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Athens News Agency: News in Greek (AM), 98-04-23

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

AQHNA, Ellada, 23/04/1998 (APE)


[01] TITLOI EIDHSEWN

- Perase sthn aiwniothta o Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs
- Programma ejygianshs gia ELTA, OSE, OASA kai OA.
- Dhlwseis D.Reppa gia ton tews basilia.
- Anagkastikh prosgeiwsh ekane Miraz-2000 sto Hrakleio.
- Synanthsh Shmith-Klhridh thn Paraskeyh sthn Aqhna.
- Enoplh lhsteia se trapeza me leia 10 ekat. drx.
- Bareies kampanes se dyo Toyrkoys doylemporoys.

[02] AQLHTIKES EIDHSEIS

[03] TIMES SYNALLAGMATOS - XRHMATISTHRIO AQHNWN

[04] KAIROS

[05] AFIERWMA - PEQANE O KWNSTANTINOS KARAMANLHS


[01] OI EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

Perase sthn aiwniothta o Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs

O Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs,ena apo ta pleon shmantika proswpa ths neoterhs ellhnikhs Istorias,poy me thn 60eth toy politikh drash ebale th sfragida toy sthn poreia toy topoy, den yparxei pia.Peqane se baqy ghras shmera ta jhmerwmata, stis 01.40, synepeia kardiakhs anakophs sto nosokomeio Ygeia kai anamenei pia ki'aytos, opws ola,allwste,ta istorika proswpa thn krish ths Istorias gia ta osa,qetika h arnhtika prosefere sthn Ellada.

Programma ejygianshs gia ELTA, OSE, OASA kai OA.

To programma ejygianshs twn ELTA, OSE, OASA kai Olympiakhs, teqhke epi taphtos se syskech toy prwqypoyrgoy me toys Gianno Papantwnioy kai Taso Mantelh. Pantws oristikes apofaseis den elhfqhsan. Stoys stoxoys ths kybernhshs einai kai h pwlhsh ths Ionikhs kai Emporikhs Trapezas kai malista o ypoyrgos eqnikhs Oikonomias eixe synanthsh me ton proedro ths Emporikhs. Epishs entos toy Maioy, endexetai na diateqei mesw Xrhmatisthrioy, ena trito paketo metoxwn toy OTE.

Dhlwseis D.Reppa gia ton tews basilia.

Gia prospaqeia anakinhshs politeiakoy zhthmatos to opoio exei kleisei oristika gia thn Ellada, kathgorhse o kybernhtikos ekproswpos ton ekptwto basilia, me aformh thn prosfygh toy sto Dikasthrio Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn gia to qema toy onomatos. Anaforika me th legomenh basilikh perioysia, poy diekdikei o tews basilias, o k. Reppas anefere oti thn perioysia ayth thn apekthse ws monarxhs, dioti, opws einai fanero, ws idiwths den qa mporoyse na thn exei.

Anagkastikh prosgeiwsh ekane Miraz-2000 sto Hrakleio.

Anagkastikh prosgeiwsh sto aerodromio Hrakleioy Krhths ekane ena Miraz-2000, to opoio paroysiase problhma sta frena. Sto aerodromio elhfqhsan ektakta metra kai to aeroskafos stamathse sto prostateytiko dixty xwris na ypostei sobares blabes, enw o pilotos den epaqe tipota.

Synanthsh Shmith-Klhridh thn Paraskeyh sthn Aqhna.

Oi teleytaies ejelijeis toy Kypriakoy, ypo to prisma ths neas amerikanikhs prwtoboylias kai ths enarjhs twn entajiakwn diapragmateysewn, qa syzhthqoyn thn Paraskeyh sthn Aqhna, se syskech toy proedroy Klhridh, toy prwqypoyrgoy Kwsta Shmith kai twn ypoyrgwn ejwterikwn twn dyo xwrwn. Sthn Aqhna anamenetai kai o amerikanos syntonisths gia to Kypriako Tomas Miler, o opoios episkefqhke hdh th Leykwsia kai thn Agkyra.

Enoplh lhsteia se trapeza me leia 10 ekat. drx.

Enoplh lhsteia me leia deka ekatommyria draxmes egine sto ypokatasthma ths Trapezas Ergasias, sto Keratsini ston Peiraia. Dyo koykoyloforoi me thn apeilh peristrofoy akinhtopoihsan pelates kai ypallhloys, arpajan ta xrhmata kai diefygan me motosikleta megaloy kybismoy.

