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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-10-07

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Qeseis KKE gia to 18o synedrio

    [01] Qeseis KKE gia to 18o synedrio

    Doqhkan sth dhmosiothta oi qeseis toy KKE gia to 18o Synedrio poy qa diejaxqei ton Febroyario. Synenteyjh Al.Paparhga thn Pempth. Oi Qeseis ths KE sto prwto qema twn ergasiwn toy 18oy Synedrioy katanemontai se 7 kefalaia me toys ejhs titloys: Dieqneis ejelijeis. Oi ejelijeis sthn EE. To dieqnes Kommoynistiko kai Antiimperialistiko Kinhma. Oi oikonomikes ejelijeis sthn Ellada. Ejelijeis ston politiko kai koinwniko sysxetismo. Apologismos ths drashs toy Kommatos. Ta kaqhkonta toy Kommatos ews to 19o Synedrio. Sto prwto kefalaio, h KE ektimhse oti exei shmasia stis shmerines synqhkes na doqei idiaitero baros sthn analysh twn dieqnwn oikonomikwn ejelijewn kai idiaitera sthn tash metabolhs toy sysxetismoy sthn pagkosmia agora kai sta endoimperialistika kentra, sto oikonomiko, stratiwtiko kai diplwmatiko pedio. Ginetai anafora stis esties polemwn poy anaptyxqhkan kai anaptyssontai. Se ayto to kefalaio dinetai emfash sthn anhsyxia twn imperialistikwn kentrwn, gia to endexomeno ekdhlwshs mias baqyterhs kai pio sygxronismenhs oikonomikhs krishs kai stoys problhmatismoys gia th diaxeirish ths, me stoxo th swthria toy systhmatos. Oi Qeseis ths KE anadeiknyoyn ws staqera ejelissomenh thn tash epideinwshs ths qeshs ths ergatikhs tajhs kai twn aytoapasxoloymenwn stis xwres toy anaptygmenoy kapitalismoy, ejelijh kaqoristikh gia tis diaqeseis twn laikwn dynamewn kai epomenws gia th grammh palhs toy ergatikoy kinhmatos, gia th strathgikh twn kommoynistikwn kommatwn. Sto deytero kefalaio, logw kai ths shmasias poy exoyn oi ejelijeis sthn EE gia thn Ellada kai to laiko kinhma, anaferontai ta basika stoixeia poy aforoyn thn eyrwenwsiakh agora kai tis eswterikes antiqeseis kai antagwnismoys. Emfash dinetai stis nees apofaseis poy aforoyn thn kratikh bia kai katastolh, tis ergasiakes sxeseis, to epoikodomhma qesmwn, mhxanismwn kai nomwn poy exoyn yioqethqei kai apo ta krath - melh. Sto trito kefalaio, gia to dieqnes Kommoynistiko kai Antiimperialistiko Kinhma, ginetai apologismos ths drashs kai ths syneisforas toy Kommatos, kaqws kai ektimhsh gia thn katastash krishs sthn opoia paramenei to dieqnes kommoynistiko kinhma. Anaptyssetai h poreia ths drashs toy Kommatos sthn prospaqeia gia thn anasygkrothsh toy dieqnoys kommoynistikoy kinhmatos kai idiaitera h anagkaiothta gia syntonismo kai koinh drash twn marjistikwn - leninistikwn kommatwn, poy pisteyoyn sthn anagkaiothta palhs gia thn anatroph toy kapitalistikoy systhmatos kai to perasma sto sosialismo - kommoynismo. Sto tetarto kefalaio, dinontai stoixeia gia thn poreia ths ellhnikhs oikonomias, thn ejagwgh kefalaiwn, thn energo symmetoxh se imperialistikes epembaseis gia ton elegxo twn agorwn. Idiaitero baros dinetai sthn anaptyjh twn ejelijewn, se sxesh me thn anabaqmismenh qesh ths Elladas sta Balkania kata thn periodo edraiwshs kai anaptyjhs toy kapitalistikoy systhmatos stis prwhn sosialistikes xwres, ws apotelesma ths antepanastashs. Dinontai ektimhseis kai stoixeia gia thn poreia sygkentrwshs kai sygkentropoihshs toy kefalaioy, thn poreia isxyropoihshs sth dieqnh kapitalistikh agora twn monopwliakwn omilwn me edra thn Ellada. Basiko symperasma einai oti thn teleytaia tetraetia eginan pio emfanh ta apotelesmata ths prospaqeias ths ellhnikhs astikhs tajhs na diaxeiristei pros ofelos ths thn tash allagwn sta meridia ths agoras anamesa stis isxyroteres imperialistikes dynameis, me epidiwjh na anabaqmisei to gewstrathgiko ths rolo. Anaptyssetai problhmatismos gia tis antirropes taseis poy emfanizontai kai epidroyn sthn anabaqmismenh qesh ths ellhnikhs astikhs tajhs sta Balkania, poy epiteyxqhke sth 10etia toy '90 kai synexizetai ews tis meres mas. Anadeiknyontai kai oi paragontes poy mporoyn na prokalesoyn endexomenh ypoxwrhsh ayths ths qeshs, sto baqmo poy alles balkanikes dynameis epityxoyn pio dynamikh kapitalistikh anaptyjh. Epishmainetai epishs, pio ejeidikeymena, to endexomeno na prohghqei h ekdhlwsh ths krishs sthn ellhnikh oikonomia, se sxesh me orismenes balkanikes oikonomies, kyriws ths Roymanias. Ginetai apologismos ths poreias ths katastashs twn ergazomenwn, me kyria aixmh tis ejelijeis sthn koinwnikh synqesh kai sth domh ths ergasiakhs apasxolhshs, stis metaboles sth diarqrwsh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias, sthn eswterikh anisometrh anaptyjh. Krinontai oi ajones ths astikhs oikonomikhs politikhs gia to epomeno diasthma kai oi epiptwseis sthn ergatikh tajh, sth ftwxh agrotia, stoys aytoapasxoloymenoys. Oi ektimhseis twn ejelijewn aytwn kai twn tasewn exoyn amesh sxesh me to rolo toy ergatikoy kinhmatos, toy Kommatos sth xwra mas, to rolo toys sto sysxetismo dynamhs kai tis ejelijeis. Sto pempto kefalaio, ginetai ektimhsh twn politikwn ejelijewn apo to 17o Synedrio, ths politikhs twn kommatwn, ths stashs twn fysikwn forewn ths astikhs tajhs apenanti sto systhma ths dikommatikhs enallaghs sth diakybernhsh. Synektimwntai oi orismenes qetikes diergasies sth syneidhsh toy laoy, alla kai oi antikeimenikoi paragontes, poy wqoyn sthn anodo toy reformismoy kai toy oportoynismoy. Ektimwntai oi agwnes poy eginan kai apotimatai o rolos kai oi eyqynes toy Kommatos sthn anaptyjh ths tajikhs syneidhshs, sthn politikh epagrypnhsh, sthn probolh ths anagkaiothtas kai dynatothtas gia th sygkrothsh toy Metwpoy, ths palhs gia thn anatroph sto epipedo ths ejoysias. Sto ekto kefalaio, paratiqentai ta basika stoixeia toy qetikoy apologismoy toy Kommatos, me bash to kyrio kaqhkon poy eqete to 17o Synedrio gia olopleyrh ideologikopolitikh kai organwtikh isxyropoihsh poy synista anagkaio oro gia thn oikodomhsh toy Antiimperialistikoy Antimonopwliakoy Dhmokratikoy Metwpoy (AADM) kai thn proodo toy antiimperialistikoy antimonopwliakoy agwna. H basikh ektimhsh einai oti, sto diasthma poy mesolabhse apo to 17o Synedrio, egine systhmatikh kai epimonh doyleia apo to Komma gia thn afomoiwsh ths strathgikhs, toy Programmatos toy, gia thn eniaia drash sth bash ths strathgikhs, thn prosarmogh kai ejeidikeysh kata xwro kai klado, me bash kai tis ejelijeis, tis anagkes ths politikhs anametrhshs. To KKE einai shmera pio empeiro kai atsalwmeno na dra se opoiesdhpote synqhkes. H dynamikh ideologikopolitikh parembash toy KKE sthn antiparaqesh me tis astikes politikes dynameis, ton oportoynismo, se syndyasmo me thn prwtopora symbolh toy sthn anaptyjh ths tajikhs palhs, twn agwnwn, synebale sto na paremblhqoyn dyskolies sta sxedia ths kybernhshs kai ths astikhs tajhs na perasoyn me anesh oi antidrastikes metarryqmiseis. Qetikh ektimhsh dinetai gia th genikh proodo ths KNE kai to dynamiko prwtoporo rolo ths stoys agwnes ths neolaias. Entopizetai h anagkh na enisxyqei h bohqeia toy Kommatos pros to KS kai ta Organa ths KNE, opws epishs kai pros tis OB, wste na epitygxanetai h afomoiwsh twn newn melwn kai h energhtikh toys symmetoxh sth drash kai tis apofaseis. H kommoynistikh diapaidagwghsh einai apolytws anagkaia sth metabatikh hlikiakh fash kai twn dynamewn ths KNE. H epityxia ayths ths prospaqeias, poy prepei na einai diarkhs kaqws ananewnontai sxetika grhgora oi grammes ths KNE, qa exei amesh qetikh epidrash kai sthn KNitikh oikodomhsh, alla kai sthn anaptyjh isxyroy neolaiistikoy kinhmatos. Taytoxrona, ekfrazetai h anhsyxia gia thn ysterhsh sthn analogh proodo toy Kommatos sthn kommatikh oikodomhsh sthn ergatikh tajh, kata klado kai stoys topoys doyleias. Anaferontai oi paragontes poy de leitoyrghsan oloklhrwmena kai apofasistika, me eyqynh toy Kommatos kai prin ap' ola ths KE, wste na yparxei mia orismenh antistoixia kai sthn kommatikh oikodomhsh, sthn koinwnikh synqesh twn grammwn toy Kommatos. To geniko symperasma einai oti, para tis adynamies kai ta problhmata poy orismena paramenoyn, exoyn diamorfwqei kalytera apo prin oi proypoqeseis gia mia dynamikoterh poreia toy Kommatos ta epomena xronia. Akoloyqei h apotimhsh ths doyleias ths KE, toy PG kai ths Grammateias, kaqws kai twn bohqhtikwn Tmhmatwn ths KE. Sto teleytaio, ebdomo kefalaio, h KE proteinei ta basika kaqhkonta toy Kommatos ews to 19o Synedrio. H KE kalei ta melh toy Kommatos, opws epishs ta melh kai ta stelexh ths KNE, na melethsoyn tis Qeseis, na paroyn energo meros sthn eswkommatikh diadikasia kai to dhmosio dialogo. Oi Qeseis gia to 18o Synedrio, me th dhmosiothta poy qa paroyn kai me thn atomikh kai syllogikh doyleia twn melwn, prepei na ftasoyn eyrytera stoys filoys kai opadoys, stoys synergazomenoys, se ergatoypallhloys, aytoapasxoloymenoys, agrotes, se neoys kai gynaikes, wste na sygkentrwqoyn kai na melethqoyn oi gnwmes kai oi protaseis toys, oi kritikes toys parathrhseis. Na employtistoyn ta ntokoymenta toy synedrioy me symperasmata fwtismena apo th laikh peira olwn ekeinwn poy prosblepoyn se rizikh allagh, poy qeloyn na antistaqoyn gia na dyskolecoyn to perasma newn antidrastikwn metrwn, na dokimasoyn th dynamh ths laikhs antistashs kai antepiqeshs.

    <font size="5" face="Arial Greek">1o KEFALAIO DIEQNEIS EJELIJEIS

    A. Basikes taseis: Allagh sysxetismoy dynamewn kai epibradynsh ths pagkosmias kapitalistikhs anaptyjhs 1.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Oi endoimperialistikoi antagwnismoi ejelissontai se ola ta pedia - oikonomiko, stratiwtiko, politiko - kai metajy diaforwn omadwn kratwn. Ekdhlwnontai akoma kai sto pedio ths periballontikhs politikhs, anamesa sta dieqnika monopwlia alla kai sta kapitalistika krath. Oi esties polemoy, poy emfanisthkan meta th diamorfwsh newn agorwn stis prwhn sosialistikes xwres, paramenoyn qermes h kindyneyoyn na perasoyn se nea anazwpyrwsh, kaqws enteinontai oi antagwnismoi prwt' ap' ola gia ton elegxo twn phgwn kai twn agwgwn petrelaioy kai fysikoy aerioy. Se aytes tis synqhkes oi HPA kai to NATO egkaqistoyn neoys pyrayloys sthn Eyrwph, enw oi HPA ypokinhsan thn epiqesh ths Gewrgias kata ths Notias Osetias, poy prokalese thn antapanthsh ths Rwsias. H perioxh toy Kaykasoy anadeiknyetai se qermh zwnh toy amerikano-rwsikoy antagwnismoy, perikleiei neoys kindynoys genikoterhs anaflejhs sthn perioxh, sthn opoia emplekontai kai h EE, to NATO, h Toyrkia kai alles dynameis. Enisxyetai o antagwnismos gia th stratiwtikh paroysia kai politikh epirroh twn diaforwn imperialistikwn kentrwn sthn Kentrikh Asia, sth Mesh Anatolh, sthn Afrikh kai th Latinikh Amerikh, kaqws kai sthn Arktikh. Ayjanontai oi stratiwtikes dapanes, oi ejagwges oplwn, o sxediasmos paragwghs kai egkatastashs newn pyrhnikwn oplwn. 2.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To Dieqnes Dikaio, opws to gnwrisan oi laoi sthn periodo ths energhtikhs paroysias kai drashs toy sosialistikoy systhmatos stis dieqneis ypoqeseis, den yparxei. Exei ypokatastaqei plhrws apo to imperialistiko dogma toy ``prolhptikoy xtyphmatos'', ths ekstrateias ``kata ths tromokratias''. Idiaitera epikindynh strathgikh einai ayth twn imperialistikwn epembasewn me thn epiklhsh toy legomenoy ``aytoprosdiorismoy'' ws prosxhmatos gia thn ypokinhsh meionotikwn zhthmatwn kai th dhmioyrgia kratwn - protektoratwn. Oi anazhthseis kai oi problhmatismoi gia thn apokaloymenh ``anamorfwsh toy OHE'', gia ``nea systhmata asfaleias'' sthn Eyrwph kai oi diakhryjeis se pagkosmio epipedo peri toy ``polypolikoy kosmoy'' antanakloyn thn tash allaghs toy sysxetismoy metajy twn imperialistikwn kentrwn, alla kai thn eniaia prospaqeia toys apenanti stoys laoys, gia na sygkalyptetai o epiqetikos xarakthras twn imperialistikwn symmaxiwn kai enwsewn. Sth sygkalych symballei kai o oportoynistikos apoprosanatolismos gia to dhqen ejanqrwpismo toy OHE. O polemos, h bia kai o ekbiasmos - ekfobismos, h kratikh apeilh, h tromokratia einai symfyta me ton ekmetalleytiko xarakthra toy kapitalistikoy systhmatos, poly perissotero sto anwtato stadio toy, to imperialistiko. 3.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Dyo taseis diakrinontai sth dieqnh kapitalistikh oikonomia: a) Synexizetai kai baqainei h tash metabolhs toy sysxetismoy sthn pagkosmia agora, tash poy kyriarxei se olh thn teleytaia tetraetia kai ekdhlwnetai me: Ypoxwrhsh toy meridioy twn HPA sto pagkosmio AEP. Anodo ths Kinas. Beltiwsh toy meridioy ths EE, xwris omws h paragwgikothta ths ergasias ths na ftanei ekeinh twn HPA. Stadiakh beltiwsh ths qeshs ths Rwsias, ths Indias, akoma kai ths Brazilias ws meridia sto Pagkosmio Akaqaristo Proion. Oi HPA ejakoloyqoyn na katexoyn thn 1h qesh kai h EE twn ``27'', ws synolo, th 2h qesh. H Kina, me krithrio to meridio sto pagkosmio AEP, metroymeno se monades isotimhs agorastikhs dynamhs anebhke sth 2h qesh (an den ypologistei h EE ws synolo), jepernwntas thn Iapwnia kai th Germania kata thn teleytaia trietia. Ejakoloyqei omws na paramenei xamhlo to kata kefalhn egxwrio proion ths, h mesh paragwgikothta ths ergasias ths. Oi legomenes prohgmenes oikonomies (31 krath synolika, symfwna me thn katatajh toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy (DNT), metajy aytwn HPA, Iapwnia, Eyrwzwnh) katexoyn to 56,4% toy Pagkosmioy Akaqaristoy Proiontos kai oi anadyomenes - anaptyssomenes oikonomies [Afrikhs, Asias, M. Anatolhs, L. Amerikhs kai Dyt. Hmisfairioy, Kentr. kai An. Eyrwphs (KAE) kai KAK, synolika 141 krath] katexoyn to 43,6%. b) Sto teleytaio trimhno toy 2007 paroysiasthke elafra epibradynsh ths pagkosmias kapitalistikhs anaptyjhs, h opoia synexisthke kai baqyne sth diarkeia toy 2008, xwris na apokleietai na ejelixqei se krish. Gia tis prohgmenes oikonomies h kamch einai pio emfanhs: Ayjhtikh metabolh toy Pagkosmioy Akaqaristoy Proiontos 1,3% to 2008/2007, enanti 2,7% to 2007/2006 kai 3% to 2006/2005. 4.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H epibradynsh arxika ekdhlwqhke me krish sth sfaira kykloforias toy xrhmatikoy kefalaioy (xrhmatopistwtikos tomeas), poy antanakloyse krish ston kataskeyastiko tomea twn HPA kai oxi mono. Prokeitai gia krish ypersysswreyshs kefalaioy sthn amerikanikh oikonomia, h opoia brisketai se ejelijh, me emfanh epidrash sthn kathgoria twn prohgmenwn oikonomiwn kai idiaitera sthn EE. Ta imperialistika kentra anhsyxoyn gia th staqerothta toy systhmatos mprosta sto endexomeno ekdhlwshs mias baqyterhs kai pio sygxronismenhs krishs, synypologizontas: Thn emfanh ekdhlwsh krishs sthn oikonomia twn HPA. Thn tash apajiwshs toy xrhmatikoy kefalaioy se isxyres oikonomies kratwn - melwn ths EE. Thn epibradynsh sthn Iapwnia kai sthn EE - 27. Thn epidrash toys sthn pagkosmia oikonomia, se syndyasmo me to gegonos oti exoyn hdh mesolabhsei 6 - 7 xronia anazwogonhshs kai anodoy. Thn anodo twn dieqnwn timwn toy petrelaioy kai twn trofimwn. Oi astikes kybernhseis, paramenontas staqeres stis strathgikes epiloges apeleyqerwshs twn agorwn kai periorismoy toy ergatikoy kai laikoy eisodhmatos, anhsyxoyn kai problhmatizontai gia th diaxeirish toy endexomenoy taytoxronhs meiwshs toy ejwterikoy emporioy kai twn Ameswn Jenwn Ependysewn (AJE), se syndyasmo me th meiwsh ths egxwrias zhthshs. 5.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Ginontai pio orates oi antifaseis poy diepoyn tis astikes epiloges sth diaxeirish ths krishs. H dieqnhs kapitalistikh oikonomia eixe breqei antimetwph me treis sxetika baqies kriseis apo tis arxes ths dekaetias toy 1970. Etsi, h astikh politikh perase stadiaka apo thn keynsianh sth fileleyqerh diaxeirish tis treis teleytaies dekaeties. Shmantika stoixeia ayths ths neofileleyqerhs diaxeirishs htan h ``apeleyqerwsh'' strathgikwn tomewn ths oikonomias apo thn kratikh prostasia kai h epideinwsh twn ergasiakwn sxesewn poy epeferan meiwsh toy pragmatikoy laikoy eisodhmatos. Parallhla, ena orismeno epipedo laikhs katanalwshs diathrhqhke me thn ayjhsh twn stegastikwn kai katanalwtikwn daneiwn, h diogkwsh twn opoiwn ejerragh kai ypo thn piesh poy askhsan oi kerdoskopikes kinhseis s' ayta. Astoi oikonomologoi miloyn gia ``nea periodo stasimoplhqwrismoy'', enw enisxyontai kai oi neokeynsianoi problhmatismoi, kyriws ws pros thn anagkh na diathrhqoyn isxyra kratika metoxika paketa se strathgikhs shmasias epixeirhseis. Problhmatismoi gia th diaxeirish ths krishs strefontai kai se mia nea kai paratetamenh dieqnh diakratikh ryqmish ths kinhshs toy xrhmatikoy kefalaioy apo to DNT, thn Pagkosmia Trapeza, th dieqnh agora proejoflhtikwn dikaiwmatwn, to G8 klp. Aytoi oi problhmatismoi anaferontai se ena dieqnes kapitalistiko systhma me megalo baqmo sysswreyshs kai sygkentropoihshs kefalaiwn kai me to megalytero baqmo apeleyqerwshs sthn kinhsh toys gia thn periodo meta th megalh krish toy 1929 - 32.

    B. H ojynsh ths basikhs antiqeshs 6.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Ojynqhke h basikh antiqesh anamesa ston koinwniko xarakthra ths paragwghs kai thn atomikh idiopoihsh twn apotelesmatwn ths. Genikh einai h tash epideinwshs ths qeshs ths ergatikhs tajhs kai twn aytoapasxoloymenwn stis xwres toy anaptygmenoy kapitalismoy. P.x. stis HPA oi 400 pio ploysioi ayjhsan thn perioysia toys kata 23% to 2007/2006, enw oi anasfalistoi kai merikws asfalismenoi ergazomenoi sth dietia 2006 - 2007 eftasan sto 34,7% toy synoloy (stoixeia Ekqeshs toy Dieqnoys Institoytoy gia thn Oikonomikh Anaptyjh). Genikotera, h ojynsh toy monopwliakoy antagwnismoy sth dieqnh kapitalistikh agora dieyryne th sxetikh kai apolyth ftwxeia kai stis pio anaptygmenes kapitalistikes oikonomies, epideinwse tis synqhkes ths laikhs diabiwshs kai prostasias ths dhmosias ygeias (p.x. rypansh toy periballontos). H prowqhsh twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn epedrase sthn eswterikh diaforopoihsh ths ergatikhs tajhs. Me tis idiwtikopoihseis kai thn ``apeleyqerwsh'' tomewn strathgikhs shmasias (energeia, thlepikoinwnies klp.) epektaqhkan oi elastikes ergasiakes sxeseis se megalo meros twn misqwtwn, oxi mono stoys idiwtikoys omiloys, alla kai stis prwhn kratikes paragwgikes epixeirhseis. Antikeimenika, ayta ta tmhmata ths ergatikhs tajhs, idiaitera ta neotera se hlikia, mporoyn eykolotera na afypnistoyn. Taytoxrona, h arxoysa tajh prosarmozei thn politikh twn koinwnikwn symmaxiwn ths me thn ejagora enos tmhmatos misqwtwn ergazomenwn stoys monopwliakoys omiloys, enw parallhla sthrizei thn anaparagwgh shmantikoy meroys twn mesaiwn strwmatwn, kyriws aytwn poy sxetizontai me tis nees texnologies. Th laikh aganakthsh prokalei kai h ragdaia anodos ths timhs twn kaysimwn kai twn trofimwn, paroti de syneidhtopoioyntai oi baqyteres aities toys. H ayjhsh ths timhs toy petrelaioy ekfrazei: Thn apwleia ths synallagmatikhs isodynamias toy dolarioy. Tis antiqeseis kai ton antagwnismo gia ta meridia ths dieqnoys kapitalistikhs agoras stis energeiakes yles, afoy kinhtro ths paragwghs einai h diasfalish ths kerdoforias twn monopwliakwn omilwn s' oles tis faseis poy mesolaboyn apo thn ejoryjh mexri kai th laikh katanalwsh, dhladh th diylish, th metafora, to xondriko kai lianiko emporio. Tis kinhseis imperialistikwn dynamewn poy paragoyn kai elegxoyn ta apoqemata petrelaioy, gia thn enisxysh ths qeshs toys. Thn kerdoskopikh drash sta xrhmatisthria emporeymatwn, me thn agorapwlhsia proqesmiakwn symbolaiwn. Thn yperogkh kratikh forologia, poy xrhmatodotei sth synexeia kai pali to megalo kefalaio. Th diasfalish ths ychlhs kerdoforias kai me metra sygkrathshs ths paragwghs gia na anaxaitistei egkaira mia ptwsh twn timwn, ejaitias anebasmenhs prosforas.

    G. To problhma toy periballontos kai h apathlh diejodos ths ``prasinhs oikonomias'' 7.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Oi diafainomenes klimatikes allages, h tash yperqermanshs toy planhth poy, ws ena baqmo, einai apotelesma ths anarxhs anaptyjhs me krithrio to kapitalistiko kerdos, ths emporeymatopoihshs ths ghs kai ths energeias, ajiopoioyntai apo diafora imperialistika kentra, gia na anaptyxqei mia nea agora emporeymatwn texnologias ejoikonomhshs energeias, kaqws kai to emporio rypwn. Apo orismenoys foreis paroysiazontai syxna apospasmatika oi aities kai diogkwmenes oi synepeies toy yparktoy fainomenoy twn klimatikwn allagwn. H diaxeirish analogwn problhmatwn proballetai ws ``prasinh oikonomia'' apospasmenh apo to xarakthra ths idiokthsias sta sygkentrwmena mesa paragwghs kai ths ejoysias. Exei orismenes analogies me th ``nea oikonomia'', twn ektetamenwn ependysewn stoys tomeis thlepikoinwniwn kai plhroforikhs sth dekaetia toy '90. Perilambanei ependyseis se kainotomes energeiakes texnologies, ependyseis poy kalyptoyn megalo fasma biomhxanikwn kladwn, apo thn energeia kai tis kataskeyes ews toys metapoihtikoys kladoys ths aytokinhtobiomhxanias kai twn trofimwn. To Prwtokollo toy Kioto dhmioyrgei mia nea kapitalistikh agora toy emporioy rypwn. To dikaiwma sto ``rypainein'' antallassetai enanti antitimoy sto ``xrhmatisthrio'' toy diojeidioy toy anqraka. Prokrinontai shmantikes kratikes epidothseis pros monopwliakoys omiloys gia efarmoges ths legomenhs ``prasinhs oikonomias''. Sthn prowqhsh ths ``prasinhs oikonomias'' prwtostatei h EE, ejaitias toy oti ysterei shmantika enanti twn HPA kai ths Rwsias ston elegxo twn phgwn kai twn odwn metaforas petrelaioy kai fysikoy aerioy. Problepetai ayjhsh ths ejarthshs ths apo tis oryktes phges energeias apo 50% to 2000 se 70% to 2020, an den anaptyjei peraiterw tis enallaktikes morfes energeias. Etsi, prosanatolizetai sthn enisxysh diaforetikwn energeiakwn phgwn kai texnologiwn (Ananewsimes Phges Energeias, pyrhnikh sxash kai synthjh), kaqws kai metra ejoikonomhshs energeias, ta opoia xarakthrizei ws metra prostasias toy periballontos. Parallhla, epidiwkei na diamorfwqei ena pagkosmio desmeytiko qesmiko plaisio meiwshs twn aeriwn toy qermokhpioy, to Prwtokollo toy Kioto, to opoio synanthse thn antidrash twn HPA, Aystralias k.a. O stoxos periorismoy ths paragwghs rypwn ajiopoieitai ston imperialistiko antagwnismo gia to moirasma twn agorwn, gia thn anaxaitish ths dynamikhs ths Kinas, ths Rwsias, anadyomenwn dynamewn, opws h Brazilia, poy diekdikoyn eynoikoteres ryqmiseis stis dieqneis agores xrhmatos kai emporeymatwn. Gia thn ejasfalish symmaxiwn me laiko ereisma prowqoyntai kybernhtikes kampanies laikhs ``eyaisqhtopoihshs gia to periballon'', prwt' ap' ola sta sxoleia, sthrizontai Mh Kybernhtikes Organwseis (MKO) k.a.

