Visit the Greek American Educational Public Information System (GAEPIS) Homepage Read the Convention Relating to the Regime of the Straits (24 July 1923) Read the Convention Relating to the Regime of the Straits (24 July 1923)
HR-Net - Hellenic Resources Network Compact version
Today's Suggestion
Read The "Macedonian Question" (by Maria Nystazopoulou-Pelekidou)
HomeAbout HR-NetNewsWeb SitesDocumentsOnline HelpUsage InformationContact us
Wednesday, 26 January 2022
 
News
  Latest News (All)
     From Greece
     From Cyprus
     From Europe
     From Balkans
     From Turkey
     From USA
  Announcements
  World Press
  News Archives
Web Sites
  Hosted
  Mirrored
  Interesting Nodes
Documents
  Special Topics
  Treaties, Conventions
  Constitutions
  U.S. Agencies
  Cyprus Problem
  Other
Services
  Personal NewsPaper
  Greek Fonts
  Tools
  F.A.Q.
 

OMRI Daily Digest II, No. 55, 18 March 1996

From: OMRI-L <omri-l@ubvm.cc.buffalo.edu>

Open Media Research Institute Directory

CONTENTS

  • [1] ARSON AND LOOTING IN GRBAVICA.

  • [2] DIVISIONS DEEPEN IN BOSNIA.

  • [3] BOSNIAN SHORTS.

  • [4] SERBIAN PRESIDENT TO VISIT SKOPJE.

  • [5] RUMP YUGOSLAV OFFICIAL'S 'SUCCESS' WITH BOSNIAN SERBS.

  • [6] COUNCIL OF EUROPE SETS CRITERIA FOR CROATIA'S ADMISSION.

  • [7] PRESIDENTS OF BOSNIA, CROATIA, SERBIA MEET WITH CHRISTOPHER.

  • [8] ZHELEV WANTS HEADS OF BULGARIAN NATIONAL BANK EXECUTIVES.

  • [9] BULGARIAN, ROMANIAN, GREEK FOREIGN MINISTERS MEET.

  • [10] ROMANIAN RULING PARTY, NEO-COMMUNISTS END ALLIANCE.

  • [11] ETHNIC HUNGARIANS IN TRANSYLVANIA CELEBRATE 1848 REVOLUTION.

  • [12] ALBANIAN PRESIDENT CANCELS FINE FOR KOHA JONE EDITOR.


  • OMRI DAILY DIGEST

    No. 55, Part II, 18 March 1996

    SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

    [1] ARSON AND LOOTING IN GRBAVICA.

    Bosnian Serbs continued over the weekend to torch and trash the last of the Sarajevo suburbs slated to pass to federal control on 19 March. In an apparently unique move against the vandals, IFOR soldiers detained a total of 12 suspected arsonists. The peacekeepers then handed them over to Serbian police, however, and the police released the men, Reuters reported on 17 March. Federal firefighters who had come to Grbavica to control the blazes were forced out by Serbian grenade attacks on 16 March. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic condemned the destruction and called for protection for Serbs wanting to stay in their homes. In any event, Onasa said on 17 March that Serbs will be able to return to their government-owned flats any time up to six months after fleeing them. -- Padraig O'Moore

    [2] DIVISIONS DEEPEN IN BOSNIA.

    Former Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic said on 17 March that the work of the international community in Bosnia to date was actually helping to reinforce divisions rather than promote a unified state. The previous day, the international community's high representative, Carl Bildt, had also pointed out the dangers of increasing ethnic polarization. News agencies further reported that Muslims have been preventing Croatian refugees from returning to their homes in Bugojno. Federal President Kresimir Zubak said that it will take three to four years to make the federation work, Reuters noted on 17 March. Western officials, moreover, are concerned about recent moves by the Muslim leadership that seem aimed at setting up a Muslim ministate rather than a real multi-ethnic polity, the International Herald Tribune reported on 16 and 18 March. -- Padraig O'Moore

    [3] BOSNIAN SHORTS.

