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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 07-12-17

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] ``Proteraiothta h diaxeirish toy metanasteytikoy''

    [01] ``Proteraiothta h diaxeirish toy metanasteytikoy''

    Se 1.070.000 ektimwntai oi metanastes sthn Ellada to 2007, symfwna me ereyna ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs. Sta 2.049.000 eikazetai oti qa fqasoyn to 2030 kai se 2.750.000 qa anerxontai oi metanastes "prwths" kai "deyterhs genias" to 2050 sth xwra mas, symfwna me th meleth ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs gia to "Dhmografiko Mellon ths Eyrwphs".

    "H diaxeirish toy metanasteytikoy fainomenoy, pantote me plhrh sebasmo pros thn ajia toy anqrwpoy kai me gnwmona thn prostasia twn Dikaiwmatwn toy, apotelei - kai prepei nb apotelei - kyriarxh proteraiothta kaqe dhmokratikoy Kratoys Dikaioy" anaferei se mhnyma toy gia thn Pagkosmia Hmera Metanasteyshs o Ypoyrgos Eswterikwn Prokophs Paylopoylos.

    "H metanasteysh einai, anamfisbhthta, ena fainomeno, to opoio exei apokthsei stis meres mas eyreies diastaseis, idiws logw toy gegonotos oti h pagkosmiopoihsh, oi polemoi alla kai oi synqhkes anasfaleias kai ftwxeias poy epikratoyn se polla krath, allote aplws dieykolynoyn kai allote kaqistoyn anagkaia th metakinhsh twn plhqysmwn. To qema apasxolei idiaitera kai thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, h opoia prowqei entatika th synergasia twn kratwn-melwn ths se o,ti afora idiws toys tomeis toy asyloy, ths nomimhs kai paranomhs metanasteyshs kai ths asfaleias twn synorwn ths" synexizei sto mhnyma toy o k. Paylopoylos kai symplhrwnei:

    "H Ellada, exontas metatrapei apo xwra proeleyshs metanastwn se enan apo toys basikoys proorismoys toys, exei apodyqei, idiws ta teleytaia tessera xronia, se mia megalh kai organwmenh prospaqeia gia th diamorfwsh sygxronhs kai apotelesmatikhs metanasteytikhs politikhs, h opoia qa epitrecei thn anadeijh ths metanasteyshs se paragonta anaptyjhs kai proodoy.

    Pros thn kateyqynsh ayth, prwtisto melhma mas htan kai einai h apotelesmatikh antimetwpish toy problhmatos ths diasfalishs ths nomimhs paramonhs toy metanasth, afoy h mh nomimh paramonh kai thn ajia toy anqrwpoy prosballei - kaqistwntas toys metanastes eykolh leia mayrhs ergasias kai twn kaqe eidoys epithdeiwn - kai thn idia th xwra ypodoxhs zhmiwnei, afoy eynoei tis paranomes oikonomikes drasthriothtes kai ypoqalpei thn egklhmatikothta. Hdh, me thn anagnwrish organwmenwn eykairiwn nomimopoihshs poy kaqierwsame, exoyn nomimopoihqei peripoy 180.000 paranomoi metanastes, me diadikasies poy apetelesan protypo gia alla krath - melh ths E.E. Epishs proxwroyme me staqera bhmata se o,ti afora thn epitaxynsh kai aploysteysh twn diadikasiwn ekdoshs kai ananewshs adeiwn diamonhs twn metanastwn, ajiopoiwntas tis efarmoges ths Hlektronikhs Diakybernhshs.

    Parallhla, sto plaisio ths oysiastikhs enisxyshs ths koinwnikhs synoxhs, dinoyme emfash sthn prowqhsh ths koinwnikhs entajhs twn metanastwn, me sygxrones politikes, opws h systash kai leitoyrgia ths Eqnikhs Epitrophs gia thn Koinwnikh Entajh twn Metanastwn, h efarmogh toy kaqestwtos twn epi makron diamenontwn, kaqws kai h ekponhsh toy prwtoy Oloklhrwmenoy Programmatos Drashs gia thn omalh prosarmogh kai koinwnikh entajh twn yphkown tritwn xwrwn poy diamenoyn nomima sthn Ellhnikh Epikrateia - Programma bbESTIAbb'', to opoio kalyptei th xronikh periodo 2007-2013. Gia thn kalyterh sthrijh ths prospaqeias ayths, idrysame th Genikh Dieyqynsh Metanasteytikhs Politikhs kai Koinwnikhs Entajhs sto Ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn, sto plaisio ths opoias problepetai aytotelhs Dieyqynsh Koinwnikhs Entajhs, thn opoia enisxyoyme me to anagkaio proswpiko. Me ton tropo ayton proetoimazetai me eparkeia to edafos gia thn apokthsh apo toys metanastes kai politikwn dikaiwmatwn, pantote sto plaisio twn dynatothtwn poy afhnei to Syntagma.