Bareies kampanes se dyo Toyrkoys doylemporoys.

Bareies kampanes kai tsoyxtera xrhmatika prostima epebale to aytofwro trimeles prwtodikeio ths Kw stoys dyo Toyrkoys doylemporoys poy synelhfqhsan anhmera toy Pasxa na metaferoyn me to skafos toys 84 Irakinoys laqrometanastes kai na toys apobibazoyn se braxonhsida konta sto Agaqonhsi. To dikasthrio epebale poinh kaqeirjhs 8 xronwn kai 7 mhnwn ston kaqena kai xrhmatiko prostimo 1.760.000 drx.

[02] AQLHTIKES EIDHSEIS

Oti kai na ginei pia ston ayriano teliko me thn Kinter Mpolonia h omada mpasket ths AEK grafei istoria. Etsi, meta toys ejalloys panhgyrismoys h omada qa prepei na brei thn aytosygkentrwsh ths kai o Iwannidhs, poy smparaliase ton... poly Omprantobits, na katastrwsei th strathgikh toy gia thn telikh maxh. Allwste, ayth th fora exei na antimetwpisei ena filo toy, to sebasto kooyts Etore Mesina, alla kai thn Kinter Mpolonia, mia omada toy ploysioy italikoy borra, poy exei thn edra ths sto kentro ths Texnhs kai toy politismoy kai apotelei to fabori gia thn katakthsh toy titloy. Ayta, omws einai logia kai h AEK, h megalh ekplhjh ths diorganwshs, qa polemhsei gia na ferei to barytimo kypello gia trith synexh fora sthn Ellada, meta ton Panaqhnaiko kai ton Olympiako.

Oristika den qa diejaxqoyn agwnes gia to podosfairiko prwtaqlhma ths A' eqnikhs kathgorias to Sabbatokyriako. Ki ayto giati h deyterobaqmia epitroph efesewn ths EPO aperrice ws ekproqesmh thn prosfygh toy Panaqhnaikoy kai toy Olympiakoy kata apofashs ths EPAE, symfwna me thn opoia eixan anablhqei oi agwnes ths 31hs hmeras.

Nea ptwsh paroysiase h eqnikh mas omada podosfairoy sthn pagkosmia katatajh poy anakoinwnei kaqe mhna h FIFA, afoy exase dyo akomh qeseis se sxesh me thn katatajh toy Martioy, me apotelesma na brisketai pio xamhla akomh kai apo to ...Trinitant kai Tompagko. H eqnikh mas breqhke sthn 56h qesh me 44.19 baqmoys, enw ton Martio htan sthn 52h qesh. Sthn prwth qesh brisketai pan5ta h pagkosmia prwtaqlhtria Brazilia me 72.28 baqmoys.

H Orestiada kai o Olympiakos qa diekdikhsoyn ton titlo toy prwtaqlhth Elladas sthn A1 eqnikh kathgoria twn andrwn toy bolei, afoy kerdisan gia deyterh fora ton Panaqhnaiko kai ton Arh antistoixa kai ejasfalisan thn symmetoxh toys ston teliko ths diorganwshs. H akritikh omada, poy exei to pleonekthma edras ston teliko, epikrathse sto kleisto ths Lewforoy toy Panaqhnaikoy me 3-1, enw o Olympiakos nikhse sto kleisto ths Mikras ton Arh me 3-0.

[03] TIMES SYNALLAGMATOS - XRHMATISTHRIO AQHNWN

Oi epishmes times pwlhshs twn jenwn nomismatwn,poy dinei h Trapeza ths Ellados einai: dolario HPA pros 315,60 draxmes, germaniko marko pros 176,06, galliko fragko pros 52,53, lira Agglias pros 528,26, elbetiko fragko pros 212,30, tis ekato italikes liretes pros 17,81, ta ekato gien Iapwnias pros 241,47, th lira Kyproy pros 599,88 kai thn ECU pros 348,41 draxmes.

