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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-10-31

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Mikth eikona sthn Eyrwph

    [01] Mikth eikona sthn Eyrwph

    Mikth eikona emfanizoyn ta eyrwpaika xrhmatisthria, shmera to meshmeri, kaqws ypoxwroyn ayta se Londino kai Parisi, alla ayto ths Frankfoyrths enisxyetai, me aixmh ths anodoy th metoxh ths Volkswagen.

    O paneyrwpaikos deikths FTSEurofirst 300 twn koryfaiwn eyrwpaikwn metoxwn enisxyotan kata 0,2%, stis 905,18 monades. O deikths DAX toy xrhmatisthrioy ths Frankfoyrths enisxyotan 1,4%, alla o FTSE 100 sto xrhmatisthrio toy Londinoy kai o CAC 40 sto Parisi ypoxwroysan metajy 1% kai 1,2%.

    Oi metoxes toy trapezikoy kladoy, kai kyriws ths Barclays kai ths HSBC edwsan qetikh wqhsh sthn agora, enw h enisxysh kata 8,7% ths metoxhs Volkswagen esprwje pros ta panw ton klado twn aytokinhtwn.

    Anodikes taseis epikrathsan kai sth shmerinh synedriash toy Xrhmatisthrioy Aqhnwn. O Genikos Deikths Timwn ekleise stis 2.060,31 monades, paroysiazontas shmantikh anodo se pososto 2,50%.

    Me oriakh ptwsh anoije shmera to xrhmatisthrio ths Neas Yorkhs, teleytaia hmera synedriashs enos "katastrofikoy" mhna gia thn kinhsh twn metoxwn sth Wall Street.

    O biomhxanikos deikths Dow Jones ypoxwroyse kata 34,01 monades (0,37%), stis 9.146,68 monades, kai o eyryteros deikths Standard & Poor's 500 shmeiwne ptwsh 3,80 monades ( h 0,40% ) stis 950,29 monades. Epishs, o deikths twn etaireiwn ychlhs texnologias Nasdaq exei ypoxwrhsei 16,94 monades ( h 1% ), stis 1.681,58 monades.

    Apwleies katagrafoyn kai ta perissotera xrhmatisthria sthn Asia.

    Me ptwsh 5,01% ekleise to Xrhmatisthrio toy Tokio. O deikths Nikkei ypoxwrhse kata 52,78 monades, kleionontas stis 8.576,98.

    Apwleies kata 4,94% kategrafe to xrhmatisthrio toy Xongk Kongk ligo prin to kleisimo, kaqws oi ependytes proxwrhsan se pwlhseis gia na katoxyrwsoyn ta kerdh toys ystera apo treis hmeres synexoys anodoy.

    Antiqeta, anodo shmeiwnan ligo prin to kleisimo ta xrhmatisthria ths Taipei me 3,99% ,ths Neas Zhlandias 2,10% kai toy Sidnei 0,4%.

    Sthn Iapwnia, h kentrikh trapeza meiwse to basiko epitokio kata 0,3% -apo to 0,50% sto 0,20%, kaqws h deyterh megalyterh oikonomia toy kosmoy plhttetai logw ths enisxyshs toy gen kai ths meiwshs twn ejagwgwn.

    H iapwnikh kentrikh trapeza anaqewrhse pros to katw tis probleceis ths gia ayjhsh toy AEP ston proypologismo 2008-2009 apo 1,2% sto 0,1% .

    H amerikanikh Omospondiakh trapeza meiwse proxqes kata 0,5% to basiko epitpokio sto 1% ,enw thn epomenh ebdomada anamenetai na proxwrhsoyn se analoges kinhseis h Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza kai h Trapeza ths Agglias.

    Oi analytes ektimoyn oti oi apwleies sto xrhmatisthrio toy Tokio ofeilontai se megalo baqmo sta asxhma apotelesmata trimhnoy poy anakoinwsan megales etairies , opws h Mazda, h Sharp kai h Nikon.

