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Voice of America, 99-11-14
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From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>
 TURKEY / QUAKE BY AMBERIN ZAMIN (ANKARA)DATE=11/13/1999
INTRO: Turkish and international rescue teams are keeping up efforts to pull out hundreds of victims feared trapped under the rubble of buildings which collapsed in the aftermath of a massive earthquake which struck northwestern Turkey, Friday. From Ankara, Amberin Zaman has the details.
TEXT: Hundreds of dazed survivors huddled in
blankets around small fires in the town of Duzce as
rescue workers probed mountains of rubble and twisted
iron frames for signs of life. Many survivors joined
rescue efforts -- pausing every now and then to burst
into tears over the loss of their loved ones.
The scenes were a painful reminder of the August 17th
killer quake which struck the same region -- killing
more than 17 thousand people. Friday's quake was
centered on Duzce in Bolu province -- some 170
kilometers east of Istanbul. Lying halfway between
the Istanbul and the capital, Ankara, the lush hilly
province is a favorite weekend getaway for city
Fires from burst natural gas pipes continued to rage
in Kaynasli, near Duzce, casting a heavy pall of grey
smoke over the area.
Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit ordered thousands
of Turkish troops, ambulances and medical teams to the
disaster zone. The government's swift response
contrasts sharply with its much-criticized
sluggishness in reacting to the August 17th quake.
Communication lines to the area remain down making it
impossible to assess the full damage wrought by the
quake. Hundreds of buildings are said to have
collapsed, triggering fears that the death toll may
rise steeply. Still, the area affected is confined to
Bolu Province with only minor damage reported
President Clinton is expected to arrive in Turkey
Sunday on a two-day official visit, which includes a
trip to the Izmit area, which was among the worst
affected in the August tremor. Hundreds of thousands
of victims of that quake continue to shelter in flimsy
tents, which are not resistant to seasonal rains.
 TURKEY QUAKE (L-UPDATE) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (DUZCE, TURKEY)DATE=11/13/1999
INTRO: Thousands of Turkish soldiers, rescue workers and survivors are searching for signs of life amid the debris after the latest massive earthquake to hit Turkey. More than 320 people are confirmed dead in the seven-point-two magnitude quake that was centered on the town of Duzce in Bolu province, about 170 kilometers east of Istanbul. Amberin Zaman files this report from the disaster zone:
TEXT: Sometimes there were tears and other times
there were loud cheers from onlookers as rescue
workers dug through the debris of collapsed buildings
in search of survivors.
At a five-story apartment building in the Kultur
neighborhood of Duzce, the news was good. Rescue
workers had just dug their way through the rubble to
two sisters, whose voices could be heard. They were
asking for water.
But elsewhere in this small town, many survivors broke
down in tears as they watched the bodies of their
loved ones being pulled out of the debris.
Many kept vigil outside the collapsed remains of their
homes, retrieving furniture and other personal items..
As night fell, they lit small fires and huddled in
blankets that were distributed by thousands of
soldiers sent in to the disaster zone.
Unlike its reaction to the massive quake of last
August that killed at least 17-thousand people, the
Turkish government appears to have responded swiftly
and efficiently this time.
Senior Turkish officials, including Prime Minister
Bulent Ecevit, rushed to the scene. Hundreds of
ambulances and military helicopters were sent in to
help take the injured to hospitals.
Foreign rescue teams aided by sniffer dogs also were
on hand, helping to locate survivors who might be
buried under the rubble.
Turkish officials warn that with some 200 buildings
damaged or destroyed by the latest quake, the death
toll could rise.
Even though Bolu was among eight provinces struck by
the huge quake last August, it somehow escaped
extensive damage. This time, it was not so fortunate.
Turkish officials say losses caused by the latest
quake could total as much as 10-billion U-S dollars.
 TURKEY - QUAKE (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)DATE=11/14/1999
INTRO: Turkish and international rescue teams are keeping up efforts to pull out survivors from beneath the wreckage of collapsed buildings in Duzce two days after a powerful earthquake struck the northwestern Turkish town and the area around it, killing nearly 400 people. Sunday morning rescuers pulled a woman from the rubble of a building, 40 hours after the quake struck. She is at least the fifth person to be rescued from this particular collapsed building in Duzce. Amberin Zaman has more from Ankara.
TEXT: Buildings, some flattened like pancakes, others
tilting precariously, may still be cocealing hundreds
of bodies from Friday's killer quake. Rescue workers
are fighting around the clock to pull out the lucky
few who may still be alive.
But freezing temperatures are making in increasingly
unlikely that trapped victims can survive much longer.
