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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 05-04-14

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] ``H kybernhsh xeiristhke me ton katallhlotero tropo to peristatiko sta Imia''
  • [02] Episkech sthn Aqhna toy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn ths Serbias
  • [03] Nea qerapeia stoxeyei kata toy klhronomikoy karkinoy toy mastoy

    [01] ``H kybernhsh xeiristhke me ton katallhlotero tropo to peristatiko sta Imia''

    Stis dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn P.Molybiath parepemce o kybernhtikos ekproswpos erwthsh sxetikh me to peristatiko sta Imia, poy dhmioyrghqhke sth diarkeia ths episkechs toy k.Molybiath sthn Agkyra, enw se erwthsh an o k.Molybiaths synexise thn episkech toy -para ta gegonota sta Imia- me dikh toy epilogh h katopin odhgiwn toy prwqypoyrgoy, o k.Roysopoylos parathrhse oti ``o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ekrine oti eprepe na parameinei gia na synexisei tis syzhthseis ki edwse aisio telos me thn parembash toy s'ayth thn ypoqesh poy qa mporoyse na odhghqei se krish''.

    Se parepomenh erwthsh gia to xrono ajiologhshs toy epeisodioy sta Imia ws ``sobaroy'' (``dedomenoy oti arxika eixe qewrhqei -symfwna me thn erwthsh- armodiothtas ypoyrgeioy Emporikhs Naytilias''), o kybernhtikos ekproswpos parathrhse oti ``h shmasia toy epeisodioy ajiologhqhke apo thn enarjh toy kai sthn poreia toy. Oi xeirismoi poy eginan htan oi katallhloteroi ki edeijan oti h kybernhsh katafernei na dhmioyrgei synqhkes poy den prokaloyn krish sto Aigaio''.

    Anaforika me th nea ryqmish poy yioqethqhke apo toys ypoyrgoys Ejwterikwn Elladas-Toyrkias gia thn egkairh proeidopoihsh twn aeroskafwn se periptwseis parabiasewn, o kybernhtikos ekproswpos dieykrinise (apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh) pws ``to kaqestws anaxaitisewn paramenei ws exei ta teleytaia 30 xronia kai aplws proseteqh mia pronoia gia thn kalyterh synennohsh twn dyo pleyrwn''.

    Se erwthsh sxetikh me thn kybernhtikh antidrash sto epeisodio twn Imiwn, o k.Roysopoylos epanelabe oti ``pleistakis h kybernhsh exei dhlwsei pws tetoioy eidoys epeisodia den bohqoyn sth beltiwsh toy klimatos kai twn sxesewn twn dyo xwrwn''

    ``Oi politikes ektimhseis poy kanei h kybernhsh den einai se epipedo parathrhth'' shmeiwse o kybernhtikos ekproswpos, erwtwmenos gia tis apoceis ths kybernhshs gia ta proxqesina gegonota, kai tonise: ``Prospaqei na dinei lyseis sta problhmata kai en prokeimenw, o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn xeiristhke me acogo tropo thn prosfath ypoqesh, apotrepontas thn ejelijh ths se klimakoymenh krish''. O kybernhtikos ekproswpos proseqese sxetika oti proteraiothta ths kybernhshs ``einai na prattei etsi wste na mh dhmioyrgoyntai kriseis kai na dhmioyrgeitai - antiqeta - aisqhma asfaleias sthn kaqhmerinothta twn politwn'' ypainissomenos taytoxrona oti h asfaleia eixe plhgei to 1996 sthn ypoqesh twn Imiwn.

    Ws pros thn toyrkikh ``katanohsh'' sthn antilhch ths Elladas gia thn eirhnikh anaptyjh twn sxesewn twn dyo xwrwn, o kybernhtikos ekproswpos apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh parathrhse oti ``se kapoio baqmo, h Toyrkia deixnei katanohsh. Oi prajeis -san aytes twn Imiwn- den bohqoyn sthn kateyqynsh twn kalwn sxesewn, omws stis syzhthseis poy exoyn ginei se politiko epipedo oi Toyrkoi exoyn dhlwsei thn proqesh na proxwrhsoyme s'ena pio eirhniko mellon, me apofygh proklhsewn. Omws ayto mellei na apodeixqei''.

    Se erwthsh telos, an kata thn krish ths kybernhshs yparxei kindynos dhmioyrgias tetelesmenwn se baros twn kyriarxikwn mas dikaiwmatwn'', o k.Roysopoylos apanthse ``aytonohtws oxi'' kai proseqese pws ``ayto diasfalizei h stibarh politikh ths kybernhshs''.