    Oi iapwnikes etairies den einai oi mones poy plhttontai apo thn krish. O amerikanikos xrhmatopistwtikos omilos American Express anakoinwse xqes thn apolysh 7.000 ypallhlwn (to 10% toy synolikoy proswpikoy) sto plaisio perikopwn ycoys 1,8 disekatommyriwn dolariwn.

    H etairia kinhths thlefwnias Motorola qa apolysei epishs peripoy 3.000 ypallhloys ths (4,5% toy proswpikoy ths) . H General Electric qa apolysei 500 ergazomenoys apo toys 15.000 poy apasxolei sta ergostasia ths sthn Oyggaria.

    Sth Germania, h prwth ston kosmo etairia xhmikwn BASF anakoinwse epishs 1.000 apolyseis ws to 2012 .

    Protaseis Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs gia thn oikonomikh krish kai to Symfwno Staqerothtas

    Th dynatothta na epwfelhqoyn ta krath melh apo thn eyelijia poy perilambanei to Anaqewrhmeno Symfwno Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs, xwris omws na ginontai shmantikes yperbaseis, dinei h anakoinwsh poy yioqethse h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph ws syneisfora sth Synodo Koryfhs ths EE stis 7 Noembrioy. Sthn ektakth ayth Synodo poy qa exei ws antikeimeno thn anagkh syntonismenhs antimetwpishs se eyrwpaiko epipedo ths oikonomikhs krishs anamenetai na kaqoristei h qesh ths EE enocei ths Dieqnoys Diaskechs toy G20 poy qa pragmatopoihqei stis 15 Noembrioy sth Oyasingkton.

    Eidikotera, h Epitroph systhnei sta krath melh na akoloyqoyn orismenes arxes poy diasfalizoyn toso ta periqwria eyelijias poy periexei to Symfwno oso kai thn anagkh thrhshs twn kanonwn peri dhmosionomikhs peiqarxias.

    Pio sygkekrimena, sto keimeno ths Epitrophs epishmainetai oti ta epomena xronia ws apotelesma twn meiwmenwn esodwn qa prepei na anamenetai mia epideinwsh ths katastashs twn eqnikwn proypologismwn twn kratwn melwn. Gia ton epomeno xrono

    H Epitroph ektima malista oti h epideinwsh ayth qa einai ths tajhs toy 1% toy AEP twn xwrwn melwn me shmantikes omws diafores na parathroyntai metajy twn ``27''.

    H Epitroph anaferei akomh oti para to gegonos oti h pleionothta twn metrwn poy exoyn anakoinwqei gia th sthrijh ths xrhmatopistwtikhs staqerothtas me thn katabolh pistwsewn eggyhsewn den ephreazoyn amesa to ycos toy dhmosionomikoy elleimmatos, qa prepei na anamenetai wstoso mia epibarynsh toy pragmatikoy oikonomikoy kostoys apo thn katabolh dhmosiwn eggyhsewn. Parallhla, ypogrammizetai oti ta metra yper ths epanakefalopoihshs twn trapezwn ephreazoyn hdh to ycoys toy dhmosioy xreoys twn kratwn melwn. Symfwna me thn Epitroph, h epideinwsh sta dhmosia oikonomika twn kratwn melwn prokalei anapofeykta kai anhsyxies gia th makroproqesmh biwsimothta toys, idiws stis xwres poy exoyn ekteqei perissotero.

    Gia toys logoys aytoys h Epitroph shmeiwnei oti to Symfwno Staqerothtas parexei to katallhlo plaisio askhshs oikonomikhs politikhs ejisorropwntas tis anagkes braxyproqesmhs staqeropoihshs me tis apaithseis gia metarryqmiseis me makroproqesmo antiktypo. Symfwna me thn Epitroph, efarmozontas to Symfwno oi xwres melh qa prepei na diasfalizoyn oti opoiadhpote epideinwsh twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn toys qa synodeyetai apo th lhch metrwn gia diarqrwtikes metarryqmiseis poy na einai prosarmosmenes sthn katastash kai exontas ws gnwmona thn epistrofh se ygieis dhmosionomikes qeseis.

