FINNISH PRESIDENT MARTTI AHTISAARI ... CALLS FOR "QUICK AND VERIFIABLE" WITHDRAWAL OF ALL ARMED SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO... AMERICANS SHOULD REALIZE THAT HELPING THE KOSOVAR REFUGEES REBUILD THEIR LIVES IS A LONG-TERM EFFORT, LIKELY REQUIRING THE PRESENCE OF NATO FORCES AND HUMANITARIAN GROUPS FOR YEARS TO COME.

    TEXT: THE EDITORIAL WRITERS ARE REMEMBERING THE 10TH ANNIVERSARY OF CHINA'S CRACKDOWN ON DEMOCRACY DEMONSTRATIONS IN TIANANMEN SQUARE. THE "WALL STREET JOURNAL" SAYS IT WAS APPROPRIATE FOR PRESIDENT CLINTON TO EXTEND NORMAL TRADING STATUS WITH CHINA.

    VOICE: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICAL LIBERALISM DO NOT ALWAYS MOVE IN LOCKSTEP, BUT THEIR IS A POWERFUL TENDENCY FOR THEM TO MOVE IN THE SAME DIRECTION. TIANANMEN, COMING WITHIN A DECADE OF DENG [XIAOPING'S] FIRST ECONOMIC OPENINGS, WAS AN ELOQUENT EXPRESSION THAT DEMANDS FOR POLITICAL OPENING WILL FOLLOW.... THE PROPER POLICY IS TO OFFER TRADE RELATIONS, PROMOTE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CONTACTS AND AND CONVEY A SENSE OF RESPECT FOR CHINA'S HISTORY AND AMBITIONS.

    TEXT: THE PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND, "JOURNAL" SAYS THIS IS A TENDER MOMENT IN RELATIONS BETWEEN CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES. THE NEWSPAPER SAYS WHILE CHINA IS NOT A FRIEND OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE SENSE JAPAN AND ITALY ARE, IT IS NOT ENTIRELY OUR ENEMY EITHER.

    VOICE: IT REMAINS IMPERATIVE THAT WE ENGAGE CHINA, THAT WE MAINTAIN DIALOGUE WITH CHINA, THAT WE TRADE WITH CHINA, AND THAT WE STAND AS A BEACON OF HOPE FOR THE PEOPLE, IF NOT THE GOVERNMENT, OF CHINA. THAT IS WHAT THE DEMONSTRATORS IN TIANANMEN SQUARE WERE SAYING 10-YEARS AGO: THE UNITED STATES OFFERS THE HOPE OF FREEDOM. ... AS LONG AS THAT HOPE REMAINS ALIVE IN CHINA ... THOSE LIVES LOST IN TIANANMEN SQUARE WILL NOT HAVE BEEN LOST IN VAIN.

    TEXT: "NEWSDAY" ALSO SAYS IT WOULD HURT AMERICANS' INTERESTS NOT TO RENEW NORMAL TRADE STATUS FOR CHINA.

    VOICE: WASHINGTON SHOULD BE DRAWING CHINA EVEN MORE SECURELY INTO THE WEB OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE, WHICH IS GOOD NOT ONLY FOR AMERICAN CONSUMERS AND BUSINESS, BUT HOLDS THE BEST HOPE OF DEMOCRATIZING CHINA AS WELL.

    TEXT: THAT CONCLUDES A LOOK AT U-S EDITORIAL COMMENT FOR MONDAY, JUNE SEVENTH, 1999.
    NEB/RAE/KL
    07-Jun-99 12:10 PM EDT (1610 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [15] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250343
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES WERE UP TODAY (MONDAY), ALTHOUGH TRADING VOLUME WAS WEAK. VOA BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK.

    TEXT: THE DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE CLOSED AT 10 THOUSAND 909, UP 109 POINTS OR ONE PERCENT. THE STANDARD AND POOR'S 500 INDEX CLOSED AT 13 HUNDRED 34, UP SIX POINTS. THE NASDAQ INDEX GAINED ALMOST TWO PERCENT.