    Near Mostar, Croatian police allowed Muslims to visit graves on Croat-held territory, ending a blockade, news agencies reported on 17 March. Meanwhile, IFOR is preparing across Bosnia for the last stage of mutual land transfers between the Muslim-Croat federation and the Republika Srpska on 19 March. In Ankara, the Bosnia "Train and Equip" Donors Conference ended with only the U.S. and Turkey pledging definite amounts to build the federal army. Washington offered $100 million and Ankara $2 million, the Turkish Daily News reported on 16 March. -- Padraig O'Moore

    [4] SERBIAN PRESIDENT TO VISIT SKOPJE.

    Slobodan Milosevic will visit Skopje on 20 March to announce diplomatic recognition of Macedonia, international media reported on 17 March, based on Vecer and Foreign Ministry sources.Vecer reported that during his visit Milosevic will "announce the normalization of relations" between rump Yugoslavia and Macedonia, while Foreign Ministry sources said Macedonian Foreign Minister Ljubomir Frckovski will visit Belgrade on 21 March to sign documents on mutual recognition. -- Stefan Krause

    [5] RUMP YUGOSLAV OFFICIAL'S 'SUCCESS' WITH BOSNIAN SERBS.

    Mihailo Milojevic, the head of rump Yugoslavia's chamber of commerce, has said that his recent visit to the Republika Srpska was "most successful" and that there would in the very near future be development of economic links between Belgrade and the Bosnian Serbs. While declining to give many specifics, Milojevic did say that his Bosnian Serb hosts were interested in reopening the Bijeljina-Sid and Ruma-Sabac-Zvornik railway links with rump Yugoslavia as well as establishing regular flights between Belgrade and Banja Luka. No concrete agreements on restoring the communication links were reached, but Milojevic stressed that they would be "soon," SRNA reported on 15 March. -- Stan Markotich

    [6] COUNCIL OF EUROPE SETS CRITERIA FOR CROATIA'S ADMISSION.

    The Council of Europe's Political Committee has sent Croatia a 21-item list of admission criteria that is to be signed by Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and Croatia's parliamentary chairman by 19 March if Croatia is to enter the organization in April, Croatian media reported on 14 and 15 March. The list was detailed and specific, including references to freedom of the media and democracy in electing the mayor of Zagreb. -- Daria Sito Sucic

    [7] PRESIDENTS OF BOSNIA, CROATIA, SERBIA MEET WITH CHRISTOPHER.

    U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher is to chair a meeting of the five- nation Contact Group on Bosnia on 18 March in Geneva, also to be attended by Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic; his Croatian counterpart, Franjo Tudjman; and Bosnian Vice President Ejup Ganic, representing President Alija Izetbegovic, Nasa Borba and AFP reported. Russia's mission spokesman on 16 March said a Russian representative would not attend the U.S.-convened meeting in Geneva ahead of the Moscow Contact Group meeting next week, calling it hastily arranged and unnecessary. Christopher confirmed that Russia would not take part in the Geneva meeting but played down the importance of its absence, AFP reported. Christopher reportedly was set to discuss with the Balkan leaders the forthcoming elections in Bosnia, issues of free movement, and the prosecution of war criminals, as well as the presence of foreign forces on the ground. -- Daria Sito Sucic

    [8] ZHELEV WANTS HEADS OF BULGARIAN NATIONAL BANK EXECUTIVES.

    Bulgarian President Zhelyu Zhelev, at a meeting on 14 March with newly appointed Bulgarian National Bank Governor Lyubomir Filipov, demanded that four of the bank's top executives be replaced. The most prominent names mentioned were Kamen Toshkov, head of banking supervision, and Stoyan Shukerov, chief of foreign-currency operations. Zhelev charges these figures with exercising little control over the banking system and lending large amounts of money to selected struggling banks, contributing to the decline of the lev. In other economic news, the International Monetary Fund and World Bank concluded a round of talks with the government on 14 March without agreement on a new standby loan, Duma reported. However, the government is taking measures to demonstrate its seriousness on structural reform, announcing the official closing of 30-40 loss-making enterprises. According to the World Bank, losses at state enterprises are 20% of GDP. -- Michael Wyzan

    [9] BULGARIAN, ROMANIAN, GREEK FOREIGN MINISTERS MEET.

