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Cyprus News Agency: News in Greek (AM), 98-07-09

Cyprus News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Cyprus News Agency at <http://www.cyna.org.cy>


PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Times Synallagmatos Opening
  • [02] Roympin - Zwnh apagoreyshs pthsewn
  • [03] Koen - Tsoxatzopoylos
  • [04] Sxesh jenwn Nomismatwn me Kypriakh Lira
  • [05] Arxaia Salamina - Kloph agalmatwn
  • [06] Gilmaz - Ntemirel - Karantagi - katexomena
  • [07] Toyrkia - katexomena - gewtrhseis petrelaioy
  • [08] Xristodoyloy - Mosxa - Oikonomia
  • [09] Ekproswpos - epistolh Olmprait
  • [10] Toyrkia - Alejandretta
  • [11] Proedros Klhridhs - Spoydastes Sxolhs Polemoy
  • [12] Zakxaios - epistolh pros GG OHE
  • [13] Ypoyrgikh Epitroph gia EE

  • [01] Times Synallagmatos Opening

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    Symfwna me to deltio synallagmatos ths 09/07/98, kata to anoigma ths agoras h Kentrikh Trapeza ths Kyproy kaqorise tis akoloyqes times synallagmatos gia prajeis ameshs paradoshs:

    -----------------------------------------------------------------
                         Thlegrafika embasmata       Epitages
                          Pwlhsh        Agora    Pwlhsh     Agora
    -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Ellhnikh Draxmh      569,8100    572,0800   569,8100   574,6800
    Eyrwp. Nom. Monada     1,7223      1,7291     1,7223     1,7331
    Dolario HPA            1,8691      1,8765     1,8691     1,8805
    Sterlina               1,1427      1,1472     1,1427     1,1497
    Germ. Marko            3,4098      3,4234     3,4098     3,4274
    
    -----------------------------------------------------------------
    

    Stis synallages me to koino mexri LK 10.000, oi Trapezes einai ypoxrees na efarmozoyn times poy na mhn einai xeiroteres apo tis pio panw.

    (KYPE/GP)

    [02] Roympin - Zwnh apagoreyshs pthsewn

    Oyasingkton,HPA,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    "Mh realistikes", xarakthrise o ekproswpos toy Steit Ntipartment Tzeims Roympin tis protaseis gia th dhmioyrgia zwnhs apagoreyshs pthsewn opoy aeroskafh allhs xwras poy qa parabiazan th zwnh qa katarriptontan.

    O k. Roympin eipe akomh oti oi HPA qeloyn thn akyrwsh ths symfwnias gia toys S300, alla antitiqentai kai stis toyrkikes apeiles gia stratiwtikh epiqesh.

    Sto metajy, opws metadidei to APE, se erwthsh gia to endexomeno piqanhs epektashs twn exqroprajiwn sto Kossyfopedio na odhghsei se ayjhsh ths entashs h sygkroysh metajy Elladas kai Toyrkias, o k. Roympin tonise oti h gnwsth analysh ths katastashs leei oti "ayto qa mporoyse na symbei, alla elpizoyme oti den qa ftasoyme se ayto to shmeio. Den exoyme kanena logo na nomizoyme oti h Toyrkia kai h Ellada briskontai twra se ayth th qesh".

    (KYPE/DA/AA/GP)

    [03] Koen - Tsoxatzopoylos

    Oyasingkton,HPA,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    To qema ths zwnhs apagoreyshs pthsewn "einai ena endexomeno poy prepei na diereynhqei", dhlwse o Amerikanos Ypoyrgos Amynas Oyiliam Koen, kata th diarkeia koinhs synenteyjhs Typoy poy edwse me ton Ellhna omologo toy Akh Tsoxatzopoylo.

    O k. Koen eipe oti oi HPA anazhtoyn tropoys gia th meiwsh ths entashs sthn Kypro, prosqetontas oti syzhthse me ton Ellhna omologo toy mhxanismoys oi opoioi diereynwntai.

    O Amerikanos ajiwmatoyxos poy anaferqhke se prosfath episkech toy sthn Toyrkia, eipe oti "proetrece dhmosia" oloys toys ajiwmatoyxoys toys opoioys synanthse ekei, na ergastoyn yper twn prospaqeiwn gia th meiwsh ths entashs sthn Kypro.

    Apo thn pleyra toy o k. Tsoxatzopoylos, eipe oti to qema twn rwsikwn pyraylikwn systhmatwn S - 300 syzhthqhke anoixta, ypogrammizontas oti ayto antanakla kai thn krisimh katastash poy epikratei. "To problhma den einai h enisxysh twn amyntikwn systhmatwn ths Kyproy. To problhma gia to opoio prepei na syzhtoyme einai h epilysh toy kypriakoy problhmatos", tonise.

    Sthn Kypro yparxoyn pragmati enisxymenoi ejoplismoi, sxoliase o Ellhnas Ypoyrgos kai prosqese oti shmeiwnetai "mia diarkws ayjanomenh stratiwtikh paroysia sta katexomena, me ejoplismoys oi opoioi pragmatika ayjanoyn thn entash".

    "H lysh gia mas einai mia: Einai h politikh apostratikopoihshs poy exei protaqei apo ton Proedro Klhridh kai qa dwsei th dynatothta na meiwqoyn kai na katarghqoyn olosxerws oi ejoplismoi".

    O k. Tsoxatzopoylos shmeiwse oti ean h allh pleyra den epiqymei thn epanenarjh toy dialogoy kai den apodexetai th dhmioyrgia zwnhs apagoreyshs pthsewn, tote einai poly dyskolo gia thn kypriakh kybernhsh na proxwrhsei se monomerh apostratikopoihsh.

