OMRI Daily Digest, No. 27, Part II, 7 Feb 95 [**]

Ta nea ths hmeras, opws ta eide to OMRI:

  • . H EE qa yposthrijei thn synodo koryfhs gia to bosniako poy proteine h Gallia.
  • . Dhlwseis Xolmproyk: Askopes oi synomilies me toys Serboys ths Bosnias ean den dexqoyn to sxedio gia thn eirhneysh ths Bosnias. H Gioygkoslabia arneitai dhlwseis ths UNPROFOR oti elikoptera toy gioygkoslabikoy stratoy exoyn ektelesei apostoles entos ths Bosnias.
  • . Qanatos toy hgeth toy Kroatikoy agrotikoy kommatos.
  • . H elegxomenh pleon apo thn kybernhsh toy Beligradioy "Mpormpa" exei jekinhsei ejtrateia gia na prowqhsei [symfwna me to arqro] ton "apoikismo" toy Kossyfopedioy apo Serboys.
  • . Rwsikh diplwmatikh antiproswpeia sthn Gioygkoslabia. Qa syzhthqoyn oi oikonomikes sxeseis Rwsias-Gioygkoslabias, kai oi dieqneis kyrwseis enanti ths teleytaias. H antiproswpeia katekrine ton distagmo ths dieqnoys koinothtos na arqei o apoleismos ths Gioygkoslabias, kati poy eipan oti "diakindyneyei thn eirhnh kai thn asfaleia sthn eyryterh eyrwpaikh skhnh".
  • * Apoxwrhsan apo thn boylh ths pGDM oi Albanoi boyleytes me aformh ton neo nomo gia tis taytothtes, symfwna me ton opoio den qa anagrafontai ta stoixeia (ektos toy onomatos) kai sthn glwssa toy idiokthth ths.
  • . Apeilh epidhmiwn sthn Sofia logw ths elleicews neroy.
  • . Katateqhke sto ypoyrgiko symboylio ths Boylgarias o neos proypologismos ths xwras.
  • ** H "Human Rights Watch/Helsiki" kalei to anwtato dikasthrio ths Albanias na diathrhsei tis "ychloteres prodiagrafes" sthn dikh twn tessarwn Ellhnwn ths "Omonoias". Entonh kritikh kata twn diadikasiwn ths prohgoymenhs dikhs gia "megalo ariqmo parabasewn toy albanikoy kai toy dieqnh nomoy". Anafora kai stis synqhkes syllhcews, thn kakopoihsh toys kata thn krathsh toys, thn sterhsh ths prosbashs toys se dikhgoro, kai sthn "apotyxia" ths dikaiosynhs "na toys parasxei mia dikaih kai dhmosia dikh". H ekdikash ths efeshs twn tessarwn arxizei ayrio 8/2.

    Dhmhtrhs Paneras

    Boston, MA


    No. 27, Part II, 7 February 1995


  • DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRUSSELS AND WASHINGTON OVER YUGOSLAV SUMMIT. Nasa Borba reports on 7 February that EU foreign ministers the previous day agreed in Brussels to endorse the French proposal for yet another major international gathering to deal with the ongoing crisis in the former Yugoslavia. Guests would include Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, his Croatian counterpart, Franjo Tudjman, and Bosnia's Alija Izetbegovic. Politika writes that Izetbegovic would be invited only in his capacity as leader of the Bosnian Muslims, however, not as the president of an internationally recognized state. The pro-Milosevic daily also notes approvingly that one of the goals of the meeting, which would aim at no less than a global solution to the former Yugoslavia's problems, would be to deepen the isolation of Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic. Reuters reports, however, that US Secretary of State Warren Christopher continues to be skeptical about such a gathering. He warns against having too great expectations and stresses that such a meeting must be very carefully prepared. -- Patrick Moore, OMRI, Inc.

  • OTHER NEWS FROM THE YUGOSLAV WAR ZONE. The BBC's Croatian Service on 7 February quoted US Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke as saying that further talks with the Bosnian Serbs are pointless unless they first accept the current peace plan. Holbrooke is regarded as the architect of recent US policy stressing the need for direct contacts with Karadzic's headquarters at Pale. Meanwhile in Belgrade, Politika deals with official Serbia's response to Dutch UNPROFOR reports from 3 February that up to 20 helicopters have flown missions from Serbia to eastern Bosnia. The daily quotes the rump Yugoslav General Staff as denying that it has any military presence beyond its own borders. Finally, from the Croatian battle front, Vjensik quotes UNPROFOR sources as saying that 5 February witnessed a record number of violations--168 in all--of the cease-fire agreement between Croatia and its rebel Serbs. -- Patrick Moore, OMRI, Inc.

