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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 06-11-06

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Synexhs h meiwsh toy elleimmatos

    [01] Synexhs h meiwsh toy elleimmatos

    To dhmosionomiko elleimma ths Elladas qa meiwqei sto 2,6% toy AEP to 2006 kai to 2007, gia na shmeiwsei peraiterw meiwsh to 2008 sto 2,4%, symfwna me tis fqinopwrines oikonomikes probleceis ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs gia thn ejelijh twn basikwn oikonomikwn megeqwn twn xwrwn melwn ths EE, alla kai twn ypochfiwn xwrwn gia th dietia 2006-2008, oi opoies doqhkan shmera sth dhmosiothta stis Bryjelles.

    Einai h prwth fora apo to 2004, otan h Epitroph kinhse th diadikasia peri yperbolikoy elleimmatos gia thn Ellada, poy to ektelestiko organo ths Koinothtas problepei oti to ellhniko elleimma qa einai gia toylaxiston dyo synexomena xronia katw apo ta oria poy qetei h Synqhkh toy Maastrixt.

    Symfwna me tis idies probleceis, ta epomena xronia h oikonomikh anaptyjh sthn Ellada qa parameinei isxyrh sto 3,8% toy AEP to 2006 kai sto 3,7% toso to 2007 oso kai to 2008.

    Symfwna epishs me tis probleceis ths Epitrophs, to dhmosio xreos ths Elladas anamenetai na kleisei sto 104,8% toy AEP to 2006 gia na meiwqei sto 101% to 2007 kai to 96,4% to 2008. To dhmosio xreos ths Elladas htan 109,1% thn periodo 1992-2002, 107,8% to 2003, 108,5% to 2004 kai 107,5% to 2005.

    H Epitroph problepei akomh oti o plhqwrismos sthn Ellada qa parameinei sto 3,3% to 2006, to 2007 kai to 2008, enw h anergia qa ftasei to 9,3% to 2006 gia na meiwqei sto 8,9% to 2007 kai to 8,6% to 2008.

    Analytika h shmerinh ekqesh ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs poy afora thn Ellada exei titlo ``Oi ependyseis epistrefoyn pali'' kai anaferei ta ejhs:

    Dhmosia Oikonomika

    Se oti afora eidikotera thn poreia twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn ths Elladas, h Epitroph anaferei oti to dhmosionomiko elleimma toy 2005 anaqewrhqhke prosfata pros ta panw, sto 5,2% toy AEP.

    Gia to 2006, h Epitroph ektima oti symfwna kai me tis epishmes ektimhseis twn ellhnikwn arxwn to dhmosionomiko elleimma qa shmeiwsei ejairetika shmantikh ptwsh, afoy problepetai na einai elafrws panw apo to 2,5% toy AEP. Epishs, epishmainetai oti me to elleimma ayto h Ellada symmorfwnetai me th systash toy Symboylioy( arqro 104 par. 9 ths Synqhkhs) shmeiwnontas oti ta metra proswrinoy xarakthra gia th meiwsh toy elleimmatos analogoyn sto 0,4% toy AEP.

    Se oti afora to 2007, h Epitroph epishmainei oti to sxedio proypologismoy toy epomenoy xronoy problepei dhmosionomiko elleimma 2,4% toy AEP kai ypogrammizei pws den perilambanontai metra proswrinoy xarakthra.

    Analytikotera to synolo twn kratikwn esodwn anamenetai na ayjhqei panw apo 0,25% toy AEP, kyriws mesa apo ta esoda ychloterwn emmeswn forwn kai koinwnikwn eisforwn. Oi synolikes dapanes anamenetai na meiwqoyn kata 0,25% toy AEP, kyriws logw twn meiwmenwn dapanwn poy sxetizontai me ta epitokia. Lambanontas ypoch ena ligotero eynoiko senario se oti afora thn anaptyjh kai mia pio prosektikh ajiologhsh twn dapanwn, oi yphresies ths Epitrophs ektimoyn oti to dhmosionomiko elleimma qa einai 2,6% to 2007, alla kai oti to diarqrwtiko isozygio qa beltiwqei kata 0,5% toy AEP.

    Se oti afora to 2008, h Epitroph shmeiwnei oti me bash thn ypoqesh pws den qa yparjei allagh ths oikonomikhs politikhs (s.s. dhl oti h oikonomikh politikh qa einai sto pneyma toy proypologismoy gia to 2006) to dhmosionomiko elleimma qa einai epishs katw apo 2,5% toy AEP. Gia to dhmosio xreos h Epitroph ektima oti to 2008 qa meiwqei katw apo to 100% toy AEP, enw to 2005 eixe yperbei to 107% toy AEP.