    VOLUME ON THE NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE WAS RELATIVELY LIGHT AT 620 MILLION SHARES. ANALYSTS SAY THE RALLY MIGHT HAVE BEEN MORE CONVINCING HAD IT OCCURRED ON HEAVY TRADING. HOWEVER, IT DOES SEEM THAT THE INFLATION WARNING ISSUED LAST MONTH BY THE U-S CENTRAL BANK HAS LOST ITS POWER TO MAKE TRADERS NERVOUS, AT LEAST FOR THE MOMENT.

    ///BEGIN OPT///

    BILL ALLEN OF THE JEFFERIES INVESTMENT COMPANY SAYS STOCKS ARE REBOUNDING BECAUSE INFLATION CONCERNS SEEM TO BE FADING.

    /// ALLEN ACT -- OPT ///

    INFLATION IS NO LONGER THE BIG SCARE THAT THE "FED" (FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD) THREW INTO US A COUPLE OF WEEKS AGO. INVESTORS ARE NOW MORE CONFIDENT THAT THIS IS THE PLACE THEIR MONEY SHOULD BE.

    ///END ACT -- END OPT///

    THE ALLIED SIGNAL COMPANY WILL PAY ALMOST 14 BILLION DOLLARS TO ACQUIRE THE HONEYWELL CORPORATION. THE COMBINED FIRM WILL BE ONE OF THE LARGEST DIVERSIFIED INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURERS IN THE UNITED STATES WITH AEROSPACE AS ITS LARGEST SINGLE UNIT.

    /// REST OPT FOR LONG ///

    NISOURCE (NYE-SOURCE), A U-S ELECTRICITY AND NATURAL GAS SUPPLIER, HAS LAUNCHED A HOSTILE FIVE POINT SEVEN BILLION DOLLAR TAKEOVER OFFER FOR THE COLUMBIA ENERGY COMPANY. IN A PRIVATE NEGOTIATION, COLUMBIA REJECTED THE OFFER. HOWEVER ITS BOARD OF DIRECTORS SAYS IT WILL RECONSIDER THE MATTER NOW THAT THE PROPOSAL IS PUBLIC.

    I-B-M AND THE ACER COMPUTER COMPANY OF TAIWAN HAVE SIGNED A COOPERATION AGREEMENT TO BUY EIGHT BILLION DOLLARS WORTH OF EACH OTHERS PRODUCTS OVER THE NEXT SEVEN YEARS.

    BRITISH STEEL WILL MERGE WITH HOOGOVENS OF THE NETHERLANDS TO CREATE THE WORLD'S THIRD-LARGEST STEEL COMPANY WITH ANNUAL SALES OF 15 BILLION DOLLARS.

    THE DUPONT CHEMICAL COMPANY SAYS FALLING DEMAND WILL FORCE IT TO CUT POLYESTER PRODUCTION AND ELIMINATE ABOUT 14 HUNDRED JOBS WORLDWIDE.

    THE METRO-GOLDWYN-MAYER FILM COMPANY SAYS IT WILL RESTRUCTURE ITS UNITED ARTISTS UNIT WHICH WILL NOW CONCENTRATE ON LOW BUDGET MOVIES THAT COST LESS THAN 10 MILLION DOLLARS TO PRODUCE.