    [02] Episkech sthn Aqhna toy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn ths Serbias

    Thn onomasia ths PGDM h opoia qa symfwnhqei apo to dialogo Aqhnwn-Skopiwn qa apodexqei h Serbia/Mayroboynio dhlwse o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths xwras Boyk Ntraskobits o opoios pragmatopoiei epishmh episkech sthn Aqhna.

    "Xreiazetai gennaiothta kai apofasistikothta gia na allajoyme ayto poy mporoyme kai prepei na allajei, dynamh na ypomeinoyme o,ti den mporoyme na allajoyme kai sofia gia na jexwrisoyme tis dyo katastaseis", prosqese o k. Ntraskobits milwntas meta to telos twn diadoxikwn synanthsewn poy eixe me ton proedro ths Dhmokratias Karolo Papoylia, ton prwqypoyrgo Kwsta Karamanlh kai ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn Petro Molybiath.

    Anaferomenos sto qema toy Kosoboy, o Serbos ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn taxqhke yper mias lyshs h opoia qa parexei "kati perissotero apo aytonomia kai kati ligotero apo anejarthsia" kai dieykrinise oti "den yparxei piqanothta epistrofhs stis ejtremistikes qeseis toy 1999. Sygkekrimena o k. Ntraskobits zhthse eggyhseis gia thn asfaleia twn Serbwn, epistrofh 200.000 Serbwn prosfygwn stis esties toys, eyrwpaika stantar dhmokratias kai prostasia twn ekklhsiwn kai twn monasthriwn.

    Se o,ti afora thn eyrwpaikh poreia ths xwras toy tonise oti meta thn ekdosh ths qetikhs ekqeshs ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, Serbia kai Mayroboynio den exoyn kamia dikaiologia kaqysterhshs h apotyxias kai eyxaristhse thn Ellada gia thn sthrijh poy ths parexei.

    Apo thn pleyra toy o k. Molybiaths epanelabe thn etoimothta kai thn eilikrinh boylhsh ths Elladas "na ergastei me epoikodomhtiko pneyma sth bash ths teleytaias protashs -mnhmonioy- toy ekproswpoy toy genikoy grammatea toy OHE Maqioy Nimits". O ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ejefrase thn pepoiqhsh oti mia amoibaiws apodekth lysh qa exei eyergetika apotelesmata gia olh thn perioxh stelnontas ena qetiko kai oysiastiko mhnyma gia thn poreia ths pros thn Eyrwph.

    Sxetika me to Kosobo o k. Molybiaths dhlwse oti h Ellada yposthrizei entos kai ektos Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs oti h Serbia-Mayroboynio prepei na exei th dynatothta mias staqerhs poreias proseggishs stoys eyrwatlantikoys qesmoys. "Mia tetoia poreia qa ephreasei qetika kai tis ejelijeis sto Kosobo. Ayto poy exei prwteyoysa shmasia einai h olo kai megalyterh antapokrish sta krithria dhmokratikhs, xrhsths kai apotelesmatikhs diakybernhshs kaqws kai sto sebasmo twn meionotikwn dikaiwmatwn poy exoyn teqei ws proypoqeseis apo th dieqnh Koinothta", epishmane o k. Molybiaths.

    [03] Nea qerapeia stoxeyei kata toy klhronomikoy karkinoy toy mastoy

    Bretanoi episthmones anakoinwsan oti brhkan mia en dynamei nea qerapeia gia asqeneis me orismenoys typoys klhronomikoy karkinoy toy mastoy. H nea qerapeytikh meqodos qa mporoyse na symballei sth drastikh antimetwpish, me mikres parenergeies, twn karkinwn toy mastoy poy prokaloyntai apo genetikes metallajeis, symfwna me dyo meletes poy dhmosieyontai shmera sth bretanikh iatrikh epiqewrhsh Nature.

    To 5% me 10% twn karkinwn toy mastoy kai twn woqhkwn ofeilontai se megalh genetikh prodiaqesh kai oi alloiwseis twn gonidiwn BRCA (apo ta arxika toy Karkinoy toy Mastoy sta agglika: BReast CAncer) enoxopoioyntai gia to 95% twn oikogeneiakwn morfwn karkinwn toy mastoy kai twn woqhkwn. Mia gynaika, foreas mias metallajhs twn gonidiwn BRCA diatrexei oktaplasio h kai dekaplasio kindyno na ekdhlwsei karkino toy mastoy h twn woqhkwn ews thn hlikia twn 70 etwn. Wstoso to 15% me 40% twn gynaikwn aytwn den qa ekdhlwsoyn kata ta fainomena karkino toy mastoy, kata toys episthmones. H nea meqodos poy basizetai sto farmako gnwsto ws anastoleas PARP, yioqetei mia nea proseggish sth qanatwsh twn karkinikwn kyttarwn. "Mporei na einai poly pio drastikh kai ligotero tojikh antikatastash ths xhmeioqerapeias. Einai ena eidos qerapeias poy epikentrwnetai sthn ajiopoihsh mias sygkekrimenhs aneparkeias sta kyttara toy karkinoy toy mastoy, sthn axilleio pterna toys", eipe o kaqhghths 'Alan Asgoyorq, toy Institoytoy Antikarkinikhs Ereynas, sto Londino.