    Prooptikes gia to 2007 kai to 2008

    Se oti afora tis prooptikes gia to 2007 kai to 2008 h Epitroph ektima oti ta epomena dyo xronia qa yparjei oriakh epibradynsh twn ryqmwn anaptyjhs ths ellhnikhs oikonomias kai pws qa prepei na anamenontai kapoies allages stis synistwses ths oikonomikhs anaptyjhs. Symfwna me thn Epitroph, h oikonomikh drasthriothta sthn Ellada qa kaqodhgeitai sxedon apokleistika apo th zhthsh. Anaferetai epishs oti oi prosdokomenes ayjhseis sta epitokia se syndyasmo me th sygkrathmenh ayjhsh twn misqwn anamenetai na odhghsoyn se peraiterw epibradynsh ths ayjhshs ths idiwtikhs katanalwshs, h opoia qa parameinei omws panw apo to 3% se ethsia bash mexri to 2008. Symfwna me tis ektimhseis ths Epitrophs, h dhmosia katanalwsh anamenetai na perioristei se ``istorika epipeda'', analogh me thn anaptyjh toy AEP, enw oi dhmosies ependyseis anamenetai pws qa ayjanontai me ychloys ryqmoys, analogoys me toys fetinoys.

    Sthn ekqesh ths Epitrophs anaferetai akomh oti oi dapanes ston tomea twn kataskeywn qa synexisoyn na anaptyssontai me ikanopoihtikoys ryqmoys para to gegonos oti h deyterh desmh ths forologikhs metarryqmishs sthn katoikia anamenetai pws qa exei ligotero qetikh epiptwsh stis kataskeyes apo o,ti to 2006. Gegonos poy anamenetai na odhghsei se sygkrathsh ths anaptyjhs ths agoras katoikias, symfwna me thn Epitroph.

    H Epitroph qewrei epishs oti oi dhmosies ependyseis qa shmeiwsoyn anodo kai oti h eswterikh zhthsh qa einai 4% mexri to 2008. Sto ejwteriko pedio, oi eisagwges anamenetai na kymanqoyn sta idia epipeda me thn eswterikh zhthsh, enw h ayjhsh toy kostoys ergasias anamenetai na epibarynei thn antagwnistikothta kai na periorisei oriaka tis ejagwges agaqwn. H Epitroph ektima parallhla oti oi ejagwges yphresiwn anamenetai pws qa kymanqoyn sta epipeda prohgoymenwn etwn. To gegonos ayto, opws ektima h Epitroph, se syndyasmo me mia pio sygkrathmenh ayjhsh twn eisagwgwn anamenetai na exei ligotero arnhtikes epiptwseis ston ejwteriko paragonta ths ayjhshs toy AEP to 2007 kai to 2008.

    Drasthriothta to 2006

    H Epitroph anaferei oti to prwto kai to deytero trimhno toy 2006 h oikonomikh anaptyjh ayjhqhke panw apo 4% se ethsia bash. Wstoso, molonoti h egxwria zhthsh anamenetai na parameinei isxyrh kai to deytero ejamhno toy etoys, h ayjhsh twn eisagwgwn shmainei oti h syneisfora toy ejwterikoy paragonta sto AEP qa einai arnhtikh. Epishs, h Epitroph ektima oti to 2006 h oikonomikh anaptyjh sthn Ellada qa diamorfwqei sto 3,8% toy AEP, dhladh arketa ychloterh se sxesh me thn anaptyjh ths eyrwzwnhs.

    Symfwna me thn Epitroph, h ependytikh drasthriothta sthn Ellada brisketai se xamhlotero epipedo apo thn egxwria zhthsh. Parallhla, h Epitroph epishmainei oti h idiwtikh katanalwsh sthn Ellada meiwnetai, enw h dhmosia katanalwsh symbalei monon oriaka sthn anaptyjh, antanaklwntas tis prospaqeies ths Elladas gia dhmosionomikh staqeropoihsh.

    Ejalloy, h Epitroph parathrei oti para thn oikonomikh peristolh h opoia anaxaitizei tis dhmosies ependyseis se pragmatikoys oroys, oi dapanes stis kataskeyes, symperilambanomenhs ths stegashs, odhgoyn th synolikh ependytikh anaptyjh panw apo to 6%.

    Se genikes grammes, h Epitroph parathrei pws h egxwria zhthsh sthn Ellada qa symballei sthn ayjhsh ths anaptyjhs panw apo 4 ekatostiaies monades. Parallhla, logw ths anaptyjhs toy toyristikoy tomea, h Epitroph shmeiwnei pws oi ejagwges qa synexisoyn na ayjanontai kata 6,5% kai anw, enw oi eisagwges qa ayjhqoyn se sxesh me thn persinh peristolh toys.