    (KYPE/DA/AA/GP)

    [04] Sxesh jenwn Nomismatwn me Kypriakh Lira

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    Kata to anoigma ths Agoras Synallagmatos sthn Kypro shmera h sxesh twn pio katw nomismatwn me thn Kypriakh Lira diamorfwqhke ws ejhs:

    -----------------------------------------------------------------
                                 |     Pwlhsh     |     Agora
    -----------------------------------------------------------------
          Gen Iapwnias               261,5629         263,6554
          Dol. Aystralias              3,0338           3,0580
          Dol. Kanada                  2,7507           2,7727
          Eskoydos Portogallias      347,9547         350,7383
          Korones Danias              12,9673          13,0710
          Korones Norbhgias           14,4608          14,5764
          Korones Soyhdias            15,0954          15,2162
          Lires Irlandias              1,3509           1,3617
          Liretes Italias          3.352,6128       3.379,4337
          Marka Finlandias            10,3428          10,4255
          Pesetes Ispanias           288,6845         290,9939
          Selinia Aystrias            23,9403          24,1318
          Fiorinia Ollandias           3,8359           3,8665
          Fragka Belgioy              70,1636          70,7249
          Fragka Gallias              11,4077          11,4929
          Fragka Elbetias              2,8579           2,8807
    -----------------------------------------------------------------
    
    (KYPE/GP)

    [05] Arxaia Salamina - Kloph agalmatwn

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    Dyo agalmata apo ton katexomeno arxaiologiko xwro ths Salaminas eklecan arxaiokaphloi, apokalyptei o T/k Typos.

    H "Kipris" katw apo ton prwtoselido titlo "Lhstecan th Salamina", grafei oti h legomenh "astynomia" teqhke se epifylakh gia entopismo twn drastwn kai pisteyetai oti oi drastes einai atoma poy asxoloyntai me thn arxaiokaphlia.

    H "Geni Ntoyzen" grafei oti ta agalmata breqhkan qammena se parakeimeno xwro.

    Shmeiwnetai oti ta agalmata einai ycoys peripoy dyo metrwn kai oti to ena einai apo mayro granith kai to allo apo leykh petra.

    Prokeitai gia anypologisths ajias erga, opws grafei h "Kipris", ta opoia kosmoysan to xwro apenanti apo to amfiqeatro ths Salaminas.

    Symfwna me thn efhmerida, h opoia dhmosieyei epishs kai dyo fwtografies twn agalmatwn, h lhsteia diapraxqh proxqes th nyxta.

    H "Geni Ntoyzen", anaferetai epishs prwtoselida sthn kloph twn agalmatwn kai grafei oti agnwstoi eklecan ta agalmata apo th bash toys kai ta eqacan se parakeimeno xwro.

    H legomenh "astynomia", symfwna me plhrofories ths efhmeridas, brhke ta klemmena agalmata kai twra ejapelyse anqrwpokhnyghto gia syllhch twn drastwn.

    Symfwna me thn efhmerida, prokalei erwthmatika o tropos afaireshs twn agalmatwn apo th bash toys, afoy to kaqena zygizei ena tono.

    Epishs dierwtatai kaneis, grafei, pws meteferan ta agalmata gia na ta qacoyn kai pws qa ta meteferan sto ejwteriko.

    Symfwna me th "Geni Ntoyzen", h legomenh "astynomia" kai to legomeno "tmhma arxaiothtwn" ypociazontai oti sthn perioxh ths katexomenhs Ammoxwstoy dra symmoria arxaiokaphlwn.

    (KYPE/SA/AA/GP)

    [06] Gilmaz - Ntemirel - Karantagi - katexomena

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    Sta katexomena ftanei stis 20 Ioylioy o Prwqypoyrgos ths Toyrkias Mesoyt Gilmaz kai sta telh Ioylioy o Proedros ths Toyrkias Soyleiman Ntemirel, symfwna me ton T/k Typo.

    O Gilmaz qa parastei se ekdhlwseis me aformh thn epeteio ths eisbolhs kai o Ntemirel qa brisketai sto nhsi gia tis ekdhlwseis me thn eykairia ths metaforas neroy apo thn Toyrkia.

    H akribhs hmeromhnia afijews toy Ntemirel qa anakoinwqei entos twn prosexwn hmerwn.

    Qa prokeitai gia thn prwth legomenh "epishmh episkech" Toyrkoy Proedroy sta katexomena.

    Ypenqymizoyme oti o Ntemirel eixe episkefqei "anepishma" ta katexomena amesws meta thn pyrkagia toy Pentadaktyloy kai eixe parameinei sto nhsi gia merikes mono wres.

    Se antiqesh me toys Proedroys ths Toyrkias, arketoi Toyrkoi Prwqypoyrgoi episkefqhkan "epishma" ta katexomena.

    Sto metajy ftanei ayrio sta katexomena o Arxhgos toy Genikoy Epiteleioy twn Toyrkikwn Enoplwn Dynamewn, strathgos Ismail Xaki Karantagi.

    O Karantagi qa parameinei sta katexomena dyo hmeres kai qa epiqewrhsei stratiwtikes monades.

    (KYPE/SA/AA/GP)

    [07] Toyrkia - katexomena - gewtrhseis petrelaioy

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    H efhmerida "Sampax" ths Kwnstantinoypolhs, grafei oti h Toyrkia kai to ceydokratos symfwnhsan na proboyn se gewtrhseis pros entopismo petrelaioy.

    Oi gewtrhseis qa ginonn se legomena "xwrika ydata" toy ceydokratoys. Symfwna me armodioys toy toyrkikoy YPEJ, oi gewtrhseis qa epibebaiwsoyn thn "kyriarxia" dhqen toy ceydokratoys kai "qa apodeijoyn sth dieqnh koinothta tis stenes sxeseis toy me thn Toyrkia".