    THE PROTECTION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CONTINUES TO BE A MAJOR PROBLEM FOR COMPUTER SOFTWARE COMPANIES ACCORDING TO AN INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION. A SURVEY SHOWS THAT ALMOST 40 PERCENT OF ALL NEW BUSINESS SOFTWARE PROGRAMS INSTALLED WORLDWIDE ARE PIRATED. THE SURVEY ESTIMATES THE INDUSTRY LOST ABOUT 11 BILLION DOLLARS IN REVENUE LAST YEAR AS A RESULT OF PIRACY.(SIGNED) NEB/NY/BA/LSF/PT
    07-Jun-99 5:28 PM EDT (2128 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [16] NATO / KOSOVO (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250322
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO HAS INTENSIFIED ITS AIR STRIKES AGAINST SERB FORCES IN KOSOVO AND ELSEWHERE IN YUGOSLAVIA IN REACTION TO THE FAILURE OF MILITARY TALKS WITH THE SERBS. THOSE TALKS WERE DESIGNED TO PRODUCE AN AGREEMENT ON THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB TROOPS FROM KOSOVO. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS ON HOW THE ALLIANCE PLANS TO DEAL WITH THE SITUATION.

    TEXT: NATO REDUCED BUT NEVER STOPPED ITS AIR STRIKES AGAINST SERB FORCES, ESPECIALLY IN KOSOVO. FOR A BOMBING PAUSE, NATO REQUIRES EVIDENCE OF A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL, NOT SIMPLY A SIGNATURE ON A WITHDRAWAL PLAN.

    THE FAILURE OF NATO AND YUGOSLAVIA TO AGREE ON THAT PLAN AFTER TWO DAYS OF TALKS IN MACEDONIA MEANS NATO IS INTENSIFYING ITS AIR STRIKES TO PREVIOUS HEAVY LEVELS. NATO SPOKESMAN JAMIE SHEA BLAMES YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC'S NEGOTIATING TACTICS.

    ///SHEA ACT///

    THERE ARE ALWAYS THREE STAGES IN REACHING AN AGREEMENT WITH PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC. FIRST IS THE AGREEMENT ON PRINCIPLE. SECONDLY, THERE IS AN AGREEMENT ON THE DETAILS AND THIRDLY IS THE FULL IMPLEMENTATION. THEN YOU KNOW YOU HAVE AN AGREEMENT.

    ///END ACT///

    AFTER THE AGREEMENT IN PRINCIPLE, APPROVED BY THE SERBIAN PARLIAMENT AND THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT LAST THURSDAY, THERE WAS DISAGREEMENT OVER THE DETAILS OF THE SERBIAN TROOP WITHDRAWAL. NATO INSISTS ITS PLAN IS NON-NEGOTIABLE. MR. SHEA SAYS THE SERBS REJECTED THE SUGGESTION THAT NATO TROOPS MUST ENTER KOSOVO AS THE SERBS WITHDRAW TO ENSURE THE SAFE RETURN OF KOSOVO ALBANIANS TO THEIR HOMES.

    ///SHEA ACT///

    THE SERB SIDE DID NOT ACCEPT THE SEQUENCING OF ACTIVITIES AS PROPOSED BY NATO, A SEQUENCING WHICH IN OUR VIEW, REPRESENTS THE ONLY WAY TO ENSURE THAT SERB FORCES LEAVE AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCES RAPIDLY THEREAFTER ARE DEPLOYED AND THE REFUGEES ARE ABLE TO RETURN HOME RIGHT AWAY. SECONDLY, THE SERB GENERALS CLAIM THAT THEY WERE EMPOWERED ONLY TO DISCUSS CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE MILITARY TO MILITARY AGREEMENT AND NOT OTHER ASPECTS AND THEY STALLED ON MANY OTHER POINTS OF DETAIL AS WELL SO IT'S NOT CLEAR THAT THEY WERE REALLY INTERESTED ON THAT OCCASION IN GENUINELY SEEKING AN AGREEMENT.

    ///END ACT///

    THE NATO COMMANDER IN MACEDONIA, GENERAL MICHAEL JACKSON, IS STILL READY TO EXPLAIN DETAILS OF THE WITHDRAWAL PLAN TO THE SERB GENERALS, BUT NOT TO NEGOTIATE WITH THEM. MR. SHEA ANNOUNCED EARLIER THAT LOWER LEVEL OFFICERS WOULD DISCUSS RESUMING THE MILITARY TALKS BUT LATER CLARIFIED THAT THOSE DISCUSSIONS WILL TAKE PLACE BY TELEPHONE.