    Sto plaisio ths eyelijias sthn efarmogh toy Symfwnoy, h Epitroph systhnei sta krath melh na akoloyqoyn tis ejhs arxes:

    -H dhmosionomikh politikh qa prepei na einai diathrhsimh lambanontas ypoch tis prosdokies gia termatismo ths krishs.

    -Oi idiaiterothtes twn kratwn melwn qa prepei na lambanontai ypoch sthn askhsh dhmosionomikhs politikhs me isxyroys kai ajiopistoys qesmoys gia to sxediasmo kai thn ektelesh twn proypologismwn.

    -Sto sxediasmo poy afora thn prowqhsh twn diarqrwtikwn metarryqmisewn idiaiterh emfash qa prepei na dinetai se ekeines tis metarryqmiseis poy enisxyoyn thn eyelijia kai diasfalizoyn th makroproqesmh biwsimothta.

    -Oi metarryqmiseis poy yposthrizoyn th zhthsh mesoproqesma qa prepei na einai egkaires, stoxeymenes kai proswrines.

    H Epitroph anaferei akomh oti h diadikasia peri yperbolikoy elleimmatos qa prepei na antimetwpizetai ws ena sthrigma gia thn antimetwpish twn shmerinwn dyskoliwn kai th diasfalish ths makroproqesmhs biwsimothtas. Telos, h Epitroph dieykrinizei sthn eishghsh ths pros th Synodo Koryfhs oti qa prepei na ginetai mia diakrish metajy twn dhmosionomikwn apotelesmatwn poy phgazoyn apo laqh sthn askhsh oikonomikhs politikhs kai tis kyklikes epiptwseis symperilambanomenwn twn synepeiwn apo thn efarmogh eqnikwn sxediwn diaswshs. Pio sygkekrimena, h Epitroph ypogrammizei oti oi ayjhseis sta epipeda toy dhmosioy xreoys twn kratwn melwn poy ofeilontai sta eqnika sxedia diaswshs qa lambanontai ypoch sth diadikasia epithrhshs.

    Protaseis ths Gallikhs Proedrias gia to dieqnes xrhmatooikonomiko systhma

    Enteka sygkekrimenes protaseis qa paroysiasei h Gallikh Proedria sthn epikeimenh Synodo Koryfhs poy qa ginei stis Bryjelles stis 7 Noembrioy. Oi protaseis aytes, efoson yioqethqoyn apo toys 27 Eyrwpaioys hgetes, qa apotelesoyn th diapragmateytikh bash, me thn opoia h E.E. qa emfanistei sth Dieqnh Diaskech poy qa ginei sthn Oyasigkton stis 15 Noembrioy, gia thn antimetwpish ths pagkosmias oikonomikhs krishs.

    Se genikes grammes, h qesh ths E.E. sth Dieqnh Diaskech ths Oyasigkton qa einai oti h pagkosmia oikonomia apaitei th dhmioyrgia enos neoy dieqnoys xrhmatooikonomikoy systhmatos. Dhladh, gia na apofeyxqoyn sto mellon oi "epiptwseis ntomino" poy efere h shmerinh krish sto xrhmatopistwtiko tomea kai gia na ejasfalistei h staqerothta ths pagkosmias oikonomias qa prepei na ginoyn dyo pragmata: afenos na dhmioyrghqoyn pio apotelesmatikoi kai synektikoi dieqneis kanones (nea logistika protypa, kwdikas symperiforas, diaxeirish kindynoy, apodosh eyqynwn k.a.), oi opoioi qa diepoyn oloklhrh th xrhmatopistwtikh biomhxania kai, afeteroy, na dhmioyrghqoyn oi katallhloi epoptikoi mhxanismoi poy qa elegxoyn th diafaneia twn xrhmatopistwtikwn organismwn kai to kata poso efarmozoyn toys dieqneis kanones h oxi.

    Sygkekrimena, h Gallikh Proedria proteinei stoys Eyrwpaioys hgetes na symfwnhsoyn sta akoloyqa shmeia:

    1. Na ayjhqei h diafaneia stis xrhmatagores kai na lhfqoyn ta anagkaia metra, gia th megalyterh dynath apotelesmatikothta twn elegktikwn kai epoptikwn mhxanismwn.