    Oi idioi armodioi dhlwsan oti h olh prospaqeia entassetai sta plaisia toy Symboylioy Syndeshs Toyrkias - ceydokratoys.

    (KYPE/SA/RM/GP)

    [08] Xristodoyloy - Mosxa - Oikonomia

    Larnaka,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    "Oi sxeseis mas me th Rwsia einai aristes se oloys toys tomeis kai eimai bebaios oti katw apo ayto to pneyma qa mporesoyme na dwsoyme mia diejodo h opoia qa ejyphrethsei ta symferonta kai twn dyo xwrwn mas".

    Ta pio panw dhlwse shmera o Ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn, Xristodoylos Xristodoyloy, ligo prin apo thn anaxwrhsh toy gia th Mosxa, epikefalhs antiproswpeias gia na syzhthsei, opws eipe, epishmws to qema ths ananewshs ths symfwnias gia thn apofygh ths diplhs forologias metajy ths Kyproy kai ths Rwsikhs Omospondias.

    H symfwnia ayth, ejhghse o k. Xristodoyloy, synomologhqhke to 1982 me thn tote Enwsh Sobietikwn Sosialistikwn Dhmokratiwn enw meta th dialysh ths Sobietikhs Enwshs oi xwres melh ths Omospondias twn Anejarthtwn Kratwn exoyn analabei na efarmozoyn ayth th symfwnia.

    O k. Xristodoyloy epishmane pws ektote exei teqei qema eksygxronismoy kai ananewshs ayths ths symfwnias, h opoia "exei symbalei oysiastika sth qeamatikh anaptyjh twn oikonomikwn sxesewn metajy ths Kyproy kai ths Rwsias".

    H prosfath dhmosieysh ths yparjhs proqeshs apo rwsikhs pleyras gia kapoies oysiastikes allages alla kai h epafh toy Ypoyrgoy me th rwsikh kybernhsh mesw toy Rwsoy Presbh sthn Kypro, Gkeorgki Moyratof, peiqoyn pws "yparxei to pneyma ths apo koinoy proseggishs toy qematos aytoy", prosqese.

    To qema ths ananewshs ths symfwnias "ephreazei sobara tis oikonomikes mas sxeseis", dhlwse o k. Xristodoyloy, ekfrazontas etsi thn pepoiqhsh oti "qa mporesoyme mesa apo tis synomilies poy qa kanoyme kai me ton anaplhrwth ypoyrgo oikonomikwn ths Rwsias kai me alloys epishmoys na katalhjoyme se ena plaisio symfwnias poy qa ejyphretei ta amoibaia symferonta mas".

    Erwthqeis kata poso oi episkeceis Kypriwn ajiwmatoyxwn sth Rwsia exoyn programmatistei na sympesoyn xronika, o k. Xristodoyloy eipe oti "prokeitai gia mia xronikh sygkyriakh periptwsh" kaqoti "h episkech toy Ypoyrgoy Amynas, Giannakh Omhroy, sth Rwsia den exei kamia sxesh me thn episkech toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias, Glaykoy Klhridh, h opoia exei programmatistei prin apo merikes ebdomades".

    Entelws "asxeth kai anejarthth me thn episkech toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias", xarakthrise o k. Xristodoyloy kai th dikh toy episkech sth Mosxa, h opoia "exei apofasisqei na ginei tis teleytaies liges mono meres.

    Yparxei apla mia kosmogonia se ejelijh kaq' oson afora tis sxeseis metajy Kyproy kai Rwsias oi opoies dierxontai mesa apo mia qeamatikh kalytereysh se oloys toys tomeis", aposafhnise o k. Xristodoyloy.

    Kypriakh oikonomia

    Apantwntas se erwthsh sxetika me thn eikona ths dhmosias kypriakhs oikonomias kai thn eyrwpaikh ths prooptikh, o Kyprios Ypoyrgos eipe oti "krisimhs shmasias qemata opws einai h oikonomia kai to eqniko" xrhzoyn mias "swsths kai antikeimenikhs" ektimhshs se sygkrish me to ti yparxei sto ejwteriko oson afora thn katastash ths oikonomias.

    Synexise legontas, pws "h katastash ths kypriakhs oikonomias para ta sobara plhgmata poy ypesth ta teleytaia tria xronia kai apo ta gegonota ton Aygoysto toy 1996, me tis dolofonies twn triwn sympatriwtwn mas, kai apo thn pyraylologia twn arxwn toy 1997 alla kai me tis treis synexeis xronies anombrias ejakoloyqei me bash ta dieqnh kai eyrwpaika dedomena na brisketai se poly kalh katastash."

    Milwntas, sygkekrimena, gia toys makrooikonomikoys deiktes ths kypriakhs anaptyjhs o k. Xristodoyloy eipe oti "exoyme diplasia anaptyjh apo to meso oro anaptyjhs twn xwrwn melwn ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs" kai anefere oti gia "to 1998 ayth ypologizetai se 4,7% enw sthn Eyrwph qa einai gyrw sto 2%".

    Oson afora, ejalloy, ton plhqwrismo o Ypoyrgos eipe pws "anamenetai fetos na einai 2,5%" th stigmh poy sthn Eyrwph o mesos plhqwrismos, me bash to krithrio toy Maastrixt, "qa einai gyrw sto 2,8%". Gia thn anergia, o k. Xristodoyloy, eipe pws sthn Kypro h anergia "qa einai 3% enw h Eyrwph exei 11%" Kai, telos, "to dhmosio xreos einai sthn Kypro katw toy 60% enw stis perissoteres xwres ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs einai panw apo 60% kai den throyn to krithrio toy Maastrixt", eipe o k. Xristodoyloy.