    THAT LEAVES NATO HOPING MORE INTENSIVE BOMBING WILL REMIND THE SERB POLITICAL AND MILITARY LEADERS WHY THEY NEED A POLITICAL SETTLEMENT MORE THAN THEY NEED DESTRUCTION OF MORE MILITARY ASSETS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/GE
    07-Jun-99 11:00 AM EDT (1500 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [17] NATO-KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250312
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO IS ACCELERATING ITS BOMBING OF YUGOSLAVIA FOLLOWING THE SUSPENSION OF MILITARY TALKS WHICH TOOK PLACE IN MACEDONIA. RON PEMSTEIN HAS THE LATEST ON DEVELOPMENTS IN THIS REPORT FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS IN BRUSSELS.

    TEXT: MILITARY OFFICIALS FROM NATO AND YUGOSLAVIA ARE MEETING TO DISCUSS WHETHER TO RESUME THE SUSPENDED TALKS. SPOKESMAN JAMIE SHEA SAYS NATO'S COMMANDER IN MACEDONIA IS READY TO MEET THE SERBS AGAIN.

    ///SHEA ACT///

    GENERAL JACKSON HAS THE MAPS ON THE TABLE AND HE IS READY TO RESUME WHERE THE YUGOSLAV GENERALS LEFT OFF YESTERDAY. WE WANT THIS AGREEMENT BUT IT HAS TO BE AN AGREEMENT WHICH IS TOTALLY CONSISTENT AND DOES NOT DEVIATE FROM THE AGREEMENT MADE BETWEEN MILOSEVIC AND (RUSSIAN ENVOY VICTOR) MR. CHERNOMYRDIN AND (FINNISH) PRESIDENT AHTISAARI.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. SHEA SAYS THE COUNTER PROPOSALS MADE BY THE SERBS WOULD NOT HAVE PROTECTED THE SAFE RETURN OF THE (ETHNIC ALBANIAN) REFUGEES TO KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RDP/PCF/PLM
    07-Jun-99 6:41 AM EDT (1041 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [18] NATO/BOSNIA WAR CRIMES (S / L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250329
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO TROOPS IN BOSNIA HAVE CAPTURED ANOTHER BOSNIAN SERB WANTED BY THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL IN THE HAGUE. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS ON THE CAPTURE OF DRAGAN KULUNDZIJA.

    TEXT: MR. KULUNDZIJA ('KUL LAND GEEA) OFFERED NO RESISTANCE WHEN HE WAS DETAINED IN THE NORTHWEST BOSNIAN TOWN OF PRIJEDOR. HE HAS BEEN WANTED ALONG WITH 11 OTHERS SINCE 1995 BY THE WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL TO ANSWER CHARGES CONNECTED TO HIS SERVICE AS A SHIFT COMMANDER AT THE KERATERM PRISON CAMP IN THE SAME AREA.

    NATO SPOKESMAN JAMIE SHEA DESCRIBES THE CHARGES AGAINST THE MAN KNOWN ALSO AS "KOLE"

    ///SHEA ACT///

    DETAINEES AT THIS KERATERM CAMP WERE KILLED, SEXUALLY ASSAULTED, TORTURED, BEATEN AND OTHERWISE SUBJECTED TO CRUEL AND INHUMANE TREATMENT.

    //END ACT///

    MR. KULUNDZIJA WILL BE CHARGED WITH VIOLATION OF THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS COVERING THE TREATMENT OF CIVILIAN PRISONERS DURING WAR TIME. THE KERATERM CAMP HELD THREE THOUSAND PRISONERS FROM MAY TO AUGUST, 1992. HE IS THE SECOND SUSPECTED WAR CRIMINAL TO BE CAPTURED BY NATO TROOPS IN BOSNIA SINCE THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR.