    Se o,ti afora thn apasxolhsh h Epitroph ektima pws qa ayjhqei kata 1,25%, se sxesh me to 2005. Parallhla, se o,ti afora tis times, h Epitroph problepei oti o ethsios enarmonismenos deikths timwn katanalwth qa anelqei sto 3,25%, arketa katw apo thn ayjhsh twn misqwn poy kymainetai gyrw sto 6%. To gegonos ayto, se syndyasmo me thn ayjhsh ths paragwgikothtas sthn Ellada kata 2%, wqei to kostos ergasias ana monada panw apo ta epipeda ths eyrwzwnhs, anaferei h Epitroph.

    Ejelijeis sthn agora ergasias, to kostos kai tis times

    Logw ths isxyrhs oikonomikhs drasthriothtas poy parathreitai sthn Ellada, h Epitroph ektima oti h apasxolhsh qa synexisei na ayjanetai panw apo 1,25% ethsiws, ws to 2008. Parallhla, o deikths anergias problepetai na pesei to 2007, gia prwth fora meta apo polla xronia, katw apo to 9%.

    Se o,ti afora toys misqoys sthn Ellada, h Epitroph ektima oti qa synexisoyn na ayjanonta, alla ligotero se sxesh me perysi. Ayto qa exei ws apotelesma th mikroterh ayjhsh toy kostoys ergasias ana monada, omws qa epideinwsei thn antagwnistikothta ths Elladas, idiws ston tomea twn agaqwn. Ejalloy, h Epitroph problepei oti o plhqwrismos qa parameinei sygkrathmenos to 2007 kai to 2008, logw toy xamhloy kostoys ergasias ana monada kai ths sxetika sygkrathmenhs anodoy twn timwn toy petrelaioy.

    Meiwsh ths anergias

    H apasxolhsh twn gynaikwn, alla kai twn megalyterwn se hlikia ergazomenwn (55-64 etwn), ayjanetai sthn Ellada, opws kai se oloklhrh thn EE, ypogrammizei sthn ekqesh ths h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph sxetika me thn ``apasxolhsh sthn Eyrwph to 2006'', h opoia dhmosiopoihqhke shmera stis Bryjelles. H Epitroph ypogrammizei oti h apasxolhsh sthn EE beltiwnetai, alla gia na epiteyxqei o stoxos gia pososto apasxolhshs 70% ws to 2010, xreiazontai nees metarryqmiseis.

    Sygkekrimena, h Epitroph anaferei sthn ekqesh ths oti to 2005 h anergia sthn EE meiwqhke kata mish peripoy posostiaia monada ftanontas sto 8,7%, enw h ayjhsh ths apasxolhshs sxedon diplasiasthke ftanontas to 0,9%. Se o,ti afora thn Ellada, h anergia to 2005 meiwqhke sto 9,8%, se sxesh me to 2004 poy htan 10,5%, enw h apasxolhsh to 2005 ayjhqhke kata 0,7% se sxesh me to 2004. Eidikotera, o deikths apasxolhshs gia thn Ellada to 2005 eftase to 60,1%, enw thn periodo 2000-2005 shmeiwse ayjhsh kata 3,6%.

    Ejalloy, h ekqesh ths Epitrophs ypogrammizei toys karpoys poy apedwsan oi politikes gia thn proselkysh kai paramonh perissoterwn gynaikwn kai megalyterwn se hlikia ergazomenwn (55-64 etwn) sthn apasxolhsh se olh thn EE. Sygkekrimena, epishmainetai oti apo to 2000 kai meta ta pososta ths gynaikeias apasxolhshs sto synolo ths EE kymanqhkan apo 70% sth Dania kai th Soyhdia ws peripoy 34% sth Malta. Se o,ti afora thn Ellada, to pososto apasxolhshs twn gynaikwn kymainetai sto 46,1% kai ayjhqhke kata 4,4% thn pentaetia 2000-2005. Epishs, se o,ti afora toys megalyteroys se hlikia ergazomenoys, to pososto apasxolhshs kymainetai sto 41,6% kai ayjhqhke kata 2,6% metajy 2000 kai 2005.

    Epipleon, symfwna me thn idia ekqesh, oi Ellhnes sygkatalegontai stoys Eyrwpaioys poy ergazontai tis perissoteres wres ebdomadiaiws. Sygkekrimena, oi Ellhnes ergazontai 40,1 wres thn ebdomada kata meso oro, dhladh peripoy 3,5 wres perissotero apo ton eyrwpaiko meso oro poy einai 36,6 wres thn ebdomada.