    D. Endoimperialistikes antiqeseis 8.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Shmantikh ejelijh apotelei h diafainomenh anadiarqrwsh twn imperialistikwn symmaxiwn kai twn antipalwn polwn, me th stadiakh proseggish Rwsias - Germanias. Taytoxrona, ejelissetai h synergasia twn Rwsias - Kinas. H anabaqmismenh paroysia kai isxyropoihsh sto dieqnes proskhnio twn Rwsias, Kinas, Indias, Brazilias kai twn perifereiakwn enwsewn - ``Synergasia ths omadas ths Sagkahs'', ``Enwsh Notioanatolikwn Asiatikwn Eqnwn'' (ASEAN), ``Koinothta Notioamerikanikwn Eqnwn'' (CSN) k.a. - teinei na diamorfwsei nea dedomena ston imperialistiko antagwnismo gia to moirasma twn agorwn. Sth Latinikh Amerikh enisxyetai h tash symmaxias kai prowqhshs diadikasiwn oikonomikhs synergasias metajy twn kratwn ths, me stoxo thn anabaqmish enanti twn piesewn kai ejarthsewn apo tis HPA. Se ejelijh brisketai h tash apwleias kai amfisbhthshs qesewn twn HPA sth dieqnh agora. H apwleia qesewn twn HPA apotypwnetai: Me thn tash meiwshs toy meridioy twn HPA sto pagkosmio AEP (paroti diathrei thn prwth qesh). Me thn ptwsh ths antallaktikhs isodynamias toy dolarioy enanti toy eyrw, idiaitera thn teleytaia trietia. Me th stadiakh anagnwrish toy eyrw ws dieqnoys nomismatos, idiaitera sthn agora petrelaioy kai kyriws apo to Iran, alla kai ws diakhrygmenh proqesh allwn petrelaioparagwgwn xwrwn (p.x. Benezoyela). H EE ws synolo enisxyse th qesh ths sth dieqnh kapitalistikh agora. Se ayto synebalan h nomismatikh enopoihsh, oi ejagores kai oi sygxwneyseis, h eniaia koinotikh strathgikh twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn poy diaperna thn oikonomikh politikh twn kratwn - melwn ths. Parallhla, enteinontai oi antagwnismoi anamesa stis kyriarxes imperialistikes dynameis ws krath - melh ths, opoy anaptyssontai dyo kentrikoi ajones, o ``gallogermanikos'' kai o ``bretanikos'', me to deytero na syndeetai perissotero oikonomika, politika kai stratiwtika me tis HPA, sygkrotwntas thn apokaloymenh ``amerikanobretanikh symmaxia''. Se aytoys toys ajones syntassontai, me antifaseis, ta ypoloipa, mikroterhs isxyos, krath - melh. H symmaxikh sxesh Germanias - Gallias orioqeteitai apo ta jexwrista symferonta twn dyo kratwn. H Gallia anaptyssei diakrites prwtoboylies synergasias sthn Anatolikh Eyrwph, sthn Oykrania, ston Kaykaso. Prwtagwnisthse sth nea prwtoboylia ths ``Enwshs gia th Mesogeio'' ws Eyrwmesogeiakhs zwnhs eleyqeroy emporioy, me stoxo thn anabaqmish ths epirrohs ths sthn perioxh. Sthn arxikh protash ths gallikhs kybernhshs perilambanontan mono ta mesogeiaka krath - melh ths EE, wste h Gallia na apoktoyse hgetiko rolo. Me thn antidrash ths Germanias diamorfwqhke h symbibastikh protash ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs poy perilambane to synolo twn kratwn - melwn ths EE. Oi HPA diamorfwnoyn dika toys ereismata sto eswteriko ths EE, opws me th sygkrothsh toy tojoy metajy twn baltikwn kratwn, ths Polwnias, ths Tsexias, ths Oyggarias, ths Roymanias, ths Albanias kai ths PGDM, oi opoies droyn eniaia gia th anaptyjh ths pyraylikhs ``aspidas'' twn HPA sthn Eyrwph kai genikotera gia th sthrijh twn oikonomikwn kai politikwn symferontwn toy ``amerikanobretanikoy ajona''. Kaqe symmaxia diepetai taytoxrona apo antirropes taseis (fygokentres kai kentromoles), toso sto eswteriko ths oso kai se sxesh me tis antipales symmaxies. 9.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H stadiakh proseggish ths Germanias kai ths Italias me th Rwsia sthrixqhke sthn anagkh twn men prwtwn gia petrelaio kai fysiko aerio, ths de Rwsias gia na epekteinei tis ejagwges ths, oxi mono me thn ejagwgh petrelaioy alla kai me ameses ependyseis kefalaioy, kyriws sthn emporia petrelaioy kai twn paragwgwn toy, sth megalh agora ths EE. H EE eisagei to 50% twn synolikwn ejagwgwn ths Rwsias, enw th merida toy leontos twn koinotikwn ejagwgwn pros th Rwsia katexei h Germania, katalambanontas thn prwth qesh stis eisagwges ths Rwsias. H Rwsia apokrystallwse tis strathgikes energeiakes symmaxies ths me th Germania kai thn Italia stoys agwgoys fysikoy aerioy Nord kai South Stream kai ajiopoihse tis antistoixes xwres dieleyshs gia na ayjhsei th gewpolitikh ths epirroh sto eswteriko toy NATO (Boylgaria, Roymania, Oyggaria). Sto baqmo poy qa ylopoihqoyn ta sxedia ths, apodynamwnontai h mataiwnontai ta antagwnistika sxedia twn HPA. H kapitalistikh Rwsia, diaqetontas terastia fysika apoqemata, pyrhniko oplostasio, klhronomhmenes ypodomes apo thn ESSD kai ejeidikeymeno anqrwpino dynamiko, exei proypoqeseis na anabaqmisei th qesh ths sthn imperialistikh pyramida. Ayto to endexomeno den apotelei eggyhsh gia toys laoys enanti twn HPA kai allwn imperialistikwn kentrwn, opws synebaine me thn ESSD, synolika me to sosialistiko systhma kai to Symfwno ths Barsobias, giati o xarakthras ths shmerinhs Rwsias einai imperialistikos. Ekfrash ths stadiakhs proseggishs Rwsias - Germanias apotelei kai h ekbash ths Earinhs Synodoy 2008 toy NATO sto Boykoyresti, opoy den yphrje symfwnia me tis HPA gia thn amesh entajh ths Oykranias kai ths Gewrgias sto NATO. 10.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi antagwnismoi kai h sygkentropoihsh ojynontai kai stoys alloys kladoys strathgikhs shmasias, opws stis thlepikoinwnies, stis metafores (idiaitera qalassies kai aeroporikes), stis trapezes, se kladoys ths metapoihshs. H ojynsh twn endoimperialistikwn antiqesewn ekfrasthke kai ston Pagkosmio Organismo Emporioy (POE) me thn apotyxia twn synomiliwn ths Geneyhs to 2008. Se ayto to gyro diapragmateysewn kyriarxhse h antiqesh metajy EE kai HPA, apo th mia, kai Kinas, Indias, Brazilias, apo thn allh, me tis opoies syspeirwqhkan krath ths Afrikhs kai ths Asias. Yparktes einai bebaia kai oi antiqeseis metajy HPA - EE sto plaisio toy POE. To endexomeno entajhs ths Rwsias ston POE periplekei aytes tis antiqeseis. 2o KEFALAIO OI EJELIJEIS STHN EE

    A. Nea stoixeia kai antifaseis sthn poreia enisxyshs ths EE 11.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H katachfish toy ``eyrwsyntagmatos'' apo toys laoys ths Gallias kai ths Ollandias to 2005, kaqws kai ths ``neas'' eyrwsynqhkhs - opws metonomasthke to ``eyrwsyntagma'' - apo ton irlandiko lao stis 12 Ioynh 2008, se syndyasmo me thn endynamwsh ths laikhs dysareskeias kai ths tashs amfisbhthshs ths EE se ola ta krath - melh, dinei nea dynamikh gia na baqynei kai na klimakwqei h antiimperialistikh palh toy ergatikoy - laikoy kinhmatos. Na ginei to ergatiko - laiko kinhma sthn Eyrwph o polos ths antiimperialistikhs synergasias kai palhs, to antipalo deos enantia stoys imperialistikoys polemoys, sthn antilaikh politikh kai toys foreis ths, kinhma rhjhs kai anatrophs ths EE. H qetikh ayth ejelijh ejartatai kata poly apo th drash kai tis prwtoboylies twn kommoynistikwn kommatwn poy exoyn safh qesh gia to xarakthra ths EE ws diakratikhs imperialistikhs enwshs, apo thn entash ths palhs kata toy reformismoy kai toy oportoynismoy. H EE kai oi astikes kybernhseis sta krath - melh enteinoyn ta metra epibolhs ths eyrwsynqhkhs, se antiqesh me tis diaqeseis twn lawn. H EE epejergazetai eniaia thn antikommoynistikh epiqesh, genikotera thn ideologikh tromokratia, thn enisxysh twn kratikwn mhxanismwn katastolhs kai ta antidrastika ideologhmata gia th xeiragwghsh toy ergatikoy kinhmatos. To Eyrwkoinoboylio prwtostatei sth xydaia paraxarajh ths Istorias me thn antikommoynistikh ekstrateia poy ejiswnei to sosialismo - kommoynismo me tis aprokalyptes morfes ths diktatorias ths astikhs tajhs, ta nazistika kai fasistika kaqestwta. 12.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H`` nea'' eyrwsynqhkh synista embaqynsh ths Synqhkhs toy Maastrixt, twn tessarwn ``qemeliwdwn eleyqeriwn'' toy kefalaioy kai ths strathgikhs ths Lisabonas 2000 - 2010, me perissoteres ryqmiseis se diakratiko epipedo kai prwta ap' ola megalyterh apeleyqerwsh sthn kinhsh yphresiwn kai ergatikoy dynamikoy, opws eniaio kaqestws ergasiakwn sxesewn twn metakinoymenwn ergatoypallhlwn, katarghsh kleistwn epaggelmatwn kai periorismwn se panepisthmia ths EE. Gi' ayto enisxyetai h yperoxh toy koinotikoy enanti twn eqnikwn Dikaiwn, prowqeitai h katarghsh toy empodioy ths omofwnias olwn twn kratwn - melwn, wste na parakamptontai epimeroys symferonta kai antiqeseis, parolo poy den mporoyn na katarghqoyn oi isxyres endoimperialistikes antiqeseis, symfytes sto xarakthra ths imperialistikhs diakratikhs enwshs, me taseis enisxyshs toys oso dieyrynetai h EE. Gia na ejasfalistei kalyterh qesh sta eyrwpaika monopwlia sto dieqnh antagwnismo, prowqoyntai megalhs embeleias epiqetika ejoplistika programmata ths EE, h ``Koinh Yphresia Ejoplismwn'' kai h qesmikh katoxyrwsh twn imperialistikwn epembasewn. H EE enisxyei toys katastaltikoys mhxanismoys kai dhmioyrgei neoys, qesmoqetei thn astynomikh kai dikastikh synergasia, enteinei ton antikommoynismo, gia na xtyphqei h prwtoporia toy ergatikoy kinhmatos, ta KK kai oi rizospastikes syspeirwseis gyrw apo ayta, prokeimenoy na antimetwpisei tis antidraseis poy gennaei h eniaia politikh entashs ths ekmetalleyshs me perikoph twn dikaiwmatwn kai katakthsewn ths ergatikhs tajhs sta krath - melh ths. Me thn entajh sthn koinotikh nomoqesia ths Symbashs toy ``Proym'' (Sengken III) enisxyetai h synergasia twn katastaltikwn mhxanismwn, qesmoqetoyntai koines epixeirhseis sto edafos twn kratwn - melwn. Enisxyetai h leitoyrgia kai o rolos ths Europol se rolo qesmikoy organoy ths EE. Enisxyetai epishs o Organismos Fylajhs Ejwterikwn Synorwn (FRONTEX) me enoples Omades Taxeias Epembashs. To ``neo antitromokratiko paketo'' ths EE, mesa apo ena plegma apofasewn kai metrwn, dhmioyrgei ena pio antidrastiko nomoqetiko plaisio gia to xtyphma toy laikoy kinhmatos. Klimakwnei thn epiqesh me thn yioqethsh ths drashs enantia sto ``rizospastismo'' kai tis ``akraies ideologies''. Tropopoieitai o ``eyrwtromonomos'', perilambanontas ws ``tromokratika egklhmata'' th ``stratologhsh'' kai ``ekpaideysh tromokratwn'' kai thn ``parakinhsh se tromokratikes prajeis''. Aytes oi orologies mporoyn na ermhneyontai kai na xrhsimopoioyntai apo toys astikoys katastaltikoys mhxanismoys, gia na xarakthrizontai ws tromokratikes prajeis kai na poinikopoioyntai diakhrygmenoi stoxoi kai morfes palhs toy ergatikoy kinhmatos. Poinikopoieitai h ideologia kai h politikh drash poy odhgei ejw apo ta oria toy kapitalistikoy systhmatos. Ayjanontai diarkws oi poroi gia thn anaptyjh toy legomenoy ``Eniaioy Xwroy Eleyqerias, Asfaleias kai Dikaiosynhs'' (EXEAD). O proypologismos ths EE, an kai meiwnetai ws pososto toy AEP, ayjanei kata 30% to meridio gia tis dapanes amynas kai ejwterikhs politikhs. Oi parapanw taseis kai anagkes toy kefalaioy katagrafhkan sth Synqhkh ths Lisabonas, to metonomasmeno ``eyrwsyntagma'', poy apotelei bhma enisxyshs ths eyrwpaikhs enopoihshs. H enisxysh twn katastaltikwn mhxanismwn kai twn antilaikwn qesmwn toy astikoy kratoys sygkalyptetai me ta apoprosanatolistika kai oportoynistika epixeirhmata peri ``syrriknwshs'' toy astikoy kratoys se synqhkes ``pagkosmiopoihshs''.

    B. Oi kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis sthn EE, oi stoxoi toys kai h diapalh gia to xarakthra toys 13.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H Strathgikh ths Lisabonas apotelei proion symfwnias olwn twn kybernhsewn twn kratwn - melwn ths EE - kentrodejiwn kai kentroaristerwn - kai ylopoieitai se eqniko epipedo me ta legomena ``Eqnika Metarryqmistika Programmata'', me stoxo thn epitaxynsh twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn mexri to 2010. Epidiwketai na jeperasei mexri to 2010 h EE tis HPA se antagwnistikothta kai paragwgikothta kai na antimetwpisei to mellontiko kindyno apwleias qesewn apo anerxomenes dynameis, opws h Kina, h Rwsia kai prooptika h India. H entash ths ekmetalleyshs gia thn epitaxynsh ths kefalaiakhs sysswreyshs yposthrizetai me eniaia politikh neas drastikhs meiwshs ths timhs ths ergatikhs dynamhs: Me apodiorganwsh - temaxismo toy ergasimoy xronoy se energo kai anenergo kai eisagwgh anenergoy - aplhrwtoy xronoy doyleias, me ta krithria kai toys oroys poy qetoyn oi epixeirhseis - ta monopwlia, mesa apo atomikes symfwnies me toys ergazomenoys. Kwdikopoieitai ayth h politikh sth legomenh ``eyelijia'' kai ``eyelfaleia'' twn newn ergasiakwn sxesewn poy eidikotera stoxeyoyn: B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sthn peraiterw syrriknwsh twn paroxwn twn systhmatwn Koinwnikhs Asfalishs (Syntajiodothsh - Ygeia - Pronoia) kai epektash ths emporeymatopoihshs toys. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sthn katarghsh twn Syllogikwn Symbasewn Ergasias kai antikatastash toys me symbaseis ``enallaktikhs apasxolhshs'', ergasias orismenoy xronoy, merikhs apasxolhshs, peristasiakhs apasxolhshs, symbaseis ``wra mhden'', thlergasias, doyleias me to kommati. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sthn apeleyqerwsh twn apolysewn. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sth nomimopoihsh twn doylemporikwn grafeiwn kai th nomikh ryqmish twn onomazomenwn ``trimerwn sxesewn apasxolhshs'', ths ``enoikiashs'' dhladh twn ergazomenwn, wste oi epixeirhseis na mhn exoyn kamia eyqynh kai ypoxrewsh gia thn thrhsh ths ergatikhs nomoqesias apenanti toys. Sthn kateyqynsh ayth kinoyntai kai oi apofaseis twn eqnikwn kai koinotikwn dikasthriwn (Dikasthrio Eyrwpaikwn Koinothtwn - DEK), poy xarakthrizoyn paranomes kai kataxrhstikes tis apergies, me to epixeirhma oti antikeintai sto ``koinotiko Dikaio'' kai tis ``tesseris eleyqeries''. Ws ``pempth qemeliwdhs eleyqeria'' ths EE anagoreyetai h eleyqeria kinhshs ereynhtwn episthmonwn kai twn apotelesmatwn ths doyleias toys, pros ofelos ths kerdoforias twn epixeirhsewn. Se ayto to plaisio enisxyetai h xrhmatodothsh ths ereynas, enw ta panepisthmia, dhmosia ereynhtika kentra kai h pneymatikh idiokthsia toys ypotassontai akoma perissotero kai me ameso pleon tropo stoys sxediasmoys, stis anagkes toy kefalaioy. H EE ajiopoiei ta metanasteytika reymata poy to idio to imperialistiko systhma dhmioyrgei, xrhsimopoiwntas to megalytero meros toys ws fqhnotero ergatiko dynamiko, parempodizontas se megalo baqmo th nomimopoihsh toys kai diamorfwnontas apanqrwpa stratopeda metanastwn. Meta thn anaqewrhsh ths Koinhs Agrotikhs Politikhs (KAP) akoloyqhsan oi anaqewrhseis twn Koinwn Organwsewn Agoras (KOA) se mia seira kalliergeiwn, opws sth zaxarh, sto krasi, sta opwrokhpeytika, ston kapno k.a., me thn apodesmeysh ths enisxyshs apo thn paragwgh, thn katarghsh ths parembashs, th meiwsh porwn gia th gewrgia kai gia th sthrijh toy agrotikoy eisodhmatos. Meiwnontai oi gewrgikes dapanes, epiferontas isxyro plhgma sto eisodhma ths mikromesaias agrotias. Me ton ``elegxo ygeias ths KAP'' h EE proxwra se mia nea anaqewrhsh sth grammh ths plhroys apeleyqerwshs. H sygkentrwsh ghs kai ths agrotikhs paragwghs, ths metapoihshs kai ths emporias twn agrotikwn proiontwn se monopwliakoys omiloys apotelei strathgikh epilogh toy eyrwenwsiakoy kefalaioy. H epektash sth xrhsimopoihsh Genetika Tropopoihmenwn Organismwn (GTO) sthn agrotikh paragwgh, gia thn ejasfalish monopwliakoy yperkerdoys epiferei nea syrriknwsh sthn egxwria paragwgh agrotikwn proiontwn kai dieyrynei fainomena epiblabh gia th dhmosia ygeia. H EE diapragmateyetai ek meroys twn 27 kratwn - melwn sto plaisio toy POE gia eynoikoteres synqhkes dieisdyshs biomhxanikwn emporeymatwn kai yphresiwn stis anaptyssomenes oikonomies, me antallagma thn agora dikwn toys agrotikwn proiontwn, symfwnies poy leitoyrgoyn se baros ths agrotikhs paragwghs kratwn - melwn opws h Ellada. H strathgikh twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn den apotelei akraia idiaiterothta ``neofileleyqerhs'' diaxeirishs, opws isxyrizontai oi dynameis ths sosialdhmokratias kai toy oportoynismoy, paraplanwntas syneidhta toys ergazomenoys ws pros ton antidrastiko xarakthra ths EE. Ekfrazei tis anagkaiothtes mias oloklhrhs istorikhs periodoy toy kapitalismoy se dieqnes epipedo, me enisxymenh th symfyth tash toy gia ejagwges emporeymatwn kai kefalaiwn. Sto diasthma poy mesolabhse apo to 17o Synedrio, h kybernhtikh synergasia sth Germania metajy toy astikoy fileleyqeroy Xristianodhmokratikoy kommatos kai toy sosialdhmokratikoy epibebaiwnei thn koinh toys strathgikh, ws synexeia ths yioqethshs ths Synqhkhs toy Maastrixt kai twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn pagkosmiws, xwris na katargei toys metajy toys antagwnismoys sth diaxeirish. Oi dynameis toy reformismoy kai toy oportoynismoy oxi mono apodexontai tis antidrastikes allages se baros ths ergatikhs tajhs, alla kai symmetexoyn sthn ideologikh - politikh paraplanhsh ths, kalliergwntas thn tajikh synergasia me to ideologhma toy ``koinwnikoy etairismoy''. Ginontai foreis twn astikwn ideologhmatwn ``ths trimeroys synergasias'' - astikoy kratoys, ploytokratias, symbibasmenwn syndikalistikwn dynamewn. Symmetexoyn stoys mhxanismoys xeiragwghshs poy diamorfwnei h ypoqalpei to astiko kratos, opws oi MKO, OKE, INE k.a. poy xrhmatodotoyntai me paktwlo xrhmatwn gia th diafqora kai thn ejagora ergatikwn laikwn dynamewn, gia th xeiragwghsh toy ergatikoy kinhmatos. Oi reformistikes kai oi oportoynistikes syndikalistikes dynameis poy exoyn arnhqei thn tajikh palh yponomeyoyn syneidhta ta dikaiwmata kai tis diekdikhseis toy ergatikoy kinhmatos. Oso to kefalaio enteinei thn epiqesh toy, toso proxwra kai sthn organwsh ths ``pempths falaggas'' toy mesa sto ergatiko kinhma. Stis 1 - 3.11.2006, sth Biennh, idryqhke ``nea'' Dieqnhs Syndikalistikh Synomospondia, me th synenwsh ths Dieqnoys Synomospondias Eleyqerwn Syndikatwn (ICFTU) kai ths Pagkosmias Synomospondias Ergasias - Xristianika Syndikata, poy onomasqhke Dieqnhs Syndikalistikh Synomospondia (ITUC). H nea organwsh oysiastika apotelei metonomasia ths ICFTU kai leitoyrgei ws foreas parasitismoy, shchs kai ekfylismoy toy ergatikoy syndikalistikoy kinhmatos.

    <font color="#FFFFFF" size="5" face="Arial Greek">3o KEFALAIO TO DIEQNES KOMMOYNISTIKO

    KAI ANTIIMPERIALISTIKO KINHMA

    A. Oi basikoi stoxoi ths drashs toy KKE 14.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To 17o Synedrio me eidikh Apofash aneqese sthn KE na ejeidikeysei th dieqnh drasthriothta toy Kommatos stis ejhs kateyqynseis: B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Na ergastei wste na prowqeitai ``pio diakrith morfh synergasias me Kommoynistika kai Ergatika Kommata gia ton kommoynistiko polo'' anamesa se ``Kommoynistika Kommata poy proseggizoyn stis ideologikes kai politikes toys apoceis, poy yperaspizontai to marjismo - leninismo kai thn prosfora toy sosialismoy poy gnwrisame kaqws kai thn anagkaiothta ths palhs gia to sosialismo''. H diakrith paroysia twn marjistikwn - leninistikwn kommoynistikwn kommatwn den anairei thn eyqynh toy kaqe kommatos apenanti sthn ergatikh tajh kai sto kinhma ths kaqe xwras. Qa exei th morfh ths koinhs drashs kai amoibaias yposthrijhs. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Na synexistei h prospaqeia gia koinh drash gyrw apo antimonopwliakoys antiimperialistikoys stoxoys me Ergatika kai Kommoynistika Kommata, me ta opoia exoyme ideologikes diafores, antikroyontas laqemenes ideologikes kai politikes apoceis. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Na synexisei kai na anaptyjei th symbolh toy Kommatos sto antiimperialistiko kinhma, stis dieqneis organwseis twn mazikwn kinhmatwn, sto antipolemiko kinhma eirhnhs. Toso oi dieqneis ejelijeis oso kai h poreia twn antiimperialistikwn agwnwn kai oi ejelijeis sto dieqnes kommoynistiko kinhma epibebaiwnoyn thn orqothta kai tis kateyqynseis ths Apofashs toy 17oy Synedrioy ``Gia thn katastash sto Dieqnes Kommoynistiko Kinhma''. Oi sxetikes epejergasies toy 17oy Synedrioy teqhkan anoixta sto dieqnes kommoynistiko kinhma, prokalesan megalo endiaferon, dokimasthkan apo to xrono, brhkan qetikh aphxhsh se seira kommoynistikwn kommatwn kai anaptyxqhkan stis dimereis epafes. To KKE qa synexisei na ergazetai se aythn thn kateyqynsh.