Eikona staqeropoihshs paroysiase h agora toy Xrhmatisthrioy sto kleisimo ths shmerinhs synedriashs an kai sth diarkeia twn synallagwn oi times twn metoxwn shmeiwsan megales diakymanseis. O genikos deikths timwn arxika shmeiwne anodo poy jepernoyse to 5% gia na ypoxwrhsei shmantika sth synexeia me apwleies mexri kai 2,5%. Pros to telos twn synallagwn epekrathsan kai pali oi agorastes me apotelesma o deikths na shmeiwsei oriakh ypoxwrhsh 0,17% kai na kleisei stis 2.623,39 monades. H ajia twn synallagwn kymanqhke se ychla epipeda kai efqase ta 121 dis. drx.

[04] KAIROS

Araih synnefia problepetai ayrio stis perissoteres perioxes ths xwras, me piqanothta proskairhs broxhs sta boreioanatolika. Oi anemoi sta dytika qa einai anatolikoi metrioi mexri isxyroi kai st'anatolika boreioi me thn idia entash. H qermokrasia sta boreia qa kymanqei 6 me 22 baqmoys, sta ypoloipa hpeirwtika 8 me 24 kai sta nhsia 12 me 23 baqmoys Kelsioy. Sxedon aiqrio kairo me liges topikes nefwseis to apogeyma, asqeneis mexri metrioys anemoys kai qermokrasia 12 me 23 kai 10 me 22 baqmoys antistoixa, qa exoyn ayrio Aqhna kai Qessalonikh.

[05] AFIERWMA - PEQANE O KWNSTANTINOS KARAMANLHS

(APE -toy NIKOY MEGADOYKA)

O Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs,ena apo ta pleon shmantika proswpa ths newterhs ellhnikhs Istorias,poy me thn 60eth toy politikh drash ebale th sfragida toy sthn poreia toy topoy, den yparxei pia.Peqane se baqy ghras shmera ta jhmerwmata, stis 01.40, synepeia kardiakhs anakophs sto nosokomeio Ygeia kai anamenei pia ki'aytos, opws ola,allwste,ta istorika proswpa thn krish ths Istorias gia ta osa,qetika h arnhtika prosefere sthn Ellada. O Karamanlhs me to ergo toy kai thn politikh toy drash-allwste htan o kat'ejoxhn politikos poy protimoyse ta erga apo ta logia kai pollakis xrhsimopoioyse thn pyqagoreio ekfrash oti "kreitton esti to sigan"-shmadece,oso ligoi politikoi andres th metapolemikh ellhnikh Istoria,idiaitera de th metapoliteytikh istoria,kaqws htan aytos poy katafere thn omalh metabash,to 1974,apo thn eptaxronh diktatoria twn syntagmatarxwn sth Dhmokratia.

To ergo kai h drash toy K.Karamanlh mporei na xwristei se polles periodoys:Thn gnwsth "oktaetia" Karamanlh,apo ta mesa ths 10etias toy '50, otan "diadexqhke" sthn hgesia ths ellhnikhs synthrhtikhs paratajews to stratarxh Papago,thn periodo ths metapoliteyshs otan dietelese dyo fores prwqypoyrgos ths xwras kai fysika thn periodo poy dietelese dyo epishs fores Proedros ths Dhmokratias. O Karamanlhs -opws allwste symbainei me tis megales istorikes proswpikothtes- idiaitera sta xronia ths prwths oktaetias toy latreythke fanatika apo toys politikoys toy filoys kai egine stoxos sklhrhs polemikhs apo toys antipaloys toy,an kai sthn periodo ths "proedrikhs qhteias" toy katafere na apospasei thn ektimhsh kai to sebasmo exqrwn te kai filwn.

O eklipwn epifanhs politikos andras kateixe ena monadiko rekor sta ellhnika politika xronika:Dietelese 8 xronia Ypoyrgos se pente Ypoyrgeia,14 xronia prwqypoyrgos ths xwras (1955-1963 kai 1974-1980) kai 10 xronia Proedros ths Dhmokratias (1980-1985 kai 1990-1995).Ki an ejairesoyme to diasthma poy ezhse sto Parisi (1963-1974) o K.Karamanlhs katexei kai ena allo rekor:ayto ths 60-etoys synexoys paroysias sthn ellhnikh politikh skhnh. Isws malista,opws legetai apo polloys,ayth h "parisinh periodos"toy Karamanlh na synetelese sthn "allagh"toy politikoy andros,afoy htan teleiws diaforetikos (perissotero eyrwpaikos)o tropos poy politeyqhke meta to 1974, ap'ayton ths 8etias h opoia apo alloys eixe xarakthrisqei ws qayma kai apo alloys ws mayrh...