Turkish leaders have described Friday's quake,
measuring seven point two on the Richter scale, as a
major disaster. The quake came just days ahead of a
two day official visit by U-S President Bill Clinton
to Turkey. The President is expected to arrive in the
capital Ankara late Sunday night.
Turkish President Suleyman Demirel said rescue teams
and soldiers stood ready at each and every scene of
destruction in this panoramic province famous for its
rolling green hills and gurgling streams.
The province was among those struck in the devastating
August earthquake, which claimed over seventeen-
thousand lives, but had escaped relatively unscathed
at the time. Turkish officials say around 700
buildings were either damaged or destroyed in Bolu in
the latest quake. Mosques, restaurants, and highways
that lay in the tremor's path crumbled and fell and
Harshly criticized for its feeble response to the
August quake, Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit's coalition
government is taking no chances this time. Thousands
of Turkish troops, medical teams, rescue equipment and
humanitarian supplies have been rushed to the disaster
zone which remains largely confinred to Bolu province.
The Turkish media which led the chorus of protest
against the government's tardy reaction in August was
quick to heap praise on Mr. Ecevit Sunday. The mass
circulation daily Sabah described the government's
efforts in banner headlines as the "resurrection of
the state." (Signed)
14-Nov-1999 07:27 AM EDT (14-Nov-1999 1227 UTC)
 MACEDONIA/ELECTION (L-ONLY) BY BETH POTTER (SPLIT, CROATIA)DATE=11/14/1999
INTRO: Voter turnout in the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia was low in Sunday's second round of the country's presidential election, although it was expected to pick up in the afternoon. More than 50- percent of the eligible voters must cast their ballots to make the result official. Beth Potter, in Split, has details.
TEXT: International election observers reported an
extremely quiet start to the presidential run-off
between nationalist Social Democratic party candidate
Tito Petkovski and the ruling party's candidate, Boris
Mr. Petkovski easily won the first round of the
election two-weeks ago, taking 50-percent more votes
than Mr. Trajkovski.
Observers expect a winner to be announced early
Monday, based on reports from the Macedonian election
commissioner. Ballot counting is being watched
by international observers.
Analysts have said a low turnout probably would mean
the more than 20-percent ethnic-Albanian minority was
not taking part because there is no Albanian candidate
in the run-off. Two losing Albanian candidates
received about 30-percent of the vote in the first
round of balloting -- enough to affect the outcome.
Mr. Trajkovski, Macedonia's deputy foreign minister,
is widely seen to be the more Albanian-friendly
candidate, so a low turnout could hurt him. Mr.
Petkovski is a former Communist-Party worker who
became speaker of parliament three-years ago.
Both men say they want Macedonia to join the European
Union and NATO.
Some voters may also be simply boycotting the polls.
If fewer than 50-percent of eligible voters cast
ballots, another election will be held and candidates
must begin the campaign again. (SIGNED)
 KOSOVO / CRASH (S) BY TIM BELAY (TIRANA)DATE=11/13/1999
INTRO: Officials with the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Kosovo have confirmed they have located the wreckage of the United Nations plane which crashed Friday in the northern part of the province. Tim Belay reports from the Albanian capital, Tirana.
TEXT: Twenty-four people -- 21 passengers and a crew
of three -- died in the crash. Investigators from
France and Italy are reported to be on their way the
area where the aircraft went down on Friday.
The plane was on a routine flight from Rome to
Pristina. It disappeared from radar while making its
approach to land at the Pristina airport.
The air service is operated by the U-N's World Food
Program to allow aid materials and humanitarian aid
workers to be transported more easily in this region.
NATO spokesman Major Ole Irgens says the flight data
recorder has been recovered from the crash site.
Major Irgens says the plane appeared to have been
making a normal approach to the Pristina airport when
unknown problems caused it to go down. (Signed)
 CLINTON - EUROPE SCENESET (L ONLY) BY DEBORAH TATE (WASHINGTON)DATE=11/13/1999
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INTRO: President Clinton leaves for a 10-day, five- nation visit to Europe Sunday aimed at promoting stability in the southeastern part of the continent. The conflict in Chechnya is also expected to be high on the agenda. Correspondent Deborah Tate has a preview. Text: US officials say Mr. Clinton hopes to use his trip to make progress toward the goal of creating a unified, free and democratic Europe in the next century. While huge gains have been made toward that end since the fall of the Berlin Wall a decade ago, officials note there is still tension and turmoil in southeastern Europe. US National Security Advisor Sandy Berger:
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NEB/DAT/PT 13-Nov-1999 15:40 PM EDT (13-Nov-1999 2040 UTC)
Source: Voice of America
 CLINTON - CYPRUS (L) BY DEBORAH TATE (ANKARA)DATE=11/14/1999
//// PRESIDENT TO ARRIVE IN ANKARA 4:00PM EST./////
INTRO: President Clinton is welcoming the decision by
Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash and Greek Cypriot
President Glafcos Clerides to open proximity talks
early next month in New York. Correspondent Deborah
Tate reports from Ankara, where Mr. Clinton is to
begin a 10-day European tour.
