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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-08-28

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Proteraiothta h elafrynsh misqwtwn & syntajioyxwn"
  • [02] "Apotyxhmenh oikonomikh politikh"
  • [03] "Xreiazetai allagh sysxetismwn"
  • [04] O Al. Tsipras sthn Ikaria
  • [05] Epanerxetai o daktylios
  • [06] Ta ``fanaria'' toy Borra
  • [07] Elabe to xrisma o Ompama

    [01] "Proteraiothta h elafrynsh misqwtwn & syntajioyxwn"

    Synergasia me ton grammatea ths KE ths ND k.L. Zagorith,qa exei stis 10 to prwi, sto Megaro Majimoy,o prwqypoyrgos k. K.Karamanlhs. Stis 12.30 meta to meshmeri qa synanthqei me ton prwqypoyrgo ths Islandias k.Gkeir Xaarnte.

    Tis basikes kateyqynseis toy kratikoy proypologismoy gia to 2009 paroysiase o ypoyrgos Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Alogoskoyfhs, sto ypoyrgeio Oikonomias, meta th synedriash ths Kybernhtikhs Epitrophs, apo thn opoia elabe th sxetikh egkrish.

    O G. Alogoskoyfhs xarakthrise adhrith anagkh na synexistei h deyterh fash ths dhmosionomikhs ejygianshs. Kaname megala bhmata sthn kybernhsh gia th dhmosionomikh ejygiansh kai qa kataballoyme kai alles prospaqeies gia na perioristei to dhmosio elleimma, ypogrammise o ypoyrgos.

    Prosqese oti briskomaste enwpion dyo proklhsewn, h mia einai h sygkrathsh twn dapanwn kai h allh h prowqhsh enos dikaioteroy forologikoy systhmatos.

    Sthn Kybernhtikh Epitroph apofasisthkan oi basikes kateyqynseis toy epomenoy proypologismoy kai ayrio qa katateqei sth Boylh sxedio nomoy to opoio problepei thn enisxysh ths diafaneias toy kratikoy proypologismoy, thn prowqhsh metrwn gia thn enisxysh ths forologikhs dikaiosynhs kai th qespish kanonwn gia ton elegxo dapanwn twn Organismwn Topikhs Aytodioikhshs (OTA), twn nosokomeiwn kai twn asfalistikwn tameiwn.

    To sxedio nomoy problepei epishs thn enswmatwsh twn legomenwn Eidikwn Logariasmwn ston proypologismo gia logoys diafaneias, enw parallhla lambanontai kai metra gia thn antimetwpish ths forodiafyghs kai th dieyrynsh ths forologikhs bashs.

    Shmantikh proteraiothta, eipe o k. G. Alogoskoyfhs, qa einai h elafrynsh twn misqwtwn kai twn syntajioyxwn poy feroyn to kyrio baros stis forologikes epibarynseis.

    To aforologhto orio twn misqwtwn, prosqese, exei meiwqei kai problepetai h peraiterw meiwsh twn syntelestwn aytwn gia misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys.

    Einai anagkaio na synodeyetai h politikh ayth me thn katapolemhsh ths forodiafyghs, tonise.

    "Milame gia eisodhmata poy forodiafeygoyn h eisforodiafeygoyn", eipe o k. Alogoskoyfhs kai prosqese oti h forologikh bash prepei na dieyrynqei kai ayto problepei to sxedio nomoy.

    Gia thn entajh twn legomenwn Eidikwn Logariasmwn ston kratiko proypologismo, o ypoyrgos Oikonomias G. Alogoskoyfhs eipe oti yparxoyn peripoy 200 logariasmoi, oti prokeitai gia mia paqogeneia poy prepei na allajei kai dieykrinise oti orismenoi apo aytoys poy aforoyn thn ereyna to periballon kai tis rhtes ypoxrewseis pros dieqneis logariasmoys, qa diathrhqoyn.

    Oloi oi poroi twn Eidikwn Logariasmwn qa metaferqoyn ston kratiko proypologismo. Me th ryqmish den prokeitai na qigoyn ta epidomata twn ergazomenwn poy eisprattonto mesw twn logariasmwn aytwn.

    O k. Alogoskoyfhs eipe epishs oti qa systaqei Diypoyrgikh Epitroph h opoia qa exei ws stoxo ton synexh, ton egkairo kai kata omoiomorfo tropo elegxo twn oikonomikwn twn noshleytikwn idrymatwn, twn OTA kai twn asfalistikwn tameiwn. Mesw aytwn diakinoyntai shmantikoi poroi kai endiaferoyn amesa ta oikonomika toys toys polites. Wstoso, ta oikonomika pollwn ek twn anwterw organismwn paroysiazoyn epideinwsh kai gi'ayto einai aparaithto na yparxoyn ajiopistoi logariasmoi.

    To sxedio nomoy problepei thn enisxysh twn organismwn aytwn gia th sxediash twn epixeirhmatikwn toys sxediwn. Problepontai epishs kyrwseis gia mh antapokrish twn organismwn aytwn stis ypoxrewseis toys.

    O k. Alogoskoyfhs anakoinwse epishs allages sth forologhsh misqwtwn kai syntajioyxwn kai eleyqerwn epaggelmatiwn. Oi epibarynseis gia misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys qa meiwnontai, enw gia toys eleyqeroys epaggelmaties prowqeitai ena dikaiotero forologiko systhma.

    Opws eipe o ypoyrgos Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn sthn Ellada kata meso oro oi misqwtoi kai oi syntajioyxoi dhlwnoyn eisodhmata 13.966 eyrw, enw oi eleyqeroi epaggelmaties kata meso oro 9.794 eyrw.