    /// REMAINDER OPT FOR LONG) ///

    HOWEVER, NATO TROOPS HAVE SO FAR FAILED TO ENCOUNTER THE FORMER BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC OR THE FORMER MILITARY LEADER RATKO MLADIC EVEN THOUGH THEIR LOCATIONS HAVE BEEN WIDELY KNOWN SINCE THEY STEPPED DOWN FROM POWER. BOTH MEN ARE WANTED FOR WAR CRIMES IN BOSNIA FROM 1992 TO 1995.

    YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC HAS RECENTLY BEEN INDICTED BY THE HAGUE TRIBUNAL AS WELL -- BUT NATO TROOPS HAVE NO INTENTION OF GOING TO BELGRADE TO TRY TO DETAIN PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC. THE TRIBUNAL HAS PUBLICLY INDICTED 84 PEOPLE FOR WAR CRIMES, BUT ONLY 25 ARE NOW IN CUSTODY. SO FAR ONLY SEVEN PEOPLE HAVE BEEN TRIED AND CONVICTED OF WAR CRIMES IN BOSNIA BY THE HAGUE TRIBUNAL. CHARGES HAVE BEEN DROPPED AGAINST 18 OTHER PEOPLE WHILE SIX SUSPECTS DIED BEFORE FACING TRIAL. ONE PERSON HAS BEEN ACQUITTED. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/GE/WFR
    07-Jun-99 12:33 PM EDT (1633 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [19] RUSSIA/KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250327
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: RUSSIA'S SUPPORT FOR A KOSOVO PEACE DEAL APPEARS TO BE EVAPORATING -- JUST DAYS AFTER BALKANS ENVOY VIKTOR CHERNOMYRDIN PRESENTED THE PLAN TO YUGOSLAV LEADERS. V-O-A'S PETER HEINLEIN IN MOSCOW REPORTS THAT MR. CHERNOMYRDIN IS KEEPING A LOW PROFILE AS HARDLINERS SEIZE THE MOMENTUM.

    TEXT: RUSSIA'S BALKANS ENVOY HAS NOT BEEN SEEN IN PUBLIC SINCE RETURNING FROM BELGRADE LAST WEEK. HE CANCELLED A PLANNED TRIP TO HELSINKI OVER THE WEEKEND, AND DID NOT EVEN BRIEF PRESIDENT YELTSIN PERSONALLY ON HIS NEGOTIATIONS WITH YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC.

    IN THE MEANTIME, MR. CHERNOMYRDIN IS UNDER INCREASING CRITICISM FOR AGREEING WITH NATO ON THE TERMS PRESENTED TO YUGOSLAV LEADERS. A DEPUTY RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER WAS QUOTED AS SAYING THE ENVOY HAD "GIVEN AWAY WHAT HE SHOULD NOT HAVE." MONDAY, COMMUNIST LEADER GENNADY ZYUGANOV SAID HIS PARTY IS DRAWING UP A PARLIAMENTARY RESOLUTION URGING PRESIDENT YELTSIN TO FIRE MR. CHERNOMYRDIN. THE COMMUNIST CHIEF WAS QUOTED AS SAYING THE ENVOY HAD GONE FROM SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE TO SPECIAL DESTROYER -- A REFERENCE TO REPORTS THAT THE PEACE PLAN COULD LEAD TO THE FURTHER BREAKUP OF YUGOSLAVIA.

    BUT PRESIDENT YELTSIN HAS ALREADY DISTANCED HIMSELF FROM HIS ENVOY. IN WHAT WAS CLEARLY A SNUB, MR. YELTSIN LEFT MR. CHERNOMYRDIN OUT OF A KREMLIN STRATEGY SESSION ON YUGOSLAVIA SATURDAY WITH HIS FOREIGN MINISTER, IGOR IVANOV. THE FOREIGN MINISTER HAS CONSISTENTLY ADVOCATED A TOUGHER ANTI-NATO LINE THAN MR. CHERNOMYRDIN.