    B. H ideologikh kai politikh diapalh sto dieqnes kommoynistiko kinhma 15.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Sto diasthma poy perase apo to 17o Synedrio egine akoma pio fanerh h anagkh anasygkrothshs twn KK kai toy dieqnoys kommoynistikoy kinhmatos mesa apo prospaqeies koinhs drashs, alla kai entashs ths ideologikhs diapalhs me tis oportoynistikes apoceis, oi opoies parempodizoyn th diamorfwsh enos kommoynistikoy kinhmatos me eniaia strathgikh sthn palh kata toy imperialismoy, kata ths strathgikhs twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn, sthn palh gia to sosialismo. To Dieqnes Kommoynistiko Kinhma, para ta opoia bhmata eginan, paramenei se krish, einai organwtika kai ideologika katakermatismeno. Basiko gnwrisma toy ejakoloyqei na einai h diapalh anamesa se epanastatikes kommoynistikes apoceis kai tis reformistikes oportoynistikes, diapalh poy einai se ejelijh se oles tis perioxes kai sto eswteriko mias seiras kommatwn. Sto epikentro ths diapalhs einai: H epikairothta toy marjismoy - leninismoy, h anagkaiothta kai realistikothta toy sosialismoy se synqhkes proswrinhs nikhs ths antepanastashs. O xarakthras toy imperialismoy kai twn imperialistikwn diakratikwn enwsewn. H strathgikh twn symmaxiwn, h stash twn kommoynistwn sthn kapitalistikh krish kai stis endoimperialistikes antiqeseis. Basiko zhthma einai h stash apenanti sth sosialistikh oikodomhsh ston 20o aiwna. H paratash ths krishs toy dieqnoys kommoynistikoy kinhmatos perikleiei kindynoys akoma megalyteroy piswgyrismatos. Oi epanastatikes kommoynistikes dynameis xreiazetai na paroyn prwtoboylies gia thn antimetwpish ths krishs poy epidra eyrytera sto antiimperialistiko kinhma twn lawn, empodizei thn anasygkrothsh kai thn antepiqesh toy ergatikoy kinhmatos. H maxh enantia sthn tash sosialdhmokratikopoihshs twn KK, me thn parembash twn imperialistikwn mhxanismwn, toy antikommoynismoy kai twn astikwn MME, prepei na dinetai me staqerothta kai synepeia ws pros thn yperaspish toy istorikoy roloy ths ergatikhs tajhs kai ths organwmenhs prwtoporias ths, twn arxwn toy marjismoy - leninismoy, toy sosialismoy. To kaqhkon ayto pairnei akoma megalyterh shmasia mprosta sthn klimakoymenh, sthn EE kai dieqnws, antikommoynistikh epiqesh. 16.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi qeseis kai h poreia toy Kommatos ths Eyrwpaikhs Aristeras (KEA), sto opoio metexei energhtika o SYN, epibebaiwnoyn oti apotelei apo thn idrysh toy qesmiko stoixeio ths EE, dynamh sthrijhs twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn, anejarthtws twn genikwn diakhryjewn. H drash toy KEA epibebaiwnei epishs thn problech toy Kommatos, oti apotelei moxlo ths epixeirhshs gia metallajh toy xarakthra twn kommatwn poy diathroyn ton titlo ``kommoynistiko'' h exoyn krathsei ston ena h ton allo baqmo, estw kai typika, orismena xarakthristika. H syrriknwsh ths epirrohs basikwn kommatwn toy KEA, poy prwtostathsan ston eyrwkommoynismo kai shmera apoteloyn th nayarxida toy oportoynismoy, apotelei eylogh ejelijh ths synolikhs toys poreias. To KEA parembainei sthrizontas tis oportoynistikes dynameis sto eswteriko kommoynistikwn kommatwn, sta opoia ekdhlwnetai diapalh. Epekteinei thn parembash toy stis xwres ths Latinikhs Amerikhs se baros twn epanastatikwn kai twn antiimperialistikwn dynamewn, proballontas systhmatika sosialdhmokratikes apoceis, sthrizontas thn politikh ths EE ston antagwnismo ths me tis HPA gia ta meridia stis agores. Kalliergei thn apathlh apoch oti h EE apotelei antipalo deos pros thn imperialistikh epembash twn HPA sthn perioxh. 17.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To KKE mporei apo kalyteres qeseis na symbalei sthn anasygkrothsh toy dieqnoys kommoynistikoy kinhmatos kai sthn anaptyjh toy ergatikoy kinhmatos, ths antimonopwliakhs kai antiimperialistikhs palhs kai sto ideologiko metwpo sthn antepiqesh kata ths astikhs ideologias kai toy oportoynismoy. Anadeixthke akoma perissotero h anagkaiothta na ejaxqoyn antikeimenika symperasmata apo th skopia ths episthmonikhs qewrias toy sosialismoy - kommoynismoy gia th sosialistikh oikodomhsh ston 20o aiwna. Xwris mia tetoia apotimhsh, estw kai an ayth xreiastei na synexistei se kapoia akomh anoikta zhthmata, den einai dynath h anasygkrothsh toy kommoynistikoy kinhmatos, den mporei na ginei mia oloklhrwmenh oso einai dynaton epejergasia ths strathgikhs toy epanastatikoy ergatikoy, toy kommoynistikoy kinhmatos stis sygxrones synqhkes. Ayto afora ola ta KK, se opoies synqhkes kai an droyn. To KKE ektima oti kaqe distagmos sth diereynhsh twn aitiwn nikhs ths antepanastashs isodynamei me agnwstikismo, enw afhnei to edafos anoikto stis antikommoynistikes apoceis ths astikhs ideologias kai toy oportoynismoy. To KKE qewrei oti prepei na anaptyxqei sto dieqnes kommoynistiko kinhma sobarh prospaqeia syzhthshs, dialogoy kai kritikhs aporrichs kai antiparaqeshs me astika kai mikroastika ideologhmata sxetika me to xarakthra twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn kai tis apoceis gia ``kratikh parembash'' kai ``epanakratikopoihsh'', gia ``pagkosmia diakybernhsh'' kai ``ryqmish ths agoras''. Se ayta ta ideologhmata syneidhta aposiwpwntai oi endoimperialistikes antiqeseis, h anisometrh anaptyjh kai alles antifaseis. Antikeimenika apoprosanatolizoyn apo thn yperwrimh anagkh rizikwn allagwn se baros twn monopwliwn kai toy imperialismoy, ths kapitalistikhs idiokthsias. Einai epishs anagkh na apokalyfqei kai na antimetwpistei to ideologhma peri toy ``sosialismoy toy 21oy aiwna'' poy sthn oysia toy, me to periexomeno poy prosdidetai ston oro, parapempei se ena dhqen ejanqrwpismeno kapitalismo. Prepei na antimetwpistoyn ideologika kai politika mikroastikes kai oportoynistikes antilhceis poy amfisbhtoyn ton prwtoporo hgetiko rolo toy ergatikoy kinhmatos kai ths ergatikhs tajhs genikotera, thn koinwnikotajikh diarqrwsh ths kapitalistikhs koinwnias. Systhmatikh antimetwpish prepei na exoyn oi apoceis peri ths ``ejafanishs'' ths ergatikhs tajhs, peri ths ``neas prwtoporias'', poy dhqen antiproswpeyoyn mesostrwmata, emfanizomena stis synqhkes twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn. Akomh, na antimetwpistoyn apoceis peri ``mh bias'', ``yperimperialismoy'' kai ``yperkratoys'' ths EE. Na anaptyxqei to ideologiko metwpo poy afora thn analysh toy xarakthra ths EE, ws diakratikoy imperialistikoy synaspismoy kai na antimetwpistei h laqemenh antilhch oti h EE einai protimoterh apo tis HPA. Na antikroystei h antilhch oti o legomenos polypolikos kosmos mporei na ferei eirhnh kai asfaleia stoys laoys. O polypolikos kosmos apokalyptetai oti einai o kosmos twn ojymenwn endoimperialistikwn antagwnismwn. Sth Latinikh Amerikh, alla kai genikotera, epixeireitai na katadikastei kai na aporrifqei h enoplh epanastatikh palh, me aformh toys FARC. Ayth h politikh stash poy yioqeteitai eyrytera apo filoimperialistikes dynameis, alla yposthrizetai kai apo tis dynameis toy reformismoy kai oportoynismoy, afora kai thn enoplh palh kata ths katoxhs kai thn antistash se diktatorika kai aytarxika kaqestwta. Afora kai thn anaptyjh toy epanastatikoy kinhmatos, to dikaiwma aytoprostasias apo thn katastolh kai ta opla ths astikhs tajhs kai twn astikwn politikwn dynamewn. Sthn oysia, h qesh ayth yposthrizei thn paraithsh toy kinhmatos apo thn politikh rhjhs kai anatrophs. To Komma qa synexisei thn prospaqeia koinhs drashs gyrw apo antimonopwliakoys kai antiimperialistikoys stoxoys kai me ekeina ta kommoynistika kai ergatika kommata opoy yparxoyn ideologikes diafores, xwris na paraiteitai apo to dikaiwma ths kritikhs syzhthshs aytwn twn diaforwn.

    G. Ektimhsh ths drashs kai twn prwtoboyliwn toy KKE 18.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To KKE synexise kai beltiwse sxetika tis prospaqeies toy sthn anaptyjh twn dimerwn kai polymerwn sxesewn anamesa sta Ergatika kai Kommoynistika Kommata. Dieyryne ton ariqmo twn epafwn me perissotera kommata se sygkrish me prin. Epidiwje kai epidiwkei staqera oi dimereis sxeseis na ginoyn akoma pio oysiastikes me thn antallagh empeirias, syzhthsewn se qewrhtika zhthmata, me synergasia se epimeroys metwpa palhs kai eidika qemata koinoy endiaferontos. Organwse antallagh episkecewn poy eixan to xarakthra Omadwn Ergasias gia qemata oikodomhshs toy sosialismoy, zhthmata toy dieqnoys kommoynistikoy kinhmatos. Taytoxrona, synexise thn prospaqeia na anaptyssetai koinh drash sta metwpa palhs kai na enisxyetai h allhleggyh se laoys poy ypoferoyn apo ton imperialistiko polemo, thn epembash, thn eswterikh bia kai katastolh. Bohqhse stis koines kampanies kai parembaseis sta eqnika Koinoboylia kai sto Eyrwkoinoboylio enantia sta qymata twn antikommoynistikwn diwjewn, sthn apagoreysh drashs kommoynistikwn kommatwn kai xrhshs twn kommoynistikwn symbolwn. Synebale energa sto na synexistoyn se staqerh ethsia bash Synanthseis Kommoynistikwn kai Ergatikwn Kommatwn, poy jekinhsan to 1998 kai pragmatopoihqhkan epi 7 xronia sthn Aqhna, kai sth synexeia akoloyqhsan sth Lisabona, sto Minsk kai sto Sao Paolo to 2008. Apo koinoy me alla kommata proteine kai ergasthke gia na dienergoyntai oi Synanthseis aytes se diaforetikh xwra kaqe xrono, na diamorfwqei Omada Ergasias anoikth stis synedriaseis kai sta alla kommata, wste syllogika na kaqorizetai to qema twn Synanthsewn. Na dieyrynqoyn me nea Kommata Kommoynistika kai Ergatika poy diwkontai, briskontai ypo diamorfwsh kai antimetwpizoyn sobares dyskolies. Kateqese sygkekrimenes protaseis kai phre prwtoboylies gia thn anaptyjh koinwn drasewn. Oi Dieqneis Synanthseis Kommoynistikwn kai Ergatikwn Kommatwn (DSKEK) prepei na synexistoyn. Sto epikentro twn DSKEK einai anagkh na ejakoloyqhsoyn na briskontai ta zhthmata ths palhs kata toy antikommoynismoy, oi ektimhseis twn basikwn tasewn sto sygxrono imperialistiko systhma, h anaptyjh ths antistashs stis kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis, h antiimperialistikh allhleggyh, to tajiko syndikalistiko reyma, h palh gia thn eirhnh kai ta alla kinhmata se eqniko kai dieqnes epipedo. Ajiopoiwntas th qetikh kai thn arnhtikh peira einai anagkh na pairnontai sygkekrimena metra gia thn ylopoihsh twn ethsiwn kateyqynsewn drashs twn DSKEK me thn enqarrynsh prwtoboyliwn kommatwn kai omadwn kommatwn, me thn eyryterh dynath diadosh kai zymwsh. Einai anagkh h Omada Ergasias na yposthrizei kai na ypobohqa thn ylopoihsh twn kateyqynsewn aytwn, synexizontas to basiko ths ergo poy einai h syllogikh proetoimasia twn Synanthsewn. 19.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Einai anagkh, pio grhgora kai apotelesmatika ap' o,ti mexri twra, na pyknwsoyn oi perifereiakes kai qematikes Synanthseis twn KK, ws diadikasia koinwn epejergasiwn oson afora thn ektimhsh twn ejelijewn, thn anaptyjh ths ideologikhs kai politikhs palhs me ta astika kai oportoynistika reymata, tis neofasistikes praktikes, ton eqnikismo kai to sobinismo. Na beltiwqei shmantika to ideologiko metwpo se zhthmata toy dieqnoys kommoynistikoy kinhmatos kai toy antiimperialistikoy agwna, na apanta pio grhgora kai pio tekmhriwmena, na baqynoyn oi ektimhseis gyrw apo toys agwnes, ta aithmata kai ta apotelesmata toys, kyriws gia toys agwnes ths ergatikhs tajhs kai ths neolaias. Genikotera anadeiknyetai h anagkh kalyterhs kai pio systhmatikhs probolhs twn zhthmatwn poy anadeiknyontai stis Dieqneis Synanthseis twn Kommoynistikwn kai Ergatikwn Kommatwn, stis qematikes kai se orismenes perifereiakes Synanthseis, twn kaqhkontwn poy aporreoyn apo aytes gia to Komma. Apaiteitai akoma megalyterh ajiopoihsh kai syndromh twn kommatikwn organwn kai organwsewn, synolikotera toy Kommatos sthn ajiologhsh, ajiopoihsh kai prowqhsh ths dieqnoys drashs toy Kommatos. 20.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To KKE phre thn prwtoboylia diorganwshs eyrwpaikwn seminariwn gia ta zhthmata ths ekpaideyshs kai thn anaptyjh kampanias gia dhmosia dwrean Paideia. Filojenhse treis Synanthseis Balkanikwn Kommatwn sth Qessalonikh kai Synanthseis twn Kommoynistikwn kai Ergatikwn Kommatwn apo thn perioxh ths Anatolikhs Mesogeioy, ths Eryqras Qalassas kai thn perioxh toy Kolpoy. Symmeteixe energa sta dieqnh seminaria toy Kommatos Ergatwn Belgioy, se qematika seminaria seiras kommoynistikwn kommatwn kai se episthmonikes hmerides marjistwn episthmonwn. Phre meros se perifereiakes Synanthseis Kommoynistikwn Kommatwn, kaqws kai se antistoixes kinhmatwn sthn Eyrwph, opws stis Synanthseis twn Proodeytikwn kai Aristerwn Kommatwn ths Mesogeioy, sthn perioxh ths Latinikhs Amerikhs, opws toy Foroym toy Sao Paolo, sthn Asia. Organwse ekdhlwseis me ekproswpoys kommoynistikwn kommatwn, opws toy Portogalikoy KK, toy KK Indias(M), toy KK Benezoyelas, toy KK Bolibias, toy Kommatos Kommoynistwn Mejikoy k.a. poy edwsan th dynatothta sta melh kai stelexh toy Kommatos na exoyn mia kalyterh plhroforhsh. Synebale me thn kampania kai thn Eyrwpaikh diadhlwsh sto Strasboyrgo kai alles energeies sthn aporrich toy antikommoynistikoy mnhmonioy toy Symboylioy ths Eyrwphs kai sthn anaptyjh enos megaloy paneyrwpaikoy kai dieqnoys kinhmatos enantia ston antikommoynismo. Aneptyje ekdhlwseis allhleggyhs enantia sthn apagoreysh ths drashs ths Kommoynistikhs Neolaias Tsexias. Aneptyje se neo epipedo tis sxeseis me to KK Koybas kai to kinhma allhleggyhs sth sosialistikh Koyba. Organwse me epityxia th megalh diadhlwsh sthn Aqhna to 2006, me thn paroysia dekadwn ekproswpwn twn Kommoynistikwn kai Ergatikwn Kommatwn, th bdomada allhleggyhs sth sosialistikh Koyba me mazikes ekdhlwseis kai poreies to Mah toy 2006, thn kampania gia thn apeleyqerwsh twn 5 Koybanwn desmwtwn twn HPA. Sysfije tis sxeseis toy me mia seira kommoynistika kommata ths Latinikhs Amerikhs, aneptyje thn allhleggyh toy stoys agwnes toy laoy ths Benezoyelas kai twn lawn poy antipaleyoyn thn imperialistikh epembash kai ton polemo, opws sto Libano kai thn Palaistinh, phre meros se dieqneis kinhtopoihseis enantia sto NATO, stis Synodoys toy G8, toy POE kai alles. Staqhke sto pleyro toy kypriakoy laoy sthn aporrich toy ``Sxedioy Anan''. Sthrizei energa thn prospaqeia dikaihs kai biwsimhs epilyshs toy Kypriakoy, poy anaptyssetai me prwtoboylia ths Kypriakhs Proedrias me th synergasia twn kommatwn AKEL, DHKO, EDEK. Sthrizei tis shmantikes prospaqeies proseggishs twn Ellhnokypriwn kai Toyrkokypriwn ergazomenwn poy systhmatika kai me qetiko tropo prowqoyn edw kai xronia to AKEL kai h EDON. Phre prwtoboylia organwshs kinhtopoihsewn kai pragmatopoihshs episkechs kommatikhs antiproswpeias sto Libano kata th diarkeia twn israhlinwn epidromwn, epishs sthn Palaistinh kai th Syria. Antistaqhke sthn aposxish toy Kossoboy. Aneptyje idiaitera stenoys desmoys me to KK Toyrkias se ena eyrytero fasma problhmatwn poy syndeoyn ta dyo kommata kai ekdhlwse me polymorfoys tropoys thn allhleggyh toy sthn ergatikh tajh ths Toyrkias. Shmantikh htan epishs h dieqnistikh drash kommatikwn organwsewn toy Kommatos, h genikh ayjhsh toy endiaferontos kai ths symmetoxhs. Prowqhse thn koinh stash twn Kommoynistikwn kai Ergatikwn Kommatwn apo xwres - melh ths EE s' ena plaisio palhs se rhjh me thn EE kai tis politikes ths. 21.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To KKE na dwsei megalytero baros sth synergasia me Kommoynistika kai Ergatika Kommata ths Eyrwphs enantia sthn paramonh twn NATOikwn dynamewn sta Balkania, sthn ajiopoihsh yparktwn kai anyparktwn meionotikwn zhthmatwn. Na ginoyn pio systhmatikes epejergasies gia thn katastash twn ergazomenwn kai ths neolaias, tis eswterikes antiqeseis sthn EE kai ton antagwnismo me tis HPA kai th Rwsia. Na syzhthqoyn zhthmata kaqysterhshs toy kommoynistikoy kai ergatikoy kinhmatos, h elleich syntonismoy twn agwnwn se paneyrwpaiko epipedo. Na anaptyxqei syntonismos kai koinh drash enocei twn eyrweklogwn. To Komma na epimeinei sthn koinh drash sta Balkania, sthn Eyrwph, sth Mesh Anatolh, enw xreiazetai na anaptyjei stenoteres sxeseis me thn perioxh ths Afrikhs. Na enisxyqoyn oi koines prwtoboylies Kommoynistikwn kai Ergatikwn Kommatwn gia ta dikaiwmata twn jenwn ergatwn kai thn entajh toys sto tajika prosanatolismeno ergatiko syndikalistiko kinhma. Na symbalei sth staqeropoihsh taktikwn Synanthsewn twn KK twn xwrwn ths Meshs Anatolhs me stoxo thn anaptyjh allhleggyhs. Na anaptyxqei h syzhthsh gia thn enisxysh toy ergatikoy kinhmatos sthn perioxh, h antiimperialistikh antistash sthn katoxh, thn apokroysh twn sxediwn gia th ``Megalh Mesh Anatolh'' kai twn genikoterwn sxediasmwn twn HPA, toy NATO, ths EE. Na symbalei sthn akoma megalyterh anaptyjh ths synergasias me ta Kommoynistika kai Ergatika Kommata ths Latinikhs Amerikhs. Na ayjhsei thn allhleggyh stoys laoys ths perioxhs, poy dexontai thn epiqesh twn HPA alla kai thn prospaqeia ths EE na parembei stis ejelijeis pros ofelos ths. To KKE na strecei perissotero thn prosoxh toy sth synergasia kai allhleggya drash me ta kommoynistika kommata ths perioxhs poy einai apofasismena na diathrhsoyn ton aytotelh rolo toys kai na prosferoyn sto baqema ths antimonopwliakhs antiimperialistikhs palhs, arnoymena na diaxyqoyn se sxhmata symmaxias. Stis xwres aytes oi qetikes diergasies qa exoyn apotelesmatikothta, qa askhsoyn genikoterh epidrash, sto baqmo poy h ergatikh tajh diadramatizei ton prwtoporo rolo ths sto eyrytero kinhma poy anaptyssetai, sto baqmo poy paizei epishs ton hgetiko ths rolo sthn koinwnikh symmaxia me thn agrotia kai toys mikroys epixeirhmaties.

    D. H poreia allwn dieqnwn antiimperialistikwn organwsewn 22.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Emfanisthkan ta prwta shmantika apotelesmata se pagkosmia klimaka gia thn anasyntajh toy dieqnoys ergatikoy kinhmatos se syndyasmo me thn palh enantion twn oportoynistikwn apocewn sto eswteriko toy. Anaptyssetai o agwnistikos tajikos prosanatolismos ths Pagkosmias Syndikalistikhs Omospondias (PSO). H synexws eyrynomenh symmetoxh newn organwsewn stis grammes ths, oi empeiries toys apo tis diaforetikes synqhkes palhs, anadeiknyetai sobaros paragontas gia th dieqnopoihsh ths palhs twn tajika prosanatolismenwn syndikalistikwn ergatikwn dynamewn, gia thn enisxysh toy antimonopwliakoy antiimperialistikoy prosanatolismoy toys se ychlotero epipedo. To KKE ektima oti einai shmantikh h symbolh toy tajikoy reymatos sto syndikalistiko kinhma apo thn Ellada, toy PAME, sthn prospaqeia anasygkrothshs kai anasyntajhs toy dieqnoys ergatikoy syndikalistikoy kinhmatos, sto stoxo na dieyrynqei me nees syndikalistikes organwseis wste na dynamwsei h parembash toy se pagkosmio epipedo. 23.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Enisxyqhkan shmantika h drash kai o prosanatolismos toy fileirhnikoy kinhmatos se antimonopwliakh antiimperialistikh kateyqynsh. To kyros toy Pagkosmioy Symboylioy Eirhnhs (PSE) ayjhqhke, nees dynameis entassontai stis grammes toy. Epidra qetika sthn anaptyjh twn kinhmatwn eirhnhs se polles xwres toy kosmoy. Diamorfwnontai kalyteres proypoqeseis kai synqhkes gia thn antimetwpish twn dialytikwn tasewn kai proqesewn apoprosanatolismoy toy kinhmatos. H ayjanomenh symbolh toy sthrizetai stis apofaseis toy teleytaioy synedrioy toy, poy egine sto Karakas ths Benezoyelas. 24.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To dieqnes rizospastiko gynaikeio kinhma den exei akoma jeperasei tis arnhtikes synepeies apo thn ypoxwrhsh poy shmeiwse ws pros ton antiimperialistiko antimonopwliako prosanatolismo toy meta th nikh ths antepanastashs. To baros ths drashs kai epirrohs ths Pagkosmias Dhmokratikhs Omospondias Gynaikwn (PDOG) metatopizetai kyriws sthn perioxh ths Latinikhs Amerikhs, opoy yparxoyn agwnizomenes gynaikeies organwseis kata ths strathgikhs twn imperialistikwn epembasewn twn HPA. Diamorfwnontai proypoqeseis beltiwshs toy sysxetismoy dynamhs stis grammes ths dieqnoys organwshs. H ellhnikh symmetoxh htan qetikh sthn prospaqeia anaptyjhs toy antiimperialistikoy agwna, poy apotelei basiko oro gia na syspeirwqoyn laikes gynaikeies mazes stis grammes toy kinhmatos kai se koinh drash me to dieqnes, tajika prosanatolismeno, ergatiko syndikalistiko kinhma kai tis alles rizospastikes dieqneis organwseis. 25.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To dieqnes rizospastiko neolaiistiko kinhma poy ekfrazetai apo thn Pagkosmia Omospondia Dhmokratikwn Neolaiwn (PODN) dierxetai th fash staqeropoihshs meta thn anasygkrothsh toy poy egine me th symbolh orismenwn Kommoynistikwn Neolaiwn, anamesa toys kai ths KNE. Wstoso, den exoyn apomakrynqei oi dyskolies kai ta empodia gia to staqero antiimperialistiko prosanatolismo toy. Kyrios stoxos paramenei na diathrhqei kai na anaptyxqei o antiimperialistikos xarakthras kai prosanatolismos ths Organwshs, kyriws aytos na baqynei, na katakthqei h antoxh stis pieseis kai sthn epidrash ths sosialdhmokratias kai toy oportoynismoy. To dieqnes neolaiistiko kinhma xreiazetai na empedwsei ayton ton prosanatolismo sto edafos twn sygxronwn synqhkwn. Pio diakrita na basistei sthn tajikh analysh twn ejelijewn kai sygxronwn fainomenwn, na empedwsei strathgikh prooptikhs poy de xwra sta plaisia toy imperialismoy, poy paleyei gia th nikh ths ergatikhs tajhs sto pedio ths ejoysias, gia th nikh kai yperaspish toy sosialismoy.