    Nees forologikes elafrynseis gia misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys apo to 2010

    Me forologiko syntelesth 10% qa forologeitai to eisodhma twn eleyqerwn epaggelmatiwn kai eisodhmatiwn mexri 10.500 eyrw, poy mexri shmera htan aforologhto, enw qespizetai foros 10% sta merismata apo metoxes, kaqws kai foros yperajias metoxwn.

    Ayta problepontai metajy allwn sta metra poy enekrine h Kybernhtikh Epitroph kai ta opoia paroysiasthkan apo ton ypoyrgo Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn G. Alogoskoyfh.

    Parallhla, o ypoyrgos ejhggeile nees forologikes elafrynseis gia misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys apo to 2010, kaqws kai meiwsh toy forologikoy syntelesth gia tis epixeirhseis, sto idio diasthma.

    Ta metra stoxeyoyn, opws eipe o ypoyrgos, sthn antimetwpish ths forodiafyghs kai sth dieyrynsh ths forologikhs bashs kai qa perilambanontai sto nomosxedio poy qa katateqei ayrio sth Boylh.

    Ta metra ayta einai ta akoloyqa:

    1. Qespizetai syntelesths 10% gia to tmhma toy eisodhmatos twn eleyqerwn epaggelmatiwn kai eisodhmatiwn mexri 10.500 eyrw poy mexri shmera htan aforologhto. O ypoyrgos Oikonomias tonise oti me to metro ayto qa forologhqoyn eisodhmata twn eleyqerwn epaggelmatiwn poy mexri shmera den forologoyntan. Qa isxysei gia ta eisodhmata poy qa apokthqoyn to 2008.

    2. Prowqeitai nea ryqmish gia ta lhjiproqesma xreh pros to dhmosio me katabolh toys se ews kai 24 mhniaies doseis kai proqesmia ypagwghs se aythn ews 20 Noembrioy.

    3. Qespizetai nea ryqmish gia thn peraiwsh twn ekkremwn forologikwn ypoqesewn twn xrhsewn apo to 2000 ews kai to 2006, enw h proqesmia ypagwghs se ayth qa einai ews 31.12.2008.

    4. Ayjanetai apo 65 se 80% h prokatabolh foroy twn epixeirhsewn.

    5. Qespizetai epipleon forologikos syntelesths 10% gia merismata apo metoxes. Prokeitai gia ta merismata poy qa katablhqoyn apo 1.1.2009.

    6. Kaqierwnetai foros yperajias stis agorapwlhsies metoxwn me syntelesth 10%, o opoios qa isxysei apo tis metoxes poy qa agorastoyn meta thn 1.1.2009.

    Mexri tis 31.12.2008 qa ejakoloyqei na isxyei o foros 1,5 tois xiliois o opoios meta katargeitai.

    7. Qespizetai forologia sta stok ocews poy lambanoyn ws mponoys ta stelexh twn epixeirhsewn. Ta eisodhmata apo ayta qa forologoyntai me thn klimaka forologias eisodhmatos.

    8. Ayjanontai kata 20% ta telh kykloforias IX oxhmatwn toy 2009.

    O ypoyrgos anakoinwse akoma nees meiwseis forologikwn syntelestwn apo to 2010 gia toys misqwtoys kai toys syntajioyxoys kaqws kai gia tis epixeirhseis. Etsi, apo to 2010 mexri kai to 2014 meiwnetai kata 1% o forologikos syntelesths 25% gia to tmhma toy eisodhmatos twn misqwtwn kai twn syntajioyxwn apo 12.000 ews kai 30.000 eyrw. Etsi, qa meiwqei sto 20%. Epishs meiwnetai kata 1% o forologikos syntelesths 25% gia to idio diasthma poy isxyei gia tis epixeirhseis.

    [02] "Apotyxhmenh oikonomikh politikh"

    "Kybernhsh twn forwn" xarakthrise thn kybernhsh o ekproswpos Typoy toy PASOK, Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy, prosqetontas oti meta tis dhlwseis toy ypoyrgoy Oikonomias kai to nomosxedio poy katatiqetai thn Pempth sthn Boylh, ginetai "emfanes me ton pio kaqaro tropo to "Baterlo" ths oikonomikhs politikhs ths kybernhshs".

    "H kybernhsh epixeirei na metakylysei stoys polites ta dika ths adiejoda kai na toys peisei oti aytoi ftaine kai aytoi qa plhrwsoyn mia apotyxhmenh pentaeth oikonomikh politikh" eipe o k. Papakwnstantinoy.

    Apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh, argotera, o k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti o kindynos epithrhshs ths oikonomias einai pragmatikos giati "apo tis anakoinwseis ths Eyrwpaikhs Statistikhs Yphresias amfisbhtoyntai ta stoixeia toy proypologismoy toy perasmenoy etoys kai symfwna me oles tis plhrofories (to elleimma toy) qa einai panw apo 3%, enw einai poly piqano to idio na symbei kai me ton proypologismo toy trexontos etoys".

    "An synepws h Eurostat katalhjei oti epi dyo synexh eth to dhmosio elleimma exei jeperasei ta krithria toy Maastrixt, einai ypoxrewmenh na ypoballei ekqesh kai h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph na kinhsei thn sxetikh diadikasia. Ayto prospaqei na apofygei h kybernhsh" eipe o k. Papakwnstantinoy prosqetontas oti h "Eyrwpaikh Statistikh Yphresia amfisbhtei stoixeia poy ths exei dwsei h kybernhsh gia polla eth".

    Erwthqeis an ta metra ayta "odhgoyn se prowres ekloges" o k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti "den qa mpei se eklogologia" kai prosqese oti "ayto poy qa odhghsei se prowres ekloges einai ta adiejoda ths politikhs ayths ths kybernhshs, kaqws kai to "mpaxalo" poy epikratei sthn ND".