O K.Karamanlhs gennhqhke stis 8 Martioy 1907 sto xwrio Prwth (poy palaiotera onomazotan Kioypkioi) ths Makedonias.O eqnikos dixasmos toy 1915 poy ta ixnh toy paremeinan mexri prosfata sthn ellhnikh politikh zwh,me diaforetikes bebaiws ekfraseis,shmadece thn politikh skech kai tis anazhthseis toy. Spoydase nomika kai apo 1930 arxise na askei to dikhgoriko epaggelma , enw ejelegh gia prwth fora boyleyths toy synthrhtikoy Laikoy Kommatos ton Ioynio toy 1935 sto nomo Serrwn.Thn epomenh xronia epanejelegh boyleyths arnhqeis sth synexeia na synergasqei me th diktatoria toy Metaja ligo kairo meta epeblhqh sth xwra.O deyteros Pagkosmios Polemos kai h germanikh katoxh briskoyn ton Karamanlh sthn Aqhna, opoy entassetai se mia omada dianooymenwn, opws o K.Tsatsos, o J. Zolwtas, o G.Mayros,o Aggelos Aggelopoylos. Meta ton polemo epanenergopoieitai politika ,eklegeis kai pali boyleyths toy Laikoy Kommatos to to Martio toy 1946.To Noembrio toy 1947 analambanei Ypoyrgos Ergasias sthn kybernhsh toy Kwnstantinoy Tsaldarh, opws kai sthn akoloyqhsasa kybernhsh Majimoy.O Karamanlhs arxisei oysiastika na anadeiknyetai,otan to 1948 topoqethqhke sth qesh toy Ypoyrgoy twn Metaforwn sthn kybernhsh Sofoylh.Einai h periodos poy o Karamanlhs epixeirei na beltiwsei to sygkoinwniako systhma ths xwras kai to diktyo, opote erxetai se sygkroysh me ta symferonta ths etairias "Paoyer",opote "metakineitai" sto Ypoyrgeio Koinwnikhs Pronoias.

O Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs prospaqei na diadramatisei energotero rolo sta politika pragmata toy topoy sta prwta metemfyliaka xronia me thn apofash toy na entaxqei stis 30 Ioylioy 1951 sto synthrhtiko komma "Ellhnikos Synagermos"toy Stratarxh Alejandroy Papagoy.Meta thn nikh toy Stratarxh stis ekloges ths 16hs Noembrioy 1952,o Karamanlhs analambanei to Ypoyrgeio Dhmosiwn Ergwn apo to 1952 mexri ton Oktwbrio toy 1955 (kai to Ypoyrgeio Metaforwn apo to Dekembrio toy 1954), epideiknyontas idiaiterh apotelesmatikothta sthn ektelesh twn kaqhkontwn toy.

Thn idia periodo o K.Karamanlhs apokta shmantikes "gefyres" me to basiliko zeygos Payloy kai Freiderikhs kai etsi stis 5 Oktwbrioy toy 1955 otan peqainei o stratarxhs Papagos kai enw oi dyo antiproedroi toy kommatos Panagiwths Kanellopoylos kai Stefanos Stefanopoylos exoyn to qesmiko probadisma gia th diadoxh shmeiwnetai h ekplhjh.O basilias Paylos aifnidiazontas toys pantes anaqetei thn prwqypoyrgia ston afqarto Ypoyrgo Dhmosiwn Ergwn K.Karamanlh.

O neos prwqypoyrgos pairnei -stis 12 Oktwbrioy 1955- th chfo empistosynhs ths Boylhs kai ligo argotera- stis 4 Ianoyarioy 1956- idryei to komma ths "Eqnikhs Rizospastikhs Enwsews"(ERE) me to opoio kerdizei tis ekloges ths 19hs Febroyarioy toy idioy xronoy.Para ta osa toy katamartyroyn (opws thn anaptyjh toy parakratoys ths dejias kai thn sklhrh stash toy enanti ths htthmenhs,apo ton emfylio polemo, aristeras) o prwqypoyrgos K. Karamanlhs epitygxanei mian anodikh poreia ths ellhnikhs oikonomias, kaqierwnei th dwrean iatrofarmakeytikh periqalch gia ton plhqysmo ths ypaiqroy kai argotera(1961)idryei ton Organismo Gewrgikwn Asfalisewn(OGA). Sthn "oktaetia" Karamanlh mporei na arxizoyn na ekteloyntai diafora erga me stoxo thn ekbiomhxanish ths xwras,alla -kai ayto katagrafetai,apo polloys istorikoys sta arnhtika toy K. Karamanlh-shmeiwnetai almatwdhs ayjhsh ths astyfilias,erhmwsh ths ypaiqroy,anarxh gigantwsh twn polewn kai kyriws ayjhsh toy metanasteytikoy reymatos pros thn Eyrwph,tis HPA kai thn Aystralia.