    Epishs lambanoyme metra gia thn katapolemhsh ths emporias anqrwpwn (trafficking), idiws me thn efarmogh toy Sxedioy ``ILAEIRA'', kaqws kai gia thn arwgh twn qymatwn. Merimnoyme gia epimeroys kathgories metanastwn poy xreiazontai prosqeth yposthrijh, opws einai ta paidia, oi hlikiwmenoi, oi gynaikes kai ta Atoma me Anaphries.

    Se o,ti afora thn katapolemhsh ths laqrometanasteyshs ws morfhs prosbolhs ths ajias toy Anqrwpoy, exoyn ginei epishs polla kai shmantika bhmata: Idrysame dyo nea Kentra Ypodoxhs kai Filojenias Laqrometanastwn, ston Kyprino toy n. Ebroy kai sto Baqy ths Samoy, symfwna me tis prodiagrafes ths Ypaths Armosteias toy O.H.E., dromologoyme thn idrysh neoy Kentroy sthn Krhth kai proxwroyme sthn anabaqmishs twn hdh yparxontwn Kentrwn, wste na katastoyn kai ayta Protypa, se armonikh synergasia me thn Topikh Aytodioikhsh. Ejalloy apotelei pleon koinh pepoiqhsh oti h oysiastikh lysh toy metanasteytikoy problhmatos apaitei thn koinh politikh drash olwn twn kratwn-melwn ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, h opoia, me bash thn arxh ths allhleggyhs kai twn etairikwn symfwniwn, sthrizei oysiastika tis omores twn ejwterikwn ths synorwn xwres poy briskontai sthn prwth grammh eisrohs twn metanasteytikwn reymatwn.

    Synexizoyme tis prospaqeies exontas ws ajiwma th qemeliwdh paradoxh oti o metanasths den synista problhma oyte kindyno gia kamia ygia koinwnia. Antiqeta, h metanasteysh einai paragontas anaptyjhs kai proodoy, sto metro poy epitrepei, metajy allwn, sta krath ypodoxhs nb anadeiknyoyn toys anqrwpoys poy zoyn mesa sta synora toys, xwris apokleismo kai xwris diakrish, antlwntas, parallhla, kai oi idioi ta ofelh ths polypolitismikothtas, ths diaforetikothtas kai ths dhmioyrgikhs wsmwshs kai ananewshs poy enwnoyn toys Laoys".

    Pagkosmia Hmera gia ton Metanasth ayrio, kai h Ellada fainetai oti exei eiselqei gia ta kala ston katalogo twn "polypolitismikwn" koinwniwn. O proedros toy Institoytoy Metanasteytikhs Politikhs (IMEPO) Alejandros Zabos mila apokleistika sto APE-MPE, gia tis proklhseis poy antimetwpizoyme.

    Erwthsh:Poies einai oi proklhseis poy qa antimetwpisei h Ellada ta epomena xronia se o,ti afora th metanasteysh;

    Apanthsh: Oi proklhseis poy qa antimetwpisei h Ellada ta epomena xronia einai h diathrhsh ths anaptyjhs se syndyasmo me thn ejasfalish ths koinwnikhs eirhnhs. Eimaste mia xwra poy antimetwpizei sobaro dhmografiko problhma. Gia na diathrhqei ta epomena xronia h shmerinh oikonomikh eymareia, qa prepei na exoyme toylaxiston 2,1 gennhseis ana zeygari. Omws o ariqmos twn gennhsewn anerxetai se 1,3-1,4 paidia ana zeygari. Ayto shmainei oti prepei na mpoyn alla atoma sth xwra. Milame dhladh gia eisroh metanastwn, alla oxi gia asydoth eisodo metanastwn. Ean o ariqmos toys einai megalyteros apo ayton poy mporei h ellhnikh koinwnia na afomoiwsei kai na entajei, qa dhmioyrghqei koinwnikh anastatwsh.