    "To mono poy mporw na pw einai oti emeis eimaste etoimoi gia pan endexomeno, eimaste etoimoi na kerdisoyme tis ekloges opote ki an aytes ginoyn" prosqese o k. Papakwnstantinoy.

    O ekproswpos Typoy toy PASOK ekane logo gia "tessera cemata toy k. Alogoskoyfh" anaferontas ws prwto thn "dieqnh krish" kai legontas oti ayto apotelei alloqi ths kybernhshs kai prosqetontas oti "paroti yparxei dieqnhs krish se kamia allh xwra den exoyn parqei paromoia metra periorismoy ths oikonomikhs drasthriothtas".

    O k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti den ftaiei h dieqnhs krish gia ta adiejoda ths oikonomias alla oi politikes ths kybernhshs.

    Ws "deytero cema" o k. Papakwnstantinoy xarakthrise thn apostrofh oti "h Ellada exei megalyteres antistaseis" kai eipe oti "opoion deikth kai an parei kanenas qa dei oti to 2008 einai poly xeirotero apo to 2004".

    O k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti exoyn katarreysei oi ependyseis kai h antagwnistikothta brisketai se kaqodikh tash, enw anaferomenos sthn anergia eipe oti paroti o "deikths ths ypotiqetai oti exei beltiwqei" kai epikaloymenos thn "oikonomikh toy paideia" prosqese oti "den yparxei periptwsh kratoys sto opoio na syrriknwnetai o ryqmos anaptyjhs kai taytoxronws na peftei h anergia".

    "H anergia peftei giati oi anergoi einai apelpismenoi kai den eggrafontai kan" eipe o k. Papakwnstantinoy.

    O ekproswpos Typoy toy PASOK eipe oti to "trito cemma toy k. Alogoskoyfh einai oti to nomosxedio afora thn forologikh dikaiosynh" kai eipe pws "einai aporias ajio pws ayto synadei me to gegonos oti enas eleyqeros epaggelmatias, apolytws nomimos, o opoios ebgale kata thn diarkeia mias xronias 10.000 eyrw, enw shmera den plhrwnei foro, toy xronoy qa plhrwnei 1000 eyrw foro".

    O k. Papakwnstantinoy epekrine ton ypoyrgo Oikonomias kai thn kybernhsh oti epi pente xronia den exoyn kanei tipota gia thn forodiafygh, enw antiqeta thn exoyn eynohsei kai "erxontai shmera na forologhsoyn epi dikaiwn kai adikwn".

    "Erxontai na epanaferoyn ryqmiseis kai peraiwseis poy gnwrizoyn oti einai laqos dioti dhmioyrgoyn lanqasmenes symperifores kai lanqasmena kinhtra ston polith" eipe o k. Papakwnstantinoy.

    Ws "tetarto cemma toy k. Alogoskoyfh" o k. Papakwnstantinoy xarakthrise thn apostrofh oti "ta metra den aggizoyn toys misqwtoys", legontas oti "einai profanes gia ton k. Alogoskoyfh oti oi misqwtoi den exoyn aytokinhto, giati an katalabame kala exoyme ayjhsh telwn kykloforias kata 20%".

    "Oi misqwtoi se aythn thn xwra to 2004 plhrwnan to 43% twn forologikwn esodwn me toys ergodotes na plhrwnoyn to 44% kai to 2007 oi misqwtoi plhrwnoyn panw apo 50% kai to meridio twn ergodotwn exei pesei sto 36%, ayth einai h dikaiosynh ths forologikhs politikhs toy k. Alogoskoyfh" eipe o k. Papakwnstantinoy.

    Se oti afora thn forologia toy dikaiwmatos proaireshs metoxwn (stock options) o k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti einai kati poy to exei zhthsei kai to PASOK kai h pronoia forologhshs merismatwn kai h forologia yperajias metoxwn gia tis opoies opws anefere "ginontai lanqasmena".

    "Emeis exoyme zhthsei h forologia twn stock options na entaxqei sthn klimaka fysikwn proswpwn kai oxi na forologoyntai aytotelws opws leei h kybernhsh kai ston foro yperajias metoxwn exoyme zhthsei na symchfizontai ta kerdh kai oi zhmies giati etsi epiballei h dikaiosynh" eipe o k. Papakwnstantinoy.

    O ekproswpos Typoy toy PASOK epekrine thn kybernhsh gia "eispraktikh logikh" ypo to kratos panikoy.

    Anaferomenos sthn pronoia toy nomosxedioy gia toys eidikoys logariasmoys, o ekproswpos Typoy toy PASOK eipe oti einai pagia qesh toy Kinhmatos h katarghsh toys kai kalese thn kybernhsh sthn dhmioyrgia programmatikwn proypologismwn kata ypoyrgeio.

    O k. Papakwnstantinoy anaferqhke kai sto dhmosio xreos legontas pws "einai aporias ajio giati ayjanetai to dhmosio xreos otan den ginontai ependyseis kai Olympiakoi Agwnes" kai prosqese oti "epi PASOK oi opoies ayjhseis toy dhmosioy xreoys eixan na kanoyn me oti h xwra ekane ependyseis kai Olympiakoys Agwnes".

    Se oti afora thn pronoia dhmioyrgias diypoyrgikhs epitrophs gia ton elegxo twn elleimmatwn, o k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti ayth apotelei "thn pio jekaqarh omologia gia ta kryfa xreh poy den einai katagegrammena poyqena" kai epekrine thn kybernhsh gia "mh xrhsth dhmosionomikh politikh".

    Apantwntas se erwthseis o k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti "ta metra htan anamenomena ston baqmo poy h kybernhsh apodeiknyetai anikanh gia elaxisth diaxeirish" kai prosqese oti "eite den gnwrizei na kanei stoixeiwdws thn doyleia ths eite paraplana toys polites".