    "Ola ayta apodeiknyoyn oti mono me to dhmosionomiko elleimma einai poy den throyme to krithrio toy Maastrixt ki' ayto to kaname ws mia skopimh politikh gia na mporesoyme na antimetwpisoyme antikyklika thn oikonomia logw ths kapoias ypoxwrhshs poy antimetwpisame ta teleytaia tria xronia", eipe o Ypoyrgos.

    Ws mia epipleon apodeijh twn pio panw o k. Xristodoyloy anefere oti "to kata kefalh eisodhma se monades agorastikhs ajias einai kalytero apo tis 15 xwres melh ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai akomh oti ta forologika esoda toy kratoys, ws pososto toy Akaqaristoy Egxwrioy Proiontos sthn Kypro einai 25% enw sthn Eyrwph einai 42,5%.

    O k. Xristodoyloy katelhje oti "einai kala na ginetai kritikh. Omws, qa prepei h kritikh na ginetai se synarthsh me to ti isxyei dieqnws". Parepemce, akoloyqws, sto gegonos pws ychloi Eyrwpaioi ajiwmatoyxoi plekoyn to egkwmio ths kypriakhs oikonomias.

    Klhqeis na sxoliasei thn epidrash toy dhmosionomikoy elleimmatos panw sthn chfish ths eisforas gia thn amyna apo th Boylh, o k. Xristodoyloy shmeiwse oti to dhmosionomiko elleimma ofeiletai sto gegonos twn ayjhmenwn dapanwn logw ths symfwnias ths telwneiakhs enwshs.

    "Apo th symfwnia ths telwneiakhs enwshs h Kypros to 1998 qa exei meiwsh esodwn 127 ekatommyriwn lirwn poy antistoixei me dhmosionomiko elleimma 3%", sxoliase o k. Xristodoyloy.

    Oson afora to qema ths chfishs apo th Boylh ths eisforas gia thn amyna o Ypoyrgos katelhje pws "den mporei kaneis na ta qelei ola xwris taytoxrona na dinei ta mesa sto kratos gia na mporei na ta ylopoihsei".

    O k. Xristodoyloy epibebaiwse, telos, meta apo sxetikh erwthsh, th xqesinh apofash toy Ypoyrgikoy Symboylioy h opoia afora th dhmioyrgia mias seiras apo odika erga ypodomhs sth Larnaka, to kostos twn opoiwn qa brisketai kai palin ypo thn ejetash toy Dhmotikoy Symboylioy ths Larnakas, ths Syntonistikhs Epitrophs kai twn triwn Ypoyrgeiwn (Oikonomikwn, Eswterikwn kai Sygkoinwniwn kai Ergwn) poy emplekontai.

    (KYPE/MAN/NG/GP)

    [09] Ekproswpos - epistolh Olmprait

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    O Kybernhtikos Ekproswpos Xrhstos Stylianidhs epibebaiwse shmera oti h Amerikanida Ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Mantlin Olmprait apesteile epistolh ston Proedro ths Dhmokratias, Glayko Klhridh.

    Th sxetikh eidhsh dhmosieyse h efhmerida "O Fileleyqeros", h opoia anefere oti sthn epistolh ths h k. Olprait eishgeitai opws agorastoyn pyrayloi mikroteroy belhnekoys apo th Rwsia kai opws apoqhkeyqoyn oi S300 oxi entos alla ektos ths Kyproy.

    O k. Stylianidhs xarakthrise thn apostolh ths epistolhs ws "endeijh amerikanikoy endiaferontos gia tis ejelijeis sto Kypriako" alla apefyge epimelws na anaferqei sto periexomeno ths epistolhs, h opoia, opws anefere, stalhke prin dyo peripoy bdomades kai exei hdh apanthqei apo ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias.

    Shmeiwse omws oti den yparxei diaqesh ek meroys ths kybernhshs gia apokrych toy periexomenoy, alla o Proedros Klhridhs qewrei oti to periexomeno ths epistolhs den einai pros dhmosiopoihsh sto paron stadio.

    "Epibebaiwnoyme thn yparjh ths epistolhs ths k. Olmprait kai thn apanthsh toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias. Wstoso o Proedros Klhridhs den epiqymei na dhmosiopoihsei, toylaxiston se ayth th fash to periexomeno ths epistolhs," eipe o k. Stylianidhs, xarakthrizontas thn epistolh ws "endeijh endiaferontos twn HPA".

    O Ekproswpos eipe epishs oti h kybernhsh den eklambanei thn epistolh Olmprait ws apanthsh stis qeseis toy Proedroy Klhridh, opws aytes paroysiazontai sthn prosfath epistolh poy apesteile sto GG toy OHE.

    Se erwthsh ean h qesh ths kybernhshs gia toys rwsikoys pyrayloys meta apo tis epistoles paramenei h idia, o Ekproswpos apanthse oti "oi qeseis ths kypriakhs kybernhshs einai oi gnwstes qeseis gyrw apo to qema ayto."

    Klhqeis na anaferei kata poso oi epafes poy pragmatopoioyntai mporoyn na ermhneyqoyn ws mia diejodos me thn ennoia oti qa diapragmateyqoyme thn agora pyraylwn mikroteroy belhnekoys, o k. Stylianidhs perioristhke na pei oti "oi qeseis mas einai oi gnwstes pagies qeseis."