Text: In a written statement released from Air Force
One as he flew to Ankara, Mr. Clinton said the Cyprus
problem would not be resolved overnight. But he said
the agreement to open proximity talks offers new hope.
He said the talks can bring us a step closer to a
The talks are to begin December third under U-N
auspices and without preconditions. They are aimed at
paving the way for direct negotiations between the two
Cyprus has been divided between ethnic Turkish and
Greek Cypriot communities since 1974, when Turkish
troops invaded the northern third of the island
following a coup by Greek Cypriots seeking to unite
the island with Greece.
International efforts to reunify the island have not
succeeded. The last round of talks broke off two-
Mr. Denktash leads the self-declared Turkish Cypriot
state in northern Cyprus, which is recognized only by
Turkey. The Greek Cypriot government in the south is
recognized internationally as the legitimate authority
for the island.
The issue is expected to be high on the agenda when
Mr. Clinton meets with Turkish leaders in Ankara, as
well as with Greek leaders during his upcoming visit
to Athens. It is also expected to be the focus of a
meeting Mr. Clinton will have with U-N Secretary
General Kofi Annan on the sidelines of an Organization
of Security and Cooperation in Europe summit later
this week in Istanbul. (SIGNED)
14-Nov-1999 12:46 PM EDT (14-Nov-1999 1746 UTC)
 CLINTON - TURKEY (L-ONITER) BY DEBORAH TATE (ANKARA)DATE=11/14/1999
INTRO: President Clinton has arrived in Ankara, Turkey, to begin a 10-day European visit aimed at promoting peace and stability in southeastern Europe, including in Cyprus. On his flight to the Turkish capital, Mr. Clinton learned of an agreement between Turkish and Greek Cypriot leaders to hold so-called "proximity talks" in New York early next month -- a move, he said, that could bring the divided island closer to lasting peace. Correspondent Deborah Tate reports from Ankara.
TEXT: As he flew to Ankara aboard Air Force One (late Sunday night), Mr. Clinton was informed that Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash and Greek Cypriot President Glafcos Clerides had accepted an invitation to begin the indirect talks on December 3rd. The talks would be held under U-N auspices, with each leader sitting in a separate room as a third-party mediator shuttles between them. The talks are aimed at paving the way to a resumption of direct negotiations, which broke off two years ago. Mr. Clinton believes an improved climate between Turkey and Greece, as a result of their assistance to each other following earthquakes in both countries earlier this year, will boost the chances for progress in the Cyprus talks.
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NEB/DAT/WTW 14-Nov-1999 18:35 PM EDT (14-Nov-1999 2335 UTC)
Source: Voice of America
 GERMANY/NAZI SLAVES (L-ONLY) BY JONATHAN BRAUDE (BERLIN)DATE=11/14/1999
INTRO: German industry is preparing for its next round of talks Tuesday with lawyers representing the victims of the Nazis' Second World War slave-labor program. Jonathan Braude reports from Berlin that a leading government official has told companies to dip into their strike funds.
TEXT: German industry has been under increasing
pressure to come up with more money for its share of
the three-point-three-billion-dollar offer to former
slaves of the Nazis. The victims' lawyers rejected
the offer as insulting last month in Washington.
The German government representative at the talks,
Count Otto Lambsdorff, has made it clear he wants the
offer raised. The government has said that if private
firms increase their two-thirds share, the government
will raise its own offer proportionately.
But the 36-companies involved have not only refused to
budge, they have also claimed it would be hard to find
the sum they have offered so far.
Now federal Economics Minister Werner Mueller has told
the weekly news magazine "Der Spiegel" that labor
unions should close the funds set aside for helping
members operate during strikes. He said they should
use the money to raise their offer to the slave labor
His comments have been welcomed by the victims'
lawyers as a real improvement in the tone of the
discussion, but industry spokesmen have rejected it.
Spokesman Uwe Mazura objects to the proposal on legal
grounds. He says the funds were set up and registered
for a specific purpose and could not simply be
diverted into something entirely different.
Victims' lawyer Michael Witti, who is asking for
compensation amounting to at least three-times the
offer on the table, said he thought Mr. Mueller was
deliberately stepping up the pressure. He did not
think the minister's proposal was workable in itself,
but he told the "Berliner Morgenpost" newspaper it
showed the government recognized industry's stance is
damaging Germany's image.
He said he believed German companies could find plenty
of money elsewhere -- if they wanted to. (SIGNED)
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