    Erwthqeis an to PASOK se periptwsh analhchs ths diakybernhsh ths xwras qa epikalestei to epixeirhma ths "kamenhs ghs" o k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti "otan analambanoyme thn diakybernhsh ths xwras den epikaloymaste pote oti paralabame kamenh gh, shkwnoyme ta manikia kai kanoyme thn doyleia mas. Ayto qa kanoyme kai thn epomenh mera twn epomenwn eklogwn otan qa analaboyme kybernhsh".

    O k. Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti sthn protash forologikhs metarryqmishs toy PASOK den perilambanetai h "epanafora twn antikeimenikwn krithriwn".

    Telos, klhqeis na sxoliasei dhmosiografikh anafora gia "dhlwsh synaineshs toy proedroy toy EBEA, k. Mixaloy me ta metra" o k Papakwnstantinoy afoy anefere oti den exei diabasei thn sxetikh anakoinwsh kai prosqese oti "eimai sigoyros, omws, oti enas eleyqeros epaggelmatias poy ypoballei mia timia dhlwsh kai qa plhrwsei 1000 eyrw toylaxiston perissotero apo oti persi qa diafwnhsei me ayto poy epikaleiste kai egw den exw diabasei".

    [03] "Xreiazetai allagh sysxetismwn"

    Thn Argolida episkefqhke h Genikh Grammateas toy KKE ka Aleka Paparhga, me aformh apofash toy Monomeloys Prwtodikeioy Nayplioy me thn opoia den egkrinetai h anagnwrish swmateioy me thn epwnymia "Agrotokthnotrofikos Syllogos Argolidas".

    Se synenteyjh Typoy poy paraxwrhse h ka Paparhga sthn aiqoysa toy Nomarxiakoy Symboylioy Argolidas, dhlwse pws gia to komma den exei shmasia pote qa ginoyn oi ekloges, alla an qa yparjei allagh twn sysxetismwn apo to eklogiko apotelesma.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh gia to endexomeno prowrwn eklogwn, anefere oti h ND qa ektimhsei pote thn symferei na kanei ekloges. O SYRIZA, eipe, mporei na qelei ekloges, logw twn posostwn poy toy dinoyn oi dhmoskophseis kai anefere oti einai sosialdhmokratiko komma me koina stoixeia me to PASOK.

    Kai shmeiwse oti einai mia eykolh epilogh poy, omws, den allazei ta pragmata, alla gia to KKE den exei shmasia pote qa ginoyn oi ekloges, alla an qa yparjei allagh twn sysxetismwn apo to apotelesma twn eklogwn.

    H Aleka Paparhga anaferqhke sthn apofash toy Prwtodikeioy Nayplioy na mhn egkrinei thn anagnwrish agrotokthnotrofikoy syllogoy, basizomenh se palio nomo kai eipe oti ayto mas phgainei xronia pisw. Den einai dhmokratiko kai den mporei na mhn dinetai h dynatothta stoys agrotes na syspeirwqoyn, eipe.

    Gia de toys agrotikoys synetairismoys epeshmane oti den leitoyrgoyn pros ofelos twn agrotwn, alla ws idiwtikes epixeirhseis me kerdh.

    H ka Paparhga rwthqhke gia to zhthma toy neroy kai thn diaxeirish toy, poy apasxolei thn Argolida kai ypogrammise oti to nero einai dhmosio agaqo kai prepei na parexetai dwrean me erga apo kratika kondylia ki oxi me idiwtika.

    H Genikh Grammateas toy KKE episkefqhke thn Enwsh Agrotikwn Synetairismwn Argolidas kai to dikastiko megaro Nayplioy opoy synanthqhke me thn dioikhsh toy dikhgorikoy syllogoy Nayplioy kai to Swmateio twn dikastikwn ypallhlwn ki enhmerwqhke gia ta problhmata poy antimetwpizoyn.

    Amesws meta th synanthsh o proedros toy dikhgorikoy syllogoy Nayplioy k. Qodwrhs Kazas se dhlwseis toy anaferqhke sthn epimaxh apofash toy Monomeloys prwtodikeioy Nayplioy, opoy den anagnwristhke o agrotokthnotrofikos syllogos kai eipe oti h apofash sthrizetai se (dedikasmeno) apofash toy 1985 toy prwtodikeioy Iwanninwn kai ekeinh se progenesterh kai xarakthrise thn apofash anaxronistikh.

    O k. Kazas ejefrase thn apoch oti to efeteio Nayplioy qa akyrwsei thn apofash toy Monomeloys prwtodikeioy kai qa anagnwristei to swmateio.

    Telos o proedros toy dikhgorikoy syllogoy Nayplioy anefere oti syzhthse me thn ka Paparhga kai ta problhmata poy antimetwpizei o xwros ths dikaiosynhs sto nomo.

    Se omilia ths sto xwrio Mibea h gg toy KKE eipe oti h periodeia sto nomo egine espeysmena gia na ycwsoyme fwnh diamartyrias giati to Prwtodikeio Nayplioy den enekrine to katastatiko agrokthnotrofikoy syllogoy. Ayto eipe den einai synhqismeno gegonos, exei na symbei edw kai polla xronia kai anefere oti o rolos toy Prwtodikeioy einai na dei ean ekplhrwqhkan oi basikoi oroi gia th systash toy swmateioy kai den einai o rolos toy, eipe, na krinei tis qeseis toy swmateioy.

    Kapote, eipe h k. Paparhga, h agrotia htan 35% kai pleiochfia. Shmera, synexise, aggizei molis to 11%, to megalo kefalaio exei mpei ston tomea ths paragwghs kai sth sygkentrwsh ghs kai xreiazetai, prosqese, geres antistaseis kai gi ayto to KKE einai ypoxrewmeno na parakoloyqei tis ejelijeis.