    Erwthsh:Mhpws prepei na efarmosqoyn pio "filikes" nomoqetikes allages gia na yparjei to aparaithto nomimo ergatiko dynamiko;

    Apanthsh: O Epitropos Franko Fratini prowqei hdh thn efarmogh ths "mple kartas" gia toys metanastes poy briskontai nomima sthn Eyrwph. Prokeitai oysiastika gia dieyrynsh ths Odhgias "Mpolkestain", h opoia leei oti polites ths EE mporoyn na metakinoyntai se alla krath diathrwntas ta ergasiaka toys dikaiwmata (asfalistika k.lp.) sth xwra apo thn opoia proerxontai kai ameibomenoi me toys misqoys ths xwras sthn opoia phgainoyn. Epishmainw to deytero, dioti synista th shmantikoterh allagh sthn arxikh odhgia.

    Erwthsh: Ti qa ginei me toys paranoma ergazomenoys;

    Apanthsh: H Eyrwph den qelei th mh nomimh eisodo metanastwn. Gi' ayto prowqei diadikasies periorismoy ths paranomhs metanasteyshs, synaptei diakratikes symfwnies me tis xwres proeleyshs gia epanaprowqhsh metanastwn, epidotei ekpaideytika programmata kai programmata oikonomikhs anaptyjhs se xwres proeleyshs metanastwn, dhmioyrgei nomimes odoys metanasteyshs opws h kyklikh, h epoxikh metanasteysh.

    Erwthsh: Poies prospaqeies exoyn ginei sthn Ellada pros thn kateyqynsh ths koinwnikhs enswmatwshs;

    Apanthsh: H koinwnikh enswmatwsh einai to megalo stoixhma ths Eyrwphs. Polles diaforetikes politikes kai programmata exoyn anaptyxqei, tis perissoteres fores xwris megalh epityxia. Sthn Ellada exoyme dhmioyrghsei thn Eqnikh Epitroph gia thn Koinwnikh Entajh twn Metanastwn sthn opoia symmetexoyn ola ta kommata kai oi koinwnikoi etairoi. Qa symmetasxoyn kai oi metanastes otan dhmioyrghsoyn antiproswpeytiko diktyo organwsewn. Hdh mpainei se leitoyrgia to Oloklhrwmeno Programma gia thn Koinwnikh Entajh twn Metanastwn "Estia" sto opoio qa ependyqoyn peripoy 20 ekat. eyrw, apo ta opoia ta 16 ekat. proerxontai apo thn EE kai ta 4 ekat. apo idioys poroys.

    Sto plaisio toy "Estia" qa ekpaideytoyn dhmosioi ypallhloi sth diaxeirish metanastwn kai qa dhmioyrghqoyn domes me proswpiko poy gnwrizei th glwssa twn metanastwn h stis opoies qa apasxolhqoyn metanastes. Kati san toys diapolitismikoys mesolabhtes. Kai epeidh prokeitai kyriws gia eyrwpaika programmata den qa yparjoyn problhmata sthn proslhch metanastwn, dioti qa ergasqoyn me symbaseis ergoy.

    Erwthsh:Kai ti qa ginei otan teleiwsei h eyrwpaikh xrhmatodothsh;

    Apanthsh: To programma diarkei apo to 2008 ews to 2013. Ara milame gia makry xroniko orizonta. Epipleon exoyn problefqei draseis gia thn koinwnikh entajh twn metanastwn kai apo to D' KPS. Mexri tote h Ellada kai h EE qa exoyn klhqei na prosarmosqoyn se nea dedomena.

    Erwthsh:Ti qewreite epityxhmeno sthn yparxoysa metanasteytikh politikh;

    Apanthsh:Ekeino poy qa mporoysa na xarakthrisw ws epityxia ths kybernhshs einai oti katorqwse na strecei to dialogo gia th metanasteysh apo thn parabatikothta twn metanastwn kai to fobo gi' aytoys -stereotypa poy eixan enisxyqei kai apo ta MME- se pio oysiastika qemata, opws h symbolh toys sthn anaptyjh ths xwras kai h koinwnikh synyparjh. Ayto fainetai jekaqara stis dhmoskophseis, opoy enw mexri to 2004-2005 ena 14% twn erwthqentwn qewroyse sobaro problhma toys metanastes, to pososto exei meiwqei sto 4%.

    Erwthsh:Ti nomizete oti prepei na allajei;

    Apanthsh:To prwto einai na mporesoyme na dhmioyrghsoyme eparkes diktyo plhroforhshs twn metanastwn. Exoyn jekinhsei apo to kratos maqhmata gia thn pistopoihsh ths gnwshs ths ellhnikhs glwssas, prokeimenoy na apokthsoyn oi metanastes thn idiothta toy epi makron diamenontos, alla fainetai oti h plhroforia den exei fqasei sth megalh maza twn metanastwn.