    AND IN ANOTHER OMINOUS SIGN FOR THE ENVOY, MR. IVANOV WAS ACCOMPANIED TO BONN MONDAY BY COLONEL GENERAL LEONID IVASHOV, A SENIOR MILITARY OFFICIAL WHO HAS BEEN A FIERCE CRITIC OF MR. CHERNOMYRDIN'S NEGOTIATING STRATEGY.

    SO AS THE FOCUS SHIFTS AWAY FROM THE MILITARY CAMPAIGN AND MORE TOWARD DIPLOMACY, RUSSIA'S FOCUS SEEMS TO BE SHIFTING AWAY FROM COOPERATION, AND TOWARD GREATER CONFRONTATION WITH ITS COLD WAR ENEMY, NATO.

    AND RUSSIA'S CURRENT KOSOVO STRATEGISTS HAVE MADE CLEAR THEY INTEND TO CARRY THE BATTLE TO THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL, WHERE -- AS A PERMANENT MEMBER -- THEY HAVE VETO POWER.(SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/GE/JO
    07-Jun-99 11:49 AM EDT (1549 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [20] TURKEY-KURDS (S/L VER) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250336
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: IN A STATEMENT ISSUED MONDAY, TURKEY'S MILITARY REJECTS CLAIMS THAT SOME OF ITS OFFICIALS MET WITH KURDISH REBELS TO BROKER A CEASE-FIRE. AS AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA, THE TURKISH GENERAL STAFF SAYS IT REMAINS DETERMINED AS EVER TO KEEP UP ITS BATTLE AGAINST THE KURDISTAN WORKERS PARTY OR P-K-K, WHICH IS BANNED IN TURKEY.

    INTRO: THE TURKISH GENERAL STAFF'S RESPONSE CAME JUST DAYS AFTER KURDISH REBEL CHIEF ABDULLAH OCALAN -- NOW ON TRIAL FOR TREASON TOLD PROSECUTORS THAT A TURKISH ARMY COLONEL HAD MET WITH A P-K-K REPRESENTATIVE IN EUROPE LAST YEAR TO DISCUSS A POSSIBLE CEASE-FIRE.

    THE P-K-K LEADER CLAIMED HE HAD BEEN APPROACHED BY A FORMER TURKISH PRESIDENT AND TWO TURKISH PRIME MINISTERS ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF A CEASE-FIRE AS WELL.

    THE STATEMENT BY THE TURKISH GENERAL STAFF CALLS THE CLAIMS "BASELESS." IT SAYS THEY CAME AT A TIME WHEN, AS THE STATEMENT PUTS IT, THE TERRORIST ORGANIZATION WAS FALLING APART AND THAT ITS LEADER WAS BEING TRIED. THE STATEMENT GOES ON TO SAY THE TURKISH MILITARY HAD NEVER NEGOTIATED WITH TERRORISTS IN THE PAST NOR EVER WOULD IN THE FUTURE.

    ///CUT HERE FOR SHORT VERSION///

    TURKISH OFFICIALS SAY THEY'VE BEEN DEEPLY ANGERED BY CALLS IN THE WESTERN MEDIA FOR THE TURKISH STATE TO CONSIDER THE P-K-K LEADER'S OFFER TO NEGOTIATE PEACE IN EXCHANGE FOR SPARING HIS LIFE, SHOULD HE BE CONVICTED. AND ANALYSTS ADD THAT WITH A LIKELY DEATH SENTENCE HANGING OVER HIM, MR OCALAN IS NO LONGER IN A POSITION TO DELIVER A PEACE DEAL ANYWAY.

    ALTHOUGH THE P-K-K HAS ISSUED A SERIES OF STATEMENTS IN RECENT DAYS ENDORSING THEIR LEADER'S CALL FOR PEACE, THE REBELS HAVE ALSO MADE CLEAR THEY WILL ONLY SURRENDER THEIR ARMS IF THEIR DEMANDS ARE MET. THEIR DEMANDS INCLUDE LIFTING EMERGENCY RULE IN TURKEY'S MAINLY KURDISH SOUTHEAST PROVINCES AND GRANTING TURKEY'S ESTIMATED 12 MILLION KURDS CULTURAL AND POLITICAL AUTONOMY.