    Pagideyetai eipe o kosmos apo ND, PASOK kai apo ceytoaristera kommata. Den mporei, eipe, na eisai kai me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kai me thn agrotia kai thn ergatia. Kalese toys polites na mhn epilegoyn to ligotero xeirotero kako, alla na kanoyn thn anatroph. Kalese toys polites na parameinoyn makria apo thn ND kai to PASOK kai na mhn exoyn kamia empistosynh sto Synaspismo. Mhn toys pisteyete, eipe, oti den qa synergastoyn.

    To KKE gia tis anakoinwseis toy ypoyrgoy Oikonomias

    "Mesw toy forologikoy nomosxedioy kai me prosxhma th forologikh dikaiosynh,h kybernhsh ejapolyei nea sklhrh foroepidromh stoys misqwtoys ergazomenoys,stoys aytoapasxoloymenoys kai synolika sta mikra kai mesaia laika strwmata.Taytoxrona synexizei thn politikh poy me synepeia akoloyqoyn ND - PASOK ayjanontas tis foroapallages gia to kefalaio, mesw ths meiwshs twn forologikwn syntelestwn".

    Ayta anaferei se anakoinwsh toy to KKE me aformh tis anakoinwseis toy Ypoyrgoy Oikonomias Giwrgoy Alogoskoyfh.

    Symfwna me to KKE, h kybernhsh "proklhtika katargei to aforologhto orio kai epiballei dysbastaxth forologia stoys xamhla ameibomenoys ergazomenoys ston idiwtiko tomea poy ergazontai me deltio paroxhs yphresiwn, stoys aytoapasxoloymenoys, stoys mikremporoys k.a. poy antimetwpizoyn problhma epibiwshs.Ayjanei yperogka kai eniaia ta telh kykloforias".

    To KKE shmeiwnei oti h kybernhsh "me prosxhma th diafaneia kai ton elegxo twn dapanwn sta nosokomeia kai sthn topikh aytodioikhsh epixeirei th drastikh perikoph twn opoiwn kondyliwn dinontai gia koinwnikh politikh. Mesw twn allagwn sto aparadekto kaqestws twn eidikwn logariasmwn dhmioyrgei proypoqeseis na plhjei akoma perissotero ta misqologika dikaiwmata twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn. Oi synolikes ejelijeis kai ta nea metra anadeiknyoyn oso pote allote thn anagkh na anaptyxqei amesa h koinwnikh symmaxia ths ergatikhs tajhs, twn aytoapasxoloymenwn kai mikromesaiwn laikwn strwmatwn. Na parei politika xarakthristika. Oi laikes dynameis prepei na syneidhtopoihsoyn oti ta antilaika metra den qa stamathsoyn edw. Qa klimakwqoyn. O monos tropos gia na ta empodisoyn einai na antipalecoyn me koino metwpo synolika thn politikh poy yphretei ta symferonta toy megaloy kefalaioy me stoxo thn anatroph ths. Na aporricoyn thn EE kai ta kommata ths".

    [04] O Al. Tsipras sthn Ikaria

    Me th synanthsh toy me ton Eparxo Ikarias kai to Eparxiako Symboylio jekinhse thn Tetarth th dihmerh episkech toy sto nhsi ths Ikarias, o proedros toy SYN Alejhs Tsipras.

    Kata th diarkeia ths synanthshs toys o A. Tsipras enhmerwqhke gia ta problhmata ta opoia antimetwpizei h eparxia ths Ikarias alla kai oi Foyrnoi.

    O eparxos kai to eparxiako symboylio zhthsan thn koinoboyleytikh bohqeia toy SYRIZA, wste na breqoyn lyseis se polla apo ta problhmata poy antimetwpizoyn oi katoikoi ths Ikarias.

    O Proedros toy SYN poy synodeyetai apo to boyleyth Grhgorh Cariano, kai apo melh toy SYN ths Samoy kai ths Ikarias milhse se anoixth sygkentrwsh ston Eydhlo.

    Shmera to prwi qa episkefqei to nosokomeio toy Agioy Khrykoy, qa milhsei me toys ergazomenoys kai sth 1 meta to meshmeri qa synanthqei me toys dhmarxoys toy nhsioy.

    [05] Epanerxetai o daktylios

    Arxizei apo th Deytera, 1h Septembrioy, o daktylios sto kentro ths Aqhnas.

    H Troxaia, me anakoinwsh ths, ypenqymizei oti ta oria toy daktylioy kaqorizontai apo toys dromoys kai lewforoys: Alejandras, Zaxarwf, Mesoggeiwn, Feidipidoy, Mixalakopoyloy, Spyroy Merkoyrh, Bryajidos, Ymhttoy, Hlia Hlioy, Frantzh, Syggroy, Xamosternas, Peiraiws, Ieras Odoy, Kwnstantinoypolews, Axillews, Plateia Karaiskakh, Karoloy-Marnh, Pathsiwn, Alejandras.

    O daktylios isxyei apo Deytera ews Pempth apo tis 7 to prwi ews tis 8 to brady kai thn Paraskeyh apo tis 7 to prwi ews tis 3 to meshmeri, enw den isxyei ta Sabbatokyriaka, tis epishmes argies kai tis meres poy pragmatopoioyntai 24wres apergies twn Mazikwn Meswn Metaforas.

    Osoi ejairoyntai apo toys periorismoys sto daktylio epitrepetai na kykloforoyn mono me eidikh adeia, poy xorhgeitai apo th Dieyqynsh Troxaias Attikhs. Shmeiwnetai oti osoi exoyn apo persi adeies mporoyn na kykloforoyn me aytes ews to telos toy Septembrioy, prokeimenoy na ekdoqoyn oi nees.

    Aithseis gia adeia kykloforias sto daktylio qa ypoballontai apo shmera sthn Troxaia Attikhs, enw h proqesmia ypobolhs toys einai ws tis 30 Noembrioy.