    4o KEFALAIO OI OIKONOMIKES EJELIJEIS STHN ELLADA

    A. H qesh ths sto imperialistiko systhma 26.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sto diasthma poy mesolabhse apo to 17o Synedrio enisxyqhke h ejagwgh kefalaiwn apo thn Ellada sthn pagkosmia agora kai idiaitera sth NA Eyrwph, kaqws kai h energos symmetoxh ths se imperialistikes epembaseis gia ton elegxo twn agorwn. Sto plaisio ths anisometrhs anaptyjhs, o ellhnikos kapitalismos diathrei thn anabaqmismenh qesh toy sta Balkania, poy pragmatopoihqhke meta thn kapitalistikopoihsh toys, enw de metaballetai h endiamesh qesh toy sto pagkosmio imperialistiko systhma. H ellhnikh oikonomia diathrhse shmantika ychlotero ethsio ryqmo ayjhshs toy AEP (sxedon diplasio) apo ton antistoixo meso ths Eyrwzwnhs kai thn teleytaia tetraetia. Genikotera, o mesos ethsios ryqmos anodoy toy AEP sth dwdekaetia 1996-2007 eftase sto 3,9%, me apotelesma th meiwsh ths calidas me tis pio anaptygmenes oikonomies ths EE. To kata kefalhn AEP ths Elladas brisketai sto 88% toy mesoy oroy ths EE-15 kai sto 98% toy mesoy oroy ths EE-27. Symfwna me ta stoixeia ths Eurostat, dynamwnei meta to 2004 toso h tash ekrohs egxwrioy kefalaioy sth dieqnh kapitalistikh agora, oso kai h tash eisrohs jenoy kefalaioy sthn Ellada. Se apolyto swreytiko megeqos oi ekroes Ameswn Jenwn Ependysewn (AJE) apo thn Ellada jeperasan pleon ta 20 dis. eyrw, enw to 2004 htan molis 10 dis. eyrw. Oi topoqethseis Ellhnwn katoikwn sto ejwteriko (se kataqeseis kai repos) eftasan ta 15,8 dis. eyrw to 2007 enanti 5,5 dis. eyrw to 2006. Antistoixa ayjhqhkan kai oi ependyseis xartofylakioy sto ejwteriko (omologa, entoka grammatia klp.) poy eftasan sta 16 dis. eyrw to 2007 enanti 7 dis. eyrw to prohgoymeno etos. 27.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sthn anodikh poreia toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy synebale h ajiopoihsh apo thn ellhnikh astikh tajh ths balkanikhs agoras kai genikotera twn anagkwn epektashs ths eyrwpaikhs kapitalistikhs agoras sth NA Eyrwph poy odhghse sth dieyrymenh EE twn `` 27''. Ta ellhnika kefalaia poy exoyn ependyqei sta Balkania kai genikotera sth NA Eyrwph jepernoyn pleon synolika ta 14 dis. eyrw. H Ellada katexei thn 3h qesh twn jenwn ependytwn sth Roymania kai th Boylgaria. Apotelei epishs to megalytero jeno ependyth sthn Albania. Oi epixeirhseis ellhnikoy h meiktoy kefalaioy poy einai egkatesthmenes sth Balkanikh eftasan tis 4.000 kai apasxoloyn 200.000 ergazomenoys. Stis jenes ependyseis toy trapezikoy tomea, h Ellada katexei pleon th 2h qesh sth Roymania kai th Boylgaria. H ``apeleyqerwsh'' ths sxetikhs agoras, me thn efarmogh ths Synqhkhs gia thn Energeiakh Koinothta ths NA Eyrwphs, ajiopoieitai epishs me ependytikes protaseis ths DEH AE kai ependyseis toy omiloy ELPE se Boylgaria, Serbia, Kypro, Mayroboynio, Albania, PGDM. Isxyrh anodo shmeiwsan kai oi ejagwges emporeymatwn pros th NA Eyrwph, opoy to meridio ejagwgwn to 2007 anerxetai sto 22% toy synoloy twn ellhnikwn ejagwgwn enanti 7,5% to 1997. 28.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">H sygkentrwsh kai sygkentropoihsh toy kefalaioy, h isxyropoihsh ellhnikwn monopwliakwn omilwn sth dieqnh kapitalistikh agora, kyriws stoys tomeis ths naytilias kai twn trapezwn, kai h beltiwsh twn ejagwgikwn epidosewn orismenwn kladwn ths metapoihshs (hlektrikwn mhxanhmatwn, plastikwn ylwn, xrwmatwn, biomhxanikoy ejoplismoy, farmakeytikwn proiontwn, trofimwn), synebalan epishs sthn anodikh poreia toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy. Genika, h epitaxynsh ths sygkentrwshs kefalaioy ejasfalisthke me seira anadiarqrwsewn, eynoikwn nomoqetikwn metrwn meiwshs ths forologias toy, fqhnoterhs ergatikhs dynamhs, polymorfhs enisxyshs twn monopwliwn me kratikh xrhmatodothsh. To ellhniko efoplistiko kefalaio elegxei panw apo to 16% ths metaforikhs ikanothtas toy pagkosmioy stoloy, to 21% ths metaforas petrelaioy kai to 22,3% toy antistoixoy metaforas jhroy fortioy. O ellhnokthtos stolos diaxeirizetai peripoy to 25% twn qalassiwn metaforwn petrelaioy pros tis HPA kai to 25% ejagwgwn emporeymatwn twn HPA (2007). To efoplistiko kefalaio apotelei to monadiko tmhma toy egxwrioy kefalaioy poy diapragmateyetai apo qesh isxyos mesa sthn EE kai exei pronomiakoys oikonomikoys desmoys me tis HPA kai th Bretania. H dieyrynsh kai ayjhsh ths metaforikhs ikanothtas toy ellhnokthtoy stoloy, h anodos toy baqmoy ekmetalleyshs twn naytergatwn kai h prwtofanhs ayjhsh twn naylwn ploiwn metaforas jhroy fortioy synebalan sthn ayjhsh twn eisprajewn apo naytiliako metaforiko ergo sto isozygio trexoyswn synallagwn to 2007. Ta nayla ayjhqhkan me meso ethsio ryqmo 45% thn teleytaia tetraetia, enw thn idia periodo oi eisprajeis apo tis metafores antiproswpeyoyn kata meso oro panw apo to 4% toy AEP ths Elladas. Ayjhtikh htan epishs thn teleytaia pentaetia h poreia kerdoforias kai ta idia kefalaia twn egxwriwn trapezikwn omilwn. H mesh apodosh idiwn kefalaiwn eftase sto 25,82% to 2006 kai anhlqe sto 27% to 2007 (ayjhsh kerdwn sto XAA 47% to 2006 kai 70% to 2007, ftanontas ta 5,7 dis. eyrw). Th dietia 2006-2007 eginan shmantikes ependyseis ston trapeziko tomea ths NA Eyrwphs kai twn Balkaniwn (p.x. ejagora ths toyrkikhs Finans Bank kai ths serbikhs Vojvodjanska Bank apo thn Eqnikh Trapeza, ths roymanikhs Mind Bank kai ths serbikhs Agroindustigke Komercijalne apo thn Agrotikh Trapeza, ths toyrkikhs Tekfenbank apo th Eurobank). 29.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Thn teleytaia tetraetia eginan pio emfanh ta apotelesmata ths prospaqeias ths astikhs tajhs na diaxeiristei pros ofelos ths thn tash anakatatajhs sta meridia agoras anamesa stis isxyroteres imperialistikes dynameis, epidiwkontas na anabaqmisei to gewstrathgiko ths rolo. O astikos sxediasmos lambanei ypoch th shmasia poy exei gia thn EE h promhqeia fysikoy aerioy kai petrelaioy apo th Rwsia, kaqws kai thn epidiwjh ths Rwsias na isxyropoihsei th qesh ths ston energeiako tomea ths eyrwenwsiakhs agoras. Se ayto to edafos ojynontai oi antiqeseis metajy HPA, Rwsias kai EE gia th metafora energeias kai emporeymatwn metajy Asias kai Eyrwphs. Taytoxrona, h arxoysa tajh epixeirei na symmetasxei energa sthn endexomenh anadiarqrwsh imperialistikwn symmaxiwn kai antipalwn polwn, poy shmatodotoyn h stadiakh proseggish ths Rwsias me th Germania kai thn Italia, oi aytoteleis kinhseis ths Gallias sthn perioxh ths Mesogeioy. 30.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">O astikos sxediasmos estiase se dyo allhloejartwmenoys ajones kai shmeiwse orismenes prwtes epityxies: a) Thn anadeijh ths xwras ws shmantikoy diayloy sta diktya metaforas energeias kai emporeymatwn, se syndyasmo me th diasfalish ths asfaleias toy energeiakoy efodiasmoy ths. b) Th beltiwsh ths antagwnistikothtas twn egxwriwn monopwliakwn omilwn sthn energeiakh agora ths NA Eyrwphs. H epilogh ayth syndyazetai me to stoxo anabaqmishs ths Elladas ws xrhmatopistwtikoy, emporikoy kai toyristikoy kentroy ths perioxhs. H ellhnikh astikh tajh symmetexei energa sth diapalh gia thn epikrathsh antagwnistikwn sxediwn metaforas petrelaioy kai fysikoy aerioy sthn perioxh, poy sthrizoyn, apo th mia, oi HPA kai, apo thn allh, h Rwsia. H ellhnikh kybernhsh proxwrhse sthn ypografh symfwniwn, toso gia thn ylopoihsh toy rwsikoy agwgoy metaforas petrelaioy Mpoyrgkas - Alejandroypolh, oso kai enos kladoy toy agwgoy South Stream gia th metafora fysikoy aerioy me proorismo thn Italia. Taytoxrona, h Ellada symmetexei sthn kataskeyh kai leitoyrgia toy ajona metaforas azerikoy fysikoy aerioy apo thn Toyrkia sthn Italia, poy yposthrizoyn oi HPA. Wstoso h symmetoxh ths Elladas sta rwsika sxedia, af' enos, apodynamwnei thn ylopoihsh orismenwn antagwnistikwn sxediwn twn HPA (agwgos Nabuco gia to fysiko aerio, agwgos AMBO gia to petrelaio) kai, af' eteroy, symballei antikeimenika sthn anabaqmish ths rwsikhs epirrohs se krath poy exoyn entaxqei sto NATO (Boylgaria, Italia). O astikos sxediasmos prospaqei na ajiopoihsei th gewgrafikh qesh ths Elladas ws plhsiesteroy qalassioy eyrwpaikoy proorismoy gia ta krath ths Asias (Kina, India klp.), kaqws kai th dieyrynsh ths EE, poy diasfalizei thn aproskopth xersaia metafora emporeymatwn apo thn Ellada sthn eyrwpaikh agora, sthn paradoynabia perioxh kai tis agores ths prwhn Sobietikhs Enwshs. Gi' ayto dinei emfash sth diamorfwsh orismenwn strathgikwn limenwn diametakomishs (OLP, OLQ, Patras, Hgoymenitsas, Hrakleioy). Th diaxeirish toys diekdikoyn dieqneis monopwliakoi omiloi, poy kyriarxoyn sth sxetikh ``apeleyqerwmenh'' eyrwpaikh agora (p.x. arabikoi, eyrwpaikoi). Ston OLP epikrathse hdh o kinezikos omilos ths COSCO. 31.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Genikotera, katagrafetai mia anabaqmish ths synergasias me thn arxoysa tajh ths Rwsias stoys tomeis toy stratiwtikoy ejoplismoy, twn emporikwn synallagwn, toy toyrismoy, twn ependysewn sta Balkania kai sth Mayrh Qalassa, twn kataskeywn enocei kai twn xeimerinwn Olympiakwn Agwnwn toy 2014. Sto plaisio ths symmetoxhs ths astikhs tajhs sthn anadiarqrwsh twn imperialistikwn symmaxiwn prepei na ejetasqoyn kai oi prowqoymenes symfwnies me germanikoys omiloys ws strathgikwn ependytwn toso ston OTE (Deutsche Telecom) oso kai sth DEH se mikrotero baqmo (mnhmonio synergasias me RWE). Prokeitai gia ependyseis poy aforoyn toso sthn egxwria agora oso kai s' aythn ths NA Eyrwphs. 32.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Diafainetai oti mesoproqesma (epomenh tetraetia) mallon de qa shmeiwqei kapoia ajioshmeiwth metabolh sth qesh toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy, lambanontas ypoch to ryqmo kai to epipedo sygkentrwshs kai sygkentropoihshs toy kefalaioy, to sygkritiko megeqos toy AEP se sxesh me tis geitonikes xwres, to megeqos ths koinotikhs xrhmatodothshs pros to egxwrio kefalaio [oi koinotikoi poroi toy Eqnikoy Strathgikoy Plaisioy Anaforas (ESPA) 2007-2013 ftanoyn ta 24,4 dis. eyrw], th syneisfora sthn anaptyjh toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy ths dieisdyshs sth NA Eyrwph, thn ayjhsh toy baqmoy ekmetalleyshs ths ergatikhs tajhs kai idiaitera twn metanastwn. Se mia megalyterh xronikh periodo mporei na epelqei metabolh sth qesh ths Elladas, ws synepeia toso twn antiqesewn kai antifasewn ths anisometrhs kapitalistikhs anaptyjhs oso kai ths ejelijhs toy kapitalistikoy kykloy ths krishs sthn egxwria kai th balkanikh agora. Den prepei na ypotimhqei h syndyasmenh epidrash twn akoloyqwn paragontwn sthn poreia toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy ta epomena xronia: H poreia epideinwshs toy emporikoy isozygioy ths xwras 33.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H ethsia dieyrynsh toy emporikoy elleimmatos einai synexhs thn teleytaia pentaetia, me ameiwto ryqmo, kaqws h ethsia ajia twn eisagwgwn einai pollaplasia ekeinhs twn ejagwgwn. Meiwnetai h dynatothta ypokatastashs eisagomenwn biomhxanikwn proiontwn meta thn arsh ths prostasias ths egxwrias paragwghs sth dieyrymenh EE twn ``27'' kai se syndyasmo me thn yparxoysa diarqrwsh ths ellhnikhs kapitalistikhs oikonomias. To emporiko elleimma jeperase to 2007 ta 40 dis. eyrw enanti 22,6 dis. eyrw to 2003. H epideinwsh toy emporikoy isozygioy antanakla tis epibaryntikes synepeies apo th leitoyrgia ths ellhnikhs oikonomias sthn Eyrwzwnh kai genikotera sthn ``apeleyqerwmenh'' eyrwenwsiakh agora. Tis arnhtikes synepeies qa plhrwsoyn oi ergazomenoi, idiaitera sth metapoihsh kai ton agrotiko tomea. Sth gewgrafikh katanomh twn ellhnikwn ejagwgwn synexizetai h strofh pros ta krath ths Balkanikhs kai ths NA Eyrwphs, h opoia jekinhse apo ta mesa ths dekaetias toy '90. Thn pentaetia 2002-2007 meiwqhke to pososto symmetoxhs twn ellhnikwn ejagwgwn sthn EE-15 (ws pros to synolo twn ejagwgwn), apo 48,5% toy synoloy to 2002 se 44,2% to 2007. Ta proanaferomena ypogrammizoyn kai thn epiptwsh poy qa exei sto emporiko isozygio mia piqanh eisodos ths NA Eyrwphs se fash yfeshs thn epomenh periodo. Bebaia, h arxoysa tajh epixeirei mia anadiarqrwsh twn ellhnikwn ejagwgwn me stoxo thn ayjhsh toy meridioy twn emporeymatwn kladwn me ychlh organikh synqesh kefalaioy (``entashs texnologias kai ejeidikeymenhs ergasias''). Thn teleytaia eikosaetia ta proionta kladwn xamhlhs organikhs synqeshs (entashs ergasias, p.x. klwstoyfantoyrgia, imatismos, epipla) meiwqhkan ws pososto sto synolo twn ejagwgwn apo 36% se 20%, enw ta proionta kladwn ychlhs organikhs synqeshs kefalaioy (entashs texnologias, p.x. ejoplismoy thlepikoinwniwn, iatrika ergaleia) ayjhqhkan apo 6% se 29,9%. Oi synepeies ths diaplokhs egxwrioy kai jenoy kefalaioy

    sto plaisio ths prosarmoghs sto pagkosmio imperialistiko systhma 34.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi Ameses Jenes Ependyseis (AJE) sthn Ellada diplasiasthkan thn tetraetia 2003-2007 kai eftasan swreytika ta 35,8 dis. eyrw enanti 17,7 dis. eyrw to 2003. To idio kai oi eisroes kefalaiwn gia ependyseis xartofylakioy (omologa Dhmosioy kai topoqethseis sto XAA) anhlqan se 33,8 dis. eyrw to 2007 enanti 15,1 dis. eyrw to 2006. Stis eiserxomenes AJE despozoyn gallikoi, germanikoi kai arabikoi omiloi poy af' enos ejagorazoyn shmantika paketa metoxwn epixeirhsewn se strathgikoys tomeis ths oikonomias (energeia, thlepikoinwnies, trapezes, kataskeyes) kai af' eteroy symballoyn sthn ayjhsh toy metoxikoy toys kefalaioy. Idiaitera thn periodo 2005-2007 eginan orismenes shmantikes AJE: Ston trapeziko tomea apo toys gallikoys omiloys Societe Generale (Genikh Trapeza), Credit Agricole (Emporikh Trapeza), apo ton arabiko omilo Dubai Financial (trapezikos omilos Marfin). Stis thlepikoinwnies - plhroforikh apo thn amerikanikh etaireia Texas Pacific (ejagora Q-Telecommunication AE), to rwsiko omilo Sistema (Intracom Telecom), to dieqniko omilo Rhone Capital (Infote), ton aigyptiako omilo Wind (oloklhrwsh ejagoras Wind Hellas). Sthn energeia me thn Endessa Europe (omilos Mytilhnaioy). Sthn tsimentobiomhxania me th gallikh Lafarge SA poy apekthse th symmetoxh ths Eqnikhs Trapezas sto metoxiko kefalaio ths AGET - Hraklhs, sta trofima me thn ejagora ths Vivartia (DELTA klp.) epishs apo ton omilo Marfin. Se ejelijh brisketai neos kyklos ejagorwn kai eisrohs AJE poy aforoyn ypodomes qalassiwn metaforwn (megala limania - OLP, OLQ), tis trapezes, tis kataskeyes, ton OTE, th DEH AE, kaqws kai h drasthriopoihsh allwn isxyrwn symmaxikwn sxhmatwn jenoy kai ellhnikoy kefalaioy ston tomea ths energeias, p.x. Iberdrola - Motor Oil, Gazprom - ENEL - Omilos Kopeloyzoy, EdF/Edison - Ellhnikh Texnodomikh - Bioxalko. H ayjhsh ths eisodoy jenoy kefalaioy gia ameses ependyseis (AJE) sthn egxwria agora, kaqws kai gia ependyseis xartofylakioy dinei wqhsh sthn kapitalistikh anaptyjh. Symballei sth diamorfwsh symmaxiwn kai stenoterhs syndeshs - diaplokhs ellhnikoy kai jenoy kefalaioy gia th dhmioyrgia megalyterwn, pio antagwnistikwn omilwn poy qa epekteinoyn th drash toys stis anadyomenes agores ths NA Eyrwphs kai ths Mesogeioy. Apo thn allh, ojynetai o antagwnismos twn imperialistikwn kentrwn kai dieqnikwn monopwliakwn omilwn gia ton elegxo meridiwn ths egxwrias agoras kai idiaitera strathgikwn tomewn ths oikonomias, logw ths shmasias toys gia ton elegxo ths eyryterhs perioxhs. Sto plaisio toy dieqnoys imperialistikoy systhmatos oles oi symmaxikes sxeseis toy kefalaioy diepontai apo ton antagwnismo, thn anisometria kai epomenws thn pleonektikh qesh toy isxyroteroy. Oi synepeies aytwn twn ejelijewn sthn egxwria oikonomia prepei na ektimhqoyn sto eyrytero plaisio twn endoimperialistikwn antiqesewn kai toy monopwliakoy antagwnismoy gia ton elegxo ths perioxhs, h opoia epipleon xarakthrizetai apo aposxistikes kai eqnikistikes taseis (p.x. Kossobo, PGDM) kai thn ektetamenh pleon stratiwtikh paroysia twn HPA sth Balkanikh. Aytes tis taseis ajiopoioyn kai ypodaylizoyn ta imperialistika sxedia gia ton elegxo ths perioxhs. Oi sygkekrimenes antiqeseis qa epidrasoyn kai sth mesoproqesmh kinhsh kefalaioy kai emporeymatwn sth xwra kai thn eyryterh perioxh. Genikotera, h kinhsh kefalaiwn kaqorizetai s' ena megalo baqmo apo to eyrytero plaisio ths sxeshs oikonomias kai politikhs, apo ta gewstrathgika symferonta twn astikwn tajewn kai oxi apokleistika apo tis dynatothtes kerdoforias kaqe monopwliakoy omiloy. Epishmainetai oti h epilogh ths endynamwshs twn sxesewn toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy me th Rwsia, th Germania kai th Gallia den yposthrizetai ston idio baqmo ap' ola ta tmhmata ths astikhs tajhs. Ejalloy h symmetoxh ths xwras sto NATO kai oi desmoi politikostratiwtikhs ejarthshs apo tis HPA periorizoyn antikeimenika th diapragmateytikh ths dynamh kai ta periqwria eligmwn. Wstoso ws basikh tash diamorfwnetai h energhtikh entajh ths Elladas stoys sxediasmoys toy sklhroy pyrhna ths EE poy ekfrazei kai th strathgikh aytodynamhs stratiwtikhs enisxyshs ths Enwshs. H mh sygxronismenh ekdhlwsh krishs stis balkanikes oikonomies 35.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Endexomenh ekdhlwsh krishs sthn ellhnikh oikonomia prin thn ekdhlwsh ths se orismenes balkanikes oikonomies, idiaitera ths Roymanias, mporei na anatrecei thn yparxoysa anisometria. Bebaiws h Ellada yperexei shmera shmantika ws pros to megeqos toy AEP, to epipedo paragwgikothtas ths ergasias kai texnologikhs anaptyjhs, tis AJE. H Roymania, me eswterikh agora 20 ekat. katoikwn kai sobares ypodomes, einai anerxomenh oikonomikh dynamh. H Boylgaria epixeirei, opws kai h Ellada, na diaxeiristei sto baqmo toy dynatoy pros ofelos ths tis antiqeseis HPA, Rwsias, EE kai na anadeixqei se energeiako kombo. Meta to 2002 oi eisroes AJE se Boylgaria, Roymania, Toyrkia dynamwnoyn se sxesh me thn Ellada, kyriws logw twn xamhlwn misqwn kai twn xamhlwn forologikwn syntelestwn. H epidrash sth sygkritikh qesh ths Elladas ayths ths ejelijhs einai antifatikh. Apo th mia ektimatai oti oi eisroes toy ellhnikoy kefalaioy sta Balkania exoyn syneisferei to 15% toy mesoy ethsioy ryqmoy ayjhshs toy egxwrioy AEP thn teleytaia dekaetia (epanapatrismos kerdwn klp.). H prosbash sto apoqema fqhnwn prwtwn ylwn kai se mia megalh agora 115 ekat. katoikwn bohqhse sthn anadiarqrwsh ths ellhnikhs metapoihshs pros thn paragwgh proiontwn ychloterhs ajias (xhmika, metapoihmena proionta metalloyrgias k.a.). Apo thn allh, meiwnetai stadiaka h calida anamesa sto ychlotero epipedo anaptyjhs toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy se sygkrish me alla balkanika krath. H antifatikh sxesh antagwnismoy kai synergasias ths ellhnikhs kai ths toyrkikhs astikhs tajhs 36.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H Toyrkia diaqetei megalh eswterikh agora, gewstrathgikh qesh kai shmantikh stratiwtikh kai politikh isxy se perifereiako epipedo. Parallhla paroysiazei baqyterh anisometria sthn anaptyjh twn diaforwn perioxwn sto eswteriko ths xwras, sxetika ypobaqmismenh ypodomh (systhma dianomhs hlektrikhs energeias, limania k.a.), megalo meros toy plhqysmoy me xamhlo morfwtiko epipedo. Diathrei ychlotero ryqmo anaptyjhs (mesh ethsia ayjhsh toy AEP panw apo 6%) meta to 2003, enw apotelei th 17h megalyterh oikonomia pagkosmiws. Apotelei thn pronomiakh diodo twn amerikanikwn sxediwn metaforas petrelaioy kai fysikoy aerioy pros thn Eyrwph kai tis HPA (p.x. agwgos fysikoy aerioy Toyrkias - Elladas - Italias, agwgos petrelaioy Mpakoy - Tseixan). Epishs, h toyrkikh kybernhsh diapragmateyetai ektetamena antallagmata me tis HPA, wste na mh diekdikhsei telika thn ploysia se koitasmata petrelaioy perioxh toy B. Irak (Kirkoyk, Mosoylh klp.). Parallhla paramenei isxyrh h antirrhsh toy gallogermanikoy ajona sthn entajh ths Toyrkias sthn EE, enw h Ellada einai to mono plhres melos ths ONE sthn perioxh. Ta rwsika sxedia metaforas ths energeias, ta opoia apoktoyn to probadisma, parakamptoyn epishs se megalo baqmo thn Toyrkia, enw entassoyn sthn ylopoihsh toys thn Ellada. H ylopoihsh twn rwsikwn sxediwn meiwnei to gewpolitiko rolo ths Toyrkias ston energeiako tomea sygkritika me th Boylgaria kai thn Ellada. Taytoxrona, meta thn anodo ths timhs twn kaysimwn, ayjanetai h shmasia elegxoy toy Aigaioy, logw twn anejereynhtwn kai anekmetalleytwn apoqematwn petrelaioy, gegonos poy ojynei tis antiqeseis sthn perioxh. Se epipedo ameswn oikonomikwn sxesewn oi AJE ellhnikwn epixeirhsewn sthn Toyrkia ayjanontai. O ogkos twn emporikwn synallagwn exei ayjhqei ta teleytaia xronia, alla oi ellhnikes ejagwges shmeiwsan to 2007 megalh ypoxwrhsh. Oi laoi ths Elladas kai ths Toyrkias den prepei na efhsyxazoyn sxetika me th diathrhsh ths eirhnhs kai ths staqerothtas twn synorwn sto baqmo poy ejakoloyqoyn na dromologoyntai ta imperialistika sxedia gia ton elegxo ths eyryterhs perioxhs.