    To deytero einai oti meletame sto IMEPO se synergasia me thn Portogalia, thn Ispania kai thn Italia, th dhmioyrgia toy legomenoy "one shop stop". Prokeitai gia ena diktyo antistoixo toy KEP, poy ejyphretei toys hmedapoys alla me eyryteres armodiothtes, opoy oi metanastes qa mporoyn na diekperaiwnoyn oles tis ypoqeseis toys me th dhmosia dioikhsh. Jerete h nomoqesia einai shmantikh. Alla "skontaftei" sth leitoyrgia twn dhmosiwn yphresiwn.

    Mhnyma GG toy OHE gia th Dieqnh Hmera gia toys Metanastes

    Thn protroph na antikatastaqoyn oi diakriseis se baros twn metanastwn me thn katanohsh "gia na kerdisoyn etsi oxi mono oi metanastes alla olos o kosmos", diatypwnei o Genikos Grammateas toy OHE Mpan Gki Moyn se mhnyma toy gia th Dieqnh Hmera gia toys Metanastes (18 Dekembrioy 2007), mia Hmera, opws shmeiwnei, poy xrono me to xrono apokta olo kai perissotero nohma.

    O syndyasmos ths pagkosmiopoihshs me tis ayjanomenes anisothtes sto biotiko epipedo toso sto eswteriko oso kai metajy twn kratwn, prokalei thn pagkosmia ayjhsh ths diasynoriakhs metanasteyshs, anaferei o Mpan Gki Moyn, prosqetontas oti shmera, aytoi poy zoyn ejw apo th xwra gennhshs toys einai perissoteroi apo pote. Gia to 2007 ypologizontai se 200 ekatommyria anqrwpoi.

    "Pisw apo ayto to terastio noymero -synexizei- krybontai proswpikes istories. H istoria toy ejeidikeymenoy mhxanikoy hlektronikwn ypologistwn, toy paranomoy agroth, ths gynaikas poy epese qyma ekmetalleyshs, toy prosfyga poy anagkasthke na egkataleicei to spiti toy kai ametrhtes alles istories.

    Parolo poy oi istories twn metanastwn einai diaforetikes, einai jekaqaro oti oi metanastes sto synolo toys den prepei na qewroyntai baros.

    Oi metanastes syxna odhgoyntai apo thn prosdokia mias kalyterhs zwhs. Anazhtoyn ena asfalestero, pio eynoiko mellon gia ta paidia toys kai epiqymoyn na ergastoyn gi' ayto. Otan toys dinetai h eykairia na apodeijoyn epi isois orois tis ikanothtes toys, h megalh pleiochfia twn metanastwn apotelei kerdos gia thn koinwnia.

    Ekatommyria metanastes parexoyn aparaithtes yphresies stis oikonomies kai tis koinwnies twn xwrwn diamonhs toys. Taytoxrona, sthrizoyn tis oikogeneies kai tis koinothtes toys stis patrides toys opoy ta embasmata toys enisxyoyn thn eqnikh oikonomia.

    Dystyxws, spania anagnwrizetai h syneisfora twn metanastwn. Antiqetws, syxna briskontai antimetwpoi me thn kakometaxeirish kai tis diakriseis, apo thn apoysia mhxanismwn prostasias ews tis diakriseis twn eqnikwn nomoqesiwn. Se akraies periptwseis, ginontai qymata ratsistikwn h jenofobikwn epiqesewn".

    Polles shmantikes diklides asfaleias perilambanontai sth Dieqnh Symbash gia thn Prostasia twn Dikaiwmatwn Olwn twn Metanastwn Ergazomenwn kai twn Melwn twn Oikogeneiwn toys, alla mexri shmera ayth exei epikyrwqei mono apo 37 xwres, anaferei o GG toy OHE kai kalei ola ta krath-melh ta opoia den exoyn akomh epikyrwsei h prosxwrhsei sth Symbash na to prajoyn oso to dynaton syntomotera, diasfalizontas etsi thn plhrh kai apotelesmatikh prostasia twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn twn metanastwn.

    Parallhla, shmeiwnei oti "prepei na eyaisqhtopoihsoyme ton kosmo sxetika me thn polytimh oikonomikh, pneymatikh kai koinwnikh syneisfora twn metanastwn toso stis xwres katagwghs oso kai stis xwres ypodoxhs toys".


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