Ston tomea ths ejwterikhs politikhs,o K.Karamanlhs to 1959 ypografei tis Symfwnies ths Zyrixhs kai toy Londinoy me tis opoies h Kypros anakhryssetai anejarthto kratos,alla dextetai sklhrotath kritikh,kathgorhqeis gia "entafiasmo"toy Kypriakoy.Ton Ioylio toy 1961,o Karamanlhs petyxainei na ypografei h symfwnia syndesews ths Ellados me thn Eyrwpaikh Koinothta.

O K.Karamanlhs kerdizei tis ekloges toy 1958,me thn EDA sth qesh ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs kai tis ekloges toy 1961,gia tis opoies kathgorhqhke oti xrhsimopoihse "bia kai noqeia".O arxhgos twn kentrwwn dynamewn Gewrgios Papandreoy khryssei ton "anendoto agwna"gia thn anatroph ths kybernhsews ths ERE.

Thn idia periodo o K.Karamanlhs epidiwkei na anaqewrhsei to Syntagma TOY 1952,me stoxo ton periorismo toy roloy twn anaktorwn me apotelesma na cyxranqoyn oi sxeseis toy me to basiliko zeygos.O "anendotos"synexizetai me ameiwth entash. Dolofoneitai,apo parakratikoys ths dejias,sth Qessalonikh o boyleyths ths EDA Grhgorhs Lamprakhs.H antipoliteysh apodidei sthn kybernhsh Karamanlh barytates eyqynes gia th dolofonia, eyqynes tis opoies-fysika-den apodexqhke,an kai ston ekliponta politiko andra apodidetai h perifhmh,ths periodoy ayths,frash "poios kyberna ayton ton topo",molis plhroforhqhke gia th dolofonia toy boyleyth ths Aristeras.

Ton Ioynio toy 1963 o Karamanlhs paraiteitai kai stis 9 Dekembrioy toy idioy etoys,afoy h ERE exei xasei tis ekloges toy Noembrioy,anaxwrei gia to Parisi, opoy qa parameinei 11 xronia.

Stis 21 Aprilioy 1967 katalyetai h Dhmokratia sthn Ellada.O Karamanlhs me dhlwsh toy periorizetai na kataggeilei to "tyranniko"kai"noqo kaqestws". To kalokairi toy 1974,otan h diktatoria katarreei kai ekdhlwnetai to prodotiko prajikophma ths xoyntas kata toy Makarioy sthn Kypro,o Kwn. Karamanlhs kaleitai sthn Ellada kai sxhmatizei thn kybernhsh "Eqnikhs Enothtos".Stoxos toy Karamanlh htan h kaqarsh toy kratikoy mhxanismoy apo toys egkaqetoys toy diktatorikoy kaqestwtos kai h timwria twn prwtaitiwn toy prajikophmatos ths 21hs Aprilioy. Akomh o Karamanlhs,thn idia periodo, epanefere se isxy to Syntagma toy 1952 (plhn ths diatajews gia th morfh toy politeymatos) kai ektos twn allwn proxwrhse sth nomimopoihsh KKE.Stis 4 Oktwbrioy 1974 o Karamanlhs idryse to komma ths Neas Dhmokratias,me to opoio kerdise tis ekloges ths 17hs Noembrioy. Stis 8 Dekembrioy dienergeitai Dhmochfisma me to opoio aphllagh h Ellada apo th monarxia.O Kwnstantinos Tsatsos egrace sxetikws oti o Kwn. Karamanlhs "qelontas na apallajei oristika ton topo apo to saraki toy politeiakoy,poy etrefe kai trefotan apo ton eqniko dixasmo, thn wra poy htan panisxyros,to 1974,ekane ena dhmochfisma sto opoio aytos skopima,ws kybernhsh,den phre qesh".Omws,o prwhn prwqypoyrgos Gewrgios Rallhs yposthrije oti o K.Karamanlhs eixe symfwnhsei na thrhsei h kybernhsh oydeterh stash sto dhmochfisma gia to Politeiako, m'antallagma th symmetoxh toy filobasilikoy Spyroy Qeotokh sto syndyasmo ths ND sto nomo Kerkyras.H stash,pantws,ayth toy Kwn. Karamanlh epekriqh apo toys filobasilikoys poy den distasan na syndyasoyn ton antikaramanliko toys menos me to antistoixo twn xoyntikwn kai ayto ekfrasqhke stis ekloges toy 1977 (tis opoies kerdise o Karamanlhs ),otan to akrodejio komma ths "Eqnikhs Paratajews" elabe to 6,82% twn chfwn toy eklogikoy swmatos.