    2. Na katagrafoyn epishmws oles oi etaireies ajiologhshs, wste na exoyn kalyterh epopteia.

    3. Na dhmioyrghqei kwdikas symperiforas, wste na meiwqoyn ta kinhtra twn xrhmatopistwtikwn organismwn gia ependyseis ychloy kindynoy. Sto plaisio ayto proteinetai sygkekrimeno plaisio apozhmiwsewn.

    4. Na anaqewrhqoyn ta pagkosmia logistika protypa, kata tropo wste na einai synektika metajy toys kai etsi na dieykolynqoyn oi elegktikes diadikasies kai na antimetwpizontai oi pro-kyklikes epiptwseis.

    5. Na anaqewrhqoyn ta protypa kefalaiakhs eparkeias.

    6. Na prowqhqoyn oi katallhloi tropoi diaxeirishs twn kindynwn poy synepagetai h titlopoihsh twn pistwsewn twn xrhmatooikonomikwn organismwn.

    7. Na enisxyqei h diasynoriakh synergasia metajy twn epoptikwn kai twn nomoqetikwn arxwn, kyriws de oson afora sthn epiblech twn drasthriothtwn twn polyeqnikwn omilwn epixeirhsewn.

    8. Na enisxyqoyn oi mhxanismoi elegxoy stoys xrhmatooikonomikoys organismoys, kyriws de sthn prolhch sobarwn problhmatwn sth leitoyrgia twn agorwn.

    9. Na anazhthqoyn tropoi gia th beltiwsh ths diaxeirishs kindynoy reystothtas kai na prowqhqei mia synektikh proseggish gia toys polyeqnikoys omiloys epixeirhsewn.

    10. Na prowqhqei mia dieqnhs kai syntonismenh apanthsh stis makrooikonomikes proklhseis poy erxontai.

    11. Na anazhthqoyn lyseis gia th beltiwsh ths dieqnoys oikonomikhs diakybernhshs.

    Eyrwpaiko sxedio gia thn anakamch ths oikonomias

    Ta metra gia thn anakamch ths eyrwpaikhs oikonomias poy proteinei sta krath melh h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph paroysiase stis Bryjelles o proedros ths Zoze Manoyel Mparozo mazi me ton Epitropo Oikonomias, Xoakin Almoynia, kata th diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy poy paraxwrhsan meta th lhjh ths ektakths synedriashs ths Epitrophs gia thn antimetwpish krishs. To teliko sxedio ths Epitrophs qa paroysiastei stis 26 Noembrioy.

    Symfwna me stoixeia poy edwse sth dhmosiothta h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph, h empistosynh twn epixeirhmatiwn kai twn katanalwtwn ths zwnhs toy eyrw epese ton Oktwbrio sto xamhlotero epipedo ths apo to 1993.

    O deikths oikonomikhs empistosynhs poy antanakla th gnwmh twn epixeirhmatiwn kai twn katanalwtwn, exase panw apo epta monades kai diamorfwqhke stis 80,4 monades enanti twn 87,5 monadwn toy Septembrioy.

    Prokeitai gia th megalyterh ptwsh poy shmeiwnei o deikths aytos apo tote poy dhmioyrghqhke, ton Ianoyario toy 1985, dieykrinizei sthn anakoinwsh ths h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph.

    To epipedo ayto, to xamhlotero ta teleytaia dekapente xronia, einai poly xamhlotero twn prosdokiwn twn analytwn. Oi ektimhseis twn analytwn poy rwthqhkan apo to Dow Jones Newswire htan ths tajhs twn 85,3 monadwn. H Eyrwpaikh Epitroph -sta metra poy paroysiase o Z.Mparozo- proteinei "syntonismenh" antimetwpish se eyrwpaiko epipedo kai dinei proteraiothta ston periorismo twn synepeiwn apo thn oikonomikh krish sthn apasxolhsh, sthn agorastikh dynamh twn politwn kai sthn anaptyjh ths oikonomias.