    Ypenqymizetai akoma oti oi parabates poy kykloforoyn sto daktylio xwris adeia timwroyntai me prostimo 200 eyrw kai pente baqmoys sto Systhma Elegxoy Symperiforas Odhgwn (SESO).

    [06] Ta ``fanaria'' toy Borra

    Epi 36 xronia "yposxotan" steria stoys naytikoys, poy etoimazontoysan na "desoyn" Qessalonikh kata tis bradines wres. Treisimisi dekaeties farofylakas, jenyxtoyse pisw apo to epanalambanomeno fws twn farwn ths polhs, poy enhmerwne ta ploia, ellhnika kai jena, oti mpainoyn sta nera toy Qermaikoy.

    O idios apotelese gia xronia kai "cyxh" radiofarwn ths polhs, twn gnwstwn stoys naytikoys "Radio beacons" stis ekboles toy Ajioy potamoy h sthn perioxh toy istioploikoy omiloy Qessalonikhs, poy -ekpempontas eidika xarakthristika shmata- odhgoysan ta ploia se asfales epineio, mesa apo th syxnh qessalonikiwtikh omixlh.

    Farofylakas apo ta 19 toy mexri ta 55, o Anqypoploiarxos en apostrateia Andreas Roysos, exei parei syntajh edw kai 12-13 xronia, alla syxna anapolei thn hremia toy faroy. "Moy exei leicei tromera o faros. Qa hqela na exw meinei perissotero", ejhgei.

    Kai omws: den htan aytos poy dialeje to epaggelma, alla o pateras toy gia logariasmo toy. Naytikos qalassodarmenos o Roysos o presbyteros, mporei na ebgale sto gio toy naytiko fylladio -gia na einai etoimos na mparkarei "se wra anagkhs", opws elege - alla taytoxrona ton "esprwje" sthn hsyxh zwh toy farofylaka, "na mhn tajideyei, giati einai poly dyskolh toy naytikoy h zwh".

    Gia enan 19xrono, ejhgei sto APE-MPE o k.Roysos, den einai eykolh h monajia toy faroy. 'Otan to "fanari" einai apomonwmeno h dysprosito h otan den yparxei kan hlektrismos, opws synebaine palaiotera, ta pragmata "skoyrainoyn" idiws gia enan neo anqrwpo. "Hmoyn se enan faro sthn Eyboia, opoy den eixa hlektriko fws -para mono mia lampa petrelaioy- oyte cygeio, oyte estia gia na mageireyw. Ki hmoyn kai neos. Se tetoies periptwseis, ta pragmata einai pio dyskola. Omws, otan soy aresei h hsyxh zwh, arga h grhgora h hremia se kerdizei kai ta jexnas ola", epishmainei.

    Oi plhmmyres toy Ajioy kai to "palema" me ton Qermaiko

    Einai omws panta hsyxh h zwh sto faro; 'Oxi panta. O k.Roysos exei entona xaragmenh sth mnhmh toy kapoia xronia gyrw sto '70, me megales plhmmyres ston Ajio. Tote poy "to potami ekane mia foberh katebasia kai kontece na pnijei ton radiofaro". O faros apexei miso metro apo to nero kai o farofylakas eixe arxisei na skeftetai pws qa skarfalwne sthn koryfh toy, gia na glitwsei apo th foyskoqalassia. Thn wra ekeinh hrqe shma poy toy elege na egkataleicei thn yphresia toy. "Th stigmh poy efeyga eixe plhmmyrisei o topos. Den eblepa tipota mprosta moy. O Qeos me bohqhse ekeinh th mera", qymatai o k.Roysos.

    Palaiotera, prin ftiaxtei o dromos poy odhgoyse sto faro, oi farofylakes phgainoerxontoysan me kaikakia kai, se hmeres poy "ekane qalassa", hmeres me kakokairia, "mporei, anti gia miamish wra poy htan kanonika h diadromh, na kaname 5,5 paleyontas epi wres me ta nera ston Qermaiko", epishmainei.

    "Piotero naytikoi, para sterianoi"

    Gia toys naytikoys, o faros einai h yposxesh ths sterias, hdh apo thn arxaiothta (O Omhros, sthn Iliada, otan h Qetida xarise ston Axillea mian aspida, paromoiase th lamch ths pws htan "idia me to fws kaiomenoy pyros, opws to diakrinoyn apo makria oi naytikoi").

    Pws omws antimetwpizoyn oi naytikoi toys farofylakes; Toys qewroyn "adelfo" epaggelma; Mhpws toys blepoyn piotero san naytikoys, para san sterianoys; "Mallon nai, etsi prepei na einai", leei xamogelwntas o k.Roysos, poy h tyxh ta 'fere etsi, poy o megalos toy gios akoloyqhse -estw gia kapoia xronia- to epaggelma toy pappoy toy, genomenos kapetanios se ena megalo "gkazadiko" 3O0.000 tonwn. "Ena gkazadiko, poy -logw megeqoys- pote den epiane limani, htan panta mesa sth qalassa. Etsi, kapote o gios moy apofasise na gyrisei sth steria", ejhgei o k.Roysos.

    Mono eji faroi leitoyrgoyn me proswpiko

    Oi teleytaioi faroi poy leitoyrgoysan me aerio asetilinhs -kai apaitoysan thn plhrh afosiwsh twn paliwn farofylakwn, afoy eprepe na toys "fortwnoyn" ana ejawro- epacan na leitoyrgoyn ligo prin to 2000. Symfwna me stoixeia poy eqese sth diaqesh toy APE-MPE h Yphresia Farwn, o teleytaios faros poy leitoyrgoyse me aerio asetilinhs -aytos toy Agioy Iwannh Lasiqioy Krhths- metatraphke se hliako to 1999. Shmera, oloi oi ``xtistoi'' faroi -synolika 112 ek twn opoiwn oi pente briskontai sth B. Ellada- einai hlektrikoi h hliakoi kai, ara, den apaiteitai pleon h yparjh pollwn farofylakwn, poy na menoyn monima se aytoys.