    Akomh, ta stoixeia ths Epitrophs anaferoyn oti to megalytero pososto twn Ellhnwn (65,1%) apasxoleitai ston tomea twn yphresiwn, enw ston tomea ths biomhxanias apasxoleitai to 22,4% twn Ellhnwn kai sth gewrgia to 12,4%. Ta antistoixa pososta gia thn EE einai 67,7% ston tomea twn yphresiwn, 27,5% sth biomhxania kai 4,9% sth gewrgia.

    Epishs, h Epitroph shmeiwnei oti h Ellada, opws h Ispania kai h Portogalia anhkoyn sthn kathgoria twn xwrwn me to legomeno ``mesogeiako systhma apasxolhshs'', to opoio xarakthrizetai apo xamhlh elastikothta sthn agora ths ergasias, kai aneparkes epipedo koinwnikhs pronoias.

    Telos, h Epitroph epishmainei th megalh ayjhsh toy posostoy toy ariqmoy qesewn apasxolhshs poy apaitoyn ychles dejiothtes sthn EE, to opoio parola ayta ejakoloyqei na paramenei xamhloteros toy antistoixoy posostoy stis HPA. Parallhla, ypogrammizei oti h gewgrafikh kinhtikothta twn ergazomenwn synista shmantiko meso antimetwpishs twn proklhsewn ths agoras ergasias sth shmerinh dieyrymenh EE. Wstoso, logw toy oti ligotero apo 2% toy energoy plhqysmoy ths Enwshs ergazetai se allo kratos melos apo ayto ths katagwghs toy, krinetai ws aparaithth h enisxysh twn prospaqeiwn gia th dhmioyrgia enos periballontos kinhtikothtas, me emfash sthn arsh twn dioikhtikwn, nomikwn, koinwnikwn, ekpaideytikwn kai politismikwn empodiwn.

    Tomeas Oikonomias PASOK gia ekqesh EE gia thn ellhnikh oikonomia

    "H arsh ths epithrhshs den epitrepei panhgyrismoys kai dhlwseis aytoikanopoihshs apo toys empneystes kai xeiristes toy colpo grosso ths ``apografhs''. Giati h oikonomia einai to megalo qyma ayths ths epiloghs kai oi polites ths Elladas den dexontai na einai ta peiramatozwa ths neodhmokratikhs oikonomikhs politikhs", anaferei se anakoinwsh toy o Tomeas Oikonomias toy PASOK me aformh ths shmerinh dhmosiopoihsh ths ekqeshs ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs.

    "H kybernhsh ths ND einai h monh kybernhsh sthn Eyrwph poy ekane dhqen apografh, me stoixeia poy mageirece h idia (opws apokalyce prosfatws o k. Almoynia), etsi wste na teqei h Ellada ypo epithrhsh. Twra, me ta idia mesa, h kybernhsh meqodeyei thn ejodo apo thn epithrhsh, xwris omws h xwra na pacei na plhrwnei baria aytes tis epiloges", epishmainetai sthn anakoinwsh.

    O Tomeas Oikonomias toy PASOK epishmainei oti "oi alxhmeies kai oi koytoponhries stoys xeirismoys twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn kai toy kyroys ths xwras synexizontai me thn prwtofanh ektinajh toy AEP, metaballontas en mia nykti thn Ellada se ploysioterh kata 25%, alla kai toys Ellhnes staqera ftwxoteroys. Monon etsi ejhgeitai giati, para ton anapantexo ploytismo, den yparxoyn ta xrhmata gia thn paideia, toys daskaloys kai toys astynomikoys".

    Lafazanhs gia ekqesh EE gia thn ellhnikh oikonomia

    "H endexomenh ejodos, kata to prwto ejamhno toy 2007, ths Elladas apo to aparadekto kaqestws ths epithrhshs mporei na xrhsimeysei sthn anoysia proeklogikh dhmagwgia ths kybernhshs, alla den prokeitai na exei kamia qetikh epiptwsh gia toys ergazomenoys ths patridas mas", anaferei se dhlwseis toy o Panagiwths Lafazanhs, melos ths PG kai ypeyqynos Oikonomikhs kai Koinwnikhs Politikhs toy SYN, anaferomenos sth fqinopwrinh Ekqesh ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs gia tis oikonomikes ejelijeis sxetika me thn Ellada.

    "H epithrhsh ths Elladas gia ``yperbolika elleimmata'' mporei na stamathsei, alla h epithrhsh toy ellhnikoy laoy, sto onoma twn isoskelismenwn kai pleonasmatikwn proypologismwn, qa synexistei kai qa klimakwqei ta epomena xronia me thn entash twn kybernhtikwn politikwn litothtas gia misqoys kai syntajeis kai thn posostiaia meiwsh twn krisimwn koinwnikwn-anaptyjiakwn dapanwn, opws ths Paideias, ths Ygeias kai toy Programmatos Dhmosiwn Ependysewn", anaferei o k.Lafazanhs.


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