  • CROATIAN AGRARIAN LEADER DIES. Croatian Radio on 6 February announced the death the previous day following a long illness of Drago Stipac (74), the leader of the Croatian Peasant Party (HSS). Amid the collapse of communism, Stipac was instrumental in reviving the HSS, which was the most important political party in Croatia between the two world wars. He never achieved his dream of returning the HSS to the center stage of political life, but it did acquire a strong following in some rural areas and plays a role in local and regional government there. Stipac and his party were also prominent on the fragmented political opposition scene. A lifelong supporter of the HSS who was jailed by both the fascists and the communists for his beliefs, Stipac was also a past president of the Croatian Society of Political Prisoners. -- Patrick Moore, OMRI, Inc.

  • PRESS CAMPAIGN FOR SERBIAN COLONIZATION OF KOSOVO. The Serbian government-controlled daily Borba has launched a media campaign to support a government program offering potential Serbian settlers interest-free credits to build houses in Kosovo. The paper carried two articles on 7 February calling for more Serbian settlements in Kosovo. One article reported about an economist from Pristina who wrote a letter to Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic offering to exchange his house in Serbia proper for one in Kosovo and to move back. The other, headlined "Kosovo Is Serbian," dealt with Radmilo Bogdanovic, president of the Serbian parliament Security Committee and a former interior minister. Bogdanovic has tried to convince Serbs to settle in Kosovo, saying that "the situation of public order, peace, and personal security in Kosmet (Kosovo-Metohija) is not always satisfactory . . . but it is safer, for example, than in Belgrade or Kragujevac." Independent Nasa Borba on 7 February raises doubts about the program, arguing that it does not make sense to settle people to a region that already is densely populated and where most industry has stopped working. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.

  • RUSSIAN DELEGATION VISITS RUMP YUGOSLAVIA. A Russian delegation headed by Deputy Premier Oleg Davydov visited the rump Yugoslavia on 6 February, state-controlled Borba reported the next day. Davydov met with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and the prime ministers of Serbia and Montenegro to discuss economic relations between rump Yugoslavia and Russia and the international sanctions against Belgrade. The delegation supported the idea of lifting the sanctions, observing that the international community's hesitation to do so "imperils peace and security on the wider European scene." -- Stan Markotich, OMRI, Inc.

  • MACEDONIAN ETHNIC ALBANIANS WALK OUT OF PARLIAMENT COMMISSION. Four ethnic Albanian deputies walked out of the legislative commission of the Mace-donian parliament, Nova Makedonija reports on 7 February. They did so to protest a bill on identity cards, which, they claim, limits ethnic minorities' rights. The deputies were demanding that the identity cards be printed in the language of the holder. Present regulations provide for cards to be printed only in Mace-donian. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.

  • BULGARIA THREATENED BY EPIDEMICS? Duma on 6 February reports that if Sofia's water supplies do not increase, the capital may be threatened by epidemics capable of spreading across Bulgaria. Sofia has been suffering water shortages for several months and faces strict regulations since January. Construction of a new water pipeline linking rivers in the Rila Mountains to the Iskar dam has been halted since residents of the Sapareva Banya region formed a human chain on 23 December and prevented workers from entering the construction site. Deputy Prime Minister Doncho Konakchiev said the government will take the Sapareva Banya City Council to court if it does not rescind its 5 February decision to halt the project, Standart reported. The government decided on 6 February that work on the pipeline is to continue and that the pipeline will be ready by 20 March, Duma reported the next day. Meanwhile, Sofia University specialists claim they have proof that the present crisis was caused deliberately and does not result from a lack of water, Kontinent wrote on 6 February. They say the water in the Iskar dam is sufficient to cover the needs of Sofia's population and industry. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.

  • BULGARIA'S 1995 DRAFT BUDGET. The first draft of the 1995 state budget has been submitted to the cabinet by Finance Minister Dimitar Kostov, Kontinent reports on 7 February. Revenues are estimated at 321 billion leva ($4.8 billion) and expenditures at 348 billion leva ($5.2 billion). The estimated budget deficit of 27 billion leva ($400 million) equals 3- 3.5% of estimated GDP. Inflation is projected to reach 40-50% in 1995 (the government estimated inflation at 35-40% in 1994, but it reached 121%). The draft budget is to be discussed later this month. Prime Minister Zhan Videnov has said the 1995 budget has top priority and will be passed by the end of March. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.

  • HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH CALLS FOR FAIR TRIAL IN ALBANIA. The U.S.-based organization Human Rights Watch/Helsinki called on the Albanian High Court to maintain the highest standards of impartiality in the trial of four ethnic Greeks to begin on 8 February. The Greeks are accused of espionage and illegal possession of arms. In a press release on 7 February, the organization criticized an earlier lower court trial of the Greeks for its "numerous violations of both Albanian and international law." It also criticized the conditions of arrest, treatment under detention, denial of defendants' access to counsel, and the failure to ensure a fair and public trial. The Greeks were sentenced to between six and eight years, but their terms were reduced and one of the accused was released in an amnesty in November and December. Freeing the remaining four may be welcomed by President Sali Berisha, who is under pressure from Greece to release the prisoners. But Berisha has said he will not challenge the court's decisions. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.

    [As of 12:00 CET] Compiled by Jan Cleave