    Sxoliazontas tis dhlwseis toy Ellhna Ypoyrgoy Eqnikhs Amynas Akh Tsoxatzopoyloy oti symfwnia gia zwnh apagoreymenwn pthsewn qa apoteloyse shmantiko bhma pros thn kateyqynsh ths apostratikopoihshs, o Ekproswpos anefere oti h kybernhsh exei yioqethsei th qesh poy diatypwse o k. Tsoxatzopoylos apo ton kairo poy ayth eixe protaqei apo ton Ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ths Elladas Qeodwro Pagkalo se syzhthsh poy eixe me thn Amerikanida omologo toy.

    "H qesh ayth einai sta plaisia ths koinhs strathgikhs kai taktikhs Elladas kai Kyproy," prosqese.

    Anaferomenos sthn amerikanikh drasthriothta, o k. Stylianidhs eipe oti h kybernhsh den symmerizetai apolyta th qesh oti ayth stoxeyei apokleistika kai mono sthn akyrwsh ths paralabhs twn rwsikwn pyraylwn.

    Shmeiwse ejalloy oti to endiaferon twn Amerikanwn gia th diadikasia epilyshs ths kypriakoy problhmatos paramenei "ameiwto"."

    Apantwntas sxetikh erwthsh, o k. Stylianidhs anefere oti sto plaisio twn qesewn ths kybernhshs kai twn qesewn jenwn xwrwn "yparxei enas dialogos me diafora merh opws kai gia alles ejelijeis toy Kypriakoy ton opoio se ayth th fash h kybernhsh den qelei na dhmosiopoihsei."

    Se erwthsh ean o dialogos aytos diejagetai me bash th qesh twn HPA gia akyrwsh ths agoras twn pyraylwn, o Ekproswpos tonise oti oi qeseis ths kybernhshs einai gnwstes, prosqetontas oti "aytes syzhtoyme me stoxo thn apostratikopoihsh kai ton afoplismo."

    H kybernhsh, eipe, syzhta me oloys toys endiaferomenoys to qema ths apostratikopoihshs "se olo to fasma kai oi syzhthseis ginontai se diafora epipeda, stadia, idees nees kai palies."

    (KYPE/MM/GP)

    [10] Toyrkia - Alejandretta

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE - Spyros Aqanasiadhs)

    H Toyrkikh Dhmokratia, to sygxrono toyrkiko kratos, idryqhke stis 29 Oktwbrioy 1923 panw sta ereipia ths Oqwmanikhs Aytokratorias. Protoy akomh idryqei h Dhmokratia, kai sygkekrimena ton Ioylio toy 1923, ypegrafeto h Synqhkh ths Lwzanhs, h opoia periorize ta synora ths xwras sta shmerina ths peripoy oria, ektos toy Santzakioy ths Alejandrettas, to opoio h Toyrkia prosarthse sta edafh ths ton Ioylio toy 1939.

    To Santzaki ayto apospasthke apo th Syria poy teloyse tote ypo kaqestws gallikhs entolhs. H arpagh, anamfibola, htan parabiash twn arxwn ths tote Koinwnias twn Eqnwn (OHE).

    Pws omws katorqwse h Toyrkia na enswmatwsei sta edafh ths thn kaq' ola syriakh aythn eparxia; As rijoyme mia matia sto istoriko toy qematos.

    Stis 20 Oktwbrioy 1921 ypografetai sthn Agkyra h Synqhkh ths Agkyras. Thn epoxh ayth h pleiochfia toy plhqysmoy ths Alejandrettas einai Arabes kai o nomos aytos dinetai sth Syria. Anagnwrizetai malista sthn perioxh mia - kapoia dioikhtikh aytonomia ypo ton elegxo ths Syrias, me eggyhtria dynamh th Gallia.

    Qa prepei sto shmeio ayto na anaferoyme oti to 1895 to Patriarxeio Antioxeias (shmera, h proswrinh toy edra einai h Damaskos) dienhrghse apografh plhqysmoy symfwna me to apotelesma ths opoias oi xristianikoi plhqysmoi sthn eyryterh perioxh htan 3,5 ekat. (500.000 Ellhnes Orqodojoi).

    To 1922 oi Galloi egkataleipoyn thn perioxh kai oi ordes toy Kemal katalambanoyn thn Kilikia. Stis 23 Septembrioy 1923 h Koinwnia twn Eqnwn apofasizei opws h Alejandretta ginei "Dioikhtikh Perifereia" ths Gallias. Idryetai h Toyrkikh Dhmokratia kai ta prwta xronia o Kemal asxoleitai me th qemeliwsh toy neosystatoy kratoys toy kai thn anorqwsh ths oikonomias. To 1936 h Toyrkia idryei Projeneio sthn Alejandretta enw thn 1hn Noembrioy toy idioy etoys o Atatoyrk sthn enarkthria synedria ths Megalhs Toyrkikhs Eqnosyneleyshs dhlwnei: "Ayth th stigmh, to qema poy apasxolei synexws to eqnos mas, einai to zhthma ths Alejandrettas, ths opoia alhqinoi kyrioi einai oi aytoxqones Toyrkoi. Ws eqnos, oloi mas endiaferomaste gia to mellon ths".

    Oi Toyrkoi epejergazontai to "fakelo Alejandretta" me sxolastikothta. Diadidoyn oti to limani ths polhs xrhsimeye gia laqremporio oplwn pros tis koyrdikes kai armenikes meionothtes ths Toyrkias.

    To 1936 einai to etos poy h Gallia apofasizei na anaqesei th dioikhsh toy limanioy ths Alejandrettas sth Syria, kati poy jeshkwnei toys Toyrkoys, oi opoioi diamartyrontai oti h perioxh toys anhkei afoy h pleiochfia twn katoikwn htan Toyrkoi.