    B. H poreia ths ellhnikhs oikonomias Genikh ektimhsh 37.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Thn teleytaia pentaetia o ethsios ryqmos ayjhshs toy AEP ths ellhnikhs oikonomias paramenei, opws kai thn prohgoymenh, ychloteros apo ton antistoixo meso ths Eyrwzwnhs kai ths EE-27. Genikotera, thn teleytaia dwdekaetia h ellhnikh oikonomia einai mia apo tis taxytera anaptyssomenes oikonomies ths EE, se fash synexoys dieyrymenhs anaparagwghs. H kapitalistikh anaptyjh sthrixthke sthn ayjhsh ths paragwgikothtas, toy baqmoy ekmetalleyshs kai ths sygkentropoihshs toy kefalaioy (ejagores, sygxwneyseis). O ayjhtikos ryqmos twn ependysewn twn monopwliakwn omilwn paroysiase shmantikh epibradynsh to 2007. Oi synolikes akaqaristes ependyseis pagioy kefalaioy ayjhqhkan kata 4,4% to 2007, enanti 14,8% to 2006. To kybernhtiko Eqniko Programma Metarryqmisewn 2005-2008 prowqhse mia seira allhloejartwmenes anadiarqrwseis me stoxo thn anabaqmish ths antagwnistikothtas twn egxwriwn monopwliwn, th dhmioyrgia proypoqesewn ayjhshs ths ependytikhs drasthriothtas sthn egxwria agora kai th NA Eyrwph, thn taxyterh epektash twn elastikwn ergasiakwn sxesewn kai thn epibolh newn orwn syntajiodothshs poy kaqistoyn fqhnoterh thn ergatikh dynamh. H sygkentrwsh kai sygkentropoihsh toy kefalaioy epitaxynqhke me thn analogh kybernhtikh politikh, prwt' ap' ola me thn polymorfh kratikh xrhmatodothsh twn idiwtikwn ependytikwn sxediwn (Anaptyjiakos Nomos 3299/2004, G' KPS, ESPA klp.). Sthn idia kateyqynsh enisxyshs toy megaloy kefalaioy kinhqhke kai h forologikh metarryqmish me th meiwsh twn forologikwn syntelestwn twn etaireiwn apo 35% (2004) se 25% (2007), thn katarghsh toy Foroy Megalhs Akinhths Perioysias mesw ths eisagwghs toy Eniaioy Foroy Akinhtwn. Basikh morfh twn prosarmosmenwn sthn ``apeleyqerwsh'' twn agorwn kratikomonopwliakwn ryqmisewn apotelesan oi Symprajeis Dhmosioy kai Idiwtikoy Tomea (SDIT, N. 3389/'05), morfh synyfanshs toy kratoys ws syllogikoy kapitalisth kai twn monopwliakwn omilwn. Th merida toy leontos twn SDIT apospoyn elaxistoi monopwliakoi omiloi se baros twn mikrwn epixeirhsewn kai twn aytoapasxoloymenwn. Th dietia 2006-2007 egkriqhkan 24 Symprajeis, proypologismoy 3,1 dis. eyrw, stoys tomeis toy Aqlhtismoy, ths Ygeias, ths Paideias. Idiaiterh morfh ejasfalishs ths kerdoforias twn monopwliwn apoteloyn oi Symbaseis Paraxwrhshs poy kyrwnontai me apofash ths Boylhs. Mono oi odikoi ajones poy dhmoprathqhkan me Symbaseis Paraxwrhshs meta to 2004 jeperasan se proypologismo ta 8,6 dis. eyrw. Epitaxynqhke h politikh twn idiwtikopoihsewn se strathgikoys tomeis ths oikonomias me th meiwsh ths kratikhs symmetoxhs ston OTE, sto Taxydromiko Tamieythrio, ston OLP. To synoliko ycos twn sxetikwn kratikwn esodwn poy sygkentrwqhkan eftase thn periodo 2004-2007 ta 6 dis. eyrw. Oi sygkekrimenes apokratikopoihseis synodeythkan apo analoges nomoqetikes ryqmiseis, p.x. nomos gia tis DEKO, me stoxo thn ayjhsh toy baqmoy ekmetalleyshs twn ergazomenwn stoys sygkekrimenoys kladoys. Ston agrotiko tomea kai idiaitera sth gewrgia prowqhqhke h nea KAP me stoxoys th beltiwsh ths antagwnistikothtas ths koinotikhs gewrgias sth dieqnh agora kai thn epitaxynsh ths sygkentrwshs ths ghs kai ths paragwghs. H politikh ayth eixe ws synepeia, af' enos th syrriknwsh ths agrotikhs paragwghs, af' eteroy thn peraiterw sygkentrwsh ths, th meiwsh twn aytoapasxoloymenwn agrotwn kai thn ayjhsh twn ergatwn ghs. Taytoxrona ayjhqhkan oi eisagwges agrotikwn proiontwn. Oi idiwtikes epixeirhseis analambanoyn olo kai megalytero rolo sto synolo twn ekpaideytikwn leitoyrgiwn. Prowqeitai baqmiaia h ``apeleyqerwsh ths agoras'' ths anwtaths ekpaideyshs kai h anagnwrish twn idiwtikwn panepisthmiwn me prwto bhma to nomo gia thn ajiologhsh twn kolegiwn. Paraxwroyntai anagkaies yphresies gia th leitoyrgia twn sxoleiwn (p.x. synthrhsh, kaqariothta, fylajh), kaqws kai h makroxronia ekmetalleysh twn sxolikwn xwrwn mesw twn SDIT, me th symmetoxh ths Topikhs Aytodioikhshs (TA). Dieyrynetai h qesmikh symmetoxh ergodotikwn forewn se organa sxediasmoy kai ekpaideytikhs politikhs kai h emplokh twn ``xorhgwn'' sto periexomeno ths ekpaideyshs (p.x. mnhmonio synergasias toy YPEPQ me ta idrymata twn monopwliakwn omilwn gia chfiako ekpaideytiko periexomeno). Antistoixa, ston tomea ths Ygeias dynamwse h tash sygkentrwshs kai sygkentropoihshs toy kefalaioy. Oi 10 megalyteres epixeirhseis toy tomea katexoyn pososto megalytero toy 58% ths sxetikhs agoras. H epixeirhmatikh drasthriothta enisxyetai apo tis SDIT poy enekrine h armodia diypoyrgikh epitroph to 2006 kai afora thn idrysh newn nosokomeiwn (p.x. Paidwn Qessalonikhs, Geniko Nosokomeio Prebezas). Isxyropoieitai epishs h paroysia trapezikwn omilwn sto xwro ths Ygeias (p.x. ejagora toy pleiochfikoy paketoy toy ``MHTERA'' kai toy ``YGEIA'' apo th MARFIN). Ejelijeis sthn koinwnikh synqesh kai domh ths apasxolhshs 38.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Thn teleytaia dekaetia (1997-2007) h misqwth ergasia kai oi ergodotes einai oi kathgories poy paroysiazoyn ayjhtikh metabolh, enw h kathgoria twn aytoapasxoloymenwn katagrafei meiwsh. H misqwth ergasia jeperase to 2007 ta 2,8 ekat. ergazomenoys ayjanomenh kata 800 xiliades ergazomenoys thn teleytaia dekaetia, enw oi aytoapasxoloymenoi meiwqhkan kata 400 xiliades to idio diasthma kai ftanoyn pleon tis 960 xiliades. Oi bohqoi stis oikogeneiakes epixeirhseis meiwqhkan shmantika, kata 170 xiliades. H megalh pleiochfia twn misqwtwn anhkei sthn ergatikh tajh, sthn opoia symperilambanontai kai oi anergoi. H synolikh apasxolhsh ayjhqhke ayth th dekaetia kata 650 xiliades ergazomenoys kai eftase ta 4,5 ekat. apasxoloymenoys sto synolo ths oikonomias. Sthn kathgoria ayth perilambanetai to synolo twn ergazomenwn, anejarthta apo th sxesh idiokthsias toys me ta mesa paragwghs. Taytoxrona, h anergia diathrhqhke sto ychlo epipedo toy 7,3%, to opoio sthn pragmatikothta einai ychlotero, afoy den katagrafontai osoi anazhtoyn gia prwth fora doyleia, gynaikes poy diekocan thn ergasia kapoia xronia logw mhtrothtas, hmiapasxoloymenoi klp. Stoys neoys (15-24 etwn) to pososto anergias jeperna to 22% kai stis gynaikes ergazomenes to 10%. O ariqmos twn apasxoloymenwn ston agrotiko - prwtogenh tomea meiwnetai aisqhta kai sth metapoihsh paroysiazei mikrh meiwsh thn periodo 2002-2005. Antiqeta, ayjanetai sto synolo ths apasxolhshs to meridio toy legomenoy ``tritogenoys tomea'' (apo 60% se 62,7% toy synoloy). Sto sygkekrimeno tomea h astikh statistikh aqroizei biomhxanikoys kladoys (metafores, thlepikoinwnies) me kladoys poy entassontai sthn kykloforia emporeymatwn kai kefalaioy (emporio, xrhmatopistwtiko), tomeis opoy synyparxei h emporikh kai h metapoihtikh drasthriothta (toyrismos), kratikes yphresies (dioikhtikes kai koinwnikes), kaqws kai me toys emporeymatopoihmenoys tomeis twn Ygeias, Pronoias, Paideias. Pera apo ta meqodologika problhmata, h proanaferomenh metabolh apotelei genikh tash ths sygxronhs kapitalistikhs anaptyjhs. Kai se isxyroteres kapitalistikes oikonomies, opws ths Gallias kai ths Bretanias, einai xamhlo to pososto twn ergazomenwn sto ``deyterogenh'' tomea (metapoihsh - kataskeyes) sto synolo ths apasxolhshs kai malista mikrotero apo to antistoixo ths Elladas. Antistrofa, einai ychlotero to pososto symmetoxhs toy ``tritogenoys tomea'' sto synolo ths apasxolhshs ths Bretanias, ths Gallias, ths Germanias kai ths Italias enanti ekeinoy ths Elladas. 39.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sth diarkeia ths periodoy 1993 - 2007 sthn Ellada o tomeas toy emporioy exei to megalytero meridio sto synolo ths apasxolhshs, enw oi alloi dyo megaloi tomeis, ths gewrgias kai ths metapoihshs, paroysiazoyn meiwsh toy ariqmoy twn apasxoloymenwn. H symmetoxh toy emporioy sto synolo ths apasxolhshs ayjhqhke apo 15,8% to 1993 se 17,7% to 2007, enw ths gewrgias - alieias meiwqhke antistoixa apo 21,3% se 11,2% kai ths metapoihshs meiwqhke epishs apo 15,6% se 12,4%. Aytes oi taseis ekfrazoyn af' enos thn anaptyjh ths paragwgikothtas ths ergasias, me thn opoia den exei enarmonistei analogh meiwsh toy ergasimoy xronoy, af' eteroy th spatalh ths koinwnikhs ergasias sto plaisio twn kapitalistikwn sxesewn paragwghs. Ayjanetai to pososto twn apasxoloymenwn poy ergazontai se megalyteres epixeirhseis se kaqe tomea ths oikonomias. Sto deyterogenh tomea oi epixeirhseis me ligoteroys apo 10 ypallhloys meiwqhkan apo 66% sto 60% toy synoloy twn epixeirhsewn. Antistoixa ston tritogenh tomea meiwqhkan apo 67% sto 57% toy synoloy. Wstoso, h ayjhtikh tash sygkentrwshs ths ergatikhs tajhs se megales epixeirhseis einai argh. Endeiktika, th sygkekrimenh periodo gia ton tomea toy emporioy, h analogia misqwtwn ana ergodoth ayjhqhke molis kata mia monada (apo 3,4 to 1993 se 4,4 to 2006). Synolika mporoyme na ektimhsoyme oti den epibebaiwnetai ws tash o grhgoros kai synolikos afanismos twn mikromesaiwn epixeirhsewn apo toys monopwliakoys omiloys. Se alloys kladoys katastrefontai se megalyterh ektash ap' o,ti anaparagontai, se alloys kladoys ginetai to antiqeto, omws synolika ta mesaia strwmata anaparagontai me xeiroteroys oroys katw apo thn piesh ths kyriarxias toy monopwliakoy kefalaioy, twn anadiarqrwsewn toy systhmatos. H syrriknwsh einai mia tash poy ekdhlwnetai stoys aytoapasxoloymenoys kai o ryqmos epitaxynshs qa ejarthqei kai apo to xrono ekdhlwshs ths oikonomikhs krishs. H epideinwsh ths katastashs ths ergatikhs tajhs 40.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Genikotera, me thn kratikh sthrijh epektaqhkan oi elastikes morfes apasxolhshs, h proswrinh kai h merikh apasxolhsh, h mh thrhsh sthn prajh twn Syllogikwn Symbasewn, h dieyqethsh toy xronoy ergasias. H efarmogh ths merikhs apasxolhshs symfwna me ta epishma stoixeia (ta opoia den perilambanoyn symbaseis orismenoy xronoy, programmata Stage klp.) den yperbainei to 6% sto synolo twn apasxoloymenwn. Wstoso paroysiazei entones diakymanseis apo klado se klado, me idiaitera ychla pososta sth gewrgia (12,8%), ston toyrismo (8,1%), sthn ekpaideysh (11%) kai mikrotera sto emporio kai th metapoihsh. Afora perissotero toys neoys kai tis gynaikes. Oson afora ton ebdomadiaio xrono ergasias, idiaitera epibarymenoi emfanizontai oi kladoi twn metaforwn, twn kataskeywn, toy toyrismoy, ths metapoihshs kai toy emporioy. Se aytoys toys kladoys oi misqwtoi ergazontai panw apo 41 wres ebdomadiaiws. Yparxei omws kai adhlwth - anasfalisth ergasia, megalo meros ths opoias apoteloyn oi metanastes. Oi allodapoi ergazomenoi ftanoyn hdh to 14% twn epishma asfalismenwn sto IKA. H ayjhsh toy baqmoy ekmetalleyshs, poy ekdhlwnetai kai me th synexh anodo twn timwn, se syndyasmo me thn kaqhlwsh twn misqwn, den einai proswrino fainomeno. Sygkekrimena, sthn apwleia pragmatikoy eisodhmatos epidra idiaitera h anodos twn timwn gia ta emporeymata platias laikhs katanalwshs, h opoia thn periodo 2007-2008 einai ychloterh toylaxiston kata 2% apo thn epishmh ayjhsh toy plhqwrismoy. Apoteloyn paraplanhsh ta epixeirhmata twn astikwn politikwn dynamewn oti h akribeia ofeiletai eite ston periorismo toy eleyqeroy antagwnismoy eite kyriws se parembaseis sth sfaira kykloforias twn emporeymatwn. Synistoyn proklhsh oi kybernhtikes diakhryjeis oti h katastash qa beltiwqei me thn anabaqmish ths drashs ths Epitrophs Antagwnismoy kai genikotera me thn aysthrh efarmogh twn nomwn. Oi nomoi ths ``apeleyqerwshs'' ths agoras kai ths prostasias twn kerdwn toy kefalaioy anoijan to dromo sthn epideinwsh ths katastashs kai sthrijan th diamorfwsh twn kartel poy leitoyrgoyn se baros twn laikwn symferontwn se polloys kladoys ths oikonomias. Gia 2,5 ekatommyria misqwtoys ergazomenoys to eisodhma den jeperna ta 704 eyrw to mhna, enw thn periodo 2000-2006 ayjhqhke h calida metajy ths ayjhshs ths paragwgikothtas kai ths ayjhshs toy mesoy pragmatikoy misqoy. Synolika thn prohgoymenh dekaetia to meridio twn misqwn epese kata 10% sto synolo ths akaqarisths prostiqemenhs ajias. Ayth h tash antanakla thn ayjhsh toy baqmoy ekmetalleyshs. Endeiktika, to 2006 ta kaqara kerdh ana ergazomeno htan 16.000 eyrw ston tomea toy emporioy kai 10.000 eyrw sto synolo ths metapoihshs. Taytoxrona, oi misqwtoi kai oi syntajioyxoi epwmizontai to 50,1% twn barwn twn synolikwn esodwn ths ameshs forologias eisodhmatos enanti toy 36,3% twn epixeirhsewn. Idiaitera ojymeno einai to problhma sth gynaikeia misqwth ergasia, afoy 3 stoys 4 ergazomenoys me misqo ews 500 eyrw einai gynaikes. Antistrofa, mono 1 stoys 5 ergazomenoys me misqo anw twn 1.500 eyrw einai gynaika, enw yparxoyn kladoi opoy o misqos ths gynaikas einai mikroteros kata 10% gia thn idia oysiastika ergasia me ton andra synadelfo ths. Thn prooptikh neas epideinwshs ths qeshs twn misqwtwn kai aytoapasxoloymenwn ekfrazei h diogkwsh toy dhmosioy xreoys poy eftase to 2007 ta 216 dis. eyrw enanti 158 dis. eyrw to 2004. Ta metra periorismoy toy dhmosioy xreoys odhgoyn epishs sth syrriknwsh toy laikoy eisodhmatos kai ths ikanopoihshs twn laikwn anagkwn, enw thn teleytaia trietia shmeiwqhke shmantikh anodos toy mesoy epitokioy daneismoy toy Dhmosioy pros ofelos toy xrhmatistikoy kefalaioy. H laikh pleiochfia epwmizetai tis yperogkes stratiwtikes dapanes sto plaisio twn sxediasmwn toy NATO. H Ellada einai sth deyterh qesh twn kratwn - melwn toy NATO se polemikes dapanes ws pososto (2,8%) toy AEP. To neo ejoplistiko programma 2006-2015 anamenetai na jeperasei ta 26,7 dis. eyrw. Taytoxrona ayjanontai oi dapanes twn laikwn oikogeneiwn gia thn Paideia kai thn Ygeia. Symfwna me stoixeia ths Eurostat ta ellhnika noikokyria katagrafoyn tis deyteres pio ychles idiwtikes dapanes gia thn Ygeia kai thn Paideia sto synolo ths EE - 27, sxedon diplasies apo ton koinotiko meso oro. Genikotera, einai myqos oti h isxyropoihsh twn monopwliwn fernei mia isobaqmh beltiwsh sth zwh ths ergatikhs tajhs kai toy laoy. H ayjhsh toy xasmatos anamesa sthn ayjhsh ths paragwgikothtas kai thn poreia toy mesoy pragmatikoy misqoy kyriarxei se oles tis anaptygmenes kapitalistikes oikonomies tis teleytaies 2-3 dekaeties kai synodeyetai apo kybernhtika kai diakratika metra entashs ths tromokratias ston topo ergasias kai periorismoy twn ergatikwn dikaiwmatwn. Parallhla, h astikh politikh diaxeirish anhsyxei mprosta sto endexomeno mias anejelegkths meiwshs ths laikhs katanalwshs. H ayjhtikh tash ths laikhs katanalwshs thn teleytaia dekaetia sthrije thn anodikh poreia toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy. To 2007 h anodos ths idiwtikhs katanalwshs epibradynqhke sto 3,2% enanti 4,2% to 2006, enw shmeiwqhke peraiterw epibradynsh to prwto ejamhno toy 2008. Antistoixa, o ogkos lianikwn pwlhsewn ayjhqhke mono kata 2,3% to 2007 enanti 8% to 2006. H sygkekrimenh ayjhsh ths katanalwshs sthrixthke sthn ayjhsh toy daneismoy twn laikwn noikokyriwn (stegastika, katanalwtika daneia), sth synexizomenh eisroh metanastwn ergatwn kai se orismena stoixeiwdh kratika metra poy aforoysan thn kathgoria ths akraias ftwxeias (p.x. EKAS, epidoma anergias, ayjhsh syntajhs OGA klp.). Ta synolika daneia twn noikokyriwn eftanan ta 93,9 dis. eyrw to 2007 enanti 16,9 dis. eyrw to 2000. Gia to 16% twn laikwn noikokyriwn to kostos ejyphrethshs daneiwn yperbainei hdh to 40% toy synolikoy eisodhmatos toys, symfwna me ereyna ths Trapezas ths Elladas to 2008. To pososto twn noikokyriwn poy den plhrwnei pleon tis doseis twn katanalwtikwn toy daneiwn eftase to 16,8% to 2007 enanti 14,9% to 2005. Hdh to prwto trimhno toy 2008 paroysiasthke apotomh epibradynsh sto ryqmo ayjhshs twn stegastikwn daneiwn. Metaboles sth diarqrwsh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias 41.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Se sxesh me th diarqrwsh toy AEP ajioshmeiwth metabolh einai h meiwsh ths posostiaias symmetoxhs toy agrotikoy - prwtogenoys tomea sto synolo toy AEP, poy apotelei genikh tash twn isxyroterwn oikonomiwn ths EE. Ston prwtogenh tomea perilambanontai, ektos apo th gewrgia, h kthnotrofia, h dasokomia kai h alieia. H syrriknwsh ths agrotikhs paragwghs egine parallhla me th sygkentrwsh ths ghs kai ths paragwghs. H sygkentrwsh ths paragwghs einai megalyterh stoys kladoys ths kthnotrofias kai alieias (ydatokalliergeies), poy den proypoqetoyn th sygkentrwsh ths agrotikhs ghs kai mikroterh sth fytikh paragwgh opoy h sygkentrwsh ths paragwghs proypoqetei th sygkentrwsh ths ghs eite me th morfh idiokthsias eite me th morfh enoikiashs. Para tis shmantikes allages poy eginan sth sygkentrwsh ths ghs kai ths paragwghs, sthn Ellada ysterei se sxesh me to meso oro ths EE twn ``15'' kai poly perissotero apo tis pio anaptygmenes oikonomies ths EE. O mesos klhros sthn Ellada einai 48 stremmata, enw o mesos oros sthn Eyrwzwnh einai 214 stremmata (stoixeia 2006). O ariqmos twn agrotikwn ekmetalleysewn sthn Ellada einai poly megalyteros apo ton ariqmo twn apasxoloymenwn. To 2006 oi agrotikes ekmetalleyseis htan 834 xil. kai h apasxolhsh 533 xil., enw sthn Eyrwzwnh oi agrotikes ekmetalleyseis htan 5.843 xil. kai h apasxolhsh 6.244 xil. Kai ayto to stoixeio epibebaiwnei to sobaro diarqrwtiko problhma, toy mikroy klhroy, poy exei h ellhnikh agrotikh paragwgh. 42.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Sto synolo ths metapoihshs o deikths kykloy ergasiwn paroysiase meta to 2000 staqerh ethsia ayjhsh 4% kata meso oro. Wstoso orismenoi kladoi (klwstoyfantoyrgia, eidh endymasias, oikiakwn syskeywn, metaforikwn meswn) ejakoloyqoyn na briskontai se poreia epideinwshs. Antiqeta, idiaiterh dynamikh emfanizoyn oi kladoi twn hlektronikwn ypologistwn, twn iatrikwn organwn, ths anakyklwshs, ths metalloyrgias, twn diylisthriwn, twn xhmikwn proiontwn, twn ektypwsewn. Staqerh anodo paroysiazei h paragwgh toy tomea ths energeias kai twn diarkwn katanalwtikwn agaqwn. Anodikh epishs poreia exoyn oi kladoi thlepikoinwniwn, paragwghs hlektrikwn mhxanhmatwn, biomhxanikoy ejoplismoy, plastikwn ylwn, xrwmatwn, arwmatikwn ylwn, metallikwn proiontwn. Ston klado twn kataskeywn shmeiwqhke ethsia meiwsh toy ryqmoy twn ependysewn se katoikies kata 6,8%, meta th megalh ayjhsh kata 21,5% to 2006. H sygkentrwsh kai sygkentropoihsh kefalaioy einai idiaitera ychlh stoys kladoys energeias, epikoinwniwn kai metaforwn, enw paramenei sygkritika xamhlh stis kataskeyes kai to emporio, para thn isxyropoihsh twn monopwliakwn omilwn se aytoys toys tomeis thn teleytaia tetraetia. Sxetika me thn poreia sygkentrwshs kai sygkentropoihshs h strathgikh ths EE epixeirei na petyxei dyo stoxoys: Apo th mia na epitaxynei th sygkekrimenh poreia kai apo thn allh na diathrhsei orismenes isorropies sthn anaparagwgh toy synolikoy koinwnikoy kefalaioy, wste na apofeyxqei amesh, biaih syrriknwsh twn mikromesaiwn epixeirhsewn. Sthn Ellada h prospaqeia ylopoihshs aytwn twn kateyqynsewn anabaqmisthke meta to 2004 me orismena metra meiwshs ths forologias alla kai ayjhshs ths kratikhs xrhmatodothshs gia tis mikres epixeirhseis, poy bebaia den mporoyn na anairesoyn th genikh tash meiwshs toy meridioy agoras twn mikrwn epixeirhsewn kai ayjhshs ths ejarthshs toys apo to trapeziko kai genikotera to monopwliako kefalaio. Anisometrh anaptyjh 43.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H anisometrh anaptyjh toy ellhnikoy kapitalismoy apotelei monimo organiko xarakthristiko toy. Ta perifereiaka anaptyjiaka programmata den htan dynato na thn katarghsoyn. Ta kybernhtika kai eyrwenwsiaka anaptyjiaka ergaleia den mporoyn na akyrwsoyn tis synepeies toy anarxoy xarakthra ths kapitalistikhs paragwghs kai ths ojynshs toy antagwnismoy metajy twn monopwliakwn omilwn. Diaxeirizontai kai periorizoyn amesa orismena akraia fainomena anisothtwn. To 2006 to kata kefalhn eisodhma sthn Attikh eftase ta 26 xiliades eyrw, enw sth Dytikh Ellada, thn pio ftwxh perioxh ths xwras, ta 11,5 xiliades eyrw. Stis teleytaies qeseis briskontai h Anatolikh Makedonia - Qrakh, to Boreio Aigaio kai h Hpeiros poy paroysiase poly mikro ryqmo ethsias ayjhshs thn periodo 2005 - 2006. Allages paroysiasthkan sth strathgikh qesh orismenwn nomwn (p.x. Qesprwtias), logw ths anabaqmishs toys stoys sxediasmoys metaforas energeias kai emporeymatwn, poy syndeetai me ayjhsh ths oikonomikhs drasthriothtas. To megalytero meros twn ependysewn ths metapoihshs ektos Attikhs thn trietia 2004-2006 ylopoihqhke stis Perifereies ths Peloponnhsoy, ths Kentr. Makedonias, ths Anatolikhs Makedonias - Qrakhs. Ayjhmenh symmetoxh ths metapoihshs sth diarqrwsh toy AEP paroysiazoyn oi nomoi Boiwtias, Eyboias, Fqiwtidas sthn Perifereia ths Stereas, o nomos Korinqias sthn Peloponnhso, oi nomoi Qessalonikhs, Kilkis, Hmaqias sthn Kentr. Makedonia, oi nomoi Janqhs - Rodophs sthn Anat. Makedonia kai Qrakh. To Geniko Plaisio Xwrotajikoy Sxediasmoy yphretei tis anagkes qwrakishs ths antagwnistikothtas twn monopwliakwn omilwn kai enarmonizetai me tis epiloges ths EE gia eleyqerh kinhsh kefalaioy - ergasias - emporeymatwn - yphresiwn sthn eyrwenwsiakh agora. Edrazetai sthn politikh peraiterw emporeymatopoihshs ths ghs, ths katoikias, twn ergwn ypodomwn kai peraiterw ``apeleyqerwshs'' strathgikwn tomewn ths oikonomias. Katargei orismenoys nomoqetikoys periorismoys sth xrhsh ghs me gnwmona th dieykolynsh ths ependytikhs drashs toy kefalaioy, idiaitera ston toyrismo, sthn energeia kai sth biomhxania. Sthrizei to egxeirhma anadeijhs ths xwras se kombo metaforwn, energeias kai thlepikoinwniwn sth NA Eyrwph. Ajones ths astikhs oikonomikhs politikhs gia to epomeno diasthma Oi epiptwseis toys sthn ergatikh tajh 44.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To epomeno diasthma qa entaqei h epiqesh toy kefalaioy me stoxo thn ayjhsh toy baqmoy ekmetalleyshs ths ergatikhs dynamhs. Qa entaqei h prospaqeia efarmoghs twn kateyqynsewn ths EE sxetika me thn epektash twn elastikwn ergasiakwn sxesewn, ths proswrinhs apasxolhshs, twn atomikwn symbasewn, ths odhgias Mpolkestain. Qa epitaxynqei h efarmogh nomoqetikwn ryqmisewn me stoxo thn anempodisth kinhsh ergazomenwn gia askhsh epaggelmatos se ola ta krath - melh ths EE, mesa apo thn ``apeleyqerwsh'' ths agoras yphresiwn kai twn legomenwn ``kleistwn epaggelmatwn'' (p.x. eleyqeroi epaggelmaties dikhgoroi, mhxanikoi, farmakopoioi, jenagoi). To sygkekrimeno sxedio prowqeitai parallhla me tis kateyqynseis ths Mpolonia sthn ekpaideysh, gia aposyndesh toy akadhmaikoy ptyxioy apo ta epaggelmatika dikaiwmata, me stoxo thn epitaxynsh ths proletariopoihshs episthmonwn. Taytoxrona, mesa apo to Epikairopoihmeno Programma Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs kai to Eqniko Strathgiko Plaisio Anaforas (ESPA 2007-2013) h astikh politikh ejeidikeyei gia to epomeno diasthma toys stoxoys ths kai syskotizei to tajiko toys periexomeno. Sygkalyptei thn ekmetalleytikh oysia toy kapitalistikoy dromoy anaptyjhs kai emfanizei ws paneqnikoys stoxoys thn elkystikothta ths xwras sthn proselkysh ependysewn, th metabash sth legomenh ``koinwnia ths gnwshs'' klp. To ESPA stoxeyei na sygkentrwsei kai na ajiopoihsei toys poroys ths eyrwenwsiakhs kai kratikhs xrhmatodothshs se megala erga kai ypodomes poy qa yphrethsoyn toys strathgikoys ths sxediasmoys (p.x. megaloi odikoi ajones, anabaqmish aerodromiwn kai limaniwn, diadosh ths eyryzwnikothtas). Mono to YPEXWDE sxediazei na dhmoprathsei megala erga ycoys 9 dis. eyrw. Sthn idia kateyqynsh qa kinhqei h efarmogh kai h ejeidikeysh ana Perifereia toy Eqnikoy Xwrotajikoy Sxedioy, se syndyasmo me th Dioikhtikh Metarryqmish ths xwras. H politikh twn idiwtikopoihsewn qa synexistei epishs me epomenoys stoxoys th Dhmosia Epixeirhsh Aerioy (DEPA), ta perioysiaka stoixeia ths Etaireias Toyristikhs Anaptyjhs (ETA), thn Olympiakh, ta basika limania ths xwras, ton OSE. Qa entaqei o antagwnismos twn isxyroterwn eyrwpaikwn omilwn gia thn eisodo strathgikoy ependyth sth DEH AE. Ojynsh toy antagwnismoy twn egxwriwn monopwliwn se symmaxia me jenoys omiloys, kyriws eyrwpaikoys, anamenetai: B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Ston tomea ths energeias, opoy den exei oloklhrwqei h poreia ``apeleyqerwshs''. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Ston tomea twn kataskeywn, opoy synexizetai h diapalh gia thn telikh dianomh ths sxetikhs xrhmatodothshs apo to ESPA kai th dianomh twn SDIT kai twn symbasewn paraxwrhshs. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Ston tomea twn thlepikoinwniwn, opoy dieyrynetai h egxwria agora logw diadoshs ths eyryzwnikothtas. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Ston tomea twn trapezwn, opoy diamorfwnontai oroi gia ena neo gyro ejagorwn kai sygxwneysewn. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Ston klado ths xalyboyrgias, meta th synach symmaxias toy omiloy Stasinopoyloy me ton amerikaniko omilo Nucor apenanti sth Xalyboyrgikh. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Sthn aktoploia, gia ton elegxo meridiwn ths agoras. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Ston tomea ths Ygeias, opoy synexizetai kai qa entaqei h tash gia sygkentrwsh kai sygkentropoihsh kefalaiwn poy drasthriopoioyntai sto xwro. H anaptyjh twn eyryzwnikwn diktywn kai h dynatothta paragwghs chfiakoy programmatos apo ta MME ojynoyn ton antagwnismo sto xwro ayto, afoy oi idiokthtes staqmwn qa diekdikhsoyn meridia agoras s' olo to fasma ths paragwghs, dianomhs, alla kai probolhs optikoakoystikoy emporeymatos (p.x. aiqoyses tainiwn, etaireies moysikwn paragwgwn klp.). H ojynsh toy antagwnismoy odhgei kai se anadiarqrwsh symmaxiwn sto xwro twn MME kai se anoixtes antiparaqeseis me koryfaio paradeigma thn apoxwrhsh toy omiloy MIG apo ton SEB (Bgenopoylos - Daskalopoylos). Dynamwnei epishs h aytotelhs piesh toy SEB, wste na epitaxynqoyn oi kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis kai analogh anamorfwsh toy politikoy systhmatos. H katastash ths ergatikhs tajhs kai twn ftwxwn tmhmatwn twn laikwn strwmatwn qa epideinwqei akoma perissotero an synexistei h epibradynsh toy ryqmoy anaptyjhs, poly perissotero an ekdhlwqei krish. To 2007 kai perissotero to prwto ejamhno toy 2008 ginetai emfanhs h epibradynsh sto ryqmo twn ependysewn kai ths laikhs katanalwshs. Ston tomea twn kataskeywn katagrafetai pleon yfesh poy qa epidrasei arnhtika sto ryqmo anaptyjhs sygkekrimenwn kladwn ths metapoihshs (p.x. tsimentobiomhxania, klados jyloy). H koinotikh enisxysh toy egxwrioy kefalaioy mesw toy ESPA trofodotei pros to paron ena sxetika anodiko ryqmo twn ependysewn poy sygkratei thn klimakwsh ths epibradynshs. Wstoso, h yfesh sthn Eyrwzwnh kai h anodos ths timhs toy petrelaioy qa anakocoyn perissotero to ryqmo anaptyjhs ths ellhnikhs oikonomias kai mporei na epidrasoyn arnhtika ston tomea toy toyrismoy kai se kladoys ths metapoihshs me ejagwgiko prosanatolismo. H ayjhsh twn epitokiwn apo thn Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza qa odhghsei se diogkwsh toy dhmosioy xreoys kai qa ayjhsei ta barh ejyphrethshs toy daneismoy twn laikwn noikokyriwn. Oi ejelijeis aytes qa odhghsoyn se nea afaimajh toy laikoy eisodhmatos. 5o KEFALAIO EJELIJEIS STON POLITIKO