    Eidikotera, h Epitroph proteine braxyproqesmes draseis, oi opoies se genikes grammes aforoyn thn enisxysh twn noikokyriwn, metra gia thn katapolemhsh ths anergias, oikonomikh sthrijh gia ta oikonomika katwtera strwmata toy plhqysmoy, enisxysh ths antagwnistikothtas, meiwsh ths forologias se orismena agaqa me stoxo thn ayjhsh ths zhthshs kai sthrijh twn mikromesaiwn epixeirhsewn.

    Epipleon, h Epitroph proteinei synergasia me thn Eyrwpaikh Trapeza Ependysewn gia thn tonwsh ths apasxolhshs kai thn enisxysh twn mikromesaiwn epixeirhsewn, kaqws kai synergasia me thn Eyrwpaikh Trapeza Anasygkrothshs kai Anaptyjhs. Akomh, anazhtoyntai tropoi gia thn ajiopoihsh porwn apo to Eyrwpaiko Tameio Prosarmoghs sthn Pagkosmiopoihsh, me stoxo thn katapolemhsh ths anergias.

    Ejalloy, o X. Almoynia, anakoinwse oti h Epitroph qa proteinei sto Symboylio ths EE thn ayjhsh toy anwtatoy orioy oikonomikhs bohqeias poy qa mporei na xorhgei h EE sta krath melh, ektos eyrwzwnhs, poy atimetwpizoyn oikonomika problhmata apo 12 se 25 dis. eyrw. As shmeiwqei, oti symfwna me ton eyrwpaiko kanonismo toy 2002 to anwtato orio oikonomikhs bohqeias poy mporei na xorhghsei shmera h EE se ena kratos melos, ektos eyrwzwnhs, poy antimetwpizei dyskolies sto isozygio plhrwmwn toy, einai 12 dis. eyrw. Hdh h Epitroph enekrine shmera oikonomikh bohqeia ycoys 6,5 dis. eyrw sthn Oyggaria, h opoia epishs qa daneiodothqei me 15,7 disekatommyria dolaria apo to DNT kai alla 1,3 dis. dolaria apo thn Pagkosmia Trapeza. Epishs h Epitroph dhlwse etoimh na sthrijei kai thn Islandia, h opoia exei zhthsei th bohqeia ths EE.

    Se o,ti afora, telos, thn efarmogh toy anaqewrhmenoy Symfwnoy Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs, h Epitroph systhnei ta krath melh "na epwfelhqoyn apo thn eyelijia poy proteinei to Symfwno, xwris wstoso na yperbainoyn tis "kokkines grammes". "To periqwrio eligmoy einai diaforetiko gia thn kaqe xwra" dhlwse o X. Almoynia, symplhrwnontas oti xreiazontai isxyres kai ajiopistes arxes gia ton proypologismo apo to kaqe kratos melos. " To Symfwno Staqerothtas apotelei to katallhlo plaisio gia thn antimetwpish ths oikonomikhs epibradynshs, proteinei eyelijia se kairoys isxnwn ageladwn kai leei oti ta krath melh prepei na allhlosthrizontai se dyskoles katastaseis opws aytes poy pernaei shmera h EE", tonise o X. Almoynia.

    Sto metajy, h bretanikh kybernhsh anamenetai na anakoinwsei sxedia gia thn enisxysh toy daneismoy apo tis trapezes pros tis mikres epixeirhseis.

    "Exontas anadiarqrwsei thn kefalaiopoihsh twn trapezwn, qeloyme na diasfalisoyme oti qa epekteinoyn th diaqesimothta daneiwn se antagwnistikes times" anefere o prwqypoyrgos Gkornton Mpraoyn milwntas xqes sth Boylh twn Koinothtwn. Opws shmeiwse "ektenesteres anakoinwseis qa ginoyn [thn Pempth] otan qa exoyme th synanthsh me tis trapezes".

    H Bretania exei kalesei thn Eyrwpaikh Trapeza Ependysewn na analabei megalytero meros apo to risko twn emporikwn trapezwn etairwn ths sxetika me to daneismo se mikres epixeirhseis, gia na tis bohqhsei na antimetwpisoyn thn pagkosmia xrhmatopistwtikh krish.


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