Para thn apofash toy na aposyrei thn Ellada,apo to stratiwtiko skelos toy NATO, otan h Symmaxia apodeixqhke "anisxyrh" na antidrasei egkaira kai apotelesmatika sth deyterh toyrkikh epiqesh kai thn epektash ths zwnhs katoxhs sthn Kypro, o K. Karamanlhs den yioqethse thn taytoxronh apoxwrhsh apo to politiko ths skelos gia na mhn apodynamwsei -opws yposthrije- epikindyna th dieqnh qesh ths xwras alla kai gia na krathsei anoikth th qyra ths epanodoy an,opws dhlwse,bohqoyse to NATO sth dieyqethsh toy Kypriakoy. Sto plaisio ths neas ayths pragmatikothtas,o Karamanlhs epediwje na ejasfalisei kaqestws isorropias dynamewn me thn Toyrkia, basismeno,pera apo to stratiwtiko,sto pedio eidikwn diplwmatikwn eggyhsewn:H paroxh twn teleytaiwn aytwn emelle na anaxqei se kaqoristiko paragonta sth diamorfwsh twn dimerwn sxesewn me tis HPA,me apotelesma na eisaxqei, apo to 1976,h praktikh ths xorhghsews stratiwtikhs bohqeias pros thn Ellada kai thn Toyrkia se analogia 7 pros 10.Pistos sto dogma "anhkomen eis thn Dysh" o Karamanlhs ypegrace stis 28 Maioy 1979 th synqhkh entajhs ths Ellados ws plhroys meloys ths EOK.

To Sabbato 7 Ioynioy 1975 diejhxqh sth Boylh h chfoforia gia thn epikyrwsh toy neoy Syntagmatos ths xwras,to opoio yperchfisan oi 208 parontes boyleytes ths ND,enw apoysiaze h antipoliteysh,h opoia diafwnoyse me tis apoklhqeises "yperejoysies"toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias,poy perielambane to neo syntagma. O K.Karamanlhs ejefrase th lyph toy "dioti h antipoliteysis ,afoy synepraje eis thn chfisin oloklhroy sxedon toy Syntagmatos,apeixe ths istorikhs synedriasews"gia th chfish toy telikoy keimenoy(...).Kai prosqete:"Den katalaba pote diati h antipoliteysis antimetwpizei to endexomenon na ginw Proedros ths Dhmokratias ws efialthn ths, anti na einai oneiron ths"...

Peran aytoy,h dieyrynsh ths ND me tis prosxwrhseis kentrwwn stelexwn kai to anoigma pros toys akrodejioys ths "Eqnikhs Paratajews" htan oi aparaithtes kinhseis toy K.Karamanlh sthn prooptikh na diekdikhsei to Proedriko ajiwma to Maio toy 1980,opote (Ioynios) elhge h qhteia toy tote Proedroy (kai palaioy toy stenoy synergath Kwnstantinoy Tsatsoy).

Htan loipon fysiko o K.Karamanlhs na mhn aifnidiasei toys politikoys paragontes toy topoy otan anekoinwne oti qa diekdikoyse to Proedriko ajiwma to Maio toy 1980.Allwste,to Syntagma toy 1975 kai kyriws oi diatajeis toy gia tis armodiothtes toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias "tairiazan"sto styl ejoysias toy K.Karamanlh. Stis 5 Maioy 1980 o K.Karamanlhs ejelegh Proedros ths Dhmokratias me 183 chfoys,enw sthn prwqypoyrgia ton diadexqhke o Gewrgios Rallhs.