    Georgi Pirinski, Teodor Melescanu, and Theodoros Pangalos met in Varna on 16-17 March, Bulgarian and Western media reported. The three officials discussed the location of a second Danube bridge linking Bulgaria and Romania but failed to reach a decision. The EU is willing to finance the construction, but Sofia and Bucharest cannot agree on a site. They also talked about transport, telecommunication, and energy projects, including the planned oil pipeline from Burgas in Bulgaria to Alexandroupolis in Greece, and agreed to set up a regional center for coordinating infrastructure projects in the Balkans. Melescanu and Pangalos backed a Bulgarian initiative to host a meeting of all Balkan foreign ministers aimed at promoting regional cooperation and stability. Greece said it will support Bulgaria's and Romania's wishes for parallel negotiations for EU membership with all associated members from Eastern Europe. -- Stefan Krause

    [10] ROMANIAN RULING PARTY, NEO-COMMUNISTS END ALLIANCE.

    The ruling Party of Social Democracy in Romania (PDSR) and the Socialist Labor Party on 16 March formally ended their political alliance, Romanian and Western media reported. The announcement came after a meeting of the parties' chairmen, Oliviu Gherman and Ilie Verdet, respectively. The two leaders were quoted as saying that they parted because their alliance did not work anymore. The PDSR, which denounced its alliance with the ultranationalist Greater Romania Party in October last year, has only one ally left, the Party of Romanian National Unity, but relations between the two are also deteriorating. Observers of the Romanian scene see the PDSR's efforts to rid itself of its former nationalist and neo- communist allies as aimed at improving the party's image both at home and abroad. -- Dan Ionescu

    [11] ETHNIC HUNGARIANS IN TRANSYLVANIA CELEBRATE 1848 REVOLUTION.

    Some 8,000 ethnic Hungarians on 15 March gathered in the town of Sfantu Gheorghe to mark the anniversary of a short-lived anti-Austrian revolution in 1848, Radio Bucharest and Western media reported. The meeting was attended by leaders of the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania (UDMR), representatives of the Hungarian Embassy in Bucharest, and guests from Hungary. Similar rallies took places in several towns in Transylvania, where most of Romania's 1.6 million Hungarians live. Meanwhile, Romanian Foreign Minister Teodor Melescanu was quoted as saying that Romania wants to get a long-delayed treaty with Hungary signed before this year's presidential and general elections. A bilateral treaty is vital to both countries' ambitions of joining Euro-Atlantic structures. -- Dan Ionescu

    [12] ALBANIAN PRESIDENT CANCELS FINE FOR KOHA JONE EDITOR.

    Sali Berisha has canceled a court fine imposed on Koha Jone Editor in Chief Aleksander Frangaj, international agencies reported on 17 March. Frangaj was fined $1,000 for publishing a false report under a disputed press law (see OMRI Daily Digest, 15 March 1996). In unrelated news, Human Rights Watch published its annual report on Albania. It concludes that, five years after the first free post-communist elections, the citizens of Albania are still plagued by serious human rights violations, such as restrictions on freedom of expression and association, manipulation of the legal system, and violence by the police. -- Fabian Schmidt

    This material was reprinted with permission of the Open Media Research Institute, a nonprofit organization with research offices in Prague, Czech Republic.
    For more information on OMRI publications please write to info@omri.cz

    Back to Top
    Copyright © 1995-2022 HR-Net (Hellenic Resources Network). An HRI Project.
    All Rights Reserved.

    HTML by the HR-Net Group / Hellenic Resources Institute
    news2html v2.20 run on Monday, 18 March 1996 - 18:00:20