    KAI KOINWNIKO SYSXETISMO

    A. H kybernhtikh politikh ths ND yper toy kefalaioy, synexeia ekeinhs toy PASOK 45.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">H kybernhsh ths ND, toso sthn prwth periodo ths diakybernhshs oso kai sth deyterh, kineitai me synepeia kai apofasistikothta sthn ekponhsh kai pragmatopoihsh toy paketoy twn allhloejartwmenwn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn kai idiaitera sthn epideinwsh twn ergasiakwn sxesewn (p.x. syrriknwsh toy kaqestwtos gia ta barea kai anqygieina epaggelmata, katarghsh ths kyriakatikhs argias), toy asfalistikoy, ekpaideytikoy kai ygeionomikoy-pronoiakoy systhmatos. Yioqetwntas oles tis antidhmokratikes kateyqynseis kai nomoys ths EE enisxyse to antidrastiko politiko epoikodomhma, toys kratikoys mhxanismoys katastolhs se baros twn syndikalistikwn kai atomikwn eleyqeriwn. Opws synebh kai ta prohgoymena xronia, eite kybernhsh htan pali h ND eite to PASOK, apokalyptontai politika skandala xrhmatismoy (promhqeies gia kratika symbolaia) kybernhtikwn kai allwn politikwn stelexwn symboylwn sta ypoyrgeia. Orismena apokalyptontai, afoy exei parelqei polys xronos, mesa apo toys idioys toys kolpoys toy astikoy politikoy systhmatos. H apokalych toys yphretei ton antagwnismo anamesa stoys isxyroys epixeirhmatikoys omiloys, alla kai tis anagkes ths dikommatikhs antiparaqeshs. Apoprosanatolizei, leitoyrgei ws antiperispasmos sthn ojynsh twn laikwn problhmatwn. Ta skandala kai h skandaloqhria ws meqodos politikhs antiparaqeshs epibebaiwnoyn th diafqora kai th shch toy astikoy politikoy systhmatos, poy ta astika kommata ejhgoyn me krithria atomikhs hqikhs. Omws, ginetai olofanero oti anaptyssontai sto edafos ths symfyshs kratoys kai monopwliwn, syndeontai me ton antagwnismo twn epixeirhmatikwn omilwn gia ta meridia sthn agora, xrhsimopoiwntas kai thn ejagora stelexwn. Einai ekdhlwsh ths shchs kai toy parasitismoy toy kapitalistikoy systhmatos poy paragei kai anaparagei th diafqora syneidhsewn. 46.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">H kybernhsh ths ND me thn oikonomikh, koinwnikh, ejwterikh klp. politikh ths ekfrazei ta symferonta ths astikhs tajhs gia thn ayjhsh ths kapitalistikhs ekmetalleyshs kai thn anabaqmish ths dieqnoys ths qeshs. H ND isxyrizetai oti ws kybernhsh, se sygkrish me to PASOK, einai se qesh na syndyasei tis anagkaies gia to kefalaio metarryqmiseis me mia koinwnikh politikh yper toy laoy, pragma bebaiws asymbibasto, poy den to epitygxanei oyte sto epipedo twn taktikwn eligmwn. H fqora ths ND einai dedomenh, omws akoma pisw apo tis pragmatikes diastaseis twn synepeiwn ths politikhs ths. H ND epistrateyse epixeirhmata poy patane stis arnhtikes synepeies ths kyriarxhs politikhs olwn twn prohgoymenwn xronwn, krybontas syneidhta ton tajiko xarakthra twn epilogwn, fortwnontas ta kakws keimena sthn PASOKikh diaxeirish. Kyria epilogh ths einai h diaxeirish ths ftwxeias me ta tameia allhleggyhs, ton ``eqelontismo'', me eranoys mesw MKO sto plaisio ths ``koinwnikhs allhleggyhs'', tis xorhgies me thn apokaloymenh ``filanqrwpia'' twn epixeirhmatiwn, mesw ths ``Etairikhs Koinwnikhs Eyqynhs'' (EKE). To kyrio qyma ths einai h ergatikh tajh, h misqwth ergasia genikotera. Oi mikroidiokthtes agrotes, oi mikroi epixeirhmaties, idiaitera sto lianiko emporio, dexontai epishs megalo xtyphma, ejaitias ths sygkentrwshs toy emporioy sta polykatasthmata kai genikotera stoys emporikoys epixeirhmatikoys omiloys poy kataktoyn olo kai megalytero meridio ths agoras. H politikh twn epilektikwn paroxwn den afora klado h perioxh, alla mikres omades plhqysmoy poy kinoyntai katw apo ta anagnwrismena apo thn astikh statistikh oria ths ftwxeias. Antikaqista systhmatika palioteres astikes proseggiseis me sygxrones epejergasmenes eniaia sta epiteleia ths EE kai twn dieqnwn imperialistikwn organismwn, synexizontas kai edw antistoixh praktikh toy PASOK. P.x. proballei thn paroxh ``iswn eykairiwn'' anti ths ejasfalishs dikaiwmatwn, enw diakhryssei thn ``antagwnistikothta'' ws geniko krithrio apodoshs apo ta kratika ekpaideythria kai ta nosokomeia ews kai th leitoyrgia twn OTA. Gia to skopo ayto dromologhse th metarryqmish ths dioikhtikhs domhs ths xwras me to Sxedio ``Kapodistrias II'', wste na enisxyqei h topikh kai endiamesh dioikhtikh monada sth diaxeirish ths kefalaiakhs sysswreyshs. Ston antagwnismo metajy HPA, Rwsias kai EE, h ND pairnei qesh me krithrio ta symferonta ths ellhnikhs astikhs tajhs, me dedomeno oti h oikonomikh qesh ths sto systhma toy imperialismoy kaqorizetai kyriws apo th qesh ths sthn EE. Sto plaisio aytwn twn antiqesewn emfanizetai ws politikh dynamh me aytoteleia sth xarajh ths energeiakhs politikhs ths xwras kai antistash sta idiotelh symferonta. Bebaia, toso h Ellada oso kai h EE diathroyn taytoxrona th strathgikh symmaxia me tis HPA, idiaitera mesw toy NATO. Parallhla, h ND synexizei thn politikh toy PASOK sth diaforopoihsh twn phgwn stratiwtikoy ejoplismoy, prospaqwntas na isorrophsei anamesa stis pollaples pieseis poy dexetai apo hgetikes imperialistikes dynameis. Systhmatika filotexnhse mia dhqen anejarthth stash enanti twn piesewn sto zhthma toy Kypriakoy, me thn politikh oydeterothtas apenanti sto ``Sxedio Anan'', me thn arnhsh ths na ypoxwrhsei stis pieseis gia thn epilysh toy problhmatos me to onoma ths PGDM, me th symparatajh ths sthn antidrash ths Rwsias sthn amesh entajh ths Gewrgias kai ths Oykranias sto NATO. H politikh ths ND den exei kamia sxesh me th laikh antistash stis imperialistikes desmeyseis kai pieseis oyte synista politikh anejarthsias. Ekfrazei tis diaqeseis ths astikhs tajhs ths xwras na parei meros stoys antagwnismoys, me stoxo na diekdikhsei mia kalyterh qesh sth dianomh twn agorwn, na mh xasei thn opoia pleonektikh qesh katekthse sta Balkania. To fainomeno ayto, dhladh h ellhnikh astikh tajh, ta astika kommata na emfanizoyn orismenes antistaseis h na elissontai anamera sta diafora imperialistika kentra den einai kainoyrgio, kaqws analoga fainomena yphrxan kai sth metapolemikh periodo. H tash ayth sxetizetai me thn ojynsh twn antiqesewn mesa sthn EE kai thn anadysh newn imperialistikwn dynamewn pagkosmia. O basikos pyrhnas ths astikhs tajhs, o pio dynamikos pyrhnas toy kefalaioy akoloyqei apenanti sth ND thn idia stash poy eixe apenanti sth diakybernhsh PASOK me prwqypoyrgo ton K. Shmith. An kai yphrethqhke kai apo tis dyo diakybernhseis, apofeygei na taytizetai plhrws me to kybernwn komma. Askei kritikh pros thn kybernhsh ths ND, alla kai ta alla astika kommata, gia distagmo na prowqhsoyn pio grhgora kai apofasistika tis kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis kai gia kaqysterhseis sthn prosarmogh twn kratikwn yphresiwn kai ths Dhmosias Dioikhshs. H sygkekrimenh kritikh exei kai pragmatikh afethria, afoy oi oikonomikoi paragontes einai ligotero amesa desmeymenoi apo thn politikh diaxeirishs kai prosetairismoy twn ergazomenwn. Parallhla exei kai prolhptiko xarakthra antimetwpishs endexomenwn anastolwn ths ekastote kybernhshs mprosta ston kindyno syrriknwshs ths koinoboyleytikhs dynamhs.

    B. H krish toy PASOK 47.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To PASOK einai epishs komma ths astikhs tajhs, poy dokimazetai apo makroxronia krish. Prokeitai gia krish ths sosialdhmokratias kai ths dynatothtas na enswmatwnei laikes dynameis, afoy taytizetai strathgika me th ND se synqhkes eyrwenwsiakhs agoras kai prowqhshs twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn. Exei xasei th dynatothta na xeiragwgei - opws prin - ta ergatika kai laika strwmata sto onoma toy ``koinwnikoy kratoys'', toy ``tritoy dromoy'' se sxesh me ton kapitalismo kai to sosialistiko systhma poy tote yphrxe. H krish toy pyrodotei diergasies gia thn proetoimasia perasmatos se kybernhseis synergasias anamesa sta dyo astika kommata h se kybernhseis synergasias me kommata poy kinoyntai sta plaisia ths astikhs diaxeirishs me th morfh kentrodejias h kentroaristeras synergasias h gia to sxhmatismo newn kommatwn. Bebaia, h astikh tajh ths xwras endiaferetai na diathrhqei to PASOK ws o enas polos ths dikommatikhs kybernhtikhs enallaghs, prospaqei na tonwsei ena klima anakamchs toy, wste na diathrhqei to klima dikommatikhs polwshs, me stoxo na epanegklwbistoyn se ayto laikes dynameis, na parempodistoyn diergasies rizospastikopoihshs toys. H epixeirhsh anakamchs toy PASOK eynoeitai apo th dieqnh oikonomikh sygkyria poy apaitei orismenes ek neoy ameses kratikes parembaseis gia th swthria twn xrhmatopistwtikwn kolosswn apo th xreokopia, opws synebh stis HPA.

    G. Sthrijh toy SYN/SYRIZA ws oportoynistikoy anaxwmatos 48.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> O SYN/SYRIZA ensarkwnei me ton pio ayqentiko tropo thn oysia toy oportoynismoy, ws dynamh sthrijhs toy astikoy politikoy systhmatos kai ths politikhs diaxeirishs ths krishs toy kapitalismoy, anaxwma ths tashs rizospastikopoihshs laikwn dynamewn. Anejarthta apo sygkyriakes periptwseis apolambanei th sthrijh toy systhmatos, kaqws ektimatai oti mporei na symbalei sthn anadomhsh kai anazwogonhsh toy enallaktikoy poloy astikhs diakybernhshs se synergasia me to PASOK. Anejarthta an xreiastei sto amesws epomeno diasthma h syndromh toy SYN/SYRIZA se kybernhseis synergasias, apolambanei th sthrijh ws dynamh anaxwmatos pros to KKE. Ajiopoieitai ws dynamh anwdynhs ektonwshs ths laikhs dysareskeias, parempodishs ths politikhs symmaxiwn toy KKE, pieshs toy sthn kateyqynsh egkataleichs ths ideologikopolitikhs aytoteleias toy. To programma toy exei sosialdhmokratiko xarakthra kai ekfrazei thn epidiwjh na katalabei hgemonikh qesh sto xwro PASOK - SYRIZA. Oi diafwnies kai antiqeseis entos toy SYN kai toy SYRIZA ws symmaxikoy sxhmatos de diaferoyn apo tis typikes diafwnies taktikhs anamesa stis diafores merides ths sosialdhmokratias. O SYN paramenontas stis pagies programmatikes toy qeseis diaxeirishs toy systhmatos, katw apo thn piesh ths drashs toy Kommatos kai toy kinhmatos kai sthn prospaqeia toy na mhn taytistei me to PASOK, emfanizei megalyterh eyelijia sthn taktikh, epixeirwntas na deijei mia ``aristerh'' strofh. Kyrio stoxo exei na apospasei oso ginetai megalytero meros ths eklogikhs bashs toy PASOK, wste na diekdikhsei apo qesh isxyos meridio sthn kybernhtikh synergasia. Oi programmatikes toy qeseis apeyqynontai kyriws se anwtera mesaia strwmata, se tmhmata misqwtwn poy exoyn sxetika ychlotera eisodhmata kai staqerothta doyleias, enw me tis genikoteres qeseis toy den amfisbhtei tis kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis. Oi qeseis toy kinoyntai sthn istorika jeperasmenh keynsianh politikh merikhs anadianomhs, kratikoy elegxoy kai ryqmishs, anefarmosta se synqhkes apeleyqerwmenwn agorwn. H kyrioterh ekfrash toy oportoynismoy, poy akyrwnei tis opoies diekdikhseis toy yper twn ergazomenwn, einai h qesh toy yper ths EE ws monodromoy ths prosarmoghs sth legomenh ``pagkosmiopoihsh''. Qesh toy einai oti se eqniko, akoma kai eyrwpaiko, epipedo den mporei na ginei rizikh allagh, para mono ws apotelesma pagkosmias allaghs toy sysxetismoy dynamhs. Se krisimes faseis sthrizei thn kyriarxh politikh, enw se periodoys poy blepei qetikes diergasies yposthrizei anwdynes metarryqmiseis, yioqetei antikapitalistikh fraseologia, xwris antikrisma stis qeseis, sta aithmata kai tis protaseis toy. Idiaitera epizhmia einai h qesh toy apenanti sta problhmata ths neolaias kai sto kinhma ths, yioqetwntas qeseis kai praktikes anarxoaytonomhs kateyqynshs, dialytikes gia to kinhma. H politikh toy praktikh xarakthrizetai apo kairoskopismo, afereggyothta.

    D. Alles dynameis 49.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> O LA.O.S. einai ena klasiko eqnikistiko kai ratsistiko astiko komma poy stoxeyei na diamorfwsei eklogikh kai politikh dynamh anamesa sta pio ejaqliwmena kai xwris paradoseis syndikalistikhs drashs laika tmhmata. Exei epirroh se pio paradosiaka synthrhtika mikroastika strwmata poy sthrizan th ND. Sto Koinoboylio chfizei basika nomosxedia ths ND, aytoxarakthrizetai ws to deytero komma ths ``paratajhs'' kai ekdhlwnei thn etoimothta toy gia kybernhtikh synergasia me th ND. Kai sto Eyrwkoinoboylio chfizei apo koinoy me th ND se zhthmata strathgikhs shmasias gia thn poreia ths EE. H taktikh toy einai na sygkalyptei kai na qolwnei me logokopia kai apoprosanatolistika synqhmata thn ideologikh toy taytothta, poy pyrhnas ths einai h yphrethsh toy kapitalistikoy systhmatos kai ths kyriarxhs politikhs. Ekfrazei qeseis yper toy na diekdikhsei h astikh tajh ths xwras megalytero meridio sto imperialistiko systhma, me ratsistika, eqnikistika synqhmata kai epixeirhmatologia, me oroys patridokaphlias kai me koyfio antiamerikanismo. O LA.O.S. epaneilhmmena exei analabei prwtagwnistiko rolo sthn anti-KKE epiqesh me th meqodo ths gkaimpelikhs propagandas, se sygxordia me thn hgesia toy PASOK kai thn anoxh toy SYN se arketes periptwseis. 50.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Orismenes oikologikes Kinhseis poy sygkrotoyn politikoys sxhmatismoys yposthrizoyn qeseis kai protaseis poy einai enswmatwmenes stis epiloges ths EE kai twn monopwliwn. Apospoyn th diaxeirish toy periballontos apo tis sxeseis oikonomias - politikhs, apo to xarakthra ths idiokthsias sta sygkentrwmena mesa paragwghs. Gi' ayto kai den mporoyn antikeimenika na sygkrothsoyn filolaikh politikh diejodoy.

