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RADOR: News from Romania, 98-12-11

The Press Agency of the Romanian Radio (RADOR Society) Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: RADOR Press Agency <http://indis.ici.ro/romania/news/rador.html>

December 11, 1998


CONTENTS

  • [01] Seminar Dedicated to the 50-th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
  • [02] Civic Alliance Press Communique;
  • [03] Senate Proceedings;
  • [04] House of Deputies Proceedings;
  • [05] President Constantinescu Met Romanian Magistrates;
  • [06] Government Order Cancelled;
  • [07] Attempts to End Differences Between Majority and Opposition;
  • [08] BNS Protest Rally;
  • [09] Protest March of IAR Brasov Workers.

  • [01] Seminar dedicated to the 50-th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    A seminar dedicated to the 50-th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been taking place at the Senate on Thursday. In his opening speech, the speaker of the Senate, Mr Petre Roman, pointed out that Romania had witnessed and still was witnessing the adoption of legal documents on human rights issues, and the evolution of the Romanian people was related to the revival of the country's democracy. Petre Roman said it was the Romanian Parliament who was supposed to promote and support the human rights principles. In her turn, the UN delegate to Romania, Mrs L. Miller, said the human rights of today ceased to be just a number of ideas, but they were now defending the people who really needed protection. Mrs Miller said the first national strategy designed to fight poverty - a strategy drawn up by the government with the UN support - proved that the process of reform should continue to avoid a growing number of people unable to afford a decent life. Participants in the seminar also included presidential and government representatives, MPs, ambassadors of the EU countries, the US and Canada along with representatives of international bodies and NGOs. RADOR

    The RRA reports that, in his message to the seminar on Thursday, Romanian President Emil Constantinescu said Romania chose decisively and hopefully to live in a world of freedom, dialogue, diversity and understanding. RADOR

    [02] Civic Alliance press communique

    The Civic Alliance (AC) has issued a press communique gratefully welcoming the 50-th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights whose role in promoting democracy in the world was undeniable. The Civic Alliance says the event is an oppostunity to remind the international bodies that, among other human rights abuses, the recent developments in the self- procalimed Dnestrian Republic are most serious as four Moldovan militants are illegally detained for six years and a half on fake charges. One of them, Ilie Ilascu, was sentenced to death five years ago, and he was now emprisoned despite his two consecutive mandates as deputy in the parliament of the Republic of Moldova and despite the efforts made in support of his release. The other three are also serving hard prison terms. The AC expresses the hope that the anniversary on December 10 may be a new start in the efforts to end this outrageously unjust treatment. RADOR

    [03] Senate proceedings

    The draft law on general regime of local autonomy and on organising the local public administration - two fileds where, according to the EU, the reform was delayed - has been subject to emergency debates in the Senate on Thursday. Referring to the law, Cristian Dumitrescu, a senator representing the Democratic Party (PD), said "the law was really crucial in organising the local public administration according to modern principles". The senator said "the descentralisaton and the growing role of the local autonomy were consequently increasing the role of the elected democratic institutions such as the local councils, the mayors and the deputy mayors. Some changes were designed to increase the role of the minorities in areas where they represented more than 20 per cent of the population". Mr Dumitrescu explained that the local autonomy principles had no connection with the rights of a certain minority, with ethnic reasons or local interests as the whole country was expected to benefit from them. RADOR

    [04] House of Deputies proceedings

    Further debates were reported in the House of Deputies on Thursday following the Opposition's request of an additional seat in the mediation commission set up to solve differences concerning the ordinance amending and completing the Education Law. According to a decision by the Permanent Bureau, the ruling Christian Democrat National Peasant Party (PNTCD) and the opposition Party for Social Democracy in Romania (PDSR) have two seats each while the National Liberal Party (PNL), the Social Democrat Union (USD) and the Democratic Union of Ethnic Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) have one seat each. After fierce debates, disrupted by consultations between the MPs, the plenum has rejected the Opposition's request with 79 votes for, 59 against and 33 abstentions. Consequently, the Opposition has announced it no more attended the proceedings of the mediation commission. RADOR

    [05] President Constantinescu met Romanian magistrates

    The secretary general of the Magistrates Association, Viorica Costiniu, said that, at a meeting on Wednesday evening, the magistrates have asked president Constantinescu to reconsider his statement in Oslo when he made a series of accusations against the judiciary. The magistrates have presented the president with the reforms in the judiciary, the deffficiencies in the legal framework, the cases of intervention in judiciary affairs, and they asked the president to persuade the government and the parliament to fulfil the duties they owe to the judiciary. According to a communique issued by the Romanian Presidency, the head of state, as guarantor of the judiciary's independence, promised to use his constitutional prerogatives and enforce the judiciary's prestige and restore the confidence in justice. RADOR

    [06] Government order cancelled

    The Appeal Court in Bucharest overruled on Thursday the Government Order 687/1998 on the Petoefi-Schiller Multicultural University set up following the complaint by the Romanians' National Unity Party (PUNR). The court has ruled that the decision was illegal and unconstitutional. The PUNR claimed that the order broke some articles in the Constitution and the laws concerning the set up and licence of Romanian universities. An appeal against the ruling may be expected in ten days.

    [07] Attempts to end differences between Majority and Opposition

    A first round of talks has been taking place between the Majority and the Opposition. At the Parliament Palace on Thursday, the two sides have tried to detect and establish the legal priorities. After the talks, both sides have agreed that the talks were efficient as they detected the legal projects that both Majority and Opposition supported. Such projects include the support of exports, agriculture and SMEs, the reform of the central and local public administration, the draft law on ministerial responsibility, the state Budget and the state insurance budget in 1999. RADOR

    In another development, working groups representing the Majority and the Opposition met to examine the voting on the "Rule of Law" motion. Another working group met to draw up the code of behaving in the parliamentary relations. RADOR

    [08] BNS protest rally

    In the Revolution Plaza on Thursday, thousands of workers around the country gathered in a protest rally organised by the National Trade Union Block (BNS). BNS leader Dumitru Costin said it was the government who was to blame for the desastrous economic and social situation. He announced that the BNS was expected to carry out new protests early in January. The trade unions would like consultations with the government in drawing up the draft Budget and the state insurance budget, consultations concerning the privatisation, and social protection measures for the disfavoured. They asked the government to establish the economic priorities. The participants in the rally then started a march to the Victoria Palace where a BNS delegation submitted a list of demands. A new round of talks is planned on December 22. RADOR

    [09] Protest march of IAR Brasov workers

    Hundreds of workers at the SC IAR Brasov participated in a protest march from the City Stadium to the Prefecture on Thursday. Trade union leader Alexandru Comsa says the workers expressed their protest against the government's indecision in finalising the contract with the Bell Helicopters, and against the social and economic situation in the area. The protesters shouted slogans against the government and the country's president. Trade union leaders from the Roman SA and Rulmentul have also participated in the protest to express their solidarity with the workers. While in Brasov, the BNS vicepresident Matei Bratianu has announced that, on Friday, the trade unionists would start picketing the residences of President Emil Constantinescu, the speakers of the two Chambres in parliament as well as residences of other government ministers. RADOR
    The Press Agency of the Romanian Radio (RADOR Society) Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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