H prwth proedrikh qhteia toy K.Karamanlh synepese me thn anodo toy PASOK sthn ejoysia.Yphrxan basimes anhsyxies gia endexomenh sygkroysh toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias kai toy prwqypoyrgoy.Kai ayto giati dyo isxyres proswpikothtes,dhladh o Kwn.Karamanlhs kai o Andreas Papandreoy,me antiqetes politikes kai ideologies kai ojytates politikes sygkroyseis ekaloynto na sygkatoikhsoyn sthn koryfh ths Ektelestikhs Ejoysias.Omws,h synergasia Proedroy kai prwqypoyrgoy kylhse omala.O K.Karamanlhs thrhse pista to Syntagma kai den askhse kammia apo tis apoklhqeises yperejoysies poy toy pareixonto apo to Syntagma toy 1975.Sthn armonikh ayth synergasia synetelese kai o prwqypoyrgos A.Papandreoy poy apefyge th rhjh me th dytikh symmaxia kai aspasqhke ton eyrwpaiko prosanatolismo ths xwras.Wstoso o K.Karamanlhs se mnhmonio toy poy periexetai sta 12toma arxeia toy anaferei oti :

"Pisteyw oti mia apo tis shmantikoteres yphresies poy prosefera sthn Ellhnikh Dhmokratia, einai oti ejasfalisa thn omalh metabash ths ejoysias kata thn krisimh ekeinh eklogh toy Oktwbrioy toy 1981. Kai htan krisimh giati analambane thn ejoysia ena komma sxedon epanastatiko, apofasismeno na efarmosei mia politikh poy ebgaine apo ta plaisia ths paradosiakhs eqnikhs mas politikhs".

Skia stis sxeseis Karamanlh- Papandreoy prokalese mia dhlwsh toy prwtoy thn hmera twn eyrweklogwn ths 17hs Ioynioy toy 1984 (stis opoies to PASOK enefanise telika ptwsh ths dynamews toy) oti "apo ayrio oloi qa me symboyleyoyn gia to ti qa prepei na kanw",dhlwsh poy afhne aiwroymeno ton ypainigmo oti o Karamanlhs proeblepe dysarmonia eklogikoy swmatos kai Boylhs kai endexomenws qa askoyse tis proedrikes"yperejoysies".

H prwth proedrikh qhteia toy Karamanlh diakophke me thn paraithsh toy stis 10 Martioy 1985 meta thn aifnidia apofash toy A.Papandreoy na mhn ananewsei thn proedrikh qhteia toy.O A.Papandreoy exei perasei ki'aytos sthn Istoria kai etsi den mporese na ejhghsei pote,opws eixe dhlwsei stis 2 Aprilioy toy 1985,to pragmatiko paraskhnio aytoy toy aifnidiasmoy. Ayto,eixe pei,qa elqei se allh epoxh...

O K. Karamanlhs se mnhmonio toy toy Aygoystoy toy 1985, kanei apotimhsh ths synergasias toy me ton Andrea Papandreoy thn periodo 1981-1985 kai metajy allwn anaferei oti ypoxrewqhke se paraithsh apo thn proedria ths Dhmokratias stis 10 Martioy 1985, logw ths "politika kai hqika aparadekths ypanaxwrhshs toy Andrea Papandreoy". Se allo shmeio toy mnhmonioy anaferei pws thn 9h Martioy "aisqanqhka baqia anhsyxia gia to mellon aytoy toy topoy" otan diapistwsa oti enw alla eixan yposxeqei alla eprattan.Kai otan eblepa sthn thleorash thn skhnh twn 165 boyleytwn, poy mexri to prwi ths 9hs Martioy 1985 htan apofasismenoi na me chfisoyn, na panhgyrizoyn meta apo mia wra kata tropo ejallo thn aporrich ths ypochfiothtos moy. H skhnh poy edeixne thn doylofrosynh toys apenanti toy arxhgoy toys, to xamhlo epipedo twn politikwn mas hqwn kai isws kai to misos apo to opoio kateixonto enantion ekeinoy, gia ton opoion epi deka xronia ypokrinomenoi ejefrazan to sebasmo kai thn ektimhsh toys". (...) Thn orqoterh ejhghsh (s.s. gia thn apofash Papandreoy ths 9hs Martioy) moy edwse stenos filos kai synergaths toy, poy apedwse thn energia toy prwqypoyrgoy, sto "symplegma ths patroktonias", sto gegonos dhladh, oti den antexe na zei ypo thn skian moy.