    Ta gonidia ayta, paronta sthn genetikh klhronomia olwn twn anqrwpwn, fysiologika droyn ws "katastoleis neoplasmatwn", paizontas shmantiko rolo sthn epidiorqwsh twn blabwn toy DNA, toy genetikoy ylikoy. Diaforetikes metallajeis aytwn twn dyo gonidiwn apotrepoyn ayth th diorqwtikh leitoyrgia kai prodiaqetoyn gia ton karkino toy mastoy.

    H qerapeia ayth, poy dokimasthke se pontikia me karkinika kyttara poy perieixan elattwmatika gonidia BCRA2, exei stoxo na empodisei se toso megalo baqmo thn epidiorqwsh toy genetikoy kwdika, wste ta karkinika kyttara na mhn exoyn pia allh epilogh para na jekinhsoyn to diko toys qanato.

    Oi omades toy 'Asgoyorq kai toy Tomas Xelntei, poy ergazetai sto panepisthmio toy Sefilnt sth Bretania kai sto panepisthmio ths Stokxolmhs, epelejan na anaxaitisoyn mesa sta en logw kyttara th drash enzymoy poy epishs empleketai sthn epidiorqwsh toy DNA kai onomazetai PARP. Empodizontas th drash toy PARP, to DNA prostateymeno mesa ston pyrhna twn karkinikwn kyttarwn yfistatai alloiwseis poy den mporoyn na epidiorqwqoyn orqws logw aneparkeias toy gonidioy BRCA2. Ta karkinika kyttara peqainoyn kai h anaptyjh toy ogkoy epibradynetai sta pontikia. Plhrhs iash diapistwqhke se ena apo ta pontikia ayta.

    Sxedon 10.000 aytomates alloiwseis se ena apo toys dyo klwnoys toy genetikoy kwdika eperxontai kaqhmerina se kaqe kyttaro, ypogrammizoyn oi ereynhtes. Ta gonidia BRCA1 kai BRCA2 paizoyn kanonika diorqwtiko rolo xrhsimopoiwntas ws protypo to deytero klwno toy DNA. To enzymo PARP dieykolynei thn epidiorqwsh proselkyontas sthn perioxh poy exei ypostei blabh katallhles prwteines. Elleicei katallhlwn epidiorqwsewn kaqws ta gonidia BCRA einai elattwmatika kai to enzymo PARP se anastolh, ta kyttara poy kaqistantai mh leitoyrgika meta tis epanalambanomenes metallajeis, peqainoyn.

    H anastolh toy enzymoy PARP sta pontikia, twn opoiwn ta gonidia BCRA einai leitoyrgika, den empodizei thn epibiwsh toys: einai biwsima, gonima kai den anaptyssoyn prowra ogkoys, ypogrammizoyn oi ereynhtes. Mono sta karkinika kyttara twn opoiwn ta dyo antigrafa twn gonidiwn BRCA einai elattwmatika, h anastolh toy enzymoy PARP epiferei ton kyttariko qanato.

    Oi oikogeneiakes morfes karkinoy toy mastoy prokaloyntai genika apo mia klhronomikh aneparkeia se ena mono apo ta dyo antigrafa (allhlomorfa poy exoyn klhronomhqei apo th mhtera h ton patera) twn gonidiwn BRCA1 kai BRCA2. Sth diarkeia ths zwhs, omws, prosqetoyn oi ereynhtes, to leitoyrgiko allhlomorfo BRCA1 h BRCA2 einai "xameno" se orismena kyttara, epitrepontas thn anaptyjh neoplasmatos. Ayth h "nea antilhch sth qerapeia toy karkinoy" poy qa prepei syntoma na dokimastei sth gynaika qa mporei, synepws, na stoxeyei eidika ta karkinika kyttara, me poly ligoteres parenergeies ston organismo ths, se sxesh me tis synhqeis xhmeioqerapeies. O karkinos toy mastoy einai h pio syxnh kakohqeia poy plhttei tis gynaikes. Toylaxiston ena ekatommyrio kroysmata katagrafontai kaqe xrono se olo ton kosmo, symfwna me th Dieqnh Yphresia gia thn Ereyna kata toy Karkinoy sth Gallia.


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