    E. H tash apodynamwshs ths dikommatikhs enallaghs Diergasies anasynqeshs toy astikoy politikoy systhmatos 51.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi eqnikes ekloges toy 2007, alla kai oi genikoteres ejelijeis katadeiknyoyn oti h dikommatikh enallagh aytodynamwn kybernhsewn twn astikwn kommatwn den einai ejasfalismenh. H apodynamwsh einai apotelesma twn opoiwn qetikwn diergasiwn exoyn syntelestei sth laikh syneidhsh ta teleytaia xronia, ws synepeia prin ap' ola ths plhroys taytishs twn dyo kommatwn sth strathgikh twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn. To apotelesma ayto sxetizetai me th drash toy Kommatos, poy apokalyce to xarakthra kai thn taytish ths politikhs toys, kaqws kai ta senaria anasynqeshs toy astikoy politikoy systhmatos. Stis shmerines synqhkes, h astikh tajh kai ta kommata ths den exoyn paraithqei apo th dikommatikh enallagh. Sto plaisio ayto egine kai h allagh toy eklogikoy nomoy apo thn kybernhsh ths ND, wste na ejasfalistei ikanh primodothsh sto prwto se eklogikh dynamh astiko komma. Parallhla, meqodeyetai kai h allagh se sxesh me thn chfo twn metanastwn, poy ypologizetai oti qa enisxysei ta dyo astika kommata kai th dikommatikh enallagh. H ND kai to PASOK ejakoloyqoyn na proballoyn to epixeirhma ths anagkaiothtas aytodynamhs astikhs kybernhshs, giati - opws dhlwnoyn - af' enos oi kybernhseis synergasias panta paroysiazoyn problhmata synoxhs kai enothtas kai af' eteroy den exei akomh wrimasei ena tetoio kybernhtiko endexomeno, ikano na epityxei th laikh synainesh, na ejoydeterwsei ton antagwnismo anamesa sth ND kai to PASOK. Parallhla, ekfrazontai kai zymwnontai problhmatismoi anixneyshs kai proetoimasias diamorfwshs kybernhshs, se endexomeno mh aytodynamias, staqera proshlwmenhs sthn yphrethsh toy systhmatos kai taytoxrona ikanhs na parempodisei kai na yponomeysei thn anodo ths tajikhs palhs kai ths politikhs ths antimonopwliakhs symmaxias. Mia apo tis basikes epishs proypoqeseis gia na epityxei to peirama synergasias ND kai PASOK h ND kai LA.O.S. h PASOK kai SYN einai na parempodistei h anodos ths epirrohs kai ths dynamhs toy KKE. 52.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H astikh tajh, o pio sklhros pyrhnas ths, epiqymei taxythta sth lhch antidrastikwn metrwn kai eksygxronismwn. Se ayth th bash krinei ton politiko paragonta poy xeirizetai tis anadiarqrwseis, ypologizontas kai th laikh dysareskeia. Oi fysikes enwseis twn epixeirhmatiwn, sthn prwth grammh stelexh toy SEB, ``tolmoyn'' na qesoyn to zhthma ths pio rizikhs allaghs toy politikoy skhnikoy, me dhmioyrgia newn sygxronwn astikwn kommatwn, askwntas kritikh sta shmerina astika kai kybernhtika kommata, katalogizontas toys oti den parakoloyqoyn tis ejelijeis kai den antapokrinontai stis anagkes twn kairwn. Sthn oysia h kritikh toys afora: B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To oti den kataferan kai ta dyo kommata na epibaloyn sigh sthn anaptyjh ths tajikhs palhs, sto opoio epipedo ayth anaptyssetai. Den petyxan thn plhrh kyriarxia toy ``koinwnikoy etairismoy'', an kai sthn pleiochfia twn organwn toy syndikalistikoy kinhmatos kyriarxoyn dynameis enswmatwmenes kai ypotagmenes sthn astikh politikh. H basikh toys kritikh estiazetai sto oti to PASOK - kai ligotero h ND poy fobatai to PASOK - de sygkroyetai me tis syntexnies. Sthn ektimhsh ayth antanaklatai kai h sobarh prospaqeia toy Kommatos na symbalei sthn anaptyjh ths palhs, twn laikwn agwnwn. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To oti o antagwnismos anamesa sth ND kai to PASOK gia to kybernhtiko phdalio - kai malista sth bash dejia-antidejia, eksygxronismos h synthrhsh - dyskoleyei to perasma ths synaineshs, odhgei se antistaseis sto onoma ths antipoliteyshs, enw den yparxoyn strathgikes diafores metajy toys. B <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">To oti o antagwnismos twn dyo kommatwn synteleitai kai sto epipedo diamorfwshs kommatikoy mhxanismoy mesa stoys mhxanismoys ths kentrikhs kai topikhs dioikhshs mexri ta katw kai sto kinhma mesw roysfetologias, me apotelesma na mh leitoyrgoyn ta sygxrona astika ajiokratika krithria. 53.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Shmantikh eyelijia stoys xeirismoys kai staqerothta sth genikh strathgikh toy kefalaioy deixnoyn ta Mesa Mazikhs Enhmerwshs kai genikotera oi mhxanismoi epikoinwnias - propagandas poy briskontai sth syntriptikh toys pleiochfia sta xeria epixeirhmatikwn omilwn kai sygkentrwnoyn megalo ariqmo ergazomenwn me diaforetikes ergasiakes sxeseis. Ta kratika kai idiwtika MME ekfrazoyn ta genika symferonta toy kefalaioy, twn monopwliwn kai eidikotera ta sygkekrimena symferonta toy idiokthth. Epidiwkoyn na diathrhqei h dikommatikh enallagh kai, parallhla, na proetoimastei to edafos gia thn anasyntajh toy astikoy politikoy skhnikoy. Anejarthta apo to an yphretoyn perissotero h ligotero ton ena apo toys dyo poloys, telika askoyn piesh gia na proxwrhsoyn oi anadiarqrwseis, na xtyphqei to kinhma kai na enswmatwqei. Parembainoyn sthn anadeijh kai kaqierwsh politikwn paragontwn poy ektimoyn oti mporei na diadramatisoyn enan pio xrhsimo rolo gia to systhma, eite ws nea kai dhqen afqarta proswpa eite ws perissotero ikana. Bgazoyn sthn epifaneia, h to antiqeto sygkalyptoyn, skandala kai antiqeseis sto eswteriko twn kommatwn, wste na askoyn epirroh sta kommata ejoysias kai genika sta kommata poy mporei na prosferoyn sth diaxeirish h sthn ektonwsh ths laikhs dysareskeias. Ta MME sthn pleiochfia toys systhmatika aposiwpoyn kai diastreblwnoyn tis qeseis toy KKE. Den throyn oyte toys typikoys kanonismoys sthn analogikh diaqesh thleoptikoy xronoy. Emfanizoyn to KKE me anedafikh h jeperasmenh protash, ws komma epikindyno gia to lao logw ths politikhs toy rhjhs me to systhma. Plhqainoyn synexws oi antikommoynistikes kai antisosialistikes ekpompes, me stoxo thn paraxarajh ths istorikhs pragmatikothtas, th sykofantia kai th dysfhmhsh ths oikodomhshs toy sosialismoy ston 20o aiwna. Ta epixeirhmatika sygkrothmata sto xwro twn MME epekteinoyn thn politikh toys parembash kai sto kinhma, sthrizontas kata periptwsh syntexniakes antiparaqeseis kai mazikes drasthriothtes ektonwshs kai enswmatwshs h xrhsimopoioyn to kinhma, prokeimenoy na sthrijoyn to PASOK kai ton SYN. Oi ejelijeis stoys koinwnikoys agwnes kai sta kinhmata 54.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi qetikes diergasies sth syneidhsh h kai aformes gia qetiko problhmatismo stoys ergazomenoys poy prokaloyn oi ejelijeis sthn oikonomia, ston koinwniko tomea, alla kai oi dieqneis ejelijeis, h maxhtikh drash toy Kommatos, proskroyoyn sthn kakh katastash toy ergatikoy kai genikoteroy kinhmatos, sto gegonos oti paramenoyn akoma isxyres oi synepeies apo thn ypoxwrhsh toy epanastatikoy kinhmatos poy trofodothse mia baqia ypoxwrhsh ths epanastatikhs syneidhshs. Oi synepeies ths antepanastashs den exoyn oloklhrwqei toso sthn Eyrwph oso kai eyrytera. Epomenws, se synqhkes anerxomenhs laikhs dysareskeias isxyropoieitai kai to edafos gia thn anaptyjh toy reformismoy kai toy oportoynismoy. H enisxysh toy reformismoy kai oportoynismoy sthn Ellada sthrizetai kai sto gegonos oti sthn perifereia ths astikhs tajhs, twn monopwliwn, anaparagontai mesaia strwmata, alla kai ejagorazontai apo to kefalaio nea misqwta tmhmata, sta opoia sthrizetai h politikh symmaxiwn toy kefalaioy. Xarakthristiko einai oti mesw twn SDIT, twn ergolabwn poy dieisdyoyn se oloys sxedon toys kladoys kai sta erga strathgikhs shmasias, alla kai twn eyrwenwsiakwn mhxanismwn, twn diaforwn melethtikwn grafeiwn kai epitropwn, opws kai mesw ths symmetoxhs sta DS twn epixeirhsewn ws ekproswpwn twn ergazomenwn klp. diamorfwnetai ena idiaitero strwma me isxyra symferonta san stefanh twn monopwliwn kai twn idiwtikopoihmenwn yphresiwn. Epipleon, emfanizontai nees diaforopoihseis stis grammes ths ergatikhs tajhs, me bash tis ergasiakes sxeseis kai to ycos twn misqwn. Oi neoteres hlikies, oi gynaikes kai oi metanastes biwnoyn tis ameses synepeies twn newn ergasiakwn sxesewn, exoyn mikrotera eisodhmata kai kyriws ergasiakh anasfaleia, omws den exoyn peira, antimetwpizoyn isxyres pieseis kai ekbiasmoys apo tis synepeies ths antilaikhs politikhs kai thn ergodotikh tromokratia. Ston idio ergasiako xwro kai ston idio klado yparxoyn tetoies diafores, se synqhkes kyriarxias toy kybernhtikoy, toy ergodotikoy syndikalismoy, toy reformismoy poy odhgoyn se antiparaqeseis, se katakermatismenh kai periorismenh drash. 55.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Sto diasthma poy mesolabhse apo to 17o Synedrio anaptyxqhkan shmantikoi agwnes me thn prwtopora drash twn tajika prosanatolismenwn dynamewn, oi perissoteroi apo toys opoioys htan, se kladiko kai epixeirhsiako epipedo, kata twn idiwtikopoihsewn kai apolysewn, se zhthmata ergasiakwn sxesewn, kata ths kaqysterhshs katabolhs misqwn kai apozhmiwsewn apo thn ergodosia. To PAME, ws syspeirwsh twn tajika prosanatolismenwn syndikalismenwn dynamewn, anadeixthke se prwtopora dynamh, dieyryne ta pedia parembashs kai epirrohs toy, synebale sthn eyryterh diadosh toy agwnistikoy tajikoy plaisioy palhs, askhse sobarh piesh mesa stis grammes toy ergatikoy syndikalistikoy kinhmatos se ola ta basika metwpa palhs, opws sthn Koinwnikh Asfalish, ston agwna gia tis syllogikes symbaseis, thn Paideia kai thn Ygeia, ta ergatika ``atyxhmata'' kai tis epaggelmatikes asqeneies, ta problhmata twn ergazomenwn gynaikwn. Anantikatastatos apodeixthke o rolos toy stis panelladikes apergies, sthn prwtoboylia toy na ejaggeilei apergies se kladoys poy briskontan sto stadio diapragmateyshs ths syllogikhs symbashs, ystera malista apo thn epaisxynth symfwnia GSEE kai SEB. Stis kinhtopoihseis toy PAME shmeiwqhke dieyrymenh symmetoxh apo ergostasia kai malista anorganwtwn ergatwn kai ergatriwn poy gia prwth fora epairnan meros se drash. Apo toys pio shmantikoys anadeixthke o agwnas twn naytergatwn, poy edwse mia maxhtikh apanthsh kai sthn epistrateysh. Idiaiterh qesh katexoyn oi agwnes twn ergazomenwn ston tomea ths Topikhs Aytodioikhshs, h palh gia monimopoihsh twn ektaktwn. Jexwrizoyn oi agwnes ergostasiakwn ergatwn se ergostasia poy ekleisan h se xwroys opoy h ergodosia kaqysterei apozhmiwseis kai misqoys, opws sth Naoysa. Shmantikes htan oi kinhtopoihseis sth Zwnh toy Peramatos, poy htan systhmatikes kai epanalambanomenes. Jexwristh shmasia exoyn oi parembaseis kata twn apolysewn poy petyxan epanaproslhch apolymenwn gia syndikalistikh drash klp. Sobaro gegonos me dynamikh kai ploysia peira apoteloyn oi agwnes twn metanastwn ergatwn ghs sthn Hleia, poy synistoyn thn prwth sobarh organwsh toys gia diekdikhsh iswn merokamatwn kai antimetwpish twn aqliwn synqhkwn diabiwshs. Oi agwnes poy anaptyxqhkan stis prwhn DEKO apo kladoys me kalyteroys misqoys kai perissoterh ergasiakh asfaleia den empneoyn toys ergates, toys neoys ergazomenoys, kaqws den amfisbhtoyn thn kyriarxh politikh. Prokeitai gia agwnes poy xarakthrizontai apo syntexniasmo, deixnoyn syneidhth adiaforia gia toys ergazomenoys me nees ergasiakes sxeseis, gia toys ergazomenoys se ergolaboys. Oi syndikalistikes hgesies aytoy toy prosanatolismoy arnoyntai na toys eggracoyn sta swmateia. Oi dynatothtes diafanhkan stis prospaqeies twn tajikwn dynamewn na dhmioyrghqoyn proypoqeseis gia thn organwsh ths drashs twn ergazomenwn me tis nees ergasiakes sxeseis se kladoys me megalh sygkentrwsh toys. Shmantikes kai synexeis htan oi kinhtopoihseis twn syntajioyxwn gia tis syntajeis peinas, to kostos kai thn poiothta ths iatrofarmakeytikhs periqalchs. Ayjanetai me taxeis ryqmoys o ariqmos twn syntajioyxwn, logw kai twn metrwn prowrhs syntajiodothshs stis prwhn DEKO. To kinhma twn syntajioyxwn mporei kai prepei na parei mazikotero xarakthra me thn energhtikh symmetoxh twn newn syntajioyxwn. Einai shmantikh synistwsa toy genikoteroy ergatikoy kai laikoy kinhmatos. Oi agwnes syndeqhkan kai me to problhma ths akribeias, me ton ayjanomeno plhqwrismo sta eidh diatrofhs, sto hlektriko reyma kai genikotera to kyma anatimhsewn poy plhttei synolika to biotiko epipedo, ejaitias ths sxetikhs kai apolyths meiwshs toy pragmatikoy eisodhmatos logw twn xamhlwn misqwn kai syntajewn peinas. 56.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Shmantikhs embeleias kai diarkeias htan oi agwnes sto xwro ths Paideias, idiaitera oi foithtikoi kai spoydastikoi agwnes, oi maqhtikoi, oi agwnes twn ekpaideytikwn. Xarh stoys agwnes aytoys, to zhthma ths idiwtikopoihshs ths Paideias, h prowqhsh twn apofasewn ths Mpolonia kai ths strathgikhs ths Lissabonas toy 2000 eginan eyrytera gnwsta. Oi agwnes aytoi synanthsan megalyterh allhleggyh kai symparastash apo kaqe allh fora ta teleytaia xronia. 57.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Sto idio diasthma ekane pio orath thn paroysia ths h PASY, agwnistikh agrotikh syspeirwsh, ephrease qetika thn anaptyjh orismenwn agwnwn, diedwse eyrytera, se sygkrish me to parelqon, to agwnistiko plaisio drashs. Polloi kladoi agrotwn proxwrhsan se topikes kinhtopoihseis, idiaitera ekeinoi poy dexthkan isxyra ktyphmata apo thn anaqewrhsh ths neas KAP. Oi kinhtopoihseis ths agrotias strafhkan kyriws se aithmata amyntika, me diekdikhseis gia th diafylajh enos stoixeiwdoys anektoy eisodhmatos. Oi kinhtopoihseis ths agrotias htan katwteres se sxesh me ta prohgoymena xronia. Ayto ejhgeitai apo to gegonos oti prowqhqhke h KAP kai ena shmantiko meros ths agrotias ektopisthke apo thn paragwgh. 58.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Kinhtopoihqhkan kai orismenoi kladoi aytoapasxoloymenwn poy h kybernhtikh politikh plhttei me metra epitaxynshs ths sygkentropoihshs toy kefalaioy. Qetikes emfanizontai oi prospaqeies syntonismoy drashs twn agwnistikwn dynamewn sto xwro twn aytoapasxoloymenwn, akoma omws briskontai pisw apo tis anagkes. 59.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Sto diasthma ayto anaptyxqhkan perissotero apo prin kinhtopoihseis gia thn prostasia toy periballontos, tis pyrkagies, ta dash, to molysmeno nero, tis synepeies apo thn elleich antiseismikhs prostasias, to problhma twn eleyqerwn aktwn, thn katalhch twn aktwn apo epixeirhseis me epibolh eisithriwn klp. 60.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek">Qetikh anadeixthke h parembash toy panelladika organwmenoy agwnistikoy gynaikeioy kinhmatos me tis qeseis kai ta aithmata - stoxoys palhs, poy eginan antikeimeno baqyterhs epejergasias kai me kyria aixmh tis polypleyres synepeies poy askoyn oi kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis sth gynaikeia ergasia kai anergia, sthn kaqhmerinothta ths laikhs oikogeneias, sth zwh ths gynaikas poy biwnei ojyteres diakriseis, enw shkwnei pollapla barh. H apotelesmatikothta toy kinhmatos aytoy qa htan megalyterh an eixe sthrixtei se olh thn klimaka toy Kommatos kai toy kinhmatos me tajiko prosanatolismo, an eixe employtistei me sygkekrimenh drash kai apo ta katw, pio konta stis gynaikes ths ergatikhs tajhs kai twn laikwn strwmatwn poy ypoferoyn, dyskoleyontai omws na drasoyn akoma kai otan exoyn diaqesh, logw ths asfyktikhs elleichs eleyqeroy xronoy. 61.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Ajioshmeiwtes agwnistikes drasthriothtes yphrjan gia thn yperaspish twn dhmokratikwn dikaiwmatwn kai eleyqeriwn toy laoy. Par' ola ayta, htan anantistoixes me th sfodrothta ths epiqeshs poy dexontai oi ergazomenoi stoys xwroys ergasias, sthn organwsh twn apergiwn kai allwn morfwn kinhtopoihshs, stis diadhlwseis, stis diwjeis Ellhnwn kai metanastwn ergatwn. Oi antistaseis kai drasthriothtes strafhkan enantia sthn enteinomenh kratikh katastolh kai thn ergodotikh tromokratia, anedeijan ton tajiko xarakthra twn nomwn kai twn qesmwn, ths astikhs nomimothtas kai dikaiosynhs, toy kratoys kai ths astikhs koinoboyleytikhs dhmokratias. Me thn parembash twn tajikwn syndikatwn anadeixthke kalytera apo prin to problhma dhmokratias stoys topoys doyleias, doqhkan nikhfores maxes enantia se tromokratikes apolyseis syndikalistwn ergatwn kai ergatriwn. 62.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To fileirhniko kinhma sth xwra mas xreiazetai na symbalei akoma perissotero sthn enhmerwsh kai kinhtopoihsh toy laoy kai kyriws ths neolaias, gyrw apo tis ejelijeis sto NATO, th stratiwtikopoihsh ths EE, tis arnhtikes ejelijeis sta Balkania ki alloy, th systhmatikh emplokh ths Elladas, thn anaptyjh newn metwpwn palhs, to rizwma toy kinhmatos stoys topoys doyleias kai stoys xwroys katoikias, me polymorfh drash. Epishs, na enteinei akoma perissotero th dieqnh pleyra ths drashs toy, idiaitera th synergasia me kinhmata se Eyrwph kai M. Anatolh. Ektimhsh toy sysxetismoy se koinwniko epipedo 63.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi agwnes poy anaptyxqhkan antanakloyn th laikh dysareskeia, th diaqesh na yperaspistoyn oi ergazomenoi tis opoies katakthseis exoyn apomeinei apo th diadoxikh diakybernhsh toy PASOK kai ths ND. Omws htan katwteroi kai se morfes, alla kai se kateyqynsh kai aithmata se sygkrish me to kyma ths epiqeshs poy dexontai misqwtoi, mikroidiokthtes, agrotes kai aytoapasxoloymenoi. Paramenoyn akoma energoi antikeimenikoi paragontes poy eixan epishmanqei apo to Komma, toso sto 17o Synedrio oso kai se metepeita basika ntokoymenta toy. Tetoioi paragontes einai: a) O arnhtikos sysxetismos dynamhs sto ergatiko syndikalistiko kinhma kai genikotera sto laiko kinhma. O rolos ths GSEE kai ths ADEDY apodeiknyetai epizhmios kai shmantiko empodio sthn anaptyjh kai mazikopoihsh ths tajikhs palhs, toy ergatikoy kinhmatos. Yponomeytikos einai kai o rolos toy SYN/SYRIZA poy sthrizei tis syndikalistikes hgesies, synergazetai mazi toys me antallagma thn eklogh se organa h se antiproswpoys sta synedria. H allagh sysxetismoy dynamhs se baros twn kybernhtikwn, ergodotikwn, reformistikwn syndikalistikwn dynamewn dysxerainetai ws ena baqmo apo diarqrwtika problhmata, apo tis pollaples ergasiakes sxeseis poy synodeyontai apo th meqodikh prospaqeia idryshs pollwn swmateiwn ston idio xwro doyleias, wste na parempodizetai h diamorfwsh eniaias tajikhs syneidhshs kai drashs. H drash twn tajika prosanatolismenwn dynamewn gia thn allagh toy sysxetismoy dynamhs ginetai pio dyskolh shmera. Apaiteitai idiaiterh prospaqeia sta prwtobaqmia swmateia me stoxo thn kata klado eniaia organwsh kata nomo, anejarthta apo ergasiakes sxeseis. H organwsh twn dynamewn toy PAME kata klado mporei na dwsei nea wqhsh sthn anadeijh tajika prosanatolismenwn dynamewn kai sth beltiwsh toy sysxetismoy. Apaiteitai apofasistikh beltiwsh ths kommatikhs kaqodhghshs twn dynamewn sta prwtobaqmia kai deyterobaqmia swmateia se syndyasmo me th sxediasmenh prospaqeia syspeirwshs dynamewn. b) H epidrash poy askhse kai qa askei kai sto ameso mellon h nikh ths antepanastashs, poy prokalese genikoterh ypoxwrhsh ths epanastatikhs syneidhshs. g) H apogohteysh poy genna to proxwrhma twn anadiarqrwsewn kai oi synepeies poy fernoyn stis synqhkes doyleias kai zwhs gia ena megalo meros twn ergazomenwn. 64.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi nees synqhkes poy diamorfwnoyn oi kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis apaitoyn strathgikh antepiqeshs me prooptikh th laikh nikh sto epipedo ths ejoysias, gegonos poy apaitei epilogh rhjhs, antoxh stis dyskolies, etoimothta gia qysies. To kinhma ths ergatikhs tajhs kai twn laikwn strwmatwn prepei na apokthsei se baqos antimonopwliako antiimperialistiko prosanatolismo, edraiwmeno sthn tajikh palh kai sthn koinwnikh symmaxia, diaforetika oi agwnes de qa fernoyn apotelesmata, anakatatajeis. Oi synqhkes kai oi ejelijeis, apo th mia, dhmioyrgoyn nees dyskolies, alla, apo thn allh, diamorfwnoyn to edafos gia na eydokimhsei o sporos toy rizospastismoy. Oi antikeimenikoi paragontes poy odhgoyn sthn enswmatwsh diadramatizoyn to sygkekrimeno rolo toys se syndyasmo me to gegonos oti den exoyn akoma diataraxtei se tetoio baqmo gia ena meros ths ergatikhs tajhs kai twn mikroastikwn strwmatwn oi oroi anaparagwghs ths ergatikhs dynamhs. H tash omws ayth qa enisxyqei sthn poreia kai gi' ayto megalwnoyn kai oi apaithseis drashs toy Kommatos. 65.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> O rolos toy Kommatos megalwnei, kaqws apotelei shmera to monadiko paragonta poy mporei na symbalei sthn antimetwpish twn antikeimenikwn aytwn paragontwn, sthn anaptyjh ths tajikhs syneidhshs. Oi ypoxrewseis kai oi eyqynes toy Kommatos megalwnoyn, kaqws h epiqesh sta laika dikaiwmata, sto eisodhma kai sto biotiko epipedo twn ergazomenwn qa entaqei, qa dynamwsei h kratikh tromokratia kai katastolh. H arxoysa tajh, ta kommata ejoysias kai oloi oi mhxanismoi toy systhmatos anaptyssoyn melethmenh parembash gia thn katastolh toy kinhmatos kai thn enswmatwsh twn antidrasewn. Omws, den exei dokimastei h dynamh ths tajikhs palhs, h laikh antepiqesh, h dynamh ths koinwnikhs symmaxias. Bebaiws, to laiko kinhma, oso kai n' anebei se dynamh kai maxhtikothta, den mporei na anatrecei synolika th genikh strathgikh, dixws na exei epityxei thn anatroph toy sysxetismoy sto epipedo ths ejoysias. Exei th dynatothta, ef' oson antimetwpisei ta ojymena problhmata toy, na dyskolecei antilaikes epiloges, na apospasei estw kai kapoies proswrines paraxwrhseis, na kerdisei xrono, prokeimenoy na anasyntaxqei kai na perasei se antepiqesh ews th nikh.

    <font color="#FFFFFF" size="5" face="Arial Greek">6o KEFALAIO APOLOGISMOS THS DRASHS

    TOY KOMMATOS

    A. To kyrio kaqhkon ths olopleyrhs isxyropoihshs toy KKE 66.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Odhgos gia thn ektimhsh ths poreias toy Kommatos apotelei to kyrio kaqhkon poy prosdiorise to 17o Synedrio: H olopleyrh isxyropoihsh toy KKE, ideologikopolitikh kai organwtikh, h opoia apotelei ton anagkaio oro gia thn oikodomhsh toy Antiimperialistikoy Antimonopwliakoy Dhmokratikoy Metwpoy (AADM) kai thn anaptyjh toy antiimperialistikoy antimonopwliakoy agwna. Aytos o agwnas katw apo proypoqeseis mporei na odhghsei sthn katakthsh ths ejoysias apo thn ergatikh tajh kai toys symmaxoys ths, sto sosialismo, poy synista th monadikh apanthsh sthn imperialistikh barbarothta, sthn kapitalistikh katapiesh kai sthn ekmetalleysh. To 17o Synedrio anedeije ws basikh adynamia toy Kommatos thn eniaia doyleia me bash th strathgikh se oloys toys krikoys, apo thn KE poy exei kai thn prwth eyqynh ews thn KOB. Ypogrammize th shmasia na katakthqei h ikanothta dhmioyrgikhs ejeidikeyshs ths strathgikhs sto xwro, kata klado, kata perioxh, kata kinhma. Na doqei baros sthn kommatikh oikodomhsh idiaitera stoys kladoys kai tis epixeirhseis, na enisxyqoyn oi yparxoyses KOB stoys topoys doyleias. Anedeije th shmasia poy exei na proxwrhsei h anadiatajh dynamewn, wste na sygkentrwqei h prosoxh sthn ergatikh tajh kai thn kata klado doyleia, na prosanatolistei sthn ergatikh tajh kai th neolaia h drasthriothta twn Organwsewn poy sygkrotoyntai se edafikh bash. To synedrio ypogrammize epishs th shmasia toy syndyasmoy ths ideologikopolitikhs doyleias me ta organwtika metra poy dieykolynoyn ton prosanatolismo sto ergatiko kinhma prin ap' ola kai sth neolaia, wste aytos na apokta praktiko xarakthra. 67.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Ta tessera xronia poy dianyqhkan synistoyn mia idiaiterhs shmasias periodo sth synolikh drash toy Kommatos twn teleytaiwn 20 xronwn, giati egine pio systhmatikh kai epimonh prospaqeia na sygkentrwqei h prosoxh sthn afomoiwsh ths strathgikhs toy Kommatos, toy Programmatos toy, na prowqeitai eniaia h drash sth bash ths strathgikhs. To KKE ekane qetika bhmata, wste na ginei ena komma pio empeiro, atsalwmeno, na dra katw apo opoiesdhpote synqhkes. Na steketai, oso einai dynaton, sto ycos twn peristasewn, analoga me tis ejelijeis, tis strofes kai tis kampes toy agwna. De xwra aytoikanopoihsh kai epanapaysh, giati akoma o stoxos aytos den exei ftasei se ychlo baqmo ekplhrwshs. Paramenei akoma stoxos pros katakthsh. 68.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Sto diasthma poy mesolabhse egine mia orismenh prospaqeia na kallierghqei to edafos gia th dieyrynsh twn syspeirwsewn poy exoyn sygkrothqei ta prohgoymena xronia sto ergatiko kinhma, sto agrotiko, sto xwro twn aytoapasxoloymenwn kai mikrwn epixeirhmatiwn, prospaqeia entagmenh sth sygkrothsh toy AADM. Xarh stis prospaqeies toy Kommatos kai thn koinh drash me synergazomenes dynameis kai alloys agwnistes kai agwnistries, oi syspeirwseis aytes exoyn staqeropoihqei, shmeiwqhke mia orismenh dieyrynsh, idiaitera sto ergatiko syndikalistiko kinhma me th synergasia me megalytero ariqmo swmateiwn. Jekinhsan oi prwtes prospaqeies gia to syntonismo twn syspeirwsewn aytwn. Diamorfwnetai ena rizospastiko reyma poy ektima to rolo toy Kommatos kai tis qeseis toy, pragma poy ekdhlwqhke kai stis eqnikes ekloges toy 2007, alla kai sth symmetoxh se drasthriothtes poy anaptyssei to Komma, stis syspeirwseis opoy symmetexei. H koinwnikh symmaxia poy apotelei qemelio kai gia th sygkrothsh toy Antiimperialistikoy Antimonopwliakoy Dhmokratikoy Metwpoy brisketai se embryako stadio. Paramenei epikairh h ektimhsh poy periexetai sto Programma toy Kommatos oti h dhmioyrgia toy Metwpoy qa exei ws afethria thn prowqhsh ths antimonopwliakhs symmaxias sto koinwniko epipedo, sto edafos ths tajikhs palhs. Qa prowqeitai oso kerdizei edafos h anagkaiothta anatrophs sto epipedo ths ejoysias, oso apokta eyryterh epirroh h politikh protash toy Kommatos, oso pio grhgora isxyropoieitai olopleyra to KKE kai enisxyetai o tajikos polos sto ergatiko syndikalistiko kinhma. O sporos gia to Metwpo kallierghqhke pio sygkekrimena thn periodo ayth, kyriws giati to KKE anoije eyrytera sto lao thn enallaktikh protash ejoysias, poy eklaikeyetai twra pio platia, pio meqodika. H laikh peira shmera einai pio ploysia logw twn synepeiwn poy prokyptoyn apo tis kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis. 69.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To KKE exei sobarh symbolh stis eswterikes ejelijeis, stoys megaloys agwnes kai kinhtopoihseis twn ergazomenwn kai ths neolaias, stis qetikes diergasies syneidhshs poy shmeiwnontai, anejarthta an akoma den apokrystallwnontai se mia eyryterh antimonopwliakh antiimperialistikh syneidhsh. Systhmatika kai me epixeirhmata apokalyce thn taytish strathgikhs anamesa sth ND kai to PASOK, to rolo toy reformismoy kai toy oportoynismoy. Synebale sthn anaptyjh kai newn metwpwn antistashs stis kybernhtikes epiloges, me apotelesma thn epibradynsh twn anadiarqrwsewn. To KKE poly egkaira eqese platia kai kaqara to zhthma oti oi ergazomenoi qa wfelhqoyn apo thn apodynamwsh kai twn dyo kommatwn ejoysias kai apo thn opoiadhpote dyskolia sth leitoyrgia toy astikoy politikoy systhmatos. Me tolmh eqese to kaqhkon toy laikoy kinhmatos na ajiopoiei opoiadhpote morfh krishs toy politikoy systhmatos, kontra sta paraplanhtika kai ekbiastika tromokratika dilhmmata, se rizikh antiqesh me th stash olwn twn allwn kommatwn, poy me kaqe tropo endiaferontai gia thn eyryqmia kai isxy toy astikoy politikoy systhmatos. To KKE anoije me kaqaro, epiqetiko kai sygkekrimeno tropo to qema ths rhjhs kai anatrophs me stoxo thn allagh sto epipedo ths ejoysias. Apokalyce ta sxedia diadoxhs toy klasikoy dikommatikoy systhmatos enallaghs, sthn periptwsh poy ayto ejantlhsei tis dynatothtes toy. Apogymnwse ton pragmatiko xarakthra twn diaforwn morfwn diaxeirishs, ta ideologhmata ths sosialdhmokratias kai toy oportoynismoy gia mia dhqen filolaikh diaxeirish twn kapitalistikwn anadiarqrwsewn kai ths ``apeleyqerwmenhs'' eyrwenwsiakhs agoras. H politikh kai mazikh drash toy KKE prokalei ta sygkentrwmena pyra toy systhmatos, apo thn allh ypoxrewnei se arketes periptwseis kai tis dynameis poy antipoliteyontai thn ekastote kybernhsh, alla kai thn idia thn kybernhsh, na pairnoyn ypoch tis qeseis toy. Probainoyn se orismenoys frastikoys eligmoys, poy bebaiws paraplanoyn, omws synistoyn kai to metro ths aphxhshs ths strathgikhs mas, twn qesewn kai aithmatwn mas. Anagnwrizoyn thn ojynsh twn laikwn problhmatwn, prospaqoyn omws systhmatika na apokryboyn tis aities kai bebaiws to dromo epilyshs toys. Organwnoyn systhmatika thn ideologikh antepiqesh sykofantwntas kai diastreblwnontas thn poreia sosialistikhs oikodomhshs ston 20o aiwna wste na aqwwsoyn kai na ejidanikeysoyn to kapitalistiko systhma. Xwris to KKE kai thn ideologikopolitikh toy parembash sthn antiparaqesh me tis astikes politikes dynameis kai ton oportoynismo, qa yphrxan xamhloterhs entashs agwnes, me megalyterh anesh qa prowqoyntan oi anadiarqrwseis. 70.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H basanistikh poreia anasygkrothshs toy Kommatos poy jekinhse apo to 14o Synedrio fernei pio orata apotelesmata kai apokrystallwmata ayth thn tetraetia. Amblynontai stadiaka oi basikes adynamies sthn ideologikopolitikh doyleia toy Kommatos, ston prosanatolismo toy sthn ergatikh tajh. Kalyfqhke mia orismenh apostash poy to xwrize apo to stoxo na doyleyei ikanopoihtika me bash th strathgikh toy. Me megalyterh ikanothta ejeidikeyei kai prosarmozei th genikh politikh grammh toy sta genikotera laika problhmata, sthn anadeijh toys kai sthn enothta toys, alla kai kata klado, kata perioxh, sthn ejeidikeysh kai prosarmogh sthn politikh anametrhsh kai mazikh palh. Me megalyterh apofasistikothta proxwrhse h anadiatajh twn dynamewn gia thn enisxysh ths doyleias mas sthn ergatikh tajh, sthn kommatikh oikodomhsh sta ergostasia kai xwroys ergasias. Egine proodos sth diamorfwsh qesewn se zhthmata ths sygxronhs ideologikopolitikhs palhs. Proodos shmeiwqhke sthn organwsh ths eswkommatikhs morfwshs poy organwnetai kentrika apo thn KE kai topika apo tis Epitropes Polewn kai Perioxwn, toso me th leitoyrgia sxolwn oso kai seminariwn. Beltiwqhke epishs to systhma ths eswkommatikhs morfwshs poy organwnei to KS ths KNE. Dieyrynqhke h parembash toy Kommatos se metwpa palhs opoy ta prohgoymena xronia eixe sxetikh ysterhsh, opws se zhthmata politikhs prostasias, koinwnikwn ypodomwn, prolhchs kai pronoias, gia ta atoma me eidikes anagkes, prostasias periballontos, antiseismikhs qwrakishs, zhthmata diaxeirishs toy neroy. H pragmatopoihsh ths Panelladikhs Syskechs gia thn ejeidikeysh ths politikhs mas stis gynaikes ejoplizei to Komma me mia pio epejergasmenh kateyqynsh, se synqhkes poy syneidhtopoieitai kalytera apo ta kaqodhghtika organa h shmasia ths drashs, wste na bohqhqoyn oi gynaikes na organwnontai kai na paleyoyn, na dynamwsei h politikh syneidhsh. Anaptyxqhke mia orismenh doyleia stis gynaikes se periodoys politikwn anametrhsewn kai se periodo poy chfizontan antergatikoi nomoi. Shmera sto epipedo twn Epitropwn Polewn kai Perioxwn yparxei kalyterh gnwsh pws ekfrazetai h genikh politikh sto sygkekrimeno xwro, ti allages synteloyntai, poies einai oi synepeies. H tash ayth bebaiws prepei na enisxyqei kai na aplwqei parakatw, sto xwro ths kaqe KOB. 71.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Shmantiko epishs gegonos apotelese h pragmatopoihsh ths Panelladikhs Syndiaskechs toy Kommatos gia th doyleia sth neolaia kai th bohqeia sthn KNE. Sth bash twn apofasewn ths diamorfwnontai kalyteres proypoqeseis sthn katanohsh toy koinwniko-tajikoy xarakthra ths parembashs sth neolaia, sthn ikanothta antimetwpishs twn problhmatwn, sth sygkrothsh kai drash toy neolaiistikoy kinhmatos. Ta organa toy Kommatos kaqodhgoyn kalytera tis drasthriothtes kai prwtoboylies ths KNE. H KNE einai shmera ejoplismenh me tis apofaseis toy 9oy Synedrioy ths, oi opoies antapokrinontai qetika kai me eystoxia sthn epejergasia ths strathgikhs toy Kommatos sto xwro ths neolaias. H poreia ths einai synolika qetikh. Emfanizei megalyterh ikanothta kai wrimothta sthn anaptyjh ths drashs ths gia ta ojymena problhmata ths ergazomenhs, maqhtikhs kai spoydastikhs neolaias. Beltiwse shmantika ton prosanatolismo drashs ths stoys xwroys ergasias ths neolaias, sth neolaia poy biwnei ta problhmata ths ergasiakhs periplanhshs kai twn elastikwn ergasiakwn sxesewn, ta problhmata twn newn zeygariwn. To sxetika kainoyrio qetiko stoixeio einai oti dieyryne to periexomeno drashs sth neolaia me to synolo twn sygxronwn anagkwn. Epejergasthke kalytera ta zhthmata ths drashs ths sto maqhtiko kai foithtiko - spoydastiko kinhma, katekthse kalytero prosanatolismo sto antistoixo maziko kinhma, stis kinhtopoihseis. Epejergazetai thn taktikh ths sta AEI kai TEI, se ena synqeto kai dyskolo xwro, opoy pera apo tis Organwseis twn Neolaiwn twn allwn politikwn kommatwn droyn anarxoaytonomes antikommoynistikes omades, oi opoies se synergasia me tis dynameis toy SYN/SYRIZA droyn dialytika kai apoprosanatolistika sto kinhma. H KNE beltiwse to ideologiko ths metwpo apenanti sta astika, mikroastika reymata sto xwro ths neolaias, proballei pio sygkrothmena thn politikh protash toy Kommatos, me epejergasmenes qeseis gia ta idiaitera problhmata ths neolaias. 72.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To KKE, ajiopoiwntas ta 90 xronia apo thn idrysh toy, ta 90 xronia ths Sosialistikhs Oxtwbrianhs Epanastashs, ta 60xrona toy DSE kai ths Antifasistikhs Nikhs twn Lawn, aneptyje eyryterh kai polymorfh politikh kai politistikh drash, beltiwse to ideologiko toy metwpo apenanti stis astikes qewries kai ton oportoynismo. Antapokriqhke kalytera apo kaqe allh fora ta teleytaia xronia sthn prospaqeia kommoynistikhs, epanastatikhs diapaidagwghshs twn newn kommoynistwn, sthn apokroysh antiepisthmonikwn kai antikommoynistikwn apocewn se qemata Istorias. Megalhs shmasias einai to gegonos oti apokrystallwqhkan ta apotelesmata ths parapera meleths ths sosialistikhs oikodomhshs ston 20o aiwna, gia tis aities nikhs ths antepanastashs. Proxwrhse shmantika h meleth ths Istorias toy Kommatos ths periodoy 1949-1974. De staqhke omws dynato na kataferei h KE n' apotelesei antikeimeno syzhthshs se olo to Komma, wste prin apo to Synedrio na exei oloklhrwqei h syllogikh epejergasia. 73.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> To KKE exei enisxysei to rolo toy, prwta ap' ola epeidh me staqerothta probale thn politikh toy protash, thn anagkh rhjhs me thn ejoysia toy kefalaioy, thn anagkh gia th sygkrothsh ths symmaxias toy Metwpoy gia th Laikh Ejoysia kai Oikonomia. Aneptyje shmantikh drash gia thn eklaikeysh ths protashs ejoysias. Taytoxrona, ekane prospaqeia na enisxyqei h drash toy sto maziko kinhma kai se akoma megalytero eyros laikwn problhmatwn. Epishs aneptyje th qewrhtikh ideologikh kai melethtikh doyleia toy, wste na exei th dynatothta prognwshs, na ektima antikeimenika kai se baqos tis eswterikes kai dieqneis ejelijeis sto pedio ths oikonomias, se basikoys kladoys, sto pedio ths koinwnikhs politikhs, se zhthmata qesmwn kai dhmokratias, se syndyasmo me thn antistoixh meleth twn ejelijewn sthn EE, genikotera twn antiqesewn kai antagwnismwn sto dieqnes imperialistiko systhma. Prospaqhse na proseggizetai olo kai pio poly h enothta prwtoporas qewrias - prwtoporas prajhs. H beltiwsh twn epejergasiwn toy Kommatos symballei sth diamorfwsh stoxwn syspeirwshs kai symmaxias apo ta katw, bohqaei sthn eklaikeysh ths protashs gia to Metwpo, th Laikh Ejoysia - Oikonomia, apodeiknyei th realistikothta kai epikairothta toy sosialismoy. Beltiwqhke epishs to ideologiko metwpo kai h diafwtish apo ton ``Rizospasth'' kai thn KOMEP. Symbolh eixan, epishs, o radiofwnikos staqmos ``902 Aristera sta FM'' kai h thleorash. H ektimhsh ayth den parakamptei to gegonos oti ayth h kateyqynsh toy Kommatos den efarmozetai panta petyxhmena. Yparxei anagkh synexws na elegxetai kai na krinetai h apodosh, na diorqwnontai egkaira adynamies kai elleiceis. Egine prospaqeia egkairhs epejergasias ths grammhs kai taktikhs mas stis eklogikes maxes, se kampanies gia megala zhthmata. Parqhkan kentrikes politikes prwtoboylies me stoxo na ginoyn ypoqesh kai na sthrixtoyn se kladiko kai topiko epipedo, sto epipedo twn KOB. Bebaiws den prepei na yparjei kamia epanapaysh, kaqws o tajikos antipalos me sthrigma to reformismo kai ton oportoynismo rixnei baros na anakocei thn proodo toy Kommatos, na parempodisei thn eyryterh epirroh toy, thn anaptyjh pio stenwn kai oysiastikwn ideologikopolitikwn desmwn me thn ergatikh tajh, ta laika strwmata. Omws shmera den einai 1990-1991. O antipalos den mporei na petyxei ayto poy qelei kai giati shmera yparxei megalyterh empeiria kai wrimothta sto Komma, alla kai sto lao exei sysswreytei megalyterh peira. To KKE einai se qesh shmera na antimetwpizei epiqetika kai me epejergasmenes qeseis thn ideologikh epiqesh poy dexetai. 74.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Geniko symperasma einai oti exoyn diamorfwqei kalytera apo prin ekeines oi proypoqeseis poy synistoyn efalthrio gia mia dynamikh poreia toy Kommatos ta epomena xronia. Ayto epitrepei na kyriarxhsei pneyma maxhtikhs aisiodojias oti ta epomena xronia to Komma qa anebasei thn prosfora toy poly pio konta sto ycos twn megalwn apaithsewn toy agwna. Taytoxrona, den prepei na ypotimhqoyn oi antikeimenikes dyskolies poy yparxoyn kai oi polymorfes synepeies kai sto eqniko epipedo, apo th nikh ths antepanastashs sto dieqnes kinhma, poy gia arketa xronia qa epenergoyn. H ektimhsh ayth epifortizei olo to Komma me nees ypoxrewseis. Basikh proypoqesh gia thn katakthsh megalyterhs ikanothtas kai eparkeias, einai na diathroyntai kai anaptyssontai, na genikeyontai ews to epipedo ths KOB ola ta qetika xarakthristika poy anadeiknyontai thn tetraetia ayth.