    To Dekembrio toy 1936 mexri to Maio toy 1937 megalh kinhtikothta parathreitai sta kentra apofasewn gia thn Alejandretta. Oi Toyrkoi allazoyn thn onomsasia ths perioxhs apo Antioxeia se Xatay.

    Ton Ianoyario toy 1937 h Koinwnia twn Eqnwn diakhryje thn anejarthsia ths Alejandrettas kai twn perixwrwn ths. Me thn prosfygh ths Toyrkias sthn Koinwnia twn Eqnwn epitygxanei thn apostolh eirhneytikhs epitrophs.

    Neoi stoxoi twra ths Toyrkias einai na ejasfalisei thn pleiochfia ston plhqysmo ths perioxhs. Onomazei etsi "Toyrkoys" toys Arabes ths perioxhs kai parallhla stis 5 Ioylioy 1938 stelnei 5.000 Toyrkoys stratiwtes kai epoikoys sthn Antioxeia.

    O laos ths Syrias me pallaika syllalhthria diamartyretai. H Koinwnia twn Eqnwn apofasizei thn ypo thn epopteia ths dienergeia eklogwn. Oi ekloges diejhxqhsan apo tis 13 mexri tis 19 Aygoystoy. Eprokeito gia "ekloges - parwdia" afoy oi chfoforoi odhgoyntai stis kalpes ypo th skia twn toyrkikwn toyfekiwn kai mesa se klima tromokratias. Para th bia kai tromokratia oi Toyrkoi ejasfalizoyn mian oreiakh pleiochfia (22 enanti 18 = 22 Toyrkoi, 9 Alebhdes, 5 Armenioi, 2 Ellhnes, 2 Soynites Arabes).

    H "pleiochfia" epiballei thn toyrkikh ws epishmh glwssa, enopoiei ta taxydromeia Toyrkias - Alejandrettas, antikaqista to syriako nomisma me toyrkiko...

    Stis 29 Ioynioy 1939 h toyrkikh pleiochfia sth Boylh chfizei yper ths enswmatwshs ths Alejandrettas sthn Toyrkia. Thn epomenh synerxetai h Boylh ths Agkyras kai apodexetai thn apofash.

    Stis 12 Septembrioy 1939 h toyrkikh boylh dinei sthn perioxh kai epishma pleon thn onomasia Hatai (o Atatoyrk isxyrizeto oti prin 40 aiwnes (!) sthn perioxh ayth zoyse toyrkikh fylh me ton onoma "Hata". Prwteyoysa toy nomoy Hatai einai h Antakia (Antioxeia) kai limani h Iskenderun (Alejandretta).

    Polloi Ellhnes, alla kai Toyrkoi, anaferontai stis omoiothtes Kyproy - Alejandrettas. Na ti egrafe sto toyrkiko periodiko Beleten (teyxos 193) o Ismail Soysal, tews presbhs ths Toyrkias sto Parisi:

    "... as sygkrinoyme ta problhmata Kyproy kai Xatay a) Kai ta dyo ayta krath, poy apospasthkan apo thn Oqwmanikh Aytokratoria exoyn Toyrkoys polites sta edafh toys, briskontai sth notia pleyra ths Toyrkias kai einai san mia epektash ths Toyrkias. S' ayta ta merh aplwsan xeri h Agglia kai Gallia se mia periodo poy h Toyrkia den eixe arketh dynamh. b) Yphrje prospaqeia na antimetwpistoyn san meionothta kai xwris dikaiwmata oi Toyrkoi toy Xatay sth Syria kai oi Toyrkoi sto nhsi ths Kyproy. H ikanothta toy Atatoyrk, h ejelijh qetikoy klimatos pros thn Toyrkia, h politikh katastash sthn Eyrwph sta xronia prin apo ton polemo, h emfanish toy problhmatos sthn Anatolh eixan bohqhsei na lyqei h ypoqesh toy Xatay grhgora kai eirhnika.

    O distagmos twn toyrkikwn kybernhsewn arxika sthn Kypro, egine aitia na makrainei xronika to problhma ayto kai katesthse anagkaia th stratiwtikh epembash to 1974. Apenanti stis dyskolies aytes, h apobash toy toyrkikoy stratoy sthn Kypro to 1974 kai sto Xatay to 1938 htan to megalytero katorqwma gia tis telikes lyseis. g) Proxwrwntas pros thn telikh lysh, h symfwnia gia th dhmioyrgia xataykoy kratoys toy egine to 1937 kai h symfwnia peri synetairikhs diakybernhshs sthn Kypro to 1960, den proxwrhsan peran apo ton proswrino xarakthra. To Xatay, bebaia, enwqhke meta ena xrono me thn Toyrkia. Oson afora thn Kypro, poia morfh qa exei h telikh lysh me thn tosh sygxysh poy epikratei;

    Nomizw oti to xatayko problhma egine gia mas phgh peiramatos kai empneyshs gia thn ypoqesh ths Kyproy".

    Ellhnes ths Antioxeias

    Sthn eyryterh perioxh ths Antioxeias zoyn shmera peripoy 7000 Ellhnes Orqodojoi. Katoikoyn sthn polh ths Antioxeias, sta amigws Ellhnorqodoja xwria Tokatli kai Kitrinoxwri, se koinothtes ths Tarsoy, Adanwn, Kilikias, Alejandrettas, Samantag. Sthn Alejandretta leitoyrgei kai ellhniko projeneio. Oi perissoteroi Ellhnes einai toyrkofwnoi kai arabofwnoi.

    Symfwna me shmeiwma toy syllogoy Ellhnwn Antioxeitwn Elladas, oi Ellhnes poy zoyn akomh ekei antimetwpizontai ws polites deyterhs kathgorias, den toys epitrepetai na katalaboyn qesh sto dhmosio h na eggrafoyn se stratiwtikes sxoles, toys apagoreyetai h xrhsh ths ellhnikhs, ta xristianika onomata me ta opoia baptizontai den anagrafontai stis toyrkikes taytothtes k. a.

