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Voice of America, 00-08-18

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://>





    /// Re-issuing to change CR number ///

    INTRO: The United Nations Children's Fund, UNICEF, says up to 20-thousand children remain severely traumatized a year after a devastating earthquake struck Turkey. Lisa Schlein in Geneva reports UNICEF is running several support programs to help the children.

    TEXT: UNICEF says it took about six months after the earthquake before anyone realized how deeply affected many of the children were by the disaster. The coordinator for UNICEF's earthquake program in Turkey, William Gardner, says it usually takes several months before post-traumatic stress syndrome manifests itself. He says many children began showing signs of distress and unusual, sometimes aggressive behavior, which often was not understood by their parents.

    /// GARDNER ACT ///

    The typical symptoms, as you were saying, range from within the household, difficulty to sleep, fear to go to bed, obviously bed wetting, also loss of appetite, apathy, difficulty in being able to finish a meal, refusing to eat or being difficult in eating at home.

    /// END ACT ///

    A few months ago, UNICEF began operating special support programs for teachers and students. About eight thousand teachers - who themselves were traumatized by the earthquake - are given counseling and training to identify unusual behavior in their pupils. The children then attend special school programs for six weeks. (OPT) Mr. Gardener says through a series of imaginative games and other activities, children are helped to regain confidence in themselves and in their environment. He says one of the more effective activities uses a multi-colored parachute.

    /// 2ND GARDENER ACT ///

    This is a parachute made of synthetic silk and it consists of a number of segments, which are colored. And, the children can hold this parachute. Eight to 10 children stand around the perimeter of the parachute holding it and they can shake it and recreate the rumble of the earthquake and then stop shaking it and learn that they can control that sound rather than its being a sound that reminds them of the catastrophe that they lived through. They can become controllers of the sound.

    /// END ACT (END OPT)///

    Mr. Gardner says that since the counseling programs began, there has been a marked change for the better in many of the children. He says teachers report children are concentrating better, showing less anxiety and becoming less aggressive. (Signed)
    NEB/LS/GE/KL 18-Aug-2000 12:16 PM EDT (18-Aug-2000 1616 UTC)
    Source: Voice of America



    INTRO: Wall Street ended the trading week with all major stock indices down. Correspondent Barbara Schoetzau reports from New York.

    TEXT: The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell more than nine points to close at 11-thousand-46. The broader Standard and Poor's 500 Index lost almost four-and- one-half points - about a quarter of one percent. And the technology-weighted Nasdaq Composite Index showed gains all day but slipped 11 points -- a quarter of one percent -- just before the close of trading, ending a five-day rally. Semiconductor and fiber optic stocks continue to surge. Agilent Technologies, Sun Microsystems and Ciena Corporation were among the week's technology leaders. General Motors shares rose almost three percent after the company reported that financier Carl Icahn intends to buy more than 15 million dollars in G-M stock. But weakness in the drug, oil and financial sectors dragged down the Dow.

    //// REST OPT ///

    Greg Valliere, managing director of Schwab Washington Research Group, says investors are partly reacting to Vice President Al Gore's criticism of the health care industry during his Thursday night speech accepting the Democratic Party's presidential nomination.

    //// VALLIERE ACT ///

    People on Wall Street think that he might look at drug price controls. There is this fear psychologically that if Gore is elected he would look at price controls. That is why stocks are the purist play of the election.

    ////END ACT ////

    Biotech stocks also dipped. Analysts say patent disputes are also contributing to the decline in the biotech sector. Incyte Genomics - a company that develops and sells databases of genetic information -- announced it has filed patent infringement suits against two companies Affymetrix, and Gene Logic. Roy Whitfield is chief executive officer of Incyte Genomics.

    //// WHITFIELD ACT ///

    What is at stake is that Incyte was founded in 1991 and developed a lot of the key intellectual property in genomics. Not only that. We manage a lot of the key intellectual property that universities like Stanford develop. So in this case part of the obligation is that we have to act as a policeman for Stanford.

    /// END ACT ////

    Affymetrix and Gene Logic shares fell while Incyte traded up one-and-one-half percent. Incyte's stock shot up more than 20 percent Thursday after it announced a deal with Motorola. (Signed) NEB/bjs/LSF/PT 18-Aug-2000 17:18 PM EDT (18-Aug-2000 2118 UTC)
    Source: Voice of America



    INTRO: Newspaper editorial writers in the United States on Friday are assessing the substance and impact of Vice President Al Gore's speech on Thursday accepting the Democratic Presidential nomination. Among other subjects, they are also commenting on the plight of the stranded Russian submarine, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's international tour, the future of the Concorde supersonic airliner and the problem of punishing war criminals. Here is _______________ with a closer look and some excerpts in today's Editorial Digest.