    B. Kommatikh oikodomhsh 75.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H ideologikopolitikh isxyropoihsh toy KKE, h anodos ths epidrashs toy sto kinhma kai ston ideologiko agwna de synodeyontai apo analoga bhmata sthn organwtikh toy isxyropoihsh, sth megalyterh ayjhsh twn ryqmwn stratologias apo thn ergatikh tajh, sthn enisxysh twn yparxoyswn KOB stoys xwroys ergasias, sth dhmioyrgia newn. To kentro baroys stis prospaqeies toy Kommatos prepei na rixtei sto ergatiko dynamiko sth biomhxania, stoys paradosiakoys kladoys ths metapoihshs poy apasxoloyn empeiro ergatiko dynamiko kai stoys neoys biomhxanikoys kladoys poy anaptyssoyn dynamikh, apasxoloyn neoys se hlikia ergates kai se ekeina ta tmhmata poy dexontai thn pio sfodrh epiqesh. Me afethria to dynamiko ayto, einai dynato na dieyrynqei kai na aplwqei h drash sthn poreia se oso ginetai megalytero meros ths ergatikhs tajhs. Ekdhlwsh ths ysterhshs apotelei kai h xamhlh kaqhmerinh kykloforia toy ``Rizospasth'' poy einai anantistoixh me ton ariqmo twn kommatikwn melwn kai twn melwn ths KNE, me ton kyklo twn filwn kai opadwn toy Kommatos. H xamhlh kykloforia toy ``Rizospasth'' dyskoleyei th diadosh twn qesewn toy Kommatos kai thn eklaikeysh ths politikhs toy, meiwnei thn ikanothta toy na anaptyssei ideologikopolitikoys desmoys me toys pio prwtoporoys ergates kai ergatries, epidra kai sthn ysterhsh ths kommatikhs oikodomhshs. Dixws th meleth kai ajiopoihsh toy ``Rizospasth'' de qa exoyme apotelesmata kai sth beltiwsh ths propagandas, alla kai sthn kalh leitoyrgia twn Organwn kai twn KOB, sthn kommatikh oikodomhsh. H organwtikh isxyropoihsh toy Kommatos - eidika stis shmerines synqhkes proswrinhs httas kai ypoxwrhshs toy epanastatikoy kinhmatos kai ths epanastatikhs syneidhshs - einai pio synqeto kaqhkon. H ideologikopolitikh isxyropoihsh profanws apotelei basikh proypoqesh, omws den ejartatai apokleistika apo ayth. Se megalo baqmo ejartatai kai apo antikeimenikes synqhkes. Oso to ergatiko kinhma de brisketai sto ycos twn apaithsewn, oso, dhladh, ena megalo meros ths ergatikhs tajhs paramenei enswmatwmeno, de syneidhtopoiei th dynamh toy, de blepei diejodo, qa paramenoyn ston ena h ton allo baqmo dyskolies poy epidroyn sthn kommatikh oikodomhsh kai sthn ayjhsh twn organwmenwn dynamewn toy Kommatos. Gia na pyknwsoyn oi grammes toy Kommatos me neo aima, gia na perasoyme apo toys argoys se pio grhgoroys ryqmoys anaptyjhs poy prosdidoyn dynamikh kai prooptikh sto Komma, prepei h ideologikopolitikh isxyropoihsh na ekfrazetai sygkekrimena sth doyleia twn KOB. H entajh shmera sto KKE apaitei na ginontai megalytera bhmata sth syneidhsh. Epomenws, apaiteitai h syndyasmenh drash gia ta problhmata me thn aytotelh ideologikopolitikh doyleia kai thn entash ths ideologikhs diapalhs stis grammes toy kinhmatos. Apaiteitai sxediasmena kai me th bohqeia ths KE kai twn Epitropwn Polewn kai Perioxwn, twn Nomarxiakwn kai Axtidikwn Epitropwn na bohqioyntai oi KOB na sygkentrwnoyn th drash toys stis mikroteres hlikies ths ergatikhs tajhs kai sth neolaia. Anapospasto stoixeio ths kommatikhs oikodomhshs apotelei h bohqeia pros thn KNE, h systhmatikh diapaidagwghtikh doyleia toy Kommatos sta melh ths, wste na proetoimazontai katallhla na apokthsoyn ton timhmeno titlo toy meloys toy Kommatos, na ananewnei to stelexiko dynamiko me neoys ergates kai ergatries, neoys ergazomenoys. Oi Kommatikes Organwseis na diamorfwnoyn maximes efedreies, diathrwntas synexeis kai staqeroys desmoys me toys ergazomenoys kai th neolaia, me pollaples morfes kai kyriws me enhmerwsh, syzhthsh kai wqhsh na pairnoyn energo meros sto kinhma, sth drash. Dhladh, na yparxei monimh oysiastikh epafh poy na mhn periorizetai se periodoys genikwn kinhtopoihsewn h stis eklogikes anametrhseis. Oi syskeceis me filoys kai opadoys einai monimos tropos doyleias kai epikoinwnias kai etsi prepei na ginetai katanohtos apo ta Organa kai tis KOB. 76.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H KE ektima oti h ysterhsh ofeiletai kai se orismenoys ypokeimenikoys paragontes, oi opoioi anadeixthkan apo to 17o Synedrio, poy para th beltiwsh paramenoyn shmera ws aitia poy dyskoleyei thn katakthsh enos anwteroy sxetika epipedoy. Aytoi epidroyn amesa h kai emmesa sto eyros, sthn poiothta twn desmwn kai sthn proetoimasia - pragmatopoihsh twn stoxwn ths oikodomhshs. To problhma einai prwta ap' ola o prosanatolismos ths KE sto kaqhkon ths doyleias sthn ergatikh tajh, me o,ti ayto shmainei. Idiaitero zhthma einai na anabaqmizontai synexws kai staqera to periexomeno kai oi morfes doyleias sto syndikalistiko kinhma, pairnontas ypoch tis sygkekrimenes synqhkes. Apaiteitai syxnos elegxos, metra enisxyshs ths kaqodhghshs kata klado, metra bohqeias twn kaqodhghtikwn organwn. H pollaplothta ergasiakwn sxesewn, h synqesh toy kladoy kata fylo kai hlikia prepei poly sobara na ypologizontai sthn praktikh drash. Apaiteitai gnwsh ths katastashs toy kaqe kladoy paragwghs, alla kai toy emporioy, toy baqmoy monopwlhshs, toy endokladikoy kai diakladikoy antagwnismoy, twn dieqnwn ejelijewn, antistoixa. Na yparxei sygkekrimenh eikona gia thn politikh ths ergodosias apenanti sthn ergatikh tajh kai genikotera stoys misqwtoys, opws einai h politikh misqwn, epidomatwn, oi synqhkes ygieinhs kai asfaleias, oi blaptikoi paragontes sthn ygeia twn ergazomenwn kai sto periballon. Na entopizontai sygkekrimena sto synolo twn ergazomenwn oi epiptwseis apo ta monopwlia poy epikratoyn sto sygkekrimeno klado. Mono tote mporei h drash mas na einai oloklhrwmenh, eystoxh, na dinei prooptikh, na xarakthrizetai apo ikanothta prognwshs. Apaiteitai systhmatikh meqodikh doyleia xwris erasitexnismoys kai proxeirothta. 77.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> H kladikh doyleia prepei na edrazetai sth sxediasmenh kommatikh oikodomhsh kai anaptyjh kommatikwn epafwn kai desmwn se epipedo ergostasioy kai epixeirhshs, wste to kinhma na apokthsei mazikothta kai ``podia''. Prepei na dieyrynetai me to synolo twn problhmatwn ths ergatikhs tajhs, ta eniaia dhladh problhmata ths ergatikhs tajhs, olwn twn kladwn, wste na diamorfwnontai oroi enothtas se synqhkes opoy systhmatika kalliergoyntai apo tis astikes kai reformistikes dynameis oi syntexniakes antiparaqeseis. Apaiteitai eyryteros politikos prosanatolismos kai pio systhmatikh doyleia gia dieyrynsh toy pedioy drashs. H kaqe KOB na exei epejergasmeno sxedio sthrijhs ths KNE, wste na ayjhsei tis dikes ths dynameis, na apokthsei OB ekei poy leipei. Na anaptyssontai oi desmoi toy Kommatos kai twn tajikwn swmateiwn me th nea bardia ths ergatikhs tajhs kai toys anergoys, me toys metanastes. Paramenei akoma adynato shmeio h kata epixeirhsh kai kata klado drash mas, h ejeidikeysh ths ideologikopolitikhs kai organwtikhs mas doyleias stis gynaikes kai toys neoys. Einai qetiko oti ta teleytaia xronia yparxei prosanatolismos anadeijhs twn idiaiterwn problhmatwn toys wstoso einai akoma sobaro to elleimma syneidhtopoihshs oti xreiazetai kai epejergasmenh makropnoh doyleia kai meqodeymenh apanthsh sthn eidikh doyleia poy kanei o tajikos antipalos apenanti stis gynaikes kai th neolaia. Qa ginoyn kalytera katanohta h anagkaiothta alla kai oi morfes kai to periexomeno doyleias, an edraiwqoyn sth gnwsh ths tajikhs fyshs toy gynaikeioy zhthmatos, oxi mono sth diaxronikh toy ejelijh, alla kai me bash tis sygxrones ejelijeis poy ojynoyn th fyletikh anisothta, me moxlo ta legomena eidika metra poy periexontai stis kapitalistikes anadiarqrwseis. H kata epixeirhsh kai kata klado drash toy Kommatos prepei na anadeiknyei ta problhmata ths ergatikhs, ths laikhs oikogeneias sto synolo toys, sto xwro ergasias kai katoikias, to synolo twn ylikwn kai politistikwn, pneymatikwn anagkwn. Anapospasto stoixeio ths anaptyjhs oysiastikwn desmwn me toys neoys kai tis nees poy anhkoyn eite apo thn katagwgh toys eite apo th qesh toys sthn paragwgikh diadikasia sthn ergatikh tajh apotelei h anaptyjh prwtoporas morfwtikhs kai politistikhs drasthriothtas, ws antibaro kai efalthrio sthn parexomenh paideia poy den kalliergei th synqeth gnwsh, th dhmioyrgikh kai kritikh skech. Shmera proballei akoma pio epitaktikh h anagkh na anaptyxqei ena polymorfo kinhma gia to dikaiwma ths neolaias, genikotera toy ergazomenoy laoy, ston eleyqero xrono, ston politismo kai ton aqlhtismo, enantia sta narkwtika kai ta ypokatastata koinwnikhs zwhs kai diejodoy gia anqrwpinh zwh se anqrwpino periballon. H anaptyjh ths politikhs syneidhshs ths ergatikhs tajhs, ths neolaias, twn gynaikwn, twn laikwn strwmatwn ejartatai kai apo th xeirafethsh toys apo ta prokataskeyasmena ypokatastata twn anagkwn toys, apo th meiwsh ths epirrohs twn kyriarxwn protypwn, twn monopwliwn toy qeamatos - akroamatos neas texnologias poy ginontai agwgoi ths imperialistikhs ideologias kai ypokoyltoyras. Me aytes tis proypoqeseis mporei sto epomeno diasthma na katakthqei ena pio oloklhrwmeno epiteliko sxedio doyleias poy kalliergei to edafos gia allagh sysxetismoy dynamhs, gia kommatikh kai KNitikh oikodomhsh, gia thn anaptyjh ths epirrohs twn qesewn kai ths strathgikhs toy Kommatos. H anaptyjh twn grammwn toy Kommatos, se syndyasmo me th beltiwsh ths koinwnikhs synqeshs, qa antimetwpizetai oso periorizontai kai telika ejaleifontai h apospasmatikothta kai o texnhtos diaxwrismos twn kaqhkontwn, h kampaniakh doyleia, h elleich synexeias. H antimetwpish twn parapanw praktikwn de qa exei mono qetikes synepeies sthn endynamwsh toy Kommatos, alla qa epidrasei kai stoys ryqmoys syspeirwshs dynamewn se antiimperialistikh antimonopwliakh kateyqynsh. 78.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Epibebaiwqhke h orqothta ths anadiatajhs twn kommatikwn dynamewn me stoxo th metafora oso ginetai perissoterwn sth drash me paragwgiko krithrio. Bebaiws, den exei akoma ferei megala apotelesmata, omws exei dynamikh, qa apodwsei sto epomeno diasthma. Den prepei na qewreitai teleiwmenh kai pws aforoyse mono mia sygkekrimenh periodo. Prepei na elegxetai synexws kai me bash tis stratologies poy ginontai. Antistoixa, na elegxetai kai stis Organwseis ths KNE. To zhthma poy akoma den exei lyqei kai paramenei ws problhma kaqodhghshs einai to pws qa ejasfalistei na doyleyoyn kladikes kai edafikes KOB se eniaia kateyqynsh me paragwgika krithria. To diasthma twn tessarwn xronwn poy mesolabhse apo to 17o Synedrio htan sxetika mikro gia mia anakamch twn KOB se epipedo antistoixo twn apaithsewn kai twn dynatothtwn. H metafora kommatikoy dynamikoy stis kladikes Axtides den apotelei alloqi, kaqws enisxyse th synolikh drash toy Kommatos sthn ergatikh tajh. Oi edafikes Axtides prepei na exoyn staqero prosanatolismo drashs sthn ergatikh tajh toy xwroy toys, eite ayth ergazetai sth sygkekrimenh perioxh eite katoikei. Stoxos einai oi edafikes Axtides na symperilambanoyn sth dynamh toys kai ergasiakes KOB poy prokyptoyn apo thn anaptyjh stratologias sto xwro eyqynhs. Oi Organwseis Epitropwn Polewn kai Perioxwn na frontizoyn analoga me tis anagkes kai thn koinwnikh synqesh toy xwroy twn edafikwn Axtidwn na kanoyn diatajh stelexwn, wste na enisxyqoyn oi Organwseis poy sto xwro toys yparxei shmantikos ariqmos ergostasiakwn, epixeirhsiakwn monadwn. Etsi qa enisxyqei o prosanatolismos, h drash kai h oikodomhsh sthn ergatikh tajh. 79.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Oi ejelijeis, idiaitera oi antidrastikes epiloges ths kybernhshs, apaitoyn apo thn KE kentrikes parembaseis kai prwtoboylies, wste na dinetai kentrika o tonos kai o prosanatolismos, alla kai na anadeiknyetai oso to dynaton o rolos toy Kommatos stis genikes ejelijeis, sto kentriko politiko pedio. To Komma kanei shmantikh prospaqeia na mhn afhnei keno sth genikh, kentrikh politikh diapalh. Wstoso, xreiazetai to zhthma ayto na prosextei idiaitera, kaqws to Komma de dra me ta idia krithria poy exoyn ta alla kommata, poy dinoyn to kyrio baros toys sth genikh antiparaqesh se kentriko epipedo, ajiopoiwntas kai to rolo twn MME. Oi kentrikes prwtoboylies toy Kommatos einai anagkaies. Xreiazetai megalyterh frontida gia thn probolh kai eklaikeysh toys, alla kai na synodeyontai me katallhla metra dhmioyrgikhs afomoiwshs toys apo ta parakatw organa kai idiaitera tis KOB, wste na prokaloyn dieyrymenh politikh kai mazikh drash. Den prepei na periorizontai se qemata ths epikairothtas, alla na epekteinontai kai se qemata poy to idio to Komma programmatismena prepei na anoigei sthn ergatikh tajh, sto lao, genikotera zhthmata poy sxetizontai me th strathgikh toy, me megala laika problhmata, zhthmata poy o antipalos exei kaqe symferon na ta paramerizei, wste na mh sygkentrwnoyn thn prosoxh twn ergazomenwn. To Komma, dhladh, na mhn prosanatolizetai monopleyra sta zhthmata ths epikairothtas, alla kai na exei synexh etoimothta. 80.<font color="#FFFFFF" size="4" face="Arial Greek"> <font color="#FFFFFF" size="2" face="Arial Greek"> Ena shmantiko meros twn stelexwn toy Kommatos exei wrimasei sthn tetraetia poy dianyqhke. Me megalyterh staqerothta kai apofasistikothta, me megalyterh aytopepoiqhsh kai maxhtikothta paleyei gia thn prowqhsh ths strathgikhs toy Kommatos, dinei maxh sto ideologiko metwpo. Parallhla, ena meros twn stelexwn, gia mia seira logoys ypokeimenikoys h kai antikeimenikoys, den exei kataferei na prosarmostei stis sygxrones anagkes toy kinhmatos, doyleyei me pneyma praktikismoy. De frontizei sto metro ths proswpikhs eyqynhs na meleta tis qeseis toy Kommatos, na parakoloyqei tis ejelijeis sto xwro toy. Analoges taseis emfanizontai kai sta melh twn KOB. Ena meros toy kommatikoy dynamikoy exei ejelixqei kai wrimasei, prospaqei na prosferei me bash tis anagkes kai tis dynatothtes, emfanizetai pio ajiomaxo. Omws ena allo meros toy kommatikoy dynamikoy exei meinei pisw sth sygxronh peira kai prosfora. Pisteyei baqia sto rolo toy Kommatos kai sth dikaiwsh toy me bash tis qeseis toy, omws ayto de ftanei, an de synodeyetai apo th gnwsh twn qesewn toy, twn epixeirhmatwn. H doyleia poy sthrizetai perissotero se synaisqhmatika krithria kai ligotero sthn kaqhmerinh energo symmetoxh kai sthn politikh morfwsh kai gnwsh toy synoloy twn qesewn toy Kommatos den mporei na ferei oysiastika apotelesmata. Xreiazetai synexhs prospaqeia gia afomoiwsh twn qesewn kai twn epejergasiwn toy Kommatos poy ananewnontai me bash kai tis ejelijeis, alla kai h staqerh kaqhmerinh doyleia poy bohqaei sthn afomoiwsh. Otan ginetai o ejoplismos eykairiaka, se periodoys eklogwn, den mporei na ginei me oloklhrwmeno tropo kai na metatrapei se staqerh gnwsh. Ena meros toy kommatikoy dynamikoy den ekplhrwnei tis katastatikes ypoxrewseis, me apotelesma na mhn ajiopoioyntai se ektash kai oi shmerines dynatothtes anodoy ths parembashs - epidrashs toy Kommatos sto kinhma kai ston politiko sysxetismo. H meiwmenh politikh enhmerwsh kai marjistikh morfwsh, h meiwmenh prosfora aytwn twn melwn sthn organwmenh palh exei epiptwseis sth leitoyrgia kai apotelesmatikothta drashs ths KOB. Antikeimenika periorizei th dynatothta ths shmantikhs atomikhs symbolhs me gnwmh, peira kai kritikh parathrhsh sthn epejergasia twn apofasewn kai sthn ylopoihsh toys. Anadeiknyetai shmera h anagkh na diamorfwqoyn stelexh me pio syndyasmenes ikanothtes. Proypoqesh gi' ayto einai ta stelexh na kataktoyn ena ychlo epipedo afomoiwshs ths strathgikhs mas, qemeliwmeno sth qewria mas, to marjismo - leninismo.


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