    Molis eji faroi leitoyrgoyn stelexwmenoi me proswpiko se olh thn Ellada kai dekades einai epithroymenoi (s.s. oi farofylakes den menoyn monima ekei, alla toys episkeptontai se takta xronika diasthmata).

    Tria aiwnobia "fanaria" ston Borra

    Stis 10 Ioylioy 1864 kai enw h Qessalonikh teloyse akomh ypo toyrkikh katoxh, oi naytikoi antikrisan gia prwth fora dyo nea fwta ston orizonta. Htan oi faroi toy Megaloy Emboloy sto Aggeloxwri kai ths Kassandras sth Xalkidikh, poy parelhfqhsan amfoteroi apo to ellhniko kratos meta toys balkanikoys polemoys, ton Martio toy 1915. To 1880, anace kai o faros ths Alejandroypolhs. Prokeitai gia toys treis diathrhteoys faroys ths Boreias Elladas, epi synoloy 27 (diathrhtewn) se olh thn ellhnikh epikrateia.

    Opws ejhgei sto APE-MPE o dhmarxos Mhxaniwnas, Giannhs Mayromaths, o faros toy Aggeloxwrioy, poy exei estiako ycos 32 metra kai ycos pyrgoy 10,5, kataskeyasthke apo th Gallikh Etairia Oqwmanikwn Farwn kai entaxqhke sto ellhniko fariko diktyo sto telos toy A' Pagkosmioy Polemoy. Arxika leitoyrgoyse me petrelaio. To telos toy deyteroy "megaloy polemoy" ton brhke "labwmeno" apo toys bombardismoys twn germanikwn polyboleiwn, poy briskontan dipla toy kai stamathse na leitoyrgei.

    'Omws to '48, epidiorqwqhke, allaje kaysimo (asetilinh) kai aytomatopoihqhke, opote stamathse na leitoyrgei me monimoys farofylakes. To 1963, h asetilinh antikatastaqhke apo hlektrismo kai h fwtobolia toy ayjhqhke sta 17 naytika milia. To 1998, o faros -poy h kataskeyh toy egine me th xrhsh kalhs poiothtas sympagwn optoplinqwn, me xrhsh kalhs texnikhs, opws oi kaminades twn prwtwn biomhxanikwn ktiriwn ths Qessalonikhs- xarakthristhke ws diathrhteo neotero mnhmeio biomhxanikhs klhronomias.

    Ta problhmata poy antimetwpizei to aiwnobio "fanari" meletwntai apo to APQ, sto plaisio toy programmatos EC-Pharos, enw h ajiopoihsh toy ``petrinoy'' faroy ginetai mesa apo to programma diabalkanikhs synergasias ``Balkaniko Diktyo Prasinhs Anaptyjhs'' (INTERREG IIIA/PHARE CBC). Prosfata, o ypoyrgos Makedonias-Qrakhs, Margariths Tzimas, ejhggeile th xrhmatodothsh toy ergoy apokatastashs toy faroy me 171.500 eyrw.

    H pistwsh gia thn oloklhrwsh toy ergoy ws to 2009 einai plhrws ejasfalismenh. "Eyelpistoyme oti syntoma qa anoijei tis pyles toy sto koino kai oi episkeptes qa mporoyn na qaymazoyn th qea pros th limnoqalassa", katelhje o k.Mayromaths'

    Sto stoxastro bombardismwn kai seismwn

    O faros toy Megaloy Emboloy den htan o monadikos poy ``traymatisthke'' stoys polemoys. Polloi faroi dexthkan bombardismoys kata ton B'Pagkosmio, me apotelesma na katastrafoyn merikws h olikws kai sth synexeia epidiorqwqhkan.

    Alloi pali, katastrafhkan merikws, synepeia seismwn. Xarakthristikotero paradeigma einai ayto twn seismwn toy 1951 kai toy 1957 sta Ionia, apo toys opoioys proklhqhkan katastrofes stoys faroys Bardianwn kai Fiskardo. Alloi, exoyn ypostei zhmies apo kaqizhseis, opws o faros Lakka Pajwn, to etos 1916.

    "Faroploia": to kinhto ...synergeio twn farwn

    Oi faroi exoyn kai ta dika toys ?kinhta synergeia. Ektos apo ta aytokinhta gia toys "xersaioys" faroys, dyo ploia, gnwsta kai ws "faroploia", ta ``Karabogiannos'' kai ``Lykoydhs'', kanoyn ekasto tessera taktika tajidia ethsiws, metaferontas ejeidikeymenoys texnites. Bebaia, an prokycei ektakth anagkh, h epembash einai amesh. Ta ploia fernoyn toys texnites dipla stoys faroys, gia na elegjoyn thn katastash toys kai na kanoyn oses epidiorqwseis xreiazontai.

    Mesogeios, h mana twn farwn

    H Mesogeios qa mporoyse na xarakthristei ``mana twn farwn'', kaqws sta nera ths emfanizontai ta prwta "fanaria" pagkosmiws. Sta nyxterina tajidia twn naytikwn, ``synodoiporoi'' htan oi pyrsoi, poy oi arxaioi naytikoi -Libyoi, Foinikes, Ellhnes- anaban se koryfes lofwn h eisodoys polewn.

    Allwste, sth Mesogeio brisketai kai o pio fhmismenos faros ths arxaiothtas, aytos ths Alejandreias, me ycos 130-160 metra kai fwtobolia peripoy 60 miliwn, poy h fhmh toy htan tosh, wste to nhsaki ``Faros'' opoy xtisthke, ``baftise'' tis kataskeyes toy eidoys.