    TEXT: Many editorial writers in the United States are discussing Mr. Gore's speech to the Democratic National Convention. The Arizona Republic says the Vice President "staked an effective claim to the presidency," while the San Francisco Chronicle says it brought "a jolt of energy" to Mr. Gore's presidential campaign. The Philadelphia Inquirer was typical of newspapers that praised the speech, saying the vice president deftly highlighted a range of issues and substantively discussed policy details. The Inquirer writes:

    VOICE: Al Gore had a devilish task last night, to lay out dozens of real issues on which he must hope this election will turn, while exploding his reputation for stiff, tiresome, wonkishness (studiousness). He did it well enough, with passion and policy meat, to make this election seem still a race, not a runaway.

    TEXT: But the Dallas Morning News comments that while the Vice President showed he can speak from the heart and strike a populist chord, his speech left one important question unanswered:

    VOICE: Intellectual ability and commitment are not his challenge. He faces a more fundamental question: Can he lead? Al Gore showed that he can bring a Democratic crowd to its feet, but he must keep addressing the leadership question if he expects to become president.

    TEXT: The rescue drama surrounding the Kursk, the Russian submarine trapped on the bottom of the Barents Sea with 118 sailors aboard, continues to draw comment. The Philadelphia Inquirer, notes the chorus of criticism of the Russian rescue efforts and particularly of Moscow's delay in asking for international help. The newspaper urges a halt to the censure:

    VOICE: Give the Russians a cultural break on this one. . . It can't be easy for a recent world power, now splintered and bankrupt, so poor that its sailors haven't been paid in months, to accept help from Western nations it once nearly beat in the technology race. And Russians would be far from paranoid in assuming that British and Norwegian rescuers will include nuclear snoopers. . . For Americans, now is a time not to criticize Russia's handling of its disaster, but to pray for a least some of these seamen to survive.

    TEXT: The New York Times Friday notes the submarine accident raises alarms about the broader risks posed by what it terms "the generally poor state of the Russian nuclear fleet":

    VOICE: The sinking of a Russian nuclear submarine . . . is not just a tragedy for the sailors trapped aboard, it is a warning of the dangers of running a nuclear navy on the cheap . . . money is so short that submarines rarely put to sea. They lack maintenance and the crews get little training.... [The] Russian navy's deficiencies not only endanger its crew, they pose a risk to the local ocean environment.

    TEXT: The Washington Times Friday is commenting on the advice Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat has been receiving during recent visits with his allies in the Arab world. The newspaper says the Arab leaders did not support his plan to declare a Palestinian state on September 13th:

    VOICE: Mr. Arafat's allies remained committed to Palestinian sovereignty over East Jerusalem, while encouraging him to refrain from making any move that would change the status of the current boundaries.... Stripped of support from the United States, their Arab allies and most of the international community - minus China - the Palestinians will likely receive nothing but violence in return for their statehood proclamation should they make it next month.... Egypt and its Arab allies must help the Palestinians understand that a safe Israel paves the way for a secure Middle East.

    TEXT: The Baltimore Sun is looking pessimistically at the future of the Anglo-French Concorde supersonic airliner, in the aftermath of its July 25th crash. While both governments this week said they were determined to get the Concorde airborne again, the Baltimore Sun wonders whether that makes economic sense:

    VOICE: Concorde never recouped development costs. It has served a niche market of people who pay 20 times what others do to cross the Atlantic twice as fast. And if, from anxieties following the crash, passengers don't come, the cost of the modifications is made onerous.

    TEXT: Regardless of its future, The Baltimore Sun points out an enduring benefit of the airplane. It notes that the Anglo-French cooperation in building the Concorde -- unique for its time - is now routine. In that sense, the paper says, "Concorde has already vindicated itself." The Christian Science Monitor is praising an American jury verdict in New York last week that awarded a group of Bosnian women 745 million dollars in damages for torture and rape they suffered from forces under the command of Bosnian-Serb leader Radovan Karadzic. The newspaper notes that while the women will likely never collect the money, such verdicts highlight the injustice and give victims an opportunity to speak out. Still, the newspaper says, the best way to dispense justice is through international tribunals:

    VOICE: The move toward such tribunals has momentum today, with courts established for atrocities in former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda and plans under way at the United Nations for a third tribunal to deal with crimes against humanity in Sierra Leone's brutal civil war. At best, the verdict voiced in New York is one more affirmation that those wanted for such crimes will not go scot free.

    TEXT: And that concludes today's sampling of U-S editorial opinion.
    NEB/FC/KL 18-Aug-2000 12:54 PM EDT (18-Aug-2000 1654 UTC)
    Source: Voice of America

    Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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