    Syria

    Stis 23 Maioy 1998 h toyrkikh efhmerida "Sampax" afierwse sxedon mia selida gia na anaferqei sta sxedia, opws ta apokalei, ths Syrias stoys katoikoys toy toyrkikoy (!!!) nomoy Xatay.

    Grafei metajy allwn h efhmerida: "H Syria den mporese na 'xwnecei' thn apwleia toy Xatay. Paroysiazei to nomo sta synora twn edafwn ths kai etsi parhgoreitai. Teleytaio texnasma einai ayto poy epinohse o Proedros Xafez Assant kai stoxeyei stoys Toyrkoys neoys toy nomoy Xatay.

    Osoi neoi toy nomoy aytoy den petyxoyn sta toyrkika panepisthmia gnwrizoyn oti ta panepisthmia ths Damaskoy, Xalepoy kai Latakias toys perimenoyn kai malista ws oikotrofoys. Einai gegonos oti oi ypochfioi foithtes apo thn perioxh ths eyryterhs perioxhs ths Antioxeias exoyn periorismenh piqanothta na eisaxqoyn sta toyrkika panepisthmia, kati poy ejyphretei ta sxedia toy Assant.

    Sthn perioxh leitoyrgei to toyrkiko panepisthmio 'Mustafa Kemal'. O prytanhs toy dhlwse oti to paignidi poy paizei o Assant oimoiazei me plhgh poy aimorragei. H Syria qewrei ws yphkooys ths oloys osoi gennhqhkan sto nomo Xatay. Oi ek Xatay neoi mporoyn na eisaxqoyn, aney eisagwgikwn ejetasewn sta syriaka panepisthmia, na filojenhqoyn se polyteleis esties kai na tyxoyn kapoias oikonomikhs bohqeias. Gyrw stoys 1000 tetoioys neoys filojenoi shmera h Syria. Stoxos ths Syrias einai h plysh egkefaloyn twn newn mas.

    O Presbhs ths Syrias dhlwse teleytaia oti h Syria molis apeleyqerwsei ta ycwmata Gkolan qa strafei sthn apeleyqerwsh ths Antioxeias".

    Ekqesh Symboylioy Eqnikhs Asfaleias

    Asxeta an ta parapanw pronomia pros toys neoys toy Xatay dhmosieythkan prosfata ston toyrkiko Typo, ayta isxyan gia xronia twra. To Genarh toy 1996, to isxyro Symboylio Asfaleias proteine sthn kybernhsh opws anagnwristei sto nomo ayto eidiko kaqestws kai malista se ekqesh ths Grammateias toy Symboylioy ginetai anafora sth Dhmografikh Domh toy Nomoy, htoi: 698.000 Toyrkoi, 340.000 Arabes, 310.000 Koyrdoi, 4.000 Tserkezoi, 14.000 Ellhnes, 1.000 Armenioi.

    Apo apocews dogmatwn to 30% toy plhqysmoy einai Alebhdes kai to 68,5% Soynnites. To 1,5% einai mh Moysoylmanoi.

    Sto nomo droyn oles oi aposxistikes epektatikes organwseis enw o arxhgos toy Koyrdikoy Ergatikoy Kommatos Amptoyllax Otsalan exei symperilabei to nomo sth zwnh twn epixeirhsewn toy.

    Ponokefalos gia thn Toyrkia o nomos aytos giati prosqetei enan epipleon problhma poy exei h Toyrkia me th Syria.

    (KYPE/SA/GP)

    [11] Proedros Klhridhs - Spoydastes Sxolhs Polemoy

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    "Me to Dogma toy Eniaioy Amyntikoy Xwroy, o kypriakos Ellhnismos den einai monos ston agwna, alla brisketai sto idio xarakwma me thn Ellada", tonise shmera o Proedros ths Dhmokratias Glaykos Klhridhs ypodexomenos sto Proedriko Megaro, omada spoydastwn ths Sxolhs Polemoy Aeroporias apo thn Ellada.

    "Jeroyme oti opoiadhpote epektatikh h apeilhtikh kinhsh ek meroys ths Toyrkias den strefetai mono enantion ths Kyproy, alla kai enantion ths Elladas kai toy ellhnikoy Eqnoys", prosqese o Proedros Klhridhs. Shmeiwse oti "h polytimh ayth prosfora toy Ellhnismoy sthn agwnizomenh Kypro, mas didei koyragio na synexisoyme ton agwna mas gia mia dikaih kai biwsimh lysh toy eqnikoy mas problhmatos".

    Opws eipe o Proedros Klhridhs, "anazhtoyme lysh me eirhnikes diadikasies alla taytoxrona enisxyoyme thn amyntikh mas ikanothta logw ths toyrkikhs stratiwtikhs paroysias sthn Kypro, logw toy oti ta strateymata ths eisbolhs kai ths katoxhs einai anadiplwmena me epiqetikh diaqesh kai synexws enisxyontai".

    "Epomenws", tonise, "exoyme kai emeis xreos na enisxysoyme th dikh mas amyntikh ikanothta".

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o Dioikhths ths Sxolhs Polemoy, Tajiarxos Anastasios Papaiwannoy, anefere oti h episkech ths omadas sthn Kypro stoxeyei sto na gnwrisei apo konta, ta problhmata poy antimetwpizei o kypriakos laos kai na dhlwsei emprakta th symparastash kai symparatajh ths pros toys Kyprioys.

    Anaferqhke epishs, stis qrasytates proklhseis twn Toyrkwn poy prosballoyn th dieqnh nomimothta kai to dieqnes dikaio.