    O arxaioteros faros legetai oti xtisthke sthn Troia, sto akrwthrio Sigeio (shmerino Genh Sier Mpoyrnoy), enw akoloyqhse ekeinos sthn petrwdh jera ``Leyterhs'' (metajy Skiaqoy kai kyriws xwras), poy anegerqh apo ton Jerjh, me stoxo na perasei eykolotera ton stolo toy apo th Qessalomagnhsia, gia na ``katebei'' ston Sarwniko.

    To nayagio toy bretanikoy atmoploioy Volta kai o faros toy Armenisth

    Ton 19o aiwna dhmioyrgoyntai ta farika diktya-asfalh ``monopatia'' gia ta ploia se apokrhmnes h epikindynes aktes, konta se eisodoys limaniwn. Syxnotata, oi faroi kataskeyazontai meta apo kapoio nayagio. Sthn Ellada, xarakthristikh einai h periptwsh toy faroy Armenisth (Mykonos), poy kataskeyasthke to 1891, meta to nayagio toy atmoploioy ?Volta? ths Bretanikhs Thlegrafikhs Etaireias.

    Sth neoterh Ellada, o prwtos fanos toy neosystatoy ellhnikoy kratoys anace to 1829, sthn Aigina. To 1887 idryqhke h Yphresia Farwn, poy shmera elegxei/synthrei to synolo twn ellhnikwn farwn. Oloi oi faroi synthroyntai me kondylia toy Polemikoy Naytikoy, enw arketoi exoyn protaqei pros xrhmatodothsh apo to ESPA 2007-2013 gia apokatastash. Se mikro ariqmo farwn, h diadikasia synthrhshs exei paraxwrhqei se topikoys foreis, enw se kapoioys ekteleitai paraqeristiko programma stelexwn toy Polemikoy Naytikoy._

    [07] Elabe to xrisma o Ompama

    O Geroysiasths Mparak Ompama ejasfalise kai typika to xrisma toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos gia na diekdikhsei thn amerikanikh proedria stis ekloges toy Noembrioy kai egine o prwtos afroamerikanos ypochfios gia to Leyko Oiko.

    To xrisma ston Mparak Ompama doqhke dia bohs apo ta melh toy Synedrioy toy Dhmokratikoy Kommatos, sto Ntenber. O Ompama qa antimetwpisei stis ekloges ths 4hs Noembrioy ton repoymplikano ypochfio, Tzon Makein, gia na anadeixtei o diadoxos toy Tzortz Mpoys sthn proedria.

    Omilia Xilari Klinton

    Ekklhsh gia thn enothta twn Dhmokratikwn gyrw apo ton afro-amerikano ypochfio Mparak Ompama aphyqyne h geroysiasths Xilari Klinton sthn omilia ths sto synedrio toy kommatos sto Ntenber ,yposxomenh na ergastei sklhra gia thn nikh toy Ompama stis ekloges.

    "Anejarthta an chfisate emena h ton Mparak, twra einai h wra na enwqoyme ws eniaio komma me ena stoxo. Eimaste mia omada kai oydeis prepei na meinei ametoxos ston agwna poy dinoyme gia to mellon " tonise h Xilari Klinton en mesw epeyfhmiwn . "O Mparak Ompama einai o dikos moy ypochfios kai prepei na einai o proedros mas" prosqese h prwhn prwth kyria.

    "Otan o Mparak Ompama breqei ston Leyko Oiko qa anazwogonhsei thn oikonomia mas ,qa yperaspistei toys Amerikanoys ergazomenoys kai qa antimetwpisei tis pagkosmies proklhseis ths epoxhs mas",tonise h Xilari Klinton,ypo to blemma toy syzygoy ths kai prwhn proedroy Mpil Klinton poy parakoloyqoyse apo tis ejedres. Se mia stigmh malista h kamera edeije ton Mpil Klinton na dakryzei kai na cellizei "se agapw", apeyqynomenos sth Xilari.

    H geroysiasths ths Neas Yorkhs ejapelyse epiqesh ston repoymplikano ypochfio Tzon MakKehn ,ton opoio xarakthrise pantws "synadelfo kai filo moy".

    "Den xreiazomaste alla tessera xronia ths teleytaias oktaetias" tonise h Xilari syndeontas ton MakKehn me thn politikh toy aperxomenoy proedroy Tzortz Mpoys. "Den agwnizomoyn epi 35 xronia gia thn iatrofarmakeytikh periqalch kiai ta dikaiwmata twn gynaikwn gia na ta dw na parablepontai apo enan akomh Repoymplikaniko Leyko Oiko",prosqese.

    O Mparak Ompama parakoloyqhse thn omilia ths Klinton mesw doryforoy apo to Mpilingks ths Montana. "H omilia ths Xilari htan ejairetikh , poly dynath", tonise o Ompama kai prosqese: "Edeije oti qa enwqoyme to Noembrio kai qa kerdisoyme aytes tis ekloges". O Ompama thlefwnhse malista sthn Xilari Klinton gia na thn sygxarei.

    H Xilari Klinton anamenetai na dwsei th dynatothta stoys eklektores ths na chfisoyn ton Mparak Ompama gia na fanei enwmeno to komma.

    H ejasfalish ths yposthrijhs twn opadwn ths Klinton einai krisimh gia ton Ompama, kaqws mexri shmera enas stoys tesseris chfoforoys ths Xilari dhlwne oti qa chfisei ton MakKehn stis ekloges.

    Dhmoskophsh toy institoytoy Gkalop dinei malista shmera probadisma dyo posostiaiwn monadwn ston Repoymplikano ypochfio poy sygkentrwnei to 46% enanti 44% toy Ompama.


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