    TURKEY BLAMES THE P-K-K LEADER FOR THE DEATHS OF MORE THAN 30-THOUSAND PEOPLE. OFFICIAL ESTIMATES SAY WELL OVER HALF OF THOSE KILLED ARE P-K-K REBELS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AZ/PCF
    07-Jun-99 1:43 PM EDT (1743 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [21] U-S / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250324
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S OFFICIALS ARE VOWING THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN OVER YUGOSLAVIA WILL CONTINUE UNTIL YUGOSLAVS AGREE TO THE TERMS OF A KOSOVO PEACE PLAN ACCEPTED BY THEIR PRESIDENT, SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE HAS THE LATEST WHITE HOUSE REACTION TO THE BREAKDOWN IN TALKS BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS.

    TEXT: CITING WHAT THEY SAY IS MR. MILOSEVIC'S HISTORY OF NOT KEEPING PROMISES HE HAS MADE, U-S OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE NOT SURPRISED THAT DIFFICULTIES HAVE ARISEN OVER THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KOSOVO PEACE PLAN.

    TWO-DAYS OF TALKS BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS BROKE DOWN WHEN THE YUGOSLAV DELEGATION REJECTED THE TERMS OF THE PEACE PLAN ACCEPTED BY BELGRADE LAST WEEK.

    WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN JOE LOCKHART DID NOT NOT OFFER ANY DETAILED COMMENT ON THE DISPUTE THAT LED TO THE BREAKDOWN. HE SAID ONLY THAT THERE ARE A NUMBER OF WHAT HE CALLED -- SEQUENCING ISSUES, RELATING TO HOW A SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL WOULD TAKE PLACE -- THAT REMAIN OUTSTANDING .

    UNDER THE NATO PLAN, THE SERBS WOULD HAVE SEVEN-DAYS TO PULL OUT OF KOSOVO. THE ALLIANCE HAS SAID IT WOULD NOT STOP ITS BOMBING CAMPAIGN UNTIL THERE IS A VERIFIABLE SERB TROOP WITHDRAWAL UNDERWAY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/RAE
    07-Jun-99 11:20 AM EDT (1520 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [22] U-S/KOSOVO (S UPDATE) BY DEBORAH TATE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=6/7/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250332
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS CONSULTING WITH ALLIES ABOUT THE NEXT STEP TOWARD IMPLEMENTING A KOSOVO PEACE PLAN, INCLUDING THE DEPLOYMENT OF A NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE MOVE COMES A DAY AFTER TALKS BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS BROKE DOWN OVER THE TERMS FOR A SERB TROOP PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: MR. CLINTON SPOKE (MONDAY) WITH RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN AND BRITISH PRIME MINISTER TONY BLAIR.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE THREE LEADERS VOWED TO HAVE THEIR FOREIGN MINISTERS WORK QUICKLY TO RESOLVE ANY REMAINING ISSUES TO AN INTERNATIONAL PEACE PLAN ACCEPTED BY YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC LAST WEEK.

    THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THE SEVEN MAJOR INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS AND RUSSIA ARE MEETING IN BONN TO DISCUSS THE OUTLINES OF A U-N RESOLUTION IMPLEMENTING THE PEACE ACCORD.

    YUGOSLAVIA HAS INSISTED ON A SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION BEFORE ALLOWING ANY FOREIGN TROOPS TO ENTER KOSOVO.

    DESPITE THE BREAKDOWN IN THE TALKS BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV MILITARY OFFICIALS SUNDAY, WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN JOE LOCKHART REPORTED SOME PROGRESS IN THE DISCUSSIONS. HE SAYS TALKS WOULD CONTINUE AT A LOWER LEVEL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/RAE
    07-Jun-99 1:32 PM EDT (1732 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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