    O Tajiarxos Papaiwannoy prosefere ston Proedro Klhridh ek meroys oloklhrhs ths omadas, to emblhma ths Sxolhs Polemoy kai Aeroporias, kaqws kai toys mexri twra ekdoqentes treis tomoys bibliwn ths istorias ths ellhnikhs polemikhs aeroporias.

    (KYPE/RM/GP)

    [12] Zakxaios - epistolh pros GG OHE

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    Nees toyrkikes parabiaseis toy eqnikoy enaerioy xwroy ths Kyproy apo toyrkika aeroplana stis 30 Ioynioy, kataggellei me epistolh toy pros to GG toy OHE Kofi Anan, o Monimos Antiproswpos ths Kyproy sta Hnwmena Eqnh, Presbhs Swtos Zakxaios.

    Sthn epistolh, poy kykloforhse xqes ws epishmo eggrafo twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn, o Monimos Antiproswpos tonizei oti oi parabiaseis aytes ayjanoyn thn politikh entash sto nhsi kai yponomeyoyn tis prospaqeies gia epiteyjh mias telikhs dieyqethshs toy problhmatos.

    O k. Zakxaios ekfrazei, epishs, thn entonh diamartyria ths kypriakhs kybernhshs gia tis nees proklhtikes energeies ths Toyrkias.

    Tonizei, oti oi parabiaseis pragmatopoihqhkan molis mia mera meta thn yioqethsh toy chfismatos 1179 toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, to opoio kalei gia sebasmo ths kyriarxias, anejarthsias kai edafikhs akeraiothtas ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias kai zhta na apofeygetai kaqe energeia poy mporei na blacei ayth thn kyriarxia, anejarthsia kai edafikh akeraiothta ths Kyproy.

    (KYPE/AA/GP)

    [13] Ypoyrgikh Epitroph gia EE

    Leykwsia,Kypros,09/07/1998 (KYPE)

    H genikh ektimhsh ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs einai oti h entajiakh poreia ths Kyproy bainei kalws, tonise shmera o Kybernhtikos Ekproswpos Xrhstos Stylianidhs, alla epeshmane oti apaiteitai arketh doyleia toso se yphresiako epipedo oso kai se epipedo enhmerwshs toy kypriakoy laoy.

    Milwntas ystera apo th synedria ths Ypoyrgikhs Epitrophs gia thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, ypo thn proedria toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias Glaykoy Klhridh, o k. Stylianidhs eipe oti h genikh ektimhsh poy erxetai apo thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kai toys armodioys einai oti "ta pragmata bainoyn kalws kai sta qemata ths enarmonishs, alla kai se alla qemata poy aforoyn thn entajiakh mas poreia".

    "Xreiazomaste", eipe, "para pollh doyleia kai se yphresiako epipedo kai se epipedo enhmerwshs toy kypriakoy laoy, idiaitera eidikwn omadwn, opws twn epixeirhmatiwn, twn syndikalistikwn organwsewn kai allwn tetoiwn koinwnikwn omadwn, oi opoies ki aytes qa prepei na syneisferoyn s' aythn thn megalh prospaqeia".

    Opws eipe o k. Stylianidhs, h syskech poy egine htan "se epipedo Ypoyrgwn kai yphresiakwn" kai asxolhqhke me thn "enhmerwsh gia th diadikasia ths proetoimasias kai diejagwghs, kaqws kai ta mexri shmera apotelesmata toy elegxoy yioqethshs toy koinotikoy kekthmenoy".

    Eipe, epishs, oti egine enhmerwsh apo ton epikefalhs ths diapragmateytikhs omadas ths Kyproy stis entajiakes synomilies Giwrgo Basileioy "gia th synanthsh sto Ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn ths Elladas sto plaisio toy syntonismoy twn energeiwn gia thn entajiakh poreia ths Kyproy".

    Egine, synexise, "antallagh apocewn kai lhch apofasewn anaforika me qemata poy qa tyxoyn diapragmateyshs epi aystriakhs proedrias", dhladh "qemata ereynas, ekpaideyshs, biomhxanikhs politikhs, mikromesaiwn epixeirhsewn kai o,ti allo hqele prokycei kata thn poreia ths aystriakhs proedrias".

    O k. Stylianidhs anefere oti "egine kai kapoia syzhthsh gyrw apo to qema ths piqanhs metabashs sto deytero stadio toy prwtokolloy to 1987 se sxesh me thn telwneiakh enwsh".

    Anefere, ejalloy, oti egine enhmerwsh kai apo ton Ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn Iwannh Kasoylidh "gia diafora qemata poy aptontai ths entajiakhs poreias".

    Apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh, o k. Stylianidhs ejefrase thn ektimhsh oti ayth h Ypoyrgikh Epitroph "qa prepei na synerxetai taktika, dioti einai anagkaiothta kai m' ayton ton tropo ejyphreteitai h entajiakh diadikasia".

    O k. Stylianidhs epeshmane oti "yparxei para pollh doyleia to 1998 kai to 1999 kai idiaitera aythn thn periodo toy Kalokairioy".

    Kasoylidhs

    Apantwntas se erwthseis dhmosiografwn, o k. Kasoylidhs eipe oti h Ypoyrgikh Epitroph synhlqe shmera gia prwth fora kai qa pairnei tis politikes apofaseis, peran toy Ypoyrgikoy Symboylioy, oson afora thn entajiakh poreia ths Kyproy.

    O k. Kasoylidhs eipe, epishs, oti "ta Ypoyrgeia anelaban orismenes ypoxrewseis kai proxwroyme".

    (KYPE/RAG/GP)
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