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OMRI Daily Digest II, No. 215, 3 November 1995

From: "Steve Iatrou" <siatrou@cdsp.neu.edu>

Open Media Research Institute Directory

CONTENTS

  • [1] BOSNIAN REFUGEE DEAL REACHED IN DAYTON.

  • [2] MILOSEVIC, TUDJMAN AGREE TO FIND PEACEFUL SOLUTION IN SLAVONIA.

  • [3] HAS MILOSEVIC ABANDONED BOSNIAN SERB LEADERS?

  • [4] BOSNIAN MUSLIMS RECOUNT MASSACRES.

  • [5] ROMANIA CRITICIZES UKRAINIAN ENVOY.

  • [6] ROMANIAN FINANCE MINISTER ON 1996 BUDGET.

  • [7] EU OFFICIAL PRAISES MOLDOVAN PROGRESS.

  • [8] MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT INITIATES JUDICIAL REFORM.

  • [9] EXPLOSION AT BULGARIAN ARMS PLANT.

  • [10] ALBANIAN POLICE LOSES BATTLE WITH FUEL SMUGGLERS.

  • [11] BOMB ATTACK ON HOUSE OF ALBANIAN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER CHIEF.


  • OMRI DAILY DIGEST

    No. 215, Part II, 3 November 1995

    SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

    [1] BOSNIAN REFUGEE DEAL REACHED IN DAYTON.

    Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic and Croatian President Franjo Tudjman have reached agreement on a deal that would see the return of hundreds of Muslim and Croatian refugees, international media reported on 2 November. A joint statement by the two leaders stressed that the deal addresses only "the first phase" of the refugee issue. In another development, AFP reported that the Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian delegations at the talks have so far received four draft proposals from international mediators focusing on the broad question of peace, a constitutional structure for the Bosnian state, electoral issues, and "the separation of military and paramilitary forces." -- Stan Markotich

    [2] MILOSEVIC, TUDJMAN AGREE TO FIND PEACEFUL SOLUTION IN SLAVONIA.

    Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and his Serbian counterpart, Slobodan Milosevic, agreed in Dayton to continue talks on eastern Slavonia, AFP reported on 2 November. Both sides pledged to work toward "full normalization of their relation" on the basis of " full respect" for human rights and the right of all refugees to return home or receive a just compensation. The aim is to find "a peaceful resolution . . . as rapidly as possible," a U.S. State Department spokesman said. As yet, the two sides appear to have agreed only that Croatia and Serbia will not intervene militarily. U.S. Ambassador to Croatia Peter Galbraith and UN negotiator Thorvald Stoltenberg began a visit to the region on 2 November. -- Fabian Schmidt

    [3] HAS MILOSEVIC ABANDONED BOSNIAN SERB LEADERS?

    BETA on 2 Novemberreported that Bosnian Serb civilian leader Radovan Karadzic and his military counterpart, General Ratko Mladic, are likely to resign from their posts in the very near future, apparently because of pressure to do so from the U.S. According to the report, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, eager to accept some key US demands, has agreed to the idea of the two leaving their posts. AFP the same day reported that "a few days ago" at a meeting in Pale, the Bosnian Serb leadership agreed in principle that Karadzic and Mladic would step down. U.S. State Department official Nicholas Burns has said "We don't believe these two individuals should be among the leaders of the new state that emerges from a peace agreement." -- Stan Markotich

    [4] BOSNIAN MUSLIMS RECOUNT MASSACRES.

    AFP on 2 November reported accounts of massacres by Bosnian Serbs in Sanski Most who earlier this week were among a group of 303 Muslim civilians and 21 soldiers exchanged for 135 Serbian troops and two civilians. They told The Guardian that Serbian paramilitaries executed at least 11 men before fleeing from the approaching Bosnian Army; 30 prisoners who were taken from a factory outside Sanski Most are still missing. Eleven bodies have been found, Bosnian government officials and foreign observers reported that another 110 remain scattered around the town and surrounding villages. -- Daria Sito Sucic

    [5] ROMANIA CRITICIZES UKRAINIAN ENVOY.