To 1990 kai enw exoyn prohghqei allepallhles eklogikes anametrhseis,o Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs arneitai na einai ek neoy ypochfios gia thn Proedria ths Dhmokratias, yposthrizontas oti exei apodynamwqei to politeyma logw ths syntagmatikhs anaqewrhsews sthn opoia proxwrhse to PASOK to 1986.Kai se dhlwsh toy apodidei eyqynes gia thn krish poy mastizei ton topo sthn "poikilwnymh hgesia ths xwras",enw exei hdh tonisei oti arneitai na metasxei "s'ayto poy apokaleitai shmera dhmosios bios".

Para tayta,thn 4h Maioy 1990 kai afoy telikws exei apodexqei thn protash toy tote prwqypoyrgoy K.Mhtsotakh,sthn pempth chfoforia sth Boylh o K. Karamanlhs me 153 chfoys (150 ths ND,mia apo to Q.Katsikh kai dyo apo toys moysoylmanoys Sadik kai Faikogloy) eklegetai kai pali Proedros ths Dhmokratias.

Se mnhmonio toy poy periexetai sto 12tomo arxeio toy o Kwn. Karamanlhs anaferei oti``den eixa th filodojia na epaneklegw Proedros ths Dhmokratias, alla kai giati h alloiwsh toy politeymatos me th syntagmatikh anaqewrhsh toy 1986, parallhla me thn ejaqliwsh ths politikhs mas zwhs enisxysan thn aproqymia moy``. Se allo shmeio toy idioy mnhmonioy, o K. Karamanlhs anaferei oti ``ejeleghn Proedros me 153 chfoys. Thn eklogh moy me ton mizero tropo poy egine, htan fysiko na mhn thn dexqw me ikanopoihsh. Den yparxei amfibolia oti h prwtoboylia toy k. Mhtsotakh na me proteinei gia Proedro, para to gegonos oti oi sxeseis mas htan gia diaforetikoys logoys, cyxres mexri dysarestes, htan timhtikh gia mena. Den nomizw omws, oti estereito proswpikhs politikhs skopimothtos. O k. Mhtsotakhs episteye pragmati oti h paroysia moy sthn Proedria ths Dhmokratias, qa htan xrhsimh gia ton topo. Egnwrize omws parallhla, oti qa enisxye kai ton idio kai thn kybernhsh toy, enanti ths koinhs gnwmhs.Kai propantos egnwrize oti h paroysia moy sthn Proedria qa apoteloyse eggyhsh gia th synoxh toy kommatos kai synepws kai gia th staqeropoihsh ths hgesias toy. Gi'ayto kai toy eipa mia mera, oti sto proswpo moy ekame thn pio ejypnh ependysh ths zwhs toy. Elpizw na thn ajiopoihsei kai na mhn anakycei sth diadromh toy xronoy to gnwsto fainomeno toy symplegmatos, apo to opoio katexetai o diadoxos enos isxyroy prokatoxoy, otan malista o prokatoxos aytos diathrei to kyros kai thn epirroh toy sto komma kai sto lao``.

H deyterh kai teleytaia proedrikh qhteia toy K. Karamanlh arxizei se mian periodo poy eixe sfragistei apo thn ejarsh ths politikhs krisews sto eswteriko ths xwras kai apo kosmoistorikes allages sto dieqnh xwro. H nea paroysia toy sthn Proedria ths Dhmokratias qa sympesei me genikoteres ejelijeis poy syneklinan pros thn kateyqynsh poy eixe o idios staqera diagracei,opws h poreia pros thn politikh enwsh ths Eyrwphs,alla kai me dieqnh problhmata kai pieseis poy ekdhlwqhkan sto perifereiako plaisio twn Balkaniwn,ws aporroia ths anadiatajews toy politikoy xarth ths perioxhs.

Thn 1h Martioy 1995 o K.Karamanlhs,me th lhjh ths deyterhs proedrikhs toy qhteias,apexwrhse oristikws apo thn politikh zwh toy topoy,me th synanthsh poy eixe me ton An. Papandreoy.Gnwrisa,eipe o Papandreoy,ton Karamanlh kai prepei na pw oti exei symbalei shmantika sth staqerothta toy topoy.


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