    Foreign Ministry spokesman Mircea Geoana, at a press conference on 1 November, said Romania was "surprised" by Ukrainian special ambassador Vladimir Vasilenko's recent statements on the Romanian-Ukrainian basic treaty. Vasilenko heads the Kiev side in parleys on the treaty. Romanian media reported that Geoana rejected Vasilenko's accusations that Romanian insistence on mentioning the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact in the treaty constitutes an attempt to question the borders between the two states. He also criticized his comment that Bucharest's position was influenced by internal political considerations. Vasilenko was violating the two side's agreement not to involve the press in the parleys, he said. The last round of treaty negotiations ended in Bucharest on 26 October, apparently without any results. -- Michael Shafir

    [6] ROMANIAN FINANCE MINISTER ON 1996 BUDGET.

    Finance Minister Florin Georgescu told a press conference in Bucharest on 1 November that the 1996 budget was one of "austerity" aimed at "reducing to a minimum non- productive costs" and encouraging the growth of public services. The budget foresees a 4.5% growth in GDP, a 4.7% growth in industrial production, a 3.5% increase in agricultural production, and an 8.8% rise in investments. Inflation is forecast at 20%. The budget was submitted to the parliament after discussions with representatives of the opposition parties, Romanian media reported. -- Michael Shafir

    [7] EU OFFICIAL PRAISES MOLDOVAN PROGRESS.

    EU External Affairs Commissioner Hans van den Broek said in Chisinau on 2 November that "Moldova's success in establishing a genuine democracy is convincing" and that "economic stabilization has been achieved and true progress made in privatization and restructuring," Reuters and Moldovan agencies reported the same day. Van den Broek paid a one-day visit to Moldova, meeting President Mircea Snegur, parliamentary chairman Petru Lucinschi, and Prime Minister Andrei Sangheli. He said the parliaments of EU member states and the European Parliament are likely to ratify next year a cooperation partnership agreement signed in 1994. -- Michael Shafir

    [8] MOLDOVAN PRESIDENT INITIATES JUDICIAL REFORM.

    Moldovan President Mircea Snegur has sent to the parliament a legislative proposal calling for the abolition of the death penalty. He has also petitioned the Constitutional Court to comment on whether the basic document should be changed to provide for judges to be appointed for life after an initial five-year term, Infotag and BASA-press reported on 30 October and 1 November. Meanwhile, the Moldovan parliament on 1 November adopted laws on state security and state security organs, BASA-press reported on the same day. Threats to state security are defined as "actions whose purpose is the violent change of the constitutional regime, suppression of independence and territorial integrity, provoking civil war or military actions against the state, [and] treason through helping foreign states in organizing hostile acts" against Moldova. -- Michael Shafir

    [9] EXPLOSION AT BULGARIAN ARMS PLANT.

    Bulgarian Radio on 2 November reported a major explosion the same day at the Arsenal plant killing one person and wounding three. Minister of Industry Kliment Vuchev said a fire caused the blast and added that damage was serious. Arsenal is located in the town of Kazanlak and is one of the nation's largest arms production centers. -- Stan Markotich

    [10] ALBANIAN POLICE LOSES BATTLE WITH FUEL SMUGGLERS.

    Albanian police lost a fierce five-hour battle with fuel smugglers armed with automatic weapons and grenades near the Montenegrin border, Reuters reported on 2 November. During a routine check, police managed to block the path of 20 smugglers and 10 fuel trucks but suddenly found itself surrounded by armed men. After five hours of fierce fighting, local police and special Interior Ministry forces from Tirana ran out of ammunition and were forced to leave, abandoning three destroyed police vehicles. The smugglers continued their journey. The Interior Ministry was not immediately able to confirm the battle. -- Fabian Schmidt

    [11] BOMB ATTACK ON HOUSE OF ALBANIAN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER CHIEF.

    Unknown assailants on 1 October carried out a bomb attack on the house of Nikolle Lesi, chief editor of Koha Jone, according to Gazeta Shqiptare on 3 November. Nobody was injured in the attack, which caused considerable damage to Lesi's apartment. Lesi said the assault must be seen against the background of the upcoming parliamentary elections. He said that in his capacity as chief editor, he was recently offered thousands of dollars to support "a big party in the elections"; he rejected that offer. He did not specify who had offered him the money. Gazeta Shqiptare reported that five suspects have been detained but gave no details. -- Fabian Schmidt

    This material was reprinted with permission of the Open Media Research Institute, a nonprofit organization with research offices in Prague, Czech Republic.
    For more information on OMRI publications please write to info@omri.cz

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